Banca de DEFESA: FLÁVIA DE FIGUEIREDO PETEAN

Uma banca de DEFESA de DOUTORADO foi cadastrada pelo programa.
STUDENT : FLÁVIA DE FIGUEIREDO PETEAN
DATE: 19/02/2020
TIME: 14:00
LOCAL: Anfiteatro das Aves do Centro de Biociências
TITLE:

Evolution and biogeography of the genus of marine stingrays Hypanus Rafinesque, 1818 (Myliobatiformes, Dasyatidae)


KEY WORDS:

Elasmobranchs, biogeography, taxonomy, mitochondrial genome, ecological niche modeling, conservation


PAGES: 147
BIG AREA: Ciências Biológicas
AREA: Zoologia
SUBÁREA: Taxonomia dos Grupos Recentes
SUMMARY:

Stingrays of the genus Hypanus Rafinesque (1818) have distribution areas along Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the American continent, as well as a species at the Guinea Gulf, in Eastern Atlantic. Since most Hypanus species are classified under Data Deficiency (DD) at IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, there is a need to solve their taxonomic and geographic distribution issues for future evaluations of their conservation statuses. By studying mitochondrial genomes of all valid species (H. americanus (Hildebrand & Schroeder, 1928), H. dipterurus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880), H. guttatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801), H. longus(Garman, 1880), H. marianae(Gomes et al., 2000), H. rudis (Günther, 1870), H. sabinus(Lesueur, 1824), and H. say (Lesueur, 1817))) we delimited 14 lineages, and two of them are the species H. geijskesi (Boeseman, 1948) and H. colarensis (Santos et al., 2004), that used to belong to the genus Fontitrygon(Last et al., 2016), and were now allocated to the genus Hypanus. The species with the widest distribution, H. americanus, is a non-monophyletic group and the lineage that occurs south of Amazon river discharge to Southeastern Brazil is a yet undescribed species and sister to H. rudis, in Atlantic African coast. We examined specimens of the clade H. americanus (H. americanus, H. longus, and H. rudis) to describe a new species using an integrative approach of data from DNA barcode, morphology, and ecological niche modeling. Besides, we inferred Hypanus’ lineages divergence times and identified possible biogeographic barriers posed by the American continent: Isthmus of Panama, Florida Peninsula, Amazon River water discharge, distance between continents separated by the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and temperature limitations in Northern and Southern Hemispheres (temperate and tropical waters). The results indicate the geographic distribution of Hypanus species is smaller than previously defined, encompassing yet undescribed species. At the Brazilian coast there are six species of the genus, H. colarensis, H. geijskesi, H. guttatus, H. marianae, H. say, and H. sp. 1,with at least four endemic ones, including the newest herein described. Therefore, with the morphological, genetic, geographical distribution and identification of suitable habitats it is possible to accomplish an evaluation of the conservation status of some species que are classified under Data Deficient in IUCN, even though they are widely fished and consumed in the Brazilian coast. 


BANKING MEMBERS:
Presidente - 1865104 - SERGIO MAIA QUEIROZ LIMA
Externo à Instituição - LUIZ ALVES ROCHA
Externo à Instituição - VICENTE VIEIRA FARIA - UFC
Externa à Instituição - FRANÇOISE DANTAS DE LIMA - UFRN
Externa à Instituição - KARLA DIAMANTINA DE ARAUJO SOARES - USP
Notícia cadastrada em: 05/02/2020 15:55
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