Disertación/Tesis

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2021
Disertaciones
1
  • ADRIANO HENRIQUE DE VASCONCELOS
  • MAGNETISM TEACHING SEQUENCE: A PROPOSAL FOR TEACHING STUDENTS WITH ADD

  • Líder : CARLOS CHESMAN DE ARAUJO FEITOSA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CARLOS CHESMAN DE ARAUJO FEITOSA
  • JEFFERSON SOARES DA COSTA
  • CHARLIE SALVADOR GONCALVES
  • Data: 11-feb-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This work seeks to supply the need to insert students who have Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) in the educational scope by making an educational product composed of a set of didactic sequences based on the significant learning of David Ausubel. In the search for the insertion of these people with disabilities in the teaching and learning process and in line with one of the lines of research and development of the National Professional Master in Physics Teaching (MNPEF / SBF). The master's degree aims at the development of products and forms of approach aiming at Physics content suitable for elementary and high school students, in an integrated way with other subjects, we designed this project with the aim of contributing to improve the teaching-learning process of these students, in accordance with current social inclusion legal requirements. In view of the national scenario, in compliance with the legislation in force, we observe that in schools the number of students with a disability is increasing more and more, even without having an adequate preparation for this purpose and, in this scenario, teachers have to look for ways to deal with that situation. The inclusion of students with disabilities in mainstream schools is enshrined in the legal texts, however, inclusive education does not end with observance of the law that recognizes and guarantees it, but requires a change in the attitude, perception and conception of educational systems. This implies expanding the concept of special education and working for and for diversity, reformulating the principles, goals and curricula of schools from an inclusive perspective, equipping all students, whether they are considered “normal” or “with special educational needs”, to insertion and performance in society, thus exercising citizenship. This work brings didactic tools materialized in didactic sequences to be used with high school students with such learning needs, with the objective of offering a pedagogical tool that facilitates learning in the classroom, of students with learning disabilities, specifically at this level. This project aims to bring to the classroom a content of theoretical and experimental Magnetism, where the practical part aims to consolidate the theory seen in the classroom. The experiments are adapted to the student's reality and their daily lives, in order to present new teaching methods that bring diversification of the students' learning.

2
  • HANDERSON JOSÉ DOS PRAZERES
  • CLASSROOM INVERTED IN THE KINEMATICS OF UNIFORM CIRCULAR MOTION WITH APPLICATION OF EXPERIMENT.

  • Líder : PAULO DANTAS SESION JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • PAULO DANTAS SESION JUNIOR
  • ALEXSANDRO PEREIRA LIMA
  • THATYARA FREIRE DE SOUZA
  • Data: 24-mar-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The flipped classroom is based on the placement of the teacher outside the school environment, making students more active in the teaching-learning process. In this methodology, students develop superior psychological functions, such as language, concept formation, voluntary attention, perception, from what would be a Potential Development Zone (ZDP), highlighted by Vygotsky's Theory of Learning. The purpose of this work is a didactic sequence on Uniform Circular Movement, in the light of the flipped classroom methodology. In this form of organization, the teacher will have a better optimization of time in the classroom, greater student engagement and better student-student and teacher-student interaction. The experimental practice is also explored, with simple educational resources, easy to apply and accessible, such as: a smartphone and a bicycle. In the application of the experiment, it is possible to explore the intrinsic concepts of angular movement, such as: angular velocity, linear velocity, the radial dependency relationship, as well as other graphical analyzes of the MCU, in a playful way, providing the development of content concepts, attitudes and procedures in students.

3
  • JOSÉ RENILDO MOURA SOARES
  • A didactic sequence based on virtual reality for teaching general relativity throughout high school.

  • Líder : JOSE DIAS DO NASCIMENTO JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO PEREIRA LIMA
  • ANTONIO CARLOS DA SILVA MIRANDA
  • JOSE DIAS DO NASCIMENTO JUNIOR
  • Data: 01-nov-2021


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • It is not new that technologies have been affecting humanity’s way of life and the way how people interacted. In the learning-teaching process, where technologies are ever closer to students and the classroom, the evolution is not different. In this context, a tool that has been obtaining space is Virtual Reality, where the individual has the possibility to visit other environments without leaving his/her place. In this study, we elaborated a didactic sequence by using Virtual Reality and following the precepts of the theory of meaningfulness of David Ausubel. This theory establishes that learning is considered significant when the knowledge to be learned anchors itself on concepts relevant to students. We used the scientific basis on the phenomenon that occurred in Sobral/CE, and for what proves the General Relativity from Albert Einstein. This theme is resident in the context of modern physics in high school which has been a great challenge for researchers and teachers seeking forms of how to approach this in teaching. Thus, we trying to understand how virtual reality can impact the teaching and learning process of General Relativity, we developed this teaching sequence. We share our approach into five moments, where students' prior knowledge is the starting point, and, in one of those moments, we also used a didactic space-time curvature experiment that complements the virtual reality software simulation, whose simulation was in the fourth moment of our sequence. All equipment and experiments of this sequence possibility the use of low-cost items. The educational product, that is the teaching sequence, was applied in the second half of 2019 in a public school in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. And based on the results obtained from the application and perception with objective criteria for measuring success. From that, we can deduce that the use of virtual reality together with a teaching sequence, can bring positive results and improvement in student performance during the teaching and learning process. Moreover, we measured indicative of meaningful learning when teaching the thematic. Globally we concluded and we are believing that this proposal to use Virtual Reality, can be helpful throughout other levels of teaching, and impacting other contents. Lastly, we believe that our work can contribute to future applications and the practice of teaching.

2020
Disertaciones
1
  • ALEXANDRE AMARAL CARDOSO DE ARAÚJO
  • STUDY OF SCALAR KINEMATICS THROUGH A CAR PRINTED IN 3D
  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO PEREIRA LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO PEREIRA LIMA
  • GEOVANI FERREIRA BARBOSA
  • RONAI MACHADO LISBOA
  • TARCIRO NORTARSON CHAVES MENDES
  • Data: 15-dic-2020


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The educational product studied in this thesis refers specifically to two kinds of
    unidimensional movement, uniform rectilinear motion and uniformly accelerated rectilinear
    motion, inserted in the field of Kinematics. In compliance with the current curricular matrices,
    it is necessary and appropriate to implement activities in classes for students of the first year
    of high school, more specifically in the first third of the school year in which, with rare
    exceptions, they are discussed as the main types of motion and, obviously, will compose the
    satisfactory scenario for carrying out the activities, however, it can be implemented in the
    following grades. Due to the good amount of information that can be provided by the
    experiment equipment, the proposal is that the activity might be carried out by groups of
    students, and encourage them to discuss and analyze the results, allowing the confrontation of
    their ideas and points of view, which, pedagogically presents as a positive element for the
    construction of knowledge. Considering the experimental set as being a low-cost piece, as it
    mainly consists of an open platform (hardware and software), it becomes economically viable
    to build a sufficient number of experimental sets to meet the necessity.

2019
Disertaciones
1
  • ERCÍLIA JULIANA MARCIANO DE OLIVEIRA
  • Physics teaching for deaf students
  • Líder : CICLAMIO LEITE BARRETO
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CARLOS ALBERTO DOS SANTOS
  • CICLAMIO LEITE BARRETO
  • MILTON THIAGO SCHIVANI ALVES
  • Data: 31-ene-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil states (Art. 205 and Art. 206)

    that education is a right of everyone and the duty of the State and of the family, and

    that there must be equality of access and permanence in school. Thus, students with

    special needs must be inserted in the school context and enjoy the full enjoyment of

    all the rights of students without disabilities. Thinking about this, a survey was

    conducted among some teachers of the state public network of Rio Grande do Norte

    on the teaching of physics for deaf students. This research found that many of these

    teachers do not have the necessary knowledge to establish communication with their

    students, which directly influences the quality of teaching taught. In addition, they find

    it difficult to find suitable materials that can minimize this problem. This work presents

    a proposal to mitigate this situation. It is the development of lessons from a bilingual

    perspective that can be applied in the classroom with the listening students or given

    to these students to support the study at home. The main resource for this work

    focuses on the production of video lessons for all students, with narration in

    Portuguese for listeners and performed in LIBRAS – Brazilian Sign Language – for

    deaf students. The production of these video lessons considers relevant the essential

    pedagogical moments, according to the ample knowledge in the specialized literature

    of the research in physics teaching.

2
  • PEDRO RODRIGUES DA FONSECA FILHO
  • A DIDACTIC SEQUENCE FOR THE STUDY OF COLLISIONS WITH THE USE OF SIMULATOR AND GAME

  • Líder : NEEMIAS ALVES DE LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MARCELO NUNES COELHO
  • NEEMIAS ALVES DE LIMA
  • PAULO DANTAS SESION JUNIOR
  • Data: 22-feb-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The use of new technologies in the teaching-learning process has been showing innovations and challenges to the school. However, the teaching of Physics in our country continues in a traditional way, where the teachers transmit their knowledge only in the contents directed to the vestibular, also plan their classes for expositions of formulas and only resolutions of exercises.
    In this work we present an educational product that aims to use a teaching-learning methodology that seeks to motivate students, leading them to practice a new technology in the classroom, such that the school enters this new information age. The product is a didactic sequence to teach in high school the subject of linear momemtum and collisions of an isolated system of two particles. In the application of the educational product PhET phenomenon
    simulator and the Kahoot game are used as platform for digital exercises.

3
  • LEANDRO ARRILTON DE MEDEIROS
  • ROOM OF INVERTED CLASSROOM: A PROPOSAL OF DIDACTIC SEQUENCE IN EDUCATION EDUCATION

  • Líder : PAULO DANTAS SESION JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • PAULO DANTAS SESION JUNIOR
  • PAULO HENRIQUE SOUSA DE OLIVEIRA
  • THATYARA FREIRE DE SOUZA
  • Data: 26-jun-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The teaching of physics has been an arduous task in recent times and thinking about this difficulty the present work seeks to expose the development of alternative methodologies to solve this problem. This is an applied research in Wave Teaching where the methodology of the inverted classroom was applied that aims to work teaching in the collaborative perspective, thus making the learning more meaningful. The elaboration of this project was based on the theory of Vygotsky with the levels of development in the process of teaching / learning and the PeerInstruction method based on the theory of Erick Mazur. The project was implemented in two classes of the Secondary High School. In class A, the inverted classroom methodology was applied using some technological tools such as: YouTube videotapes, Plickers application, Google forms and Google classroom - these were used as a subsidy form for three didactic sequences used in the teaching of waves. In class B, the traditional methodology was applied. This distinct process between the two classes aimed to investigate the efficiency of the inverted classroom methodology. After the classes it was observed through the students' speech and written evaluation that the group A obtained greater performance in relation to group B. The project was valid since it could contribute with a new vision of the teaching of Waves.

4
  • RAQUEL VIANA BERNARDO
  • APPLYING THE GAME UNDERSTANDING THE SECRETS OF THE UNIVERSE AND THE ECLIPSES BOX FOR STUDENTS OF HIGH SCHOOL
  • Líder : JEFFERSON SOARES DA COSTA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO PEREIRA LIMA
  • JEFFERSON SOARES DA COSTA
  • THIAGO BRUNO RAFAEL DE FREITAS OLIVEIRA
  • Data: 28-jun-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Astronomy is used as a motivation theme to teaching Physics in High School, being a tool on teaching-learning process. To aim this, playful practices were used to arouse the interest by students since games creation, as: Unveiling Universe Secrets and Eclipse Boxes. First one is a classic board game that calls attention of the students and may be used by people of any age, whereas it is a curious and fascinating theme that contemplates the unknown. However, despite of the interest and the improvement on every age, it must present some difficulty to less than 8 years old children, because evolves universe functionality knowledge and because of the complexity of the subject. Level of questions might be a bit elevated and hard to understand to this age range. Game rules are simple, as any board game, you must get to the finish to win. It is possible to gather many people and split them in two groups to go through the game way, discovering curiosities about the Universe and making a special road trip by the Solar System. The second one is a box with models on a large scale of the Sun, Moon and the Earth, showing its alignment and conditions to eclipses occurrence, moon phases and yearly seasons. This work was applied to High School second grade students, aiming to evaluate and analyze the acquired knowledge on basic education. Through analysis, it was observed that this proposal obtained satisfactory results about Astronomy learning. Find out more about the Earth and planets orbiting the Sun can make anyone discover love for the Astronomy and contemplates the Sky is a unknown that may offers much more than we think.

5
  • NATANA RODRIGUES DE MOURA
  • ROBOT-CAR: AN APPROACH OF THE EDUCATIONAL ROBOTICS APPLIED TO PHYSICAL EDUCATION.

  • Líder : SAMYR SILVA BEZERRA JACOME
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • SAMYR SILVA BEZERRA JACOME
  • PAULO DANTAS SESION JUNIOR
  • FRANCISCO FRANCINÉ MAIA JÚNIOR
  • Data: 30-jul-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This work aims to present the development of an educational product that is used as a teaching tool in the physics classes, suggesting a methodological approach in teaching kinematics, more precisely on concepts related to uniform movement, to high school students from the use of  the low cost Educational Robotics. It proposes a manual didactic of development of the prototype, titled Robô-Car, commanded by programming from a Arduino platform, as well as a methodology, in didactic sequence, that consists of a practical part using the robot applied to the study of movement, where students will participate actively, and a theoretical with the subsequent analysis of the data collected. In this first moment we aim to work in a playful, interactive and intuitive the concepts of movement, using Educational Robotics as a tool in the teaching-learning process, considering the rates of variation, its application to the study of motion and the error in the measurement of quantities. In the theoretical part, the ideas addressed in the experiment will be debated from the organization and analysis of the collected data, being the teacher responsible for the orientation, with interventions, increasingly active until the theory is unveiled. In this process, the student will construct a logical sequence of reasoning allowing, based on your knowledge of world, the understanding of the proposed theory. It has been found that the use of Educational Robotics in classrooms is an extraordinary methodological resource, since besides unlimited use, it is also extremely attractive. This characteristic is fundamental, since it excites the students causing greater stimulation both to concentrate and to debate the activities proposed in the room.

6
  • LUIZ CLEMENTINO NETO
  • EXPERIMENTAL ROUTE ON CIRCULAR MOVEMENT USING EDUCATIONAL ROBOTICS

  • Líder : ORIVALDO VIEIRA DE SANTANA JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ORIVALDO VIEIRA DE SANTANA JUNIOR
  • SAMYR SILVA BEZERRA JACOME
  • LUCIANA ANGÉLICA DA SILVA NUNES
  • Data: 30-jul-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This paper presents a survey of the impact achieved through the use of Educational
    Robotics (RE) in the teaching of physics, focusing on the contents related to the
    principles of the Circular Movement and its main characteristics, such as the definition
    of the concepts of angular velocity, its relation with linear velocity, frequency, period
    and the like, using a script elaborated in order to serve as material to be used by teachers
    of the physical curricular component in high school, with an approach with fewer
    abstractions, making the act of learning more playful with observations and interactions
    with the experiments realized through a small robot elaborated with support of the URA
    project - developed by members of the Laboratory of Automation and Robotics of
    UFRN - in order that at the end of the application of this work the participating students
    have the capacity solve the problem at the beginning of the and generalize this
    knowledge acquired in other situations that are similar in their day to day. Trying also,
    along with this work, to carry out the insertion of the use of new technologies in the
    daily life of our classrooms, giving them a more constructive sense.

7
  • VANESSA CRISTINA DA SILVA
  • KNOWING THE SUBATOMIC PARTICLES: TRAVELING TO THE INVISIBLE

  • Líder : ALEXSANDRO PEREIRA LIMA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • ALEXSANDRO PEREIRA LIMA
  • PAULO HENRIQUE SOUSA DE OLIVEIRA
  • FRANCISCO FRANCINÉ MAIA JÚNIOR
  • Data: 30-jul-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Physics is a very present science in our daily lives. Even so, teaching this discipline is not as trivial as it seems. There are several difficulties encountered by the teacher in his teaching practice, among them is the ability to associate his classes with the dynamism of the current society. Thinking about it, these were the motivations for creating a board game - "Knowing the Subatomic Particles: Traveling to the Unseen" - with the primary goal of analyzing and perfecting gameplay in high school students. Applied in principle at the João Tibúrcio State School of the regular school network located in the municipality of Goianinha in Rio Grande do Norte. Aiming the possibility of learning, due to its use in a playful and dynamic way, on concepts of the standard model of the particles. In this work will be made the presentation of the product and how it was used in its application. The comparison between the Pre and the post test will also be made through quantitative analysis. We verify students improve the concepts of subatomic particles after the application of the board game, identifying some of the elementary particles and the existence of fundamental forces. Because of this, we have obtained many positive reports of the use of the educational product through the students, and that it was an incentive to search for more information on the subject in other means of access to knowledge. For this reason it is expected that the work will serve as a parameter for the application of the game in other environments so that more and more people have access to the particle physics contente.

8
  • LUIS CARLOS NORONHA E SOUSA
  • A PROPOSAL FOR A POTENTIALLY SIGNIFICANT EDUCATION UNIT ON UNIVERSAL RECORD FOR HIGH SCHOOL.
  • Líder : CARLOS CHESMAN DE ARAUJO FEITOSA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CARLOS CHESMAN DE ARAUJO FEITOSA
  • JEFFERSON SOARES DA COSTA
  • THATYARA FREIRE DE SOUZA
  • Data: 17-oct-2019


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In this dissertation we developed an educational product that was designed to be applied in high school, serving as an alternative to academic material on the teaching of universal gravitation to the teacher in the classroom. Aiming to facilitate the acquisition of concepts on this very common theme among students, to achieve this goal, we elaborated a Potentially Significant Teaching Unit (UEPS), Marcos A. Moreira and Neusa T. Massoni, 2016, consisting of a didactic sequence. (SD), Zabala 1998, on the subject of universal gravitation. The present UEPS adopts as theoretical framework David Ausubel's (1968,2000) theory of meaningful learning in classical and contemporary views (Moreira, 2000,2005,2006), Gérard Vergnaud's theory of conceptual fields (1990; Moreira, 2004), the educational theories of Joseph D, Novak (1977) and DB Gowin (1981). Adopting thus the philosophy of building a UEPS, where teaching only occurs when there is learning and it must be meaningful; teaching is means, meaningful learning is the end; teaching materials should be potentially meaningful. Therefore, there are no Significant Teaching and Learning Sequences, nor Significant Teaching Units, are always Potentially Significant, in the sense that they can facilitate the capture and (mental) internalization of externally shared meanings, Marcos A. Moreira and Neusa T. Massoni, 2016 The structure of this UEPS on universal gravitation is detailed in chapter 1 of this dissertation, with its principles and stages. S.D.-associated steps that we use and develop with our classroom experience over the years as an educator. As for S.D, it is detailed in chapter 3, consisting of 08 meetings, each meeting lasting 50 minutes, starting with an initial questionnaire; followed by a group discussion; then a theatrical play using the inverted classroom; lectures on the subject by the teacher; reading and interpretation of some texts; and at the last meeting, a re-application of the initial questionnaire, adapted with two new UEPS evaluation questions. Finally, we verified that the UESP presented positive results, improving the quality of teaching and learning, as can be observed with the results obtained and analyzed, with the data, inserted in chapter 4 of this dissertation. In chapter 5, we have our conclusion and perspectives, we also produced an educational product for the physics teacher to use in high school, if desired, in his classes on this topic of great curiosity and interest of students. In addition to producing a book on the subject and related subjects, which can be useful as a source of research and also as a means of disseminating this educational product, even the chapters related to the theme of this UEPS are in the annexes.

2018
Disertaciones
1
  • RAFAELLA SAYONARA MARQUES FERREIRA VIDAL
  • TEACHING OF THERMODYNAMICS THROUGH THE CONSTRUCTION OF MEASURING INSTRUMENTS OF METEOROLOGICAL VARIABLES AND OF THE MINI PORTABLE WEATHER STATION WITH ARDUINO

  • Líder : DEUSDEDIT MONTEIRO MEDEIROS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DEUSDEDIT MONTEIRO MEDEIROS
  • RONAI MACHADO LISBOA
  • SUBENIA KARINE DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: 29-jun-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • Teaching Thermodynamic principles for high school students is not easy, considering the difficulty of relating the daily life of the learner with academic knowledge in a meaningful way. In order to minimize the difficulties encountered in the teaching of thermodynamics, the present dissertation aims to propose a didactic manual for the creation of a mini portable meteorological station. Through the construction of this experiment it will be possible to study the thermodynamic state variables using Arduino as a monitoring platform. Initially a brief explanation of the teaching of thermodynamics will be presented as well as the techniques used in this work that served to corroborate the proposal of the product. Next, the construction of instruments that serve to make learning meaningful through experimentation and technology will be addressed. Next, the application of the teaching product will be presented at the Agnus Dei Educational Center. Finally, the conclusions of the present dissertation will be exposed, which will explain pretensions to continue the work with the addition of some sensors and it is suggested that this work be submitted to the publication in the journal of Physics teaching. At the end of the paper the reader will find two appendices. Appendix "A" will contain some photographic records of the project. In appendix "B" will contain the manual with the step-by-step construction of the mini portable weather station. This add-on will include a brief presentation of the hardware and software, the electronic connections required for assembly, and the code to give commands to the sensors and the Arduino Uno. With this material it is clear that anyone with computer basics will be able to assemble this equipment. Therefore, the practical and self-developed teaching produced significant results in the teaching and learning process.

2
  • ALLAN KARDEC DE PAIVA
  • A strategy to study the concepts of Physics in High School
  • Líder : PAULO DANTAS SESION JUNIOR
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • PAULO DANTAS SESION JUNIOR
  • SAMYR SILVA BEZERRA JACOME
  • GEOVANI FERREIRA BARBOSA
  • Data: 12-jul-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The present work deals with the use of games in the teaching of Physics, whose product is the Didactic Domino of Physics. Our expectation was to develop an educational product that favored learning the concepts of greatness and principles in Physics Teaching. The High School, currently, undergoes reforms that are advocated by the Brazilian Educational System. Full-time school, encouraging different methodologies, changing the school curriculum is now a fact that students and teachers need to deal with. The active and participative methodologies need to be of domain of the pedagogical teams and to be part of the planning of the teacher, so that the classes are more dynamic and there is greater involvement of the students. The Didactic Domino of Physics Game can be extended to all contents and themes of High School, but for the convenience of the school and the moment of the sequencing of the content taught, the subject Hydrostatic was contemplated. The game developed seven concepts: Density, Pressure, Buoyancy, Surface Tension, Stevin's Law, Pascal Principle, and Archimedes' Principle. We carried out an initial questionnaire with the students, which showed us some previous knowledge about the subject and the students' perception about the teaching of Physics, showing that despite having some notion of concepts, most of the students consider the contents of Physics important, but very complex and difficult to learn. After conception, modeling and application of the game with the students, we verified that the objectives were reached, surpassing our expectations regarding the ability to mobilize previous knowledge, develop collaborative and teamwork, and foster students' spontaneous research on the theme. In our conclusion, we affirm that the Didactic Domino of Physics Game is, therefore, a support material for teaching planning, which has a playful and easy to handle character, with simple rules, but which leads the student to memorize concepts, understanding from the verbalization of the concepts and answers of the real questions that relate theory and practice, favoring a meaningful learning, appropriate even for scientific literacy.
     

3
  • EMANUEL PEREIRA DE ARAÚJO
  • "Holographic" Pyramid: an introduction to the study of optics in elementary school

  • Líder : MILTON THIAGO SCHIVANI ALVES
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • MILTON THIAGO SCHIVANI ALVES
  • CICLAMIO LEITE BARRETO
  • CALISTRATO SOARES DA CAMARA NETO
  • Data: 22-ago-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • We are at all times bombarded by new technologies that allow us many exploits, many
    of them unimaginable decades ago. In this scenario, the film industry further enhances
    the popular imagination by displaying, for example, hypothetical interactive holograms
    through science-fiction films and superheroes. In addition to the cinemas, we can also
    mention the holograms in several other scenarios (awards events, marketing and
    electoral campaigns, music shows, among others), some of which use devices
    commonly known as "holographic" pyramids. These pyramids can provide the clear
    impression that the viewer is observing a real and tangible object. However, as
    discussed in this dissertation, most of these references to holographic images are
    mistaken, that is, in addition to not being holograms in fact, they are just twodimensional
    images. This can generate excellent educational opportunities for the
    debate on the themes of optical illusions and holograms, especially when we consider
    the transition from the naive curiosity of the individual to an epistemological curiosity.
    In this way, we developed an educational product through a didactic sequence for the
    introduction to the study of optics in elementary education. We take as a starting point
    the construction of a quadrangular "holographic" pyramid and investigate its physical
    principle of functioning. The didactic sequence was structured according to the three
    pedagogical moments (initial problematization, organization of the knowledge and
    application of the knowledge) developed by Demétrios Delizoicov and that have freirian
    educational bases. Through the application of the didactic sequence, we show the main
    results, obstacles, expectations and generate the final educational product including
    suggestions of applications in the other levels of schooling. Among the results achieved,
    we highlight playful aspects identified in the "holographic" pyramids that favored the
    introduction of basic concepts of optics and mathematics in elementary education, as
    well as immersion in several factors of scientific construction, such as the formulation
    and verification of hypotheses and the collection and interpretation of data.

4
  • MARCELO ANDRADE MASSUD
  • A new daily life for Physics in high school: the
    behavior of light

  • Líder : SAMYR SILVA BEZERRA JACOME
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • JEFFERSON SOARES DA COSTA
  • SAMYR SILVA BEZERRA JACOME
  • THIAGO BRUNO RAFAEL DE FREITAS OLIVEIRA
  • Data: 23-ago-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In this work proposal we present an educational product where we emphasize
    the concept of electromagnetic waves, grounding and measuring the speed of
    light through an apparatus used in the daily life of students.We also explored the
    spontaneous conceptions to obtain a meaningful learning, for this a new daily life
    was created within the classroom itself. Tontent not normally explored in our
    public schools can be understood by first year students of high school, this work
    was carried out by a class of 40 students at the State School Professor Francisco
    Ivo Cavalcante in the first semester of 2018, this work is supported by a didactic
    sequence as well as in a conceptual text on the nature of light, the didactic
    sequence as an educational product is within the scope of this proposal.

5
  • JARDES MARTINS ALVES
  • PHYSICS AND HISTORY: TORRICELLI EXPERIMENT
  • Líder : JULIANA MESQUITA HIDALGO FERREIRA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • CAROLINA GUAL DA SILVA
  • CICLAMIO LEITE BARRETO
  • JULIANA MESQUITA HIDALGO FERREIRA
  • Data: 10-sep-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In the last decades, there has been a consolidation of the defense of the didactic insertion of History and Philosophy of Science. Following this trend, textbooks have included in their scope some historical elements related to scientific content. Despite the intention to meet the demands of educational legislation in terms of historical contextualization, the lack of criteria and attention to the historiography of science ends up giving way to an inadequate insertion of historical-philosophical elements. These misconceptions translate, for example, into the formation of simplistic views about science. In this sense, the analysis of the content related to Torricelli's experiment in textbooks revealed several flaws and distortions. Based on the inadequacies observed, and on the other hand, based on reliable historiographic texts, three historical-philosophical narratives were developed for use in Basic Education. These narratives, which focus on the historical development of the concept of atmospheric pressure and, in particular, the Torricelli experiment, are part of a didactic sequence elaborated in order to collaborate with the teaching of the mentioned scientific subjects. The educational product was applied in regular high school classes in Natal public school, where it was satisfactory in relation to the desired teaching objectives.

6
  • MAXMYLLER REZENDE COSTA
  • EVALUATION AND TEACHING OF SIMPLE HARMONICAL ONDULATORY, ACOUSTIC AND MOVEMENT USING MUSICAL CONTEXT AND TRAY SET

  • Líder : PAULO HENRIQUE SOUSA DE OLIVEIRA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • PAULO HENRIQUE SOUSA DE OLIVEIRA
  • JEFFERSON SOARES DA COSTA
  • TIBERIO MAGNO DE LIMA ALVES
  • Data: 17-sep-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • This dissertation proposes to report the application of the product intended for the orientation of teachers in physics with regard to alternative conceptions of evaluation or even teaching the general concepts related to wave, acoustics or even Simple Harmonic Motion (MHS) through musical problematization and the aid and the playful methodology as the use of board game, according to the needs of the classes of students respecting the realities of each class. The proposal is that the teacher can have the aid of a simple, inexpensive, direct and easily applicable methodology for teaching-learning dynamics in a differentiated methodology of continuous assessment in the general context of physics teaching, but may also assist it in the process of problematization of the subjects. In this paper, I present a survey of what is proposed in some scientific articles about the problematic and relevance of these methodologies in game use in the ability to better assimilate a particular subject when the sense of participation and collective participants, continuing with a contextualisation about the relevance of the use of games for science teaching, as well as a brief theoretical basis on wave and acoustics, cuts chosen by me, through the application of the product and ending with the graphs of the results and the conclusions on the results achieved.

7
  • DENNY DAVIDSON DE ALMEIDA SILVA
  • The use of a didactic electronic board as a tool to assist in the construction of knowledges about Photoelectric Effect in the 21st century

  • Líder : PAULO HENRIQUE SOUSA DE OLIVEIRA
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • PAULO HENRIQUE SOUSA DE OLIVEIRA
  • PAULO DANTAS SESION JUNIOR
  • TIBERIO MAGNO DE LIMA ALVES
  • Data: 24-sep-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • In the last decades our society has got an important change in relation to scientific and technological advances. However some of our students get advantage from these technological advances unconsciously and do not associate these to the knowledge acquired at school. Triggering Automatically a  motor or lighting system and turning solar energy into electricity are examples of technological processes that are trivial in our students' daily lives. However, the 21st century school should not ignore the new challenges proposed by this new world configuration, so the teacher has the duty to develop habits and attitudes aiming an approximation between the school and the social and technological development in which the student is included. Therefore, the educational product constructed by the teacher in this work aims to associate content and daily in relation to the technological use of the photoelectric effect in the 21st century. The application of this product occurred in a high school first year class  through four classes of 50 minutes. The first two classes happened through an expository and dialogical way, emphasizing the historical and algebraic part. The other two classes happened according to a didactic sequence based on the three pedagogical moments developed by Demétrio Delizoicov, which added using  an interactive and dynamic way in the construction of the relation between the expository class (concept approached) and the use of the didactic tool (daily application ).

8
  • GEOGENES MELO DE LIMA
  • THE STUDY OF SPECIAL RELATIVITY THROUGH THE THEORY OF SIGNIFICANT LEARNING
  • Líder : DEUSDEDIT MONTEIRO MEDEIROS
  • MIEMBROS DE LA BANCA :
  • DEUSDEDIT MONTEIRO MEDEIROS
  • LUCIANA ANGÉLICA DA SILVA NUNES
  • PAULO HENRIQUE SOUSA DE OLIVEIRA
  • Data: 04-oct-2018


  • Resumen Espectáculo
  • The teaching units are, in general terms, didactic tools created to improve the teaching and learning process of a topic. The work developed here was the elaboration of a Potentially Significant Teaching Unit (PSTU), based on David Ausubel's theory of learning. His work is about the initial concepts taught to high school students about Albert Einstein's Special or Restricted Relativity. The PSTU: THE STUDY OF SPECIAL RELATIVITY THROUGH THE THEORY OF SIGNIFICANT LEARNING was conducted in two classes, composed by students, mostly from the second year of High School education and few students of undergraduate courses in Physics and Mathematics of the Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Norte. Nevertheless, none of them had contact with this topic before. The PSTU was developed to discuss the relativity theory and proved to be successful, as evidenced by the analysis of the quantitative and qualitative results that were obtained and can be consulted in chapter 4 of this work. The differential of PSTU: The study of Special Relativity through the Theory of meaningful learning is the use of the Einstein TRE Application, developed to be applied during all the classes about Restricted Relativity, with no loss of knowledge, since it has a vies of teaching product and may be used, at the same time as the classes. However, it was presented to students in the final stage of the teaching unit.

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