Disertación/Tesis

Clique aqui para acessar os arquivos diretamente da Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações da UFRN

2024
Disertaciones
1
  • PRISCILA LOPES DA SILVA
  • URBAN GREEN AREAS AND QUALITY OF LIFE: Perceptions of users in Bosque dos Namorados, Natal-RN.

  • Líder : JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • BERTULINO JOSE DE SOUZA
  • DIOGO GUEDES VIDAL
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • RAQUEL MARIA DA COSTA SILVEIRA
  • Data: 22-mar-2024


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The green areas of cities, places where there is a predominance of arboreal vegetation, endowed with infrastructure, with aesthetic, ecological and leisure functions, fulfill an important environmental, biodiversity and health promotion function. At the same time, they are spaces that promote well-being and quality of life for residents, stimulating social interactions, leisure practices, sports and recreational activities. Considering the potential benefits of these places to the quality of life, the present study sought to analyze the appropriation and perception of the users of the Bosque dos Namorados-Natal/RN, understanding that the analysis of the way this place is perceived by people can increase the evaluation studies and propose the creation of new green areas. The research methodology adopts the qualitative-quantitative method, through the descriptive and explanatory level, characteristics of case studies, made possible by perception research (Gil, 2008; Alves-Mazzotti, 2006). As for the research techniques used, the following were adopted: integrative systematic review, fieldwork with direct observation, image recording and semi-structured questionnaire. From the reading and analysis of the studies of the systematic review, it was possible to categorize the benefits of green areas in terms of aspects inherent to social factors, the physical environment and fauna and flora. It was observed with the results of the research that the interviewees understand as the main benefit of green areas the proximity to the elements that make up the natural environment, such as living in wooded areas. The experience in these places, attributed to leisure activities, recreation and physical activities, practiced mainly under social interactions, refers to feelings of tranquility, peace and well-being. It was also concluded that although the users are satisfied with the Forest in general, they perceive the infrastructure aspects as deficient, as well as demand the realization of a greater number of events. Even taking into account the importance of green areas in cities, as foreseen in their creation in urban planning plans, it was observed that users are dissatisfied with the green areas arranged in the vicinity of their homes, located mainly in neighborhoods other than the Bosque. Thus, it is important to highlight the need for public policies aimed at leisure to ensure that the population has access to green areas, equipped with adequate infrastructure, with the potential to carry out activities, accessible and close to homes, enabling people's identity with public spaces.

Tesis
1
  • ELAYNE DA SILVA FIGUEREDO
  • Land grabbing in Matopiba:  the invisible actors of the territory

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXANDRE CESAR CUNHA LEITE
  • ANTONIO CARDOSO FAÇANHA
  • DINAMERES APARECIDA ANTUNES
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • LEANDRO VIEIRA CAVALCANTE
  • Data: 02-abr-2024


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The agricultural expansion in Matopiba (acronym for the Brazilian states of Maranhão, Tocantins, Piauí, and Bahia), driven by government policies (federal and state levels) and international capital, is reshaping the spatial, social, and commercial dynamics of the region, alongside the appropriation of land and nature by foreign entities. With the aim of identifying foreign actors involved in the agrarian process of Matopiba between the years 2013-2021, and to create an online WebMapping platform to bring accessibility, transparency, and interactivity to public geospatial data related to the land market in this region. In this research, we employed the methodological strategies i) Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) for the collection, storage, and analysis of public information; ii) systemic approach, which according to Miguel, Mazoyer, and Roudart (2009) is used for the analysis of complex systems. The analyzed data were extracted from the DATALUTA-Foreignization database, the National Rural Cadastre System (SNCR), and the NGO Grain. For analytical purposes, the theoretical framework relies on discussions about territory (FERNANDES, 2009; FERNANDES, 2013; CECEÑA, 2008), processes of capital expansion in the countryside (SILVA, 2016; ELIAS, 2002; ALBANO, 2005), land foreignization (LEITE; LIMA, 2017; PEREIRA, 2022; FAIRBAIRN, 2015), agricultural frontiers (SANTOS; SANO, 2015; MARTINS, 1996; FERNANDES; FREDERICO; PEREIRA, 2019; MARTINS, 2003). The results of this research point out among the states of Matopiba, in the period from 2013 to 2020, according to DATALUTA Foreignization (2013-2020), Bahia was the territory with the highest recurrence of transnational companies, with diversified and consolidated land uses. Regarding land use, attention is drawn to alternative energies (solar and wind energy) concentrated in Bahia and southwest Piauí, with investments originating from Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, and Norway. Land use in Tocantins presents diversified behavior with grain production in rotation and commercialization of fruits and tree monocultures. The SNCR database shows a diversification of nationalities in the municipalities that make up Matopiba, especially in the municipalities of Palmas – TO, Lizarda – TO, São Desidério – BA, and Correntina – BA.

2023
Disertaciones
1
  • BRUNA RAQUEL TORQUATO PINHO
  • THE GUARDIANS OF CREOLE SEEDS: RESISTANCE IN THE PROMOTION OF FOOD AND NUTRITIONAL AND DEVELOPMENT SECURITY TERRITORIAL OF MATO GRANDE/RN
  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CATIA GRISA
  • CIMONE ROZENDO DE SOUZA
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • LEANDRO VIEIRA CAVALCANTE
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • Data: 27-feb-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The research has as general objective to know the role of women farmers guardians of creole seeds and their dynamics in seed houses to ensure food security and territorial development in the territory of Mato Grande, Large northern river. Therefore, the object of study of this work will be the guardians of Creole seeds, belonging to communities and rural settlements in the cited territory. As a research question, it seeks to question whether the activities carried out by the territory's seed guardians have contributed to the promotion food and nutrition security and territorial development. As methodological procedures, the research will feature interviews semi-structured, carried out with the women guardians of seeds, to collect data referring to the identification of these women and to study the trajectory of the group of women. Documentary research will be used to know the housing policy of seeds of the Associação do Semiárido (ASA), as well as the state policy of Creole seeds from RN. A characterization of the area of study, with the identification of seed houses that belong to the territory (how many and which ones). The main debates that underlie the research involve sustainable agrifood systems, public policies and territorial development, food and nutrition security and gender and ruralities, highlighting the role of women farmers in building systems sustainable agrifood.
2
  • ANDRESSA TORRES CORREIA DE MELLO
  • URBANITY FOR WHOM AND WHERE DOES IT GO? The human dimension in the master plan of the city of Natal/RN
  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • TAMMS MARIA DA CONCEICAO MORAIS CAMPOS
  • Data: 23-mar-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present work, whose motivation was the reading of the book the city for people by jan Ghel, aims to analyze how and to what degree the Master Plan for the city of Natal incorporates the human dimension in the construction of a “city for people” at the same time. while contributing to spatial selectivity. According to Jan Ghel's thought, “The city for the people” is configured as a principle that would allow the rescue of the human scale and the renewal of the forms of uses of urban spaces. In our understanding, urban legislation, in the figure of the master plan, in turn, becomes a key to reading the present time by raising expectations about the transforming possibility of space by tying articles that prioritize the transformation of the real city, at the same time that in others, push the “problematic” city as permanence, subtracting the right to the city from the people who consume it, mainly the poorest. Although motivating, the projects that enable the presence of increasingly humanitarian spaces in emerging countries such as Brazil, permeate at a sensitive level because they bring the real intention of humanizing public spaces when faced with the contradictions of capital and conflicts. of interests interposed in this process. In the methodological scope, the dialectical method is used in this research, contemplating the three-dimensionality of spaces: conceived, lived and perceived, allowing the understanding of the analysis of spatial processes at these different levels. Therefore, the methodological procedures adopted in this research will encompass primary and secondary data, respectively results of the analysis of urban space in pre-defined areas in the city through guide-questionnaires for tabulating these data and consulting the relevant bibliography added to a documentary survey on the Plan Director of the City of Natal.

3
  • GLEYCIANNY EMANUELLY RODRIGUES DE FREITAS
  • WHERE ARE WE WALKING? The built environment and walkability in the central area of the municipality of Mossoró/RN
  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • JUCIANO MARTINS RODRIGUES
  • Data: 03-may-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The walkability and the concern with the human scale has been gaining prominence with the emergence of the debate regarding sustainable cities and the improvement of the quality of urban life. Walking is the main mode of transportation carried out in Brazilian cities. However, the current way of planning cities leads to the subordination of urban space to the automobile's logic. Walkability is a feature that allows us to
    understand how much the built environment encourages walking or not, reflecting on
    the choice of routes when traveling on foot. Thus, the current paper aims at the relation between walkability and the built environment and how can the quality of this environment influence the choice to walking. In this regard, how does the built environment influence the walking conditions in the city of Mossoró/RN? Furthermore, what characteristics of the built environment determine the choice of pedestrian routes when traveling on foot? This research features a qualitative study considering the Case Study as an investigation method covering primary data from field data collection. The methodological's approach is arranged into three stages: the measurement of the built environment's attributes; mapping of pedestrian behavior patterns; and an overview of the empirical data collected in a thematic maps' series, in order to provide a visual panorama of the issue studied in space. Lastly, the correlation of walkability and the pedestrian movements will provide
    insights to understanding the influence of the built environment on walking.

4
  • FLÁVIA DUARTE DE OLIVEIRA CRUZ

  • FROM MINUTES TO ACTS: THE HOUSING ISSUE AND SUDENE

  • Líder : SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DMITRI FELIX DO NASCIMENTO
  • LIVIA IZABEL BEZERRA DE MIRANDA
  • RAFAEL GONÇALVES GUMIERO
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 30-may-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The research is part of the discussion on social housing policy, specifically analyzing the interface of housing policy with regional policies, responsible for implementing economic and social development policies. For this approach, the two largest housing policies in Brazil will be observed: the Banco Nacional de Habitação (BNH) policy (1964 - 1986); and the Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida (PMCMV) (2009 - 2020). The research aims to analyze the influence of the Superintendência do Desenvolvimento do Nordeste (Sudene) on housing policy, verifying whether there was articulation with the policy implemented by BNH and PMCMV, identifying the impacts of this articulation (or lack thereof) on housing provision strategies in the state of Rio Grande do Norte (RN). It is understood that housing policy was often aligned with the guidelines established by policies implemented by the Superintendência. Among the projects and policies that entered the agenda of the former Sudene (1959-2001), the housing issue was an important strategy in the agency's actions when considering economic and social development in the Northeast. With the redemocratization, housing and regional policies were emptied with the extinction of BNH in 1986 and the closure of Sudene in 2001. The Federal Constitution of 1988 delegated to the municipalities the priority of action on the housing agenda, with the states having a residual role. The recreation of Sudene in 2003 did not mean the reestablishment of the regional-housing link since housing was put aside on the agency's policy agenda. The research question is: What is the influence of Sudene on the housing policy of the state of RN, and how was the articulation of this institution with housing programs such as BNH and PMCMV, and what are the impacts of this articulation (or lack thereof) on housing provision strategies in the state? The research starts from the premise that considers that when the housing agenda is passed on to the responsibility of municipalities, it loses the necessary protagonism for dialogue with regional policies that are operationalized from the states, making it difficult for housing policies to dialogue with broader economic and social development policies. The methodological procedures include a systematic survey of data in a wide documentary base of Sudene (plans, master plans, programs, projects, diagnostics, studies). In addition, the legislation of the RN government was analyzed (government plans, sustainable development plans, and multi-year plans), as an empirical cut of this investigation. The study was complemented by conducting interviews with RN government managers and former Sudene technicians. It was identified that Sudene was a pioneering agency that took the first steps in developing a housing policy and program within a global development plan. Additionally, it was verified that the arrangement of planning structures built by the State based on Sudene's ideas was a perfect synchronization between state and federal planning. With the redemocratization, this articulation was weakened.

5
  • FERNANDA MARIA DA MATA DIAS

  • THE RIGHT TO HOUSING AND THE RIGHT TO THE CITY IN THE POLICY OF URBAN LAND REGULARIZATION OF SOCIAL INTEREST. The experiences of REURB-S in the African Communities and Passo da Pátria, in Natal/RN

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • BETÂNIA DE MORAES ALFONSIN
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: 30-may-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The right to housing and the right to the city are basic human rights, essential for guaranteeing human dignity, and which are part of the existential minimum. Decent housing and access to a sustainable city, however, are still objectives to be achieved by the Brazilian State, a country marked by social chasms, which have historical roots and which were aggravated by the unbridled urbanization process that devastated the country from the mid-19th century onwards. of the last century. As a result of the uneven urbanization process, slums, tenements, spaces of poverty, and self-construction of housing emerged. A possible path to the issue of urban informality and urban exclusion is urban land regularization, a policy that aims to improve the quality of urban life of the population, with the implementation of public services, infrastructure and land legalization. This, however, is only one point of view about this policy, which is conceived by some theorists and public agents only under the aspect of land legalization. In the period between 2001 and 2016, a conception of land and urban regularization prevailed in Brazil based on the association between urban improvement projects, registry titling and housing improvements, the so-called “Brazilian Formula”. However, the new Brazilian political directions gave rise to the publication of Federal Law No. 13,465-2017, which changed the paradigm of land regularization in Brazil, which ceased to privilege environmental, social and urbanistic aspects, moving to a model focused on registry titling. It is in the face of this problem, which gives rise to studies on the effects of Law nº 13.465/2017 in concrete cases, that the present research seeks to understand the consequences of the implementation of the land regularization policy in the municipality of Natal/RN, in view of the changes promoted by the Law nº 13.465/2017 and in the light of the rights to housing and the city, using as a parameter the cases of the communities África and Passo da Pátria, between 2015 and 2023. In the methodological aspect, a comparative study was used, seeking approximations and differences between the REURB-S processes in Africa and Passo da Pátria, in Natal/RN. Research techniques include a bibliographic survey, document analysis, direct observations and interviews with public agents and residents of the studied communities. The results obtained allow the conclusion that the premise was confirmed, when verifying, in two practical cases, the deficient protection of the rights to housing and to the city, in the land regularization policy in the municipality of Natal/RN, with the Reurb-S from Africa and Passo da Pátria were carried out solely with a focus on the registration title.


6
  • PEDRO HENRIQUE BEZERRA DE FARIAS
  • KNOW-HOW TO DO WEBSITES AND RESISTANCE OF WOMEN IN THE HOUSE OF EMBROIDERS IN TIMBAÚBA DOS BATISTAS/RN: VIEWS ON GENDER, WORK AND INCOME AND REGIONAL IDENTITY

  • Líder : WINIFRED KNOX
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • LUÍS JORGE RODRIGUES GONÇALVES
  • Vera Lucia Felippi da Silva.
  • Data: 29-jun-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • ABSTRACT: 

     

    Embroidery from Serido is a secular craft, brought during Portuguese colonization, with a strong influence from the Island of Madeira, and disseminated among women in the region through education for the home. During the 20th century, the textile vocation of Seridó emerged and underwent transformations, with its crisis starting in the 1980s, causing a strong exodus from the region, followed by a restructuring of the productive bases with the creation of hat shops, factions, knitwear, net weaving, among others. In the last decade, embroidery has undergone transformations in the productive model, leaving a traditional context to reach the hegemonic market of globalized fashion. The present study has the general objective of reflecting on the productive model and the intersections of gender, development and decoloniality, based on the case study of the life stories of embroiderers and their trajectories at Casa das Bordadeiras, in Timbaúba dos Batistas, in the territory of Seridó Potiguar. As a starting question, we seek to question the social and economic importance of the embroidery activity to provide income for women in the region. As methodological procedures, the research included the application of a structured virtual questionnaire, to identify the profile of the embroiderers, in addition to holding a workshop, using participatory strategies and methodologies, with a sample of 55% of the embroiderers participating in interviews semi-structured and narrated their life stories. Semi-structured interviews were also carried out with representatives involved in the handicraft production sector in RN. It was found that of the research participants, 65% of them have an income of up to 1 minimum wage, even accumulating two or more workdays, with a workload of up to 12 hours a day, with the absence of contracts and formalization. The results indicate the Casa das Embroiderers as a territory lived and resisted, an essential element for a discussion of Territorial Development Policies in a counter-hegemonic perspective, which consider embroidery as cultural heritage, from the strengthening of regional identity, the seal of indication newly conquered geographical area, to circumvent the exodus from the region and guarantee work and income. 

7
  • ANA CLAUDIA AGUIAR MENDES DA SILVA
  • THE FEMINIST AGENDA IN PUBLIC POLICIES:
    CHALLENGES FOR ACTION IN FIGHTING GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE IN NATAL

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • OLÍVIA CRISTINA PEREZ
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • Data: 25-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This dissertation discusses the participation of the feminist movement as a proactive and strategic actor in ensuring public policies. It begins with a historical reconstruction that takes into account the emergence of policies for women with the country's redemocratization and the paths taken to develop them in the municipality of Natal. The role of specific government agencies for women's policies is highlighted, as well as the influence of feminists, who advocate specific demands as imperative to promote gender equality in the policies of governmental and non-governmental institutions. The conceptual discussion addresses the role of the feminist movement in public policies. The chosen methodological approach is fundamentally qualitative research, utilizing the pathway for information collection: documentary research and semi-structured interviews. Action research was also considered an option as part of the methodology, enabling the inclusion of characteristic elements from both everyday practices and scientific research into the discussion. The factors in the research process were identified through interviews with feminist movement activists, women parliamentarians, and managers of institutions within the Network to Combat Violence Against Women, involved with the National Pact to Combat Violence Against Women, created in 2007 and adopted in the municipality of Natal in 2009. It is concluded that, amidst the constraints and opportunities experienced from the daily routines of managers engaged in executing public policies for women and the feminist movement, the development of a shared agenda for advancements in women's policies still remains distant from the envisioned goal: the cessation of inequalities between men and women in the capital city of Natal.

8
  • MARIANA FERNANDES FREITAS
  • LARGE EMPTY AND SMALL BATCHES
  • Líder : SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • RICHARDSON LEONARDI MOURA DA CAMARA
  • MARIA CAMILA LOFFREDO DOTTAVIANO
  • RAUL DA SILVA VENTURA NETO
  • Data: 29-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The research analyzes the social housing policy in the municipalities of Açu and Mossoró, located in the state of Rio Grande do Norte (RN), considering two different time frames. These municipalities, with different scales and roles in the state urban network, were inserted as protagonists in the implementation of the two main references of social housing policy in Brazil, the policy implemented by Banco Nacional de Habitação (1964-1986) – through the Companhias de Habitação (COHABs) – and Minha Casa Minha Vida Program (2009-2020). Having these two initiatives as a study parameter, the objective is to analyze how social housing policy was implemented in the municipalities of Açu and Mossoró, emphasizing the two time frames that highlight the work of COHAB/RN (1964 to 1986) and the performance of the PMCMV (2009 to 2020). As an object of investigation, the structural conditions of management and planning presented by these cities and the impact of public production of social housing (from the two periods) in the intra-urban territory of these municipalities. The main guiding question, what are the management attributes and the territorial effects of the housing policies of BNH and PMCMV in Açu and Mossoró? The methodological arrangement of the dissertation is configured according to two structuring axes: management and territory. The procedures adopted to contemplate these two analytical dimensions involved a systematic survey of data from different sources of documentary files, field research with mapping of land use and occupation in the analyzed housing complexes and semi-structured interviews with public managers responsible for the housing portfolio in Açu and Mossoró, as well as former managers and technicians. The research identified that the housing policy has been guided by several dimensions of voids (both institutional and territorial), which contribute to the maintenance of the duality scenario for facing housing needs and the structural dependence of local bureaucracies in relation to the sphere of power federal public. The products of the BNH policy and the production of the PMCMV in Açu and Mossoró demonstrated different dynamics and territorial appropriations between themselves and highlighted the importance of analyzing the territorial variation of the effects of housing policies among subnational units.

9
  • LOUYSE RODRIGUES DA SILVA
  • SEMI-ARID, CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOOD (IN)SECURITY AND
    NUTRITIONAL: A LOOK AT THE  RURAL FISHERIES COMMUNITY'S
     BELA VISTA DO PIATÓ – ASSU/RN

  • Líder : WINIFRED KNOX
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • NILA PATRÍCIA FREIRE PEQUENO
  • MÁRCIA REGINA FARIAS DA SILVA
  • Data: 30-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • ABSTRACT

     

     

    The aim of this study is to analyze the Food (In)Security of residents of the Bela Vista Piató quilombola community and reflect on the relationship with socio-environmental issues and the impacts of climate change at Lagoa do Piató in Assu/RN, which has historically been a production site of food. The quilombola community located in the Potiguar semi-arid region has faced major challenges with climatic and socio-environmental issues that threaten economic activities, in addition to changing dynamics and productive relationships, directly affecting food production. The research was divided into stages, in addition to the theoretical framework built from analytical categories such as: semiarid region, climate change, food and nutrition security, rural communities and artisanal fisheries, a case study was made possible. The methodology consisted of participant observation in meetings of the Quilombola Community Association of Bela Vista Piató, in exploratory interviews with the objective of knowing the perception of residents about environmental issues and possible climate associations. Regarding the residents' food consumption, questionnaires were applied, including aspects about the residents' perception and questions to directly measure food and nutritional security in the dimension of regular and permanent access to food by the population, through the so-called Scale Brazilian Association of Food Insecurity (EBIA). Finally, in the analyses, it was associated with climate projections for the region and the food consumption of the studied community in an interdisciplinary and qualitative perspective. There was a prevalence of 96.1% (n=98) of residents in a situation of food insecurity: Of the individuals who lived in a situation of food insecurity, 46.07% (n=47) were fishermen and 47.05% ( n=48) were farmers. Regarding the perception of residents in relation to climate change, 77.45% (n=79) perceive them when relating the difficulties to perform their functions as a result of these. There is a prevalence of food insecurity of 73.52% (n=75) of households headed by quilombola women.

     

10
  • FLÁVIA FREIRE DE OLIVEIRA
  • Between intentions and results: a study on the implementation of educational policies during the COVID-19 pandemic in Natal/RN


  • Líder : SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • LILIA ASUCA SUMIYA
  • BREYNNER RICARDO DE OLIVEIRA
  • Data: 20-sep-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present dissertation dialogues with studies on the implementation of public policies from the perspective of the context of the implementation of educational policies, with special emphasis on the guidelines established by the Municipal Department of Education (SME) for the return to face-to-face classes in municipal schools in Natal/ RN during the covid-19 pandemic. Studies on implementation consider that the relational and interaction processes between the actors and the implementation context necessarily influence the process of implementing public policies (Arretche, 2001; Leite and D'Ascenzi, 2013; Oliveira and Abrucio, 2018; Gomes, 2019; Lotta, 2019; Oliveira, et. al., 2022) thus affecting the outcome of the policy. In view of the originality and challenges posed by the new coronavirus pandemic, this dissertation has as research delimitation the Brazilian education, understanding the situation that involves implementing policies in an emergency context (Oliveira et. al., 2021; Lucas et. al., 2021; Jaccoud et al., 2021). Thus, the main objective of this study is to identify how the orientations and guidelines defined in the formulation plan by the SME/Natal were implemented in practice by the schools in its teaching network; followed by three other specific objectives that focus on i) characterizing the process of elaborating the guidelines of the formulation plan of the Municipal Secretariat of Education of Natal/RN for the return to face-to-face classes of municipal schools during the pandemic; ii) visualize how the school community sees, interprets and implements the guidelines; iii) identify bottlenecks in the implementation of these guidelines. Methodologically, we opted for fieldwork in two municipal schools located in different urban spaces: one in the central region and the other in a peripheral region of the city. This empirical choice is anchored in studies in the area that identify that the spatial location of public facilities, such as schools, affects the type of public service that citizens have access to. The empirical research field revealed situations already seen in the literature (Gomes and Melo, 2021), which observes that, at the local level, the municipal education network of Natal presents clear patterns of socioeconomic and spatial inequalities between the central and peripheral schools which affect not only teaching conditions, but also educational results. The research also corroborates that the pandemic has more intensely affected students from the poorest and most peripheral regions of the city, thus increasing the level of exclusion and educational inequalities. Thus, this dissertation points out that uniform and homogeneous guidelines and norms, issued by central public administration bodies, are implemented in different ways in schools of the same teaching network, as the implementing agents adapt such norms to their particular contexts and realities. Not considering the context, when formulating general guidelines, ends up reproducing existing inequalities in society and even increasing them, as observed in the case of this research on the effects of the pandemic.

11
  • GABRIELA BENTO DA CUNHA
  • DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION IN THE PUBLIC SERVICE: The experience of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

  • Líder : ANA PATRICIA DIAS SALES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • VANESSA DIAS DE OLIVEIRA
  • ANA PATRICIA DIAS SALES
  • RICHARDSON LEONARDI MOURA DA CAMARA
  • Data: 28-sep-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The changes brought about by the inclusion of new information and communication technologies in people's daily from the third industrial revolution reached several sectors in recent decades, including the Brazilian federal public administration. Based on the aforementioned technologies associated with the internet, the Federal Government of Brazil assumed, through the Digital Governance Policy, the commitment to transform the provision of public services and, as a consequence, it is inevitable that the work dynamics of public servants will change. Therefore, the transformations implemented by the Digital Government and their impact on the work of federal servants are the central object of this study. The starting question for the development of the research is “How does the process of digital transformation of the public service impact the work dynamics of federal servants?” The hypothesis supported is that the process of digitalization of technical services, in addition to having caused an intensification of the tasks performed by the servers, has demanded from these workers a certain versatility and quick adaptations to the new information and communication technologies, without them being receive training and adequate support from the bodies to which they are linked to deal with the changes. The objective of this study is to understand how the acceleration of the digital transformation of the Brazilian public service changed the work dynamics of the servers of federal educational institutions, considering the case of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Campus Central (Natal/RN), between the years 2016 and 2022. The research consists, therefore, of a case study to be developed in the referred institution. It starts from a qualitative approach and will use semi-structured interviews with university employees to obtain the primary data that will support the study. The support of secondary data is on account of the documentary examination (federal legislation and institutional plans), as well as a theoretical reference consistent with the subject under study. It is expected that, at the end of the research, the main changes caused by the digital transformation in the work performance of the studied municipality will be clear.

     

12
  • FERNANDO MIRANDA DA SILVA
  • YOUTH AND PUBLIC SPACES OF LEISURE AND CULTURE: STUDY ON THE PROCESSES OF USE AND APPROPRIATION OF URBAN SPACE IN SÃO MIGUEL DO GOSTOSO - RN.

     

  • Líder : WINIFRED KNOX
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CLAUDIO MACHADO MAIA
  • MARIA CRISTINA CAVALCANTI ARAÚJO
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • Data: 28-sep-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Urban space brings together the actions of the society that creates and recreates it according to the actions, ambitions and intentions regarding it. In this sense, it is a reflection of social dynamics, at the same time that it is characterized as a social condition, that is, it is society itself implemented. For young people, public spaces for leisure and culture, for playful sociability such as those on the street, squares, sports courts, cultural events and parties represent meeting points for groups and tribes, where bonds are established in a non-committal way, values, recognitions and identifications (ALBUQUERQUE, 2006). Therefore, access to these spaces is essential for youth development. However, urban space is experienced differently by individuals according to their belonging to the space and their social and economic insertion, as well as their age group. Given this context, through reflection on the right to the city proposed by Lefebvre(2001), the present research has the general objective of analyzing and reflecting on the understanding of the forms of use and appropriation of public leisure and cultural spaces for the youth of São Miguel do Gostoso-RN, from the last 15 years. The hypothesis worked is that as a fishing village the general feeling was that the city belonged to everyone, and through the intense transformations of urban space, caused, above all, by the “modernizations” brought about by the advance of tourism over the last 15 years, significant changes were introduced in the forms of use and appropriation of public spaces for youth leisure and culture. In this scenario, the transformation and privatization of spaces has been provided, resulting in relationships of exclusion and/or marginalization of young people in the (dis)use and (dis)appropriation of these spaces. The methodology included a bibliographic survey, reviewing the literature in the discussion of the categories of urban space and youth, and empirical research through an ethnographic approach that, allowing the researcher greater experience in approaching/distancing with the subjects researched, provided a vision of character holistic view of lived and transformed space. The methodology was developed using intergenerational interactions through collective dynamics with young people involving their families to reconstitute social memory, provoking active reflection, dynamizing the memory of spaces in the historical process, as well as allowing to understand the differentiated perception of relationships with space, its culture and traditions in the short period of childhood and youth in diverse transformations. In addition to participant observations during field visits, to obtain data, the study used playful group dynamics and semi-structured interviews treated in a qualitative and quantitative way. Finally, it is understood that despite the changes triggered in the urban space of Gostoso, public spaces still remain as places of socialization, with the beach being the main space for young people to sociably be.

     

13
  • RENATO LIMA DOS SANTOS
  • Decision-making agenda and racial quotas in graduate courses: a qualitative analysis at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

  • Líder : SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DYANE BRITO REIS
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • Data: 20-oct-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The political mobilization of the black movement enabled racial inequality in access to higher education to be recognized as a problem by decision-makers, allowing affirmative action policies for undergraduate courses to reach the decision agenda of state and federal governments. With the change in the racial profile of undergraduate students, the mobilization for affirmative action in graduate courses intensified, which also reached the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. This reasearch aims at understanding the formation of the agenda and the disputes involving the implementation of racial quotas in UFRN graduate courses based on the theoretical model of multiple streams, proposed by Kingdon (2014). The specific objectives are 1) to investigate the presence or absence of racial inequality in the UFRN graduate student body; 2) to apply the multiple streams model to verify its explanatory capacity for the chosen empirical case; 3) to analyze the role of black activists as non-governmental actors to the agenda definition process of racial quotas in graduate courses at UFRN and their relationship with other actors. The methodological path is based on 1) quantitative analysis of secondary data made available by the Plataforma Dados Abertos da UFRN; 2) carrying out semi-structured interviews; 3) thematic analysis of the interviews; and 4) documentary analysis of official documents, publications on social media and news. As results, we identify 1) the presence of inequality between white and black students in access to master's and doctoral courses at UFRN among the years 2000 and 2020; 2) the streams proposed by Kingdon were activated, opening a window of opportunity for the problem to enter the decision agenda of UFRN; 3) the black movement acted as a policy entrepreneur in the UFRN mobilization process, coordinating actors and presenting alternatives to solve the problem. From a substantive point of view, the research reveals that access for black people to master's and doctoral courses at UFRN between the years 2000 and 2020 increased, even though racial inequalities are still present in more prestigious courses and doctoral courses.. Finally, it is concluded that the multiple streams model is capable of explaining the formation of the affirmative action agenda for graduate courses at UFRN.

14
  • JOÃO PAULO DOS SANTOS DIOGO
  •  Analysis of the implementation of the Aldir Blanc Law in Natal, Brazil

  • Líder : ANDERSON CRISTOPHER DOS SANTOS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANDERSON CRISTOPHER DOS SANTOS
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • DAIANE BATISTA DE JESUS
  • Data: 30-oct-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The health crisis faced in recent years by Brazil and the world has accentuated historical social inequalities and constituted new social problems, being registered in the annals of History as one of the most difficult periods. By December 2022, approximately 691,000 Brazilians had died as a result of the New Coronavirus, making it the most tragic pandemic of the century. Scholars of the development of the disease point out that, unlike other countries, Brazil has experienced a series of waves of contamination by Covid-19 and its variants, which over time required the adoption of preventive measures and adaptations in all orders of the disease. life: work, home, leisure, etc. Covid-19, in addition to the effects on the health and lives of many people, had a major impact on the economy, especially on the cultural production chain, as it was part of the sector that was among the first to close and was one of the last sectors to have its initiatives authorized to restart by the health authorities, as this sector depends on promoting people to meet, being present in closed spaces and crowding in most stages of the production chain. In this context, Proposal for Law (PL) nº 1075/2020 is elaborated, which later became popularly known as the Aldir Blanc Emergency Law, created through a great national effort. Approved practically unanimously by the wide range of political forces in the National Congress, it was sanctioned by the federal executive under number 14.017/2020 with the allocated budget of three billion reais to be transferred to the State, Federal District and municipalities, according to Provisional Measure No. , of July 9, 2020. In order to collaborate with the process of the field of research on the implementation of public policies, the present study aims to focus on its efforts to analyze the implementation, by the municipal executive of Natal, of the subsidy for cultural spaces of the Emergency Law Aldir Blanc. To this end, this study is guided by the objective of analyzing the implementation of the subsidy of the Aldir Blanc Act for the maintenance of artistic and cultural spaces, which had their activities interrupted due to the social isolation measures due to Covid-19, carried out by the City Hall do Natal (RN). The specific objectives are a) to systematize and analyze the implementation procedures of item II, Art.2 of the Aldir Blanc Law applied by the Municipality of Natal; b) survey the installed capacities of the municipal cultural management body of Natal to operationalize the requirements of the application of item II of the Aldir Blanc Law; c) analyze the process of spatialization of the spaces benefited and budget executed for item II by the City Hall in the administrative regions of the city. The study in question adopts applied qualitative, descriptive and exploratory research as a method with bibliographic and documental sources, as well as the collection of data on the process of regulating the Aldir Blanc Law through in-depth semi-structured interviews.

15
  • ANA FABÍOLA DO NASCIMENTO PONTES
  • THE TERRITORY AND ITS SOCIAL RELATIONS: CHÃO DE ESTRELAS COMMUNITY, RECIFE PE
     

  • Líder : ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • DEMÓSTENES ANDRADE DE MORAES
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: 24-nov-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The trajectory between the moment of relocation and resettlement of families from the Irmã Terezinha Housing Complex in Recife reveals a scenario of conflicting interests involving the State and the population. On one side, the public authority, acting on behalf of the Sanitation Department (SESAN), and on the other, the residents of the Beberibe River community, Chão de Estrelas, eagerly awaiting the housing units (UHs). Chão de Estrelas is spatially situated within this disputed territory and subject to infrastructure intervention in the sanitation works of the Beberibe PAC UE 21 - Sewage Treatment Unit, within the urban area of the city. The resettlement of the 69 houses in the complex, delivered between 2014 and 2018, was marked by aspirations and uncertainties regarding the manner in which the residents were relocated, lacking clarity on the criteria for prioritizing families, as well as the absence of a guarantee of staying in their place of origin and building their social relationships: their neighborhood. However, interactions between residents, community leaders, and technicians during the relocation process (from community to housing complex) took place amid tensions within the same territory. This defines the characteristics and roles of urban social actors and the specifics of shaping the living space. Therefore, the objective of this work is to comprehend the implications of urban social conflicts in the management of the space of social reproduction, contributing to discussions about the right to housing and housing access policies. The Socioterritorial Registry, family relocation, and the present day define the temporal scope and allow for the reconstruction of the housing resettlement trajectory. A triangulation of methods was used to gather empirical information: 1 - Database Research (institutional websites, laws, records, and official documents); 2 - Interviews with public administration officials and community leaders and Focus Groups with the residents' committee; and 3 - Ethnographic Elements, through participant observation, based on descriptive principles to conduct a reflective analysis of the actions undertaken in the lived environment. The combination of these research techniques and data collection methods provided comprehensive information and increased the study's credibility within a multifaceted reality. It was observed that this reality showcases the various forces at play within the territory and how different actors relate to one another in the context of power struggles during the resettlement process of the Irmã Terezinha Housing Complex. These dynamics played a significant role in shaping approaches to meet the housing needs of the population and in the appropriation of living conditions.

16
  • MIRIAM MOURA VITAL
  • SOCIOTERRITORIAL RESISTANCES IN A TRADITIONAL FISHING COMMUNITY: THE TIDES OF CONFLICTS AND DISPUTES IN ENXU QUEIMADO/ RN

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • JOSÉ SOBREIRO FILHO
  • LORENA IZÁ PEREIRA
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • Data: 19-dic-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The traditional fishing community of Enxu Queimado is located in Pedra Grande, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte (RN). It is a community of socio-environmental and socio-economic importance to the municipality, which has been using and occupying the territory for over 100 years, where they (re)produce their social, material and immaterial ways of life. In mid-2007, in an attempt to confront the advance of speculative real estate capital, some residents organized themselves into a committee, seeking partnerships to stop attempts at deterritorialization. In 2014, renewable energy arrived in the territory, with wind energy towers being installed around almost the entire community.  In 2020, real estate companies again tried to evict the families, claiming that the land belonged to them. In 2022, they began to face the possibility of installing offshore companies in the sea, which has caused many conflicts at the time of writing this dissertation. The starting question is: how has the traditional fishing community of Enxu Queimado organized itself to resist the imminent process of deterritorialization it has been suffering? In an attempt to answer this question, this research aimed to analyze the actions of socio-territorial movements to organize and maintain the traditional fishing territory of Enxu Queimado. Understanding that these individuals have the territory as an essential asset for their existence, since the actions only exist because the community claims the territory. To this end, the methodological procedures used in this study were quantitative and qualitative, with bibliographic and documentary research and information on websites and blogs, as well as quantitative data from official databases of the Brazilian electricity sector, such as the Generation Information System of the National Electric Energy Agency (SIGA) and the Georeferenced Information System of the Electricity Sector (SIGEL), as well as fieldwork with participant observation at meetings and collective actions, and semi-structured interviews with participants in the movements, representatives of the fishermen's colony (Z-32), partners identified during the field research and with the local government. In order to analyze the data, we took into account the narratives of the movements and the other people involved in the conflicts in order to understand the strategies developed to maintain their territoriality. In this way, it was possible to see that the organization of women in the management committee, as well as the resistance exerted by the residents of Enxu Queimado, points to the contestation of a globalized and capitalist development model, which does not relate to the way of life, culture and customs of the traditional community, because it is not operating under the structure of the logic of exploitation of surplus value and/or the search for profit maximization. This shows that the process of organization, struggle and resistance of traditional peoples is a powerful tool for countering this ongoing hegemonic model, which has found a lucrative market in the exploitation of nature. However, development involves multidimensional aspects and requires better living conditions for all.

Tesis
1
  • RYLANNEIVE LEONARDO PONTES TEIXEIRA
  • Renewable energies in Northeast Brazil and relationships with adaptation to climate change


  • Líder : ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • CLAUDIO MOISES SANTOS E SILVA
  • PEDRO HENRIQUE CAMPELLO TORRES
  • CHRISTIAN BRANNSTROM
  • ANDRÉA CARDOSO VENTURA
  • Data: 03-may-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Climate change is a socio-environmental risk, with impacts, above all, on those social and environmental systems that are most vulnerable, although they are not the main ones responsible for carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, contributing to global warming and, thus, to climate change in a more rapid and accelerated manner. Thus, these systems are inserted in contexts of socio-environmental and climate injustices, because they are the ones that contribute the least to the changes in the environment and climate, but suffer the most from their impacts. These systems also tend to be inserted in contexts of energy injustice: that is, while these systems are more socially and environmentally vulnerable, they are also the ones that suffer most from the lack of access to energy supply systems, for example. In this sense, it is necessary to understand what has been done by governments and other actors (such as the private sector and civil society) to address these vulnerabilities. As an alternative, emerging renewable energies (wind and solar) are put forward as an approach to mitigate CO2 emissions, rather than climate adaptation. In light of this contextualization, the overall objective of this PhD thesis is to investigate how the states of Bahia, Ceará and Rio Grande do Norte build adaptive capacities to climate change by incorporating renewable energies as strategies from the point of view of climate mitigation and, above all, climate adaptation. In order to carry out this analysis, case studies were developed in Bahia, Ceará and Rio Grande do Norte, in the Northeast of Brazil, using documentary research, secondary data and field research, with the application of semi-structured interview scripts to government, private sector and civil society actors that are integrated to climate and energy issues in the investigated states. Data analysis is carried out through content analysis. The results of this research unfold in the following findings: 1. Although the analyzed states are highly vulnerable to climate threats, they are not the main contributors to CO2 emissions in the Brazilian Northeast panorama, presenting, on the other hand, the emerging renewable energies as an ally in this sense. This is because they are territories highly producers of these sources, contributing to the reduction of CO2 emissions, but also with climate adaptation; 2. The state public policies on renewable energy and climate change have a number of gaps and obstacles, with the need to strengthen them so that it is possible to build a response capacity to climate change by these states, incorporating renewable energy as a strategy, mainly, of climate adaptation; and 3. The investigated states do not present adaptive capacities to climate change, nor do they consider incorporating renewable energies as a strategic goal for the construction and effectiveness of these capacities, mitigating vulnerabilities and socio-environmental risks. Based on these results, we conclude that climate adaptive capacity in Bahia, Ceará and Rio Grande do Norte is challenging for their governments, without integration with other social actors, even in a territorial context of high production of wind and solar energies, where these sources are not understood as a mitigation approach, nor as an adaptation one.


2
  • ARNALDO COSTA GAMA
  • Violence in Intraurban Spaces: dynamics of intentional homicides in the territory of manauara

  • Líder : CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANTÔNIO GELSON OLIVEIRA DO NASCIMENTO
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • JÁRVIS CAMPOS
  • MARCELLE GOMES FIGUEIRA
  • MOZART FAZITO REZENDE FILHO
  • RODRIGO FIGUEIREDO SUASSUNA
  • Data: 08-may-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Throughout history, we have followed transformations in the urban space of large Brazilian cities, largely due to the various historical processes and specific factors that occur in the urban fabric, such as industrialization, population density that intensified the urbanization process, the sociability of urban spaces causing several socioeconomic problems, including violence, poverty, social inequality. The main objective of this work is to analyze violence from the perspective of the spatial dimension of Intentional Intentional Homicides (HDI), which occurred in the intra-urban space of the municipality of Manaus, from 2012 to 2020, considering that intentional homicides are one of the main problems that affect the intra-urban spaces of Brazilian metropolises. The research is based on exploratory data analysis, through analyzes of the occurrences observed in the space of the municipality of Manaus, State of Amazonas, which considers the heterogeneity of the space of the city and its sociodemographic characteristics of its population and the socio-spatial segregation of the municipality within the space clippings. Intentional homicides are studied from a cross-sectional perspective, considering their distribution in intra-urban spaces, in relation to the dynamics of socio-spatial segregation, the socio-demographic characteristics of victims and perpetrators and the influence of criminal organizations in the commission of these crimes, in the formal control of these crimes. The transformations that took place in the capital of Amazonas are observed and how they are associated with the phenomenon. The sources used for this research are from the Secretariat of Public Security of Amazonas (SSP/AM). The spatial format of the data allowed us to apply spatial techniques such as distance measurements, kernel interpolation, spatial autocorrelation and the use of interpretation of the phenomenon through satellite images, which allowed us to trace patterns of datasets on the homicides that occurred. In Manaus. The results reveal a concentration of violent crimes in the areas of the south, west and north of the municipality, with high rates of intentional homicides, events that occurred in areas of population concentration, with greater social vulnerability, mostly associated with drug trafficking, the The means used to commit such crimes is firearms, with unknown authorship, there is a strong relationship of homicides with young people (15 to 29 years old). This phenomenon differs from other Brazilian municipalities due to the strong presence of such crimes, with involvement in the drug retail trade, arising from the northern Brazilian triple border, thus, it was possible to observe that such crimes have different spatial distribution in space-time.

3
  • MARCOS ADLLER DE ALMEIDA NASCIMENTO
  • EFFECTIVENESS OF LOCAL PUBLIC MANAGEMENT: STUDY OF STATE CAPACITIES OF MICROMUNICIPALITIES NO CONTEXT OF PROGRAMA NACIONAL DE ALIMENTAÇÃO ESCOLAR

  • Líder : LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOHNATAN RAFAEL SANTANA DE BRITO
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MARCO ANTONIO CARVALHO TEIXEIRA
  • RAQUEL MARIA DA COSTA SILVEIRA
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • Data: 28-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Changes on the way to consolidation and deepening of the decentralization process concern both the establishment of new frontiers of competence for the three levels of government and the resizing of the system for sharing national revenues between the union, states and municipalities. Subnational governments, especially local governments, have taken on an increasingly important role in terms of accountability for the delivery of public services. Given the reality, which has already been widely verified, of the transfer and incorporation by municipal entities of a varied set of attributions and given that, in addition and to a certain extent, this context of municipal accountability is supported, regardless of the level of sufficiency, by an increase in the fiscal structure of the municipalities, the researcher is interested in better understanding how specific aspects of public policy production corroborate the effectiveness of the actions of municipal governments. Our study is based on the National School Feeding Program (PNAE), a public policy to promote food and nutrition security that has existed for the longest time in the Brazilian national scenario and is, worldwide, one of the largest and most universalizing school feeding programs. Its regularity is an aspect that enables the aggregation of databases and, therefore, robust investigation processes. In this sense, we consider it privileged – from the point of view of the intensity and proximity of relations between government and society – the space where municipal public management is carried out in relation to the possibility of research on the subject of state capacities and performance of municipal public management, central themes to the thesis. The phenomenon we want to investigate intertwines the theme of state capacities and the performance of public management. A starting question underpins the development of this investigation: How do state capacities condition the effectiveness of public management in micromunicipalities, having as a parameter the fulfillment of the minimum of 30% of purchases of school lunch items from family farming within the scope of the PNAE? The hypothesis that we will submit to the test in this thesis constitutes the argument that the political and institutional dimensions are the components of state capacities on which the good performance of public management in micromunicipalities most depends. The objective of this thesis is, therefore, to understand how state capacities generate the effectiveness of public management in micromunicipalities, having as a horizon the legal objective advocated in the PNAE law, which establishes the obligation to purchase a minimum percentage of 30% of purchases in school lunch items from family farming. In this study, specific objectives were established based on the cross-interpretation of constructs that structure the themes of state capacities and municipal management performance. The proposed specific objectives are: i. identify a set of state and institutional resources available to local governments; ii. outline a general behavior pattern for the set of Brazilian municipalities regarding aspects of state capacities; iii. compare the result of interactions in the set of state distinct; iv. synthesize particularities regarding the way in which state capacities operate in micromunicipalities; The plot to be woven in this thesis associates the theoretical- analytical categories delimited as “state capacities” and “governmental effectiveness”. For the purpose of demarcating the unit of analysis, this research is dedicated to understanding the constraints on public management performance in the context of the realities in which the smallest municipalities in the Brazilian federation are inserted (micromunicipalities with up to 10,188 inhabitants). Methodologically, this is a study of a mixed nature (quanti and quali) and of broad scope. Data from the total of the 2,513 smallest Brazilian municipalities were extracted from “Munic” (IBGE) and from the database of the National Education Development Fund (FNDE). To verify the univariate and multivariate influence of the variables included in the preliminary analytical model, we used the Generalized Equations Estimating method, a way to account for the existing correlation between repeated measurements of the same observational units. The software used in the analyzes was "R" (version 4.0.2). Results confirm the hypothesis that the political and institutional dimensions exert greater influence on the effectiveness of municipal public management in micromunicipalities.

     

     

     

     

     

4
  • ERICA MILENA CARVALHO GUIMARAES LEONCIO
  • MUNICIPAL TAX AND REAL ESTATE DYNAMICS: 

    An analysis in the light of the capture of urban gains in the Metropolitan Region of Natal / RN

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • EVERALDO SANTOS MELAZZO
  • RICARDO DE SOUSA MORETTI
  • RICHARDSON LEONARDI MOURA DA CAMARA
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • Data: 28-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The theme of capturing urban capital gains is closely related to the introduction of urbanistic and tributary instruments. These instruments are incorporated into various legislations, aiming to recover the increments of real estate valuation. These increments are a result of the rapid real estate activities in metropolises. Additionally, they contribute to a broader discussion on ensuring the right to the city for the urban population. On the other hand, the difficulties faced by municipalities in managing their tax revenues, especially real estate taxes, are latent. In this context, we present the four municipalities considered to be highly integrated in the Metropolitan Region of Natal (RMNatal): Natal, Parnamirim, São Gonçalo do Amarante and Extremoz, which demonstrate a process of metropolitan expansion supported in the dynamics of real estate valuation occurred in recent years. A temporal cut-off of analysis between 2014 and 2021 was made. From this perspective, it was inquired: how much and in what way the highly integrated municipalities of RMNatal manage to capture the urban capital gains, generated by the valorization process resulting from the real estate dynamics, and how does municipal taxation assist public investment in urban policy? The hypothesis defended here is that there is a value generated by the real estate dynamics, but which is not recovered satisfactorily and does not contribute to the investment capacity in infrastructure and urban services that reduce socio-spatial inequalities and, in a broader perspective, in the realization of the right to the city. Thus, the object of research is municipal real estate taxation and the dynamics of valorization of urban land based on the ability to capture urban capital gains by the municipalities analyzed. The general objective is to understand the dynamics of urban land valuation and the management of real estate taxes on a metropolitan scale between 2014 and 2021, based on the recapture of capital gains and their investment potential in relation to urban policy. It is comparative research with essentially quantitative methods for data collection and analysis. The study involves gathering and analyzing data from public agencies, specifically focusing on tax collection, stocks and flows of IPTU and ITBI, urban land prices, and their connection to infrastructure investment and urban services. The research aims to demonstrate the potential of these instruments and the role of real estate taxes in promoting social justice and the right to the city.

5
  • REBECA MAROTA DA SILVA
  • Development and Urbanization in the Periphery of the Periphery of the Northeast: from the roots of the cattle-cotton productive structure to the precarious urban services sector in the Metropolitan Regions of Fortaleza and Natal


  • Líder : MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO DO O DE LIMA JÚNIOR
  • JULIANA BACELAR DE ARAUJO
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • RAUL DA SILVA VENTURA NETO
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 29-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Starting from the economic space called northeast gado-algodão, which had very similar production bases until the 1960s, the internal repercussions of the periphery condition of the regional periphery, manifested in the processes of development and urbanization, take place in a differentiated way, through actions policies of local elites and the national market integration process. However, the regional economic dynamism that has always been linked (or dependent) on state policy impulses, whether national, regional or local, is beginning to differentiate by the amounts of investments that are heterogeneously distributed in this space. The thesis is defended that in this cotton-farming northeast, with emphasis on two neighboring northeastern states, RN and CE, the process of development and urbanization made explicit unequal and peripheral metropolitan regions, such as the cases of Metropolitan region of Fortaleza and Natal. For the analysis, it is assumed that historical facts modify social, political and, notably, economic structures. Therefore, the research starts from the analysis of the historical facts that manifested themselves in different periods, positively or negatively impacting the productive and social structures. Incorporating in the research the analysis of data that allow the understanding of a model of an economic structural matrix incorporating non-economic factors, from the historical-structuralist investigation method.

6
  • CAROLINE SOUZA DOS SANTOS
  • CONFLICT TERRITORIES: SPECULATION, IMPLEMENTATION AND CROSSING OF WIND FARMS IN RURAL COMMUNITIES OF SÃO MIGUEL DO GOSTOSOS/RN
  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • FRANCISCA DE SOUZA MILLER
  • RONALDO BARROS SODRE
  • JOSÉ CARLOS DANTAS
  • Data: 30-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo

  • The wind sector has been gaining prominence in the international and national scenarios, widely justified as a mechanism to face environmental and energy crises. At the national level, the State, through the Alternative Sources Incentive Program – PROINFA, in 2002, was responsible for this promotion. Although the media, institutional and business agents claim a positive environmental contribution related, especially, to the low emission of polluting gases and the eventual creation of jobs, the arrival of wind power has engendered a series of conflicts in the territories. In this sense, the literature review shows that the interaction between wind farms and communities has generated disputes that express different forms of meaning and appropriation of space, focusing on its use and the communities' ways of life. Thus, it is important to question what types of conflicts are generated by wind energy and what strategies are triggered in this dispute, starting from an analytical combination between territory, power and conflict associated with an integrating environmental perspective, which does not dissociate the environmental from the social. Therefore, the general objective is to analyze the conflicts generated by wind energy in communities of São Miguel do Gostoso, starting from a territorial and environmental approach in the light of the dimension of power. Analyzing São Miguel do Gostoso proved to be relevant since it is a region with an intense density of installed wind farms and still in the process of building new ventures. For this, a qualitative methodological design was developed, anchored in the content analysis of documents and semi-structured interviews with community leaders. Through the methodology, the research sought to identify the actors and carry out a typology of the conflict, analyzing the constructed dissent and the coping and/or negotiation strategies put in place by the communities. The results show that the existing conflicts come from the different forms of interaction of the wind sector in the territories, whether in the speculation, implementation or crossing of the wind farms in these communities, so that environmental and territorial dimensions directly linked to the ways of appropriation of the territory, generating power disputes and reconfiguration of local territorialities.

7
  • THIAGO TITO DE ARAÚJO
  • Vocational Analysis of the Overflow Areas of the Urban Spot of Natal

  • Líder : FLAVIO HENRIQUE MIRANDA DE ARAUJO FREIRE
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FLAVIO HENRIQUE MIRANDA DE ARAUJO FREIRE
  • JÁRVIS CAMPOS
  • LARISSA DA SILVA FERREIRA ALVES
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • TIAGO BARRETO DE ANDRADE COSTA
  • Data: 31-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The main objective of this study is to explore the potential of geomarketing in the analysis of population dynamics and spatial distribution in the city of Natal, seeking to understand the current urban structure, providing a technical and theoretical basis for housing supply. To achieve this goal, the Self-Organizing Maps (SOM) method was used, an unsupervised learning algorithm of artificial neural networks, which allowed the visualization and analysis of high-dimensional data. Based on data from the 2000 and 2010 demographic census (IBGE), WorldPop and other sources. The study investigated the urbanization process and the uneven spatial organization of the city. The results reveal that the Natal/Parnamirim area has a greater economic potential, in contrast, the Natal/São Gonçalo do Amarante area has a lower potential, attributed to the lower average family income. The application of geomarketing, combined with the SOM method, proves to be an effective tool for urban planning, the real estate market and the development of public policies, allowing the identification of opportunities and decision-making based on the socioeconomic characteristics of the population. In short, this study details the use of geomarketing and the SOM method in the analysis of population dynamics and spatial organization in Natal, providing valuable subsidies for urban planning, public policies and the real estate market.

8
  • DOUGLAS RODRIGUES FEITOSA
  • FROM LOCAL TO GLOBAL? PROPOSAL FOR A CONSTRUCT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND INNOVATION FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE UNESCO WORLD GEARARAR ARARIPE

  • Líder : FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • MARCOS ANTONIO LEITE DO NASCIMENTO
  • BERTULINO JOSE DE SOUZA
  • GIL CELIO DE CASTRO CARDOSO
  • Data: 29-sep-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Recognizing entrepreneurship and innovation as a strategy for promoting local development is the driver of this research in the territory of Araripe UNESCO Global Geopark, which currently total 161 territories with this denomination distributed in 45 countries. The geopark is a prime object of cooperation and strategy for the protection of geological heritage, enabling geoscientific knowledge, but also promoting the sustainable development of these territories and the communities involved. Thus, the objective of this study is to develop and validate a system of indicators that allows to assess the level of entrepreneurship and innovation in these regions. As a methodology, in a first moment bibliographic research will be carried out through the critical analysis of the literature pertinent to the object of evaluation described in the theoretical basis, after this moment variables will be chosen that identify the object of the research so that weights can be attributed to them. The variables identified will be determined later. With such information, it is possible to create a mathematical model to identify the level of entrepreneurship and innovation in the parks. Thus, the collection of primary and / or secondary data from the geopark will begin, which will promote the recognition of such characteristics in these territories. This research differs at a global level by the pioneering methodological nature, since the entrepreneurial aspect is something new in the conduct of these territories as a tool of belonging and promotion of these environments.
9
  • PAULA VALÉRIA FERREIRA DE ALMEIDA RODRIGUES
  • DISSEMINATION OF AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN THE BRAZILIAN NORTHEAST: AN ANALYSIS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MARKET ASSISTED AGRICULTURAL REFORM (RAAM) MODEL

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SILVIA APARECIDA DE SOUSA FERNANDES
  • ELIANA ANDRADE DA SILVA
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • LEANDRO VIEIRA CAVALCANTE
  • LUIS HENRIQUE HERMÍNIO CUNHA
  • Data: 18-dic-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo

  • The land issue in Brazil is considered a historical problem due to the concentration of land in the country in the hands of a restricted group of actors - State, Church, people or companies. Since the mid-20th century, agrarian reform models have become objects of dispute over access to land. As a result, laws, norms and resolutions articulate programs and policies that aim to promote agrarian reform in the country. Since the 1990s, two programs have made up Brazilian agrarian policy: conventional agrarian reform, via the expropriation of unproductive land carried out by INCRA, and Market-Assisted Agrarian Reform, which finances land for landless farmers or those with little land, from also the responsibility of the federal government and carried out at the time by the Ministry of Agrarian Development. The model of access to land through Market Assisted Agrarian Reform (RAAM) was designed by the World Bank and established in Brazil in 1997, with the institutional discourse of reducing conflicts and rural poverty, in a political and ideological context of global references of new ideas that influenced the Fernando Henrique Cardoso government to think of alternatives to traditional public policy models that were expensive for the State. This policy is characterized by financing for the purchase and sale of land on a voluntary basis between private agents, without expropriation occurring, that is, it is a logic influenced by the capitalist market for development processes, especially in countries in the so-called Third World. . The object of study of this thesis is the process of diffusion of the Market Assisted Agrarian Reform policy in the northeastern states. The aim is to understand this process through the theoretical framework of the diffusion of public policies with a focus on addressing policy diffusion mechanisms, highlighting which elements contributed to the adoption of this model in Brazil and its diffusion in the Northeast region. Therefore, the research has the general objective of analyzing the process of diffusion of the Market Agrarian Reform policy in subnational governments in the Northeast Region. The question that guides this research is: how did subnational governments in the Northeast implement the market-based agrarian reform model? In other words, what were the mechanisms used in the process of disseminating the Market Agrarian Reform model in subnational governments in the Northeast? To achieve the objectives, semi-structured interviews were carried out with researchers on the subject, managers of the current land financing program, Terra Brasil, in the northeastern states, and actors linked to the various social movements fighting for land (Comissão Pastoral da Terra - CPT, Confederation of Agricultural Workers - CONTAG, Landless Rural Workers Movement - MST). A documentary analysis was also carried out of the bulletins released by the Indicator Panel of the former Ministry of Agrarian Development (MDA) to characterize the programs that operationalized this model of access to land in Brazil and World Bank documents relating to the policy. As main results, the research identified the mechanisms of learning, emulation and coercion in the dissemination of RAAM, and found that the model was adopted as a pilot project implemented by the Government of the state of Ceará in 1996, within the scope of the Program to Combat Rural Poverty (PCPR) São José with the insertion of a land component called Solidarity Agrarian Reform; It began to spread throughout the Brazilian Northeast as it concentrates the largest amount of poverty in the country and presents a favorable environment for adoption, given that Projects to Combat Rural Poverty were being implemented in the Northeastern states, using the physical, institutional, personnel of this policy.; From 1997 onwards, the Brazilian Government entered into a technical and financial cooperation agreement with the World Bank, in a context of a neoliberal global reference, Fernando Henrique Cardoso's political project to combat rural poverty and inserted agrarian reform into the agenda of the Community Program Solidarity (PCS), spreading Market Agrarian Reform to the states of Bahia, Maranhão, Pernambuco and expanding land financing in Ceará, operationalized through the Cédula da Terra Program (PCT). In 1998, within a debate on the New Rural World proposal, the Land Revolving Fund, called Banco da Terra, was created, inserting the states of Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte, Alagoas, Sergipe and Piauí into the RAAM. The implementation of this model was the result of the political articulation of managers of subnational governments, whose actions were preponderant in implementing the model together with the central government and counting on financial support, technical and intellectual assistance from the World Bank

2022
Disertaciones
1
  • PAULO CESAR DO NASCIMENTO
  • Employees or unaffiliated? A study on the young agente project graduates and the job market

  • Líder : ANA PATRICIA DIAS SALES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANA PATRICIA DIAS SALES
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • FRANCISCO JOSE LIMA SALES
  • Data: 20-ene-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The study deals with the policy of professional qualification, the Young Agent Project, for youth in situations of vulnerability, state of poverty, social risk and the labor market. The problem that guide the investigation is this: the professional qualification, proposed by the Young Agent, offered young adolescents the skills and skills necessary to insert them in the labor market? It is hypothesized that the professional qualification courses offered by the Young Agent to the beneficiaries of the project, when characterized by the simplification of knowledge, did not consign them to the formal labor market. The objective of the research is to analyze the connection between the training acquired through the Young Agent project and the insertion of graduates in the formal labor market in the city of Riachuelo - RN, in the period between 2000 and 2005. The investigation is classified as a case study and is based on primary data, derived from semi-structured interviews with the graduates of the Project, which are young adolescents aged between 15 and 17 years, as well as secondary information extracted from the archive of the records and the Guidance guide for managers, in addition to a theoretical reference concerning the theme of the study.

2
  • TAINÁ PORTO COTRIM
  • Education within prisons: managing correctional system

  • Líder : RODRIGO FIGUEIREDO SUASSUNA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RODRIGO FIGUEIREDO SUASSUNA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • RAQUEL MARIA DA COSTA SILVEIRA
  • FERNANDA NATASHA BRAVO CRUZ
  • Data: 06-abr-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Recent literature suggests arguments robust enough for the understanding of incarceration as the last resource for problem solving. The correctional system, besides overcrowded, works as a public institution that generates more consequences than it proposes itself on solving, it's results have been potentializing inmate suffering and it doesn't appear to be an efficient alternative to the public safety agenda. Therefore, what it is intended to be analysed in the present work is the implementation and the supply of education in prison units of Rio Grande do Norte state, considering the state's representative context in relation to the penitentiary situation and previously implemented popular education experiences in the state of the Rio Grande do Norte. This study's objective is to discuss the penal policies administrative capacities throughout education and extrication. It is situated itself in the field of Public Policies, an area of knowledge destined to question, investigate, analyze, and build diagnoses to the public/policies management. In such wise, intersectoral approaches which acknowledge the federal arrangements, the territory, the participation of people deprived of their liberties and the multiactorship offering to the analysis of those public policies fluxes – actors, actions, intentions, instruments, etc. – for the understanding of the ways it is possible to expand and adequate the implementation of the education in prisons, facing the low education in prison's offer consequentiality and the meager engagement of the state and federal public implementation of education in prisons.

3
  • TED MANASSÉS DA SILVA BARBOZA
  • POLICY STANDARDS FOR MILITARY POLICE IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE IN RESPONSE THE PANDEMIC BY COVID-19

  • Líder : CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • RODRIGO FIGUEIREDO SUASSUNA
  • LETICIA GODINHO DE SOUZA
  • Data: 11-abr-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Police forces are essential tools in any state project and, in democracies, they are essential to protect the fundamental rights and guarantees of citizens (MONJARDET 2002). Despite not being presented in a single format, since they respond to the particularities of each State and People, modern police forces end up presenting common characteristics and tendencies, classified as policing standards (BAYLEY 2002). Modern policing standards are the result of the interaction between Police, State and Society, and may vary from public and state needs. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Brazilian State was required to adapt its actions so that it could guarantee compliance with the measures to combat the pandemic and, with this, allow a better public response in the field of health, the main field affected by the high number of infections and severe manifestations of the disease, but also in fields such as public security, economics and education. An essential tool for the implementation of policies to combat the pandemic, the state military police had their action based on the edition of state decrees, which defined numerous processes to be observed by police forces during the critical period faced. In Rio Grande do Norte, a state in Northeastern Brazil, the Military Police also experienced this phenomenon, and began to add to the processes already developed, other routines, such as monitoring compliance with measures such as the use of masks, isolation, quarantine, carrying out compulsory medical examinations, in addition to other ostensible measures, such as the implementation of the curfew, the escort of vaccines, support to health units and the implementation of sanitary barriers. In addition to these processes, in the field of force application, other patterns were affected, such as institutional funding, the development of professional activities in the operational and administrative scope, institutional action in the political field, the structure of the institution and its strength. Given these circumstances, the present work analyzes how the critical event of the pandemic by COVID-19, which took place worldwide between the years 2020-2021, affected the practices of a police force, notably the Military Police of Rio Grande do Norte, identifying in the Governmental Decrees edited during the pandemic, the elements classified as the policing standards established by David H Bayley in his theory about “policing standards” manifested.

4
  • CADMIEL MERGULHÃO ONOFRE DE MELO
  • STATE CAPACITIES OF MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION POLICIES

  • Líder : LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • RAQUEL MARIA DA COSTA SILVEIRA
  • TEREZINHA CABRAL DE ALBUQUERQUE NETA BARROS
  • Data: 20-abr-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This research adresses state capacities – the resources, skills, knowledge and instruments in reach for use by the state (SOUZA, 2015; GRIN; DEMARCO; ABRUCIO, 2021) – as essential to the completion of the developmental process of any nation-state, specially through the promotion of technological innovation policies. Brazil is included in this challenge, where brazilian municipalities have been given federated entity responsibilities as a way of making public policies in tune with demands from the population, which have put them leading discussions about brazilian development (LOTTA; VAZ, 2015). However, the decentralisation of such responsibilities was not accompanied by the decentralisation of the decision power over those policies, nor the the concern of giving those municipalities the state capacities required to conduct their new roles (ARRETCHE, 2012; LOTTA; VAZ, 2015). Such scenario implicates reduced capacities that do not allow municipalities to propose science, technology and innovation (STI) policies, making them resort to the participation in institutional arrangements of such policies coordinated by other institutional actors, mainly those associated to the triple helix (ETZKOWITZ, 2013), such as policies for technological parks. In this way, the municipality participating in the arrangement is understood as a mean of taking advantage of the experience and its policy results in order to gain knowledge and resources on how to propose initiatives in STI, allowing for new state capacities to be built. This configuration is specially relevant to municipalities out of the brazilian industrial concentration zone, where a technological park can be a viable option as a starter for a STI research and economic sector, something that could “replace” the industry factor in promoting new technologies. In order to better understand this phenomenon, this research aims to investigate if state capacities engaged by the municipal governments of Natal/RN, Campina Grande/PB and Recife/PE, in the institutional arrangements of the technological parks Metrópole Digital, Fundação Parque Tecnológico da Paraíba and Porto Digital, were maintained and expanded in new state capacities for those governments in the policy area of science, technology and innovation. The methodology was conducted by a qualitative approach, making use of the case study and the comparative study strategies (RAGIN, 1989; KING; KEOHANE; VERBA, 1994; CRESWELL, 2003), in which representatives from governments, universities, technological innovation economies and techological parks were interviewed and secondary data about the institutional arrangements and state capacities from the selected municipal governments were gathered. The results show that for two of the three cases there were evidences suggesting expanded state capacities since the arrangement, where the experience of the implementation in each case has established new or stronger partnerships between the municipal government and actors involved, including with the newly implemented technological parks, which matured overtime. That allowed the formation of a own municipal STI policy agenda that included initiaives ranging from the creation of own bureaucratic structures within the municipal government to the promotion of large-scale actions, together with local institutional actors, for the development of the area in their municipalities.


5
  • MARIA TERESA TORRES DANTAS DA SILVA
  • PROMORAR IN Natal/RN: THE PIONEERING OF A POLICY AND WHAT REMAINS 40 YEARS LATER

  • Líder : SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • SILVIA MANUELA BRANCO JORGE
  • Data: 22-jul-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The housing problem is complex to solve, reflecting in situations where the housing developments intended for low-income population end up becoming into a reproduction of socio-spatial inequalities, especially in those receiving population from slum removals. During the National Housing Bank (BNH) operations in Brazil, Natal was chosen as a pioneer city in the implementation of the first slum removal (and social interest) program of the agency: The Sub-Housing Eradication Program - Promorar. This research analyzes the current urban insertion of the Promorar complexes in Natal/RN, promoted by the slum removal policy of the BNH. The empirical section is composed of the Promorar housing developments in the city of Natal/RN: Santa Esmeralda, Felipe Camarão I and III, and Panatis II. The historical aspects and socio-spatial characteristics at the time of their implementation were analyzed, as well as the main difficulties encountered and how their surroundings and urban insertions are in the city today, in the year of 2022. The methodological procedures used include bibliographic review, research in the collection of the Tribuna do Norte newspaper, and in the COHAB/RN documentation: urbanistic projects, contracts of the complexes, and photographic records of the area. Through the MaxQda software, a qualitative analysis of the newspaper articles was carried out, and through aerial images, by means of AutoCad, the urbanistic projects of the complexes were reproduced. In addition, land use and occupation mapping was carried out in the three complexes, producing thematic maps, as well as interviews with community leaders and a characterization sheet of urbanity in the area, allowing an analysis and comparison of how the complexes are structured in 2022, about 40 years after their delivery. Therefore, the research allowed us to conclude that in two of the three complexes of Promorar in Natal/RN, which received the population removed from the slums, there were significant changes in the use and occupation of the housing units, and some social factors, economic and structural factors may be related to this. On the other hand, in the complex that received the population registered at Cohab-RN, and with low-income families, little changes in infrastructural or use and occupation changes were observed in the lots.

6
  • MARCELLO UCHOA WANDERLEY
  • “WE ARE HUMAN BEINGS”: ACCESS TO JUSTICE AT THE JACO COMMUNITY’S HOUSING CONFLICT(NATAL/RN)

     

  • Líder : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANA NOGUEIRA VIEIRA LIMA
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • RAQUEL MARIA DA COSTA SILVEIRA
  • Data: 30-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present work has as its theme access to justice in the context of forced evictions. Which concerns processes of expropriation in which people, generally low-income, are displaced from their places of residence or their habitat. Such conflicts articulate a series of human rights violations, notably the right to adequate housing, such as the access to means of subsistence and basic services of communication, electricity, drinking water and sanitation. Consequently, a state of great vulnerability is evidenced from the non-guarantee of basic rights, which highlights the condition of inequality in the face of procedural legal needs. This theme has become important for investigation in the context of the university extension project developed with the Jacó community in Natal/RN through the “Motyrum de Educação Popular em Direitos Humanos” extension project at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; acting mainly in the field of legal and urban assistance since 2016. The community, defined as a Special Area of Social Interest within the scope of the Natal Master Plan and located in the Rocas neighborhood, has been facing an eviction conflict provoked by the municipality since 2018. In this conflict, the barriers to access to justice were mitigated through the judiciary services, such as the Public Defender and Public Prosecution offices. However, it was observed that in the case of Comunidade do Jacó it was not possible to restrict the understanding of access to justice to the condition of judicial services, since there were other factors involved in the process. For example, the actions and strategies developed by the residents, which resulted in community organization, in the appropriation of legal concepts, in the understanding of the conflict and in its visibility before society. Due to this, the main research question was defined. Which is: how the strategies and actions developed by residents of the comunidade do Jacó assert themselves in the condition of access to justice within the eviction conflict experienced since 2018? Thus, the object of study is expressed in the relationship between access to justice in a broad conception, and the actions of residents in the forced eviction conflict of the comunidade do Jacó since 2018. The objective is to reflect on the strategies and actions of subjects of rights in the conflict of forced eviction from the comunidade do Jacó, aiming to understand the experiences of access to justice through social struggle. The spatialized law and the self-constructed law are taken as a reference to analyze the legal spaces revealed by a broad conception of access to justice. It is an articulated work among research, teaching and extension, whose database is supported by an extension project. In conclusion, the actions and strategies developed by the residents of the Jacó community and their achievements in the process of access to justice are highlighted, in the context of the struggle for the right to decent housing in the face of the conflict of forced eviction

7
  • DANIEL COSTA MARTINS
  •  

    THE SHOEMAKER’S CRAFT AND ITS RESISTANCE TO THE  METAMORPHOSES OF THE WORLD OF WORK

  • Líder : ANA PATRICIA DIAS SALES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANA PATRICIA DIAS SALES
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • HIAGO TRINDADE DE LIRA SILVA
  • Data: 31-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This work aims to study the shoemaker’s craft, an activity that has been losing ground to the footwear industry, in addition to being directly impacted by recent technological changes. Based on this perspective, the research is directed to remnants of the shoemakers’ craft in order to trace the trajectories of such professionals who have remained in this activity, as well as identifying the elements that have kept the ateliers resistant to the transformations of the world of work. Thus, the researcher's curiosity aims at answering the following question: how has the shoemaker's work, considered a craft activity, resisted the metamorphoses processed in the scope of labor in the transition from the twentieth to the twenty-first century? The sustained hypothesis is that shoemakers have resisted labor changes because their craft is guaranteed by local traditions, which contemplates the demands of specific groups of customers that seek for the service, the sustainability of family business, and also the transmission of knowledge from generation to generation. Furthermore, the economic issue is taken into account, either for the cost-benefit ratio that brings advantages to those who choose to repair shoes instead of buying new ones, or for guaranteeing the activity as subsistence given the difficulty in getting other jobs. As for the main objective, the study proposes to analyze the shoemaker's work and its permanence as a craft activity in the context of the metamorphoses of the world of work and the health crisis from the twentieth to the twenty-first century, in the cities of Parnamirim and Macaíba, which are part of the Metropolitan Region of the city of Natal, RN. For the development of the research, the methodological resource used as a means of obtaining primary data was the life history, which allowed greater autonomy to the interviewee to make the account of their own experience. An interview script was prepared to guide the collection of information from the subjects collaborating in the investigation: five shoemakers who have their ateliers in the urban centers of Parnamirim (RN) and Macaíba (RN), cities that represent the empirical focus of the investigation. In addition to the primary data, the following secondary sources were also used to support this study: a theoretical framework on the subject in evidence, articles, and research. Therefore, the research concluded that the shoemaking craft remains a service segment, despite its decline in recent decades. In spite of the problems related to this work, there are still ways to ensure means of subsistence, once the professionals make use of different strategies to reach customers, which allows the activity to subsist in various ways, occupying open spaces left by the footwear industry, and indicating that, at least in a short term, there is no tendency for the activity to disappear.

8
  • YONARA CLAUDIA DOS SANTOS
  • Adaptive management to climate change: a situational analysis in municipalities in
    the Brazilian semi-arid region


  • Líder : ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • ALFREDO MARCELO GRIGIO
  • ROBERTA VIEIRA GONÇALVES DE SOUZA
  • Data: 08-sep-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The impacts of global climate change affect all life forms on the planet. In Brazil, the semiarid region is highly affected by long droughts, and with the speed of the climate change process, the tendency is for the risk of disasters arising from extreme weather events to intensify. Risk scenarios demand prevention and response strategies to the possible damage that the environment may suffer in case of the occurrence of these extreme events. And in the context of climate change, these strategies must be based on political-governmental agendas with the aim of expanding the adaptive capacity of the system, based on actions that promote adaptation as a response to the impacts of climate change. However, most municipalities do not have management geared towards adapting to climate change, even those most susceptible to risks, climate threats and socio-environmental vulnerability. Based on this problem, the research proposed to analyze the management of the municipalities inserted in the Piancó-Piranhas-Açu river basin, regarding the adaptive response capacity to the risks and threats of climatic extremes. Methodologically, the research carried out a mixed approach (quantitative and qualitative), where the Adaptive Capacity Management Index (IGCA) was developed, structured from binary socio-environmental indicators from the Municipal Basic Information Survey database (MUNIC/IBGE) relating to risk and disaster management, in order to establish a situational diagnosis on the capacity to manage disaster risks associated with climate change. In an experimental phase, the index was applied to the municipalities included in the territorial scope of the Seridó Hydrological Planning Unit, in Rio Grande do Norte (UPH Seridó RN). The results showed that the UPH Seridó RN is more prone to the threats inherent in the risks of climatological events; the municipalities had a higher rate of social than environmental vulnerability, and had a low capacity to manage the risks of climate change, which infers a “low” level in the management of adaptive capacity on a 5-level scale that goes from “very low” to “very high". Based on the results, it was reaffirmed that socio-environmental and climatic issues are little incorporated in the municipalities of the UPH Seridó RN, whose municipal profiles allow inferring that this is a similar reality throughout the territory of the basin. The research leaves room for continuity in further studies, so that the field of analysis is better explored empirically as well.

9
  • POLLYANA KARENINE CAMPOS DE ANDRADE
  • THE (NEW) VIEW TO POTENGI : THE REAL ESTATE IN THE VERTICALIZATION OF THE NORTH ZONE OF NATAL-RN
  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARIA BEATRIZ CRUZ RUFINO
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 07-nov-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The distribution of infrastructure and urban public services in Brazilian cities is not carried out in a balanced or equitable way, which, in turn, generates a series of asymmetries in the quality of life and access to a fairer city. This general factor is aggravated by the preference of the (formal) residential real estate market for more profitable areas, directing its products to a solvable portion of the population. In the case of the city of Natal-RN, the recent growth and density of the Northern Administrative Region - marked by areas of poverty - have brought new challenges, either due to the arrival of new residential real estate products (vertical) or due to the intense debate in the revision of the Plan Director of the City that, among others, aims to expand the buildable limits of this region. With that, “we can admit that all cities are today subjected to disruptive trends that affect more strongly the neighborhoods that were already in a situation of greater vulnerability in the previous phase. (RIBEIRO, 2018, p.239)". Hence, through the concept that UN-HABITAT (apud PATRICK, 2014) calls “urban divide”, not only related to the space fragmented by social inequalities, but taking into account that economic lines tend to coincide with social barriers, cultural and political.

    The aim of this work is to understand the role of the real estate market in the recent formal vertical residential production and socio-territorial effects in the north of Natal, between 2008 and 2021. For this, data analysis will be carried out through the construction of a database of data from vertical projects in the North Zone of Natal-RN and then georeferencing these projects. Interviews will also be held with representatives of the companies responsible for the construction of the projects, real estate agents and property buyers in vertical condominiums in the northern region of Natal-RN.

    Therefore, it seeks to answer, what role does the formal real estate market play in the densification of the "northern zone"? How does the current Urban Planning condition or is it conditioned by the arrival of these new actors? Thus, our Research Project asks itself: What is the role of the real estate market in the verticalization process and in the segregation of urban space in the North Region of Natal-RN?

10
  • JUAN MULLER DE ANDRADE BANDEIRA
  • The city of Macaíba in the process of metropolization of Natal
  • Líder : MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LARISSA DA SILVA FERREIRA ALVES
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 30-nov-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This study aims to analyze the use of the territory of Macaíba, highlighting the structuring of the territory and its insertion in the recent metropolitan dynamics. For this, we chose to start from Milton Santos' understanding of the category of geographic analysis of territory used as a fundamental element to understand the structuring of territory, seeking to understand the city in the configuration of territory. This understanding understands space as a product of the movements of social-spatial relations in time. Space is defined, then, as an inseparable, dialectical, and contradictory set of objects and actions that conform the territorial configuration. In this sense, the research instruments used were the literature review regarding the theoretical discussions on social space and the spatial theory of Milton Santos. In a continuous act, the systematic bibliographical research to identify the theoretical referential that deals with the municipality of Macaíba, seeking to understand the expansion movement of the city and the territorial configuration. Subsequently, the documentary research with the survey of secondary data allowed the cartographic elaboration that allowed understanding the configuration of the territory of Macaíba and the present flows. This cartography encompasses the possibility of understanding the consolidation process of the urban-metropolitan space and the economic flows on a regional scale. Finally, the text points out that the process of consolidation of the urban-metropolitan configuration was influenced, in addition to the industrial sector, by the dynamics of the incorporation of lots in the urban space and, more recently, by the implementation of teaching, research and extension activities that come from the initiatives of Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte and Parque Científico e Tecnológico do Rio Grande do Norte.

     

    Keywords: Urbanization. Metropolitan region of Natal. Urban space. Macaíba.

     

     

11
  • ANA EMÍLIA DA SILVA COUTO
  • WHAT COLOR IS MY HOUSE? Old or New Paradigms in Housing Provision

  • Líder : SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RAQUEL MARIA DA COSTA SILVEIRA
  • RAUL DA SILVA VENTURA NETO
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 01-dic-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Access to housing is one of the main urban social barriers, requiring public power to act through housing policies. Each action brings its complexity, involving a web of interests, institutions, actors, goals and structures that shape its identity. In Brazil, governments over the years have created and conducted their housing programs based on a strong political ideology based on the ideal of home ownership, disseminating their actions and reaffirming their brand. The Minha Casa Minha Vida Program (PMCMV), which operated for 11 years, was replaced by another program called Casa Verde e Amarela (PCVA), with its implementation started in 2020. This dissertation aims to build an analysis that allows us to understand the new paths they take housing policy in Brazil in the face of the transition between the two programs, seeking to understand if there was a dismantling of housing policy or if there was just a restructuring. The research stimulates a reflection based on the idea of what the PCVA offers to the housing policy in the country and how it influences a previously solid housing structure. Is there a new management in relation to the old PMCMV? New structures and new actors? The study proposes to understand the possible consequences that lead to the rupture of the PMCMV and how this fits into the housing scenario. The research adopts the city of Natal, capital of the State of Rio Grande do Norte, as its territorial cut, and focuses its analysis predominantly on the low-income population, former band 1, currently called group 1. A mixed methodology was used, adopting a bibliographic survey inherent to the theoretical-conceptual field of social housing, documental research procedure on governmental platforms and legislation. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with agents who make up the two programs. All qualitative data were analyzed and organized using the MAXQDA Program and quantitative data in data sheets. This research sought, in this way, to outline the directions that the housing field travels and the effects of the new configurations.

12
  • MATHEUS FORTUNATO BARBOSA GOMES
  • Local management of public basic sanitation services: A comparative study in 5 municipalities in the Metropolitan Region of Natal-RN

  • Líder : JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • RAQUEL MARIA DA COSTA SILVEIRA
  • CEZARINA MARIA NOBRE SOUZA
  • JOSÉ IRIVALDO ALVES OLIVEIRA
  • Data: 16-dic-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In Brazil, the public discussion of basic sanitation is marked by questions about the insufficiency of the Brazilian State in the role of leadership and investment in the sector, of municipal entities in managing public services effectively, of the evident low coverage of access to the service. translated into the dichotomy of recognizing the sector as a human right or as a good on the market. In the midst of this reality and going on a path different from the Brazilian reality, there are five municipalities: Bom Jesus, Monte Alegre, Nísia Floresta, São José de Mipibu and Vera Cruz, all with a population of less than 50 thousand inhabitants, in the Metropolitan Region of Natal (RMN), who managed to institute their Municipal Policies and Plans for Basic Sanitation (PMSB's). The question is: What factors enabled the institutionalization of the Policy and PMSB in the studied municipalities?; and Does the institutionalized structure guarantee the effectiveness of the Policy/Plan? It starts from the hypothesis that the five municipalities studied were already endowed, before instituting their Municipal Plans and Policies for Basic Sanitation, with a technical, institutional, administrative and management policy structure that influenced the conclusion of the two public policies. Therefore, this research has as general objective: To comparatively analyze the factors that enabled the institutionalization of the Municipal Basic Sanitation Policy and Plan in the 5 municipalities studied and whether this institutionalization is sufficient for the effectiveness of the policy. Methodologically, the time frame from 2007 to 2021 is proposed, since the first is the year of enactment of Law 11.445/2007, which establishes national guidelines for basic sanitation in Brazil. It starts with a bibliographical review and documental analysis of the main institutional norms of the sector (Programs, Plans, Projects and Laws) both at national and municipal level. It is intended to interview the groups that acted in the conclusion of the Policy and PMSB of the studied municipalities: 1. Municipal managers, represented by the mayor or municipal secretary linked to sanitation; 2. Technical team for the preparation or assessment of PMSB in the municipality, represented by at least one member of the executive and/or coordination committee; 3. Project Team “Research PMSB”, an agreement that provided technical support and training for the municipalities studied, represented by at least 1 member of the project management; 4. Representatives of the Rio Grande do Norte Water and Sewage Company (CAERN) that provides services to the studied municipalities; and 5. Basic sanitation specialists. To find the possible influencing factors and the consequences after approval of the Policy and PMSB's, the indicators that will be used for evaluation are: Legal-institutional adaptations; Professional bureaucracy; Universalization of services; Sustainability according to Agenda 2030); Municipal budget (PPA, LOA and LDO); and Social Participation Instruments.

13
  • JAYLAN MARLOM FERREIRA DE MACEDO
  • State capacities in the Waste Solid Policy: an analysis of the municipal bureaucracy of São Gonçalo do Amarante/RN in light of the building the Governador Aluizio Alves Airport

  • Líder : LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • RAQUEL MARIA DA COSTA SILVEIRA
  • TEREZINHA CABRAL DE ALBUQUERQUE NETA BARROS
  • Data: 19-dic-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The decentralization of public policies after the Constitution of 1988 in Brazil was an inducer to next the citizens to government. However, the same time it generated a need for greater state capacity for the implementation of these policies in subnational entities, especially in the counties. In view of the most varied dimensions, it is also clear that the bureaucratic composition analysis is an important variable to diagnose the capacity of these government. Thus, the objective was defined to study the capacity to implement the policy of solid waste in São Gonçalo/RN, addressing the bureaucratic dimension of state capacities. Such that a set of methodological instruments was used with the application of semi-structured interviews with the municipal actors responsible for the policy; a survey with municipal managers and an analysis of secondary data from MUNIC/IBGE for analysis of the municipal bureaucratic apparatus, considering from Souza (2018) and Marenco (2017) the presence of higher education professionals as a proxy for professionalization and quality of bureaucracy. When analyzing the datas, using the National Solid Waste Policy as an object of study and as the background the installation of the Aluízio Alves Airport, which demanded greater responsibilities from the municipal government, it is clear that the increase in these state capacities, in its bureaucratic dimension, took place in a very accessible way between 2011 and 2018, when the number of statutory employees with higher education grew by more than 54%, even though the majority of bureaucratic training is still formed by employees with high school education. Looking more specifically to National Solid Waste Policy, what was found is that the high-ranking positions in the public agencies, responsible for implementing the policy, are occupied by professional bureaucrats with higher education, but there is a clear difference between the bureaucratic apparatus of the two secretariats that are responsible for most of the planned actions, in addition to a clear lack of interaction and articulation between the actors. Thus, it is concluded that there is a clear difference between the state capacities of public agencies, in addition to the lack of joint articulation between political and social actors that form obstacles to the effective implementation of the policy at the municipal level.

     

14
  • ARTUR DUARTE DE LIMA
  • BOLSA FAMÍLIA: A COMPARED STUDY OF THE BRAZILIAN, MEXICAN AND CHILEAN EXPERIENCES

  • Líder : ANDERSON CRISTOPHER DOS SANTOS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANDERSON CRISTOPHER DOS SANTOS
  • RICHARDSON LEONARDI MOURA DA CAMARA
  • ALBERTO ARELLANO RÍOS
  • Data: 20-dic-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present work has as its objective, to carry out a comparative study relating the Bolsa Família Program, with PROGRESA/Oportunidades in Mexico and Solidaridad in Chile. It aims to analyze the formation period of these policies, along with their main characteristics as target audience and their entry criteria, proposing an impact analysis in their respective countries. Within these parameters, questions such as conditionalities and the influence of multilateral agencies in the fight against poverty in the Latin American continent, along with the theory of capitalization of the poorest and the breaking of the cycle of intergenerational poverty, are taken into consideration. In light of what was presented, the study has as its core an explanatory work, making use of literature review, using materials found in the repositories of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the Institute for Applied Economic Research (IPEA). In light of these aspects, the material will make use of secondary data. This data model leads to a historical survey of each one of the policies, analyzing the governmental period, the economic scenario, and the previous experiences.

15
  • HAYANNA MELO DE NORONHA
  • SMART CITIES AND THE REAL ESTATE MARKET: An Analysis of Connections and Contingencies in the Implementation of Brazilian Smart Cities

  • Líder : SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • ANA PATRICIA DIAS SALES
  • CLAUDIO MACHADO MAIA
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • WILSON LEVY BRAGA DA SILVA NETO
  • Data: 21-dic-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This dissertation proposes an analysis of its object of study based on the real estate market and the appropriation of the smart city model in the Brazilian scenario. Each smart enterprise brings a market showcase with its respective economic, social, territorial and real estate impacts. In view of this, large companies, multinationals, startups and proptech, launch their ventures on Brazilian soil and characterize them as intelligent, when the criteria that define a smart city are not always observed. In the last five years, the real estate market has grown along with the supply and demand for smart developments, cities and neighborhoods, a fact that led to the emergence of the self- styled “First Inclusive Smart City in the World”, the Laguna Smart City, located in the city of São Paulo. Gonçalo do Amarante, in the state of Ceará. The research questions that it proposes to work are: a) does the real estate market adopt the smart city concept? How is this smart city offered? Would this smart city be appropriate as another product of the market? In addition to these issues, the study proposes to verify the real estate market and the appropriation of certain city models, map the agents involved who work and live in smart cities, in addition to observing the performance of the Public Power in these projects. The objective is to outline an analysis that allows understanding the concept of smart city and the appropriation that these companies responsible for sales and construction claim for themselves. The study has as its territorial cut the states of Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte and Minas Gerais, and focuses its analysis predominantly on enterprises called smart cities. A mixed methodology was adopted for research, with a bibliographic survey inherent to the theoretical-conceptual field of real estate market and smart cities, documental research procedure, on websites, government platforms and legislation as a secondary data collection instrument. In the primary data collection, a semi-structured interviews will be carried out using the group with specialists in the theme developed in the research. It was found that the concept of "smart city" is appropriated by the real estate market that uses the concept as real estate marketing, when in fact the fundamental requirements stipulated in the Brazilian Charter for Smart Cities are not met. Although smart developments in the northeast and southeast of the country are objects of study, the development in the southeast region points to a greater possibility of meeting the smart city concept.

16
  • ÍTALO DIEGO VERAS DE MEDEIROS
  • THE TELEWORK EPIDEMIC: the experience of Caixa Econômica Federal bank employees in the city of Natal/RN

  • Líder : ANA PATRICIA DIAS SALES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANA PATRICIA DIAS SALES
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • FRANCISCO JOSE LIMA SALES
  • Data: 26-dic-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This dissertation has as its object of study teleworking in the banking sector. Telework has its origins in the mid-1970s. However, it is in the pandemic scenario caused by COVID-19 that it gains prominence by contributing to the necessary social isolation, as it is that type of work, flexible and decentralized, carried out at a distance by means of telematics. In this research, we seek to answer the following question: how does teleworking, widely used in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, intensify the work of bank technicians who work in this regime? It is hypothesized that the adoption of the telework regime intensifies the working hours of bank technicians, by efficiently combining the flexibility of space-time with a specific type of worker, the performance subject. In this sense, the general objective of this project is: to analyze how teleworking, widely used in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, intensifies the work of bank technicians who work under this regime, within the scope of Caixa Econômica Federal, in the city of Natal /RN, in the period from 2020 to 2021. In this reality, we seek to understand the construction of meanings, its manifestations in the particular reality of those who cannot be based on telework. In this sense, this investigation has a qualitative approach. To achieve the proposed objective, we have as a research strategy the articulation of three interdependent methodological procedures. First, we used bibliographic research; then, semi-structured interviews to collect primary data; and, by end-of-treatment analysis and investigation of the information through the analysis of the interviews.

2021
Disertaciones
1
  • JEAM CLAUDE DE SOUZA GOMES
  •  

    DAISIES WAS BORN FROM THE FIELD:
     TERRITORIAL APPROACH POLICIES AND THEIR IMPACTS FOR GENDER ISSUES IN THE REGION OF MATO GRANDE
     - RN, APPROACH POLICIES AND THEIR IMPACTS FOR GENDER ISSUES IN THE REGION OF MATO GRANDE - RN
  • Líder : WINIFRED KNOX
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MARIA CRISTINA CAVALCANTI ARAÚJO
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • Data: 27-may-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present research intends to verify to what extent policies of territorial approach can impact on gender issues and
     collective empowerment of rural women. The study area is concentrated in the Territory of Citizenship of Mato Grande,
     in Rio Grande do Norte, specifically, the territorial collegiate of that region, called Forum of Mato Grande (FOMAG),
     in which a Thematic Chamber and Women Committee was opened , called Dona Zizi, bringing together about 15 female 
    leaders from all 15 municipalities that make up the region, and who actively participated in the collegiate. Through this
     study, it was possible to conduct semi-structured interviews with ten women in full social isolation, due to the pandemic,
     in a virtual way by applications such as Google Meet and WhatsApp. For the selection of the interviewees, the method 
    known in Brazil as snowball was used, which consists of creating a network of confidantes, in which each interviewee
     indicates people. An analysis was also carried out in 21 records of atas of FOMAG plenary sessions that we had access to, 
    referring to the years 2006, 2012, 2014 and 2015. Although without access to the totality of the registrations, their
     analytical study allowed us to structure categories, agendas of the collegiate, the configuration of participants,
     the existence and quantification of gender issues. It was concluded that the performance of the chamber of women 
    was important for female leaders and to bring to the collegiate debate issues of interest to women, including making
     women's participation and deliberation happen in projects related to the economic issue, guiding the bias of gender.
     Finally, the great importance for autonomy, political emancipation and empowerment of leaders for farmers in Mato 
    Grande,  through policies of territorial approach, such as those analyzed from the years 2005 to 2020, is also emphasized.
2
  • ROCHELE FIORINI
  •  

    TAKINÁ - ORGANIZATION OF INDIGENOUS WOMEN FROM THE STATE OF MATO
    GREAT: HISTORY, CHALLENGES AND PERSPECTIVES

  • Líder : WINIFRED KNOX
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANA GRETEL ECHAZU
  • ANGELA SACCHI
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • Data: 31-may-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The research developed focused on the first indigenous women's organization, created
    in 2009, in the State of Mato Grosso, called Takiná, composed of more than one hundred women of
    43 ethnic groups and divided into seven regions. The theme of the master's thesis will be on the issue
    of the management model adopted by indigenous women and the gender issue in the organization
    indigenous social. We will be investigating the process of creating and managing the social organization
    indigenous Takiná, as well as problematizing and pointing out the difficulties that women
    face when creating the state organization, the confrontation for the issue of gender,
    relations with the government, impact on public policy and relations with third-party actors
    sector in this context. The methodology used had an ethnographic approach, along with the
    association, located in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, through participant observation during the
    meetings and meetings, in which women were present, using semi-directed or open interviews with members, in addition to documentary and bibliographic research. THE
    theoretical reflection enabled a debate that raises questions about the indigenous movement and
    on indigenous women, as well as the debate on social management and human rights
    indigenous peoples. With that, the main motivations that women had when creating
    the state indigenous organization, reflecting on the ways in which they use the
    confronting and fighting for their rights in an unfavorable political context, as well as
    understand the main demands and difficulties of implementing public policies at
    services of indigenous collective rights.

3
  • PEDRO DANIEL DE CARLI SANTOS
  • FROM INFORMAL TO INSTITUTIONAL IN SOCIO-STATE INTERACTION: the trajectory of the Federation of Bacamarteiros of Pernambuco
  • Líder : WINIFRED KNOX
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • EUZINEIA CARLOS
  • Data: 22-jun-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In a context where civil societies build different ways of interacting with the State, informal arrangements contain important strategies for the process of articulating social organizations and movements, especially in microterritories. Nevertheless, the issue of informality exposes repertoires that do not pass the rules by which institutions operate and, in most cases, are excluded from the analysis because they are considered clientelist strategies and identified as not very transparent and democratic. Given this context, the present study analyzes, in an approach on state permeability (MARQUES, 1999) and intervening mechanisms in socio-state interaction (LAVALLE; CARLOS; DOWBOR; SZWAKO, 2018), the trajectory of the Federation of Bacamarteiros of Pernambuco (Febape). Through the application of semi-structured interviews with leaders, ex-leaders and federated members, we seek to understand how the informal dimension permeates the processes of interaction between the organization and the State institutions and to what extent this dimension is able to influence public policy formulation processes. Furthermore, based on a theoretical effort that combines assumptions of historical institutionalism and the theory of new social movements, we sought to develop a frame of reference on the intervening mechanisms in the interactions between State and society and, finally, to identify the network of actors constituted by the federation in the process of building legitimacy inside and outside the institutional framework. The results of the study demonstrate that Febape's trajectory is marked by the constitution of an informal arrangement based on personal relationships between leaders and bureaucrats, based on the sharing of values and identity traits. In this sense, it was possible to observe that these ties contributed to make the State permeable to external interests, enabling the construction of “access points” to institutions through the figure of the “internal collaborating agent” and allowing a civil society organization the possibility of include your demand on the institutional agenda and influence the State from the inside.

     

4
  • PEDRO HENRIQUE CORREIA DO NASCIMENTO DE OLIVEIRA

  • BETWEEN "DUNAS" AND "MORRO": The governance of the Large Urban Projects in Natal-RN

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ERICK SILVA OMENA DE MELO
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: 30-ago-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo

  • The Large Urban Projects (LUPs) or Urban Projects (UPs) are a theme that, since the advance of neoliberalism between the 1980s and 1990s, has gained prominence around the world, especially in the North West. As the logic of modernist urban planning constitutes an exceptionality, they develop a structure of urban governance that is part of the city as a whole. In Brazil in the recent context, mega-events have made medium-sized cities carry out LUPs and all their disruptive effects in various dimensions of urban management, as in the case of Natal, capital of the state of Rio Grande do Norte. In 2014, there was a unique fact for the recent history of Natal, which was the inauguration of two urban projects that are unique examples of an implementation based on public-private articulation, to a greater or lesser degree, namely: Arena das Dunas, stadium built in the neighborhood of Lagoa Nova, to be the central square for the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil events in the city; and, simultaneously, Arena do Morro, a multi-sport gymnasium, built in the popular informal neighborhood of Mãe Luiza. The framing of these characteristics leads to the need to research the governance of collective facilities at the time of formulation and implementation. Thus, the following question was asked in this research: What are the characteristics of the governance of these two projects in the formulation and implementation phases? And how could Natal, an average city of less than 900 thousand inhabitants, be able to produce equipment so similar and so different in a short period of time? We start from the premise that the public-private arrangements of the equipments studied in Natal produced, in the formulation and implementation phases, different and independent governance standards. In the case of Arena das Dunas, a pattern of urban entrepreneurial governance was forged (RIBEIRO; SANTOS JÚNIOR, 2015) having the characteristics of being private and insulated, and for Arena do Morro a corporatist pattern (RIBEIRO; SANTOS JÚNIOR, 2015) of characteristics collective and shared. Thus, this research aims to understand the characteristics of governance adopted in the projects of Arena das Dunas and Arena do Morro, in Natal/RN. For this purpose, we adopted the Collaborative Governance proposal by Ansell and Gash (2007) as an analysis model. As a result, we identified in the case of Arena das Dunas an insulated entrepreneurial-patrimonialist governance pattern that implements a GPU considering the physical-territorial effects observed in the surroundings from its insertion. As for Arena do Morro, we verified a pattern of deinstitutionalized corporatist governance of a community urban project. Thus, we conclude that, in fact, the governance standards of the two equipments are independent and that the similarities of participation in the international flow of ideas, inauguration year and formation of a public-private arrangement are the only common characteristics.

5
  • SHESBY ANDRÉ MEDEIROS DO NASCIMENTO
  • COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BANKS: A comparative analysis experiences in Paraíba and Rio Grande do Norte

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • VANDERSON GONÇALVES CARNEIRO
  • Data: 30-ago-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Community Development Banks (BCD) are experiences that belong to the phenomenon of the solidarity economy. BDCs are currently present in peripheral and rural communities in 114 Brazilian municipalities. In 2010, the Public Call no 03/2010 carried out by the defunct National Secretariat for Solidarity Economy (SENAES, 2003 - 2016), within the Solidarity Economy in Development Program, promoted the implantation of BCD by several Brazilian regions as one of the objectives of promoting “Sustainable and supportive local development”. In the northeastern region, it implemented five Community Banks, one in an urban peripheral community and four in rural areas. Thus, the comparative premise emerges as a research question: is the development of a Community Bank in the rural context different from the urban one? Seeking an answer to this question, the general objective of this investigation is to compare a development perspective in which Community Banks are sustained, based on the following specific objectives: I) Categorize which communities are involved in these initiatives; II) Describe the activities that the BCD performs; III) Analyze the sustainability of its operations, and; IV) Compare how these experiences understand development for their communities. For that, we used as a cutout two experiences, the first located in the peripheral community of São Rafael in João Pessoa / PB and; the second present in the rural community of São Miguel do Gostoso/RN. In the research findings, the evidence in common and differences enables a comparative study oriented to the case of Ragin (1987), combined with the techniques of action research, descriptive and semi-structured research that will be carried out with the agents of these initiatives, following Mirian's guidelines Goldenberg (2004), with subsequent analysis of the content according to the structural deciphering of Bardin (2001) around the following axes of analysis: categorization of the community; favorable solidarity dimensions for the sustainability of BCD, and; development perspective.

6
  • ANA BEATRIZ GERMANO BARROCA
  • Taking a different course: the relationship between State and feminist movement in Rio Grande do Norte
  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • OLÍVIA CRISTINA PEREZ
  • Data: 12-nov-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  •  

    This dissertation aims to identify the existing interaction repertoires between the feminist movements of Rio Grande do Norte and the state government, in the context of the implementation of the Undersecretariat for Women's Policy, from 2019 onwards. To reach the appropriate conclusions, we used Brazilian studies on the development of distinct and complex relations between social movements and the State, which combine a diversity of collective actions that are interspersed in moments of confrontation and/or cooperation, especially in the Brazilian context after the 2000s. In addition to these theoretical assumptions, the theory of political process, more specifically the concept of repertoire of action and repertoire of interaction and contributions from feminist studies. The data were collected through the analysis of narratives collected through semi-structured interviews with key actresses of the RN's gender policies subsystem, pointing to changes in the action and interaction repertoires of feminists and the government, in the post 2019 period Among the changes is a greater influence on the formulation of public policies obtained through acting in participatory state institutions and occupying positions in the bureaucracy. However, this is due to the favorable political context in the state, which brings together a government open to dialogue with the movements, a representative legislature and the existence of movements with a long history of mobilization. Even though the current government manages to implement the PT model of social participation in management, the interviews show that the movements needed to adapt to a covid-19 pandemic context and join new channels of activism, such as the virtual one.

7
  • ANNA ELISA ALVES MARQUES
  • "Fear talk" in Capim Macio, Natal, Brazil

  • Líder : RODRIGO FIGUEIREDO SUASSUNA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RODRIGO FIGUEIREDO SUASSUNA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • LUCIANE PATRÍCIO BARBOSA MARTINS
  • Najla Franco Frattari
  • Data: 23-nov-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The fear of being a victim of violence and crime triggers diverse social practices, reorganizes the public space, shapes social interactions, legitimizes anti-democratic institutional actions, stigmatizes subjects, confuses crime with other urban issues, such as inadequate waste management, prostitution, the existence of homeless people, urban arts. Such a picture impacts the well-being of cities, the strengthening of democracy and human rights, the achievement of a more egalitarian and fraternal urban society, so it must be investigated. In this context, in Capim Macio, a middle-class neighborhood in the city of Natal/RN and the field of this research, large and medium-sized buildings coexist, having in common high walls, electric fences and electronic monitoring in most streets, little movement of pedestrians and public spaces, such as squares and blocks, but a strong incidence of private spaces, such as supermarkets, universities and schools. Based on the context described above, this study seeks, based on Pierre Bourdieu's theory of habitus, to answer: “How are the social practices of Capim Macio residents structured based on fear of crime?”. It is a predominantly qualitative research, with a descriptive character, which is explained in light of the chosen theoretical framework. Through observational and documentary analysis, in addition to the application of semi-structured interviews, it was possible to extract the socio-spatial and criminal processes developed in the neighborhood and the residents' relations with violence, crime and fear.

8
  • DAYANA NUNES MARTINS
  • Commercial Axes in the City of João Pessoa / PB: The Formation of New Centralities
  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • ANIERES BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • Data: 29-nov-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The research consists of conducting a study of the commerce in the city of João Pessoa. 
    Considering the set of information raised in the scientific work, it appears that they are inserted in the studies
     of urban economics, and from this perspective it is placed with the following title:
    Commercial Axes in the City of João Pessoa / PB: The Formation of New Centralities. 
    From the name indicated, the aforementioned object of study of the research is to analyze the 
    commercial dynamics of the city of João Pessoa, and based on this study, the formation of "commercial axes"
     present in that city was identified. Therefore, it appears that this city has an important central area, where the 
    most diverse commercial activities are concentrated. However, due to the phenomenon of urban expansion, 
    this main commercial area of ??the city, the “center”, disputes space with new commercial centralities. 
    Revealing that the traditional center of commerce, located in the central area of ??
    the city, still maintains functional centrality.
9
  • ANDRÉA PEIXOTO LEANDRO
  • A study of the evaluation process in Brazilian education from 2013 to 2017

  • Líder : ANDERSON CRISTOPHER DOS SANTOS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANDERSON CRISTOPHER DOS SANTOS
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • LENINA LOPES SOARES SILVA
  • Data: 20-dic-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The research developed focuses on the study of the evaluation process of the final years of elementary school in Brazil, being analyzed from 2013 to 2017. Since the reference years show a decrease in averages, in the final years of elementary school in most states and Distrito Federal, while the averages for the initial years continue to grow. Calling on the following question: How has the evaluation process influenced the results of the final years of Elementary School? Thus, aiming to analyze the main factors that contributed to this result, as well as considering the analysis from the theoretical concepts of sociological and discursive institutionalism, as institutions suffer and exert influence on society. As a methodology, the research will use the qualitative model, Process Tracing, which makes it possible to develop and test hypotheses based on the identification and analysis of evidence. Theoretical reflection will bring the historical questions of the school and institutional process, to a public policy focused on evaluations. With that, it is expected to identify the causes related to the results of the evaluations of the second cycle elementary education. work will be divided into three chapters, in addition to the introduction. In the first chapter we will discourse the methodology used in the work, followed by a brief history of the evaluation process in Brazil. In the second, we will discuss the quality of the test applied at IDEB; in the third, we will analyze the data in the period of the editions and the factors that contributed to the results, through the process tracking, followed by the final considerations.

2020
Disertaciones
1
  • CLEDILSON ALVES DA SILVA FILHO
  • The same residents in new habitacions? From the Maruim community to Residencial São Pedro

  • Líder : SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • JOSUE ALENCAR BEZERRA
  • RODOLFO FINATTI
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 11-ago-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The following research resides in the discussion about the changes in the living and housing conditions due to policies to remove the population from vulnerable areas. The research focuses on the residents of the Maruim community, which used to occupy an area corresponding to 15,186 m², with 160 housing units, sheltering 168 families, near Natal’s Port. The Community’s social and cultural importance is emphasized, as it has been characterized, more frequently, throughout its history, by high social vulnerability and by the high degree of insalubrity in their homes. There is also the urban land conflict with the Port of Natal, in dispute over its territory, which resulted in its removal. Most of the families removed from the community were relocated to Residencial São Pedro, a project subsidized by the Minha Casa, Minha Vida Program (PMCMV), with 200 apartment units, built in 2016. Families from Maruim and 6 other locations in Natal were relocated to the housing projects, the areas being Areia Preta, Pajuçara, Jacó, Africa, Mãe Luíza and Passo da Pátria. In this context, the research seeks to investigate the changes in living and housing conditions from the insertion of residents in a new housing typology, adjusting to a new neighborhood, the use of equipment and common living areas and the relationship with a regular home - which leads to new costs and responsibilities. The research procedures include bibliographic, documentary and newspaper reviews, the use of qualitative and quantitative data obtained in research carried out by Natal’s nucleus of Metropolis Observatory and the Estúdio Conceito research group and field activity with interviews by questionnaires and photographic record in the study area. The research’s results shows that the relocated community achieved better housing conditions, primarily sanitary, which led to a reduction in housing and urban inequality; but in contrast, with regard to living conditions, there is a fragility of important and expensive issues, such as financial, cultural and community.

2
  • MARCOS AURÉLIO FREIRE DA SILVA JÚNIOR
  • RELATIONSHIPS OF POWER AND RURAL YOUTH IN BEBIDA VELHA / RN: DIALOGUES, DISCUSSIONS AND PERCEPTIONS

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • LORENA MADRUGA MONTEIRO
  • OLÍVIA CRISTINA PEREZ
  • Data: 14-ago-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • There are two simplistic conceptions in the social imaginary when we deal with the concept of youth. One is the idea of the young person as problematic individual or cause of social disorder and another is the young student of the middle class. Both conceptions treat the young person as an individual who has not yet reached adulthood, thus limiting the analytical capacity that the category lacks. Youth as a category gained space both in academia and in the general population, in the latter, through the mass media. The researches that study young people in the countryside are very focused on topics such as the insertion of the young in agricultural production or the dilemma between getting and leaving the rural environment. This present work seeks to contribute to the ongoing analytical advances of the rural youth thematic fields and power relations, through some theoretical and practical reflections. We will discuss already consolidated theoretical conceptions and categories that govern the debate of these fields, using the solid theoretical framework present in the works of Pierre Bourdieu, Max Weber and Michel Foucault. For this, we will use the Collective Subject Discourse (DSC), which consists of a technique with a qualitative bias idealized by Fernando Lefevre and Ana Maria Lefevre, whose objective is to construct a collective discourse based on individual discourses of the same category or group . Collective discourses relate to values, knowledge and practices that direct social behaviors and relationships, which express themselves through feelings, attitudes, words and expressions. In this sense, it is sought to understand in this research how the relations of power and symbolic domination are present in the life of the rural young people of Bebida Velha/RN and how the spaces of socialization reproduce such relations.
3
  • KAROLINE DE OLIVEIRA
  • REPRODUCTION OF SCHOOL INEQUALITIES IN THE TERRITORY: A LOOK AT TEACHERS IN MIDDLE SCHOOL
     
  • Líder : ANDERSON CRISTOPHER DOS SANTOS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANDERSON CRISTOPHER DOS SANTOS
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • GABRIELA MIRANDA MORICONI
  • Data: 21-ago-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The purpose of this research is to analyze the profile of teachers in basic education, more precisely in secondary education. The objective is to understand by mapping the allocation of teachers in schools if socio-spatial factors influence the school dynamics. The hypothesis is that there are inequalities in the supply of educational services in schools, with the allocation of teachers as one of the variables that cause distortions between schools of the center versus periphery, for example. The descriptive analysis of the teachers' profile in Natal / Rio Grande do Norte, using data from the school census of basic education (2018), as well as indicators on schools as: Indicator of Socioeconomic Level of Schools - INSE (2015) and notes of the Basic Education Development Index (IDEB) (2018). In order to understand if there are specific patterns of teacher allocation in high schools, the purpose is to map the teacher allocation through the use of thematic cartography, based on a Geographic Information System (GIS) in which the analyzed data has information indexed (georeferencing). The study seeks to outline a profile of teachers in high school in Natal and to understand if their allocation in the territory is one of the factors that contribute to the reproduction of school inequalities.

4
  • BÁRBARA BRUNA ARAÚJO BEZERRA
  • Local effects of prison facilities

  • Líder : RODRIGO FIGUEIREDO SUASSUNA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RODRIGO FIGUEIREDO SUASSUNA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • PAULO VICTOR LEITE LOPES
  • GIANE SILVESTRE
  • Data: 24-sep-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This study analyzed the Brazilian prison detention policy and its effects at the local level,
    precisely due to the Alcaçuz Penal Complex's presence in the Hortigranjeira Community,
    which is located in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. This complex is formed by the State
    Penitentiary of Alcaçuz and the Penitentiary Rogério Coutinho Madruga - Pavilion 5. The
    study has four chapters, which are divided as follows: chapter 1 presented the detention
    policy in Brazil and the Rio Grande do Norte; chapter 2 described the research study area,
    where the audience is informed about the community and the prisons, as well as to
    characterize them and, finally, the presence of criminal factions in the two prisons in the
    contex of the Alcaçuz Massacre in 2017; chapter 3 discussed who and what transits
    between inside and outside prisons, constituting what is called communicating vessels;
    and, the last chapter discussed the effects of the penitentiaries on the community. The
    study aims to answer the research question: what effects does the Brazilian prison
    interiorization policy cause, considering the installation of the Alcaçuz Penitentiary and
    the Rogério Coutinho Madruga Penitentiary, in the community's life of the Hortigranjeira
    Community? A bibliographic research of studies related to prisons, mass incarceration,
    prisoners' relatives, and criminal factions was carried out. The ethnographic work
    consisted of trips to the community. For data collection, interviews was done with
    residents, relatives of prisoners, and drivers stockings. Also, participant observation was
    used to observe the visiting routine of families to prisons. Therefore, the study showed
    two well-defined groups in the community: the residents and the prisoners' relatives, in
    which the relationships between them do not occur homogeneously. There were also
    changes in the economic and urban life of Hortigranjeira. It was attested by the
    relationships and narratives from the prisons, such as the emerging of commercial
    activities, the feeling of security by the residents, the prisoners' relatives' spatialization,
    and the businesses that serve them.

5
  • VIVIANE GOMES MEDEIROS
  • Places, Collectivity and appropriation forms in the contemporary city: a reading from collective expressions in Natal

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • ADRIANA SANSÃO FONTES
  • Data: 25-sep-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In the last decades, a few researchers of social life have shown some concerns regarding the loss of meaning at the concept of common and collective and its spatial effects, such as the creation of shopping centers and the decreased use of public spaces as streets and plazas. In spite of that, a new movement can be noted, a movement that adds new usages, new practices and new meanings to already existing spaces. These movements seem “sprayed” at the urban space, ready to move from one place to another. Its comprehension is still incomplete and split in existing literature, once it appears, sometimes, as social movements and, sometimes, as insurgencies or cultural counter-hegemonic acts. Specifically in Natal, collective urban spaces have been receiving attention from groups or individuals who claims from these spaces a new use, a redefined one or new practices. Within the contradiction of a society that shows itself as individualistic and at the same time has collective demands for public meaning, this paper has as a goal the comprehension of temporary attribution of new meaning to urban collective spaces of Natal/RN. First, the uses and counteruses of the space were sought in well-known written media and social media. Once identified, the latter intention was to discuss the role of space and its “roughness” at the identified social movements’ objectives, relating them to the urban surroundings in which they settle, using mapping as a tool. A second approach includes a depending to the study of some of the events detected, in a manner that allows to comprehend in what ways the urban collective spaces acquire new meaning depending to which place they settle and the intentions behind its occurrence.  At last, it becomes possible to discuss and understand the different natures of urban collective spaces’ new usages, revealing something not fully understood, but that has outcomes and effects in space.

6
  • VICTORYA ELIZABETE NIPO TEIXEIRA DE CARVALHO
  • Mariculture on Rio do Fogo/RN beach: Feminist economy and empowerment in fishery

  • Líder : WINIFRED KNOX
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • DALVA MARIA DA MOTA
  • OLÍVIA CRISTINA PEREZ
  • Data: 28-sep-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Gender relations and their transformations involve subjectivities on the formation of masculine and feminine, from which power relations are established, influencing other aspects of life in society, structuring social inequalities based on gender inequalities. This context is constantly reproduced and can be seen in the invisibility attributed to women in rural areas, especially in artisanal fishing. In fishing communities, the family economy regime predominate and the fishing way of life can’t be dissociated from productive practices, which are marked by the division of cooperative work in the family unit that gives women, housework and activities on the land, and to men, the practices performed at the sea, considered the most important not only in the process of economic production, but also in the symbolic production of life. However, artisanal fishing in the municipality of Rio do Fogo / RN is practiced by women, who are called maricultoras for cultivating, collecting and benefiting marine algae. These women construct a solidarity and feminist economy according as they organize economic life based on the cooperation and solidarity between them and their families, resisting from the exercise of a work culturally practiced by men. Thus, the general objective of this work is to understand how the process of individual and collective empowerment of the fishing women in Rio do Fogo beach took place. Therefore, the methodology of this study is based on an ethnographic approach of a qualitative nature, using in-depth interviews focusing on life stories and trajectories of the maricultoras, workshops, use of audiovisual record and participant observation as instruments of data collection. As data analysis techniques, content and speech analysis will be adopted using Iramuteq software to facilitate quantification and statistical analysis of texts and Ucinet for graphic representation of community social networks, allowing the analysis of the data and the role of the actors in the local context. Although field research will be completed only in September 2019, it is already possible to infer that women's work in mariculture attests to the occupation of a new space and field, resulting on changes in social relations. In this

     

    perspective, the main hypothesis of this dissertation is that the exercise of mariculture is one of the main factors responsible for collective and individual women’s empowerment, who have their work recognized by the community and occupy a significant role in the local economy, demonstrating a greater collective empowerment in relation to other fisherwomen in rural communities along the RN coast.

7
  • DANILO FERREIRA CHAVES

  • Parnamirim: the Brazilian Air Force nest in Rio Grande do Norte

  • Líder : SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • LARISSA DA SILVA FERREIRA ALVES
  • Data: 28-sep-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This paper analyzes the connection between the military structures and military workers with the city of Parnamirim, Rio Grande do Norte, observing the impact of the permanence of this population in the city. Documental and bibliography researches were performed; land use mapping – reaching a radius of 500 meter distance of each village, identifying their surroundings –, and a field research with a questionnaire, utilizing the “bola de neve” (snowball) methodology, with residents of the four military villages of Parnamirim. The research demonstrated that three of the four villages of Parnamirim are insert in privileged locations, surrounded by various commercial and service provider establishments. The privilege of the location can be demonstrated through the perception of its own residents, who affirm reside in a place that provides a variety of services and commerce. It was demonstrated that the economic activities of the city are impacted by the permanence of the military and its families, because every village requires supermarkets, restaurants, drugstores, clothing stores and services such as the town’s schools and gyms.  However, what concerns the military population, it was identified that it chooses to utilize the collective use equipment inside the villages, accessed only by the residents. Because, over time, the military villages in Parnamirim were shaped like closed neighborhoods, restricting the access from local population.

     

8
  • LETÍCIA DE SOUZA AMARAL
  • SHORT CIRCUITS OF COMMERCIALIZATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL SYSTEM: A STUDY FROM THE EXPERIENCE OF THE COMMERCIALIZATION CENTER FOR FAMILY AGRICULTURE AND SOLIDARY ECONOMY IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE (CECAFES)

  • Líder : FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • THALES AUGUSTO MEDEIROS PENHA
  • MIGUEL ANGELO PERONI
  • JOAQUIM PINHEIRO DE ARAUJO
  • Data: 01-oct-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Currently, according to many scholars in the field, there is an impressive growth in a variety of new food production and trade circuits, which are situated for the conventional agriculture model. An example of this is the short marketing channels (CCC). These seek to build a direct relationship between producers and consumers. This initiative is conceived, by governments, civil society organizations, and academia, as an important strategy in shaping an alternative agri-food system. Research on this topic is still largely concentrated in the northern hemisphere. In spite of this, it is possible to verify the extent to which the short commercialization circuits developing gaining space in the southern hemisphere, and in view of this, studies are needed that reflect upon this new scenario and explain how specifics guide this discussion. Within this context, the objective of this research is to understand the dynamics of Short Commercialization Circuits, taking as a reference the experience of CECAFES in Rio Grande do Norte. This work has an exploratory and descriptive character, and was used as an “inter method triangulation”. Among the techniques, they were adopted as field classification, matter with closed and open questions (with thirty producers and consumers) and semi-structures, with four actors. The results show that the consumer's option for this type of market is guided, to a large extent, by concerns related to their own health, low prices, or convenience in locomotion, revealing little socio-environmental commitment. It can be said that most producers have followed a path in search of an alternative agri-food system and that this process has been partly due to the requirement of the institution and partners, and on the other hand, by the consumer, who has sought healthier foods. This consumer has a strong relationship of trust with producers, for example, they consider the word of the farmer more relevant than certification. In addition, producers are having greater autonomy in their work, and the certainty that they will receive for the product sold. It is worth mentioning that, a small part of the producers buy food suppliers that are not family farmers. Another point worth mentioning is that the Central does not yet guarantee, for a significant part of the producers, a satisfactory financial return. From this scenario, what we have is that CECAFES is a small seed, willing to resist, even if it is in the face of “agri-food empires” (PLOEG, 2008).

9
  • ERIC MATEUS SOARES DIAS
  • WATER RESOURCES AND CLIMATE CHANGE: CONTRIBUTIONS TO ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE IN THE STATE OF RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Líder : ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • JONATHAN MOTA DA SILVA
  • RODRIGO GUIMARÃES DE CARVALHO
  • Data: 14-oct-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Brazilian semiarid region is characterized by intense climatic variability, with irregular rains, long periods of drought and recurrent droughts. With the increase in temperature associated with climate change due to global warming, regardless of the volume of rainfall, there will be impacts on the availability of water. Given the already complex complexity of water resource management, these new aggravations exceed the region's capacity to respond to the new challenges posed by climate change. Thus, the problem of this dissertation develops from the following question: does the application of adaptive governance in the management of water resources guarantee the greater capacity of governments to respond to the impacts of climate change? The objective of this dissertation is to understand, within the semi-arid region of the state of Rio Grande do Norte, how adaptive governance can contribute to the construction of climate adaptation in the management of water resources. To reach this objective, the interview and the focus group will be used as main data collection resources, focusing on the qualitative approach. The results are intended to present a series of data demonstrating the main impacts of climate change on water resources in the state; the main apprehensions of the actors involved in the management of water resources in the state, on climate change; the identification of the political-institutional structure and management strategies to minimize the effects of drought in the state, from which a reflection will be made on what has contributed to adaptation and what are the challenges to water management in the context of climate change and ; the presentation of strategies that will contribute to a proposal for adaptive governance of water resources, and is a beginning to effectively incorporate the discussion on climate change in the government's environmental agenda.

10
  • SAMARA SAYONARA CÂNDIDA DA SILVA
  • THE NEIGHBORS OF RAILS

    Study on dwellings in railway domain tracks in Natal / RN

     

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • LARISSA DA SILVA FERREIRA ALVES
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • RODOLFO FINATTI
  • Data: 15-oct-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In Brazil, the issue of occupations or invasions of the strip intended for the operationalization of railway activities, within the perimeter of its domain defined at 15 meters from the central axis of the railway according to the law 13.913 / 2019, and to its proximity, is neither a new nor an isolated fact. However, there is a lack of precise surveys that recognize the problem beyond the approach of illegality, also considering the social context established in these territories. It results in a recurrent invisibility of the problem, whereas a posture of connivance and abandonment is assumed and the repossession actions are taken through law enforcement. This study aims to discuss the territory on the margins of the active railroad of Natal/RN, from the perspective of the dwellings and individuals fixed therein, characterizing and classifying the different faces of the problem in the territorial, socioeconomic and infrastructure dimensions. At first, the analysis of this territory was performed using the theoretical assumptions related to urban informality, exclusion and socio-spatial segregation linked to the place of residence, in addition to the debate on housing risk, considering the interrelation of these themes with conjuncture under study. After the theoretical recognition, there is a survey of the territorial and socioeconomic profile of the areas in question, which is performed in two spatial levels of analysis. The first relating to Territorial Plots where constructions were identified on the margins of the railway modal, followed by its the Census Sectors adjacent to the railway. After diagnoses, a common information base is obtained with the territorial, social and economic characteristics of the space portion under study, which aims to contribute to its visibility, considering its peculiarities, this being a first step in decision making, in Public Policies, until the proper treatment of these areas, incorporating them into an appropriate pattern of housing and service’s provision.

11
  • WAGNER DE SOUSA FONSECA
  • THE WORK BY DIGITAL PLATFORM: the case of Uber drivers 

  • Líder : ANA PATRICIA DIAS SALES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANA PATRICIA DIAS SALES
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • FRANCISCO JOSE LIMA SALES
  • Data: 19-oct-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The following study elaborates on digital platforms as labor management tools typical of the current phase of capitalism in the Digital Era, which promote the overvaluing of flexibility while structuring work on a completely on-demand basis. The investigation aims to analyze the labor relation established between the Uber company and the drivers registered in their platform of private transportation mediation, in the city of Natal/RN, over the period of four years between 2016 and 2020. The initial premise was that workers in this labor dynamic would assimilate the values related to the ideology of entrepreneurship to the point of not perceiving themselves as submitted to Uber. The research relied on semistructured interviews as a means of obtaining primary data with the colaborating subjects, as well as a vast bibliographical research on literature pertaining to the evidenced themes. We were able to verify that uberized workers confuse the flexibility of setting your own working hours to the freedom of a worker with no boss. This idea is reinforced by the company through its publicity ads, which portray their workers as partners with full autonomy to pick the days and times when they wish to work.

12
  • CAIO CÉSAR CARVALHO CAVALCANTE
  • THE WORKING CONDITIONS OF CIVIL POLICE OFFICERS IN DISTRICT DELEGACES IN NATAL CITY

  • Líder : CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • HILDERLINE CAMARA DE OLIVEIRA
  • RODRIGO FIGUEIREDO SUASSUNA
  • Data: 30-oct-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Currently, the State of RN faces a serious financial and economic crisis with repercussions in various organs, among which the RN Civil Police is one of those affected. With the scarcity of resources and constant contingencies, the agency has been presenting noticeable difficulties regarding its structure, technology and, most notably, the effective police force, which has been rapidly reducing, affecting both the end activity and the middle activity of the institution. Thus, the consequences unfold directly on the police servant, notably those who are in their final activity, who, in addition to working directly with the risk and danger to their life, are faced with structurally precarious working conditions and without sufficient staff to attend to. the high quantity of demands on the police stations. Moreover, there is a constant pursuit of productivity, stemming from the ideals of managerialism, in order to meet the highest standards of excellence in public service delivery, but which is not accompanied by compatible institutional investment. Given this scenario of crisis, it is important to understand what are its reflections on public safety and its impact on the quality of life of employees, as well as on their mental health. Accordingly, this paper aims to analyze the working conditions within the civil police district precincts, taking the report of police officers from the respective units in the four regions of Natal, in order to understand how these conditions interfere with the exercise of their duties activities.

13
  • YASMIM MARQUES DE MELO
  • Are there principles of Equitable Justice in Education? A study of Educational Programs executed by the National Education Development Fund in Brazil

  • Líder : SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • ANDERSON CRISTOPHER DOS SANTOS
  • GABRIELA LOTTA
  • VANDA MENDES RIBEIRO
  • Data: 05-nov-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This dissertation assumes the perspective that universal access to education is not enough to overcome educational and social inequalities of origin (COLEMAN, 1966; BOURDIEU and PASSERON, 1982; CASSASSUS, 2002; BROOKE & SOARES, 2008; COLEMAN, 2011). In order to achieve this, it is necessary to deliberately adopt mechanisms that correct inequalities, specifically equalizing principles that could produce positive discrimination by giving more advantages to those who are at a disadvantage and, thus, to promote social justice in the school environment with the consequent reverberations for society as a whole, aiming at real equality (RAWLS, 1971; DUBET, 2001, 2004, 2008; CRAHAY, 2002, 2013). Based on this theoretical and normative discussion, we have the following research question: what principles or visions of justice are contained in the design of educational programs in Brazil and how are they are operationalized at the time of implementation? To answer this question, a double objective was established: to analyze the institutional design of a set of programs executed by the National Education Development Fund (FNDE) as well as to analyze the relationship between the formulation and implementation of a specific program, Proinfância, in the municipality of Natal, in order to verify how the principles mobilized in the institutional design are reflected or not in the execution of this policy. Methodologically, a qualitative approach was adopted to review the bibliography on principles of justice from the classical discussion of political philosophy as well as justice at school, in addition, document analysis and semi-structured interviews with managers and former managers of FNDE and the Municipal Secretariat of Education of Natal were carried out. Statistical analyses explore data and information on Proinfância. The main results show that within the set of programs analyzed in this dissertation, there is a predominance of the principle of justice as equality meanwhile in only some of them there is the incorporation of principles of justice as equity for the correction of inequalities. With regard to the implementation of Proinfância in the municipality of Natal, it was possible to notice that, although nursing schools were built with program resources in areas of high social vulnerability, the principles of correction of inequalities designed at the time of formulation could not be fully fulfilled at implementation due to difficulties of translating these guidelines to bureaucrats at the local administrative level and, especially, related to other operational difficulties that can only be known at the time of implementation. The main bottlenecks pointed out by managers were: the difficulties in building nursing schools due to the existence of few construction companies willing to execute the project, difficulties connected to resource transfers, and the recurrent problem of lack of proof of dominance (irregular landing registers) of public land.


14
  • VIRNA MARIA BENEVIDES ALVES
  • Decaying Cage: The São Pedro building in Fortaleza and patrimonial issues

  • Líder : CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MYRIAM BAHIA LOPES
  • Data: 19-nov-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This dissertation aims to reflect on how the state of public heritage is capable of denouncing the neglect and omission of memory in the city, analyzing the case of the São Pedro Building in Fortaleza. In addition, it also aims to build a document that serves as a record of the history of the first building on the most famous and most valuable waterfront in the city. I use the possible contrasts that in the capital are very strong and capable of dismembering it in several cities. For this, I analyze the strongest patrimonial issues in Brazil and in the world and I funnel the subject trying to understand the reasons for the construction of the building on the waterfront, little explored at the time of its construction in 1951. I develop a predominantly qualitative research, with a bibliographic review that has the function of understanding the relationships built with the sea over the years, until I get into the history of the old Iracema Plaza Hotel that became São Pedro Building, using in-depth interviews. In addition, it was possible to understand that the forces of real estate capital are extremely mobilizing and dictating what actually happens in the urban environment.

15
  • ALINE JULIETE DE ABREU FELICIANO
  • THE PRODUCTION OF DIFFERENCES IN THE "SCHOOL FLOOR" AND INTERSECTIONALITY: an ethnographic study in a full-time school in Natal-RN, Brazil


  • Líder : SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • GISLENE APARECIDA DOS SANTOS
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • PAULO VICTOR LEITE LOPES
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • Data: 26-nov-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The concept of intersectionality, developed from political experiences and theories of black feminism in the United States, now finds its place in several academic fields, configuring what can be called a "knowledge project" (COLLINS; CHEPP, 2013; COLLINS, 2015), seen as an emerging construct without a fixed definition. In common among researches who adopt intersectionality as a theoretical foundation, it is the understanding that one-dimensional categories such as gender, race, class, sexuality or age are insufficient for a coherent interpretation to the complexity of the social world, which requires analyzes that capture the multidimensionality that forms the existence of the subjects. Thus, the objective of this research is to explore the possible applications of this concept for the understanding of persistent educational inequalities, considering the methodological potential of intersectionality in a micro-level approach, reaching the “school floor” with an interest in discovering how students were organized in their daily life and which differentiating factors could be highlighted for an intersectional analysis of the observed context. The study is ethnographic and uses the field journal as the main work tool, where observations and dialogues with management, teachers and students from a full-time public high school located in Natal- RN. The final months of the academic year 2019 and the beginning of 2020, was the time of realization of the empirical field, where prominent social markers of difference were identified for an intersectional analysis of inequalities in the context of the “school floor”: (i) the concentration in the same class of students with a history of failure, dropout, and the resulting social stigmatization; (ii) socioeconomic vulnerability and (iii) institutional and subjective limitations surrounding the debate on the racial issue. The contributions of these analyzes to public policies, guided by an intersectional lens, invoke the need for the debate on equity and the implementation of actions by educational management, aiming to understand the mechanisms of production of differences and denaturalize the reproduction of inequalities.

16
  • MATHEUS OLIVEIRA DE SANTANA
  • EXPLANATORY FACTORS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF STATE CAPACITIES IN SUBNATIONAL ENTITIES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF STATE GOVERNMENTS IN EDUCATION


  • Líder : SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANDERSON CRISTOPHER DOS SANTOS
  • ANDRE LUIS NOGUEIRA DA SILVA
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • Data: 30-nov-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This research aimed to analyze the main explanatory factors about the development of state capacities of Brazilian state and district governments based of national and international theoretical arsenal in relation of distribution of specific resources to management of local educational services. The main hypothesis, resides in three points, being: 1) would be explained by subnational government autonomy guarded by the CF of 1988; 2) through of federative arrangement would affects the distribution of these resources and services differently, and the last one, 3) induction mechanisms of institutional design of central government national policies would to cooperate for an equitable distribution of these resources. Through the analysis of governance structure of 26 federation units more the Distrito Federal, the research aimed to understand the development of these capacities by the multidimensional logic (CINGOLANI, 2013; GOMIDE, PEREIRA, MACHADO, 2018), through of three constitutive dimensions: technic-administrative, political-institutional and fiscal. Each dimension generated one lower indicator who composed ahead the main indicator: ICee – Índice de Capacidade Estatal da Educação. Additionally, as attempt of identify associations of obtained data with external variables, out of the main index composition, was followed one simple regression analysis considering socioeconomical potentialities from the GDP per capita (economical state dimension) and the Gini Coefficient (state social inequality dimension). The obtained data points to the wide heterogeneity of indicators, just like on variation of presence of this structures in the federation units, exposing this way that governance resources for the management of state educational policy are distributed, mostly, by the result of own action of state management. In addition, the variation of the results is not associated with the socioeconomic potentialities, reinforcing the hypothesis of subnational governments autonomy (management capacity) as the closest explanatory factor.

17
  • ANA VITÓRIA ARAÚJO FERNANDES
  • Between strategies, dynamics and capacities: an analysis of the governance arrangements of the health policies of GoveRNo Cidadão / RN.

  • Líder : LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • RAQUEL MARIA DA COSTA SILVEIRA
  • RICHARDSON LEONARDI MOURA DA CAMARA
  • TEREZINHA CABRAL DE ALBUQUERQUE NETA BARROS
  • Data: 30-nov-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This master’s dissertation talks about the governance’s arrangements of the health policy funded by de World Bank, in particular, the Urgency and Emergency of the GoveRNo Cidadão regionalization’s Project, in Rio Grande do Norte state. It was opted to comprehend this phenomenum from the concept of governance, here understood as a state theory. Under the aegis of the Health Unic System fundamentals, the institutional desing of the GoveRNo Cidadão program and the concept of governance, the question that rises this research is wich is the governance’s arrangement in the health policy in the GoveRNo Cidadão? The main objective is to comprehend the process of governance in the health policies funded by the World Bank in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, by the time of 2013 to 2020, in particular the regionalization’s Project of the Urgency and Emergency Network. The theoretical-methodological basis that supports this analysis was anchored in the Capano, Howlett and Ramesh’s (2015) perspective, that suggests that the studies about governance comprehend three analytical dimensions that is a important way of explanation for the autors: 1) Dynamics; 2) Strategics; and 3) Capacity of Governance. To them, the dimension of Dynamics opposes to the idea that governance arrangements are static, reinforcing that they modify with time. The dimension Strategics, in turn, refers to the multiple actors envolved in the decision-making arena, it’s motivations and strategics. The dimension Capacity is about how effective these arrangements are. In a way to operationalize the research, it was opted to adopt a qualitative approach, mobilizing: bibliographic research, document analysis and semi-structured interviews. Content analysis and use of the IRAMUTEQ software were the techniques adopted. The results shown that the history of the World Bank in the Rio Grande do Norte, the exchange fee, the Federal Government program, Brasil sem Miséria, favored the signing of the GoveRNo Cidadão agreement. With regard to health policy, the Ministry of Health, from the definition of Health Care Networks, and the media had a fundamental role in choosing the projects financed in the state. In addition, actors that were not foreseen in the institutional design were identified, but have an influence on the governance arrangement. The data also indicated aspects such as the strength of the judicialization of SUS, the high turnover of health secretaries, institutional activism (RECH and SILVA, 2016) as a strategy and motivation on the part of the actors. With regard to the performance of the policy financed by the GoveRNo Cidadão, there was an increase in regionalized urgency and emergency services, the training of professionals specifically in the area of adult and pediatric cardiology, seven regional hospitals received equipment and were renovated, in addition to the consultancy that restructured the State Health Department. We conclude that the study indicates that the theoretical model adopted allows a holistic view of governance. Furthermore, considering the democratic and participatory constitutional precepts of Brazil, it was possible to infer that the governance arrangements analyzed pointed to a governance model based on a “regulatory” institutional arrangement, specific to projects financed by the World Bank. Therefore, the analysis of the health policy of the GoveRNo Cidadão project highlights the model adopted by the World Bank, which assumes the role of financial actor.

     

18
  • JOÃO VICTOR MOURA LIMA
  • Evaluation of Public Policies and Housing Rights: a look in the light of the perception of the beneficiaries of the Programa Minha Casa, Minha Vida - faixa 1 in municipalities in the Metropolitan Region of Natal/RN.

  • Líder : LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • GLENDA DANTAS FERREIRA
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • Data: 30-nov-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Over the past few decades, there have been many political and social changes in Brazil. Much of these changes are due to the Federal Constitution of 1988, which, in addition to expanding individual guarantees, presents, in its article 6, fundamental social rights, among which, the right to housing. in this perspective, CF / 88 also brought greater responsibilities to the municipalities, which now have more administrative autonomy in the management of public policies. Given this context, the present study evaluates, from a citizenship perspective (DE MARIO; LAISNER; GRANJA, 2016) the enterprises of the Programa Minha Casa, Minha Vida - faixa 1 and its surroundings in the municipalities of Extremoz and São Gonçalo do Amarante. The evaluation contemplates the technical and political dimensions of the PMCMV- faixa 1, also seeking to identify the perception that policy users have of it. To this end, documentary, bibliographic and semi-structured interviews were conducted with residents of the Jardins de Extremoz and São Gonçalo do Amarante Residences, as well as the Executive Housing Management of Caixa Econômica Federal - GIHAB. The IRAMUTEQ software was also used to carry out statistical analysis, correspondence factor analysis and descending hierarchical classification of the speeches. The results of this study allowed, by means of social parameters and indicators, the comparison of expectations prior to the policy with the results achieved, bringing a balance of experiences in each municipality, exposing their similarities and particularities.
19
  • JOSÉ DE ARIMATÉIA SILVA
  • NATIONAL SCHOOL FOOD PROGRAM: Factors that imply progress and challenges of implementation in the Mato Grande Territory – RN

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • LORENA MADRUGA MONTEIRO
  • Data: 22-dic-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This dissertation aims to understand how the implementation process of the National School Feeding Program (PNAE) is implemented in four municipalities of the Mato Grande Territory in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, from the perspective of key actors: those responsible in municipal governments for implementation (government) and family farming organizations (cooperatives, associations and / or rural unions). We seek to understand the design of this policy as well as the values and beliefs of the different actors involved in implementation and how they influence and act to promote this policy. On the other hand, we intend to analyze, from the point of view of the beneficiary organizations of the policy, what are the main difficulties for access. As well as from the point of view of the executing entities, also identify which difficulties they face to operationalize the program. In this sense, to raise what are the recurrent or determinant factors that imply for the advance or challenges of the implementation of the PNAE, as recommended by the design of this policy. In this way, the analysis of data, referring to transfers (financial values) from the National Fund for School Development - FNDE to the municipalities of the researched sample, Ceará Mirim, João Câmara, Bulls and Purity, allows contextualizing the object (purchases of family agriculture) to the purpose of Law 11.947/009. To identify factors that imply the implementation of the PNAE, interviews with semi-structured script in the form of interviews, with the managers responsible in the municipalities and with the representatives of cooperatives, associations and family farmers, give answers, according to the point of view. each of the actors involved in the implementation of the program. As initial results, we identified that there are municipalities in the Mato Grande Trerritory that do not invest the total financial resources available for the purchase of foodstuffs from family farming, being below the minimum percentage of 30% recommended by the PNAE law, among them: Ceará Mirim, João Câmara, Bulls and Purity; there is a mismatch in the acquisition of foodstuffs regarding the production period (crop) and school calendar (school year); some products that are on the menu agenda are not produced by family farming in the territory; In the pedagogical dimension of the PNAE, there is no dialogue between the actors, in the process of building the public call until the delivery of products in schools; purchases from family farms stimulate the creation of short supply chains; There is a gap in the acquisition of animal products due to the lack of inspection system in the municipalities; and that PNAE contributes to the search for healthy eating. It was evidenced that, although there are still obstacles, there were advances in the execution of the PNAE in the Mato Grande Territory with the accomplishment of public purchases via simplified calls, as well as the strengthening of family agriculture, through proximity to the consumer (students) and generation of local income, creating expectation for the farmer to remain in rural areas.

20
  • RÁRIKA DE ARAÚJO BASTOS
  • The challenges of urban solid waste policy implementation in capital cities of Natal (RN) and João Pessoa (PB) through the agenda 2030.

  • Líder : JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • RAQUEL MARIA DA COSTA SILVEIRA
  • ALINE CAROLINA DA SILVA
  • Data: 23-dic-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Solid waste management is a challenge to sustainable development policy in Brazil and in the world. Through environmental, social, economic, public health and education management, sustainable solid waste management promotes not only acts towards urban management, as well as expresses itself in treating current needs not compromising future generations possibilities of complying with their necessities. In this context, this research sought examining which strategies have been developed in the capital cities of Paraíba and Rio Grande do Norte States to reaching the targets stablished by UN to 2030 Agenda, towards solid waste management. Methodologically, settled by the research, the path was made of a document analysis, guided by theoretical basis towards sustainability. Information about the numbers of Sustainable Development Goals were taken from that analysis. This research resulted in a description of the situation, with data and information examined from secondary sources. The results and debate in this research entail in three pillars: 1. Understanding the international environmental scenario from the 2030 Agenda, specially the National Policy of Solid Waste; 2. Diagnostic of the solid waste context in the capital cities of João Pessoa and Natal; 3. Comparative analysis of public policies, government activities, among other actions towards sustainable development and the 2030 Agenda’s stablished targets range.

2019
Disertaciones
1
  • CICERO WILDEMBERG MATIAS GOMES
  • AGENTS, AGENDA AND TERRITORY IN THE LIGHT OF THE URBAN REGIMES:expansion of the port of Natal and resettlement of the community of Maruim

  • Líder : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • LIVIA IZABEL BEZERRA DE MIRANDA
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: 25-ene-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The research focuses on the restructuring of urban port areas and social housing, focusing on the power relations established in a disputed territory. Thus, in an empirical way, the case of the Port of Natal was presented, which - for decades - disputed a fraction of the territory on the edges of the Potengi River, provoking the evacuation of the area where the community of Maruim was constituted and consequent resettlement of the community to the residential São Pedro, in 2016. This research is linked to the project " Caracterização dos Regimes Urbanos das Metrópoles Brasileiras", developed by the INCT Observatório das Metrópoles, through the program "As Metrópoles e o Direito à Cidade: conhecimento, inovação e ação para o desenvolvimento urbano - 2015-2020”. Thus, based on the theoretical-conceptual framework discussed by the group that makes up the RMNatal Nucleus of the Observatório das Metrópoles, the idea of Urban Regimes is presented here as the analysis part of this research, revealing that there are possibilities for action of the affected population, allowing some degree of articulation or the modifier arrangement of the final process. It is considered as object of study the actions of the groups that led the project of expansion of the port of Natal and the resettlement of the Maruim community and, in this sense, the general objective is to understand the different strategies of these pressure groups that led the project of expansion of the port and resettlement of Maruim, aiming to characterize the coalitions involved and the resulting territorial transformations, mainly covering the Historic and Port Zones of Natal. This research is characterized as a qualitative study and uses as a method the case study of the single type as a research strategy. For this, as a study universe, the experience of the community of Maruim and the Port of Natal was delimited in the period between 1997 (beginning of requests for regularization of areas of interest of the Port of Natal by the Companhia Docas do Rio Grande do Norte) and 2016 (when the resettlement of the community of Maruim occurs to the residential São Pedro, located in the district Ribeira, Natal/RN).

2
  • RYLANNEIVE LEONARDO PONTES TEIXEIRA
  • Urban planning and adaptive capacity: between possibilities and barriers in the cities of Natal/RN and Curitiba/PR

  • Líder : ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • GABRIELA MARQUES DI GIULIO
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • Data: 08-feb-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The debate on cities and climate change has been gaining prominence at the global level, originating in several city networks such as ICLEI. The climate problem is global, but cities have a great responsibility because they concentrate more population and economic activities, attracting means of transportation that are potentially polluting. In this sense, understanding how cities act on climate change is a key issue in the context of building a city with climate resilience and adaptability. Therefore, the aim of this Master's thesis is to understand how urban planning can contribute to the construction of adaptive capacity to climate change in the cities of Natal and Curitiba. To do so, the methodology, following the guidelines of an interdisciplinary research, presents a qualitative approach, using documentary research, semi-structured interviews as a field research instrument, as well as the Socio-Climatic Vulnerability Index. As a technique for analyzing the data obtained through the application of these interviews, the content analysis is carried out using NVivo 11 Pro software as a tool to facilitate data analysis and to allow a greater depth of analysis. All field research began in August 2017, continuing through mid-August 2018.  The results and discussions are presented in three main principles, namely: i. identification and analysis of planning and urban planning instruments geared to the management of social and environmental risks; ii. analysis of the connections of the city and city plans of Natal and Curitiba with the environmental and climatic issues; and iii. verification of the adaptability of the two cities to the challenge of climate change, identifying and analyzing the opportunities and challenges faced by municipal management in the construction or improvement of local adaptive capacities. In summary, it is concluded that, while Curitiba assumes an integrated urban identity to environmental and climatic issues, Natal has faced a series of barriers and challenges, although municipal managers and technicians show concern about the issue of climate change.

3
  • YURI DE SOUZA DUARTE
  • Portuguese architecture: from Porto’s School to Siza’s School?

  • Líder : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • GONÇALO CANTO MONIZ
  • Data: 22-feb-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The production of the modernist movement in Portugal took place in singular path of a resistance posture to models pre-conceived. Well-know Porto’s School and recognized from the decade of 1950, was a movement that produced echoes identified on the architectural productions up to the Portuguese until the present time. Among other characteristics, it shows harmony as a requeriment of project between the plot of the building and the surrounding pré-existent, providing better quality of use, comfort and esthetic beauty of the space in the city. Focused in the Portuguese architecture, the study starts from the contribution of the main exponents of the movement: Fernando Távora, Álvaro Siza Vieira and Eduardo Souto de Moura, which, in his work, ally the innovations of the modernist movement with the respected necessity to the traditions of the town, his materiality and the context of the new constructions regarding the urbane city pré-existent. So, there will be presented the historical trajectory of the roots of the contemporary architecture in Portugal, from the decade of 1930, with the analysis of the intellectual production and projetual of the architects Carlos Ramos and Fernando Távora, up to the present. Next, a group of contemporary architects will be presented, composed for: John Carrilho da Graça; the brothers Manuel and Francisco Nuno Aires Mateus; the brothers Nuno and José Mateus (office ARX); and Nuno Brandão Costa, whom shows echoes of this trajectory in his production, for analysis of aspects of his formation and professional trajectory, like professional experience and architectural language adopted in his works. Then, this study will make a appreciation of contemporary buildings, located in Portugal and conceived by this group, above several aspects, such as: his insertion in the city, ways of use and his process of conception. For that, it will be necessary to understand different aspects of this space, how it will identify in which form the adjacent public space to iconic’s buildings contributes to give distinction or order that pré-existent minimizes the visual impact of the construction before those elements, considering still the necessity of looking, in the speech of the authors of the works, how was the concern about the space around the building on the context in the process of the project as a whole piece. Lastly, this study aims to contributes to the analysis of the quality of the public’s projects connected to contemporary buildings in the cities, for to the production of a cohesive urbanity.

4
  • ERICA MILENA CARVALHO GUIMARAES LEONCIO
  • THE CITY TRIBUTE: The IPTU as an instrument for recovering land assets in Parnamirim-RN

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • GLENDA DANTAS FERREIRA
  • Data: 28-feb-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Brazilian urban policy establishes the IPTU (Urban Land and Territorial Tax) as an instrument available to Municipalities so that they can intervene in urban and territorial planning and management processes. This tax has among its functions called "extrafiscal" the distribution of burdens and benefits of urbanization, the recovery of public investments that result in the valuation of private real estate, the fight against real estate speculation and the promotion of economic development. However, from the analysis of the literature on the experiences of Brazilian cities, it is noticed that the Municipal Administrations constantly complain about the absence of their own resources, depending on government transfers to carry out their projects. On the other hand, most municipalities do not usually implement and manage adequately the instruments of recovery of urban surplus value, failing to collect values that, besides being necessary, should, by right, return to the city. In this context, it is perceived that the municipality of Parnamirim uses the IPTU below its legally determined capacity, and there are difficulties in implementing it by municipal management. In addition, it is observed that there is no understanding of the relevance of urban policy instruments by the population, nor is there a charge for their implementation. In view of this, it is questioned to what extent the Municipal Management of Parnamirim manages to recover capital gains through the collection of the IPTU in the city. For that, a bibliographic study was done contemplating the pertinent concepts and related literature and a documentary analysis on the legislation of the Municipality; In addition, field research was also carried out to collect data on the municipal collection of the IPTU in the last 10 (ten) years and on the valuation of a sample of real estate throughout the municipality, then a survey was made on recent infrastructure works that are relevant to the municipality, generating capital gains in these neighborhoods. This analysis aims to understand if the infrastructure works carried out value the properties that are in its surroundings and, if so, if IPTU collection accompanies such real estate valuation in these regions of the city. Finally, interviews will be conducted with representatives of the Executive and Municipal Legislative Branches, the Public Prosecutor's Office and the local community, as well as the follow-up of public hearings on the subject, in order to understand how these actors understand the role of the IPTU for local urban dynamics as a instrument of urban policy.

     

5
  • CARINA APARECIDA BARBOSA MENDES CHAVES
  • HOW MUCH IS MY House?: COMMERCIALIZATION OF HOUSINGS OF MINHA CASA MINHA VIDA - 1, IN THE METROPOLITAN REGION DE NATAL

  • Líder : SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • SILVIA MANUELA BRANCO JORGE
  • Data: 28-mar-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The house is indispensable to the survival of the human being. However, it is not easily accessable to the poorest population, because its production and commercialization highlight the exchange value of this good with characteristics different from the others. The “Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida” (PMCMV), created in 2009, aims to facilitate access to housing by promoting home ownership for families with incomes of up to ten minimum wages. The program is divided into three categories, with category 1 directed to families with income between zero and R $ 1800.00. In this category, properties receive direct subsidies of up to 95% of their price and are financed interest-free within 120 months. During the financing period, the properties should be used exclusively for the housing of the families contemplated. In the Metropolitan Region of Natal (RMN) the program worked in nine of its fourteen municipalities, with 26 developments in 21 locations, totaling 11,276 housing units. In less than ten years of the PMCMV, negotiations are identified for sale, rental and exchange of real estate in the category 1 of the program - which should not be sold in the first ten years of contemplation. The objective of this research is to analyze the occurrences of these negotiations, identifying where, how and why sales, exchanges and leases of real estate occur, in the 26 developments PMCMV category 1 in the RMN, delivered until 2016. The data collection and information began with the monitoring of online classified, which lasted 27 months. Concomitant field work was carried out, in phase I, in all the PMCMV projects category 1 in the RMN; in the second phase, the enterprises with the highest occurrence of negotiations - classified and in phase I - were visited. The research shows that the poor location, the non-adaptation to the apartment typology, the possibility to live elsewhere or to acquire another good (highlighting the car), added to the financial vulnerability are the motives that encourage the residents to dispose of their real estate to the negotiation.

6
  • GABRIEL RODRIGUES DA SILVA
  • URBAN EXPANSION IN THE RIDE OF THE GRANDE TERESINA: METROPOLIZATION AND INTRAMETROPOLITAN DYNAMICS

  • Líder : MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARCELO GOMES RIBEIRO
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • RODOLFO FINATTI
  • Data: 15-abr-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This research aims to contribute to the discussion of the theme of the urban expansion in urban complexes and the Brazilian housing policy Minha Casa, Minha Vida program (PMCMV). Thus, it approachs the production of the urban space in the perspective of the implantation of the housing policy of PMCMV in the band 1 of the Integrated Development Region of the Great Teresina (IDR). It starts from the premise that the localization of the housing complexes of PMCMV in the band 1 are inserted in peripheral locations and in urban fringes, and that it has been a stimulating factor for the emergence of the urban area expansion in that region. From this perspective, the starting question is: The Minha Casa, Minha Vida program in the band 1, has contributed to the urban expansion of the IDR of the Great Teresina? Thereby this research has as the study object the relationship between the phenomenon of the urban expansion as observed in the IDR of the Great Teresina and the locatization of the housing complexes of the PMCMV in the band 1. In this way, we propose as the main aim: to understand the phenomenon of the urban expansion in the IDR of the Great Teresina between 1999, 2009 and 2018, considering the analysis of the localization of the housing complexes of the PMCMV in the band 1. From this aim, the research was drawn based on the following specific objectives: (i) To caractherize the IDR of the Great Teresina; (ii) To identify and map the real estate development of the PMCMV in the IDR of the Great Teresina; (iii) To analyse the intensity of flows and commuting in the urban complexes in the DIR of the Great Teresina; (iv) To identify and map the diretions that relate to the expansion of the urban area, through the localization of the housing complexes of the PMCMV in the band 1. The methodology adopted was based in bibliographic research, collection of data from public organs, images of satelite and use of the softwares SPPS and ArcGis 10.5, under license of the Natal Nucleus of the Metropolis Observatory. The results point out to the influence of the housing complexes of the PMCMV in the band 1, as the elements that have directed and contributed to the urban expansion of the IDR of the Great Teresina. The relevance of this research is motivated by the shortage of studies regarding on this topic and on the region itself, as well as by the fact that the author believes that the results may have an influence on future researchs approaching the region, planning and implementation of public policies that may contribute to the urban and regional development of the IDR of the Great Teresina.

7
  • RAMON IURY ALVES DE AMORIM
  • The novelty asks for passage: the mobilization cycles against the increase of the transport tariff

    in Natal in 2005 and 2012

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • JÚLIA MORETTO AMÂNCIO
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • Data: 10-may-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The focus of this dissertation is the comparison between two cycles of protests that, although they claim around the same theme, the increase of the passage of buses in the municipality of Natal, approaches two distinct periods, 2005 (Vampire Hunt of Public Transport and Season and the 2012 (Revolta Do Busão), in which the repertoire and the political narrative of the movement were quite different. In the first case, the traditional entities of the movement, with their methods of organization and action prevailed. In the second case, in 2012, despite the participation of traditional entities (UMES, APES, DCE UFRN), they were not able to repeat the 2005 repertoire and not even the interpretation of the movement on the transportation problem. Thus, the starting point of this dissertation is: Why did the 2005 protest differ from 2012? What has changed in the political and organizational context of the movement for change in the repertoire and in the interpretative framework on transportation? The protests against the increase of the bus ticket in Natal in 2005 and 2012 lasted several weeks, attracted the attention of the media and society, and were composed of analytical dimensions that deserve to be studied from the tool developed by the research agenda of the collective action. The initial hypothesis of this dissertation is that, as of 2006, the traditional entities of the student movement enter into a crisis of articulation of material resources, in the face of the loss of funding of the student's portfolio, thereby depleting their repertoire of performance against the increase of the bus ticket. These entities, with repertoire dependent on material resources, enter into crisis and leave a vacuum in the movement, which is occupied by MPL. The MPL was already organizing itself nationally with a repertoire less dependent on material resources

    and opposed to the repertoire of the traditional entities of the movement. The trigger for this was the 2012 Bus Revolt. With the traditional student movement divided in its tactics and institutionally weakened, the unity of the MPL and its relationship with organizations present in the traditional student movement produce strength behind the scenes generating a predominance of its repertoire and framework interpretative in the protests of 2012.

8
  • ANA CÉLIA BAÍA ARAÚJO
  • Urban-regional development and sustainable cities in the context of northeastern metropolitan regions

     
  • Líder : ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MARCELO GOMES RIBEIRO
  • Data: 10-may-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Throughout Brazilian urban history, the territory was built based on social inequalities, regional disparities, environmental degradation and political conflicts in the public administration. These problems stem from capitalist rationality and intensify in the metropolitan areas due to the high concentration of demands for resources, disposal, services and the high population contingent, like the Brazilian metropolitan regions (MR). With this rationality replicated by the world, socio-environmental impacts and climate change show the abuses of economic dynamics on planetary boundaries, generating a world scenario of serious problems that put in check the maintenance of the current model of development. In this sense, the United Nations (UN) defend the Sustainable Cities model, based on the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 11 as a solution to make economic and urban dynamics more sustainable, based on the contradictory discourse of sustainable development. In this scenario, considering the adoption of UN proposals by the Brazilian government and the context of MR and Northeast, it is questioned: the metropolitan regions of the Northeast are able to heal their socio-environmental and urban-regional issues from the strategic internalization of the SDG11 Sustainable Cities in their dynamics? ". The objective is to investigate the internalization conditions that the UN Sustainable Cities model can have in the metropolitan dynamics to favor urban and regional development and to address socio-environmental issues. The methodology, of a quantitative nature, establishes a comparative case study between the MR of Fortaleza, Natal, Recife and Salvador as an empirical field. The construction of the Regional and Urban Development Index for Sustainable Cities (IDRUCS) as part of the methodology, applied in the empirical field as a tool for analysis and comparison among RM. From its results, the challenges of the current conditions are solved to allow an implementation of the UN proposals, challenging the sustainable development as solutions to the socio-environmental issues. That is because it maintains the economic rationality of the current model, cause of socio-environmental problems, while the analyses raises the reflection about a proposal of Sustainable Cities based on environmental rationality as an alternative proposal to the current model.

9
  • ALENUSKA LUCENA MEDEIROS
  • Practices and socioespacial and cultural relations in the public spaces of Currais Novos / RN, during the feast de Sant'Ana: qualitative and ethnographic research

  • Líder : FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • RICHARDSON LEONARDI MOURA DA CAMARA
  • KADYDJA KARLA NASCIMENTO CHAGAS
  • Data: 20-may-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Space is produced by social, political and economic relations. In it there are the exchanges, the meetings, the festivities and the daily life that dynamizes the city. Among the dynamics found in the city are the popular festivals, present since the formation of most Brazilian cities. The culture of the city of Currais Novos, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, is strongly influenced by the Roman Catholic Church, identified through religious rites and socio-spatial appropriations. However, the biggest religious festival in Currais Novos is the Feast of Sant'Ana, which has been absorbing new cultural manifestations with "profane" characteristics since the 20th century. In this process of festive resignification, it is perceived that socio-spatial and cultural practices interfere in the appropriations of individuals and groups. The aim of the present research was to analyze the socio-spatial and cultural relations of Currais Novos / RN, starting from the Feast of Sant'Ana, identifying how they contribute to the contemporary idea of the city and taking into account the spatial triad of Lefebvre and Soy. The research followed a qualitative and ethnographic approach, through observation techniques and semi-structured interviews. This methodology allowed us to approach the perception of socio-spatial practices of the shared and practiced discourse regarding public spaces and culture in Currais Novos / RN. It was concluded that the socio-spatial and cultural practices of Currais Novos are based on the re-significances of the appropriations and dominations of individuals and groups. However, it is the appropriation that will make possible the irreconcilable space, where the different identities and intentions of profit, ideology and "partying" combine.

10
  • BEATRIZ MEDEIROS FONTENELE
  • HOUSE AS AN ASSET: non-regulatory uses in PMCMV – Faixa 1 in the RMNatal

  • Líder : SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • SILVIA MANUELA BRANCO JORGE
  • Data: 22-may-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This dissertation analyses the many ways of using the house as an asset by the residents of Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida – Faixa 1 in the Metropolitan Region of Natal in jts attempts to social reproduction. The to be studied enterprises are those delivered between 2009 and 2012 in the referred Region, summing to 23 of them. It is taken as departure the assumption that the housing subsidised by the Programm is, beyond a physical structure of daily consumption, a space Inherent to the livelihood and coexistance of individuals, a good which in crisis contexts can become a socioeconomical asset which allows the betterment of livelihood and social and economical insertion of property owners in society. In this way, for the low wage population targeted by the Programm, the subsidised house becomes a more important good when understood the historical difficulties concerning this populational share's access to obtain income and reach for different opportunity structures which allow their social reproduction. In this study, for the identification of use of the house as an asset, the following methodological procedures are used: data bank organisation, with obtained information from documental research and in loco investigation, referring to the housing characteristics; application of 882 surveys in the 23 enterprises; and mapping of the use and soil occupation of houses and apartments. It is verified that in housing complexes, in order to reproduce and insert themselves in society,  residents contemplated by PMCMV – Faixa 1 transform their houses into which it is necessary for the family survival, becoming a socioeconomic asset. In the analysed enterprises, 100% of them presented some sort of use change, even in vertical ones, which typology and low flexibility present themselves as limitation to reforms and service and commerce implementation. The numbers and types of transformations vary according to each enterprise and its specificities: scale, year, access, and others. Only one scenario presents itself constant: that in which the house always will or could be transformed as an asset, and that in a scenario of scarcity opens a window for potencialisation of family income, with the offer of services and commerce.

11
  • BISMARCK OLIVEIRA DA SILVA
  • ENVIRONMENTAL VULNERABILITIES AND THE RISKS CAUSED BY CLIMATE CHANGE IN NATAL-RN

  • Líder : FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • HEMERSON LUIZ PASE
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • MARISE COSTA DE SOUZA DUARTE
  • Data: 27-may-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present research investigates the environmental crisis context and its consequences for costal cities’ population, analyzing climate change impacts which can lead to sea level rise, forcing the withdrawal/retreat of coastal dwellings, local infrastructures’ destruction, the consequent coastal erosion and flooding by waves’ transpositions and tsunamis. These changes can lead to obstruction of channel outlets and saline intrusion into fresh water hydrous bodies resulting in scarcity. In addition, it investigates the mechanisms for confronting the resolution of this problem by the State, the industry and civil society. The general objective is to analyze how the climate change phenomenon is felt by the population of the urban beaches in Natal / RN. The specific objectives are: a) to carry out the diagnosis of the vulnerabilities derived from climate change in urban beaches in Natal-RN; b) understand how social actors are adapting to climate change in the beach; and c) verify if strategies are being implemented for mitigation and adaptation on beaches in Natal-RN. The research approach is qualitative and exploratory, being carried out through direct observations, documentary and field research, with semi-structured interviews. The case study covered two beaches in Natal / RN (Ponta Negra and Redinha), chosen because they have above-allowed balneability indexes, suffer from the climate change process and they are strategically used by several socioeconomic actors as a source of income. Nowadays, the main coastal socio-environmental problems detected in Rio Grande do Norte are the lack of preparation for climate change events due to sea level rise and coastal erosion, creating a scenario of vulnerabilities and, consequently, risk to families living or carry out economic activities in coastal cities.

     

12
  • RAYANE TEIXEIRA DE LIRA DOS SANTOS
  • Nothing that has been will be: a necessary reading on the role of the Rio Grande do Norte sports council on social participation

     

  • Líder : FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • ANDERSON CRISTOPHER DOS SANTOS
  • BERTULINO JOSE DE SOUZA
  • Data: 03-jun-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In recent decades, the social participation theme in the Public Sports Policy area has been gaining relevance in their studies, forums, research, technical-political reports nature, and in the political and civic agenda of the country. The councils becomes a main character in this context, where the social participation is effective as a citizen's right, and there was a great advance in this sector, mainly after the approval of the Federal Constitution of 1988 text, where mechanisms of direct participation are created such as councils, forums , pubic audiences, and so on. However there are still some obstacles that block  these mechanisms action. This research proposes to analyze how the Council of Sport of Rio Grande do Norte State (Brazil) has functioned, regarding its organization and the way in which the population participates in the public policies of sports and leisure of the Rio Grande do Norte State. The Council has the entire normative structure, such as its Law of creation, based on State Law No. 7,133 of January 13, 1998. With President and Vice, respectively, João Pessoa and Roberto Luiz Menezes Cabral, elected by the board of the council and also composed of social actors of the  Executive Branch State and Entities and associations that make up the Sport in Rio Grande do Norte state. Despite the existence of the council and the presence of the members in events published in the media, it can be verified that there is no information about the functioning of the council and if the participation of the society has happened as it has been defined the actions in the third National Conference of Sport which relate to the qualification of popular participation and the mechanisms of social control. It is questioned whether the Rio Grande do Norte State Sports Council is being an advisory forum used as an arena for dialogue with society, and fulfilling its participation role. This paper aims to present the results of the research on the State Sports Council of Rio Grande do Norte, as an arena of dialogue with society and is fulfilling its role in the advisory, normative, and deliberative. This study expresses something important that contributes directly to the research on participation and social control in the sports politics field, as well as to the discussions that permeate the legal and effective existence of the Rio Grande do Norte State Sports Council, which is a key element to the construction of State Sports State Policy.

13
  • CINTHIA MONAYRA BARBOSA DE MATOS
  • AGENTS, ACTORS AND CULTURAL POLICY: A LOOK AT THE PROCESS OF INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION IN THE CITY OF SÃO MIGUEL DO GOSTOSO / RN.

  • Líder : WINIFRED KNOX
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • JUCIANO DE SOUSA LACERDA
  • LUCIA HELENA PEREIRA DA SILVA
  • Data: 03-jun-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Culture is at the center of discussions about the individual and his ability to relate to the world. Their access reinforces the importance of their contact for human and social enrichment. Hence, the research is based on this relevant area of knowledge, with the objective of adding in its aspects of construction of environments of distance or approach, based on the cultural promotion of actions and cultural productions that fall within this field. It was necessary, therefore, to understand culture as a heterogeneous field of struggles and dominations. From anthropological and sociological contributions, and emphasizing the cultural policies that represent one of the main means of access to cultural activities, they reveal eminent conflicts that influence the ways of constituting inclusive or exclusionary

     

    environments. Therefore, the way in which cultural policies are developed and executed represent the collection of interesting elements to understand the existing disputes, discourses, actors and agents in the cultural field, and how they are directing actions in this sector by intensifying ways to strengthen or weaken social relations present in this universe. The study assumes that the construction of inclusive cultural environments is based fundamentally on the promotion of policies that contemplate the daily dynamics already established by being intertwined with the aspects of identity and individual and collective recognition. The work then seeks to reflect on cultural policy and its ability to constitute environments of inclusion or exclusion, based on the value or not of the local aspects. In this way, we used the experiences of the city of São Miguel do Gostoso and more specifically the event of the Gostoso’s Cinema Show as an instrument to understand how cultural production and cultural practices can be linked in a movement that seeks the insertion of individuals in these social, economic and cultural development. Therefore, the research consists of an ethnographic investigation of this field seeking to evidence the actors and agents present in this space, through a bibliographical survey and then, of observations, interviews and photographs in the studied place.

14
  • ELEIDIANA AZEVEDO COSTA BULHÕES
  • CREATIVE CITY AND CHILDHOOD: THE DYNAMICS OF PARKS AND PUBLIC EQUIPMENT WITH GREAT CIRCULATION OF CHILDREN IN NATAL-RN.

  • Líder : FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIRLEIDE CHAAR BAHIA
  • Data: 11-jun-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In theCreative City, creativity starts tobevalued, havinginthiselementanimportantresourceregardingthesustainabilityof cities. Thus, animportantconcept in thismodelofcity, referstothecreative social environment, wherespaces are set as environmentsrich in diversityandculture, asidefromtheopeningto new ideasandthepromotionofsocializationandleisure. Alongtheselines, it isnecessarytothinkoftheseplaces in orderto embrace theentirepopulation, especiallychildren. Children, as subjectsoflawandproducersofculture, evenif in thestageofdevelopment, accesspublicparksandequipment as anoptionofleisureandsocialization, expressingthemselvesthrough play and games. Basedontheseconsiderations, andthrough a qualitative approach in whichanethnographicstudyhasbeensupported, making use ofseveralinstrumentssuch as observation, oral reports, photographyandalso as a complementarymethod, interview. Thisstudy'sresearchscopewas, the Parque Estadual Dunas do Natal Jornalista Luiz Maria Alves (Parque das Dunas), the Parque Cidade da Criança andthe Espaço Cultural Francisco das Chagas Bezerra de Araújo (Área de Lazer do Panatis), aimingtoreflectonsuchspacesandtheirrelationwithregardtosocialization, leisureandcreativityofthechildren in thecityof Natal-RN, seekingtounderstandtheir social and cultural relevance in thecontextofcontemporary cities. Thisway, theinteractionsestablishedbythechildrenwereobserved, whetherbetweenthemembersoftheirownfamilyorwithothersubjects, visitorsoftheresearchedplaces, as well as thetypesof games, use oftoysandparticipation in theproposedactivities. Wealsoanalyzedthe oral reportsoffamilies, as well as thetypesofpublic policies offered. As a result, we noticedthat in allthreeenvironmentsthe games are notrestrictedtothe use ofdesignedtoys, in fact, theyreceive a new meaningfromthechildren, creating new functionalities, eitherbythelackofequipmentmaintenance, orevenbytheinexistenceofthetoys. Wealsoobservedthatthesocializationofthechildrenhappensspontaneously, motivatedbythe games, despiteinteractionsnotalwaysbeingencouraged. As for the cultural, leisureandsportsoffer, thereis no continuitypolicyregardingthedemandsofchildhood, eventhough Parque das Dunas maintainsprojects in private-publicpartnerships, whileactivities in theotherspacessurveyedhappensporadically, ornotevenoccur in some places.

15
  • EDILZA PAULA QUEIROZ ALVES
  • METROPOLITAN DYNAMICS, SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL VULNERABILITY AND ITS INTERFACE WITH CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE METROPOLITAN REGION OF NATAL / RN.

  • Líder : ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • LARISSA DA SILVA FERREIRA ALVES
  • Data: 13-jun-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Metropolitan Region of Natal was marked by major changes in its urban context. The expansion of the cities brought with it the problem of disorder in the urban centers caused by the process of urbanization and population growth, which reflected in its socio-spatial organization, accompanied by social and territorial inequalities. This organization has contributed with areas that were segregated by populations in situation of socio-environmental vulnerability, that can cause strong impacts on the soil due to misuse and occupation. Thus, organization of space, economic activities, the way of living in urban spaces, soil degradation, evidence factors that can cause changes in climate change. In this sense, the purpose of this dissertation is to understand how the dynamics of RMN socio-spatial organization can influence socioenvironmental vulnerability, analyzing how the municipalities integrate the perspective of climate adaptation. In order to carry out the research, the used methodological procedures follow the guidelines of a qualitative and quantitative research, aiming to understand the metropolitan dynamics, environmental and climatic impacts through bibliographic reviews of articles, books, documents and data collection instruments. With this in mind, in this research, the quantitative data were based on the microdata of the 2010 Demographic Census and on the Municipal Basic Information Survey (MBIS- 2017), both from IBGE, and also on the 2010 Social Vulnerability Atlas (SVA) presented by IPEA. Respectively, these data provide demographic, socioeconomic and environmental information. It may be concluded that the socio-spatial organization of RMN presents an uneven territorial distribution, as a result of socioeconomic factors, which reflect in the urban and climatic alterations, resulting in a context of socio-environmental vulnerability, being necessary to build mechanisms to adapt to climate change, adding strategies that reduce the risks posed by climate change.

16
  • MARÍLIA CLÁUDIA LEMOS MONTEIRO FERREIRA

  • THE EXPANSION OF THE CENTRALIZED GENERATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR ENERGY IN BRAZIL: The case of the RN and its reflections on environmental and regional issues

  • Líder : ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • LUZIENE DANTAS DE MACEDO
  • GERDA LUCIA PINHEIRO CAMELO
  • Data: 21-jun-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Environmental sustainability is a worldwide concern in the face of the notion that the planet's resources are exhausting and today's societies increasingly need the means to meet their demands. From this reality, the search for new sources of renewable energies has become a primacy that has to be observed as an instrument of adaptation in relation to the current climate changes. Such a search aims both at mitigating the negative environmental effects of fossil fuels that generate greenhouse gases (GHG) and in the search for supply models that provide energy security. Thus, the production of solar energy presents itself, within the national energy policy, as an alternative of low environmental impact, and as a strategy of the electric sector to increase the national energy matrix. From this context, the present study analyzed whether the growth of solar photovoltaic energy production was the result of a regulatory and environmental policy of the sector; and if such measures imply an increase

    in the centralized photovoltaic generation projects implemented in Rio Grande do Norte. The research process was based on bibliographical research, fieldwork with a semi-structured interview with the responsible operators of the projects, aiming at characterizing the expansion of solar energy in Brazil within the regulated contracting environment (ACR) and its repercussion in the state of the newborn. The research results showed that there has not yet been a consolidation of photovoltaic energy growth in the country, since this growth depends on technological innovations to become competitive within the regulated market, thus increasing its participation within the matrix energy.

17
  • HERBERT EMMANUEL LIMA DE OLIVEIRA
  • WIND ENERGY IN CONFLICT: Actors and territorial disputes in the construction of wind farms in communities of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

  • Líder : JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • JOÃO FRANCISCO CHARRUA GUERRA
  • MARISE COSTA DE SOUZA DUARTE
  • Data: 26-jun-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In Brazil, the state of Rio Grande do Norte has been notable in the last ten years, due to the increasing rise of wind energy exploration. The official discourse shows that the coastal winds are the driving force for local and regional development, through the activity, in a "clean" and sustainable way. They generate employment and income at the same time, together with the idea of minimum environmental impact and minimum negative externalities. The literature on the presence of wind power projects, especially the one that shows the European experience, points to another perspective. That is, for the existence of negative effects and impacts in the places of installation of wind farms, namely, generating a dispute with other economic activities such as tourism and fishing, and with strong social and environmental impacts, such as changing the dynamics of communities the degradation and suppression of the landscape, and the direct impact on fauna and flora. Also in Rio Grande do Norte these impacts have been felt, which are the source of socio-environmental conflicts caused by the insertion of wind farms in several municipalities, accentuating the dispute over land occupation. From the perspective of some theorists, these conflicts erupt at the moment when the community or social interest groups act in defense for the use of the space they have always used, entering into a dispute against this occupation and against the occurrence of unwanted effects of this activity on the environment . That is, they occur when a community practice is threatened by negative impacts caused by the installation of wind towers. In this sense, environmental conflicts in a context traditionally characterized by clientelistic relations and control of land and power, which may configure a new approach to the wind conflict, not against its installation, but by the pressure to locate in spaces of more influential owners, who through the wind can guarantee an extra income. In summary, it is objective to identify the actors involved, to address the specificity of these conflicts and the visibility they take on the public agenda.

18
  • THAIS DOS SANTOS VIEIRA GABI DE MACEDO
  • “TO LIVE THE DYSTOPIA?”: Modernity – Post-modernity – Public Space:

    literary and film narratives

  • Líder : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • LÚCIA LEITÃO SANTOS
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MARCIO VENICIO BARBOSA
  • Data: 26-jun-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The hazy and tortuous paths by which modernity rose and fruited are also traces that justify the difficulty of locating its origin in the history of the world. In developing and advancing in Europe, the modern era diffused differently and at different times between countries. Nevertheless, consensually, it was marked by three great events: the Protestant Reformation, the Enlightenment, and the French Revolution, these events constitute the structural basis of the formation of capitalism. Considered in this work, in a broad perspective, the public space is the catalytic focus of such transformations. The individual, who had previously been guided by tradition and religion, as well as by his direct relationship with nature, lost his guaranties for conducting himself and came to rely on new interpretations of everyday experiences. Starting from the conception that subjects are formed and form their means, in modernity, the monetarization of relations had resonance in the most diverse social interactions. These transformations gain new meanings in post-modernity which, from the point of view of political economy, can be situated in the transition from Fordism to the flexible accumulation of capital. In this perspective, this work seeks to investigate the transformations occurring in the public space, ranging from modernity to post-modernity, trying to understand the ways in which economic, political, social and cultural changes affected urban social life. Methodologically, it is intended to articulate the theoretical concepts learned as the basis for categories of analysis of specific literary and cinematographic works. Thus, it is in the perspective of

     

    understanding the modifications that have occurred and occur in the public space in modernity and postmodernity, from contemporary concepts, analytically and dialectically, that this research advances.

19
  • ELAÍNE CRISTINA DOS SANTOS
  • THE VISIBLE FIGHTING OF FAMILY FARMERS FOR THE PERMANENCE OF THE FARMER'S OFFICE (A): A CASE IN EAST POTIGUAR.

  • Líder : WINIFRED KNOX
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MARIA DO ROSÁRIO DE FÁTIMA ANDRADE LEITÃO
  • Data: 18-jul-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The research was developed with the objective of analyzing the problem of the permanence of man in the field, considering a case study carried out in the municipality of Pedro Velho located in a region characterized by the historical land concentration concentrated by the exploitation of the sugarcane monoculture that reflected in the process of occupation and formation of this territory located in the East Potiguarmesoregion, Northeastern region of Brazil, and had as main consequence, serious social inequalities, the expropriation of man. The thesis presents the limitations and anxieties of family farmers who try to remain in the agricultural activity, exercising the office of farmer (a), in this context the sample of the research analyzed corresponds to 11% of the agricultural establishments of the municipality, where were applied 28 questionnaires closed for parents and children, totaling 56 participants. We establish categories of analysis from the source of the income obtained to evaluate the strategies adopted by these families to guarantee social reproduction. In this clipping, it was examined how agricultural and livestock activities support the construction and transmission of knowledge in the succession process of the activity and of all cultural patrimony, specific to those who live in the countryside. Thus the strategies used by the rural families to promote the succession of this office and the permanence of the family in the field point to a combination of several activities capable of promoting also the succession of intangible heritage. The role of farmer (a) becomes a channel in this process, structuring the learning of agricultural know-how, which begins in childhood and consolidates in adulthood. The consolidation of the farmer's office and, consequently, the permanence of the young people in the field depends on an infrastructure that allows the production and generation of sufficient income for the maintenance of the family, but in the current conjuncture the families researched are not able by themselves, of overcoming the constraints on the permanence of these actors in the agrarian space. There is a set of factors that restrict and weaken the development of agricultural activities in the researched area, the main one being access to land. The Public Policies have a great influence on the development of agricultural activities for rural families, given the small financial capacity of the family farmers to make investments in their activities, so the state intervention must be more intense and continues to meet the social demands of the field population to ensure its reproduction.

     

20
  • FRANCISCA SUERDA SOARES DE OLIVEIRA
  • THE CONSTRUCTION OF MARKETS FOR FAMILY AGRICULTURE IN THE STATE OF RN: analyzing the Commercialization Center for Family Agriculture and Solidarity Economy - CECAFES / RN

     
  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EMANOEL MÁRCIO NUNES
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • WINIFRED KNOX
  • Data: 19-jul-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The challenges presented by family farming to meet the demand for healthy and quantity food are enormous. Among the challenges, the absence of an income that guarantees a decent life in the countryside makes it difficult for families to stay in rural areas. In addition, insufficient investment in productive infrastructure, processing, storage, transport and remunerative prices, as well as access to public policies of a social nature such as health, education, social security and public transport are decisive factors for the field. In view of the challenges historically observed in rural areas, especially family farming, the construction of markets for this segment becomes a fundamental and indispensable factor for its development. For, as Amartya Sen (2000) points out, markets represent a unique opportunity to achieve social inclusion, with which the poor and / or the weakest sectors of society should have the right to exercise their citizenship through the possibility of marketing the result of their work and / or their production. Considering the relevance and the novelty of CECAFES / RN, one of the few of the family farms in Brazil that are not linked, either physically or financially, to the Food Supply Centers (CEASA's), is investigated as a research problem in this study: the importance of CECAFES / RN as a marketing channel for the permission holders - family farmers - who are in space? Methodologically, the analysis was based on a survey conducted by the Brazilian Micro and Small Business Support Service (SEBRAE / RN) in December 2017, and in primary interviews data with the CECAFES / RN 8 (eight) carried out with legal organizations (associations, cooperatives and enterprises of family agriculture and solidary economy) and 9 (nine) with individual farmers. Together, the respondents represented 63% of the banks in the fair (21 interviewed banks out of a total of 34 active banks) and 43% of the boxes (6 boxes interviewed out of a total of 14 boxes in operation) of CECAFES / RN. The results of the survey revealed after this brief period of operation of the Central, a satisfactory level of contentment by the licensees with the economic and immaterial results achieved. However, there are still many challenges to be overcome for CECAFES / RN continuity and viability, especially with regard to the current economic viability of space in the absence of a programmed and continuous state financial contribution, and the difficulties faced daily by the licensees, with transportation to bring their products and reduction in the volume of sales carried out in the Central.

21
  • SHAYENNE BARBOSA DIAS
  • ARQUITETURA HOSTIL E A PERCEPÇÃO DA SENSAÇÃO DE INSEGURANÇA: UMA BARREIRA PARA VITALIDADE E URBANIDADE, NO BAIRRO DO ESPINHEIRO.

  • Líder : CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • NATALIA LELIS
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • Data: 30-jul-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The sense of urban insecurity is not an isolated fact. The modification of the pattern of housing and habitation has consolidated urban spaces devoid of vitality. Daily exposure to fear of violence contributes to the process of urban segregation. In Brazil, individual solutions to collective problems are intensified. We point to the growing number of vertical residential condominiums in the city and self-segregation process, where the real estate market to sell the desired "quality of life" builds controlled spaces with high walls, cameras and electric fences. However these elements have real reflections in the space of the city. From the literature we see that desertification of urban space is one of the key factors in the perception of insecurity, because space loses attractiveness, and people attract people, which generates the desired urban vitality. Some aspects that corroborate for urban desertification have origins in architecture. All these negative aspects are understood as lack of civility. Urbanity is characteristic of the architecture of the city, proper to the relationship between space and people. The condition of urbanity will therefore be in the way the city welcomes and receives people, the body. When there is urbanity there tends to be vitality. In the same way, when architecture takes on limiting forms: visual, physical and social, this architecture is hostile. The debate is thus addressed to the question of human scale which returns the discursion to the space of vertical residential condominiums, which by the neoliberal management of urbanism allows to build a public space in a private, closed to the city and denying the street. Thus we understand hostile architecture as an active element in the feedback of the perception of the sense of urban insecurity, as it limits and conditions the experience of urban space between equals, and produces "extramural" arid, impermeable, disproportionate spaces on a human scale. For research, the neighborhood of Espinheiro, in the city of Recife, was studied because it was the neighborhood that most verticalized in the city within the study cut, being modifier of the standard of the dwelling and the way of inhabiting.

22
  • GABRIELA BAESSE IGLESIAS ALVES PEREIRA
  • The backstage of the urban mobility policy in Natal/Brazil: the social actors’ relations

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • JUCIANO MARTINS RODRIGUES
  • RICHARDSON LEONARDI MOURA DA CAMARA
  • Data: 08-ago-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The research seeks to contribute to the discussion on urban mobility policy and governance. Thus, it has a relational perspective of governance to cover the connections between the social actors of urban mobility in the municipality of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The cities have experienced a deterioration of the urban displacements that as a result has more jams, accidents, pollution, all this affects the quality of life. One of the main conductors of this is the public acts and the investments focused on the individual motorized transport. In Natal, there is difficulty in progress in the perspective enlargement that is prioritizes collective modes and non motorizes modes of transportation, and a model based on the car containment. The policy is composed of three pillars: actors, institutions and ideas, thereby, we used the governance concept of Eduardo Marques (2013), that emphasizes the interconnection between the state and non-state actors that are involved with the local policy making, we put to the relational analyses of Gurza Lavalle, Castello and Bichir (2008) to create a theoretical and methodological base to the work. The objective was to analyze the relations among the urban mobility policy actors of Natal, by having as focus the perception of the own participants, for this, we identified the implicant actors, distinguished the way they perceived urban mobility, and lastly we investigated the way in which their relations occurred. The method we used was based in the bibliographical research, data collection and semi-structured interviews. The results obtained show that the relations between social actors are complex and can range from cooperation to more direct confrontation. The connections may be intergovernmental, intersectoral, interinstitutional or territorial. Finally, we see that

     

    cooperation is seen mainly among civil society groups involved with active mobility and the environment, public transport groups were more isolated and faced a major obstacle, in view of other interests that hinder regulation of public transport in Natal. We believe that the focus on relationships can reveal more behind the scenes that compose the public policy of urban mobility of Natal, presenting new aspects of its production.

23
  • JOANNA DE OLIVEIRA GUERRA
  • SOCIAL PARTICIPATION AND COPRODUCTION OF PUBLIC POLICIES IN MUNICIPALITIES IN THE METROPOLITAN REGION OF NATAL: a study from the preparation of Pluriannual Plans

  • Líder : LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • GLENDA DANTAS FERREIRA
  • Data: 16-ago-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The inclusion of the population in the process of producing public policies has become a legal requirement since the promulgation of the Brazilian Federal Constitution of 1988. From that moment on the relationship between state and society was changing and the emergence of participatory processes/mechanisms, such as the elaboration of participatory Pluriannual Plans (PPAs) could be observed within the public management. However, we must analyze, especially in the current context of political-democratic crisis, in which the Union has extinguished channels of social participation, if, in fact, citizens have actually been inserted in these processes; indeed, the forms of social participation fostered by government and/or society have been effective in co-producing public policies. In this sense, the present dissertation, adopting a theoretical and empirical approach, aims to analyze the social participation in the coproduction of public policies in the context of the elaboration of the 2018-2021 Pluriannual Plans in municipalities of the Metropolitan Region of Natal (RMNatal), defining it in each of the PPAs elaborated, according to the synthesis of social participation typologies developed by Salm and Menegasso (2010), in Non Participation/Participation by convention, Symbolic Participation, Partnership Participation and/or Representative Participation. From the theoretical point of view, this study will address concepts such as participatory democracy, coproduction of public policies, social capital and social participation. In the empirical part, the objective is to conduct a descriptive-analytical research, in which it is adopted the application of qualitative methods aimed at collecting secondary data from documentary and bibliographic research, with consultations to the PPA's own, reports, websites and networks as well as access to primary data, through semi-structured interviews with the actors (political and social) involved in these processes. The results point to ineffective participatory experiences in the analyzed municipalities, which suggests that despite the legal requirements since 1988, the methodologies adopted by these municipalities have weaknesses, which may compromise the execution of public policies that meet the real needs of the population. It is expected, with the studies and analyzes presented in this paper, to contribute to the literature focused on the co-production of public policies, in order to problematize the forms of social participation adopted for this, especially those applied in municipalities of the RMNatal in the process of elaboration of PPA's, which consist of important planning instruments for the development of cities and, consequently, of the metropolis.

24
  • ANDRÉ FELIPE BANDEIRA CAVALCANTE
  • The Tax Road – The IPTU as a tool for recovering land surplus value: possibilities to the Right to Housing in Natal/RN

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • GLENDA DANTAS FERREIRA
  • Data: 20-ago-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The research aims to verify the possibility of using IPTU (Municipal property tax) as an instrument for recovering surplus value lands in the search for the confront of housing deficit and guaranteeing the right to housing in the city Natal-RN. In order to understand the reality, the research intends to bring an approach on categories such as land income, surplus value, real estate taxation, right to housing, housing policy and social justice. We will start with a literature review on the recovery of land surplus value, land market, urban land conflicts and income theory. We will also analyse the concepts of the Right to Housing, its historical evolution and recognition at both international and national ranges, relating to the concept of the Right to the city as a Human right and to the dispute over space, urban land. We will use in our methodology the relationship between field research and bibliographic research. As well as we rely on obtaining data from primary and secondary sources. The information was collected through research in the analysis of documents and data provided by public and private organizations such as the Municipal Taxation Office (SEMUT), Municipal Housing Secretariat, Land regularization and structural projects (SEHARPE), Municipal secretariat of environment and urbanism (SEMURB); SEMPLA and Union of the Construction industry (SINDUSCON RN). The concept of recovery of land surplus value will be central in the understanding of the possibility of facing the problem and therefore we will use example of the application in the National or Latin America scope to understand if it's a measure capable of guaranteeing the coping with the capitalist production cycle of the urban space and effectiveness of the Right to Housing. Therefore, we will use the concept of real estate taxation and its relationship with the Municipal urban planning, taking into account the tax jurisdiction, potential, collection and application of this tax. Our analysis focuses more on the reality of the municipality of Natal-RN as a spatial cut and in some moments we will make comparisons between neighbours of the city. Regarding the time cut, we will use data between the years 2010-2017, for understanding that it's necessary a period which covers two executive managements for a better evaluation. The methodology we will adopt passes by the bibliographical research, documentaries, newspapers, magazines, field surveys and interviews, in order to provide essential references to understand the central problem of the research.

25
  • JULIETE BERNARDINO PEREIRA
  • FROM PARTICIPATION TO EFFECTIVENESS? A STUDY OF SOCIAL PARTICIPATION IN THE HEALTH POLICY IN MACAIBA / RN

  • Líder : LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • RAQUEL MARIA DA COSTA SILVEIRA
  • Data: 23-ago-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Since redemocratization, political participation in Brazil has been constituted through various mechanisms, such as management councils, participatory budgets, participatory master plans, conferences, among others. This institutionalization took place initially at the local level and more recently at the national level. However, the growth of political participation in Brazilian democracy puts the “issue of effectiveness” in contemporary debate for both the implementation of public policies and democracy (AVRITZER, 2011). In this sense, the objective is to analyze social participation in the municipal health policy in Macaíba / RN in 2017 and 2018. The hypothesis that the study considers that the more inclusive, participatory and integrated the institutionalized space for social participation (CMS Macaíba / RN), the greater its effectiveness in relation to public policies. From a qualitative research approach, data collection adopted the following research techniques: theoretical study from bibliographical references that deal with the effectiveness of participatory institutions, social participation and participatory democracy among other concepts that contributes to the theoretical discussion. and practice of the object studied; secondary data research, interviews, document analysis through acts of municipal administration, which concern the minutes, ordinances, bylaws, laws, reports and other publications that support the analysis regarding the dimensions / characteristics of participation in municipal policy. Of health. It was identified that the characteristics of board inclusion have a certain underrepresentation or a low inclusion in variables such as age and education of the counselors in relation to the sociodemographic data of the population of Macaíba / RN. And when it comes to the debate, participation and connection that in short, are directly related to the ability of the board to influence health policy making

2018
Disertaciones
1
  • LEONARDO OLIVEIRA DE CASTRO SEABRA
  • The "new" Street Food from the perspective of the Creative Economy: An analysis of the Food Trucks in the city of Natal \ RN

  • Líder : FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • LISSA VALERIA FERNANDES FERREIRA
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MIRLEIDE CHAAR BAHIA
  • Data: 25-ene-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Creative Economy (CE) is a conceptual model that provides new arrangements for creation, production, distribution and consumption of goods and services, supported by its own dynamics based on the management of culture, knowledge, creativity, talent and others intangible resources. It is from this outlook that this dissertation sought to observe the reality of the phenomenon of the food trucks that has contributed to redefine concepts of the street food and gastronomy as a whole. In this exploratory research work, is analysed the economic cycle of street food in the city of Natal / RN, particularly what is now conventionally called food trucks from the perspective of the Creative Economy. Through a qualitative approach, supported by several research techniques, the concept of Creative Economy in Brazil was approached, its characteristics, its guiding principles with the activity of Street Food in expansion in capitals like Natal \ RN. Their narrative, strategies of action, practices and representations were investigated. Furthermore, it was examined the contents of speeches from the social, economic and cultural point of view that accompany the members of this sector, and, observed how this movement materializes, the incorporated practices and the daily life that constitute them. Key findings: Having highlighted the characteristics, practices and narratives of this activity it was possible to draw up an extensive list of representative elements of the CE: Combination and management of intangible assets for generation of goods and services, product and process innovation, access to market. It was also observed that in this sector are gathered several fundamental questions for the CE, such as socioeconomic insertion, qualification opportunities, identification of local potentialities, the importance of intangible dimensions, such as creativity and culture, to provide products with material and immaterial value, political aspects and the role of small entrepreneurs on the economy. 

2
  • BÁRBARA MAIA LIMA MADEIRA PONTES
  • POLICIES THAT DISSEMINATE, IDEIAS THAT SPREAD: a study on the mechanisms of policy diffusion for the case of RN Sustentavel/Governo Cidadao

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • DENÍLSON BANDEIRA COELHO
  • Data: 26-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The objective of this work is to make an analysis of the process of diffusion of public policies taking as a case study the RN Sustentavel Project, the last development project carried out between the government of the state of Rio Grande do Norte and the World Bank. In this sense, it seeks to focus on the investigation of the mechanisms that the literature suggests are explanatory for such process: learning, emulation, coercion and competition. The diffusion of public policies has been configured as a theory to explain the formulation and standards of public policy management, seeking to shed light, from the cognitive analysis, into questions about the motivations of governments to make their decisions. More specifically, it seeks to understand what motivates a government to make decisions previously taken by another government, taking into consideration that these decisions are influenced by external and internal factors. This leads them to copy policies, learn from successful policies by other governments, make decisions based on economic factors in order to compete with other governments, and/or undergo pressure to take certain measures. In this context, an actor with the power to spread practices, ideas and models stands out: the World Bank. With know-how and capillarity around the globe, this institution acts as a diffuser of ideas and models for governments, although this role is limited by the very action of the state bureaucracy, and in the case of Rio Grande do Norte, already has been operating since the 1970s. The last loan agreement with this state demonstrates that it is possible to understand it through the mechanisms of diffusion already mentioned. In fact, it was concluded that it is not possible to understand this process by analyzing only a single mechanism. In the case of RN Sustentável, evidence of the action of all mechanisms was found, although in a more marked way the mechanisms of emulation and learning. Qualitative analysis was used as a methodology with the help of NVivo software to organize and analyze the data

3
  • JELISSE VIEIRA GOMES ALMEIDA
  • IN SEARCH OF MODERN MANAGEMENT: THE NATIONAL SOLID WASTE POLICY (LAW No. 12,305 / 2010) AND THE LOCAL PUBLIC POWER

  • Líder : FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • GERDA LUCIA PINHEIRO CAMELO
  • VALÉRIA PEREIRA BASTOS
  • Data: 26-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The solutions to the socio-environmental problems demand the agreement between different political and social actors with a view to inserting and consolidating this theme in the agendas of the government and, consequently, to reach the effectiveness of the public policy. In this sense, the functions performed by the public decision-maker stand out as being the actor capable of articulating and making feasible the execution of public functions in face of local needs. This question becomes all the more compelling when one considers the context of metropolitan regions where, in the face of the increasingly expressive metropolization process, it requires the elaboration of new urban, environmental and organizational arrangements for public services. Law No. 12,305 / 2010, called the National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS), regulates the socio-environmental issue around solid waste in Brazil, since it defines guidelines, principles, instruments and objective of structuring a management and management model based on shared solutions and actions. Therefore, this dissertation aims to analyze the implementation of PNRS in the metropolitan area of Natal, based on the definition of a common strategy for the set of municipalities, starting with the following question: How does the management of solid waste in metropolitan space considering the prerogatives contained in national legislation? This qualitative research used the inductive method, and concluded that after seven years of its promulgation, timid advances were observed in what it is necessary to implement the PNRS as a public policy and instrument of waste management in the metropolitan area of Natal. The analysis of the data obtained and the interviews carried out with the representatives of the management and private enterprise, point to factors such as the lack of a metropolitan consciousness and consolidated institutional arrangements as obstacles to solutions based on cooperation. Although there are efforts to comply with the guidelines contained in the PNRS, most of the municipalities studied are still in disagreement with national legislation or, when applying legal norms, do so inefficiently. The results found point to the inefficiency of waste management in the metropolitan area of Natal in the sense of implementing modern management for solid waste in the way that the PNRS imposes.

4
  • MIKAEL VICTOR SILVA DA CÂMARA
  • Management, politics and urban planning: Analysis of the Natal / RN master plans between 1988 and 2012

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • ANDERSON CRISTOPHER DOS SANTOS
  • MARISE COSTA DE SOUZA DUARTE
  • LIVIA IZABEL BEZERRA DE MIRANDA
  • Data: 22-may-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In order to conceive and implement an urban planning instrument such as the Master Plan, in addition to technical capacity and social participation, it is also necessary to understand how the public machinery works and interpret "The Management", which is basically based on the articulations and negotiations of public managers that considerably impact on the urban planning in cities. Therefore, aiming to understand these actions and effects in a territory such as Natal/RN, the purpose of this research is to trace the recent trajectory of the urban planning of the city, from 1988 to 2012, in the field of politics and management. Thus, it was decided to make this choice to contribute to the diffusion of the recent history of the city's management and territorial planning and, more importantly, to understand the relations with municipal politics, territorial planning and the various meaningful transformations that occurred within this period, as well as contribute to the analyzes related to the current revisions of the Natal Master Plan. In this context, the two master plans for the post-enactment of the Federal Constitution of 1988 – one from 1994 and the other from 2007 – were chosen, in conjunction with the politics and the management and their effects in the urban planning of the city, as the objects of analysis of this research. It is acknowledged that the city of Natal/RN followed the urban policy steps from other Brazilian cities, however, it appeared peculiar aspects and political issues that had a strong impact on its planning and urban management. Methodologically, documentary and bibliographical research are intended to be done, detached archivistically between themes, images and specific moments in the history of (urban) planning and management of Natal; in addition to an explanatory research with historical procedures to identify operative factors and planning inoperability from a retrospective; and the field research, which will be done followed by interviews with open questions for a former Mayor, secretaries, technicians and other persons that stood out in the processes of the Master Plans of 1994 and 2007. Finally, this research also aims to influence reflection and academic debate, so that other researchers at the national level may study the Master Plan from an institutional, political, administrative, historical, with more human sense, and not only as a technical, legal, rough and bureaucratic instrument.

5
  • JULLIANI LAISS ALVES MAIA ALDATZ
  • Urban Mobility and Socio-Spatial Organization in the Metropolitan Region of Natal (RN)

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • LARISSA DA SILVA FERREIRA ALVES
  • RODOLFO FINATTI
  • Data: 24-may-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Due to the complexity that evolves the development of the urban space, the concept of social organization of space becomes a guideline towards the comprehension of the simultaneous processes of production and functioning of that space. Therefore, this research focused on the comprehension of urban mobility by the perspective of the social organization of space, looking for the limitations that are imposed to the Urban Public Collective Transport Network, within the Functional Metropolitan Area of Natal. In order to achieve that, first it was necessary to understand the social organization of space in the Functional Metropolitan Area of Natal, with support on the combined analysis of the circulation structure and the distribution of the population, which allowed the delimitation of the areas for the variables demographic density and average monthly income. And also through the analysis of the formation and consolidation of new central areas – in metropolitan scale – as poles that generate (or intensification) of fluxes. Such analysis was based on the identification of the areas where the local units that generate jobs are concentrated and on the comprehension of the space interaction of the cities that compose the Functional Metropolitan Area of Natal, considering the pendular movement created by the course residence-job. Finally, it was aimed to understand the effects that such social organization of space have over the Urban Public Collective Transport Network, focusing only in its modality regular bus transport. With the support of space analysis tools and the use of primary and secondary data from a diversity of sources, it was possible to see such effects, which ended creating a development model marked by inequality and by access difficulties to the metropolitan citizen.

6
  • CAROLINE SOUZA DOS SANTOS
  • PERCEPTION IN MOTION: ANALYSIS OF TRANSFORMATIONS IN GALINHOS/RN AS A RESULT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WIND PARKS

  • Líder : FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANTONIO JEOVAH DE ANDRADE MEIRELES
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • Data: 28-may-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In the face of growing energy demand and environmental crisis situations, alternatives have been formulated to produce clean energy. In this context, wind energy emerges as one of the most potent alternatives for Brazil and for Rio Grande do Norte. However, despite the arguments favorable to the installation, it does not prevent conflicts being fought in the territory. In Rio Grande do Norte, one of the major expressions of this conflictive dynamics was the municipality of Galinhos in the implementation of the first wind farm, leading civil society to organize the 'Embracing the Dunes' movement, where it was questioned the allocations of the towers in the dune complex in a Permanent Preservation Area. There, the natural landscape and the maintenance of tourism and fishing activities were interwoven. The case of Galinhos, together with the recommended bibliographical references, has given us the understanding that the environmental justifications for the expansion of this energy should not be limited to the renewable issue or the low emission of carbon dioxide, but must also be established in the territory, from the moment of its insertion. Thus, in order to understand the dynamics that circumscribe wind power, we ask the question: how do the population experience these wind farms? Thus, perception and environmental perception are the basic categories for this investigation. The objective of this research was to investigate the perception of residents of Galinhos on wind developments and the identification of the associations made between wind energy and the environment from the perspective of environmental perception, based on a qualitative methodological design using structured interviews, daily and photographs as instruments for the composition of narratives. The results point us towards an acceptance of energy, although negative considerations are made regarding the non-use of this energy source in the territory itself and the transformations in the dunes. It should be noted that the associations between wind energy and the environment are mostly negative or conditioned, even those interviewed presenting an environmental perception in a certain way, which leads us to conclude that the environmental justifications previously advocated are not assimilated to the detriment others that emerge in the light of its implementation.

7
  • LUIS RENATO NOGUEIRA DA ROCHA
  • HOW THE PUBLIC POWER RESOLVES THE DWELLING QUESTION: urbanization, removal and resettlement of favelas in Natal / RN (2001 - 2017).

  • Líder : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • LUIS RENATO BEZERRA PEQUENO
  • Data: 25-jun-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The city of Natal, like other cities in Brazil, has different patterns of use and occupation of its urban space. These differences are evidenced by the different types of land use and occupation and bring light to the division of the city into formal and informal spaces. Housing problems, closely linked to this division, are manifested by the emergence of favelas and other precarious forms of housing, namely clandestine subdivisions, irregular occupations and degraded housing complexes. Housing inadequacy, characterized by lack of adequate infrastructure, high population density and land irregularity, is present in the four regions of the city (North, South, East and West). However, over the last two decades, important transformations have taken place in the urban setting of Natal, especially in favela areas. Interventions carried out in parts of the territory where these poverty structures existed (and still exist) had as their background the decades-long context of socio-spatial division of the city. In the period that covers the decades of 2000 and 2010, 17 favelas in Natal have undergone some type of intervention, be it removal and resettlement, or urbanization. In this context, this research, which consists of an empirical-descriptive study, aims, in a general way, to analyze the implementation of social housing public policies that concern the removal, resettlement and urbanization of favelas and other forms of precarious settlements in the city, seeking to investigate the projects implemented in the municipality; identify how the practices of public power are integrated with the public policy planning implemented; and to know the effects of these policies on the urban space of the city. Throughout the research, interviews were conducted with the actors involved in the actions. Institutional documents such as plans, projects and diagnoses, were also analyzed, as well as journalistic articles, which reported the interventions of the public power in the favelas. The results of the research point to a possible improvement in the housing conditions of the population targeted for removals, resettlement and urbanization, but on the other hand they indicate signs of the reproduction of the segregation pattern of the poor in the city, a phenomenon that has historically been present in the urban configuration.

8
  • VINÍCIUS KLAUSE DA SILVA
  • Institutional markets in Seridó: potentialities and limitations for the insertion of family agriculture.

  • Líder : FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • JOAO MATOS FILHO
  • SABRINA ANGELA FRANCA SILVA
  • Data: 28-jun-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Family farming is a social group that, although a product of the process of occupation of rural areas since colonization, came to be formalized only in 1996, through Decree No. 1946 of June 28, 1996, after a long period of pressure for changes. From the reordering of the studies on the theme and its formalization, family agriculture became the target of several public policies. However, despite settled it’s positioning, market access has always been a major obstacle to the development of this group, since it was excluded and did not benefit from the modernization of the Brazilian countryside. The market, institution that has several virtues, due to its functioning mechanisms and its product selection criteria, ends up excluding these small farmers precisely because they do not fit these criteria. In Brazil, the adoption of regulated markets (institutional markets) for family farming proved to be efficient for the insertion of these groups in the market, opening up new possibilities for reproduction in rural life. These markets follow the interaction logic of redistribution and centrality described by Polanyi (2000), offering a viable alternative for the insertion of marginalized social groups in the market circuits. It is from these perspectives that this work seeks to analyze which the limitations for the insertion and continuity of the family farmers in the Programa do Leite Potiguar (PLP) and the PAA-Leite, since both programs are subject to dispute by sectors of society. For this, we analyze the institutional arrangements of both programs, observing their unfolding over time and how they influenced the insertion of family agriculture. In addition, we also analyze the limitations faced by family farmers themselves, through the collection of primary data and a characterization built on secondary data. After the research execution, the results show that the limitations are diverse, with the geographical dispersion and the limitations of the productive nature being the most latent by the producers' side. With regard to the institutional arrangements adopted by the programs, it is worth noting that the model adopted by the PLP, ended up placing the market as an allocation of criteria for producers selection. This fact ended up influencing both the PAA-Leite activities, as also limiting the insertion of farmers in both programs, since for the dairy industries, dependent on the PLP to function, it is essential that the program is not paralyzed. In establishing selection criteria that small producers cannot meet, dairy companies seek to mitigate the costs inherent in the insertion of family farmers in the programs, since the category needs a differentiated institutional arrangement to be included in the programs.

9
  • GEORGE LUIZ ROCHA DA CÂMARA
  • THE BASIC SANITATION IN NATAL METROPOLITAN REGION: equity and social justice in the universalization of services

  • Líder : MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • ANA LUCIA NOGUEIRA DE PAIVA BRITTO
  • EDNA MARIA FURTADO
  • Data: 03-jul-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In the approach to the public policy of basic sanitation in Natal Metropolitan Region and the promotion and application of the principles of equity and social justice through the universalization of services, considering the Sustainable Development Goals - SDG, in the study proposed here, it is important to highlight the relevance and inter-relation of the three variables presented: space, time and public policy. The representative space for the study is the Natal Metropolitan Region, whose current configuration is the result of the accelerated and disordered urbanization process that extrapolated the territorial limits of the core city, Natal, generating a situation of overflow towards neighboring municipalities, in the context of a metropolis in formation, with effects not only in the physical-territorial dimension, but also in the socio-economic and political-institutional dimensions. These factors intertwined in order to produce a doubly configured Metropolitan Region: the institutional metropolis and the functional metropolis. The most comprehensive institutional metropolis consists of fourteen municipalities currently included in state legislation. The functional metropolis is composed of the central municipality, Natal, and the five municipalities with greater integration to this one (Parnamirim, São Gonçalo do Amarante, Macaíba, Ceará-Mirim and Extremoz). The research has a scope of ten years, starting from the emergence of the new regulatory framework of basic sanitation in Brazil, Federal Law 11.445, from 2007 until 2017. When establishing itself as a guiding wire basic sanitation, the premise is the recognition of the relevance of this public policy and its strategic character, placing the universalization of this service as a primary factor for human dignity. The focus was on water supply and sewage services, considering also the basic sanitation in its built technical networks, involving the physical works, as well as the associated planning, including management and mechanisms of social control within this territory. Based on data and information obtained through documentary research, the national and international literature on the subject, the statistical data related to the respective indicators, the pertinent legislation, comprising a framework of laws, decrees, ordinances and normative acts that deal with the theme, in their national and local scope, including the censuses, plans and studies elaborated by the technical area associated to the public management of basic sanitation, in the different federative entities.

10
  • EDUARDO PATRÍCIO DA SILVA
  • THE RIGHT TO THE CITY AND THE PROBLEM OF INTRA-URBAN ACCESSIBILITY IN NATAL-RN

  • Líder : ROBERIO PAULINO RODRIGUES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ROBERIO PAULINO RODRIGUES
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Cristina Pereira de Araújo
  • Data: 06-jul-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • As a result of a long historical-cultural construction of conventions about acceptable standards of "normality" of the human body, the brazilian cities have developed for people in the physical fullness, for the standard man, where their spaces exclude those who have physical restrictions of mobility, especially the persons with disabilities. The brazilian city of Natal also reproduced this logic, where its sidewalks, streets, urban spaces, aspects and general structures of the public transport system manifest several physical and attitudinal barriers that generate the urban segregation of those who cannot transpose these obstacles by reason of their physical limitations. All this in disagreement with the constitutional right of “to come and go” and with the wide legislation that deals of the accessibility in Brazil. Therefore, this dissertation aimed to know the vision of the main social agents directly involved with the issue of accessibility in Natal about the possible reasons of noncompliance of the brazilian laws of accessibility in this city. It is an applied research, with a predominantly qualitative approach, that used in the technical procedure: documentary research, bibliographic survey in authors as Garcia (2012), Lippo (2012), Cambiaghi (2012), Harvey (2014) and Gehl (2015), and the application of interviews to twenty four persons who have direct relationship or interfaces with the accessibility distributed in six groups composed of public and private agents, with the purpose of knowing the reasons that lead this city to not complying the brazilian laws and norms of accessibility, and the collected data were analyzed through the inductive method. At the end of this research, it was verified that there are strong indications that such problem is due, among other factor, to the fact that the municipal public administration of Natal focuses its interventions in isolated aspects of the city, but not in all those that integrate the logistics cycle of locomotion of people with disabilities or reduced mobility that use the public transport system, generating then "islands of accessibility" within a predominantly inaccessible city.

11
  • GILNADSON DA SILVA BERTULEZA
  • (Re)Exist is to Resist: the (re)occupation of public areas from the perspective of new urban social movements

  • Líder : ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • GIOVANA PAIVA DE OLIVEIRA
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • JÚNIA MARIA FERRARI DE LIMA
  • Data: 09-ago-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Over the years, the public areas that served as the stage for important social events in the Cidade da Esperança in Natal / RN, since its founding in the 1960s, have ceased to be attraction factors in the neighborhood, causing the distancing of the residents. This happened especially with the housing blocks of the old Urban Social Center - where recreational, sports, cultural and professional activities were offered - due to its change of function through the installation of institutional equipment. However, since mid-2016, the neighborhood has witnessed the performance of collective organizations organized by young people seeking a return to public spaces through cultural activities. Starting from such prerogatives, the question is: How have the "street groups" that recently emerged in the Cidade da Esperança have been articulated in search of the preservation and (re) occupation of the squares and streets of the neighborhood? Thus, the study object is delimited in the relation: emergence of new strategies of urban struggle and forms of use and appropriation of the constructed public space. Its main objective is to understand the reach of the contemporary social movements of urban resistance in the change of the logic of use and belonging of the places of sociability. The research already demonstrates relevance to the scientific milieu, owing to the need currently to deepen the studies about the role of new forms of urban resistance and their consequences for the spaces of collective life in the city. In addition, the motivation to approach this theme came from the empirical observation of the author, who because he lived in the neighborhood and lived in it since his childhood, experienced some of the transformations that occurred. Based on reflections undertaken by Agnes Heller (1985), Ana Fani Carlos (2007, 2008), David Harvey (2014), Henri Lefebvre (1999), Horacio Capel (1972), José Magnani, Lobato Corrêa (1989, 2011) Maria da Glória Gohn (1985, 2011), Michael Hardt and Antônio Negri (2014), Niara Palma (2011), among others, will be approached aspects related to the following concepts: Daily life, Sociability and Place; Urban Dynamics, transforming the spaces of collective life; Social Agents modeling urban space; and New social movements and urban struggle strategies. The methodological approach adopted, in turn, seeks to ally the precepts established by the ethnographic research method to a historical perspective, also using various techniques, such as participant observation, photoetnography, interviews, questionnaires, data collection, mapping , consult the social networks of movements and analysis of plants. Finally, knowing the particularities and potentialities of these movements, the results of the research point to a re-signification of the spaces of urban coexistence. From their (re) occupation, they cease to be the space of fear and abandonment and become the space of socio-cultural, political and urban resistance, through which the young residents of popular neighborhoods of Natal seem to be claiming for themselves and for their fellow citizens the right to the City, Culture and Recreation.

12
  • THAYSA TAIANNE BELO COSTA
  • SOCIAL ACTORS AND POLITICAL REPRESENTATION: KNOWING ACTORS, TRAJECTORIES AND INFLUENCES

  • Líder : LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • GLENDA DANTAS FERREIRA
  • Data: 24-ago-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • From the promulgation of the Federal Constitution of 1988, a vast institutionalization of spaces for the exercise of social participation was initiated in Brazil, among which are included, for example, public policy management councils; participatory budgets; conferences and forums and predicting the democratic management of cities in the municipal master plans. Recently, the question of the representativeness of actors acting on behalf of civil society in public policy boards has been widely discussed in the literature. Such questions rest on the legitimacy of these actors to act and, consequently, to influence the deliberations and the decision-making processes in the participatory instances. In this way, the study and the understanding of this representation becomes fundamental, since these spaces of participation extend the political representation beyond the electoral model. In the sense of the foregoing, the present research aims to investigate the exercise of political representation of civil society in the Municipal Health Council of Natal and the State Health Council of Rio Grande do Norte, in 2017. In order to carry out the proposed study, were adopted as methodological strategies the analysis of the institutional design; the conduct of semi-structured interviews with the directors who exercised their representation in the year 2017; and, finally, the documentary analysis of administrative acts as a way of verifying the performance of representatives of civil society in the decisions of both councils.

13
  • DIANA ARAUJO RODRIGUES
  • NEW HOUSE, NEW LIFE? URBAN MOBILITY IN “MINHA CASA MINHA VIDA (FAIXA 1)” HOUSING COMPLEXES IN THE METROPOLITAN REGION OF NATAL

     
  • Líder : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • Cristina Pereira de Araújo
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 30-ago-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The term urban mobility was used initially as a synonym of urban transport, only later the expression urban mobility began to be used to define something more comprehensive, raising the need to incorporate other aspects in the ordering of the offsets in the cities, going beyond the transport system plan. The term accessibility is often confused with mobility, and that addition of expressions to refer to everyday offsets indicates a paradigm shift, highlighting the targeting of the focus of urban mobility planning for people rather than for vehicles. It was introduced as well the need to add the idea of sustainability planning, and support, through the mobility planning, inequalities and social inclusion. The most current research on transport and mobility reveal the progressive construction of a deeper reflection from the point of view of the aspects and social impacts of urban mobility, which favored the emergence of new perspectives to propose more efficient practices in planning of governmental actions, which do not only restrict to the remedy of traffic problems, and that could interfere in the framework of sociospatial segregation, increasing access to opportunities for low-income layers. Research indicates that in the "Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida (faixa 1)" housing production, in RMNatal, there are problems with the communities' locations. The premise found in these researches is that the enterprises are inserted in outlying areas devoid of services and necessary equipment to the everyday life, which would configure a framework of socialspatial segregation. That previous finding in the consulted researches motivated the choice of the empiric study in this field. The objective of this research is to accomplish a more specific and wide analysis of the enterprises of this program (in RMNatal) referring to the conditions of urban mobility, supplanting the diagnoses already designed about the urban insertion of the groups, seeking to understand in what way those locations constitute a segregation framework in fact, which reflection that has for the residents' insertion in the opportunities structures, and in what way the mobility could interfere positively.

2017
Disertaciones
1
  • SAMARA TAIANA DE LIMA SILVA
  • Cultural Policy, Public Financing and Fiscal Regime: qualitative research of the cultural sectors of the state of Rio Grande do Norte and of the municipality of Natal

  • Líder : FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • KADYDJA KARLA NASCIMENTO CHAGAS
  • TEODORA DE ARAUJO ALVES
  • Data: 27-ene-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present research had as by object the reception of the fiscal renunciation policy in the state of Rio Grande do Norte and in the municipality of Natal. Created in 1986, through the Sarney Law (n° 7,505 / 86), the model described was developed as a way that the State found to remove from itself the responsibility for the industry's investment in comment, since it is transferred to the private ents the decisions about the cultural financing, by means of tax deductions granted to it. After the Sarney Law came into force, the Rouanet Law (n° 8,313 / 1991), which has operated up to the present day, came into force and served as a mirror for states and municipalities to create their local cultural legislations. In the state of Rio Grande do Norte, have the Câmara Cascudo Law (n° 7999/1999) and, in its capital, Natal, the Djalma Maranhão Law (n° 4,838 / 1997), both acting as the main responsible for local cultural financing . In this perspective, the present research aimed to reflect on the reception of said policy in the cultural production of the city of Natal - RN. An empirical research was carried out in which managers, producers and cultural groups were interviewed at the local level, mainly a reflection about the sufficiency or not of this financing model for the local cultural productive chain. Finally, the research concluded the insufficiency of the politics analyzed in the face of the reality of the local cultural production, reason that is justified by the lack of interest of the business class towards the cause of the cultural patronage and, mainly, by the absence of campaigns of sensitization and stimuli so that this class opened up more possibilities for cultural support, which should be managed by the organs of supervision and promotion of the local culture sector.

2
  • MILENNA PAIVA NICOLETTI
  • ANALYSIS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL PROGRAM OF FOOD SCHOOL - PNAE IN THE CITY OF NATAL/RN BY INSTITUTINAL ARRANGEMENTS

    ANALYSIS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL PROGRAM OF FOOD SCHOOL - PNAE IN THE CITY OF NATAL/RN BY INSTITUTINAL ARRANGEMENTS.

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • ROBERTO ROCHA COELHO PIRES
  • Data: 15-feb-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • School feeding has been receiving  highlight in the last decades, consolidating itself as an essential law .Thus, the fundamental precepts of food security were adopted and public policies were promoted as a mechanism for institutionalizing of the issue in government agendas. In this way, the PNAE was formalized in order to promote, by operational techniques an adequate mealfrom diversified and safe food, observing the traditions and cultural habits of each region, vigorously assisting the teaching-learning process and the progress in school performance of the Students, in addition to planning the development of healthy practices and food education, as well as community participation in the actions of the program. Although the institutional design of the PNAE determines the basic guidelines, especially objectives and goals that have to be developed, it is the executing city of the program that will lead to the implementation of public policy, articulating the program planning to the institutions that permeate the local scope, instituting new local arrangements in line with the particular way in which policy is coordinated in the course of  thouhgout of implementation. In this study, it was proposed an analysis of the institutional arrangements of the PNAE in the city of Natal from the federal norms proposed and their transformations and in the local context, from the theoretical-methodological bias of the most recent studies about the institutional arrangements. The study was based on an analysis of the program design, its organization and specific characteristics, as well as operationalization at the local level, that is, the relation between normative structure and policy reproduction from analytical categories adapted to the present study . In order to achieve the objectives of the study , interviews were carried out with the main implementers of the program thenfour analytical categories were used that facilitated the realization of the aims of this study, federative relations, analyzing how the federal entities involved in the dynamics are articulated of the program, intersectorial relations exploring the horizontal articulation of the program, complementarity of policies and different sectors of the city, the understanding of managers from the discourses, observing how they understand the objectives and the importance of the program and finally the mechanisms PNAE policies, divided into participation mechanisms and external and internal control and oversight instruments. Finally, there was a cross-check information between the theoretical reference, observation of the context and articulation among the interviewees' discourses in order to understand the nature of the problem. By the analysis it was demonstrated the existence of several challenges and obstacles to be overcome such as low intersectoral articulation, absence of federative relations with other governmental spheres, besides lack of enablers instruments of social participation, difficulties that, if overcome, could contribute positively to a more successful implementation of PNAE in Natal . It is hoped that the information provided may guide corrective government actions of the weaknesses of the PNAE and of the own city studied, improving the program and also that they can direct deeper studies on the subject in question and inserting it as a priority in the political agendas.

3
  • DALTON LUÍS BATISTA PAULO DOS SANTOS
  • The social management of fear in the city of Natal / RN: culture, fear and urban violence

  • Líder : FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • JOSÉ CLERTON DE OLIVEIRA MARTINS
  • Data: 17-feb-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The city since its origin is characterized by being a place of protection of the human being. Even being a symbol of security and better survival conditions, fear permeates the imagination of its residents. Violence and crime are also part of this story. Although to a certain extent it is no more than a sensation, insecurity in the city has subjectively influenced people away from socializing with others and public spaces. Therefore, the present work aims to understand the relationship between the individual and the city under the aegis of the culture of fear, in the city of Natal, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. Next, to know the strategies of the citizens and of the public power used for the management of the fear in the city and the consequent use of the public spaces. The present investigation is qualitative, based on semi-structured interviews with state and municipal public security managers and also with representatives of civil society entities. In general, the public managers were categorical in affirming that the citizen should not be afraid of the criminality. Representatives of civil society organizations have pointed to the city as having a high crime rate and, as a consequence, a feeling of insecurity that is very worrying. For them, the State is no longer willing to provide the service, either because of lack of staff, lack of investment or the absence of the State in Education as the main factor in generating crime.

4
  • RENATA ALMEIDA LEÃO
  • THE PARADOX IN THE GUARANTEE OF RIGHTS: A STUDY ON THE NETWORK OF FIGHTING THE SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS IN NATAL / RN

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • ILANA LEMOS DE PAIVA
  • MARIA LUCIA PINTO LEAL
  • Data: 22-feb-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The phenomenon of the sexual exploitation of children and adolescents consists of an old problem, but it becomes persistent and takes on increasingly serious contours in the contemporary scene, not receiving the massive attention that it presupposes, nor the fundamental commitment that leads Us to a resolute confrontation. It is currently one of the most serious violations of human rights, representing failures in the System of Guarantee of Rights (SGD), and in the integral protection of the child and youth segment. Thus, it is a paradox between what is foreseen in the legal framework and what is actually ensured in practice. It adds to this the physical and psychological consequences of this context of violations, whereas they should be viewed with absolute priority from the point of view of the State, civil society and even the family, as subjects of real rights and not only in the speech. In this direction, the network to confront sexual exploitation is an important tool to understand the specificities of the problematic that presents itself, leading to the reflection about the importance of strengthening the integral protection for the subjects of rights, foreseen in the Statute of the Child And Adolescents (ECA). For this reason it is relevant to know the available network, observing its unfolding. It is understood that the main objective of the network is to bring together the efforts of institutions that aim to offer protection and guarantee rights to the target public of their actions, justifying, therefore, the pertinence of the study. The routes covered for this work start from the following question: "What elements constitute the network to combat sexual exploitation in Natal / RN and their respective strategies to combat the phenomenon and guarantee of rights?" As a general objective, we want to analyze the network institutions Of coping with the sexual exploitation of children and adolescents, as well as the public policies for this segment, which should be implemented through it in the municipality of Natal / RN. In this sense, a research of exploratory nature and of the qualitative type was elaborated, aiming to know in a more critical and deep way the coping network and its main actors and partners in the municipality. Thus, bibliographical and documentary research was carried out, as well as field research, based on institutional visits and interviews with network professionals, assisted by a script of semi-structured questions. Finally, a systematized description and problematization of the seizures obtained during the course of the research and theoretical reflections on the subject was carried out. From this study it was identified that there is a network of services available, but not a network specifically focused on the treatment of sexual exploitation. It has a strong presence of the Third Sector, focusing on the gaps left by the State. In addition, there is a network that has not yet been consolidated, since it has a low intersectoriality and needs to be expanded, since it has given specific responses to violations of rights. Despite important achievements, it is estimated that the Rights Guarantee System exists more at the level of discourse than in practice, since the ECA has not yet reached the materiality thought since its formulation. It is hoped that the study contributes to the elaboration of discussions and references that are subsidiary to the debate and the most qualified apprehension of this problem, given its social and academic relevance.

5
  • TAYNARA DE CARVALHO NEVES
  • NEW AND OLD WORK RELATIONS IN THE MOST MODERN FACTORY OF BRAZIL: THE CASE OF JEEP AUTOMOTIVE POLE IN GOIANA-PE (2015-2016)

  • Líder : CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • ANA PATRICIA DIAS SALES
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MARIO HENRIQUE GUEDES LADOSKY
  • Data: 10-mar-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This research proposes a discussion among the theories dedicated to understanding the phenomenon of labor relations within the Jeep automotive hub, located in the city of Goiana-PE. Such attempts have been sought to construct an approach in order to think from the transformations of the accumulation regime and its implications on the lives of factory workers. The study at first verified the changes of the automobile industry with regard to the organization of work in the passage from Fordism to Toyotism. Within the regime of flexible accumulation, companies start to demand new skills from their workers, knowledge, communication and cooperation play a fundamental role in the production line. In order to understand how the organization of production and work in the Jeep automotive pole is carried out, the characteristics of a flexible worker who lives for work, polyvalent and proactive, has been identified. In order to meet the objectives proposed in this study, we used the qualitative method of analysis, through in-depth interviews with factory workers. The choice of this method made it possible to verify the daily reality of the workers, so that they could relate a little of their social experiences, the work routine and their life histories. It was thus verified, old and new forms of exploitation, in which the subjectivity of the worker happens to be also incorporated in this factory process.

6
  • REBECA MAROTA DA SILVA
  • SOCIOECONOMIC DYNAMICS OF WIND POWER IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE (2002-2015): Micro-regions and Local Development Policies

     

     

    SOCIOECONOMIC DYNAMICS OF WIND POWER IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE (2002-2015): Micro-regions and Local Development Policies

  • Líder : FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DANILO ARAÚJO FERNANDES
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • JOSÉ GOMES FERREIRA
  • WILLIAM EUFRASIO NUNES PEREIRA
  • Data: 28-mar-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Analyzes the socio-economic dynamics of Rio Grande do Norte from the economics of wind power (2002-2015) and micro-regions where are found the wind farms of the State. For this reason, it is the cornerstone of this dissertation the focus on wind power as local development proposal, figuring out how to center of analysis, the relationship between the wind farm investments and territories studied. For better understanding of how it is possible the economic dynamics of a peripheral region, it was used as methodological platform the historical research structuralist method of cepalina school. The research stems from the analysis of the historical facts that was expressed in different periods, impacting positively or negatively in the productive and social structures. As methodological procedures were performed: literature review; empirical observation through a field visit; and document consultation and analysis. It was elected as the main hypothesis that high investment, as is the case of wind energy in Rio Grande do Norte, result in conservatism and strengthening of local inequalities, there is a low interaction with the local regional dynamics, not contributing to the reduction of structural, social and economic problems of a peripheral region. It is concluded that despite the national efforts to develop the sector, in Rio Grande do Norte, the socioeconomic dynamics was influenced in a tangential way with regard to the economy of the wind, that is, without deep transformations. The economy of wind power is seen as a promoter of development when the State reconciles the opportunities that the sector develops. Otherwise, the economy of wind power will be used in territories where it is installed only as a resource for the reproduction of international capital without spreading progress through the site.

     

7
  • ANNA LIDIANE OLIVEIRA PAIVA
  • THE MANAGEMENT OF WASTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT IN NATAL/BRAZIL

  • Líder : FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • JACQUES DEMAJOROVIC
  • Data: 31-mar-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The question of environment on a global scale was raised in association with various scenarios, which gradually reach a state of urgency and set the agenda for the environmental meetings starting from the 1970's. In Brazil, with the institution of the National Policy for Solid Residue - PNRS (Law 12.305/2010), a normative and institutional framework of put in place for the management of solid residue, electronic waste (REEE) among them, having as its main instruments sector agreements and reverse logistics. This research investigated how the REEE management is structured in the city of Natal/Brazil, based on the recommendation of the PNRS. Employing the qualitative method, this work had bibliographical research and document research as its methodological procedures. The field research took place in the period between 2015 and 2017. In it, direct observation in two REEE managing companies in Natal was carried out. Semi-structured interview with agents from the private sector were also made and, similarly, with representatives of public management who work in environment and residue management. It was verified that city public management had not consolidated knowledge on REEE, since the priorities of City Hall are directed towards other segments of reverse logistics. The current structures are limited to periodic campaigns for the collection of this type of residue. In this perspective, Natal fits into the residue recycling production chain by the possibility of economic gain, which distance the current actions from consolidating reverse logistics in accordance with the demands of the PNRS.

     

     

    The question of environment on a global scale was raised in association with various scenarios, which gradually reach a state of urgency and set the agenda for the environmental meetings starting from the 1970's. In Brazil, with the institution of the National Policy for Solid Residue - PNRS (Law 12.305/2010), a normative and institutional framework of put in place for the management of solid residue, electronic waste (REEE) among them, having as its main instruments sector agreements and reverse logistics. This research investigated how the REEE management is structured in the city of Natal/Brazil, based on the recommendation of the PNRS. Employing the qualitative method, this work had bibliographical research and document research as its methodological procedures. The field research took place in the period between 2015 and 2017. In it, direct observation in two REEE managing companies in Natal was carried out. Semi-structured interview with agents from the private sector were also made and, similarly, with representatives of public management who work in environment and residue management. It was verified that city public management had not consolidated knowledge on REEE, since the priorities of City Hall are directed towards other segments of reverse logistics. The current structures are limited to periodic campaigns for the collection of this type of residue. In this perspective, Natal fits into the residue recycling production chain by the possibility of economic gain, which distance the current actions from consolidating reverse logistics in accordance with the demands of the PNRS.

     

8
  • SARA JUDY CHRISTIE DE OLIVES
  • CHALLENGES AND FRAGILITIES OF SOCIAL WORK AT THE PROGRAMA MINHA CASA MINHA VIDA AT RMN

  • Líder : ROBERIO PAULINO RODRIGUES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ROBERIO PAULINO RODRIGUES
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • SILVANA MARA DE MORAIS DOS SANTOS
  • FLÁVIO ANTONIO MIRANDA DE SOUSA
  • Data: 10-abr-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This work aims to analyze the social work of the Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida (PMCMV), track 1, in the Metropolitan Region of Natal (RMN), in the cities of Natal, Parnamirim and São Gonçalo do Amarante. Methodologically, the study is a qualitative research, based on the dialectical method, which evidences the perceptions of the main social actors that are directly related to the social work in PMCMV ventures. In this way, the following methodological procedures were used: bibliographic review, documentary analysis, analysis of secondary and primary data, semi-structured interviews, field diary and focus groups. Three projects were set up to carry out this research: the Residencial Villas do Planalto I, II, III, IV, in the city of Natal (Capital); The Residencial Ilhas do Atlântico, in Parnamirim; And the Residencial Ruy Pereira, in the Municipality of São Gonçalo do Amarante. In addition to the scarcity of studies in the area, the research pointed to little effectiveness of the implementation of pre/post-occupational social work and condominial management in PMCMV ventures in NMR. In addition, the housing departments of the municipalities studied have a low technical capacity in the elaboration of social work projects and a shortage of skilled technicians in projects of social interest housing, high turnover of professionals and weaknesses as to their way of hiring the Technical Teams (ETS). Finally, the research found that social work is permeated by economic and political interests in all stages of implementation, by various social and political actors.

9
  • SUZANA CAROLINA DOS SANTOS DUTRA DE MACEDO COSTA
  • Citizenship and own property: how do they relate? A review from MCMV program in Vivendas do Planalto Residential neighborhood in Natal/RN

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • LIVIA IZABEL BEZERRA DE MIRANDA
  • Data: 26-abr-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Housing is a social right guaranteed by the 1988 Brazilian Constitution; its implementation imposes the observance of several other rights according to international treaties ratified by the Brazilian State, such as the right to an adequate standard of living with equal access to all public goods and quality services. Housing is at the same time a social right and a physical good. It is inserted in the context of economic, political and territorial changes that occurred worldwide under the aegis of neoliberal thought and practices, becoming yet another element of consumption in the market. The inversion of the direction in the social production of housing - from a right to goods - conditions its realization to a quantitative purpose, a goal, replacing the struggle for housing with the fight against credit. Given this new dynamic, the research started from the premise that the convergence of Housing as another Consumer-Citizen right, rather than a Social Law, is also caused by the emphasis that public policies have more recently taken in meeting the interests of the market, that is, to provide an accumulation of capital through the expansion of the commodity "social housing" as an object of consumption. The research has as its subject the relationship between Housing and Citizenship and it aims to understand the effects of housing policy on the consolidation of Citizenship as an element of integration regarding to the Right to the City. The questions which are the basis of the research are: Can a housing policy increase or impair the sense of citizenship from a part of the population? Is housing the basic condition for Citizenship to occur in an expanded way? The results of the study revealed that the acquisition of an own property through a government program generates a sense of social belonging to the individual, implicitly granting him/her the status of 'citizen'. When leaving illegal conditions and/or irregular housing and assuming duties resulting from a legal and regular housing the individual becomes a holder of rights, with a voice to claim them before the State, however this is not full citizenship. The leading of the investigation on the research subject was guided by a dialectical understanding of the discussion on Citizenship and Housing, which allowed capturing the essence of this relation that we intend to establish, based on the bibliographical review and field research carried out in a property development in phase 1 of the Housing Program Minha Casa Minha Vida.

10
  • KAYCK DANNY BEZERRA DE ARAÚJO
  • The present that repeats the past: The Outsourcing of Labor in the sewing factions of the Seridó Oriental Potiguar (2013-2016).

  • Líder : FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • ROGERIO PIRES DA CRUZ
  • SABRINA ANGELA FRANCA SILVA
  • Data: 12-may-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The object of this dissertation is the phenomenon of outsourcing of labor, discussing the process of flexibilization and precarization, coming from a new reinvention of the capitalist system, globalization. Characterized as one of the main axes of sustaining management practices and work organization, in the context of productive restructuring, outsourcing has in its essence the instauration of contractual instability that triggers the precariousness of labor relations. For this, it counts on the protection of the State in what concerns the market regulation and of laws that guarantee the social protection of the worker. Precarity can be more easily deployed in environments marked by social vulnerability, with reduced jobs (formal and informal) and high rates of unemployment, which enable the free practice of subcontracting. Taking advantage of the context of social vulnerability, two major clothing brands (Riachuelo and Cia. Hering) outsource their production from the industries present in Natal, capital of the state of Rio Grande do Norte, to small workshops, called sewing factions in the territory of Seridó Oriental Potiguar, in the case studied, the municipalities of Acari and Cruzeta. The process of outsourcing of work in the state is driven by Pro-Sertao, a public policy that aims to interiorize textile production, through fiscal incentives and creation of the necessary inputs for the development of the textile production chain. For this reason, it is interesting to understand the developments of Pró-Sertao in the Serido territory, since public policy creates a new institutional arrangement to operationalize the outsourcing process. Therefore, as a starting point for this work, the question is: "How does the process of outsourcing the work of the" anchor industries "to the" sewing factions "unfold in the municipalities of Seridó Oriental Potiguar?" In order to heal the questioning, objective to analyze the context in which the factions are inserted and how the process of outsourcing of labor may imply the precariousness of labor relations, taking into account social, economic and political issues from 2013 to 2016. The implementation of Pró-Sertao. In this sense, a qualitative research of an inductive nature, based on bibliographical and documentary studies, as well as field research was carried out, through on-site visits to the sewing factions, application of questionnaires and interviews that propitiated the systematization between theory and practice. Based on this research, it was verified that labor relations are precarious in the sewing factions and that despite absorbing part of the unoccupied population and making the economic machine "zigzag", the sewing factions have timidly or never had propulsion of the Pro-Sertão, because even with all its scope, it is still a program with difficulty of full implementation in the territory of Serido. It is hoped that this study contributes to an understanding of the conditions under which workers submit themselves as the only survival strategy and, to guide new work and discussions about this necessary evil, to outsource work.

11
  • RENATO LUNA DE LIMA
  • Revealing the urban space: case study about urban fragmentation emergency.

  • Líder : CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARIA FLORESIA PESSOA DE SOUZA E SILVA
  • Data: 29-may-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The urban fragmentation is a recent phenomenon that spreads over the world. It has as the main characteristic physical and symbolical distances. Specifically, this phenomenon is related to the polarization that is growing between public and private world, resulting in the broken of physical and symbolical connection of those worlds. Cities also present old symptoms of media classes’ self-segregation, many times associated to the closed condominiums. Those habitations give protection and strengthens from the “treat” of the city, as well as they assure an apparent quality of life. This study aims to analyze, considering connection between local and global, how a closed condominium contributes to the phenomenon of urban fragmentation, based on case study of Jardim Atlântico condominium, situated between Natal and Parnamirim/RN. To consider global and local, it is an ethnographic research, specifically direct observation associated to the documental analyze, and qualitative interview related to the city dynamics. It concludes that condominium intern dynamic linked to the city dynamic have influence in the resident representations, that detaches differences between public and private world of those people. To them, the city is full of organized little islands in a peculiar way to the public object, made to pass through by their cars. Those routes connected to the desire to go to the little island are the real gaps that expresses city negation. 

12
  • RUSIANO PAULINO DE OLIVEIRA
  • GOVERNMENT TRANSFERS AND RURAL SOCIAL SECURITY IN THE MICRO-REGIOES OF RIO GRANDE DO NORTE, 2010 TO 2014

  • Líder : FLAVIO HENRIQUE MIRANDA DE ARAUJO FREIRE
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • FLAVIO HENRIQUE MIRANDA DE ARAUJO FREIRE
  • GUILHERME COSTA DELGADO
  • Data: 19-jun-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Workers in the Brazilian countryside were historically excluded from various public policies. For decades, these workers did not receive benefits from the loss of work capacity, such as Social Security, and even the attempts to insert such benefits, if not well performed, would only help the rural worker in an incipient and partial way. Only when the Federal Constitution of 1988 was over, and with the Laws of Cost and Benefit of Social Security (Law 8,212 and 8,133 of 1991), social security benefits could be extended in a more universalistic way to rural workers. As a consequence of this "opening" of social security benefits, government spending on pensions increases, but, in addition to that, the direct impact on the lives of retirees was significant. The improvement in the quality of housing, the transition from dependent status to provider within the household, the increasing income of families of and with rural retirees and the improvement on productive capacity of establishments are just some of the benefits. Furthermore, much has been studied about the redistributive impact of rural pensions, transferring income from economically richer regions in Brazil to the North and mainly to the Northeast. As well as the impact that these transfers have on the economy of small towns, especially in this region. The state of Rio Grande do Norte has one of the highest percentages of Rural Social Security beneficiaries over the total population when compared to other states in the Northeast. Therewithal, most of the retirees of this segment in the state, are in small towns that do not exceed twenty thousand inhabitants. With this information, this study intends to investigate the extent to which rural pensions represent for the 19 micro-regions of Rio Grande do Norte between 2010 and 2014. In order to accomplish this, a quantitative approach will be used comparing data from Rural Social Security, obtained through the Law on Access to Information (12,527 / 2011), with other secondary data on micro-regions such as the Municipal Participation Fund (FPM), Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and some social and financing programs such as Bolsa Família (PBF), the Food Acquisition Program (PAA) and the National Program for Strengthening Family Agriculture (PRONAF).

13
  • IGOR BRUNO PINHEIRO DA SILVA
  • The Impact of the Minha Casa, Minha Vida Program, in Ceará-Mirim, on the Social Mobility of Benefited Families Band 1

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • GLENDA DANTAS FERREIRA
  • LIVIA IZABEL BEZERRA DE MIRANDA
  • Data: 21-jul-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Minha Casa, Minha Vida is a program created by the federal government, which aims to reduce the housing deficit in Brazil by providing the population of the most diverse income levels with the possibility of acquiring the home. This study aims to verify the impact of the Minha Casa, Minha Vida Program within the reality of the Metropolitan Region of Natal (RMNatal), in order to verify the real effect of this public policy at the national level, on the social mobility of its beneficiaries. To this end, the work proposes to analyze the nature, Minha Casa, Minha Vida, located in the RMNatal, in the city of Ceará-Mirim, in order to verify if the housing program has had ascending or descending effects, with respect to the theme of social mobility. It is important to emphasize that the present work will evaluate the experience of a group of individuals inserted in the program and try to establish, then, a parallel with the existing literature about the program, with the objective of comparing perspectives and then produce an unbiased analysis about this object of study. The work will bring a sociological approach on social mobility, highlighting the cases that are experiencing experiences of descent or descent in relation to the change of social stratification, among the beneficiaries of the program.

14
  • MARTA MARIA DA CONCEIÇÃO BEZERRA THÉ MAIA
  • The relationship between State and Civil Society: the experiences of the Municipal Councils of Social Assistance of Natal and Parnamirim (2015-2016)

  • Líder : LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • GLENDA DANTAS FERREIRA
  • REGINA CLAUDIA LAISNER
  • Data: 31-jul-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Public Policy of Social Assistance established by the Federal Constitution of 1988 is a duty of the State and the right of the citizen and is carried out through a decentralized and participatory system, articulating the State and civil society in the decision-making process of management and in the inspection of actions and public resources. The managing councils institutionally assume the prerogative to materialize social participation for the democratization of public policies, and its existence is a legal condition for the transfer of federal resources in the scope of Social Assistance. The literature shows that these institutions are consolidated for this process, however, it is necessary to understand the dynamics of the functioning of the councils and their relationship with the management bodies to analyze the quality of social participation and its influence in the decision-making process and the exercise of Social control. The objective of this work is to analyze the dynamics of the municipal councils of Natal and Parnamirim (RN), based on the assumptions of theories of participatory and deliberative democracy, apprehending the analytical categories of participation, political representation, deliberative effectiveness and Accountability. Based on documentary research (council creation laws, internal regulations, minutes, resolutions and management reports), as well as participation in meetings of the collegiate and interviews with directors and managers, an attempt was made to analyze how sharing of power takes place in these institutions and how they influence the respective municipal administrations. The results demonstrate that the dynamics of functioning of the councils is related to the opening of management to social participation and to the role of directors in promoting debates, presenting demands and exercising social control over the actions and rendering of accounts of managers. In this sense, it is possible to affirm that participatory institutions act qualitatively for the democratization of public policies, even though the unequal correlation of forces between State and civil society is still present in the decision-making process in some way in the analyzed cases.

2016
Disertaciones
1
  • WXLLEY RAGNE DE LIMA BARRETO
  • Disneylandização e Cidade Criativa: Pesquisa etnográfica sobre a Festa de Sant'Ana, em Caicó-RN

  • Líder : FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • JOSÉ CLERTON DE OLIVEIRA MARTINS
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • PATRICK LE GUIRRIEC
  • Data: 29-mar-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • As transformações urbanas ocorridas a partir de 1980 modificaram a dinâmica das cidades. A criatividade passou a ter um papel preponderante no desenvolvimento econômico, social e cultural. Neste sentido, esta pesquisa tem por objetivo analisar e confrontar os conceitos de cidade criativa e disneylandização, a partir da produção cultural realizada durante a festa de Sant’Ana de Caicó/RN, na região do Seridó Potiguar. Para dar sustentação ao trabalho, tomamos por base teórico-metodológica o conceito de cidade criativa utilizado por Charles Landry e Elsa Vivant, bem como o de Disneylandização proposto por Alan Bryman e Michael Sorkin. A metodologia adotada foi abordagem etnográfica, que privilegia o trabalho de campo por um determinado período, no qual são coletados dados empíricos através da observação e realização de entrevistas, além do diário de campo e fotografias, que ajudam na análise do cotidiano e da cultura do objeto em estudo. Sendo assim, a abordagem metodológica utilizada no trabalho é qualitativa. Por último, partimos das premissas que, tanto a cidade criativa quando a cidade Disneylandizada se desenvolvem a partir de referências ao simbólico, à criatividade, à tematização, ao trabalho performático, ao consumo híbrido, ao merchandising e ao controle e segurança, mesmo que essas dimensões sejam mais expressivas numas do que em outras. Desta forma, conclui-se que Caicó é uma cidade criativa, podendo ser observado nos espaços públicos seu potencial criativo através da promoção dos eventos socioculturais, do planejamento público ao incorporar a cultura como aspecto importante no apoio e promoção dos criativos e na organização dos espaços públicos, criando um ambiente propício para as relações e experiências que facilitam o desenvolvimento cultural, que não perdura apenas no período da Festa de Sant’Ana, mas que permanece durante todo o ano. Entretanto, mesmo que Caicó não seja uma Cidade Disneylandizada nesse período festivo, podemos considera o Complexo Turístico Ilha de Sant’Ana como um espaço permanente da Disneylandização. Por fim, ainda assim, verifica-se que a dimensão de interligação entre Cidade Criativa e Cidade Disneylandizada, está na tematização dos espaços públicos, a qual está incorporada na cultura e na criatividade promovida na cidade de Caicó-RN, durante a Festa da padroeira.

2
  • PABLO RANIERE MEDEIROS DA COSTA
  • Uma leitura da paisagem a partir do graffiti em Natal-RN: subsídios para o estudo das Cidades Criativas

  • Líder : FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • JOSÉ MARIA GONÇALVES DA SILVA RIBEIRO
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • Data: 20-abr-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Mais do que nossa visão abarca, a paisagem é, sobretudo, obra da mente. É fruto da interação de diversos textos e práticas sociais, os quais aderem um conjunto simbólico a paisagem, a definindo cultural, discursiva e ideologicamente. Discutimos de que maneira uma leitura da paisagem a partir do graffiti permite entrever novas possibilidades discursivas relacionadas a ele na contemporaneidade. E de que modo ele é capaz de enaltecer determinadas imagens e discursos, inclusive o de cidade criativa. Para tanto buscamos vincular o graffiti com a predileção visual que determinados espaços públicos possuem, e de que maneira as particularidades materiais e imateriais deles agem diretamente na promoção ou combate ao graffiti. Abordamos o tema considerando o espaço como expressão da multiplicidade, produto de inter-relações, de maneira que procuramos realizar associações entre as instâncias política e econômica com as manifestações de graffiti na cidade de Natal.

3
  • MOEMA HOFSTAETTER
  • WIND ENERGY: Between winds, impacts and socio environmental vulnerabilities in Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil

  • Líder : ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • LUZIENE DANTAS DE MACEDO
  • SÔNIA REGINA DA CAL SEIXAS
  • Data: 16-may-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The state of Rio Grande do Norte (RN) stimulated by the Federal Government, through the diversification of the energy matrix of policy, investing in the deployment of wind power parks, creating new economic and employment dynamics in their municipalities. The aim of this study is to demonstrate, from the observation of the relationship between clean energy speech and vulnerable conditions with which we meet the social and environmental impacts in communities surrounding wind farms in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. From a methodological point of view, this study is qualitative and interdisciplinary. He attended a bibliographical and documentary study and data collection from focus groups and interviews. For the analysis was used triangulation technique methods. The results and discussion (i) put in discussion the understanding of wind power as "clean", "green" or "environmentally friendly"; (Ii) present the changing social realities, economic and environmental sites with interaction, but also with potential conflict and tension between the main actors involved in this new dynamics of energy production; (Iii) point out that wind farms are not entirely without environmental impacts and expose the population to social and environmental vulnerability; (iv) state the urgency of thinking shared management with greater transparency and participation of the affected groups, (v) indicate the importance of effective regulatory instruments, financing and licensing more committed to social and environmental justice criteria.

4
  • PEDRO ITALO DOS SANTOS GALVÃO
  • TRANSFER OF DELOPMENT RIGHTS: LIMITS AND OUTLOOKS

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MARISE COSTA DE SOUZA DUARTE
  • FERNANDA FURTADO DE OLIVEIRA E SILVA
  • Data: 31-may-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The evolution of the Brazilian land planning began to consider the idea of urban property must group several aspects, so that one can get to the current notion that is bound to a social function. Thus, what it was seen as an exclusive right over the years evolved, giving it a social role, embodied in the social interest. Thus, the Transfer of Development Rights is one of the legislative replies, making it a one of urban planning tools. In this research, we propose to understand the TDC, its relationship with the Urban Planning in contemporary Brazil, especially in the city of Natal-RN. The specific goals are involved to present the main categories among City, Law and Urban Planning. Three fundamental categories in the understanding of the instrument of the Transfer of Development Rights. Analyzing the TDR in its multiple effects and understand the limitations of this tool, incidents in cities and urban dynamics. The methodology works with bibliographical research, bringing together the theoretical framework that support the research. Then we conducted a case study on the application form of TDR in Natal/RN, in the period 2007 to 2016. A documentary research presenting and analyzing the legislation on TDR in Natal and then identifying relevant issues in regulation, management and application. The data collected are treated quantitatively (in tables, charts and boxes) and qualitative (the issues raised in research related to the theoretical framework adopted), presenting proposals to recast the TDR instrument in Natal. Finally, the results indicate that the spaces for discussion to seek the improvement of TDR instrument were little comprehensiveness for intra-urban scale. On the other hand, the theoretical framework adopted in this dissertation demonstrates there are numerous challenges and obstacles they must overcome in order to the correct application of the instrument of TDR. Still, it must be borne in mind that the multidisciplinarity between Urban Law and Urban Planning adopted have made the present dissertation becomes richer for scientific production.

5
  • LEILIANNE DUARTE GURGEL D'ÁVILA
  • Women Credit Promoting : Redefining the participation of women in the family production process: A  Study Case in Settlement Projects of Mata Verde and Timbó

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • JACIMARA VILLAR FORBELONI
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • Data: 13-jun-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present dissertation analysis the application of women’s credit foment for the farmer women in two settlements projects located at Espírito Santo municipal district, in Rio Grande do Norte state, analyzing in a macro way the trajectory of politics’ land reform in one perspective of social development possibilities materialized on settlements projects and the fight’s evolution of women for rights equality. Thus, the objective of this research is examine the application of women’s credit foment in one perspective of women’s empowerment benefit on familiar, social, politic and self-esteem dimensions. The settlements of landless Mata Verde and Timbó have been the unique ones contemplated with the credit’s application. The study is a qualitative cut analyzed under the feminist theory, with presentation of semi-structured interviews of fourteen benefit women visualizing the application’s effects. It is been detected that the application under the familiar logic, where the management of the productive activities are under the men’s custody, thus, the women have not been considered as the center of the action’s credit. Despite the achievement of the rights to political action realized by the State, it is questioned the economic empowerment because of the credit application, although it can defend the increase of their position in the family hierarchy and increase their self-esteem.

6
  • KALIANE BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • BOLSA FAMÍLIA PROGRAM IMPACT ON FOOD SECURITY RECIPIENTS: A STUDY PILOT HELD IN NATAL - RN

  • Líder : ROBERIO PAULINO RODRIGUES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ROBERIO PAULINO RODRIGUES
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • ANGELO MAGALHAES SILVA
  • GENYKLEA SILVA DE OLIVEIRA
  • Data: 16-jun-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The objective of this pilot study is to verify that the Bolsa Família program (the Bolsa Familia program is a direct transfer program income that benefits families in poverty and extreme poverty in Brazil) has promoted some effective positive impact on the food security of beneficiaries in Natal. In addition to revisiting the literature on the formation of social protection systems in the world and in Brazil, the work carried out a quantitative and qualitative evaluation for primary data, attended by 106 adults program holders. The screening of adults in the sample was made in the Unified Register in Natal, located in Igapó Neighborhood, Administrative Region North. To characterize the socioeconomic and demographic situation, assess the level of food safety and analyze the perception of users, we prepared a questionnaire of open and closed questions based on the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. The results as presented in chapter five, proved that there was rather an improvement in the food condition of the families, but only a discreet advance because 99% of respondents were classified as Food Insecurity. It is hoped that this pilot study will contribute to strengthening understanding and combating Food Insecurity in Natal.

7
  • JÉSSICA SAMÁRA SOARES DE LIMA
  • PRACTICE OF COOPERATIVE IN THE TERRITORY SERTÃO APODI (RN): POTENCILIDADES AND LIMITATIONS FAMILY FARM

  • Líder : FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • EMANOEL MÁRCIO NUNES
  • JOAO MATOS FILHO
  • Data: 16-jun-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The practice of cooperativism it has been presented as an important tool to organize initiatives from participating foundations. However, in the region of the Northeast, particularly the Land Hinterland Apodi (RN), cooperative practices contrasts between traditional practices that have business features, where the majority of directors on the board is composed of local power groups, where the vast majority of cooperative members were people with a low level of education let themselves be influenced. And practices of family farms where the mobilization at the base began to emerge unions under another perspective, in order to meet the need of organizing production and marketing of products of family farming. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the factors that promoted the cooperative practices in the Territory Hinterland Apodi (RN), the potential and limitations to the recent development of cooperatives of family farming. The method used in this research was the study of multiple case of qualitative and quantitative character, in which the goal was to analyze the traditional cooperatives and family agriculture in the Territory Hinterland Apodi (RN). The research universe consisted of the identification of 10 cooperatives and 04 cooperatives with traditional molds and 06 cooperatives of family farmers in 04 municipalities of the territory: Apodi, Caraúbas, Itaú and Umarizal. To achieve results forms were applied along the first presidents, current CEO and founding partners. As a result we found that the factors that influenced the cooperative practices in the Hinterland of Apodi territory, were the Catholic Church, evangelical churches, the influence of other cooperatives, the incentive programs. The family farming cooperatives have some characteristics that differ from so-called traditional cooperatives or even to some traditions / practices. But it must be noted that cooperatives are almost always returned to the dominance of capital and eventually droop toward companies with business characteristics and little caring about the interests of its members and of unequal structures. In which the only or almost only be to remain in the market. Those who differ are evidence realized in democratic and supportive management practices identified in our work, help to broaden and deepen the knowledge of the rural cooperative Potiguar and point out some indicators that can later be used in other studies aimed at analyzing such experiments, or even compare them with others who call themselves solidarity. Thus, cooperation is an important instrument to promote rural development and income generation. It is a fundamental activity in the municipalities of Hinterland Apodi territory, where most beneficiaries are the municipalities headquarters of cooperatives. But the difficulties of competition associated with credit difficulties, and lack of legal status of the processing units hindered the development of agricultural cooperatives of family farming Land Hinterland Apodi.

8
  • LUIZ FELIPE DE OLIVEIRA SILVA
  • URBAN MOBILITY AND STRUCTURAL PROJECT: CHALLENGES FOR A CHANGING METROPOLIS - Natal-RN

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • LARISSA DA SILVA FERREIRA ALVES
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • Data: 27-jun-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The fast growth of cities causes the meeting of urban areas and the increase of political, economic and social influence between nearby cities, resulting in a process known as metropolization, which, in turn, causes direct impact on the way people and goods move through the cities - that is, on urban mobility. Especially in developing countries like Brazil, where the metropolitan areas (RM) lack of political interest and planning structures to ensure the governance of these areas, the effects of metropolization can cause irreversible negative impacts on mobility. As results of the claims of the Urban Reform, instruments such as the Statute of the City, the National Policy of Urban Mobility and the newly created Statute of Metropolis emerge as support to Brazilian RMs in achieving efficient mobility. According to these instruments, the various urban actions must be planned together to achieve more organized, socially fair and environmentally viable cities. From this situation, this study sought to show if the major infrastructure projects of urban and road expansion deployed in the Metropolitan Region of Natal (RMN), which physical and territorial transformations were intensified in recent decades, have been planned in accordance with mobility management. Firstly, the most important projects of the functional metropolis – formed by the municipalities of RMN that have strong integration – were listed. Then, a criterion called "Metropolitan Cohesion Potential" was established to define which projects were more relevant on the RMN’s territory as limitations of this study did not allow analysis of all projects. The International Airport Aluízio Alves, the Light Rail and Metropolitan Road presented the highest potential of metropolitan cohesion, so they were analyzed considering their relationship with mobility management, primary objective of the research. It was investigated if the structuring project meets the steps of the new type of desirable urban mobility: promotes investments in the poorest areas of infrastructure; causes population density and induces mixed land uses; contributes to the compactness; encourages democratic access of the population to goods and services; has a structure that indulges the transport of non-motorized means and collective motor; enables integration of modal; and seeks to cause less environmental damage. From this analysis, it can be seen that the RMN entails the consolidation of an urban environment with efficient mobility, to promote sustainable development in its territory, or in a contrary manner, fosters a disorderly growth by allowing structuring projects to be deployed separated from the mobility management.

9
  • EUCÁSTILA JORDÂNIA DE SOUZA DIAS ANJOS
  • THE TERRITORIAL COUNCIL  MATO GRANDE'S  MOVING: political representation and its influence on participation and debate on territorial development.

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • DENES DANTAS VIEIRA
  • Data: 18-jul-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The rural development policy in Brazil has the territorial approach as a strategy and established a few years ago the creation of spaces for diverse social participation, called Council or territorial forums. These spaces should be attended by representatives of various segments of society that make up the political dynamics of the territories: civil society organizations (NGOs, trade unions, associations, unions, social movements, etc.) and public managers (municipal and state secretaries, local authorities and agencies federal as MDA). This work aims to analyze the relations between political representatives considered central in the debate and enforcement actions with territorial focus in Mato Grande / RN. Focus on the influence of their actions in the field conformed discussions from the institutionalized space of participation, the Territorial Council, established under the guidance of this strategy in 2005 as the body of management and social control of state actions. We also seek to understand from the trajectories of these representatives and mobilizing the concept of fields (Bourdieu, 1989.2002) as streamline, influence the internal organization, agendas and decision making in representation spaces (Council and Director Center). Building on participants made observations, as well as in semi-structured interviews with agents considered central, can be glimpsed elements that bring these trajectories. Originating Family Agriculture, the central representatives can exercise the symbolic power (Bourdieu, 1989) in the field of debates and interests and have common points in their trajectories as transit through social and service organizations movements. Processes that reproduce in a context of neglect of municipal administrations and state with this debate, a factor that would condition the reproduction of a low social participation environment surrounding the promotion of rural development, then the perspectives brought by the territorial approach.

10
  • ALANE MARIA DA SILVA
  • OPERTIONAL DYNAMICS OF THE FAMILY GRANT PROGRAM IN THE CITY OF CURRAIS NOVOS – RN

  • Líder : LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • REGINA CLAUDIA LAISNER
  • Data: 25-jul-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Family Grant Program –FGP, operative for over a decade, is the main resource for combating poverty and inequality in Brazil. Even with the direct granting of monetary resources to beneficiaries, and the requisite responsibilities the beneficiaries must perform to comply with the necessary conditions of receiving the grants, such as the aspects most frequently associated with its existence, the FGP is not limited to these two structuring elements. The Complementary Actions and Programs, which is the third structuring element of the Program, despite its importance, remains a part of the Program that doesn’t receive the same attention or notoriety as the others. Thus, this study proposes to investigate the dynamic of how the FGP functions in Currais Novos, especially in relation to the Complementary Actions and Programs in operation in this city. To this end, we rely on the references of Katzman (1997) and Katzman; Filgueira (2006) which emphasize Activities, Vulnerability and the Structure of Opportunities  AVSO, besides incorporating the conception of the State, the market place, and society such as “institutional orders”, as the highlighted actors. This research is characterized as a quantitative and qualitative study, though predominately the later, in which bibliographic and documental research and field work was carried. The field work consisted of systematically registered observations, semi-structured interviews, based on scripts. The analysis was carried out through the development of grills (ÉVORA, 2006) that generated a data base, and discourse analysis (CHIZZOTTI, 2006) was also used. These procedures showed that the third element of the FGP, in the city investigated, still has many failures, and therefore needs greater development. The few initiatives that were identified as Complementary Actions and Programs are carried out in the area of Social Assistence Reference Centers – SARC, as well as, the National Program for the Promotion of Access to the Workplace - NPAW. Nonetheless, there are peculiarities that hinder possible contributions to the emancipation of the beneficiaries. It was verified that the beneficiaries are still not familiar with these activities, and, for various reasons, participation is not well considered. It was also found that the perceptions of the program vary among those interviewed who participated I the NPAW. However, nearly all participants recognize the relevance of the third element, but cannot envision its possible productive inclusion, citing the lack of opportunities in the city being one of the main causes. The interviewees believe the FGP is a good program, even clients, who themselves are not able to escape poverty. The element that could contribute to this process, despite not being able to assure it, is made fragile and its strength precedes it, before anything else, of better familiarization of local management and of the beneficiaries in Currais Novos. Meanwhile, the emancipation from the FGP, which has been shown to be difficult, remains an ideal of the norms of the Program.

11
  • ALYSSON GALVÃO VASCONCELOS FONSÊCA
  • REGULARIZATION LAND AND RIGHT TO THE CITY: REFLECTIONS ON LEGAL MILESTONES OF REFERENCE

  • Líder : SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANGELO MAGALHAES SILVA
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • Data: 29-jul-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The City Statute states that urban policy in general aims to order the full development of the social functions of the city and of urban property and following its presentation points general guidelines for this system, among which stands out in this work regularization land. In this context, impossible to dissociate the land regularization, brief reflections on the right to decent housing in the light of the right to the city. The house only becomes worthy when, in addition to the minimum conditions of physical structure and habitability, is accompanied by proper regulation of access to land and urban property in a context where there is proper urbanization of all your surroundings giving you the fullest sense of to be. Therefore, the right to housing is not an end in itself, requiring an urbanization context with access to basic services and amenities to citizenship. The land regularization, emerges in this scenario as aggregator factor between the housing and the right to the city, contributing to the ordination of the social functions of the city and of urban property. However, although there is wide legal protection of the right to adequate housing, including specific notes on land regularization, it seems that such legal protection, with so many detailed guidelines have not been enough to guarantee the right to the city, revealing apparent conflict between the facts and the standard hypothesis that rising in this research, which is qualitative with three structural axes: the first is embodied on the contributions of some authors about the guiding concepts of work such as the right to the city, right to decent housing , land tenure and social functions of the city and property; the second axis of research is based on an inventory of legislation covering the main relevant legal frameworks with its proper context to better understand the content of such legal protection to the subject; and the third axis presents a dialogue between the concepts discussed and some fragments of relevant government actions to Regularization, in comparison with the inventoried legislation, taking the city of Natal for example empirical.

2015
Disertaciones
1
  • VALÉRIA DE FÁTIMA CHAVES ARAÚJO
  • A TEMATIZAÇÃO DO ESPAÇO PÚBLICO E A ECONOMIA CRIATIVA LOCAL: ESTUDO DE CASO A PARTIR DO “MAIOR SÃO JOÃO DO MUNDO”, EM CAMPINA GRANDE/PB

  • Líder : FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • BENALVA DA SILVA VITORIO
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • Data: 23-ene-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A tematização do espaço público no Maior São João do Mundo em Campina Grande - PB dinamiza a economia e o turismo locais a partir da transformação de um espaço público comum em um cenário que tem por base as tradicionais festas juninas. Para isso, contribui a dinamização dos setores criativos existentes na cidade e a concepção de uma nova cidade que é projetada a partir das festividades do São João. Nesta pesquisa nos propomos a determinar a influência da tematização do espaço público na economia local, nomeadamente nos setores criativos presentes no Maior São João do Mundo e avaliar a sua importância para o desenvolvimento da economia criativa local. Optamos pelo estudo de caso, a partir de uma abordagem etnográfica, com recurso a diversas técnicas de pesquisa, como observação participante, entrevistas semi-estruturadas com questões abertas e a análise das representações sociais dos entrevistados. A metodologia utilizada é mista, por envolver dados qualitativos e quantitativos. Pudemos perceber, ao final dessa pesquisa, que a tematização do espaço público no Maior São João do Mundo é o principal fator de referência para o evento, estimulando a economia local e modificando a imagem da cidade em três níveis: político, econômico e social. Percebemos também que a tematização do espaço público é o fator de ligação fundamental entre os setores criativos, bem como entre eles e as atividades relacionadas. Todos estes setores servem de elo entre produtos e serviços prestados, criando um todo harmônico que transforma a imagem da cidade, dinamiza a economia, promove a inclusão social, a integração cultural e mantém o Maior São João do Mundo como um evento tradicional no calendário turístico regional e nacional.

2
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO DO VALE NETO
  •  

    Deliberação e participação: dinâmica e efetividade do conselho de saúde de Mossoró-RN – 2009/2012

  • Líder : LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • SUYLAN DE ALMEIDA MIDLEJ E SILVA
  • Data: 02-feb-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  •  

    A participação social no Brasil toma novo impulso com o processo de redemocratização da sociedade brasileira e se fortalece com o ressurgimento da sociedade civil e com a Constituição de 1988. Nesse contexto, o estudo é realizado com o escopo de verificar a capacidade deliberativa do Conselho Municipal de Saúde de Mossoró (CMSM), a partir do modelo da normatividade participativa aferindo os graus de institucionalização, de democratização e de representação do conselho. Já o modelo da efetividade deliberativa considera a capacidade de vocalização e de agenda dos participantes, os tipos de manifestação, as decisões e a função do conselho, a partir da leitura e a análise das atas permitindo aferir assim, o grau de efetividade deliberativa do conselho. Verificou-se, assim, que o conselho apresenta um grau médio de efetividade deliberativa, destacando-se como uma instituição que exerce, predominantemente, o papel de controle sobre as políticas de saúde municipal, devido, entre outros fatores, ao contexto político conservador, à assimetria de recursos entre os conselheiros, à participação pouco substantiva dos atores que frequentam as suas reuniões, seja conselheiro ou não, e, em especial, à reduzida influência dos usuários no seu processo decisório. De acordo com os estudos da democracia deliberativa aplicados à realidade de Mossoró, é possível observar que a participação social, sobretudo o controle social sobre as ações públicas, encontra, hoje, uma série de dificuldades para se realizar. O estudo reconhece que, nessas circunstâncias, o conselho cumpre parcialmente o papel para o qual foi criado, o que não impede, contudo, de ser caracterizado como um espaço de deliberação importante, uma vez que permite a participação de representações dos diversos segmentos do estado, da sociedade, de suas demandas e intenções. A superação de tais obstáculos perpassa pelo interesse de a sociedade civil despertar e passar a ter voz ativa nessas instituições.

     

     
3
  • CLÁUDIA ROSEANE PEREIRA DE ARAÚJO CAPISTRANO
  •  THE FAMILY ARRANGEMENTS IN THE MUNICIPALITIES OF NATAL METROPOLITAN REGION (RM/NATAL): 2000 AND 2010

  • Líder : MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • MARIA LINA LEÃO TEIXEIRA
  • Data: 03-feb-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This paper is part of aResearch Project linked to the Post-Graduation Program in Urban and Regional Studies (PPEUR-HFRN), whose general objective was to portrait and analyze the family configurations, with the aid of its configurations and sizes, in the municipalities of Natal Metropolitan Region (RM/Natal), taking in consideration the years 2000 and 2010. The target is to understand the social insertion of the family combinations inside the metropolitan space. it is an exploratory, documental and descriptive research describing and discussing the compositions, the typologies and the sizes of the family configurations of Natal Metropolitan Region-NMR, based on a comparative study of Demographic Censuses database of the 2010 and 2000 years. For methodological comparison between the data of these two Demographic Censuses, which underwent conceptual and classification changes in the 2010 year, what modified the family conception and incorporated it in what turned out to be the domestic unit, we preferred to work with a methodology of network research group classification named “Metropolis Observatory”, in association with PPEUR/UFRN, which developed a typology of its own, rearranged the data of the above-mentioned Demographic Censuses with the purpose of proceeding accurate comparisons and analyses on the metropolitan regions of the country. It is noticeable that the economic changes in course accelerate the socio-demographic transformations all over the world and reflect in the formation of the families, which continue to experience considerable changes affecting the configurations, compositions and sizes of the domestic units or family configurations. It was observed in the results of this research a change bias in the interior of the family configurations in the municipalities of Natal Metropolitan Region when one compares de 2000 and 2010 Demographic Censusesdata. In this regard, it was verified that the composition of the domestic units named family, in its traditional form, defined in the classification from kinship bonds or “with kinship”, constitute still de massive form in the composition of the family configurations in the region, but with a decline bias accentuated enough in all municipalities compounding the NMR. Regarding the typology analysis of the family configurations, especially in what concerns couples with and without children, it was detected a percentage growth in the number of couples without children in all municipalities of the NMR. In contrast, there is a visible diminishing in the number of couples with children in practically all municipalities of the NMR, proportionally in greater number comparatively that of the couples without children. The cycle analysis allows to observe, in what matters the condition of the woman with children as well the man with children, that the maternal figure is still the principal responsible by the care and education of the children. Last but not the least, we call the attention for the changes in the family compositions and sizes, especially in the municipalities out the central nucleus of the metropolitan region, that is exactly the capital of the State, Natal.

4
  • SANDRO DE OLIVEIRA PIMENTEL
  • PLANEJAMENTO E DÉFICIT HABITACIONAL: ESTUDO DE CASO A PARTIR DO CADÚNICO COM BENEFICIÁRIOS DO PROGRAMA BOLSA FAMÍLIA NA ZONA NORTE DE NATAL.
  • Líder : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • MARIA CAMILA LOFFREDO DOTTAVIANO
  • Data: 04-feb-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo analisar as condições habitacionais e socioeconômicas de beneficiários do Programa Bolsa Família – PBF da Zona Norte de Natal. Para tanto, foi necessário um levantamento das origens dessa região e de como ocorreu sua expansão no contexto do desenvolvimento urbano local, considerando sua evolução demográfica, em especial, a partir da construção dos conjuntos habitacionais e loteamentos formais e informais. A partir da pesquisa de campo, composta de um piloto in loco com algumas famílias residentes, tornou-se possível iniciar a análise das condições habitacionais que culminou em um estudo detalhado do Cadastro Único do governo federal (CadÚnico), em relação a 100% (cem por cento) dos beneficiários do Programa Bolsa Família (PBF) de Natal, com informações qualitativas e quantitativas. A partir desse levantamento geral, fez-se um recorte contemplando apenas os beneficiários residentes na Zona Norte da cidade. Para melhor compreender essa realidade, a pesquisa verificou o déficit habitacional brasileiro, considerando suas origens, contextos históricos e os conceitos utilizados pelas seguintes instituições: Fundação João Pinheiro (FJP), Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA), além do Plano Local de Habitação de Interesse Social (PLHIS) e do Programa das Nações Unidas para os Assentamentos Humanos (UN-HABITAT). Ademais, foram comparados os diversos conceitos de cidade e sua respectiva evolução, considerando a importância do planejamento como instrumento de políticas públicas necessárias às ações governamentais e políticas permanentes de Estado. Aponta-se, como resultado, para a importância da utilização do Cadastro Único do governo federal como instrumento eficaz para mensurar as condições de habitabilidade dos municípios brasileiros.

5
  • MARCELO AUGUSTO PONTES DE ARAÚJO
  • A ECONOMIA CRIATIVA COMO ESTRATÉGIA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO PARA A CIDADE DE NATAL/RN

  • Líder : MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANGELO MAGALHAES SILVA
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • Data: 05-feb-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A globalização, a enorme velocidade de troca de informações, as tecnologias atualizadas a uma velocidade nunca antes vista nos insere em uma nova realidade em que devemos nos adaptar trazendo temas relativos à cultura e tecnologia ao centro das discussões sobre desenvolvimento. A Economia Criativa se insere, portanto, nessa discussão trazendo esses novos elementos para o centro do debate. Para a cidade de Natal/RN as potencialidades de desenvolvimento dessa nova economia são reais, a partir, principalmente de sua ligação com o turismo. Assim, a intenção do trabalho é responder as perguntas: Qual o peso da economia criativa em Natal? Quais os fatores que aceleram ou dificultam o seu desenvolvimento? Para responder a esses questionamentos utilizamos como pressuposto a ideia de que a economia criativa pode sim ser fio condutor de uma mudança urbana e sócio econômica dentro da cidade de Natal. E dessa forma, possamos desenvolver os setores criativos para a promoção da inclusão social através da geração de emprego e renda para a população, aumentando a oferta cultural e diversificando a economia da cidade

6
  • GABRIELA TARGINO
  •  A RELEVÂNCIA DOS EVENTOS CULTURAIS PARA A ECONOMIA CRIATIVA – PESQUISA QUALITATIVA NA PRAIA DA PIPA, TIBAU DO SUL/RN

  • Líder : FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • JOSÉ CLERTON DE OLIVEIRA MARTINS
  • Data: 11-feb-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A indústria criativa tem impulsionado e fortalecido o crescimento de diversos setores econômicos no Brasil e no mundo, estimulando dessa forma a economia local de lugares com cenários atrativos e inovadores para o mercado de consumo. A presente dissertação tem como foco estudar a relevância dos eventos culturais para a economia criativa, bem como estes podem contribuir para o desenvolvimento social, cultural e econômico na Praia da Pipa, localizada no Rio Grande do Norte (Brasil). Os eventos culturais promovem ambientes tematizados e criativos que funcionam como mecanismo de atração para o aumento do consumo cultural, gastronômico e de lazer social. Na Praia de Pipa têm-se realizado eventos culturais e temáticos como o Festival Literário da Pipa, Fest Bossa & Jazz da Pipa, Festival Literário Alternativo da Pipa e o Festival Gastronômico da Pipa, os quais conseguem atrair público local, estadual, nacional, bem como, internacional. A pesquisa realizada caracteriza-se como estudo de caso quanto aos procedimentos empíricos e de metodologia mista quanto à abordagem do problema. A pesquisa de campo caracteriza-se pela abordagem etnográfica, com recurso às técnicas de observação participante, entrevista semiestruturada e registro fotográfico. Como resultados da pesquisa podemos salientar, que a Praia da Pipa promove eventos culturais que movimentam a dinâmica econômica, social e cultural, inserindo novos hábitos culturais neste espaço urbano, e em alguns casos, resgatando a própria história do lugar. Em cada evento, as forças econômicas e políticas se conectam para promover a infraestrutura destes eventos, subsidiando a oferta de serviços e produtos, a partir dos setores criativos e culturais. A tematização dos eventos estudados mergulha o público em histórias que podem ter (ou não) conexão com a história local. Assim sendo, percebe-se que o presente trabalho traz à luz um lugar que se apresenta como protagonista no estado do Rio Grande do Norte em termos de renovação e mudança econômica, social e cultural em sua infraestrutura e na sua potencialidade de atração turística, a partir dos setores criativos e culturais.

7
  • RAQUEL MARIA DA COSTA SILVEIRA
  • INCLUSÃO SOCIAL DE CATADORES DE MATERIAIS RECICLÁVEIS: ESTUDO DA POLÍTICA NACIONAL DE RESÍDUOS SÓLIDOS E DA EFETIVAÇÃO DO TRABALHO DECENTE EM NATAL/RN

  • Líder : FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • ELIMAR PINHEIRO DO NASCIMENTO
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • Data: 24-feb-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Com a vigência da Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos, a partir de 2010, a Administração Municipal figura legalmente como responsável pela gestão integrada dos resíduos sólidos urbanos no Brasil. De acordo com essa lei, os municípios devem incentivar a operacionalização da coleta seletiva com a participação de entidades de catadores de materiais recicláveis, objetivando a inclusão social desses trabalhadores. Porém, as ações planejadas nesse sentido nem sempre alcançam os objetivos legais, visto que inserem estes trabalhadores no contexto da coleta oficial, mas os mantem despidos de certos direitos laborais básicos que proporcionariam a concretização do Trabalho Decente. Este deve ser compreendido, segundo a Organização Internacional do Trabalho, como o labor devidamente remunerado e exercido em condições de liberdade, equidade, segurança e apto a proporcionar uma vida digna ao trabalhador. Neste sentido, a presente pesquisa investigou o processo de efetivação das diretrizes da Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos no município do Natal, a partir da análise da inserção socioprodutiva dos catadores de materiais recicláveis. Fundamentado no método qualitativo, o estudo utilizou como principais percursos metodológicos a consulta bibliográfica e documental. Na pesquisa de campo realizada entre os anos de 2013 e 2014 nas cooperativas de catadores de Natal, foram realizadas observações in loco do trabalho da catação, bem como entrevistas semiestruturadas com representantes das organizações pesquisadas. A fim de investigar a efetivação do Trabalho Decente no cotidiano da catação, foram estudadas as ações municipais para inclusão de catadores em Natal, investigando-se tanto a gestão municipal, quanto as cooperativas de catadores, com a finalidade de refletir acerca dos avanços e dificuldades vivenciadas no trabalho da coleta seletiva sob a chancela da municipalidade. Verifica-se que, mesmo apoiadas pelo poder público, as cooperativas atuantes no município de Natal ainda enfrentam dificuldades de diversas ordens. O desempenho do trabalho oferece riscos aos catadores, sem um ambiente de trabalho seguro e/ou adequado à saúde daqueles trabalhadores. Persistem ainda o estigma da ocupação e a baixa renda obtida pelos indivíduos, o que distancia a atividade estudada dos parâmetros do Emprego Verde e Trabalho Decente. Por outro lado, a pesquisa apontou potencialidades como a busca incessante das cooperativas pela obtenção de melhorias para os trabalhadores. 

     
8
  • PEDRO AUGUSTO FILGUEIRA ALBUQUERQUE
  • GOVERNANÇA METROPOLITANA, DESENVOLVIMENTO TERRITORIAL SUSTENTÁVEL E MEIO AMBIENTE: Umaanálise multidisciplinar da gestão dos resíduos sólidos entre Natal e Parnamirim

  • Líder : FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • RÉGIA LÚCIA LOPES
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • Data: 10-mar-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Atualmente o crescimento acelerado dos centros urbanos, o acúmulo de demandas socioambientais, a relação entre políticas públicas e resolução de problemas cada vez mais complexos acentua a sensação de que as cidades passam por uma crise urbana. Esta crise tem como principal característica sua multidimensionalidade, passa por questões econômicas, culturais, éticas, ambientais e, sobretudo, política. No intuito de estudar em profundidade esta crise que se manifesta pelo processo de urbanização e tem nas metrópoles sua exacerbação, foi realizado estudo teórico conceitual acerca do sentido de desenvolvimento sustentável aplicado à realidade das cidades, extraindo desse debate os conceitos: desenvolvimento territorial sustentável, sustentabilidade administrativa e sustentabilidade política. A fim de testar a aplicabilidade prática destes conceitos teóricos, estudou-se em profundidade a realidade da gestão dos resíduos sólidos urbanos na metrópole de Natal. De acordo com o recente debate teórico, os resíduos compreendem um setor da crise ambiental urbana que melhor representa a relação entre homem e meio ambiente. Garantindo a multidimensionalidade das questões ambientais por meio do Saber Ambiental, foi feito um estudo qualitativo em profundidade, correlacionando os conceitos de desenvolvimento territorial sustentável, governança metropolitana e Saber Ambiental aplicado aos resíduos sólidos. Os resultados apontam para os reais desafios das administrações públicas municipais em compreender, agir e mudar a inércia na qual vêm operando nas últimas décadas. Os resultados também demonstraram a importância de transformar as questões ambientais, em desafios políticos, ou seja, embate por ideias, referências ideológicas e éticas.

9
  • WAGNER LUIZ ALVES DA SILVA
  • CONSÓRCIO PÚBLICO REGIONAL DE RESÍDUOS DO SERIDÓ/RN: PERSPECTIVAS DE UM NOVO MODELO DE GESTÃO

  • Líder : FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • PATRICIO EUGENIO VALDIVIESO FERNANDEZ
  • Data: 26-mar-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A problemática dos resíduos sólidos que envolve a gestão, o gerenciamento e a destinação desses é uma questão que permeia todas as esferas da sociedade, a qual denota implicações ambientais que contribuem para o debate da crise ambiental em curso. Nessa perspectiva, esse estudo tem por objetivo analisar como a implementação do Consórcio Público Regional de Resíduos Sólidos do Seridó/RN, enquanto uma política pública, pode contribuir para o gerenciamento dos resíduos sólidos dos municípios integrantes, tendo como base as estratégias de prevenção na geração de resíduos. Observamos que a região em foco está passando por um processo de organização institucional pautada nos resíduos sólidos, o que é um elemento novo de gestão do território potiguar no tocante a esfera do saneamento básico. Portanto, se tratando de uma pesquisa quali-quantitativa, foram realizadas leituras de autores pertinentes ao objeto e dos seguintes marcos legais: a Política Nacional de Saneamento Básico (Lei nº 11.445/2007), a Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos (Lei nº 12.305/2010) e a Lei de Consórcios Públicos (Lei nº 11.107/2005). A região consorciada é formada por 25 municípios, possui cerca de 300.000 habitantes, sendo geradas 40.000 toneladas de resíduos ao ano. Quanto à destinação final dos resíduos, todos os municípios da região depositam seus resíduos a céu aberto, ou seja, em lixões. Na análise sobre o Consórcio do Seridó, foi identificado um rol de questões que estão dificultando a sua implementação. As demandas passam pela esfera política, uma vez que os gestores ainda não se apropriaram plenamente do acontecimento, e da própria vaidade político-partidária dos gestores municipais. No aspecto financeiro, os gestores ainda não conseguiram estabelecer uma política monetária para a sustentação do Consórcio. Na esfera técnico-logística, não há um ajustamento no sentido do funcionamento das demandas previstas para a implementação do Consórcio. Espera-se que, com a efetivação do Consórcio através da construção das suas estruturas de apoio (Estações de transbordo e Aterro Sanitário), um novo modelo de gestão dos resíduos sólidos seja implantado.

10
  • ANDRÉ LUIS NOGUEIRA DA SILVA
  • OS ESTADOS NO SUAS: UMA ANÁLISE DA CAPACIDADE INSTITUCIONAL DOS GOVERNOS ESTADUAIS NA ASSISTÊNCIA SOCIAL

  • Líder : SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • FERNANDO LUIZ ABRUCIO
  • Data: 27-jul-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O presente trabalho trata dos efeitos gerados pelos desenhos institucionais no comportamento de atores políticos. A literatura que discute as implicações dos arranjos federativos na produção de políticas públicas se aporta em dois argumentos opostos: (1) a configuração federativa provocaria dispersão e variação na provisão de serviços entre os governos subnacionais; e (2) o governo central possuiria mecanismos capazes de induzir a provisão de  políticas nacionais em patamares mais homogêneos, de modo similar a estados unitários. A pesquisa insere-se nesta discussão à medida que aborda os efeitos do desenho institucional do  Sistema Único de Assistência Social (SUAS) nas decisões dos governos estaduais brasileiros. Diante disso, analisou-se a capacidade institucional construída pelos 26 governos estaduais após a implementação do SUAS, concebendo este sistema como mecanismo de definição de atribuições governamentais e de cooperação federativa. Argumenta-se que a existência de uma heterogênea capacidade institucional dos governos estaduais na Assistência Social é resultado da autonomia contida no desenho institucional do SUAS para esse nível de governo. Tal liberdade de atuação relativiza a ideia de que a implementação de sistemas nacionais de políticas públicas geraria efeitos positivos (ou homogêneos) em todos os governos subnacionais, ao mesmo tempo  que impede generalizar a premissa de fragilidade dos estados no plano federativo brasileiro.

     

    A hipótese que sustentamos é de que a atuação heterogênea dos estados, resultado da fragilidade institucional do SUAS, enfraquece a efetividade da política socioassistencial, dificultando a concretização do Estado de Bem Estar brasileiro. Deste modo, ao contrário do que a literatura aponta, argumentamos que a adoção do SUAS pouco contribui com o fortalecimento institucional dos governos estaduais, o que relativiza a proposição que indica efeitos positivos da criação de sistemas nacionais nos governos subnacionais.

11
  • PAULA JULIANA DA SILVA
  • VAZIOS URBANOS E A DINÂMICA IMOBILIÁRIA NA PRODUÇÃO DO ESPAÇO EM NATAL/RN

  • Líder : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • REGINA DULCE BARBOSA LINS
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • Data: 31-jul-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • No Brasil as discussões sobre os vazios urbanos aparecem relacionadas com o processo de expansão urbana. As cidades expandiram-se em direção às periferias, deixando nos interstícios terrenos vagos, mantidos fora do mercado à espera de valorização imobiliária. Na cidade de Natal, a formação dos vazios foi desencadeada por um processo de fragmentação do espaço, promovido, principalmente, pela expansão urbana com o surgimento de novos bairros, aberturas de loteamentos, conjuntos habitacionais e o surgimento de novos eixos de centralidade comercial. Neste sentido, o presente trabalho busca compreender o papel desenvolvido pelos vazios urbanos na dinâmica imobiliária e no processo de produção do espaço da cidade de Natal. Para isso, foi abordado o conceito tomando por base a concepção de diferentes autores e foram caracterizados quatro tipos de vazios que melhor explicam o fenômeno no contexto da proposta do trabalho, como as áreas ociosas, os vazios expectantes, o vazio-Brownfield e as áreas institucionais. Para cada uma dessas tipologias foi analisado um exemplo no contexto geral da cidade, por meio entrevistas semiestruturadas com técnicos, gestores e agentes públicos envolvidos na promoção da cidade e/ou relacionados à gestão dos vazios urbanos.

12
  • JOSÉ AVELINO DA HORA NETO
  • Dinâmica de expansão urbana de Ceará-mirim/RN: aspectos locais e metropolitanos?

     

  • Líder : MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • GERSON GOMES DO NASCIMENTO
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • Data: 20-ago-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Este trabalho tem por objetivo compreender a dinâmica de crescimento da cidade de Ceará-Mirim considerando os aspectos que definem sua atual expansão urbana. Escolheu-se utilizar como aporte metodológico o conceito de espaço como produto e produtor das relações sociais, sendo o mesmo constituído por objetos e ações que se relacionam num processo dialético ao longo do tempo. Como instrumento de pesquisa, realizou-se estudo bibliográfico que caracterizasse os aspectos históricos  de uso e ocupação do solo da região a fim de evidenciar os agentes que explicam sua configuração urbana atual. Em seguida, realizou-se o levantamento de dados secundários para uma análise das atividades econômicas do município e seus respectivos impactos na estrutura social local. Entre esses aspectos, a economia açucareira, mesmo em decadência, aparece como definidora dos limites de crescimento urbano. Na escala regional, outros fatores são discutidos abordando a influência dos processos urbanos formadores da Região Metropolitana de Natal (RMNatal), na qual Ceará-Mirim aparece integrada no nível muito baixo segundo estudo do Observatório das Metrópoles (2013). Contudo, destacamos que nos últimos anos principalmente no vetor de crescimento da BR 406, instalaram-se equipamentos de abrangência metropolitana. Esses objetos estão associados a um discurso imobiliário em que a possível “metropolização” aparece como impulsionadora de investimentos na área de expansão da cidade.


13
  • JENAIR ALVES DA SILVA
  • YOUTH AND YOUTH SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN NATAL/RN: CHARACTERIZATION, ARTICULATIONS AND CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE POLICY YOUTH PUBLIC

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • CLAUDIO ROBERTO DE JESUS
  • ILANA LEMOS DE PAIVA
  • PATRÍCIA CRISTINA DE ARAGÃO ARAÚJO
  • Data: 31-ago-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The subject field of youth in Brazil becomes more evident from the 1980s, reflecting a wider debate in the Social Sciences, Political Science and Public field, giving rise to an extensive bibliographic production also in the area of evaluation of public policies and social movements. This work aims to highlight the city of Natal, capital of Rio Grande do Norte, as to how the articulation of social movements of youth came to pass and what have been their contributions to discussions on the Public Policy for Youth according to the Brazilian experience of institutionalization of the Public Policy for Youth from 2005 and the work of youth social movements. The overall objective of this dissertation was to analyze the political influence of the youth movements in Natal and the city's Public Policy for Youth, taking into account the period of 2009 to 2014. As part of a qualitative research, we sought to approach the narrative of young people on the set of their experiences within the social movements, the trajectories of these movements, their repertoires of action and their political influence, specifically in the Public Policy for Youth. As a result, the research presents a brief profile of Natal youth, identification of youth movements, groups and organizations in Natal, analyzes the trajectories of mobilization and influence of youth movements in the Public Policy for Youth between 2009 and 2014 and reflects on the challenges of youth participation. This study sheds light on social movements composed of young people who work in the city, providing opportunities for the deepening of the understanding of participation as a key issue for the development of management of public policies and expansion of rights.

14
  • LUCAS COSTA FREIRE LUZARDO
  • GOVERNANÇA, POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS E PARTICIPAÇÃO SOCIAL: A EXPERIÊNCIA DE PROJETOS URBANOS NO CONTEXTO DA COPA FIFA BRASIL 2014

     
  • Líder : LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MARA BETANIA JALES DOS SANTOS
  • Data: 31-ago-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A presente dissertação busca refletir sobre governança, políticas públicas e participação social, considerando para tanto a arena decisória em um contexto onde, aparentemente, ainda prevalecem formas tradicionais de gestão na esfera pública e na atuação do Estado. No intuito de realizar tal estudo foi selecionado como casos os projetos municipais de mobilidade urbana e o projeto do Aeroporto Internacional de São Gonçalo do Amarante, ambos anunciados como obras da Copa do Mundo FIFA Brasil 2014 no Rio Grande do Norte. Analisar as experiências dos referidos projetos urbanos constitui o objeto do presente estudo, o qual surgiu do interesse em avaliar se as mudanças operacionalizadas na gestão pública brasileira, mesmo que motivado pelo megaevento em um curto período de tempo, têm realmente realizado transformações na gestão de políticas públicas que tendam a consolidar um modelo claro de ação estatal pautado na governança colaborativa. A ampliação da participação e controle social nas decisões públicas tem gerado uma grande diversidade de resultados em projetos urbanos, assim, a questão que impulsionou à investigação foi analisar como o processo de governança se apresenta em formatos diferentes a depender do projeto urbano, mesmo quando essas intervenções pertencem a uma mesma conjuntura política e econômica. A base teórico-metodológica que dá sustentação à analise tem como referência a compreensão de governança apresentada por Eduardo César Marques (2013) e o esquema analítico de governança colaborativa apresentado por Hugh Kellas (2010). Defende-se que as especificidades dos projetos urbanos selecionados serão explicadas a partir de uma análise interativa entre o estabelecimento e a manutenção de um relacionamento inclusivo entre os Stakeholders numa determinada arena político-decisória, cujo objetivo seria a formalização de consensos. Esse cenário está condicionado por variáveis apresentadas no modelo de análise proposto. A análise comparativa das duas experiências demonstrou que há semelhanças, sobretudo, quanto à relação Estado-Sociedade como elemento que enfraquece a vertente colaborativa da governança. Porém, apesar de ambas apresentarem o mesmo contexto político e econômico, há também diferenças, em termos do avanço dos projetos, principalmente em decorrência da escala e impacto de cada intervenção, isso porque as obras de mobilidade urbana se apresentam num contexto intraurbano, enquanto o Aeroporto de São Gonçalo é um projeto regional. Deste modo, a complexidade de atender as diversas agendas em detrimento dos impactos esperados apresenta um alto custo político de gerenciamento, tornando esse processo uma barreira para a ação colaborativa.

15
  • RAFAEL FONSÊCA DA COSTA
  • VENTOS QUE TRANSFORMAM?

    UM ESTUDO SOBRE O IMPACTO DA INSTALAÇÃO DOS PARQUES EÓLICOS NO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Líder : ROBERIO PAULINO RODRIGUES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANGELO MAGALHAES SILVA
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • ROBERIO PAULINO RODRIGUES
  • Data: 14-sep-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O estudo apresenta os resultados de uma investigação sobre o impacto econômico e social da produção de energia eólica no estado do Rio Grande do Norte e especialmente para os municípios produtores. A pesquisa parte da hipótese de que implantação de parques eólicos no estado não tem apresentado até aqui resultados satisfatórios na esfera socioeconômica para os municípios produtores, apesar de contribuir para o crescimento da arrecadação tributária estadual e para o avanço na geração de energia elétrica. Através de uma analogia da implantação dos parques eólicos com as teorias sobre enclaves econômicos em um determinado território e as tipologias das economias latino-americanas apresentadas por Celso Furtado, observamos que uma atividade de alta tecnologia pode frustrar a expectativa em relação à transferência tecnológica e ao real progresso socioeconômico. Por meio de entrevistas com moradores de assentamento e gestores públicos municipais dos municípios de Rio do Fogo, João Câmara, Parazinho e Pedra Grande (os quatro principais municípios produtores de energia eólica do Rio Grande do Norte) e do levantamento dos impostos pagos na instalação e operação dos parques, observou-se que o progresso socioeconômico esperado para os municípios não tem se manifestado da forma esperada como aventado no discurso oficial do Estado e das empresas geradoras de energia.

16
  • GILKA DA MATA DIAS
  • PRAIAS URBANAS E RACIONALIDADE AMBIENTAL:
    AVALIAÇÃO DA GESTÃO, DAS INTERVENÇÕES URBANÍSTICAS E DOS USOS
    NA PRAIA DE PONTA NEGRA

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • JULIANO PAMPLONA XIMENES PONTES
  • PAULO JOSE LISBOA NOBRE
  • Data: 24-sep-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A presente dissertação trata de questões consideradas como essenciais para o desenvolvimento sustentável de orlas e praias urbanas. Muitos desses espaços, mesmo sendo alvo de interesse por parte do Poder Público, do mercado econômico e da população em geral – entre outros fatores, em razão de seu valor paisagístico, de sua importância para o lazer e como base do “Turismo de Sol e Praia” - têm apresentado degradação de ordem estética, sanitária e cultural, ensejando prejuízos e conflitos de ordem ambiental, econômica e social. Com base nessa percepção, a investigação pretende compreender as principais razões desses resultados negativos para os espaços praianos. Com esse objetivo, foi escolhido o estudo de caso de uma típica praia urbana, que é a Praia de Ponta Negra, localizada em Natal, RN. Essa praia, que é associada ao “cartão postal” da cidade, tem sido merecedora de normas urbanísticas municipais que reconhecem legalmente a importância de sua paisagem. Também tem recebido constantes investimentos por parte do Poder Público, com projetos urbanísticos, sob o argumento de deixar o local atrativo para seus usuários. A despeito disso, nos últimos quinze anos, a praia tem convivido com a ampliação de seus problemas, tais como os relativos à balneabilidade da água, à erosão costeira, à desconfiguração de sua paisagem natural. Conflitos sociais também têm sido frequentes nesse recorte temporal: entre moradores da orla e comerciantes que atuam na praia, entre os próprios comerciantes, entre os gestores do espaço e pescadores, entre gestores e comerciantes formais e informais. Muitos desses conflitos sociais e ambientais tomaram proporções tão grandiosas que chegaram a ser judicializados. Partindo da premissa de que os problemas detectados estão relacionados com a questão da racionalidade - entendida como um sistema de valores, normas e ações que relacionam meio e fins – e sustentando a necessidade de uma investigação focada na “racionalidade ambiental”, para se compreender e interpretar a dinâmica dos problemas socioambientais verificados no local, a investigação que norteia o estudo ampara-se na teoria do economista mexicano Enrique Leff, relativa à “racionalidade ambiental”, que, de forma sucinta, pode ser definida como um sistema de valores, normas, ações e relações de meios e fins fundado nos princípios da gestão ambiental e do desenvolvimento sustentável. Entre outros aspectos, a racionalidade engloba planejamento transetorial da administração pública, a participação da sociedade na gestão dos recursos ambientais, a reorganização interdisciplinar do saber, o confronto de interesses opostos e a conciliação de objetivos comum de diversos atores sociais. O estudo avalia a relação entre a “racionalidade ambiental”, nos termos propostos por Enrique Leff, com a gestão, as intervenções urbanísticas e os usos constatados na Praia de Ponta Negra. Para tanto, foram estabelecidos alguns parâmetros de referência que foram considerados na pesquisa como ligados ao desenvolvimento sustentável do ambiente praiano. Os instrumentos de análise escolhidos foram as transformações urbanísticas e os problemas ambientais e sociais que foram alvo de processos judiciais. Também fazem parte do estudo, os problemas que foram objeto de inquéritos civis, que são procedimentos de investigação realizados pelo Ministério Público.A presente dissertação trata de questões consideradas como essenciais para o desenvolvimento sustentável de orlas e praias urbanas. Muitos desses espaços, mesmo sendo alvo de interesse por parte do Poder Público, do mercado econômico e da população em geral – entre outros fatores, em razão de seu valor paisagístico, de sua importância para o lazer e como base do “Turismo de Sol e Praia” - têm apresentado degradação de ordem estética, sanitária e cultural, ensejando prejuízos e conflitos de ordem ambiental, econômica e social. Com base nessa percepção, a investigação pretende compreender as principais razões desses resultados negativos para os espaços praianos. Com esse objetivo, foi escolhido o estudo de caso de uma típica praia urbana, que é a Praia de Ponta Negra, localizada em Natal, RN. Essa praia, que é associada ao “cartão postal” da cidade, tem sido merecedora de normas urbanísticas municipais que reconhecem legalmente a importância de sua paisagem. Também tem recebido constantes investimentos por parte do Poder Público, com projetos urbanísticos, sob o argumento de deixar o local atrativo para seus usuários. A despeito disso, nos últimos quinze anos, a praia tem convivido com a ampliação de seus problemas, tais como os relativos à balneabilidade da água, à erosão costeira, à desconfiguração de sua paisagem natural. Conflitos sociais também têm sido frequentes nesse recorte temporal: entre moradores da orla e comerciantes que atuam na praia, entre os próprios comerciantes, entre os gestores do espaço e pescadores, entre gestores e comerciantes formais e informais. Muitos desses conflitos sociais e ambientais tomaram proporções tão grandiosas que chegaram a ser judicializados. Partindo da premissa de que os problemas detectados estão relacionados com a questão da racionalidade - entendida como um sistema de valores, normas e ações que relacionam meio e fins – e sustentando a necessidade de uma investigação focada na “racionalidade ambiental”, para se compreender e interpretar a dinâmica dos problemas socioambientais verificados no local, a investigação que norteia o estudo ampara-se na teoria do economista mexicano Enrique Leff, relativa à “racionalidade ambiental”, que, de forma sucinta, pode ser definida como um sistema de valores, normas, ações e relações de meios e fins fundado nos princípios da gestão ambiental e do desenvolvimento sustentável. Entre outros aspectos, a racionalidade engloba planejamento transetorial da administração pública, a participação da sociedade na gestão dos recursos ambientais, a reorganização interdisciplinar do saber, o confronto de interesses opostos e a conciliação de objetivos comum de diversos atores sociais. O estudo avalia a relação entre a “racionalidade ambiental”, nos termos propostos por Enrique Leff, com a gestão, as intervenções urbanísticas e os usos constatados na Praia de Ponta Negra. Para tanto, foram estabelecidos alguns parâmetros de referência que foram considerados na pesquisa como ligados ao desenvolvimento sustentável do ambiente praiano. Os instrumentos de análise escolhidos foram as transformações urbanísticas e os problemas ambientais e sociais que foram alvo de processos judiciais. Também fazem parte do estudo, os problemas que foram objeto de inquéritos civis, que são procedimentos de investigação realizados pelo Ministério Público.

17
  • HALINE COSTA DOS SANTOS
  • O agrominerador familiar “Por detrás da Serra” de Parelhas, Seridó do Rio Grande do Norte.


  • Líder : FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • DENES DANTAS VIEIRA
  • Data: 19-oct-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • As condições climáticas desfavoráveis à agricultura familiar, associada à dificuldade legal de aposentadoria para trabalhadores que atuam exclusivamente na mineração, são indicações fornecidas que norteiam sobre a combinação entre a ocupação agrícola e a extração mineral de um grupo que decidimos titular “agromineradores”, localizados “Por detrás da Serra” da Princesa, no município de Parelhas, Seridó do RN. Contudo, para além desses aspectos, a pesquisa enseja uma análise e verificação aprofundada de outros fatores que vinculam essas famílias a tal associação laboral. Os conceitos de Habitus, campo e trajetória de Pierre Bourdieu, assim como o de Instituições de Geoffey Hodgson são fundantes neste trabalho para explicar a inserção desses agricultores em um ambiente institucional moldado por estruturas sociais que influenciam nas escolhas e comportamentos individuais e coletivos e que assinalam para a relevância das estruturas de poder existentes dentro e fora da família e para o papel das políticas públicas direcionadas aos agricultores familiares e garimpeiros. A análise dos dados demonstrou que existe uma estrutura cristalizada e que se manifesta há anos nesse campo, comprovando o enlace que há entre esses agentes e as instituições que os rodeiam na composição de comportamentos e rotinização de práticas. 

18
  • JOÃO VIDAL DE SOUZA NETO
  • Espaço híbrido e transformação sociocultural: a pluriatividade na agricultura familiar em Gramorezinho.

  • Líder : FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • DENES DANTAS VIEIRA
  • Data: 10-nov-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O espaço urbano tem se caracterizado também como um espaço de práticas do meio rural, tal qual ocorre em Natal na comunidade de Gramorezinho. O presente estudo teve como público-alvo os agricultores familiares da referida comunidade na Zona Norte de Natal/RN, que praticam agricultura urbana e periurbana, através do cultivo de hortaliças. Este estudo analisou o conjunto de atividades desenvolvidas no local para entender como elas determinam a condição de pluriatividade também num espaço urbano. O fenômeno da pluriatividade consiste na combinação do uso da força de trabalho em atividades agrícolas e não-agrícolas de pelo menos um dos membros da unidade familiar. A agricultura praticada se caracteriza enquanto agricultura urbana e periurbana configurando-se num espaço híbrido (campo/cidade). Esta atividade está inserida numa Zona de Proteção Ambiental (ZPA) e numa Área Especial de Interesse Social (AEIS) definidas pelo Plano Diretor de Natal – 2007. O Projeto Amigo Verde vem promovendo a conversão do cultivo do sistema agrícola convencional para a produção orgânica, em função do uso intensivo de produtos químicos, causando danos diretos à saúde dos agricultores, dos consumidores e consequentemente ao meio ambiente. Os resultados da pesquisa apontaram, de acordo Schneider (2004), uma plurifuncionalidade do uso do solo e uma pluriatividade das relações de trabalho pelos membros da unidade familiar, decorrentes de um processo de periurbanização.

2014
Disertaciones
1
  • RICHARDSON LEONARDI MOURA DA CAMARA
  • GOVERNOS LOCAIS E POLÍTICAS DE PROMOÇÃO ECONÔMICA - uma análise da promoção econômica nos municípios brasileiros com população acima de 50 mil habitantes

  • Líder : ALAN DANIEL FREIRE DE LACERDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALAN DANIEL FREIRE DE LACERDA
  • LEONARDO ANDRADE ROCHA
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • Data: 31-ene-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Esse trabalho analisa o estado da arte da promoção econômica nos municípios brasileiros de médio e grande porte (com população acima de 50.000 hab.). O objetivo da pesquisa é lançar luz no debate sobre o desenvolvimento regional e municipal, apresentando hipóteses recentes da literatura. De forma complementar, tem-se por objetivo específico a discussão dos resultados da Pesquisa de Informações Básicas dos Municípios - PIM, do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), em dois levantamentos realizados junto aos municípios brasileiros (1999 e 2009). Analisa os instrumentos de promoção econômica utilizados pelos municípios e a influência de algumas variáveis de desenvolvimento, como o Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano Municipal (IDHM) e o Produto Interno Bruto Municipal (PIBM). A pesquisa mostra que fatores como o IDHM e do PIBM tem influência significativa sobre a promoção econômica dos municípios e devem ser levados em conta na definição das estratégias locais de desenvolvimento.

2
  • EMANUELLE ROBERTA DA SILVA MELO
  • NOVA CENTRALIDADE EM MOSSORÓ (RN): EXPANSÃO URBANA E O BAIRRO BELA VISTA


  • Líder : SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RITA DE CÁSSIA ARIZA DA CRUZ
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • Data: 26-feb-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Esta dissertação é resultado de pesquisa que teve como objetivo reconstituir o processo de expansão recente do espaço urbano de Mossoró (RN), particularmente a dinâmica do bairro Bela Vista que se consolida como uma nova centralidade urbana. Partimos da perspectiva de que o processo de urbanização, como resultado das transformações do sistema capitalista, tem profundos impactos sobre a reestruturação do espaço urbano, que inclui a redefinição e formação de novas centralidades urbanas. O pressuposto básico aceita que as recentes transformações econômicas em Mossoró-RN têm levado à adoção de novas estratégias de localização de equipamentos comerciais e de serviços, contribuindo para a sua expansão urbana e formação de novas centralidades urbanas. A estratégia de pesquisa adotada constitui-se de um estudo de caso orientado com base em análise de informações qualitativas, mas que também incorpora informações quantitativas. Foram realizadas entrevistas com informantes qualificados, bem como vistorias de campo, com documentação fotográfica, com o intuito de apreender o fenômeno observado. Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que o bairro Bela Vista pode ser considerado uma nova centralidade urbana, abrigando atividades de comercio e serviços especializados, bem como moradias, que o diferencia de outras áreas da cidade. 

3
  • EMERSON INÁCIO CENZI
  • Políticas Públicas Nacional de Economia Solidária e seus reflexos no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte

  • Líder : WAGNER DE SOUZA LEITE MOLINA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • JOAQUIM PINHEIRO DE ARAUJO
  • WAGNER DE SOUZA LEITE MOLINA
  • Data: 14-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Neste trabalho realizamos uma analise da construção da agenda pública e seus reflexos na implantação de uma política pública de Economia Solidária estadual, tendo como base pesquisa documental, iminentemente qualitativo, tendo como referencia os documentos de avaliação das políticas e a sistematização de reuniões e encontros dos atores envolvidos com o tema.

    Nossa referencia, a partir do modelo de KINGDOW, é a construção da agenda publica, da agenda decisória e como a confluência dos problemas, soluções  e construção política podem gerar janelas de oportunidade, possibilitando a institucionalização de uma política pública, no caso de Economia solidária.

    O que podemos concluir com analise é que o Estado, tanto no plano Federal como no Estadual,  não conseguiram dar respostas para o tema, e, a medida que o processo, eventos e articulações políticas pelo tema foram sendo realizados, houve um afastamento entre a agenda pública e a agenda decisional.

4
  • RAISSA CAMILA SALVIANO FERREIRA
  • MUDANÇAS NA RELAÇÃO ENTRE ESTADO E MERCADO NA PRODUÇÃO DE HABITAÇÃO DE INTERESSE SOCIAL EM PARNAMIRIM-RN

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • LUCIANA ANDRADE DOS PASSOS
  • Data: 21-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Os poderes atribuídos à municipalidade em anos de construção das políticas urbanas brasileiras com o Movimento da Reforma Urbana, (Estatuto da Cidade, Ministério das Cidades, Planhab, e etc.) incluíam as reivindicações populares, contudo, percebe-se que vêm passando por uma redução de atuação, cabendo-lhes o controle dos cadastros dos beneficiários. É preciso pontuar que essa estratégia de redução do papel do Estado no planejamento de políticas de caráter social, pode não ser a mais adequada à população de rendas mais baixas ao passo que deixa boa parte do planejamento sob controle do Mercado privado e sua natural tendência de busca do lucro. Muitas podem ser as consequências da adoção de uma lógica de mercado como, por exemplo, a manutenção da Caixa Econômica Federal (CEF) e suas limitações de banco como agente operador de todas as políticas de HIS e o não atendimento da faixa de interesse social. Ressalta-se, portanto, a importância de algum tipo de regulação, seja ela estatal ou popular/participativa.

    Para correntes de pensamento mais próximas do Marxismo, esta aproximação entre Estado e Mercado parece perigosa, entretanto, abordagens mais liberais acreditam que esta pode ser uma estratégia exitosa. Não é a intenção do presente trabalho esclarecer qual das duas correntes está certa, ou se há uma certa, contudo, a compreensão de certos posicionamentos, escolhas permeiam o entendimento conceitual dessa diferença. Procura-se estabelecer sim, uma relação direta entre as estratégias adotadas e seus reflexos na sociedade, interessando mais especificamente os efeitos socioterritoriais.

    Como estudo de caso dos impactos socioterritoriais dessas mudanças tem-se o município de Parnamirim-RN, cuja aprovação de financiamentos a produção de habitação de interesse social é a mais significativa do estado.

5
  • JOAO HENRIQUE GOMES DA SILVA
  • Bairro Planalto, Natal-RN: agentes, usos e conflitos

  • Líder : SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MARCOS ANTÔNIO SILVESTRE GOMES
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • Data: 27-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A presente pesquisa objetiva analisar a configuração urbana do bairro Planalto, Natal/RN, procurando desvendar os processos, os agentes e as contradições associadas à produção do seu espaço. A escolha do bairro justifica-se pela constatação de que as alterações na sua configuração urbana vêm acontecendo de forma acelerada. Destaca-se a atuação do mercado imobiliário, em parceria com o Estado, e a construção de condomínios e edifícios fechados, através do Programa Habitacional Minha Casa, Minha Vida. Esse fato tem favorecido a reprodução de uma “nova” realidade urbana no bairro, estabelecendo um padrão urbanístico que se diferencia da morfologia original, tido como periférico dentro da dinâmica urbana da cidade. A pesquisa se constitui em um estudo qualitativo, através de documentos, entrevistas com os agentes envolvidos e documentação fotográfica. Nessa perspectiva, procura-se compreender a fase atual (década 2000) do processo de produção do espaço do bairro, através do desenvolvimento do mercado imobiliário, como extensão do tecido urbano do núcleo da cidade de Natal, analisando a atuação dos seus agentes produtores e os “novos” usos redefinindo o “antigo”. Desse modo, percebe-se que existe no bairro, uma realidade urbana plural em constituição, a partir da existência de diferentes classes sociais habitando o mesmo espaço. Assim, a cidade é produzida a partir da apropriação do espaço pelas distintas classes sociais, embora decorrente da condição econômica de cada uma delas.

6
  • ANALUCIA DE AZEVEDO SILVA
  • UM SONHO DISTANTE: REFLEXÕES SOBRE ACESSIBILIDADE NOS CONJUNTOS HABITACIONAIS DO PMCMV FAIXA 1 NA REGIÃO METROPOLITANA DE NATAL

  • Líder : SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • LUIS RENATO BEZERRA PEQUENO
  • Data: 04-abr-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A presente dissertação busca refletir sobre a acessibilidade nos conjuntos habitacionais do Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida, Faixa 1, que compreende as pessoas que recebem de 0 a 3 salários mínimos, no âmbito da Região Metropolitana de Natal – RMNatal - entre os anos de 2009 e 2012. A pesquisa abrange os municípios beneficiados pelo programa: Ceará-Mirim, Extremoz, Macaíba, Monte Alegre, Natal, Nísia Floresta, Parnamirim e São Gonçalo do Amarante. Investigamos os desdobramentos do PMCMV no que se refere ao acesso à cidade, discutindo alguns conceitos ligados ao modo de produção capitalista como segregação residencial e periferização. Buscamos identificar as condições de acessibilidade nos novos conjuntos habitacionais a partir de três categorias que consideramos fundamentais, a saber, a localização dos empreendimentos, a oferta de transporte público coletivo e a disponibilidade de equipamentos públicos, serviços, lazer e bens culturais no entorno desses. Nosso referencial teórico se concentra nas ideias do geógrafo britânico David Harvey na obra “A Justiça Social e a Cidade”, de 1980. Os estudos desenvolvidos por Harvey nos levaram a debater sobre a escolha locacional para a habitação de interesse social, bem como nos permitiu discutir o preço da acessibilidade a esses novos empreendimentos e suas implicações na renda dos indivíduos beneficiados pelo programa, principalmente porque tratamos de uma população de baixa renda. Para a consecução desses objetivos, nos valemos do estudo de caso, incluindo pesquisa documental, documentação fotográfica, registros de observações de campo e conversas informais com moradores, compondo um estudo de natureza qualitativa. À luz do que foi pesquisado e, considerando as questões norteadoras da pesquisa, buscamos refletir sobre os aspectos do programa que podem influenciar sobremaneira nos processos de segregação residencial e periferização da habitação da população de baixa renda a partir da precarização das condições de acessibilidade para a referida população.

7
  • ERICA PRISCILLA CARVALHO DE LIMA MACHADO
  • DESENVOLVIMENTO REGIONAL: UM DEBATE SOBRE AS POLÍTICAS INDUSTRIAIS NO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Líder : ROBERIO PAULINO RODRIGUES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ROBERIO PAULINO RODRIGUES
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • TANIA BACELAR DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: 22-may-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O debate do desenvolvimento econômico ressalta a emergência de uma gradual mudança da estrutura econômica, que passaria de um estágio agrário para o industrial e, posteriormente, com um setor terciário predominante. Entretanto, a elevada desigualdade regional brasileira resultou na coexistência de espaços modernos e outros atrasados. Tais disparidades são visíveis não só no aspecto econômico, mas espacial, social e ambiental. Embora o Brasil tenha atravessado mudanças na estrutura produtiva, bem como na localização destas atividades, as disparidades espaço-territoriais se manifestam em um elevado nível de heterogeneidade regional. Diante desse contexto, o Nordeste emerge como uma região que historicamente foi caracterizada pelo atraso socioeconômico e pela presença dos piores indicadores de desigualdades. A presença destes indicadores que indicam o atraso socioeconômico da região frentes às demais colabora para a prioridade da ação de políticas públicas voltadas para reverterem essa disparidade regional. A descrição histórica das políticas de desenvolvimento de cunho regional mostra que o Estado desempenhou papel central em prol do ordenamento territorial. Além da criação de órgãos de desenvolvimento, como a Sudene no Nordeste, os incentivos fiscais e financeiros foram estratégias amplamente utilizadas na região para promover uma maior integração nacional. No entanto, a utilização dos incentivos é bastante discutida tendo em vista as possíveis vantagens e desvantagens trazidas pelo seu uso. Desta forma, o presente estudo pretende construir uma ferramenta de aporte teórico para a construção de políticas públicas eficazes para a industrialização no Nordeste e, especificamente, do Rio Grande do Norte.

8
  • WILLIAM GOMES FERREIRA
  • O Nascimento de uma Política Pública: das articulas à formulação do PRONERA


  • Líder : SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CLAUDIA JOB SCHMITT
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • Data: 04-ago-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Este trabalho tem como objetivo reconstituir o processo de formulação do PRONERA- Programa Nacional de Educação na Reforma Agrária. Uma política pública que teve suas primeiras ideias geradas no seio dos movimentos sociais e posteriormente, com as diligências do então governo, conseguiu-se viabilizar sua criação. O Programa foi formulado, portanto, em regime de parceria entre o Estado, os movimentos sociais e instituições públicas e organizações sem fins lucrativos. O objetivo desta pesquisa é compreender o que motivou a escolha desta proposta como estratégia de combate aos problemas educacionais no campo e como os atores, as entidades envolvidas nesta empreitada e o contexto político-social influenciaram a sua formulação. Assim, reconstruímos a trajetória histórica e política da educação do/no campo e procuramos compreender o contexto de criação do PRONERA, os fatores que influenciaram a sua criação e a ação dos atores envolvidos no processo. Partimos do princípio de que, com a Constituição de 1988, começou-se a criar condições legais para a participação ativa da sociedade civil organizada no processo político e, consequentemente, na elaboração de políticas públicas. Concluímos, assim, que o PRONERA foi resultado do cruzamento dos três fluxos (problemas, soluções e política) preconizados pelo modelo de Kingdon. Portanto, este arsenal analítico foi útil para explicar a entrada do PRONERA na agenda governamental, pois ajudou-nos a compreender como as chances dessa demanda social aumentaram com a ação de uma comunidade política, permitindo a sua entrada na agenda governamental e, em seguida, virar uma política pública.

9
  • MANOEL DAGONIA FERNANDES BRAGA
  • O CONSELHO ESTADUAL DO MEIO AMBIENTE DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE: PARADIGMAS, PROPOSIÇÕES E ATORES SOCIAIS

     


  • Líder : FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FABIO FONSECA FIGUEIREDO
  • LINDOMAR WESSLER BONETI
  • ZORAIDE SOUZA PESSOA
  • Data: 29-sep-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A partir da Constituição Federal de 1988, os conselhos se firmaram como espaços democráticos, que prevê a participação da sociedade na formulação, deliberação e gestão das políticas públicas. Propusemos nesta literatura uma discussão sobre à luz da teoria sobre participação e cidadania no Conselho Estadual de Meio Ambiente do Rio Grande do Norte (CONEMA/RN), focando seu olhar sobre o processo decisório deste grupo, a partir da manifestação dos atores sociais. Nosso estudo compilou as atas de reuniões deste Conselho Estadual do Meio Ambiente, sendo este um privilégio na discussão dos possíveis problemas ambientais que marcam a sociedade potiguar. Portanto, necessário em se fazer uma leitura da atuação dessa participação e de seus elementos constitutivos dentro do processo decisório do colegiado do Conselho. O CONEMA/RN, enquanto componente do Sistema Nacional do Meio Ambiente, é um conselho em que a sociedade civil organizada participa do processo decisório frente aos desafios das demandas ambientais no estado. Haja vista a complexidade da condução desse processo de participação social que enseja questões de natureza política, econômica e social se faz relevante pelo aprofundamento deste estudo. Analisamos a atuação do CONEMA/RN nos últimos dois governos, ou seja, no governo da ex-governadora Wilma de Faria (2007 a 2010), e da gestão Rosalba Ciarlini (2011 a 2013). O objetivo é demonstrar através da análise documental e bibliográfica e da interpretação de informações fornecidas no recorte proposto, as manifestações no CONEMA/RN, em diferentes situações pelos principais atores envolvidos que correspondem a quota de representação da sociedade.

10
  • ANA CAROLINA GUILHERME COELHO
  • JUSTIÇA SOCIAL E DIREITO A CIDADE: APONTAMENTOS, REFLEXÕES E SÍNTESES PROVISÓRIAS

  • Líder : SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • PABLO MORENO PAIVA CAPISTRANO
  • Data: 07-nov-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O presente trabalho destina-se a promover o diálogo entre o conceito filosófico de justiça social e direito à cidade e o fenômeno de urbanização das cidades. Constitui, então, objetivo geral desta dissertação realizar uma reflexão sobre justiça social e o direito à cidade, a partir de uma análise dos conceitos de justiça social e direito a cidade em algumas teorias da filosofia do direito e dos campos de conhecimento que estudam a cidade e o planejamento urbano. A partir disso, com base em análise de fragmentos da realidade, buscou-se estabelecer uma leitura da cidade a partir do Estatuto da Cidade, entendido como um instrumento de política urbana. Para tanto, foram selecionadas contribuições de Aristóteles, Santo Agostinho, Hegel e Marx, David Harvey e Henri Lefebvre, buscando estabelecer um diálogo entre produção do território e acesso à cidade. Como procedimento metodológico, predomina nesse trabalho uma pesquisa qualitativa, cujo arcabouço empírico e teórico está amparado na literatura já existente, o que exigiu uma revisão bibliográfica que compreendesse desde a filosofia clássica no que concerne à temática da justiça e do direito, bem como literatura contemporânea sobre o tema de justiça social e direito a cidade. Desta forma, diante de uma análise bibliométrica realizada sobre a produção acadêmica no Brasil sobre o tema da justiça social e Estatuto da Cidade, vislumbrou-se a possibilidade de aprofundamento e reflexão sobre o tema, unindo as literaturas teóricas e as pesquisas empíricas existentes, o que fora complementado com novas análises de dados e indicadores. Destarte, diante de todo arcabouço de pesquisa, conclui-se que o ideal de justiça assume o mesmo significado desde os tempos de Aristóteles, o que implica argumentar que, na atualidade, as disposições sobre justiça social e direito à cidade consistem em tentativas de promover nas cidades maneiras de implementar os ideias de cidade socialmente justa.

    .

2013
Disertaciones
1
  • ELIANE MARIA DE OLIVEIRA
  • AGRICULTURA FAMILIAR E ESTRATÉGIAS DE REPRODUÇÃO SOCIOECONÔMICA DAS FAMÍLIAS RURAIS DE SÃO MIGUEL – RN

  • Líder : JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOANA TEREZA VAZ DE MOURA
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • CIDOVAL MORAIS DE SOUSA
  • Data: 15-may-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Apesar da participação expressiva da produção agrícola familiar na produção nacional, na região semiárida do Nordeste, a agricultura familiar ainda apresenta características tradicionais, sendo incapaz de gerar renda suficiente para a reprodução socioeconômica das famílias dessa região. Nesse contexto, o objetivo deste trabalho é analisar os diferentes mecanismos utilizados pelos agricultores familiares para se reproduzirem social e economicamente no meio rural de São Miguel-RN. O estudo desenvolveu-se mediante bibliografia existente sobre a temática e com dados primários de uma pesquisa de campo realizada com 66 famílias da zona rural do município de São Miguel-RN. Como unidade de análise escolheu-se as famílias rurais. Dentre os principais resultados do trabalho identificou-se que, além da renda da atividade agrícola, as fontes de renda das famílias rurais eram variadas, entre rendas de atividades não agrícolas, de programas assistenciais do governo como o Programa Bolsa Família, de benefícios previdenciários rurais e de outras rendas como ajudas de familiares residentes em outras localidades. Em relação à atividade agrícola, o estudo demonstrou que o valor médio anual da renda bruta agropecuária das famílias estudadas foi de apenas R$ 2.129,62 e verificou-se que 24,24% das famílias desenvolviam atividades pluriativas. Constatou-se que as atividades não agrícolas são desenvolvidas devido a algumas oportunidades do mercado de trabalho, tanto da zona rural como da zona urbana do município, e como a maioria dos membros que desenvolvem as atividades não-agrícolas são os próprios chefes de família, grande parte da renda adquirida com a atividade não agrícola era destinada para a reprodução do conjunto familiar. Além da renda de atividades não agrícolas, as famílias estudadas também recebiam renda da previdência rural, e identificou-se que mais da metade (56%) das famílias não pluriativas auferiam rendas de aposentadorias rurais. No caso das famílias que o chefe ou algum membro ainda não chegaram na idade de receber a renda da aposentadoria rural, o exercício da atividade não agrícola torna-se uma fonte de renda necessária e importante. O Programa Bolsa família estava presente em 57,6% das famílias pesquisadas, e 75% das famílias pluriativas recebiam renda desse programa. A participação das rendas não agrícolas e das transferências de renda correspondeu a 74,73% do total da renda auferida pelas famílias rurais de São Miguel. A agricultura, apesar de ser a principal ocupação, estando presente em todas as famílias, participa apenas com 21,65% da renda total. Conclui-se que a agricultura familiar desenvolvida no município de São Miguel é considerada precária. A predominância do minifúndio, a falta de assistência técnica, as práticas primitivas de cultivo do solo, os equipamentos rudimentares utilizados no processo produtivo, os baixos preços dos produtos agrícolas, a falta de perspectiva futura com a atividade agrícola, a inexistência de associativismo/cooperativismo e os constantes empasses causados pelas secas, foram alguns dos principais problemas que puderam ser identificados na agricultura familiar desse município. Nesse aspecto, as rendas não agrícolas e as transferências de renda atuam como fatores cruciais para garantir a reprodução socioeconômica destas famílias, garantindo-lhes as condições necessárias para continuar vivendo na zona rural deste município.

2
  • ANA RAQUEL MATIAS DANTAS
  • MIGRAÇÃO E SELETIVIDADE NA REGIÃO NORDESTE: UM ESTUDO A PARTIR DOS DADOS DO CENSO DEMOGRÁFICO DE 2010.

  • Líder : FLAVIO HENRIQUE MIRANDA DE ARAUJO FREIRE
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANDRE BRAZ GOLGHER
  • FLAVIO HENRIQUE MIRANDA DE ARAUJO FREIRE
  • RICARDO OJIMA
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • Data: 25-jun-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O objetivo desse estudo é analisar o efeito da migração sobre o diferencial de renda entre os imigrantes e não-migrantes nordestinos e, com isso, verificar se os imigrantes compõem ou não um grupo positivamente selecionado (que apresenta melhores características não-observáveis como habilidade, espírito empreendedor, dentre outras). O pressuposto que será testado é o de que a presença desses imigrantes afeta a desigualdade de renda da região receptora, o que pode explicar parte da elevada desigualdade deparada no Nordeste brasileiro. O estudo está baseado na literatura de seletividade migratória introduzida por Roy (1951), Borjas (1987) e Chiswick (1999). Será estimada a equação de salários de Mincer (1974) por meio do Método de Mínimos Quadrados Ordinários, utilizando as informações dos microdados da amostra do Censo de 2010, do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE).  Os resultados que correspondem à comparação do perfil socioeconômico, mostraram que os imigrantes são mais qualificados e, em média, mais bem pagos que os não-migrantes. Com a estimação do modelo, verificou-se que, mantendo as demais variáveis constantes, a renda que os imigrantes auferem é 14,40% maior que a dos não-migrantes. Dessa forma, constatou-se existência de seletividade positiva nas migrações dirigidas à região Nordeste.

2012
Disertaciones
1
  • FELIPE FERNANDES DE ARAUJO
  • NATAL CONDOMINIO CLUBE: inovação espacial nos eixos de valorização da Zona Sul da cidade

  • Líder : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • EDESIO FERNANDES
  • Data: 28-mar-2012


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Este trabalho discute a chegada de empreendimentos verticais do tipo condomínio-clube, na área de expansão urbana da Zona Sul de Natal em direção ao município de Parnamirim, com base na lógica de atuação dos empresários urbanos no submercado residencial. A principal característica de tais empreendimentos é a grande diversidade de itens de lazer existentes nas áreas comuns, com o intuito de representar qualidade de vida, conforto e tranquilidade. Aproveitando-se de grandes glebas de terra, da infraestrutura urbana construída, assim como da preferência que a Zona Sul de Natal desperta no imaginário da classe média, essa parte da cidade constitui-se atualmente em um dos alvos preferidos dos empresários urbanos. O referencial teórico deste trabalho inicia-se na discussão de Henri Lefebvre sobre a produção do espaço social, com ênfase na tridimensionalidade do espaço. Em seguida, utiliza-se de David Harvey para abordar as transformações do espaço construído e a dinâmica do mercado imobiliário, por meio do conceito de destruição criativa; especificamente sobre o mercado residencial, apropria-se da análise de Pedro Abramo sobre as ações dos empresários urbanos, com destaque para os conceitos de convenção urbana e inovação espacial. Os procedimentos metodológicos baseiam-se em entrevistas semi-estruturadas junto aos empresários urbanos para compreender sua lógica de atuação em torno dessa nova tendência em Natal, implicando em transformações na sua dinâmica espacial. De maneira geral, observa-se uma relação direta entre a localização de tais empreendimentos e o processo de segmentação espacial, ao mesmo tempo visto como consequência e estratégia de ação dos empresários urbanos.

2
  • RONIE CLÉBER DE SOUZA
  • Efeitos da Previdência Rural na Agricultura Familiar da Microrregião Serra de São Miguel-RN

  • Líder : WAGNER DE SOUZA LEITE MOLINA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • WAGNER DE SOUZA LEITE MOLINA
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • CÍCERO PÈRICLES DE CARVALHO
  • Data: 30-mar-2012


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O objetivo do presente trabalho é verificar os efeitos da Previdência Social Rural na agricultura familiar da microrregião Serra de São Miguel-RN. O estudo baseou-se em bibliografia disponível sobre a temática, em dados secundários e em um levantamento amostral realizada em três municípios (Encanto, São Miguel e Riacho de Santana) da microrregião. O universo do estudo foram os estabelecimentos da agricultura familiar apontados no Censo Agropecuário de 2006, nesses municípios. A unidade de análise considerada foi a família rural, com as entrevistas sendo aplicadas junto às famílias de agricultores com e sem aposentados rurais. A amostra foi de 94 famílias presentes nos estabelecimentos familiares. Os resultados demonstram que a Previdência Rural atinge um grau de cobertura significativo na zona rural dos municípios pesquisados, com uma média de 1,57 beneficiários por domicílio nas famílias com aposentados. Os dados da pesquisa atestam que a agricultura familiar na microrregião Serra de São Miguel-RN dispõe de poucas condições favoráveis para o seu desenvolvimento, uma vez que, além da escassez de terras e do fator climático da região, as políticas públicas voltadas a totalidade dos agricultores familiares - como o PRONAF e o PAA -, tem sido incapazes de dar respostas efetivas para a melhoria das condições de vida no meio rural, haja vista a quantidade mínima de famílias atingidas por essas políticas, seja em função do desenho ou do ambiente onde elas são operacionalizadas. Neste contexto, se sobressai a importância da Previdência Rural que, em função da aplicação dos dispositivos constitucionais que garantiram a sua universalização, tem sido a única política pública relevante que, de fato, tem atingido a todos os seus potenciais beneficiários. Dada a situação geral da agricultura familiar da microrregião e das características específicas dos estabelecimentos familiares pesquisados, corroborou-se a hipótese de que a aposentadoria rural não contribui diretamente para o aumento/ viabilização da agricultura familiar. Apesar de 57,4% das famílias com aposentados terem declarado utilizar recursos da aposentadoria no custeio da atividade rural desempenhada pela família, o valor médio anual do gasto situou-se apenas em torno de 7,02% do valor anual das aposentadorias auferidas pelas famílias no ano de 2010. Dados os baixos níveis em que se opera a reprodução social da grande maioria dos estabelecimentos familiares da microrregião, a manutenção das famílias representa o principal destino dos recursos previdenciários. Confirmou-se também a hipótese de que a Previdência Rural constitui o principal aporte monetário das famílias com aposentados. Para mais de 93% das famílias com aposentados, as aposentadorias perfaziam 50% ou mais do total da renda monetária familiar, e na composição da renda rural das famílias com aposentados e pensionistas, a renda proveniente das aposentadorias rurais equivalem a 65,24% do total da renda anual obtida pelas famílias. Conclui-se, pois, que a previdência rural, dadas às adversidades para o desenvolvimento da agricultura familiar, da ineficácia operacional das políticas públicas e das poucas oportunidades de geração de renda existente nas economias locais, é a principal responsável pela redução da pobreza e, consequentemente, pelas melhorias das condições de vida das famílias de e com idosos no meio rural da microrregião Serra de São Miguel-RN.

3
  • INGRID GRAZIELE REIS DO NASCIMENTO
  • O MERCADO IMOBILIÁRIO E A REINVENÇÃO DA RIBEIRA, NATAL- RN: verticalizar para renovar?

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • TOMÁS DE ALBUQUERQUE LAPA
  • Data: 18-abr-2012


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A dinâmica imobiliária origina novas formas espaciais, que podem determinar os novos usos dos lugares. Buscou-se analisar, nesse trabalho, as transformações espaciais no bairro da Ribeira, Natal/RN, devido ao avanço do mercado imobiliário que vem transformando gradativamente a paisagem com a inserção de novas tipologias de moradias, principalmente as verticais. A verticalização do bairro – favorecida por uma legislação, não apenas permissiva, mas indutiva – ocorre quase que de uma só vez, alterando sobremaneira a paisagem local. Não obstante esse processo, dado o rápido crescimento da cidade de Natal nas últimas duas décadas e a localização estratégica do bairro, é pertinente observar que, se não fosse o processo de verticalização, talvez o bairro tivesse ficado à mercê de outras intervenções urbanísticas e de outro tipo de abordagem do mercado imobiliário. A pesquisa utilizou como procedimentos metodológicos entrevistas com atores do mercado imobiliário que atuam na localidade e com representantes dos órgãos que implementaram as principais legislações na área: o Instituto de Patrimônio Histórico e Arquitetônico Nacional (IPHAN) e a Secretaria de Meio Ambiente e Urbanismo (SEMURB), além de registros fotográficos no local, com o intuito de verificar essa nova configuração que vem se consolidando no bairro. Para respaldar a discussão teórica, foi feita uma pesquisa bibliográfica e documental. De tal modo, que o objeto deste estudo dessa dissertação vislumbra as singularidades da renovação urbana no bairro da Ribeira e sua articulação com as legislações de preservação histórica e estímulos à ocupação residencial no bairro, principalmente no tocante as residências verticais.

4
  • EUGÊNIO RIBEIRO SILVA
  • O PLANEJAMENTO ESTRATÉGICO SEM PLANO: ícones urbanos e dinâmica imobiliária em Natal
  • Líder : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MARCIO PINON DE OLIVEIRA
  • Data: 02-may-2012


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O modelo de planejamento estratégico de cidades chega à América Latina, passando a ser adotado em cidades brasileiras, com a formulação de planos estratégicos, desde a década de 1990. Em muitas cidades, porém, o padrão de produção da cidade não se deu de acordo com o modelo adotado internacionalmente, mas desenvolveram uma espécie de “planejamento estratégico sem plano” ou “empreendedorismo periférico”, no qual buscam construir atributos para qualificarem sua inserção no cenário competitivo internacional e regional. Dentre esses atributos, destaca-se a produção de ícones urbanos, destinados a variados usos. Antes de qualquer coisa, servem para a construção de uma imagem contemporânea da cidade, para a promoção da cidade para o turismo e os negócios, para a construção da imagem carismática de figuras políticas, bem como para a dinamização do mercado imobiliário. O trabalho ora proposto objetiva compreender a importância dos ícones urbanos, sobretudo na valorização imobiliária das áreas do entorno nas quais são construídos. Para isso, serão estudados ícones urbanos da cidade de Natal e os seus rebatimentos na dinâmica imobiliária, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas com técnicos, gestores e agentes públicos e privados envolvidos na promoção da cidade e/ou relacionados ao mercado imobiliário.
5
  • MÁRCIO FERNANDES RIBEIRO
  • Efeito da Estrutura Etária nas Taxas de Homicídios em Regiões Metropolitanas Brasileiras (Natal-Recife-São Paulo)

  • Líder : FLAVIO HENRIQUE MIRANDA DE ARAUJO FREIRE
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FLAVIO HENRIQUE MIRANDA DE ARAUJO FREIRE
  • MOISES ALBERTO CALLE AGUIRRE
  • LUCIANA TEIXEIRA DE ANDRADE
  • Data: 13-jul-2012


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O presente estudo analisa os óbitos por homicídio, avaliando os efeitos de estrutura etária e o envelhecimento populacional nas regiões metropolitanas de Natal, Recife e São Paulo, a partir de dados do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade-SIM/DATASUS, do Ministério da Saúde. O trabalho inicia-se com um texto introdutório, justificando a escolha do tema, seguido da exposição dos objetivos, geral e específicos. A análise se divide em duas partes, sendo a primeira a revisão bibliográfica e a segunda com a caracterização da demografia e dos homicídios nas três RMNs analisadas. Além dessas partes, o trabalho também aborda as metodologias e as técnicas utilizadas para a comparação do fenômeno e os efeitos das mudanças de estrutura etária nas taxas de homicídios. Os resultados apontam para o envelhecimento da população nas três RMNs, em toda a série analisada, bem como a evidência maior de risco e vitimização em pessoas do sexo masculino, com idades ente 15 a 39 anos. Utilizou-se diversos exercícios de padronização de taxas de homicídio com vários padrões etários, inclusive com uma população projetada para 2020 da RMSP, ficando mais evidente que quando a população se torna mais envelhecida tende a ter taxas de homicídios menores, podendo ainda apresentar outros resultados, sempre nessa mesma linha de raciocínio.

6
  • CAIO CEZAR GABRIEL E SILVA
  • A CONFLUÊNCIA DOS OLHARES: COMPREENDENDO O BAIRRO NOSSA SENHORA DA APRESENTAÇÃO – NATAL/RN -  A PARTIR DA CONCEPÇÃO POPULAR DA SEGREGAÇÃO E DA VIOLÊNCIA.

     

  • Líder : SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • ANGELO MAGALHAES SILVA
  • Data: 30-ago-2012


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O Bairro Nossa Senhora da Apresentação surgiu na década de 1970, atrelado às políticas habitacionais empreendidas durante o Regime Militar Brasileiro (1964 - 1985), que por sua vez foram financiadas via instituições públicas de provimento da casa própria, como a Companhia da Habitação (COHAB), subordinada ao Banco Nacional de Habitação (BNH).  O Nossa Senhora da Apresentação é considerado um bairro periférico, situado na região administrativa Norte da cidade, onde possui consideráveis extensões territoriais e demográficas  e, por isso, é considerado  o maior bairro da capital Natal e de sua Região Metropolitana. O bairro também se constitui como um espaço urbano que concentra sérios contrastes sociais, econômicos e estruturais que passam a ser externados através de problemas locais, como o da violência, uma vez que estatisticamente ocupa a liderança nas taxas de homicídios da capital. Portanto, o presente trabalho, partindo da análise empírica de três espaços distintos no interior do bairro, tem como objetivo principal analisar como os atores sociais que compõem o cotidiano do Nossa Senhora da Apresentação tecem a imagem do bairro por meio das percepções da segregação e da violência, uma vez que estas duas não são dissociadas no discurso do morador. O trabalho traz como principal contribuição a análise dos impactos desses olhares, que ficam evidentes na formação de estigmas sociais reproduzidos no interior do bairro, na fragmentação do tecido social e espacial e na formação de espaços pobres e elitizados no interior da comunidade abordada, confirmando a hipótese de que estamos diante de uma Nova Periferia urbana.

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