Disertación/Tesis

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2024
Disertaciones
1
  • LARÍCIA GOMES SOARES
  • LANDSCAPE, COMMUNITY AND TERRITORY: 
    KNOWLEDGE DIALOGUES AND PARTICIPATORY MAPPING IN BAÍA FORMOSA (RN)
  • Líder : JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SHEILA KELLY PAULINO NOGUEIRA
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • NATANE OLIVEIRA DA COSTA
  • Data: 02-feb-2024


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The municipality of Baía Formosa, located in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, presents socio-environmental problems and conflicts linked to the use of its natural resources. The diverse use of each portion of the territory by different agents, especially in the last decade, highlights changes, impacts and conflicts in this area. Given this context, the present research aims to develop a participatory mapping of the municipality, highlighting potentialities and problems/limitations, through reading the landscape and the diverse use of natural resources present in the territory. To this end, three groups are the focus of this analysis as groups participating in the study: agents representing the urban headquarters and the Pituba and Vila da Usina districts; the Sagi Jacu indigenous community, and the representative group of fishermen. As for the theoretical-methodological contribution, the research has as its main bases the Geoecology of Landscapes and Social Cartography, where authors such as Farias (2012, 2015), Rodriguez and Silva (2018), Acselrad and Coli (2008), Gorayeb, Meireles stand out. and Silva (2015), Costa (2016, 2021), among others. In methodological terms, the study is based on four phases inherent to the Geoecology of Landscapes, which were adapted for the research, they are: organization and inventory phase, analysis phase, diagnosis phase, and propositional phase, which occur aligned to the triad of Social Cartography: investigation-action-participation. As a result, social participatory mapping of the urban headquarters of the municipality was carried out, as well as the Pituba district, Sagi, Vila da Usina and Sagi Jacu village, all with an emphasis on the potentialities and problems identified in the localities, in addition to the collective elaboration of proposals for mitigation and better uses of natural resources. Furthermore, a social fishing map was produced, highlighting this traditional activity that marks the history of the municipality. In this way, the participatory mapping of Baía Formosa is not just a technical tool, but rather a process that promotes the connection between the community and its territory, scientific knowledge and traditional knowledge. Therefore, it is expected that the analyzes and products arising from the research can help the municipality to understand and invest in its potential, respecting its limitations, mitigating problems and conflicts, with the aim of achieving a relationship between human activities and the support capacity of the environment. more harmonious and compatible with local reality.

    O município de Baía Formosa, localizado no estado do Rio Grande do Norte, apresenta problemas socioambientais e conflitos ligados ao uso dos seus recursos naturais. A utilização diversa de cada porção do território por diferentes agentes, especialmente na última década, ressalta mudanças, impactos e conflitos nessa área. Diante desse contexto, a presente pesquisa tem como objetivo elaborar o mapeamento participativo do município, ressaltando potencialidades e problemas/limitações, por meio da leitura da paisagem e do uso diverso dos recursos naturais presentes no território. Para isso, três núcleos são focos nesta análise enquanto grupos participantes do estudo: agentes representativos da sede urbana e dos distritos Pituba e Vila da Usina; a comunidade indígena Sagi Jacu, e o núcleo representativo de pescadores. Quanto ao aporte téorico-metodologico, a pesquisa tem como bases principais a Geoecologia das Paisagens e Cartografia Social, onde se destacam autores como Farias (2012, 2015), Rodriguez e Silva (2018), Acselrad e Coli (2008), Gorayeb, Meireles e Silva (2015), Costa (2016, 2021), entre outros. Em termos metodológicos, o estudo se pauta em quatro fases inerentes à Geoecologia das Paisagens, que foram adaptadas para a pesquisa, são elas: fase de organização e inventário, fase de análise, fase de diagnóstico, e fase propositiva, as quais, ocorrem alinhadas à tríade da Cartografia Social: investigação-ação-participação. Como resultado, foi realizado o mapeamento participativo social da sede urbana do município, assim como, do distrito Pituba, Sagi, Vila da Usina e aldeia Sagi Jacu, todos com ênfase nas potencialidades e problemas identificados nas localidades, além da elaboração coletiva de propostas de mitigação e melhores usos dos recursos naturais. Ademais, foi produzido um mapa social de pesca, ressaltando essa atividade tradicional que marca a história de município. Desse modo, o mapeamento participativo de Baía Formosa não se apresenta apenas como uma ferramenta técnica, mas sim, um processo que promove a conexão entre a comunidade e seu território, conhecimento científico e os saberes tradicionais. Portanto, espera-se que as análises e produtos advindos da pesquisa possam auxiliar o município, a compreender e investir em suas potencialidades respeitando suas limitações, mitigando problemas e conflitos, com o fim de conquistar uma relação entre atividades humanas e capacidade de suporte do meio mais harmônica e compatível com a realidade local.

     

     

2
  • EMILLY DOMINGOS DA SILVA
  • EVERYDAY PRACTICES: The Invention of the neighborhood of Cidade Nova, Natal - RN

  • Líder : EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • EVANEIDE MARIA DE MELO
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • Data: 15-feb-2024


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The quotidian is an experience that weaves the living of human beings. Through the writing of everyday life, the quotidian narrates the multiple layers of subjectivities entangled in the prosaic and poetic side of living. The movement between the prosaic and the poetic creates a spatial geopoetics with paths and bifurcations that show reality from the dynamics of spatial practices, whose unity is shown, in a unique way, in the neighborhood. In this context, the object of study is the Cidade Nova neighborhood, located in the West Zone of Natal, capital of Rio Grande do Norte. This neighborhood carries in its daily spatial plot several writings, but, to a great extent, it has been identified by the plot of crime and fear, which leads studies to emphasize elements of spatial stigmatization. In this research, we put into question what is the neighborhood's quotidian as central, to mitigate this plot, bringing to light the multiple affectations that come to fragment and mark the quotidian plots. The main objective of this research is to describe the Cidade Nova neighborhood, considering the daily life imbricated in the spatial practices. This research is guided methodologically in the complex perspective, in which the everyday life and spatial practices are merged as a category, concept and analytical cut, being guided by the imbricated movements of remembering and forgetting and the trajectories of a metaphorical walker, inspired by the figure of the god Atlas that seizes, dissipates, disseminates love, suffering, fear and hope embedded in space and that weave everyday life of the inhabitant of Cidade Nova. 

     

3
  • ALYNE KAROLLAYNE MELQUIADES SOUZA DA SILVA
  • The construction of a peripheral geographic thought from the perspective of Euclides da Cunha.

  • Líder : HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • CLÁUDIO JORGE MOURA DE CASTILHO
  • Data: 15-feb-2024


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This research focuses on the theme of Peripheral Geographical Thought, using Euclides' work as a reference for analysis. With Brazil's independence in 1822, the need arose for a nationalist sentiment that would justify the idea of the new nation-state and would be responsible for generating elements that would shape a certain kind of Brazilianness. Along these lines, several intellectuals, known as "citizen-writers" took it upon themselves to provide an interpretation about the formation of the society and the territory, pointing out the national identity. Euclides da Cunha's books Os Sertões and À Margem da História stand out among many authors and literary works of the period, as they were responsible for generating a perspective of historical and geographical knowledge, as well as providing a reading of Brazil from the point of view of its territory and its differentiations. At the same time, we understood that these writings contain knowledge centred on a significant spatial dimension. From these observations, we draw attention to the central question of this research: to what extent did the spatial dimension present in Euclides da Cunha enable the construction of a Peripheral Geographical Thought in Brazil? Based on this guiding question, the main objective is to analyse how the spatial dimension in literature enabled the construction of a Peripheral Geographical Thought in Brazil, specifically in Euclides da Cunha's works. The methodological procedures used were based mainly on bibliographical and documentary research. In this process, we also highlight that the analysis of the works Os Sertões and À Margem da Histórica took as its interpretative path the "elements of comprehension" pointed out by Cândido (2000; 2006), which consist of an in-depth study of aspects relating to external factors, the author and, finally, the work. As a result of this research, it was observed that the writer discoursed profusely on elements that permeated the territorial formation of Brazil from two central regions, the northeastern Sertão and the Amazon Rainforest, represented respectively by Canudos and Alto Purus, as well as contemplating a vision of the territorial formation of Brazil. From this perspective, it was realised that there was a profound disparity between the northern and southern regions, which permeated the social, economic, and geographical aspects of the country.

4
  • MAXWELL CAVALCANTI XAVIER
  • IDENTITY CONSTRUCTIONS OF K-POP AND ITS SPATIAL MANIFESTATION FROM THE CYBERCULTURE IN NATAL (RN)

  • Líder : ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • ANTÔNIO CARLOS QUEIROZ DO Ó FILHO
  • Data: 26-feb-2024


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Music is part of our daily lives, from the moment we arrive in the world, we grow up and come across music that is traditionally in our closest bond, be it family or friends, we come across different musical styles throughout life, and for several factors we choose which musical styles, not only listen, but live and see the world. Currently, the main musical phenomenon gaining prominence globally is Korean pop. Better known as K-Pop (Korean Pop Music), it is a musical genre that saw its ascendancy from the 1990s onwards through the Hallyu or Korean Wave. Today's youth is marked in human history as the first to immersive experience the digital space. These aspects of this new generation are disseminated through cyberspace, which break down digital barriers and are presented in society and demarcate places of affirmation of their identity. That said, the identity of a group of people who socially perform a certain musical genre – in this case K-pop – directly reflects on the place where it experiences its experience. This work has the general objective of analyzing how the K-pop phenomenon manifests itself in the city of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, in view of the identity relationship of young people in places based on cyberculture. Qualitative in nature, this research will follow fundamental steps so that it can clearly elucidate and analyze the phenomenon, in order to cover all the elements that make up the studied object. In the first moment of the development of the dissertation, I focused on the bibliographical research that covered the theme and analyzed the main concepts that I will use throughout the process. Soon after, I started immersing myself in the field, that is, I began to attend the spaces where meetings aimed at K-pop fan groups in the capital of Rio Grande do Norte take place, including parks, squares and events focused on the musical genre - with greater emphasis on Asian cultural events - in order to be able to observe the place and its explicit and implicit aspects of the dynamics of the analyzed phenomenon and the relationship between people and space. During the trips to the field, I carried out a semi-structured interview based on a set of questions that guided the moment of data collection. This moment assumed a central role in the research, since it was there that I came into contact and collected empirical data on the phenomenon, seeking to obtain information about individuals and the community in a profound way, in the very form of cultural expression and its nuances. in that particular group. In a third moment is the analysis of the data collected, dialoguing directly with the theories and concepts chosen for the understanding of the phenomenon. I will conclude by pointing out, after a detailed analysis of the phenomenon in dialogue with theory, the main aspects of South Korean pop in the city of Natal and its manifestation in different places in the capital, as well as the intrinsic relationship with the identity of those who frequent these spaces.

5
  • DANIEL CARLOS ALVES SANTOS
  • WATER SECURITY: supply infrastructure and vulnerability modeling

  • Líder : SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • WILDE CARDOSO GONTIJO JUNIOR
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • Data: 27-feb-2024


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Water security of a country occurs when its population has sustainable access to adequate quantities of quality water for development across different sectors. In the Brazilian context, characterized by significant climatic diversity, biodiversity, and land use and cover, measures aimed at ensuring minimum conditions of access to quality water and promoting water security have been institutionalized since the National Water Resources Policy (1997) to the National Water Security Plan (2019). Accordingly, it is necessary to dissect different variables parallel to the water issue to create scenarios that allow us to model and analyze municipal criticality in this regard. Thus, this study aims to understand the criticality of Brazilian municipalities regarding the satisfaction of demands for water resources and to relate the emergence of strategic interventions (completed, ongoing, and planned) within the PNSH. To achieve this, a methodology based on spatial modeling is employed, supported by Spatial Statistical Models and Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA) and Local Spatial Autocorrelation with clusters and outliers. These approaches prove significant, particularly when seeking to understand the territorial reverberation of different variables. Consequently, the panorama of Brazilian water security was delineated based on the recurrence of disasters from extreme events (drought, dry spell, flooding, and runoff), the compromise of water sources for municipal supply (quantitative water balance), water consumption dynamics for the development of various productive activities and social segments, the dependency of rural communities on the Operação Carro-Pipa (OCP) for supply, and the existence of strategic interventions of the PNSH in different types (dams, canals, integration axes, and pipelines). From this overview, two municipalities were identified as "very critical," 1,263 municipalities as "critical," and 595 municipalities as "concerning". For 627 Brazilian municipalities, an amount of R$ 37.9 billion is projected, with a per capita investment of R$ 610.10.

6
  • THIAGO FRANÇA SIMONETTI
  • GEOSPATIAL DYNAMICS OF WIND AND SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER PLANTS IN NORTHEAST BRAZIL (1998 TO 2023).
  • Líder : SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • FRANCISCO ARACILDO DE MOURA
  • Data: 29-feb-2024


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The contemporary energy transition is a response to the demands of a changing world. Brazil is a world leader in this scenario and the Northeast region is emerging as the main exponent of the energy transition in Brazil. The area stands out for its physical-territorial conditions which are conducive to the generation of electricity from wind and solar power, making it possible to observe, throughout the first quarter of the 21st century, a rapid expansion of power generation plants in this segment. From this context, the concerns and motivations for this work are represented by the following questions: What were the milestones that characterized the implementation of wind and solar power plants in the Brazilian Northeast? What are the dynamics of the spatial distribution of wind and solar photovoltaic power plants in the Brazilian Northeast during the implementation process? And finally, based on the plants that have already been granted licenses and have not yet been completed, what are the prospects for the evolution of the implementation process of wind and solar photovoltaic power plants in the Brazilian Northeast? In order to elucidate these questions, the main objective of this dissertation is to develop a characterization of the implementation process of wind and solar photovoltaic power plants in the Brazilian Northeast, based on geospatial analysis through cartographic representation. To this end, point density analysis techniques were used to understand the dynamics of the spatial distribution of these plants over the period studied. As a result, it can be seen that solar photovoltaic plants have a more dispersed spatial distribution pattern, while wind power plants have a more concentrated pattern. In addition, there is a gradual transition underway in the scenario of prominence between the two energy sources studied. The number of projects already licensed in the Brazilian Northeast as of December 2023 suggests that the number of plants and, consequently, the energy capacity generated from the solar photovoltaic matrix will significantly outnumber wind power production as of 2024.

7
  • JOANDERSON FERNANDES SIMÕES
  • The Geodiversity of Currais Novos Geosites: element of territorial (re)knowledge of local communities
  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • MARCOS ANTONIO LEITE DO NASCIMENTO
  • ANA BEATRIZ CÂMARA MACIEL
  • SIMONE CARDOSO RIBEIRO
  • Data: 20-mar-2024


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Seridó World Geopark of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) comprises six municipalities in the northeastern semi-arid region, namely: Acari, Carnaúba dos Dantas, Cerro Corá, Currais Novos, Lagoa Nova and Parelhas, covering a total area of 2,800 km². It is a true testimony of the last 600 million years and tells the history of the planet Earth, being represented by various physical and human elements that, together, present to the community (and to the world) a geological heritage of unique beauty. This research focuses on the municipality of Currais Novos, considered a hub city and gateway to the Seridó Geopark, offering a vast tourist, historical and natural potential. Its five Geosites (Logoa do Santo, Pico do Totoró, Morro do Cruzeiro, Mina Brejuí and Cânions dos Apertados) are graced with elements of Geodiversity and are inhabited by residents who, in a popular way, attribute value to these spaces, being active agents of Geotourism and who keep knowledge of their territory. Thus, the objective is to value the geodiversity of the territory of the Seridó Geopark, in the municipality of Currais Novos, from the perspective of non-geoscientists (local population), in order to identify the places with the greatest contribution to local development and those who need new contributions of incentives. Methodologically, this work will be divided into office activities – with studies and theoretical-conceptual foundations; and field actions – carrying out geoscientific dissemination and popularization workshops, as well as the application of questionnaires for the local population. Along with the help of social cartography and other geoprocessing techniques, the aim is to deliver a geotouristic route to the territory of Currais Novos (indicated and produced by the communities themselves) that fit Geodiversity practices and actions in the municipality.

Tesis
1
  • ALCIONE SANTOS DE SOUZA
  • .

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LEA MARIA GOMES DA COSTA
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • NÚBIA DIAS DOS SANTOS
  • Data: 15-abr-2024


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

2023
Disertaciones
1
  • NOEME MARTINS DE ARAÚJO
  • THE GEOGRAPHIC DISCOURSE IN ABOLITIONISM: CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERPRETATION OF THE TERRITORIAL FORMATION OF BRAZIL

  • Líder : HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • CLÁUDIO JORGE MOURA DE CASTILHO
  • Data: 12-may-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This research is focused on the book O Abolicionismo (2011a [1883]), by the Brazilian northeastern writer Joaquim Nabuco. In this work, the author devoted special attention to the process of occupation of the Brazilian territory and economic production, both having been rooted in slavery. Substantially, the composition of the internal and external scenario of O Abolicionismo occurred, concomitantly with the absence of institutionalized social sciences in Brazil, including Geography. This condition provided literature with the task of narrating, describing, and interpreting the country's reality, whose records resulted in a set of documents that enabled the construction of geographical discourses. Based on this perspective, we reconcile these initial observations to highlight the central question of this research: What are the main geographical contributions of O Abolicionismo to the interpretation of the territorial formation of Brazil? In order to achieve satisfactory results, we set, as the main goal, the analysis of the geographical contributions of Nabuco’s book to the understanding of the Brazilian territorial formation. The adopted methodological procedures were mainly based on bibliographical and documental research. In this process, we also emphasize that the analysis of O Abolicionismo took an interpretative path of the “elements of understanding” pointed out by Candido (2000; 2006b), which guide a thorough investigation in terms of author and work, as well as external factors (also named extraliterary factors), which comprise the social and contextual conditions, and ideological influences at work in the core of the writer’s ideas. As a result of this research, it was observed that the jurist contemplated one vision of the territorial formation of Brazil, whose structure was involved by authoritarian relations under the cloak of slavery. From this perspective, the triad of monoculture, slave labor, and land ownership was perceived as the model that established the social, economical, and geographical aspects of the country. Furthermore, it was revealed that, in contemporary times, the pattern of “development” remains unchanged, maintaining the same situation of the colonial period, which keeps the population, mainly the black portion, in conditions very similar to the ones portrayed by Joaquim Nabuco in O Abolicionismo in 1883.
2
  • RICHERLIDA HELENA TEIXEIRA DA SILVA
  • The Presbyterian Church of Brazil: space-time analysisin Natal/RN
  • Líder : EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • MARCIO DE LIMA PACHECO
  • Data: 29-may-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Presbyterian Church of Brazil in Natal (RN), despite being the first evangelical denomination in the city, 
    currently does not have a widely capillarized territoriality through the implantation of temples in comparison
     to other more recent evangelical denominations historically. Considering the nature of the religious phenomenon from a geographical perspective, the revealed 
    identity of the Presbyterian Church of Brazil in the context of the urban space of the Natal, this dissertation 
    has as main objective to analyze the temporal and territorial evolution of the church. Through field research, 
    conversations with leaders, bibliographical and documentary research and data collection about the churches and the city, we will 
    discuss the results throughout the chapters of this work.
3
  • ARYAN CARLOS DE OLIVEIRA SILVA
  • HYDROPOLITICS AND CONFLICTS OVER WATER: TERRITORIAL DISPUTES AND ACCESS TO WATER IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF DONA INÊS (PB)

  • Líder : EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • ISONEL SANDINO MENEGUZZO
  • Data: 30-may-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Currently, access to water is the cause of a growing number of conflicts, especially when we
    talk about semi-arid regions, which do not have abundant water reserves. In the municipality
    of Dona Inês, in the state of Paraíba, in a scenario of semi-aridity, conflicts over water take
    different forms due to the water scarcity that occurs annually, aggravated by the
    lack/inefficiency in the management of water resources by the government. This work starts
    from the hypothesis that these conflicts occur a) due to the demand of the different uses of
    water and the condition of access to water by users; b) the scarcity and attempt to monopolize
    water resources by some rural landowners; c) the mercantilist view of water and the difficulty
    in implementing universalist policies that promote community access to water resources. The
    general objective of this research, at the master's level, is to analyze the factors responsible for
    water conflicts in the Sub Hydrographic Basin of the Serra de Dona Inês, in the context of
    territorial disputes in the municipality of Dona Inês/PB. As for the specific objectives, we
    have: a) To identify the causes of the origin of water conflicts in the study area; b) Analyze
    how the different actors have access to local water resources; c) To raise the public policies of
    water resources with an impact on the area of study; d) To analyze the relationship vetem
    Lando estruturem ando ater conflitas. The metodologia procedures ere operacionalizem, as
    follows: a) Review os ter bibliografo; b) Sorvem o Decrues/Lars; (c) tem production of
    digital/cartographic and statistical information; d) Field work in the municipality of Dona
    Inês. To analyze the conflicts over water, a time frame is proposed from the 2000s to 2020. It
    is concluded that water conflicts in the semiarid region involve different actors at different
    scales that interact in the totality of the geographical space.

4
  • MATHEUS DANTAS DAS CHAGAS
  • ASSESSMENT OF THE GEOMORPHOLOGICAL HERITAGE OF THE MUNICIPALITIES OF GUAMARÉ AND GALINHOS – RN

  • Líder : MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • THAÍS DE OLIVEIRA GUIMARÃES
  • Data: 26-jun-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The municipalities of Guamaré and Galinhos, both located in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, stand out nationally with its exuberance and tourist attractions, with emphasis on the municipality of Galinhos, which is one of the tourist destinations of prominence not only nationally but also internationally. The Geodiversity defined here as designation of elements and abiotic processes, is in the spotlight of these municipalities, for giving genesis and form to beautiful landscapes in them. The Geodiversity worked here, was not always a science that was in evidence in the academic environment, because it can be seen that for a certain period the science may have given greater emphasis on the biotic environment, especially when dealing with nature conservation. Thus, in the 1990s theorists began to develop studies seeking to insert the abiotic elements as crucial elements in natural conservation, placing them with the same value as biodiversity. The Geodiversity, after three decades of multiple researches and methods developed, today has become an area of varied study, giving emphasis to its most outstanding elements, called in the literature of Geopatrimony, emphasizing that the investigation will emphasize the geomorphological heritage, scope of the Geopattrimony. Thus, this research aims to evaluate the geomorphological heritage of the municipalities of Guamaré and Galinhos, from the sheets for quantitative and qualitative evaluation of geomorphological heritage developed by Araújo (2021), Diniz, Araújo and Chagas (2021; 2022), based on literature review, field work and finally the realization of a summary map of the geomorphological heritage of the study area. For this, it was then delimited the following sites of geomorphological interest: the Presidio Island, the beaches of Minhoto/Amaro, and the Hake Head, located in the municipality of Guamaré; the beaches of Farol/Galinhos, the André Dunes, the Capim Dunes and the Galinhos eolianite, located in the municipality of Galinhos; the Galinhos-Guamaré Estuarine Complex, which is present in both municipalities now investigated. From the quantitative evaluation these sites were classified as geomorphosites and geodiversity sites: seven of them were classified as geomorphosites and one as a geodiversity site.

5
  • IANA RAQUEL DANTAS DE OLIVEIRA
  • -


  • Líder : DIEGO SALOMAO CANDIDO DE OLIVEIRA SALVADOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DIEGO SALOMAO CANDIDO DE OLIVEIRA SALVADOR
  • FÁBIO TOZI
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • Data: 26-jun-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • -

6
  • FELIPE SILVEIRA FÉLIX
  • .

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • ROBERTO MARINHO ALVES DA SILVA
  • LUIZ ALEXANDRE GONÇALVES CUNHA
  • Data: 19-jul-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

7
  • VANDETANIA XAVIER NASCIMENTO
  • COASTAL DYNAMICS OF URBAN BEACHES - AREIA PRETA, PRAIA DO MEIO AND PRAIA DO FORTE IN NATAL/RN, BRAZIL
  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • CHRISTIANNE MARIA DA SILVA MOURA
  • JOYCE CLARA VIEIRA FERREIRA
  • Data: 14-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Coastal zones are ecologically vulnerable and fragile areas (MUEHER 1996). These spatialities have drawn attention from society that has made disordered use due to economic opportunities, fishing, oil and tourism, activities developed under a capitalist perspective, which often does not conserve the natural environment. The study area analyzed comprises the beaches of Areia Preta, Praia do Meio and Praia do Forte located in Natal/RN. The research consists of monitoring the beach strip to obtain quantitative and qualitative data in order to understand the dynamics of the beaches. This research is based on the geosystemic theory which allows an integrated interpretation of the landscape through the spatial scale of analysis of the geotope (between 1:50,000 and 1:15,000), defined by the physiognomy of the geosystem (BERTRAND 1972). The methodological procedures used were: bibliographic survey, fieldwork in the months of February, June and October 2022 and February 2023, environmental characterization, topographic survey, sediment collection, hydrodynamic data collection and sedimentological analysis. The results obtained were also correlated with data from monitoring carried out in the area in 2011. In the work, we found different levels of erosion on the three beaches. This may be related to the construction of spikes on Areia Preta beach, as these may be retaining sediments and thus reducing the erosion process in the vicinity. In contrast, greater erosion was observed on the beaches of Meio and Forte, confirming that the natural transport of sediments carried out by coastal drift in the south-north direction is being impaired by the construction of these spikes. This research is configured as a set of information that can assist managers, public authorities and society, on decision making focused on coastal monitoring, whose objective is to mitigate future and extreme socio-environmental risks to the beach environment.

8
  • ESTER BRITO PARENTE
  •  

     

    RIO ARAGUAIA, SOCIOCULTURAL IDENTITY AND GEOSYMBOLS IN CONCEIÇÃO DO ARAGUAIA - PARÁ.

  • Líder : ANELINO FRANCISCO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANELINO FRANCISCO DA SILVA
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • GEOVANY PACHELLY GALDINO DANTAS
  • Data: 25-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In different contexts, the Araguaia River influenced the daily life of the population that lives, lived and experienced Conceição do Araguaia (Pará), revealing much of the geographies and histories of the place. In the life and imagination of indigenous people, country person, dominicans, extractivists, fishermen, boatmen or traders, among other subjects who were/are part of this space-time, the Araguaia is perceived and represented in different ways. Therefore, each of these groups has a particular identity relationship with the river. Although different identities are constructed (and consequently different “places”), and although Araguaia is perceived in multiple ways, we consider that each of these subjects who experienced Conceição do Araguaia could build symbolism and affectivity with this water space. Therefore, as the objective of this study, we seek to understand the identity relationship of the residents of Conceição do Araguaia/PA with the river and the possibilities of perceiving it as a geosymbol. To achieve this objective, bibliographic and documentary surveys were carried out, field work in which it was possible to carry out exploratory interviews, record photographs and participant observations, such procedures made it possible to build a dense description about the object of study. Carrying out a broader reading about those who were part of the processes that led to the formation of Conceição do Araguaia, it is necessary to consider the cultural pluricity along this space-time cut that starts from the end of the 19th century to the present day. Each of these subjects inscribes their symbols and signs, leaving ephemeral and lasting marks along the course of this river. They are social groups that shared the same time-space, but that perceive the river from almost always different perspectives. The landscape is, therefore, formed by sociocultural layers. The variety of subjects who have experienced the city results in multicultural identities that are in line with the different temporalities and spatialities experienced by these subjects, directly impacting their perceptions of the Araguaia River. Therefore, even though it is about multiple perceptions, it is possible to say that the presence of the river in the lives of these people makes it a geosymbol.

     

9
  • JOSÉ ALVES MENDES
  • -

     
  • Líder : DIEGO SALOMAO CANDIDO DE OLIVEIRA SALVADOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANIERES BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • DIEGO SALOMAO CANDIDO DE OLIVEIRA SALVADOR
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • Data: 30-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • -

10
  • JEREMIAS ROCHA PEREIRA
  • WATER MACROSYSTEM AND ITS EFFECTS IN JATI TERRITORY, CEARÁ.
  • Líder : JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • FRANCISCO WLIRIAN NOBRE
  • RAFAEL PEREIRA DA SILVA
  • SILVANA CRISTINA DA SILVA
  • Data: 27-oct-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In Brazil, several projects and political initiatives at the federal and state levels have been developed throughout history aimed at resolving/alleviating/mitigating problems resulting from severe drought periods registered in the Northeast region. As an example, we have the Açudagem Program, which emerged as a short and medium term alternative benefiting states in the northeast region, among which Ceará stands out – with a less privileged rainy regime, with almost all of its territory in the drought polygon. It has 12 river basins, with Jaguaribe as the most important, which is composed of three basins (high, medium and low Jaguaribe), together they have approximately 54% of the state's water storage capacity (CEARÁ, 2015). From the point of view of efficient water management, the transposition water works Project for the Integration of the São Francisco River with the Northern Northeast Watersheds (PISF) and the Ceará Water Belt (CAC), have been leaving effects and marks in the territories where pass. These marks and effects directly and indirectly cause social and environmental transformations and impacts. What is perceived in this

    logic of global ideas and local actions, are environmental and social problems that manifest themselves locally, leaving their mark on the urban and rural landscape, on the environment and on ways of life. To achieve our objective, which is to understand the relevance of the water macrosystem of the state of Ceará designed/installed in the Jati territory and its effects on the socio-environmental dynamics, a bibliographic research will be carried out where we will highlight the ideas of Santos (1993), Saboia (2015) and Brito (2016) along with many others that may bring us concerns and contributions. We will also carry out documentary research where we will analyze laws, projects, decrees, documents on water projects and policies in Ceará and other documents on the water issue in the Northeast and in Brazil. The field research constitutes another stage in which we will analyze the water works in the municipality of Jati and at the same time, through interviews, we will try to understand the marks, effects and territorial transformations of these. Finally, the data, records and other materials will be organized and analyzed so that from there we can investigate in more depth and consis what we

    we propose to search. These megaprojects that are part of a complex water macrosystem are not accompanied by local benefits, their idealization arises from the discourse of water scarcity and the need to offer water for human consumption, their materialization marks the territories in a permanent and diverse way and their usefulness is related to economic projects and the interests of capital that make use of the drought discourse and based on these, legitimize their interests. These interests being extraterritorial leave local marks that need to be researched and understood.

11
  • MARIA JOSIANE DA PAIXÃO
  • POPULATION SPATIAL MOBILITY: PENDULAR FLOWS IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE
  • Líder : JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALINE LIMA SANTOS
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 30-oct-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The spatial mobility of population involves the movement of people in time and space.To assist in approaching this theme, the research has as its core concept the geographic space, by Milton Santos (2006), to understand the transformations and the simultaneous processes of production and functioning of space, which, being a human product, is a reflection of social conditions and, in turn, interferes in the dynamics of displacements, favoring a greater dynamics of population flows in time and space.This research aims to analyze the commuting flows in Rio Grande do Norte – daily trips that do not involve a change of residence –, with a greater focus on the flows from the municipalities of the Immediate Region of Natal (RIMN) towards the capital.Data from the 2010 demographic census show that Natal; capacity to attract population goes beyond its territorial limits and influences nearby municipalities;while those smaller and further away are repulsive areas, have little economic dynamism and do not offer all levels of schooling, which largely motivates commuting, especially between the municipalities of the RIMN.As a methodology, a bibliographic and documental review was used, with a quali-quantitative approach, in a descriptive and explanatory perspective of the phenomenon and the facts.Data on intercity commutes in the municipalities of the RIMN and on the sociodemographic profile, collected by the 2010 demographic census, based on the variables Work and Study, were represented by graphs followed by discussion.From this data, as well as from its organization, it is possible to identify the paths taken and who are the people behind these flows.However, a greater number of pendular movements were observed in the municipalities of: Parnamirim, São Gonçalo, Macaíba, Ceará-Mirim and Extremoz, daily towards Natal.In the later stage, questionnaires will be applied to residents of these municipalities in order to better understand the dynamics of these flows, the route, the frequency, the transport used and the reasons, that is, in the dissertation, with data from the field research, it will be possible to present who are these people and understand how these commuting trips towards Natal are configured.

12
  • CARLOS RENIR SOARES DE ARAÚJO
  • CHARACTERIZATION OF THE KARST MORPHOLOGY BETWEEN THE MUNICIPALITIES OF ALTANEIRA AND FARIAS BRITO, CEARÁ, BRAZIL
  • Líder : SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • CLEBERSON RIBEIRO DE JESUS
  • Data: 30-nov-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This work addresses the characteristics of the karst morphology present in the region of the São Romão Valley, between the municipalities of Altaneira and Farias Brito, State of Ceará. The region highlighted in this study is inserted in the geological and tectonic context of the northern portion of the Borborema Province, Rio Grande do Norte Domain. It is a region with a semi-arid climate, which presents a set of typically karstic forms made up of metacalcariums from the Estaterian period, such as the Lapias, which are exposed to the surface and make up the landscape of the slopes of the São Romão Valley. With the objective of characterizing the karst morphology present in the region, working on the aspects of formation, description of morphologies and mapping them. The research work began with the survey of readings, followed by three other stages, such as field research, production of thematic maps of the area and analysis and writing of the collected data. This work used bibliographic research, field research and mapping as the main actions for understanding and describing the dynamics of karst forms and processes in the region. The study area is an integral part of the sertaneja depression, with the presence of a large massif (Serra do Quincuncá), residual crests, structured in metacalcarious and a morphostructure with strong influence of fault lines in its genesis. The genesis and evolution of the karst of the region was possible by the joint action of exogenous factors, such as humidity and temperature, something that is not present in the place today. By relying only on high temperatures and low humidity levels throughout the year, the present karst morphology of the area is a reflection of a formation in past climatic conditions. The karst morphology has a characteristic genesis, requiring favorable climates, with high humidity, high temperatures and mineralogical components ideal for dissolution/erosion, such as calcite and dolomite. The most common morphologies identified in the area are part of the exogenous karst, with the presence of metacalcareous walls, Lapiás in flutings, fields of lápias and exhumed blocks. 

Tesis
1
  • TAYNAN ARAÚJO DE OLIVEIRA
  • (RE) ARRANGEMENTS AND DYNAMICS IN THE URBAN NETWORK OF PARAIBANA
  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • ANIERES BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • LINCOLN DA SILVA DINIZ
  • Data: 08-feb-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The debate about urban network, hierarchy and heterarchy has intensified in geographic science,
    mainly in the last decade of the 21st century. The theoretical discussions are based on the changes
    that have occurred in Brazilian cities due to the dissemination of contents related to the technicalscientific-
    informational environment, which starts to consolidate multi-scale relationships
    between urban centers. The studies of the Region of Influence of Cities (REGIC), published in 2007
    and 2020, signal the changes in question through the analyzes constructed, so that they take into
    account the new roles played by Brazilian urban centers, which draws our attention the Regional
    Capitals (medium-sized cities), the Sub-Regional Centers and the Zone Centers. Paraíba, according
    to REGIC (2020), is one of the Brazilian states that has undergone relevant changes in the
    configuration of its urban network, with the multiplication of hierarchies and the redefinition of
    the roles and functions performed by cities, especially the Sub-Regional Centers and the Zone
    Centers. In view of this, we understand that, based on these transformations, new arrangements
    and dynamics are formed based on complementarity and sharing of functions, a fact that
    increases the levels of centrality of cities and it changes the game of hierarchical relations existing
    between them. We assume that some factors were responsible for the construction of the new
    arrangements and dynamics and for the hierarchical reconfigurations, among which we highlight
    the role of the state as an agent of production of urban space, responsible for the
    implementation of public educational policies, which resulted in the multilocation of institutions
    higher and technical education, public and private; the multiplication of public and private health
    services; the advance of capitalism on different scales through the tertiary sector, which is now
    characterized by the multiplicity of commercial establishments and services of the most diverse
    branches and natures; and the dissemination of the technical-scientific-information environment,
    based on the dissemination of telephone and internet networks, as well as the financial sector,
    with the hypercapillarity of banks. Finally, and taking into account the above, we aimed with the
    construction of this thesis to understand the transformations that occurred in the urban network
    of Paraíba, in order to highlight the new arrangements and dynamics that condition the sharing
    and complementarity of functions between the cities face of the break of hierarchical
    relationships, resignifying them from the construction of multiscale relationships. To do so, we
    adopted as vectors of analysis the higher and technical education institutions, public and private,
    health services, public and private, commercial establishments and their multiple types, with
    emphasis on shopping centers, wholeretail, the associative networks and franchises; and the
    financial and informational sector based on mobile phone and internet networks, as well as
    branches and bank posts. From these vectors, now analyzed, we can infer that the
    implementation of public and private institutions of higher and technical education, the
    expansion of public and private health services, the multiplication of commercial establishments
    in their multiple types and natures and the dissemination of the technical, scientific and
    informational contents associated with the internet and mobile telephony network and the
    branches and banking posts were responsible for the hierarchical reconfiguration of cities, since
    they make their structure more complex, expanding their roles and functions, placing them in
    previously unobserved relational positions and creating a set of relationships in a network that
    results in the conformation of arrangements and dynamics of a multiscale dimension.

2
  • MARIANA DE VASCONCELOS PINHEIRO BESERRA
  • THE DIFFUSION OF VERTICALIZATION AND THE UNEQUAL GEOGRAPHICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NATAL/RN: CAPITAL REPRODUCTION STRATEGIES

  • Líder : MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • DIEGO SALOMAO CANDIDO DE OLIVEIRA SALVADOR
  • Rodrigo Figueroa Sterquel
  • EVERALDO SANTOS MELAZZO
  • Data: 27-mar-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The process of verticalization of cities is closely related to the production of urban space and the built environment, under the logic of capital reproduction, which causes spatial transformations. In the last two decades, the verticalization of the city of Natal/RN, which had been concentrated until the end of the 20th century in the East and South administrative regions, spread beyond these and demonstrated new perspectives on the dynamics of the real estate market in the North and West administrative regions . The characteristics of the verticalization that took place in these new spaces differ from the process that took place previously, in terms of the construction pattern, consumer market, forms of financing and others. Within this context, the role of the Minha Casa Minha Vida Program (PMCMV) should be highlighted. Therefore, the objective of this research is to analyze the diffusion of the verticalization process in the city of Natal from the strategies of public and private agents, explaining how this phenomenon reinforces the uneven geographic development of the city of Natal/RN. The spatial cut for the elaboration of the thesis refers to the Natal territory and the temporal, takes place between the years 2001 and 2021, a period in which verticalization began to occur in all administrative regions of the city. In methodological terms, the instruments used in the preparation of the chapters are bibliographic research and the use of data from primary sources (field research, photographic record, and interviews) and secondary sources, with emphasis on the consultation of documents from municipal bodies related to the object of study.

3
  • ELISABETE FERREIRA DA SILVEIRA GUILHERME
  • THE ROLE OF PERIPHERIES IN THE CAPITALIZATION PROCESS IN ORDER AND CONVENTION 
    OF URBAN PRODUCTION IN THE NATAL SPACE/RN (2000-2020)
  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • DANILO VOLOCHKO
  • EVERALDO SANTOS MELAZZO
  • Data: 22-jun-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In recent decades, there is an understanding that significant transformations have been percolating, in general, in certain peripheral spaces in the Brazilian Metropolitan Regions, intertwined by what we call the process of capitalization of the peripheries. This phenomenon, driven by real estate, commercial and service capital, aided by the action of the State, signals the financialization of space, in which economic relations between producing agents and consumer agents of economic real estate goods are intermediated by financial institutions and companies, through the availability of credit, on the market, at interest (time value of money). In the Metropolitan Region of Natal, specifically, in the city of Natal, capital of Rio Grande do Norte, this phenomenon calls our attention in the Planalto, Igapó, Potengi and Pajuçara neighborhoods, which constitute the spatial cutout of our study, notably in the period of 2000 to 2020. In this excerpt, we observe that the capitalization process has contributed to the emergence of elements not only of a cyclical nature, but also structural, such as, for example, spatial differentiation, change in the perception of these spaces as peripheries in the city and, more evidently, interest and expansion of capital in the supply of goods and services formerly belonging to exclusive portfolios of the middle class. This points to movements in the city's “kaleidoscopic” that suggest important changes in the spatial coordination of the city. Given that we cannot think about the urban issue (expansion and development) of the City of Natal, currently, without considering the ongoing transformations mentioned, the general objective of this research is to analyze the role of Peripheries in the Capitalization Process now exercised in order and convention city of Natal, based, above all, on the actions of the State and the logic of the formal market, with a focus on residential real estate development projects, in the production of the city's urban space. It is noteworthy that this is a research of a geographic nature, whose theme, little explored, deals with the capitalization of the periphery and its relationship with urban spatial coordination, as a mediating mechanism for the production of urban space in Natal. In this sense, the path we traced for its realization is guided by the examination of the empirical in the light of theoretical frameworks of reference and its opportune re-elaboration based on field findings. Therefore, our methodological procedures circumscribe three fronts of data collection, namely: bibliographic research; document research and field research. In these terms, our challenge is to understand reality in motion, with its contradictions and permanent transformations, capturing the articulations of the problem under study, observed in its praxis, together with the heterodox abstraction of theoretical thought, initially based on Lefebvre (2013 ); Harvey (2005), Villaça (2001) and Abramo (2001, 2007). For the qualification of this work to a doctoral degree, we present, in addition to the introduction, 3 completed chapters, which deal with the theoretical foundation of the research, the methodology outlined to achieve its objectives and the urban order and convention placed in Natal do Natal do 20th century, with the emerging transformations observed in the first two decades of the 21st century.


4
  • WELTON PAULO DO NASCIMENTO
  • IRRIGATED FRUIT CULTURE AND SUBJECTMENT OF LAND INCOME TO CAPITAL: THE EXPANSION OF THE USE OF TECHNICAL-SCIENTIFIC OBJECTS IN THE SEMI-ARID NORTHEAST

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • IARA RAFAELA GOMES
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MARCOS ANTÔNIO SILVESTRE GOMES
  • RAFAEL PEREIRA DA SILVA
  • SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • Data: 22-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The expansion of the use of technical-scientific objects (inputs and agricultural machinery) in irrigated fruit growing in the Semi-Arid Northeast is configured as a spatial dynamic associated with the continuous demands for technical materials in the different uses of the territory in the segment. The transformations in the technical bases of Brazilian agriculture that have taken place since the 1960s, with the introduction of technological packages in the mold of the Green Revolution, correspond to an intrinsic variable. In the semi-arid portion of the country, such changes were linked to the implementation of public irrigated perimeters in the valleys of the main rivers, where environmental and social conditions were and are favorable to fruit production to supply the national and international market. Today, different agents, processes and events contribute to the dissemination of these inputs and agricultural machinery in irrigated fruit growing, whether due to the demands of agribusiness or peasant agriculture. In this context, we believe that in areas with greater production of irrigated fruit, normative relationships are established in the territory in order to subject peasant farmers to the technical production parameters required by the international market, configuring the subjection of land income to capital still in the expansion phase of the technical-scientific objects in the respective vector. Thus, this research aims to analyze the expansion of the use of technical-scientific objects in irrigated fruit growing as a vector for subjecting land income to capital in peasant agriculture in the semi-arid Northeast. To fulfill the objective, theoretical-methodological procedures will enable an approach to the investigated object, especially through the theoretical review on land income, technique and irrigated fruit growing, documentary research, collection and systematization of secondary data through agencies such as the IBGE, MAPA and ME, in addition to empirical research with interviews with farmers using pre-structured forms.

5
  • PATRÍCIA DOS SANTOS DIAS
  • “GEOGRAPHY OF SILENCE”: TOPOPHILIES AND TOPOPHOBIES OF DEAF PEOPLE - NATAL/RN
  • Líder : EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • SONIA MARIA BLOOMFIELD RAMAGEM
  • MOEMA HOFSTAETTER
  • Data: 22-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • When observing the spectrum of geographic studies that cover the analysis of the
    Brazilian city, it is evident the absence of studies on the spaces of minorities, including
    the Deaf. In recent years, Deaf users of the Brazilian Sign Language (Libras) have been
    organized and strengthened socially through accessibility and inclusion policies present
    in local, national and international debates. They are mobilized for their rights and have
    claimed their right to live in the city, through face-to-face and virtual demonstrations.
    Different from the past, in which deafblindness was seen as a disabling disability,
    increasingly there has been a change in perspective, which focuses on the barriers that
    prevent or hinder the life of these individuals in the city. In this thesis, the understanding
    of disability is shifted from the individual to the city, which is seen as a deficient space
    to meet the needs of Deaf people in its multiple dimensions. It was sought to understand
    how these subjects experience the urban spaces in Natal/RN, the characteristics of the
    spaces with signaling in Libras (Brazilian Sign Language) and the places most
    frequented or not by them, in order to discuss the city disabilities and the feelings of the
    Deaf in relation to these places, relationally. For this, the thesis was based on the theory
    of Topophilia and Topophobia by Yi-Fu Tuan (1980-2012), anchored in the everyday
    experiences of Deaf subjects, their connections, disconnections, refusals and
    expansions. We observed the movements from inside to outside and outside to inside,
    experienced by the Deaf in the urban environment, configuring a Geography nuanced in
    places created and recreated in the ambivalent game of selection, tension, hegemony,
    heterogeneity, mobility, circulation, communication and spatial technification. The
    thesis was structured from observations, in-depth interviews, Lives, field research and
    other secondary sources that dialogued with the theoretical referential constructed
    during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Deaf people's experience narratives revealed
    dissatisfaction regarding different public and private spaces, revealing the existential
    complexity experienced by Deaf people in the city of Natal, challenging limited
    conceptions and expanding the geographical understanding. The research points out the
    strategies that Deaf people develop to face the difficulties, from the choice of more
    accessible spaces from the linguistic and cultural point of view. In conclusion, the
    results of the research highlight the importance of communication accessibility as an
    essential factor to ensure the full participation and integration of deaf people in society,
    as well as highlight the importance of implementing other coordinated actions and
    effective policies to overcome the barriers faced by deaf people in Natal. For this, it is
    essential that there is active participation of the Deaf Community, to ensure that their
    voices are heard and their needs are properly met. By implementing the suggestions
    proposed at the end of the research, a path is paved to build an accessible city from the
    point of view of communication, where all individuals, regardless of their hearing
    abilities, can fully enjoy the spaces and services offered in the city.

6
  • JOÃO PAULO DE ALMEIDA AMORIM
  • Geographical networks: the Macapá-Santana urban agglomeration and its riverside

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • EMMANUEL RAIMUNDO COSTA SANTOS
  • JADSON LUÍS RABELO PORTO
  • Data: 29-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present work consists of analyzing the constituency of the Macapá-Santana Urban Agglomeration (AUMS) and its relationship with the mouth of the Amazonas Islands sub-region. Located in Northern Amapá Amazonian Area (ASA), both AUMS and ASA have a strong historical connection, dating back to the Lusitanian Colonial period. The first chapter discusses the formation of AUMS, its historical constitution, passing through the importance of transforming the federal territory of Amapá for its construction to urban restructuring along the highways. The second chapter discusses the genesis of the urban network in the Amazon, from the constitution of fortifications to the opening of highways and the consequences for ASA and the development of the geographic network of AUMS. The methodology used in this research was the documentary bibliographic research related to the concepts of urban agglomeration, metropolitan region, urban network and urbanization in the Amazon. The reading of scientific articles, available databases, books and materials that could serve as a theoretical basis for the work contributed to the analysis and discussion of data and their relation with conceptual approaches about the process of formation of urban agglomerations. As a partial result of this doctoral thesis, it was noticed that the geographic network between the AUMS and the sub-region of the islands of the mouth of the Amazon takes place around the vast hydrographic network due to the dynamics of exchange of goods, access to health and education network. by riverside dwellers who incorporate urban dynamics into their daily lives, forming new ways of using space, which are called urban-riparian spaces within the AUMS, in addition to identifying the strong sub-regional dynamic influence on ASA.

7
  • JULIA DINIZ DE OLIVEIRA
  • METROPOLITAN REGIONS IN BRAZILIAN NORTHEAST : REGIONAL DYNAMICS AND TERRITORIAL DISPARITIES

  • Líder : RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EDUARDO GIRARDI
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • HERVÉ ÉMILIEN RENÉ THÉRY
  • LUIZ EUGÊNIO PEREIRA CARVALHO
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • Data: 31-ago-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Metropolitan Region (MR) is a territorial planning strategy standardized by the states/Union that aim at regional “balance”. The geographical issue evoked in this thesis is to what extent RM has effective action as a region. For that, the objective was to analyze the MRs of the Brazilian Northeast under the Territory Management’s perspective, discussing the limits of its effectiveness based on its regional dynamics and territorial disparities. As a methodological course, the Regional Analysis Method’s fundamentals were adopted and, guided by a quantitative and qualitative perspective, the analysis system was built, structured in 10 indicators and 84 comparative variables of territory management. In terms of methodological procedures, the following were carried out: bibliographical research, based on Geography authors and themes related to MR, documentary research, with official institutions such as the State Legislative Assembly, data collection in 14 official databases, fieldwork in the MRs’ city- headquarters, in which interviews were conducted with managers and technicians linked to municipal and state institutions that work in territorial planning, in the laboratory stage cartographic work, data tabulation, construction of the indicator system and elaboration of business intelligence were carried out. The results show that in the MRs, regionalization as a tool is imposed and, by imposing itself, demonstrates that the RMs instituted, especially in Northeast interior, correspond to an instrument to regulate a group of municipalities that have not established mechanisms for planning and metropolitan management. These interior regions show themselves in a geographic fact crisis, both in the “regional” condition and in the “metropolitan” condition. The different levels of regionalization performed by the MRs allowed categorizing them into regions that: 1) regionalizes and metropolises; 2) regionalizes and partially metropolitanizes; 3) regionalizes but does not metropolize; 4) partially regionalizes and does not metropolize; 5) does not regionalize and does not metropolize.

8
  • LAÍS ARIANE MARTINS BARBOSA CORREIA
  • HEALTH AND ENERGY: (a)symmetries in the promotion of Healthy Territories in Rio Grande do Norte.

  • Líder : IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • MARIA LUIZA DE MEDEIROS GALVÃO
  • NEILTON FIDELIS DA SILVA
  • SAMUEL DO CARMO LIMA
  • Data: 29-nov-2023


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This thesis highlights the importance of promoting health both for the biological body and for the dignity and development of human potential. It conceives Health in a multifactorial way and, not exclusively, based on biological issues, and presents its spatial approach, translated into the designation of Healthy Territories, as a valuable indicator of sustainability in assessments of territorial impacts. It starts from the premise that it is not enough to enable the use of high renewable energy potential as a solution for electricity supply, without thinking about combining it with the space of production and living, therefore, with the territory (SANTOS, 2008). It argues that energy production must be integrated as a key element for changes in the territory and the materialization of solutions that promote health and well-being for populations (GALVÃO, 2020). This is because the expansion of renewable energy for electricity production puts pressure on the environment economically and socially on different scales (from global to local), and in particular, in regions with the best winds. In these, the materialization of the action of globalization vectors affects territories differently and incompletely - sometimes mitigating, sometimes worsening unsustainability. Therefore, if on the one hand the natural conditions of Rio Grande do Norte favor the conversion of wind into electricity, on the other hand, the territories covered by energy generation projects are spaces marked by social backwardness, with their resident population facing difficulties of all kinds. orders, including general health conditions. This highly complex dialectic is expressed in the obfuscation of the banal territory by the dynamics of networks that, based on verticalities, disregard ordinary life and its everyday problems (SANTOS, SOUZA, SILVEIRA, 1998). Given this panorama, the thesis requires a theoretical construction in which the concepts of Territory, Health and Energy are considered from their interfaces, with Sustainability as a backdrop. Therefore, Healthy Territory and renewable energy appear as perspectives for providing socio-environmental quality to society and are aligned, from a Sustainability point of view, with the social, economic and environmental context of the territory as a resource, guaranteeing the accomplishment of particular interests, and as a shelter, based on the development of strategies that guarantee survival in the places (SANTOS et al., 2000). Therefore, the thesis seeks to understand the relationship between wind energy production and the promotion of a Healthy Territory in the communities of Amarelão, Serrote de São Bento, Assentamento Santa Terezinha and Enxu Queimado, in Rio Grande do Norte, and proposes, as a methodological tool, an analysis matrix based on the elements of space (SANTOS, 2014a). To achieve its objective, it employs bibliographic, documentary and field research from the perspective of a case study. It is characterized as exploratory, descriptive and explanatory with a predominantly qualitative approach to analyzing the data generated through the application of a research form, focus group and semi-structured interviews, in addition to the collection of secondary data. Finally, it defends the thesis that the production of wind energy results in limited benefits for the well-being of the local populations of the Amarelão, Serrote de São Bento, Assentamento Santa Terezinha and Enxu Queimado communities, with insufficient impact on the improvement of socio-environmental conditions and, therefore, in the promotion of Healthy Territories.

2022
Disertaciones
1
  • EPAMINONDES PINHEIRO MACHADO NETO
  • Vulnerabilidade e risco de seca em escala local: um estudo de caso no município de Milhã – CE

  • Líder : LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCA LEILIANE SOUSA DE OLIVEIRA
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MARIA ELISA ZANELLA
  • SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • Data: 25-feb-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Estudos que avaliam a vulnerabilidade e o risco de secas são basilares para a gestão e ordenamento territorial em municípios afetados por escassez hídrica, principalmente em áreas do semiárido brasileiro, assim como, é necessário aplicação de indicadores em escala local que possibilitem identificar as problemáticas existentes em distritos e pequenas comunidades. Nesse sentido, a presente pesquisa desenvolveu indicadores de vulnerabilidade e risco de seca em escala local tendo como estudo de caso setores censitário rurais do município de Milhã, Ceará, com base na capacidade adaptativa, susceptibilidade e exposição socioambiental da população em nível de detalhe. Para tanto, foram elaborados indicadores adequados à escala de detalhe com dados do senso demográfico de 2010 e do senso agropecuária de 2016 do IBGE e validados em trabalho de campo com aplicação de entrevistas e análise ambiental do município. Além disso, para espacialização dos resultados foi realizado mapeamento dos índices e discussão qualiquantitativa dos resultados com base em bibliografias aplicadas ao tema que fundamentam a escolha dos indicadores e embasam o trabalho empírico. Dessa forma, os resultados obtidos demonstram que a área de estudo possui variação nos aspecto de exposição e capacidade adaptativa à seca, em que, existem distritos com baixa concentração económica e setores com maior intensificação de atividades e estruturas produtivas elevando à exposição, em contra partida, são registrados setores com potencial de adaptação elevado por possuírem dados educacionais e sociais positivos, com ampla população alfabetizada, assim como, atividades económicas com boas condições de atuação em técnicas e potencial financeiro, em detrimento de áreas com baixa estruturação e com médias de renda baixas. A partir disso, os demais indicadores estão em processo de análise e produção dos resultados de suscetibilidade para elaboração do índice de vulnerabilidade à seca, para em seguida, com o indicador de exposição ser produzido o índice de risco à seca por setores censitários rurais de Milhã – Ceará.

2
  • YURI GOMES DE SOUZA
  • THE MANGROVE AS A NATURAL INDICATOR OF LANDSCAPE CHANGES BETWEEN LAND-SEA: A STUDY IN THE PIRANHAS-AÇU RIVER ESTUARINE COMPLEX, RIO GRANDE DO NORTE, BRAZIL
  • Líder : DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • SUELI ANGELO FURLAN
  • Data: 03-mar-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Occurring between the land-sea strips, the mangrove ecosystem plays important roles in the absorption and storage of , in maintaining biodiversity, filtering water and controlling coastal erosion. Despite such relevance, this ecosystem has been pointed out as one of the most impacted, especially due to climatic events and historical economic exploitation on the coast. Considering this, there is a demand for research that expands the dialogue aimed at the environmental quality of the mangrove from the identification, quantification, fragmentation, density, carbon sequestration and valuation of the mangrove. Therefore, the objective of this research is to evaluate the mangrove that integrates the Piranhas-Açu/RN River Estuary Complex, identifying its spatial distribution, its metric and density patterns, as well as the potential for atmospheric carbon sequestration, and the monetary value of its mangrove vegetation, as indicators of ecosystem conservation. As methodological procedures, the following steps were followed: 1) Bibliographic survey; 2) Identification of mangrove in 2008 and 2021; 3) Application of landscape metrics in mangrove fragments from both years; 4) Based on the 2021 mangrove fragments, the following indexes were calculated: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Photochemical Reflectance Index (PRI), sPRI, and the flux index; and 5) Based on the mangrove fragments from 2008 and 2021, the monetary estimate of the mangrove will be made. So far, the introduction, theoretical foundation, presentation of the study area, methodology, as well as the following results were carried out: 1. Multitemporal mapping of the mangrove; 2. Landscape metrics in mangrove fragments; 3. Estimate of mangrove density and its potential for carbon sequestration. However, the chapter on the valuation of mangrove fragments will still be elaborated, as well as the final considerations of the dissertation.

3
  • PAULO JERÔNIMO LUCENA DE OLIVEIRA
  • Landscape metrics and ecosystem services: a geoecological approach in the Esec-Seridó buffer zone, NE – Brazil
  • Líder : DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • JACIMÁRIA FONSECA DE MEDEIROS
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • Data: 03-mar-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The approach of Geoecology as the study of the set of interrelated elements between the association of living beings and their environmental conditions, acting in a specific part of the landscape, or even in a natural division of space, with different spatial dimensions, presents its bases solid and widely discussed in geographic science. Thus, the understanding of the landscape from different methodological procedures becomes valid for the systemic interpretation of environmental aspects. Within the scope of research in the Caatinga, the geoecological approach has been widely applied to understand the landscape from the relationship between man and nature, focusing on the change of the environment through human action, corroborating the process of fragmentation and loss of ecological functions. These anthropic pressures increase the speed of the forest fragmentation process, which triggers a sequence of imbalances along the environmental system, causing low quality in the provision of Ecosystem Services (ES). In this sense, this research has the general objective of analyzing the landscape from the application of different methodological approaches in the buffer zone of the ESEC-Seridó. To this end, satellite images from the years 1988, 1998, 2008 and 2019 were used to understand the temporal dynamics of vegetation cover, where 03 classes of vegetation cover were obtained: thin vegetation, open vegetation and dense/riparian vegetation. It was found that the most representative class was open vegetation, presenting about 43% for the years 1988, 1998 and 2008, with sparse Caatinga being the most expressive in 2019 (29%). Subsequently, the degree of fragmentation of forest remnants was evaluated based on landscape metrics in three categories: area, shape and edge. A total of 394 forest fragments were identified, of which 25% have values below 05 hectares and which tend to present greater characteristics of unstable environments. Then, the ability of the study area to provide ecosystem services of erosion control through the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and carbon sequestration through the improved photochemical reflectance index was evaluated. It was identified that about 64% of the study area has a high relevant capacity for erosion control, with areas that do not have any relevant capacity representing around 6% of the total area. The carbon stock, on the other hand, has a relevant capacity of 38%. It is concluded that the combination of different methodological procedures for a reading of the landscape becomes effective, enhancing the planning and territorial ordering in semi-arid landscapes.

4
  • FELIPE JUSTINO MAIA DE LIMA
  • THE DISORDERED PROCESS OF URBANIZATION THE QUALITY OF WATER FOR HUMAN SUPPLY AND CASES OF DIARRENIC DISEASES IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF SÃO GONÇALO DO AMARANTE / RN
  • Líder : ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • JACIMÁRIA FONSECA DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 21-mar-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • From the second half of the twentieth century, in Brazil, the scenario of a disorderly, accelerated and uneven urbanization process constitutes itself, consequently causing several socio-environmental problems, motivated by the absence of adequate urban planning and management, originating cities that present strong social inequality as well as several problems from the environmental point of view, in particular the problems related to the absence of sewage treatment, urban drainage, effluent treatment, water deterioration and its quality. Given this panorama, our study aims to evaluate the possible changes that the disorderly urbanization process may have caused in the quality of the water distributed for human consumption and the potential effects on the health of the population in the urban area of the municipality of São Gonçalo do Amarante / RN.
    To meet the proposed objectives, we carried out a series of methodological procedures such as the analysis and spatialization of data referring to the parameters Nitrate (NO³), Thermotolerant Coliforms (CT) and the identification of the presence of the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli) obtained through continuous monitoring of water quality carried out by the São Gonçalo do Amarante (SAAE) Autonomous Water and Sewage Service (SAAE) between 2019 and 2019, the complementary monitoring of the Nitrate and CT parameters between 2019 and 2020, in addition to the analysis of the Monitoring Database of Acute Diarrheal Diseases (MDDA) for each Basic Health Unit (UBS) inserted in the study area. Such actions sought to identify the relationship between the quality of the water distributed to the population and the cases of diseases associated with water transmission. The preliminary results indicate that the water supply to the population of the municipality is carried out exclusively by capturing and distributing water obtained through abstraction in underground wells that have the treatment of simply adding chlorine.
    The examination of the Nitrate parameter indicates the presence of contamination of organic origin, at different levels, in all the points analyzed in the study area, pointing out the need for intervention by the government and the concessionaire due to the collected water being destined for human consumption and its contamination can bring serious health risks to the population. The results obtained with the development of the research will subsidize the development of proposals for the management of water resources in São Gonçalo do Amarante aiming to improve the quality of the water distributed to the population and specific actions related to health for the current and future generations referring to the disease of waterborne diarrhea.


5
  • ANDERSON MOURA GONDIM DE FREITAS
  • THREE-DIMENSIONAL GEOMORPHOLOGICAL MAPPING: METHOD AND TECHNIQUES FROM GIS

  • Líder : RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • LAECIO CUNHA DE SOUZA
  • RUBSON PINHEIRO MAIA
  • Data: 21-mar-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Geomorphological studies, in all their historical context, have always been supported by cartographic representations, which vary or adapt according to the needs of the best presentation and interpretation of data. Due to limitations of manual work, the use of block diagrams of the modeling was always secondary; maps and plans were always the products used. With the advancement of geoprocessing technology, it is possible to create models in three dimensions of the relief without the need for artistic skills. In this sense, the objective of the work is to systematize and integrate geotechnological techniques and procedures for the elaboration of 3D relief models. The methodological procedures follow a sequence of steps: pre-outdoor campaign, outdoor campaign, data organization and representations of results, following the taxonomies and scales of geomorphology. Three areas were delimited in Rio Grande do Norte, with specific geomorphological characteristics for the assembly of diagram blocks. The results will be able to support the systematization of the procedures used in the elaboration of the relief representation, serving as a subsidy for the management, control and environmental analysis studies.

6
  • IURY ANTONIO MEDEIROS PALÁCIO DA CÂMARA
  • .

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • CLÉCIO AZEVEDO DA SILVA
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • Data: 23-mar-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

7
  • MARCELLUS SILVA ARRUDA MIRANDA

  • ENVIRONMENTAL STATE AND DEGREES OF SUSTAINABILITY OF THE RIVER BASIN OF CARMO-RN, BRAZIL

  • Líder : JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • FLÁVIO RODRIGUES DO NASCIMENTO
  • JOÃO CORREIA SARAIVA JUNIOR
  • Data: 23-mar-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The current stage of development of global society implies significant transformations in local landscapes. The introduction of new logics in the structure and functioning of landscapes has, as a result, the emergence of serious damages in all spheres of the landscape system. Given this scenario, the Geoecology of Landscapes, observing the different stages of occupation and intense transformation of the systems, has contributed greatly to the analysis of the processes of optimization, recovery and preservation of different systems. The Rio do Carmo watershed (BHRC), located in the sertanejo portion of the state of Rio Grande do Norte, presents a variety of landscape units and economic activities, which significantly affect the environmental status of the basin. From this, using Geoecology as a theoretical-methodological guide, this research aims to analyze the environmental status and degrees of sustainability of the BHRC. For this, in order to obtain better results, the BHRC was compartmentalized, based on the relief taxa, into 6 geoecological units, namely: Sertaneja do Carmo Depression, Serras e Inselbergs, Serra do Mel Plateau, Interior Tablelands, Fluvio-Marine Plain , and River Plain. For the interpretation of the environmental status, the analyzes were carried out on a regional and local scale, which made it possible to delineate relationships between existing actions and impacts, based on the parameters established by Conesa (2010). As main results, we highlight the presence of an evolutionary framework in relation to environmental damage in the Fluvial and Marine Fluvial Plain and in the Inner Tables, with the main impact promoters being the mineral sector, the salt industry and agriculture. Based on the results, it is expected that the framework presented in this study can be used by municipal managers to propose sustainable actions in the basin, in order to improve its environmental status.

8
  • MICHEL ANDRADE DA SILVA
  • TERRITORY MANAGEMENT IN SUSTAINABLE USE CONSERVATION UNITS IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE: AN INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS IN THE APA OF JENIPABU

  • Líder : RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • EDUARDO S BRONDIZIO
  • Data: 29-mar-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Throughout human history on earth, different societies have tried to seek alternatives to environmental problems, and one of these paths has been the creation of protected areas, whichare fragmented into different categories, with the Conservation Unit (UC) being one of them. The Jenipabu Environmental Protection Area (APAJ), the result of this possibility of human interaction in a sustainable way, with its 1881 hectares that cover the municipalities of Extremoz (97%) and Natal (3%), located on the eastern coast of the state of Rio Grande do Norte (RN), with its diverse uses of the territory, is the result of this human effort in regulating activities in natural and protected environments. Therefore, this research seeks to understand the limits of sustainability from the use of the territory and natural resources, with the main objective of analyzing the use and management of the territory of the Environmental Protection Area of Jenipabu, discussing the limits to sustainability in the face of rules and conflicts in the use of natural resources. The adopted methodology is fragmented between bibliographic and documentary research, the latter being an analysis of works already published on APAJ, seeking to understand the socio-environmental dynamics and the transversality to the sustainability theme. The third methodological step is materialized in the field procedures, which will rely on the Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) Framework method, which starts from an institutional analysis of APAJ based on a survey on the actors and rules in use, as well as on the management of that UC. Therefore, we seek to apply a questionnaire with elements of the IAD method, seeking the main actors and institutionalized rules and social arrangements created to facilitate the use of the resources present in the geographical complex of the dunes at APAJ.

9
  • LUCIOLA SILVA DE MATOS
  • BRAZILIAN EDUCATION AT RISK: SCHOOLS IN DISASTER RISK TERRITORIES IN FORTALEZA, CEARÁ.
  • Líder : LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCA LEILIANE SOUSA DE OLIVEIRA
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • RICARDO JOSE MATOS DE CARVALHO
  • Data: 30-mar-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  •  

    Work on disaster risks has gained a great deal of space in Brazilian research, namely: flooding, soil sealing, in addition to aspects aimed at the quality of life of the populations. Working on theaforementioned theme, the present work sought to diversify by placing its research on risk in schools in the city of Fortaleza, CE. Therefore, we aim to identify public schools in areas at risk through the spatialization of these schools. We used the methodology of Marchezini (2018) from a cartographic crossing of public schools with risk areas. In addition to identifying areas with physical / environmental exposure, based on the methodology of Guerra (2009), the neighborhoods in which the schools are located, understanding the vulnerability of these school buildings. In which it is possible to obtain a number of students exposed to risks in the evaluated neighborhoods, in addition to the number of public schools present in risk areas in Fortaleza.

10
  • PEDRO HENRIQUE DA SILVA JUVENAL
  • RESPONSE CAPACITIES AND ADAPTATION TO FLOOD RISK: THE POPULATION OF THE MARANGUAPINHO RIVER HYDROGRAPHIC BASIN, FORTALEZA / CE.

  • Líder : LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • FRANCISCA LEILIANE SOUSA DE OLIVEIRA
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • Data: 31-mar-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The main objective of this work is to analyze the response and adaptation capacities of the population of the Maranguapinho river basin, based on a temporal study of the elaboration of vulnerability and risk indexes. It is located in the western portion of the urban area of the Metropolitan Region of Fortaleza (RMF), more precisely between the coordinates 3º 42 'and 3º 58' south latitude and 38º 35 'and 38º 44' west longitude, flowing into the river Ceará, thus, sharing the same mouth and fluviomarinha plain. It is worth mentioning that the Maranguapinho and Ceará rivers are considered independent hydrographic basins. The basin in its entirety is occupied by the municipalities of Maranguape, Maracanaú, Fortaleza and Caucaia, however, we will research the basin on the territory of Fortaleza, considering the large population concentration. The study area was occupied by the population with less purchasing power in a territory of environmental fragility, in this socio-environmental context it is configured as one of the most problematic and worrying environments in the city of Fortaleza. Strengthening the debate, the State Coordination for Civil Defense of Ceará counts 96 areas considered at risk in Fortaleza, where 43 are in the Maranguapinho river basin, totaling an average of 12,000 affected families. (CEDC, 2011), where one of the main problems is the flood events, a fact that drew attention to the preparation of this research. Therefore, with the help of the framework of geographic science and its multidisciplinarity, we can verify relevance for the discussion of topics such as risk, danger and vulnerability, about the area, since it is a portrait of the modern society in which we live, thus , the debate and the construction of indicators and indexes one of the ways to face the problem found. In this way, we need to overcome the imposed dualities and understand how the geographic space needs to be interpreted, that is, a conjunction of the natural and the human, elaborating the concept in an articulation between nature and society, that is, analyzing it as an interface between the natural sciences and the social sciences.

11
  • FERNANDO EDUARDO BORGES DA SILVA
  • GEODIVERSITY AND GEOMORPHOLOGICAL HERITAGE OF THE MUNICIPALITIES OF PORTO DO MANGUE AND MACAU - RN

  • Líder : MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • RUBSON PINHEIRO MAIA
  • Data: 06-abr-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Geodiversity is a recent term academically, gaining notoriety mainly from the 1990s, it is considered in the present work according to the concept of Gray (2013, p. 12) who defines geodiversity as “the natural range (diversity) of geological (rocks, minerals, fossils), geomorphological (landforms, topography, physical processes), soil and hydrological characteristics. It includes their sets, structures, systems and contributions to landscapes”. Several values can be identified linked to geodiversity, such as economic, scientific, aesthetic, cultural, tourist value and others, with this discussion basing the notion of heritage, of a geoheritage (geoheritage) establishing methods for the selection of sites of greatest geological interest , geomorphological, hydrological, etc., for a geoconservation or geotourism proposal. The geoheritage is subdivided into some branches, with a specific focus on some areas. The present study aims to carry out an inventory and quantification of places of interest in the geomorphological heritage of Porto do Mangue and Macau/RN. Following the methodology developed by Araújo (2021), with occasional changes, the process of inventorying the places of interest was initiated, with a total of eight sites with geomorphological potential being identified, namely (Hypersalino Desert, Falésias do Rosado, Dunas do Rosado, Estuário do Rio das Conchas, Camapum Beach, Ponta do Tubarão Estuary, Mangue Seco Dome and Macau Magmatism). Based on the inventory, a quantitative assessment of the sites was carried out, in which all with the exception of the Domo do Mangue Seco were considered as geomorphossites due to their scientific or aesthetic value. The tabulation of the information obtained in the quantitative assessment made it possible to build an important database regarding the particularities of the abiotic environment of the study area, making it possible to analyze in an integrated or singular way the geomorphological heritage of the study area, such as the value geomorphological site, in which the Macau Magmatism site obtained the highest degree of relevance, or the general ranking, in which it exhibits the most important geomorphosite in the area represented by the Ponta do Tubarão Estuary site. Finally, the material developed in the research provides a very important data base, both of a methodological and procedural nature, with the results being able to serve as a basis for the promotion of geotourism, as well as for the creation of areas aimed at the preservation of sites and concomitant geoconservation.

12
  • VICTOR STHÉFANO DE MOURA QUEIROZ
  • GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS ON NATAL/RN AND PARNAMIRIM/RN AS SMART AND HUMAN CITIES

  • Líder : JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RAÍSSA MOREIRA LIMA MENDES MUSARRA
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 22-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  •  

    The debate about the future of the cities is a topic of studies in public administration, Universities and social movements, since the steady growth of urban problems demands solutions for the public. The initiatives idealized by public managers and the solutions in technology presented by companies have been configured over the years as paths to make cities more fair, healthy, creative and sustainable places. Thereby, information and communication technologies, associated to State and companies’ policies create dynamic effects, turning cities into Smart Cities. A Smart City is the one that, through the incorporation of information and communication, as well as the appropriation of those elements by citizens, offers improvements in the quality of urban life to all of those who enjoy it. In this way, several Brazilian cities have made a public commitment to incorporate smart city practices into their urban policies by 2030, by joining the Brazilian Network of Human, Smart, Creative and Sustainable Cities. The object of this research are the two municipalities in the Metropolitan Region of Natal, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, that have joined this network: Natal and Parnamirim. Its general objective is to analyze the efforts made by both these municipalities to achieve the status of Smart and Human cities, considering their territorial attributes (from the environmental, normative, economic and social dimensions). This research’s operationalization used bibliographic and documentary research; secondary data collected and organized within the scope of the research Smart Cities: territory, technology and planning in the Northeast of Brazil, developed at UFRN; primary data collection; and photographic records, that subsidized the production of graphics, maps and charts. Analyzes’ results show that the municipalities of Natal and Parnamirim have carried out specific initiatives (such as partnerships with companies and Universities and the creation of a normative framework on the subject) to promote the goal of become Smart Cities, but that there is still a long road until Parnamirim and Natal can be recognized as such.


13
  • MARCOS VINÍCIUS DA SILVA DANTAS FERNANDES
  • The technomorphology of Rio Grande do Norte: territorial dynamics of Infovia Potiguar

  • Líder : RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • KELLY KALYNKA CRUZ
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • SERGIO VIANNA FIALHO
  • Data: 29-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The discussion about technomorphology of the territory of Rio Grande do Norte, considering the implementation of the Infovia Potiguar, through the RN Point of Presence (PoP-RN) of the National Education and Research Network (RNP), consists in the understanding of different technical infrastructures present in this territory, some pre-existing and others being created to composse the territorial configuration of this high-capacity information network that intends to provide quality Internet acess for the state trough the academic network, the government network, the use by partners companies which will consequently allow this acess to the general population. Thus, knowing the differences in the territory of RN about the different levels of density related to information networks, especially in terms of quality, the research aims to understand the territorial configuration of Infovia Potiguar, due to the need for a more exact spatialization of the structures, materialities, the uses of the territory imbricated to this configuration in the state. For this reason, the objective of this research is to analyze this territorial configuration and the consequent uses of the territory of the RN, from territorial transformations in the technical-scientific-informational environment of the state, which includes as specific objectives to understand the materialization of this territorial configuration (techniques networks and services networks), to analyze the regionalization of information and uses by different agents of the territory and the opportunities and challenges of better territorial management allowed by this enterprise in the state. For this, the research is based on the theory of space, as a totality, by Milton Santos, the concepts of territory, region, network and place and the Method of Regional Analysis, with emphasis on the geographical complex of Pierre Monbeig and the categories of analysis, which are the landscape, the territorial configuration, the use of the territory and the management of the territory, in addition to the region as a fact and the region as a tool to handle the analysis of the research object listed. Still on the bibliographical research, a survey was carried out on information networks, including the Internet, in a more historical and technical perspective, in the world, in Brazil and in the state of RN. A documentary survey was also carried out specifically for the regulation of telecommunications, the Internet and RNP in Brazil and Infovia Potiguar in the state of RN. In the laboratory stage, maps representing the territorial configuration of Infovia Potiguar in the state of RN were produced, based on data obtained from PoP-RN technicians, in addition to other information through semi-structured interviews, which allowed analysis from a point of view more technical, but which could also be related to territorial uses and transformations in the state by this infrastructure. Finally, the system of indicators for this research was also developed, called the Information Management Indicator System by Infovia Potiguar in Rio Grande do Norte (SIGIP-RN), which also allowed to base analyzes established from the quantitative data listed, from the qualitative variables of such a system of indicators.

14
  • MATHEUS SOARES FERREIRA
  • BY DAY IS JOÃO AND BY NIGHT IS MARIA: The geographic space read from the drag queen body.

  • Líder : ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MARCIO JOSÉ ORNAT
  • Data: 30-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The body may not initially seem like a geographic theme, especially the drag body. However, by understanding that spatial dimensions are open, unfinished, diversified, made of impalpable and immaterial textures; space becomes skin, body, ground, city (HISSA and NOGUEIRA, 2013). Therefore, when analyzing the drag queens' experience in the city, it is possible to notice how influential bodies can be in space and how much space can influence these bodies. In this way, it is worth asking: In what ways can space influence the way the drag queen experiences the city? And how can drag be conceived as a factor that redefines the way the city is offered to those who want to enjoy the urban nightlife? The present research emerges as a journey of discoveries and reflections, revealing dimensions that could seem disconnected, or go unnoticed, but which reveal the influence of the drag queen in the configurations of urban space, together with its influence on the construction of the “I”. For this, we analyzed the experience of drag queens in Natal (RN) and, as the phenomenon was revealed, we focused on theoretical-conceptual issues.

15
  • RAFAEL AGUIAR DA SILVA
  • WIND-ENERGY GENERATION AND SOCIAL VULNERABILITY IN MATO GRANDE REGION - RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • JACQUES DEMAJOROVIC
  • MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • MOEMA HOFSTAETTER
  • Data: 30-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The importance of electricity for human activities is undeniable, and through this the production of electricity from different sources has become an expressive element in territorial dynamism. In this context, the generation of wind energy in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, especially in the Mato Grande region, is part of wind-electric production on a national scale, acquiring new space in energy supply and the emergence of new forms of appropriation and use of the territory. From this, this research aims to analyze the relationship of land uses arising from the wind sector with the social vulnerability present in the region of Mato Grande do RN. In general, the methodological paths adopted characterize this qualitative-quantitative research, with operational procedures grouped into three strands: bibliographic research, documentary research and field study (YIN, 2016; GIL, 2008). Starting from the conception of the research object through the theoretical assumptions of Milton Santos, it was possible to discuss, until recently, the theoretical-methodological framework of the research and the process of electricity generation in the territory and wind energy in RN. As a continuation of the discussion, the next steps of the research are directed to the analysis of the wind sector and the social vulnerability in the Mato Grande region, using theoretical, quantitative and empirical aspects to build the next results.

16
  • TÁRCIS DOS SANTOS TRAJANO
  • LANDSCAPE GEOECOLOGY APPLIED TO THE MEASUREMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS IN 
    THE POTENGI-RN RIVER ESTUARY
  • Líder : JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • JOÃO CORREIA SARAIVA JUNIOR
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • Data: 30-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Estuaries have very different characteristics in terms of their environmental aspects. It is in these regions that one of the most complex ecosystems on planet Earth can be found, the mangroves. Considered as an important biological indicator, the structure and distribution of mangrove vegetation are affected by changes in the tidal regime, hydrological recharge of rivers, salinity, climatic and precipitation conditions, and by human action, the latter being the starting point for the analysis of the research, which has as its object a cut of the estuarine part of the Potengi river basin, located in the city of Natal. The mangrove ecosystem included in the research cut is pressured by the advance of urban expansion. Thus, considering the use and coverage of the landscape from a systemic perspective, from the theoretical-methodological support of Landscape Geoecology, the general objective of the research was to identify the main environmental impacts present in the study area, caused by the different activities developed in the sector. estuary and its repercussions on the mangrove ecosystem, considering the spatial organization of physical and socioeconomic aspects and its consequences in the forms of use and occupation. The research was developed in different phases, namely: organization and inventory, analysis, diagnosis and proposition, containing specific actions that allowed achieving the objectives of the work. Through bibliographic and field research, and the use of geoprocessing techniques, a database was created in a Geographic Information System (GIS) that allowed the elaboration of cartographic products related to the research area, such as thematic maps and chart images. The results achieved in the research allowed the identification of impacted areas, related to the different forms of use and occupation. Another relevant point was the possibility of socializing and disseminating actions already developed in the sector of the study area, with direct involvement with regard to execution and planning, related to the propositional stage of the research.

17
  • JOÃO RODRIGUES DA SILVA BISNETO
  • DAMS, PLACES AND RESISTANCES: THE DISPLACEMENT PROCESS OF THE BARRA DE SANTANA JUCURUTU/RN COMMUNITY.

  • Líder : EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • Pablo Sebastian Moreira Fernandez
  • MARIANA MARTINS DE MEIRELES
  • Data: 31-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The arrival of a dam project is imbued with contents that are mixed in a peculiar socio-spatial context: the removal of a population from its place to fill the reservoir to be built. Within this scenario, the notions of territory, power, experience and place gain importance for the understanding of the bonds that were built by these people with their space and the strategies that are drawn, by the collective, in the struggle for rights. The objective of the present work is to discuss the construction of the Oiticica Dam and the dynamics of the struggles implemented by the community of Barra de Santana. In this attempt, the readings of Bonnemaison and Cambrezy (1996), Dardel (2015), Raffestin (1980) and Relph (1976) support the reading of the phenomenon through a geographical view. While the works of Germani (1982), Sigaud (1986, 1986) and Vainer & Araújo (1990) are important references to access the main contents that are relevant in the analysis of dam construction at the national level. What has already been studied about the processes of community resettlement shows the lack of commitment of those responsible for the works with human rights and environmental legislation. Therefore, it is not possible to face the injustices that have already been committed and those that are still trying to be imposed on communities as inherent elements of development projects. By managing to take control of the narrative for themselves, the residents of Barra de Santana fought for the necessary achievements for a more dignified resettlement and the certainty of having the destiny of their collective future in their own hands.

     

18
  • KATARINA ALUIDE DE CARVALHO PRAXEDES
  • SPATIAL PLANNING AND INDICATOR SYSTEM ABOUT COSTAL CITIES IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE: WHAT CHALLENGES FOR A BLUE SUSTENTABILITY ?

  • Líder : RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JODIVAL MAURICIO DA COSTA
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • Data: 27-sep-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Currently, there has been a tendency in geography to use Indicator Systems to work
    with larger scales, as this tool has been shown to be a territorial instrument for data
    analysis that provides solidity in the situational identification and classification of
    reality, basing on effective and coherent decision-making and the establishment of
    regional and local territorial policies. With that, from reading the documents of the Blue
    Amazon Economic Potential Project for the state of Rio Grande do Norte carried out by
    the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), in partnership with the
    Ministry of Regional Development (MDR), he realized the absence of a tool to organize
    and systematize the data collected in order to provide a robust and concrete analysis of
    the Economy of the Sea, in the Blue Amazon, a complex and dynamic geographic
    space. Thus, this master's research proposes to understand the Economy of the Sea in
    RN, from the elaboration of an Indicator System, using the socioeconomic data raised
    by the Project. The specific objective is the organization and systematization of data, the
    proposal of the Indicator System for the Economy of the Sea to the Project, the
    discussion of economic dynamics and disparities of the coast and the pointing out of
    spatial trends in the management of the territory, based on the results of the System
    itself. To this end, the spatial theory of Milton Santos is chosen, which will face
    geographic discussions, the Indicators Methodology and Regional Analysis as a way of
    analyzing the results.

Tesis
1
  • JOSENILDO DA SILVA MARTINS
  • THE GEOSYMBOLIC CITY AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE DYNAMICS OF THE LIVING SPACE IN NATAL (RN) - BRAZIL

  • Líder : EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • Pablo Sebastian Moreira Fernandez
  • EDUARDO MARANDOLA JR
  • EVANEIDE MARIA DE MELO
  • JOSE LACERDA ALVES FELIPE
  • Data: 14-feb-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • An affective relation binds the citizen to the city as a material and human construction which becomes immaterial when worshiped. Through topophilia (affection) and topophobia (disaffection) as structuring elements of this dynamic, the city is (re)defined and the understanding of the space lived and the experiences which sustain it is outlined. In this process, a city loaded with affectivity and meanings is established as an anchorage of multiple experiences: the geosymbolic city. In the direction of the epistemology of a Cultural Humanist Geography, we face this idea of city as an experience of lived space, being much more than forms delineated by raised concrete and by the dynamics of nature: it contains human affectivity! Under this perspective, the thesis studies the city of Natal, capital of Rio Grande do Norte, considering its affections in the dynamics of the lived space. To do so, it highlights the geosymbols of the city – or, more commonly, its monuments, as a way to access the city's affectivity. In the cultural dimension of the constitution of the city, geosymbols are geographic forms susceptible of connoting values and feelings, which significantly influence the process of construction of the livable, the sayable and the visible in the discursive matrix of Natal. Under a phenomenological perspective, understanding how this city affects those who live in it becomes the main goal of this thesis. To achieve it, among the procedures and techniques that validate the academic work, it was necessary: 1) bibliographical research; 2) documentary research of primary and secondary sources; 3) field research and, 4) research in virtual environment – geo-cyberspace, having as platform of data collection the social network Facebook, for the study of topophobia and topophilia in graphic representations by emojis. These representations engender ways of seeing, saying and living the city mediated by images in contemporary contexts, in which Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), have engendered diverse types of socio-spatial relationships. In this order, the geosymbolic city emerges as a result of discourse-images around it and its natural and social geosymbols, in relation to which citizens develop feelings, create bonds of affection or dislike them, attributing to them the priority of providing happiness or sadness. From this point of view, the city is rather a substantial, affective space, than a delimited geographic cutout. In this dynamic, the vitality of the city is revealed in the experiences and in the way it affects the citizen.

     

2
  • GUSTAVO DE SOUZA BARBOSA
  • THE SOCIAL FORMATION OF THE PERNAMBUCA-ALAGOANA SUGARCANE REGION BASED ON THE BRAZILIAN STATE'S PERFORMANCE IN THE SUGAR-ALCOHOLIC SECTOR

  • Líder : IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • CAIO AUGUSTO AMORIM MACIEL
  • JAN BITOUN
  • Data: 19-jul-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • At the time when America played a central role in the mercantilist development and organization of the contemporary world system, in a certain portion of the Northeast region of Brazil, linked to the monoculture of sugarcane, since its origin, the target of development on the part of the then Portuguese State, a certain social formation was constituted. The empirical dimension of the study takes place in the sugarcane productive region that extends from the Pernambuco to Alagoas. As a research problem, it is considered how the role played by the Brazilian State, from the Empire to the Republic, in the sugar and alcohol sector impacted the social formation of a certain portion of the states of Pernambuco and Alagoas where the sugarcane culture is developed. In this sense, the thesis analyzes the social formation of the territorial cut of the largest sugarcane production in the states of Pernambuco and Alagoas from the performance of the Brazilian State and its direct and indirect intervention on the activity throughout imperial and republican history. It starts from the hypothesis that the sugarcane region is the result of the Brazilian state action in the sugarcane economy, having its genesis, transformations and, above all, permanences, directly linked to national policy. As specific objectives, we seek to define the concept of Social Formation and validate its application on a regional scale; to systematize the forms of state intervention in the sugar-alcohol economy and; to describe the process of territorial occupation of the sugarcane productive region and its socioeconomic aspects. Theoretically, the study is guided by the concepts of Social Formation, applying it to the understanding of a sub-space inserted in the totality and of the Productive Region, considering that the dimension related to the mode of production is relevant. By valuing the material dimension of geographic space, the research considers the materialist-based dialectic as valid for relating to one of the precepts dear to the geographic analysis proposed by Milton Santos, the of totality, and with the very concept of Social Formation due to its totalizing nature. In methodological terms, the starting point is bibliographic research, especially in works by Milton Santos on the theme of Social Formation; documental research in collections of laws to recognize the Brazilian state performance in the sugarcane economy and in statistical series published for the collection of quantitative data on sugarcane production; and field research to record the changes and permanence in the regional sugarcane landscape over time. Finally, it is concluded that the concept of Social Formation is valid for the understanding of spatial scales beyond the nation-state, among them the productive region; that intervention in the sugarcane economy has always been present in Brazilian state history; and that the very process of territorial occupation of the region and socioeconomic characteristics are mainly linked to the sugarcane activity. The Brazilian State, therefore, was the main agent for the maintenance and consolidation of the activity in the region, even in the face of national transformations in terms of productive activity.

3
  • GERVÁSIO HERMÍNIO GOMES JÚNIOR
  • Poetics and politics of landscape: spatial experiences in Pernambuco's cinema

  • Líder : MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • FRANCYJONISON CUSTÓDIO DO NASCIMENTO
  • MARIANA ARRUDA CARNEIRO DA CUNHA
  • OTAVIO JOSE LEMOS COSTA
  • Data: 03-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This thesis seeks to think, from the fields of cinema and geography, on the landscape as a spatiotemporal experience. The landscape experience emerges from the encounter of the body and its senses with the world, producing affections, poetic images and spatial imaginations that bring with them political implications related to the way we see the world. To think about spatial experiences and the way they produce a landscape becoming, we mobilize cinema which, according to Deleuze (2018) creates a direct presentation of time, and produces a new image paradigm, the time-image. The image ceases to be sensorimotor, which was prolonged in the action and becomes optical-sound, that is, it makes time and thought sensitive, makes them visible and sound (DELEUZE, 2018, p.35). Something similar occurs to the landscape that figures here as an experience of time brought about by certain spatialities. Cinema thus contributes to thinking about Geography and its concepts, and is no longer just a collection of representations of places. The cinema currently produced in Pernambuco offers us the possibility of thinking about these experiences, as it builds, in many moments, different encounters between subjects and the world. It presents clairvoyant characters who face the landscape and the affections that are produced by these encounters or connections. Pernambuco's contemporary cinema builds different spatialities: urban, agrarian and natural spaces, and characters who are, in turn, affected by these spaces. In the landscape as becoming or experience of time, these spaces and their respective problems provoke affects that can be negative or positive, experiences of freedom, authoritarianism, security, fear, beauty, ugliness, place, non-place, among others. In addition, Pernambuco's cinema updates poetic images and spatial imaginations of the Brazilian Northeast, constructs a landscape policy that thematizes the city of Recife and its problems, as well as other spaces; it breaks and, at the same time, reproduces regionalism as a spatial imaginary and, above all, as an authorial and conceptual cinema, makes us reflect on the concept of landscape and the way in which geographic space is imagined and reimagined.

4
  • BRUNO LOPES DA SILVA
  • THE CHRISTMAS WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM: A TERRITORIAL ANALYSIS OF WATER COLLAPSE RISKS

  • Líder : ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • FILIPE DA SILVA PEIXOTO
  • YURI MARQUES MACEDO
  • Data: 18-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Human supply is one of the essential activities for the development of society, since actions of a commercial, industrial, residential nature, among others, require large-scale water consumption. In urban centers, where consumption demand tends to be greater, there is a need for water supply systems to be technically well structured, so that they can serve the population effectively and minimize the risk of water collapse. Several Brazilian cities in recent years have gone through situations of water shortages or collapse, such as Natal, capital of the state of Rio Grande do Norte, which has faced a series of problems in its water supply system. In 2017, for example, the Extremoz lagoon, one of the main reservoirs that supply the city, only had 35.67% of its total capacity, due to the long period of drought that affected much of the state's territory. The analysis of this context took into account two sets of categories: the categories of land use; and collapse risk categories. From this perspective, the objective was to analyze the relationship between the use of the territory and the risk of hydrological collapse of the water supply system in Natal. To achieve this objective, a series of methodological procedures were adopted, such as the articulation of the categories of land use and risk analysis; the definition of levels of analysis, study variables and weighting scales; database management in a matrix perspective (rows x columns); the mathematical-statistical formulation of the Water Supply System Collapse Risk Index (IRCSAA) in Natal; as well as cartographic categorization and the application of the Geographic Information System in the context of the IRCSAA. Preliminary results from the application of the IRCSAA for the North subsystem, showed that the risk of water collapse in the analyzed supply sectors was very high and high. Of the four sectors analyzed, three had a very high IRCSAA; and a tall one. Such a scenario requires the application of management measures and actions so that the risk of collapse is reduced and the water supply system works more effectively.

5
  • THIARA OLIVEIRA RABELO
  • .

  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • MARCOS ANTONIO LEITE DO NASCIMENTO
  • ANA BEATRIZ CÂMARA MACIEL
  • SIMONE CARDOSO RIBEIRO
  • Data: 19-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

6
  • ANDREZA DOS SANTOS LOUZEIRO
  • .MICROSCALE RISK INDICATORS: ANALYSIS OF THE NEIGHBORHOODS OF MÃE LUIZ (NATAL / RN) AND VILA EMBRATEL (SÃO LUIZ / MA) FROM EVENTS OF MASS AND FLOOD MOVEMENTS

  • Líder : LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • ANA LUIZA COELHO NETTO
  • FRANCISCA LEILIANE SOUSA DE OLIVEIRA
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • SAMIA NASCIMENTO SULAIMAN
  • ZULIMAR MARITA RIBEIRO RODRIGUES
  • Data: 22-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .The risks of disasters are accentuated due to urban growth coupled with the lack of territorial planning, social inequality, environmental degradation and several other factors that contribute to the occurrence of this type of event. In this perspective, two cities in the Northeast can be highlighted: Natal (RN) and São Luís (MA) which have recurrent cases of risks of mass movements in the districts Mãe Luíza - Natal and Vila Embratel - São Luís and also cases of flooding only in Vila Embratel. However, it is important to note that each area has physical-natural aspects distinct example, in St. Louis predominance trays and dissected trays (CPRM, 2018), while in Natal, fixed and mobile dunes formations are quite significant ( CPRM, 2016). However, the natural configurations and also the social characteristics of both areas are not an impediment to the occurrence of risks, on the contrary, this accentuates the possibility of these events occurring. Thus, this research seeks to answer: How do disaster risk indicators on a local scale help in identifying the degree of risk considering the dimensions of exposure and social vulnerability in an urban area? Whereas the risk is determined by the product of exposure and social vulnerability, the hypothesis to be validated part of the following statement: The degree of risk can be high or low and the element that will determine this value is the exposure and social vulnerability. Although a given area is very exposed and not very vulnerable, or even little exposed and very vulnerable, the risk will remain high. Therefore, it is not related only to exposure to danger or just to the social characteristics of the population. The risk depends on both dimensions and can be high, even though their levels are inversely proportional. To validate or refute this hypothesis, the general objective of the research is to produce disaster risk indicators on a local scale based on the dimensions of exposure and social vulnerability in the Vila Embratel (São Luís - MA) and Mãe Luíza (Natal - RN) neighborhoods. Thus, the procedures of this study were divided into three stages: the first deals with the risk exposure of each area where two indices are measured: Exposure to Mass Movement (IEMM) and exposure to flood (IEI). This step is discussed on a methodology that will give more detail to the Exhibition; the second stage will be possible to identify the Social Vulnerability Index of local, considering the susceptibility factors, ability to cope and adaptability. In the third moment, the indices will be overlapped and, therefore, the Local Disaster Risk Index (IRDL) of the areas under analysis will be diagnosed, considering the Equation: R = E x VS, where R is Risk; And it means Exposure and VS refers to Social Vulnerability. The result of this work is intended to identify the risk of local disaster in a timely manner by detailing the dimensions: social vulnerability and exposure.

7
  • ANTÔNIO PEREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA FILHO
  • SPACE AND HEALTH: A GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS ABOUT HEALTH SITUATION IN CAMPINA GRANDE-PB
  • Líder : ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • CHRISTOVAM DE CASTRO BARCELLOS
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • MAIT BERTOLLO
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 26-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This research starts from the thesis that the different spatial combinations are that determine the health situations of the population. It is argued that health is present everywhere, but at different levels of manifestation. what determines these levels is the spatial situation that, selectively, reproduces a set of elements of health promotion in parts of the city, while in others it is externalized as a health threat. For this reason, the purpose of this work is to analyze the health situation through indicators and variables proposed and analyzed geographically. So, the overall goal is to understand the combination of elements that explain the different health situations in Campina Grande-PB. The areas delimited by Primary Care in Health in the city. The possibility of studying health from a positive perspective of your existence; the proposition of geographically designed health indicators (equity, supportability and feasibility); the perspective of understanding the health phenomenon from of more homogeneous observation scales in urban surveys are some of the most relevant issues brought up in this text. As for the research methodology, initially, a broad bibliographic and documentary survey was taken into account. THE empirical research, in turn, was organized through a variety of techniques of collection of information and data, as well as specific analysis procedures. With Based on this context, it became clear that it is only possible to analyze and compare situations through the combination of variables associated with different indicators. It was found that the research areas did not have the same classification for all the variables linked to equity as a health indicator, were neither good nor bad. classified in all cases, but it was the combination of all variables that justified the levels of the health situation. If this assessment was from one or another isolated variable, the result would be completely different and far from reality understood in a relational way.

8
  • PABLO RANIERE MEDEIROS DA COSTA
  • A LANDSCAPE EXPERIENCE: URBAN INTERVENTIONS IN CITY OF NATAL AS EXPRESSION OF THE RHIZOMATIC CONDITION

  • Líder : ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • Pablo Sebastian Moreira Fernandez
  • ANTÔNIO CARLOS QUEIROZ DO Ó FILHO
  • VALÉRIA CAZETTA
  • Data: 26-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • From an open approach to space, we take urban interventions as a conducting element of a landscape experience in the city of Natal. Constituted by the itinerant movement of the body in encounter with the world, with space, the landscape is understood here as becoming, that is, always being made. The present thesis sought, from the notion of Rizoma, to present the landscape of Natal through urban  interventions, which we believe to mobilize the lines of the rhizome, evidencing a rhizomatic condition. The diversity of interventions that is distinguished in the landscape produces sensations, affects, positive or negative, a landscape experience that can refer to order, freedom, beauty, excess, repetition, the extraordinary. Thus, as an expression of multiplicity, urban interventions constitute different spatialities, mobilizing different points of view and perspectives in the public space of the city. In the path traced to achieve the objectives of the thesis, we consider the assemblages that take place in the spaces of coexistence and visibility of the city, the way in which they are constantly territorialized, deterritorialized and reterritorialized. We seek, this time, to guide our thinking beyond the binomial materiality/immateriality, subject/object, society/nature. There is no separation between them, but a body of multiplicities. Following this premise of reciprocity, the territory, a concept that for Deleuze and Guattari (1997) takes place through assemblage, is composed both by its content, machinic assemblages of bodies (or desires), and by its expression, the collective assemblages of enunciation. The first is constituted as the manifestation of the relationship that occurs between bodies, and the second refers to the statements, to a regime of signs, whose expression machine is based on a social fabric and not on a subject. In this way, we took the testimonies of the interveners as a source of investigation in which it was possible, based on subjectivity and personality, to consider the existence of a collectivity that is established among those who transgress the landscape. Thinking about urban intervention from the agencies that carry it out, implied considering the combination of bodies, whose associations, in addition to distinct expressions in the landscape, correspond to the continuous process of territorialization/deterritorialization/reterritorialization. Expressing the rhizomatic condition, the urban interventions that appear in the landscape are both predictable, countable, like the lines of segmentarity, and unpredictable, corresponding to rupture, and creating the new, such as lines of flight.

9
  • CLEANTO CARLOS LIMA DA SILVA
  • RELATIONSHIP SOIL, CLIMATE AND AGRICULTURAL USE IN THE STATE OF RIO GRANDE FROM NORTH
  • Líder : ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • LEANDRO PAIVA DO MONTE RODRIGUES
  • YURI MARQUES MACEDO
  • Data: 31-ago-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  •  

    Even with the increasing incorporation of technical content in agrarian systems in Rio Grande do Norte in recent decades, the spatialization of agricultural activities still depends mainly on the natural factors of the soil and climate that satisfy the needs of water and nutrients of the plant, enabling its development. This dependence is even more pronounced in areas that have low implementation of agricultural techniques, given that the implementation of technical content does not have the same equity in the Potiguar territory. In this way, it is important to understand their relationships, their importance within the agrarian systems and how environmental aspects are spatialized in the territory of Rio Grande do Norte. For the development of this reasoning, we start from the analysis of three cultures practiced in the state: pineapple, banana and cashew, chosen for the economic importance of each one in the Potiguar territory and for their technical differences used for their development. Thus, the central objective of this research is to analyze the spatialization of pineapple, banana and cashew crops in the territory of Rio Grande do Norte,  taking into account the relationship of environmental characteristics, especially edaphic and climatic factors, as well as as the potential for expansion of these crops, from existing land stocks. To achieve this objective, we developed a bibliographic review associated with the use of secondary data, to understand the spatialization of environmental aspects and selected cultures, thus understanding the use of the territory and mapping the state's land stocks in the environmental units where they are already practiced. the three cultures. These data, used and generated, through statistical procedures, made it possible to define an index entitled Environmental Quality Index for Agriculture (IQAPA), with the purpose of classifying land for agricultural suitability for pineapple, banana and cashew crops, indicating new areas where these cultures can develop.



10
  • IGOR RASEC BATISTA DE AZEVEDO
  • SPACE CIRCUIT OF TEXTILE PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVE TERRITORIAL SPECIALIZATIONS IN NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL
  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • ANIERES BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • ENRIQUE VIANA SUBERVIOLA
  • MARIA LUIZA DE MEDEIROS GALVÃO
  • Data: 15-sep-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  •  

    The spatial circuit of textile production expresses capillarity throughout practically the entire national territory. In terms of spatial distribution of the activity, the Concentrated Region stands out, which, as suggested by the nomenclature itself, has the highest technical density and concentration of firms, followed by the Northeast region. In this one, the topology of the textile space circuit presents peculiarities, especially after the remarkable proliferation that occurred, especially in the last two decades - noting, however, that this expansion is not recent and carries marks arising from the shocks faced throughout its historical evolution. -space. Thus, the work on screen analyzes the spatial circuit of textile production in the Brazilian Northeast, from its productive specializations and the contradictions expressed by the corporate use of the territory, in terms of the dimensions of technique, capital and work. In view of the problematization outlined in this report, it is conjectured that this productive spatial circuit, in the established cut, materializes through territorial specializations that are coordinated by a corporate use of an extraverted character, whose control is exercised externally by devices of appropriation of the process of circulation of capital, as well as the alienation of the production process. These capital accumulation devices combine forms and norms, among which stand out, on the one hand, the mechanisms of fiscal and financial benefits/attractions and, on the other hand, expropriation and exploitation of the workforce. For the delimitation of the object and achievement of the specific objectives, the techniques and methodological procedures of bibliographic, documentary and field research were established. The theoretical framework permeates a general discussion about geographic space as a totality and the approach of productive spatial circuits from the point of view of a political economy of the territory in Santos (2008a, 2008b, 2012a, 2012c), Moraes (1984), Marx (2011a) , 2011b), Harvey (2013) and Castillo and Frederico (2010); as well as based on the categories of socio-spatial training and territorial division of labor (SANTOS, 1977b, 2005, 2008e, 2012a; SERENI, 2013; BARRIOS, 2014, GOLDENSTEIN; SEABRA, 2011; RIBEIRO, 2003; SILVEIRA, 2010b) to reflect on the development of the northeastern region (ALBUQUERQUE JÚNIOR, 2011; ANDRADE 1970, 1981a and 1988; ARAÚJO, 2002; OLIVEIRA, 1977). In the historical-spatial contextualization constructed – carried out in accordance with the analysis of Santos and Silveira (2001) on the Brazilian geographic environment – three periods in the evolution of the Northeastern textile activity were identified and discussed: the agrarian roots of the spatial circuit textile production; the gestation of “internal domination”; and the peripheral insertion to the informational technical-scientific environment. Finally, the writing plan is proposed and outlined, conjecturing the further composition of the thesis.

11
  • NAYARA MARQUES SANTOS
  • .

  • Líder : DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • VENERANDO EUSTAQUIO AMARO
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • SERGIO ROSSI
  • LIDRIANA DE SOUZA PINHEIRO
  • Data: 23-sep-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

12
  • SANDRO DAMIÃO RIBEIRO DA SILVA
  • The Geosystem as an Analytical Category of Geography

  • Líder : MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • EMANUEL LINDEMBERG SILVA ALBUQUERQUE
  • GLAIRTON CARDOSO ROCHA
  • JACIMÁRIA FONSECA DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 22-dic-2022


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Geography is a science with unique characteristics. Being in a privileged position, but, at the same time, difficult to define, geographical science is placed between the human and natural sciences. But it is also part of the dual role of basic and applied sciences. And this crossroads is caused, mainly, by the recent systematization, carried out in Germanic lands a little over two centuries ago. As a result of this phenomenon, the Geography has its main concepts “borrowed” from other sciences and still resignified in current times. But the Geosystem, created almost 60 years ago by the Soviet Sochava, is the closest thing to a 100% geographic theoretical entity. And, despite being contained in Geography, the Geosystem, for different reasons, was misunderstood, especially in Western Geography. Understood, initially, as a theoretical core and, later, as a concept, the Geosystem ended up losing its greatest capacity, which is analytical in the form of a category. And this, despite seeming obvious, has not yet been systematized, so that the understandings of the Geosystem as a concept and a taxon are preponderant in current Geography, even if both have logical-philosophical imperfections. Thus, this thesis, of an eminently theoretical and epistemological character, seeks to establish the Geosystem in its proper place, going through a philosophical review of its initial bases, as well as by part of the literature consecrated in the French and Soviet schools in Geography, also exemplifying, in Brazilian Geography and his famous Landscape Unit Studies. In this way, this thesis study aims at an unprecedented theoretical advance, in which the Geosystem can finally be consolidated as a category of analysis, placing it in a deserved place, without greater prominence or lesser importance.

2021
Disertaciones
1
  • JHONATHAN LIMA DE SOUZA
  • THE DAMAGE RISK OF THE DAM PASSAGE OF TRAÍRAS: AN ANALYSIS OF THE CONSEQUENCES IN THE CITY OF CAICÓ / RN - BRAZIL
  • Líder : LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • RICARDO JOSE MATOS DE CARVALHO
  • MARYSOL DANTAS DE MEDEIROS
  • YURI MARQUES MACEDO
  • Data: 29-ene-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The water is a vital element for the humanity and the storage method of water has been evolving since the pre-history, throughout techniques of dam constructions. However, those big structures always present human flaws, representing a technological risk for the population that are living downstream, and this is the case of the dam Passagem das Traíras. The structure of this dam doesn't have any repair for over 24 years, since 2015 the National Agency of Water (ANA) established the existence of structural pathologies on the dam, so in 2018 the level of risk was elevated, from attention to rupture alert of the dam, which its capacity is of 49 million cubic meters, representing a risk for the city of Caicó, RN, whose population is approximately 60 thousand people, the distance being 14 kilometres downstream. This research presents the relation between a possible rupture and the consequences that this can cause to the city inside the debate of the territorial planning and ordering. In this research uses the techniques of geoprocessing for the creation of maps of the flood areas in case of disruption, and also the use of drones for picture acquisition and field research. It was created the indices of potential dangerous, real state of the dam and general performance indices, in which revealed the level of emergency inside the scenario suggested with the methodology. It was carried a data collection of house lost in the neighbourhoods of the city, besides that, human resources, supplies and spaces were mapped aiming to support a logistical support in a plan of contingency in case of rupture.

2
  • ANA PAULA RODRIGUES FEITOSA FRAZÃO
  • SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS IN THE METROPOLITAN REGION OF NATAL FROM THE CHANGES OF LAND USE AND COVERAGE BETWEEN YEARS 1984 AND 2018

  • Líder : VENERANDO EUSTAQUIO AMARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUCIANA DA COSTA FEITOSA
  • MARIA DE FATIMA ALVES DE MATOS
  • MARIANA TORRES CORREIA DE MELLO
  • VENERANDO EUSTAQUIO AMARO
  • Data: 01-abr-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In Brazil, about 60% of the population lives in coastal cities, occupying ecosystems considered to be of high environmental fragility due to environmental impacts occurred mainly by the conversion of natural land coverings into anthropic areas. On the eastern coast of the State of Rio Grande do Norte (RN), the Metropolitan Region of Natal (RMN) develops; the fourth largest metropolitan region in the Northeast of Brazil, which presents a large part of its urban expansion over dune fields, with reduced land use and vegetation cover on the banks of estuaries and lagoons. The objective of this work is to evaluate the socio-environmental problems that occurred in the RMN beginning with the detection of changes in land use and land cover between the years 1984 and 2018 based on the LANDSAT images and Geoprocessing techniques. To this end, in 1984, 1992, 2000, 2010, and 2018, the expansion of the NMR area was mapped in terms of land use and coverage and integrated with census data. The results of land use and coverage indicate that in the 34 years analyzed, the area of vegetation quickly transformed into areas for human activities, mainly pastures. An intense urbanization process was also observed in the municipalities of Natal, Parnamirim, São Gonçalo do Amarante and Extremoz, confirming that urban growth in the RMN occurs over dune field areas and in a disorderly manner. In the RMN Conservation Units (CUs), the APA Piquiri-Una, Emaús and Bonfim-Guaraíra, have more than 60% of their banks converted into anthropic activities. In addition, the banks of estuaries, rivers and lagoons had their vegetation compromised by indiscriminate anthropic use. The RMN presents institutionalized metropolitanization, with fragmented urban areas and without articulation among municipalities on issues and environmental management, on land use and coverage, with the absence of environmental public policies or more specific and integrated legislation that enable new measures for preservation and conservation of UCs and the sustainable development of this coastal territory.

3
  • GABRIELLA CRISTINA ARAÚJO DE LIMA
  • LANDSCAPE GEOECOLOGY APPLIED TO PLANNING ENVIRONMENTAL IN THE PITIMBU 
    RIVER HYDROGRAPHIC BASIN / RN - BRAZIL
  • Líder : JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • EDSON VICENTE DA SILVA
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • Data: 12-abr-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The watershed of the Pitimbu River is in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, has an area of 132.46 km², being responsible for the water supply of 35% of the Metropolitan Region of Natal (NMR). It presents a variety of landscape units and economic activities that are linked to the multiple uses of water, which causes an overload on natural resources. Given the context, this research aims to develop environmental planning guidelines for the Pitimbu River basin, based on an analysis and diagnosis supported by the Geoecology of Landscapes, considering the potentialities and limitations of the inherent landscape features (characteristics) the basin. In methodological terms, the research follows phases applying geoecological analysis, which are: organization and inventory, analysis, diagnosis, and proposition. To this end, maps on the scale of 1: 80,000 were prepared, aided by more detailed surveys on a local scale, also subsidizing the preparation of the land use and coverage map. From the integrated analyzes between physical, environmental, and socioeconomic factors, it is possible to delimit the strengths and weaknesses, as well as subsidize integrated management strategies for the reality of the basin. It is expected that based on the actions and highlighted data, natural resources, especially water, can be used in a more compatible way with the potential and responsiveness of the area. Thus, it is hoped that the general results presented here can serve as a basis for maintaining this source.
4
  • ALDEÍZE BONIFÁCIO DA SILVA
  • .

  • Líder : EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • LUIS LOPES DINIZ FILHO
  • Data: 05-may-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

5
  • DANIEL MACIEL WEINER
  • COASTAL DYNAMICS ANALYSIS OF THE PUNAÚ RIVER MOUTH, MUNICIPALITY OF RIO DO FOGO/RN, WITH THE SUPPORT OF GEOTECHNOLOGIES

  • Líder : VENERANDO EUSTAQUIO AMARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MICHAEL VANDESTEEN SILVA SOUTO
  • PAULO VICTOR DO NASCIMENTO ARAÚJO
  • VENERANDO EUSTAQUIO AMARO
  • Data: 30-jun-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Coastal zones have historically attracted populations, human settlements and their diverse activities due to the amenities they provide, their aesthetic value and the varied ecosystem services they offer. As a result, these sectors become intensely occupied and developed, often in a disorderly way. The Purpose of this work was to evaluate the coastal dynamics of an area of the down course of Punaú river, state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil using geotechnologies The work used images acquired by a Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) in December of 2017, March of 2019 and June of 2019, supported by ground control points tracked by GNSS, generating products of high resolution analyzed is a GIS. The study area presents itself as being of high environmental sensitivity and accelerated coastal dynamics, urging detailed scale studies that can provide subsidies to support the decision-making of public managers in promoting better spatial planning. The results showed the effectiveness of the use of geotechnologies in coastal studies that pointed to alternating periods of erosion and deposition in the study area, as well as the advance and retreat of the coastline, reinforcing the need to establish public policies for spatial planning.

6
  • ANDERSON GEOVÁ MAIA DE BRITO
  • SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL VULNERABILITY TO DROUGHT: A PERSPECTIVE OF SERIDÓ POTIGUAR UNDER THE Aegis of SEVEN KEY MUNICIPALITIES

  • Líder : LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • REBECCA LUNA LUCENA
  • MARIA ELISA ZANELLA
  • Data: 20-jul-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Difficult to specify its temporality and with disastrous effects, the drought as a historical and natural phenomenon of high complexity, has been the subject of the population of the Northeast Region of Brazil for a long time, which has 70% of its municipalities located in the semiarid region, the same case of the State of Rio Grande do Norte, exceeds 90%, not only producing socio-spatial and socioeconomic conflicts, such as political-institutional. Thus, and for case analysis, the region of Seridó potiguar was chosen, which plays an important regional role in RNe and has historically been benefited by hydraulic policies and actions of living with the semiarid. Thus, due to the fact that the drought, in the middle of the 21st century, continues to take proportions of natural disaster causing widespread damage to the economy, the present research aims to offer an overview of the vulnerability of the Seridó region to the phenomenon of drought, starting from seven key municipalities, Bodó, Caicó, Currais Novos, Ipueira, Jardim de Piranhas, Jucurutu and Parelhas, for which the Drought Vulnerability Index (IVS) was applied, composed of the Lidara Exposure, Sensitivity and Capacity sub-indices from socioeconomic and physical variables Based on this, and based on the historical-political, physical-environmental and socioeconomic characteristics of the region in question, this research was structured in a systemic geographical approach, evolving the concepts of natural hazard, risk and vulnerability, in which, for the latter , its methodological application to drought in the Seridópotiguar was presented, and that by the obtained results, it was verified that the municipalities are exp drought, but that the available infrastructure and assistance actions, represented by Sensitivity and Adaptive Capacity, attenuate the averages of vulnerability of these.

7
  • AMARO FREIRE AMEZTEGUI ROSALES
  • TERRITORIALITIES OF THE PRISON POPULATION IN THE SERROTÃO PENITENTIARY COMPLEX IN CAMPINA GRANDE-PB

  • Líder : EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • VANDERLAN FRANCISCO DA SILVA
  • Data: 26-ago-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The prison space structured by the constant disciplines in the regime of the prisoner, which directly conditions its relationship with space, has through the territoriality as a spatial practice permeated by power as strategy, which configure the distribution and organization of the spatial elements of the prison, as well as the prison work that appears as a form of territoriality supported by the process of resocialization of the convicts. In this way, the Serrotão penitentiary complex is chosen, configured by three penitentiary establishments in its surroundings, for the analysis of the various forms of territorialities among the heterogeneous prison population of this territory. Therefore, the research analyzes the territorialities as spatial practices that order the geographic space of the penitentiary establishment, as well as configures the territories delimited by the main spatial agents. The methodological path adopted for the execution of this study is guided between the bibliographic research, the survey of demographic data among the penitentiary establishments that make up the Serrotão penitentiary complex between 2016 and 2018, and the recognition of the study area through field activity with the help of the institution's staff. For this, the spatialization of the data treated by means of software is carried out, making possible the analysis of the main localities of the prison space and specifically in the regional penitentiary Raymundo Asfora, the reading of the demographic density and the distribution of the inmates between pavilions, the last step to finish the methodological path of this research, are the interviews with the inmates of the penitentiary establishments by means of discourse analysis, in which the discourse can be equal to social practice.

     

8
  • MARIA LUIZA DE OLIVEIRA TERTO
  • Inventory, quantification and mapping of geomorphosites from the analysis of geoforms in Tibau, Grossos and Areia Branca/RN.

  • Líder : MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CLÁUDIA MARIA SABÓIA DE AQUINO
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • Data: 30-ago-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Geodiversity is a recent concept related to the abiotic elements of nature, linked to the term biodiversity, which is more debated in the academic and social spheres. In this work, the development geodiversity in the apprehension of geomorphological elements, forming the geomorphodiversity which applied to the coastal environment, is characterized with the potential to identify singular forms, acting in geoconservation. In this sense, the present work aims to carry out the inventory, quantification and mapping of geoforms on the coast of Tibau, Grossos and Areia Branca / RN, also seeking a description of the evolution of the natural history of the geoforms in the area. In the present study, possible geomorphosites were identified, through the steps, evidence and quantification. In the field inventory, a survey of general information of the sites was developed, involving geomorphology, dissection features, among others, consolidating a database for the studied area. In the quantification, it was valued like the sites through four value criteria: Aesthetic (VEst), Scientific (VCi), Tourism (VTur) and Use and management (VUG). Consider, in this study, as geomorphosite those that obtained high scores in the Scientific Value (VCi) and/or Aesthetic Value (EST), namely: Apodi Mossoró Estuary, a São Cristóvão Beach and a Ponta do Mel Beach. Due to the results obtained, the inclusion of aesthetic criteria, and not just the scientific one, is relevant for the identification and definition of areas of potential geomorphological interest. We identified that there are areas with high aesthetic value, but with a significant reduction in scientific value, due to the lack of research covering the right areas. Corroborating the view that the aesthetic potential is representative for society and therefore must be included in geoconservation actions

9
  • LUIZ CARLOS DA SILVA FILHO
  • .

  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • CAIO AUGUSTO AMORIM MACIEL
  • LUCAS COSTA DE SOUZA CAVALCANTI
  • Data: 30-ago-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

10
  • MONIQUE HELLEN DE SOUZA SILVA
  • CONTRIBUTIONS TO HEALTH PROMOTION FROM THE CONSTRUCTION AND APPLICATION OF THE HEALTHY CITY INDEX IN NATAL/RN

  • Líder : IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • SAMUEL DO CARMO LIMA
  • Data: 29-sep-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Healthy Cities Movement (HCM), emerged in the 1970s in Canada, as a corollary of a set efforts by this country, the World Health Organization (WHO) and its regional offices to outline estrategies of health promotion, quality of life, and urban development based on the concept of health as a social product. This conception is at the essence of the MCS, which reflects a change in the perspective of facing public health problems that worsened in the late 20th century. This conception is at the heart of the MCS and reflects a change in the perspective of dealing with public health problems that worsened in the late twentieth century. As a result of this new perspective international organizations, researchers and urban managers realized that investment in the health sector alone would not be enough to eliminate the harmful effects of factors that generate social inequalities and the precariousness of urban infrastructure (environmental factors) on the state of health and disease of the population. Therefore, the importance of the process of identification and characterization of socio-environmental factors in the urban space is highlighted through the construction of indexes and indicator systems. Based on these assumptions, this research has the main objective to analyze the Natal /RN city condition on the perspective of propose an index and levels of Healthy City. To achieve this purpose bibliographic research, documentary research, the production of graphics, charts and the application of the Multistributive Statistical Multiple Use Model (MAU) were used as methodological proceedings. The application of these proceedings identified an ICS of 694 and an Average Level of Healthy City for Natal, as results of the research. It was found that the ICS value was, to a large extent, positively influenced by the scores of the Health, Demographic and Basic Sanitation dimensions that reached high scores. However, it was the socioeconomic dimension that had the greatest impact on the index because of its low values, showing the socioeconomic inequality in Natal. Nevertheless, the analysis of these results demonstrates that the city of Natal still has significant vulnerabilities in terms of health, sewage and solid waste treatment, education, work and income. Considering these facts, it is understood that the city of Natal is still far from ensuring the health conditions and quality of life necessary to become a healthy city. This facts reaffirms the imminence of developing and strengthening actions, programs and public policies for the prevention and treatment of reportable diseases, for the elimination of arboviruses, to expansion of coverage of healthcare teams, medical procedures and infrastructures that integrate Primary Care. Measures to combat mortality, population imbalance and aging, articulated to initiatives of universalize basic sanitation and reduce precarious conditions of income, work and education, are equally relevant to promote in Natal city, healthier urban conditions in the future.

11
  • JÔNATAS OLIVEIRA VASCONCELOS
  • RELIEF MODELING IN HYDROGRAPHIC BASINS: 
    A semi-detailed approach using Geoprocessing technique in the Espinharas River Basin, PB, Brazil
  • Líder : SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RHERISON TYRONE SILVA ALMEIDA
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • Data: 18-nov-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Semiarid landscapes studies, even with many Scientific’s researches, still have a lack of approaches, essentially those assigned to environmental and territorial management. Therefore, one kind of landscape's characterization and representation is through morphological approaches as part of the morphological compartmentation studies. In other words, a technique capable of creating homogeneous zoning areas to define criteria for use, fragility, and environmental potentialities. The principal goal of this research is to identify and characterize relief compartments at the Espinharas River Watershed (BHRE), at the Paraiba's semiarid, and look through their environmental fragilities and potentialities. As for the specific objectives, 1 - characterize the landscape elements through thematic maps, 2 - identifying relief compartments at the BHRE, taking as base the methodology proposed by Cavalcanti (2013), and Castro; Salomão (2000), 3 - Assay environmental potentialities at the BHRE based on relief compartments, previously defined, to territorial management purpose. To accomplish the research was considered geoprocessing techniques and images digital processing, based on Cavalcanti (2010) and Castro; Salomão (2000) guidelines, also secondary data from IBGE, CPRM, and fieldwork data. Thereby, it was possible to delimitate seven morphological units. The first one has recessed areas without explicit use - 1, Sunken areas of bland undulating relief for predominantly agricultural use - 2, Short Mountain ranges with a predominance of exposed rock and inselbergs - 3, High Mountain with an undulating relief and with agricultural use - 4, Summits with predominantly litotic soil - 5, summits with predominantly regolith soil - 6, and elevated areas with mountainous character - 7. In general, BHRE presents shallow soils and vegetation with hydric stress, limiting factors for land use purposes, principally, because of a lack of support at rural extension areas in this region. BHRE has an ascending hypsometry north to south, with inselbergs and rock blocks, in other words, areas properly indicated to preservation purposes. Regarding BHRE's vegetation, it is shown a physiognomy composed, approximately 65%, with a savannah-type. Units 1, 2, 4, and 6 presents wavy plane reliefs and bland reliefs, predisposed to agropastoral uses, presenting higher intensity of use. units 3, 5, and 7presents more wavy and mountainous reliefs, making it difficult to use and subject to protection and preservation areas.

12
  • NADELINE HEVELYN DE LIMA ARAÚJO
  • .

  • Líder : RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • CARLOS ERNESTO GONCALVES REYNAUD SCHAEFER
  • FÁBIO SOARES DE OLIVEIRA
  • JOSE JOAO LELIS LEAL DE SOUZA
  • Data: 22-dic-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Antarctic Maritime, as a highly sensitive climate environment, represents a laboratory scenario for soil formation, expressing weathering processes and biogeochemistry under unique conditions on the planet, having as its primary engine the freezing / thawing processes, and primarily the presence permanently frozen soils, called permafrost. Antarctic soils are thus directly linked to thermal phenomena that cause ablation of glaciers, causing relief modeling processes and structured pedological implantation. Descriptive statistical analysis and the results of the principal component analysis demonstrated that Antarctic soils are shallow and incipient, however, ornithogenic soil are the deep soils, and bird activity is the most important chemical weathering chemical.

Tesis
1
  • JOÃO CORREIA SARAIVA JUNIOR
  • .

  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • HELENICE VITAL
  • MARCELO DOS SANTOS CHAVES
  • LEAO XAVIER DA COSTA NETO
  • VANDA CARNEIRO DE CLAUDINO SALES
  • Data: 17-mar-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Potiguar coastal has various geomorphological features such as dunes, beaches, lagoons and cliffs that make up the Rio Grande do Norte geodiversity. Sea cliffs are important indicators of the environmental changes that occur in the Quaternary and for the reason they are natural monuments, they are the purpose of this study. Considering this, the overall aim is to produce a typological classification of the cliffs of Rio Grande do Norte. The specific aims sought to: investigate the existing classification on the sea cliffs of RN to further detail its main characteristics; read up the stages of the geomorphological evolution of the cliffs through literature review; classify the cliffs according to geological basis criteria as lithostratigraphic unit and influence of neotectonics; categorize the sea cliffs according to geomorphological criteria; classify the sea cliffs according to climatic conditions and vegetation cover and identify the values of geodiversity. The justification for this research is based on the conclusion that the sea cliffs are landscape elements of great scenic beauty, but paradoxically, they have great environmental fragility, due to their genetic, stratigraphic and morphological characteristics. The occupation of the Potiguar coastal zone, comparable to other Brazilian states, has been occurring in a way that does not respect the limits defined by the resolutions of the National Environment Council, standardized in 2002, in which defines the use and occupation of coastal areas, particularly in sea cliffs with slope greater than 45 °.Some work has already been done on the sea cliffs of Rio Grande do Norte by researchers who performed descriptions of environmental conditions and reported some problems related to disordered use and occupation. The social relevance of this research lies in the identification of the environmental situation of the sea cliffs that are landscape inheritances, according to the perspective of Aziz Nacib Ab’Saber that protects the marks of physiographic and biological processes and collective heritage of traditional communities and the Potiguar people. The adopted landscape concept is based on the reflections of Georges Bertrand and Carlos Augusto de Figueiredo Monteiro. The qualitative methodology seeks to contemplate, according to the hypothesis, the classification of potiguar sea cliffs according to their natural characteristics and geodiversity services.The methodological paths were divided into stages and the first was the data collection on the sea cliffs, in particular of the RN. The second stage included the execution of field research and the third stage was the preparation of cartographic material. Preliminary results point to different sea cliff typologies related to the source material (Barriers and Post Barriers); vegetation cover (vegetated and non-vegetated) and slope morphology, even if they were made from the same parent material. Related goods and services were partly identified, as well as major environmental issues affecting the geodiversity of the cliffs.

2
  • HIRAM DE AQUINO BAYER
  • La Noción de Rizoma: El Fenómeno Urbano en Natal-RN

  • Líder : MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • Pablo Sebastian Moreira Fernandez
  • EDUARDO MARANDOLA JR
  • EVANEIDE MARIA DE MELO
  • Data: 29-abr-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • El fenómeno urbano ya ha sido pensado desde una enorme variedad de perspectivas y variados puntos de vista. Esta multiplicidad de miradas acompaña la complejidad que la constituye y nos ofrece un vasto campo de posibilidades de reflexión en el ámbito de la ciencia geográfica, especialmente en lo que se refiere a la construcción de un discurso sobre la dimensión espacial de la experiencia en la ciudad. Frente a este campo de posibilidades, acercamos la geografía y la filosofía deleuze-guattariana para pensar la ciudad en consonancia con las reflexiones sobre la noción de Rizoma. En este sentido, pretendemos centralmente reflexionar sobre la condición rizomática de la ciudad, partiendo de la idea de que la ciudad es una estructura rizomática, donde Natal-RN, el foco de nuestra observación, es evidencia de esta condición. Por tanto, nos dirigimos específicamente a la reflexión sobre la producción de líneas de segmentación - involucradas en ideales de orden y repetición - y líneas de fuga - involucradas en movimientos de ruptura y producción de diferencia - que cruza su constitución y que conduce a una multiplicidad de experiencias que lo ponen en un estado permanente de devenir. En relación a las líneas de segmentación en Natal-RN, nos enfocamos en abordar las repercusiones del discurso del modernismo en lo que concierne a la producción de deseos con miras al surgimiento de una ciudad moderna, y en la construcción de movimientos de identificación que pretenden homogeneizar la imagen de la ciudad, interna y externamente. En relación a las líneas de fuga, nos enfocamos en eventos / movimientos que ocurren ocasionalmente en diferentes lugares de la ciudad y que nos permiten pensar en procesos de desestratificación y deconstrucción relativa de las líneas de segmentación. Entendemos que la condición rizomática de la ciudad se da precisamente por la convivencia y dinámica de estas líneas. Inspirándose en la Teoría del Actor-Red, vista como una perspectiva metodológica adecuada para la observación y descripción de formaciones rizomáticas, la trama de estas discusiones se realiza aquí a través de un horizonte ensayístico, en el que el texto se convierte en un equivalente funcional del laboratorio: lugar de experimentación que presupone la unión de elementos y la mezcla de perspectivas y interpretaciones. Cada discusión realizada en el ámbito de este texto es parte de un esfuerzo por conectar informaciones producidas y captadas por una pluralidad de fuentes y apoyos que van desde conversaciones con residentes y agitadores culturales de Natal-RN, entrevistas y cuestionarios hasta la consideración de informes sobre redes sociales, análisis de obras literarias y materiales periodísticos. Finalmente, entendemos que la comprensión de la condición rizomática en la ciudad está íntimamente relacionada con la consideración de la dimensión rizomática de la propia ciencia geográfica.

3
  • FRANCISCA DIANE PEREIRA DE FARIAS
  • .

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • ARTHUR MAGON WHITACKER
  • MÁRCIA DA SILVA
  • Data: 04-may-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

4
  • CARLOS EUGENIO DE FARIA
  • IN CROSSROADS TERRITORY: iconographies, circulationandreassuranceofregional centers in Mossoró-RN andSobral-CE

  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • ARTHUR MAGON WHITACKER
  • JOSE LACERDA ALVES FELIPE
  • VIRGINIA CELIA CAVALCANTE DE HOLANDA
  • Data: 23-ago-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The presentthesisisbased in threedifferentdimensionsofcontemporarygeography, that help ustounderstandthegeographicspace, territory, theplaces, thecities, startingfromthenotionsof: iconographyandcirculation, verticalitiesandhorizontalities, geographicsituation (site andsituation), justlike out notionsofcrossroadsor carrefours. Thesedimensionsofgeographicstudies are respectivelyrooted in textsby Jean Gottman, Milton Santos and Maria Laura Silveira. The main point ofourresearch inquires abouttherelationshipexistingbetweentheconditionof regional center takenby Mossoró and Sobral in the regional urbancontext in whichthey are insertedandtheprocessofcirculationandvaluationof local/regional iconography; ofhorizontalitiesandverticalitiesphenomenaandofthegeographicsituationofthecrossroad, and it aimstoexplainthespacialdifferentiation, utilizingthemethodicstudyoficonographies, circulation, horizontalitiesandverticalitiesand in thegeographicsituationofcrossroad as cornerstonesofthebuildingprocessof big regional centers such as Sobral and Mossoró thatdifferfromtheirsurroundings, nearandfar. Methodologywise, weutilizedananalyticveilthatismeanttobefullofcriticismand, byourjudgement, must bethe usual in anyworkwith a geographicandhumanistic profile, taking in consideration some importantassumptions, thatbeing: socio-spatialstructures in therelationbetweenthepartsandthewhole; the processes such as past, presentandproapectmaterialitiesoftheevents; theforms, as portraitsof reality, formingeachspatialarrangements; andfinally, the processes as thethingsoractivitiesthatformthe links betweenurbanizationandspatialdifferentiations. Wemadethechoice for thetypesofresearchthatpresentthefollowingtabulations: Concerningtheobject - primarilyscientific, per styleof approach - qualitativeconcerningthegoals - descriptiveandexplanatory. The choiceisjustifiedbythefactthatthey are in perfectaccordancewiththe social sciences, justlikegeography, andbyoffering more scopetotheinvestigation. However, thischoice does notmakethequantificationimpossible. It isnotabout a qual-quantitativeoption, becausetheemphasisthatdoesn'trenouncethequantity, isnotableonthequality. As such, weanchorouroption in thisinvestigative framework and its nuances. Abouttheoperationalizationofthepreviouslyanalyzedanddescribedformsofresearch, tothemwewill link thefollowingtechnical procedures: bibliographicalresearching, documentaryresearchingandfieldstudyresearching. The groupofanalysisweproposedtowillobey a view in whichwecaneasily monitor the abstract-formal elements( keydimensions for thisresearch) accordingwiththeempirical-concrete (uses oftheterritory - the role ofthird sector - regional center conditions - urban dynamics, amongothers). Allthisinvestigativeprocesswillbeputintopractice in thecitiesof Mossoró and Sobral, bythe point ofviewof material value(objects) andalsobytheexistentialvalue(actions).

5
  • SONEIDE MOURA DA COSTA
  • HEALTH EDUCATION IN BRAZILIAN TERRITORY IN THE TECHNICAL-SCIENTIFIC-INFORMATIONAL PERIOD
  • Líder : IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • RICARDO ALEXSANDRO DE MEDEIROS VALENTIM
  • RICARDO BURG CECCIM
  • SAMUEL DO CARMO LIMA
  • VIRGINIA CELIA CAVALCANTE DE HOLANDA
  • Data: 15-dic-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Health Education is a process of professional training for the purpose of a continuous and updated practice of care in the service. In the technical-scientific-informational period, this process has been made possible in Brazil via Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), with the Brazilian Unified Health System's Virtual Learning Environment (AVASUS) being exemplary. In this context, the general objective of the research was limited to analyzing the Health Education process in the Brazilian territory, in the technical-scientific-informational period. From this central idea, the following specific objectives were listed: to highlight the normative trajectory of Health Education in Brazil; analyze Continuing Education in Health (EPS) in the context of ICTs, describe the configuration of the Brazilian territory in the light of socioeconomic and health care indicators; and evaluate the impacts of the training offered by AVASUS in the Health service in Brazil. As methodological procedures, bibliographical research was used on Health Education, EPS, technical-scientific-informational period, territory, computerization of the territory, internet, technique, network, ICT and Virtual Learning Environment (AVA). Documentary research was also used in sources such as: reports from national Health conferences; decrees, ordinances and websites of the Ministry of Health, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA), Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS), telegeography portal; and AVASUS platform. The field research was carried out through an online questionnaire available on that platform, aiming to assess the impacts of the formation of AVASUS in the Health Service in Brazil. The results revealed that Health Education in Brazil had its trajectory outlined in national conferences on the subject, whose discussions contributed to the elaboration of the National Policy on Permanent Health Education (PNEPS), among others. In the informational technical-scientific period, Health Education, promoted by PNEPS, is operationalized through ICTs, constituting an example, the training made possible by AVASUS. Despite Brazil's socioeconomic and healthcare heterogeneity, the training offered through this platform covers the entire national territory.

6
  • ELIZABETE RODRIGUES GURGEL DOS SANTOS
  • THE URBANIZATION OF THE TERRITORY IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE
  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • BEATRIZ RIBEIRO SOARES
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • MARIA MONICA ARROYO
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • Data: 21-dic-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Urbanization is an ancient process of humanity and one of the most discussed themes in Geography. However, the works that have discussed urbanization as a process that form cities and the rural and the urban as excluding are still frequent, thus reproducing some dichotomies that make it impossible to understand space as a totality. This dichotomous rural-urban conception generates territorial repercussions when considering the theoretical-methodological conceptions adopted by institutions and firms that work with planning. It is assumed that the urbanization of a certain portion of the territory is directly related to the uses and techniques that exist in it and, in this sense, when analyzing the reality of Rio Grande do Norte empirically, a rarefaction of urbanization in many areas. In addition, a process of capillarization of urban content throughout the territory is notorious, both in the countryside and in the city, but at different levels. The municipal government has attributed to the municipalities of Rio Grande do Norte a higher level of urbanization than they actually have, and in some cases has ignored the coexistence of rural content. The acceptance of a higher level of urbanization than the state actually presents, has served as a strategy to increase the profitability of the real estate sector. And, it has caused the land to become more expensive in different areas, the exclusion of rural workers from economic and social policies, and the precarious insertion in the territory of a considerable part of the population of Rio Grande do Norte. From this perspective, the general objective of this research is to analyze the different technical levels of urbanization of the territory in Rio Grande do Norte, considering the rural-urban complementarity, and the territorial repercussions of considering different areas of the same with a greater urbanization density than that they actually present. For this, an urbanization index was created based on the indicative elements of urbanization to measure its different technical levels. Field and documentary research, analysis of primary and secondary data and spatial descriptive analysis with classification of satellite images were also carried out, in order to identify the evolution of urbanization in Rio Grande do Norte over three pre-selected periods, as well as intra-municipal differences. With this, it can be seen that, despite the urban content having spread throughout the territory of Rio Grande do Norte, especially from the emergence of the technical scientific informational environment, which has been effective in the State, in fact, from the 1990s onwards, a large part of the municipalities of Rio Grande do Norte still present low technical density, and therefore, a rarefaction of urban content. This fact reveals that just classifying the parcels of territory into rural and urban are not enough for purposes of planning and management of the territory, it is necessary to assess the density of this urbanization to think about social and territorial policies that contribute to the promotion of social justice, development and to alleviate the great abyss resulting from the accentuated social inequality historically reproduced and neglected by the public policies implemented in the state.

2020
Disertaciones
1
  • ANA CAROLINE DAMASCENO SOUZA
  • .

  • Líder : MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • VITOR HUGO CAMPELO PEREIRA
  • Data: 07-feb-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Geography studies and spatializes the phenomena and elements on the Earth's surface. In this perspective, a research carried out as an object of studies as landscape units, the general objective of this work being to compartmentalize and analyze the landscape units at the geopathic level (1:50,000) in the Eastern and Agreste Coastal of RN, based on their physiognomy. In addition to identifying, characterizing and quantifying the total area and percentage, the stability of each unit was analyzed. For landscape analysis, a geosystemic conception formulated by Sochava is used, or a taxonomic landscape system according to a French school and an analysis of environmental stability (stable, intergrade and unstable). To perform the mapping of the entire area, images from the Sentinel-2 satellite with a spatial resolution of 10m were used, vectored manually in the Geographic Information System (GIS) environment, in addition to being used for validation in field work, a technical technique for standardize as information about landscape elements, the Phantom Advanced 3 model drone, the GNSS device for locating points of doubt and photographic records. Therefore, as landscapes were compartmentalized in 1 (one) morphoclimatic domain, 1 (one) transition area (Agreste) and 1 (one) Cerrado Enclave; 4 (four) natural regions; 9 (nine) geocomplexes, which, in turn, were divided into 64 (sixty-four) geofacies.

2
  • ADIELSON PEREIRA DA SILVA
  • .

  • Líder : RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • RODOLFO FINATTI
  • Data: 07-feb-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The terrestrialvegetation cover haslongarousedtheinterestofhumanity, which in thecourseof time hasturnedto it in differentways for theknowledgeof its biological, ecologicalandgeographicalcharacteristics, in additiontodiscoveringthepotential for its exploration. In themidstofthisconstellationofinterests, Cartographyarrives in the 20th centuryconsolidated as animportanttechnical tool for reading, interpretingandplanningland cover, serving in theidentificationoffloristicgroupsandtheirexplanation in conjunctionwiththeotherspatialelements, startingfromthisservingthecurrentchallengeofaddressingtheneeds for use andpreservation. Markingseveraloccasions in thecourseofthatcentury, thevegetationmapsof Rio Grande do Norte preparedbyinstitutionssuch as the IOCS(worksagainstdroughts), the SUDENE (regional planning), RADAMBRASIL, mapping of natural resources;amongothers, they are a reflectionandprocessofthissearch for knowledge for plannedaction. In viewofthis, thisdissertationwasbasedontheobjectiveofanalyzingthehistoricalcartographyelaboratedbytheseofficialinstitutions, discussingtheirinfluences in theterritory. Tothisend, a multi-referentialmethodologicalbasiswasestablished, composedofthepreceptsoftheHistoryofCartography, in theanalysisofthecontextofancientmaps, andofGeospatialAnalysis, appliedto Landsat productsobtained in thelast 16 yearsofthecentury. The examinationofthecartographic set presentedthevegetationmaps as partofthetechnicalenvironment, whichsheds light ontheelementsofinteresttosociety, whethereconomicorecological, whilethecontoursoftheanthropizationprocess are alsorecorded. In viewofthis, theempiryalsoreaffirmedtheepistemologicalandtheoreticaldimensionsofcartography - respectivelyrelatedtoknowledgeandinterpretationandanalysis -, sinceboththeoldpiecesandthoseelaborated for thestudysupportedthegeographicreflectionofthe socio-environmental processes, allowingtheunderstandingthetransformationsandrestructuringthathaveoccurred in certainplaces in theterritoryof Rio Grande do Norte, whosereflections are observed in thelandscapeand in theregion, butwhich in territorial management allowthemtobethoughtof as a resourceand tool.

3
  • LUCAS COSTA RODRIGUES
  • .

  • Líder : RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • JOAO MENDES DA ROCHA NETO
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • Data: 02-mar-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the São Francisco River Integration Project (PISF) taking as reference the Brazilian federation and the planning expressed territorially in the materialities of the transposition, presenting in which perspective the PISF is inserted in the logic of the three institutional scales of Brazilian politics. Thus, an analysis of the states of Pernambuco, Paraíba, Ceará and Rio Grande do Norte, which make up the North Axis, is carried out, in relation to the transposition of the São Francisco River, with regard to the territorial planning strategies of the Northeast region, through an assessment of the institutional dimension of the PISF and of the federative articulation of the states involved, highlighting the conjuncture of the structuring materialities of the Northern Axis. The conclusion reached is in the sense that federative cooperation between the entities involved in the transposition must imperatively advance to achieve the project's viability beyond the years previously planned, considering the current unpredictability from the institutional and financial point of view of the project, especially with regard to the challenge of articulation with other public policies expressed territorially in the municipalities, entities identified as the most vulnerable in terms of planning and management of the territory.

4
  • DENISE SANTOS SALDANHA
  • Evaluation of ecosystem services provided by the wetlands of the Piranhas-Açu river estuary (RN-NE - Brazil).

  • Líder : DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • SUELI ANGELO FURLAN
  • Data: 03-mar-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Wetlands are terrestrial and aquatic environments, periodically flooded by freshwater, brackish or saline, being of natural or artificial origin, continental or coastal. Occurring in almost all parts of the globe, in Brazil, coastal ecosystems are well distributed, representing 20% of the territory, due to the local physical conditions. Therefore, the research is based on the problem that, in Brazil, the occupation of the coastal zone constitutes a serious risk and commitment to the services rendered by the coastal ecosystems, specifically in the semi-arid coast of the country, being verified the occurrence of a great diversity of wetlands, such as coastal / estuarine (eg. mangroves, lagoons, ponds) or artificial (eg. solar salt). The estuarine complex of the Piranhas-Açu River, located between the municipalities of Macao and Port of Mangue in the state of Rio Grande do Norte is one of the areas that plays an important role due to the diversity of coastal wetlands that configure the landscape being these ecosystems responsible for providing many ecosystem services to the well-being of local human communities. Ecosystem services (SE) are the ability of the ecosystem to offer goods or services to man, either directly (tangible) or indirect (intangible), for the sake of his or her well-being. Based on this conception, this study has as main focus to evaluate the dynamics of the ecosystem services provided by the wetlands in the Piranhas-Açu river estuarine zone, from the identification and characterization of land use and land cover in the last 50 years. This period of half a century is highlighted by the beginning of intense changes in the landscape in the estuarine zones of the northern coast, mainly with the construction of extensive areas for shrimp farming, followed by the expansion and mechanization of the saline activity. Finally, this study seeks to evaluate the commitment of these services based on the use and land cover. The methodology used to carry out the research counts in the initial phase with the assembly of a theoretical matrix that assists in the development of scientific research, followed by multitemporal mapping of wetlands, which will be assisted by the geographic information system and the on-site visits to verify the accuracy of the most recent mapping, as well as the classification of identified macrohabitats, based on the study of Junk et al. (2014), being classified according to the hydrogeomorphological and phytophysiomic features. For the classification of ecosystem services will be used CICES - The Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services, which divides services into provision, maintenance/regulation and cultural. The identified and classified services will be spatialized according to the methodology of Burkhard et al. (2017), making it possible to identify the main areas with the highest production of services. In order to evaluate the commitment of ecosystem services and to contribute to spatial planning in these areas, the qualitative environmental assessment methodology that will be used is the DPSIR model. As preliminary results, five coastal ecosystems were identified, among them: estuary, coastal lagoons, mangrove, apicuns (hypersaline plain with salt field) and solar salt, where it can be seen that most of the territory is represented by solar salt, while natural ecosystems have a more localized pattern of occupation.Given this, it is believed that through this research, it is possible to contribute with a greater knowledge about the wetlands located in coastal zones under semi-arid climate, as well as serve as a support for consultation during the elaboration and / or implementation of public policies of territorial planning and coastal management in these areas.

5
  • BRUNA CORDEIRO SALDANHA
  • .

  • Líder : ANELINO FRANCISCO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANELINO FRANCISCO DA SILVA
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • CHRISTIAN DENNYS MONTEIRO DE OLIVEIRA
  • Data: 01-jul-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Traditions, representations, myths and rites are elements that are present in the symbolic and cultural imaginary of society. Especially with regard to the questions that have to do with death, men seek to connect with the divinity to find foundations that guide the mystery of life (or death) and seek answers in the supernatural field for several reasons: non-acceptance in its ephemeral materiality, namely the rupture between earthly existence and transcendent dimensions; whether seeking to understand life on earth, given its existential imperfection or the creation of the external world, which make them small in the face of the greatness of the universe, irrational from the human point of view; or by the balm offered in the belief in a superior being that governs humanity and determines events that are beyond human logic. Thus, given the need to understand these phenomena inherent in life, this work aims to discuss the elements they represent as cultural and religious manifestations from the funeral fields in Serrolândia-BA, a city that has three cemeteries.In addition, there are discussions involving religious territoriality, which took place from the construction of an exclusive cemetery for the Protestants' burial, willing to segregate the bodies of the faithful who had opposite doctrinal beliefs when they were alive. From the knowledge of symbolic representations in the cemetery, a reference to life is perceived, namely, understanding the different languages contained in these environments demonstrates the concern of people who lose their loved ones before society, because the cultural representations present in necropolises reflect, on the one hand, people's ways of living, as on the other, the interpretation that certain individuals have about death. Thus, it seeks to draw a link between the world of the living and the world of the dead, in order to understand and present the contextual elements of the tomb constitutions, their symbolic and material components, cultural expressions, political manifestations and relations of power from the religious field, in order to demonstrate the specific characteristics of cemeteries as components of the manifestation of religious, territorial and political beliefs and conflicts that make up society.

6
  • CAROLINE BARROS DE SALES
  • RISK OF MASS MOVEMENT IN THE COMMUNITY SÃO JOSÉ DO JACÓ, MUNICIPALITY OF NATAL - RN / BRAZIL: FROM SPACE OCCUPATION TO DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT.

  • Líder : LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • RICARDO JOSE MATOS DE CARVALHO
  • KATIA CANIL
  • Data: 17-jul-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The formation of areas at risk of disasters has been taking place historically in Brazilian society since, given the territorial exclusion and the reality of segregation, new alternatives for popular housing appear in spaces that are little used or not used in human occupation. The São José do Jacó Community, located in Natal / RN - Brazil, is considered an area of risk of mass movements by the Municipal Civil Defense, being marked by the occurrence of interdictions of residences, resistance of some families, tension between community and management, holding of public hearings, collapse of residences, proposals for eviction. Starting from the absence of studies on a scale of detail and the idea of understanding the elements and processes that condition the situation, the research had as main objective: analyze the elements and processes responsible for the spatial translation of the risk of mass movement in the São José do Jacó community, considering from space occupation to Disaster Risk Management, contributing to decision making. The methodology is based on procedures and techniques that allow analysis on a detailed scale, through the use of indicators to elaborate the indexes of exposure, social vulnerability and risk (InEX, InV and InRISK). The methodology is divided into four phases: I) About knowing and characterizing, with field activities and geoprocessing procedures; II) About indicators and statistical standards, with selection / systematization of indicators and valuation of elements; III) About the indices, with the calculations; IV) About characterizing disaster risk management, through direct contact with public management. The results presented and discussed the products developed through the research, helping to understand the problem, they were: competency framework (Union, States and Municipalities), slope map, sector profiles, risk classification map, framework with critical and positively potential indicators existing in the community, profile of the performance of the Municipal Civil Defense in Disaster Risk Management, block diagram with proposed risk reduction measures, detailed tables of proposals. The products can be considered tools for public management, more precisely for Disaster Risk Management - DRM, given that the results indicated the priority areas for monitoring and implementing the Disaster Risk Reduction measures - DRR proposed by this research. Finally, the considerations presented the challenges and advances of the research, highlighted important aspects and indicated the possibility of a scenario in which the safe permanence of the residents of the community is a priority in decision making

7
  • ERICK JORDAN DA SILVA GOMES
  • Risk of flooding at the municipal headquarters of Touros - RN

  • Líder : JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • LEONLENE DE SOUSA AGUIAR
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • Data: 20-jul-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The environments of rivers and ponds have marked oscillation in the altimetric levels of their volume due to their natural dynamics, however, the anthropic action, characterized by different patterns of land use can, through construction of buildings On the margins of water bodies, triggering floods, this risk eventually becomes something intrinsic in the life of the exposed society, which depending on its level of vulnerability can suffer from what was once configured as a risk and become a disaster. The risks of flooding are recurrent problems at the municipal headquarters of Bulls – RN, which is characterized by conditions, both natural and anthropic, capable of functioning as a trigger in the occurrence of floods, so this research has as Objective to evaluate the relationship established between the factors of exposure to flooding and social vulnerability in the municipal headquarters of Touros-RN, to develop this research had as theoretical foundation the systemic approach as a result of the integrated analysis Proposal. The methodological pathways were based on the application of the methodology for physical exposure to war floods (2009), in the Social vulnerability index proposed by Almeida, Birkmann and Welle (2016) from obtaining primary data by applying Questionnaires, both produced information that served as a basis for the elaboration of the risk index calculated through the association of Exposure and vulnerability. For the identification of possible flood scenarios will be elaborated: the digital terrain model and the digital surface model of the study area. It is possible to affirm that the relationship between exposure and vulnerability should be indissociable, since the area has natural constraints that intensify the increase of the levels of water bodies, which are associated with the characteristics of social vulnerability observed denote the need for the development of measures to reduce the risk of disasters related to the occurrence of floods. The occupation of the area, mainly of ponds, is the largest problem of the municipality related to the risks of flooding, mainly due to the intense population density and the difficulty of creating the implementation of measures, both in the long term and emergency In case of a flood considering the absence of effective public policies in this regard currently in the municipality.

8
  • WANDERSON BENIGNO DOS SANTOS
  • .

  • Líder : DIEGO SALOMAO CANDIDO DE OLIVEIRA SALVADOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANIERES BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • DIEGO SALOMAO CANDIDO DE OLIVEIRA SALVADOR
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • Data: 20-jul-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

9
  • MARIA DAS VITÓRIAS DA SILVA
  • .

  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MARCOS ANTONIO LEITE DO NASCIMENTO
  • LARYSSA SHEYDDER DE OLIVEIRA LOPES
  • Data: 29-jul-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

10
  • MOACIR PAULO DE SOUSA
  • .

  • Líder : RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOSE JOAO LELIS LEAL DE SOUZA
  • JOSÉ ARAÚJO DANTAS
  • RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • Data: 28-sep-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The morphopedological approach when using the soil-relief-geology relationship of a given area enables the understanding of the landscape structure, serving as a basis for implementing environmental policies for land use and occupation. Study area comprises the municipality of Bom Jesus, State of Rio Grande do Norte, located in an area of geopedoclimatic transition, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, comprising a context where information on the physical environment, on a regional scale, cannot meet the level of detail demanded by environmental management at the scale of the place. In this context, the objective of the present work is to carry out a morphopedological analysis of the municipality of Bom Jesus-RN, based on the methodology of Castro and Salomão (2000), with field surveys, laboratory and mapping of units in a GIS environment. Three subclasses of QUARTZARENIC NEOSOLS and one of CHROMIC LUVISOLS were identified. The combination of soil-relief-geology enabled the compartmentalization into four morphopedological units, with surfaces ranging from flat to smoothly wavy. The use and occupation of the land identified eight classes: short cycle crops 50.53%, grasses / pastures 18.09%, sparse Caatinga 18.96%, dense Caatinga 1.50% and hydrography with 2.64% of the municipal area. In view of the results presented, it was verified the importance of understanding the morphogenetic processes and their classification, as well as the uses associated with the compartments. Thus, in addition to contributing to a better understanding of the geology-soil-relief relationship in the landscape structure, the perspective of this work is to enable subsidies for decision making by public managers in the planning and territorial management of the municipality.

11
  • MIQUÉIAS RILDO DE SOUZA SILVA
  • .

  • Líder : JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • EDSON VICENTE DA SILVA
  • Data: 03-nov-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The environmental problems caused by the indiscriminate use of resources are becoming increasingly evident and result in losses both in natural and social order. Thus, it emerges the need to create mechanisms that minimize and/or solve the problems arising from the misuse of natural resources, in which we can write environmental planning studies as an instrument to be used in this process. For this, in recent years, the hydrographic basin has been adopted as a basic planning unit, due to its systemic character that allows an integrated analysis of the elements that compose it. In order to provide theoretical and methodological bases for environmental planning studies in river basins, several authors have developed researches in the light of the landscape geoecology approach, which has shown a great deal of efficiency in studies environment, enabling the analysis of the relationship between society and nature. In this context, the present research seeks to delimit and identify the potentialities of the geoecological units of the High Course of the Potengi River Basin (ACBHRP-RN). Therefore, the physical-environmental and socioeconomic aspects of the study area will be analyzed in order to define strategies that can be used environmental planning actions, thus guaranteeing the conscious use of the resources available in ACBHRP-RN, mainly in relation to water resources. To substantiate the research in relation to the theoretical aspects, several authors were used discussing the integrated approach in environmental studies, such as Sotchava (1977), Rodríguez e Silva (2013), Christofoletti (1981; 1999), Ross (2009), Cavalcanti (2013; 2014) and Farias (2015). The methodological procedures will be divided into phases that include activities such as bibliographic review, fieldwork, processing and analysis of data collected in GIS through geoprocessing techniques and cartographic production of the results obtained. In this initial stage we present an overview of integrated environmental studies and the contribution of the landscapes geoecology, especially in terms of environmental planning studies in river basins, in addition to presenting the structure of Water resources legislation and the aid of geotechnologies in integrated studies. Finally, we present the methodological path of the research, the physical-environmental characterization of the ACBHRP and the activities that will be performed in the next stage.

12
  • NAIARA DOS REIS RIBEIRO
  • .

  • Líder : MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANTONIO CORDEIRO FEITOSA
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • MARCOS ANTONIO LEITE DO NASCIMENTO
  • Data: 24-nov-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

13
  • DIOGO FELIPE SANTOS DE MOURA
  • .

  • Líder : ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • LUIS ALBERTO BASSO
  • Data: 25-nov-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Geography throughout its history as science had the concern to study the relations that occur in the geographic space between man and nature. This incessant search to understand the interferences that human beings practice in the environment, interfering in their quality of life, caused several studies to emerge and a new field of knowledge currently known as Geography of health. These relations and processes health/disease and man/environment resist a great influence of the urban growth that has been happening in the last decades in the Brazilian cities. Therefore, the analysis of the environmental health in the places that concentrate diseases is a type of study that aims to show the relationship society and nature in this environmental problem and also of human healthcare that happens on a local scale. In order to analyze the relationship of health and environmental sanitation in the areas of higher concentration of Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika diseases, in the territory of the Western Sanitary District (DSO) of Natal/RN, this dissertation proposes to be a study that Contribute to the territorial planning of the Environmental Health Surveillance belonging to the Municipal Health Secretariat and to other public institutions that operate in the municipality of Natal (SEMURB, CAERN and URBANA), which will be able to practice preventive actions and Mitigation of epirements and sanitation in the places of the health area that present the highest concentrations of cases of Diseases Related to Inadequate Environmental Sanitation (DRSAI) and a low level of environmental healthiness. THE Technical and methodological procedures of this research are divided into two phases: theoretical/conceptual and operational/empirical. In The first stage will be presented the main bibliographic surveys carried out until the qualification to produce the chapter of theoretical foundations, which has as main discussion the spatial elements for the understanding of diseases in Geography of Health: society, nature, territory and place. The Second Stage will display all the technical operational path necessary to achieve the objectives of the research, showing from the definition of spatial scales, temporal and creation of forms, to how the adaptations and elaborations of the Environmental Health Indicator in Areas with Concentration of Diseases (ISA/ACD) and Spatial Sampling (AEQ). With These methodological tools, this study will have a small statistical error, with regard to the data that will be obtained for analysis. Therefore, until the time of qualification, this dissertation will present two chapters completed and three chapters still in the elaboration phase. During the year 2019, the next ten steps will be held, which are listed in the final considerations of this work. Regarding the partial results of the research, it was possible to identify ten areas with a higher concentration of Chikungunya and Zika diseases (2,787 cases) between the years 2016 and 2017, where there are 418 streets, 15,780 residences and presents about 21.72% of Population (50,738 people) of the Western Health District that inhabit the ACD and are exposed to the vectors of Aedes Aegypt and to obtain infectious parasitic diseases.

14
  • JULIE ANDRADE SOUZA
  • EVENTS OF EXTREME PRECIPITATIONS AND THEIR REPERCUSSIONS IN THE LANDSCAPE OF THE HYDROGRAPHIC BASIN OF RIO POTENGI-RN

  • Líder : RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • ANTONIO CARLOS DE BARROS CORRÊA
  • Data: 25-nov-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Precipitation is the most important climatic variable when it is intended to understand the dynamics of the surface structure of the landscape and the consequences for different human activities. The events capable of causing major changes in the system are the extremes, defined by atypically high or low values considering an interval of observations. The Potengi River Basin, the study area, is located in Rio Grande do Norte and covers 18 municipalities, including the state capital. The methodology is based on quantitative procedures and techniques, such as kriging (spatialization) and Gumbel (return time) methods, in addition to qualitative analysis, in the definition of landscape units. The results show that there is a significant spatio-temporal variation in rainfall in the different compartments. Regarding the maximum events, it was possible to verify that climatological phenomena of precipitation with high magnitude are frequent in a short period of time. Finally, landscape units (altitude swamp, semi-arid, wild and rainy board) were defined, using precipitation as the main element.

15
  • ALICE MARIA MARQUES DA SILVA
  • .

  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • ROSA MARIA RODRIGUES LOPES
  • Data: 26-nov-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

Tesis
1
  • LEANDRO REGINALDO MAXIMINO LELIS
  • THE USE OF TERRITORY AND THE CELLULOSE PRODUCTIVE SPATIAL CIRCUIT IN MATO GROSSO DO SUL

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • JOSEFA DE LISBOA SANTOS
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • SEDEVAL NARDOQUE
  • Data: 13-mar-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • From the mid-2000s, the cellulose production spatial circuit expanded in Mato Grosso do Sul,
    especially in its eastern region. In less than a decade, the expansion of this circuit inserted the
    referred state among the main producers of eucalyptus and cellulose in Brazil, in addition to
    making it the main exporter of cellulose. In this context, the general objective of this research
    is to understand the use of the territory by the spatial circuit of cellulose production in Mato
    Grosso do Sul, as well as its economic, social and environmental deployments. From the
    methodological procedures adopted, it was found that the expansion of the cellulose
    production space circuit in Mato Grosso do Sul is the result of the new territorial division of
    labor linked to paper production, characterized, on a global scale, by the transference of
    forestry and cellulose production - initial steps of paper production - from the countries of the
    North to the countries of the South and, on the national scale, by the interiorization of forestry
    and cellulose production. It is understood that the choice of the eastern region of Mato Grosso
    do Sul for the expansion of the surveyed circuit occurred due to the combination of eight
    factors, being the state action, at the federal, state and municipal instances, the most
    preponderant due to the creation of ideal conditions, especially from an economic, normative
    and infrastructural point of view, for the corporate use of the territory of Mato Grosso do Sul
    by the companies producing cellulose. Furthermore, another aspect that deserves mentioning
    refers to the geographical multiscale of the investigated circuit. This is because, despite the
    transference of the initial steps of paper production from the countries of the North to those of
    the South, the former remain the major suppliers of technologies for the cellulose projects
    installed in the latter, in addition to being among the main consumers of the cellulose
    produced in these. This context demonstrates that the productive spatial circuit of cellulose in
    Mato Grosso do Sul is articulated from different scales, from the global to the local, through
    material and immaterial flows of different orders, contents and intensities. Articulation made
    possible by well-defined circles of cooperation in space, which, based on the verticalities of
    the global market, contribute to the insertion of logics external to the place, causing various
    deployments in the city, in the countryside and in the labor market, which reveal the
    counterproductive character of the studied circuit, in addition to evidence its social and
    environmental dimensions, which are fundamental for understanding the totality of a
    productive spatial circuit, especially those intensive in natural resources.

2
  • MARCEU DE MELO
  • .

  • Líder : LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • RICARDO FARIAS DO AMARAL
  • JOSE PETRONILO DA SILVA JUNIOR
  • VANDA CARNEIRO DE CLAUDINO SALES
  • Data: 09-jul-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Environmental functions are directly related to quality of life and social welfare, especially in urban areas, where they are even more important due to the wide variety of environmental (pollution and degradation) and social (segregation and inequality) stressors present in these spaces. In the city of Natal, experimentation area, the dunes are the most representative landscape element, features that perform a series of environmental functions with outstanding importance for society. Despite the recognition of the importance of the dunes, there is a conflict between use / occupation and preservation, resulting in recurrent cases of degradation due to urban expansion over a site with wide distribution of these geomorphological features. The present work defends the hypothesis that the environmental functions performed by the dunes can be qualified, quantified and hierarchized in order to guide and discipline the decision making about the permitted and appropriate types of uses and occupations for these environments. The objective was to propose an integrative methodology for the practical application of the concept of environmental functions and for the characterization of dune conservation status (SCD), useful for planning, management and decision-making, using 57 dunes for analysis and experimentation not located in environmental protection zones of the city of Natal / RN. A presentation and discussion of various terms and concepts associated with this theme (ecosystem services, landscape functions, geosystem services, etc.) was presented and the term environmental functions was chosen as the most appropriate to the proposed objectives. The study identified 25 environmental functions associated with dunes and 55 experts from 19 countries participated in the definition of the relevance value of these functions (VRFA). The largest VRFA were identified in the dunes at the edge of the ocean, due to the functions associated with coastal protection and saline wedge protection. The SCD was based on qualitative criteria such as area, morphological transformation, vegetation cover and scenic visibility. The obtained results pointed to a relation between the conservation status of the dunes and the number of functions, since the highest amounts were found in dunes with medium and high conservation status. The methodology proved to be valid for the dunes of the city of Natal, since it managed to distribute the dunes in a grading gradient, considering the VRFA as a useful indicator for decision-making.

3
  • ANA BEATRIZ CÂMARA MACIEL
  • .

  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • MARCOS ANTONIO LEITE DO NASCIMENTO
  • LARYSSA SHEYDDER DE OLIVEIRA LOPES
  • NARLA SATHLER MUSSE DE OLIVEIRA
  • Data: 22-jul-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

4
  • YURI MARQUES MACEDO
  • Risk of Water Shortages in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

  • Líder : ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • FRANCISCO DA SILVA COSTA
  • HAMILCAR JOSÉ ALMEIDA FILGUEIRA
  • Data: 06-ago-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • ABSTRACT

    Urban water shortages are a recurring socio-environmental disaster in Brazil, which mainly affects the semi-arid (Brazilian semi-arid) region, which has periodic droughts in its climatic behavior. The problems resulting from this disaster, today, are of a financial and material nature, with mortality of livestock, economic stagnation in the municipalities, and capital flight - companies, mainly agricultural, migrate to other territories failing to contribute to the municipality and generate jobs. Despite the current social and technological development of society, the losses and public investments related to the problem of water shortages continue to grow, denoting the population's vulnerability, with emphasis on the last drought period,between 2012-2017, which was a reference for this research. The hypothesis that the relationship between environmental, infrastructural, socioeconomic and state planning factors produces territories at risk of water shortages in RN, directed the research work, in which, the main purpose was to analyze the risk of water shortages in Rio Grande do Norte (RN) from the Water Shortage Risk Index (IRDH) generated by the system of socio-environmental indicators of risk to water shortages. In this context, the research was carried out qualitatively and quantitatively, evaluating and analyzing the risk of water shortages in the 153 municipalities of RN that make up the supply system carried out by the state concessionaire (representing 92% of the 167 municipalities in the state), in its seven water supply regions. This analysis was possible through the IRDH, which was structured in a systemic and grounded perspective, which structured 19 variables, corresponding to 4 indicators inherent to the factors present in the hypothesis. Five levels of risk were classified: ‘Very Low’; ‘Low’, ‘Medium’; 'High'; 'Very High'. The result of the Rio Grande do Norte IRDH proved the relationship between environmental, infrastructural, water planning and socioeconomic factors in the problem of water shortages, classifying 48% of the state's municipalities in the classes 'high' and 1% 'very high' risk which puts them in a situation of greater attention as to the potential problems arising from water shortages, in addition to 41% 'medium' risk and 10% 'low' risk, there are no occurrences of 'very low' risk. Of the 153 municipalities analyzed, 1 was classified as 'very high'; 74 classified as 'high'; 62 as ‘medium’; and 16 considered to be 'low' risk of water shortages, according to the IRDH classification. To reduce/mitigate the results of the IRDH in the state, actions and measures were proposed in each water supply region and the general analysis of Rio Grande do Norte.

5
  • THIAGO AUGUSTO NOGUEIRA DE QUEIROZ
  • THE PROCESS OF VERTICALIZATION IN NOVA PARNAMIRIM:THE PRODUCTION OF THE URBAN SPACE OF NATAL

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • RICARDO LUIZ TOWS
  • BEATRIZ RIBEIRO SOARES
  • Data: 03-sep-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In our everyday life, we observe the landscape changes that have been taking in Nova Parnamirim in the last ten years. We realized, mainly, the growth in the number of condominiums with vertical buildings. This fact motivated us to make a research about this process observed in the neighborhood landscape. We start from the hypothesis that the verticalization process in Nova Parnamirim is a continuity of the production of the urban space and the verticalization process in Natal. In this perspective, we ask: what are the strategies and practices of the economic, political and social agents that make the verticalization process in Nova Parnamirim a continuity in the space-time of the process of the production of the urban space of Natal? In this context, this thesis has the general objective of understanding the process of verticalization in Nova Parnamirim as a continuity of the production of the urban space and the verticalization of Natal, through strategies and practices, at different scales, of economic, political and social agents. For this understanding, we highlight the montage, development and deployment of the verticalization process in Nova Parnamirim. The partial results show that the montage of the verticalization in Nova Parnamirim is in the production of the space and the verticalization in Natal, began in an incipient way in the decade of 1930, becoming more expressive in the landscape in the end of the decade of 1960. From the decade of 1990 saw the start of the verticalization process in Nova Parnamirim. On the one hand, this process had a continuity and an expansion after the world economic crisis of 2008. On the other hand, this process became discontinuous after the urban, political and economic crisis that has been taking in Brazil since 2013. The developments in this process show the "heteronomous discourse" of the residents and of the socio-spatial representations of vertical condominiums. In the same way, verticalization unfolds in the "self-segregation" of the residents and the "metropolitan social-spatial fragmentation". A final deployment refers to the "urban pedagogy" produced by verticalization, contrary to the "right to the city", "socio-spatial justice" and "urban development".

6
  • CARLOS EDUARDO VALLE ROSA
  • Aerospace Geopolitics

  • Líder : EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUCIANO VAZ FERREIRA
  • AUGUSTO WAGNER MENEZES TEIXEIRA JÚNIOR
  • EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • JULIO FRANCISCO DANTAS DE REZENDE
  • Data: 01-dic-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The combination between the airspace and the outer space form a geographic domain called the aerospace environment. From the dawn of aviation to the space age, political phenomena in this new environment became decisive for humanity. Not only military conflicts, but also the exploitation of natural resources, access to new technologies of communication and information, socioeconomic development and even the possibility for man to inhabit new celestial bodies can be included in this reality. These phenomena in the aerospace environment configure power relations, definition of territories, creation of legal frameworks such as aeronautical and space law, claims for sovereignty and disputes that go beyond the classic approaches of geopolitics. Thus, the objective of the research was to demonstrate the relevance of an Aerospace Geopolitics. The Thesis was developed methodologically by a theoretical approach and an empirical contextualization of the theme. Initially, it was concerned with the geographical characterization of the environment. Then, based on a theoretical foundation around the concept of geopolitics, the research resorted to the history of air and space power as a tool to identify the application of the concept to the new geographical environment. Regarding the application of the concept, it sought to cast common understandings and formulate scenarios for the Brazilian case. Through bibliographic research and interviews with experts, the Thesis develops the concept of Aerospace Geopolitics, where it reveals that both airspace and outer space are environments that, despite the intense application of basic geopolitical postulates, configure a new field of that science. From the evidence collected, a theoretical construct was reachedfor the geographic science, charactering the aerospace environment. It was also possible to gather results, based on historical research, of critical events in which this environment was at the center of world political protagonism. In the interviews with specialists, the aim was to obtain indications of the national situation regarding the theme, allowing the formulation of future scenarios. The Thesis, preliminarily, concludedabout the geopolitical importance of the aerospace environment for geopolitical theorization and the relevance of the subject in the development of national defense strategies throughout the 21st century.

7
  • FRANCISCO ARACILDO DE MOURA
  • TERRITORIES OF VIOLENCE IN THE URBAN PLOT OF NATAL, BRAZIL (2012 - 2018)

  • Líder : EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • EDMILSON LOPES JUNIOR
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • SILVIO BRAZ DE SOUSA
  • MARCO TULIO MARTINS
  • CELENE CUNHA MONTEIRO ANTUNES BARREIRA
  • Data: 09-dic-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Violence is the result and social process that weaves relationships in large cities. The city, nuanced in violence, is (re) refragmenting and (re) articulating from the simultaneous actions and reactions of the Population, State and Crime segments. This time, the hypothesis is that violence in Natal, considered in recent years as one of the most violent capitals in Brazil, forms territories that interfere in the (re) fragmentation of the urban fabric and deteriorate its space. These territories are characterized by being dispersed, not always presenting borders, but they make use of and are present in space, which hinders the action of the State and the population, which tend to operate spatially with the localized bias, by zone. Thus, considering specific and specific problems, it disregards the urban fabric as the whole city used by violence. From this perspective, we seek to understand the violence in Natal and its spatial dimension, considering the Territories of Violence, in the interstice 2012 - 2018. This objective unfolds in specific actions, such as: 1) identifying the spatial factors that contribute to the territorialization of crime; 2) reflect on the process of configuring the territories of violence enmeshed by the agents involved in it; 3) map the actions of crime in the urban fabric of Natal; 4) analyze these territories considering the (re) incidence of homicides and thefts / thefts of vehicles registered in all neighborhoods in the state capital. In this context, the data regarding crime in Natal, provided by the State Secretariat for Public Security and Social Defense (SESED), the survey of journalistic articles published in the media and the use of Spatial Statistics for the production of crime cartography, confirmed that the neighborhoods of Alecrim, Candelária, Capim Macio, Igapó, Lagoa Azul, Mãe Luíza, Neópolis, Nossa Senhora da Presentation, Pajuçara and Potengi have a high recurrence of homicide and theft / vehicle theft crimes when appearing more than once in our analysis as a territory with a high concentration of violent actions; bring together a greater likelihood of the citizen being a victim of homicide, theft / theft of vehicles by enabling the overlap of violence actions that generate different territorialities engendered by the use of power to control areas of the city from criminal actions. These neighborhoods, having their material base used and appropriated by crime, whether dispersed or concentrated by the action of violence that resonates in the urban fabric, suffered high tensions in the city space from actions that oppose the performance of the security forces and the constituted legal power. When configured as territories of violence, they promoted a new (re) fragmentation of the urban space and strained the weave of the daily plot in the city of Natal.

8
  • ANTONIA VILANEIDE LOPES COSTA DE OLIVEIRA
  • .

  • Líder : LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • BARTOLOMEU ISRAEL DE SOUZA
  • JADER DE OLIVEIRA SANTOS
  • JOSE JOAO LELIS LEAL DE SOUZA
  • Data: 15-dic-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

9
  • FRANCYJONISON CUSTÓDIO DO NASCIMENTO
  • NARRATIVES OF GEOGRAFICITY, LEGENDS OF THE WORLD: INTERPRETING THE CINEMA LANDSCAPES
    IN THE LORD OF THE RINGS


  • Líder : MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • Pablo Sebastian Moreira Fernandez
  • PAULO CESAR DA COSTA GOMES
  • EVANEIDE MARIA DE MELO
  • Data: 15-dic-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Geography is a saying of the world, a way of narrating the human experience on Earth, a geographical narrative. Therefore, artistic languages, understood as manifestations and expressions of geographicity, gain prominence in geographic studies, as they are capable of promoting reflections about the human-world relationship, main concern of the cultural approach of Geography. This understanding accentuated and renewed the relationship between geographic science and different artistic languages. Currently, film works, which already have a long history of contribution to Geography, are invited to collaborate in reflections on the human experience on Earth and talks about space. In effect, films, artistic language of a narrative and visual nature, are understood as geographies and as ways of saying the experience of human beings in the world. Therefore, in a time marked by the cinematography of the world and the return to the imaginary, we chose to understand the relations of geographies in the films of the trilogy The Lord of Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), The Two Towers (2002) and The Return of the King (2003). For this, we discuss the narrative nature of Geography and Eric Dardel's notion of geographicity. We also elaborated a theoretical discussion about the Geography-Cinema dialogue, opting for the idea of spreading the two fields of knowledge. Along with the bibliographic search, the methodology is composed of hermeneutical interpretations of film elements. The thesis proposes to overcome the theoretical-methodological bases of the Geography-Cinema relationship, founded on a mimetic bias, that sees film as a copy of reality, or on an archaeological bias, that conceives film as a mask of the world. Under the inspiration of the phenomenological-existential approach connected with the discursive matrices of the landscape, we propose that the geographical meanings are constructed in the landscape-geographer encounter. This is personalized and mixes thoughts, affections, imaginations and all elements of the landscape. Such proposal is supported by congeniality, interexpression and breaks with the previous dichotomous views, promoting a perspective of coexistences, the “spreading” bias. This bias unites elements, formerly considered opposites, such as: science and art; reason and imagination; subjectivity and objectivity; sign and meaning. The conclusion then is that, as a legend of the world and narrative of geographies, the trilogy The Lord of the Rings reveals discourses about rooting, mobility and care for the Earth.

10
  • LEANDRO DE CASTRO LIMA
  • .

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • DIEGO SALOMAO CANDIDO DE OLIVEIRA SALVADOR
  • MIRIAN HERMI ZAAR
  • NÚBIA DIAS DOS SANTOS
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • Data: 18-dic-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

11
  • ROBERTO PAOLO VICO
  • .

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • ANNA CAIOZO
  • FREDERIC ALEXANDRE
  • MARIA DELAPLACE
  • SYLVIAN PETIT
  • Data: 18-dic-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

    Mega events, such as the Olympic Games, may cause countless problems when organized by underdeveloped or developing countries like Brazil, because in these countries the supply of services is not yet sufficient developed and only a limited range of the local population derives benefits from the investments. We find that the most vulnerable groups suffer from the negative effects of such events, such as the expropriations and expulsions of the population residing in the areas of interest for the event, like what happened to the communities in the geographic study areas of Rio de Janeiro, concerned: Aldeia Maracanã, Vila Autódromo, Morro da Providência and Favela do Metrô-Mangueira. Such selective dynamics clearly accentuate the inequalities between the population of a given territory and the rest of the inhabitants, thereby increasing territorial and social imbalances. The general objective of the thesis is to understand the corporate use of the territory and the perception of part of the local population of Rio de Janeiro in the context of the 2016 Olympic Games. In order to have it done, we identify the main elements and actors involved in the spatial scenario of the mega-event. In addition, we access the impacts and legacies at the socio-territorial level of material and immaterial character. We also identify the changes that occurred in the daily life of citizens after the completion of the 2016 Olympic Games with regard to the perception of the inhabitants of Rio de Janeiro in relation to this mega-event. The key geographic concept that is addressed in this research is the concept of territory. We intend to understand the territory based on the theory of geographic space of Milton Santos. The key concept of territory is supported and seconded by the concept of "territory used", suggested by Santos and Silveira. The "territory used" consists of a series of objects and actions acting on it mainly by hegemonic agents such as the State and the City Council of Rio de Janeiro, large national and multinational companies and sports organizations. In addition, we consider the territorial configuration to which all of what is fixed and materialized belongs, such as the infrastructures and objects that make up the geographic space and which determine actions on the territory. Regarding the understanding of the imagination and the perception of the local population in certain areas of the carioca city, we mainly rely on the theories and categories of analysis of Gilbert Durand such as, in particular, the « mythodology » which in turn consists of « mythocriticism » and « mythanalysis ». From an empirical point of view and research procedures, during the various field work in the geographical study areas in Rio de Janeiro, we mainly opted for ethnographic techniques such as: direct and participating observation, structured interviews with the main leaders and community groups, and especially the analysis of the speeches and content from their testimonies. Following this qualitative research, it is clear that the cariocas have the impression that the mega-events were not organized to promote socio-spatial justice in their city. It turned out that the mega-events in Rio de Janeiro are actually mega-businesses, involving large sums of money. In fact, we witness the subordination of investments to major interests linked to mega-events. The mega-events were not the promoters of the changes that took place in Rio de Janeiro, but they were a pretext for them. As for the perception of the population, we realized in our research that a good part of the inhabitants of Rio de Janeiro feel frustrated and all the planning and organization of the event could have taken place according to a different logic and dynamics.

12
  • ANDRIA CARLA ARAÚJO DA SILVA LIMA
  • .

  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • LUIZ ANTÔNIO ARAÚJO GONÇALVES
  • LINCOLN DA SILVA DINIZ
  • Data: 29-dic-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

2019
Disertaciones
1
  • CRISTÓVÃO FERREIRA DE LIMA JÚNIOR
  • THE TERRITORIALITIES OF STREET VENDORS IN NATAL (RN): BEACHES OF REDINHA,DO MEIO AND PONTA NEGRA

  • Líder : ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • EDUARDO MARANDOLA JR
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • Data: 22-feb-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present work was elaborated in an attempt to produce a picture that exposes the geographic face of the daily life of the itinerant workers of Redinha, Meio and Ponta Negra beaches, in the city of Natal (RN). In this sense, we used the category of territoriality analysis, which involves the multiple dimensions of the human being and their relationship with the space in which they live. Initially, theoretical reflections from the areas of Anthropology, Social Sciences, Tourism and Economics were used, fundamental for an understanding of the daily life of these workers in the informal beach trade, firstly discussing the territorialities and then what is the trade informal. Aiming to approach this day to day and of this human geography, field activities were developed during twelve months (fieldwork that took place in fifty days), which were fundamental for the development of observations and dialogues with the itinerant, employing essentially the field diary, listening, dialogues and photographic records. Throughout these fieldwork, some aspects were emphasized: the home-work relationship; or lived; daily life on the beach; spatial organization on the beach; conflicts and territorial disputes; participation and political representation of street vendors; creativity and leisure of the street vendors; acquisition of goods, among others. Throughout the dissertation were used resources such as photographs, cartograms and speeches, which aim to synthesize and exemplify the facts found. At the end of the study there is a set of cartograms of synthesis and comparative analysis between the beaches of Redinha, Meio and Ponta Negra.

2
  • FRANCISCO LEVY FREITAS RAFAEL
  • Festive landscapes of a black Ceará.

  • Líder : ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • EDUARDO MARANDOLA JR
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • Data: 22-feb-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Known as "terra da luz" for your exemplary process of premature abolition, the state of Ceará has as well as the whole Brazil a gap and a gigantic debt wich brazilian blacks and africans that here arrived enslaved. Being necessary, for besides the entrance of blacks people in the public universities the incentive the related researches the that whole population, their existence methods and resistance along the years, mainly starting from their cultural aspects. That work has as objective treats on cultural landscapes, especially, landscapes of black parties in the state of Ceará, leaving of existent parties in different times/spaces. Being the parties that happened mainly in Fortaleza during the last decades of the century XIX until parties realized in two black communities of the field are they Dança de São Gonçalo in Sitio Veiga, Quixadá and Festa de Nossa Senhora de Nazaré in Nazaré, Itapipoca. After centuries of work and reach of freedom officially starting from a law without warranty of rights, the black population in Brazil saw herself excluded and for a long time forgotten. Those denial processes and extermination institutionalized, existent still today has as some of their geneses, moviments that happened mainly among the ends of the century XIX and first decades of the century XX, as cultural modernist movements that had the Europa as model even the public politics of race implemented starting from multiple ways in every national territory. Built as an autobiogeography, this work, is like an encounter with a black culture, reinvented and alive, being also a call to reflections and actions by ethnic-racial relations, the right to look, the landscape, the image, a memory and consequently a becoming. Elaborated by written and visual narratives is also an attempt to open up new ways of doing Geography, using known tools, for a subversion, as so many blacks did before, so that my existence and the existence of this work would then be possible.

3
  • FAMARA DE SOUZA LEMOS
  • .

  • Líder : EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EDUARDO MARANDOLA JR
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • Pablo Sebastian Moreira Fernandez
  • Data: 22-feb-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Living in cities means living on the movement. On the daily comings and goings, from one place to another, we cross the multiplicity that produces the space, we make trajectories by meeting the landscapes that touch our desire. By the movement through the streets, the citizens give meaning to their existence, perceive details and fragments, affect themselves in different intensities, get to know and develop spatial abilities. The spatiality of objects and actions acts on the production of visibilities, the relations between location, symbolism and significations, they also reverberate in the perceptions of the scenes on display. The public transport by bus, inserted in the spatial plot of the urban mobility, offers trajectories for the movement between the places, it interposes glances by the window frames and interferes in the spatial experiences by enabling and sometimes limiting the space of life. Bus routes and bus lines make the subjects to map through the landscapes perceived on the streets. The relationship between body and city reveals the geography embodied in the trajectories of the subjects in the buses. This dissertation aims to understand the relationship between urban mobility and perception of the landscape in the daily trajectories of the inhabitants of North Zone, East and South Zone of Natal, RN. The geographical interpretation under the directions of the phenomenological method was the chosen path for the theoretical and practical construction of the research. We start with a bibliographic review on the concepts of landscape, space and place; mobility and trajectories. We also carried out field work on buses and on the streets producing graphic, photographic and audiovisual records; in the field and street diaries we systematized the descriptions of the experiences; we announced the research through the urban intervention "See the city in motion" and we used social networks to meet the residents of the North Zone; in the interviews, we had the sharing of the mappings resulting from the mobility experiences. From the reports we constructed narratives, a way of describing the perceptions and situations that compose the trajectories in the buses of the inhabitants of the North Zone. At the end of this expedition, the city presents itself as a map of overlapping images, affectivities, and reminders of city dwellers. It indicates one of the ways to figure out the experience of the city inhabitant.

4
  • JULIA DINIZ DE OLIVEIRA
  • TERRITORY MANAGEMENT IN METROPOLITAN REGIONS IN THE STATE OF PARAÍBA 

  • Líder : RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MARQUIANA DE FREITAS VILAS BOAS GOMES
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • Data: 25-feb-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Metropolitan Region (RM) is a geographical space of contradictions, forged institutionalizations and new forms of regionalization, in which intense urbanization, territorial interlacing with neighboring municipalities and execution of public policies are expected. In the contemporary geographic discussion, one of the issues that weighs is the effectiveness in the existence of metropolitan regionalization, expressed in the sectoral policies planning, in the establishment of shared means of administrative organization, in the integrated system of resource allocation and in the shared execution of plans,since the absence of an effective metropolitan policy and clear criteria for the delimitation of RMs in Brazil implies instituted units that do not always present metropolitan territorial practices. Based on this dialectic we aim to analyze the metropolitan regions institutionalized in Paraíba under the bias of Territory Management, discussing the limits of its effectiveness as fact and tool. As a methodological assumption, it was adopted the Regional Analysis Method fundamentals, oriented in a quantitative-qualitative perspective, we constructed our analysis system, organized in territory management comparative indicators. In the methodological procedures plan were carried out: bibliographical research, both of the Geography authors, as well as of topics related to the Metropolitan Region study; documentary survey, obtained from official bodies, such as the Paraíba Legislative Assembly and IBGE; field research in the metropolitan head offices, with interviews realized with the municipal managers, in order to understand the actions carried out within the scope of metropolitan management; besides the observation and mapping of socio-spatial elements offered by the nucleus to the region; and laboratory research, with cartographic work, data tabulation and construction of the indicator system.The results point to a crisis in the regionalization and almost nonexistence of metropolization in Paraíba. The tool dimension imposes itself, and when it is imposed, it demonstrates that the RMs established in the interior of the state correspond to an instrument of territorial management, serving to regulate a group of municipalities that do not present territorial planning projects in common.These inner RMs, with the exception of a medium-sized city, Campina Grande - PB, show themselves in a crisis of fact, both in the "regional" and "metropolitan" conditions, they establish themselves as a tool, and even in this condition, they present themselves in a situation of inertia and inoperative, these RMs are thus taken as a paper phenomenon, strongly present in the legislation and weakly represented in territorial practices.

5
  • ALISSON MEDEIROS DE OLIVEIRA
  • .

  • Líder : DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • ROSEMERI MELO E SOUZA
  • Data: 11-mar-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In the scope of research on ecosystem services (SE), the Brazilian semiarid has been approached by important surveys, but for the Caatinga Biome the information is still scarce. Still in relation to the Caatinga, this one presents / displays a diversity of environments that confer to her physiognomies and heterogenous vegetal formations, and of the diverse environments, it is emphasized, in the present research, to the serranos environments. With regard to the production of knowledge about the ecosystem services provided by its vegetation cover, the situation is a gap, given the scarcity of studies and / or data. In this worrisome context is inserted the Serra do João do Vale (RN / PB), a solid mass capped by the arenite formation of Martins and covered by the Caatinga and fragments of tropical rain forest seasonally dry, being unknown, for the vegetal cover, its services ecosystems. Thus, the main objective was to evaluate the ecosystem services provided by the vegetation cover in the João do Vale mountain range (RN / PB). The interpretations of the paleoenvironmental conditions of the northern Northeast semiarid allow us to infer that the Caatinga physiognomy oscillated between savannas with conditions to maintain a pleistocene megafauna and forest physiognomies between 42,000 years AP and 11,800 years AP, and it is inferred that the study area presented variations. His current physiognomy is the result of human actions that began in the eighteenth century. The shrub caatinga (191.8 km2) and the arboreal Caatinga (39.4 km2) presented distribution pattern covering slopes and crystalline escarpments, and their structures are strongly influenced by human action and ecological succession. The seasonally dry rainforest (21.8 km2), initially located on the plateaus, was devastated, leaving only a few fragments on slopes and steeper slopes and on small plateaus. Considerable portion of these fragments are in the succession stage. As for the ecosystem services provided by the vegetation cover more directly to the community, emphasis is given to the SE of Provision and SE Culturalis, which had information obtained directly to its residents. It was concluded that allied to the phytosionomies of the study area provide important, ecosystem services for the well-being of the local human communities (mainly the SE of Regulation and Maintenance), where the approach used in this research provided high potential auxiliary and support decision-making regarding ecosystem conservation, as well as actions for environmental awareness and education.

6
  • DENIS RODRIGUES DANTAS
  • .

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • LUIZ EUGÊNIO PEREIRA CARVALHO
  • Data: 12-mar-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Urban politics in Brazil, in the last three decades, underwent profound changes both in its legal apparatus and in the strategies of contemplating the complexities of production and reproduction of urban space in the political, economic and social dimensions. With the creation of the City Statute (Law nº 10.257/2001), a regulatory framework was defined for the control of processes related to the development and expansion of cities, opening perspectives for a renewal of urban planning and management practices through (especially on the political agenda) of the recognition of socio-spatial inequalities. As from that mark, Brazilian cities now have a set of legal instruments necessary for the adoption of urban land use regulatory policies, which, if properly applied, could significantly contribute to curb or reverse the problems arising from the urbanization process. Following of the City Statute precepts, the urban planning legislation of Campina Grande has advanced in recent years with the adoption of instruments capable of reversing the precariousness of housing and the illegality of occupations, among these advances is the definition of Special Zones of Social Interest (ZEIS). The ZEIS constitute themselves as an important "tool" for: precarious settlements recovery from their real conditions; and land regularization through the adoption of specific parameters and indexes for each settlement. In addition, it provides for the space’s reservation in order to the provision of social interest housing for the population whose family income does not exceed three minimum wages. Considering that reality, the present work aimed to analyze ZEIS institutionalization process in Campina Grande and its instrument effectiveness for the urbanization-land regularization of the city's precarious settlements. For that, the methodological course adopted was: the bibliographical research accomplishment; documentary research, involving reports and diagnoses obtained from the Planning Secretariat; dialogues with SEPLAN technicians and community representatives; and field research. In addition, based on the three dimensions that involve ZEIS performance- 1) settlements urbanization; 2) land regulation; and 3) social interest housing production- as well as in authors who discuss this theme (Brazil [2009b], Magalhães [2012] and Cardoso [2016]), defined the variables and indicators that led the whole process of investigation. The results show that, despite advances in the historically conducted areas recognition along the urban legality margins, the ZEIS tax for Campina Grande settlements was constituted as an initial action, but insufficient to achieve the purposes established by the City Statute. With that, factors are identified which point to an institutional fragility instrument in front of local urban planning strategies. Among those factors are: political will dependence and the absence correlation forces that allows its application from the participatory democratic management perspective.

7
  • HERICONDIO SANTOS CONCEIÇÃO
  • .

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • JOSEFA DE LISBOA SANTOS
  • Data: 15-mar-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

8
  • SILMARA LOPES DE SOUZA
  • THE CONFECTIONERY TRADE IN UNIÃO DOS PALMARESAL IN THE LIGHT OH THE CIRCUITS’ THEORY OH URBAN ECONOMY

  • Líder : IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • BEATRIZ RIBEIRO SOARES
  • Data: 28-mar-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The theoretical proposal of the two circuits of the urban economy was presented by Milton Santos in the 1970s, constituting a reference in the studies about the urbanization of peripheral countries and their specificities.The upper circuit is formed by banks, export industry, trade and modern services and wholesalers.The lower circuit consists of small-scale trade, services and manufacturing forms with reduced capital and little technology. In this work, the objective is to understand the trade of confections in União dos Palmares / AL in the light of the circuitry theory of the urban economy.In this perspective, we initially evidence the socio-spatial and urbanization process of União dos Palmares, as well as elements from your economy and urban-regional centrality.In the sequence we identify the main updates of the theory and the forms of manifestation of the circuits of the urban economy in União dos Palmares; we characterize the clothing trade considering the training, the agents involved and the dynamics of organization and functioning, and finally, we analyze the clothing trade considering the characteristics of the circuits of the urban economy.The methodological approach adopted is based on bibliographical and historiographic research, aiming at the construction of the theoretical foundation on the formation and urbanization of the União dosPalmares, relations among commerce and city and the two circuits of the urban economy. Documentary research, together with government agencies, addressed the information needs related to the economy, population, income, gross domestic product, Gini index, and etc. The field work occurred, preliminary, through interviews with older merchants of the city, who work in the garment segment, with a view to obtaining information about the process of constituting this trade. We apply forms with owners, employees and customers of the stores in order to understand the main elements of day to day in the perspective of operation, organization, technological resources used and ways of acting of the agents involved.From the theory of the circuits of the urban economy it was possible to analyze the main characteristics of the clothing trade, which was formed in the context of the urbanization process of União dos Palmares, from the 1970s.The bureaucratized organization, the small capital and the little technology used allow to recognize this activity as of the inferior circuit of the urban economy. Since 2005, the clothing trade has been very dynamic, due to the growth in the number of stores, with diversity of products and prices.In União dos Palmares, the clothing trade integrates a logic dedicated at meeting the consumption demands of the local population and the neighboring municipalities.

9
  • ÉLIDA THALITA SILVA DE CARVALHO
  • .

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • ADAUTO GOMES BARBOSA
  • Data: 29-mar-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This dissertation is about the production of the urban space in the Northern Administrative Region of Natal-RN from the insertion of fortified enclaves under the perspective of vertical condominiums, from 2005 to 2018. These enclaves have emerged as "safe" forms of living in the city, once in contemporary urban insecurity, constant fear and location appear as the main reason individuals choose to reside in multi-family spaces rather than in single-family homes. Thus, these types of properties have arisen in the capitalist city as a strategy used by the real estate market and agents producers to appropriate the spaces of the cities and to reproduce their capital with a view to obtaining the profits and surpluses these typologies may offer. In this way, it's aimed to analyze the socio-spatial transformations occurring in the morphology and the urban landscape from the insertion of these new spatial forms in the mentioned administrative region; establish and interpret the relationships between the main housing programs and the production of housing in the study area; and, finally, to describe the developers' and consumers' profile of these vertical ventures. For this purpose, the methodological procedures adopted in this work consisted of bibliographic research, survey of primary and secondary data in public and private agencies, field research, interviews and application of forms with landowners, developers, real estate developers and public agency representatives. The activities analysis of the agents producing in the Northern Administrative Region of Natal with the construction of fortified enclaves expose important changes in the landscape and the urban morphology because they stand out to the detriment of the other forms of occupation, showing us the tendencies of the new uses of the soil to the at the same time as it reveals inequality, selectivity and socio-spatial fragmentation, once these dwellings have not benefited all social classes as housing programs advocate.

10
  • DIOGO BERNARDINO SANTOS DE MEDEIROS
  • .

  • Líder : MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • SAULO ROBERTO DE OLIVEIRA VITAL
  • EMANUEL LINDEMBERG SILVA ALBUQUERQUE
  • Data: 06-ago-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The chain of natural and anthropic events impressed a disparate landscape within the Brazilian Semiarid: the SeridóPotiguar. The region is detached from its adjacencies by the physical-natural and socio-cultural particularities that manifest themselvesthree-dimensionally inseparable on its surface. Furthermore, what seems to us to be uniform/homogeneous, when the observations and scale of approach are sharpened, moves like a true complex landscape mosaic, whose structure and dynamics, of each component geofacies, faithfully reflects the details of this floor and people. Mapping these landscape units (geofacies) and performing an integrated multiscale analysis (from climate zone to physiognomic facies) of their socioenvironmental dynamics understand the purpose of this work. But before that, it was necessary to know deeply the geographical epistemology capable of providing the appropriate optics for this. The geosystemic theory, by the French geographer Georges Bertrand, served us precisely as this theoretical-methodological prism, which allowed us to perceive/analyze the landscape systemically, mainly, from geofacies (abstraction), a physiognomicallyhomogeneous sector on the surface, according to its taxonomic system. In addition, the adaptations made by Diniz, Oliveira and Bernardino regarding the categories of analysis “Temporal and Spatial Dynamics of the Landscape”, based on Bolós; “Ecodynamic Landscape Typology” from Tricart; and “Cartography of Landscapes”, following Bertrand's own guidelines and relying on Brazilian cartographic experiences of Souza and Ab'Sáber. The techniques and procedures involved in this research refer mainly to cartographic modeling in a virtual environment of Geographic Information Systems. In sum, starting from cartographic contributions ofDiniz and Oliveirato higher taxa in Rio Grande do Norte (domain, natural region, geocomplex), the manual vectorization, through photointerpretation/teledetection, of landscape breaks, in the 1:50,000 in Sentinel-2 orbital images with spatial resolution of 10 meters and real color compositionR04G03B02. This was due to the construction of inductive interpretation sheets, which allowed, from the determination of a few cases (geofacies) and their validation in the field (with the aid of a field sheets), to assign a generalization to compartments of the same physiognomy. The obtained results allowed to elaborate a cartographic model that pointed to the existence of 30 different geofacies in SeridóPotiguar, which had their dynamics and distinctively landscape elements synthesized (systemic analysis), in text, based on the articulation of empirical data and thematic literature. Finally, the obtained data were qualitatively and qualitatively evaluated, in terms of spatial, absolute and relative extent, so that it was possible to undertake complements and greater robustness to the hypotheses of physiognomy and physiology of the seridoense landscapes, establishing a certain panoramic diagnosis of spatial and temporal situationand ecodynamics of these units.Thus, it is considered that the employed methodology allowed to advance in the knowledge of the seridoense landscape, in relation to previous works. Although, in addition, such contributions are expected to minimally achieve the goal of making, by virtuous paths of science, sertaneja life gradually more congruent with its environment, especially in the seridoensehinterland.

11
  • ELZA EDIMARA SOARES DA SILVA
  • .

  • Líder : LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • FRANCISCA LEILIANE SOUSA DE OLIVEIRA
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • Data: 25-nov-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In the last decades the discussions on climate change have increased significantly. Within this theme, the oscillations in the average level of the oceans are well studied, due to the fact that the coastal zones have high occupancy rates, for both housing and service purposes, of the most varied types. In a current scenario of climate change, several problems are already being highlighted worldwide due to changes in the global climate. The municipality of Macau - RN is located in the Northern Coast of the state of Rio Grande do Norte and is one of the country's largest salt producers, accounting for almost 90% of the national production. Despite its dynamic economy, the population of the municipality suffers the consequences of natural events such as tidal and flood variations caused by rainfall, storm surges and tides, because they are in a situation of socio-environmental vulnerability, or occupy areas of intense dynamics and environmental fragility or the fact that they are living in poor housing, both in terms of structure and location. Thus, the objective of this research is to spatialize the socioenvironmental vulnerability of some areas of the municipality, based on the exposure of the population to variations in mean sea level and floods. In order to do so, the mapping of the area in a large scale of details will be done, so that it is possible to elaborate medium and long term predictive scenarios, which will serve as a subsidy for the analysis of the degree of exposure of the municipality, in addition to the production of indicators that can respond in a more reliable way to the reality of the place, the questions related to the categories of susceptibility, responsiveness and adaptive capacity, which will be of great importance for the evaluation of the vulnerability of the place.

Tesis
1
  • JOYCE CLARA VIEIRA FERREIRA
  • .

  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FLAVIA MORAES LINS DE BARROS
  • FÁBIO PERDIGÃO VASCONCELOS
  • HELENICE VITAL
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • Data: 19-mar-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The oceanic beaches are characterized as transitional environments between land and ocean, being able to protect the continent. Taking into consideration the importance of these environmental systems and the coastal studies of a state as Rio Grande do Norte, which presents several beaches tending to erosion and urban growth, the present work aims to demonstrate how the dynamics of the beach-cliff system of beach fragments from the northern coast (São Cristóvão beach and Ponta do Mel beach) and from the eastern (Cacimbinha beach) of Rio Grande do Norte. The research included bibliographical and iconographic surveys; topographic, hydrodynamic and sedimentological data; sedimentological analysis in laboratory, correction of maps, analysis and correlation of acquired data. The results have indicated that: the beaches from the study have erosive potential, but some fragments presented accumulation of sediments; the cliffs of the fragments of the northern coast presented greater resistance to the water erosion conditions, produced in the laboratory, however these features have more erosive processes installed due to the climatic dynamics of the semiarid; the forms of accumulation molded between the cliffs and the beaches are different related to the littoral studied, and the beaches of the northern coast are conducive to the formation of frontal dunes, while on the eastern coast terraces are formed. Thus, it is understood that the studies aimed at compartmentalization of the relief, survey of the surface, structure and physiology of the landscape have contributed to the knowledge of geodiversity, helping the delimitation and understanding of geomorphostites from a geomorphological point of view. Therefore, the present work has allowed us to understand how beach dynamics occur related to erosion and deposition processes, as well as to consider the potential of the coastal segments related to the coastal geodiversity of Rio Grande do Norte

2
  • VANESSA DE CÁSSIA TAVARES ANDRADE
  • .

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANTONIO NIVALDO HESPANHOL
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • DEUSIMAR FREIRE BRASIL
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • SEDEVAL NARDOQUE
  • Data: 23-ago-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The nationalterritoryismodifiedbythestatefollowing a defined territorial logic, whichisruledbytheinterestsofhegemonicagentsandensuresthehegemonyoftheseentities. In other words, the state provides the conditions for creating and recreating strategies to foster an expanded production and reproduction of capital. Currently, science, technique and information control the production, use of objects and determine actions and standards. Technical objects have an important role to fulfill, since they are created to accomplish determined tasks in addition to carrying intentionality. In this regard, the certification of organic production revealed the strategies adopted by hegemonic agents to produce and reproduce capital widely, selectively and unequally through the speeches of environmental preservation and protection of the agroecological agricultural practices. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the different uses of the territory of Rio Grande do Norte based on practices of agroecology and organic agriculture in terms of technical-scientific and informational progress. In addition, it is intended to reflect on how the standardizations imposed by the state, companies and international organizations contribute to the exclusion of small farmers and hamper the implementation of agroecological proposals and actions. The standardization of organic production is harmful to non-hegemonic agents, since it is selective and exclude small farmers who do not have enough financial capital to meet such regulation. Although successful experiences were performed based on agroecological practices, many products that are available in the industry as agroecological are actually organic agricultural products, which are identified by consumers through a certification seal. Agroecological discourse has been appropriated by the capital and incorporated by organic agriculture, which is characterized as a niche of capital expansion. In order to assess the different agricultural uses of the territory of Rio Grande do Norte, a bibliographic analysis was adopted as methodological procedure using secondary and primary data, which was gathered through interviews conducted with the subjects involved in the problem under discussion.

3
  • RAFAEL PEREIRA DA SILVA
  • ...

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ENRIQUE VIANA SUBERVIOLA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • HUGO ARRUDA DE MORAIS
  • RAIMUNDO INACIO DA SILVA FILHO
  • Data: 27-ago-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • ..

4
  • THEREZA RACHEL RODRIGUES MONTEIRO
  • .

  • Líder : LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • BARTOLOMEU ISRAEL DE SOUZA
  • EDUARDO RODRIGUES VIANA DE LIMA
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • VENERANDO EUSTAQUIO AMARO
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • Data: 29-ago-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Planning and management of the territory goes through legislative paths supported by the Master Plan and application of land cover mapping methodologies to municipal planning, where climate seasonality directly interferes with physical and socioeconomic aspects in Brazilian Semiarid. In this context, realizing the lack of information on land cover and the difficulty of municipalities to have a cartographic basis to aid municipal planning, it is suggested a low-cost alternative to obtain information on land surface. Thus, the present study aims to propose a large-scale land classification methodology for municipalities in Brazilian Semiarid Region that can be generated with low-cost Remote Sensing products, using the municipality of Serra Negra do Norte-RN as an experiment. Thus, it were used hybrid images from the fusion of Sentinel 1 satellites with radar images and Sentinel 2 with multispectral images in 843RGB (red, green, blue) color composition in rainy and dry semiarid period. Four hybrid images were obtained, two with VH polarization and the others with VV polarization, respectively in rainy and dry periods. The dates of Sentinel 1 and 2 images were chosen according to the precipitation occurred in 2016. For Digital image processing used free software SNAP 6.0, QGIS 218.16 and Terraview 5.3.1 with the GeoDMA (Geographic Data Mining Analyst) plugin for object-oriented classification. Thus, the results obtained from Kappa for the land cover mapping with the four hybrid images classified in the VH channel polarization (Vertical-horizontal) that had better accuracy was for the rainy season with the value of 0.34 and 0.35 for the dry period. While Kappa values for VV (verticalvertical) channel were 0.25 for rainy month and 0.31 for dry season, indicating the mapping as reasonable. To the detriment of this, it is pointed out that the classification originated from hybrid images in VH channel had better accuracy, although the hybrid images with VV polarization presented better the land cover classes in the map. Thus, the land cover map in dry period is indicated due to the accuracy pointed out, but it must be taken into account that from rainy season in the Brazilian Semiarid there is the green (Caatinga) vegetation more evident, and the increase of temporary and perennial springs.

5
  • GEOVANY PACHELLY GALDINO DANTAS
  • URBAN SPACE PRODUCTION AND REAL ESTATE EXPANSION: THE ALLOTMENTS AND RESIDENTIAL CONDOMINIUMS IN MACAÍBA – RN (2000 – 2017)

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • ADAUTO GOMES BARBOSA
  • DORALICE SÁTYRO MAIA
  • Data: 09-sep-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This thesis is the result of a reflection effort aimed at contributing to the debate on current urban space production and its producing agents, focusing on the performance of agents linked to the real estate sector. In recent years, the implementation of large allotments and residential condominiums (vertical and horizontal) has expanded trough the cities, causing changes in their internal spaces and in the way in which they relate to the surroundings. The performance of real estate agents is of great importance in this process, since the production of allotments and condominiums generates a demand for the incorporation of new areas, formerly rural, to the urban area, while also causing changes in their growth patterns increasingly marked by the horizontal expansion and by discontinuities. Since the late 1990s, the Metropolitan Region of Natal (RMN) has become one of the privileged spaces for the realization of real estate agents' actions, which resulted in the implementation of large real estate enterprises (allotments and residential condominiums) by several municipalities, consolidating them as one of the main vectors of the urban fabric expansion. Inserted in the RMN, the city of Macaíba is one of the spaces where the reflexes of this dynamics have contributed to boost urban expansion. Although not a recent phenomenon, the subdivision of the soil and the insertion of new typologies intensified between 2000 and 2017 in Macaíba, with the emergence of enterprises of various sizes through urban areas and urban expansion areas, with reflections on how has been built its urban fabric. Research question: How has real estate expansion, through the implementation of allotments and residential condominiums, contributed to the production of the urban space in Macaíba between 2000 and 2017? Thus, the objective of this thesis is to analyze the process of Macaíba’s urban expansion, focusing on the implementation of allotments and horizontal condominiums and their implications on the structure of the urban fabric. The analysis is based on the perspective of space production, based on the theoretical contributions of Henri Lefebvre, and its discussion by other authors, as well as the discussion about urbanization, urban space, cities, producing agents, real estate, land rent, urban expansion and land subdivision. Methodological procedures used in this work: bibliographic research, aiming at the construction of the theoretical and conceptual framework of the thesis; documentary and secondary data research on RMN and particularly Macaíba; field research in the municipalities of RMN, located around Natal and areas of Macaíba’s urban expansion, in order to identify the places where real estate production is more intense and semi-structured interviews, with real estate promoters (incorporation representatives and construction companies) and with representatives of the municipal government. We found that the real estate production in Macaíba has contributed to the configuration of a spatially fragmented urban reality, characterized by the aspects of continuity/density and of discontinuity/spreading, with the location of many enterprises in areas far from the urban core, a reality reflecting the peripheral pattern that characterizes urban expansion in RMN.

     

6
  • PÉRICLES ALVES BATISTA
  • .

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • FÁBIO RICARDO SILVA BESERRA
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • LINCOLN DA SILVA DINIZ
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • Data: 17-sep-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The work is part of the research carried out in the main roads of the Campina Grande trade expansion, in the interior of Paraíba, Northeast Brazil. Our objective is to understand the restructuring of commerce and services in main roads of this city, by the discussion of space production. For this, we’re based on the Production of Space Theory, created by the French philosopher Henri Lefebvre, that analises social relations in the space. Our text intends to engender reflections about our object of study based on this theory. For theoretical and methodological support, Henri Lefebvre's (1999) propositions of regressive-progressive method were used. The description of the studied areas were made, in order to return to the past to understand some occurred transformations. After that, back to the presente scenario, we can dialectically understand the perspectives and projections of our object of study. As a central hypothesis, our thesis assumes that expansionism of peripheral comercial areas occurs through the main road axes, by continuous extension from the tertiary activities (from 1999 to 2019) that have helped to structure the socio-spatial dynamics. We found important changes in the urban space. As consequence of the space production, the roads that had residential characteristics, are under intense reformulations by commercial road axes. As methodological procedures, we fulfill a survey about the use of the following roadways of trade expansion: Manoel Gonçalves Guimarães; Floriano Peixoto; Severino Bezerra Cabral; Manoel Tavares and Assis Chateaubriand. Commercial restructuration occur in the process of commercial decentralization, that has intensified in last years by commercial enterprises has been installed in these roads, changing the functions, uses and the social composition of these avenues.

7
  • MARIANA TORRES CORREIA DE MELLO
  • .

  • Líder : VENERANDO EUSTAQUIO AMARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CYNTHIA ROMARIZ DUARTE
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • LEONLENE DE SOUSA AGUIAR
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • VENERANDO EUSTAQUIO AMARO
  • Data: 25-sep-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Wind energy is touted as of promising future when it refers to the Brazilian energy matrix, which is characterized as renewable, clean and, therefore, with greater environmental sustainability compared to other non-renewable sources or even other renewable as hydroelectric. Even in the face of the promulgated sustainable vision, its installation and operation aspects demonstrate an anthropic activity that causes negative environmental impacts like any other activity and drives social and environmental conflicts mainly in coastal areas. Environmental licensing is an administrative procedure that regulates these occupations, and is based on environmental studies that combine scientific research with evaluation and prediction techniques, whose objective is to present the social and environmental viability of an enterprise. The environmental licensing of the wind industry has been built over the years, as large wind farms settle in sectors with the highest energy potential, such as coastal zones, which even being Permanent Preservation Areas (PPA) are still usable for public utility. Given the nonimpeditive character, in the legal aspect, to the occupation of wind farms, even in PPA, the degree of importance of environmental study in the definition of social and environmental impacts, the decision-making to the implementation of the enterprise and the problem surrounding the environments of high environmental fragility, under the occupation processes of different economic sectors, and in view of the changes caused in the landscape, the concern with the planning of the territorial occupation, the regulation of the occupations on the seafront and the preservation of the integrity of the natural environments grows. For this, studies that go beyond the current context and focus on the dynamics of the area, such as multitemporal analysis, as favorable instruments for environmental planning and actions targeting, seeking greater equity between society and nature, are fundamental. Given this context, this research aimed to analyze the scenario of environmental licensing for wind farms in the context of environmental planning and directing of the decision making about new occupations. The research has shown that multitemporal landscape analysis is an efficient methodological tool for the decisionmaking in new occupations. The results show that environmental studies sometimes do not clearly contemplate the real environmental impacts caused by the implementation of enterprises in areas with fragile ecosystems. Even with the 2014 legislation update, that now requires more complex studies such as EIA/RIMA, it is recommended an improvement in their quality, adoption of methodological procedures, community involvement, standardization of attributes and consideration of new attributes by the environmental agency. The research presented a methodological proposal for Environmental Impact Assessment and brought guidelines and suggestions that the environmental agency, entrepreneur and other actors involved in the process can take into consideration in the pre-licensing, licensing and post-licensing of wind projects.

8
  • ANDERSON GOMES DA EPIFANIA
  • .

  • Líder : MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXANDRE QUEIROZ PEREIRA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • WENDEL HENRIQUE
  • Data: 20-nov-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This work deals with the process of production of space and touristic phenomenon in Costa do Dendê, Bahia, Brazil, having as the central discussion the debate about textures, polyphonies and interdictions within this process. The theoretical framework in this thesis is based in with Lefebvre’s theory on the reading of the production of space process and its conceived/ perceived/ lived triad. This discussion refers to space as a product of the reproduction of life and of the capitalist production in terms of an uneven and combined development; a theme that involves conceptions and actions about geographical space and which confers values, regarding Marx’s perspective on the use and the exchange of value. In this case, tourism planning has direct consequences on the reproduction of this phenomenon in its materiality, uses and appropriations. It also includes other possible achievements in space and their materiality/practices and isotopic/heterotopic/utopian uses, being loaded with intentionality, as presented in the Costa do Dendê. Based on this assumption, the Costa do Dendê’s region presents a vast field for the analysis of material and social morphologies present in the process of (re)production of the geographical space, of which the tourism phenomenon is part; enabling through the experiences present in this universe of analysis, (re) think planning and actions that address social justice. The starting point of the debate is the recognition of the diversity that makes up the geographical space (and its production) in its multiple scales, which in the case study of Costa do Dendê permeates the regional and the municipal and it is about the tourist phenomenon. This thesis’ chapters refer to the triadic movement to analyze the process of producing space in Costa do Dendê, passing through the analysis of the process of valorization of space, mediated by the exchange / use / value relationship; culminating in the analysis of the spatial instances (conceived / perceived / lived), directing the analyzes of how the (re) production of Costa do Dendê has been taking place, as well as the projection of scenarios, contextualized through discussions about isotopy, heterotopia and utopia. Thus, the intention here is to answer: on what basis is the tourist phenomenon performed in the process of production the geographical space of Costa do Dendê? What are the possibilities concerning actions which are directed to the heterotopic plan, regarding uneven geographical development? The analysis presented here confirmed the hypothesis that such phenomenon, in its entirety in the process of production of geographic space, reproduces cohesion in different morphologies and appropriations, configuring isotopes, heterotopias and the possibilities of transformation by the human capacity to project others futures, expressed in the different logics of planning and reflection of such practices in the plan of life, of encounters and disagreements between tourists and indigenous people, of state and business action. These readings were performed through the observation of isotopic, heterotopic and utopian materiality’s and practices, which follow, respectively, unitary and diverse logics, directly linked to capitalist action and social reproduction; an approach contextualized here with the study of the tourism phenomenon in Costa do Dendê’s region.

9
  • MARCOS ANTÔNIO ALVES DE ARAÚJO
  • .

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRYANE GORAYEB NOGUEIRA CAETANO
  • DENIS CASTILHO
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • LUZIENE DANTAS DE MACEDO
  • MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • Data: 05-dic-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The currentexpansionoftheinformational-scientific-technicalenvironmenthasgenerated a crescentdemand for mega-scaleelectricenergyproduction, especiallyfromunconventionalrenewablesourcessuch as wind, solar andbiomassenergy. The search for new sourcesoccurssincethe 1970 decade, duetotheinternationalenergeticgeopoliticsreorganizationtriggeredbythefollowingreasons: 1) theoilshocksand its negative impactsontheeconomiesofimporting countries oftheOrganisation for EconomicCo-operationandDevelopment (OECD); 2) privateandpublicinvestmentstothediscoveryandadvancementof new electricenergytransmissionandgenerationtechnologies; 3) socio-environmentalrisksinvolvingthe use of some traditionalsources like thermonuclearenergy; 4) theemergenceofenvironmentalquestionsand its transformation in market business. In thissense, new regionshavebeenspecializing in energyproductionbyusingrenewableenergeticpotentialavailable in theirenvironmentandbecameimportantnichesofsurplus-valueextraction. In Brazil, a country thathas its energymatrixpredominantlybased in thehydraulicsource, theexecutionofelectricenergygenerationprojectsbasedonthe use ofwindenergyhasmadethesubspacesof its nationalterritory, historicallydemanding for electricity, toalsobecomeproviders like the case ofthe Rio Grande do Norte state. In recentyears, theabundantwindpotentialavailable in theaforementionedstatehasattractedinternationalandnationalinvestors, resulting in anincreaseof its installedelectriccapacityfrom 17 MW in 2003 to 4.491 MW in 2018, ofwhich 85,8% are producedbythewindsource. Thiscapacity, whenconvertedtogeneration, reversedthehistorical position ofthisstate in theNortheasternsubsystemoftheBrazilianNationalInterconnected System (SIN), goingfromimporter-consumertoproducer-consumer-exporter. Currently, thestateis self-sufficient in electricenergy, exporting (onaverage) 64,3% of its producedsurplusofwhich 58,9% are windenergy. In this new setting context, thestate’selectric material base wasamplifiedandrenovated via theinstallationof new generatingunits, substations, transmissionlines, amongotheritems. Furthermore, thestudiesof Energy Geographyperformedby Max Sorre (1948; 1967), Pierre George (1952) and Gerald Manners (1964), inspiredtheobjectiveofthisstudy, whichistocomprehendthe new settings ofelectricenergyproduction in thestateof Rio Grande do Norte bythecorporate use of its territory for thewindenergysubcircuit. Consequently, thespatialcircuitofproductiontheory, basedontheMarxianintellectualtraditionandonthethinkingofgeographer Milton Santos. The obtainedresultsconductedtheratificationofthethesisthatthewindenergysubcircuitimplementation in Rio Grande do Norte hasoccurredfromtheproductive, normativeandtechnicalexpansionofthenationalelectricmacrosystem in thestate, andof its foreignizationandfinancialization, resultedfromthemergerandconcentrationof capital andtheelectric sector denationalization via processes ofcompanyanddomesticassetsacquisitionby big internationaleconomicgroupswhichmajorlycontrolsthegeneration, distributionandcommercializationsegmentsofenergy. Thosegroups are alsotakingcontrolofthetransmissionsegment. Finally, theconclusionisthat a processofexpansionofnationalspaces in theinternationaleconomy, onceobservedby professor Milton Santos in Brazil, isnow happening in thegeographicalenvironmentof Rio Grande do Norte throughelectricenergy.

10
  • WELLINGTON CLAY PORCINO SILVA
  • .

  • Líder : ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUIZ ROBERTO UNGARETTI DE GODOY
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • JOSÉ ANTONIO FERNANDES DE MACÊDO
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO JUNIOR
  • Data: 13-dic-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Public security is today one of the major national problems, and among the main crimes that have the greatest impact on the population is bank robbery. This occurs due not only to the violence that is inherent to it, but also to the direct impact of such crime on the ordinary activities on small towns’ populations, especially of Brazilian Northeast Region. These people are forced to go to distant towns for the simplest activities, due to the great importance of banking services that characterizes the technical period scientific informational. We will analyze how the main actors involved, police forces, criminal organizations and banking network manages the territory. Our analysis will take place on the geographic cut composed by the states of Pernambuco, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte and Ceará, and it will aim to identify the characteristics of the geographic space studied that impacts directly on the high incidence of such crime. We will use as a theoretical basis the concept of Milton Santos' geographic space and the foundations of environmental criminology, in order to point out public policy actions that make repression of such crime more effective.

2018
Disertaciones
1
  • ISAILMA DA SILVA ARAÚJO
  • .

  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • JOSE PETRONILO DA SILVA JUNIOR
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • Data: 22-feb-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present work aims at the identification and valuation of ecosystem services at the ParqueEstadual Dunas do Natal Jornalista Luiz Maria Alves, better known as Parque das Dunas or Bosque dos Namorados, located in the municipality of Natal, in the eastern portion of the state of Rio Grande do Norte. It was the first Environmental Conservation Unit (UC) established in that state, and was designed in 1977, through State Decree nº7,237/77. It is an integral part of the Atlantic Forest biosphere reserve recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and, therefore, declared an Environmental Patrimony of Humanity. The Park offers a variety of educational, recreational, physical and cultural activities, as well as the possibility of carrying out studies, researches and works of scientific interest, and contributing to the maintenance of air quality, recharge of the aquifer, among other benefits that can be enjoyed throughout society. These benefits are known as Ecosystem Services can be defined, in a general way, as the benefits (material or immaterial) obtained by man through nature and are directly related to human well-being. The identification of the ecosystem services of the Park was made using the Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services (CICES) table. It was possible to recognize the existence of services in all categories defined by CICES - Regulation and Maintenance, Provision and Cultural - with this identification was possible to choose the services that were valued, since it would be impossible to valuate all, and, of course, to make the research more complete. The importance of this identification is due to the fact that many of these services and the corresponding benefits are often unknown, so that public policies are based on subjective assessments of the importance of these resources. After identification, the services chosen were assessed through consultations with the population, through the application of questionnaires. The public is targeting the research of the competitors of the Parque das Dunas and students of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). These consultations aimed to discover the individual preferences of the interviewees, and, thus, to discover the importance attributed to the Park by the users of these services. With this analysis, it was possible to perceive that the interviewees can recognize some of the services provided. They were also able to realize how these services directly and indirectly affect their quality of life. We believe that, with the reach of these objectives, this work may contribute as an instrument for the preservation and management of the Parque das Dunas, since we trust that it has brought to the fore the importance of preserving that area, not only from the point of view of maintaining the environmental conditions, but also of the human welfare provided by the Park to its visitors and to the population as a whole.

2
  • THIARA OLIVEIRA RABELO
  • .

  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • MARCOS ANTONIO LEITE DO NASCIMENTO
  • ANTONIO CORDEIRO FEITOSA
  • Data: 23-feb-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Geodiversitycorrespondstothevarietyofgeologicalenvironments, phenomenaandactive processes thatgeneratelandscapes, rocks, minerals, fossilsandothersurfacedepositsthatformthebasis for lifeon Earth.The integrationofbioticandabioticcomponentsis still underdeveloped, both in thescientificenvironmentand in the management leveloftheterritory.Thisismainlyduetothelackofattentiontotheabioticelements as finite natural resourcesduetotheirdeteriorationprocess in themediumorlong term. It is in theenvironmentalprotectionscenariothatwe show Geodiversity in coastalenvironments, which are fragileanddynamicareas, sincethey are in situationsoftransitionbetweenthecontinentandthesea. In thiscontext, thecoastalenvironmentofthesoutheastern sector oftheIslandof Maranhão, whichiscurrentlyconsideredoneoftheurbanexpansionareasoftheIsland, hasfewstudiesfocusedon its geo-environmental dynamics, whichiscomposedof a differentiated dynamics in relationtothe western coastoftheIslandof Maranhão.Thisisthereason for thisstudy, whichseekstoevaluatehowGeographycancontributetotheconservationofGeodiversity, basedontheevaluationofthepotentialoftheabioticresourcesofthesoutheasterncoastalenvironmentof Maranhão Island, in theStateof Maranhão, generatinginformationthatmaycontribute for furtherstudies in thisarea.Basedonthegeosystemic approach, theresultsofthisresearch are basedontheidentificationmadeofGeodiversityofthearea, characteristicsrelatedmainlytogeology, geomorphology, pedology, some ofthisinformationbeingidentified in this sector fromthisstudy. The understandingofthe local Geodiversity, from its characterizationandunderstandingofinteractionsand processes, allowedthedivisionofgeodiversitylandscapeunits, having as mainelementto its classificationGeomorphology, consideredanattributeofgreaterprominence in thearea in relationtotheotherresourcesabiotic. Basedontheseinferences, eight points ofinterestrelatedtoGeodiversity in thecoastalplániciewereinventoried. Usingqualitativeandquantitativetechniques, it waspossibletoidentifytheirpotentialvaluescategorized as tourist use value, scientific use value, conservationvalueandtheirrelevancebasedonthemethodologyof Pereira (2010).Thisinformationcontributesto a greaterdetailofthecharacteristicsofthearea, which still havefewstudiesfocusedonthis sector and as a basis for furtherstudiesandplanningand management actionsofthis sector thatis in theprocessofurbanexpansion.

3
  • NAYARA MARQUES SANTOS
  • .

  • Líder : LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • ANTONIO CORDEIRO FEITOSA
  • Data: 23-feb-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Ecosystem Services (SE) are characterized as tangible and intangible goods produced by ecosystems, used directly or indirectly in the search for human well-being. These services are the result of interactions between the elements of nature, and these function in an integrated way and are distributed heterogeneously in the environment, being necessary the delimitation of homogeneous units to facilitate the understanding of the dynamics of the systems. Within this approach, it is understood that the diversity of abiotic and biotic elements in the terrestrial surface provides the occurrence of important areas of ecological and social interest, and providing important services. Specifically in the case of Wetlands, among them, mangrove stands out as an environment where there are intense biological and geochemical processes that produce several SEs. In this research, the Tijupá river mangrove is one of the most extensive areas of this ecosystem located in the southeast portion of the Maranhão Island, being an area with few developed studies. O objetivo geral desta pesquisa foi analisar os serviços ecossistêmicos prestados pelo manguezal do rio Tijupá a partir da identificação dos serviços ecossistêmicos de provisão pelos usuários do manguezal. For this, compartmentalization of the area's mangrove into geoenvironmental units (apicum, mangrove forest, washing and tidal channels) and the geoenvironmental characterization of the respective units were carried out. Subsequently, the identification and classification of the Ecosystem Services of provision based on the Common Classification of Ecosystem Services (CICES) and the mapping of the SE of provision per environmental unit were carried out. The Tijupá river mangrove covers about 840 ha, most of this ecosystem represented by mangrove forest (708.9 ha) and washed (98.5 ha). The provision services identified in the area correspond to: fishing (e. g. catfish, mullet, siri), beekeeping (e. g. honey, propolis), wood converted into materials (e. g. fences, rafters), use of the fauna for fishing - bait (e. g. turu, tamaru, tide-tag), wood converted into energy (e. g. coal), with the potential SE being consumed by the communities in the area. Potentially service-oriented geoenvironmental units were the mangrove forest and tidal channels, where the forest stood out in the provision of materials and channels, in the provision of nutritional resources. Most of the services were indicated on the western margin of the mangrove, where there is a greater concentration of communities (e. g. Coquilho, Mato Grosso, Tajipuru and Caracueira) and land access routes. The analysis of these data provides support for mangrove management and the ways of using the mangrove resources. All of this information is relevant to mapping, since data on the distribution, intensity, and demand for services are important in identifying the most vulnerable areas of anthropogenic interventions and the losses and gains in SE provision. There is a need for further studies on the Tijupá river mangrove and other mangrove areas of the Island of Maranhão, fundamental for deepening knowledge about the dynamics of these ecosystems and the supply of SE (provision, regulation / maintenance and cultural), as well as for systematization data on the Ecosystem Services of the Mangroves of the Island of Maranhão.

4
  • ANDREZA DOS SANTOS LOUZEIRO
  • .

  • Líder : LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • ZULIMAR MARITA RIBEIRO RODRIGUES
  • Data: 26-feb-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The notion of risk is directly associated with the physical, psychological and / or material integrity of the individual. The circumstances of the risk are accentuated due to anthropic influence. These risks can be related to earthquakes, flooding, floods, etc., but in this research the emphasis is on sliding risks. It can be said that there are more and less vulnerable people, but we are all exposed to risk because there is zero risk. The municipality of São Luís - MA has slip risk points located in areas unsuitable for housing. These sites are located in sloping and sloping areas. These places are easy to occupy and no cost to establish housing, which facilitates the taking of part of these lands for construction of houses and even small commercial establishments. Therefore, the objective of this research is to analyze the socioenvironmental vulnerability present in São Luís - MA, considering the risks of landslide in the municipality. In order to achieve this objective, this research is based on the Systemic Theory, which considers the relationship between natural dynamics and anthropic activities and the methodology adopted by Crepani et al. (2001), which is based on media stability, Tricart (1977). In addition, the social factor was essential for identifying the most vulnerable areas because they are the most exposed. An adaptation of the Social Vulnerability Index adopted by Almeida (2010) and Almeida, Welle and Birkmann (2016) was adopted, using data that denote social disadvantage at the level of the census tract. Some methodologies were tested with the purpose of identifying the result that best suits the reality of the study area, with regard to social, environmental and socio-environmental analysis. Based on the social and environmental data, social and environmental vulnerability indexes were overlapped, which resulted in the municipality of São Luís having occasional areas of landslide risk, but in places that exist quite clearly. In these places are located homes that have the most precarious sanitation, infrastructure and income.

5
  • SANDRO DAMIÃO RIBEIRO DA SILVA
  • .

  • Líder : MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • GLAIRTON CARDOSO ROCHA
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • Data: 27-feb-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Geography is characterized by being a science endowed with an ample capacity of apprehension of knowledge of the world. Being at a crossroads between the basic and applied sciences, on the one hand, and natural and social, on the other, it seeks to work at its core with the complex, dynamic and eminent relationship between man and nature. Since the classical thinkers, for example, Alexander Von Humboldt and Élisée Reclus, this (systemic/ integrated) thinking permeates the basic studies that ended up being responsible for the epistemological enrichment of geographic science. However, the extreme specialization of Geography, based mainly on the dichotomy between Physical and Human Geography, weakened its theoretical field in the XIX and XX centuries, which came to be overcome, even from the same century, by the return of systemic thinking, through new formulations such as the General Theory of Systems proposed by Ludwig von Bertalanffy. This theory was the background for the geosystemic conception, founded by Viktor Sochava and Georges Bertrand, who allied himself with the concept of landscape for the formulation of a Global Physical Geography, which is intrinsically linked to the objects of study of this work, which is still in progress. It was taken, here, as a fundamental parameter, the reflections of the Bertrand and teacher Marcos Nogueira de Souza on the characteristics of this delimitation of landscape units. Starting from this perspective, this study aims to elaborate the geoenvironmental delimitation of landscape units of the Northern Coast of the state of Rio Grande do Norte and Adjacent Areas, aiming at the generation of subsidies for a later environmental/territorial planning. Using a methodology oriented by the physical/physiognomic aspects of the studied area, it was tried to work with the scale of 1:50,000, in which the taxonomy of the geofacies was prioritized. Therefore, geoprocessing and remote sensing techniques were used, by means of the cartographic data vectorization and high resolution images, together with fieldwork. As definitive results, it is important to emphasize, first, the detailed characterization of the physical aspects of the entire delimited area. In addition, mapping was performed of 17 (seventeen) geofacies, which were analyzed, regarding their physical characteristics, as well as in pointing out their potentialities, fragilities and peculiarities.

6
  • WELTON PAULO DO NASCIMENTO
  • THE TRADE IN AGRICULTURAL SUPPLIES AS A VECTOR FOR THE EXPANSION OF THE USE OF SCIENTIFIC-TECHNICAL OBJECTS IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANTONIO NIVALDO HESPANHOL
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • Data: 19-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • From the 1960, with the changes that occurred in the Brazilian agricultural production context resulting from the Green Revolution, the expansion of vectors related to agricultural productive consumption (material and intellectual), especially in the cities, which start to concentrate companies from different branches associated with agricultural production. As a result of this process, one of the vectors that currently stands out in the Brazilian context, by the large investments of national or foreign capital, is the trade of agricultural inputs supplying part of the demand of the primary productive chain for technical-scientific objects, with specifics according to each area and stage of production. It is in this sense that the present research analyzed the trade in agricultural inputs as vector of expansion of the use of technical-scientific objects in the territory of Potiguar, with a focus on the agents and processes imbricated to such dynamics in the cities. In order to fulfill this objective, we carried out a bibliographic review on topics such as agricultural productive consumption, trade and different forms of land uses by agriculture, despite the research in documents, collection and systematization of secondary data in official bodies such as IBGE, MAPA and BACEN, necessary elements for a methodological construction on the research of the commerce in the perspective of the agricultural productive consumption. The analysis showed that the trade of agricultural inputs in Rio Grande do Norte is configured in a complex way and endowed with specifics, presenting a greater concentration of relations between commercial enterprises of agricultural inputs in cities with the agents producing in the areas of greater density of agricultural production of the state, favoring those productions based on the use of inputs which follows the same productive logic of globalized agribusiness, that is, with intensive and extensive use of such inputs.

7
  • ADJAEL MARACAJÁ DE LIMA
  • CLOSED HORIZONTAL CONDOMINIUNS AND URBAN SOIL USE IN CAMPINA GRANDE-PB (2000-2017)

  • Líder : EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • LIVIA IZABEL BEZERRA DE MIRANDA
  • Data: 20-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The dwelling in the city manifests itself as a theme for geographic studies, among other reasons, for marking the landscape in different ways. In this context, the closed horizontal condominiums appear as a "new" way of living, expanding the possibilities for the accumulation of capital in the process of production of the urban space. In Campina Grande-PB, this type of housing was configured from the 2000s as one of the strategies used by the real estate market to use urban land for profit and surpluses. This study aims to analyze the configuration of the urban land production / organization of Campina Grande considering the real estate market action in the structuring of the closed horizontal condominiums as "new ways of living". The theoretical basis is based on the contributions of David Harvey (1980, 2005, 2011, 2013) when he discusses the process of production of urban space from the logic of accumulation of capital and income of the land and the analyzes of Ribeiro (2015) that places the dwelling as a commodity situated in the dynamics that involves use and exchange, market and consumption. These contributions are supported by dialectical analyzes and the main approach to qualitative research is the methodological procedures such as: analysis of the Municipal Master Plan of Campina Grande and documents found on the website of the City Planning Department, observations field analysis, commercial advertisements analysis of condominiums and data provided by IBGE, also some data found in academic papers already developed. Thus, these procedures allow us to deepen the understanding of how closed horizontal condominiums fit into the logic of the real estate market in the city, strategically using the advantages of location and monopoly to expand the business possibilities of housing and urban land use in the context social and spatial development of Campina Grande.

8
  • LEONARDO DA SILVA GALINDO
  • CORPORATE USE OF TERRITORY AND SEWING “FACTIONS”: THE SPATIAL REARRANGEMENT OF GARMENT ARTICLE MANUFACTURE SECTOR IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • MARIA MONICA ARROYO
  • Data: 21-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Starting in the 2000s, there began the dissemination of establishments and jobs related to the apparel sector for municipalities in the interior of Rio Grande do Norte. This process gained new impetus from the creation of the Interior Industrialization program (Pro-Sertão) in 2013, at the same time as there was a decrease in jobs in the Metropolitan Region of Natal (RMN). On the other hand, the establishments in the interior only carry out the step of the sewing of garments, being subordinated to industries located in the NMR. Thus, our general objective is to understand how the corporate use of territory evidenced by sewing "factions" and programs such as Pró-Sertão contributes to the spatial reorganization of the garment industry in Rio Grande do Norte. The methodological procedures used involve bibliographical research, collection and systematization of secondary data and fieldwork. The analysis reveals that the RN participates in the territorial division of industrial labor in Brazil from the production of apparel because of the supply of cheap labor in relation to the South and Southeast and the existence of a normative apparatus that stimulates the growth of the sector. The largest industries, located in the metropolitan area in a process of organizational change began to outsource the sewing stage to the interior of the state, with the objective of reducing costs with investments and charges related to the maintenance of the workforce. This process is based on the constitution of the corporate use of the territory, from which several agents in organizational solidarity play a specific role in the realization of the interests of the great industries, which control the whole productive process. The typology and topology of the sewing factions showed a greater density of companies and diversity of types in Jardim do Seridó, São José doSeridó and Parelhas. The greater dynamism of the activity in Seridó is related to the smaller possibilities of access to formal employment, especially in small municipalities. The opening of sewing factions has boosted a process of productive specialization, so that in some places more than half of the population with formal employment works in the garment industry. In the agreste and Eastern Potiguar, the proximity to the RMN and the existence of a public transport network allows the population of its municipalities greater possibilities of access to formal employment, which explains the less dynamism of the sewing factions.

9
  • DAYANE RAQUEL DA CRUZ GUEDES
  • ANALYSIS OF ECOSYSTEM SERVICES IN TWO ESTUARINE SYSTEMS ON THE COAST OF RIO GRANDE DO NORTE, BRAZIL

  • Líder : LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • SUELI ANGELO FURLAN
  • Data: 22-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The mangrove provides a series of ecosystem services (ES) necessary for the maintenance of the human communities that habit arroundthis environments. The research aimed in comparing the supply offer of ES provision provided by two mangrove areas located in an estuary under semi-arid climate and in an estuary under sub-humid climate. Theses studies have been conducted in the mangrove of the Tubarão river and in Ceará-Mirim river at Rio Grande do Norte. First of all have been made the compartimentation and caracterization of geoenvironmental units of the mangrove, identifying and mapping the groves of mangrove, lavado, apicum, river and tidal channels. Have been identified which ES of provision are provided by the features, being obtained data along with the local populations. Subsequently, has been realized the mapping of ES of provision was done based on the geoenvironmental units. In the Tubarão river have been identified a total of four services (leaf for cattle ration; fishs, crabs, whelks; farming of shrimp; wood for civil construction, like fences, slats and firewood). While the mangrove of Ceará-Mirim river provide a total of seven services (fishs, crabs, whelks; farming of shrimp; wood for civil construction, like fences, slats and stick for boats, natural medicine; bait for high sea fishing; Collection of propagules for area recovery; water for the shrimp tanks and firewood). With the ES mapping, was possible identify the geoenvironmental units which are potential service providers. In both areas the grove of mangrove with predominance of R. mangle was highlighted in the provision of nutritional source with the collect of fishs, crabs, whelks and of materials for the local communities. Through the analysis of comparation bettween the areas was notable distinguish similarities and differences. So, it was verified that are two ecosystems that are located in a different climate environment, which present services almost identical, but with different uses, which influences the generation and offer of the ES. Therefore is notable that the mangrove ecosystem plays an important role, for local communities that benefit directly and indirectly from goods and services.

10
  • ELIEZER MAZZETTI ROSA
  • RIO GRAMACIÓ/RN SUB-BASIN: IMPLICATIONS OF LAND USE AND COVERAGE ON NATURAL RESOURCES

  • Líder : ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • JACIMÁRIA FONSECA DE MEDEIROS
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • Data: 22-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The adoption of the river basin as a management unit is in the appropriation of the system concept,since any change — whether natural or anthropic — can affect the elements that form the system.In this aspect, supported by the National Water Resources Policy in Brazil, the planning inhydrographic basins is necessary for the analysis of the evolution of the productive activities andthe modifications of the soil-occupation patterns. Under this bias, the present work analyses theGramació river sub-basin for understanding and discussing the processes arising from the use andcoverage of the land over the natural resources of the sub-basin. The studied area comprises34.32 km2 covering the municipalities of Vila Flor and Canguaretama — both located in themicroregion of the southern seaboard of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Norte — which maineconomic activity is the sugar cane monoculture. In this scenario, the present study identifies andanalyzes the implications on natural resources, specifically on water quality and forest coverage,as a result of land usage and land covering. For this, the methodology of this study involvedempirical and theoretical approaches. The first one was guided by the following themes: (I) landuse and coverage through class mapping, according to the Land Use Classification System (by theBrazilian Statistic and Geography Institute, IBGE), identifying 8 subclasses through the aerial andorbital images made in 2006 and 2011, allowing a quantitative and qualitative temporal analysis ofthe subclasses evolution; (II) morphometric analysis of the sub-basin that made it possible tounderstand the spatial arrangement of the drainage system and; (III) measurements of waterquality from both surface and groundwater sources measured by physical-chemical andmicrobiological laboratory tests, confronting the results with the standards established by thecurrent legislation. From the theoretical point of view, the hydrographic basin emerges as the maintheme of the research, bringing its concepts, the methodology for its delimitation and theconcerning legal aspects. Thus, concerning land usage and land covering, the results showed arealosses and area gains among the subclasses, highlighting the temporary crops as the mostexpressive. Parallel to this, the change in the criteria for the delimitation of Permanent PreservationAreas (PPAs) regulated by the New Brazilian Forest Code showed a regression in the issue ofprotecting surface water bodies. Regarding water quality, Gramació River’s samples showedseasonal and local variation due to the introduction of substances into the aquatic environment,through the discharge of domestic effluents and the contribution of leachated sediments from thesoil in the area. Regarding groundwater, variations in quality are due to infiltrations of domesticsewage through the septic and “black" cesspools located at the urbanized area in the Gramacióriver sub-basin — Vila Flor city, which lacks a sewage system. The results contributed to theelaboration of a cartography that spatializes the current state of surface water and groundwaterquality, as well as land usage and land covering patterns and their implications over the vegetation covers.

11
  • RICARDO RAYAN NASCIMENTO ROCHA
  • .

  • Líder : EDNA MARIA FURTADO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EDNA MARIA FURTADO
  • MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • SHAIANE VARGAS DA SILVEIRA
  • Data: 23-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The tourism phenomenon, as an activity that has produced its "geographies" for its happening, has a socio-spatial dynamics that produces new developments in the use of the territory and, consequently, in the geographic space. This is due to the inherently economic logic of this activity in the process of appropriation of the landscape, as well as the singularities (social, cultural, environmental, etc.) of the place for the materialization of tourism. However, although it is an activity that is associated with the paradigm of sustainable development, that is, as an alternative in the harmonious reconciliation process between man and the environment, thinking about environmental impacts - this is related to other economic activities - there is a complex of contradictions see the ideological discourse that underpins tourism. In this perspective, we aim to analyze the process of territorialization of tourism in the Marinha do Parnaíba Delta (PI-MA), seeking to understand the intentionalities of this tourism activity in the use of the territory. For this, we adopted, as a methodology, a bibliographical survey of both geographic literature, as well as other related areas, as well as a documentary research, as primary data for the initial construction of the narrative proposed here. At the same time, we conducted semistructured interviews with the traditional communities and ICMBio, important figures for the process of territorialization of the Marinha Delta Delta of Parnaíba. Therefore, the results obtained point out that for the tourism phenomenon to occur in the Parnaíba Delta, especially in its RESEX, this makes other uses of the territory invisible, such as the extraction of crab tasting and artisanal fishing. That is, the use as shelter does not enter as an element in the process of tourism, to the detriment of the use as a resource by Tourism. With this, we observe that the territorialisation of tourism in the Delta is exclusive, if not contradictory, thinking of the absence of impacts on local development and income generation for the traditional communities of the Marinha Delta Delta of Parnaíba. This basic contradiction evidences the need to rethink tourism through other perspectives, as an instrument of territorial affirmation for the communities included in the RESTA Marinha Delta do Parnaíba and thus demonstrate new possibilities for tourism in the local context.

12
  • IVANIZA SALES BATISTA
  • .

  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JULIANA FELIPE FARIAS
  • LIDRIANA DE SOUZA PINHEIRO
  • RODRIGO DE FREITAS AMORIM
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • Data: 26-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The coastal regions are space quite dynamics and complex whose morphogenesis is conditioned by both global and coastal dynamic. Their physical and genetic peculiarities present high natural fragility, accentuated by degree of anthropogenic interference and conditioned by environmental resilience. The construction of urban infrastructure overlapping dune fields and associated ecosystems destabilizes the equilibrium between flux of matter and energy and leads to the conformation of problems sociospatial and the degradation of coastal areas. It is in this context that the Jenipabu's Environmental Protection Area, situated in Rio Grande do Norte - which belongs to the group of unity of conservation of sustainable use -, allows the direct use of its resources and potentialities, increasing the probability of degradation of its ecosystems, in accordance with the use and the ways of land occupation. Characterized by the diversity of its physical-natural aspects, highlighting ecosystems of beaches, dunes, mangroves and tabuleiros. It has its economy based in the fishing, subsistence farming, agribusiness and tourism, the latter being of great expressiveness local and responsible by significant alterations in the dynamic and landscape acceptance. Therefore, this research searched apprehend the landscape changes from human occupation in one unity of conservation, presenting as general aim to analyse the consequences of the process of de soil occupation in the Jenipabu's Environmental Protection Area. We have established our research in bibliographical and field researches, cartographical productions, application of the method of classification by visual interpretation and in the geosystemic analysis of the landscape units and of the local dynamicity. It is verified in the Jenipabu's Environmental Protection Area one incisive pressure and investments in the touristic and real estate sector, through the increase of the phenomenon of second home. However, the expansion of the urban space in coastal regions contribute to the onset of forceful changes in its geomorphology and dynamic of its processes, represented by redistribution of the dunes fields and deflation plains and the spatial decreasing of marine beaches and tabuleiros. Such changes, provided both in consonance with the proper natural dynamic of each geomorphological unity and consequence of the local anthropic actions. We can list also, the propagation of relevant impacts to the local ecosystems and the acceptance of different conflicts socio-spatial. The biggest challenge of the managers of the Jenipabu's Environmental Protection Area and the society as a whole is to search the conciliation between the use and occupation of the soil and the conservation of the dune ecosystems, restingas, beaches, lagoons, tabuleiros, mangroves, woods and further local natural resources. Therefore, it is emphasized the peculiar dynamics of the area under studying in detriment on local social practices that corroborate in relevant changes in the landscape and the misrepresentation of the coastal system. It is highlighted the importance performed by one participatory administration preoccupied with the conservation of its resources and the conflict mediation.

13
  • ELISABETE FERREIRA DA SILVEIRA GUILHERME
  • .

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • ADAUTO LÚCIO CARDOSO
  • Data: 26-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This work aims to contribute to the debate about the production of urban space from the socioeconomic and spatial reflections of the performance of real estate capital in the Planalto district, Natal – RN, from 2005 to 2017, according to the forms, functions, structures and processes observed in the transformations of the landscape of this neighborhood. Real estate incorporation, initially linked to the reproduction of capital through the satisfaction of the desires and needs of the most affluent class of society, is considered a major space producing agent worldwide. In Natal, from the 2000s onwards, the insertion of this capital into districts and regions of low differential income and socially peripheric of this municipality and metropolitan region, caused important changes in the landscape, in the form of use and occupation of the soils and in its socioeconomic situation and spatial dynamics. In the Planalto district, specifically, this was revealed mainly by the rapid growth of its population, commerce and services offered in the last decade, leading us to assume that such transformations contributed significantly to the production of a space inserted in the new Brazilian urban peripheries. Theus, we seek to investigate the profile of this real estate agent in the district of Planalto, the aspects of real estate development implemented and interpret the socioeconomic and spatial effects of this action in the production of this space. The research used bibliographic review, research of primary and secondary data in public and private agencies, field records, interviews with landowners, real estate agents who have worked or still work in the study space and representatives of public agencies. The spatial socioeconomic repercussions of real estate agency in this neighborhood point to the fictitious increase of the value of that space embedded in the process of capitalization of the periphery, instigated by the creation of a fetish around the housing that surpasses the value of use and immerses significantly in the value of the exchange, supported by the symbolic field that socially "capitalizes" the human experience by the place of residence, presently as a “club condominium” which carries aspects that “bourgeoisify” social contemporany living.

14
  • JORDANIA ALYNE SANTOS MARQUES
  • THE TERRITORIALITIES OF THE FESTA JUNINA IN CAMPINA GRANDE-PB

  • Líder : ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • THIAGO ROMEU DE SOUZA
  • Data: 27-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The festival has exercised an important role in the dynamics of the cities since the ancient Greece when the man gathered to celebrate the fertility of the soil, worshiping the protector deities of the plantations (DEL PRIORE, 2000). Therefore, by its intermedium becomes favorable the multiples occupations in the city (GWIAZDZINSKI, 2011). About this point of view, this dissertation has as central objective to comprehend the territorial appropriations mediated by social practices and subjective representations in the Campina Grande's festajunina in Paraíba. In order to reach such finality, we seek theoretical grounding in the dialogical pair territory/territoriality based on Haesbaert's postulates (2014), Paula (2011), Bonnemaison (2002) and Dozena (2009). The procedural methodological procedures were based in the qualitative approach, making use of the countryside diary, participatory observation, newspaper and periodicals library, interviews, open dialogues, virtual netnographic/etnographic, photographic and video recordings. In face of this, we identify the territorialities established by the festival people, institutions, public authorities and private initiative, in the neighborhood festivities, religious celebrations, in the centre of the city and in the Parque do Povo. Consequently, such results allow the comprehension that even in the midst of mercantilism which happens in the Parque do Povo, the neighborhoods Bela Vista, Bodocongó, Distrito Industrial, Dinamérica, Jardim Quarenta, Nova Brasília e Santo Antônio resist in face of the business logic through the eucharistic celebrations, novenas, kermis, donkey racing, musical presentations and quadrille.

15
  • HUGO AURELIANO DA COSTA
  • .

  • Líder : MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EDNA MARIA FURTADO
  • MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • RODRIGO ALONSO FIGUEROASTERQUEL
  • Data: 28-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Tourism generates a large amount of fixed and flows that reverberate in the space establishing diverse connections and spatial interactions, altering the form-content of the places through the territorializations of the agents that act in the tourist segment. Through public and private investments, this activity assumed great importance in terms of spatial and economic transformations in the city of Natal, the capital of Rio Grande do Norte, in the context of the productive restructuring observed in the last phase of capitalism's expansion. Tourism redefined the participation of this municipality in the international division of labor and established the establishment of new networks between Natal and the global economic space, as well as in the intra-regional and local space. The objective of the present study is to analyze how the flow of tourists, the means of lodging and the workers of the tourist segment contributed to the constitution of new geographic networks in Natal, providing new interactions and spatial connections. The conceptual binomial of territory-network (HAESBAERT, 2006; FRATUCCI, 2008) will support the study. The research procedures involved the collection of data in various government agencies and institutions, such as Federal Revenue Service, SETUR / RN, CADASTUR and BNB, on the origin and evolution of the lodging facilities; Fecomércio / RN and the Ministry of Tourism obtained information on tourist flows; for the apprehension of the origin of the capital of the means of lodging and of the networks / groups of the lodging sector data was collected in the Federal Revenue. We also conducted interviews with companies in the lodging sector that are part of hotel chains to obtain data related to the dwelling places of the operational workers. Given the nature of the study, several maps were made with the purpose of spatializing the fixed and identified flows. In addition to the external networks provided by the flows of tourists and capitals, this study shows the intra and interurban flow of Natal, identified through the movement of workers in the lodging sector and tourists who move to visit the attractions in the pole tourism Costa das Dunas. In this way, it has been demonstrated that, with the expansion of tourism, Natal becomes connected, based on zonal and reticular logic, with other places through the new networks established in global, regional and local spaces from the tourist activity. At the local level, the use of the territory by tourism alters the spatial and economic structure of the areas in which this activity is inserted, as well as in the peripheries and neighboring municipalities.

16
  • LUIS FELIPE FERNANDES BARROS
  • .

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • SEDEVAL NARDOQUE
  • Data: 30-abr-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

17
  • JAQUELINE DE ARRUDA CAMPOS
  • BETWEEN THE URBAN AND THE RURAL: AN ANALYSIS OF PERIURBANIZATION IN THE METROPOLITAN REGION OF NATAL-RN


  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • LEANDRO PAIVA DO MONTE RODRIGUES
  • Data: 30-may-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The studies concerning the urban theme are widely debated in the Human and Social Sciences, resulting in a variety of analyzes. However, what has been observed is that a considerable part of these urban studies has been developed thinking urbanization as a phenomenon restricted to the perimeters of cities or metropolitan areas demarcated administratively, and not as a process that transcends these political-administrative limits and modifies all relations between what is conventionally called field and city. There is a predominance of a dichotomous vision between the countryside and the city, which considers the city to be totally urban and the countryside totally rural. However, contrary to this view, there are periurban areas that are conceived as those where there is an intense coexistence of rural and urban elements, and the existence of too many conflicts due to the diversity of activities present in these places. In this perspective, the present research aims to understand periurbanization in the Metropolitan Region of Natal (RMN), located in Rio Grande do Norte, identifying its areas of occurrence, highlighting its singularities, as well as its causes and consequences. Therefore, in addition to the bibliographic review in the light of authors who contributed and contribute to the understanding of the subject, an analysis of the RMN satellite images was carried out, together with the data of the situation of the census tracts of IBGE (2011) and field trips in some areas of RMN, allowed the discussion of the concept of periurbanization and the presentation of its materiality in RMN. In addition, field work was carried out in the periurban areas, interviews were carried out and questionnaires were applied to the inhabitants, with the purpose of examining the strategies of land use and occupation, discussing how capital has reproduced and investigating the consequences of periurbanization, considering the appropriation of infrastructure and public services in these areas

Tesis
1
  • ROSA MARIA RODRIGUES LOPES
  • .

  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • LINCOLN DA SILVA DINIZ
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • SIDNEY GONÇALVES VIEIRA
  • Data: 02-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The research now presented is centered in the study of the commercial dynamics of the traditional commercial areas in the context of Natal’s production of urban space. The theoretical direction is landed in the theory of production of the space and in its concepts and analysis categories, but also in the concepts of city, urban and commercial forms. Based on the regressive-progressive method of Henri Lefebvre, it was started from reading of the object of study to make a description of the current moment, so that afterwards, it would be returned to the past, seeking to analyze the different moments, the processes and the agents that have delineated the materiality present. Finally, it is intended to resume the elucidated present to understand it in its contradictions and perspectives designed to the future. From the empirical point of view, it is reported to the production of Natal’s urban space to understand the recent processes that give meaning to a new commercial dynamic, with the insertion of new spaces to the city’s commercial practice at the same time that traditional commercial spaces remain in the city context. As methodology it was used bibliographical search in books and journals for the purpose of theoretical discussion, besides secondary data collection in many institutions and field research with the objective of undertaking systematic observations, interviews, as well as producing photographical material about the area studied. The thesis defended here is that even though in the process of production of the urban space in Natal the commercial activity has expanded to other areas of the city, such activity remained in the traditional commercial areas that contain the neighborhoods of Ribeira, Cidade Alta and Alecrim. The results indicate that this trade, specially retailing, of a high popular character, is remade in the context of expansion, modernization and diversification of city trade. From this combination of processes, there is, currently a center that traditionally has hosted the commercial activity and that maintains diverse conditions of centrality, its reference point. Underlying to these diverse conditions, there is, as a result, a dynamic that has been marking differently the trade in these neighborhoods. 

2
  • VITOR HUGO CAMPELO PEREIRA
  • .

  • Líder : LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DIOGENES FELIX DA SILVA COSTA
  • EDUARDO RODRIGUES VIANA DE LIMA
  • JOSE FRANCISCO DO PRADO FILHO
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • Data: 23-mar-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Considering the negative effects of forest fragmentation, alternatives have emerged that aim at the conservation of several biomes. Among these alternatives, we highlight the creation of ecological corridors by connecting forest remnants, increasing the connectivity of the landscape and providing significant gains in relation to biodiversity. Currently, the institutional projects for the implementation of ecological corridors in Brazil use a regional scale, focus only on the indication of areas for conservation and do not show how to connect such areas. For the establishment of ecological corridors are required multidisciplinary analyzes for the decision on the most appropriate routes to interconnect the forest fragments, in addition to a municipal work scale, since it is the smallest unit of territorial management and for offering a detail that allows the detailed evaluation of the elements that compose the landscape. In this context, Geography can provide important contributions, through the analysis of the integrated landscape and the use of modeling from Geographic Information Systems (GIS), making the decision making process more consistent from the conformation of Support Systems the Space Decision (SADE). The present research aims to develop a Spatial Decision Support System at a municipal scale with the aim of applying a concept / system of ecological corridor based on the perspective of integrated analysis of the landscape in the area covered by the Atlantic Forest biome. To do so, the methodology adopted is based on the modeling of the landscape from the Geosystemic approach and subdivided four stages: Analysis, Integration, Synthesis and Application. In the first stage, the forest fragmentation, the conservation and the risk of disturbance in forest remnants are analyzed. In the second stage, the criteria for composition of the four models created in the third stage are selected. These models are designed to indicate potential areas for the implementation of ecological corridors from the environmental perspective (potential for erosion), socioeconomic (costs, minor routes, land prices), legislative (areas protected by environmental legislation) and integrated (combination of elements environmental, socioeconomic and legislative). Based on these models, in the Application stage, interconnection routes denominated "Scenarios" were proposed, which will support the decision making in order to connect the forest fragments of the study area. The results indicated that the ecological corridor proposals of each scenario reflect different ways of analyzing the landscape. The proposed connection of Scenario 3 (legislative) presents good possibilities of application, due to the legal support for the protection of the areas used and the environmental and socioeconomic feasibility of these areas. The set of connection proposals of Scenario 4.4 (integrated without weight assignment) presented the greatest number of advantages compared to the parameters of comparison between the proposed Scenarios. However, the choice of one proposal to the detriment of the others depends directly on the objectives of the decision maker, who in turn must evaluate which of the proposals best suits their interests or also use SADE to carry out new tests to create other Scenarios of ecological corridors.

3
  • BRUNO GOMES DE ARAUJO
  • THE REGIONAL EXPANSION OF POWER NETWORKS OF THE UNIVERSAL CHURCH OF THE KINGDOM OF GOD

  • Líder : EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • IVANALDO OLIVEIRA DOS SANTOS FILHO
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • SYLVIO FAUSTO GIL FILHO
  • Data: 06-abr-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Pentecostalism became the most significant religious phenomenon in Brazil of the second half of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, reverberating in its structure social, cultural, political and economic. The Universal Church of the Kingdom of God (IURD), founded in 1977, by Bishop Edir Macêdo, although not apioneer,wasthemainprotagonistinthisprocess,producinganewdynamicof expansion based on in the development and integration of multiple networks of power that have conventional religious field by conquering spaces in the upper production of the urban economy, and in particular in the media industry, interacting strongly with the Brazilian regional reconfiguration put in each period. Glimpsing the spatial constraints of expansion and capillarization the core of the thesissoughttoshowthattheinstitutionalandterritorialdevelopmentoftheIURD in order to complete its the Brazilian territory, was structured adapted to the specific geographical conditions by the leadership of the Church (especially the expansion of technical information and circulation in the territory, and the normalization of the territory). In other words, the This thesis has always been attentive to the pace of social and technical marked the evolution of the differentiated integration process of the macro-regions Brazil, particularly in the period from 1990 to 2010, when the last frontier evangelism is crossed with its late, but intense presence in the North. The regional dispersion of the iurdianas networks was unveiled in the different infrastructural arrangements presented, amongthem,thenetworksoftemples,broadcasters,andpoliticalpartystructure. All these subsystems made it possible to overcome the contingencies imposed by heterogeneities of socioeconomic development in the Brazilian regions, thus facilitating the control and mobilization of the flow of people and information, as well as access to the most remote areas of the Brazilianterritory.

4
  • ALEXANDRE ALVES DE ANDRADE
  • .

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • JANE ROBERTA DE ASSIS BARBOSA
  • JOSEFA DE LISBOA SANTOS
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • SEDEVAL NARDOQUE
  • Data: 29-jun-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Internationalization is an element of the economy’s globalization process, acting in an increasing pace and intensity on the promotion and selective integration of territories. In agriculture, the explanations to this economic, political and geographical phenomenon is on the productive (re)organization of the territory, demanding new agricultural uses based on the commodities production. Our aim is to understand Rio Grande do Norte’s internationalization, from tropical fruit farming, in the context of globalization. This study is focused on the melon, cashew nut, banana, papaya and pineapple crops, intending to cover different productive segments of fruit farming.  Therefore, based on the assumption that the production of fruits in Rio Grande do Norte is an activity intended to regional markets’ food supply, mostly, European Union and North America, established with external transactions of standardization and control of food producer markets and the connection between production and consumption through a complex network in the movement of capital and goods in discontinuous territories. It is, then, possible to assess that the dynamics of Rio Grande do Norte’s fruit farming is characterized by agriculture internationalization from the changing on the core countries’ food safety understanding, controlling the food global markets, standardized by the imposition of good agricultural practices protocols.

5
  • MARÍLIA COLARES MENDES
  • -

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • ALEXANDRE SABINO DO NASCIMENTO
  • VIRGINIA CELIA CAVALCANTE DE HOLANDA
  • Data: 23-nov-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The purpose of this research was to analyze the urban interventions that act on the waterfronts and that restructure the surroundings of the port area of the city of Fortaleza from the production of the space. We assume as a temporal cut the beginning of the 21st century, and more specifically, the years 2000 to 2017. We start from the thesis that urban policies are directed to privileged spaces of the city, in this case, the waterfronts that correspond to the section of the avenue Beira Mar. In order to understand the phenomenal experience of the empirical cut, we are supported in the theoretical contributions fomented by the regressive-progressive method, which allowed us to understand the production of the urban space of the Fortaleza waterfronts contextualized to a totality. However, based on this method, it was possible to resort to historical processes to unravel the current dynamics, when, during the second half of the twentieth century, the coastal area becomes one of the most valued and disputed in the city, making public power different interventions that culminated in the incorporation and urban renewal. Today, the segment comprising the Praia de Iracema, Meireles and Mucuripe districts is marked by a close relationship between real estate and tourism dynamics, characterized by the high price of urban land, the concentration of residential condominiums and high-standard hotels and the best access conditions services and urban infrastructure. At the same time, Fortaleza maintains an important peculiarity in relation to the occupation of its waterfronts, since it is characterized by a city that is intensely fragmented, segregated, plundered and denounces through its urban fabric the inequalities of all orders. In the current context of entrepreneurship in urban governance and the consolidation of strategic planning, we understand that these urban interventions are a trigger for real estate development, in the same proportion that the State creates and modernizes new urban and tourist facilities, such as the Maritime Terminal of Passengers, the Ceará Aquarium and the Fish Market. These projects meet the ideas of "requalification" of central urban areas and water fronts that have already been realized in other cities around the world, such as those experienced in the experiences of American cities, the Iberian peninsula (Portugal and Spain) and the pioneering projects in Brazil. We highlight in our investigation the projects that are currently being implemented and implemented in the waterfronts and which point out a new urban proposal for the city of Fortaleza. We find through the research that investments in large projects are linked to urban renewal in the city of Fortaleza and are given in the production of an environment built for the interests of large private agents, which intensifies and sharpens socio-spatial disparities in the city. For the realization of a project such as Nova Beira, we identified some intentionalities related to the de-bureaucratization of the private sector's activities and changes in legal purposes in order to create new equipment or to modernize those already existing. New interventions are designed and implemented to foster the competitive insertion of the city into the global economy, generating new conflicts and forms of resistance.

2017
Disertaciones
1
  • FRANCYJONISON CUSTÓDIO DO NASCIMENTO
  • AFFECTIONS IN FRAMEWORK: THE DISCOURSES ABOUT THE EXPERIENCES OF SENSE OF PLACE IN THE LORD OF RINGS: THE FELLOWSHIP OF THE RINGS

  • Líder : MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • LEONARDO DOS PASSOS MIRANDA NAME
  • MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • Data: 16-feb-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Geography and Art interact since the beginning of the geographic science, but they came closer more vigorously during the Cultural Geography’s recovery process approach. The dynamics  of this renovation allowed geographers - especially those humanists - to work with symbolic codes and representations of the world by Literature, Photography, Cinema etc. Cinematographic works, in particular, have gained significance for a geographic analyses. Notwithstanding, different understandings about the Cinema and consequently about the ways to analyze it, brought to films their own statute, escaping from the mimetic notion that film is a copy of reality. Nowadays, then, it is postulated that the Cinema is a way to present the world and, therefore, it is imbued with discourses about space. The Cinema is an important subject for the studies on perception and experience within space, place and arising affections which are held under the landscape language's aegis. Based on these assumptions, the aim here is to analyze how place, in its phenomenological-existential conception, manifests itself in the film The Lord of The Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), discussing about the relationship between Geography and Cinema, about place, as well as about the concept of landscape. Along with the bibliographic search, the hermeneutics procedure shapes the analysis of specific frames taken from the film and also some of the characters’ lines. The Lord of The Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) presents a sense of place and experiences of the living in many and different environments, setting out a geographic discourse of an anti-modernist content.

2
  • INÉS ROSSO
  • .

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CIMONE ROZENDO DE SOUZA
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • ROSÂNGELA APARECIDA DE MEDEIROS HESPANHOL
  • Data: 20-feb-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

3
  • SONEIDE MOURA DA COSTA
  • .

  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • KÁTIA CRISTINA RIBEIRO COSTA
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • Data: 07-mar-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Being the binomial, commerce and city, indissociable, the production of urban space can be understood through commercial activity. Already the space influences in the production and location of the commerce. The research focused on the discussion of the process of urban expansion of Natal towards the North Zone and the path taken by the commerce in the emergency scenario of modern retail, located mainly in the avenues of Bacharel Tomaz Landim and Doutor João Medeiros Filho. Next to these avenues was developed a traditional commerce of little specialized stores and with the offer of merchandise of popular character, marked mainly by the garment segment, being spatialized in the Pompeia, Boa Sorte and Chegança Streets. These streets are the empirical object of the research, whose general objective is to analyze the dynamics of the commercial activities developed in the Pompeia, Chegança and Boa Sorte Streets in the context of the production of the urban space of the North Zone of Natal / RN-Brazil. The dissertation is based on bibliographical research, documentary and field research. From the theoretical-methodological point of view, the regressive-progressive method proposed by Lefebvre (1976) was adopted whose research perspective is organized in three moments: descriptive; analytic-regressive and historical-generic. Each moment of the method served as the basis for structuring the dissertation. In the first section, the commercial description of the commercial activity in Natal/RN was carried out by administrative area, especially in the streets studied, using the landscape as a reference. The glance turned to the description of the commercial landscape that in times of old were thought and constructed by the capitalist representations materialized through hegemonic actions, that is, the space conceived. In the second section, perceived space was contemplated, with the dating of past moments imprinted on the landscape in order to identify social coexistences, seeking to evidence the representation of what is situated between the built space as a reflection of hegemonic actions and that created and seized by the social agents of / in place. In the third section, the trends for the Pompeii, Chegança and Boa Sorte Streets on commercial growth were discussed. In this case, it is an exercise in the interpretation of social practices about space and the subjective capture of the rhythms and meanings of everyday life permeated by commerce in the streets studied. The commercial activity in Pompeia, Chegança and Boa Sorte has a physical and social proximity, because it meets the demand of local consumption and of neighborhoods close to them, and maintains a trustworthy clientele regarding the relations of purchase with the street merchant. Even though they are not configured as major corridors of passage in the North Zone, these streets constitute a locus of socio-spatial representation based on the logic of hegemonic reproduction and reproduction of life. Despite the economic crisis, which affects Rio Grande do Norte and causes high rates of unemployment, the Pompeia, Chegança and Boa Sorte trade presents growth prospects, especially in relation to informal commerce, as it constitutes a possibility to guarantee family incomes alternative.

4
  • RAFAEL FRANÇA DA SILVA
  • .

  • Líder : MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • IVAN DA SILVA QUEIROZ
  • Data: 16-mar-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present research contemplates the traditional commerce of foodstuff from Aglomerado Urbano Crajubar, located in the part south of Ceará State. This segment is going through a period of changes arising from the new competitive scenario that it was delineated with the arrival of establishments of global networks of commerce in Juazeiro do Norte. Front of the role played by global/worldwide unities, small retail merchants of food sector reaffirm new facets and reveal changes and permanence of new ways of acting. Therefore, the study aimed to analyse the traditional food commerce from Crajubar, in the context the hypermarkets(Atacadão Distribuidora, Maxxi Atacado, Hiper Bompreço and Assaí Atacadista) belonging to large global networks redefine the relation established between small merchants and local suppliers. It focused on the importance of commercial activity in the historical spatial dynamics of Juazeiro do Norte, Crato e Barbalha and in the current spatial configuration of urban aglomeration, highlighting the implications arising and promoted by global networks of trade. It was performed bibliographic study, documentary, historiografic and field studies through interviews with owners of retail establishments and to the main bodies involved in the commercial dynamics of Crajubar. The expansion of commerce in the aglomeration, mainly of Juazeiro do Norte, reveals the importance of this segment that encompasses a meso-reginal scale. The decade of 1990 constitutes a mark of the growth in the number of establishment retailer and wholesaler in Crajubar and of the consolidation of Juazeiro do Norte as the largest commercial emporium of aglomeration. With the introduce  global networks of commerce, in the first decade 21st century, the small markets, groceries, bodegas and  markets from Crajubar find themselves under the necessity of innovating, they are adopting change strategies to remain in the market. Present scenario of commercial segment in the cities of Crato, Juazeiro do Norte and Barbalha it is marked by resistance of small retailers in the face of the large global trading groups. Concomitantly, the new competitive relations established among small retailers, local suppliers and large global networks of trade demonstrate within technical advance and inside economic segment, Old and new forms of commerce coexist and relate to, (re)configuring and (re)defining spatial dynamics of the cities.

5
  • RAQUEL SILVA DOS ANJOS
  • .

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • SÔNIA DE SOUZA MENDONÇA MENEZES
  • Data: 17-mar-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In the state of Rio Grande do Norte, cassava cultivation occurs practically throughout the state, having importance even within the scope of its territorial formation process. The beneficiation of this root in the present day is directly associated with the intensification of the relations established between agriculture and industry, although still with little expressiveness, considering the specificities and the reality of Rio Grande do Norte. These relations were permeated by the process of productive restructuring and, given the current economic situation of Rio Grande do Norte, in view of the refutation of the economic processes in the territory, it can be affirmed that there were changes, mainly of a technical and organizational nature, in the sector Mandioqueiro of the state, thus conditioning, the restructuring of the space circuit of cassava production. This process occurred in a diffuse way, with permanences and coexistence of practices and social relations of production; But also to redefine the possibilities and scales of land use by the said productive space circuit, from the role that started to have mechanization, especially with regard to the processing of cassava. It is understood that the discussions about space production circuits are essential in understanding the centrality of the circulation as well as in the chain of the various stages of production. In this sense, circulation gains prominence, demonstrating the essential character of the flows for the realization of production. Thus, the objective of this work was to investigate the spatial circuit and the cooperation circles of cassava agroindustrial production in Rio Grande do Norte, especially regarding the processes of production, processing, distribution and consumption of manioc and its derivatives. The methodology adopted for the elaboration of this work was based on the revision and bibliographical research, documentary research, as well as collection and systematization of secondary data, through organs such as IBGE, SEBRAE-RN and FIERN. The field research was also an important methodological procedure, since it allowed to know, from the empirical basis, the different realities experienced by the agents that act in the spatial circuit of cassava agroindustrial production in Rio Grande do Norte. The analyzes carried out reveal the absence and / or inefficacy of public policies aimed at family agriculture, especially for the universe of producers linked to the space circuit of cassava agroindustrial production, as well as weaknesses and limits in the actions that could promote the strengthening and dynamics of the said productive space circuit.

6
  • IGOR RASEC BATISTA DE AZEVEDO
  • .

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MAGNO VASCONCELOS PEREIRA JUNIOR
  • Data: 17-mar-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The production of textile artifacts is spatially distributed in Rio Grande do Norte in a concentrated way in the Metropolitan regions of Natal and Seridó Potiguar. This last one has 49% of the total productive units of the State, emphasizing the branch of domestic artifacts (FIERN, 2017). The activity is concentrated in the interior of the region, especially in its western portion, in the municipalities of Caicó, Currais Novos and Jardim de Piranhas, whose productive structure is based on obsolete techniques and technologies, with the local or regional origin of capital and intensive use of cheap and low skilled labor. In view of the above, the present work has as central question: how can an activity with the characteristics of textile artifacts production in Seridó Potiguar be able to achieve insertion in the current dynamics of productive space circuits and coexist with the hegemonic technical systems of planetary order? In this way, the aim is to analyze the use of the territory by the productive space circuit textile, with emphasis on the production of domestic artifacts from the processes, dynamics and content of this in the region of Seridó Potiguar. For this, the territorial configuration of the activity in the Rio Grande do Norte is characterized by the identification of typologies of the spatial circuit of the textile production in its interior; It is discussed the evolution of textile activity in Seridó Potiguar considering the constitutive aspects of socio-spatial formation, norms and past forms-content; We try to understand the unity and circularity of the spatial circuit of the production of domestic artifacts based on the stages that are realized or are spatially interconnected in Seridó Potiguar; And the articulations undertaken by the agents in the constitution of cooperation circles are problematized. For the development of the research, a bibliographical review was carried out, mainly from Andrade (1981), Arroyo (2008), Azevedo (2007, 2013), Barrios (2014), Castillo and Frederico (2010), Furtado (1969), Marx (1990, 2011), Moraes (1984), Santos (2012) and Silveira (2010b). In addition, some theoretical and methodological procedures were used to collect and systematize data, based on the techniques of documentary research, field research - in which the application of interviews based on semi-structured scripts and forms was performed - articulated with a spatial descriptive statistical base.

7
  • ARLINDO FIGUEIRÔA ESCOBAR TEIXEIRA DE OLIVEIRA
  • THE RESEARCH NETWORKS OF DE OIL AND GAS SECTOR IN THE NORTH AND NORTHEAST: THE REFUTATIONS OF THE NETWORKS COORDINATED BY UFRN IN THE ST&I OF THE RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Líder : EDNA MARIA FURTADO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EDNA MARIA FURTADO
  • JOAO POLICARPO RODRIGUES LIMA
  • JOSE IVONILDO DO REGO
  • Data: 31-mar-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Cooperative Networks for Research, Innovation and Technology Transfer of the Oil and Natural Gas Sector in the North and Northeast Regions (N/NE Networks) were created after the promulgation of the Petroleum Law, through the CT-Petro CNPq/ Finep 03/2011 , in order to produce Science, Technology and Innovation (ST&I), and to train qualified human resources in the area of Oil and Gas (O&G), meeting the sector's demands in the North and Northeast federative units, directing resources for infrastructure, research grants, also articulating researchers from different institutions and companies in both regions. Of the 13 N/NE Networks formed, three were led by the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). Considering that the three N/NE Networks coordinated by UFRN caused refutations in the ST&I of the federative units of the North and Northeast regions, the present research has as central question: which are the refutations of the three N/NE Networks coordinated by UFRN in STI in the Rio Grande do Norte? Based on the hypothesis that these three N/NE Networks consolidated ST&I competences in the O&G area in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. We chose to analyze the impacts of the respective public policy of STI in Rio Grande do Norte, precisely because it is the main oil producing state in the North and Northeast, because it is there that the nodes of the three N/NE Networks are located and, consequently, as the place where the impacts were most intense. In order to solve the proposed central issue, we adopted some methodological procedures, in which we highlight: the bibliographical survey through academic works that approached the research networks, public policies of ST&I, O&G sector of Rio Grande do Norte and Networks N/NE; The field surveys at UFRN, campus Natal, where we visited the facilities expanded and built through resources from the N/NE Networks and other ST &I policies in the O&G area, in addition to conducting interviews with pre-structured scripts with the leaders of the three N/NE Networks and with other important actors; We use of ArcGIS 10.3 software to demonstrate the initial spatial configurations of the N/NE Networks and their successive reconfigurations; Secondary data collection through the Lattes Platform and the National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI), about the scientific, technological and innovative production of the participants of the three N/NE Networks inserted in the UFRN, with the purpose of measuring and analyzing the policy in Rio Grande do Norte. In general terms, the results showed that the three N/NE Networks produced ST&I and formed human resources in the state during the ten years of the policy, and that even after its end, researchers continue to develop such activities using the laboratories acquired and the knowledge obtained. Finally, we highlight that the three N NE Networks led by UFRN consolidated ST&I competencies in the O&G area in Rio Grande do Norte, considering that before to the Petroleum Law, none of the UFRN researchers who participated in the N/NE studied the O&G sector, and between its promulgation and the announcement, most of them were still starting their work in the area, but without adequate laboratories, articulations with researchers from other institutions and interactions with the productive sector.

8
  • CLÁUDIA EUGÊNIA LOPES DA SILVA
  • .

  • Líder : ANELINO FRANCISCO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANELINO FRANCISCO DA SILVA
  • JOSE ERIMAR DOS SANTOS
  • JOSE LACERDA ALVES FELIPE
  • Data: 31-mar-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

9
  • MAXIONE DO NASCIMENTO FRANÇA SEGUNDO
  • .

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • JOAO BOSCO ARAUJO DA COSTA
  • SEDEVAL NARDOQUE
  • Data: 12-abr-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Historically marked by differences social, land ownership concentration and struggle for land, the State of Rio Grande do Norte (RN) still preserves its agrarian trajectory as contradictory inheritances of exclusion in the countryside. Add to that the actions established by the State,  about the implementation of the agrarian reform policy, not much progress in the sense of allowing, first, the end of the monopoly of private property and then ensure the democratization access to land and restructuring of territorial dynamics in the State Potiguar. Being the agrarian reform an instrument able of ensure the social justice, the citizenship and better living conditions in the countryside, if fully implemented. We aim to analyze at a public policy from conception to execution, with emphasis on the process of implantation of the rural settlements, in the land structure, as well as, the socioeconomic results for families in rural areas. In this perspective, the results of the research permeate the discussion of the agrarian reform policy in Rio Grande do Norte from analyzes that evidence: a constitution of social movements and a territorialization of the struggle for agrarian reform; the institutional discontinuities that marked in its execution; the feasibility of the plots of rural settlements implemented; their impacts on the State and Municipal land loop and; the capacity of public policy in to guarantee social, economic and political autonomy for a demanding rural population. For that, the methodological method adopted grouped qualitative and quantitative procedures. Starting from extensive research and bibliographical review, in which, we seek to systematize theoretical presuppositions that deal with the use of the territory, the struggle for land and agrarian reform as a public policy. In addition, was performed the collection and compilation of secondary research data with the aim of representing - of space and time - the results of agrarian reform in the RN. Finally, the search results show that, despite the progress made, at all times of the agrarian question Potiguar, the agrarian reform policy was be implemented superficially and discontinued. It was not able to enable significant restructuring of the local land structure, neither nor did it allow the rural workers benefited to have guaranteed their full socioeconomic autonomy.

10
  • MOACIR VIEIRA DA SILVA
  • THE TERTIARY AND THE URBAN-REGIONAL CENTRALITY OF MOSSORÓ-RN

  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JOSE LACERDA ALVES FELIPE
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • VIRGINIA CELIA CAVALCANTE DE HOLANDA
  • Data: 29-may-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • It is a study that aims to understand the process of reaffirmation of the urban-regional centrality of Mossoró from the 1970s, with reference to commercial activity and the provision of services. This work has adopted as a train thought, the method of regressive-progressive analysis, formulated by Lefebvre; and as methodological procedures, the reading and the theoretical discussion of the concepts of urban space, region and centrality (key concepts); the analysis of historical and geographic texts that explain and contextualize the urban-regional centrality of the city of Mossoró; the collection, systematization and analysis of statistical data on this urban center and its region of influence; as well as research and field investigations. It is structured in three main parts that deal with: socioeconomic and tertiary characterization of the city of Mossoró and its region of influence - established from the study of Regions of Influences of Cities (REGIC, 2008); the historical and spatial conformation of its regional centrality; the discussion of spatial relations and processes that reaffirm this city as a central urban space in the region. It was observed that Mossoró has been configured, from a historical, spatial and functional point of view, as an urban-regional centrality, continuously attracting, and due to its economic activities, various flows to its urban nucleus. In addition, it has been inferred that, since the 1970s, the concentration and diversity of service and business activities found in this urban space are elements that reaffirm the regional centrality of this city, because the flows that flow from this and to this center are mainly driven by the supply of tertiary activities.


11
  • CLEANTO CARLOS LIMA DA SILVA
  • SOLE RELIEF RELATIONSHIP FOR UNDERSTANDING THE EROSIVE PROCESSES OF THE RIO DOCE / RN HYDROGRAPHIC BOWL

  • Líder : ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • RAFAEL ALBUQUERQUE XAVIER
  • Data: 29-jun-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The catchment area of the Rio Doce is one of the most important basins for the supply of a significant portion of the population of the Metropolitan Region of Natal. In recent years, the Rio Doce basin has been affected by the urbanization process, through strong real estate growth in the Natal North Zone and mainly in the municipality of Extremoz and São Gonçalo do Amarante. The expansion of the Extremoz industrial district leads to inadequate land use, which further contributes to the development of erosion processes in certain areas within the basin. Already in the rural areas of the basin, the significant presence of small and medium farms leaves the terrain exposed to rainfall erosivity conditions. These interventions contribute to the acceleration of the erosive processes that end up influencing the pedological system that, consequently, will also affect the water conditions of the Rio Doce basin. This research aims to characterize the three - dimensional organization of the pedological cover present in the catchment area of the river Doce, as well as its relation with the erosive processes of the region. As a major factor for the analysis of erosive processes, this study addresses the relationship between relief and soil, starting from the idea that relief influences soil development and this in the evolution of relief. In order to carry out this research, we used the theoretical and methodological assumptions of Ab'Sáber (1969) and Ross (1990) for the compartmentalization of the basin in natural units and Ruellan & Queiroz Neto (1985) and Boulet (1993) . Three natural units were mapped in which positions were identified to identify the main soil characteristics of each unit. It was verified that the soils in the three units present great susceptibility to erosion, especially in the slopes near the beds of the Mudo, Guajiru and Doce rivers.

12
  • JOCILENE DANTAS BARROS
  • SPACE DISTRIBUTION AND QUALIFICATION OF THE VEGETABLE COVERAGE OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF NATAL, RN, BRAZIL

  • Líder : LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALFREDO MARCELO GRIGIO
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • Data: 30-jun-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The vegetal cover offers several benefits to society, but historically it has been suppressed by anthropic occupation in urban areas. The analysis of its distribution, quantification and qualification offers subsidies for the evaluation of environmental quality. The studies about the vegetal cover of the municipality of Natal are scarce, but research about this theme is important, because they make it possible to diagnose the current situation of this coverage so that intervention plans are applied in a more sustainable way. The objective of the research was to analyze the vegetal cover of the municipality of Natal from its quantification, qualification and spatial distribution. The methodological procedures consisted in the quantification and mapping of the distribution of the vegetal cover for the municipality of Natal and mapping the diversity of vegetal cover by visual interpretation in four neighborhoods, always from the classification of images of Google Earth PRO. It was verified that Natal has 4,626 hectares of vegetal cover, distributed in 15.3891 fragments. More than 60% of the vegetal cover area is located in the Environmental Protection Areas (ZPAs) of the city and 83% of the fragments have areas smaller than 100 m². It was verified that Natal presents a Vegetal Cover Index of 27.5% and 54.2 m² of vegetal cover for each inhabitant. In relation to the four neighborhoods selected for analysis of the vegetal cover diversity, it was verified that the neighborhoods of settled occupation, Cidade Alta and Petropolis, have a predominantly anthropic vegetal cover and a lower diversity of vegetal cover classes, 17 classes, while the neighborhoods in consolidation, Pitimbu and Pajuçara, presented a higher percentage of natural vegetal cover and a greater diversity of vegetal cover types, 40 classes. It is concluded that Natal still presents a significant vegetal cover, but poorly distributed over the territory, more concentrated and diverse in the peripheral areas, especially in neighborhoods with the presence of ZPAs, and more fragmented and anthropized in the central areas.

13
  • ALEXSANDER PEREIRA DANTAS
  • .

  • Líder : IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • ANIERES BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • Data: 31-jul-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The studies about city take different perspectives, among which is the theme of regional urban centrality. By choosing the City of Santa Cruz on an empirical basis, an investigation was developed, which, in general, aimed to analyze the relationship between the urban space production process and the regional centrality, and were specific to analyze the space production process urban; To examine the activities that underpin the regional centrality exercised by the city and to draw up cartography of the area of influence of Santa Cruz, according to segments of the services sector. The methodological procedures involved bibliographical, documentary and field research. The results indicate that social-spatial processes involving Santa Cruz have redefined their economic base, from farming to tertiary, highlighting its role as a regional center, based on trade and services activities, impelling a dynamic that involves a network of urban relations that has the city as a point of convergence. In this context, the expansion of the services segment was notable, especially with regard to public institutions that installed offices in the city and the installation of the campuses of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte - UFRN and the Federal Institute of Education Science and Technology - IFRN. Also, the construction of the Alto de Santa Rita Complex, which made the city a tourist destination, an event that contributed to the expansion of services, especially hotel and accommodation. In this context, the production of the urban space of Santa Cruz was boosted, being also notable its population growth, including with the urban population becoming predominant, and the expansion of its urban site, through occupation of areas that gave rise to new neighborhoods. From this perspective, it is possible to affirm that the manifestations of the urban in Santa Cruz redefined its spatial structure and extended its urban functions, through a plot in which the regional centrality was being strengthened and its radius of influence extended, reaching to extrapolate the limits of the potiguar territory.

Tesis
1
  • CHRISTIANO HENRIQUE DA SILVA MARANHÃO
  • -

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • WILKER RICARDO DE MENDONCA NOBREGA
  • KARLA ROSÁRIO BRUMES
  • MÁRCIA DA SILVA
  • Data: 10-feb-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The aim of this research is to analyze the main theoretic-methodological and conceptual trends existing in the studies on tourism brought about with the production of geographical knowledge (theses and dissertations) stimulated in the scope of the Brazilian programs of post-graduation stricto sensu in Geography. Alongside that, there is the possibility of identifying the scientific contents inside the geographical space and in its theory in the work of the geographer Milton Santos, verifying, with it, the meaning of a specific knowledge in Geography to the construction and validation of this science. The study is defined as descriptive-exploratory and possessing a qualitative-quantitative bias. In addition, it applies Bardin’s (2004), analysis of thematic contents indicated by Richardson (2008), besides the programs Wordle (cloud of words) and Pajek (network constitution). As an analytical support, one visits the way tourism gains materiality in Brazil since 1930, genesis of this activity in the country, added with the ordaining of the main theoretic-methodological contributions of the geographical science to identify the odds of the research. it is useful to mention that among a total of 63 stricto sensu post-graduation programs in Geography validated in the period of the researching, 44 presented 814 studies on tourism: 641 master’s dissertations and 173 doctoral theses, in a total of 35 superior education instances. Given these data, Geography studies tourism through the actions of tourism on the landscape, especially the natural ones, for the Brazilian tourism focuses particularly the natural resources behind the touristic displacements and trips. Through these actions, tourism eventually transforms landscapes in “products” and “merchandises” to be commercialized and consumed, in a process intermediated in every phase by the capitalist system. That is why the principal studies realized by the geographic science interpreting how the praxis of tourism in Brazil is organized vary due the economic biases, the focus on the geographic space, the impacts on environment, the yearning for sustainability and the consolidation of the social instance. A great number of these information are supported by the method of dialectical approach. The geographical science still endeavors to disclose the touristic phenomenon understanding it as a social phenomenon intrinsic to the development process. However, this kind of analysis is still minority, what justifies the negligible existence of researches of phenomenological trend. As a research subject, tourism does not need to be especially important to Geography. Along with other subjects, it only needs encouragement in function of the contribution it can give to help building a society more just in the coming future.

2
  • JOSÉLIA CARVALHO DE ARAÚJO
  • .

  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • LINCOLN DA SILVA DINIZ
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • VIRGINIA CELIA CAVALCANTE DE HOLANDA
  • Data: 10-abr-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This paper deals with the nature of urban centrality in Natal. It presents as a thesis assumption that the nature of urban centrality is diverse in its contents, processes and forms, since it is the urban space permeated by equal diversity. It aims to explain the nature of urban centrality in Natal, considering the contents, processes and forms that constitute it, as well as the factors competing for its diversification. In order to reach the established goal, Henri Lefebvre's theory of Space Production seeks to understand the processes that have been unfolding in the urban context of Natal, from the 1980s to the present, from a dialectical perspective. It is as an aid to the reading of reality, it is based on important theoretical contributions concerning the theme of urban centrality, urban space and tertiary economy; it’s not neglecting the academic production on the subject, and on the City of Natal, from examining documents that also deal with the history of the city, official files with public agencies, databases, field research, interviews with public managers and leaders of organized civil society organizations. As a result of the investigative process, he explains that the nature of urban centrality in Natal is diverse and multicentric. Diverse, for having been revealed several dimensions of centrality, according to the nature of its contents: historical, cultural, symbolic, ideological and economic; It’s being the economic dimension of urban centrality prominent in urban space, and being permeated with the others, given that the city is a place of exchanges, in which the economic one becomes prominent, and presides over the production of the urban space. Multicentric, by the various urban centers that have been conforming since the formation of the nucleus of the historical center of Natal to the present, with the new centralities, resulting from the process of expansion of the modern tertiary in the city.

3
  • EDUARDO ALEXANDRE DO NASCIMENTO
  •  THE DISPARATE PRODUCTION OF THE PROGRAMA MINHA CASA MINHA VIDA IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE / RN: AN ANALYSISCOMPARISON OF POPULAR HOUSING IN DIFFERENT URBAN CONTEXTS

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • EVERALDO SANTOS MELAZZO
  • VIRGINIA CELIA CAVALCANTE DE HOLANDA
  • Data: 30-may-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The production of the built environment on a large scale, in the form of villas, promoted by the Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida (PMCMV), has generated a set of positive and negative results in several cities of Rio Grande do Norte (RN). Among these results it is possible to highlight the transformation of the landscape and the configuration of urban spaces; the dynamisation of the economy and generation of jobs; the implications about the housing shortage and living conditions of low-income families; and a series of problems sociospatial such as, real-estate speculation, the rising price of land and housing, towards suburban areas, residential segregation and the level of indebtedness of low-income families. Before the extension of the clipping space defined a priori (the territory of the RN), the large heterogeneity of its urban and bounces unequal of the Program in the territory, we chose to arrange it in three cutouts smaller spaces to better operationalize the research from the methodological point of view: the Região Metropolitana de Natal (RMN), Mossoró, in the particular condition of the average city and the smaller towns of the state. The definition of such cutouts is a methodological tool developed with a twofold objective: 1) to work around the large heterogeneity of the urban of the state, putting a significant variety of cities with common characteristics within the cutouts larger spatial and more homogeneous, in order to operationalize better the development of the analysis on a large universe of empirical situations; 2) demonstrate how the Program spatializes, with their results and contradictions, in the different form in each set of cities, leading to consequences sociospatial, exceedingly varied. This highlights the power quota of the pre-existing conditions of each urban context the site, while important determinant of the results of the Program in the RN and defines, therefore, the hypothesis of the thesis proposal of this work. This posits that each of these cutouts is not a mere reflection of reality, they interfere in the social processes as a whole, and, therefore, on the core aspects of the Program, such as in the predominance of the type of income range; in the value of housing; the location of the enterprises; on the type of financing for acquisition of housing; the quantity of the enterprises; on the results of the reduction of the housing deficit; and in the structural quality and aesthetics of buildings and settlements. Thus, the central goal of the present work is to analyze the process and the results of the uneven development of PMCMV on the urban reality of the RN, from the influence of the contents of the particular three urban typologies distinct. In order to reach this goal we have opted for the combination of methodological approaches related to theoretical and secondary data collection, emphasizing essentially the character and the general aspects of the object in the screen, and methodological approaches of empirical-quantitative, focusing on the collection of hard data in place, in order to provide tangible information, essential to the understanding of the materialization of unequal PMCMV in the framework of urban RN.

4
  • EUGÊNIO RIBEIRO SILVA
  • .

  • Líder : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • ANGELO MAGALHAES SILVA
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • REGINA DULCE BARBOSA LINS
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • Data: 21-jul-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In the field of urban space production, an important valuation strategy and a permanence of urban voids for real estate speculation. In addition to the classic information of urban voids, other forms of emptying appear in cities all over the world. Therefore, this work aimed at constructing a typology to analyze the process of emptying in its various nuances, such as brownfields, greyfields and greenfields. In addition, other terms are used to analyze the process of emptying, especially in the central areas of the cities: underutilized real estate, unused real estate, property not built and real estate in ruins. Using the typology of urban voids, it was possible to characterize each type of urban emptiness, making it possible to elaborate explanations based on theory, about its role in the real estate dynamics of the city of Natal. As a counterpoint, we analyzed the case of the city of Porto, Portugal, where it has sought to minimize the abandonment and degradation of the central areas with urban rehabilitation policies. By means of on-site visits, with photographic survey and observation to map the types of voids, as well as through semi-structured interviews with agents from the public and private sectors, it was possible to better visualize the effects of urban voids in cities on canvas, as well as ongoing processes for rehabilitation of core areas. A context as difficult as what is needed, therefore, needs to be tackled. However, it is necessary to develop urban rehabilitation that takes into account the interest of the less favored population, in order to avoid gentrification.

5
  • EDSEISY SILVA BARBALHO TAVARES
  • TERRITORY’S USES AND POTIGUAR URBAN NETWORK

  • Líder : ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • ADRIANA MARIA BERNARDES DA SILVA
  • MARIA ENCARNAÇÃO BELTRÃO SPOSITO
  • Data: 29-sep-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Rio Grande do Norte’s urban network has been restructured without any current deadline for changes related to the expansion of transportation and telecommunications engineering systems. For the dissemination of modern productive forms, in addition to the polarized regions, as well as the distribution of retail commercial networks and non-material forms of production, such as banking, cards and educational services. As the new uses of the state territory are realized, they increase the complexity of the urban network configuration. In this sense, our goal is to understand the urban network of Rio Grande do Norte in the technical-scientific-informational period, understanding that the advancement of this new way in the territory promotes its restructuring due to the superposition of networks that breaks any logic based on a rigid hierarchy. In order to do so, we sought to know the set of materialities and geographically actions in the state territory, from the diffusion of the technical-scientific-informational means, especially from the 1990s, as well as to understand the main changes occurred in the state territory from that period, Identifying and analyzing the main networks that cohabit and restructure the urban network in this period of time. The analyzes allowed us to consider that the changes occurred in the urban network from the technical-scientific-informational mean are of several orders and make it increasingly complex and differentiated. Previously, we could observe a network of interactions between the cities of the state that for a good part of the activities, even those more daily ones, maintained a situation of dependence in relation to the centers that exerted some level of centrality. In the current context, the Rio Grande do Norte’s territory use, given a certain density of technique, science and information, keeps the classic hierarchy in some networks, but coexist with these, networks with diverse hierarchies, whose flows are redirected even to local cities. Thus, as cities of Rio Grande do Norte participate in more than one network and in different scales simultaneously, with different functions and roles in each one of them.

6
  • PABLO RUYZ MADUREIRA ARANHA
  • .

  • Líder : ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • JOAO MENDES DA ROCHA NETO
  • SÉRGIO RICARDO DA SILVEIRA BARROS
  • Data: 11-dic-2017


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This paper defends the thesis that there are no territorial policies in Brazil. By
    territorial policies it is understood that they are the ones that seize the territory as a
    fundamental element. For this, the notion of totality is necessarily the postulate of the
    territory, and the whole is its foundation. Based on this, it considers that the public
    policies of the Federal Government are elements of the territory. Therefore, public
    policies must be formulated from the problems and demands of the territory, not the
    other way around: to think of the territory based on public policies. It is based on the
    hypothesis that in Brazil there is only one way of thinking about the relationship
    between public policies and territory: the territory is always thought from public
    policies and at the expense of public policies, that is, it is thought that the public
    policies in the territory, rather than thinking of public policies based on territory. The
    general objective is to prove this unique thought, whose biased understanding of the
    territory causes generalized eminently geographical situational blindness. This
    geographical blindness would not only be a matter of public policy, but of the entire
    structure of governmental planning in Brazilian federalism. Specifically, it aims to
    demonstrate that it is possible to exercise the analysis of federal public policies from
    the concept of place in the Miltonian perspective and, also, from the concept of
    planning in the Matusian strategic perspective. Finally, it aims to demonstrate, above
    all, that there are no territorial policies in Brazil. As a result, it can be concluded that
    the lack of territorial policies in Brazil is a consequence of the theoretical problem of
    the geographical blindness of the governmental planning of Brazilian federalism,
    which aims only to refute public policies in the territory, without considering the place
    (es), where these policies take place. The main cause of this originates in the
    theoretical foundation, a geography based on the notion of political territory instead
    of the concept of place.

2016
Disertaciones
1
  • KELLIA DE OLIVEIRA BEZERRIL
  • .

  • Líder : ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • JOSIEL DE ALENCAR GUEDES
  • Data: 04-feb-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

2
  • HIRAM DE AQUINO BAYER
  • PELOS CAMINHOS DE UM LABIRINTO: REFLEXÕES SOBRE AS TERRITORIALIZAÇÕES DO MEDO NO BAIRRO DE CANDELÁRIA, NATAL-RN

  • Líder : EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • ROGÉRIO HAESBAERT DA COSTA
  • Data: 22-feb-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A cidade é um labirinto complexo. Elementos simbólicos, materiais e imateriais o compõe e condicionam as práticas daqueles que enveredam por seus caminhos. A vivência dentro deste labirinto urbano é mediada pelas percepções dos indivíduos em sua relação com outros e com o espaço. Dentre os vários elementos que podem influenciar essa percepção, destacamos o medo do crime – sentimento que se torna fenômeno na medida em que se mostra na realidade da cidade, em seus lugares e nas práticas espaciais de seus habitantes. Nas múltiplas territorializações que dinamizam e tornam o espaço citadino plural, o medo do crime emerge enquanto agente de territorializações que, a cada dia, ganha mais protagonismo nas dinâmicas urbanas. A presente dissertação tem como objetivo central refletir sobre a dimensão espacial do medo considerando sua territorialização, cujas manifestações adquirem formas visíveis e discursivas, materiais e imateriais, no bairro de Candelária, localizado na Zona Sul de Natal-RN. Ancorados em metodologias da pesquisa qualitativa em Geografia, a dinâmica urbana de Candelária passa a ser tramada a partir do campo de forças que se estabelece entre o medo do crime e seus habitantes. Desta tensão emergem as territorializações do medo que apresentam seus desdobramentos em escalas variadas, que afetam do corpo de indivíduos ao próprio substrato material do bairro. Desta dinâmica, diversos processos surgem refazendo, sem cessar, a configuração do labirinto urbano de Candelária, criando muros simbólicos que condicionam as trajetórias dos indivíduos por seus espaços.

3
  • DIÊGO RODRIGUES DA SILVA
  • .

  • Líder : ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • ANTONIO ALFREDO TELES DE CARVALHO
  • Data: 04-mar-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

4
  • JANIO CARLOS FERNANDES GUEDES
  • COMPARAÇÃO DE ÍNDICES DE VEGETAÇÃO NO MAPEAMENTO DA COBERTURA DA TERRA NO SEMIÁRIDO: ESTUDO DE CASO NO MUNICÍPIO DE MARTINS/RN.

  • Líder : LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • PAULO CESAR DE ARAUJO
  • BARTOLOMEU ISRAEL DE SOUZA
  • Data: 29-mar-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • COMPARAÇÃO DE ÍNDICES DE VEGETAÇÃO NO MAPEAMENTO DA COBERTURA DA TERRA NO SEMIÁRIDO: ESTUDO DE CASO NO MUNICÍPIO DE MARTINS/RN.

5
  • GERALDA JULIET TAVARES DE SOUZA
  • USO DO TERRITÓRIO NA MICRORREGIÃO DA SERRA DE SANTANA A PARTIR DA INSTALAÇÃO DE PARQUES EÓLICOS

  • Líder : IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • ANIERES BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • Data: 31-mar-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O trabalho apresentado objetiva analisar o uso do território da Microrregião da Serra de Santana a partir da implantação dos parques eólicos. Nessa perspectiva, buscou-se descrever o contexto histórico em que esta microrregião emergiu como área de produção de energia eólica, considerando aspectos relativos à escala internacional, nacional e estadual; identificar os discursos criados pelas instituições e pela sociedade local acerca da energia eólica; relacionar os elementos do espaço (meio ecológico, os homens, as firmas e as instituições) à produção de energia eólica em nível microrregional; avaliar as transformações dessa atividade no espaço urbano, considerando aspectos relativos ao comércio e aos serviços, e no espaço rural, no que se refere a estrutura fundiária e à renda da terra. Entre os aportes teóricos da pesquisa destacam-se as abordagens de Milton Santos sobre o espaço e seus respectivos elementos e território usado. Os procedimentos metodológicos utilizados foram: pesquisa bibliográfica e historiográfica; pesquisa documental; observação in lócus e entrevistas. Os resultados indicam que, a partir de 2010, com a adoção da politica nacional de investimentos em fontes alternativas de energia, uma nova lógica de uso do território foi inserida na microrregião a partir da instalação de parques eólicos. A definição dessa área como produtora de energia eólica está associada ao seu meio ecológico, especialmente às altitutes elevadas que podem atingir até 750 metros, que associadas aos ventos constantes fazem da Serra de Santana um dos pontos do Rio Grande do Norte com maior potencial para a instalação de parques eólicos. No que diz respeito às transformações promovidas por essa atividade no espaço urbano, ressalta-se que não se verificou o dinamismo esperado, apesar de certo crescimento no número de estabelecimentos comerciais e de serviços.Com relação ao espaço rural, não foram evidenciadas alterações significativas na estrutura fundiária, predominando as pequenas propriedades, mas a atividade gerou transformações na renda da terra, que se efetiva pelo arrendamento para fins de estudos e instalações de parques eólicos. Constatou-se, ainda, mudanças nas relações de trabalho, visto que, após a construção dos parques eólicos, os grandes proprietários de terra optaram por encerrar as parcerias com os pequenos agricultores, o que compromete a produção agricola historicamente realizada. Nesse sentido, a instalação de parques eólicos na Microrregião da Serra de Santana tem gerado contradições, de modo que somente uma minoria de pessoas é beneficiada pela atividade.

6
  • WANESSA DJANIS DE QUEIROZ SANTOS
  • RELAÇÃO ENTRE ELEMENTOS CLIMÁTICOS E AS INTERNAÇÕES POR DOENÇAS RESPIRATÓRIAS NOS MUNICÍPIOS DE MARTINS-RN E APODI-RN.

     

  • Líder : ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • JOSIEL DE ALENCAR GUEDES
  • Data: 05-abr-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A variação do comportamento dos elementos do clima e a sucessão de ritmos climáticos vêm sendo apontado com um dos fatores que influenciam nas condições de vida humana, principalmente no surgimento de doenças, como, as doenças respiratórias. Neste sentido, a presente pesquisa teve como principal objetivo analisar a influência dos parâmetros meteorológicos temperatura e pluviometria sobre o número de internações hospitalares por doenças do aparelho respiratório nos municípios de Martins-RN e Apodi-RN (2005-2008). Como principais procedimentos metodológicos, optou-se pela análise rítmica do clima de Monteiro (1971) e a análise estatística de correlação a partir do cálculo do coeficiente de correlação de Pearson. De acordo com as análises rítmicas, evidenciou-seo comportamento sazonal das internações, com o retorno habitual dos casos nos mesmos períodos do ano, no recorte temporal de 04 anos. Quanto aos testes de correlação, concluímos que no município de Apodi-RN há uma correlação positiva, muito fraca entre a pluviometria e o número de Internações (0,23), logo, conforme aumenta o índice pluviometria,o número de internações aumentalentamente. Os casos de Asma em Apodi-RN apresentaram correlação com a temperatura, em suas máximas (0,15) e mínimas (0,02). Já as internações por pneumonia apresentaram correlação com a pluviometria (0,02). No município de Martins não houve correlação significante para nenhuma das variáveis, tornando o número de Internações por doenças respiratórias indiferentes à pluviometria e a temperatura. Para os casos de pneumonia e asma, apresentaram correlação com a temperatura máxima, ambos com 0,03. Em suma, apenas as variantes climáticas não explicam o número de internações por doenças respiratórias nos municípios pesquisados, sendo necessária a investigação de outras causas socioambientais e de qualidade de vida da populaçãoque possam estar ligadas a reincidência dos casos.

7
  • ELIZABETE RODRIGUES GURGEL DOS SANTOS
  • O PROCESSO DE URBANIZAÇÃO E O USO AGRÍCOLA DO TERRITÓRIO NA REGIÃO METROPOLITANA DE NATAL/RN - 1990 A 2015

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • EUSTÓGIO WANDERLEY CORREIA DANTAS
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • Data: 29-abr-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Não são raros estudos sobre o rural e o urbano, a cidade e o campo, na Geografia brasileira. No entanto, analisar a urbanização enquanto um processo que ocorre em todo o território, e o rural e o urbano enquanto conteúdos que coexistem no espaço geográfico é desafiador. Assim, essa dissertação busca fugir da dicotomia, outrora empreendida nas análises do rural e do urbano, a partir de uma visão integrada do espaço, objetivando analisar o uso agrícola do território na Região Metropolitana de Natal e o processo de urbanização do mesmo. Para isso, elaborou-se um índice de urbanização a partir de variáveis pré-selecionadas que considera os diferentes níveis técnicos e permite visualizar as densidades da urbanização em cada município da RMN, de acordo com a realidade do estado, e proporcional ao tamanho da população e suas demandas. Dois dos municípios da RMN são considerados, pelo poder público e pelo próprio IBGE, como 100% urbanos. No entanto, a pesquisa de campo revelou a presença marcante do conteúdo rural nesses municípios e áreas em que o conteúdo urbano é rarefeito, com ocorrência de uso agrícola de parte desses municípios. Essa normatização traz consequências para os agricultores, que além de não terem acesso a algumas políticas e programas governamentais, por residirem em municípios 100% urbano, ainda não recebem assistência técnica, e, precisam pagar IPTU, quando, de acordo com a natureza da atividade desenvolvida e as características da localidade, deveria ser cobrado o ITR. Além disso, a atividade agrícola é responsável pela geração de muitos empregos na RMN, havendo municípios em que há um percentual considerável de trabalhadores vinculados ao setor primário, e também em grande parte dos municípios a terra utilizada para plantação e pastagens é bastante considerável, daí a importância de se estudar o uso agrícola do território na RMN. Com a pesquisa constatou-se que é no município de Natal onde é encontrado uma maior densidade urbana, já que é nesse município onde há uma maior materialidade desse conteúdo. O que pode ser atribuído tanto a demanda interna da população desse município, quanto a demanda gerada por outros municípios do estado, culminando na ocorrência de uma forte centralidade de Natal. Os municípios de Parnamirim e São Gonçalo do Amarante tem aumentado sua centralidade, sendo o primeiro, o segundo município com maior índice de urbanização. Contudo, mesmo com os maiores níveis de urbanização, há, nesses municípios, áreas de rarefações do conteúdo urbano e de densidade do conteúdo rural, que podem ser percebidos seja no modo de vida da população ou até mesmo na prática agrícola com características de ruralidades que comprovam a coexistência do conteúdo rural e urbano em um mesmo espaço. 

8
  • GERVÁSIO HERMÍNIO GOMES JÚNIOR
  • Recife Cinemática: As paisagens fílmicas em Amarelo Manga e Febre do Rato

  • Líder : MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CAIO AUGUSTO AMORIM MACIEL
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • Data: 17-may-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A paisagem urbana é constituída por múltiplas camadas de significados. Considerá-la como um texto, nos permite acessar o conteúdo simbólico por meio do qual as culturas, sejam elas dominantes ou alternativas, reproduzem suas normas, valores e concepções de mundo. Nessa abordagem metodológica a própria paisagem material, em todas as suas formas de expressão, configura-se como um texto que tem de ser detalhadamente lido e interpretado. Mas as evidências do significado das paisagens são encontradas também nos produtos culturais e estéticos da sociedade: nas pinturas, na literatura, nas músicas ou em filmes. Esses últimos têm um importante papel na estruturação das geografias contemporâneas. As cidades não servem apenas como mero backgrounds nos filmes, estas tornaram-se cidades cinemáticas, ao aderirem significado às paisagens das grandes cidades. Dentro desse contexto, a presente pesquisa procura analisar por meio da análise do discurso e de uma abordagem interpretativa, a Recife cinemática construída pelos filmes Amarelo Manga (2003) e Febre do Rato (2012), dirigidos pelo cineasta pernambucano Cláudio Assis. O trabalho busca assim ter acesso à imagem de Recife e aos significados expressos por suas paisagens fílmicas. 

9
  • ALLAN FERNANDES BEZERRA
  • .

  • Líder : ANELINO FRANCISCO DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANELINO FRANCISCO DA SILVA
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • ZENY ROSENDAHL
  • Data: 29-jul-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

10
  • FRANCISCO ARACILDO DE MOURA
  • .

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • JOSE LACERDA ALVES FELIPE
  • JOSE ERIMAR DOS SANTOS
  • Data: 29-jul-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

11
  • REGIVALDO SENA DA ROCHA
  • .

  • Líder : EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • AUGUSTO WAGNER MENEZES TEIXEIRA JÚNIOR
  • EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • HENRIQUE ALONSO DE ALBUQUERQUE RODRIGUES PEREIRA
  • Data: 05-ago-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

12
  • SUZETE CÂMARA DA SILVA FIGUEIREDO
  • .

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MARIA CLELIA LUSTOSA COSTA
  • Data: 06-oct-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • .

13
  • GEORGIA KÉRCIA DE MEDEIROS DANTAS
  • .

  • Líder : ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • MARIA FRANCISCA DE JESUS LÍRIO RAMALHO
  • RUBSON PINHEIRO MAIA
  • Data: 16-dic-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Environmental studies, such as physical-territorial planning, which need to take into account both the physical and environmental aspects, as well as the context of space occupation, are privileged by the geomorphological information collected in a given geographic region. The SIGs (Cartography Information System) are often responsible for Survey of the mentioned information, being part of the cartography Geomorphological. This in turn fits into this context as an important means Representation of the features of the terrestrial relief, which currently has resources for the collection, analysis and management of such information. Being thus, the present work aimed to perform the compartmentalization of the relief from a geomorphological study of the Riacho Santana-RN sub-basin, through use tools of GIS environments, such as remote (sensing / geoprocessing), using images from SRTM (NASA), images of Landsat 8, in addition to the geo-data database of TOPODATA. The main theoretical basis is the assumptions made by Ross (1992), Project RadamBrasil (1971/1981), in addition to the Technical Manual of Geomorphology (IBGE, 1994). All available for free and with little access. It was used as example a case study to show them how we can produce data used in geographic and geomorphological science. They were delimited in the I studied the first four taxa of the classification proposed by this author, having been possible to verify that the use of the materials and methods adopted was shown efficient, contributing to the drafting of the Compartmentalization Charter Geomorphology of the Riacho Santana-RN sub-basin.

Tesis
1
  • JACIMÁRIA FONSECA DE MEDEIROS
  • From the Systemic Analysis to the Serra de Martins: Theoretical-Methodological Contribution to the Altitude Swamps
  • Líder : LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUCAS COSTA DE SOUZA CAVALCANTI
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MARIA ELISA ZANELLA
  • RAMIRO GUSTAVO VALERA CAMACHO
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • Data: 16-dic-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Environmental systems must be understood as complex formed by its own elements (e.g., rocks, landform, soil, water bodies and land cover) and their processes and interactions, constantly driven by matter and energy flows. Thus, the present investigation used systemic metodologies aiming to identify and delimit the geoenvironmental units present at the Serra de Martins. This investigation is composed of six chapters, where at the first chapter it was established theoretical discussions of concepts designed in the light of systemic analysis, highlighting the theoretical and methodological evolution of the geosystemic theory. Furthermore, this chapter draw a discussion of the Altitude Swamps at the Brazilian Northeast region. At the second chapter, it was characterized the climatic traits of the Serra de Martins region aiming to compare and differentiate it from the surrounding regions. For achieving that, it was used the the last 30 years historical series of the temperature and precipitation at the counties of Antônio Martins and Martins. These data provide support to a posteriori water balance analysis. As a result, it was established that the Serra de Martins exhibits climatic characteristics influenced by altitude. In the third chapter, it was characterized the geological and geomorphological aspects of the study area, based on a survey of secondary data, cartographic and field works. It allowed the observation that the Serra de Martins is built on crystalline soils of various lithologies with the occurrence of concentrated sediment capping the flat areas of the Chapada. It was further concluded that the landforms present in the area are subject to different lithostratigraphic units and are classified in denudational and agradacionais units. The fourth chapter provides a characterization of the study area soils, which was based on the physical and chemical analysis of samples collected in 20 points. Furthermore, clustering statistical analysis was used in order to provide the soil groups. Thus, the discussion of the results has established the pedological compartmentalization of the study area into three groups: Depression area, Slopes and Chapada. In the fifth chapter it was based how is the soil occupation at the Serra de Martins region, were the following land cover classes were identified: Semideciduous Seasonal Forest, Savannah-Estépica Forested, Savannah-Estépica Tree, Permanent Agriculture, Temporary Agriculture, Soil Exposed, Urban area and water bodies. The above chapters were of fundamental importance to the development of the last chapter where geoenvironmental compartmentalization of the area was attempted and anchored in multivariate data analysis. Thus, in the study area, the following environmental units have been identified: facies 1: recessed surfaces Relief Plan Smooth Wavy in the Crystalline Basement with Savannah-Estépica Tree on Luvisols; facies 2: Lowered Surface Busy relief in the Crystalline Basement with savannah-Estépica Tree on Argissolos Red Yellow Eutrophic; facies 3: Escarpment Serranas of Busy relief in the Crystalline Basement with savannah-Estépica Forest on Litholic Neosols; facies 4: Tabular Surfaces Plan Relief in Basement Sedimentary with semideciduous forest on Latossolos Yellow Dystrophic; facies 5: Escarpment Serranas with relief Smooth Wavy in the Crystalline Basement with Savannah-Estépica Forested in Litholic Neosols; facies 6: Escarpment Erosive of Busy relief in the Crystalline Basement and Sedimentary Coping with semideciduous forest on Latossolos Yellow Dystrophic. Thus, based on the perspective of altitude swamps and taking in consideration the constituent elements and their interactions, it was possible to identify the facies 4 of the Serra de Martins must be understood and termed as Chapada de Martins Altitude Swamps.

2
  • LEANDRO PAIVA DO MONTE RODRIGUES
  • Rural Territories and Development in Rio Grande do Norte: Policy and Planning

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • BELARMINO MARIANO NETO
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • FERNANDO BASTOS COSTA
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • ROSALVO NOBRE CARNEIRO
  • Data: 20-dic-2016


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Brazilian rural is marked by direct conflict between the landowners and the workers (peasants), forming the basis of their socio-spatial formation. This conflictive relationship was fueled by the unleashing of the expropriation of rural workers from the 1960s onwards and the intensification of the outflow of population to the cities. The focus of investment by the state was on the cities and the countryside, on the other hand, remained with the structures untouched, based on the latifundio and monoculture. The agrarian conflicts drew attention to the problem of land and life on the land, pressing the Government to develop Public Policies that would serve the family farmers, and give prominence to social organizations. It was in this context that the Program for the Sustainable Development of Rural Territories (PRONAT) was created in 2003. The objective of this research is to analyze the Program of Sustainable Development of Rural Territories, as a State policy, from formulation to execution, taking as a Reference the development concept that structures the Program, the territorial character of development and its application in public policies, empirically focusing on the Rural Territory of Trairí / RN. It is based on the premise that the lack of institutionalization of PRONAT and territorial governance bodies makes it impossible to effectively participate in the decision-making public authorities and market agents. In this sense, the rural development policy has been established as a sectorized policy for the rural, maintaining the old structure for implementing development policies. The work was based on the experience of the author as territorial adviser of the Rural Territory of Trairí / RN. An analysis was made on the composition of the participants of the territories, the events held and the investments of PROINF. It is necessary to legitimize the territorial authorities as a space with decision-making power, composed of civil society, the State and the market agent. In order to do this, we must carry out a territorially based development.

2015
Disertaciones
1
  • Alberto Gutiérrez Arguedas
  • Território para Viver. Dinâmicas territoriais da comunidade quilombola de Acauã, Poço Branco, Rio Grande do Norte

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • ELDER ANDRADE DE PAULA
  • Data: 30-ene-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Desde finais da década de 1980 emergem na cena pública brasileira as comunidades quilombolas, constituindo-se como novos sujeitos coletivos e grupos étnicos, num momento histórico de significativas mudanças políticas nos conflitos e lutas sociais, tanto no Brasil quanto na América Latina como um todo. Tais sujeitos, portadores de características socioculturais e históricas diferenciadas, passam a agrupar-se sob uma mesma expressão coletiva (identidade) e a declarar seu pertencimento a um povo ou grupo e, nesse mesmo processo, se organizam em busca do reconhecimento e do respeito aos seus direitos, encaminhando suas demandas face ao Estado. As comunidades quilombolas e outras auto-denominadas ‘comunidades tradicionais’ buscam reafirmar suas diferenças como contraposição consciente a um projeto cultural colonizador e ressignificam suas memórias e tradições, que servem como referência na construção de projetos alternativos de produção e organização comunitárias. Uma das características distintivas desse processo de emergência política quilombola é o caráter territorial das lutas, que se manifesta pelo menos em dois sentidos: de um lado, a luta pelo reconhecimento jurídico-formal de um determinado espaço, ou seja, pela regularização e titulação dos territórios ocupados, considerando que a Constituição Brasileira de 1988 reconhece o direito destas comunidades à posse definitiva sobre as terras tradicionais. E por outro lado, a luta pelo reconhecimento de suas territorialidades num sentido mais amplo, não necessariamente restrito à área demarcada, mas referente ao reconhecimento de uma cultura e um modo de vida próprio, que se conformou historicamente nesses espaços. O presente trabalho busca compreender o processo de territorialização (luta pela afirmação territorial) protagonizado nos últimos quinze anos por uma comunidade quilombola em específico: Acauã, no município de Poço Branco, Rio Grande do Norte. Nesse período se vivenciaram importantes transformações na vida da comunidade que, assim, adquiriu visibilidade e se afirmou como um novo protagonista político. Acauã se auto-identificou como comunidade quilombola em 2004, o mesmo ano em que formalizou sua organização política, através da criação da Associação dos Moradores do Quilombo de Acauã (AMQA). Associado a isso, também em 2004, solicitaram ao Instituto Nacional de Colonização e Reforma Agrária (INCRA) a abertura do processo para regularização e titulação do território quilombola, o qual se encontra em fase avançada, porém ainda sem uma resolução definitiva.

2
  • JOYCE CLARA VIEIRA FERREIRA
  • Estudo dos depósitos sedimentares das praias de Cacimbinhas e do Madeiro, Tibau do Sul – RN, Brasil.

  • Líder : ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANTONIO JEOVAH DE ANDRADE MEIRELES
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • Data: 20-feb-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • As praias de Cacimbinhas e do Madeiro estão inseridas no litoral oriental do estado do Rio Grande do Norte, mais precisamente no município de Tibau do Sul. Diante dos indicativos de erosão na costa deste município e dos processos costeiros atuantes nas praias, buscou-se, como objetivo geral desta pesquisa, compreender a evolução do ambiente deposicional de Cacimbinhas e do Madeiro, além de caracterizar os ambientes pretéritos das praias por meio de análises sedimentológicas; identificar a idade dos sedimentos praiais por meio de datação absoluta com auxílio de técnicas utilizadas em estudos voltados para o período Quaternário; e desvendar a evolução paleogeográfica das praias de Cacimbinhas e do Madeiro. Para isso, o estudo está envolvendo pesquisa bibliográfica e de campo, ambas pautadas em trabalhos acadêmicos, leis, conceitos e teorias concernentes à geografia física, geomorfologia do quaternário, geologia sedimentar e estratigrafia. Dessa forma, os procedimentos metodológicos foram subdivididos em três etapas: Etapa pré-campo: onde estão sendo realizados os trabalhos de gabinete; Etapa campo: momento onde será realizada a aquisição das amostragens; e Etapa pós-campo: onde ocorrerá a análise e integração dos dados processados adquiridos ao longo da pesquisa. Sendo assim, foram apresentados alguns resultados parciais de uma prospecção preliminar realizada em dezembro de 2013, que teve por objetivo checar os depósitos sedimentares das praias e realizar uma breve caracterização dos mesmos. Portanto, pode-se dizer, de maneira mais ampla, que estudos voltados para as áreas costeiras são de grande importância, uma vez que, em todo mundo, a maior parte dos grandes sítios urbanos estão assentados sob depósitos de idade quaternária e, nesse sentido, a conclusão deste trabalho pretende contribuir para o conhecimento da dinâmica sedimentar destas praias e, gestão e planejamento desta área que está voltada, principalmente, para o turismo estrangeiro.

3
  • FERNANDA LAIZE SILVA DE LIMA
  • TERRITÓRIO, TÉCNICA E AGRICULTURA NO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • ANIERES BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • Data: 25-feb-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • TERRITÓRIO, TÉCNICA E AGRICULTURA NO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

4
  • ANTONIO BENEVIDES SOARES
  • ANÁLISE DA PROBLEMÁTICA SOCIOAMBIENTAL DE NASCENTES URBANAS NO MUNICÍPIO DE GARANHUNS-PE

  • Líder : ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • LUIS ALBERTO BASSO
  • Data: 25-feb-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A cidade de Garanhuns-PE vem passando por uma expansão urbana rápida, desordenada e poluente que tem impactado nascentes presentes no ambiente urbano as quais são mananciais de relevância histórica e ambiental para o município e para a bacia hidrográfica do Rio Mundaú. Diante disso, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo analisar a problemática socioambiental decorrente da expansão urbana no entorno de nascentes no município de Garanhuns-PE. Buscando considerar dinâmicas sociais e ambientais, o estudo seguiu os aportes teóricos da geografia socioambiental, adotando o modelo teórico-metodológico do Sistema Ambiental Urbano proposto por Mendonça (2004) e os valores conceituais da teoria do espaço proposta por Santos (2012a). A operacionalização da análise envolveu pesquisa bibliográfica, documental, avaliação de impactos ambientais e análise da qualidade de água. Verificou-se uma grande variedade de conceituações e tipologias de nascentes assim como um vasto arcabouço legal útil a proteção das mesmas. Constatou-se que Garanhuns possui singularidades ambientais favoráveis ao surgimento de nascentes e que esses mananciais foram importantes no estabelecimento e no crescimento da cidade. Os impactos ambientais nas nascentes Olho D’água, Bom Pastor, Vila Maria, Pau Amarelo e Pau Pombo foram avaliados utilizando o Índice de Impacto Ambiental em Nascentes – IIAN mediante o qual se constatou graves contextos de impactos socioambientais a dinâmica das nascentes. O Monitoramento da qualidade da água superficial proveniente das nascentes Pau Pombo, Pau Amarelo e Vila Maria foi realizado entre abril de 2013 e abril de 2014, a análise dos resultados se deu com base na Resolução nº 357/2005 do Conselho Nacional de Meio Ambiente, utilizando os parâmetros Oxigênio Dissolvido, Demanda Bioquímica de Oxigênio, Nitrato, Coliformes Totais, Coliformes Fecais e Condutividade Elétrica. Os resultados obtidos indicam poluição orgânica contínua e profundas alterações na qualidade das águas provenientes das nascentes. Dessa forma, verifica-se que é urgente a execução de medidas visando à interrupção dos impactos, proteção e conservação das nascentes e suas microbacias.

5
  • JOMARA DANTAS PESSOA
  • Dinâmicas de reprodução do comércio e os novos papéis urbanos de pequenas cidades norte-rio-grandenses: um olhar a partir das redes associativistas de supermercados.

  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • SILVANA MARIA PINTAUDI
  • Data: 27-feb-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O trabalho ora apresentado busca fazer uma análise da dinâmica sócio-espacial das redes associativistas de supermercados e sua importância na redefinição dos papéis urbanos de pequenas cidades norte-rio-grandenses. O enfoque teórico prioriza o comércio como um elemento constituinte da cidade cuja compreensão, permitiu a apreensão das novas dinâmicas sócio-espaciais de pequenas cidades em face do processo de globalização e que ensejou transformações no âmbito de suas formas comerciais. Nesse sentido, entende-se que o comércio, enquanto uma atividade essencialmente urbana apresenta uma característica bastante específica, que diz respeito a sua capacidade de transformar o conteúdo e o significado dos lugares. Outro fator importante na construção do trabalho foi à contextualização das mudanças no sistema de produção capitalista com o advento da produção flexível e das determinações do processo de globalização econômica que propiciaram novas formas de organização do comércio.  A análise empírica da pesquisa contempla duas redes associativistas de supermercados, a “Rede 10” e a “Rede Seridó”, que congregam elementos basilares para a compreensão da gênese e evolução desse novo modelo organizacional do comércio em pequenas cidades do Estado, assim como permitiu compreender as principais mudanças ocorridas neste segmento da atividade comercial. Como metodologia utilizou-se levantamento bibliográfico em livros e periódicos, levantamento de dados secundários coletados principalmente junto ao SEBRAE e a ABRAS e ainda foi encaminhada uma pesquisa de campo onde foram realizadas entrevistas junto aos gestores de redes associativistas de supermercados, proprietários de estabelecimentos associados e com os consumidores das redes pesquisadas. Por fim, conclui-se que a formação e expansão das redes associativistas de supermercados no contexto de pequenas cidades potiguares constitui-se essencialmente em uma alternativa de sobrevivência do pequeno comércio tradicional, que partilhando dos princípios associativistas ainda que de forma pouco rígida, conseguem não apenas permanecer no mercado, mas se impor enquanto um novo agente no processo de reprodução do capital. Deste modo, as redes associativistas de supermercados, na busca de novos espaços, em especial no âmbito de pequenas cidades acabam promovendo uma nova dinâmica nestas cidades propiciando diferentes fluxos e interconexões com os diferentes lugares, atribuindo novos conteúdos e papeis urbanos. Ao assumir não somente a condição de lugar do viver, mas também o lugar de reproduzir o capital, as pequenas cidades oferecem a sua população melhores condições de realização de compras, evitando assim os deslocamentos obrigatórios da população para outros centros urbanos com o objetivo de satisfazer as suas necessidades de consumo.

6
  • RALYNE EVELYN CAVALCANTE SILVA
  • ANÁLISE DA INFLUÊNCIA DO EFEITO ESTEIRA DE AEROGERADORES NO MICROCLIMA NA SUPERFÍCIE DO SOLO: O CASO DO PARQUE EÓLICO PILOTO DE MACAU/RN

  • Líder : ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • ALEXANDRE TORRES SILVA DOS SANTOS
  • Data: 27-feb-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O presente trabalho teve como principal objetivo avaliar as alterações microclimáticas do entorno do Parque Eólico Piloto de Macau/RN, presente no município de mesmo nome. Para alcançar tal objetivo, fez-se uso de técnicas de sensoriamento remoto utilizando os satélites Landsat - 5 TM e 7 ETM+, a partir do qual tornou-se possível avaliar as mudanças de temperatura na superfície presentes no entorno do parque em períodos anteriores a sua implantação até os dias atuais. Para avaliação dos dados de temperatura que foram gerados através da aplicação de um modelo, foi analisada sua correlação com os dados coletados em campo e avaliado seu grau de correlação, de modo a confirmar a validade dos dados adquiridos por via satélite. Além disso, foi realizada uma caracterização do clima da região com base nos dados da estação climatológica presente em Macau. Uma vez coletados esses dados, tornou-se possível a avaliação de alterações de ordem climática na região de estudo. Após a validação dos modelos de temperatura, foi realizada uma análise dos histogramas de temperaturas gerados. Visualmente não foi possível identificar nenhuma alteração significativa, entretanto, ao se analisar os dados de temperatura em um maior nível de detalhe, foi detectado um padrão de comportamento dos dados para ambos os períodos avaliados; apesar disso, não foi possível perceber uma distinção entre os períodos de pré-operação do parque e pós-operação. A partir desse resultado, foram levantadas hipóteses para explicar o comportamento dos dados, sendo a primeira delas a presença de umidade no solo e a segunda, a composição química do solo. De modo a validar as hipóteses levantadas, foram aplicadas técnicas de PDI, envolvendo a combinação RGB de diferentes bandas do Landsat 5 e a execução do procedimento de Razão de bandas, que puderam evidenciar os elementos presentes na superfície do solo.

7
  • CRISTIANE SARA DE MEDEIROS
  • ESTUDO MORFODINÂMICO DA PRAIA DE PONA NEGRA- NATAL/RN

  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MARCELO DOS SANTOS CHAVES
  • ORGIVAL BEZERRA DA NOBREGA JUNIOR
  • WERNER FARKATT TABOSA
  • Data: 04-mar-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A linha de costa é sem dúvida uma das feições mais dinâmicas do planeta. Sua posição no espaço muda constantemente em várias escalas temporais. A posição da linha de costa é afetada por um número muito grande de fatores alguns de origem natural e intrinsecamente relacionados à dinâmica costeira (balanço de sedimentos, variações do nível relativo do mar, dispersão de sedimentos, etc), e outros relacionados a intervenções humanas na zona costeira. Portanto, com a pesquisa realizada, observaram-se alguns indícios de processos erosivos ao longo da praia de Ponta Negra.O local de estudo é um dos grandes propulsores da economia da cidade, tanto na economia formal, quanto na informal, e se mostra a praia urbana mais procurada dos turistas e da população local. O potencial cênico da paisagem atraiu o investimento de grandes empreendimentos turísticos implementados sem estudos prévios, que considerassem a dinâmica costeira presente, e a falta de infraestrutura de serviços básicos (muitos esgotos clandestinos conectados as galerias de água pluvial), ocasionaram consequências e impactos negativos ao ambiente. Pensando na carência de estudos envolvendo esta temática e a importância da praia para a cidade, esta dissertação teve por objetivo central caracterizar e compreender a morfodinâmica da praia de Ponta Negra, ou seja, perceber como ocorrem as transformações morfológicas da praia de acordo com a sazonalidade climática e marinha durante o período de maio de 2013 a abril de 2014 em três pontos de monitoramento. Para isso, foram utilizados procedimentos técnicos envolvendo caracterização ambiental (caracterização dos dois compartimentos de relevo praial presentes – antepraia e estirâncio), etapas de campo (levantamento topográfico, sedimentar e dados hidrodinâmicos (Ponto 2) - altura de onda, período de onda, velocidade da corrente de deriva litorânea) e etapas de laboratório (granulometria, Teor de carbonato de Cálcio e Teor de matéria orgânica). Também foi calculado o parâmetro de Dean e o volume de sedimento transportado pela corrente litorânea no Ponto 02. Nos pontos de monitoramento o balanço sedimentar se mostrou negativo apenas no ponto 03, e foi constatado que a infraestrutura urbana (calçadão) está ocupando a pós-praia fazendo com que com a força mecânica das ondas e com a presença de galerias pluviais com conexões clandestinas de esgotos provoquem a erosão e destruição do calçadão na orla da praia. O ponto 02 foi classificada com estado dissipativo para todos os meses. Dessa maneira acredita-se que o referido estudo servirá como suporte para novas pesquisas em áreas costeiras, uma vez que, os dados poderão ser usados para pesquisas comparativas e também para interessados em um maior entendimento desta área que tem grande importância social, política e ambiental.

8
  • YURI MARQUES MACEDO
  • VULNERABILIDADE SOCIOAMBIENTAL NO BAIRRO MÃE LUIZA, NATAL – RN/ BRASIL.

  • Líder : LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • ANDRÉ DE SOUZA AVELAR
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • Data: 04-mar-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Este trabalho tem como objeto a elaboração de indicadores socioambientais de risco de desastres, presente em áreas de ocupação humana precária, associada à intensa dinâmica ambiental, na perspectiva dos estudos sobre o tema em Geografia. Definiu-se como área de estudo o bairro Mãe Luiza, em Natal, capital do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. O local foi escolhido como tal por historicamente apresentar diversas condições de vulnerabilidade e exposição ao risco de desastres. Após caracterização socioambiental do local, foram elaborados dois índices: o Índice de Vulnerabilidade Social (IVS), com base em 17 variáveis dispostas em questionário aplicado ao longo do núcleo populacional do bairro, sobre malha regular (amostragem sistemática), classificado em 5 níveis de VS a partir de média ponderada; e o Índice de Exposição Físico-natural aos Movimentos de Massa (IEMM), o qual teve como base 16 variáveis que caracterizam condições de exposição a movimentos de massa no bairro, em níveis classificados a partir de média ponderada de 1 a 5. A relação entre estes dois resultados, especializados em mapa do bairro, produziu o Índice de Vulnerabilidade Socioambiental (IVSA) de Mãe Luiza, classificado também em 5 níveis, a partir de lógica boleana de correlação para sobreposição cartográfica, com uso de software computacional ArcGIS v.9.3, sendo nomeadas como: Muito Baixa; Baixa; Média; Alta; e Muito Alta Vulnerabilidade Socioambiental no bairro. O estudo se baseia em metodologia proposta po Guerra et al (2009) para o IEMM e Almeida (2010) para o IVS, que foram modificadas e adaptadas para a realidade local, produzindo uma inédita metodologia aplicada nesta área. Concluiu-se que o bairro tem maior parte de sua área com Alta e Muito Alta Vulnerabilidade socioambiental a desastres, sendo definidas sete (7) áreas críticas, com Muito Alto IVSA, e perigos associados a movimentos de massa ou alagamento. Ao final elencou-se os principais problemas socioambientais encontrados, como elementos geradores para a proposição de medidas mitigadoras e/ou intervenções propostas, referentes a fatores de vulnerabilidade de ordem estruturais: como baixo padrão construtivo das residências; drenagem urbana deficiente; imóveis abandonas em vias de desabamento;  infraestura das vias de acesso e contenção de talude. E sociais: como falta de educação sobre risco socioambiental; renda e escolaridade dos moradores; presença de pessoas com dificuldade de locomoção e/ou portadores de necessidade especiais. Esta realidade evidencia a necessidade de ações urgentes aplicadas na resolução e/ou diminuição dos problemas apontados, o que é palta ao final deste trabalho.

9
  • JOSE ALEXANDRE BERTO DE ALMADA
  • SITUAÇÕES GEOGRÁFICAS EM MOVIMENTO NAS PRAIAS DA ÁREA DE PROTEÇÃO AMBIENTAL DE JENIPABUDAS IDEOLOGIAS AMBIENTAIS AO TERRITÓRIO USADO PELO CIRCUITO INFERIOR DO TURISMO

  • Líder : EDNA MARIA FURTADO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • EDNA MARIA FURTADO
  • JOAO MENDES DA ROCHA NETO
  • Data: 13-mar-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A Área de Proteção Ambiental de Jenipabu foi criada pelo Decreto nº 12.620/95, abrangendo as praias de Redinha Nova, Santa Rita e Jenipabu e as comunidades de Campina, no município de Extremoz, e um fragmento da comunidade da África, no município de Natal. Essa unidade de conservação foi criada no contexto de expansão da atividade turística no Rio Grande do Norte, na década de 1990, no qual os investimentos do PRODETUR possibilitaram a instalação de equipamentos infraestruturais, principalmente, na Via Costeira e na Praia de Ponta Negra, em Natal, inserindo-a na rota do turismo de sol a mar do Nordeste brasileiro. Nesse contexto, a praia de Jenipabu, em Extremoz, tornou-se um dos principais pontos turísticos para quem visita o município de Natal, em virtude dos elementos naturais de sua paisagem, o seu campo dunar, onde é oferecido aos turistas o passeio de buggy. Em dezembro de 1994, o excesso de passeios de buggy realizado nessas dunas levou o IBAMA a interditar o seu acesso aos bugueiros para realização de estudo ambiental. Essa medida resultou na criação da APAJ, em 1995, com o objetivo de ordenar o uso e ocupação do solo para proteger os seus ecossistemas, sobretudo o das dunas, da atividade turística desordenada. Tendo em vista esse contexto, esta dissertação tem como objetivo analisar o processo de criação da APAJ e as transformações no espaço geográfico de suas praias, Redinha Nova, Santa Rita e Jenipabu, a partir do processo de materialização da atividade turística, bem como suas implicações para os seus moradores. Para esse fim, este trabalho traz uma discussão sobre as correntes ambientalistas que desenvolveram-se na porção ocidental do globo terrestre, com enfoque na necessidade de normatizar pequenas áreas do território nacional em unidades de conservação, e uma análise das políticas públicas que possibilitaram a implementação do turismo na APAJ, bem como as leis e os decretos que regem o seu processo de criação e gestão. Utilizando-se da teoria dos circuitos da economia urbana de Santos (2008), para analisar o território usado pelo turismo nas praias da Redinha Nova, Santa Rita e Jenipabu, evidenciando a sua relação de dependência com o território usado pelo circuito superior na Via Costeira e na Praia de Ponta Negra e a sua influência no processo de urbanização da APAJ. Finaliza-se com a análise da influência da materialização do turismo nas transformações das formas existenciais de ser-no-espaço e de ser-do-espaço das praias de Santa Rita e Jenipabu em cada situação geográfica da APAJ entre as primeiras décadas do século XX até o ano de 2014. O trabalho de campo foi realizado entre os anos de 2012 e 2014, por meio de ações de entrevistas qualitativas com os moradores mais antigos das praias de Santa Rita e Jenipabu, entrevistas com questionário estruturado com os comerciantes da APAJ e coleta de pontos GPS do comércios, identificando e mapeando o território usado pelo circuito inferior nas praias de APAJ.

10
  • JULIA MONTEIRO OLIVEIRA SANTOS
  • Subversão na Paisagem: Do canto do graffiti ao grito da pixação
  • Líder : MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • LUDMILLA ZAGO ANDRADE
  • Data: 19-mar-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Na cidade contemporânea a pixação e o graffiti estão cada vez mais presentes, expostos nos espaços público e privado constroem a paisagem urbana em suas dimensões simbólica e material. Esses grafismos urbanos são ricos em cores, formas e discursos. Eles representam o grito de sujeitos/agentes que muitas vezes são marginalizados socialmente, se utilizam destas formas de expressão para se manifestar e exercer uma ação política como protagonistas na produção simbólica da cidade. Este trabalho discute a espacialidade da pixação e do graffiti na cidade de Natal-RN, analisando suas formas e conteúdos impressos nos muros da cidade. Procura-se entender quais as lógicas regem a apropriação destes espaços, assim como quem deles se apropriam, levando em consideração os lugares que são grafitados. A paisagem é subvertida desta forma pelas mãos dos grafiteiros e pixadores que se arriscam riscando os muros e paredes da cidade.

11
  • ARY PEREIRA DOS SANTOS JUNIOR
  • INVESTIMENTOS INTERNACIONAIS E A VALORIZAÇÃO IMOBILIÁRIA DOS MUNICÍPIOS DE MAXARANGUAPE E RIO DO FOGO

  • Líder : MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • EVERALDO SANTOS MELAZZO
  • MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • Data: 30-mar-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Desde meados da década de 1970 o mundo vem passando por transformações significativas, entra em cena uma nova etapa de acumulação mundial do capital, inicia-se a chamada reestruturação produtiva. Essa reestruturação materializa-se espacialmente através da reconfiguração dos territórios, redefinindo seus usos e propiciando uma nova estruturação espacial. No que se refere ao território potiguar, observa-se, a partir dos anos de 1980, a emergência de novas atividades econômicas, dentre as quais se destacam o turismo, que passam a ser estimuladas a partir de políticas governamentais. Dentro desse contexto tem se destacado o litoral leste do estado, pois suas praias têm reconhecido apelo paisagístico e qualidade ambiental. Tendo em vista essa oportunidade de negócios, os investidores internacionais acabaram investindo nessa porção do território potiguar, principalmente ao longo da última década. A expansão desse processo, em direção ao litoral norte, implicou na emergência de uma intensa dinâmica imobiliária nos municípios de Maxaranguape e Rio do Fogo. O baixo valor das terras e das edificações, comparativamente ao mercado europeu e a disponibilidade dos imóveis, constituíram os principais fatores que explicam a atração de tais investidores, que passam a ser observados como novas oportunidades de negócios, com altas taxas de lucratividade, em áreas tropicais, até então, periféricas do sistema econômico. Sendo assim, o objetivo da pesquisa é analisar em que medida os Investimentos Internacionais promoveram a valorização dos imóveis nos municípios de Maxaranguape e Rio do Fogo. O recorte temporal compreende o período entre 2000-2013. A metodologia consistiu nos seguintes procedimentos: levantamentos e análise dos dados coletados nos Cartórios de Registros de Imóveis dos municípios de Maxaranguape e Rio do Fogo; realização de entrevistas junto aos agentes públicos e privados que se mostraram importantes para a análise das transformações espaciais e da valorização dos imóveis que ocorreu nos municípios estudados; levantamento de dados secundários junto aos órgãos oficiais, tais como: IBGE, MTUR, SETUR, BNB etc. Analisando as informações e os dados que foram catalogados, concluíu-se que tais investimentos estão reforçando antigas práticas de lazer e turismo existentes preteritamente nesses territórios e transformando (criando novos arranjos territoriais) boa parte da zona costeira oriental do estado. Outra consequência ligada a esse recente fenômeno refere-se à valorização dos imóveis que vem ocorrendo nessa porção do estado, episódio que está diretamente ligado a esse evento. Dessa forma, compreende-se que a expansão e a incorporação de territórios pelo capital revelam, em parte, as estratégias do modo de produção capitalista, as quais se evidenciam na busca por melhores condições de acumulação, ampliando as alternativas de uso do território que ocorre de forma seletiva e desigual no espaço geográfico. Observa-se que os mecanismos que o capital lança mão para impor suas práticas podem ocorrer através da valorização do mercado de terras, significando, dessa forma, que a reprodução das desigualdades acontece, muitas vezes, através da especulação fundiária acentuada com a rápida valorização dos imóveis. 

12
  • UMBELINA DA CONCEIÇÃO VICTORINO COSSA
  • Gestão de resíduos sólidos domiciliares na cidade de Chibuto, Província de Gaza - Moçambique

  • Líder : ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • JACQUES DEMAJOROVIC
  • Data: 01-abr-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O presente estudo analisa o processo de geração e gestão de resíduos sólidos domiciliares na Cidade de Chibuto-Moçambique, tendo em conta as diferentes formas de destinação existentes e as implicações sócio ambientais decorrentes delas e espacialmente distribuídas. Para responder a esses objetivos foi aplicado um questionário aos 367 agregados familiares distribuídos em 14 bairros da cidade sobre a forma como os resíduos sólidos domiciliares são tratados e o seu impacto na saúde pública dos residentes. Aliado a isso, o questionário buscava responder sobre a proveniência dos residentes (migração) e sua condição socio económica. Para além do questionário recorreu-se à entrevista semiestruturada, a qual foi aplicada ao setor de saneamento e urbanização do conselho municipal da cidade e ao Serviço distrital da saúde, mulher e ação social. A essas técnicas de coleta de dados desenvolveu-se também uma revisão da literatura sobre para a fundamentação teórica e discussão mais profunda do assunto, assim como observação sistemática do fenômeno. Da pesquisa averiguou-se que o serviço de coleta de resíduos sólidos efetuado pelo Conselho Municipal não obedece aos procedimentos consagrados no Regulamento sobre a Gestão de Resíduos Sólidos, que preconiza gestão ambientalmente segura, sustentável e racional dos resíduos, devido ao lançamento a céu aberto em lixão. Ademais, essa coleta não abrange a todos os munícipes, por razões de ordem financeira, técnica e organizacional. Em suma, o estudo constatou que mais de 90% dos agregados familiares pesquisados se auxiliam do enterro, da queima e da deposição nas ruas como forma de tratamento dos seus resíduos sólidos e destes na sua maioria registram maior frequência de problemas de saúde pública (doenças de diarreia e da malária), principalmente os residentes nas áreas suburbana e periurbana. Nisso são propostas formas de gestão de resíduos sólidos domiciliares mais sustentável e espacialmente adequadas por meio da reciclagem, coleta seletiva, compostagem, reutilização e redução da produção dos resíduos.

13
  • JOSENILDO DA SILVA MARTINS
  • EXPRESSÕES DA CULTURA POPULAR ARARUNA EM SUAS MÚLTIPLAS MANIFESTAÇÕES ESPACIAIS NO BAIRRO DAS ROCAS, NATAL/RN - BRASIL

  • Líder : MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EDNA MARIA FURTADO
  • EVANEIDE MARIA DE MELO
  • MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • Data: 28-abr-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Este trabalho aborda a expressão da cultura popular Araruna em suas múltiplas manifestações espaciais: o caráter simbólico do Edifício Sede encarado como “Lugar-Ararunaos significados revelados e as identidades construídas com base nas experiências vividas espacialmente nesse lugar. Elege-se aqui, como recorte espacial, o Bairro das Rocas localizado em Natal, Rio Grande do Norte e, como locus das experiências vividas espacialmente, o Edifício Sede Araruna. O objetivo principal da pesquisa é entender como se dá a mediação da cultura nas expressões artístico-culturais do Grupo Araruna em suas múltiplas manifestações espaciais. Constata-se que as experiências vividas espacialmente pelo Grupo Araruna - a prática dançante, as marcas da cultura que esta prática carrega, o “Lugar- Araruna” e as formas de identidades associadas a este, são dotadas de múltiplos significados, capazes de revelar identidades manifestadas mediante construções compartilhadas socialmente e expressas espacialmente.

14
  • GEOVANE DE SOUZA ALMEIDA
  • AS ESPACIALIDADES E PERCALÇOS DO PROCESSO DE URBANIZAÇÃO NA CONTEMPORANEIDADE: análise geográfica da Avenida Engenheiro Roberto Freire/Natal-RN na perspectiva das práticas espaciais

  • Líder : EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • VERA LÚCIA ALVES FRANÇA
  • Data: 30-abr-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A urbanização do final do século XX no Brasil foi marcada por significativas características, a começar pelo ritmo bastante acelerado de crescimento das cidades e pela sua abrangência, agora mundial. Essas características contribuíram para que este processo se desencadeasse em diversas cidades também da região Nordeste, mesmo naquelas onde a industrialização não foi tão representativa como na cidade de Natal/RN. Até poucas décadas atrás, o Estado do Rio Grande do Norte era exemplo de um estado de economia agrária e população majoritariamente rural, mas que vem mudando aceleradamente esse quadro. Natal/RN com uma população que em 1980 era de 416.898 habitantes e que 2013 duplicou alcançando a surpreendente marca de 853.929 habitantes que produziram um altissonante crescimento populacional ao longo das duas ultimas décadas materializando fortes influências urbanísticas na cidade através do processo de urbanização. Nesse contexto, a Av. Eng. Roberto Freire desempenha um papel fundamental no sistema viário da zona do município de Natal, articulando e distribuindo o tráfego local para bairros como Capim Macio, Neópolis e cidades vizinhas da região metropolitana como Parnamirim, bem como servindo ao tráfego de passagem que se dirige ao bairro de Ponta Negra e ao litoral sul do Estado. Hoje, oito em cada dez brasileiros vivem em cidades e essa concentração de pessoas nestes centros urbanos traz uma série de implicações espaciais e urbanísticas, sejam elas de ordem social, econômica ou ambiental. Diante desse atual ritmo acelerado em que o processo de urbanização vem transformando e produzindo o espaço urbano da cidade de Natal/RN, objetivou-se entender as espacialidades e materialidades do planejamento urbano, do urbanismo e do processo de urbanização na Av. Eng. Roberto Freire/Natal/RN nos últimos 20 anos para entender o contexto contemporâneo da via. Desta forma, a Av. Eng. Roberto Freire tornou-se para a pesquisa a base onde se averiguou as materialidades e as influências desse processo de urbanização, que está fortemente aliado aos ditames do desenvolvimento da atividade turística na cidade de Natal/RN nas últimas duas décadas e que tem influências materiais significativas nas práticas espaciais e nos territórios usados dos usuários da via atualmente.

15
  • LEANDRO DE CASTRO LIMA
  • OS USOS DO TERRITÓRIO E A ECONOMIA SOLIDÁRIA NO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • SEDEVAL NARDOQUE
  • Data: 15-may-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A Economia Solidária como organização da produção, alternativa à dinâmica da economia capitalista, vem promovendo novas formas de organização e de relações sociais que, sob a luz da Geografia, se realiza pelos diferentes usos do território. O território assume novos significados que, influenciado pelo movimento da Economia Solidária, busca racionalidades alternativas a ordem social estabelecida. Entretanto, esses diferentes usos se revelam de forma complexa e contraditória, uma vez que nos empreendimentos solidários diferentes agentes coorporativos passa a atuar, tendo o Estado como intermediário em última instância desse processo. Diante dessa realidade, objetivamos no presente estudo analisar os diferentes usos do território a partir dos empreendimentos econômicos solidários rurais e as relações que estes estabelecem com os diferentes agentes envolvidos na dinâmica sócio-territorial do Rio Grande do Norte. A partir de um estudo crítico que contemple as formas e conteúdos da organização territorial do fenômeno analisado, a metodologia adotada para a realização deste trabalho pautou-se num estudo bibliográfico, tanto de autores da Geografia como de temáticas afins ao estudo da Economia Solidária, além do uso de dados secundários, obtidos juntos aos órgãos oficiais, como o SIES e o IBGE, da pesquisa documental, realizada junto a SENAES, e de campo, com entrevistas efetivadas junto aos empreendimentos solidários do RN, no intuito de fundamentar nossas análises.  Os resultados obtidos no estudo demonstram a complexidade nos usos agrícolas do território pela Economia Solidária no RN, intensificando o uso enquanto recurso, a partir da atuação do Estado e dos grandes agentes econômicos, e regulando o uso enquanto abrigo, que marginalizam trabalhadores solidários, tornando-os sujeitados a uma lógica hegemônica. Dessa forma, concluímos que a Economia Solidária, apesar de configurar como uma nova forma de organização entre os agricultores, dada a expressividades que os empreendimentos solidários rurais apresentam no RN, esta não vem possibilitando um desenvolvimento social pleno, enquanto um instrumento de reprodução e emancipação dos associados. Todavia, os empreendimentos articulados em redes se sobressaem, embora de forma pontual. Tais contradições evidencia que é necessário fortalecer uma construção horizontal e de base popular para Economia Solidária, a fim de superar a ação reguladora do Estado capitalista. 

16
  • FABLÊNIA TATIANY DE FARIAS
  • COMÉRCIO E CIDADE: PROCESSOS E FORMAS ESPACIAIS EM PAU DOS FERROS/RN

  • Líder : IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANIERES BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • Data: 03-jun-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Neste trabalho problematizou-se a relação entre comércio e cidade, na perspectiva de analisar o papel desta atividade na dinâmica urbana de Pau dos Ferros, a partir da década de 1980. Nessa perspectiva, caracterizou-se a cidade do ponto de vista histórico, enfatizando a dinâmica comercial no contexto urbano, quanto ao número de estabelecimentos, tipologias, especializações; identificou-se os vetores de modernização da atividade comercial na cidade; reconheceu-se, a partir da difusão do comércio no espaço urbano, os processos e as formas espaciais associados a essa dinâmica. O percurso metodológico envolveu pesquisa bibliográfica, pesquisa documental em órgãos como o Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), Serviço Brasileiro de Apoio a Micro e Pequenas Empresas (SEBRAE), Câmara de Dirigentes Lojistas (CDL) de Pau dos Ferros e Prefeitura Municipal, além de pesquisa de campo. Os resultados da pesquisa indicam que a Cidade de Pau dos Ferros, do ponto de vista histórico, teve sua origem ligada ao comércio e tem o centro como o local da gênese dessa atividade, pois o maior número de estabelecimentos, tipologias e especializações aí se encontram; a atividade comercial é marcada pela coexistência entre formas tradicionais e modernas, sendo estas alocadas na área central da cidade, por exemplo, supermercados e lojas especializadas; e a difusão do comércio no espaço urbano de Pau dos Ferros revelou o centro da cidade e a Avenida Independência como os locais onde se manifestam, de modo mais expressivos, os processos e formas associados a esta atividade.

17
  • MARIA JIN-LEINE DA SILVA
  • Uso e ocupação do solo e a transformação da paisagem na faixa litorânea Via Costeira, município de Natal/RN.

  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • HELENICE VITAL
  • MARCO TULIO MENDONCA DINIZ
  • FÁBIO PERDIGÃO VASCONCELOS
  • Data: 22-jun-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A zona costeira do município de Natal, em face de sua localização e potencialidades naturais, tem sido o local onde presenciamos grandes transformações no quadro natural, em detrimento das variadas formas de uso e ocupação antrópica. No litoral compreendida de praia da Via Costeira o processo de uso e ocupação do solo se estruturou ao final da década de 1970 e início dos anos de 1980, resultado de uma política governamental de cunho desenvolvimentista, pautado na implantação dos megaempreendimentos turísticos através do Projeto Parque das Dunas/Via Costeira. Tal projeto teve a finalidade de instalar na cidade de Natal, capital do Estado, equipamentos de infraestrutura neste trecho do litoral constituído por campos de dunas e um mosaico de ecossistemas de alta relevância ambiental e fragilidade natural, que se apresentava em um semi-isolamento no contexto urbano da cidade, para o desenvolvimento das atividades turísticas, esta considerada como solução econômica viável capaz de corrigir os graves problemas socioeconômicos que perduravam no local. Partindo dessas premissas, esta pesquisa teve como objetivo estudar as formas de uso e ocupação do solo e as transformações na paisagem da faixa litorânea Via Costeira, município de Natal/RN. Estas transformações ocorrem muitas vezes sem levar em consideração a complexidade e fragilidade natural dos ecossistemas envolvidos. A análise geoambiental foi realizada com base na teoria geossistêmica, deste modo, foi possível analisar as intervenções humanas nas geofácies da área de forma holística. Os procedimentos práticos foram contemplados com pesquisas bibliográficas, seguida do trabalho de campo onde foi feito o reconhecimento e caracterização geral da área, com o propósito de averiguar e analisar os principais tipos de uso e ocupação do solo que ocorrem na área desde o início das construções, tendo como apoio para isso os instrumentos legislativos que tratam da proteção e conservação dos recursos naturais costeiros. A pesquisa também contempla a identificação e avaliação dos principais tipos de impactos negativos ocasionados em função das diversificadas formas de uso que geram conflitos ambientais e sociais nesta porção costeira. Para tanto, foi realizada a análise espacial multitemporal a partir de ortofotos, fotografias aéreas e as obtidas no trabalho de campo e imagens de satélite. As informações extraídas desses instrumentos foram utilizadas na confecção dos mapas de uso e ocupação do solo, da espacialização dos impactos e os demais mapas temáticos. Trabalhamos com a hipótese de que a implantação dos megaempreendimento na Via Costeira e as diversas formas de uso intensificadas pelas ações humanas, não considerou os aspectos naturais e as restrições de uso nesta área, estes seriam os principais fatores que geram a supressão e degradação deste ambiente e consequentemente a transformação da paisagem natural.

Tesis
1
  • JOSE ERIMAR DOS SANTOS
  • INTEGRAÇÃO FINANCEIRA DO TERRITÓRIO: Forma-ações Bancárias Herdadas e Advento de Novas Variáveis – Uma Análise Geográfica a partir do Rio Grande do Norte

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • ANTONIO ALFREDO TELES DE CARVALHO
  • FABIO BETIOLI CONTEL
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • Data: 04-sep-2015


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Objetiva-se compreender o processo de territorialização dos serviços bancários e como isso se configura no plano da existência do território e da economia política urbana no atual período, tomando como recorte empírico o estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Para tanto, foi necessária uma análise teórica e empírica, em que ao mesmo tempo buscasse apreender a coisa em estudo como nexo e sistema, sendo necessários uma pesquisa bibliográfica e um levantamento de dados primários e secundários. A tese é de que a manifestação da expansão dos serviços bancários e financeiros constitui uma dinâmica territorial dada pelos lugares a partir do arranjo normativo e técnico, invasor da vida cotidiana, constituindo uma dimensão espacial que aqui se está a chamar de Território (onto)Lógico. Território por tratar-se de uma discussão geográfica que enfatiza o controle efetivo de certas instituições bancárias sobre objetos e práticas sociais. (Onto)lógico corresponde, simultaneamente, a duas formas de ser-do-homem no mundo: 1) ser-do-espaço, daí onto (relativo ao Ser, ao fazer-se humano, pois o homem é sempre projeto que está-por-ser, assim como o é o espaço geográfico e os processos, a exemplo da expansão dos serviços bancários); 2) ser-no-espaço, que corresponde a uma lógica de apreensão do espaço: condição para uma ordem de dispersão de objetos e organizações, daí lógico (relativo ao uso do lugar mediante intencionalidade que visa apreendê-lo como campo a ser preenchido por arranjos de objetos e ações estratégicas). Como resultado desse processo tem-se o lugar enquanto base de concretização da integração financeira do território constitutivo de forma-ações bancárias herdadas (agências bancárias) e novas variáveis (correspondentes bancários e novos arranjos técnicos, científicos, informacionais e comunicacionais: computador e celular plugados à internet), cuja expressividade no plano da economia urbana caracteriza-se por elos cada vez mais intensos entre circuito superior e circuito inferior. Portanto, no território (onto)lógico, há a existência enquanto um recurso dos atores hegemônicos, realizada por uma ordem da dispersão dos fixos e das ações bancários (lógica), influenciando direta ou indiretamente na organização da existência ou (re)produção social (onto), que por sua vez também solidariza-se à forma como essa dispersão ocorre ou pode ocorrer, pois a dimensão do território enquanto abrigo dos atores hegemonizados é fundamental na realização dessa disputa territorial bancária.

2014
Disertaciones
1
  • NELSON MARIA ROSÁRIO
  • Desenvolvimento Territorial e a Política Nacional de Água em Moçambique: o caso do distrito de Chibuto

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • EVANEIDE MARIA DE MELO
  • Data: 24-ene-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O desenvolvimento tem sido um fenómeno em constante discussão na atualidade, cuja importância fundamental deveria ser a promoção do bem estar da humanidade. Assim, o desenvolvimento passa a ser um elemento que agrega valores políticos, econômicos, social e ambiental. Em Moçambique o modelo de desenvolvimento adotado pelo Estado prioriza a dimensão econômica, privilegiando neste caso o crescimento da estrutura produtiva capitalista. Assim sendo, as condições básicas para a sobrevivência humana deixa ainda muito a desejar e a população moçambicana, em geral, e do distrito de Chibuto, em particular, continuam a enfrentar várias dificuldades para ter acesso a tais condições, sendo a escassez de água potável um dos problemas que mais aflige essa população. A água foi sempre um fator vinculado ao desenvolvimento socioeconômico dos povos, onde as grandes civilizações e os grandes marcos econômicos foram sempre influenciados pela disponibilidade de água, e hoje em dia esse recurso está presente em todos os setores de produção. Em Moçambique muito esforço tem sido feito pelo governo, pelas organizações nacionais e internacionais visando ampliar e garantir o abastecimento de água potável, e apesar de todo esse esforço, a maior parte da população ainda não tem acesso a esse precioso recurso. Neste sentido, o trabalho traz uma análise dos reflexos da Política Nacional de Água na área de estudo, analisa a escassez de água potável no Distrito de Chibuto e discute a concepção de desenvolvimento contido no discurso oficial do Estado, contrapondo com a ideia de desenvolvimento humano. Para tal são abordados temas que ajudam a compreender o fenómeno em estudo, tais como território, políticas públicas e crítica a concepção hegemônica de desenvolvimento. Para viabilizar a abordagem pretendida, realizou-se uma caracterização do Distrito de Chibuto, abordando a questão da pobreza, fazendo uma breve discussão sobre este conceito, a partir das diferentes abordagens, além de analisar o impacto do PARPA (Plano de Ação para Redução da Pobreza Absoluta) no combate da pobreza em Moçambique e, fez-se uma descrição do cenário da pobreza e vulnerabilidade no distrito de Chibuto com a construção do Índice Territorial de Desenvolvimento Humano. Também a pesquisa traz uma discussão sobre território e tecnificação, descreve o senário do sistema de abastecimento de água no Distrito e olha para a dinâmica territorial de Chibuto, a partir na análise e descrição das estruturas existentes e outros objetos técnicos que estruturam o território em estudo. Assim, constatou-se que o desenvolvimento deve-se resumir na satisfação das necessidades humanas, devendo ser o pilar principal do novo tipo de desenvolvimento que se pretende, com a finalidade de desencadear, com urgência, ações com vista a superar ou combater a desoladora miséria que sofre a maior parte dos habitantes do Distrito de Chibuto.

2
  • RAPHAEL CURIOSO LIMA SILVA
  • Lugar, Saúde e Informação: Os Círculos de Informação da Atenção Básica do SUS no Contexto na Disputa pelo Conceito de Saúde

  • Líder : ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • MIRIAM HERMI ZAAR
  • RAUL BORGES GUIMARAES
  • Data: 27-ene-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Através da análise da atividade informacional na atenção Básica do SUS, ou seja, na escala do lugar, esta dissertação tem como objetivo central observar a disputa pelo conceito de saúde e de doença no âmbito da saúde brasileira, destacando, de um lado, o pensamento clínico, biomédico ou flexneriano – hegemônico, cientificamente restrito e principal quadro de referência da política de saúde no Brasil – e do outro lado uma multiplicidade de novas propostas e pensamentos críticos ao modelo vigente que possuem como ponto comum a preocupação com a saúde no contexto supra-biológico e, portanto, territorial. No primeiro capítulo destacamos com detalhes tais movimentos científicos e ideológicos, tanto num sentido mais amplo quanto na dimensão específica das políticas de informação em saúde do SUS. No segundo capítulo, analisamos o círculo descendente de informação em saúde na atenção básica, observando o funcionamento dos sistemas técnicos de informação SIAB e e-SUS. Por fim, no terceiro e último capítulo, lançamos referências para se pensar um círculo ascendente de informação em saúde, centrado a partir do lugar e pautado nas noções de autonomia, solidariedade orgânica e densidade comunicacional, possuindo como principal horizonte metodológico a organização local da produção e gestão de informação a partir do Agente Comunitário de Saúde, privilegiando dessa forma a urgência das necessidades mais contingente das pessoas em sua vida cotidiana.

3
  • MARCELA GALIZIA DOMINGUES
  • Análise dos impactos socioambientais da instalação das Unidades de Bombeio de petróleo na área urbana de Mossoró - RN

  • Líder : EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • LEONEL BRIZOLLA MONASTIRSKY
  • MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • Data: 06-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O objetivo central desta pesquisa foi averiguar e analisar os impactos socioambientais decorrentes da instalação das Unidades de Bombeio na área urbana de Mossoró (RN), sistema utilizado para a extração de petróleo. O petróleo, junto ao sal e a fruticultura irrigada, formam o tripé da economia mossoroense. Sua descoberta foi central no processo de reestruturação urbana recente de Mossoró, transformando suas funções e atribuindo-lhe uma nova posição na hierarquia urbana. No contexto atual, em que as preocupações com o meio ambiente têm alcançado maior visibilidade, bem como a sociedade civil procura reivindicar suas demandas de forma mais organizada, nos ocupamos da discussão acerca dos riscos trazidos pelas unidades de bombeio que encontram-se alocadas em áreas de adensamento urbano. Para tanto, buscamos compreender como se dá a atuação de dois grandes agentes produtores do espaço urbano mossoroense: de um lado, a Petrobras, empresa de economia mista, de importância global e com inegável influência na cidade; de outro, o poder público local, enquanto agente normativo e gestor do território municipal. Foi objetivo secundário dessa pesquisa, analisar as relações entre ambos os agentes, bem como o papel assumido por cada um deles, considerando a atividade petrolífera em sua importância econômica para a cidade, mas também em seu ônus ambiental e social. Para tal, nos valemos das legislações ambientais e urbanas, analisadas em escala nacional, estadual e local, cujo objetivo era verificar o cumprimento destas por parte da Petrobras. Nos empenhamos também em averiguar sobre o entendimento da população local acerca do significado real e simbólico das unidades de bombeio.

4
  • CAMILA DA SILVA PEREIRA
  • POLÍTICA DE REGULARIZAÇÃO DE TERRAS QUILOMBOLAS: IDENTIDADES E TERRITORIALIDADES NEGRAS EM PORTALEGRE – RN

  • Líder : ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • CÍCERO NILTON MOREIRA DA SILVA
  • Data: 12-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O presente estudo traz uma discussão sobre a política de titulação de terras reconhecidas pertencentes aos grupos quilombolas do Pêga e Arrojado em Portalegre – RN, no sentido de investigar de que forma os quilombolas estão interessados e organizados em favor do andamento de seu processo de titulação e quais são os fatores de seu estancamento. Conjuntamente discutimos a construção das identidades e territorialidades desses grupos. Através da pesquisa qualitativa e das metodologias de entrevistas orais e semiestruturadas, priorizamos em nossa análise a fala dos sujeitos (quilombolas), não a tomando como verdade absoluta, além da fala dos representantes do poder do Estado e as relações estabelecidas entre eles no território.

5
  • ALEXSANDRO PEREIRA PATRICIO
  • VIOLÊNCIA INTERPESSOAL E SAÚDE: UMA ANÁLISE GEOGRÁFICA SOBRE O FENÔMENO, O CASO DO BRASIL E RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Líder : ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • RICARDO MENDES ANTAS JR.
  • Data: 19-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Vivemos numa crise marcada por ondas de violências de forma generalizada por todos os territórios do globo. No Brasil, em especial a partir dos fins da década de 1980 a violência vem se destacando de forma bastante expressiva, tornando-se uma preocupação crescente em todas as esferas políticas e sociais.  Reproduzindo assim um dos mais graves problemas sociais e de saúde pública. Remete-se a problemas sociais, uma vez que interfere na distribuição da oferta de bens e serviços aos cidadãos; mas também é problema de saúde, pois a violência é um dos fenômenos determinantes na transição epidemiológica que o país vem vivenciando. Trata-se de uma crise social, que é fruto de um mundo capitalista globalizado, que impõe a todos os territórios a chamada violência estrutural (do dinheiro, competitividade e potência em estado puro), base na qual as violências funcionais derivadas se materializam, entre elas os homicídios. O Rio Grande do Norte vem acompanhando essa realidade que é nacional, com crescentes taxas de mortalidade por violência homicida, localizada especialmente nos municípios do Oeste e Leste potiguar. O fenômeno demanda custos crescentes para o sistema de saúde, além de consequências humanas graves, como a escalada do medo e a dizimação de uma geração, vitimando principalmente indivíduos do sexo masculino, jovens e negros. A falta de uma política pública consistente de enfrentamento da problemática revela a omissão do Estado, com consequências sociais e de saúde tanto em nível individual como em âmbito coletivo.

6
  • THIAGO AUGUSTO NOGUEIRA DE QUEIROZ
  • A CEASA-RN E OS CIRCUITOS DA ECONOMIA URBANA: A CIRCULAÇÃO DE HORTIFRUTIGRANJEIROS EM NATAL-RN

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MARIA MONICA ARROYO
  • Data: 24-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Esta dissertação tem como objetivo compreender a relação entre a Ceasa-RN e os circuitos da economia urbana na cidade de Natal. Nesse sentido, busca-se contextualizar a criação das centrais de abastecimento alimentar no interior do processo de formação socioespacial do Brasil, identificando as diversas interações socioespaciais da Ceasa-RN, as quais provocam o alargamento das escalas da cidade de Natal e incitam diferentes interações com cada um dos circuitos da economia urbana.  Enfim, analisa-se como a coexistência desses circuitos em uma mesma infraestrutura definem e caracterizam a Ceasa-RN, enquanto elemento misto dos circuitos da economia urbana. Para se atingir esse objetivo, foram traçados alguns procedimentos metodológicos, tais como a pesquisa bibliográfica, as análises e as consultas aos dados secundários em documentos oficiais e institucionais, e a pesquisa empírica em fontes primárias. A pesquisa empírica corresponde ao levantamento de dados no local, ou seja, a pesquisa de campo que ocorreu através de entrevistas, aplicação de formulários e de observação.  Os resultados da pesquisa mostraram que há uma nova dinâmica, neste início de século XXI, permeando as centrais de abastecimento alimentar no Brasil, que é a questão da segurança alimentar e nutricional. Os resultados também apontam o alargamento das escalas provocados pelas centrais, através do caso da Ceasa-RN na cidade de Natal, quando o entreposto de abastecimento da capital do Rio Grande do Norte insere o município em circuitos espaciais de produção agrícola nacionais, regionais e locais. Por fim os resultados demonstraram, através do caso da Ceasa-RN, que as centrais de abastecimento alimentar se constituem em um agente misto dos circuitos da economia, não só se relacionando com ambos os circuitos, o superior e o inferior, mas também, constituídas por ambos, desempenhando e apresentando um papel híbrido.

7
  • RAFAEL PEREIRA DA SILVA
  • Produção do espaço e reestruturação produtiva do setor de laticínios no Rio Grande do Norte. 

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIRIAM HERMI ZAAR
  • ANTONIO NIVALDO HESPANHOL
  • Data: 25-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Ao longo das ultimas décadas, o Brasil tem passado por inúmeras transformações em suas estruturas econômicas e produtivas, as quais possuem relação simbiótica com a organização e dinâmica do território brasileiro. Esse conjunto de transformações econômicas, sociais e técnico-científicas desenvolve-se no bojo da reestruturação produtiva do capital, processo que ocorre em escala global, mas que se efetiva com particularidades nos diferentes lugares. Partindo dessa premissa a presente pesquisa teve como objetivo principal analisar a reestruturação produtiva do setor de laticínios no Rio Grande do Norte, destacando sua relação com o processo de produção/organização do espaço e seus reflexos sobre as relações sociais de produção. A metodologia adotada para elaboração deste trabalho pautou-se na realização de revisão bibliográfica acerca dos processos de produção do espaço e reestruturação produtiva, pesquisa documental sobre a dinâmica do setor de laticínios no Rio Grande do Norte, bem como sobre as instruções normativas que regulamentam a produção de derivados lácteos no Brasil, paralelamente efetuamos a coleta de dados secundários, junto a órgãos oficiais, como IBGE, EMATER e SINDLEITE. Outro importante recurso metodológico foi à realização da pesquisa de campo, a qual nos permitiu conhecer empiricamente as distintas realidades vivenciadas pelos agentes que atuam no sistema produtivo do leite no Rio Grande do Norte. As análises ora realizadas evidenciam que o processo de reestruturação produtiva do setor de laticínios é fomentado, sobremaneira pelo Estado, que financia, incentiva e normatiza a produção de lácteos no país. No caso específico do Rio Grande do Norte, este processo é impulsionado pela criação do “Programa do Leite”, o qual por meio da constituição de um mercado institucional contribui para o fortalecimento e expansão das indústrias, em detrimento do setor artesanal de processamento. Ainda assim os agricultores familiares seguem atuando na atividade, seja somente produzindo e comercializando leite in natura, fornecendo leite para unidades de processamento, intermediando a produção de seus pares ou beneficiando artesanalmente o leite nas queijeiras tradicionais presentes em todo o estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Os resultados obtidos revelam que é complexa teia de relações de relações sociais de produção que se estabelecem no amago da atividade laticinista no Rio Grande Norte, estas sendo sumariamente marcadas pelas relações de concorrência e complementariedade, entre os setores industrial e artesanal de processamento do leite. 

8
  • FRANCISCA ELIZONETE DE SOUZA LIMA
  • POBREZA E DESIGUALDADES SOCIOTERRITORIAIS: UMA PROBLEMATIZAÇÃO ACERCA DA PERSPECTIVA TERRITORIAL NAS POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS SOCIAIS NO MUNICÍPIO DE PAU DOS FERROS/RN

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • EVERALDO SANTOS MELAZZO
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIRIAM HERMI ZAAR
  • Data: 26-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O presente trabalho se constitui num estudo sobre a pobreza e as desigualdades socioterritoriais no Brasil, problematizando as políticas públicas sociais (a exemplo da Política Nacional da Assistência Social e o Programa Bolsa Família) tendo como referência a materialização destas no território a partir da análise da distribuição espacial do Índice de Desenvolvimento da Família (IDF) no município de Pau dos Ferros/RN. Neste sentido, o objetivo principal dessa dissertação se deu na tentativa de compreender a importância da leitura prévia do território para a reflexão sobre a pobreza em seu aspecto multidimensional e para a territorialização das políticas públicas sociais construídas no intento de minimizar a problemática da desigualdade social, observando a distribuição espacial do IDF no município de Pau dos Ferros/RN. A partir do objetivo geral traçado, fez-se uma revisão teórica sobre os temas, pobreza, desigualdades sociais e políticas públicas, no primeiro caso atentando para o aspecto multidimensional desta, advogando a importância de analisarmos a pobreza não apenas pelo crivo da renda, mas considerando outras dimensões que corroboram para a constituição do ser pobre, como moradias precárias, falta de saneamento básico e infraestrutura, o não acesso à saúde, educação e demais serviços que possibilitam o indivíduo viver com melhor dignidade. Compreendendo a importância do conhecimento prévio do território para que ocorra as devidas reflexões e intervenções na realidade territorial buscamos refletir acerca desse conceito e seus nexos com a construção e implementação das políticas públicas sociais tendo a Política Nacional de Assistência Social (PNAS) como política basilar e também o Programa Bolsa Família (PBF), uma vez que buscamos compreender sua importância a partir da visão do sujeito, ou seja, as beneficiárias do PBF no município de Pau dos Ferros. Para tanto, realizamos entrevistas orais com as beneficiárias do PBF que foram escolhidas aleatoriamente a partir das equipes dos CRAS, além da aplicação de questionários semiestruturados e abertos com gestores e assistentes sociais do município. Buscamos ainda trabalhar com alguns dados do CadÚnico para o município em estudo propondo analisar as condições sociais e econômicas das famílias cadastradas. Alguns resultados foram possíveis, a saber, é preciso que se interprete a pobreza a partir de várias dimensões para não corremos o risco de ficarmos apenas na perspectiva financeira, isto é, da renda, que embora supra o emergencial não é suficiente para transformar as condições de vida das famílias; a PNAS pode ser considerada como um avanço da política social no Brasil uma vez que possui matricialidade na família. No entanto, é preciso avançar na interpretação do território que na política e na fala dos agentes sociais, é interpretado apenas como um recorte areal onde deverão ocorrer as ações para minimizar a pobreza; por fim, o PBF é um programa de urgência moral uma vez que sana o mais emergencial que é o direito de subsistência, mas ainda não conseguiu transformar de forma profunda a pobreza no pais. 

9
  • THIAGO BELO DE MEDEIROS
  • O TURISMO DE SOL E PRAIA E O CIRCUITO INFERIOR DA ECONOMIA URBANA: UM ESTUDO A PARTIR DA PRAIA DE PONTA NEGRA – NATAL/RN

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • ELISEU SAVÉRIO SPOSITO
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • Data: 26-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Paralelo ao conjunto de vetores modernos que se inserem na cidade de Natal/RN a partir da década de 1980 com o advento da atividade turística, surge uma parcela da população que sobrevive dos seus resultados: os trabalhadores de praia. Dessa forma, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo analisar os circuitos da economia urbana em Ponta Negra, a partir da complementaridade e concorrência oriunda da inserção da atividade turística e a expansão dos trabalhadores de praia, destacando a importância do circuito inferior na dinâmica socioeconômica da cidade. Isto porque o Brasil, com seu extenso litoral e suas belas paisagens naturais, atrai milhões de turistas nacionais e estrangeiros que frequentam sua costa o ano todo e aproveitam o clima tropical que predomina no país, ajudando a desenvolver o fenômeno turístico, atividade econômica e prática social. Contudo, há também a geração de uma nova forma de manifestação do circuito inferior da economia que ocorre através do exorbitante número de comerciantes, seja em estabelecimentos fixos ou como ambulantes. Assim, a partir do nosso recorte espacial, mostramos como uma praia é usada não somente como um dos principais lugares de lazer e usufruto do tempo livre, mas também como um lugar de trabalho para muitos agentes. Além disso, visamos atenuar a escassez de produção científica que versa sobre os trabalhadores de praia, mostrando sua forma de organização, a articulação com a economia do turismo e a precariedade do trabalho que os cerca. Para tanto, tomamos como referência analítica a teoria dos circuitos da economia urbana, proposta teórica do autor Milton Santos. Esta teoria interpreta a economia urbana dos países subdesenvolvidos por meio do reconhecimento da existência de dois circuitos econômicos, o circuito inferior e o circuito superior. Estes são frutos da existência de uma significativa parcela da população vivendo de atividades ocasionais ou com salário muito baixo, em detrimento de uma minoria com altos salários. Cria-se, então, na cidade, uma divisão entre os sujeitos que têm acesso aos bens e aos serviços de forma permanente, oferecidos pelo mercado, e aqueles que não têm esse acesso, mesmo sendo portadores das mesmas necessidades.  

10
  • DENIS CARLOS DA SILVA
  • A Configuração do circuito espacial de produção sucroalcooleira em Alagoas

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • ANTONIO ALFREDO TELES DE CARVALHO
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • Data: 27-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A cana-de-açúcar constitui a principal atividade produtiva do estado de Alagoas, abrigando uma estrutura composta por 25 unidades de produção que representa a base econômica de mais da metade dos seus municípios, se constituindo no maior produtor do setor sucroalcooleiro do Norte-Nordeste, exportando seus produtos para países de diferentes continentes. Dado esse quadro de referência, buscou-se no presente trabalho, compreender a configuração do circuito espacial de produção sucroalcooleira em Alagoas a partir do uso do território, analisado à luz dos eventos mais significativos relacionados ao setor e, ainda, o conjunto de normas estabelecidas pelo Estado, através de órgãos, a exemplo do Instituto do Açúcar e Álcool (IAA), e de programas como o Programa Nacional do Álcool (Proálcool), dentre outros, que possuíam a função de estruturar e carrear recursos para o setor sucroalcooleiro. Observou-se que os investimentos realizados proporcionaram uma renovação das técnicas abrigadas no arcabouço produtivo sucroalcooleiro. Inicialmente, com a substituição dos engenhos pelas usinas e, posteriormente, o aperfeiçoamento do processo agrícola e fabril com maior aproveitamento dos subprodutos, além da integração produtiva das instâncias, especialmente com a produção de açúcar, álcool e geração de energia, intensificando uma maior participação do estado na divisão internacional do trabalho, conferindo-lhe uma estrutura organizacional segmentada pelos grandes agentes hegemônicos desse processo. Dessa forma, a configuração geográfica sucroalcooleira até então existente no território alagoano, foi reestruturada e o circuito, cada vez mais, passa a constituir movimentos multiescalares, subsidiados pelos círculos de cooperação. Contudo, tal configuração demonstrou-se subserviente ao mercado mundial, o que cada vez mais condiciona a adoção de práticas hegemônicas que se distanciam das vivências e projetos locais. A verticalidade imposta disponibiliza uma configuração que não lhe é peculiar, que apenas serve para responder aos comandos dos grandes agentes hegemônicos, caracterizando a continuidade do processo capitalista vigente. Ou seja, as empresas sucroalcooleiras usam corporativamente o território como recurso para obter mais lucratividade e assim dominar o maior número de mercados consumidores.

11
  • MARYSOL DANTAS DE MEDEIROS
  • VULNERABILIDADE SOCIAL E EXPOSIÇÃO A RISCOS NATURAIS NO MUNICÍPIO DE NATAL, RN

  • Líder : LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADRIANO LIMA TROLEIS
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MARIA ELISA ZANELLA
  • Data: 27-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A sociedade atual vive cercada por vários tipos de riscos, fazendo com que os indivíduos sejam tomados por uma sensação constante de medo e insegurança, já que os resultados negativos dos riscos, sempre trazem algum prejuízo à população direta ou indiretamente envolvida. A cidade de Natal apresenta diversas áreas de riscos, principalmente nas periferias da cidade, devido à ocupação de espaços que apresentam limitações legais e/ou físico-naturais, bem como a falta de organização urbana, aumentando assim, a vulnerabilidade da população que reside nestas áreas. O objetivo principal desta pesquisa foi mapear as áreas de vulnerabilidade social e os riscos naturais na cidade de Natal, levando-se em consideração as inter-relações entre as vulnerabilidades sociais e a exposição diferenciada aos riscos naturais. Para tanto, foi necessário estabelecer, segundo a metodologia utilizada, o grau de vulnerabilidade social e de vulnerabilidade ao perigo natural no qual os indivíduos estão sujeitos; visando estabelecer a relação sociedade/ riscos. Neste caso, foi utilizada a metodologia proposta por Crepani (2001) que se baseia na Ecodinâmica de Tricart (1977), no qual, classifica as áreas de risco e o grau de vulnerabilidade destas áreas conforme os processos morfodinâmicos para elaboração do Índice de Vulnerabilidade Físico-Natural; e para organização do Índice de Vulnerabilidade Social adotou-se uma adaptação do Índice Paulista de Vulnerabilidade Social, elaborado pela Fundação SEADE (Fundação Sistema Estadual de Análise de Dados) do Estado de São Paulo, valendo-se de dados que denotam desvantagem social a nível do setor censitário. Em seguida, com a sobreposição destes dois índices, elaborou-se o de um Índice de Vulnerabilidade Socioambiental. Assim, concluiu-se que além de espacializar as áreas de risco indica qual o grau de vulnerabilidade dos indivíduos potencialmente expostos ao perigo natural.

12
  • ANA PAULA TEODORO DOS SANTOS
  • A REESTRUTURAÇÃO DO TERRITÓRIO DA REGIÃO FUMAGEIRA DE ALAGOAS (1890-2013)

  • Líder : RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • EUGENIA MARIA DANTAS
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • ANTONIO ALFREDO TELES DE CARVALHO
  • Data: 28-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Norteado principalmente pelas concepções de “território usado” desenvolvida por Santos (2005) e de “reestruturação” discutida por Soja (1993), o presente trabalho, intitulado “A Reestruturação do Território da Região Fumageira de Alagoas (1890-2013)”, tem como principal objetivo compreender a estruturação e reestruturação do território alagoano a partir da expansão da atividade fumageira, configurando um território fumicultor que tem Arapiraca como centro de convergência para a dinâmica urbana e regional. Para alcançar tal objetivo, definimos alguns procedimentos metodológicos, como pesquisa de cunho bibliográfico, histórico, e empírico, considerando os usos do território pela fumicultura na região, e seu processo de reestruturação. Constatamos que a fumicultura, caracterizada como uma atividade familiar, se firmou na ‘porção’ Agreste alagoana desde o século XIX. Entretanto é a partir de 1950, quando da busca de novos mercados produtores no país, que a produção alagoana é incentivada, e inserida ao comércio internacional de tabaco, se tornando a principal base produtiva do interior do estado e responsável pela ascensão econômica da região Agreste alagoana e pela reestruturação desse território, com destaque para o município de Arapiraca, onde se concentrou as empresas multinacionais de fumo e as modernas técnicas de produção, bem como as atividades de comércio e serviços. O início da crise da produção tabagista na década de 1980 e seu aprofundamento nos anos de 1990, promoveu profundas consequências para a economia e por conseguinte produziu as condições para a reestruturação territorial da região fumicultora alagoana. A partir da crise, diante de novos usos do território, constatamos novas dinâmicas territoriais, na qual Arapiraca se reafirma como centralidade na rede urbana e regional do interior alagoano através do setor terciário, enquanto os demais municípios fumageiros, apresentando expressivas características rurais   tornaram-se cada vez mais  dependentes da influência exercida por Arapiraca, evidenciando o desigual uso do território da região fumageira de Alagoas, o que torna esse espaço um ambiente importante para o desenvolvimento de estudos e pesquisas.

13
  • MAXSUEL DE MOURA MACEDO
  • Fluidez territorial e logística: o PAC no Rio Grande do Norte

  • Líder : ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • RICARDO ABID CASTILLO
  • Data: 28-mar-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O Estado é responsável por criar condições normativas e infraestruturais em um determinado território. Essas ações geram macrodinâmicas, contudo, em alguns casos elas se mostram seletivas e restritas, como no caso das concernentes ao setor de transporte. As ações do Estado brasileiro destinadas a fluidez territorial na atualidade são consubstanciadas, especialmente, pelo Programa de Aceleração do Crescimento (PAC). O PAC nos eixos destinados ao setor de transporte, batizado de logística, que por sua vez, se apresenta como uma necessidade premente e como uma ideologia do atual período. Portanto, dentro desse contexto de transformações territoriais advindas com esse programa situamos nosso trabalho, que objetiva compreender como as ações do Estado concretizadas e planejadas no âmbito do PAC estão configurando ou podem configurar a logística territorial brasileira, particularmente, a do estado do Rio Grande do Norte.

14
  • LÚCIA ALVES DE ARAÚJO
  • UMA LEITURA ATUAL DO BAIRRO DA RIBEIRA EM NATAL/RN A PARTIR DOS DOIS CIRCUITOS DA ECONOMIA URBANA

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • DÁLIA MARIA MAIA CAVALCANTI DE LIMA
  • Data: 28-abr-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar a organização espacial do bairro da Ribeira em Natal/RN a partir dos dois circuitos da economia urbana. Inicialmente, discutirá os conceitos de espaço urbano, bairro e os dois circuitos de economia urbana. Em seguida, abordar-se-á uma breve discussão sobre a produção do espaço urbano de Natal, dando ênfase ao seu processo de urbanização, mostrando o papel que a atividade turística teve na sua expansão urbana. Posteriormente, fazer-se a um resgate socioespacial do bairro da Ribeira, considerando o seu papel de bairro comercial e a sua importância no processo de urbanização da cidade de Natal. Por último, analisar-se-á sua atual organização espacial a luz da teoria dos dois circuitos da economia urbana, considerando que a diferença fundamental entre as atividades dos dois circuitos está baseada principalmente na tecnologia e na organização. Obstante, utilizaram-se outras variáveis para caracterizar cada uma das atividades econômicas inseridas em cada um dos circuitos no bairro em questão, tais como, concorrência, complementaridade, publicidade, mercado entre outras. 

15
  • LORENE KASSIA BARBOSA BRASIL
  • O PROGRAMA DE AQUISIÇÃO DE ALIMENTOS (PAA) E AS TRANSFORMAÇÕES SOCIOTERRITORIAIS NO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIRIAM HERMI ZAAR
  • ANIERES BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • Data: 26-may-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O Programa de Aquisição de Alimentos (PAA) é uma das últimas políticas propostas pelo governo, no ano de 2006, que tem como foco a agricultura familiar no Brasil. Esse Programa tem como objetivo comercializar os produtos da agricultura familiar, através da compra institucional, incentivando a produção, e promovendo ações que possam melhorar a qualidade da alimentação de pessoas em situação de risco alimentar, e tem funcionado, em certa medida, como complemento ao Programa de Fortalecimento da Agricultura Familiar (PRONAF). O presente estudo tem como foco analisar as mudanças socioterritoriais observadas no Rio Grande do Norte, em decorrência da implantação do PAA. Para isso, realizou-se uma discussão entre território e norma (considera a política pública como tal), procedimento importante para se compreender como a norma influencia nas mudanças territoriais, criando novas relações sociais e territoriais. Para o desenvolvimento da pesquisa utilizou-se de textos científicos e institucionais sobre o tema; realizou-se aplicação de 97 questionários com agricultores fornecedores do PAA, entrevistas com os gestores do Programa no âmbito federal (MDA), estadual (CONAB e EMATER) e municipal (EMATER local e Secretarias de Agricultura). Procedeu-se, ainda, a análise das políticas públicas sociais, na busca de se entender o contexto em que o PAA se insere nas políticas públicas direcionadas à agricultura familiar, a partir de 1980, com a redemocratização do Brasil. A partir das informações coletadas no trabalho de campo e com dados secundários elaborou-se os mapas, as tabelas, os gráficos e os cartogramas. Isso permitiu traçar o perfil socioeconômico da agricultura familiar no Rio Grande do Norte, assim como dos inqueridos na pesquisa. Diante disso, constatou-se que o PAA de fato representa avanços na política pública voltada para a agricultura familiar. No entanto, apesar do programa ser essencial para a emancipação dos agricultores familiares, muito ainda deve ser feito para que a realidade do campo e da agricultura familiar no Rio Grande do Norte apresente mudanças significativas. 

16
  • MARIANA TORRES CORREIA DE MELLO
  • ESTUDO DE VIABILIDADE TÉCNICO-AMBIENTAL PARA IMPLANTAÇÃO DE PARQUES EÓLICOS: UM ESTUDO DE CASO EM UM FRAGMENTO DO LITORAL SETENTRIONAL DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE/ BRASIL.

  • Líder : ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • SÉRGIO RICARDO DA SILVEIRA BARROS
  • Data: 02-jun-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A utilização de energias com fontes renováveis encontram-se cada vez mais demandadas pela sociedade, principalmente a eólica - cuja matéria prima é o vento. Os investimentos em energia eólica apresentam-se expressivos no Brasil com destaque ao Nordeste e, em especial, o Rio Grande do Norte. Segundo a Empresa de Pesquisa Energética (2012), os investimentos no estado cresceram significativamente desde 2002 com um total de potência acumulada até 2013 de aproximadamente 3.400 MW. Mesmo com o início das experiências de exploração da energia eólica em 2002, ela é considerada ainda recente e requer estudos mais aprofundados que remetam às prováveis alterações no ambiente e na sociedade. Neste caso, é crescente e urgente a importância de se estudar profundamente a energia eólica ainda na fase de prospecção do empreendimento, ou seja, no início das tomadas de decisão sobre o local mais viável para a implantação destes parques. Diante do exposto, questiona-se: a partir de uma análise técnica e ambiental, como identificar áreas viáveis à instalação de um parque eólico, levando em consideração os fatores das dinâmicas ambientais relevantes na minimizarão de resultados negativos ao meio ambiente e à sociedade? Desta forma, o presente trabalho realizou um estudo de viabilidade técnica e ambiental, propondo uma metodologia de prospecção de áreas viáveis à implantação de parques eólicos em áreas costeiras. A área estudada foi um fragmento do litoral setentrional do Rio Grande do Norte e dela foram identificadas as unidades naturais da paisagem através da caracterização ambiental da área, bem como foi elaborado o mapa de cobertura do solo, de restrição de residências e áreas urbanas e das Áreas de Preservação Permanente-APPs. A fragilidade ambiental foi subdividida na fragilidade da dinâmica natural, mapeada através do relevo, solos e geologia das unidades naturais, e a fragilidade do ecossistema, originada através do mapa de cobertura do solo. Além desses mapas, foi gerado o recurso eólico da área para uma altura de 50 e 100 m. O cruzamento entre os mapas de fragilidade, APPs e restrição de residências que sobreposto aos mapas de potencial eólico forneceu o mapa de viabilidade de parques eólicos que resulta nas áreas mais propícias do ponto de vista técnico e ambiental para suas instalações. A partir desse estudo, o empreendedor poderá avaliar a continuidade ou não com os estudos nessa área e principalmente diminuirá possíveis conflitos à sociedade.

17
  • MARCEU DE MELO
  • UNIDADES GEOAMBIENTAIS E ÁREAS DE PRESERVAÇÃO PERMANENTE COMO INSTRUMENTOS DE AUXÍLIO PARA O PLANEJAMENTO AMBIENTAL – O CASO DA VIA COSTEIRA DE NATAL/RN.

  • Líder : LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ANTONIO JEOVAH DE ANDRADE MEIRELES
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • Data: 09-oct-2014


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A legislação brasileira dispõe de uma série de normas e ações que regulamentam o uso e ocupação do espaço e orientam o planejamento ambiental, dentre elas as Áreas de Preservação Permanente (APPs) que objetivam garantir a preservação de elementos essenciais à manutenção da função ambiental e da paisagem. Outro importante instrumento identificador de espaços são as unidades geoambientais, elementos de síntese que agrupam áreas com características semelhantes e podem ser utilizados na análise de risco, fragilidade e potencialidade de uso dos espaços. As unidades geoambientais são definidas por processos mais complexos (integração de informações), pautando-se não apenas em elementos isolados, mas definidas a partir de uma análise sistêmica. É possível identificar e delimitar APPs a partir da identificação e delimitação de unidades geoambientais? O objetivo geral deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial da utilização das unidades geoambientais no processo de identificação e delimitação das APPs e verificar quanto da área de estudo, a Via Costeira em Natal/RN, ainda está apta à ocupação. Utilizou-se o método fisionômico, no qual os limites das unidades são traçados sobre um documento sintético (fotografias aéreas), valorizando aspectos do relevo em uma escala de detalhe, através da análise de categorias sistêmicas (elemento, estrutura, função e interação), observadas em campo. A metodologia empregada permitiu identificar e delimitar onze unidades geoambientais e, a partir destas, identificar e delimitar quatro das cinco APPs com ocorrência na área de estudo. Apenas um pequeno trecho de 1,2 ha da área de estudo não é considerado APP pela legislação. Assim, a ocupação da área não ocupada da Via Costeira se torna inviável do ponto de vista legal. As unidades geoambientais e as APPs identificadas e delimitadas na Via Costeira são espaços cuja preservação é garantida pela legislação nos diferentes âmbitos e necessárias à manutenção das funções ambientais da área. O planejamento para uso e ocupação da área deve envolver a recuperação das áreas degradadas e a criação de elementos que possibilitem o uso e atraiam a população, como previsto no projeto inicial, garantindo a utilidade pública e o interesse social do projeto.

2013
Disertaciones
1
  • GILNARA KARLA NICOLAU DA SILVA
  • O espaço do consumo e o consumo do espaço no município de Macaíba-RN a partir das festas de vaquejada (1980-2012)


  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • EDU SILVESTRE DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • EUSTÓGIO WANDERLEY CORREIA DANTAS
  • Data: 28-feb-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • No decorrer dos séculos o espaço geográfico sofreu intensas transformações em nível mundial, passando a ser visto como mercadoria, portanto, revestido de valor de troca. Diante desta premissa, alguns geógrafos ao analisar o consumo do/no espaço têm procurado explicar como e por que a economia, a cultura, o simbólico e o material se encontram, demonstrando como os complexos significados e expressões do consumo, por sua vez conectados a outros espaços e escalas, contribuem criticamente, no entendimento da relação entre a sociedade e o espaço. É importante fazermos esta análise, pois, estes aspectos nos ajudam a compreender como o consumo penetra no espaço e na vida das pessoas, haja vista que as mais abastadas são seus principais agentes, consumindo além de suas necessidades. Nesse sentido, percebemos que o modo de produção capitalista é  responsável por produzir e reproduzir o espaço garantindo a sua acumulação e expansão, transformando as diferentes formas espaciais, produzindo a partir dessas, novas espacialidades, que envolvem desde a cultura, as tradições e os costumes da sociedade, fazendo surgir novos hábitos de consumo e entretenimento. Nesta perspectiva, percebemos que o capital e o consumo estão intrinsecamente ligados ao processo de massificação da cultura, tendo em vista a multiplicidade de objetos criados no espaço, os quais são divulgados por meio da propagação da informação e da comunicação. A cultura de massa ou Indústria Cultural, com o advento da tecnologia da comunicação e da informação, sobrepõe-se à cultura popular, transformando-a em um produto industrial, sendo a mesma elaborada pelos veículos midiáticos, os quais estão ligados ao capital industrial e financeiro. Inserimos neste contexto de consumo do/no espaço e massificação cultural, as festas de vaquejada, consideradas um fenômeno cultural para o povo nordestino brasileiro, que teve início entre os séculos XVII e XVIII nas fazendas de gado sertanejas. Observamos que as mesmas têm passado por várias transformações ao longo dos séculos, quando modificada pelo capital, tornando-se, sobretudo, uma festa ou espetáculo urbano, o qual acontece em várias cidades da região Nordeste. Diante do exposto, buscamos compreender neste trabalho as transformações que ocorreram nas festas de vaquejada a partir de 1980 a 2012, especialmente, nos eventos que acontecem em Macaíba-RN, atentando-se para suas correlações com o processo de (re)produção do capital no espaço. Portanto, considerando que as transformações deste evento são evidentes no espaço geográfico, neste trabalho, destacamos sua importância para os nordestinos, principalmente, para os sertanejos, fazendo um resgate de sua história, observando como este evento, aos poucos, foi ganhando novos elementos e valores, perdendo suas características campesinas. Notamos que ao mesmo tempo em que a vaquejada produziu um novo público, transformou-se, também, em um evento-espetáculo, sobretudo, urbano, influenciando a economia das cidades que organizam tais festas e, por conseguinte, no processo de reprodução do capital no espaço. Ademais, o evento passou a fazer parte do contexto mercantil-regional e do calendário festivo de várias cidades nordestinas.

2
  • JOANE LUIZA DANTAS VIEIRA BATISTA
  • A vilegiatura marítima e a urbanização em Tibau/RN

  • Líder : MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARIA APARECIDA PONTES DA FONSECA
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • JOSE LACERDA ALVES FELIPE
  • Data: 28-feb-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A pesquisa objetiva analisar o processo de urbanização que vem ocorrendo no município litorâneo de Tibau/RN no período que compreende 1980-2012, decorrente da (re) produção do espaço para o consumo do ócio e do lazer, por meio da prática da Vilegiatura Marítima. Essa prática visa fixar-se temporariamente na praia em segundas residências, interferindo no ordenamento e no uso do território urbano de Tibau, promovendo uma urbanização pautada na lógica do lazer, com enorme capacidade de apropriação e consumo do espaço. A prática da Vilegiatura Marítima em Tibau iniciou-se no fim do século XIX, tornando-se mais relevante na década de 1980, quando tal prática vira moda para os mossoroenses, diante de sua pujança econômica, como poder de consumo para investir nesse tipo de domicílio. Tibau passa a ser um grande depositário de segundas residências para a prática do lazer, o que contribuiu, inclusive, para a sua emancipação política e administrativa em 1997. A intensificação das atividades do Setor Imobiliário, expandindo as segundas residências ao longo do litoral, acaba por zonear o território urbano de Tibau com o auxílio do Poder Público local, este interessado em inserir o município na rota turística do Estado. A metodologia utilizada compreendeu levantamento bibliográfico, coleta de dados e observação em locus. Foram aplicados questionários em forma de entrevistas aos vilegiaturistas, residentes, empresários de comércio e serviços, a empresa de fruticultura Agrícola Famosa Ltda., Poder Público Municipal e a Associação de Idosos do município. Foi feito o registro fotográfico, para visualizar a evolução da urbanização de Tibau. Procedeu-se ao georeferenciamento do espaço em foco, a fim de analisar o uso e ocupação do território urbano pelos agentes sociais vilegiaturistas e residentes. Conclui-se que a urbanização que vem ocorrendo em Tibau se dá de forma estendida ao longo do litoral, com baixa densidade demográfica, e por isso de difícil governança por parte do poder público municipal. Onde o Setor Imobiliário vem promovendo a valorização do solo urbano, de modo a fragmentar o espaço com condomínios fechados e segregar a população de residentes para as áreas periféricas da cidade, cada vez mais longe da faixa litorânea e com carências de infraestrutura e serviços urbanos básicos.

3
  • EDUARDO ALEXANDRE DO NASCIMENTO
  • A expansão do mercado imobiliário em Mossoró: acumulação capitalista e o aprofundamento das contradições socioespaciais

  • Líder : ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • EVERALDO SANTOS MELAZZO
  • Data: 28-feb-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O mercado imobiliário residencial em Mossoró se expande no presente momento gerando transformações importantes no âmbito da economia e alterando sobremaneira a configuração do espaço urbano do município. No entanto, os efeitos desse processo incidem negativamente sobre parte da população pobre da cidade, gerando e agravando uma série de problemas sociais. Esse processo torna-se ainda mais contraditório com a presença do Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida (PMCMV). Embora esse Programa tenha por finalidade central (pelo menos em tese) resolver parte do problema da escassez da habitação no país, sua implementação, intimamente vinculada à lógica do capital, estimula o mercado de imóveis, cooperando para o aumento da especulação imobiliária, contribuindo, assim, para o encarecimento do solo urbano e dos imóveis, colocando-se como impedimento para a aquisição da casa própria e da moradia digna, por parte da população carente local. Nessa perspectiva, o presente trabalho busca investigar, a natureza do atual processo de expansão do mercado imobiliário, animado em larga medida pelos recursos oriundos do PMCMV, e suas implicações sobre a dinâmica socioespacial de Mossoró, frisando, sobretudo, o aprofundamento da crise urbana e das contradições no e do espaço urbano desse município.

4
  • VITOR HUGO CAMPELO PEREIRA
  • Inferência geográfica para delimitação de corredores ecológicos: um estudo de caso para a mata atlântica do município de Tibau do Sul/RN

  • Líder : LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • EDSON VICENTE DA SILVA
  • Data: 06-mar-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O bioma Mata Atlântica ocupa grande parte da costa Atlântica brasileira, além de porções do Paraguai e da Argentina. Em razão, sobretudo, de sua biodiversidade enquadra-se no grupo dos hotspots mundiais, ou seja, áreas que apresentam extrema prioridade de conservação.  Embora atualmente estejam disponíveis alguns dispositivos que auxiliam na sua proteção, no decorrer da história da ocupação e exploração do território brasileiro, esse bioma passou, e ainda passa, por um intenso processo de devastação, provocado, sobretudo pela pressão exercida pelas atividades econômicas, culminando em uma relevante redução de sua área e em uma consequente fragmentação da paisagem, o que traz consigo uma série de problemas em diversas escalas e aspectos. Assim como em grande parte dos municípios incluídos na área de abrangência do bioma, a situação de fragmentação florestal em Tibau do Sul/RN é bastante crítica, refletindo assim em uma paisagem deveras diversificada com ampla tipologia de usos do solo. Dentre as alternativas que visam à conservação do referido bioma destacam-se a criação de Unidades de Conservação e a criação de Corredores Ecológicos, sendo essa última mais eficiente por conectar os remanescentes florestais, aumentando a conectividade da paisagem, fornecendo ganhos significativos em relação à biodiversidade. No entanto, uma das principais problemáticas em projetos de implementação de Corredores Ecológicos está relacionada com a seleção de áreas para tal fim, neste sentido a Geografia pode fornecer importantes contribuições, através dos estudos integrados da paisagem à luz da abordagem geossistêmica e do uso dos Sistemas de Informação Geográfica (SIG), através de técnicas de Inferência Geográfica, de modo a permitir uma apreciação da realidade tomando por base a integração dos aspectos ecológicos, biológicos e antrópicos. Assim sendo, a presente pesquisa tem como objetivo indicar áreas potenciais e propor cenários de delimitação de Corredores Ecológicos no município de Tibau do Sul/RN, através de técnicas de Inferência Geográfica em plataforma SIG. Para tanto, a metodologia adotada está fundamentada na abordagem Geossistêmica. A partir desses elementos,  foram criados 4 modelos para indicação de áreas potenciais par a implantação de Corredores Ecológicos a partir das perspectivas ambiental (potencial à erosão), socioeconômica (cobertura e preço da terra), legislativa (áreas protegidas pela legislação ambiental) e integrada (combinação de elementos ambientais, socioeconômicos e legislativos), que por sua vez serviram de base para a proposição de cenários voltados a essa finalidade. Os resultados mostraram que todos os modelos podem ser bastante úteis na indicação de áreas potenciais para o estabelecimento de Corredores Ecológicos, sobretudo quando fundamentados em uma perspectiva integrada entre aspectos ambientais e antrópicos. As propostas de delimitação de Corredores apresentadas podem exercer funções além do estabelecimento da conectividade entre fragmentos, pois as mesmas podem ter serventia também no controle de processos erosivos e proteção de ambientes frágeis.

5
  • VALDEMIRO SEVERIANO FILHO
  • O carnaval de Natal/RN: espaço dos “índios” no tempo da folia

  • Líder : ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • ANELINO FRANCISCO DA SILVA
  • CARLOS EDUARDO SANTOS MAIA
  • Data: 08-mar-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A cidade de Natal/RN apresenta-se como palco para múltiplas manifestações culturais, entre as quais se encontram as tribos de índios carnavalescas. O presente estudo procurará compreender a produção do carnaval destas agremiações enquanto uma manifestação de lazer e trabalho. Pautado numa visão pluralista, percebemos que os vários usos do espaço implicam em territorialidades que envolvem as dimensões política, econômica e simbólica, intermediadas pela cultura. Sob a análise proposta, pretendemos desvendar as dinâmicas espaciais e os vários agentes sociais que engendram relações de poder, trabalho e sociabilidades, mostrando neste “mundo” carnavalesco seus aspectos culturais e suas práticas sociais, guardando, em seu cerne, o caráter popular e ordinário do cotidiano. A pesquisa mostra que, para além da racionalidade hegemônica, existem outras racionalidades, manifestadas em microterritorialidades, que acionam mecanismos e táticas cotidianas, valorizando-se o fenômeno do estar-junto, existentes no interior dos centros urbanos, nos bairros e nas ruas.

6
  • LUCIA ROSA DOS SANTOS
  • O uso do território norte-rio-grandense pelo o circuito espacial de produção de biodiesel

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • ANIERES BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • Data: 14-mar-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A introdução do biodiesel na matriz energética nacional começa a se concretizar a partir de 2005, logo após a implementação do Programa Nacional de Produção e Uso do Biodiesel (PNPB), cuja estruturação tem como base a inclusão social (por meio da inserção da agricultura familiar), a sustentabilidade ambiental e a viabilidade econômica. Este Programa consiste em um conjunto de normas, que se transformaram em ações e se distribuíram por quase todo o território nacional, inclusive o estado do Rio Grande do Norte.  Nossa reflexão parte do princípio de que os lugares acolhem as atividades produtivas de formas diferenciadas e, sendo assim, a realização do circuito espacial da produção do biodiesel dependerá de vários fatores, dentre eles a configuração do território que receberá esse novo nexo econômico. Sendo assim, buscamos compreender como o território norte-rio-grandense se insere no âmbito do circuito espacial de produção do biodiesel, entendendo-o como parte do contexto nacional e atentando para as diferenciações espaciais/territoriais que constituem fatores determinantes para sua concretização.

7
  • JEYSON FERREIRA SILVA DE LIMA
  • Praças públicas caicoenses: territorialidades, sociabilidades e identidades

  • Líder : ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • IONE RODRIGUES DINIZ MORAIS
  • WENDEL HENRIQUE
  • Data: 18-mar-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A cidade, com toda a sua complexidade, é marcada pelos diferentes usos que se esboçam e que dão a composição atual de suas formas, funções, processos e estruturas (SANTOS, 2008). Estes usos são responsáveis por definir as territorialidades que se engendram nas praças públicas, sobretudo a partir da projeção das práticas de sociabilidade e de lazer vivenciadas pelos grupos e agregados sociais urbanos, dando margem ao surgimento de acordos e conflitos, especialmente, quando a esfera pública e a privada negocia a permanência no mesmo território. Assim, a partir de análises realizadas nas praças públicas da cidade de Caicó/RN no contexto atual, fizemos um exame das territorialidades empreendidas por estes grupos e agregados sociais. Tais praças foram apreendidas enquanto territórios de uso público, porém marcados pela presença privada, configurando-se enquanto importantes elementos constituintes do espaço urbano caicoense.

8
  • LEONLENE DE SOUSA AGUIAR
  • Dinâmica ambiental da Planície de Deflação do litoral de Extremoz/RN.

  • Líder : ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • SÉRGIO RICARDO DA SILVEIRA BARROS
  • Data: 22-mar-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O presente trabalho de defesa de mestrado em Geografia da UFRN, intitulado Dinâmica Ambiental da Planície de Deflação do Litoral de Extremoz/RN, tem como objetivo geral analisar a planície de deflação do referido município, numa perspectiva geossistêmica, e confrontar como os aspectos legais ambientais influenciam na organização desse litoral. As planícies de deflações são áreas consideradas frágeis ambientalmente, mas vem sendo ocupadas pelo processo de expansão urbana ao longo dos anos, e incitando problemas frequentes de inundação nos espaços que foram construídos, além dos efeitos da expansão urbana interferir na dinâmica ambiental destas áreas, uma vez que impedem o transporte natural de sedimentos pelos ventos. Ocorre que, muitas vezes, essa dinâmica do ambiente não é, ou não foi, considerada pela legislação ambiental, causando diversos problemas na gestão ambiental desses espaços. A necessidade de se entender a dinâmica ambiental das planícies de deflações não é um caso específico para a zona costeira do Município de Extremoz, já que essa paisagem ocorre em diversos trechos do litoral do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Mas em decorrência do município apresentar parte do seu território costeiro protegido (setor Sul) por legislação específica de unidade de conservação da natureza e a outra parte por leis mais abrangentes (setor Norte), além dos interesses evidentes de ocupação desses espaços que ocorrem aí em quase todo o litoral, foram os principais motivadores da proposição deste projeto nesta localidade. Diante desta situação, acredita-se que a abordagem geossistêmica poderá trazer importantes contribuições para o planejamento territorial desses espaços, uma vez que há necessidade de se identificar as interações existentes entre os sistemas ambientais e a sociedade para a compreensão da realidade ambiental e social.

9
  • FABIANA MENEZES MACHADO
  • Um olhar sobre o cotidiano e as re-definições espaciais no Bairro Potengi, Natal/RN

  • Líder : EDNA MARIA FURTADO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRO DOZENA
  • MARIA HELENA BRAGA E VAZ DA COSTA
  • GLÓRIA DA ANUNCIAÇÃO ALVES
  • Data: 26-mar-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Este trabalho objetiva realizar uma análise sobre a produção do espaço e a dinâmica existente entre os agentes sociais que atuam e interagem, embora de maneiras distintas, na produção e re-produção espacial no Bairro Potengi em Natal, Rio Grande do Norte. O bairro vive um processo de dinamismo incontestável e possui um cotidiano marcado pela heterogeneidade, destacando-se como um bairro em transição. Portanto, sua análise, sob a perspectiva do método dialético, contribui para a compreensão de que a produção espacial pode ser analisada através do estudo das formas e dos conteúdos, podendo contribuir para a sua real apreensão. Afinal, a cidade reflete formas, assume funções, apresenta conteúdos e essa dinâmica influi e é influenciada pelas relações humanas. Assim, esta pesquisa busca analisar a produção do espaço, com base na observação e no estudo do rico cotidiano dos distintos agentes sociais concretos que atuam no espaço citado.

10
  • FRANCICELIO MENDONCA DA SILVA
  • Análise da vulnerabilidade ambiental no estuário do rio Curimataú/Cunhaú, baía formosa e Canguaretama – RN

  • Líder : LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • LUTIANE QUEIROZ DE ALMEIDA
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • MARIA ELISA ZANELLA
  • Data: 27-mar-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O ambiente estuarino corresponde a um espaço geográfico de interface entre o continente e o oceano, onde a relação entre a sua forte instabilidade natural e a intensa ocupação não planejada tem incrementado a sua vulnerabilidade ambiental. Dessa maneira, a forma de interação dos elementos espaciais atuantes conduz a um grau de vulnerabilidade desse ambiente em relação ao seu equilíbrio dinâmico. Diante disso, vale destacar que o ambiente estuarino encontra-se em um sistema de alta complexidade socioambiental nas interações com as áreas adjacentes, o qual se constitui de diversos espaços vulneráveis, associados às diversificadas formas de uso e ocupação do solo, inter-relacionados com os impactos ambientais e criando, assim, territórios de extrema vulnerabilidade ambiental. Nesse aspecto, o objetivo da pesquisa é analisar a vulnerabilidade ambiental no estuário do rio Curimataú/Cunhaú e suas adjacências, sendo ele localizado nos municípios de Baía Formosa e Canguaretama, estado do Rio Grande do Norte, enfocando as inter-relações entre o uso e ocupação do solo, os impactos ambientais e as suas mudanças espaciais na paisagem, bem como identificando e analisando os espaços de vulnerabilidade ambiental ao considerar os condicionantes naturais e antrópicas (geologia, geomorfologia, pedologia e vegetação/cobertura e uso da terra), contribuindo, então, na elaboração do mapa de vulnerabilidade ambiental. Nesse sentido, os procedimentos metodológicos utilizados foram: o levantamento de materiais bibliográficos e cartográficos, as etapas de campo e a utilização da metodologia empregada por Crepani et al. (2001), embasada na teoria da ecodinâmica de Tricart (1977), com subsídios em Oliveira (2011), Grigio (2003) e enfocando os ambientes de estabilidade/instabilidade ambiental para constituir as categorias morfodinâmicas no meio ambiente. A partir disso, a utilização dos valores para o grau de vulnerabilidade ambiental pauta-se nos critérios de atribuição de valores ao meio físico e na cobertura e uso da terra para a criação do mapa de vulnerabilidade ambiental. Conclui-se que a aplicação do conceito de vulnerabilidade ambiental na sua operacionalização traz, através da metodologia, a definição de classes de vulnerabilidade que contribuem para a análise ambiental das intervenções antrópicas no meio ambiente, mostrando-se uma ferramenta importante para as tomadas de decisão no gerenciamento dos ambientes costeiros e estuarinos.

11
  • DALYSON LUIZ ARAÚJO DE MORAIS
  • O circuito espacial produtivo e os círculos de cooperação do espaço da carcinicultura do Rio Grande do Norte

  • Líder : CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • MARIA MONICA ARROYO
  • Data: 27-mar-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • É imprescindível um estudo abrangente sobre o circuito espacial produtivo do camarão no Rio Grande do Norte, tendo em vista o enriquecimento teórico fornecido por esse conceito para a compreensão da dinâmica territorial potiguar a partir da utilização do território pela atividade da carcinicultura. Partindo do pressuposto de que à dinâmica territorial do período histórico atual é caracterizada pela nova divisão territorial do trabalho, pela especialização regional produtiva e por uma racionalidade que preside o movimento das mercadorias e da informação, a teoria dos circuitos espaciais de produção torna-se fundamental para o entendimento da organização, da regulação e do uso dos territórios envolvidos na área de produção do camarão. Dessa forma, objetivamos em nosso trabalho, compreender a circulação, o encadeamento das instâncias geográficas que separam a produção, distribuição, troca e consumo do camarão potiguar, no momento em que, especialmente, a partir da década de 1990, ocorre a expansão da carcinicultura no litoral Norte-Riograndense promovendo uma forte dinâmica territorial em algumas localidades do estado. Apesar do trabalho ainda está em construção, podemos trazer como resultados preliminares o controle e a concentração do circuito nas mãos de grandes empresas. Controle pelo numero reduzido de agentes que comercializem larvas, ração, maquinas e insumos. E no tocante a concentração, podemos afirmar que, há uma predominância dos pequenos produtores em números absolutos na carcinicultura potiguar, já que boa parte possuem empreendimentos de dimensões menores que 20 ha. Entretanto, quando analisados os empreendimentos de grande porte, estes, apesar de representarem uma porcentagem menor do total, concentram quase que a metade das áreas cultivadas.

12
  • LUCIANA DA COSTA FEITOSA
  • A regionalização da saúde no Rio Grande do Norte: elementos para a compreensão da dinâmica dos lugares


  • Líder : ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • CIPRIANO MAIA DE VASCONCELOS
  • RAUL BORGES GUIMARAES
  • Data: 02-abr-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  •  

    Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar a coerência entre a regionalização instituída pelo Plano Diretor de Regionalização do SUS no Rio Grande do Norte e as especificidades dos lugares, uma vez que a regionalização do Sistema Único de Saúde é, atualmente, a principal estratégia da política do Ministério da Saúde para garantir resolutividade às demandas do sistema em seus diferentes níveis de complexidade. A pesquisa utilizou-se da análise teórico-normativa da documentação do Ministério da Saúde e da Secretaria Estadual de Saúde do Rio Grande do Norte que tem a regionalização como eixo estruturante e do uso do geoprocessamento, expresso pela cartografia digital, considerado elemento-chave e instrumento indispensável para o monitoramento do território. A partir das mediações empíricas entre o que está proposto nas normas e a dinâmica territorial do Sistema Único de Saúde pudemos concluir que há um descompasso entre a política de regionalização estabelecida  pela  Secretaria Estadual de Saúde do Rio  Grande do Norte e a realidade da assistência à saúde que se dá nos lugares.


13
  • MANOEL CIRICIO PEREIRA NETO
  • Fragilidade ambiental da bacia hidrográfica do rio Seridó (RN/PB – Brasil)

  • Líder : ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ERMINIO FERNANDES
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • MARTA CELINA LINHARES SALES
  • Data: 24-abr-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • São inúmeras as aplicações provenientes dos estudos geomorfológicos e seus diferentes elementos constituintes e inter-relacionados à implantação de políticas públicas de planejamento e gestão territorial ambiental. Esta dissertação de mestrado apresenta uma análise da fragilidade ambiental da bacia hidrográfica do Rio Seridó, localizado entre os estados da Paraíba e Rio Grande do Norte (Brasil), para a identificação de áreas potencialmente instáveis. Este estudo encontra-se apoiado na abordagem metodológica de Ecodinâmica do francês J. Tricart (1977) e em sua proposta de operacionalização defendida pelo brasileiro J. Ross (1994), referente às Unidades Ecodinâmicas de Instabilidade Potencial e Emergente, com base nos índices de dissecação do relevo ou rugosidade topográfica. Os resultados relevam que em uma perspectiva quantitativa sobre a análise da referida bacia hidrográfica, estes valores podem ser traduzidos em classes de fragilidade potencial em torno dos 2.613,0 Km² de fraca intensidade, 5.188,4 Km² de média intensidade, e dos 2.585,5 Km² de forte intensidade. No que diz respeito para a fragilidade emergente, estes se aproximam dos 2.212,0 Km² de fraca intensidade, 6.191,23 Km² de média intensidade, e 2.062,34 Km² de forte intensidade. Os dados obtidos assumem uma importância fundamental para o planejamento territorial ambiental da bacia hidrográfica em questão, uma vez que podemos ainda verificar uma intrínseca associação dos municípios componentes do núcleo de desertificação com as áreas de forte instabilidade/fragilidade ambiental. Trata-se, portanto de um importante instrumento indicativo ao entendimento da susceptibilidade potencial dos ambientes naturais e antropizados, em relação ao avanço e/ou intensificação dos processos erosivos, quedas de blocos, movimentos de massa, dentre outros fenômenos atuantes de áreas potencialmente instáveis. A continuação detalhada destes estudos torna-se, portanto objeto de extrema relevância para o entendimento e arranjo dos processos, juntamente ao engendramento e sustentabilidade do sistema em sua totalidade; em estreita correlação, pois às suas potencialidades, restrições e alternativas sobre a bacia hidrográfica do Rio Seridó, e em todo o semiárido com características semelhantes.

14
  • DIEGO TENÓRIO DA PAZ
  • RIO GRANDE DO NORTE: Interações urbanas e os centros de gestão do território.

  • Líder : ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALDO ALOISIO DANTAS DA SILVA
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • VALDENILDO PEDRO DA SILVA
  • Data: 30-abr-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • O estado do Rio Grande do Norte vem passando por transformações em seu território, estas são promovidas pela instalação de novos equipamentos de infraestrutura, que por sua vez, provocam alterações nas dinâmicas espacial e social por hora estabelecidas, causando novos arranjos e novas dinâmicas entre as cidades. O objetivo geral da pesquisa é compreender, na atualidade, a rede urbana do Rio Grande do Norte, a partir dos centros de gestão do território. O panorama apresentado no trabalho revela uma rede de cidades que vem ganhando uma base material urbana, com a instalação de novos objetos da macro estruturas do estado (rodovias, portos, parques eólicos, agências bancárias, adutoras, acesso a internet) que possibilitam uma relação mais intensa entre os centros urbanos do estado e as demais cidades do mundo, que estruturam a atual característica da rede urbana, o seu caráter global, já que a possibilidade de relações entre os centros é maior. Tal possibilidade de relacionamento é fato devido as características do período histórico atual, com a elevada densidade do tripé técnica, ciência e informação comandadas pelo mercado. No Rio Grande do Norte a intencionalidade do novo arranjo que se configura não é outro, senão atender as demandas do mercado.

15
  • ALEXANDRE ALVES DE ANDRADE
  • O uso do território pela fruticultura irrigada no Rio Grande do Norte: uma análise a partir do circuito espacial produtivo do melão (Cucumis melo I.)

  • Líder : FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • FRANCISCO FRANSUALDO DE AZEVEDO
  • CELSO DONIZETE LOCATEL
  • JOSÉ BORZACCHIELLO DA SILVA
  • Data: 24-jun-2013


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • A pesquisa ora em desenvolvimento objetiva estudar o circuito espacial da melonicultura irrigada no processo de uso agrícola do território Norte-Riograndense, de modo particular no município de Baraúna, com vistas a verificar a modernização da agricultura que se processa no território nacional, e seus reflexos no potiguar, especialmente na produção irrigada de frutas tropicais destinadas ao abastecimento do mercado externo, configurando-se numa rede extravertida de produção, observando-se quais as implicações decorrentes desta atividade. A utilização da técnica de irrigação, impulsionada pela ação do Estado, num primeiro momento apregoava a redução dos flagelos das secas à população do nordeste, no entanto seu desenvolvimento contribuiu para acentuar as disparidades sociais da região, beneficiando os agronegocistas que se instalaram e passaram a controlar a base técnica da produção frutícola. Neste contexto, a produção do melão irrigado no Rio Grande do Norte apresenta-se de forma desigual, excluindo percentual significativo de pequenos produtores por constituir-se numa atividade que demanda vultosos investimentos técnicos, científicos e financeiros. Para verificar como esta realidade está se configurando no território Norte-Riograndense, em particular no município de Baraúna, recorremos a teoria do circuito espacial de produção, cuja análise nos permitirá identi