Banca de DEFESA: MURILO JOSE PEREIRA DE MACEDO

Uma banca de DEFESA de DOUTORADO foi cadastrada pelo programa.
DISCENTE : MURILO JOSE PEREIRA DE MACEDO
DATA : 25/10/2018
HORA: 13:00
LOCAL: A definir
TÍTULO:

Modification of kapok fibers by cold plasma surface treatment for the production of composites of recycled polyethylene.


PALAVRAS-CHAVES:

Cold plasma; Composites; Kapok; Kinetic studies; Plant fibers; Recycling.


PÁGINAS: 130
RESUMO:

The worldwide production of plastic products has increased significantly over the last decades and their disposal has become an important environmental concern. Recycling provides great opportunities for waste reduction and lower environmental impact. As a recycling alternative, there has been growing interest on addition of biomass residues to polymers to produce composite materials for technological applications. In this study, composites from recycled polyethylene waste and kapok fibers were prepared. Cold plasma treatment was used to improve fiber/matrix adhesion. The effects of plasma treatment on fiber morphology were evaluated using Field-emission gun scanning electron microscopy (FEGSEM) and on chemical structure of the fibers were evaluated by Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Changes in water uptake (WU), mechanical properties and thermal decomposition kinetics behavior of the kapok fibers were studied. The results suggest an increase in water absorption after plasma treatment. Composites using untreated and treated fibers were manufactured and characterized. Dynamic mechanical thermal analyses (DMTA) of composites made using plasma treated fibers indicated an increase in storage moduli as well as an increase in glass transition as compared to the pure polymer. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) indicated that the addition of plasma treated fiber produced changes in thermal degradation as compared to the pure polymer due to matrix/fiber interaction. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) analysis suggested that the plasma treatment also produced changes in degree of crystallinity of the fibers. The thermal parameters results also indicated an improvement in thermal insulating characteristic of the composites with the increase in fiber content. Field-emission gun scanning electron microscopy (FEG-SEM) images of fractured surfaces of the composites suggest that fiber/matrix adhesion was improved for composites made using plasma treated fibers. Thus, cold plasma is demonstrated as a viable alternative to treat cellulosic fibers and improve fiber/matrix interface of polymer-based composites.


MEMBROS DA BANCA:
Interno - 1639676 - EDSON NORIYUKI ITO
Externo à Instituição - ELITON SOUTO DE MEDEIROS - UFPB
Presidente - 1202134 - JOSE DANIEL DINIZ MELO
Externo à Instituição - MARIA ODILA HILÁRIO CIOFFI - UNESP
Externo ao Programa - 2550377 - THERCIO HENRIQUE DE CARVALHO COSTA
Notícia cadastrada em: 15/10/2018 15:39
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