Disertación/Tesis

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2021
Disertaciones
1
  • JOHNNYS JORGE GOMES ALENCAR
  •  

    Intellectuals in the sertão: Club Romeiros do Porvir, the production and circulation of representations over the intellectuality, the city of Crato-CE and the sertões (1900-1910)

     
     
     
     
  • Líder : PAULA REJANE FERNANDES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • PAULA REJANE FERNANDES
  • EVANDRO DOS SANTOS
  • JOEL CARLOS DE SOUZA ANDRADE
  • JUÇARA LUZIA LEITE
  • Data: 07-ene-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Self-appointed of “Romeiros do porvir” some young guys founded in 1900, in the city of Crato, a literary association. Around the Club Romeiros do Porvir, these intellectuals endeavored, in addition to artistic purposes, to build and circulate representations of progress, of intellectuality and the Sertões (like the “other”, seen from Cariri). Thus, we are concerned, in this dissertation, with understanding how the members of this group built and circulated such representations. For this, we investigated the intellectual trajectory of some members of the association, as well as, cultural conditions and practices emerging at the turn of the 19th to the 20th century; we seek to understand how the intellectual and cultural performance of the members of the group contributed to the construction and circulation of representations around themselves and the spaces in which they were inserted; and, finally, we analyze the ways in which the “Romeiros do porvir” built and circulated representations around the sertões. The theoretical dialogues occurred, mainly, in the field of Cultural History from the studies of Roger Chartier (1990, 2002) and from the concepts of cultural practice, representation and circulation, worked by the same author. In order to understand the performance and organization of intellectuals, studied by us, the concepts of intellectual, networks of sociability and generation, worked by Jean-François Sirinelli (1996); and, those of trajectory, field, habitus and the circle of mutual praise, present in the studies of Pierre Bourdieu (2002), were important tools in the elaboration of this work. Sources such as the newspapers A Liça and Cidade do Crato, literary texts, memoirs and minutes of the administrative meetings of the association were used.

     
     
     
     
2
  • LEDSON MARCOS SOUSA DA SILVA
  • When the angel of History flies over backlands: uses and representations of the notion of sertão in the "Casa da Memória Potiguar" (1934-1972)

     
     
     
  • Líder : EVANDRO DOS SANTOS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EVANDRO DOS SANTOS
  • JOEL CARLOS DE SOUZA ANDRADE
  • PAULA REJANE FERNANDES
  • BRUNO BALBINO AIRES DA COSTA
  • Data: 09-ene-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This dissertation aims to investigate the uses of the notion of sertão in the texts published in the Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico do Rio Grande do Norte, between 1934 and 1972. It discusses the writings of men such as Eloy Castriciano de Souza, Nestor dos Santos Lima, José Augusto Bezerra de Medeiros and Luís da Câmara Cascudo, in order to see different conceptions, contexts and thus the uses of the notion. In this time frame, 27 volumes of the Journal are considered for analysis, in addition to works that the partners have published individually outside the Institute. Using the qualitative-quantitative examination, Michel Foucault’s contributions to the analysis of discourse are accepted, highlighting the will to truth, the power games, different articulations regarding the historiography in question. The research proposal is divided into two moments. First, the theoretical approach of the sociology of Pierre Bourdieu is taken as a support to examine, in the historiography produced by the literati, the theatralization of the power manifested in the publications, in order to examine political and intellectual interests. Celebrations, necrologies, tributes, minutes of the writing of the magazine, answers to other men of letters and biographies fit this framework of sources, directed to the search of power games. This phase is characterized by questioning the exchange of praise that occurs in a significant portion of the sources. In the second moment, arguments and questions are presented regarding the uses of the notion of sertão performed by the potiguar guild. This operation is an attempt to problematize the representations, different facets, besides the political and social aspects inculcated to the sertões by the network of sociability formed by the Institute.
    In this course, there is the dialogue with the perspective of psychoanalysis, by pointing out, in the sources, elements of the sertão seen as a problem for the professionals of politics. The debate is marked by the discussion of faith in progress, which is parallel to the representations of the sertões in this selected context. Thus, the dissertation calls into question the political and intellectual dimensions of the Potiguar Institute, understanding that the representations of the sertões are guided by the intentions of the one who writes. The argument elaborated in this work is that the representations of the sertão are used, above all, in the construction of a political history, particular and elitist, on the part of the partners.

     
3
  • MARCELINO GOMES DOS SANTOS
  • From the "confines of Brazil" to the catwalks: sertões in fashion

     
     
     
     
  • Líder : DURVAL MUNIZ DE ALBUQUERQUE JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CANDICE VIDAL E SOUZA
  • DURVAL MUNIZ DE ALBUQUERQUE JUNIOR
  • EVANDRO DOS SANTOS
  • JOEL CARLOS DE SOUZA ANDRADE
  • Data: 01-abr-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This dissertation deals with the sewing of meanings on the sertões in the discursive space of Brazilian fashion, from the launch of two clothing collections signed by Brazilian designers and paraded in national fashion events. In this direction, we have chosen as objects of study the fashion collections “Carne Seca ou Um Turista Aprendiz em Terra Áspera”, by stylist from Minas Gerais, Ronaldo Fraga, launched at São Paulo Fashion Week, in 2013; and “Vaqueiro Desconstruído pela Alfaiataria”, by São Paulo stylist Akihito Hira, winning collection of the Ceará Moda Contemporânea contest, in 2017. In the course of this investigation, we seek to analyze the dialogue of Brazilian designers with the concept of sertão, their inscription in the discursive space of fashion, its association with the language of the clothes, observing the signs that were arranged by the stylists to take the sertões to the catwalks and discuss the imagery and discursive (re)constructions operated from those events, with attention to the continuities and ruptures of meaning about the idea of sertão. We conceive, in this way, that the presence of the concept of sertão in the discursive space of Brazilian fashion implies its (re)creation, that is, the darning of new statements, new ways of seeing and saying them, since fashion, first of all, it is linked to what is contemporary.

4
  • FILIPE VIANA DA SILVA
  • Representations of the northeast hills in potiguar quadrinistic production (1992-2015)

     
     
  • Líder : FABIO MAFRA BORGES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FABIO MAFRA BORGES
  • HELDER ALEXANDRE MEDEIROS DE MACEDO
  • LOURIVAL ANDRADE JUNIOR
  • ANTÔNIO FERNANDO DE ARAÚJO SÁ
  • Data: 10-jun-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • It questions the aesthetics and the way in which two comic book publishers from Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, represented the northeastern sertão, the sertanejo subject and their cultural practices. The study covered twelve (12) journals, in which representations about sertão were found in twenty (20) narratives. In this universe, ten (10) are present in seven (07) issues of the magazine Maturi, from the Research Group on Comic History (Grupehq), in Natal; and ten (10) in five (05) publications of the Pau a Pique Group of Comics (Grupphq), current Avoante Cultural Association (AAC) of the interior city of Currais Novos: Cowboys Stories, Chaos in Tetas, Kueka, Comics Avoante nº 01 and Kankão nº 01. From this collection, it was selected one (01) comic from each group to obtain data. We used a methodological approach of semiotic analysis from Umberto Eco to decode the graphic signs as pointed out by Antônio Cagnin. It was applied Wally Wood's “twenty-two panels that always work” scheme to identify frames of scenes. We used categories to define each type of transition between the paintings elaborated by Scott McCloud. To recognize the sertanejos signs, we based on Janaína Amado, Erivaldo Neves, Durval Albuquerque Júnior and Antônio Araújo Sá. After using the methodological diagram, we found two production aesthetics and two representations about the sertão. One on the coast, covered by stereotypes such as poverty, misery, disease and rusticity, linked to the idea of barbarism and violence; another from the interior, and among the characteristics, the representation of fun, humor, as well as, social and economic perspective, even if it still accompanies stereotypes.

5
  • LAÍSA FERNANDA SANTOS DE FARIAS
  • The Plan of Advertising against Illiteracy in Parelhas/RN (1928-1930)

     
  • Líder : JUCIENE BATISTA FELIX ANDRADE
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CLAUDIA CRISTINA DO LAGO BORGES
  • JAILMA MARIA DE LIMA
  • JUCIENE BATISTA FELIX ANDRADE
  • OLIVIA MORAIS DE MEDEIROS NETA
  • Data: 29-jul-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This text analyses the Propaganda Against Illiteracy Plan, created in 1928 by Mayor Florêncio Luciano, in Parelhas, Rio Grande do Norte state. Due to our purposes, we chose a short period from 1928 to 1930 as it was seen as the first process of education expansion in Parelhas municipality. We also pay attention to its linking with both state and national campaigns against illiteracy. On this way, the work presents some specific purposes, such as: the plan to eradicate illiteracy, the censuses carried out in the city and in the rural communities, the assembly of an educational cartography aligned to the national and of local insertion, and the arrival of some signs of modernization through an educational perspective for Parelhas.  In terms of methodology, it is first based on a mapping of specific files such as laws and ordinances that governed local education, determining the censuses in urban and rural locations, followed by its critical analysis. As a result of this research, it is possible to perceive as Parelhas, a small place in the Sertão do Seridó region, was enunciated as a contemporary space and attentive to the educational changes wich were taking place in the country.

     
6
  • MONIELLE MEDEIROS MARIZ
  • The sabugiense sertão bathed by airs of modernity: the sabugi reservoir (1958 - 1965)

     
     
  • Líder : AIRAN DOS SANTOS BORGES DE OLIVEIRA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • AIRAN DOS SANTOS BORGES DE OLIVEIRA
  • JAILMA MARIA DE LIMA
  • JUCIENE BATISTA FELIX ANDRADE
  • TYRONE APOLLO PONTES CANDIDO
  • Data: 30-jul-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Our research, entiled O sertão sabugiense bathed by airs of modernity: the sabugi reservoir (1958 -1965), has as problematic to understand how the sabugiense population received the construction of the sabugi reservoir, how this work was meant by the local population so for this analysis, we worked with the time frame from 1958 (the year in which the construction oh the Weir was requested) to 1965 (the year the Weir was inaugurated). To answer this question, we will use a very heterogeneous documental collection, covering diferent types: textual (letters, land assessments, newspapers, proxies, price tables for expropriation); iconographic (06 photographs related to the construction of the reservoir) and audiovisual (video of the inauguration of the Sabugi reservoir). In addition to these, we will use oral sources. About the methodology and study of these sources, we catalog the sources, classifying them by themes and typologies; we cross the data found in the diferent sources; we produce tables and think about the historicity and production of the newspapers used in the research.

     
     
7
  • TUYLLA RAYANE TAVARES DA CUNHA
  • From the potiguar sertão to the amazon sertão: politics, drought, war and migration (1942-1946)

     
  • Líder : JAILMA MARIA DE LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JAILMA MARIA DE LIMA
  • JUCIENE BATISTA FELIX ANDRADE
  • MARCILIO LIMA FALCÃO
  • Data: 30-jul-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present work aims to analyze the participation of potiguares sertanejos as rubber soldiers, during the Second World War, as well as to understand the events that marked the early years of the 1940s and their reverberations in the backlands of Rio Grande do Sul: the project for the occupation of the Valley Amazon, the drought of 1942 and the war effort in the context of World War II. Thus, the sertanejos of Rio Grande do Norte appear, in this work, as central actors who found themselves inserted in all these events through national and international political actions. As it brings the potiguares and amazonian hinterlands as a spatial cut, the work has the bibliographical contribution of authors who discuss the concept of hinterland, to show how these spaces were interpreted until the 1940s, when they became the center of attention due to events already listed. As a time frame, the research was inserted between 1942 and 1946, as it addressed the entry of Brazil in the world conflict and the beginning of the rubber campaign, in addition to discussing the situation in which many Northeastern workers were post-war. For its composition, the work relied on the use of hemerographic sources, bibliographic material and official documents, which allowed us to conclude that the rubber campaign had not only the North American incentive, but the propaganda of the Brazilian government itself, which had pretensions to mobilize a large contingent of northeastern workers for the North region of the country, with the purpose of promoting the occupation and economic development of the Amazon Valley. The analysis of the material used also allowed to conclude that part of these workers experienced a situation of abandonment by the Brazilian government, a fact that ended up triggering the Rubber Commission of Inquiry.

8
  • VIKELANE MARIA DE OLIVEIRA SILVA
  • Between roads and veredas: messianism in the hills of the State of Rio Grande do Norte (1898-1899)

     
     
  • Líder : LOURIVAL ANDRADE JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • VANDA FORTUNA SERAFIM
  • HELDER ALEXANDRE MEDEIROS DE MACEDO
  • JOEL CARLOS DE SOUZA ANDRADE
  • LOURIVAL ANDRADE JUNIOR
  • Data: 31-ago-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This work aims to discuss the backlands as spaces for the construction of messianic movements in Brazil, taking as its object the Messianic Movement of Serra de João do Vale, led by Blessed Joaquim Ramalho in the late nineteenth century in Vila do Triunpho, Estado do Large northern river. The issue arose from a scarce historiographical production on the movement at a regional and national level. Initially, they were evidenced in the writings of Luís da Câmara Cascudo in an article published in the Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico do Rio Grande do Norte (IHGRN) and in the newspaper do Commercio do Rio de Janeiro in 1941. For a better analysis, we look into works such as “The messianism in Brazil and in the world” by sociologist Maria Isaura Pereira de Queiroz and “Readings of "religious fanaticism" in the Brazilian hinterland" by Cristina Pompa. We adopted the approach of Discourse History and Oral History, from authors such as Eni Orlandi and Verena Alberti for the analysis of the sources, namely: articles in newspapers and magazines, private archives, drawings created from oral reports of Serra residents by João do Vale, books and interviews. At the end of this work, the speeches that constituted and named the Messianic Movement of Serra de João do Vale will be verified.

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