Dissertations/Thesis

Clique aqui para acessar os arquivos diretamente da Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações da UFRN

2024
Thesis
1
  • DANIEL ALMEIDA BEZERRA
  • LOGISTICAL BARRIERS TO EXPANDING THE SUPPLY CHAIN: STUDY WITH COMPANIES IN THE COCOA MARKET IN ALTAMIRA/PA.

  • Advisor : MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • ANTONIO BATISTA DA SILVA OLIVEIRA
  • ANDERSON TIAGO PEIXOTO GONÇALVES
  • ESDRAS MATHEUS SILVA MATIAS
  • Data: Jan 30, 2024


  • Show Abstract
  • This research's main objective is to characterize the market dynamics of logistics chains through evidence of barriers and solutions in the cocoa sector. To achieve this objective, it is proposed to use a multi-criteria decision support model, using data and restrictions from two companies, belonging to the cocoa market in Altamira/PA, as a study basis. Also included is the elaboration of a detailed scenario of the companies, identifying not only the common logistical causes of barriers, but also those specific to each of them, in addition to identifying the relevance of each criterion used in construction, allowing a more in-depth understanding of the logistical variables that impact the customer chain in the cocoa market used as an example. Furthermore, the research brought solutions based on the application of the multi-criteria decision support model and, equally important, discussion of possible limitations, providing a complete and realistic view of possible improvements in the customer chain of the cocoa market in Altamira/PA. Through this discussion, this thesis contributed to the development of the supply chain through the application of the model as a key factor in proposing a solution to logistical barriers to expanding the customer chain.


2
  • ROSANA CURVELO DE SOUZA
  • DEVELOPMENT OF ARGUMENTATIVE SKILLS IN ADMINISTRATOR TRAINING: A FRAMEWORK FOR TEACHING-LEARNING RHETORIC

  • Advisor : MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEX PAUBEL JUNGER
  • ANDERSON TIAGO PEIXOTO GONÇALVES
  • ERICA DAYANE CHAVES CAVALCANTE
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • Data: Jan 30, 2024


  • Show Abstract
  • Through discourse, managers seek to shape or influence the construction of reality to make the environments in which they operate favorable to their presence and that of their organizations. Taking into account the deadline of the National Curricular Guidelines (DCN), until 2024, for undergraduate courses in Administration to enable the development of competence in communicating effectively, the objective of this thesis is to propose a framework for teaching-learning rhetoric – art and technique of persuading through speech – in the training of administrators. The investigative process was structured in three interconnected stages, the first being to interpret and understand the guidelines present in the DCN that relate to rhetoric. The perceptions of document collection and analysis were schematized in a matrix bringing together conceptual explanations and desired effects on learning, which was, in the next stage, integrated with the results from a literature review that identified the incidence of rhetoric learning in higher education courses on scientific data. The data, analyzed through thematic analysis and organized by environmental (content, knowledge, curriculum, social dynamics) and individual (skills, abilities, attitudes) dimensions, supported the composition of a theoretical framework of the characteristics related to the teaching-learning of rhetoric for the undergraduate course in Administration. In the third moment, as an example of applying the framework to benefit in-depth research on the topic, the categories were instrumented in questionnaires for collection and thematic analysis of data in field research applied to a sample of teachers in training in the area of Administration. The addition of primary data provided perceived factors of mastery of individual subjectivity and ethical, emotional, and rational strategies in classroom argumentation. As a theoretical contribution, the study provides a functional definition of learning rhetoric from the perspective of Administration teaching, represented by the framework that methodologically contributes to future studies and signals opportunities for training administrators who do not point to communication as one of their main problems. , also demonstrating a practical and social contribution.

3
  • THALES DA COSTA LAGO ALVES
  • Essays on leadership and project success: literature review and evidence of the effects of transactional and transformational styles under the mediation of self-management

  • Advisor : CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • RENATO DE OLIVEIRA MORAES
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • LUCIANO FERREIRA DA SILVA
  • MARCUS VINICIUS DANTAS DE ASSUNCAO
  • Data: Feb 5, 2024


  • Show Abstract
  • The adoption of project management has been consolidating in organizations over the last decades. In light of this reality, leadership stands out as one of the competencies that can positively contribute to project success. The literature has been addressing this relationship, aiming to observe the effects of leader styles and competencies on project success, and furthermore, to incorporate other factors that, together with leadership actions, may enhance the achievement of project success. Given the significance of this theme, this thesis aims to provide new contributions to this thematic area through three essays. The first essay consists of a systematic literature review (SLR) aiming to explore how the relationship between leadership and project success is addressed in international literature. In total, 59 articles were selected, and the results revealed the prevalence of quantitative analyses using models to assess the leadership-project success relationship, incorporating moderating and mediating factors that can influence the impact of the leader's role in successful projects. Among other findings, the SLR also indicates that transformational and transactional leadership styles, along with leader competencies, are the most used approaches in the reviewed works. Considering the need to expand the range of factors explored in models analyzing the impact of leadership on project success, two additional empirical essays were developed. For this purpose, a survey was conducted to gather data on indicators related to project success, transformational and transactional leadership, and self-management. The latter construct emerges as an innovation in the tested models, as the self-regulatory characteristics of team members lack further investigation in the face of similar research already conducted. The total sample for this study comprised 406 project team members from the five regions of Brazil. Through structural equation modeling (SEM), the second essay of the thesis found a direct positive impact of transactional leadership on project success and an indirect impact through the self-management of team members. Additionally, in another novel finding for the field, a significant moderating effect was observed in the relationship between leadership and success in differentiated groups based on the project management approach used. It has been observed that, at higher levels of transactional leadership, the achievement of project success becomes more evident in teams that adopt agile and traditional approaches. Equally using SEM techniques, the third essay indicated a positive effect of transformational leadership on project success. This impact also occurs indirectly through the partial mediation of self-management. In this essay, the moderating effect was tested among groups divided by the form of work execution: onsite, telecommuting, and hybrid. The results revealed that higher levels of self-management among team members working in a telecommuting format have a more pronounced impact on project success.


4
  • JOAO PAULO OLIVEIRA LUCENA
  • ESSAYS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN TAX ADMINISTRATIONS: A REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND BRAZILIAN EVIDENCE OF IMPACTS ON COLLECTION

  • Advisor : RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • TIAGO NASCIMENTO BORGES SLALOV
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • OTAVIO GOMES CABELLO
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • Data: Mar 25, 2024


  • Show Abstract
  • Information Technology (IT) plays a fundamental role in the reform of any tax administration, enabling better collection and analysis of information, proactive management of workload and resources, promotion of cooperative engagement, and standardization in the treatment of taxpayers. This facilitates uniformity and application of tax legislation (Jimenez, Mac An tSionnaigh, & Kamenov, 2013). Given this perspective, this thesis explores the use of IT in tax administrations, consisting of three essays. The first essay comprises a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) that seeks to comprehensively analyze the current literature on the intersection between Information Technology (IT) and tax collection. The SLR was conducted following the protocol proposed by Tranfield, Denyer, and Smart (2003) and identified three research clusters: the impacts of IT on tax collection, the factors influencing the adoption of technology in this context, and aspects related to IT and its application in tax administration. Alongside these clusters, we present the main theories used and the primary challenges identified for implementing IT in governments. Finally, we propose our research agenda. Among the technologies identified in the SLR, standardized electronic tax systems stand out, as explored in the second essay of this thesis. The objective of this essay is to analyze the effects of adopting this system on the tax collection of Brazilian municipalities. Using a database composed of 146 municipalities in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, from 2013 to 2018, the study initially employs a panel with bidirectional fixed effects and then applies the staggered difference-in-differences approach proposed by Callaway and Sant'Anna (2021). The results reveal that the adoption of standardized electronic tax systems resulted in an average increase of approximately 52% in Urban Property and Territorial Tax. In comparison, the Tax on Services of Any Nature (ISSQN) recorded an average increase of around 43%. Examining the effects over time, we found that IPTU collections increased on average by approximately 77% after the third year of the system's implementation. On the other hand, ISSQN revenue increased by an average of 72% after the fourth year of adopting the system above. The third essay addresses the use of another technology, the Electronic Consumer Invoice (NFC-e), and aims to analyze the impact of the NFC-e project on the Tax on Circulation of Goods and Services (ICMS). The database used is made up of 4,652 municipalities in Brazil, from 2013 to 2016, and also employs the difference-in-differences approach of Callaway and Sant'Anna (2021). The results of this test indicate that the adoption of NFC-e impacts municipalities in different ways depending on their size. Larger municipalities had more substantial increases in the transfer of the portion of ICMS participation per person. Specifically, in the simple effects, large municipalities registered an average increase of approximately 3.6% per person, while medium-sized municipalities registered an increase of approximately 2.7% per person. Regarding dynamic effects, larger municipalities showed an average increase of around 18.6% per person two years after states implemented the policy. It is concluded that IT plays a significant role in tax administrations, offering substantial benefits. This is evident through the implementation of standardized electronic systems and NFC-e, which significantly contribute to improving municipal revenues.

2023
Dissertations
1
  • YLANDERSON JORDÃO ABREU DA SILVA
  • THE CONCEPTIONS OF ADMINISTRATION STUDENTS ABOUT
    TEACHING AND LEARNING THROUGH TEACHING CASES IN CONSULTATION
    SERVICES FOR EDUCATIONAL OBJECTS

  • Advisor : MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • ERICA DAYANE CHAVES CAVALCANTE
  • VIVIANE COSTA FONSECA DE ALMEIDA MEDEIROS
  • Data: Feb 14, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • the present study aimed to understand the conceptions of Business Administration
    students about learning through cases for teaching in consultation services for educational
    objects. As for its relevance as research, it is important to highlight the reflections on the
    improvement of formal, self-taught education and in contexts where there is an interest in the
    use of tools that dynamize teaching and learning. Still, there is a contribution in relation to
    Ivan Illich's idea about "controlled" learning by institutions and limited access to consultation
    services and educational objects, when they occur in an extra-school way, by corporations and
    other institutions. Regarding the methodological paths, it was designed with primary and
    secondary data, in stages, namely: 1) survey of bibliographic/theoretical research in national
    and international conjuncture as a way of more in-depth foundation of the theme; 2)
    individual semi-structured questionnaire/interview with undergraduate students in Business
    Administration at UFRN; 3) mapping of conceptions about the search and qualitative
    importance of cases for teaching in the course and in an extracurricular context; 4) analysis of
    the variation of these conceptions in a categorical division; and 5) construction of theoretical
    reflection based on data collected in the field. In order to produce communicative content
    inferences from the text of this discussion, the type of content data analysis is used to better
    dismember parts/contents with a better form of discussion. Regarding the results, it was
    possible to capture data from the students, analyzing the concepts regarding the theme in
    which it is effective not only in the use of teaching cases in an educational context, so that
    facilitating the presentation of the method can generate greater satisfaction on the part of the
    students and the teacher or educational advisor, who will have the essential task in advance of
    promoting the initial mediation of a case for teaching or promoting that the student, self-
    directed/self-taught, proposed solutions regardless of the depth of the analyzed situation. In
    addition, the complexity of the answers that were described mainly in the questions for the
    answers to the case is affirmative and not expected by the study, demonstrating the ability of
    the respondents both to reflect on the problem as a critical methodological factor for a better
    elaboration of a teaching case and in the social spheres that would guide the questions for the
    conclusive etiological and resolving process of the mini teaching case more autonomously.

2
  • PAMELA CRISTINA SIMÕES SILVA
  • Analysis of the impact of the consumer's impulsiveness degree on the purchase decision under time pressure

  • Advisor : MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • ELDER SEMPREBON
  • MARCELA MARTINS SILVA
  • Data: Feb 14, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Human beings have been living by the clock. The greater access we have to information and other people via the internet, the more our lives seem to be accelerated and we have the feeling that we lack time in the twenty-four hours that the clock imposes on us. When the time available for carrying out a given task is perceived as less than the time believed to be necessary for this, time pressure is observed which, for the virtual consumer, takes the form of limited time offers and flash sales, which can cause so-called impulse buying. This research aimed to analyze the impact of consumers' degree of impulsiveness on their purchase decisions when there is time pressure. The study was developed in three stages, namely: (i) impulsivity test, using the BIS-11 Scale; (ii) online shopping simulation under conditions of presence and absence of time pressure and (iii) post-experiment questionnaire, where the participants' conscious perceptions were compared to their responses in the experiment. The research was carried out with 32 participants over 18 years old, with at least incomplete higher education. The methodology consisted of quantitative exploratory research. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, multiple linear regression, linear probability model and moderation analysis. As a result, a moderating effect of the consumer's degree of non-planning impulsiveness on the relationship between time pressure and the purchase decision was identified, through the weakening of the negative relationship between these variables. It was also observed that the effect of time pressure is significant only for consumers with non-planning impulsivity scores less than or equal to 23 points and that its effect is consciously perceived by consumers, even when it ceases to be significant.
3
  • GUSTAVO BARBOSA DE CARVALHO
  • ELEMENTS INDUCING SUCCESS IN REWARD CROWDFUNDING PROJECT FINANCING CAMPAIGNS

  • Advisor : ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • EDITINETE ANDRÉ DA ROCHA GARCIA
  • EDUARDO DE REZENDE FRANCISCO
  • Data: Apr 17, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Based on previous studies on Reward Crowdfunding campaigns, it is still necessary to analyze the contribution of the determinants of success so that it is possible to clarify which are the main factors that are decisive in the success of the campaigns. The main objective of this dissertation is to identify the main success determinants of fundraising campaigns via Reward Crowdfunding. Two tests were carried out to achieve the objective of identifying what are the success determinants of Reward Crowdfunding campaigns and how they impact the success of the campaigns. In the first essay, through a systematic search on the Web of Science and Scopus databases, a systematic review of the literature on Reward Crowdfunding and its determinants of success was carried out. In the second essay: based on the factors that influence the success of the campaigns found in the systematic review, a sample base of 400 campaigns from the North American platform Indiegogo was analyzed, using the PROBIT model. In the first trial, 61 articles were eligible to compose the final sample, after the stages of identification, screening, and eligibility of the studies reached in the databases. According to these studies, the factors: duration, goal, videos, rewards, team composition, number of words and images, updates, category, comments, geolocation, social networks, supporters, average contribution, and launch date are decisive for the success of Reward Crowdfunding campaigns. In trial two, it was evidenced that updates, comments, and composition in the team with people who had previous success and women are factors that increase the probability of success in campaigns, while the duration, the goal, and choosing the flexible campaign mechanism to reduce the probability of success.

4
  • PAULA SEVERO SEGUINS
  • ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS ON FINANCIAL LITERACY: STUDY IN A PUBLIC INSTITUTION

  • Advisor : MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • LAIS KARLA DA SILVA BARRETO
  • Data: Apr 18, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Financial literacy is the ability of an individual to analyze, manage and apply their knowledge with a view to financial well-being and sociodemographic factors can influence it positively or negatively. This research aimed to relate the sociodemographic factors of gender, age, marital status, number of children, level of education and income to the financial literacy of the military at the Base Aérea de Natal. For that, a questionnaire was applied, answered voluntarily and anonymously. The instrument was divided into two blocks, the first consisting of questions related to the respondents' sociodemographic profiles and the second, fragmented into three parts, aimed to assess financial literacy through three factors: financial knowledge, financial behavior and attitude financial. The data, collected by a survey research, were investigated quantitatively in a multivariate statistical analysis, with multiple regression and hypothesis tests. As a result, a significant relationship between schooling and income was discovered, unlike the other constructs. This contradiction to other investigations can be attributed to the particularities of militarism.

5
  • MARÇAL JOSÉ CAVALCANTI SILVA JÚNIOR
  • RATIONALITY IN TELEWORK IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: BETWEEN THE SUBSTANTIVE AND INSTRUMENTAL PERSPECTIVE
  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUANA FERREIRA DOS SANTOS
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • Data: Aug 31, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • The research addresses the theme of rationality in the terms proposed by Alberto Guerreiro Ramos, based on his work The New Science of Organizations. It focuses on the context of administrative practices in the public sector by telecommuting. Its main objective is to investigate the rationality in the management of a telework program in Public Administration. It is segmented into two articles that complement each other and structure the specific objectives of the research. The first is a literature review and systematizes interests and research objects in telework in the Brazilian Public Administration – based on an inventory in the Capes Catalog of Theses and Dissertations. The results were, in their entirety, from research carried out in master's courses, mostly in public universities. Research in public educational institutions, at the federal level and from the Southeast region prevails, addressing the implementation of telework and its impacts, focusing on advantages, disadvantages, challenges and potential. The strong influence of the Covid-19 pandemic on the interest in the subject was highlighted and gaps that could be the subject of further studies were identified. The second article is a theoretical-empirical study with the objective of analyzing tensions between the substantive and instrumental rationalities, prospecting useful information for the feedback of the telework program in the Public Administration, taking the Ministério Público da Paraíba (MPPB) as the empirical environment. A qualitative methodological approach was adopted, applying the case study with data collection through documents and semi-structured interviews with managers of the MPPB's telework program. The results came from content analysis, based on the analytical framework proposed by Serva (1997), adapted to the case with the addition of attributes presented by Santos (2012). Tensions were identified between the rationalities in the organizational processes “hierarchy and rules”, “control” and “tasks division”. In conclusion, with application purposes, possible actions were suggested for the management of the telework program in relation to each of the analyzed tensions.

6
  • MARCILIA GOMES DE CARVALHO
  • EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE: A STUDY ABOUT THE IMPACT OF ITS IMPLEMENTATION

  • Advisor : RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • JAIME DE JESUS FILHO
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • Data: Sep 21, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • The Export Processing Zones (EPZs) are a governmental policy aimed at encouraging exports and attracting foreign investment. In Brazil, the Ceará EPZ was the sole operational zone until 2021, having been established in 2013. As such, this article evaluates the impact of the EPZ implementation strategy in this specific state. To achieve this, a synthetic control method is employed, utilizing a panel of balanced data from 2008 to 2020, comprising information from all Brazilian states. The findings of this research indicate the effects of a Brazilian EPZ on the exported value's performance in the region of its establishment. This contribution adds to the ongoing debate concerning policies that foster exports and foreign investment attraction, particularly within the context of Brazil, where the adoption of such policies has been constrained.

7
  • RENAN BORBA COSTA
  • ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT IN A FUEL DISTRIBUTOR: Validation of the EBACO scale

  • Advisor : CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • LEANDRO TRIGUEIRO FERNANDES
  • Data: Sep 29, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • In this study, the Organizational Commitment of employees in a fuel distributor was assessed using Medeiros' (2003) Escala de Bases do Comprometimento Organizacional (EBACO). It is a case study conducted through field research, employing a quantitative approach with a descriptive purpose. Data collection involved administering a questionnaire with 36 closed-ended questions to the distributor's employees. Descriptive statistics and Spearman's Correlation Coefficient were used for result analysis. Negative correlations were observed between education, length of service, and salary with the Affective dimension of commitment. Additionally, a positive correlation was identified between the on-site work regime and the Affective and Consistent Line of Activity bases. On the other hand, employees on a hybrid work regime showed negative correlations with the Obligation to Performance and Consistent Line of Activities bases. The instrument was validated through Factor Analysis, where two variables from the Consistent Line of Activity base were excluded due to low communalities. Six factors explaining 64.86% of the variance of the instrument's items were obtained. Cronbach's Alpha and McDonald's Omega coefficients demonstrated factor consistency, with slight differences between them. Future studies are suggested to investigate recurring inconsistencies over time in various validations. Furthermore, analyzing the relationship between the hybrid or remote work regime and commitment bases is recommended as an important research area. In summary, Medeiros' (2003) Organizational Commitment Bases Scale produced results similar to other validations conducted over two decades, suggesting its stability and validity as an organizational commitment assessment instrument.

8
  • NATALIA DOS SANTOS LUCENA NETA
  • Student dropout in higher education: the case of UFRN.

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • ANTONIO VINICIUS BARROS BARBOSA
  • JORGE HENRIQUE NOROES VIANA
  • Data: Oct 4, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • The movement to expand access to higher education is being accompanied by a concern with the permanence of these students and with the obtaining of their undergraduate degrees, considering that dropout represents prejudice in the most varied aspects. In this perspective, the objective of this paper was to analyze the dropout of higher education students and to develop a predictive model of the risk of dropout of UFRN undergraduate students. To achieve this, an explanatory research was conducted with a quantitative approach, based on data provided by the “Superintendência de Tecnologia da Informação” of this university. Supervised Machine Learning Algorithms were used to develop the model. As a result, a tree-based prediction model was developed that explains dropout rates in relation to the UFRN scenario by an average of 77%. It was also observed that the number of failures was the variable with the greatest effect on evasion, according to the selected model.

9
  • HANNA KELLY DE MEDEIROS CRUZ SA TEIXEIRA
  • ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND COMMITMENT: ANALYSIS OF THEIR RELATIONS IN A SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT

  • Advisor : CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • LEILIANNE MICHELLE TRINDADE DA SILVA BARRETO
  • VANIA MEDIANEIRA FLORES COSTA
  • Data: Oct 4, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Organizational culture and commitment have been studied more frequently in recent decades, based on the assumption that an organization's culture can influence its workers' commitment. This current study had as its general objective analyzing the relationship between organizational culture and the commitment of employees at the Núcleo de Educação da Infância (Childhood Education Center/NEI/CAp/UFRN), a teaching institution working in Basic Education and linked to the Federal University. For this, it had the following specific objectives: a) Identify the level of perception of the dimensions of organizational culture predominant in the NEI/CAp; b) Identify the level and dimensions of the predominant commitment of the organization's workers; and c) Identify the relationships between culture and organizational commitment in the studied institution. It is understood that a study on the relation between organizational culture and commitment in a sector until then so poorly explored, but quite important, can contribute to the success of the organization, add knowledge to the literature and work as support for its administration on future works in other schools in Brazil. For this purpose, an exploratory and descriptive study, of a quantitative nature, was carried out with the organization's teaching and technical-administrative staff. As data collection methods, two questionnaires were used: the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument by Cameron and Quinn (2006) and the Organizational Commitment Base Scale, by Medeiros (2003). Data were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis and Pearson's correlation techniques. As for the results, the perception level of the predominant dimensions of culture (innovative culture), as well as the predominant dimension of commitment of the workers (affective-affiliative), were identified, confirming the general objective of the work that the type of predominantly culture found in the NEI - the innovative culture - exerts a strong and positive influence on the predominant organizational commitment of the employees of the organization under study – affective-affiliative.

10
  • TEREZA RAQUEL DA SILVA DANTAS
  • THE TEACHING OF MANAGEMENT AND THE REFLECTION OF "HANDS-ON": THE TEACHING EXPERIENCE USING DESIGN THINKING

  • Advisor : MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • ANDERSON TIAGO PEIXOTO GONÇALVES
  • Data: Oct 30, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Changes in the management scenario may require the training of professionals who are prepared to deal with the environment of constant change and uncertainty, and which demands a teaching process that aims to narrow theoretical and practical aspects. In view of this, the present study aims to understand how the experience of adopting the Design Thinking teaching strategy, as a form of experiential learning, occurred with students participating in the Innovation Management discipline in a professional master's program. This is basic qualitative research, with the adoption of a semi-structured interview guide and subsequent content analysis (Bardin, 2016), with the help of the Atlas.ti software. The course was conducted following the steps and tools proposed by Vianna et al. (2012) and it was observed as results that the learning of the discipline, following the phases of immersion, ideation and prototyping, presented a positive perspective, especially when the interviewees mention the approximation with the real study scenario, the dynamics of work in team and the possible applicability of the solution developed in the discipline. When learning the subject, a high level of detail was observed among some students, although given the time span of the subject, this was reflected in the “memory of the content” and subsequent application of the concepts learned in professional practice.

11
  • VAGNER GOMES TEIXEIRA JÚNIOR
  • The engagement of professionals in the financial sector with an ESG policy

  • Advisor : CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • DIANA AGUIAR VIEIRA
  • SERGIO MARQUES JUNIOR
  • Data: Dec 14, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Currently, the context of the work environment and its power over the individual's life is the subject of numerous studies, most of which seek to create models to analyze the possible negative factors of the work environment. This becomes more enjoyable when the work environment is increasingly unpredictable, complex and enlightening, which poses increasing challenges to organizations and the people who work in them. Based on these facts, the general objective of this research is to study the influence of sociodemographic variables on environmental, social and corporate governance sustainability and whether the adoption of ESG generates results in work engagement within a large Brazilian public bank. For this, this work will adopt as the method the model of Schaufeli and Bakker (2004), the Utrecht Work Engagement (UWES), in which the training in its three dimensions will be applied to all the Employees of the financial area of a large public bank Brazilian .

12
  • YURI DE SANTANA BEZERRA
  • SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BRAZILIAN URBAN CENTERS: EVOLUTION, CHALLENGES AND TRENDS

  • Advisor : CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • FELIPE PEDRO DA COSTA GOMES
  • MANOEL LUCAS DANTAS FILHO
  • SERGIO MARQUES JUNIOR
  • Data: Dec 14, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Urban centers present an increasingly latent and irremediable problem: the problem of “waste”. The increasingly accentuated generation of solid waste in these centers presents a major challenge for the various sectors directly or indirectly linked to offering solutions that aim to transform the problem into an opportunity. It is important to highlight that solid waste management is a multidisciplinary field, which involves knowledge in several areas, such as environmental engineering, urban planning, economics, public policies, law, chemistry, engineering, as well as administration. It is therefore from a management perspective that this scientific research is developed. The objective of this work was to analyze the development of solid waste management in urban centers in the national context in compliance with what occurs internationally.

    The research, in terms of its approach, is characterized as qualitative, and in terms of its objectives, the present work stands out as an exploratory and descriptive study. The methodology will be the application of a focus group with several experts, from different areas of activity, including municipal waste managers, recycling entrepreneurs and university professors. The focus group is a research technique that seeks to identify trends and conclusions based on the opinion of experts on the subject, and is recommended for the participatory construction of knowledge based on the experience of the main actors and participants on the topic.

    It is expected that the results of this research will contribute to understanding the current panorama of solid waste management more broadly, as well as identifying possible research gaps and identifying possible solutions to address this problem in the future.

13
  • GRACE KELLY HENRIQUE BEZERRA DE SANTANA
  • .

  • Advisor : ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • FELIPE LUIZ LIMA DE PAULO
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • Data: Dec 21, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Since the topic of crowdfunding has become an object of study increasingly investigated academically, with an intent to knowing the financing alternatives for different types of businesses, there can be no doubt of the great contribution that studies in crowdfunding have to make, promoting scientificity in this research field. Studying in-depth the themes surrounding crowdfunding campaigns and the drivers that make these crowdfunding campaigns successful allows us to empirically understand the success paths and spreading for entrepreneurs who are seeking this financing alternative that has been in large demand in recent decades, especially in reward crowdfunding or crowdfunding with a reward model. Thus, the purpose of this dissertation is to identify the success drivers of technological venture campaigns financed by reward crowdfunding launched on the Catarse platform between the years 2016-2020. To achieve this purpose, this dissertation is divided into two essays: the first contemplates the systematic mapping of the literature on reward crowdfunding and the success drivers of campaigns during the five-year period 2017-2022. The second essay presents the identified variables that influence the success of reward crowdfunding campaigns and, based on such information, a probit regression model was developed with data from the 946 technological venture campaigns launched and completed on the Catarse platform between the years 2016-2020. The results indicate that high-tech projects have a lower probability of success in reward crowdfunding campaigns, while the betas of the other variables used in the models (goal, support, rewards, videos, another chance and number of times campaigns were renewed), with or without variable control, they behaved in an analogous manner to what was found in studies that were part of the systematic mapping of the literature. In this way, this study provides the emergence of new research agendas that seek to further investigate the specific variables related to high tech projects, especially after 2020 – where there is an important time frame for the universe of technology –, in its context to better understand why this category is associated with a lower probability of success, as well as consider other metrics or variables that may influence the outcome of this type of reward funding campaigns, with the purpose of providing a more comprehensive view. The empirical results presented in this study have the prospect of offering valuable theoretical contributions and significant managerial implications for various audiences, including academia, sector professionals, platform managers and entrepreneurs, providing new insights for achieving success in reward crowdfunding campaigns.

14
  • ELIZEU MANIÇOBA DA SILVA FILHO
  • Essays on Self-Control and Saving Behavior

  • Advisor : ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • JOÃO VINICIUS DE FRANCA CARVALHO
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • Data: Dec 21, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • This essay combines findings from two articles that explore how self-control mechanisms influence individuals' savings behavior. The first article employs Systematic Literature Mapping (SLM) to review how self-control variables are related to savings behavior. It reveals a consensus on the positive effect of savings rules, the influence of self-control on financial well-being, and the connection between optimism and self-control. The second article examines these effects using data from the 2022 Consumer Finance Survey, highlighting the importance of savings rules and their impact on the likelihood of saving, as well as retirement goals and their relationships with self-control. Both articles underscore the significance of long-term goals in savings and how adverse financial events impact optimism and its association with self-control in households. 


15
  • MURIELLE MEDEIROS DIAS
  • EVALUATING THE SUCCESS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS: AN INVESTIGATION IN THE UFRN VIRTUAL DESK MODULE

  • Advisor : ADRIANNE PAULA VIEIRA DE ANDRADE
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ADRIANNE PAULA VIEIRA DE ANDRADE
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • FERNANDO ANTONIO DE MELO PEREIRA LHAMAS
  • Data: Dec 22, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Information Systems (IS) play a central role in organizations, especially in the public sector. In 2015, the Federal Government made the use of computerized systems for electronic administrative processes mandatory through Decree No. 8539. Driven by this legal requirement, the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) developed and implemented the Virtual Desk, a module within the Integrated System of Assets, Administration, and Contracts (SIPAC), adopted by over 70 public organizations. The literature emphasizes the importance of evaluating an IS to ensure efficiency, satisfaction, and effective use, especially for employees in institutions that implement it. In this research, using the widely recognized DeLone and McLean success model in the literature, we aim to understand users' perceptions of the success of the Virtual Desk in managing electronic processes at UFRN. In addition to the traditional dimensions of the model, such as information and system quality, the research incorporates the gender variable to identify differences in perceptions between men and women. The quantitative research was conducted through an online questionnaire with 185 UFRN employees. Data were analyzed through statistical analyses, correlations, and thematic analysis. The results point to an overall positive perception, with specific nuances in different aspects. Correlations showed predominantly significant relationships, except between Information Quality and Use, and Service Quality and Use. Other factors may be influencing these relationships. The gender variable did not show statistical significance in the model, indicating that, in the sampled population, men and women do not differ in their perceptions of the constructs. Regarding open-ended responses, thematic analysis identified a predominance of negative opinions from users regarding the usability and functionalities of the IS. However, predominantly positive aspects related to performance stand out, reflecting overall satisfaction with the system. Users' suggestions for improvement include comments on the interface, stability, speed, training, and system support.

Thesis
1
  • PATRÍCIA RIBEIRO ROMANO
  • Essays on Public-Private Partnerships: Evidence of socioeconomic effects for Brazil and review on renegotiation

     
  • Advisor : RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • ALEXANDRO BARBOSA
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • CARLOS OLIVEIRA CRUZ
  • SANDRO CABRAL
  • Data: Mar 24, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis explores the effects of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) on socioeconomic indicators and reviews the literature on renegotiations. The text consists of three essays. The first uses quasi-random variation in Federal Highway Concessions Program implementations to study the impact of improved access on regional economic development. The research uses data from municipalities between 2007 and 2017 and employs the differences-in-differences methodology with staggered adoption. The results suggest that the Program contributed to the quality of the highways and the growth of the GDP of the municipalities. The locations that spent more time in the concessions had a positive return on GDP, but the effect of the Program's participation on GDP was negative for the groups treated later. In addition, the treated municipalities had increases in the collection of municipal taxes and reductions in the number of deaths from traffic accidents. The second essay contributed to understanding the possible interactions and impacts that partnerships with the private sector in the segment of basic sanitation can generate for the localities from the proposition of a logical model based on the theory of the stakeholders. In addition, it offered an empirical framework, using panel data at the municipal level between the period 2006-2019. The effect of the partnerships was measured based on changes in the locations' performance, investment, and health indicators. The findings indicated that there was an improvement, on average, in the provider's investment as well as in performance indicators in the aggregated data. Furthermore, it was proven that there is heterogeneity in the impacts of the region and population size. When analyzing only the two poorest regions of the country, a decrease in infant mortality per thousand inhabitants was observed in the treated municipalities. It was also found that locations with some private management and which had regulatory structure exhibited, on average, increases in the length of the water network and the number of active water connections. This shows that the regulator is a relevant player in the theory of stakeholders in the sanitation sector. The third essay addresses a recurrent theme in the PPP literature, renegotiation. There is an increase in studies focused on this specific topic, but little attention has been given to the need to carefully review and analyze what has already been presented in the literature. To fill this gap, essay 3 aims to synthesize aspects of renegotiation based on a systematic review. Specifically, the work identifies and evaluates the methodologies used in renegotiation studies. In addition, it describes the factors and the motivators of renegotiation and analyzes their relationships with the consequences of renegotiation. For this, the meta-synthesis method is used.

2
  • DAYANE DA SILVA RODRIGUES DE SOUZA
  • Essays on the effects of distance education on public basic education indicators: a look at teacher training

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • TÁSSIA DE SOUZA CRUZ
  • GUILHERME DINIZ IRFFI
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • RICARDO DA SILVA FREGUGLIA
  • Data: Mar 28, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Due to the enormous inequalities in the supply of higher education in the Brazilian territory and the lack of teacher training in Basic education, the Open University of Brazil System (UAB) was established (Decree 5.800/2006) to democratize and interiorize access to higher education in Brazil, through distance education. Considering the discussions on distance education and the UAB policy for teacher training, this thesis, composed of three essays, explored in the first two essays the UAB's focus on Brazilian municipalities through logistic regression and cluster analysis; and the impact of UAB on teacher training, with the difference-in-differences method. While the third essay investigated the relationship between the mathematics performance of 9th-grade students and the type and modality of teacher training, using the propensity score matching method and generalized driven regression (GBM). The results indicate that the UAB is a hybrid policy, which combines universalization and targeting strategies, although characteristics of the municipalities that refer to the targeting in more socioeconomically and educationally disadvantaged places only partially influenced adherence to the policy; the UAB had a positive impact on the teacher training rates of elementary school municipalities that received the poles, compared to those that did not; the event study showed that longer exposure to the policy yields even greater impacts on the variables of interest; results also indicated that mathematics teachers licensed in this area, in the distance modality, imply better results in mathematics exams compared to teachers with higher education or without higher education. This effect is accentuated for the performance of students in unfavorable conditions, such as those from rural areas and schools with lower socioeconomic indices. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the performances of students who studied with mathematics teachers trained in distance mode or face-to-face. Given the discussions and results presented in these essays, this work has potential to contribute to the assessment of the expansion of Distance Education in Brazil, which is still in development, and which has been one of the main public choices for teacher training in the country; and to expand the literature on distance education and teacher education. From a managerial perspective, this thesis can help to underpin discussions and decisions around teacher training policy assessment in Brazil and other developing countries which suffer from similar teacher qualification problems as Brazil.

     

     

3
  • ÉVERTON CRÍSTIAN RODRIGUES DE SOUZA
  • ESSAYS ON AFFIRMATIVE ACTION POLICIES IN BRAZILIAN HIGHER EDUCATION: EFFECTS OF RESERVED SEATS ON STUDENT PERFORMANCE IN ENADE AND PUBLIC IHE FLOW INDICATORS

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • FELIPE RESENDE OLIVEIRA
  • IGNACIO TAVARES DE ARAÚJO JUNIOR
  • MARCELO VICTOR ALVES BILA QUEIROZ
  • Data: Mar 29, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Acquiring a college diploma and skills represent an important credential for obtaining higher income and employability. However, for social minorities, such as students from public schools, black, brown and indigenous people and students from low-income families, the chance of success in entering higher education is more remote. The Quota Law and other affirmative action policies aim to make this access more equal, however, they also raise animosity in the public debate about its effectiveness and pertinence. Focused in the affirmative action policies in Brazilian higher education, especially the Quota Law, as an object of analysis this thesis, consisting of two essays, aims to evaluate the impact of affirmative actions on student performance in the 2019 ENADE, and to evaluate the impact of affirmative actions on flow indicators (dropout and completion rates) of Brazilian public HEIs. The first essay estimates a matching model by propensity score of students completing courses evaluated in the 2019 edition of Enade. The second essay employs the estimation of a panel data model, based on a panel composed of microdata from the Higher Education Census and Higher Education Flow Indicators of public HEIs in the interstice from 2010 to 2016. In both studies , among other samples in the sample, the courses are stratified by level of selectivity. The first test showed that although white IFES students are the ones with the best performance on the ENADE test, when paired by observable characteristics, quota students for any type of quota perform better than their counterparts in all subsamples. Quota holders by racial criterion, among students with higher income, and PPI students eligible for quotas, in more selective courses, have lower performances than their respective counterparts. Low-income shareholders, on the other hand, outperform their counterparts in any subsample considered. The second essay evidenced that, based on the impact of reservation of vacancies on the flow indicators, although in several cases there is no statistical significance, or the value is of small magnitude, in general, affirmative actions do not worsen the indicators of flow. The criteria for booking places based on income was the affirmative action profile that generated the most relevant impact, providing higher dropout rates and lower completion rates. The exception was in low selectivity courses. Thus, this thesis shows that the affirmative action policies instituted in Brazilian HEIs, especially the Law of Quotas in IFES, were effective in promoting inclusion and diversification in higher education without compromising the quality of courses, in terms of student performance. quota holders in Enade and the trajectory of students. Therefore, with the need to incorporate adjustments, specifically in the assistance of the most vulnerable students, it is recommended that the policy be continued with a view to achieving its objective.

4
  • ANA ELIZA GALVÃO CORTEZ
  • Female Entrepreneurship Networks: Exploring Formation and Interacion Through Effectuation Logic

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • ADRIANNE PAULA VIEIRA DE ANDRADE
  • DINARA LESLYE MACEDO E SILVA CALAZANS
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • FERNANDO ANTONIO DE MELO PEREIRA LHAMAS
  • MARCELO ROGER MENEGHATTI
  • Data: Jun 6, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Purpose: This thesis aims to configure the formation and interaction of women entrepreneurs’s networks in the effectuation logic, based on its conception and evidence. The specific objectives consist of: characterizing the women's network system and its formative and interactive process; outline how entrepreneurial ideas and practices are conceived in the effectuation logic; describe how the elements of the effectuation logic are evident in female entrepreneurship in women's networks and set up a conceptual framework that represents the integration of women entrepreneurs’s networks in the effectuation logic.

    Methodology: This is an exploratory research, with a qualitative approach, conducted through a single case study of a female entrepreneurship network that has its activities carried out in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. Data were collected through interviews and observation. The analysis was performed using content analysis techniques with the help of Atlas TI software.

    Results: It was found that participation in female entrepreneurship networks can generate triggers for the development of women as entrepreneurs (by listening to other women's stories and feeling part of a social group); to provide benefits for the undertakings, through business disclosure, cost sharing and learning about management; and offer non-financial advantages, especially in terms of the personal development of entrepreneurs. Peculiar aspects of female entrepreneurship such as initial interactions with close ties of friendship and family; the relationship of trust as the main link between the participants and the content focused not only on exchange relationships and benefits for the entrepreneurs' businesses, but also on personal development, mutual support and exploration of aspects related to the female universe were highlighted. The results in the analyzes corroborate the pre-established propositions.

    Contributions: This paper contributes with an analysis of the dynamic and complex networking activities of women entrepreneurs, moves beyond a single agency perspective and the individual-opportunity nexus to a more collaborative perspective on entrepreneurship by women, and offers a less generalist discussion about the entrepreneurial process, enhancing the peculiar aspects of female entrepreneurship, the collective awareness of the role and influences that a network can bring in the personal scope and in the businesses developed by the participants.

5
  • FABIANA DE SOUZA LEÃO
  • ANTHROPOSOPHY AND SOCIAL THREEFOLDING:  A PHENOMENOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF MANAGEMENT IN THE RURAL WALDORF SCHOOL TURMALINA.
  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • FERNANDO GOMES DE PAIVA JÚNIOR
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • ROSANA LUCILLE BASSINELLO SARAIVA
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • Data: Jun 28, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • The present study is about the contributions of Anthroposophy, or Spiritual Science, to organizational management in a non-profit social initiative, specifically in a Rural Waldorf School called Turmalina (EWRT). Anthroposophy, co-created by the Austrian philosopher and educator Rudolf Steiner, aims at the spiritualization of organizational management and advocates for the ideals of freedom, equality, and fraternity. The organizational guidelines are based on association, self-management, and group decision-making through a collegiate body, permeated by the emerging regime of Sociocracy. The theoretical foundation of this study is grounded in the concept of Social Threefolding, based on Freedom in the philosophical-cultural sphere, Equality in the legal-political relationships, and Economic Fraternity. The choice of applying this theory in practice is based on Steiner's (2016a) assertion that Social Threefolding can be understood by humanity as it is applied to fraternal coexistence and the management of a community formed for the education of children, adolescents, and families in a Waldorf school. The research aims to understand Social Threefolding in the management of a social initiative in light of Anthroposophy, correlating them with attributes of social management through the cultural-philosophical, political-legal, and economic-fraternal dimensions observed in a Waldorf School unit. The study is predominantly qualitative, descriptive, exploratory, and applied, using the cognitive method of phenomenological observation by Goethe. To enhance the understanding of the social phenomenon, semi-structured interviews were conducted to identify diverse or complementary perspectives. Thirteen voluntary members who work in various areas of the organization were selected, taking into account their length of stay in the community, accessibility, and level of commitment to the proposed activities. It is concluded that, after the first seven years of life of the Turmalina Rural Waldorf School, the organizational structure presents a significant presence of conflicts, especially in terms of delegation of function and decentralization of power. The collegiate, associative, and collaborative system that ideally should generate a horizontalization of power and a fraternal stimulus for participation, commitment, and self-accountability, instead of being healthy and sustainable, proves to be challenging. Most managers report work overload, and the organizational structure faces challenges in maintaining financial health and combating attrition. For further studies, it is recommended to deepen the understanding of Social Threefolding, sociocracy, and self-management by applying them to other socio-political-economic contexts.

6
  • JOSÉ ALEXANDRO VIANA FONSÊCA
  • MODELING OF KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS OF THE STRATEGIC INFORMATION SYSTEM OF DISTANCE EDUCATION: A DESIGN SCIENCE RESEARCH APPROACH


  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • FERNANDO ANTONIO DE MELO PEREIRA LHAMAS
  • RODRIGO LINS RODRIGUES
  • Data: Jun 30, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Strategic Information Systems (SIS) play a crucial role in decision-making in organizations. Key Performance Indicators (KPI) are widely recognized as critical to support the decision-making process. When used effectively, KPIs can help organizations identify areas of improvement and address them by making data-driven decisions. By leveraging SIS and KPIs effectively, organizations can gain competitive advantage and achieve their strategic goals. Despite the interest in this relationship, few studies have considered the specific problem of using the KPI for Distance Education applications in strategic instances. This thesis proposes an original modeling of the main performance indicators (KPIs) for the implementation of a strategic information system that provides support to decision-making processes for courses offered in the distance learning mode. The results of this study will provide a comprehensive framework for measuring these KPIs and analyzing the data collected to inform decision-making processes. Data were collected following the Design Science method using an electronic form (web survey). In the qualitative and quantitative data analysis, the mathematical method Total Interpretive Structural Modeling (TISM) was used and the identification and analysis of interactions between factors or variables through the MICMAC technique. As a result, the initial model and its groupings formed by the KPIs presented consistency with the final model. Overall, these results indicate that groupings of Internal and External KPIs of the on-site and distance learning modality can be identified, ratifying their importance and a strong relationship between their elements. Our study provides the tools for a new way for administrators to gain a deeper understanding of the factors that drive success in distance learning environments.

7
  • FELIPE DE MENEZES PEREIRA
  • ASSESSMENT OF DATA-DRIVEN CULTURE AND BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AT MATURITY LEVELS IN THE ORGANIZATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

  • Advisor : MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON TIAGO PEIXOTO GONÇALVES
  • JOAO CARLOS ALCHIERI
  • MARIA LUIZA AZEVEDO DE CARVALHO
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • Data: Aug 7, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • The data-driven culture combined with the use of business intelligence helps organizations gain competitive advantage, making them more agile and assertive. Despite the interest in the association between data-driven culture and business intelligence, few studies have considered maturity analysis. In this context, the present study aims to understand the evaluation of data-driven culture at maturity levels in supporting decision-making processes in large organizations. Initially, the study was evaluated and approved by the Research Ethics Committee. After approval, the data were obtained through semi-structured interviews with 14 managers specialized in the area of data science of large companies in Brazil chosen for convenience. The analysis of qualitative data was performed by means of hermeneutics. As result, a data-driven culture evaluation model was constructed to identify organizational maturity through the main internal processes and key activities. The model is made of affirmative assertions written at the highest level of maturity in which the respondent relates their level of agreement to each aspect of the evaluated data-driven culture (artifacts, implicit assumptions, and organizational beliefs and values). The study concludes that data-driven culture can be leveled into degrees of maturity from the analysis of key activities and key business processes. Finally, as contributions of the study, the developed model serves as an organizational guide by integrating the allied data-oriented culture and business intelligence, pointing out ways for the development of analytical maturity.

8
  • LIDIANE DE MEDEIROS LUCENA SARAIVA
  • ORGANIZATIONAL AND OCCUPATIONAL COMMITMENT: AN ANALYSIS OF THE CHALLENGES OF TELEWORKING

  • Advisor : CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • JANAYNNA DE MOURA FERRAZ
  • ANTONIO VIRGILIO BITTRNCOURT BATOS
  • DIANA AGUIAR VIEIRA
  • LEANDRO TRIGUEIRO FERNANDES
  • Data: Sep 27, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Individuals have multiple employment connections that can influence their course of action in pursuit of what they consider important. The context of telecommuting/home office can impact behavior within the workplace, thus influencing existing commitments. The research is focused on occupational and organizational commitments within the context of telecommuting/home office, from the perspective of telecommuters. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between individuals in a telecommuting/home office arrangement and their occupational and organizational commitments. To achieve this, an applied research with an explanatory objective was conducted, utilizing a qualitative approach. Semi-structured interviews based on the literature were carried out, and content analysis following Bardin's framework (2011) was performed using the Atlas.ti software. From these in-depth interviews, 921 codes were generated, which were further categorized into 12 groups, with notable emphasis on organizational commitment (224 codes), occupational commitment (191 codes), and telecommuting (181 codes). Among the observed subcategories were the three bases of organizational commitment as discussed by Meyer and Allen (1991), the affiliative base by Medeiros (2003), and antecedents related to human resource systems aligned with organizational strategies and the appreciation of individuals and teams within the work context. Regarding occupational commitment, two of Meyer and Allen's bases (affective and normative) were identified. The categories associated with telecommuting were condensed into four components named as personal and professional adjustment, personal alignment, organizational benefits, and essential resources. The relationship between the individual, organization, and occupation was also analyzed based on three variables: personal factor, internal factor, and external factor. Finally, the conservation of resource theory (Hobfoll, 1989; 2001) was found to be the most prevalent among the obtained variables. As a result, this research can be utilized by managers and researchers to foster commitment among professionals in the telecommuting system. 
9
  • PIO MARINHEIRO DE SOUZA NETO
  • ACTIVE METHODOLOGIES AND NATIONAL CURRICULUM GUIDELINES: ASSESSING THE METHODOLOGICAL ALIGNMENT OF NA ADMINISTRATION COURSE

  • Advisor : MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • LAIS KARLA DA SILVA BARRETO
  • LUCAS BORGES LEAL DA SILVA
  • MARIA LUIZA AZEVEDO DE CARVALHO
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • Data: Oct 19, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • One of the main challenges in higher education is to pursue quality, and one way to achieve this goal is by aligning the course with national curriculum guidelines. This study aims to discuss this alignment for Administration courses, proposing an evaluative model based on the analysis of the course's methodology dynamics, considering the dimensions of proactivity, motivation, and adaptation, as well as the intentional dimension in relation to the academic objectives of the disciplines, based on the revised Bloom's Taxonomy. The methodology comprises three fundamental axes: epistemological, logical, and technical. In the epistemological axis, a phenomenological-hermeneutic approach is adopted for the objectives. In the logical axis, a structural foundation of pragmatic-inductive thinking is employed. In the technical axis, the research is characterized as exploratory and descriptive, with a mixed (qualitative/quantitative) approach and a sequential transformative strategy. The research is based on observational procedural data collection and non-participant observation, gathering data through documentary surveys with analysis and interpretation through content analysis. The sampling is non-probabilistic by intentionality and is conducted in stages. As a result, the applicability of the proposed method was demonstrated, allowing for the measurement of alignment between methodologies and national curriculum guidelines, contributing to the academic discussion on the subject. Thus, the proposed evaluative method can be used internally for self-assessment of the course and externally for comparative analysis of courses.

10
  • IRÃ INÁCIO RIBEIRO
  • POLITICAL CONNECTIONS AND ASSET PRICING: evidence in the Brazilian regulated market


  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • RAIMUNDO MARCIANO DE FREITAS NETO
  • ALESSANDRA CARVALHO DE VASCONCELOS
  • LUIZ FELIPE DE ARAUJO PONTES GIRÃO
  • RENATO HENRIQUE GURGEL MOTA
  • Data: Dec 4, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • The objective of this thesis was to analyze political connections as one of the possible omitted factors in asset pricing models. More than three hundred anomalies have already been cataloged that resulted in pricing problems (Conte; Ceretta, 2021; Fama; French, 2017a). The population points out 103 companies listed on B3 and that are under the supervision of regulatory agencies such as, for example, Aneel, Ana, Anatel in the period from 2011 to 2022. The methodology follows in the footsteps of Fama and French (1993) for the model of three factors; by Carhart (1997) for the four-factor model and by Fama and French (2015) for the five-factor model. Two factors were included in these models: the first deals with political connections through the proportion of politically connected advisors in relation to the total number of advisors and the second factor seeks a temporal analysis due to the requirements imposed by Law 13,303/2016 (Law of Responsibility of State-owned companies) for investiture in the position of director of companies controlled by the public authorities. The results showed that political connections began to be priced after the enactment of the law, that is, the absence of political connections can be considered as one of the omitted factors in asset pricing models requiring an excess return by investors, which aligns the Resource Dependence Theory to the detriment of the Agency Theory. However, the significance of the proportionality of politically connected advisors in relation to the total number of advisors was not verified; on the contrary, their inclusion in the model proved to be an anomaly, since the intercept of the regressions returns a value different from zero and statically significant. It is suggested that other factors be included in the pricing models and a comparison between the new concept of political connection proposed by the thesis and the concept of political connection already in force in academia.

     


11
  • LEMUEL DE LEMOS ROMÃO
  • Determinants of Investment Flows and Earnings Management in the Brazilian Fund Industry.

  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GERSON DE SOUZA RAIMUNDO JÚNIOR
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • LUIZ FELIPE DE ARAUJO PONTES GIRÃO
  • RAIMUNDO MARCIANO DE FREITAS NETO
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • Data: Dec 7, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • In recent years, the Brazilian capital market has undergone various transformations and experienced significant growth. Within the universe of investment products, funds are an important allocation vehicle based on two basic premises: greater diversification capacity and professional management as a service. That said, investor allocation movements, whether in response to fund performance or economic fluctuations, have direct impacts on management by punishing losers and rewarding winners, as well as indirect effects by changing their allocation depending on the economic scenario faced. The analysis of the estimated models reveals a relationship between investment flows and macroeconomic variables, indicating that investors alter their allocations depending on the economic situation. When examining the financial incentives resulting from management and performance fees, we sought to understand their impact on the fund manager’s behavior. It was observed that there is seasonality in volatility levels throughout the year and that funds that collect a significant amount of performance fees tend to increase fund risks, especially at year-end. Conversely, managers with low performance fees tend to reduce volatility in subsequent periods, thus indicating earnings management.

12
  • ANDRÉ DIAS COSTA
  • FOR A GREENER BRAZIL: A RISK ASSESSMENT MODEL PROPOSAL FOR ILLEGAL MINING IN THE BRAZILIAN CAATINGA

  • Advisor : ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • DAVID ORLO CARPENTER
  • CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • EDUARDO DE REZENDE FRANCISCO
  • GOHAR PETROSSIAN
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • Data: Dec 15, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • This dissertation endeavors to construct an econometric model to evaluate the risk of mining-related criminal activities within the Brazilian Caatinga biome. Integrating concepts from rational choice and routine activity theories, the study investigates illegal mining based on three critical dimensions: the offender through the efficacy of governance mechanisms overseeing miners (fines and police investigations), the target through the attributes of mined substances (VALUED approach for mineral desirability), and the geospatial characteristics of mining areas (legal mining areas and mining-related infrastructure). This research uses generalized linear regression models to analyze a grid composed of 10km² cells encompassing data aggregated over an eleven-year period (2010-2020) from such sources as ANM, CPRM, Federal Police, IBAMA, IBGE, Mapbiomas, Open Street Maps. The central findings of the research indicate a notable disconnect between the existing governance frameworks and their ability to deter illegal mining operations. Contrary to theoretical expectations, the study reveals that prevailing governance strategies, including law enforcement and regulatory fines, are largely ineffective in curbing illegal mining activities. Instead, the results highlight that the existence of legal mining operations considerably propel the likelihood of illegal mining activities. This suggests that areas with active legal mining inadvertently catalyze illicit endeavors. The dissertation contributes substantially to the fields of environmental criminology and mineral economics by providing empirical evidence against the effectiveness of traditional governance mechanisms in environmental crime prevention. It emphasizes the need for a paradigm shift from conventional enforcement models to more inclusive, participatory, and interlinked governance approaches. Furthermore, the study underscores the importance of considering the economic allure of minerals and the spatial dynamics of legal mining activities in formulating holistic policy interventions aimed at evidence-based prevention of mining-related crimes.

13
  • SUZANA MELISSA DE MOURA MAFRA DA SILVA
  • SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF THE WIND ENERGY PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM IN THE LIGHT OF HUMAN-SCALE DEVELOPMENT

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • LILIANE CRISTINE SCHLEMER ALCANTARA
  • GUILHERME SMANIOTTO TRES
  • Data: Dec 18, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • Wind energy is among alternative and sustainable energy sources, and its production and commercialization are associated with promoting development. This understanding - whether in the marketing or sustainable sense - is problematized in this study, which aims to analyze the consequences of the wind energy production and distribution system in the light of analytical categories of the Human-Scale Development (HSD) by Max-Neef, Elizalde and Hopenhayn, taking as an empirical environment experiences shared by members of fishing colonies in Rio Grande do Norte, in Enxu Queimado and Rio do Fogo. The thesis is organized into three articles, the first being an integrative review of Brazilian academic production on wind energy in Applied Human and Social Sciences; the second, the systematization of applications of the HSD model to build subsidies for research in wind energy; and the third, the elaboration of a theoretical-empirical framework of  HSD  associated with the wind energy production and distribution system from the perspective of Social Management, which occurs through empirical research with collectives, public and private organizations. The first article identified three aspects of wind energy production in applied human and social sciences: technical-economic, political-institutional and critical. The focus of Administration's attention has been mainly on the technical-economic analysis of production. The second article presented possibilities for using  HSD in research on wind energy based on an approach to Social Management and the possibility of using participatory methodologies that bring the discourse of civil society in the relationship with this production process to the center of the theme. The third article identified that the effects of wind production affect all fundamental human needs of participants in fishing colonies, which manifests itself in the expectation surrounding development promises, in the absence of accessible and effective participation mechanisms, in the loss of spaces (and biodiversity of these), in the fears surrounding the asymmetry of the communicative process and in the doubts related to wind production at sea. The findings verify the thesis that the perspective of development occurs not under the dynamics of a human scale, but in a fabric of absences, which reproduces dominant epistemologies that, privileging the developmental and economic perspective of wind production, create silence about the conditions of production and life of impacted communities for this production. The participatory methodology carried out in this research made it possible for the collectives to present mechanisms that enable better coexistence of wind production in communities.
14
  • JOAO FLORENCIO DA COSTA JUNIOR
  • STUDIES ON INTERNATIONALIZATION ECOSYSTEMS: Research Agenda, Conceptual Framework and Institutional Dynamics

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • ADRIANNE PAULA VIEIRA DE ANDRADE
  • DINARA LESLYE MACEDO E SILVA CALAZANS
  • LEANDRO TRIGUEIRO FERNANDES
  • MÁRCIA CRISTINA SILVA PAIXÃO
  • Data: Dec 20, 2023


  • Show Abstract
  • No cenário contemporâneo de crescente interconectividade global, a análise dos processos de internacionalização surge como uma busca essencial, carregando implicações profundas para empresas, formuladores de políticas e estudiosos. Esta série de estudos embarca em uma exploração matizada dos ecossistemas de internacionalização, desvendando as dinâmicas intricadas que sustentam a expansão global das empresas. Dentro desse cenário complexo, o papel institucional de entidades como a ApexBrasil torna-se um ponto focal, exercendo influência substancial sobre o fenômeno da internacionalização. A pesquisa desenrola-se por meio de três artigos distintos, mas mutuamente complementares, cada um contribuindo com perspectivas únicas para os domínios conceituais e práticos dos ecossistemas de internacionalização, formando um arcabouço teórico coeso. O Artigo 1 concentra-se em formular uma agenda de pesquisa para compreender a influência da ApexBrasil na pesquisa acadêmica em exportação, internacionalização e comércio exterior. O Artigo 2 introduz o conceito inovador de ecossistema de internacionalização, incorporando um arcabouço teórico para integrar teorias modernas de Negócios Internacionais em uma perspectiva ecossistêmica. O Artigo 3 realiza um estudo de caso exploratório qualitativo para analisar o papel institucional da ApexBrasil, identificar padrões emergentes e oferecer uma compreensão fundamentada de sua posição no cenário de internacionalização de negócios no Brasil. A pesquisa emprega uma abordagem exploratória e descritiva, utilizando métodos qualitativos e quantitativos. O Artigo 1 conduz um estudo de caso com revisão sistemática da literatura, análise documental e entrevistas com painel de especialistas. O Artigo 2 apresenta um trabalho acadêmico conceitual baseado em uma revisão sistemática da literatura por meio de análise de conteúdo e temática. O Artigo 3 utiliza um estudo de caso exploratório qualitativo com entrevistas semiestruturadas, empregando análise de conteúdo e temática, bem como teoria fundamentada, utilizando os softwares Iramuteq e ChatGPT para aprofundar a análise temática. A pesquisa proporciona insights teóricos sem precedentes e implicações práticas para pesquisas sobre negócios internacionais. O Artigo 1 destaca o conhecimento disperso sobre a influência da ApexBrasil na pesquisa científica e propõe uma agenda de pesquisa para preencher lacunas entre a ApexBrasil, a academia e os stakeholders. O Artigo 2 revela o ecossistema de internacionalização como um tópico incipiente e propõe um arcabouço multidisciplinar integrando ecossistemas de negócios, empreendedorismo, inovação e plataformas. O Artigo 3 enfatiza o papel crucial da ApexBrasil em fomentar alianças estratégicas e transferência de conhecimento, desafiando teorias existentes sobre ecossistemas de negócios e dinâmicas de hélices. Os artigos contribuem tanto conceitual quanto praticamente, sendo o Artigo 1 o primeiro a investigar o impacto da ApexBrasil na academia brasileira. O Artigo 2 propondo um novo arcabouço teórico para a Teoria dos Negócios Internacionais, e o Artigo 3 fornecendo perspectivas teóricas fundamentadas sobre o papel da ApexBrasil através da reinterpretação do modelo da Hélice Tripla e Quádrupla, contribuindo significativamente para o avanço da Teoria de negócios Internacionais.

2022
Dissertations
1
  • ANA MARIA JERÔNIMO SOARES
  • Does Affirmative Actions for Access to Higher Education Stimulate Minority
    Entrepreneurship? An empirical Analysis from a Brazilian University

  • Advisor : FELIPE LUIZ NEVES BEZERRA DE MELO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FELIPE LUIZ NEVES BEZERRA DE MELO
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • MARIA EDUARDA TANNURI-PIANTO
  • RENATO LIMA DE OLIVEIRA
  • Data: Feb 24, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The impact of Affirmative Actions (AA) for access to higher education is on the agenda
    around the world, as such policies encourage the schooling of minority groups and
    affect the lives of historically disadvantaged individuals. In this perspective, attending
    university increases the access of minorities to Research and Development (R&D), as
    well as to diversity and innovation, which can be a relevant factor in the idealization of

    enterprises. However, there is little empirical evidence about the effect of attending an
    excellent university on the probability of becoming an entrepreneur. Thus, the aim of
    this study is to assess whether the bonus (additional score) for admission to a Brazilian
    university is positively related to the probability of an individual starting a new
    business. The policy analyzed consists of the Argument for Inclusion (AI) of the
    Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), which added 10% to the grade in
    the selection process for students from public schools until 2012. As an analysis
    strategy, the Regression Discontinuity Design (RDD) method was used in a dataset that
    combines the application to UFRN between 2010 and 2012 with information on
    opening and partnership in companies, made available from the Brazilian Federal
    Revenue until 2021 (covering the period to starting at UFRN course and considering up
    to five years after graduation), and the Relação Anual de Informações Sociais (RAIS
    2017) from the Ministry of Labor and Employment. In summary, there were no
    statistically significant effects of attending UFRN, benefiting from the policy, on the
    probability of undertaking. However, by restricting the analysis from year on year, the
    coefficients change only for 2010, having, therefore, a significant negative effect,
    indicating that those benefited by the policy who joined UFRN in that year present a
    reduction in the probability of undertaking. Furthermore, the results of an additional
    analysis show that eligible candidates who entered university through politics,
    specifically males, had an increase in years of education and in the probability of
    completing college, so academic training can generate future prospects of formal jobs,
    increasing the opportunity cost of entrepreneurship.

2
  • JORGE ÍTALO MACÊDO PRUDÊNCIO DE LIMA
  • Learning of management concepts  in undergraduate disciplines through teaching cases

  • Advisor : MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • ANDRÉA DO NASCIMENTO BARBOSA CACHO
  • Data: Feb 24, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the appropriation of introductory concepts of Business based on the implications of the case teaching method. The specific objectives are: to identify the use of theoretical knowledge in students' answers; to understand the articulation between theory and practice; and to analyse the reflective process in the use of the case method. The research starts from the ontology of subject-object interaction, from the Piagetian work, given that its archives place the Social Being as the most adequate perspective to understand the study of the logical discourse of the being. Given the above, the research is grounded on the interpretativist paradigm, in which the author interprets what is spoken by the interviewees or producers of the content to be explored. Such method, composed of systematic procedures, The research is qualitative and analyzed responses from Cases for Teaching applied in 14 different classes, between 2011 and 2020, comprising 219 responses. In this scenario, to understand the theoretical constructions developed by students in the classroom from the proposed teaching cases, the method used will be Content Analysis. As results the study identified that there is the use of theoretical knowledge in student responses; in many responses there is articulation between theory and practice; although the reflective process in student responses to the cases is not always evidenced. Finally, the study concludes that the appropriation of introductory concepts of Business from the use of the case method is largely inadequate, by giving preference to prior knowledge over the theoretical aspects studied can achieve understanding of the content issued, as well as make inferences about the answers collected. The results of the study can demonstrate different levels and characteristics of appropriation of management concepts through the use of cases for teaching.

3
  • CAROLINE DE ALBUQUERQUE MOURÃO ALVES
  • CAUSATION AND EFFECTUATION LOGICS IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP: AN ANALYSIS OF THE EMPRETEC EXPERIENCE IN RN
  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • DINARA LESLYE MACEDO E SILVA CALAZANS
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • FELIPE LUIZ NEVES BEZERRA DE MELO
  • Data: Mar 21, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • In the field of organizations, Saras Sarasvathy, strategic and behavioral economics scientist, proposed a decision-making logic in the creation and conduct of new businesses called Effectuation, which didactically represents an opposition to the Causation model, based on predictive logic. In the business world, it presents itself as an alternative to the rational way, supported by theoretical concepts, especially in the face of high uncertainty scenarios, such as entrepreneurship. Considering entrepreneurship as a notorious professional alternative with influence on the social and economic development of a locality, it has received relevant formal support from public policies and private initiatives, and as a justification for this research, Sebrae will be highlighted through the Empretec course, which has already attracted more than 7,000 entrepreneurs in the state and more than 285,000 in Brazil. The objective is to analyze the relationships between the characteristics of entrepreneurs who were former participants of Empretec do Sebrae/RN and the Causation and Effectuation approaches in their businesses. The method adopted was quantitative, through an empirical research, whose data were obtained, in cross-section, through the application of a questionnaire based on a research instrument already validated nationally and internationally. In addition to the description of the sample profile, statistical techniques were used: Exploratory Factor Analysis and Robust Multiple Linear Regression (using the bootsrap technique), with the help of the programs G*Power 3 for sample treatment and SPSS 27 for the other procedures. The statistical results allowed us to infer that both approaches and their respective variables are strong, especially that of Causation, which is also significantly impacted by gender, origin of resources and the fact that the participants are currently undertaking. Effectuation is timidly influenced by the same variables, and there is no homogeneity of significance within its different dimensions.

4
  • GEORGE WAGNER DE PAULA GADELHA TEIXEIRA
  • FORMULATION OF STRATEGIES FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF DECISION MAKER: VALIDATION OF SCALE FOR THE PUBLIC SECTOR


  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • DINARA LESLYE MACEDO E SILVA CALAZANS
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • FELIPE LUIZ NEVES BEZERRA DE MELO
  • Data: Mar 22, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • This survey has the general objective of validating for the public context the scale developed by Lucian, Barbosa, Sousa, Pereira e Silva (2008), which seeks to understand how strategies are formulated from the strategist's mind. To meet this general objective, the following specific objectives were developed: i) Characterize, in terms of gender, age, academic background and length of service, those responsible for strategic decision-making at the IFRN; ii) Validate the strategic thinking dimension for the public context; iii) Validate the formation dimension of the strategy for the public sphere; and iv) Validate the strategic change dimension for the public sphere. This scale is based on the studies by De Wit e Meyer (2004), who describe that strategy formulation is a three-dimensional construct composed of paradoxes that influence the decision maker's cognitive at the time of strategic decision-making. The dimensions and paradoxes are: i) strategic thinking, comprising the paradox of logical versus creative thinking; ii) strategy formation, composed by the paradox of deliberate versus emergent formation; and iii) strategic change, constituted by the paradox of evolutionary versus revolutionary change. The object of study to validate this questionnaire is the Federal Institute of the State of Rio Grande do Norte (IFRN). The Lucian et al. (2008) was applied online, through the Google Forms website, with public servants who make up the collegiate at the IFRN, called Colégio Gestor. In the treatment of data, a graphical analysis was performed to characterize the survey respondents and a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to validate the scale. As for the findings, this study identified that there are twice as many men as women working in the formulation of strategies at the IFRN, the average age of respondents is 36 years old, approximately 95% of respondents have higher education or some postgraduate degree and have up to 15 years of IFRN service. Finally, the three dimensions of the scale showed consistency and adequacy and, therefore, were validated for the public sector.

5
  • LAUDINÉIA PONTES DOS SANTOS
  • Historical and situational aspects in the Network budget Federal of Professional Education

  • Advisor : MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • ANDRÉA DO NASCIMENTO BARBOSA CACHO
  • Data: Mar 25, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The study aimed to analyze the influence of historical issues and budgetary contingency factors on the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Norte in the period of expansion of the Brazilian Federal Network of Professional Education. The analysis was divided in the characterization of the Brazilian public budget, in the verification of the legal questions of the expansion of the Federal Network of Vocational Education and in the identification of possible budgetary contingency factors. The methodological course was established in terms of purposes, as an exploratory and descriptive research. In a quali-quantitative approach. As a result, the study reveals the existence of contingency budgetary factors in the environment. Finally, the study concludes that there are three representative aspects to the federal budget of the Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Norte in its expansion phase.

6
  • RAUL OMAR DE OLIVEIRA DANTAS
  • ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF STANDARD DISCOUNT AMONG PUBLIC BIDDING

  • Advisor : RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • JAIME DE JESUS FILHO
  • Data: Apr 29, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • National budget control and public contracts is essential for the national social and economic development. Nowadays, public contracts in Brazil are evaluated around five hundred billion of Reais per year, in contracts covering the Federal, Federal District, States and Municipalities. This article focuses on analysis the market behavior of public bidding. It evaluates through multiple linear regressions the average characteristic contracts discounts based on data base collected at the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, among 105,206 contracts, occurred from 2015 until 2018, through ordinary least squares based on public bidding modality, contract value, contract additive and other factors. It was concluded based on OLS regressions that the contracts offer a direct correlation with the selected variables, according to the value ranges set at the database. The contracts achieved through “Pregão Presencial”, “Pregão Eletrônico” and “Chamamento Público” achieved excellent performance in terms of economy. As well, a positive performance was also observed in some ranges of values for contracts arising from “Convite”, “Tomada de Preço” e “Concorrência”. The benefits of each one of the contracts modalities, and their statistical significance, were detailed along this article. So, this research offers to the academic community statistical analysis and numerical fundaments initial subsidies for decision-making, and understanding the expectation of Brazilian public market behavior on purchases of products and services.

     

7
  • ALEX MATIAS GOMES
  • Sentiment Analysis of User-generated Content on Twitter from political communications about Covid-19 vaccine  

  • Advisor : MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • GABRIEL RODRIGO GOMES PESSANHA
  • Data: May 12, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The new coronavirus pandemic changed the lives of millions of people and was an important milestone for the growth of social media and User-generated Content in these media. Among the various topics related to the pandemic that were highlighted on social media, the vaccine against Covid-19 was one of the most addressed topics. In Brazil, speeches and political positions about vaccines generated reactions on the networks, which could influence the population's behavior about vaccination, thus this study was carried out with the objective of analyzing the communications of Brazilian politicians and the User-generated Content about the vaccine against to Covid-19 on Twitter. Based on 3907 tweets from politicians and 146,536 tweets in response to these communications, collected through the Snscrape application, two analyzes were carried out, one of quantitative content and one of sentiments. The Content Analysis, divided by groups of politicians, showed that the most frequent concepts mentioned the logistics of vaccines, mandatory vaccination and criticism of the president, whereas the Sentiment Analysis, carried out through an unsupervised method using the Oplexicon lexicon in Portuguese showed that most of the contents had a negative sentiment with 35.5%, revealing disagreement with the opinions of political communications, while positive and neutral sentiment were respectively 34% and 30.5%, which showed an intensification of feelings. In a segmented analysis, it was observed that a group of politicians who defended topics considered anti-vaccination had proportionally more content with negative sentiment. The conclusion highlights the uniqueness of this study, the contribution to the research of a flowchart for choosing a Sentiment Analysis method and the indication of future researches. Keywords: sentiment analysis; political communication; user-generated content; Covid-19.

8
  • ANA CLARA FIRMINO DE OLIVEIRA ROCHA
  • ORGANIZATIONAL AMBIDEXTERITY IN THE FINTECHS ENVIRONMENT: A FRAMEWORK PROPOSAL

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • DINARA LESLYE MACEDO E SILVA CALAZANS
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • FELIPE LUIZ NEVES BEZERRA DE MELO
  • Data: Sep 22, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • This dissertation permeates a conceptual and empirical study of organizational ambidexterity in fintechs, whose objective is to propose a framework for entrepreneurs to develop exploration and exploitation activities simultaneously, that is, an ambidextrous behavior aiming at greater competitive advantage. In that regard, fintechs, which are technology-based companies of financial services, have grown and gained prominence in the world in the last five years, causing a disruption in the banking and financial system, especially by focusing on the needs of customers, have a business model with less costly and more efficient than traditional companies as they face great competitiveness in the dynamic market. Thus, the research is structured initially with a theoretical foundation built from a literature review on ambidexterity and organizational performance in technology-based companies, documents and researches that explore the characteristics inherent to the Brazilian ecosystem of fintechs. In sequence, the methodological proposal is understood by a qualitative approach, with exploratory and descriptive purposes, and application of the framework in seven case studies located in the Brazilian Northeast region. In relation to data analysis, a categorical content analysis of the interviewees' discourses was made, being aided by the Atlas-TI Software version 22. As a result, it was verified the existence of ambidextrous behavior and some associated strategic elements in the fintechs studied, as well as different levels of exploration and exploitation activities, which are related to the maturity and structure of the business. Finally, a framework adapted for the practical use of fintech entrepreneurs was created.

     

     
     

     

9
  • THIAGO DE OLIVEIRA
  • The Project Management Office's Contributions to Organizational Performance: Empirical Validation Through a Structural Model 

  • Advisor : ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • LUCIANO FERREIRA DA SILVA
  • Data: Sep 30, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • This dissertation aims to analyze how the Project Management Office's Performance contributes to Organizational Performance. For this, this work was divided into three articles. The first article presents an investigation into the role of the Project Management Office (PMO) in organizations from the analysis of the state of the art on the subject. For this, a systematic review of the literature is performed, based on the PRISMA recommendation. For the descriptive analysis of the results, both qualitative and quantitative, the software MS Excel (v.2110), VOSviewer (v.1.6.14), as well as the online platforms WordArt.com and Lucidchart.com were used. From the analysis of the textual corpus of the selected works, it was possible to present the performance of PMOs, their variations, the types of organizations where they are inserted, as well as their contributions, challenges, improvements and proposals for future investigations. In the second article, a systematic literature review is carried out to investigate how PMO performance is related to organizational performance in the current literature. With the support of the IRAMUTEQ Software to perform the Content and Descriptive Analysis of the textual corpus, it was possible to observe that there is a notorious interest of researchers in investigating the PMO under the aspects of Performance, Challenges, Management and Team Engagement, PMO Functions and its Change Management Support. In addition, it is possible to emphasize the importance of the Human Factor (teams), Partners and Stakeholders in support of the PMO, in addition to considering, in the performance of the PMO, the Capacities and Tensions that the PMO suffers because of the Organizational Capacities and Tensions. In view of these results, it was possible to build a theoretical model, based on the recommendations and findings of research, which presents the relationship between PMO performance and organizational performance. Finally, the article aims to analyze whether the Project Management Office (PMO) contributes, in a positive and significant way, to organizational performance, from the quantitative aspect and from the perspective of project management. For this, a theoretical model based on the literature is built and applied through a cross-sectional Survey, applied on the main platforms and social networks of project management professionals. As the work is developed from a quantitative perspective, the Structural Equation Modeling approach is used to analyze the collected data, with the support of the SmartPLS software. In view of the results, it is possible to reject the null hypothesis, that is, it has been proven that there are positive and significant correlations between the constructs of the structural model, Organizational Performance and PMO Performance, and these are significant, according to all indicators of quality and adequacy of the model tested in the research. Furthermore, the hypothesis of the present research is confirmed. Finally, the notorious contribution of the PMO in learning, strategy, culture, innovation, change management and, finally, in organizational performance. 


10
  • SOLANGE DOS SANTOS RODRIGUES
  • GOVERNMENT CAPACITIES: A PROPOSITIVE MODEL BASED ON THE PERCEPTION OF RIO GRANDE DO NORTE STATE GOVERNMENT SERVANTS

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • GABRIELA FIGUEIREDO DIAS
  • LUCIANA DA COSTA FEITOSA
  • Data: Nov 14, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • This study was supported in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brasil (CAPES) – Finance Code 001." It can be seen that in recent years, efficiency has been a relevant topic for public management. As a result, the literature has been devoted to more and more studies on the context of governments' capacities to promote the delivery of services with quality and efficiency. In this, the concepts of Public Governance and Governability are widely explored in the literature, and from which the concepts of Capabilities arise as a set of attributes of public governance. In this sense, this research has as general objective to establish a Model of Governmental Capabilities from the perception of the servants of the State of Rio Grande do Norte. In methodological terms, it is a research of a quantitative nature with the application of a survey. Data collection was carried out through a structured questionnaire applied to a sample of 150 public servants in the state of RN. Data were statistically treated by applying multivariate techniques, more specifically Exploratory Factor Analysis, Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling. Therefore, an Exploratory Factor Analysis - EFA was implemented, with the fundamental objective of verifying whether the model describes the characteristics of the data well. The AFE allowed the extraction of 6 factors from the instruments of government capacities, which represent their dimensions. Such dimensions manage to capture 76.9% of the variance present in the data, representing ample commonality between the variables observed, ensuring ample capacity for representing the model. From the Confirmatory Factor Analysis - AFC, it was possible to understand which indicators have the greatest impact in each dimension from the sample's perception. At this point, we highlight the Relationship and articulation with other State entities, which is presented as an indicator of greater impact (standardized coefficients = 0.906), which implies in 82.08% of the variance of the variable being explained by the latent characteristic of "Political Capacity ", for example. It is noteworthy that the Model proposed here has good adherence to empirical evidence and, therefore, can be used as a representation of an explanatory theory of the determining factors of Government Capabilities in the scope of Public Management, especially regarding the aspects necessary for the delivery of public services with quality and efficiency. It is concluded, therefore, that the Government Capabilities of a federated entity can be represented as a set of 6 associated dimensions that allow public management to act effectively on territorial development.

11
  • LUIS FERNANDO RIBEIRO MARTINS
  • RESISTANCE TO CHANGE: ANALYSIS OF THE REACTION TO RISK MANAGEMENT MECHANISMS IN ORGANIZATIONS

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • RAFAEL RODRIGUES DA SILVA
  • Data: Dec 6, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • This dissertation is the result of research whose main objective was to analyze the dimensions of resistance to organizational changes, especially in the implementation of risk management mechanisms. To achieve this objective, two Systematic Literature Reviews (SLR) were carried out to support the creation of a quantitative model, through structural equations, using the Partial Least Squares method (PLS-SEM) and the validation of the model with sampling in the IFES. The findings of the research allow: to verify some factors that cause resistance in the servers in the organizational changes and to help the managers, mainly of public organizations, when planning organizational changes, in special way the implantation of governance measures, providing ideas for the direction of actions that ease resistance to change. As for the contribution to the literature, it is believed that this study synthesized concepts related to governance mechanisms and practices, especially risk management, and presented the relationship between Agency Theory and governance measures in organizations, as well as their relationship with public procurement. It also related variables that influence the servers' resistance to the implementation of organizational changes and tested a model with IFES servers that can serve as a reference for subsequent research in the area.

12
  • THIAGO WANDERLEY MACEDO NEVES DE ALMEIDA
  • Observations and Inferences About the Fixed Cost in Protective Put Strategy
  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CLAUDIO HENRIQUE DA SILVEIRA BARBEDO
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • Data: Dec 26, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The Options Based Portfolio Insurance (OBPI) should avoid losses and capture gains, by the cost of a “premium”, but in practice the premium cost can be too high to capture gains in the different market conditions. Based on this premise, the objective of this study is to analyze an optimized alternative to Options Based Portfolio Insurance, assuming that the probability of an extreme negative event varies with time, and therefore the insurance floor should not be maintained at any cost. To achieve the objective, data were crossed between the rollover date and a fixed insurance cost on equity, using historical data from 678,546 trades, which resulted in 3,700 portfolios. Data analysis was performed using descriptive and econometric statistics with simple linear regressions. The results demonstrated that the insured floor varied with the volatility implied in option prices, indicating the possibility of obtaining better return-risk ratio and lower drawdown when compared to the unprotected portfolio, showing a positive correlation between insurance cost and return-risk ratio for low costs and a negative correlation for higher costs. Furthermore, it can be indirectly inferred that the explanation for the results comes from the perception of risk by the market not representing the real risk. As with the stabilization and possible recovery of prices that occur after a significant drop, market confidence is not restored to the same proportion. That’s why volatility remains at high levels, consequently, raising the insurance cost, even with lower probabilities of extreme negative events.
13
  • LUANA DE ANDRADE PINHEIRO BORGES
  • ENTREPRENEURIAL POTENTIAL AND GENDER STEREOTYPES FROM THE VIEW OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AREA
  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ADRIANNE PAULA VIEIRA DE ANDRADE
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • FERNANDA FRANCIELLE DE OLIVEIRA MALAQUIAS
  • JANAYNNA DE MOURA FERRAZ
  • Data: Dec 29, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The objective of this dissertation is to understand how the gender stereotype can have a relationship with the entrepreneurial potential of female university students in the area of information technology (IT). Previous studies have focused on quantitative studies, and few have explored the subject of entrepreneurial potential from the point of view of female students of technological courses, considering more specifically gender issues. Using a basic qualitative research design, data was collected with nine semistructured interviews were conducted with female students of the Bachelor of Information Technology (BTI) course at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). As an analysis strategy, content analysis was used, in the thematic / category mode, with the support of ATLAS.ti® 8.4.24. Among the results, note that the vast majority of interviewees expressed little intention of opening a business in their field of education. The interviewed students also perceive that the BTI course has not provided an environment that stimulates their entrepreneurial potential, they understand that entrepreneurial education is still incipient, and that gender stereotypes contribute to weakening their desire to become entrepreneurs in the future. In the opinion of the interviewees, the barriers for women to open a business are greater than the motivational aspects. Research enriches the field of female entrepreneurship from the perspective of higher education in information technology. As a managerial contribution, the research considers how the BTI can develop or advance in actions that stimulate the female gender in the field of technology-based businesses and that take into account the subjectivities of the students.
Thesis
1
  • WALBER SANTOS BAPTISTA
  • CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL INNOVATIVENESS SYSTEM, FOR THE GENERATION OF INTRA-ORGANIZATIONAL INNOVATION, CAPABLE OF GENERATING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE, IN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS IN SERRA TALHADA-PE

  • Advisor : MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FERNANDO PORFIRIO SOARES DE OLIVEIRA
  • HILKA PELLIZA VIER MACHADO
  • ISABELLA FRANCISCA GOUVEIA DE VASCONCELOS
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • MILER FRANCO D ANJOUR
  • Data: Apr 29, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The main objective of this doctoral thesis is to analyze the contributions of the Organizational
    Innovativeness System to the generation of Intra-organizational Innovation as a source of
    competitive advantage for organizations in Serra Talhada-PE, Northeast Brazil.The structure of the
    work is composed of: chapter 1 - introduction; chapter 2 - theoretical framework; chapter 3 -
    proposed model for the study design; chapter 4 - methodological procedures; chapter 5 - results and
    discussion; and, chapter 6 - conclusion. It was necessary to establish four specific objectives in
    order to achieve the General Objective. The theoretical framework, which was applied to support
    this objective, included the following key-constructs: i) the Capacity to Innovate; ii) the
    Organizational Innovativeness System; iii) Intra-organizational Innovation; iv) the Strategic Stage
    to Competitive Advantage; and v) Organizational Change. There is a chapter on the propositional
    model for the study design, as well as a chapter on the methodology, which, in this work, is a
    quantitative research. It proposes as a requirement the use of descriptive statistics and inferential
    statistics, as well as, some methods of multivariate analysis, with exploratory factor analysis (using
    the Stata 13 program) and the confirmatory factor analysis, with PLS, with Structural Equation
    Modeling, with Partial Least Squares (using the SmartPLS 3 program). A literature review was also
    necessary in order to identify the works (articles and books) that could be selected to reinforce the
    theoretical basis of this study. The field of study was the city of Serra Talhada-PE, in order to
    determine the sample. As it was not possible to survey the entire population, the Closed or
    Conventional Structure Sample typology was chosen, with the subtype Sampling by Convenience.
    The field research took place from April to September 2020, which was during the COVID-19
    Pandemic. Because of this, the survey application strategy changed from face-to-face to virtual,
    getting some business owners, managers and other collaborators to answer the survey, resulting in
    a sample of 226 respondents, corresponding to 120 businesses (public and private), equivalent to
    2.0%, with a margin of error of 8.86% and a 95% significance level, thus being acceptable. The
    means of data collection was via technological resources (E-mail, Facebook Business, LinkedIn,
    Messenger, and WhatsApp). A literature review was also necessary in order to identify the works
    (among articles and books) that could be selected to strengthen the theoretical basis of the study.
    From the results obtained, the specific objectives are worth mentioning. The first, 'of the description
    of the socio-organizational environment', was carried out as from the Descriptive Statistics Method.
    The second, "the multidimensional comprehensiveness of the constructs", was achieved through
    the exploratory factor analysis method. The third, 'the type of relationship between the endogenous
    and exogenous variables', was achieved by a confirmatory factor analysis, using the SEM/PLS
    Method. And the fourth objective was finalized with the presentation of the 'Reflective Structural
    Model, from SEM/PLS'. It was concluded that the organizational behavior was atypical because, in
    order to return to the competition in the market dynamics, with or without the competitive
    transience, the businesses persisted in the risks and uncertainties of that moment, until then,
    experienced by the businesses.

2
  • ANA PAULA DA SILVA FARIAS
  • INTERACTIVE GOVERNANCE AND EXTENSION CURRICULARIZATION AT UFRPE


  • Advisor : JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • DENISE CLEMENTINO DE SOUZA
  • DIOGO HENRIQUE HELAL
  • JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • RICHARD MEDEIROS DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: May 30, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • Federal universities are complex institutions, in terms of structure, management and decision-making processes, and constitute a specific type of organization, due to the autonomy provided by law, the principle of inseparability, the diversity of objectives and the multiplicity of its members. With its own style of structure, way of acting and making decisions and an educational administration format that demands skills and techniques appropriate to its reality, it is possible to explore the governance of this institution from a perspective that considers its characteristics, its democratic nature and autonomy and the interaction between its actors. In light of the interactive governance model by Kooiman et al. (2008) it is possible to see the university as a social system composed of a system of government, a system to be governed and the interactions that flow between these two systems and to discuss an issue that presents itself in a diverse, complex and dynamic context, which is the curricularization of extension. Thus, this research aims to understand how the governance system of UFRPE affects the curricularization of extension. This is an exploratory and descriptive, qualitative study, with application of semi-structured interviews with UFRPE servers. The results revealed that the interactive governance system at UFRPE was commanded by the Deans of Education and Extension, actors legitimized by the other participants, depending on the positions they occupy in the institution, their link with the extension curricularization and the support of the Rectory. Hierarchical governance was predominant in the action of these actors who acted in a privileged way and made centralized decisions that affected the curricularization in aspects related to interdisciplinarity and the inseparability between teaching, research and extension.  

3
  • IGOR MARTINS
  • MANAGEMENT BY COMPETENCES IN THE PUBLIC SPHERE AND ITS NORMATIVE TRANSVERSALITY: ORIGINS, CAUSES, CONSEQUENCES AND MEANINGS IN THE BRAZILIAN CONTEXT.
  • Advisor : HIRONOBU SANO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • ANTONIO ALVES FILHO
  • ANTONIO ISIDRO DA SILVA FILHO
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • SANDRO TRESCASTRO BERGUE
  • Data: May 30, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • People Management by Competencies is a way of thinking and acting in the conduct of human resources policies, which assumes through the sum of skills to generate a qualitative gain for organizations. In the 2000s, it was already a reality in the private sector, being officially absorbed by the public sector in 2006, through the publication of Decree Law 5707/06, a document that was revoked and updated twice (2019 and 2020), for an alignment of the discourse of the National People Development Policy (PNDP) closer to the precepts of the competence approach. Given this context, this thesis had as a guide of conduct to answer how the changes in the PNDP regulations converge with the epistemological precepts of People Management by Competencies and how do these transformations affect the performance of a School of Government? It will present three articles to discuss in a purposeful way the scene in question: the first will focus on the main normative changes of the National Personnel Development Plan, observing if there was a better alignment with the theory of people management by competences - through an analysis documentary, triangulating with a theoretical model proposition; the second will bibliometrically analyze the panorama of national scientific research on GPPC in the public sphere, between 2006 and 2022, seeking to point out whether there is a favorable scenario for a specialized production on the subject; and the third proposes to analyze if the normative changes that direct the PNDP and intervening factors significantly influence the proposals of the actions of personnel development of the School of Government/RN and its perception of contribution to the advancement of the state public service - being carried out through qualitative research and simple case study. The synthesis of the results is that the law that guides the PNDP was able to realign itself with the theoretical precepts of Management by Competencies, giving the regulations a more holistic character, in which the role of service was reallocated to the needs of institutions; the theoretical field of national production was identified as immature and not very conducive to the epistemological development of the theme, mainly due to the few specialized centers and low exchange of national works; and the RN School of Government throughout its existence was always ahead of the PNDP regulations, with its procedures following the guidelines even before the Decrees were published. But when talking about the intervening factors, there is a process of entropy in the institution, with a decrease in its reach and structure, the lack of a feeling of priority on the part of the current political cycle, judging that the training and qualification programs of personnel do not factors that contribute to the perception of non-fulfillment of its mission and underutilization of the institution in the role of developing state competences are on the agenda of the current Government.


4
  • PAULEMIR GONÇALVES CAMPOS
  • Bimodal IT Management in Brazilian Federal Public Administration – Best Practices Framework Proposal for Digital Transformation

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • THÁRCYLLA REBECCA NEGREIROS CLEMENTE
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • FERNANDO PONTUAL DE SOUZA LEÃO JÚNIOR
  • GILSON GOMES DA SILVA
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • Data: Jul 15, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • Goal: Considering the Bimodal IT Management to obtain an adequate Digital Transformation (DT) of the Federal Public Administration (FPA) of Brazil, and that SERPRO (Data Processing Federal Service) is the largest IT company of the Brazilian FPA and study object this doctoral research, it is aiming to proposal a framework for the Bimodal IT Management of SERPRO with the best practices for the DT of the Brazilian FPA.

    Metodology: This research contain three phases: ‘1. Exploratory and Bibliographic Research’, ‘2. Data Collect’, and ‘3. Analysis of Collected Data'. In 'phase-1' it is goal to find out what has been done in Bimodal IT Management for DT in FPA of Brazil. In 'phase-2', an on-line survey questionnaire will be applied by Internet with 30 questions (respondent profile, quantitative and qualitative) to IT (Information Technology) people from SERPRO (Brasília Headquarters and other regional offices). And, in 'phase-3', a quantitative analysis and a qualitative analysis of the answers obtained will be executed.

    Hoped Results: That this doctoral thesis be a guide to Bimodal IT Management of SERPRO, including the use of best practices for the success of the DT of Brazilian FPA.

    Conclusion: The main contribution of this great effort research at the doctoral level were the suggestions for improvements indicated by the theoretical-empirical ajusted proposal framework for the Bimodal IT Management of SERPRO with the best practices for Digital Transformation (DT) of the Brazilian Federal Public Administration (FPA) focusing on the ‘Management’, 'Governance' and 'Architecture' dimensions of the Bimodal IT and on the 'Strategy' and 'Architecture' dimensions of the DT.
5
  • LUÍS OTHON BASTOS
  • Article 1:

    "Return Freight on Brazilian Regional Cargo Railways"

     

    Article 2: 

    "Return Freight on Brazilian Regional Cargo Railroads Case Ferrovia Transertaneja"

  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ADMIR ANTONIO BETARELLI
  • MARCOS ANDRÉ MENDES PRIMO
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • Data: Nov 18, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • Article 1:

    "This article aims to investigate the reasons why the return rail freight was not contemplated in the project or in the operation of Brazilian regional freight railroads. It also questions the reasons why these railroads do not act as an instrument for improving the socioeconomic conditions of their area of influence nor for national integration."

     

    Article 2:

    "This article presents a preliminary study of freight return railway cargo (west/east direction) feasibility on the Transertaneja Railway. The railway line, which is in the implementation phase and whose trajectory will cut longitudinally the entire state of Pernambuco, prior objective is the ores transport of from the Pernambuco and Piauí backlands to Suape port."

6
  • IVANCIL TIBURCIO CAVALCANTI
  • ROLES OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND CORPORATE INVESTMENT

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • JOYCE MARIELLA MEDEIROS CAVALCANTI
  • MARCELLE COLARES OLIVEIRA
  • Data: Dec 1, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis responded to three main objectives, developed in the form of three interconnected articles, which used the roles played by the Boards of Directors (CAs) of companies in the basic segment of Corporate Governance of B3 Brasil Bolsa Balcão S.A as an explanatory variable. The determination of the roles was inferred by a content analysis of 2,394 decisions contained in the Minutes of Meetings of the Board of Directors (CA), in the period 2014–2018, based on the classification proposed by Schwartz-Ziv and Weisbach (2013). The first objective observed that the roles, managerial and supervisory, predominantly exercised by the CA affected the rate of corporate investment in fixed assets, identifying that these roles were significantly and distinctly related to that rate; the managerial one affected it positively, and the supervisory one, negatively, suggesting that the managerial performance of the CA stimulates investment due to the focus on Management, while the supervisory one inhibits it. In this sense, the work deepened the analysis to identify whether the increase or decrease in the level of investment was accompanied by an improvement in investment efficiency (EI). Thus, the second objective investigated whether the predominance of each role was related to IE, since its improvement is obtained by reducing information asymmetry and agency conflicts — a role assigned to the Board of Directors by the Agency Theory (AT). The results report that management boards are associated with a decrease in inefficiency related to underinvestment, while in supervisory boards, the opposite occurs. Also, it was observed that neither of the two roles was significantly associated with the reduction of global inefficiency and overinvestment, suggesting that, in the companies in the sample, the form of action of the Board of Directors was indifferent to explain the overinvestment, so it was not possible to argue that the two roles would be associated with the increase or decrease of excess investment motivated by agency conflicts (empire building, excess confidence, etc.). In turn, the third objective analyzed the permanent investment in participations in other companies, since greater disbursements in this type of investment would increase the number of subsidiaries and affiliated companies of the business group, increasing agency problems and the difficulty of monitoring due to the high number of transactions between the companies of the group, demanding more from the Board. Based on this, we tested the hypothesis that the predominance of the supervisory role is associated with the decrease in the number of companies in the group due to the focus on monitoring. The data reported that the holdings in the sample, with a predominantly managerial role of the CA, had, statistically, a median of controlling/affiliated companies higher and different than those whose role was supervisory, however, the predominance of this role was not significantly associated, to the reduction in the number of subsidiaries. The document analysis also indicated that the managerial role occurred more frequently, and most of the decisions made were about “financial” and “formal” issues or related to the area of “personnel and benefits”. None of the papers were related to a greater participation of institutional investors in the Board room.


     

7
  • MARIA JOSÉ DA SILVA FEITOSA
  • SOCIAL INNOVATION PROCESS: THE INTEGRAL HIGH SCHOOL PROGRAM IN PERNAMBUCO


  • Advisor : HIRONOBU SANO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CARLA REGINA PASA GÓMEZ
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • LILIA ASUCA SUMIYA
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • SUZANNE ÉRICA NÓBREGA CORREIA
  • Data: Dec 20, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The present study aimed to understand the social innovation process, emphasizing the perception/evaluation of users and implementers in the post-implementation stage, based on an adaptation of the social innovation process of Mulgan (2014), consisting of seven stages: opportunity or challenge; idea generation; project development and experimentation; evaluation of the prototype or pilot project, improvement, identification of revenue sources and means of institutionalization; delivery, implementation, evaluation after implementation, adaptation; growth and expansion; changing systems. To this end, an exploratory and descriptive study was carried out, with a predominantly qualitative approach, conducted through bibliographic and documentary research, as well as semi-structured questionnaire application and non-participant observation. The research was conducted in five “Escolas de Referência em Ensino Médio”, which are part of five municipalities located in the micro-region of the “Sertão do Pajeú” in Pernambuco State. Fourteen teachers (implementers) and forty two students (users) participated in the research. In percentage terms, the teacher’s perception regarding the category “economic-financial and political-legal aspects” shows a critical state, with dissatisfaction of 44% and satisfaction of 49%. On the other hand, in the students’ perception, this category was in an alert situation, with dissatisfaction of 33% and satisfaction of 53%. As for the category that involves technical, relational, and sociocultural aspects, the students showed satisfaction of 66% and dissatisfaction of 19%, revealing an alert state within the parameters considered in the research, while the teachers expressed satisfaction of 83% and dissatisfaction of 8%, pointing to a favorable situation. The findings also indicate that the stages of the social innovation process are consolidated, except growth and expansion and systemic change. Regarding the user’s perception and implementer’s perception in evaluating the policy after implementation, the economic-financial and political-legal barriers were found to affect the public policy implementation. On the other hand, the results indicate the technical, relational, and sociocultural aspects as facilitating, in general, the public policy implementation studied. Given these results, the present study confirms the thesis that the perception/evaluation of users and implementers in the post-implementation stage can help explain the barriers and/or facilitators throughout the social innovation process, especially in the implementation phase of social innovation. As for the limitations of this study, it is possible to mention the difficulty of access to information, considering that almost all students are minors, requiring prior parental permission to participate in the research. As for the teachers, they are overloaded with activities due to the intense routine of the full time high school, which also became a hindrance in the access to information. In relation to suggestions for future work, it is suggested the application of the instrument available in this research in schools in other microregions of the State of Pernambuco, aiming at diagnosis and comparative analysis. It is suggested to carry out the research in other units of the federation and compare the results among them. It may be interesting to carry out a study in regular high schools and compare it with the findings of integral high school, making the necessary adaptations in the research instrument.


8
  • POLYANA TENÓRIO DE FREITAS E SILVA
  • ESSAYS ON PERMANENCE POLICIES FOR STUDENTS OF BRAZILIAN HIGHER EDUCATION: EVALUATION OF THE PERMANENCE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM 

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • KALINCA LÉIA BECKER
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • MARCO TÚLIO ANICETO FRANCA
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • Data: Dec 21, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  •  

    Dropout in higher education is a matter of global interest and, to reduce it, several policies were created to encourage students to stay in universities. In Brazil, the Permanence Scholarship Program (PSP) is one of the main student assistance policies, aiming to prevent low-income students from dropping out of university. This work presents three essays about evaluation for student retention policies and its application in the PSP. The first essay aimed to identify patterns of evaluation of student retention policies in higher education through a systematic literature review, selecting 39 documents from Scopus, Sage Journals, Web of Science, Google academic, and CAPES Periodicals. Regarding the forms of evaluation, the results indicated the predominance of analyzes on the effects of policies on dropout, but some works evaluated the performance and time to graduation of students. The studies were mostly directed to public university environments, which indicates a scarcity of scientific production in private educational institutions. As for the formats of permanence policies, the literature pointed out four types of aid with different natures: financial, assistance, based on academic merit, and by criteria of need/vulnerability of students. The research proposed threefold model for evaluation of permanence policies, considering permanence, performance, and time until graduation. The second essay analyzes the effects of PSP for students from private higher education institutions on the time of completion and rate of degree obtention. Survival analysis associated with propensity score matching was used, based on data from the higher education census between 2010 and 2017. Students included in the program, from the 4th year onwards, are at lower risk of evasion, have greater probability of graduation, and complete the studies in less time than those not in the program, even if it does not happen within the regulatory deadline. Finally, the third essay proposes to evaluate the PSP from two perspectives: effects on dropout and academic performance of the students covered. Databases of higher education censuses from 2010 to 2017 and ENADE tests from 2017 to 2019 were used. The application of the difference-in-differences model with multiple time periods showed that the PSP has reducing effects on dropout and that this effect is greater according to the time students are exposed to the scholarship. Also, insertion in the program showed a positive correlation with better performance of students in ENADE, annual reading volume and weekly hours of study
     

9
  • FABIANA DE SOUZA LEÃO
  • Contributions of Anthroposophy to organizational management: an analysis of the social phenomenon Turmalina Waldorf Rural School

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ROSANA LUCILLE BASSINELLO SARAIVA
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • FERNANDO GOMES DE PAIVA JÚNIOR
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • Data: Dec 28, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The present research approaches the vision of Anthroposophy, as a ''Spiritual Science'', co-created by the
    Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner in the beginning of the 20th century, for the spiritualization of
    organizational management, contributing to be more free, fair and fraternal. In this perspective, there is an
    encouragement of the members of the living organism to self-develop and be more altruistic, cooperative
    and solidary. Exercising the constant search for self-knowledge, as it assumes responsibility and carries
    out activities that are in the interest of the community. The emphasis shifts to the Social through a
    strengthened, full, authentic Individual. The organizational guidelines are based on self-management, on
    group and collegiate decision-making and on an incipient sociocracy. The study is based on the ideal of
    Social Trimembership based on Freedom in the cultural sphere, on Equality in legal-political relations and
    on Fraternity, the basis of an economy based on more solidary and fraternal exchange relationships.
    Rudolf Steiner advocates that Social Trimembering only comes to be first practiced and understood in the
    social initiative of the Waldorf school. Forming children and young people with the soul food they need.
    Thus, the life cycles of human development are characterized by periods markedly every 7 years. From 0
    to 7 years old, there is a formation of the human being that the world is good. From 7 to 14 years old, the
    world is beautiful. And from 14 to 21 years old, the world is thrue.

2021
Dissertations
1
  • MARIA ISABEL DE MEDEIROS BRITO
  • CASES FOR TEACHING IN ADMINISTRATION: a study of the learning evaluation process in the perception of Brazilian HEI professors and students

  • Advisor : MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • GABRIEL RODRIGO GOMES PESSANHA
  • Data: Jan 29, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • The use of new teaching strategies allows to align theoretical knowledge with professional practice. Among these new strategies are active teaching methodologies, among which the Teaching Case stands out. It is emphasized that, as they are explored and experienced in the classroom, it is necessary to examine all aspects that make up teaching and learning in this environment, such as learning assessment. In this perspective, the objective of this research is to understand the evaluation process adopted in the application of the Case for Teaching method in subjects of Administration courses in Brazilian HEIs. The methodology of this study has an exploratory character with a qualitative approach, supported by the interpretive stance, based on a multi-case study in two federal higher education institutions in the Northeast. For data collection, semi-structured interviews were conducted with teachers and students who had already gone through subjects that had the application of the Case for Teaching method. After treatment, the data were analyzed using the content analysis technique. With the results, comparing the responses of the teachers and students surveyed, it was found in relation to the planning that students and a part of teachers value the form of assessment adopted, especially the discussions of students in groups. Another part of the teachers emphasizes the moment of the evaluation, elaborating the teaching plan and presenting it to the students. As for the assessment instruments, a question answered only by the teachers, most of them do not use pre-defined instruments, using the answers to the questions as an alternative strategy. Regarding the monitoring of the evaluation, students and teachers agree that it occurs, with students emphasizing feedback at the end of the application of the Teaching Case and teachers valuing the observation of discussions in groups. Students and teachers also agree that, based on the results of the evaluation, some action is taken. Most teachers claim to perform these actions within the same academic semester, highlighting the need for the student to know the theory before applying the case. The students highlight the lack of communication from teachers to explain the case. It is concluded, therefore, that using the Case for Teaching method, even though traditional forms of assessment are still used, formative assessment methods are also applied, so that the assessment happens during the learning process, helping teachers to diversify the ways of evaluating and developing in students, in addition to technical skills, the skills necessary for the training of administrators.

2
  • ALEXANDRE MAGNO DA SILVA FILHO
  • STUDY OF THE REPERCUSSION OF THE OMNICHANNEL STRATEGY

    IN A SUPERMARKET COMPANY IN NATAL / RN

  • Advisor : MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GABRIEL RODRIGO GOMES PESSANHA
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • RENATA FRANCISCO BALDANZA
  • Data: Mar 30, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • The consumer purchase decision process goes through a multiplicity of channels, the customer migrates from one channel to the other without barriers and waits in the same way that companies enable a continuous and uninterrupted customer journeys. Therefore, it is no longer necessary to just be present in several channels simultaneously, it is necessary to think about a uniform experience with integrated actions, developing a strategy called Omnichannel (Staflund and Kersmark, 2015). Gasparin, 2020, highlights that the academic researches that deal with this strategy focus on the implementation and the organizational vision of its effects, although they ignore two important points: The way consumers perceive the strategy and the growing use of social media in the customer journeys . Therefore, the present research analyzed the repercussion of the development of an omnichannel strategy for a supermarket chain in Natal / RN. The research comprises an exploratory and descriptive case study, adopting a qualitative and quantitative treatment and analysis of data. Secondary data were collected on the company's instagram, using user-generated content from this platform for categorical analysis and sentiment analysis. The results found point to the direction that the omnichannel service has a good repercussion among customers. An analysis of the comments had a high representation of positive sentiment and showed that, in the view of customers, it presents on Instagram the strategy used to hit the categories of complementarity and purchase journey, but still eliminated to be desired in terms of channel integration. The data found contribute to the advancement of academic research on this topic, reinforcing studies focused on the consumer's view of this transformation process. In addition, the results show the market point of view because it can help decision making regarding the direction of organizational investments in omnichannel strategies from the understanding of the customer's view and their consumption behavior

3
  • JÉSSICA VIVIANNE DA CUNHA SILVA DE BRITO
  • Project-Based Businesses: theoretical research and empirical validation of the concept from a project management office

  • Advisor : JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • RAFAEL RODRIGUES DA SILVA
  • Data: Mar 31, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • This work is the result of scientific research whose main objective is to explore the concept of Project-Based Business (PBB), placing it within the literature and understanding its empirical validity based on the performance of Project Management Office (PMOs). To this end, the investigation is structured on two systematic reviews of the literature and an in-depth case study. The first review aimed to identify how strategic alignment occurs in PBB. Their findings allowed us to understand how project management relates to strategic alignment, which are the main elements that stand out within this relationship and how they influence each other. The second sought to explore how PMOs can contribute to the unfolding of the strategy within the scope of PBB. With this initiative, it was possible to specify seven roles by which PMOs can benefit organizations in the studied purpose.  The case study aimed to validate the concept of PBB from the analysis of the roles played by a PMO. For its realization, an empirical research with a qualitative approach was carried out with exploratory and descriptive purposes, data collection through document analysis, semi-structured interviews, and non-participant observation. The work contributes to the literature by exploring the concept of PBB from methodological procedures that allow its validation before the scientific community. It is believed that it was possible to locate it within the literature, explaining its points of convergence with some existing works and distancing it from some approaches that - despite the apparent similarity - refer to other organizational structures. Besides, the empirical work carried out also allowed to visualize its effectiveness, emphasizing its practical applicability and its ability to solve problems common to the realization of the strategy at the organizational level. The research also collaborates with organizations that aim to implement the management model recommended by the PBB concept, since it characterized the entire process of unfolding the strategy based on projects.

     
4
  • REBEKA COELHO DE ALMEIDA ALVES
  • COUCHSURFING AN COLLABORATIVE CONSUMPTION: ANALYSIS OF VALUES IN BUILDING INTERPERSONAL TRUST

  • Advisor : MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • GABRIEL RODRIGO GOMES PESSANHA
  • RENATA FRANCISCO BALDANZA
  • Data: Apr 12, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • From technological development, with the web 2.0 and the increase of the online platforms of shared network service in the last two decades, a new way of consuming appears, established also in face of the socioeconomic and environmental crises. This set of factors accelerated the need for rationing and gained prominence for sharing, especially in the online context. Collaborative consumption emerges as an alternative economic model, converging socialism and capitalism from consumption through access. Notoriously, for the tourism sector, consumption by access has had a positive impact through business models such as sharing accommodation (Airbnb, Hostel, among others), food (Eat with, Dinner, among others) and mobility (for example, Valenbisí, blablacar, uber). In collaborative tourism consumption, there is a special emphasis on the Couchsurfing platform, which involves 4 million members around the world and demonstrates a change in tourist behavior in travel. Guests and hosts create relationships that start in the online environment and run through the offline environment, with hosting, with no relationship based on monetary values. Thus, this research will seek to understand the relevant factors for building trust between peers on the couchsurfing platform from Schwartz's Theory of Values and from Interpersonal Trust. Therefore, requiring a depth of investigation, a qualitative research will be developed from a constructivist perspective at an exploratory level. The collection of primary data from the accessibility and non-probability sampling will be done through episodic interviews with a semi-structured script based on the theories of values and interpersonal trust, with members of the couchsurfing community in Natal-RN, in a single cross-section. Content analysis, developed through CAQDAS Atlas.ti 7, identified values associated with risk propensity and openness to change, self-transcendence and a sense of community (benevolence). In this same direction, trust building was strongly associated with the platform's verification tools and reference system in the online context (rationality), continuing through the attitudinal and cognitive dynamics of the offline context, built from time and quality of interaction and exchanges for the construction of affective bonds (emotionality), corroborating the findings of the systematic review as to the constructs addressed in the present work. It is concluded, therefore, that the process of building trust in collaborative consumption through Couchsurfing requires its adaptation to the community through common values, making the platform a mostly homogeneous environment and conducive to the construction of affective bonds, driven by reciprocity and emotivity.

5
  • LEONARDO MEDEIROS MARTINS
  • The role of the information technologies in the circular economy’s value proposition under the triple bottom line: a study of waste management and recycling sector’s companies
  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • GABRIELA FIGUEIREDO DIAS
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • PETRUSKA DE ARAÚJO MACHADO
  • Data: Jul 30, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • The sustainability literature points to a gap in empirical studies on the role of information technology (IT) in the value proposition within the circular economy. At the same time, it is identified a scarcity of research on how the systems approach helps the understanding of the characteristics of the circular economy, represented here by the triple bottom line. Based on this context and given the relevance of the topic, the objective of this paper is to investigate the role of information technology in the value proposition of business models inserted in the circular economy, under a systemic approach to sustainability. To this end, a descriptive research of a qualitative nature was conducted in two stages. The first was a bibliographic research for literature review that resulted in the development of a conceptual framework for understanding the circular economy under the tripod of sustainability. The second stage consisted of a documental research through the collection of 62 documents, including articles and business reports, from 21 startups inserted in the waste management and recycling sectors. Thematic analysis was the technique chosen to analyze the bibliographic and documentary data. As a result, we have a reconfigured framework, which evidenced, among other findings, that the sensing, monitoring, connectivity, and processing functions can increase the business model to innovate traditionally analog sectors, mainly through the technologies of the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, cloud computing, and big data. It was confirmed that IT favors a value proposition based on the efficient use or substitution of resources, which implies a positive environmental effect. Finally, it is pointed out that it is necessary to build interaction with partners and business stakeholders to support and disseminate the circular economy business value to the social sphere.

6
  • SAMARA SOUZA MACIEL
  • EVALUATION OF PUBLIC HEALTH POLICIES - IN SCENA, THE NATIONAL PROGRAM FOR IMPROVING ACCESS AND QUALITY IN PRIMARY CARE (PMAQ-AB)



  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • MAGNUS LUIZ EMMENDOERFER
  • Data: Jul 30, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • This dissertation has as it’s central theme the processes of policy evaluation in primary health care, with a focus on pay-for-performance programs, addressing technical and socio-political aspects of the field of evaluation. The research aims to analyze the National Program for Improving Access and Quality in Primary Care (PMAQ-AB) in socio-political attributes, based on documentary research supported by the minutes of the National Health Council, and its technical aspects , anchored in quantitative impact assessment methods. The dissertation is reported in two articles and uses a mixed methodology to achieve its goals. The first chapter reports the systematic review of the literature, highlighting the research gap and corroborating its originality. Demonstrates search protocols and general information from the panorama of national and international publications. The second chapter presents the first article, whose methodology is qualitative and proposes to analyze deliberative processes within the National Health Council, with regard to its approach to the Program for Improving Access and Quality in Primary Care (PMAQ- AB), based on the Cycle and Public Policies model. It deals with socio-political aspects of the program, assuming, as a presupposition, that the CNS considers the PMAQ in its agendas and/or discussions, carrying out the social control of the program and deliberating on it, according to its attributions. The methodological procedure is focused on document research, with analysis by coding in two cycles. The results demonstrate that the CNS approaches the PMAQ in its meetings in a predominantly indirect and organic way. The program does not appear on the agendas of executive summaries, but is mentioned by the councilors in several discussions, indicating the council's concern with the quality of Primary Health Care (PHC) and its financing. CNS addresses the PMAQ mainly in its implementation phase, indicating synergy between this and other PHC programs. The third chapter is a quantitative article, aiming to identify the causal relationship between the implementation of the PMAQ in Brazilian municipalities and the results of the Sensitive Conditions Index for Primary Care (ICSAB). The research is carried out with secondary quantitative data available on official platforms of the Federal Government in order to form the database for impact assessment, analyzed through Difference in Differences with multiple periods and study of events. The results show that the PMAQ had a significant impact on the ICSAB, helping to reduce hospitalizations sensitive to primary care, when controlled by socioeconomic factors, keeping everything else constant.

7
  • GABRIEL GONÇALVES DE SOUZA
  • COMPETENCIES MANAGEMENT AND INSTITUTIONALIZED KNOWLEDGE
    IN A FEDERAL PUBLIC AGENCY

  • Advisor : MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • VIVIANE COSTA FONSECA DE ALMEIDA MEDEIROS
  • Data: Dec 17, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • The main objective of the present work is to discuss Competency Management in the context of institutionalized knowledge in a flight squadron. Seeking to achieve it, it is necessary to describe how their knowledge is institutionalized, carry out a brief reflection on the competence management carried out so far, considering the specifics of performance in public management, and, finally, to identify the relationship between training and development of competences in the institution observing the cultural specificities of the Brazilian Air Force, the armed force in which the squadron is inserted. The methodology consists of a deductive approach, being an applied, qualitative, and exploratory objective research, with data collection carried out through documentary research and semi-structured interviews. As result, it is possible to observe that there is a management, in fact, present, regarding the technical-operational theme, being, however, incipient when directed to the administrative sectors of public management. Until then performed in an empirical way, normative acts appear guiding the solidification of the theme in the context. Finally, the study concludes that competences management in the context of institutionalized knowledge in the flight squadron is embryonic, arising from a recognition of better management through this model and has potential for growth within the organization.

Thesis
1
  • DIEGO PHILIPE DE OLIVEIRA GODEIRO
  • DYNAMIC CAPACITIES AS MEDIATORS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE INCUBATION PROCESS AND PERFORMANCE OF GRADUATED COMPANIES

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JANAÍNA MARIA BUENO
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • SILVANA ALVES DA SILVA
  • Data: Jan 18, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • In order to be successful in the incubation process, it is important that incubators
    identify the needs of companies, their perceptions in relation to the services provided
    and their performances. A growing discussion in the literature deals with the
    relationship between the incubation process and the performance of companies; and the
    inclusion of dynamic capabilities as mediators can help the understanding of this
    relationship. Therefore, the objective of this thesis is to analyze the impact of dynamic
    capabilities as mediators in the relationship between the incubation process and the
    organizational performance perceived by companies after leaving the incubator.
    Although there is growing interest and the focus of research on post-incubation issues,
    what happens to graduated companies is still an unexplored area. To this end, a
    quantitative and descriptive cross-sectional research was carried out using the survey
    research strategy applied to managers of graduated technology-based companies, which
    is mandatory in the northeastern region of the country. The segment was chosen based
    on the representativeness of the sector investigated and its generation, with regard to the
    economic impact in this region of Brazil. A total of 92 valid questionnaires apprehended
    the perceptions of managers of technology-based companies. The analysis of the results
    was based on descriptive statistics and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), using the
    statistical software Stata/IC 15.1®. At the end of the study, it was possible to confirm the
    investigated hypotheses. For the purpose of this study, it was possible to identify the
    following findings: strong mediation power of the Dynamic Capabilities construct and a
    positive relationship between the latent variables Incubation Process and Organizational
    Performance. The study also presents a summarized analytical framework composed of
    the three investigated constructs. Finally, the research reveals important contributions to
    future studies, such as the advancement of studies on the importance of
    interorganizational relationships as drivers of the development of dynamics capabilities,
    as well as identifying the main work limitations and important manager actions for the
    incubators with companies incubated.

2
  • GUILHERME SMANIOTTO TRES
  • Ecological praxis in ecovillages: articulation between communal management, concrete labour and plural economy

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDUARDO VIVIAN DA CUNHA
  • EUGENIO AVILA PEDROZO
  • JANAYNNA DE MOURA FERRAZ
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • Data: Feb 10, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • In capitalism everything is a commodity, including the natural environment. The
    degradation of ecosystems and human life is an immediate consequence. Thus,
    intentional communities of ecological motivation, such as ecovillages, seek alternatives
    for such a situation. An ecological praxis would be formed in these environments. The
    thesis, therefore, aims to delineate the concept of ecological praxis in organizational
    studies from multiple economic practices and communal dynamics of lobor and
    management in ecovillages. I use the marxian view of concrete labor, which generates
    useful things, and abstract, alienating labor, oriented towards the production of goods.
    For the economic dimension, a plurality of possible interactions addressed by Karl
    Polanyi and Marcel Mauss, incorporating Vandana Shiva in denouncing the
    contemporary way of life in terms of monoculture of the mind, in daily material
    practices and in relation to the natural environment and agriculture. For communal
    management, the central reference is Guerreiro Ramos subsidized by Maurício Serva.
    A journey of ethnographic inspiration in four intentional communities and in the 2019
    National Meeting of Alternative Communities, totaling 57 days, comprised the
    collection of primary data. The initiative in the Comunidade das Formigas, put into
    practice at the beginning of the doctoral course, motivated the research and served as a
    laboratory for this thesis. As a result of the theoretical-methodological path, the concept
    of ecological praxis emerges as a counter-hegemonic pattern of life reproduction that
    gives ecovillages specific organizational characteristics anchored in concrete labor,
    communal management and economic plurality. Through natural and complex
    agricultural practices and experimentation with community life in diversity, which,
    ideally, excel in social reproduction and not in capital, the thesis synthesizes
    possibilities of labor and economic relations different from those strictly oriented to the
    market and abstract labor. Such factors are presented as counterpoints to the alienation
    characteristic of the capitalist mode of production that degrades, in addition to nature,
    the human being in all its complexity and fits him in processes of predominantly
    utilitarian rationality. Organizational management based on substantive rationality, self- 

    managed rationality, on the other hand, joins the notion of concrete labor and plural economics to provide support for what I call ecological praxis.

     

3
  • MARCONI NEVES MACEDO
  • PUBLIC ACTION BY INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL BODIES IN SINAES REFORMULATIONS: revealing coalitions;

  • Advisor : MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDA MARIA DUARTE ARAÚJO CASTRO
  • FERNANDO DE SOUZA COELHO
  • JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • JOÃO FERREIRA DE OLIVEIRA
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: Feb 19, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • The objective of the Thesis is to understand how the public action of national actors involved in higher education, influenced by international organizations and articulated in political coalitions based on their beliefs and representations and through the use of technical knowledge as a political resource, contributed to a significant institutional reform of the National Higher Education Assessment System (SINAES) in 2017. An analytical model designed from the combination of elements from the Public Policy Pentagon (PPP) and Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) models of the sociological approach of public policies  analysis was used. The analysis of the data was made from official documentation of the main actors identified in the subsystem of public policy for the evaluation of higher education of Brazilian graduation, privileging the frameworks of cognitive and normative analysis. The cognitive framework to identify the actors' beliefs from their representations and reveal coalitions, and the normative framework to highlight the process of interaction between these actors in order to conform the institutional rules to their interests, as a result of their public action. After examining the data, the analytical model used showed how the public policy for evaluating undergraduate higher education is inserted in a neo-corporatist environment in which state bodies function as a mediation arena for the divergent interests of multiple actors and allowed to understand how the political coalitions that defend education as a right and education as a commodity worked in the process of reformulating SINAES. In this way, this Thesis concludes by the internalization of guidelines on the evaluation of higher education from international organizations in the reform of SINAES and that the changes were due to the public action of the coalition of essentially private actors, defenders of education as merchandise, who knew how to articulate politically, using technical knowledge as a power resource and influencing the decision-making agenda of the Ministry of Education in order to prevail its interests.
4
  • YURI DE LIMA PADILHA
  • PUBLIC ACTION IN THE MUSIC FIELD IN STATE OF RIO GRANDE DO NORTE: actors, representations, processes, institutions and results

  • Advisor : MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FABIO RESENDE DE ARAUJO
  • MARCO AURÉLIO MARQUES FERREIRA
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • SUYLAN DE ALMEIDA MIDLEJ E SILVA
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • Data: Feb 22, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis aims to analyze how state and non-state actors involved with music, in their
    public action, implement cultural policies for music in Rio Grande do Norte
    (RN/Brazil). It is based on the public action sociology, a theoretical approach grounded
    on the new institutionalism. The analysis used the Public Policy Pentagon (PPP)
    established by Lascoumes and Le Galès (2012a), based on public action, configured in
    related dimensions - actors, processes, representations, institutions, and results. The
    qualitative research carried out 24 interviews with actors, from the metropolitan and
    inland regions of RN, chosen for their role in the music field. Based on the interviews,
    the analysis of the public action dynamics reveals that although there are no normative
    guidelines guiding and conducting state action in the music scope, there are actions
    being designed and implemented with a relative civil society actors influence, with
    repercussions for music. This fact shows that it is assertive to think about public policies
    both for what they present and for what they fail to do. There is an institutional vacuum
    in the policies conduct for the music field in terms of specific instruments, but it is
    possible to say that the few instruments that do exist are somehow appropriated by
    music, like notices and tax incentive law. Furthermore, it is also possible to point out
    that in the institutional vacuum emerges policy proposals for culture and, by extension,
    for music. Thus, the thesis defends that the different actors linked to the music artistic
    expression establish different forms of interactions, creating and / or occupying formal
    and / or informal decision-making spaces, based on the representations they share about
    the musical world specificities, to influence the policies implementation, and produce
    results that support the consolidation of existing musical expressions and foster new
    musical languages. As a result of this statement, it can also be said that public action in
    which state and non-state actors are involved also implies policies formulation such as
    the normative frameworks proposal for culture. And, in this way, they influence the
    setting of a public agenda for culture and, particularly, for music that contemplates the
    most diverse aspects, from the structuring of the field to the role that the State must
    assume as a protagonist in the promotion and preservation of culture.

5
  • ALINE SOARES DANTAS
  • PERCEPTION OF PROJECT SUCCESS, STAKEHOLDERS AND COLLABORATION: A STUDY IN A HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • MARCOS FERNANDO MACHADO DE MEDEIROS
  • MIRIAM KARLA ROCHA
  • RODRIGO JOSE PIRES FERREIRA
  • Data: Feb 24, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • Project success has been widely discussed in the project management literature and the criteria used to evaluate success have been changing over the years. Stakeholder satisfaction has been discussed as an important criterion for project success. In addition, the complex nature of construction projects requires proper analysis of the various stakeholders and the collaboration between them to achieve the project's objectives and meet their needs and interests. Considering the above, this thesis is supported by three articles. Article 1 reviews the literature on the themes of project success, stakeholders and collaboration. Article 2 analyzes how the success of projects is perceived and what are the most important criteria for evaluating it. Article 3 analyzes the salience attributes (power, legitimacy and urgency) of stakeholders and how project collaboration occurs. To achieve the objectives, a literature review was carried out for article 1 and articles 2 and 3 are case studies at a Federal Institution of Higher Education-IFES. In the case study, data were collected through semi-structured interviews and document analysis. In this way, this thesis provided theoretical and practical contributions. From the theoretical point of view, it intends to contribute to the expansion of knowledge in the area by connecting the themes of project success, stakeholder theory and the concept of collaboration. From a practical point of view, it were identified the most important success criterias, the most relevant stakeholders and that collaboration is essential for positive results in projects.

6
  • ROMULO ANDRADE DE SOUZA NETO
  • A shield against fake news? The influence of corporate reputation on
    intention to share fake news about business on social network sites

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • CARLA ALMEIDA VIVACQUA
  • FELIPE LUIZ NEVES BEZERRA DE MELO
  • MARCELO VICTOR ALVES BILA QUEIROZ
  • MARLUSA GOSLING
  • Data: Feb 26, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • This research aims to examine the influence of corporate reputation,

    veracity and valence on the intention to share false business news on social

    network sites. What motivated this research was the increase in the number of

    false business news on social network sites and the lack of empirical research

    helping to understand and combat the dissemination of these news on social

    networks. The investigation method is an online factorial experiment 2

    (corporate reputation: unfavorable vs favorable) x 2 (veracity: false vs true) x 2

    (valence: negative vs positive) randomized in complete blocks and the subjects

    are 369 social media users with some familiarity with the companies mentioned

    on the experimental stimulus. The experimental stimulus are eight business

    news extracted from the internet. The data were collected through an online

    survey on intention to share news, among other variables, and analyzed using

    the three-way analysis of variance technique (ANOVA). The results show that

    corporate reputation, veracity and valence can influence the intention to share

    in different ways. In particular, the results suggest that favorable corporate

    reputation can act as a "shield" against false negative news, but not against

    false positive news – regarding false positive news, favorable corporate

    reputation can increase the intention to share. From a theoretical point of view,

    this research can be used by students and researchers to understand false

    news sharing and the effects of corporate reputation. From a practical point of

    view, this research can be used by managers to monitor corporate reputation

    and delineate strategies to combat the spread of false negative news through

    the company's reputation.

7
  • ANNA CLAUDIA DOS SANTOS NOBRE
  •  Lessons learned barriers in government project management: theory of planned behavior approach.
     
  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GILSON GOMES DA SILVA
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • LUCIA DE FATIMA LUCIO GOMES DA COSTA
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • RAFAEL RODRIGUES DA SILVA
  • Data: May 25, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • The Lessons learned in Projects have obtained increasing interest from theorists and practitioners, as it is a way to enhance the successes and avoid the repetition of errors in the same project or in future projects. In view of this growing importance, it becomes relevant to understand the possible barriers to its use. To study this phenomenon, the Theory of Planned Behavior (TCP) was chosen as a theoretical lens, as it addresses behavioral aspects that, in exploratory studies, have proved to be relevant. Given this scenario, this research aimed to "Understand how public project managers perceive behavioral barriers to the use of Lessons learned". This study adopts a predominantly qualitative approach, although some quantitative analyzes have been incorporated as a way to better understand the phenomenon. To compose the theoretical framework, Systematic Literature Reviews were carried out, which proved the gap and relevance of the study; they made it possible to learn about advances in the theme; and, deepen in the TCP, which was the main reference for the elaboration of the research model with 04 hypotheses. To test the hypotheses, 02 field researches were carried out with 15 Project Managers chosen by sampling of specialists. The first field research was carried out, from 12/09/2020 to 29/01/2021, through interviews that totaled almost 13 hours of audio and 100,000 words transcribed. With this textual corpus, it was possible to perform lexical analysis using the IRAMUTEQ software. In a complementary way, the information recorded in memos allowed the elaboration of a questionnaire to deepen the knowledge of the phenomenon. This second collection took place through Google forms, from 4/28 to 5/3/2021. Among the most relevant results, there is evidence of the importance of behavioral barriers, Attitude, Subjective Norms and Perceived Control (TCP constructs) to the use of Lessons learned. This study provided some theoretical contributions, among which the following stand out: Categorization of barriers to the use of Lessons learned; Survey of ways of using lessons learned in public projects; Lifting barriers to the use of Lessons learned in public projects and their categorization according to the types of barriers and constructs of TCP; Models of data collection instruments; and, Proposition of a research model based on the behavioral barriers and construct of TCP. From a managerial point of view, the following contributions stand out: alerting Project Managers about the importance of using Lessons learned; highlight the importance of behavioral aspects in Project Management; present a list of recommendations for Project Managers to adopt as a way to combat behavioral barriers arising from TCP constructs. The limitations of the research are inherent to the software used, the financial restrictions of the research and the typical limitations of a qualitative research that concern the subjective choices of the researcher. Two future studies are suggested: adapting the questionnaire to a quantitative model with more comprehensive numerical scales and applying it to a larger number of Project Managers; and, replicate this research in the private corporate environment and compare the results with the public environment. In view of the above, it is possible to consider that the research objectives were fully achieved and that their results enable scientific advancement and can contribute to managerial advancement.

8
  • MARKE GEISY DA SILVA DANTAS
  • ESSAYS ABOUT ATTENDANCE AND FAN CHOICES IN BRAZILIAN
    FOOTBALL: NEW ARENAS, ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES PERMISSION AND
    OFFICIAL MEMBER CLUB IN BRAZILIAN FOOTBALL AFTER 2014

    WORLD CUP

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • ALEXANDRO BARBOSA
  • THADEU MIRANDA GASPARETTO
  • JOSE ALONSO BORBA
  • MARCELO ALVARO DA SILVA MACEDO
  • Data: Jul 8, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • Some factors about attendance in Brazilian football stadiums and some football fan
    choices are central theme of this thesis. The thesis presents three essays to understand
    the recent changes in brazilian football, in post Brazil 2014 World Cup period. The first
    paper aims analyze the new arenas impact in attendance average of brazilian clubs, that
    plays their matches in this stadiums, mostly built for the World Cup event. Through of
    Syntetic Control, Diff-in-Diff and two way fixed effects Diff-in-Diff, we demonstrate
    no significant relation between new arenas and attendance average in treated clubs.
    Paper 2 aims analyze the alcoholic beverage permission impact on fan antisocial
    behaviors in football matches of brazilian championship principal division (Série A and
    Série B), in 2013 to 2018 period. The essay enjoys the fact that some states and cities
    allowed alcoholic beverage in stadiums, following the specific agreement for 2014
    World Cup, formalized by “Lei Geral da Copa”, even if contravening federal law. The
    fan antisocial behaviors are identified by match, from what is defined by law nº
    11.671/03. We utilized logit and multinomial logit regressions. The results indicated
    alcoholic beverage permission has a positive relation evidence with antisocial behaviors
    occurrences, especially when considering only Série B data. Furthermore, when the
    antisocial behavior is separated into groups, alcoholic beverage permission only
    explains the behaviors characterized as “object throwing”. The third essay analyzed
    main Brazilian football clubs efficiency and productivity in post-World Cup period,
    through Network Dynamic DEA and Malmquist Index, in three divisions: sports, social
    and financial. We also demonstrated Generalized Estimation Equations (GEE)
    regression models to identify productivity determinants as second stage. There was a
    drop in efficiency and productivity of the clubs during analyzed period. We showed also
    a positive relation between “variação de número de sócios-torcedores” with Social and
    Financial Malmquist Index. The papers results of this thesis seek to contribute to the
    understanding of Brazilian fans behavior and brazilian clubs in post 2014 World Cup
    period, mainly on issues related to the attendance stadiums.

9
  • ROBSON GÓES DE CARVALHO
  • Index family for the Fixed Income Market: a methodological proposal

     

  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUIZ FLÁVIO ARREGUY MAIA FILHO
  • FELIPE LUIZ LIMA DE PAULO
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • Data: Jul 15, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • Since 2015 it’s been possible to identify an increase in the debentures emission and negotiation from brasilian companies. These transactions can be arising from implementation of the restrict efforts instruction 476/09, the 12.431 law of  infrastructure debentures emission improvement, the debentures price and pricing monitoring, from the REUNE, and the change related to the BNDES fundings and the SELIC rate decreasing. This way, verified only the ANBIMA  debenture index and the Board Quantum existence, it was proposed, in this work, a new index family for the fixed income market. Therefore, it is suggested a methodology to the building of general debentures negotiation  index (IDGng) and the B3 debenture index (IDB3). Being the IDGng theoretical portfolio composed of stocks independent from their ratings and the IDB3 portfolio only with debentures issued from companies traded on B3. It also added to the two indexes the non-inclusion of stocks  with expiration less than a month and the need to be up to date with the payment of events.  On the other hand, the stock's theoretical quantity was obtained by the market quantity weighting with the negotiation factor. Being the index calculated using the summation of the sum of the product of proportional theoretical quantity with the unitary price in a specific date with the product of proportional theoretical quantity with the asset event. For this reason, it was used fixed income market datas, available on the site ANBIMA Data, between 2018 and 2020. Thus, the IDGng’s portfolio was composed of 32 debentures and the IDB3’s of 30. Therefore, after the series calculus, could be verified an increase in the IDGng from 2018 until June 2019, when it starts to show a tendency of decrement. While  the IDB3 shows the highest score in mid 2020. Being with that verified, in the sequence, the persistence influence and the asymmetry on its return series volatility. Fact indicates that the proposed indexes present long memory characteristics, based on the results of the low order models implantation, GARCH (1,1), EGARCH(1,1) and TGARCH (1,1).

10
  • BARTIRA PEREIRA AMORIM
  • AN INTEGRATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PERFORMANCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL-BASED COMPANIES WITH ACCELERATED INTERNATIONALIZATION

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • FELIPE LUIZ NEVES BEZERRA DE MELO
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • FERNANDO ANTONIO DE MELO PEREIRA LHAMAS
  • IVAN LAPUENTE GARRIDO
  • Data: Aug 6, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • International business studies have extensive background knowledge of performance. However, in the context of International New Ventures (INVs), there is a scarcity of research, where several factors are tested, but not in an integrated way, as it is proposed in this thesis. Once this gap is identified, the study investigates factors that influence the performance of INVs from an integrative conceptual model of the constructs International Experience, Entrepreneurial Orientation, Market Orientation, Network Relations and Dynamic Capabilities. To achieve the objective, a descriptive research with a quantitative approach was carried out, whose sample is formed by 120 national technology - based on companies that fit the concept of INVs. Data collection takes place through computer-assisted telephone interviews. The main data analysis technique used was the Analysis of Structural Equations with Estimation by Partial Least Squares (PLS-SEM), complemented by sample segmentation, techniques for two types of analysis: multiple groups (MGA) and finite mixture segmentation (FIMIX), supported by SPSS and SmartPLS 3.0 software. The survey results indicate that the main factors that affect the performance of INVs are Entrepreneurial Orientation and Market Orientation. In the analysis of the samples' segmentations, the hypothesis about MGA's Network Relations for the group of companies included in one of the segments generated by FIMIX is confirmed. It was also possible to verify the confirmation of the hypothesis related to Dynamic Capabilities in the MGA group of micro and small companies and in the two segments. generated by FIMIX. It is noteworthy that, in all segmentation analyses, the results corroborate the non-confirmation of the hypothesis of the effect of the international experience on the performance of the INVs, while, in all group and in both segments, the hypothesis of a positive effect of Entrepreneurial Orientation was confirmed. It is expected that the results of this study can be used as benchmarks both for managers operating in international markets, as well as for those seeking to work abroad, directing their attention to the elements that contribute to good performance, whether by establishing evaluation parameters and control, either by defining action strategies and strengthening the business.

     

     
11
  • RUAN RODRIGO ARAUJO DA COSTA
  • FINANCIAL NEWS AND FINANCIAL MARKET: ESSAYS ON THE EFFECT OF PUBLICATIONS NEWS FOR BRAZILIAN STOCK MARKET

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • MARCIO ANDRÉ VERAS MACHADO
  • WILSON TOSHIRO NAKAMURA
  • Data: Nov 16, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • This work analyzes how on-line textual news affects the financial market. This research is organized in two essays: the first evaluate the relationship of complexity textual in financial news and the speed of market information diffusion, the second essay focuses on the noise produced by complex news and the realization of corporate investments. In this research methods of textual processing and web scraping were developed, were collected journalistic articles from the specialized media channels and processed to obtain three types of variables: textual complexity, textual sentiment, and media attention. The results found are: less complex news are related to higher trading volumes and higher corporate investments, the effect of the news sentiment is very short term and the news complexity affects the speed of market information diffusion for longer periods. Other results are: the corporate investment is directly related to the sentiment of the news published right before the spending is carried out, for older news the effect is the opposite, old bad news are related to biggest corporate investments, was also observed that media attention is related to higher volumes traded and higher absolute values of corporate investment, however, media attention showed an inverse relationship with corporate investment calculated as a percentage of company assets, indicating that firm size is related to the amount of news published in specialized media.

2020
Dissertations
1
  • MARIANE ARAÚJO DE OLIVEIRA
  • Online Social Networks and Social Capital Building: a study with information technology managers

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • PATRICIA WHEBBER SOUZA DE OLIVEIRA
  • LEANDRO TRIGUEIRO FERNANDES
  • Data: Oct 30, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • The internet and online social networks have definitely transformed the way people communicate, relate and perceive the world in general. Regarding the work environment. Combining this to the use of digital tools it is possible to point out individual  advantages such as expanding social access that in turn, foster new network opportunities, generate social capital, considered as one of the results of these network connections. The Information Technology (IT) profession is  particularly marked by constant changes and increased demands towards more a qualified and updated professional. Another issue in this realm, is the remarkable gender inequality. Thus, this study aims to analyze the use of online social networks and their contribution to the formation of social capital on behalf of IT professionals. The research was done considering a descriptive and qualitative approach, using semi-structured interviews to identify the key issues regarding  motivations and the implications of online social network usage. It also aims to acknowledge the formation of social capital and gender issues. The research subjects were IT managers who work in the “S” System, organizations  of corporate entities focused on professional training in Brazil. Data analysis was done with the aid of content analysis, supported by the qualitative software Atlas.ti. Among the results obtained, it was found that most managers are motivated to use online social networks at work, mainly to manage their activities, share resources or to promote self-development. On the issue of social capital formation, social networks act to support management, social activities, career progression, professional legitimation and, especially for women, sorority, empowering them to face problems in a male predominant professional work environment.

2
  • ALEXANDRE DO VALE LIMA
  • The Adoption of Corporate Governance Practices by Brazilian SOEs: An Overview of the implementation of Law no. 13,303/16 - State-owned Enterprises Law
  • Advisor : ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • JOAQUIM RUBENS FONTES FILHO
  • RAIMUNDO MARCIANO DE FREITAS NETO
  • Data: Dec 22, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • Corporate governance has been gaining prominence in government and academic
    interest in recent years, being seen as a tool for preventing economic crises by
    increasing the reliability of companies. International organizations have proposed to
    disseminate good practices in the area through publications of principles and guidelines,
    as well as by promoting academic studies on the effects of good governance. In the
    meantime, different countries have reformed their laws in favor of implementing these
    best practices. In Brazil, after successive cases of corruption involving state-owned
    companies, Law 13.303/16, known as the State-Owned Liability Law, was enacted in
    June 2016, which brings a series of recommendations in favor of an improvement in the
    corporate governance of Brazilian state-owned companies. In view of this scenario, this
    work sought to evaluate the adoption of the new legislation on two aspects: the
    alignment of the regulation in relation to international governance principles and the
    dynamics of the implementation of practices by companies. Using the document “OECD
    Corporate Governance Guidelines for State-Owned Companies”, published in 2015 and
    the 5th edition of the Code of Best Corporate Governance Practices produced by the
    Brazilian Institute of Corporate Governance (IBGC), as a reference basis, the study
    carried out a convergence analysis of 65 governance practices brought by the new
    legislation and in a second moment evaluated 23 state-owned companies listed at B3 in
    relation to the implementation of 48 practices instituted by the law based on an indicator
    based on IG-SEST. The results obtained validate previous studies when concluding that
    Law 13.303/16 is in large part adhering to the best international practices in the area of
    corporate governance, but it expands the knowledge acquired by identifying points
    where the legislation does not have the alignment with that recommended in the
    documents of area reference. Regarding the implementation of practices by companies,
    the governance indicator (Adjusted IG-SEST) shows that the implementation of the
    legislation occurred in large part, however, practices and companies with delay in
    implementation were identified. As a product, there are also findings of distinctions
    between companies in different sectors, spheres of control and firm size, and finally the
    conclusion that Brazilian state-owned companies have a tendency to reactively adopt
    governance practices, with the model of rigid law ( hard law) best suited to achieve the
    objective of increasing the level of corporate governance of these companies in Brazil.

3
  • FRANCISCO ROLDINELI VARELA MARQUES
  • GOVERNANCE AND DIVISIONAL DYNAMIC EFFICIENCY OF PIPED GAS DISTRIBUTORS IN BRAZIL

  • Advisor : ALEXANDRO BARBOSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEXANDRO BARBOSA
  • ANDERSON ROBERTO PIRES E SILVA
  • RAIMUNDO MARCIANO DE FREITAS NETO
  • Data: Dec 23, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • In recent years, the piped gas segment has undergone changes of its own, becoming an
    increasingly important matrix in Brazilian energy. It is a segment widely seen as an
    attractive means of achieving environmental objectives, especially as it is a segment
    characterized by major technological advances. In the national market, most distribution
    companies operate with characteristics of natural monopolies, being a system with
    characteristics that are not feasible to competition. In view of the degree of importance of
    this segment to our economy, the distributors have sought to improve their compliance, as
    well as their determinants of efficiency. In this sense, the present research seeks to analyze
    the association between governance and divisional inter-temporal dynamic efficiency in
    piped gas distributors in Brazil. To answer the question, we will do the efficiency analysis in
    two stages. The first stage corresponds to the originality of the research in the application of
    the Dynamic DEA with network structure: A slacks-based - DNSBM that until now is absent
    in other studies of the segment. The second stage was estimated through a panel of
    random effects in order to identify the relationship between efficiency and governance and
    with exogenous factors, developing the hypotheses - there is a positive association
    between corporate governance and the efficiency of gas distributors piped from Brazil and :
    there is a significant positive association between the concentration of ownership and the
    efficiency of piped gas distributors in Brazil. To calculate efficiency, twenty-one distributors
    were considered. When the dimensions of the networked dynamic DEA are brought
    together, a more comprehensive analysis of the 2014-2019 period is allowed, where the two
    divisional interactions () between the periods () and divisional periods () are reflected in the
    general efficiency estimates (). The results indicate that: (1) The DNSBM model took into
    account the internal structure of the piped gas distributors and provided better estimates,
    providing a more robust intertemporal frontier of efficiency. Through the intertemporal
    trajectory, 48% of the distributors are on the frontier of efficiency, which represents a
    segment with low excellence when it comes to efficiency. (2) In the second stage, we found
    that governance does not have a positive association with efficiency, and hypotheses and
    this study are rejected.

Thesis
1
  • LUANA FERREIRA DOS SANTOS
  • Theoretical-analytical framework and empirical evidence of the participation of family farming in the Brazilian School Feeding Program (PNAE): readings in administrative science and in rural territories

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • EUGENIO AVILA PEDROZO
  • MARCO AURÉLIO MARQUES FERREIRA
  • Data: Mar 13, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • The thesis aims to analyze the implementation of the National School Feeding Program (PNAE) by associations and cooperatives of family farming punctuating analytical categories of the institutional market, epistemological elements, territorial development, institutions, social capital and the performance of empirical leaders. The research is organized in the format of four articles. The first article is intended to designate analytical categories of research in the PNAE in its dialogue with family farming as a way of identifying research trends and verifying theoretical and practical implications. The second article aims to reconcile analytical categories of the insertion of family farming in the PNAE based on interfaces between scientific publication and research at the stricto sensu graduate level in Brazil in the field of Administrative Science, performing an exercise to classify such research in the Circle of the Epistemic Matrices (PAES DE PAULA, 2016). The third article summarizes dimensions of territorial development, institutional and social capital in the implementation of PNAE by associations and cooperatives of family farming in the rural territories of Serra do Brigadeiro / MG and Mato Grande / RN. The fourth article analyzes the implications of PNAE at the local level, in the administrative apparatus and in the performance of leaders of family farming organizations in the aforementioned territories, using the public policy implementation model (LIMA, D´ASCENZI; 2013) in the interpretation of the results. Regarding the qualitative methodological procedures, the first two articles follow literature review exercises, the third and fourth articles originate from multiple case studies in 10 associations and family farming cooperatives. Data analysis included the Atlas.ti and Iramuteq software. The results of the first article reveal five analytical categories for the study of the PNAE - political and institutional aspects; historical trajectory; family farming attributes; success factors and barriers; from these categories research trends were identified and theoretical and practical implications were found. The classification in the Circle of Epistemic Matrices, in the second article, places three studies on the border of the empirical-analytical matrix with the hermeneutical matrix, one research on the border of the hermeneutical matrix with the critical matrix and four in the hermeneutical matrix, a result that admits conciliation with the five analytical categories derived from the processing of the publication in the previous article, revealing that, even though transiting in different epistemological matrices, researches in PNAE and family agriculture, in the stricto sensu postgraduate course in Administrative Science, have common elements to scientific publication in the area. The results of the third article summarize dimensions of territorial development - economic, social, cultural and environmental - present in the rural territories and the way in which the institutional format of the PNAE contributes to the emergence of specific norms in associations and cooperatives, reveals the presence of social capital in relations of trust as well as in articulation of organizations with different social actors. The fourth article finds that the PNAE at the local level, in one territory, is served only by cooperatives, with origins in associations, the administrative apparatus has changed more intensely in one territory than in the other, and the role of directors in the implementation shows participation in the creation and / or transformation of organizations. For future research, it is suggested to expand the database to identify research trends in other fields of science and to enlarge the field of study to include social actors from other territories / states of the Federation, in order to deepen transformations in family farming imputed to the PNAE, including the generation of factors by quantitative methods

2
  • RAFAEL JUNIOR DOS SANTOS FIGUEIREDO SALGADO
  • IMPLEMENTATION OF THE FOOD ACQUISITION PROGRAM (PAA): Intergovernmental relations, logical framework and public calls and performances of street-level bureaucrats in purchases by Brazilian federal universities

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • EUGENIO AVILA PEDROZO
  • MARCO AURÉLIO MARQUES FERREIRA
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • Data: Jul 3, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • The objective of this thesis is to delimit a logical framework and intergovernmental relations in the Food Acquisition Program (PAA) with the purpose of qualifying the phenomenon of purchases by Brazilian universities based on contents of public calls and the performance of street-level bureaucrats. The text is structured in four articles. The first aims to qualify intergovernmental relations in the PAA by evidencing political-institutional dynamics and inflections in the cycle of social citizenship, starting in 2016, in the perspective of federalism (WRIGHT, 1998; PIERSON, 1995). The second presents a logical model, for guidance and understanding of the PAA in the Institutional Purchase modality (PAA-CI), proposing indicators to assess performance. The third intends to evaluate the implementation of PAA-CI in Brazilian federal universities to verify interlocutions between its public calls and purchases made as listed in the logical model based on indicators contained therein. The fourth text deepens the empirical understandings of the PAA-CI, aiming to analyse the performance of street-level bureaucrats in the implementation of the Program in order to categorize structural and relational variables and  individual power  based on the execution of the Purchase modality. Institutional (CI) by Brazilian universities. With qualitative approaches, the first, second and third articles are anchored in bibliographic and documentary material including exploratory data collect to governmental websites. The fourth originates from primary data collection at two Brazilian federal universities to compose a multiple case study. The data analysis, in this, had the aid of the Atlas.ti software. The results of the first reveals gaps in the federal coordination of the Program due to weaknesses in institutional channels and frequent changes in terms of structure, criteria and flow of execution between governmental and non-governmental organizations and between the three political-administrative spheres. The construction of the logical model, in turn, reveals that the diversity of objectives listed by the PAA legal framework requires, in addition to public purchasing, actions of rural extension, dissemination of information and training and awareness of public managers to reach a satisfactory performance of the Program. Based on the evaluation model created in article 2 of the logical framework, article 3 identified that only 30% (n = 63) of Brazilian federal universities purchased food from family farming through PAA-CI until 2019. In this sense, this thesis highlights problems related to public calls, such as inconsistencies in the definition of product prices (in X%), logistics (in X%) and delivery periodicity (in X%), impairing the effectiveness of both, the public calls as instrument of purchasing of food and the PAA itself, with regard to its objectives properly recovered in the logical model. The fourth reports behavioural elements - related to the fulfilment of legal criteria, of a structural nature - and discretionary ones, with relational and individual action nature that reveal the autonomy of street level bureaucrats in the implementation of the PAA-CI. More than evaluating results and drawing theoretical and methodological components of the PAA, the thesis offers relevant contributions to the field of elaboration, implementation and evaluation of public policies and programs to strengthen family agriculture, especially when it suggests that the action of public procurement is not enough to guarantee a satisfactory performance of the Program. Together with public procurement, public policies for technical assistance and rural extension (ATER), for the qualification of rural workers in specific topics of agricultural production and socio-political organization, for cooperative and associative practices, with a permanent and continuous flow of information, should be promoted. including market opportunities. In addition, training actions for public managers responsible for implementing the Program in different organizational and territorial contexts are necessary to adapt the menus and administrative processes of public agencies to the specificities of family farming in each location. In this sense, it is worth noting the fact that, when attempting advances in the socio-organizational capacities of rural workers to supply public demands of food by cooperatives and associations, without the necessary investments in ATER, the PAA tends to generate adverse effects to its own principles, concentrating positive results in regions of the country with better social capital and privileged climatic conditions, favoured by expanded structures for production, fundraising and investments.

3
  • MARCEL LIMA RIBEIRO DANTAS
  • INTERNAL RESOURCES AS MEDIATORS OF THE RELATION BETWEEN CORPORATE SOCIAL PERFORMANCE AND CORPORATE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE: a study in the compounding pharmacies segment.
  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • DINARA LESLYE MACEDO E SILVA CALAZANS
  • FELIPE LUIZ NEVES BEZERRA DE MELO
  • GREICI SARTURI
  • KEYSA MANUELA CUNHA DE MASCENA
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • Data: Aug 18, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • A growing discussion in the literature approaches the relation between Corporate Social Performance (CSP) and Corporate Financial Performance (CFP). Previous studies have shown the role of intangible resources in mediating this relation, however tangible resources have been disregarded. Thus, the general objective of this thesis was to evaluate the mediating effect of internal resources (association of tangible and intangible resources) in the CSP-CFP relation. Additionally, still in the CSP-CFP relation, it aimed (a) to estimate mediations exercised by categories of internal resources (financial, physical, human and organizational); (b) to evaluate double mediations carried out by categories of internal resources and (c) to measure mediations performed by tangible (financial and physical) and intangible (human and organizational) resources. A methodology to apprehend the perceptions of managers of small and medium-sized companies about CSP, CFP and internal resources was proposed and empirically tested. When applied in compounding pharmacies, it contributed to reduce the gaps related to the CSP and CFP relation in small and medium-sized companies. A total of 89 valid questionnaires registered the perceptions of managers of compounding pharmacies and supported the analysis of structural equations using partial least squares. The results showed that, when considering internal resources, the direct effect of the CSP variable on the CFP became practically a fifth (β=0,063) in relation to the model not controlled by mediation (β=0,297; Difference: t=17,3; p-value<0,01) and the Variance Accounted For (VAF) found for the variable internal resources was of 71,7%, indicating a partial mediation that approaches a total mediation. As for the mediation exercised by the categories of internal resources, only financial resources (VAF=13,4%) were not qualified as mediators, while the others, physical (VAF=38,2%), human (VAF=21,6%) and organizational (VAF=22,4%) were assessed as partial mediators. Although financial resources were not considered simple mediators, they played an important role in the design of the internal resources variable and were also involved in double mediation processes, especially with human resources. When comparing the mediation power of intangibles and tangibles, the former were superior. The internal resources construct, as an integrating composition between tangibles and intangibles, offered a broader understanding than the observation of a fraction of these resources. As for the direct relation between CSP and CFP, which was not significant, added to the other results of this study, it strengthens the role of internal resources as mediators of this relation, showing, in addition to the intangibles, that the tangible ones need to be considered. Carroll's model (1979) proved to be suitable to be used as a basis for measuring CSP in the segment of compounding pharmacies, confirming that its proposed dimensions remain current and are configured in a stable way of thinking the construct. The present study investigated the relation in the CSP-CFP orientation. Future research can analyze the opposite orientation (CFP-CSP). New researches can also contribute regarding the time investments in CSP take to present significant effects on the CFP, which would require longitudinal studies.

4
  • TAMIRIS CRISTHINA RESENDE DA SILVA
  • PUBLIC POLICY EVALUATION: ANALYSIS OF A PAY-FOR-PERFORMANCE PROGRAMME IN PUBLIC HEALTH IN BRAZIL

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • CLÁUDIA SOUZA PASSADOR
  • MAGNUS LUIZ EMMENDOERFER
  • MARCO AURÉLIO MARQUES FERREIRA
  • ROSANA DE FREITAS BOULLOSA
  • Data: Oct 23, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • The objective of this thesis is to analyse the evaluation of Primary Health Care carried out under a pay-for-performance programme in public health in Brazil. Among the research methods used are: semi-structured interviews with health managers, experts in public health policies  in United Kingdom and Brazil , and councillors of the Municipal Health Councils and documentary analysis of laws, data collection instruments, and official websites. This thesis is organized in seven parts. The chapter 1 is an introduction. The chapter 2 is a theoretical essay about the public policy process. The chapter 3 is an article comparing the pay-for-performance programme introduced in United Kingdom and the pay-for-performance programme introduced in Brazil. Chapter 4 is a systematic review of the literature. The chapter 5 is an article with the logical analysis of the PMAQ.  The chapter 6 is an article reflecting on the role of social control in the evaluation process of health teams under the PMAQ. And the chapter 7 is the overall conclusions.  From the reflections of the theoretical essay, it is concluded that evaluation process can be conducted with the other stages and there is also a critical field of policy evaluation studies. The increasing complexity of the challenges facing governments highlights the public policy evaluation stage, which is in the case of the thesis, not only a phase but a whole programme designed to evaluate the primary health teams. The comparison with the international experience evidenced that in UK and Brazil the programmes were introduced by progressist governments seeking for increase the amount of resources invested in public health. The concept of paying for performance and the computerization are key elements to understand the design of this programmes. It is important to highlight that these programmes may have side effects such as the lack of attention to patients with the conditions not included in the framework, the risk of gaming and the risk of increasing social inequalities due the difficulties of health teams in deprived areas to achieve the results.  In the theoretical-empirical article on social control in the assessment of health teams in the PMAQ, it is concluded that the data collected about user satisfaction in relation to public health has a high potential to assist municipal health councils in their role of overseeing quality, which occurs in the three large cities of Rio Grande do Norte.

5
  • GABRIELA FIGUEIREDO DIAS
  • ANTECEDENTS OF THE INTENTIONS OF RESPONSIBLE DISPOSALS OF SMARTPHONES: MODELING AND EMPIRICALLY VALIDATION


  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • SERGIO MARQUES JUNIOR
  • GUILHERME LERCH LUNARDI
  • FERNANDO ANTONIO DE MELO PEREIRA LHAMAS
  • Data: Oct 30, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • This study aims to investigate factors that influence the consumer intention, responsible for disposals of smartphones. Therefore, a research model is proposed that integrates the Theory of Planned behavior and Norm-Activation Theory (Altruism Theory), and constructs convenience of recycling, responsible disposals information and corcerns about data privacy. This research is descriptive with a quantitative approach. The population of this research is smartphone users, and the sample consisted of 1394 graduate students from courses associated with the area of Applied Social Sciences at brasilian universities. Data collection was performed through questionnaires applied in person and online. The analysis was performed by Exploratory Factor Analysis (AFE) and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) in two steps: analysis of the measurement model (Confirmatory Factor Analysis - AFC) and analysis of the structural model. The results obtained indicate that factors such as attitude, moral norms and perceived behavioral control are the variables that most influence the intention of responsible disposal of smartphones. The students demonstrated a positive attitude, a sense of responsibility and a moral obligation to dispose of their smartphones in an environmentally correct way, however they face barriers such as the absence of adequate infrastructure and a lack of information about how and where to properly dispose of their obsolete electronic equipment. The concern for data privacy, contrary to what was expected, had a small negative influence on the intention to dispose responsibly, showing that, according to the sample, privacy of smartphone data is not a potential barrier to your responsible disposal.

6
  • EVÁDIO PEREIRA FILHO
  • Formation of consumer’s expectations on service: a longitudinal study in the light of the concept of zone of tolerance

  • Advisor : MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • KLEBER CAVALCANTI NÓBREGA
  • LEANDRO TRIGUEIRO FERNANDES
  • LISSA VALERIA FERNANDES FERREIRA
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • Data: Dec 4, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • Heterogeneity is an attribute of the service sector. It is common companies offer different levels of service to their customers, and they are still satisfied. This leads the literature to explore the idea of the zone of tolerance, in which consumers use two patterns of expectations in their assessments: desired and adequate expectations. These patterns demarcate a range of acceptable performances in service interactions. In light of the concept of the zone of tolerance, this study assesses how consumer expectations evolve over time. It is assumed that four antecedents may explain possible changes in expectations, namely: negative experiences, alternative attractiveness, level of involvement and level of visitation. A theoretical model is established a priori and it is structured based on seven hypotheses. Initially, two studies with longitudinal approaches are articulated to test them using independent samples of students. Data collections are developed over three time periods, and the methods adopted are latent growth model and cluster analysis. Besides that, another essay is developed to reexamine the moderating role of corporate image and level of visitation about the effect of negative experiences on expectations. For this, the role-playing approach is applied. The main findings are presented one by one. Studies 1 and 2 reveal that patterns of expectations change from one service meeting to another, and that these fluctuations are positively influenced by the degree of consumer involvement. In addition, variations of expectations are strongest at the minimum tolerable level. Study 2 also points out other relationships. First, negative experiences produce contradictory and simultaneous movements of consumer expectations. On the one hand, negative experiences reduce desired expectations and, on the other hand, increase adequate expectations. These effects undergo changes of magnitude because of the corporate image. This confirms the moderating role of the corporate image on the relationship between negative experiences and expectations. The same does not happen with the level of visitation in which the moderating function cannot be sustained. Study 3 proves these findings that refer to the moderating roles examined. Second, as customers have alternative companies, the minimum level of expectation rises. Alternative attractiveness positively impacts only the adequate expectations. Third, the results do not support the relationship between the level of visitation and expectations. This reveals that more frequent customers do not necessarily have higher expectations.

7
  • MAXWELL DOS SANTOS CELESTINO
  • Strategies of knowledge organizations and their relationship with the resource-based view: the UFRN case

  • Advisor : MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CLAYTON LEVY LIMA DE MELO
  • FERNANDO PORFIRIO SOARES DE OLIVEIRA
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • KLEBER CAVALCANTI NÓBREGA
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • Data: Dec 16, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • CELESTINO, Maxwell dos Santos. Strategies of knowledge organizations and their relationship with the resource-based view: the UFRN case. 2020, 244f. Doctoral thesis (Doctorate in Administration). Post-Graduation Program in Administration, UFRN, Natal/RN.

    At the moment, studies based on knowledge organizations presents gaps in the quantitative understanding of their component dimensions, the interrelationship between their variables, and their relationship to the resource-based view, core competencies, and the creation of competitive advantage .This thesis considers the convenience of bringing an empirical and current understanding of how to develop knowledge-focused strategies; their relevance for the adoption of management practices oriented to the efficient use of resources; practical implications that may contribute to solving internal strategic problems present in the context of a Higher Education Institution. As mentioned, the present thesis aims to analyze if the resources, capabilities and essential competences may be related to the development of strategies that lead to the generation of competitive advantages, present at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. To achieve the proposed objective, a research characterized as descriptive, bibliographic and survey will be conducted. This case study will be conducted by an analytical survey applied to a sample of 730 (seven hundred thirty) individuals who are part of the university community of the studied organization. Quantitative data will be collected through a survey with 75 (seventy-five) conceptually structured variables in order to gauge the perception of the academic community of the studied organization, regarding the relationships between the dimensions of knowledge organizations, resource-based view and advantage developed by the organization studied. The data will be statistically treated by the application of multivariate techniques, with emphasis on Exploratory Factor Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling in Partial Least Squares (PLS-SEM), where we will use the IBM SPSS® and SmartPLS 3.2.8 software. The data will be analyzed after the conclusion of the thesis qualification stage which will allow to reach conclusions that will answer the problematic of this research. We can conclude, through structural equation modeling, that the role of the three dimensions of the proposed knowledge organizations model are important in the performance management process and in strategic decision making, confirming the relationship between the knowledge organizations model addressed in this research the RBV, the VRIO model and the essential competencies. The paths identified in the integrated structural model point to the existence of relevant relationships, which allow inferences to be made for the formulation of strategies that generate competitive advantage and make it possible to sustain it, thus collaborating with the theory of RBV.

2019
Dissertations
1
  • LUCAS GERALDO CAMPOS DALENOGARE
  • Management capacities in the implementation of PDAPEF in the IFES of Rio Grande do Norte

  • Advisor : MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FABIO RESENDE DE ARAUJO
  • JAMES BATISTA VIEIRA
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: Feb 22, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The objective of this work is to understand how the management capacities in each IFES of the RN influence the process of implementation of its Open Data Plans in the light of the Open Data Policy of the Federal Executive Government – PDAPEF. The nature of the research is essentially qualitative, descriptive and explanatory, with a multiple case study approach, performed in the three IFES of the RN – IFRN, UFRN and UFERSA. The data collection was done through documentary analysis and interviews with representatives of each institution, defined by intentional sampling. The data content analysis was done with open coding by free flow, in which the codes were grouped into nine subcategories within the technical-administrative and political-relational elements of the theoretical model of Gomide and Pires (2014). Regarding the results, it was found that the high level of execution of the PDAPEF in the IFES of the RN was due to a combination of favorable factors: alignment of the PDAs in relation to the policy guidelines and norms; strong influence of the capacities generated by the mobilized resources, positive internal and external interactions and monitoring actions and control mechanisms. In UFRN and UFERSA, the initial mobilization or planning actions are also strongly influenced; and only in UFRN, in addition, the mechanisms of promotion and social participation. The difficulties faced throughout the process had a reduced impact on the results perceived by the interviewees of the three institutions. And the most vulnerable points that may have hampered the implementation process are the lack of internal coordination, the low level of promotion and social participation in UFERSA and IFRN, and the absence of evaluation devices in all IFES. These points indicate the need for improvements, so that the institutional arrangements established in the activities of each institution can effectively contribute to the development of management capacities, essential to the implementation of PDAPEF.

2
  • JÉSSICA DALLIANE GOMES QUEIROZ
  • DENGUE CONTROL THROUGH THE GENETICALLY MODIFIED AEDES AEGYPTI  RELEASE STRATEGY: IMPACT ASSESSMENT FROM THE SYNTHETIC CONTROL METHOD

  • Advisor : RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • ALESSIO TONY CAVALCANTI DE ALMEIDA
  • Data: Jul 15, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • Dengue  is a disease associated to many adverse effects on the Brazilian economy, represented not only by health care expenditures, but also by the loss of productivity of the workers and by the decrease in tourism revenues. In addition, in recent years it has been discovered that Aedes aegypti is also a vector for chikungunya and Zika, diseases that leave severe sequels in the infected person, with the last one associated to a generation of babies affected by a severe form of microcephaly. Because of the persistence of the problem, some municipalities have adopted innovative biological control strategies. Among them is the release of the genetically modified mosquito (called OX513A), a lineage of male mosquitoes developed by the company Oxitec, which has already been implemented in the municipalities of Juazeiro/BA, Jacobina/BA, Piracicaba/SP, Juiz de Fora/MG and Indaiatuba/SP. In the present study, we will evaluate the impact of this strategy on the incidence of dengue, through the synthetic control method, which allows the construction of a counterfactual for the treated municipalities through the optimal weighting of municipalities that did not adopt the strategy. The results showed that the effects are not statistically significant, and so can not be meaningfully interpreted. 

3
  • ANDRÉ GUSTAVO ALMEIDA E SILVA
  • The relationship between public transparency and fiscal management in Brazilian municipalities

  • Advisor : RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • WELLES MATIAS DE ABREU
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • Data: Jul 29, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • Since the late twentieth century, the management of public resources was highlighted as a result of high levels of public debt, compromising the performance of actions and activities essential to promote a better quality of social life. The Fiscal Responsibility Law (LRF) established that a public agent should be based on the pillars of planning, control, accountability and transparency to achieve good management of public resources, thus favoring the quality of fiscal management. Among these pillars, transparency  should be of fundamental importance to fiscal discipline, since it provides all citizens with access to the information of the actions practiced by the rulers. The present study  analyzed the effect of public transparency on the performance of fiscal management in Brazilian municipalities, based on a panel data model for 2015 and 2016.  The results did not show a positive and significant relationship between general and disaggregated public transparency (active and passive transparency) on the performance of fiscal management for the entire sample. However, it revealed that general public transparency and active transparency presented positively related in municipalities with a population between 50 and 100 thousand inhabitants. Finally, only the Northeast region presented a significant and negative relationship between active transparency and fiscal management, contrary to what as expected.

4
  • ANNE MARJORIE PARENTE RODRIGUES ALCOFORADO
  • PROGRAM OF LOCAL INNOVATION AGENTS: EVALUATION OF INNOVATION POLICY FOR RIO GRANDE DO NORTE BUSINESS

  • Advisor : RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • LUCIA DE FATIMA LUCIO GOMES DA COSTA
  • Data: Jul 31, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • Small Enterprises have a high socioeconomic importance in the world and Brazilian scenario, due to their generation of employment and income for the population. In addition, given the intense globalization and global development, these companies have also been relevant in the innovative process of the countries. In Brazil, over the last decades, several policies, actions, laws and entities have been developed in the promotion of these companies and their innovation. This dissertation aims to analyze the association of characteristics of companies participating in the SEBRAE Local Innovation Agents Program’s with the program’s focus on the levels of and gains of innovation achieved in the 16/18 cycle within the State off Rio Grande do Norte, through an econometric evaluation using the regression method. Thus, this work performed a managerial analysis of the Program by measuring the characteristics of entrepreneurs and companies participating in the Program in Brazilian companies in the state of Rio Grande do Nortewhich revealed the importance and strength of companies located in the capital, political, economic, financial center. and the state social and, therefore, already more structured in the global maturity of organizational innovation and more engaged in the development of the innovation actions proposed by the Program in face of its strong market competition. Thus, the location in Natal can be used by ALI managers as a means of selecting the companies most likely to focus on the Program's results and may also use the actions taken by this company as a model for expanding the most varied innovation actions ( in various dimensions) to the other MPEs of the State providing advances in innovation in the economy of RN.

5
  • THIAGO DOS SANTOS AZEVEDO DAMASCENO
  • The price volatility transmission between crude oil, biodiesel and soybean in Brazil

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • MELQUIADES PEREIRA DE LIMA JUNIOR
  • RODRIGO JOSÉ GUERRA LEONE
  • Data: Jul 31, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The objective of this work is to investigate the joint behavior, the price volatility transmission mechanism of the crude oil, biodiesel and soybean in Brazil and its dynamics over time. An econometric approach was designed to quantify the volatility and correlation of the risk structure, with a strong impact on hedging strategies and market regulators. Understanding the disseminating structure of volatility and its transmission mechanism is one of the pillars of modern asset management and most recently employed by players and pricing policymakers in the construction of dynamic hedges to intra and intermarket shocks and spillovers. The volatilities and their short and long terms links are analyzed using the asymmetric GARCH model with dynamic conditional correlation (DCC-GARCH), as well as a multivariate multiplicative volatility (MVM) model. A flexible and consistent adaptation procedure is used for risk volatility and correlation. In the long run prices move together and preserve a balance, while correlations are often positive with persistent market shocks. The results of the MVM model exhibit greater hedge effectiveness to the results of the DCC model, taking into account its variant characteristic of the long-term covariance matrix. It is possible to capture the risk more adequately for the purposes of hedging strategies.

6
  • JOAO PAULO OLIVEIRA LUCENA
  • SPONSOR'S ROLE IN PROJECT GOVERNANCE: A STUDY UNDER THE PERSPECTIVE OF ADOPTING THE LIFE CYCLE CANVAS® VISUAL MODEL IN A PUBLIC EDUCATION INSTITUTION

  • Advisor : JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • MARCOS FERNANDO MACHADO DE MEDEIROS
  • MARCOS LUIZ LINS FILHO
  • Data: Nov 18, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • Project governance can be recognized as a critical factor for project completion and successful result. The role of the sponsor provides the critical link between corporate and project governance and it’s important to ensure that governance requirements are met and support is provided to projects and programs. In the literature, it has been noted that there is a gap to explore a project management technique or model involving governance and the role of the sponsor throughout the project life cycle. At this point, was identified a public educational institution that uses the Life Cycle Canvas® visual model that integrates the project life cycle idea with the concept of canvas. Thus, the present paper sought to examine the role of the Life Cycle Canvas® visual model for the governance function performed by the project sponsor in the project life cycle of a public educational institution. To achieve this, a descriptive research was carried out, with bibliographic and case study procedures, the approach followed qualitative parameters, where the subjects of this research comprised the members of the institution's project office and the sponsors themselves. The sample was defined in a non-probabilistic manner comprising only the projects of the office with closed or in the closing phase. Data collection was performed through semi-structured individual interviews, so we could interview three office members and four sponsors involved in any of the projects in the sample. Data analysis was performed through content analysis, where as a treatment aid was used the software ATLAS.ti, version 7. The previously defined categories represented the six dimensions of sponsor roles in the project governance context cited by Crawford et al. (2008). On this paper, it was identified that the Life Cycle Canvas® visual model can contribute to this role in the six dimensions suggested by Crawford et al. (2008). Considering the list of identified codes, it can be argued that it assists in the dimensions governing the project, guiding and making decisions and critically reviewing progress. It is still possible to claim that the model has a major role in the sponsor's role of governance making it reflect on factors that without the model would not be possible. In this way, the Life Cycle Canvas® visual model can assist the sponsor at all stages of the project life cycle, contributing to the performance of its governance function.

7
  • THALES DA COSTA LAGO ALVES
  • Project management in public administration: a study on electronic process implementation at UFRN and IFRN

  • Advisor : ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • MARCOS FERNANDO MACHADO DE MEDEIROS
  • MARCOS LUIZ LINS FILHO
  • Data: Dec 23, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The adoption of project management is a strategic and essential need for the public sector in the search for efficiency and to distance itself from the stigma of excessive bureaucratization, delays or non-compliance with deliveries deadlines, and waste of public resources. Given this reality, the present study aims to understand how the projects for the implementation of the electronic process were developed at UFRN and IFRN, as determined by Decree 8.539/2015. The research is descriptive in nature and uses a qualitative approach based on a multi-case study involving the implementation of the electronic process (innovation) in two federal educational institutions of Rio Grande do Norte. The data collection instruments consist of normative documents regarding the implementation of the innovation and semi-structured interviews focused on the project management practices identified in the literature.  The interview subjects were the managers who were in charge of the implementation of the innovation in projects in their respective units. The analysis of the textual corpus of the interviews, aided by the IRAMUTEQ software, allowed the definition of four major categories influencing the process investigated: Product, Integration, Project Management Practices and Compliance. Subsequently, the analysis of the data was developed using content analysis (BARDIN, 2011). Results indicated that legal compliance, i.e., compliance with federal standards related to the electronic protocol, was the main motivator and delineator of project objectives. The research also singled out the project management practices implemented in both institutions, and indicated that a greater volume of practices were identified at UFRN when compared to the IFRN, given that the former has a project office to implement the electronic process. Institutional sponsorship was identified as the main support for project management. In contrast, the lack of in-depth institutional knowledge about document management and protocol procedures associated with administrative processes characterized the difficulties faced by project managers.

Thesis
1
  • RAIMUNDO MARCIANO DE FREITAS NETO
  • Essays about the role of Boards of directors in public companies listed on B3's Novo Mercado

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • ALEXANDRO BARBOSA
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • ORLEANS SILVA MARTINS
  • WILSON TOSHIRO NAKAMURA
  • Data: May 8, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • A presente tese teve três objetivos principais, articulados na forma de três artigos independentes, que partilham a temática do papel do Conselho de Administração (CA) nas firmas do Novo Mercado da bolsa de valores brasileira e que o inferem de acordo com a análise de conteúdo das atas das reuniões, usando um esquema de classificação baseado na metodologia de Schwartz-Ziv e Weisbach (2013). O primeiro trata da análise do papel do Conselho de Administração sob a ótica das teorias da Agência, da Riqueza Socioemocional e da Abordagem Legalista. Verificou-se que o papel predominantemente exercido pelos Conselhos é o de gerenciamento das companhias, em oposição a ênfase nas atividades de monitoramento, esperada à luz da Teoria da Agência. Esse resultado se sustenta mesmo em empresas familiares, divergindo dos argumentos teóricos preconizados pela Riqueza
    This thesis has three main objectives, separated in three independent articles which share a common theme – the role played by the board of directors of firms listed on B3’s Novo Mercado – and a common method to infer this role: a content analysis of the board meetings minutes, based on a classification scheme proposed by Schwartz-Ziv and Weisbach (2013). The first objective was an analysis of the role played by the boards under three theoretical settings: Agency Theory, Socioemotional Theory and Legalist Approach. We found that the main role played by boards was the managerial one, opposing the theoretical Agency proposition that it should be the supervisory. This result is also held for a subset of family-managed companies, diverging from the Socioemotional theoretical background, and does not seem to be influenced by the presence of blockholders in the firm’s ownership structure. Besides, it was verified that the Brazilian Corporate Laws is responsible for demanding less than half of the boards’ reported work and thus cannot be argued as being the quintessence of its role; and that there is no associative pattern between board composition and its main role, which translates into the number of members, independence and gender diversity being insufficient to direct board activities. The second objective was to analyze if boards have been displaying any level of institutional isomorphism and whether director interlocking influences this process. We found no systematic similarity between boards’ roles when aggregated at Novo Mercado or Industry levels. Besides, there is no evidence of interlocking boards being having more similar roles than the ones which do not share directors. It was concluded that boards are not being subject to major influences from coercive, mimetic or normative isomorphic pressures. The third objective was an analysis of the influence of board role over the cost of capital, using as theoretical background Agency and Resource Dependence theories, and the wealth redistribution hypothesis. Meeting frequency was found to be important for the effectivity of board role, and that placing emphasis in supervisory duties is associated to a discount in the cost of equity. As we found no evidence of a relationship between cost of debt and the role played by boards, we cannot infer that there is a strong divergence between the interests of shareholders and debtholders. Thus, adopting a monitoring-oriented approach should improve the capital structure of the company, as it benefits at least one class of stakeholders.

2
  • DANIELLE DE ARAÚJO BISPO
  • INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: elements that influenced the adoption of
    policies for dogs and cats in the municipalities of Porto Alegre and Recife

  • Advisor : HIRONOBU SANO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • LILIAN CAPORLINGUA GIESTA
  • LINDIJANE DE SOUZA BENTO ALMEIDA
  • MÁRIO AQUINO ALVES
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • Data: Jun 17, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • In this research, the general objective was to understand the elements that influenced the
    adoption of policies for dogs and cats in the municipalities of Porto Alegre – RS and
    Recife – PE. From the literature, a model presented in the theoretical framework was
    developed that brought three influencers that explain the adoption of an innovative
    public policy: the context, the social actor and the characteristics of politics. Each
    influencer has elements, such as: critical events (GARUD; KARNØE, 2000,
    BITTENCOURT; OLIVEIRA, 2014), the problems (SUBIRATS, 1992, LASCOSUM;
    GALS, 2012), the needs (BEKKERS; EDELENBOS;, STEYN, 2011), the agenda
    (SUBIRATS et al., 2010); the barriers and the inductors (BRANDÃO, 2012;
    DAMANPOUR; SCHNEIDER, 2008); the individual predispositions of the actors, their
    formal positions and interpersonal networks (ROGERS, 1883, LEWIS; CONSIDINE;
    ALEXANDER, 2011); and the characteristics of innovation (BORINS, 2001; FARAH,
    2008b; KOCH; HAUKNES, 2005; SPINK, 2006; MULGAN; ALBURY, 2003). By
    elements, it means any and all aspects considered important to adopt an innovative
    policy. Semi-structured and open interviews were carried out, totaling 53 interviews: 8
    with public actors, 25 with guardians of animals that made use of some policy and 20
    with protectors of animals. The method of analysis consisted of content analysis,
    categorical technique (BARDIN, 2011), with the support of IRaMuTeQ software for
    systematization and description of data. This thesis argued that in the adoption of
    innovative public policies, the social and political context, the social actor and the
    characteristics of innovation are influential. That is, the initial assumption, built based
    on the literature, was confirmed with the empirical cases of Porto Alegre and Recife. It
    has been shown that it is not possible to understand the adoption of innovative policies
    without first understanding the critical events that made possible the change; the
    problems and needs that justified it; how the problems have entered the political agenda;
    the barriers and inductors of innovation. It was also concluded that public actors had ties
    to the animal cause and, when they occupied positions in the city hall, influenced the
    adoption of policies for dogs and cats. In addition to the context and social actor, this
    thesis also confirmed that characteristics of innovation influence the adoption of
    policies. Therefore, the model of the influencers of the adoption of innovative policies
    has shown to be applicable to the researched reality and can be used to understand the
    same object of study in other municipalities that have already adopted policies for dogs
    and cats or even to inspire reflections in municipalities that want adopt them.

3
  • GIOVANNA TONETTO SEGANTINI
  • TWO ESSAYS ABOUT MANDATORY DIVIDEND: WHAT DOES THE MANDATORY DIVIDEND HAVE TO INFORM TO THE MARKET? 

  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • LUIZ FELIPE DE ARAUJO PONTES GIRÃO
  • MARCIO ANDRÉ VERAS MACHADO
  • RENATO HENRIQUE GURGEL MOTA
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • Data: Jun 19, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • This research aims to investigate the influence of the mandatory dividend rule on the informational content of dividend announcements. Initially, we observed how market react to unexpected quarterly and annual dividend change. Then, we related the dividend status to earnings quality. The sample consist in firms listed on Brazil, Chile and Greece, countries that have minimum mandatory rule, from 2000 to 2017. The fundamental and financial data are collected at COMPUSTAT Global and Bloomberg, and analyst forecast are from I/B/E/S. The results show that analysts have optimistic forecasts for the dividends distribution and 81.3% of companies are worried about disclosing dividend equal to or greater than the minimum mandatory. Using the event study methodology, abnormal returns are observed following quarterly dividend announcements that follow quarterly earnings announcements, suggesting that dividends may provide a confirmatory information of preceding earnings announcement. Abnormal returns are observed when annual dividend announcements higher than the minimum mandatory. However, when analyzing the relation of accumulated abnormal returns to dividend announcements under the approaches of Signaling and Free Cash Flow theories, it was not possible to prove that the changes in dividend announcements are related to future changes in results, as the average returns in response to the announcement of the dividend payment are greater in the companies with excesses of investments. The results of the second part of the study suggest that the mandatory dividend rule may reduce the information of dividend announcement about earnings quality, once by adding the mandatory dividend limits, only dividend announcements higher than the minimum mandatory increase the earnings persistence, and down earnings management is observed when related to unprofitable companies, which are not required to distribute dividends, and by companies with dividends above the minimum mandatory.

4
  • MARIANA MEDEIROS DANTAS DE MELO BRESSAN
  • DISCLOSURE OF COMPLIANCE PRACTICES ANTICORRUPTION AND PHASES OF THE TRANSITIONAL COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE: A STUDY IN BRAZILIAN OPEN COMPANIES
     
  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANA KLEIN
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • FLAVIANO COSTA
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • Data: Jun 26, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The thesis argues that the classification of Brazilian companies into phases of the concept of Transient Competitive Advantage, using economic and financial measures, makes it possible to evaluate the levels of disclosure of anticorruption compliance practices. The logic is that these anticorruption compliance disclosure practices are employed as mechanisms to improve strategic and competitive positioning in the market. For its operation, it was necessary to prepare an index for the measurement of the disclosure of such in Brazilian companies, which was composed of 25 items, the maximum score of each company being 25 points. In addition, to classify the companies by phases of the Transitative Competitive Advantage, Cluster Analysis was used through the variables Sales Growth, Gross Margin and Return on Assets. To evaluate the relationship between the disclosure of anticorruption compliance practices of Brazilian companies and the phases of the Transitative Competitive Advantage, Correspondence Analysis (ANACOR) was used. The results show that the companies published, on average, 62.42% of the established criteria. Analyzing this disclosure by type of practice, it was observed that there is a balance, so that the practices of prevention, detection and mitigation of corruption had, respectively, 58.87%, 68.40% and 60% disclosure. The results of the Cluster Analysis gave rise to 3 groups. Cluster 1 was allocated 61 companies, 20 companies to cluster 2 and 19 companies to cluster 3. Cluster 1 was assigned to the Reconfiguration phase and to Cluster 2 and 3 the Exploration and Shutdown phases, respectively. The results obtained with Correspondence Analysis (ANACOR) showed that the size of the company and its sector of performance were not statistically significant in the study. In relation to age, the companies with low age are in the phase of Reconfiguration, while companies with greater time of operation are in the phase of Exploitation or Shutdown. The companies classified in the Disconnection, Exploration and Reconfiguration phase have, respectively, medium, high and low / high average indebtedness, indicating that the search for third party capital is more frequent in companies that are seeking to reorganize their resources in the establishment of new strategies. The results indicate that the companies that are in the phase of Shutdown, Exploration and Reconfiguration present, respectively, low, medium and high / high average disclosure level, which allows to conclude that it is a resource used to readjust the competitive scenario, focusing in the Exploration phase, aiming at distancing itself from the Shutdown phase.

5
  • ANDERSON TIAGO PEIXOTO GONÇALVES
  • MODEL FOR SELECTION OF SUPPLIERS IN COLLABORATIVE RELATIONSHIPS OF THE SUPPLY CHAIN OF THE WIND ENERGY SECTOR

  • Advisor : MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • MARCUS VINICIUS DANTAS DE ASSUNCAO
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • MAX LEANDRO DE ARAUJO BRITO
  • RENAN FELINTO DE FARIAS AIRES
  • Data: Jun 28, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The present research had as general objective to propose a Model for Selection of Suppliers aiming at the construction of collaborative relationships in the Supply Chain of the Wind Energy Sector. Initially, the criteria that are currently used by companies producing Wind Energy in the Selection of Suppliers of goods and services were identified. Following, the profiles defining the three levels of Supply Chain relationships: cooperation, coordination and collaboration were defined. Finally, a protocol was presented to support the decision-making of the Managers in Supplier Selection, aiming at building collaborative relationships in the Supply Chain of the Wind Energy Sector. The research is applied, quantitative, exploratory and descriptive and used as technical procedures the bibliographic research, the application of an online questionnaire and the quantitative modeling. The research was carried out with the Wind Energy companies that own the wind farms installed in Rio Grande do Norte, Bahia and Ceará, which are the three Brazilian States with the largest installed wind capacity and the largest number of wind farms operating under test or commercially. The research subjects were 12 Managers who act directly in the process of Selection of Suppliers of goods and services from 10 of these companies. The research was divided into four stages: identification of criteria, definition of profiles, construction and validation of the Model. Regarding the results of the research, a reference frame of criteria for Supplier Selection was developed, consisting of 09 generic criteria and 06 specific to the subproblem of collaborative relationships or soft factors; it was found that what differentiates the profiles of the three levels of Supply Chain relationships is the intensity with which companies incorporate 07 characteristics and 08 behaviors, ranging from low in cooperation to high in collaboration; a Multicriteria Decision Support Model was constructed and validated, which allows, in a systematized and structured manner, to classify suppliers at the levels of cooperation, coordination or collaboration, according to their performance in the established set of criteria; Finally, a protocol was presented to support the decisionmaking of the Managers in Supplier Selection, aiming at building collaborative relationships in the Supply Chain of the Wind Energy Sector.

6
  • LEANDRO TRIGUEIRO FERNANDES
  • BEHAVIOR-BASED VIEW: A STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN STRUCTURE, COMMITMENT AND PERFORMANCE TO CREATE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE FOR ORGANIZATIONS

  • Advisor : MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JOSÉ ANTONIO MONTEIRO HIPÓLITO
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • WALID ABBAS EL AOUAR
  • Data: Jul 24, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • This research aims at establishing a theoretical model that explains the causal relationship between the elements of organizational behavior, structure, commitment and performance, and its contribution to the formulation of strategies that generate competitive advantage for organizations. In order to achieve its objectives, the research was divided into three parts: the first sought to refine EBACO, a model adopted to analyze organizational commitment; the second, proposed and validated a scale of measurement of the components of the organizational structure (ECEO), and the last one The purpose of this part was to establish the relationship between the three elements of organizational behavior (commitment, structure and performance) aiming at the formation of competitive advantage strategies for organizations. As for the methodological aspects, this research is eminently confirmatory, adopting as main research techniques the confirmatory factorial analysis and the structural equations modeling. The first one aims to understand latent factors from a set of observable variables, and the second one by making it possible to analyze a series of dependency relations simultaneously. As for the sample and the data collection, the first part of the study, which dealt with the validation of the EBACO, was given, in its confirmatory phase, in 45 organizations - 27 public and 18 private, totaling 812 valid observations, the adopted instrument was composed of 20 likert-type questions of 6 points, which seek to measure the 5 bases of organizational commitment. In the second part of the study, a total of 966 valid cases were investigated in 26 organizations and their respective organizational units. Being 10 private companies in the area of commerce, services, education and hospitality and 16 public organizations of different areas of activity. The instrument adopted in this phase was composed of 24 questions, likert type of 6 points, that seek to measure the six components of organizational structure investigated in the research. In the third part of the research, which investigated 516 valid cases from 10 private organizations and 15 from the public sector, the instrument was composed of 52 questions, likert type of 6 points, being 8 related to the performance theme, 24 organizational structure seeking to measure the six components investigated in the research, and 20 questions of organizational commitment of the EBACO model, validated in the first part of the study. The results already analyzed indicated that the refined model, EBACO-R, presented convergent validity, guaranteeing greater scale adequacy to the theory. The Organizational Structure Component Scale (ECEO) is valid, as it consistently measures the dimension drawn and has convergent validity, since it presented significance in the relations between its dimensions, according to the criteria defined by Pasquali (1997) and Marôco (2010). It was verified that the components of organizational structure influence the commitment of the individuals in order to influence the performance of the organizations, which was validated as the confluence between the added value and the results obtained by the organization. Relationships among the three elements of organizational behavior have been identified that allowed inferences to be made about strategies that can raise the competitive advantage of organizations. Finally, it is expected that this work may contribute to the development of a strategic vision based on the elements of the organization's behavior for the formulation of competitive advantage strategies, in addition to the other approaches, which are generally focused on aspects related only organizational resources.

7
  • MARCELO VICTOR ALVES BILA QUEIROZ
  • Two essays on improving quality of primary education in Brazil: the effect on school performance from the projection of school infrastructure and the impact of the Programa Mais Educação.

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • ALESSIO TONY CAVALCANTI DE ALMEIDA
  • ANA CLÁUDIA ANNEGUES DA SILVA
  • CASSIA KELY FAVORETTO COSTA
  • Data: Jul 26, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The quality of Brazilian public education has been around the same level since the 2000s. This stagnation means that the educational gap between Brazil and the developed countries, and even other Latin American countries, is increasing. In addition, the country coexists with large regional socioeconomic disparities and provision of educational resources, which in turn may be associated with the difference in educational quality. Thus, the Brazilian government has been seeking different ways to improve student performance, with emphasis, in recent years, in policies of full time education. Given this scenario, this thesis is divided in two parts that aims at Brazilian public primary education. The first is to assess the level of efficiency, using a dynamic model, taking into account the differences in the socioeconomic levels of its students. This model includes an infrastructure index as a variable that links each period of time. We used three model's specifications that differ in the usage of the socioeconomic variable. The results showed that the efficiency distributions of these models are not statistically equal, but the general conclusions are convergent. There was almost no evolution in school efficiency between 2007 and 2015, but our model indicate a possible way to improvement the efficiency by investing in school infrastructure.

    The second part of the thesis evaluates the \textit{Programa Mais Educação} (PME) created by the Brazilian Federal Government with the aim of improving education at the fundamental level. This policy seeks to implement the model of school full-time, with at least seven hours a day, through the implementation of extra socio-educational activities in the public school second-shift. Our objective is to estimate the impact of the program on the average academic performance in Portuguese, mathematics and approval rate, in addition to the new violence index. For this, we propose the use of the augmented weighted propensity score method, which seeks to establish an adequate control group to compare with the group of treated schools, since the program is aimed mainly at the most vulnerable schools. Then, we estimated the impact of the program's performance between 2007 and 2017 through the differences-in-differences method. The evidence obtained points to negative effects between 2009 and 2011, no statistical significance in 2013 and positive effects in 2015 and 2017. The cost-effectiveness of the program is on average 0.2 points in Portuguese and Mathematics and 0.4 \% - 0.8 \% in the approval rate for every ten thousand reais invested in the school. Finally, the program has a positive effect on school efficiency in all models.

8
  • ADRIANNE PAULA VIEIRA DE ANDRADE
  • CO-CREATION OF VALUE IN THE INFORMATION SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF STAKEHOLDERS' THEORY

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • ARIEL BEHR
  • ERNANI MARQUES DOS SANTOS
  • Data: Jul 29, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The development of information systems (IS) is a complex process that is often associated with failures and deficiencies. To deal with this complexity, new approaches and paradigms have been adopted, such as value co-creation that is a a cooperative and interactive process, able to minimize failures and deficiencies in product, service and software development. On the other hand, stakeholders are known to act collaboratively and interactively in software development. Despite these concepts being studied separately in SI management, the literature review showed that there aren’t studies showing the intersection between them, which justifies this study. In this context, the objective of this research is to understand the performance of stakeholders in the process of value creation of an information system. The research design is the case study that Mesa Virtual software development, which is an important organizational application of electronic processes of the Integrated System of Patrimony, Administration and Contracts (SIPAC). This system was developed by the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte and has a broad and complex base of stakeholders in 23 institutions and public organizations. Data collection was performed through 13 semi-structured interviews, with photoelicitation support, institutional documents and direct and indirect observations. Thematic analysis was used as method of qualitative data analysis of, based on the abductive reasoning. The use of Atlas.ti software v.8.4.2 provided support for the organization, codification and categorization of data and the construction of semantic networks, tables and figures. The research has quality criteria, such as coherence of the researcher, construction of the research corpus, detailed description of the investigation, involvement with the field and triangulation. As a result, it was found that the co-creation of value in the development of the Virtual Table module is a dynamic process, continuous and guided in interactions, which occur through a restricted institutional channel, such as the Electronic Process Committee, of open institutional channels, such as the Genesis Portal and the Call Opening, and informal channel, as WhatsApp. The restricted institutional and informal channels are more effective in meeting the demands and have greater speed. 17 stakeholders were identified, 15 internals and 2 externals. Stakeholders who have high knowledge, are more experienced, have high frequency of use and more clarity in communication tend to generate higher quality interactions and bring valuable ideas to the investigated SI. The roles identified with greater emphasis were the mediator, concept refiner and legitimator. It was also evidenced that knowledge and communication tools of the system are key resources in the co-ideation. Regarding saliency, the power was most emphasized, followed by legitimacy and urgency. The most powerful and/or highly interacting stakeholders are the institution's senior managers, those at the technical level (such as the Requirements Analyst), followed by tactical level managers and the Electronic Process Committee. These stakeholders have prioritized demands throughout the IS co-creation and were the most attended in their demands. It was noted that legal obligation is strongly associated with the development of software being a common aspect to attribute legitimacy and urgency. It was found that the greater the impact, relevance, utility and lower cost-benefit, the greater the legitimacy of the request and the need to prioritize. Corroborating the theory, the category Criticity or gravity makes the requests more urgent. A theoretical contribution generated by the research is the development of a framework that allows to visually understand the process of IS co-creation as a whole. The results of this thesis have practical value in order to direct institutional actions, such as the identification of the main stakeholders, and to provide mechanisms to stimulate more experienced and more frequent users. Another relevant contribution is the research method employed in this research, which identifies who the stakeholders are, what their roles and actions are and the resources used, which can be applied in the strategic management of other organizations that wish to develop software with the optics of co-creation.

9
  • MARCOS LUIZ LINS FILHO
  • MCCP-PUB/BR: A CLASSIFICATION MODEL OF THE PROJECTS COMPLEXITY FOR BRAZILIAN PUBLIC SECTOR

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • MARCOS FERNANDO MACHADO DE MEDEIROS
  • BENNY KRAMER COSTA
  • NICOLAU REINHARD
  • Data: Jul 29, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • Understanding the "Project Complexity" construct has challenged researchers and professionals since the study of Baccarini (1996) initiated in-depth discussions on the subject.  Within this context, the development of methods and tools, which can directly contribute to the insertion of the complexity dimension in the project management practices, has run into the difficulty of measuring it. In this sense, this research had as general objective to construct a measurement model of the Project Complexity for the Brazilian public sector. To do so, it was considered as the basis the perception of 16 specialists and 118 professionals in the area of management project who act or have already acted in public projects. The research was divided into two stages. In the first, we initially mapped a set of 96 complexity factors identified from a systematic review of the literature. These factors were evaluated through questionnaires by 16 experts and 118 professionals who identified the ten most relevant factors for the complexity of public projects. In the second stage, machine learning techniques were applied with support vector machines to construct a measurement model of the Project Complexity. In the model, three levels were defined to classify the complexity of a project: low, medium and high. The model was validated by 17 experiments divided in three rounds and was based on a set containing 36 test cases, where the average accuracy level of classification was evaluated. As for the research results, two new concepts were proposed, one for project management and the other for project complexity. It was proposed a theoretical model containing 11 dimensions and 96 project complexity factors based on a systematic review of the literature. It was identified the ten most relevant complexity factors for public projects in the opinion of Brazilian specialists and professionals in the area of project management. Finally, the MMCP-PUB / BR (Measurement Model of Projects Complexity for Brazilian Public Sector) was constructed and validated through machine learning techniques and refinements that resulted in 100% accuracy in the predictions made for 36 elements present in the test set. Based on the results, it was concluded that the use of machine learning to measure the complexity of projects demonstrated the feasibility and ability to contribute to increase the insertion of the dimension complexity in the project management practices.

10
  • GILSON GOMES DA SILVA
  • PERCEPTION OF MANAGERS ON GRC PRACTICES IN PUBLIC PROJECTS: THE CASE OF A HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • MARCOS FERNANDO MACHADO DE MEDEIROS
  • JULIO CESAR FERRO DE GUIMARÃES
  • LUCIA DE FATIMA LUCIO GOMES DA COSTA
  • Data: Jul 30, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • This paper aims to understand how project managers perceive GRC practices in their projects, based on the perception of professionals who act or have acted, directly or indirectly, in projects linked to a public sector organization . From the literature, we first obtained a model presented in the theoretical framework that proposes in an integrated way the management of GRC within a holistic approach, that is, that seeks to understand the phenomena in their totality and globality. According to the authors, most organizations are managing their governance, risk and compliance initiatives in functional silos that do not communicate with each other. A theoretical framework was also obtained showing that PMO, GRC and organizational efficiency are interconnected; where the first two lead to the last. In this freelander, PMO's role is to ensure project management in individual projects and provide strategic management, relationship management and IT management. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 3 managers who work on the projects of the Secretariat of Project Management. The analysis method consisted of content analysis (BARDIN, 2011), with the support of IRaMuTeQ software for systematization and description of the data. This thesis argued that the implementation of GRC in an organization will only be effective if there is GRC management within a holistic approach. That is, the initial assumption, built on the basis of the literature, conformed to the case study in a higher education institution. It has been shown that it is not possible to perceive GRC practices without first observing the differences in levels of implementation of the themes present in the GRC in isolation. What is identified in the present case is that "governance", "risk" and "compliance" are not at the same level of presence in the organization, which makes it difficult to fully utilize GRC in the organization's projects.

11
  • RAFAEL RODRIGUES DA SILVA
  •  

    A STUDY ABOUT LIFE CYCLE CANVAS IN PROJECT TEAMS ENGAGEMENT IN THE LIGHT OF JOB DEMANDS-RESOURCES THEORY

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ENILSON MEDEIROS DOS SANTOS
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • JULIO CESAR FERRO DE GUIMARÃES
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • WALID ABBAS EL AOUAR
  • Data: Nov 26, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The purpose of this thesis to verify if the use of the Life Cycle Canvas (LCC) visual project management model promotes the project teams engagement in the light of the Job Demands-Resources Theory (JD-R Theory). According to JD-R Theory, work demands are the main predictors of burnout syndrome and psychosomatic health problems. On the other hand, personal and job resources are the most important predictors of job satisfaction, motivation and engagement (Bakker & Demerouti, 2014). Considering that project teams have high demands, work under pressure, manage conflicts, deal with high stress levels and rely on various resources to achieve success, this study seeks to debate the thesis that the benefits provided by using the LCC visual project management model promote job resources that, in turn, promote project team engagement. Thus, an exploratory cross-sectional study was conducted through an electronic survey with a sample of 98 LCC certified professionals, considering a population of 125 people certified in the model until the time of data collection. The survey was conducted in June 2019 with the support of Google Forms and forwarded to respondents through a messaging app. Data were collected based on a questionnaire composed of 40 questions formulated from other instruments available in the literature to measure personal resources, job resources and the variables vigor, dedication and absorption of the job engagement construct used by JD-R Theory. A systematic literature review was also performed which mapped the personal and job resources related to JD-R Theory studied empirically in the literature. This mapping served as the basis for conducting empirical research. The collected data were quantitatively analyzed using descriptive statistics and Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). The results of the measurement model analyzes validated Hypothesis 1, pointing out that LCC promotes job resources: psychosocial colleague support, task clarity, performance feedback, professional development opportunities, and supervisory support. Within the personal resources inherent to the professionals certified in CCL, there were five resources: self-efficacy, self-esteem, hope, optimism and resilience. The analysis of the structural model pointed out that both the job resources promoted by the LCC and the personal resources inherent to certified professionals are mediators of work engagement regarding the vigor, dedication and absorption construct. These results validated the hypotheses defined in the research and point in line with the literature related to JD-R. Finally, it is noteworthy that the use of visual project management models, such as LCC, promotes job resources that can be decisive in team engagement and project success, as well as contributing to the improvement of individual and organizational performance.

12
  • ALEX BRUNO FERREIRA MARQUES DO NASCIMENTO
  • Intermunicipal Cooperation in Brazil: the results of public health consortia in light of the Institutional Colletive Action

  • Advisor : HIRONOBU SANO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • ANTONIO SERGIO ARAUJO FERNANDES
  • EDUARDO JOSÉ GRIN
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • HUGO MARCO CONSCIÊNCIA SILVESTRE
  • Data: Dec 6, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • Intermunicipal cooperation is a recurring theme in international literature and commonly used to
    analyze horizontal relationships in federated systems. In this sense, several partnership actions are
    signed in order to implement better public policies, or even in order to reduce transaction costs.
    Among these practices, a figure of public consortia in Brazil has been gaining notoriety since the
    1990s, but especially after the Public Consortia Law of 2005, when legal certainty was provided to
    participating municipalities. The international literature has been devoted to analyzing the
    phenomenon of inter-municipal cooperation, among others, through the Collective Action approach,
    however, the focus has been on the inducers of cooperation or the dimensioning of transaction
    costs. Therefore, this phenomenon is characteristic of a study that presents as scale discounts in the
    regions of intercity cooperation. In this research the theoretical framework of collective action was
    used or elaborated, especially the theoretical framework addressed by Feiock (2007; 2013), called
    Institutional Collective Action (ICA), in order to estimate the collective results, but also to verify
    the relationship of contextual variables with the results of public policy. In Brazil, the phenomenon
    of public consortia was formed mainly in the environment and health sector, so, as a delimitation
    strategy, it opted for the health sector. Therefore, the following general objective was established: to
    verify the difference in collective results between the municipalities that decided to join a public
    health consortium in 2009/2010 and the municipalities that did not join public consortia by 2015.
    Therefore, it is, from a deductive, observational, longitudinal retrospective research using the
    statistical technique called “difference of differences”. After applying this technique, the results
    indicate that participation in the public health consortium improves the provision of health services,
    such as number of outpatient visits and number of medical appointments; and reduces the number
    of child mortality. Therefore, it can be inferred that long-distance cooperation generates benefits for
    participating municipalities and that the ICA contextual variables are relevant for observing the
    results of public policy.

13
  • MARLENE MEDEIROS
  • TITLE: HOSPITAL PURCHASE PORTFOLIO MODEL.

  • Advisor : LUCIANO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • FERNANDO DIAS LOPES
  • LISSA VALERIA FERNANDES FERREIRA
  • LUCIANO FERREIRA
  • RENAN FELINTO DE FARIAS AIRES
  • Data: Dec 6, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • ospital’s purchasing management deals with different item categories. These categories, due to their nature of supply, demand and technological knowledge, affect buyer’s rationality. Considering the criteria and strategies for purchasing intrinsic to hospital’s context, the present study aims to propose a hospital purchasing portfolio model to classify purchasing items. Conflicting interests within hospital supply chain actors are discussed based on Agency Theory. In the methodological aspect, the study uses qualitative and quantitative approaches. A systematic literature review (RSL) was performed to identify the criteria and strategies used in hospital’s purchasing decision process. The criteria, derived from RSL, were assessed through an online survey with 39 purchasing managers from large private hospitals in the southern, southeastern and northeastern regions of Brazil. Data were subjected to principal component analysis (PCA) validating eleven criteria (lead-time, cost, reputation, negotiation, monopoly, volume, customization, storage, assistance, physician’s preference and knowledge). The latent variables from PCA formed the dimensions of the proposed model: universal purchasing parameters; dependence on supply; and knowledge asymmetry. The model was applied in a large private hospital, analyzing a sample of twelve hospital purchasing items. On the item classification step, the Fuzzy-TOPSIS method was used. Of the twelve items in the sample, two were classified in the “non-critical” category, two in “leverage”, two in “bottleneck”, three in “strategic” and three in “critical”. The result was validated by hospital purchasing managers. A sensitivity analysis attested the robustness of the model.

2018
Dissertations
1
  • SUZANA MELISSA DE MOURA MAFRA DA SILVA
  • SOCIAL MANAGEMENT AND COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION ON MINHA CASA, MINHA VIDA PROGRAM: THE CASE OF THE RUY PEREIRA DOS SANTOS RESIDENTIAL (SÃO GONÇALO DO AMARANTE/RN, 2017).

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GERDA LUCIA PINHEIRO CAMELO
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • SUELY DE FÁTIMA RAMOS SILVEIRA
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • Data: Feb 23, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The objective of the research is to systematize challenges and opportunities of community organization initiatives in the track 1 to PMCMV in the light of participation’s categories and social management elements. The PMCMV denotes an inflection in the trajectory of housing policies in Brazil since the last half of the 20th century. However, the predominance of agents of the construction sector in the Program has reinforced patterns of peripherization and poor location of housing complexes, which directly influence the sustainability of the Program. In consideration of sustainability, there is in the Program the prediction of social work as fomentation element to participation and social inclusion, which includes purposes of community mobilization and monitoring the daily lives of families for a given period of time. In Rio Grande do Norte, studies indicate that among the few municipalities that perform social work, the instruments that guide it have been elaborated unilaterally by municipalities and without participation of families. Advancing in this discussion, this research approaches a community organization experience in the Residencial São Gonçalo do Amarante (known as Ruy Pereira dos Santos Residential), an enterprise of the track 1 to PMCMV located in the municipality of São Gonçalo do Amarante/RN. These enterprises are segmented into 6 condominiums of 300 units each, totaling 1,800 homes with an estimated population of 7,200 people. The present dissertation, carried out in the Ruy Pereira I Condominium (CRP-I), has a qualitative nature and consists of a case study that has undergone a bibliographic review phase, for the elaboration of a theoretical reference in participation mediated by elements of social management, and, another for the systematization of academic production in the PMCMV in UFRN postgraduate programs stricto sensu. The research had also the collected primary field data through two focal group dynamics performed with CRP-I residents. The collected data were processed through the basic lexicographic analysis supported by IRAMUTEQ software. The IRAMUTEQ generated three analytical classes for the textual corpus from data collection: a) difficulties in the condominium; b) people and social relations; and c) community organization. The main findings of the research point to the Residents' Association, which must ensure community organization, can only precariously mitigate conflicts and agglutinates people. There is a strong restriction on the performance of the Association due to the high number of defaulting in the payment of the condominial fee. The recreational collective Lambe Sal, which gathers 50 men/families and assumes important community functions in the CRP-I, shows practices of social management and participation with a higher quality than that performed by the Residents' Association, which is done through voluntary work developed by own members in the cleaning and maintenance of common areas and in promoting parties on commemorative dates.

2
  • DMITRYEV CYRENEU DA SILVA
  • ADOPTION OF THE LIFE CYCLE CANVAS PROJECT MANAGEMENT MODEL IN THE CONTEXT OF PROJECT-BASED LEARNING

  • Advisor : JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • BRUNO CAMPELO MEDEIROS
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • MARIA CRISTINA LEANDRO DE PAIVA
  • Data: Jun 13, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The research aims to clarify how the Life Cycle Canvas model can support Project-Based Learning when in the learning context of Management students. The work is characterized as exploratory and brings a qualitative approach to explain this phenomenon in the context in which it happens. To achieve this objective a field research was carried out, in which the researcher conducted a course in Management course at a Federal Institution of Higher Education, which was analyzed the development of the competences of 16 students from the context of the models inserted in the discipline. Data collection was done from the students' learning portfolios and a questionnaire, as well as the observation of the researcher and a press conference. Content analysis was used for the treatment of the data generated in the discipline supported by the software NVivo and Copy Spider. As results, we have that the main theoretical contribution was the alignment between the skills and abilities that are part of the learning of a Manager with those who benefit from PjBL. In this sense, it was verified that the LCC does not directly support the development of competences, however it supports the learning model which, therefore, ends up benefiting the development of competencies. Thus, the LCC model is shown as an auxiliary in the project-based learning environment, while the students in this context need to make a project, feel safer in decision-making since the model prints on its own communication and a dynamism that has proved necessary. The challenging environment that PjBL promotes, fits synchronously to the training context of an administrator. In a complementary way, it was evidenced the need that the students of Management feel throughout the course about the lack of practice during the disciplines. The practice was one of the strong points of the discipline, which ended up stimulating the students mainly in the skills of problem solving and teamwork. Thus, the study showed that the assumption was confirmed, and the students understood that only the fact that the LCC helps the project, would therefore be a facilitation in the discipline, resulting in a facilitation in the learning process. The study, in addition to creating critical mass on experiences with PjBL in Management Education in Brazil, inaugurates the use of a project management model throughout a discipline, as an aid in student development in its learning

3
  • CÂNDIDA BARRETO GALDINO
  • INTERNATIONALIZATION OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS: CASE STUDY OF THE FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • LUCIA DE FATIMA LUCIO GOMES DA COSTA
  • Data: Jun 27, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • From the 90's, there is an acceleration of the process of globalization, mainly at the scientific and technological level. Some of the key drivers of change were the development of communication systems, increased global mobility, an emphasis on market liberalization, and a focus on the knowledge society. Developing the capacity to act in a contingent, complex and comprehensive scenario like this seems to be the main reason for higher education institutions to carry out internationalization actions. However, on the one hand there are several reasons and benefits that lead to internationalization, on the other there are risks and challenges in their management that must be overcome. In this way, institutions need to be prepared to manage the process in order to achieve its benefits and manage its risks. Therefore, this research aims to analyze the internationalization process of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). To achieve this goal, the research follows the qualitative approach, adopts the semi-structured interview as a means of data collection, uses the case study as a research strategy and content analysis for data analysis, which was carried out with the aid the IRAMUTEQ software. As results, the internationalization process of UFRN, its main challenges and strategies, is presented. The results are expected to generate insigts for university management and to provide benchmarking for other institutions that are also involved in international activities. 

4
  • ANA PAULA BORBA COSTA
  • PROCESS OF INCUBATION IN SOLIDARY ECONOMY IN THE LIGHT OF SELF-MANAGEMENT PRECEPTS: THE CASE OF OASIS/UFRN

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • ELISABETE STRADIOTTO SIQUEIRA
  • GERDA LUCIA PINHEIRO CAMELO
  • Data: Jun 29, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The objective of the research is to analyze, in the light of self-management precepts, the incubationsolidarity economy based on empirical experiences of group Organization of Learning and Knowledge in Solidarity Initiatives and Studies in the Third Sector (Oasis / UFRN). The OASIS group develops integrated teaching, research and extension activities aimed at strengthening collective initiatives among young people and adults, based on principles of solidarity economy, both through voluntary social projects and the purpose of generating work and income. The methodological course of the dissertation began with a search for articles dealing with the incubation of Solidarity Economy projects in the Capes Portal and for theses and dissertations in the Institutional Repository of UFRN. Then the self-management literature was mapped and the categories of analysis used were selected. In order to meet the research objective, the study adopted a qualitative approach through a case study strategy. The data were collected through documents, semi-structured interviews and participant observation with undergraduate students of the OASIS group, and later processed through the basic lexicographic analysis supported by the IRAMUTEQ software. IRAMUTEQ generated six analytical classes for the textual corpus from the data collection: a) contributions; b) experience; c) self-management; d) incubator; e) activity and) enterprise. These categories generated by the software were compared to the categories of analysis of the self - management organization of Carvalho (1983) and Oliveira (1996), organized by Toledo (2008), which are: decision making, division and participation in work, on self-management and solidarity economy, division of labor between planning and execution, personal relations, hierarchy and education.

    Finally, it appears as true theoretical statement of this research that says there is social and pedagogical relevance of the type of work done by graduate students both as a contribution to the projects and in terms of pedagogical feedback process. It was verified that the skills that undergraduate students learn in the context of the work they carry out in the context of the solidarity economy, are related to professional training in a perspective of attending to public different from what is studied in the undergraduate course;and that although undergraduates do not precisely define the concept of self-management, in their activities of incubation of solidarity economic enterprises are applied principles of self-management and solidarity economy.

5
  • DENISE CORREIA DE OLIVEIRA
  • INTRADAY VALUE AT RISK, VOLATILITY CONDITIONAL AND PROBABILITY OF DISTRIBUTIONS: EVIDENCES TO IBOVESPA

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • SINÉZIO FERNANDES MAIA
  • Data: Jun 29, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • This research aims to update and expand the investigation found in Lemgruber and Moreira (2004) and Cappa and Valls Pereira (2010) referring on the use of high frequency data in the estimation of daily and intraday volatility of the IBOVESPA and its subsequent application to the pricing on 1the value at risk (VaR).  The models of the ARCH family of short and long memory are estimated from four distributions (Normal, Student t, Student t-asymmetric and GED) and are used in conjunction with deterministic methods of intraday seasonal filtering and by day of the week according to the method proposed by Taylor and Xu (1997) for predicting volatility and intraday VaR. Moreover. The Daily returns of the Ibovespa were used as well as the returns composed continuously of 5, 10 and 60 minutes for the intraday series. The data window comprises the period from January 2012 to September 2015.The results suggest the presence of long memory in the intraday returns according to the estimates of conditional volatility models with emphasis on the models (FIGARCH and FIAPARCH). In addition, the filtering of the seasonal patterns brought improvements to the VaR, according to the findings of Moreira and Lemgruber (2004), Cappa and Valls Pereira (2010). Regarding the frequency of the data, the 60-minute series presented superior results for the calculation of intraday VaR. However, in the series with frequencies of 5 and 10 minutes the FIAPARCH models with asymmetric Student t-distribution presented good performance.

6
  • TERESA JÚLIA DE ARAÚJO MELO
  • SOCIAL UTILITY IN ENTERPRISES OF THE SOLIDARY ECONOMY: THE CASE OF WOMEN OF HANDICRAFTS (NATAL / RN).

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • ELISABETE STRADIOTTO SIQUEIRA
  • GERDA LUCIA PINHEIRO CAMELO
  • Data: Jun 29, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • This dissertation aims to reveal, in the light of the construct social utility, dimensions of work and production in the solidarity economy based on the experiences of women in enterprises of the handicraft segment. The dissertation was derived from the project Social Management, Social Technologies and Sustainability: Incubation of Solidarity Economic Enterprises in the Municipality of Natal (2016/2017) originally fomented by the former National Secretariat of Solidarity Economy of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security (Senaes / MTPS) by means of action research conducted by the Organization of Learning and Knowledge in Solidarity Initiatives and Studies in the Third Sector of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (Oasis / UFRN). Particularly, regarding the limited financial return and the questionable economic viability of the enterprises, by identifying precariousness in the organization of the enterprises, considering the predominance of informal groups with a reduced number of members. In terms of incomes, monthly compensation amounts below a minimum wage, very low income and even nonexistent, directly impact the permanence of the partners and the longevity of the enterprises. Throughout the contact with the productive groups of handicrafts, object of the UFRN / MTb cooperation project, it became evident peculiarities of the routine of operation and the behavior of the associates and motives that took them to the environment of the production of handicrafts. When the limited financial return of the activity is verified, the problem that guides this research emerges: if the financial return of the productive activity of the solidary economic enterprises of the Natal´s handicraft segment is uncertain and limited, what explains the permanence of the groups? Despite the restriction of socioeconomic profile surveyed, the assumptions made are that crafts enterprises assume a condition of welfare promoters, because they link work and art, and in this condition, the economic dimension appears subordinated to social utility. In addition to this, it is assumed that the mechanisms of performance evaluation centered on the economic, monetary and market bias are not sufficient to evaluate economic enterprises in solidarity that assume high community representativeness and social relevance. As operational objectives, there is a) characterization of the dimensions of social utility in the productive practices of the ESS; b) to identify in the perspective of social utility the characteristic that explains the viability of the enterprises and c) to evidence contributions of the studied SEEs to the life of the associates and the community. Methodologically, this dissertation adopts a qualitative character of research, with descriptive-exploratory, cross-sectional objectives. The case study was considered and the data collection was done through observation and the realization of focus groups. In all, 12 focus groups were held, with 13 of the 17 groups mapped out to participate in the UFRN / SENAES / SEMTAS Natal cooperation project. The sessions were guided by a semistructured script and the data collected were analyzed through content analysis (BARDIN, 2011) and lexicographic analysis, with the aid of the free IRAMUTEQ analysis software. The software generated six interlaced analytical categories, derived from the textual corpus of data collection, which resemble the categories of analysis created based on the theoretical framework to understand the dimensions of social utility in associations. As results, it can be understood that the strongest variables in the process of explaining the feasibility of these enterprises were sociability and knowledge, not income, as in analyzes of traditional viabilities. It has been proved that the survival of these enterprises is not only due to economic and monetary bias. It happens through the social, cultural and affective relations of social utility and by the capacity of the enterprises to develop associative dynamics, to establish cooperative ties based on trust, solidarity and sense of belonging.

7
  • RODRIGO RAPOSO DA FONSECA
  • The relationship between optimism and merger and acquisition waves: evidences of the Brazilian market

  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • MELQUIADES PEREIRA DE LIMA JUNIOR
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • Data: Jun 29, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The reason for mergers and acquisitions (M&A) occur in waves is still a subject rarely explored

    in the financial literature, especially in a context of markets outside the USA and UK. Therefore,
    the present study investigates whether the optimism of the agents could led to a wave of M&A,
    using brazilian data from 2007 to 2017 about transactions and the entrepreneur confidence index
    (ICE), wich measure the optimism of the entrepreneurs with the current and future situation of
    the economy. I used Harford (2005)’s definition for a M&A wave. Using a Logit binary response
    model, the study pointed that optimism increases the probability of a wave of M&A. An increase
    of spread, that measures the market liquidity, increases the probability of occur M&A waves.
    Ibovespa was the variable that had the greater effect on the probabilities of an wave of M&A,
    an increase in the first one led to an increase of the probability of the second. The results were

    significant for all lags

8
  • HERIC NERO LISBOA DOS SANTOS
  • PURCHASE OF OPTIONS AS ALTERNATIVE FOR PROTECTION OF PORTFOLIO OF STOCKS AGAINST EVENTS OF THE BLACK SWAN TYPE

  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • MARIANA RODRIGUES DE ALMEIDA
  • RODRIGO JOSÉ GUERRA LEONE
  • Data: Aug 31, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The present study aim to understand how the investor who chooses for the barbell strategy with the greatest part of the portfolio seeking less risk exposure and consistent gains while the other part focuses on the high valuation potential and consequent protection in the option market through an atypical event. Thus, a backtest analysis of Petrobras' OTM put option (PETR4) was used to evaluate what proportion of the portfolio needed to be allocated in the strategy to protect the portfolio of a Black Swan event. The results indicated that the systematic purchase of Petrobrás (PETR4) OTM options helped to smooth the loss of profitability of the portfolio, thus achieving an increase of 12% in profitability with the use of options as protection mechanism.

Thesis
1
  • FERNANDA JULYANNA SILVA DOS SANTOS
  • THE MAIS MÉDICOS PROGRAM: AN IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON HEALTH INDICATORS IN BRAZIL

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • NAERCIO AQUINO MENEZES FILHO
  • SEVERINA ALICE DA COSTA UCHOA
  • SHIRLEY PEREIRA DE MESQUITA
  • Data: Mar 2, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The shortage of physicians and geographical imbalances are professionals in many health systems, constituting a global crisis. In 2013 Brazil there was a ratio of 2 doctors per 1000 inhabitants, and a poor distribution of these regions of the country. In an attempt to develop the scenario for the development of the Mais Médicos Program for Brazil, structured in three axes: emergency provision of medical professionals called Mais Médicos Project (PMM), investment in the basic health services and development of medical training Brazil. This thesis aims to analyze the impact the impact of PMM for Brazil on basic health care. To this end, we described the distribution and profile of the participants of the Project in Brazilian territory by descriptive statistics. The PMM increased the number of doctors per inhabitant in the country, in regions and municipalities most in need of basic health care for Cuban physicians. After, it was estimated a probability of participation in the municipalities of the More Doctors Project achieved by probit and multinomial logisticregression. Municipalities that are classified in the 20% poverty profile, despite being considered a priority by the  PMM, have smaller chances of requesting physicians and, consequently, of participating in the program, in relation to the municipalities considered in other localities, without defined priority profile. The municipalities participating in the G100 have a greater chance of participating in the program and receiving doctors. The municipalities that are in the Metropolitan Region to present smaller chances of having all as requested vacancies to the program completed. Finally, it was measured to the effect of the More Doctors Project on strategic health indicators, selected according to the research criteria. It was used a difference-in-differences with Propensity Score Matching approachs for the period from 2012 to 2015. In general, there were no impacts on the number of medical consultations, number of live births of mothers without prenatal care, neonatal mortality and late neonatal mortality. A decrease of 3.6 percentage points was observed in the number of live births with 1 to 6 visits during the prenatal period and an increase of 4.13 percentage points in the category of 7 or more visits for estimates with all municipalities. There was an increase in the coverage of the Family Health Strategy units and the number of home visits performed by physicians, and a decrease in the overall mortality rate, however showed small magnitudes. The estimation for the municipalities of other localities presented a decrease in the ICSAB, of magnitude also small. The Mais Medicos Project increased the number of doctors in Brazil, but, was observed a concentration of doctors in some regions and a low availability of doctors in priority areas. On the other hand, the health impacts of the population are still incipient, showing a need for improvement and redirection of some actions of the Program.

     

2
  • JUAREZ AZEVEDO DE PAIVA
  • MANAGEMENT OF THE SINGLE SYSTEM OF SOCIAL ASSISTANCE IN THE LIGHT OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS AND THE INSTITUTIONAL THEORY: AN ANALYSIS IN THE MATO GRANDE / RN TERRITORY

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • PAMELA DE MEDEIROS BRANDÃO
  • ROBERTO MARINHO ALVES DA SILVA
  • THIAGO FERREIRA DIAS
  • GERDA LUCIA PINHEIRO CAMELO
  • VINICIUS CLAUDINO DE SÁ
  • Data: Jul 26, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The thesis assumes the objective of analyzing the operation of the Unified Social Assistance System (SUAS) based on empirical experiences of secretariats and councils of municipalities of the Territory of Mato Grande / RN and, as a theoretical reference, the constructs intergovernmental relations and institutionalism . The management of the Single Social Assistance System is a contemporary event considering that its institutionalization took place in 2004. The management of the System is addressed here both through social assistance policy and the way in which relations between government and civil society are established from of the new institutional model of civil society participation introduced by the Federal Constitution of 1988. For this, the present research incorporates analytical categories of the Pentagon model of Public Policies of Lascounes and Le Galès (2012), that is, actors, institutions, processes, representations and results. It is a case study that addresses the management of SUAS from twelve units of analysis - seven municipal secretariats and five municipal councils in the Territory of Mato Grande / RN. The data collection was performed through a semistructure interview and the data were transcribed and assembled in a textual corpus. They are being processed with the support of the free software IRAMUTEQ (Interface for Multidimensional Analyzes of Textes et de Questionnaires) based on lexical analysis and content of Bardin (2011). The results provided information that confirms that the Pentagon categories - intercession between actors, representations, institutions, processes and results - serve as a parameter in the management of the Single Social Assistance System. In the case at hand, although faced with difficulties and precariousness, the actors strongly attribute positive feelings and values to SUAS. Given the results achieved, the study allowed a satisfactory answer to the question asked. However, in the light of the analyzes carried out, it is opportune to indicate gaps that are registered here for future studies. It is necessary, for example, a study that advances in terms of the influence on success / failure of SUAS from the nature of the bond and the hiring of personnel. In the present case, the temporary hiring of personnel evidenced the limited institutionality of SUAS. In this sense, it is pertinent to highlight the high staff fluctuation and the clear difficulty in hiring qualified professionals since the municipalities maintain the SUAS with temporary staff and low monthly incomes. Thus, a bias of studies that seeks to reveal contracted (temporary) dichotomy influences versus permanent staffing in the performance of SUAS. However, the results obtained were sufficient to conclude the thesis, explained from the components of the Pentagon model of (LASCOUMES & LE GALÈS, 2012), which are: intercession between actors, representations, institutions, processes and results.

3
  • FELIPE LUIZ NEVES BEZERRA DE MELO
  • PEER EFFECT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP: EMPIRICAL ESSAYS ON THE EFFECT OF CLASSMATES ON THE PROPENSITY TO ENDEAVOR

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • ANDRE CASTRO CARVALHO
  • GUSTAVO ANDREY DE ALMEIDA LOPES FERNANDES
  • IGNACIO TAVARES DE ARAÚJO JUNIOR
  • RENATO LIMA DE OLIVEIRA
  • Data: Jul 27, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The school experience provides a unique socio-cultural exchange in which individuals share experiences and behaviors with those around them, being influenced directly by their social context (Falck, Heblich & Luedemann, 2012). From a perspective on career decision making, the literature points out that entrepreneurial peers can influence an individual to start a venture because of the coexistence with employers can provide the flourishment of entrepreneurial skills as well as sharing of business opportunities (Kacperczyc, 2013, Field, Jayachandran, Pande & Rigol, 2015). The educational environment provides social interaction between individuals at a stage prior to their entry into the labor market, with the career decision being potentially associated with peer social influence (Markussen and Roed, 2017). Thus, this dissertation aimed to estimate the peer effect on the decision to become an entrepreneur. Therefore, two methodological designs were used. The first one was conducted through the Two-Stage Probit Regression model. Data was collected at Instituto Federal de Tecnologia do Grande do Norte, and the sample was composed of 10,889 students from an Institute of Technology and the data collected covers the period from 2001 to 2010. The variable dependent on this modeling is categorical, being assigned the value 1 if the individual has become an entrepreneur. As a variable of interest, the fraction of entrepreneurs in the classroom of the individual "i" was used at a time "t". Variables related to the personal, social and economic factors of the individual were used as controls. The results of the first essay shown that having entrepreneurial classmates positively affects the propensity to become an entrepreneur. The second essay of this dissertation had a methodological approach based on Network Analysis (Jackson, 2010) to estimate who in fact are the peers of an individual. To this end, 287 students of Instituto Federal de Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Norte were surveyed by a questionnaire composed of 47 questions distributed among the dimensions of interaction with Peers, Entrepreneurial Intention, Personal Attitudes, Subjective Norm, Control Behavioral Perceived, Fear of Failure, and Risk Aversion. The methodological design applied 2SLS regression and IV Probit methods. In order to estimate who potential entrepreneurs in the sample are, Entrepreneurial Index of Liñán and Chen (2009), composed by 5 questions measured on a scale of 1 to 10 on the entrepreneurial intentions of the individual, was applied. Due to the sample was composed by students, the instrumental variable “profession of the individual's parents” were used to capture the propensity to entrepreneurship, being considered entrepreneurs those who have at least an entrepreneurial parent (Lindquist et al., 2015; Markussen and Roed, 2017). The variable of interest is the geodesic path of the network, considering the least distance from the individual i to an individual who has an entrepreneurial parent. The sample consisted of 287 students from a campus of Instituto Federal de Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Norte. 2SLS and IV Probit regressions were used to identify peer effect on Entrepreneurial intention. The dependent variable was the Entrepreneurial Entrepreneurship Index of Liñán and Chen (2009), composed of 5 questions measured on a scale from 1 to 10 on the individual's entrepreneurial intentions. The variable of interest was the geodesic path of the network, considering the smallest distance from an individual "i" to an individual "j" who possesses an entrepreneurial parent. We used a series of control variables that cover personal, social, behavioral characteristics and entrepreneurial traits of the individual. Furthermore, the second essay found out that having entrepreneurial friends provides a larger effect in entrepreneurial intentions than the impact of the fraction of entrepreneurs per class, bringing empirical evidence that the connections between individuals rather than mere belonging to a group should be considered to estimate peer effect.

4
  • MARIA LUIZA AZEVEDO DE CARVALHO
  • Papers and Temporalities Teachers in e-learning: a conceptual framework
  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • ANGILBERTO SABINO DE FREITAS
  • FRANCINAIDE DE LIMA SILVA NASCIMENTO
  • Data: Jul 27, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The modern organizations, because of the multiplicity, omnipresence and intensity in the usage of the information and communication technologies, impose to professionals the performance in a diverse number of appointments and roles at the same time and in different spaces. Such context occurs for teachers, especially for those who teach in virtual learning environments also known as e-learning. Despite the wide dissemination of studies on e-learning, little is known about the intertwined relationships of the temporal orientations of the teaching staff who works in virtual learning environments, being this what justifies the choice of the subject for this thesis. To address this gap, the aim of this research is to understand the connection of the roles and the temporalities of the teachers and also represent them conceptually through a framework applied to the e-learning environments. It is a qualitative and exploratory theoretical study, in which is applied the methodology of construction of conceptual framework proposed by Jabareen (2009). The theoretical basis used in this research was identified by a systematic data collection on the literature about time, e-learning and teaching roles. Through the analysis of the theoretical basis adopted, it was identified the roles of the teachers in e-learning, which are classified in: technological, managemental and educational. In addition, the analysis of the temporalities has identified the monochronic and polychronic time as important agents of the temporal orientation of the individuals, which results in a temporal symmetry or asymmetry of the environment investigated. After the interpretation of the bibliographic data, a conceptual framework is proposed to represent the relationships of the roles played by the teaching staff with the monochronic and polychronic time and the issues of temporal symmetry or asymmetry among the actors involved in this relationship. It is understood that the research result is an original contribution to the understanding of the connection between the roles and the temporalities of the teaching staff in e-learning environments. The proposed conceptual framework can provide the self-knowledge of the temporal perceptions of the teaching staff and the analysis of the impact of the temporal orientation of third parties on the teachers’ temporality, resulting, for example, in the identification of corrective actions of behavior.

5
  • MILER FRANCO D ANJOUR
  • INNOVATIVENESS AND ORGANIZATIONAL INNOVATION: RELATIONSHIPS IN MICRO AND SMALL BUSINESSES.

  • Advisor : MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • ISABELLA FRANCISCA GOUVEIA DE VASCONCELOS
  • LUCIA DE FATIMA LUCIO GOMES DA COSTA
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • MILER FRANCO D ANJOUR
  • Data: Jul 30, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • Currently, studies that address the innovation phenomenon in the organizational field present gaps in the practical comprehension of this process, causing the need to develop research that aims to understand it. In this context, the concept of innovativeness is approached as a desirable aspect of organizations, since it is able to energize their probability of survival and their continued success. However, these studies focused on innovativeness's relationship with strategic market and entrepreneurial guidance, organizational learning, performance and leadership, presenting with exiguous systematic efforts to measure their and its effects on the innovation process under micro and small Businesses (MPE's). The works identified in this interpretative bias were conducted under one-dimensional scales, which indicated a positive effect exerted by innovativeness on innovation. However, they did not present any effective to capture the breadth and complexity of this process in MPE’s. Thus, the present thesis aims to identify the effects of innovativeness based on the principles of Total Quality Management – TQM, on the generation of multiple innovations in Micro and Small Business. For this, a predictive character study was carried out, conducted by an analytical survey applied to a sample of 542 (542) Micro and small Business (MPE's), located in the metropolitan region of Natal/RN, which participated in the Extension Program of Local Innovation Agents (ALI) in the period from 2014 to 2018. The data were collected based on a questionnaire that contained 71 variables conceptually structured to gauge the effects of innovativeness and innovation in the studied companies. This data was statistically treated by the application of multivariate techniques, with emphasis on exploratory factorial analysis and for the modeling of structural equations in minimal partial squares (PLS – SEM), using the Stata ®14 software and SmartPLS® 3.2.7. Thus, the results of this thesis indicate paths that have presented statistically significant to explain, from the dimensions of innovativeness, the development of multiple innovations in the MPE's studied. For the purpose of this research, it is underlined that there is theoretical convergence between the formative concepts of constructs that presented positive and statistically significant relationships, with a view that they depart from conceptual bases and epistemological similar. This corroborates the congruence between the two models studied, indicating, from the empirical results obtained, that the effect of innovativeness is expressive and should be contemplated in the identification of the multiple possibilities of innovation in MPE’s.

6
  • PETRUSKA DE ARAÚJO MACHADO
  • DEVELOPING A FRAMEWORK FOR GREEN INFORMATION SYSTEMS ADOPTION

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • BRENO TORRES SANTIAGO NUNES
  • JULIO FRANCISCO DANTAS DE REZENDE
  • MARLI DE FATIMA FERRAZ DA SILVA TACCONI
  • Data: Jul 30, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The increasing scarcity of natural resources, the accelerating pollution of the environment, and the looming threat of global climate change have attracted the interest of IS scholars. The environmental damages have affected the economy and caused social injustice due to the consequences of global warming. Some of the main drivers of global warming are from anthropogenic activities associated with the waste generation. Thus, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are change agents in which must have institutionalization of environmental policies to promote research and development of technologies for sustainability. Moreover, the services and infrastructure of HEIs require solutions to manage the waste discarded. Given these needs, green information systems (Green IS) would be an alternative to manage waste activities at HEIs reducing the environmental impacts and promoting sustainable development. Nevertheless, some uncertainties towards of the Green IS adoption are associated with various obstacles, unknown challenges, and the complex understanding of the relation between technology, organization, and environment. One of the great challenges of environmental action lies in knowing what to do, limiting the ability to develop plans which are able to address such issues. The prior literature does not explore deeply “how” people act surrounding of the complex issues into the Green IS adoption process. Yet, there is a lack of appropriated theory to understand how individuals make the decision to adopt Green IS initiatives. This current research aims to outline a framework for the green information systems adoption at Brazilian Universities. It analyzes the phenomenon using Design System Theory as theoretical lenses and multi-method approach. To build the framework, it has followed the steps of the design science by Hevner and Chatterjee (2010) as well as the design-science research guidelines by Hevner et al (2004). The analysis aimed identifying the general principles of the Green IS adoption through deductive and inductive processes. First, deductive process has been performed by scientometric analysis and systematic literature review. Second, inductive process has conducted semistructured interviews performed with individuals of the three universities involved in the sustainability projects. The analysis was based on thematic analysis, using cognitive mapping techniques performed by Atlas.ti software. The results provide um framework that helps practitioners to know what must be done when the organizations decide to undertake green information systems. Theoretically, the application of the framework can be tested in any organization using green information systems for monitoring environmental performance. It also suggests methodological procedures showing how it can be measured for future validation.

7
  • JOÃO PAULO COSTA DE MEDEIROS
  • Gestão Visual e Contínua do Risco Financeiro de um Projeto: Integrando Simulação de Monte Carlo, Opções Reais e o Modelo Life Cycle Canvas.

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • BENNY KRAMER COSTA
  • GUSTAVO MAURÍCIO FILGUEIRAS NOGUEIRA
  • Data: Oct 15, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The development of a project involves many variables, so it is no surprise to speak in uncertainty given the infinite possibilities which the real world presents. This should be thought over the life of any project as a form of risk control, and not just as an introductory step in planning, as suggested by the PMBOK, unlike PRINCE's vision, which are the main tools used in managing projects. In this sense, the traditional techniques for assessing financial risk and feasibility of a project do not encompass all the possible possibilities and assume that it will be carried forward passively, without considering natural changes that may occur throughout its life cycle as, for example, the option to expand it if it goes well or abandons it if it goes bad. The more uncertain the future of a project, the more valuable its managerial flexibility becomes, that is to say,  its ability to react to these changes. In order to do this, we have integrated models which capture this flexibility in the continuous assessment of the financial risk of a project, namely the Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS), the Real Options Theory (ROT) and the Life Cycle Canvas (LCC) model. A case study with real data was used to ascertain the application of the methodology. The case study consists of pricing a wind farm with the option of abandoning the project. The pricing using the traditional model points to a NPV of R$ 46.6 million and says nothing about its chance of occurrence, while using the methodology suggested in the study we found that MCS offers the full range of the distributions of probability of the financial variables involved in the project, calculating the chance of a positive NPV by almost 70%. In turn, the ROT uses decision trees to trace possible paths (scenarios) for each stage of the project, expressing the financial value of each path over time, showing the different directions and decisions which can be taken throughout the project period, capturing the managerial flexibility and making the NPV increase by R$ 22.6 million, reaching a total of R$ 69.2 million. Finally, this information has been integrated into the LCC to facilitate the management and increase the speed of decision making.

     


2017
Dissertations
1
  • KAYO ROBERTO VIEIRA
  • STRUCTURAL AND INSTITUTIONAL TRANSFORMATIONS OF THE HULW/UFPB MANAGEMENT WITH THE EBSERH ADVENT 

  • Advisor : DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • LENIN CAVALCANTI BRITO GUERRA
  • Data: Jul 10, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • This dissertation is proposed to understand the structural and institutional changes occurred in the management of the Hospital Universitário Lauro Wanderley (HULW), linked to the Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB), with the adhesion of the university to Empresa Brasileira de Serviços Hospitalares (EBSERH). The research conducted was qualitative and was classified as a case study, taking as subjects of the research the managers of the HULW, the dean of the UFPB and the representative of the labor union of the servants of the UFPB. The data were analyzed and interpreted through content analysis with the use of thematic analysis. In what refers to the structural changes occurred with the transition of the management of the HULW for the EBSERH one checked that you arrange the EBSERH of mechanisms and tools more modern of management, with the implementation of the strategic projection and it structures less placed in a hierarchy. As for the performance, it was still not possible to value if it had or it does not improve, even with the occurred institutional changes, originating from alterations or prescriptive innovations, such as to Law nº 12.550/2011, which created the EBSERH. By end, regarding the organizational challenges of the HULW after the transition, the existent necessities of improvement of the quality in the service, of the overcoming of the rigidity in the management and better use of the resources.

2
  • TANITE DE MELO SILVA
  • STOCK FUNDS RANKINGS: DO THE APPEARANCES CAN BE DECEIVING?

  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • GERALDO BEZERRA CAMPOS JUNIOR
  • Data: Jul 31, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The present research investigated if there is persistence in the performance of stock investment funds listed in Exame magazine's stock funds ranking. There was used as reference the stock funds according to the classification of ANBIMA. It was examined if they showed changes in volatility, return and risk adjusted performance in the period before and after the closing of the ranking, which occurs on the last business day of September of each year. The period used for the investigation of this research was from 2010 to 2015. The research sample consisted of the funds listed in the ranking of the publication chosen. Data from 271 funds were analyzed for their returns, volatility and Sharpe Index. Statistical analysis was divided into two parts: the first one analyzed whether each of the funds presented significant results by means of the Student's T test when compared to them in windows of 22, 44 and 66 working days before and after closure Of the ranking. In the second part, the T-Test was performed to verify if there was a significance between the best and the worst fund compared to the other funds of the same bank and year. No evidence was found that there is persistence in the performance of funds. Some banks such as Banco do Brasil, Bradesco, Itau and Santander presented significant results of funds when compared to themselves and when comparing the best or worst funds in relation to the others. In general, the funds showed higher volatility in the period prior to the ranking, but also the funds with the highest volatility were those with the worst Sharpe Index.

3
  • ISAQUE RENOVATO DE ARAÚJO
  • Strategy and competitive forces in the wind energy market: a study with a local RN agent

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • WALID ABBAS EL AOUAR
  • Data: Jul 31, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The present work sought to identify and analyze how a company classified as an agent in the free energy market has its strategy perceived by its manager, being used for such study the five forces of Porter, relating them with the generic strategies, in this way Understand how the market is characterized along with the manager's perception about it and Porter's strengths in the wind power market. To do this, a Likert questionnaire was used, listing questions with the 5 strengths, and comments were also made on the questions to fill in gaps that might appear to be observed by the questionnaire.

    As a result, the proposed objectives could be satisfactorily achieved by having the market nuances in a more comprehensive way and with a focus on the free energy market.
4
  • ALEXANDRE EDUARDO SOUZA PARENTE
  • CORPORATE EDUCATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL CAREER IN A PUBLIC COMPANY: The case of UNICORREIOS, in the Regional Directorate of Rio Grande do Norte.

  • Advisor : JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • RICHARD MEDEIROS DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: Jul 31, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • This work analyzed the management of people, from a strategic point of view, observing the influence of Corporate Education, applied by UNICORREIOS, in the development of the professional career of the employees of the Brazilian Postal and Telegraph Company - ECT. The study was based on the theoretical reference of People Management, using as evaluation anchor the system of career management proposed by Dutra (1996). This is a descriptive, case-study-type research with a quantitative and qualitative analysis approach. The study was conducted at the Regional Board of Rio Grande do Norte and was composed of 332 subjects, divided into 3 groups (Managers, Facilitators and Employees). The primary data were collected through semi-structured interviews with the groups of managers and facilitators, as well as the use of a questionnaire with a Likert scale applied to the group of employees. The qualitative data analysis approach was performed through documentary analysis and content analysis (BARDIN, 2011), while the treatment of quantitative data was performed using descriptive statistics, using the Spearman correlation coefficient. The research identified a strong integration between the Corporate Education System and the strategic objectives of ECT. The results show that there is a moderate influence between the Corporate Education offered by UNICORREIOS and the development of the professional career, especially regarding the variables development momentum and frequency of employee participation. The indicators still suggest a strong relationship between the variables, accumulation of career capital and the perception of rewards. However, it was verified that, from the employees' point of view, the relationship between their participation in the Corporate Education System and the possibility of rewards arising from this participation, even if successful, is not totally clear.

5
  • ANTONIO OLIVEIRA DO NASCIMENTO JUNIOR
  • VARIABLE REMUNERATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: study on the perception of the servants of the obstetric center of a hospital in the public network of the State of Rio Grande do Norte on Law 9.158 of gratification of stimulus to productivity.

  • Advisor : HIRONOBU SANO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • LENIN CAVALCANTI BRITO GUERRA
  • Data: Jul 31, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The constant changes in the organizational environment and the intense movement for quality and the increase of productivity in the public sector, made the policies of strategies on management by results, become one of the most valuable resources for public organizations. They are common to attempts to identify more effective management models, sources of competitive advantage and mechanisms to sustainably promote organizational development. One of the management strategies that seeks the continuous improvement of human resources in organizations is variable remuneration. Its purpose is to encourage human resources, through remuneration for performance and results, increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of services provided to society. In the public sector, this concept of variable remuneration is being addressed in the new public management model, from which it seeks greater flexibility in the implementation of public organizational strategies and greater proximity of the public servant to the citizen. In the public health sector in Brazil, there is a need for restructuring in its productive process, as there is a need for a better performance in the resolution of primary health care. Especially in areas whose nature is the preservation of the human being. The present study has the general objective of identifying the perceptions of the employees after the implementation of the gratification stimulus to productivity, in the Obstetric Center of a Hospital of the Public Network. The study used the analysis of public employees working in the obstetrics sector of the Hospital, Using the Likert method as a tool for the elaboration of the research form. The analysis criteria used in the method were aspects of individual motivation, management and organizational behavior in the public health sector. A questionnaire was used for data collection and spreadsheet for its treatment. The results show that there is a need to improve the working conditions and a more efficient management of results in the hospital unit researched. Among the difficulties encountered in the obstetrics sector is the lack of quality in the provision of a quality service, due to the absence of supplies and the overcrowding of the beds. The respondents revealed that the productivity incentive law implemented by the state government allows a greater effort in the work, besides providing a greater gain to the servants. It is suggested as future work the use of other methods that can evaluate the perceptions of public servants, allow to solve complex problems existing in the public health organizations of Brazil.

6
  • CAROLINE VIANELLO MARTINS
  • RESOURCES AND CAPACITIES THAT GENERATE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN A POSTGRADUATE PROGRAM: THE ANALYSIS IN A FEDERAL UNIVERSITY

  • Advisor : MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FERNANDO PORFIRIO SOARES DE OLIVEIRA
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • Data: Aug 4, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • In the face of increasing dynamism and competitiveness in the market, a good strategy becomes an essential element for the survival of organizations. In this way, acquiring a competitive advantage about the competitors represents an increasingly complex and necessary factor, making the organizations resources and capabilities key elements in this process. With that, to know them and, mainly, to understand them becomes primordial. However, despite the models created to understand the competitive advantage generated through resources and capabilities, it is a fact that not all organizations function in the same way, making the main features and capacities of competitive advantage not the same for all they. It is noticed, then, that these models are applied predominantly in private organizations, with just a little knowledge about their effectiveness in others organizational types, making it necessary, in this way, an in-depth and directed study for each type of organization. Within this context are included the public universities that, within their complexities, increasingly value the quality of their services, thus creating strategies for the generation of competitive advantages and mechanisms capable of measuring their performance. In this sense, the performance of higher education institutions (HEIs) has been the object of increasing attention in recent years, being the subject of several national and international studies. Knowing this, this research, using the single case study strategy, aimed to analyze the main types of resources and capacities generating competitive advantage in a Post Graduate Program (PGP), from the point of view of its own students and professors, using the Perspective of the VRIO model. Thus, the data collection was done through documentary analysis and the application of a semi-structured script. This research identified that students and professors believe that only a few specific resources are capable of generating competitive advantage to the PGP, such as the financial information platform Bloomberg and the methodology disciplines and professors. One of the buildings, the professors, students and the production generated by the Program were identified as generators of competitive parity to the PGP. Finally, the Program is at a competitive disadvantage in financial, technological, physical, content, integrations and the Program corporate connections resources and capacities. The results found by the study can serve as input to the strategic planning of the PGP, and can also be replicated to other Programs.

7
  • DANIEL FRANCISCO DUMARESQ DE SOUZA
  • METHODOLOGICAL SUPPORT FOR PROJECT MANAGEMENT MATURITY EVALUATION IN BRAZILIAN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY

  • Advisor : LUCIANO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • BRIVALDO ANDRE MARINHO DA SILVA
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • Data: Aug 21, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The aim of this work is to develop a methodological support for project management evaluation in Brazilian Federal Universities (IFES). To fulfill this activity successfully, the research was founded on project management maturity models consolidated in the market and scientific literature, and on main critiques listed in this literature. With the objective of developing the methodological support in the form of a maturity model, we have defined seven criteria to compose the model: project management technical capacity, organizational skills, behavioral skills, informatization, resources management, risk management and innovation capability, with five levels of maturity which based a script for semi-structured interview. The responses provided input data to the Multicriteria Decision-Aid ELECTRE TRI. This method allows the flexibilization of classes of model, fitting it to the need of organization through elicitation of weights, thresholds between classes, and pseudo-criteria. The application of the model has occurred in four departments of Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), having in Project Management Secretary of UFRN as partner for eliciting model values. The results show that three departments are within the acceptable standard for university. Although, one of them is about to be reallocated to a lower level of maturity. The fourth department was allocated to the lowest level. The main contributions of the present study are: (1) possibility of flexibilization of the model, according to the organization need, (2) segmented model for IFES, until now not proposed, and (3) a model that takes into account the main critiques to tradicional maturity models.

8
  • REBECA ISABEL GUILLÉN CRUZ
  • Business incubation process of technology-based companies in the light of project management: A multi-case study

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • ANDERSON PAIVA CRUZ
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • THIAGO CAVALCANTE NASCIMENTO
  • Data: Nov 30, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The aim of this research is to understand how incubators of technology-based companies develop their incubation process in the light of project management. In order to meet the research goal, the study adopted a qualitative approach through a multiple case study strategy. The techniques of data collection used were documents and semi-structured interviews with the managers of four business incubators. From the literature review, a conceptual framework was designed to classify Business Incubators in the generational typology, to identify how they develop their incubation process and to identify the areas of knowledge in project management adopted by the incubators in the development of their incubation process.

    The evidence allowed classifying the four Business Incubators in the typology of second generation of BI. The services offered by these incubators are summarized in services of physical and technological structure and business support services. There are few differences between the four business incubators, so it is inferred that the four incubators are homogeneous as to their value proposition and services offered. These results are consistent with Lalkaka's (2001a) statement that this incubator model still prevails in developing countries.

    This research, corroborated that incubators of companies develop their incubation process according to the guidelines of the CERNE model. The evidence confirms that the incubators studied are homogeneous and do not show great differences in how to develop their incubation process. These results explain and justify the adoption of the CERNE model by the incubators to develop their incubation process, noting that this model was developed with the aim of providing good management practices and helping incubators of Brazilian companies to align with the concept of third generation incubators.

    We found evidence that incubators adopt the areas of knowledge in project management, emphasizing integration management, scope of time, communications, human resources and quality. The stakeholders management were partially identified. No evidence was found regarding the adoption of risk management and procurement management

    Finally, it concludes as a truth to the theoretical statement of this research, which states that incubators of technology-based companies adopt the areas of project management in their incubation process

Thesis
1
  • IÊDA ISABELLA DE LIRA SOUZA
  • RIO GRANDE DO NORTE STATE GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS: a study on Interorganizational Relations (RIOs) in the perspective of networks

  • Advisor : DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • PAMELA DE MEDEIROS BRANDÃO
  • LENIN CAVALCANTI BRITO GUERRA
  • MARLI DE FATIMA FERRAZ DA SILVA TACCONI
  • Data: Feb 24, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis had as general objective to analyze the interorganizational relations of the Schools of Government of Rio Grande do Norte that are part of the National Network from Social Network Analysis (ARS). It was assumed that the interorganizational relations developed between the Government Schools (EGRN, CEAF and EMGESP), through participation in the National Network, contribute to the development of their actions, but in a different way depending on the relations established by Each school and its specific features. This analysis used the Social Networks Theory as a conceptual basis and the Social Networks Analysis (ARS) as an analytical tool. This conceptual and methodological basis made it possible to analyze the interorganizational relations of the aforementioned Network, from the mapping of relationships established between the Government Schools of Potiguares and between these and other organizational actors that are related to the development of their activities. With regard to methodological aspects, the interpretative paradigm was used, from the qualitative approach in the case study of the Rio Grande do Norte Government School Network. As results, it was identified that interorganizational relationships form a network with low degree of connectivity and asymmetric relations. This can be considered cohesive because most of its actors are connected by strong ties. And the EGRN, despite having diminished its actions for lack of resources, is the central actor (intermediary), connecting previously disconnected actors and consequently has the greater control. Another feature of the School Network is the low degree of relationship between the actors, which classifies it as diffuse (sparse), with little information generation. The current configuration of the Network allows generating contributions to the actions, but also, limitations. Considering that the less connected schools are also configured as the schools with the lowest number of developed actions, such as EGESP. And on the other hand, the school with the greatest connectivity in the network, the EGRN, also has a greater number of actions developed. Thus, the results lead to the conclusion that the development of the actions of the Government Schools receives influences from the level of relationships established by them. Although all the schools analyzed are part of the National Network, it was observed that these are related in a different way.

2
  • ROOSEVELT BEZERRA DA SILVA FILHO
  • HORIZONTAL ARTICULATION: ANALYSIS OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS IN NATIONAL COUNCILS OF STATE SECRETARIES

  • Advisor : HIRONOBU SANO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • LENIN CAVALCANTI BRITO GUERRA
  • PAMELA DE MEDEIROS BRANDÃO
  • RICHARD MEDEIROS DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: Mar 2, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • This is a study of intergovernmental relations based on the horizontal articulations developed within the framework of the National Councils of State Secretaries. The research sought to analyze how horizontal articulations occur in the National Councils of Secretaries of State and what their implications for intergovernmental cooperation. Three assumptions guided the research, the first one is that the difficulties for the fiscal control and maintenance of the administrative capacity, by the states, promote greater articulation between federative entities; The second assumption is that non-shared views among the secretaries on a particular issue hinder articulation and intergovernmental cooperation and increase the need for federative coordination; And the third assumption is that the horizontal articulation is influenced by the more general scenario of the federation. The assumptions come from the combination of the aspects that should be considered for the analysis of Pierson's public policies (1995) with the determinants for the formation of alliances of Abrúcio and Gaetani (2006), from this fusion, it was possible to understand the factors that Whether or not they allow federation coordination / cooperation / coordination in or between three organizations that are concerned with bringing the states and the Federal District closer together to discuss issues of common interest, forming strategies for coordinated action and seeking to exert influences on policies that come from the Government Federal. In general terms, it is concluded that the three Councils present different levels of articulation, be they horizontal or vertical, explained by the context in which these organizations were created and developed their relations over time or by the sharing of visions of the secretaries about Problems.

3
  • ANNA CECILIA CHAVES GOMES
  • Intuitive and rational mechanisms and behavioral biases: evidence for Brazil

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • ANTONIO ALVES FILHO
  • CHARLES ULISES DE MONTREUIL CARMONA
  • DIOGO HENRIQUE SILVA DE LIMA
  • WILSON TOSHIRO NAKAMURA
  • Data: Mar 9, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The proposition that a processing composed of two systems - Intuitive and Rational - is responsible for the cognitive processes finds numerous references in the literature. Recent reviews suggest that the Intuitive System could be composed of a Set of Autonomous Systems (TASS) and the Rational by two levels of control: algorithmic and reflexive mentality. Although there is significant acceptance of the triple structure by artificial intelligence studies, current literature converges to dual processing, so there are still discussions about the components of the mind. Given that the systems would be responsible for promoting systematic deviations of normative reasoning (biases) and evaluation of heuristic attributes (heuristics), it has to be that the studies in the area can help in the understanding of the heuristic decision, therefore, more studies are needed, especially empirical ones, referring to the subject. Given the above, the present study treat to evaluate the multivariate architecture of the dominance of cognitive systems in the generation of behavioral biases. For this, a questionnaire was done with 2,958 participants from 21 public universities that measured the Representativity Heuristic, Anchoring, Availability Heuristic, Illusion of Control, Loss Aversion, Overconfidence, Optimism, Endowment Effect, Affect Heuristic, Conjunction Fallacy, Framing Effect, Mental Accounting, Disposition Effect, Intuitive System, and the Rational System. The scales were validated and analyzed by a Confirmatory Factor Analysis and then applied to the Structural Equation Model (SEM) and the invariance tests for sub-samples of the different genres, regions and professional qualification areas. Among the scales used, only Loss Aversion was not validated, probably because it was considered a clipping of the original (too large to be included). The Rational System was subdivided into 2 factors called Algorithmic and Reflexive, corroborating with studies about a tripartite structure. Two-dimensional structures were observed in the Optimism and Disposition Effect, according to what was observed in Bandeira et al. (2002) and Melo (2014), respectively. Concerning the specification of the structural model, it was noted that the Overconfidence, Optimism and Pessimism result from the same combination of systems, presenting indications that these could indeed appear together when analyzed empirically, as stated by Taylor and Brown (1988) and Barros and Silveira (2008). Anchoring would be occurring in what would appear to be a primming effect and the Mental Accounting showing to be partially responsible for causing the Disposition Effect, both observations according to the literature of the area. On the other hand, the Fallacy of the Conjunction, contrary to what was expected, did not demonstrate a significant relationship with the Heuristic of Representation, and this result may be due to the instrument, that measured the fallacy, be composed of issues that are heavily treated in the present day, thus allowing Availability to predominantly govern the bias. The SEM proved the influence of rational systems on the Affect Heuristic and Endowment Effect, in consonance with Kahneman (2012). Finally, when testing the invariance, it has been that, in all cases the rejection of the invariance hypothesis, proving that the cognitive aspects present a strong individual subjectivity and emphasize the importance of the profile for the understanding of the dominance of the systems.

4
  • GABRIEL MARTINS DE ARAUJO FILHO
  • Human Resource Management and Enterprise Value: a case of a large-sized hospital at Natal RN with emphasis in the employee retention indicators and organizational performance.

  • Advisor : MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • PATRICIA WHEBBER SOUZA DE OLIVEIRA
  • MARCUS VINÍCIUS VERAS MACHADO
  • TERESA DE SOUSA
  • Data: Mar 29, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • Human resources metrics related to turnover can be related to the economic and financial performance of an organization, especially with respect to indicators that influence the generation of economic value, influencing the corporate value of the business. However, the largest number of studies in the field focus on analyzing the turnover precedents, not their consequences on business outcomes. This work aimed to establish the comparative relationship between the metrics related to personnel turnover and the performance indicators in the tree of economic value generation of a private hospital, whose methodological proposal involves a correlation and multiple regression analysis, based on a series Performance over a period of five years. The set of variables involves aspects related to people management metrics (turnover indicators), organizational performance, such as human resources and input costs, profit margin, operating expenses / sales ratio, turnover, nurses productivity. Based on the human resource literature, it was expected that changes in turnover rates positively or negatively influenced the increase in the value of the company that, according to Bender (2014), depends positively on sales growth, operating profit margin and the period of competitive advantage and, negatively, the incidence of taxes, incremental investments in capital expenditures and working capital, as well as the cost of capital. However, in the case observed, the analyzes carried out were not enough to verify the relationship between turnover and the company's economic-financial performance, a fact that can be explained by the limitations of the research and because it involved a period in which the CEO's change caused changes in the business strategy, which underwent two quota acquisition operations in the period, as well as a considerable increase in the number of employees, which may have influenced the turnover indicators. In one of the simulations, the analysis presented a certain relation between the absenteeism rate and gross sales, even if with a mean significance, but which suggests the accomplishment of future studies in this sense. As for turnover, it is still necessary to observe a period of greater stability in the data and, thus, it may be possible to confirm the positive, negative or curvilinear relationship between turnover and economic and financial performance, in this case mainly represented by gross sales.

5
  • IRIS LINHARES PIMENTA GURGEL
  • ORGANIZATIONAL AMBIDESTRY OF TECHNOLOGY-BASED EMPLOYMENT MANAGERS IN OF THEIR COMPETENCES TO MANAGE AND SEEK BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • MARCOS FERNANDO MACHADO DE MEDEIROS
  • CRISTINA DAI PRÁ MARTENS
  • ELVIS SILVEIRA MARTINS
  • Data: Apr 24, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • Technology-based companies face dual demands for the exploration of new products and existing product enhancement processes. These actions are not trivial tasks for entrepreneurs, but are considered essential for organizational performance, since the entrepreneurial skills guide the actions to be developed in the organization. From the systematic review of the literature, it was verified the absence of studies analyzing the axes of the ambideestria from the entrepreneurial competences. In this sense, this thesis aims to analyze the opportunity and organizational skills existing in entrepreneurs of technology-based incubators and how these competencies direct their actions to deal with the contradictory forces of exploitation and exploitation. This is a qualitative-descriptive study that, based on a semi-structured interview script, analyzed the actions of the eight entrepreneurs at Inova Metrópole, an incubator of technology-based companies at the Instituto Metrópole Digital, UFRN. For the analysis of the qualitative data, we used the analysis of categorical content made line by line, so that the interviews after their transcription, went through three moments of codification the initial, focused and categorical analysis. To assist in the interpretation of qualitative data, figures, tree maps and word clouds were created with the support of NVivo® software version 11 for Windows. This research used quality criteria for its development, to cite triangulation, intercasos and intracasos comparison, detail of the research process, peer review and reflexivity. The main results of the research were the concentration of actions aimed at identifying opportunities in the competence of opportunity and in the organizational competence, highlighting the actions focused on control, delegation, leadership and motivation. In the ambidexterity axes, it has been that the entrepreneurs were more likely to develop actions for the exploitation. In this sense, it was observed that there is an alignment between the competences studied and the axes of ambidestria. 

6
  • ANNE EMILIA COSTA CARVALHO
  • The impact of regulation on the water and sewerage companies efficiency in Brazil

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • ALEXANDRO BARBOSA
  • GESNER JOSE DE OLIVEIRA FILHO
  • IGNACIO TAVARES DE ARAÚJO JUNIOR
  • RUI DOMINGOS RIBEIRO DA CUNHA MARQUES
  • Data: Jul 7, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • In Brazil, some of the critical problems of the sanitation sector are the relevant deficit of water and sewage services, the difficulty of water and sewerage companies (WaSCs) to carry out investments and the existence of operating and maintenance inefficiencies. As an alternative to overcome these issues, the new regulatory framework, enacted in 2007, strengthened regulation and established among its regulatory objectives the universal access and water and sewerage systems efficiency. In this sense, this thesis aims to analyze the impact of regulation on the WaSCs efficiency in Brazil. To this end, we configured a data envelopment analysis (DEA) model unprecedented for the sector, which allows the evaluation of the overall dynamic efficiency and it also allows the evaluation of internal structures efficiency of WaSCs, through a network consisting of 3 interconnected divisions to reflect the regulatory objectives: 1) Expansion/Improvement of Water System; 2) Expansion/Improvement of Sewerage System; and 3) Operation/Maintenance of Water and Sewerage Systems. We ran a Dynamic and Network DEA model for 156 WaSCs in the period 2006-2015 and the results indicated low levels of overall efficiency. The Expansion/Improvement of Water System division achieved the best average efficiency scores, followed by the Operation/Maintenance of Water and Sewerage Systems division and the Expansion/Improvement of Sewerage System division. Regulated WaSCs presented better efficiency measures in the case of Expansion/Improvement of Water System and Operation/Maintenance of Water and Sewerage Systems divisions. In the second stage of the research, a content analysis of the standards issued by 52 regulators identified the presence of regulatory incentives in six proposed thematic categories: 1) Tariff regime; 2) Updating tariffs levels; 3) Systems expansion and improvement; 4) General standards and quality of services provision; 5) Management; and 6) Transparency and accountability. The content analysis of these incentives categories revealed changes in regulators strategies over time and indicated weaknesses, such as a low use of regulatory goals and tariff mechanisms that induce efficiency and productivity gains. The identification of regulatory incentives also allowed the construction of a set of variables capable to represent the regulation, that we applied on panel data models to assess the impact of regulation on WaSCs efficiency. The results obtained in the last stage of analysis allowed confirmation of the central hypothesis of this thesis, that active regulators, regarding the definition of incentive mechanisms, positively impact the WaSCs efficiency in Brazil. The new variables, along with a specific analysis for each Dynamic and Network DEA model division, broaden a discussion about the impact of regulation from a perspective of applying different regulatory strategies, demonstrating that choice of regulatory incentives, the intensity of these incentives and even the number of active regulators are decisive for the WaSCs efficiency.

7
  • AMANDA BORGES DE ALBUQUERQUE ASSUNCAO

  • EXPERIMENTAL TESTS OF THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION REGARDING BEHAVIORAL BIASES

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • ANTONIO ALVES FILHO
  • DIOGO HENRIQUE SILVA DE LIMA
  • GERALDO BEZERRA CAMPOS JUNIOR
  • RODRIGO JOSÉ GUERRA LEONE
  • Data: Jul 10, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • Several studies have addressed the evidences of behavioral biases regarding individual’s decisions either in an isolated or in a group composition. However, there are not reports in the academy about researches that seek to observe how the consciousness impact about the bias or knowledge regarding biases by individuals in the reduction of its impacts. In this way, the current research has its main objective focused on the investigation of the decreasing impact of information regarding behavioral biases related to the decisions taken by individuals. In other words, this research seeks to answer how the conscious or knowledge about de biases act concerning their decisions. It is a descriptive, quantitative research developed from a quasi-experiment done through a survey. The samples are of non-probabilistic types, composed by participants of an extension course in finance (210 valid observations), and another one by the accounting students of UFRN (288 valid observations). The quasi-experiment was implemented from an execution plan that sought to determine the evidence and intensity of the behavioral biases in two distinctive moments, before and after, the exposition of the videos that explained and promoted the consciousness and objective information to the individuals about the different behavioral biases. The cross-tab technique was used having as a significant statistical verifier the McNemar test, bearing in mind that it would be the most adequated test for studies that involve “before and after”. The results have shown a significant reduction on the impact of the loss aversion and mental accounting and marginally for the anchoring biases. However, it was not possible to notice a significant change according to the statistical point of view regarding the endowment effect. Therefore, the current research presents retraction evidence about the impact on behavioral biases from the moment that the individuals have become conscious regarding the biases. To the verify the persistence of this impact over time, a new intervention was made a few months after, seeking to check the possibility of the impact being only transitory. For this sample, the impact does not seem to persist over time. However, that does not mischaracterize the main idea of the research, neither the knowledge as a dampening of the behavioral biases, considering that the intervention done was extremely short and raised significant impact, that could provoke insights for future researches with the use of long-term methodologies as for example, semester courses.

8
  • FABRICIA ABRANTES FIGUEIREDO DA ROCHA
  • SIMULATION MODEL TO EVALUATE THE BULLWHIP EFFECT IN SUPPLY CHAINS

  • Advisor : LUCIANO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANO FERREIRA
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • EVERTON SANTI
  • MARLI DE FATIMA FERRAZ DA SILVA TACCONI
  • TERESA DE SOUSA
  • Data: Jul 27, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The bullwhip effect (BE) is a phenomenon present in the supply chains characterized by the variability of the demand, causing an amplification upstream of the quantities handled, implying in the formation of excess stocks and, consequently, in the increase of logistic costs. There is consensus in previous studies regarding the definition and causes of BE. However, the proposed models for the quantification and development of solutions for BE mitigation still constitute a broad field of research, given the gaps identified in the literature, such as analyzes that contemplate the composition of Marketing, transport capacity, seasonality and costs. Thus, the objective of this work is to develop a support model for the management of supply chains to evaluate the impact that Marketing actions, carried out in defined periods of time to stimulate the commercialization of the products, exercise in the BE. Supply rationing, lead time and minimum inventory, which are agents that cause variability in demand, besides the differentiation of items according to the ABC classification, were considered in the model structuring. The study, then, can be classified as exploratory and descriptive. Regarding the approach, the research assumes a qualitative and quantitative nature, of an applied nature, through the collection of data from a company that operates in the retail of civil construction, to assist in the identification of reference values to validate the proposed model. In order to make the study feasible, due to the complexity resulting from the relationship between the variables involved, it was used as a tool the simulation, from the System Dynamics (SD), because it is a controlled environment, allowing the replication with ease of the experiments, enabling the construction of scenarios and favoring analyzes, the results of which help the decision-making process. The simulations carried out, supported by bibliographical references, allowed us to confirm that the redemption of the supply balance in the purchase order composition significantly reduces the BE; the presence of more distribution channels elevates the BE; the establishment of minimum and maximum points for the stock, in accordance with the ABC classification, allows to reduce the BE, given the representativeness of the items; the evaluation of stock levels and supply balances act as regulatory elements, which may lead to the reduction of the BE; and the practice of promotion and supply rationing calendars focus on increasing the BE.

9
  • JOHNATAN RAFAEL SANTANA DE BRITO
  • PUBLIC FINANCE AND FISCAL FEDERALISM: An analysis of the fiscal effectiveness of Brazilian municipalities.

  • Advisor : HIRONOBU SANO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • LUIZ ANTÔNIO ABRANTES
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • THIAGO FERREIRA DIAS
  • ÍTALO FITTIPALDI
  • Data: Aug 21, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • Studies on Brazilian fiscal federalism have disregarded the effect of intergovernmental transfers on the fiscal management of municipalities. Moreover, the concept of effectiveness, that is, the capacity to produce positive results, is not properly investigated in the context of the fiscal management of subnational government. This thesis seeks to present an alternative vision to the analysis of fiscal management based on the verification of the levels of fiscal effectiveness of municipalities, by means of the analysis of budgetary autonomy and effective fiscal imbalance observed in local governments. This analysis considers the fundamental aspects of the federative arrangement and the effects caused by the flypaper effect and the phenomenon of fiscal illusion, intrinsic to the model. The research question that guides the development of this study is: are there differences in fiscal effectiveness among municipalities with similar socioeconomic and budgetary characteristics? If so, what are the consequences of these differences in the fiscal management of local governments? The hypothesis of this work is that fiscal management presents problems due to imbalance observed and the low level of autonomy from the budgetary point of view, considering the relation between tax revenues and total revenues. These aspects behave differently in each municipality, resulting in varying levels of fiscal effectiveness. In order to observe these questions, a Coefficient was constructed that behaves as a managerial parameter that identifies the level of effectiveness of the fiscal management of the smallest sphere of government (Fiscal Effectiveness Coefficient of Municipalities - CEFM). In addition to the budgetary variables, we considered some socioeconomic characteristics of the municipalities and applied a cluster analysis in order to group the similar municipalities and to observe, later, the changes in the clusters caused by the inclusion of the fiscal management parameter. Succinctly, it was verified that the level of autonomy and the size of the fiscal imbalance affect the administration of resources and the allocation decisions, and that there are different levels of effectiveness in the fiscal management of Brazilian municipalities.

     

10
  • JEANNE CHRISTINE MENDES TEIXEIRA
  • MUNICIPAL PLAN FOR INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT (PMGIRS): actors, processes, institutions, representations and results

  • Advisor : DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • FABIO RESENDE DE ARAUJO
  • LENIN CAVALCANTI BRITO GUERRA
  • RICHARD MEDEIROS DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: Aug 30, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis aims to understand the dynamics of the implementation of PMGIRS in the municipality of Natal. The study is based on the premise that the implementation of the PMGIRS consists of a multiplicity of public and private actors, and consequently, representations, institutions, processes and results, establishing a necessary interdependence to its execution. This is a research of a qualitative nature, of the type of case study. The study adopted as an analysis tool the Pentagon's model of Public Policies elaborated by Lascoumes; Le Galès (2012), That when analyzing the implementation of public action through the articulation between actors, representations, institutions, processes and results seeks to obtain a more precise understanding of the dynamics of implementation of public action emphasizing if there were transformations or adaptations during its execution. For data collection, were used research of bibliographical, documentary and field. The study carried out semi-structured interviews with URBANA, responsible for the execution of actions of the PMGIRS / Natal, with members of SEMURB, responsible for promoting the implementation of municipal environmental policies and environmental education, with representative of the Cooperators of Collectors, and representatives of UFRN, Extra Supermarket and Shopping Midway Mall, large generators of solid waste. It was verified that for PMGIRS / Natal implementation, it was necessary to readjust the institutional arrangement of the agency responsible for implementing the plan, to identify conflicts between public and private actors, and to make small progress in relation to the results associated with environmental education actions. It was also identified that some of the large generators interviewed showed ignorance of the PNRS, as well as other legal provisions of the municipality; That the principle of shared responsibility is one of the driving forces of the plan, however, the private sector did not implement actions in the field of reverse logistics; That the collector cooperatives have a limited operational structure that makes it difficult to expand the service of the selective collection service; That a significant step was taken in the light of the social inclusion of the waste pickers. However, the lack of mobilization between the public power and the cooperatives precarizes the service offered. This thesis concluded that the multiplicity of actors involved in the implementation of PMGIRS/Natal (2012) led to distinct and fragmented interactions around ideas, institutions, representations and processes and resulted in a dynamic marked by institutional and administrative inefficiency (lack of infrastructure, non- Compliance with rules and regulations, poor monitoring) and bottlenecks limiting efforts around the proposed actions, which may jeopardize their implementation.

11
  • MARCIA FERNANDA SILVA MACEDO GALVAO
  • CAUSES OF JUDICIALIZATION AND ITS CONSEQUENCES FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ONCOLOGICAL POLICY IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE.

  • Advisor : HIRONOBU SANO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FERNANDO LUIZ ABRUCIO
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • JAMES BATISTA VIEIRA
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • Data: Sep 1, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The judicialization of public health policies is a contemporary and growing phenomenon in the Brazilian reality, with the potential to generate impacts on public management, whether positive or negative. In this sense, the present thesis sought to understand the causes of the judicialization and its consequences for the public management in the implementation of the policy of oncology in Rio Grande do Norte. For this purpose, the objectives and analytical categories of the thesis (failures, causes, consequences, alternatives and evidences) were incorporated into the judiciary cycle of public policies of Barreiro and Furtado (2015), adapting it in order to analyze a federal public policy and Which had its implementation governed by the top down model, and was analyzed by the following aspects: service provision, hierarchy, communication and hierarchical structure (Edwards’ model). Following the definitions of the thesis, the methodology of case study was chosen, having as analytical unit the state of Rio Grande do Norte, and as data source: a) judicial decisions rendered in second instance by the Court of Justice of Rio Grande do Norte and by the 5th region Federal Regional Court, in a historical analysis from 2007 to 2016, b) management documents: state health plan, multiannual plan, state oncology plan, annual management reports and c) interviews with management professionals and Implementation of cancer policy in Rio Grande do Norte. The data were then analyzed through the content analysis of Bardin (2011). The results showed that the main causes of cancer drug treatment in the newborns include: budgetary and financial constraints, existence of care gaps, inconsistency with providers of cancer services, lack of updating of clinical protocols involving cancer drugs, difficulties in diagnosing cancer and In the patients' access to SUS services. The drugs most demanded judicially (2007-2016) were: trastuzumab, rituximab, temozolamide, sunatinib, bevacizumab, bortezomide, sorafenib and cetuximab, with breast cancer and non-hodgkin lymphoma being the most prevalent in decisions. It has been shown that, for public management, the effects are primarily negative and focused on budget and financial mismatch and the loss in the provision of services to the community. Nevertheless, this thesis points out possible alternatives to be applied by federative entities, both in the short term and in the long term, that are able to mitigate the possible damages to the public health service, requiring the commitment of all those involved in favor of the greater good: public cancer care being provided with excellence and comprehensiveness for all who need cancer treatments in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. Thus, the present thesis subsidizes public management, as it analyzes jointly the causes, effects and alternatives involving the judicialization and oncology in the NN, allowing strategies to be drawn up simultaneously to reduce the negative effects of the judicialization, to increase the capacity for debate Involving the positive effects and, therefore expanding the implementation of cancer policy throughout the state.

12
  • RENAN FELINTO DE FARIAS AIRES
  • RANK REVERSAL IN TECHNIQUE FOR ORDER PREFERENCE BY SIMILARITY TO IDEAL SOLUTION – TOPSIS METHOD

  • Advisor : LUCIANO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ADIEL TEIXEIRA DE ALMEIDA FILHO
  • ALEXANDRE BEVILACQUA LEONETI
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • LUCIANO FERREIRA
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • Data: Sep 29, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • During the last decades, various multi-criteria decision-making methods (MCDM) have been used to assist decision makers in selecting the best alternatives for many decision problems. Among them, the Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) is one of the most used. Despite its wide dissemination, it has been criticized due to the occurrence of a problem called rank reversal, which in its most known meaning refers to the change in the ordering of a group of previously ordered alternatives after an irrelevant alternative has been added or removed from this group. Despite the significant amount of research on this problem for MCDM methods, it has been superficially analyzed in the case of TOPSIS, without a careful study on the occurrence causes and conditions, as well as marked by propositions inadequate models. Therefore, the aim of this study was to propose an extension of the TOPSIS method to minimize rank reversal. For this, it was realized an experimental research through computer simulations randomly generated based on four reversal situations selected in the literature. In the cases of the both problems types investigated, of choice and rank, the effects of the normalization used and the indifference thresholds were analyzed. In addition, the cases of the problem of choice were also analyzed from the logistic regression, in order to estimate the conditions in which there is a greater probability of occurrence of rank reversal. Based on the experiments and analysis of the literature models, an extension of TOPSIS was proposed. The proposed model is based on the definition of a set of values called Domain, which represents the limit values of each criterion in the decision matrix in order to overcome the drawbacks of TOPSIS. For the validation of the proposal, a numerical application was made for the problem of student selection and it was concluded that the proposed model is robust because it simultaneously prevents the occurrence of ranking reversal and presents a good discriminatory capacity. 

13
  • BRUNO CAMPELO MEDEIROS
  • LIFE CYCLE CANVAS (LCC): ANALYSIS OF A VISUAL MANAGEMENT MODEL FOR PROJECTS PLANNING BASED ON THE PMBOK GUIDE

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • BRIVALDO ANDRE MARINHO DA SILVA
  • THIAGO CAVALCANTE NASCIMENTO
  • Data: Nov 30, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • This study aims to analyze the influence of model Life Cycle Canvas (LCC), through visual management, for project planning, based on the PMBOK Guide. It is argued that organizations generally face several changes, especially in its structures, based on a scenario of increased competition and a need for organizational modernization. Within this context, the project management practices receive more attention and are adopted by these organizations. Planning is one of the most relevant stages of project management, because it defines the baseline for it´s execution, in addition to resolving the procedures for monitoring and control of the activities involved. However, in the absence of a project-oriented culture and of greater complexity inherent in the organizational context, the traditional practices of planning, such as the PMBOK Guide, present difficulties of adherence to this new scenario, while canvas-based models and visual tools gain space, by proposing a simple and flexible way to plan projects. Such models have your origin in Lean approach, linked to the operational management, and assumed a new concept, from the model Business Model Canvas (BMC), proposed by Osterwalder and Pigneur (2011). Since then, several models and visual tools have been developed for planning, especially in the area of project management. However, there is still a lack of studies proving that canvas-based visual models can be useful in planning projects, and at the same time admire the good practices suggested by traditional management approaches. In order to prove this relationship, this research examines the LCC proposed by Veras (2016), relating the benefits of visual management present in this model with the processes suggested by the PMBOK Guide to plan projects. For this, the present research used a deductive methodological approach, quantitative in nature, through a survey conducted with 104 professionals who used the LCC model to plan projects, where the descriptive analysis, the Mann-Whitney U test and the technique of multiple linear regression analysis to analyze the data. The results showed that the LCC model proved to be adherent to the practices suggested by the PMBOK Guide. In relation to the use of tools to support project planning, research showed that the group of respondents who used these tools had a higher perception relative to LCC model when it was compared to the group that did not use. The study also observed that the more the LCC model becomes visible and transparent information, promotes communication between those involved and promotes the coordination of work in the preparation of the project, the more it influences in project planning. These results reinforce the importance of using visual planning structures in project management, so long as they behold the aspects already recognized practices in this field and that project managers can stimulate these benefits proposed by visual management.

14
  • CAMILA CRISTINA RODRIGUES SALGADO
  • RANK REVERSAL IN TECHNIQUE FOR ORDER PREFERENCE BY SIMILARITY TO IDEAL SOLUTION – TOPSIS METHOD

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • BENNY KRAMER COSTA
  • LISSA VALERIA FERNANDES FERREIRA
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • MARLI DE FATIMA FERRAZ DA SILVA TACCONI
  • Data: Dec 20, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • A prominent feature of today's economy is the consistency of rapid change. However, many of the ideas in strategy come from a time when things were more stable, which has contributed to the fact that the thought remains rooted in an era of inertia and stability. In this context, McGrath (2013b) proposes a new perspective that is based on the idea of transient competitive advantage, that is, it involves the adoption of practices that adapt to environments in which the advantages come and go, as well as proposes a new strategy playbook, which allows more malleable practices to emerge. However, although the concept of transient competitive advantage is a milestone in the new competitive landscape, it is a theory still in its first steps, as well as needs a practical approach that facilitates its dissemination. Thus, to the extent that there are still no means to analyze these ideas in practice, making them a contribution to organizations, the present study aimed to propose a model to analyze the business environment in the context of transient competitive advantages. For this, an exploratory research was carried out, of applied character, conducted according to the qualitative approach. In operational terms, the research accomplished the following phases: theoretical revision; preparation of the preliminary model - submitted to the evaluation by pre-test; elaboration of the final model; and practical application through multiple case studies. As a result, the Transient Competitive Advantage Model (TCAM) was developed and applied based on the elements Continuous Reconfiguration, Resource Allocation, Leadership, Innovation and Disengagement, which underpin the competition in the scenario of transient competitive advantages. Regarding the cases, the TCAM was applied with managers of six companies that have the technology as a central element, and of the eight scenarios generated through the TCAM it was possible to identify four of them: unfavorable environment; environment conducive but unexplored; alert environment, but immobilized; and consistent environment, but non-systematic and reactive environment. In general, these results reflect realities still distant from competition in the era of transient advantages, despite the dynamic context of which they are part.

15
  • PATRICK REINECKE DE ALVERGA
  • Controversies on Information Systems Implementation under the perspective of the Actor-Network Theory: a case study on an institution of the judicial system


  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • AARAO LYRA
  • JOHNATAN RAFAEL SANTANA DE BRITO
  • LUCIENE BRAZ FERREIRA
  • Data: Dec 28, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The theme of the implementation of Information Systems (SI) has been receiving the attention of researchers, professionals, and entrepreneurs for more than four decades, due to its relevance and organizational complexity. One of the main problems investigated is the fact that, considering the comparison with previously planned objectives, the implemented systems are not always successful in organizations. This thesis argues that the constant interactions between actors/actants (called translations) affect the attainment of the objectives initially proposed for this system due to the controversies generated at the time of these interactions. To address the research problem, we develop a qualitative case study which purpose is to explore the controversies from the translations in the implementation of an IS. The research object is a new automated system of functional point control that was implanted in a judicial institution of the state of Rio Grande do Norte. The theoretical framework is the Actor-Network Theory (ANT), focused on the development and application of the concepts of Problematization, Attraction of Interest, Involvement, and Mobilization. In the data collection procedures, semi-structured interviews were carried out with participants of the implementation of the mentioned system. For triangulation of the empirical material, reference documents were also analyzed, such as resolutions, ordinances and use cases, which contributed to the development phase of the system. The content analysis allowed to map the actants and the translations, proposing a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of the controversies in the implementation of this system investigated. As a research contribution, understanding the process of implementing an IS from an ANT perspective can help organizations increase the chances of success in implementing a new information system.

2016
Dissertations
1
  • ANTONIA WIGNA DE ALMEIDA RIBEIRO
  • O IMPACTO DA NOTA FISCAL ELETRÔNICA SOBRE A ARRECADAÇÃO DO ICMS

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDWARD MARTINS COSTA
  • JOAO PAULO MARTINS GUEDES
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • Data: May 13, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Instituida em 2005, a Nota Fiscal eletrônica (NF-e) é uma das mais recentes políticas fiscais implantadas no Brasil. A substituição da sistemática de emissão do documento fiscal em papel, dentre os vários benefícios fiscais esperados da política, objetivava a redução dos custos nos processos de controle e a redução da sonegação fiscal, com o consequente aumento na arrecadação de receitas tributárias. Nesse contexto, o objetivo deste trabalho é  verificar o impacto da NF-e sobre a arrecadação dos Estados Brasileiros com as receitas oriundas do Imposto sobre Circulação de Mercadorias e Prestação de Serviços (ICMS). Através da metodologia de dados em painel, a arrecadação (com ICMS) foi explicada pela variável de interesse dicotômica “ter implementado o programa da NF-e” e demais controles como PIB, saldo da balança comercial, transferências da União aos Estados e outras políticas fiscais implantadas no país, num período que vai de 1996 a 2011. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que os Estados brasileiros que adotaram a política da NF-e tiveram suas receitas com ICMS aumentadas, mais especificamente, a adoção da NF-provocou aumento, em média, superior a 25% nas receitas de ICMS dos Estados Brasileiros.

2
  • CAROLINA DE SOUSA MARTINS MELO
  • GESTÃO DE UNIDADES DE CONSERVAÇÃO DA MATA ATLÂNTICA DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE  À LUZ DA GESTÃO PARTICIPATIVA.

  • Advisor : MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • RICHARD MEDEIROS DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: Jun 1, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • O objetivo geral de pesquisa é compreender se as práticas de gestão de Unidades de Conservação na Mata Atlântica do Rio Grande do Norte podem ser configuradas como práticas participativas de gestão.  Será utilizado o referencial teórico sobre participação, com o foco na operacionalização da participação, retrantando os aspectos sobre como colocar em prática a participação. O lócus de pesquisa foram as unidades APA Piquiri-Uma e Parque das Dunas do Natal. O presente estudo assume o interacionismo simbólico como postura teórica. É uma pesquisa com abordagem qualitativa do tipo exploratória e descritiva. A pesquisa utilizou as seguintes técnicas de coleta de dados: entrevista semiestruturada, observação não participante estruturada e questionário. Os sujeitos foram os gestores das unidades e os membros do Conselho Gestor. A partir da análise do modelo gestão de UC proposto, concluiu-se que em ambas as unidades estudadas há práticas de gestão que podem ser configuradas como práticas participativas de gestão. No entanto, a APA Piquiri-Una possui mais práticas participativas ao definir regras de conservação, na educação da população e no monitoramento e feedback e uma estratégia inovadora para alcançar recursos financeiros em comparação ao Parque das Dunas, que por criar recentemente o conselho gestor e mecanismos participativos, se encontra em um processo inicial de inserção da participação em suas atividades. Conclui-se que a participação pode ser em ambas as unidades melhor trabalhada e desenvolvida, inserindo-a em novas práticas.

3
  • JOELSON MEDEIROS DE AQUINO
  • Evaluating the school council in high schools in Natal, Brazil.

  • Advisor : MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • LENIN CAVALCANTI BRITO GUERRA
  • Data: Jun 3, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The research comes to assessing the contribution of School Council for the learning of students from state secondary schools of the city of Natal. The research is based on the Democratic Theory in representative and participatory aspects and empirical knowledge of the councils as an instrument of participation. The approach is qualitative and evaluative with data collection made by documentary research of the minutes of council meetings, semi-structured interviews and focus group meetings.

    Data analysis identified imbalance in the representation of stakeholders and lack of participation of the full School Council in the management of schools. There are management difficulties to update the political-pedagogical project, management of staff and building maintenance. The conclusion points to the need to redesign the School Council, to encourage participation and social control of public schools, and boosting the training of counselors and school leaders for the mission to provide education for democracy.

4
  • ANA ELIZA GALVÃO CORTEZ
  • THE INFLUENCE OF COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE ASPECTS  IN THE ACTIONS OF ENTREPRENEURIAL WOMEN  IN DIFFERENT  PHASES OF BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • VÂNIA MARIA JORGE NASSIF
  • Data: Jun 15, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The present research aims to explain how cognitive and affective aspects influence the actions of entrepreneurs women at different stages of development of a business. Due to this direction, it is guided by a model that suggests that the affective aspects are most influential in the actions of entrepreneurs in the early stages of a project and, as this develops, cognitive factors become more present. To better demarcate such periods of evolution, an approach that identifies five stages of development of a business has been integrated. In the theoretical framework are treated entrepreneurship and the particularity of women in this theme, the entrepreneurial attributes and characteristics of each development phase of a business. In methodological terms, this is an exploratory study of a qualitative nature. The sampling is not probabilistic, selected intentionally between the entrepreneurs of the city of Currais Novos, which is in the Seridó region of Rio Grande do Norte State. Two women leading businesses were selected into each of the five stages, resulting ten semistructured interviews type. The technique used for qualitative data analysis was the thematic content analysis which identify the units of meaning that make up the communication in question and whose presence or appearance frequency represent any significance on the chosen analytical objective. Among the results, this survey found that in the birth stage the investigated entrepreneurs act influenced by emotional aspects, such as independence, passion for entrepreneurship and willingness to do what they like and in the following stages, when there is a perceived need for better organization , planning, goal setting and training partnerships become sought. In addition, aspects such as perseverance, initiative, courage and achievement by doing what you love remain influencing, bringing the conclusion that the influence of cognitive grows, but with the influence of affective aspects. This research confirms the relevance of the proposed model, both leading to cognitive and affective aspects suggested, that were actually identified as relevant to the actions of entrepreneurs, as the variation of these aspects in the development of enterprises. The interviews emerged fear as an emotional aspect that permeates the action of entrepreneurs in the renewal phase and negotiation skills, as a cognitive aspect highlighted by the entrepreneurial decline phase, suggesting the incorporation of these two aspects in future studies that explain this relationship between entrepreneurs.

5
  • HUGO AZEVEDO RANGEL DE MORAIS
  • Program Evaluation of Tanks a Million Rural (PIMC): Effect, Efficiency and Effectiveness in Rio Grande do Norte Territories (2003/2015)

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • THIAGO FERREIRA DIAS
  • VINICIUS CLAUDINO DE SÁ
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • Data: Jun 21, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Water scarcity is a recurrent problem in the Brazilian semi-arid, but precisely in the Northeast, there were several attempts, by public social actions of “salvation”, to fix the drought consequences. From the 1980s, in the country’s democratization process of seeking alternatives for the development of the Brazilian semi-arid, some changes in the intervention in the region began to exist, from the civil society organizations, which began to perform projects based on the idea that it is possible and necessary to live with the semiarid, representing the paradigmatic transition in which the model of “drought relief” is criticized in favor of “coexistence with the semi-arid”. Thus, this study aimed to analyze the results of One Million Rural Cisterns Program (P1MC) in front of indicators of efficacy, efficiency and effectiveness. The program, designed by civil society in 1999, has as components mobilization, social control, training, communication, institutional strengthening and building of plates cisterns of 16,000 liters for rain water catchment through gutters on the roof of the rural home. The research was descriptive, the universe comprised the 10 territories of Rio Grande do Norte, the approach was quantitative and qualitative. For data processing, it was used Data Envelopment Analysis, in the quantitative stage, and content analysis, in the qualitative stage, having as source of collection structured interviews with P1MC actors. Results showed that, in terms of efficacy, represented by pre-established physical goals, the program was less than expected; in efficiency, the territories of Sertão do Apodi, Açu-Mossoró and Mato Grande were highlighted. In the relation rural population versus cisterns built, with regard to effectiveness, it was found that the program’s assumptions were met, participants understand that the program does not have the sole purpose of construction of the cistern, but rather to provide changes in the lives of people from it, which converges with the program objectives, representing a successful action.

6
  • EVANGELINA DE MELLO BASTOS
  • INFLUENCING FACTORS OF ATTITUDE AND INTENTION TO PURCHASE PAID APPLICATIONS THROUGH PROMOTIONAL ADS

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • LUIZ AUGUSTO MACHADO MENDES FILHO
  • MARCIO MARREIRO DAS CHAGAS
  • Data: Jun 29, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • With the widespread use of smartphones, many mobile applications (apps) are being developed to run in mobile operating systems. The increased use of theses apps by consumers and its potential on mobile advertising commercialization are perceived by companies as a promising way of advertise. From previous literature was possible to identify a gap relation to mobile advertising area in the context of the response to promotional advertises for purchasing apps. Most studies about the subject focused ads on SMS and MMS. Based on these considerations and in other to fill this gap, the present study objective is to investigate which factors influence the young consumer behavior in relation to promotional advertises in paid apps. The research line we intend to adopt is Pocinho (2012), making some adaptations to the subject studied. The Theory of Reasoned Action of Fishbein and Ajzen (1975) along with some factors founded in literature that influence attitude, intention and consumer behavior related to mobile advertising were the theoretical framework to build the research model. Regarding the methodology this is a descriptive study with qualitative approach. The population will include mobile applications consumers’ which have a smartphone, internet access and installed some free app. The sample will be made up by new students on the courses offered by Centro de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas in Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Data will be collected through questionnaire and analyzed using multivariate analysis technique, such as: exploratory factory analysis and Structural Equation Modelling: confirmatory factor analysis and structural model. Regarding the results, besides contributing to enrich the knowledge about this issue, it is expected that this research will provide suggestions for marketers about the determinants that influence the aquisition of mobile applications from promotional advertises.

7
  • VINICIUS MAGNATA PINO
  • The Law 123/06 as an instrument of local economy strengthening: a study about the participation of Micro and Small Companies in Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte's electronic auctions.

  • Advisor : MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • LENIN CAVALCANTI BRITO GUERRA
  • Data: Jun 29, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • This research aimed to verify whether the purchases from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, in the Electronic Auction mode, from the provisions of Law 123/2006 establishing that public contracts with a value of up to R $ 80.000.00 (eighty thousand reais) per item, must be made solely on micro and small enterprises, influenced the economic strength of the city of Natal in the perception of micro and small local entrepreneurs. The research adopted the premise that government purchases beyond the supply function of public administration input demands can be formatted as public policies to combat the complex social inequality and to promote local economic empowerment. To give objective account, they analyzed the minutes of electronic auctions processed by the institution in 2015 and questionnaires to representatives of micro and small enterprises located in Natal, winners of such tenders. It was identified that 28% of the auctioned items were awarded to micro and small enterprises of Natal, which UFRN as client helped the companies to increase the number of employees or reduce layoffs, that a good part of the winning companies buy their inputs from other municipalities in other Brazilian states, there has been increased investment in terms of sales. We conclude, however, that the Law 123/2006 lacks other public policies and actions that give support to the strengthening of the local economy as the focus not on their devices buying local companies end up in many situations, benefiting other regions more dynamic and concentrating economic power in other locations.

8
  • ANDRÉ DIAS COSTA
  • Security Project Governance From the Governmentality Perspective: Lessons From the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Natal/RN 

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • CESAR RICARDO MAIA DE VASCONCELOS
  • Data: Jun 30, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • In 2014, Brazil hosted the 20ª edition of FIFA World Cup, which took place simultaneously in 12 host cities, among them Natal/RN. The event employed more than 177,000 men and invested R $ 1.1 billion only in the security area. The numbers's magnitude sets FIFA World Cup 2014 as an important reference for those working in the project management field, due to its complexity and relevance. The Federal Police (PF) was responsible for five areas (borders, immigration, federal and transnational crimes, dignitaries and terrorism) and managed its actions through a program based on its own project management methodology, developed from the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK).This work aims to analyze, from the perspective of governmentality, the lessons learned in the FIFA World Cup 2014 security program in charge of the Federal Police in the city of Natal/RN. Governmentality proposes to make the self supervision become reflexive through spontaneous submission and the employee commitment, which makes external sources of unnecessary surveillance. The approach demanded by the object is qualitative and constitutes a descriptive research that uses documentary analysis as general method to study the lessons learned by the PF in the event, which were later submitted to content analysis aided by the Atlas.ti software. The dissertation addresses the development of its own project management methodology by the Federal Police, based on the Project Management Base of Knowledge and describes the state of the art in governance and governmentality, relating its contents to project management. Having as "corpus" the documented records of the lessons learned by the 21 operational coordinators, the results reveal a mismatch between the formally adopted governance model, internal and organic, consistent with the governmentality theory, and the one effectively used in the event, which was external and mechanicist. The results also helped to identify the common elements between the governance of the event security project and governmentality literature, which were Coherence, Deconcentration, Self-Regulation and Engagement. Finally, this study has identified specific governmentality solutions for the governance of future mega events security projects. 

9
  • RICARDO LUIZ DE MEDEIROS LIMA
  • VALUE CHAIN AS A STRATEGIC TOOL FOR COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN A HEALTH CARE UNIT IN NATAL/RN

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • MARIA SANALI MOURA DE OLIVEIRA PAIVA
  • MARLI DE FATIMA FERRAZ DA SILVA TACCONI
  • Data: Jun 30, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Study on the Value Chain in a emergency unit in the clinical condition Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI). As the theoretical and methodological basis the study used the assumptions contained in the health care model developed by Michael Porter - devising the strategy as a search for the competitive positioning of the company. The research aimed to: i) design, by mapping the Value Chain, the processes involved in the care of patients with known or suspected AMI; ii) verify the acheivement of objectives of each stage in the chain; iii) provide managers an accurate view of the factors that generate value in the studied clinical condition; iv) allow the implementation of strategies aimed at achieving competitive advantage for the institution. The study is characterized as retrospective, descriptive and analytical nature, making use of qualitative analysis using questionnaires and interviews with 14 doctors, 30 technical and administrative staff, a director and the institution administrator. Content analysis was used, by which it sought to describe the contents issued in the researcher / respondent communication process. Likert scale was used in order to determine a score that could determine the degree of achievement of the objectives and functions of each stage of the Value Chain. The results allowed the description and detailed analysis of the processes and stages involved in the care of patients with known or suspected AMI. According to respondents, among the stages of the Value Chain, those which best meet their goals emphasize the diagnosis and immediate intervention on the condition Acute Myocardial Infarction. Those that are further away from achieving the objectives address prevention and activities for the patient / client after hospital discharge. The study revealed elements for defining strategies to be applied to activities carried out by the institution, as well as for the generation of value to patients, thus contributing to provide competitive advantage in all the health institutions operating in the market.

10
  • JOAO PAULO PAIVA DA SILVA
  • Deliberative democracy X Municipal Council of Education: Aplicattion of na evaluation model at Parnamirim-RN’s Municipal Council of Education

  • Advisor : DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • LENIN CAVALCANTI BRITO GUERRA
  • Data: Jun 30, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The evolution of democratic theories have indicated an opening tendency for social participation, with the possibility of the public express their demands for public policies through various media, as shown by the studies Held (1987) and Pateman (1992). In deliberative democracy, more modern aspect, it indicates the need for institutionalized spaces for the realization of this participation as the Public Policy Councils or master plans, for example. In this sense, this work aims to verify how it gives the exercise of deliberative democracy at a local level through the evaluation of the functioning of one of these instruments, through a case study in the city of Parnamirim. The objective of this research is to understand the role of the Parnamirim's Municipal Council of Education. Therefore, an applied research, descriptive and qualitative approach was developed. In order to carry out analysis of the Council was used the evaluation methodology proposed by Gonçalves et al (2012). The data collection was carried out through desk research, structured interviews and questionnaires. As a result, it was observed that the studied board has attributes necessary for deliberative democracy, as the high interaction, communication and mutual trust between the collegiate members. Despite its creation does not come from a community movement, it is possible to see a better functioning of the board over the years. In contrast, lack of improvement with regard to setting goals and means to give training to its members, allowing a more qualified participation. It also notes the need to approach the council to the population when looking for the educational demands of the municipality.

11
  • ÁLISSON ARAÚJO ANDRADE SILVA
  • COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE THROUGH CORPORATE GOVERNANCE PRACTICES : A STUDY OF LISTED COMPANIES BM & FBOVESPA HOLDING.

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • MELQUIADES PEREIRA DE LIMA JUNIOR
  • Data: Jul 28, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • One of the main points of the strategy study is competitiveness and the factors that determine organizational success. The Competitive Advantage is the pursuit of all organizations for organizational continuity and market leadership. Several factors can influence the creation of such an advantage, and in this study we will examine the adoption of corporate governance practices can contribute to this aspect. Due to several cases of financial scandals in the 1980s in the United States and Europe, various measures have been taken to create a corporate governance environment with greater responsibilities and sanctions administrators. In Brazil, mainly from the 1990s the theme corporate governance importance, giving rise to several studies in the area. Several studies have sought the relationship between the adoption of corporate governance practices and superior performance of organizations. If the adoption of such practices to take a sustainable superior performance, we can understand how to create competitive advantage of value to these organizations. This dissertation investigates the creation of vantage competitive by adopting corporate governance practices for Ownership Structure, Board of Directors and American Depositary Receipts Issue.

12
  • LUIS MANUEL ESTEVES DA ROCHA VIEIRA
  • EFFECTUAL DECISION IN TECHNOLOGY FIRMS : A study in startups incubated at Inova Metropole.

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • VÂNIA MARIA JORGE NASSIF
  • Data: Jul 28, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Technological startups are embedded in highly dynamic environments, marked by uncertainty where traditional predictions of the future for decision-making become too complex, difficult and far from reality. Thus, it is believed that the entrepreneur would be more likely to adopt a predominantly effectual decision logic, against the current paradigm. By doing so he will face the uncertainty by building an environment and set of relationships that, in effect, will trigger future scenarios close to what was originally aspirated. Therefore, the objective of this study is to check how technology startups incubated entrepreneurs experience the logic of strategic decision regarding the effectuation theory and the influence of the incubator in the process. Therefore, a descriptive research was carried out, throgh multiple cases, with eight startups incubated at Inova Metropolis at Natal/RN, qualitatively analyzing the content of the speeches collected in the semi-structured interviews conducted. As a result, it was possible to clearly identify some of the principles of the effectual logic, especially the formation of strategic alliances to overcome adversity and leverage growth. It also sets up the incubator as a major strategic partner , leveraging the network of relationships and providing guidance for their incubated grow safely, among the uncertain environment

13
  • MARCOS ARAUJO MORTONI SILVA
  • Title: Building state capacity by the União next to state governments of Brazil. The case of public security policy.

     

  • Advisor : HIRONOBU SANO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • CRISTINA LOURENÇO UBEDA
  • Data: Jul 28, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The work embarked by research about the profile of fostering of state capacities of state governments verified on federal regulatory and legal framework of public security. Precedents for the research were the literature registers related to the importance of state capacities for the outcomes of public policies; limited state capacities of state governments, even in public security; growing federal central role into the agreements of intergovernmental public policies and inductor role of capacities of União into state governments. The literature review revealed the link among implementation approaches (top-down or bottom-up), policy's governance, and state capacities, showing that differences on the perspective of implementation adopted may lead to distinct expectations regarding variety and length of state capacities that governments must have, according to the relative position that each one of the governments have at the intergovernmental arrangements of public policies. In this sense, it was verified that political nature of subnational governments, and the proximity of these regarding to citizens, if compared to the União, promote understanding, a priori, by the acting of local governments in all of the stages of policy process, that in an intergovernmental approach of public policy, would come close to bottom-up perspective. From this angle, it was found that for a comprehensive coverage in public policies, a required capacity that reveals singular shape is the relational capacity, understood as the satisfactory and regular dialogue of governments next to society to address problems that are considered of public nature by that society. The analyzes suggested that relational capacity could be inducted from fostering of the attributes of public governance in the jurisdiction that state governments operate, with previous mapping of socioeconomic and demographic-territorial conditions and, the very governance of security public policy at the jurisdiction. An analysis model, with mapping and inducting actions, was conceived from these considerations, with the aim of instrumentalize the analysis of the research of qualitative nature, which was processed as documental analysis. Findings have shown that federal regulatory and legal framework of public security pays little attention to the socio-economic conditions of the areas in that state governments act and has no references aimed to identifying the governance profile of the security state policy. Regarding induction itself, it was found that federal regulatory and legal framework apparently has greater adherence about top-down perspective of implementation, with most of the references related to the relational capacity-building pointing to the development of this capacity on an expectation of the actions of state governments as implementers of the strategies conceived by União. On the other hand, it was found the underlying and minority presence of references aimed to the relational capacity-building of state governments under the bottom-up perspective on all security policy cycle, although positioned on initiatives that have weak legal framework or project law still under consideration in Congress.

14
  • ALETHEIA JANUÁRIA ZANOW DE GOUVÊA
  • INSIDER TRADING IN BRAZILIAN'S STOCK MARKET: CRIME PAYS?

  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • MELQUIADES PEREIRA DE LIMA JUNIOR
  • Data: Aug 12, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • This study investigates the information content of insider trading in 32 judgement cases of insider trading in Brazilian's Stock during 2002-2015. The statistical method used was event study to assess the impact of a relevant event on the stocks return. The abnormal return gives the impact of an unanticipated event has on shareholder value versus the penalty risk for white-collar crime. The research findings show that: (i) it could have a significant statistic to incriminate the indicators for using privilege information to obtain abnormal returns in 19 judgment cases (59% of sample); (ii) however the Brazilian laws are not possible to incriminate all that cases. Only 11 judgement cases (34% of sample) have been punished with monetary penalty and only 2 cases added the administrative penalty. In addition, the probabilities associated with the judging results and abnormal return are the same. It means that statistical evidence of abnormal return may not be used as judge evidence, Brazilian first prison sentence case for insider trading ever was judged in 2011. The result may indicate that Brazilian regulation has a hard work to apply the enforcement. Other results have been found as: (iii) size and book-to-market index have a low statistic power of return's explanation, even so the explanatory variables have been kept in the model considering their importance; (iv) the chance of abnormal return in purchase transaction is 4.54 times greater than the selling transactions. The academic literature suggests that more important than regulation is the surveillance and enforcement, that could influence the average behavior of an insider, increasing the fraud detection risks. This research question is relevant not only to academics but also to regulators and corporate managers by shedding further light on the relationship between corporate governance and corporate risk-taking, since the illegal conduct impact on the integrity of Brazilian market. A better understanding of the issue will allow regulators to evaluate whether reforms in the rules and regulations (such as insider trading enforcement) are needed to promote investments and growth in the Brazilian market.

Thesis
1
  • RENATA LISSA SOARES DA SILVA GUIDI
  • RELAÇÕES INSTITUCIONAIS E EDUCAÇÃO PROFISSIONAL E TECNOLÓGICA: UMA ANÁLISE DA EFICIÊNCIA INSTITUCIONAL

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • FERNANDO DIAS LOPES
  • MARLI DE FATIMA FERRAZ DA SILVA TACCONI
  • Data: May 30, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • A valorização da gestão dentro do âmbito educacional tem se tornado uma realidade contínua nas mais diferentes formas e instâncias, seja no meio acadêmico, seja nos meios políticos e governamentais, seja na mídia, seja no senso comum. Acredita-se, de modo geral, que, se o ensino não está bom, grande parte da responsabilidade cabe à má administração das nossas escolas, em especial, daquelas mantidas pelo poder público. Embora exista uma vasta literatura sobre gestão escolar, os trabalhos científicos que tratam especificamente da educação profissional brasileira ainda carecem de mais pesquisas que sintetizem e validem modelos de avaliação de eficiência dos Institutos Federais de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia (IFs). Nesse sentido, o presente estudo busca analisar a eficiência dos IFs, instituições de ensino que compõem a Rede Federal de Educação Profissional e Tecnológica do Brasil, à luz da Teoria Institucional na perspectiva de Acemoglu e Robinson (2012), visando criar um framework de avaliação de eficiência institucional. Ao longo do desenvolvimento do estudo, discute-se a Teoria Institucional e sua aplicação ao contexto educacional dos IFs, com ênfase na compreensão da relação existente entre os fatores políticos e econômicos e suas influências na eficiência educacional desses institutos. No que se refere aos aspectos metodológicos empregados são utilizadas a ferramenta da Análise Envoltória de Dados (DEA) para medir a eficiência dos IFs bem como a pesquisa qualitativa, com o intuito de verticalizar o conhecimento, por meio da aplicação de questionários com os trinta e oito Reitores dos IFs. Os resultados revelam que a eficiência dos Institutos Federais é influenciada por fatores institucionais não apenas políticos e econômicos, mas também educacionais, administrativos e sociais, consequência da necessidade de atender a complexidade do contexto educacional. Uma implicação desse estudo é a abertura de uma nova visão para análise e reflexão das relações institucionais que exercem influência na eficiência dos Institutos Federais, buscando, nesse conhecimento, que a educação voltada para ciência e tecnologia se torne o fio condutor para uma formação técnica de excelência para a juventude brasileira.

2
  • DINARA LESLYE MACEDO E SILVA CALAZANS
  • MULTICRITERIA DECISION MODEL  FOR  EVALUATION  OF  SUPPLIERS  IN  MANAGEMENT  OF  COLLECTIVE 
    FEEDING  IN  UNIVERSITY  RESTAURANTS
  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • LUCIANO FERREIRA
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • FLAVIO TROJAN
  • MARIA VILANI OLIVEIRA DANTAS LEITE
  • Data: Jun 17, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The  process  of  administration  of  organizations  is  under  global  pressure  to  the  existence  of 
    management   models   based   on   the   principles   of   transparency,   fairness   and   social 
    responsibility.  The  search  for  a  pattern  of  decisions  to  obtaining  competitive  advantage  is 
    strategic  activity.  Gains  momentum  the  management  of  supply  chain  given  the  volume  of 
    purchases and the impacts of products and services provided in quality, in financial results 
    and in image of the purchasing company highlighting the importance of an effective supplier 
    management process. This is noteworthy in the foodservice sector, that is a major consumer 
    of goods and services, that depend on a network of suppliers for its functioning, moves a large 
    global market and operates in an environment of rapid change, where its main product, the 
    meal, must satisfy the customer in in the most diverse dimensions, with different attributes and 
    priorities.  Issues  related  to  health,  welfare,  food  safety  and  sustainability  still  give  more 
    complexity to the governance in the sector, due to the peculiar characteristics of the required 
    supply  (food),  as  for  example,  the  perishability.  Evaluate  suppliers  according  to  these 
    characteristics  is  fundamental  strategic  activity  for  survival  in  the  industry  and  involves 
    multicriteria  decision  making.  This  research  explored  the  decision  making  process  that 
    involves  evaluating  the  performance  of  food  suppliers  for  efficiency  in  food  production  for 
    collectivities, from a case study built in University Restaurants of universities public federal 
    located  in  the  northeast  region  of  Brazil,  proposing  a  model  of  multicriteria  decision.  The 
    criteria  and  performance  attributes  for  suppliers  who  comprised  the  model  were  collected 
    from  field  research  on  various  sources  of  evidence  and  validated  by  the  technique  of 
    triangulation  of  data.  The  data  collected  propitiated  the  establishment  of  a  framework  of 
    reference  criteria  for  performance  of  food  suppliers  from  the  perspective  of  the  University 
    Restaurants, as well as its degree of importance and associated indicators for efficiency in the 
    management  of  collective  feeding.  It  was  used  the  method  Electre  tri  for  classification  of 
    suppliers in assessment levels desired. The multicriteria model developed showed relevance 
    and adequacy to the study context, supporting rationally and not compensatory managerial 
    decision  given  on  the  multiplicity  of  criteria,  contributing  with  the  scope  of  the  strategic 
    objectives of the organization. Its application resulted in the classification of suppliers in the 
    levels of expected performance, acceptable and not acceptable, supporting the determination 
    of  courses  of  action  following,  as  definition  of  the  levels  of  collaboration,  maintenance  or 
    interruption  of  supply,  also  allowed  feedback  to  the  suppliers,  favoring  the  continuous 
    improvement,  as  well  as  subsidised  the  standardization  and  specification  of  the  criteria  for 
    selecting new suppliers, identifying inclusive, suppliers capable of benchmark. 
3
  • MURILO BARRETO SANTANA
  • Governance structure of small business and public policy to support clusters: a study on information tecnology cluster of Bahia"
  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • BENNY KRAMER COSTA
  • HORACIO NELSON HASTENREITER FILHO
  • LENIN CAVALCANTI BRITO GUERRA
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • Data: Jul 29, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • ABSTRACT:

     

    Despite the growing interest in the study about the governances, institutions and public policies, papers about these topics customarily are related to the influence of the members and institutions that make up the governance of the trajectory / features of the policy. In addition to these analyzes, this thesis aimed to understand how the governance structure (market, hierarchy, hybrid) chosen by entrepreneurs involved in the Information Technology cluster in Bahia is able to influence / explain certain characteristics of PROGREDIR public policy in Bahia. In order to reach the proposed objective we have developed the following steps: i) characterization of governances of companies in the IT cluster of Bahia considering its structure and coordination mechanisms / institutions employed; ii) Development of trajectory and features support for the PROGREDIR program to the IT ASPL; iii) Analysis of the possible consequences of the structure that makes up the governance of companies in the IT ASPL on the characteristics of the support provided by the PROGREDIR program. The research was supported by the theoretical framework of the New Institutional Economics (NIE), specifically in the Economy of Transaction Costs (ETC) - in studies of Oliver Williamson (1985, 1990, 1996) - and in the economic-historical approach of NIE. Through field research (questionnaire addressed to entrepreneurs), literature and documents (documents relating to the responsible Secretariat collected policy and support bodies) was possible to reach the expected results. The results show that primarily the governances of surveyed TIC entrepreneurs are hierarchical, despite the indication by the hybrid structures. Moreover, it was characterized some specifics of the policy, by reconstructing its history, which showed possible influences of the governance structure chosen on the characteristics of the policy. Through the presented results it was possible to defend the thesis that governance, not only by individuals, groups and institutions, but also by the choice of the established structure, is able to determine the part of the support characteristics granted to Information Technology cluster.

4
  • CARLOS DAVID CEQUEIRA FEITOR
  • BRAND EQUITY MODEL FOR PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS FROM A CONSUMER PERSPECTIVE

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • LUIZ AUGUSTO MACHADO MENDES FILHO
  • MARCIO MARREIRO DAS CHAGAS
  • MARLUSA GOSLING
  • Data: Aug 24, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The study developed a brand equity model for private higher education institutions from a consumer perspective. Furthermore, through theory, it defined the set of dimensions, history and consequences of higher education institutions brand equity, as well as sought to clarify the deployment of these factors in the proposed model. Finally, an analysis of the University Experience, Controlled Communication, e-WOM, Co-Creation, Brand Awareness, Brand Association and Overall Brand Equity relational model was conducted, aiming towards the validation of the theoretical model developed in this thesis. In order to achieve this, a deductive reasoning approach was applied, and the research, from a methodology standpoint, was divided into three phases: exploratory, descriptive and analytic. The exploratory phase focused on clarifying the topic´s concepts, defining the research problem, elaborating the theoretical model, and developing the instrument to be used for data collection. During the descriptive phase, a survey questionnaire pre-test was conducted, scales were adjusted, the sample size was defined and data collection procedures were detailed. The probability sampling process was not employed, either intentionally or by judgment, and individuals were selected using criteria established by the researcher. The sample size of 1156 Business Administration students was used, and data was collected from university institutes and privately run universities located in the Brazilian states of Rio Grande do Norte and Pará, ranked 3 or higher according to the country´s Course Ranking Index. Data analysis was conducted using a multivariate quantitative approach, including exploratory factor and confirmatory analysis, and structural equation modeling. Data analyses confirm that the variables scale is representative of the object to be measured, and demonstrate both content and statistical validity. It is worth highlighting confirmation of the hypothesis of positive correlation between eWOM and Brand Association, as well as Co-Creation and Brand Awareness. Empirical modeling also confirmed the validity of the higher education institutions brand equity measurement model, based on consumer perspective.

5
  • MONIQUE FONSECA CARDOSO
  • THE INFLUENCE OF THE NEW PUBLIC MANAGEMENT ON THE PROGRAM TO SUPPORT RESTRUCTURING AND EXPANSION PLANS OF FEDERAL UNIVERSITIES (REUNI) IN THE NORTHEAST BRAZIL.

  • Advisor : JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANA CRISTINA BATISTA DOS SANTOS
  • DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • MARCOS ANTONIO MARTINS LIMA
  • RICHARD MEDEIROS DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: Dec 15, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Considering the changes that have taken place in the capitalist system, in the conception of education and in the public sector in recent decades, the object of this thesis study has focused on the influence of changes in the public sector on educational public policies. The construct of the New Public Management (NGP), whose discourse is based on the search for the improvement of the efficiency of public management, has acquired a character of neutrality and universality, being widely disseminated and adopted. On the other hand, Reuni reproduced in the Federal Universities the management by results and contracting system, being connected to consolidated practices in the NGP framework. In this sense, it was outlined as a general objective of this thesis to understand the influence of the New Public Management on the execution (formulation, implementation and results) of the Reuni in Federal Universities of the Brazilian Northeast. We adopted an epistemological perspective linked to the Critical Theory in the Frankfurteran sense, based on three categorical dialectical pairs "history versus naturalization"; "Social versus system praxis"; And "alienation versus emancipation." Methodologically, a qualitative research was carried out, designed as a multi-case study, realised in three universities, located in different states of Northeastern Brazil. Data collection was based on documents linked to Reuni, and twenty-two narrative interviews were conducted, using the techniques of topical life history and element-stimulus. For the understanding of the narratives, the technique of hermeneutic-dialectical analysis was used, with analysis of emerging metaphors. The results show that: the actions proposed by the Reuni for universities produced incremental changes in the performance of these institutions, sometimes amalgamating with pre-existing "old public management" practices (ii) in the exercise of control by results, The emphasis on compliance with the goal can generate inefficiency and inefficacy, shedding light on the reflection on its real superiority over bureaucratic control. (iii) although there are substantive concepts in the ideal of Reuni, incorporated in the managerial model - such as autonomy, democratization, quality and flexibility, actions associated with these precepts and carried out during the Program privileged the search for efficiency, linking to an instrumental logic and relegating its substantive components to the scope of discourseFrom the categorical dialectical pairs, the critical syntheses are proposed. History-naturalization: by resorting to the "lifeline" metaphor (as an alternative to "survival" of universities), as well as to the determinism of old public management (old management practices as immutable), subjects take practices Of the old public management, as well as naturalize the changes demanded by Reuni, considering them as if they were separated from the will and human intervention. Social-system praxis: By recourse to the metaphor "exchange of turbine with flying aircraft" (rapid adaptation in a risky environment), the subjects narrated the uncritical way in which they joined and performed the actions foreseen in the Reuni project, positioning themselves, functionally, As goal-followers in a system-university, whose transformation is metaphorically represented by the "motor of formation of graduates" (university as a factory of graduating students). Emancipation-alienation: both the naturalized and uncritical form as the subjects joined the Reuni, and the systemic and harmonizing character they attributed to their university-operational practices guard their experiences of suffering and alienation, as well as their detachment from reflexive and emancipatory actions

6
  • MARCOS PAULO DA SILVA
  • Adoption of byod practices in light of effectuacion theory principles.

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • ANTONIO CARLOS GASTAUD MAÇADA
  • BRIVALDO ANDRE MARINHO DA SILVA
  • CESAR ALEXANDRE DE SOUZA
  • Data: Dec 20, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The following study seeks to comprehend in which way Information Technology (IT) users and manager conduct the adoption of Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) practices, under the light of Effectuation theory principles. The theoretical framework brings discussions on the context of consumerization, its applications and implications for organizations and individuals, the Effectuation theory approach, the effectual logic, its principles and process. This is an exploratory-descriptive study, which uses both qualitative and quantitative research methods by means of one single case study, in which took part 42 users and the IT manager of a company that has been operating for the last 49 years in the retailer/wholesaler sector in the city of Natal/RN. Descriptive statistics, logistic regression (bootstrap), Pearson correlation and Mann-Whitney U test were used for the analysis of the data collected from the IT users, along with the aid of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version 21. Categorical content analysis – thematic analysis – was used for the analysis of the interview granted by the IT manager, with the support of the ATLAS.ti software, version 7.5.1.5. The research evinces, by means of metainferences, the existence of divergences between the adoption of BYOD practices by IT users – effectual profile prevalent – and by the company, represented by the IT manager – causal profile. The management aspects concerning unforeseen events mitigation, information safety and control enforcing the used towards work activities go against IT users’ perspective, which assume that, by means of BYOD practices, it is possible to attain an autonomous and innovation-biased performance, due to contingencies exploration and the establishment of partnerships with coworkers and/or clients and/or suppliers. Nevertheless, both IT users and manager converge regarding the perspective towards the benefits to the organization activities, in terms of employees’ satisfaction, to the improvement of customers services and to the realization of partnerships for the adoption, since the IT manager perceives the availability of IT infrastructure by the company so that the employees may use their own devices as a partnership. It is concluded that the establishment of partnerships encompass the occurrence of interactions between the used and the IT manager, which enhance the human action upon the construction of BYOD practices adoption, especially when intelligent altruism is present. It must be highlighted that, in the adoption policy, the user educational level and the perspective that these practices adoption occur due to the possibility of the devices being used anywhere must be considered, according to the logit models, in order to optimize the meeting of the demands from most IT users of the company.

7
  • RENATA LAISE REIS DE SOUZA ROCA
  • DYNAMIC CAPABILITIES IN A TRANSIENT ADVANTAGE CONCEPT  VIEW: BUILDING KNOWLEDGE THROUGH INTEGRATIVE LITERATURE REVIEW

  • Advisor : MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • BRIVALDO ANDRE MARINHO DA SILVA
  • GERALDO BEZERRA CAMPOS JUNIOR
  • MARIA VALERIA PEREIRA DE ARAUJO
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • Data: Dec 27, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Strategy studies central theme is the understanding of how organizations manage and maintain competitive advantage over their competitors. Among the theories concerned with this the Dynamic Capabilities Theory turns out to be a relatively recent theory in the field of organizational studies that has gained attention among researchers, receiving attention as an evolution from the already entrenched Resource Based Theory, presenting concepts that meet its critics and trying to complement and meet its improvement possibilities. However, although it has been refined and widely studied over the past decades, its literature still presents inconsistencies and different theoretical and analytical cuts utilization resulting in the existence of different conceptions of what are dynamic capabilities, how to identify them and what’s its main purpose . Considering that scientific research reveals itself as a unique instrument in the pursuit of knowledge about the complexity of the phenomena’s form in a way that reframing it and promoting a look at its reality reveals itself as a duty of scholars and researchers in each area, it’s aimed to observe and discuss the criteria and theoretical and epistemological assumptions underpinning the competitive advantage transience’s concept approach in the definition of Dynamic Capabilities. Therefore, this will be a qualitative theoretical study  through a systematic literature review combined with content analysis technique for purposes of selection and analysis of the most actual and relevant scientific papers according to search, inclusion and exclusion criteria as defined in the survey.

2015
Dissertations
1
  • MARCELO VICTOR ALVES BILA QUEIROZ
  • AVALIANDO AS ESCOLAS PELAS SUAS COMPETÊNCIAS: APLICAÇÃO DO DEA NÃO DISCRICIONÁRIO PARA O ENSINO FUNDAMENTAL DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • JANAINA DA SILVA ALVES
  • BRENO RAMOS SAMPAIO
  • Data: Jan 27, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • A educação formal, compreendida pelo processo gradual que ocorre na escola, tem como objetivo a aprendizagem de conhecimentos sistematizados e é de grande interesse da sociedade, pois beneficia seus indivíduos e acarreta em diversos efeitos positivos, como o aumento de produtividade e de bem-estar (JOHNES; JOHNES, 2007). Entender o que influencia o resultado educacional é tão importante quanto o resultado em si, porque permite gerir estas variáveis de forma a obter um melhor desempenho estudantil. Este trabalho faz uso da análise envoltória de dados (DEA) para comparar a eficiência das escolas do Rio Grande do Norte. Neste método não-paramétrico, é construída uma fronteira de eficiência a partir das escolas que melhor usam os insumos definidos para gerar os produtos educacionais. Para tanto, os dados utilizados foram obtidos através da Prova Brasil e Censo Escolar do ano 2011 para as escolas públicas estaduais e municipais do Rio Grande do Norte. Algumas das variáveis consideradas como insumos e produtos já foram obtidas diretamente destas bases, outras duas foram elaboradas, com uso da Teoria de Resposta ao Item (TRI) – são elas os índices socioeconômico e de infraestrutura escolar. Numa primeira etapa, foram comparados diversos modelos DEA, com alterações de variáveis de insumos. Em seguida, foi escolhido o modelo não discricionário para o qual foi aprofundada a análise de resultados. Os resultados mostraram que apenas sete escolas foram eficientes no 5° e 9° ano simultaneamente; não houve diferenças significativas entre a eficiência das escolas municipais e estaduais; bem como não houve diferenças entre escolas grandes e pequenas. Analisando os municípios, Mossoró se destacou em ambos os anos com maior proporção de escolas eficientes. Por fim, o trabalho sugere que utilizando as projeções proporcionadas pelo método DEA as escolas mais ineficientes conseguiriam alcançar a meta do IDEB em 2011, ou seja, é possível melhorar a educação do estado de forma significativa apenas com mudanças na eficiência comparando com melhores escolas.

2
  • RUAN RODRIGO ARAUJO DA COSTA
  • A RELAÇÃO ENTRE DESEMPENHO E A FORMA LEGAL DAS INSTITUIÇÕES DE MICROCRÉDITO
  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • MELQUIADES PEREIRA DE LIMA JUNIOR
  • Data: Mar 9, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Resumo: O trabalho observou a relação entre o desempenho e as formas legais adotadas por instituições de microcrédito (IMC). As IMC estudadas adotaram forma legal de banco, organização não governamental, cooperativa, instituição financeira não bancária ou banco rural. Os dados utilizados compreendem seis anos, de 2007 a 2012, com periodicidade anual. Foi empregado o modelo de regressão linear em conjunto com dados em painel e variáveis dummy representando as formas legais. Formaram a amostra 243 IMC de cinquenta países, originários de todos os continentes do mundo, exceto a América do Norte. No trabalho, foi observado que IMC maiores conseguem lucros maiores, retornos maiores e índices de autossuficiência operacional maiores, indicando que o crescimento pode levar à consolidação das IMC. Para as IMC menores, o caminho pode ser a assimilação ou fusão com outras IMC. Também foi observado que as cooperativas, as instituições financeiras não bancárias e os bancos rurais conseguem atender mais clientes, causando maior impacto na sociedade, e obter maiores retornos, indicando que as formas legais mais adequadas ao mercado de microfinanças são as cooperativas, instituições financeiras não bancárias e bancos rurais que equilibram a orientação para o social e a busca por por maiores lucros. 

3
  • PATRÍCIA RIBEIRO ROMANO
  • FUSÕES E AQUISIÇÕES NO BRASIL: ANÁLISE DOS EFEITOS EM MERCADO DE CAPITAIS.

     

  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • MELQUIADES PEREIRA DE LIMA JUNIOR
  • Data: Mar 23, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Este trabalho investigou a relação e o impacto provocado por eventos de fusões e aquisições (F&As) horizontais, nos retornos das ações das empresas participantes e concorrentes com relação à criação ou destruição de valor para essas firmas no Brasil, no período de 2001 a 2012. Para tal, utilizou-se, inicialmente, a metodologia do estudo de eventos – que estimou alterações anormais ocorridas nos preços das ações e, posteriormente, realizaram-se análises de regressões múltiplas - cujas variáveis independentes possuíram algumas motivações que poderiam gerar o aumento ou a diminuição de valor das firmas. Os resultados do estudo de evento atestaram que, ao utilizar subperíodos para os dados antes e após o período de crise, os efeitos foram diferentes para as empresas alvo - antes negativos, depois positivos. Com relação às empresas adquirentes e concorrentes, os resultados foram constantes. Os retornos foram próximos à zero para as firmas compradoras, já para as concorrentes foram negativos. Ademais, os resultados das regressões em relação às firmas adquirentes mostraram que as firmas investiram em processos de F&As para obterem um aumento ainda maior da sua eficiência. Além disso, esta pesquisa indicou que o endividamento da firma adquirente exerceu um papel importante para a criação de valor em aquisições quando ela possuiu um Q de Tobin mais elevado. Em relação aos resultados das firmas alvo, este trabalho concluiu que as pequenas empresas, quando fazem um anúncio de fusão ou aquisição, obtêm um melhor retorno do que as grandes empresas.

4
  • BRUNO LUAN DANTAS CARDOSO
  • PARA UMA GESTÃO SOCIAL NO PROGRAMA MINHA CASA MINHA VIDA: REFLEXÕES ACERCA DA ORGANIZAÇÃO COMUNITÁRIA EM EMPREENDIMENTOS DA FAIXA 1

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARCO AURÉLIO MARQUES FERREIRA
  • PAMELA DE MEDEIROS BRANDÃO
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • Data: May 22, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • A política habitacional teve importante avanço na década de 2000, principalmente com a criação do Ministério das Cidades. A estruturação do Plano Nacional de Habitação ocasionou inclusão do tema na agenda governamental, permitindo a produção de habitação de interesse social voltada à população em situação vulnerável, através do Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida (PMCMV). Assim, a presente dissertação tem como objetivo compreender atributos de gestão social para a organização comunitária em empreendimentos da faixa 1 do Programa.  Para tanto, realizou-se pesquisa quantitativa, por meio da aplicação de formulários, e qualitativa, por meio de grupo focal, ambos com beneficiários do Programa. No tocante aos resultados, observou-se debilidade do papel do Estado, caracterizado principalmente pelos frágeis Projetos Técnicos de Trabalho Social. Os elementos de gestão social igualmente foram frágeis, distanciando os empreendimentos de condições ideias de habitabilidade e convívio coletivo. A ausência de compreensão da relevância de bem-estar coletivo e a precariedade da esfera pública, conduzem ao afastamento da finalidade emancipatória da gestão social. Destacou-se, ainda, o papel de associações de moradores e de iniciativas de trabalho coletivo no atendimento de demandas sociais da comunidade.

5
  • ROMULO ANDRADE DE SOUZA NETO
  • RESISTÊNCIA À VIGILÂNCIA ELETRÔNICA EM CALL CENTERS: AS IMPLICAÇÕES E AS RESPOSTAS DOS GESTORES

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • ANIELSON BARBOSA DA SILVA
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • Data: Jun 25, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Tradicionalmente, o conceito de resistência alude a movimentos coletivos e explícitos de oposição, como greves e paralizações. A modernização das ferramentas de controle e das práticas gerenciais evidenciaram formatos informais e menos visíveis de oposição, como piadas e ironias. Desde então, pesquisadores de diversos campos tem estudado a resistência para compreender estes comportamentos. A partir da revisão da literatura, verificamos que pouco se sabe sobre as respostas dos gestores e sobre as implicações da resistência informal. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi compreender como os gestores lidam com a resistência informal à vigilância eletrônica. A coleta e a análise dos dados foram realizadas com base na Teoria do Processo de Trabalho (LPT) e na literatura decoping. Em termos metodológicos, este trabalho é do tipo descritivo e exploratório, com adoção da abordagem qualitativa, uso do método de estudo de casos múltiplos e aplicação de entrevistas semiestruturadas episódicas. Devido ao caráter controlador de suas atividades, a amostra foram nove gestores de equipes de teleatendimento (call centers) que trabalhavam em diferentes empresas na cidade de Natal. Para analisar os dados foi utilizada a Análise de Conteúdo com a adoção da técnica de análise categorial ou temática. Para dar consistência e agilizar o processo analítico, foi utilizado o software NVivo® para codificar, categorizar e realizar análises comparativas através de modelos dinâmicos, mapas de árvore e nuvens de palavras. Os nossos resultados confirmam o controle intensivo do trabalho em empresas de teleatendimento. Foram identificadas 15 expressões de resistência informal nos casos investigados, sendo fofoca o tipo mais citado pelos entrevistados. A maioria dos gestores afirmou tomar uma atitude imediata assim que identifica a resistência, sendo a conversa a atitude mais citada. Por fim, apenas dois entrevistados reportaram casos de flexibilização das normas por causa da resistência de rotina, em todos os outros casos ela não pareceu ter gerado mudanças.

6
  • GABRIELA FIGUEIREDO DIAS
  • INFLUÊNCIA DE MACRO E MICRO FATORES NA ADOÇÃO DE PRÁTICAS DE TI VERDE EM INSTITUIÇÕES DE ENSINO SUPERIOR BRASILEIRAS: UMA PESQUISA À LUZ DA TEORIA DA CRENÇA-AÇÃO-RESULTADO

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • BRENO TORRES SANTIAGO NUNES
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • Data: Jul 2, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Este estudo teve como objetivo compreender como as crenças ambientais de gestores de TI associadas às pressões institucionais influenciam na adoção da TI Verde nas organizações. Para tanto, foi utilizado como aporte teórico o modelo Crença-Ação-Resultado, que tem como base a Teoria da Ação que visa explicar como um micro fator pode influenciar em um ambiente macro. A abordagem da pesquisa foi qualitativa com ênfase no método qualitativo. Para atingir o objetivo da pesquisa foram realizadas dez entrevistas semiestruturadas junto com aplicação de um checklist composto pelas 37 principais práticas de TI Verde mais adotadas no Brasil. A técnica utilizada para a análise de dados qualitativos foi a análise de conteúdo temática ou categorial com auxílio do software NVivo©, já os dados gerados através das respostas do checklist foram analisados por meio de estatística básica com os cálculos das medidas de tendência central e das frequências das respostas. Dentre os resultados obtidos verificou-se uma maior influência dos macro fatores: pressão mimética e fatores organizacionais. Todavia os outros macro fatores pesquisados, influência de normas, leis e regulamentos e opinião da comunidade acadêmica, foram citados com menor frequência pelos entrevistados. No que tange os micro fatores, apenas três gestores relataram iniciativas próprias associadas a adoção da TI Verde dentro do ambiente de trabalho. No que se refere à adoção das práticas de TI Verde, as dez IES pesquisadas demonstraram adotar de forma integral em média 31,61% das 37 práticas apresentadas no checklist. Por fim, quando questionados sobre os benefícios percebidos, os dez entrevistados citaram benefícios organizacionais e oito relataram a existência de benefícios sociais. Em síntese, no que tange à comparação dos casos, os resultados das influências macro e micro foram heterogêneas, pois cada universidade mostrou uma combinação diferente de fatores de influência. Com base nos resultados encontrados pode-se sugerir que os órgãos públicos invistam em medidas mais consistentes de regulamentação para adoção de práticas sustentáveis associadas à TI, bem como as IES podem investir em campanhas de conscientização da comunidade acadêmica a fim de gerar uma maior participação no que se refere ao tema. Além disso, esse estudo promove a divulgação das práticas de TI Verde mais adotadas nas IES pesquisadas, servindo de exemplo para outras instituições e outros tipos de organizações.

7
  • JOYCE ALVES DE MORAES
  • Dualidade do CEO e desempenho em companhias de capital aberto no Brasil.

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • DIOGO HENRIQUE SILVA DE LIMA
  • PATRICIA MARIA BORTOLON
  • Data: Aug 25, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • O estudo sobre governança corporativa ganhou forças nas últimas décadas, estimulando agentes do mercado e acadêmicos. No Brasil, o principal órgão de divulgação de boas práticas de governança é o IBGC – Instituto Brasileiro de Governança Corporativa, sendo responsável pelo Código de Melhores Práticas de Governança Corporativa e, também, por estimular pesquisas sobre o assunto. Este trabalho se dedicou ao estudo de mecanismos e práticas relacionados ao funcionamento dos conselhos de administração. Especificamente, dimensionamos a incidência de dualidade do CEO em empresas brasileiras de capital aberto e investigamos se há relação entre a dualidade do CEO e desempenho em mercado de capitais. Foi encontrada relação negativa significativa entre dualidade do CEO e Q de Tobin nas companhias em nossa amostra, contra os trabalhos seminais internacionais na área, em linha com resultados empíricos de trabalhos brasileiros não tão antigos, contra trabalhos brasileiros recentes e em linha com diretrizes do IBGC e da  BM&FBovespa.

8
  • GEORGIA CRISTIANE RODRIGUES
  • A Predisposição dos Usuários em Aderir a uma Política de Segurança Envolvendo Bring Your Own Device(BYOD)

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • MARCOS FERNANDO MACHADO DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: Sep 11, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • O avanço da tecnologia móvel, no que diz respeito à disponibilidade de serviços 3G/4G e da utilização de Dispositivos como Smartphones e Tablets originou um novo fenômeno de comunicação: BYOD (Bring Your Own Device), é uma nova tendência de negócios, onde os funcionários estão utilizando seus próprios dispositivos para fins de trabalho. A rápida expansão de BYOD e as questões de segurança e privacidade de dados representam desafios significativos para as organizações. A resposta mais comum a essas preocupações é a adoção de políticas corporativas que regem BYOD.  Este estudo tem por objetivo analisar a intenção dos funcionários em cumprir com a política de segurança da organização no contexto de BYOD, quando os funcionários utilizam seus dispositivos pessoais para acessar recursos organizacionais para realizarem o trabalho, dentro ou fora do ambiente organizacional. Para tanto, foi utilizada a Teoria de Motivação a Proteção (TMP) como embasamento teórico. Em termos metodológicos, a presente pesquisa, é do tipo descritiva e também exploratória com uma abordagem quantitativa. Não aleatória é o tipo de amostragem. Para coleta, foi aplicado um questionário estruturado, tipo survey, com um conjunto de itens de medição para cada construto. A etapa de análise dos dados foi realizada por meio de utilização de técnicas de estatística descritiva e análise multivariada, tais como a Análise Fatorial Exploratória (AFE) e a Regressão Linear Múltipla (RLM). Do ponto de vista teórico, os resultados demonstram que o modelo PMT fornece uma base teórica sólida para a investigação nesta área. No entanto, os resultados também indicam que este modelo é afetado por fatores contextuais, e que a escolha da amostra pode influenciar a importância dos diferentes componentes do modelo. Portanto, o cuidado deve ser tomado na generalização desses resultados para outros contextos e populações

9
  • MARLENE MEDEIROS
  • UM MODELO DE PORTFÓLIO PARA GESTÃO ESTRATÉGICA DE COMPRAS HOSPITALARES

  • Advisor : LUCIANO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANO FERREIRA
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • ANDRE MORAIS GURGEL
  • MARLI DE FATIMA FERRAZ DA SILVA TACCONI
  • Data: Nov 26, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • O presente estudo, baseado no modelo teórico de portfólio de
    compras proposto por Kraljic (1983), apresenta um modelo de
    portfólio de compras voltado para gestão de
    compras hospitalares, por meio da aplicação do método de decisão
    multicritério Fuzzy-TOPSIS. Para fins de exemplificação do
    método, a pesquisa foi aplicada em um Hospital de grande
    porte localizado em Natal/RN e teve como amostra doze itens de
    compras. Os itens foram avaliados pelo grupo
    de decisores nas dimensões de importância da compra e
    complexidade de fornecimento, sendo cada
    dimensão composta por quatro critérios. Por meio da
    utilização do método Fuzzy-TOPSIS e de regras de decisão, os
    itens foram classificados entre as categorias: estratégicos,
    gargalos, alavancagem e não-críticos. O resultado dessa etapa
    identificou três itens estratégicos, seis itens gargalos, um item
    de alavancagem e dois itens não-críticos. Para
    os três itens classificados como estratégicos, foi aplicado o
    método Fuzzy-TOPSIS visando a identificar o posicionamento
    estratégico do Hospital em relação aos fornecedores
    desses itens, a partir da avaliação das dimensões força do
    mercado fornecedor e força da empresa compradora, sendo cada uma
    composta por quatro critérios. Nessa etapa, foi identificada uma
    postura de balanceamento das forças. Conclui-se a efetividade da
    ferramenta de portfólio de compras para
    gestão hospitalar, proporcionando uma visão mais clara das
    características, inerentes ao processo de compras nesse contexto
    complexo. O método Fuzzy-TOPSIS apresentou-se como uma ferramenta
    flexível, capaz de lidar com problemas de
    classificação, gerando resultados satisfatórios e contribuindo
    para a tomada de decisão. 

Thesis
1
  • LENIN CAVALCANTI BRITO GUERRA
  • O PROCESSO DE FORMULAÇÃO DO PROGRAMA UNIVERSIDADE PARA TODOS: ATORES, COALIZÕES E INTERESSES

  • Advisor : ANTONIO SERGIO ARAUJO FERNANDES
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANTONIO SERGIO ARAUJO FERNANDES
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • FERNANDO DE SOUZA COELHO
  • SUELY MARA VAZ GUIMARÃES DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: Jun 5, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • A presente tese teve como objetivo geral analisar de que forma a atuação das coalizões afetou o processo de formulação do Programa Universidade para Todos (Prouni).  Trata-se de um Programa em que estudantes oriundos do ensino médio público ou que foram bolsistas integrais em escolas particulares recebem bolsas de estudo em Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES) privadas, que recebem incentivos fiscais em tributos federais. Como referencial de análise, utilizou-se o Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), quadro de referência desenvolvido por Sabatier e Jenkins-Smith (1993) que concebe o processo de formulação das políticas públicas como sendo fruto da competição entre grupos de atores, chamados de coalizões, que estão envolvidos ou interessados em uma determinada questão de política pública. Os atores se aglutinam em coalizões a partir de crenças, valores, posturas técnicas e posições sobre questões operacionais da política pública e agem coordenadamente para defender seus interesses, interferindo no processo de formulação daquelas políticas. Em relação aos aspectos metodológicos, trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa que utilizou: estrutura narrativa para apresentar o desenvolvimento da educação superior brasileira e o Prouni, a partir da análise de documentos oficiais, notas taquigráficas de audiências públicas no Congresso e entrevistas com servidores que atuaram no Ministério da Educação (MEC) à época da formulação do programa (consultores legislativos da Câmara e do Senado, além do ex-deputado relator do Projeto de Lei 3.582/2004, que deu origem ao Prouni). Como resultados, foram identificadas duas coalizões: a estatista, que se posicionou contrária ao programa; e a privatista, que defendia sua formulação. Os embates, que ocorreram, sobretudo, no Congresso Nacional, evidenciaram as estratégias para operacionalizar as crenças. As duas coalizões utilizaram fortemente as informações técnicas e a mobilização por meio da militância (mobilizate troops). Entretanto, a coalizão privatista atuou mais fortemente nesse caso e foi capaz de transformar suas crenças em estratégias de ação mais eficazes. A configuração final do Prouni foi benéfica para as IES privadas e evidenciou uma mudança nas políticas públicas ligadas à educação superior, uma vez que o apoio governamental, por meio de isenções fiscais, antes concedidos somente a IES sem fins lucrativos, passou a ser extensivo também às IES com finalidade lucrativas.

2
  • CLÁUDIO MÁRCIO CAMPOS DE MENDONÇA
  • A COMPUTAÇÃO EM NUVEM E SUAS RELAÇÕES COM OS ARRANJOS DE GOVERNANÇA DE TI E O ALINHAMENTO ESTRATÉGICO

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • BRIVALDO ANDRE MARINHO DA SILVA
  • ERNANI MARQUES DOS SANTOS
  • Data: Aug 7, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Cada vez mais, a Tecnologia da Informação (TI) vem sendo utilizada para dar sustentação as estratégias de negócio, ocasionando aumento da sua relevância. Por isso, a Governança de TI é vista com uma das prioridades das organizações no momento. A busca pelo alinhamento estratégico entre negócio e TI é debatida como um fator relevante para o sucesso empresarial, mas mesmo com essa importância, normalmente os principais gestores de negócio relutam em assumir a responsabilidade das decisões que envolvem a TI. Tudo isso, devido a complexidade de sua infraestrutura. Já a computação em nuvem vem sendo vista como um elemento capaz de auxiliar na implantação das estratégias organizacionais, em virtude de suas características permitirem uma maior eficiência e agilidade da área de TI, sendo considerada como um novo paradigma computacional. O objetivo principal do estudo foi analisar as relações entre os arranjos de governança de TI e o alinhamento estratégico com a infraestrutura como serviço (IaaS) da computação em nuvem pública. Para tanto, foi desenvolvida uma pesquisa exploratória, descritiva e inferencial com abordagem ao problema da pesquisa de forma quantitativa, utilizando o método survey descritiva e de corte transversal. Foi utilizado um questionário eletrônico aplicado com os Associados do ISACA dos chapters do Estado de São Paulo e Distrito Federal, totalizando 164 respondentes. O instrumento utilizou como base as teorias de Weill e Ross (2006) para matriz de arranjo de governança de TI; Henderson e Venkatraman (1993) e Luftman (2000) para modelo de maturidade do alinhamento estratégico e NIST (2011 b), ITGI (2007) e CSA (2010) para maturidade da infraestrutura como serviço (IaaS) pública em suas características essenciais.  No tocante aos principais resultados, esta pesquisa comprovou que com a IaaS pública as estruturas de tomada de decisão foram alteradas, havendo uma maior participação dos altos executivos em todas as cinco decisões-chave de TI (matriz de arranjo de governança de TI), inclusive decisões mais técnicas como arquitetura e infraestrutura de TI. Foi observada, também, a diminuição na participação dos especialistas de TI, caracterizando-se o processo de decisão com o arquétipo duopólio (decisão compartilhada).  No quesito alinhamento estratégico foi observado que este é alterado com a computação em nuvem, tendo as organizações com IaaS pública uma maturidade do alinhamento estratégico com diferença estatisticamente significativa e superior, quando comparada com as organizações sem IaaS.  A maturidade da IaaS pública se encontra no nível intermediário (nível 3 – “processo definido”), tendo a elasticidade e mensuração obtido o nível 4 – “gerenciado e mensurável”. Diante disso, foi possível inferir que nas organizações com IaaS pública há correlações entre as decisões-chave e a maturidade da IaaS, principalmente em princípios, arquitetura e infraestrutura de TI e com os arquétipos que envolvem altos executivos e especialistas de TI, além da correlação entre a maturidade do alinhamento estratégico e a maturidade da IaaS pública. Portanto, quanto maior o alinhamento estratégico, maior a maturidade da IaaS pública e vice-versa.

3
  • MARCIO MARREIRO DAS CHAGAS
  • ANTECEDENTES DO ENGAJAMENTO EM BOCA A BOCA ELETRÔNICO POSITIVO ENTRE TURISTAS

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • LUIZ AUGUSTO MACHADO MENDES FILHO
  • SERGIO MARQUES JUNIOR
  • MARLI DE FATIMA FERRAZ DA SILVA TACCONI
  • MARLUSA GOSLING
  • Data: Sep 1, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • O estudo analisou a influência da Imagem de Destinos, Satisfação e Motivações na intenção de realizar Comunicação Boca a Boca Eletrônica Positiva (eWOM) entre turistas, por meio do Facebook. Além disso, almejou especificamente levantar o perfil sócio-demográfico e a frequência de publicações de eWOM dos respondentes, avaliou a adequação das variáveis manifestas para composição das dimensões Qualidade, Satisfação, Imagem, Motivações e Boca a Boca Eletrônico Positivo. E, por último, analisou o modelo relacional entre Qualidade, Satisfação, Imagem e Motivações na explicação do engajamento em Boca a Boca Eletrônico Positivo. Para tanto, foi realizado um estudo regido pela lógica hipotético-dedutiva, sendo descritivo com relação aos seus objetivos. A abordagem analítica foi quantitativa, do tipo survey. O tipo de amostragem foi não-probabilística, por conveniência, com a escolha do sujeito tendo sido realizada de forma sistemática, utilizando-se o tempo como fator de sistematização, numa tentativa de tornar aleatória a seleção dos respondentes. A amostra do estudo foi composta por 355 turistas. O instrumento utilizado foi o formulário, cujas respostas foram coletadas nos principais pontos de entrada, saída e passeio de turistas na praia da Pipa/RN. A análise dos dados foi desenvolvida por meio de estatísticas descritivas e multivariadas, notadamente análise fatorial exploratória e confirmatória e modelagem de equações estruturais. Dentre os principais resultados, foi possível confirmar que as Motivações, a Satisfação e a Imagem afetam fortemente a intenção de realizar Boca a Boca Eletrônico Positivo. Destaque é dado para as Motivações, uma vez que demonstram maior impacto na explicação da variável dependente, seguido pela Satisfação e pela Imagem. Esta última, no entanto, de forma inversamente proporcional. Dentre as Motivações, aquela que apresenta maior percentual de variância explicada pela dimensão são os Benefícios Sociais buscados pelo turista, tendo o Desejo de Ajudar outros Turistas e o de Extravasar Emoções Positivas apresentado o mesmo percentual. As variáveis manifestas demonstram-se plenamente aceitáveis de serem tomadas como reflexos de seus respectivos fatores. As implicações teóricas e práticas destes resultados são discutidas, como também apresentadas as principais conclusões, limitações e recomendações deste estudo.

4
  • INGRID WILZA LEAL BEZERRA
  • Avaliação do Programa de Alimentação do Trabalhador no Rio Grande do Norte

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • JANAINA DA SILVA ALVES
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • ANTONIO MANUEL GOUVEIA DE OLIVEIRA
  • IRACEMA SANTOS VELOSO
  • Data: Sep 17, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • O Programa de Alimentação do Trabalhador (PAT) é referido como a principal política de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional voltado para o atendimento das classes trabalhadoras e tem como objetivo a melhoria da situação nutricional dos trabalhadores. São atendidos atualmente pelo PAT cerca de 19 milhões de trabalhadores em todo o Brasil, o que dá uma ideia da sua dimensão e importância. No Rio Grande do Norte, estima-se que aproximadamente 120 mil trabalhadores sejam beneficiados. Ainda assim, não há registros de estudos de análise do Programa no Estado. Diante disso, a presente tese desenvolveu uma avaliação do Programa de Alimentação do Trabalhador no Rio Grande do Norte, tendo como objetivo avaliar o seu impacto sobre o estado nutricional dos trabalhadores beneficiados. Para tanto, foi desenvolvida uma pesquisa observacional, transversal e prospectiva com base numa amostra aleatória probabilística, estratificada, em multi-estágios e comparativa entre indústrias de pequeno e médio porte, do Setor de Transformação (têxteis, alimentos e bebidas, e minerais não-metálicos) do RN, divididas igualmente em dois grupos (PAT e Não PAT), num total de 26 empresas. As entrevistas foram realizadas por entrevistadores treinados e ocorreram de terça a sábado, entre setembro e dezembro de 2014, em cada empresa, em local definido para este fim. Foram coletados dados das empresas (de caracterização e de informações que se relacionem com os resultados almejados pelo Programa) e dos trabalhadores (informações pessoais, profissionais, antropométricas, de saúde, estilo de vida e do consumo alimentar do dia anterior). As informações obtidas foram organizadas em banco de dados no programa Microsoft Excel® e a análise estatística realizada pelo Stata® 11.0. Foram calculadas estimativas populacionais, para o RN, das características dos trabalhadores e das variáveis do estudo. As estimativas dos erros padrão foram corrigidas para o agrupamento dos trabalhadores em cada indústria, com base no coeficiente de correlação intraclasse; e para amostragem sem reposição, utilizando-se o fator de correção para populações finitas baseado no total de indústrias segundo o subsetor de atividade econômica no Estado e no total de trabalhadores de cada indústria selecionada para o estudo. A variável principal foi o IMC. As variáveis secundárias foram a circunferência abdominal, o diagnóstico nutricional, a ingestão calórica, a pressão arterial, as variáveis metabólicas e os indicadores de estilo de vida. O método estatístico utilizado foi a regressão linear de efeitos mistos hierárquica para as variáveis de intervalos e a regressão logística de efeitos mistos hierárquica para as variáveis binárias. As variáveis medidas em escalas ordinais foram analisadas por regressão logística ordinal ajustada para variáveis correlatas, adotando-se erros padrão robustos. Os resultados para as variáveis de intervalos, estão apresentados como estimativas pontuais e seus intervalos de confiança de 95%; e como odds-ratios e seus intervalos de confiança de 95% para as variáveis binárias. Para comparações simples entre proporções e entre médias foram usados, respectivamente, os testes exato de Fisher e o teste-t de Student. Foram consideradas estatisticamente significativas as diferenças com p<0,05. Todos os testes foram bicaudais. Foram entrevistados 1069 trabalhadores, sendo 541 do grupo PAT e 528 do grupo Não PAT com média de idade de 34,5 anos, sexo masculino foi predominante nos dois grupos, foram observadas diferenças significantes entre os grupos quanto ao grau de escolaridade, à renda superior a 1 SM e à formação específica para o cargo que ocupa na empresa. Os resultados demonstraram diferenças significantes entre o IMC dos trabalhadores beneficiados, que foram em média 0,989 kg/m2 mais elevado do que o IMC dos trabalhadores do grupo não PAT (p=0,002); e entre a CABd, cujas medidas dos trabalhadores do grupo PAT foram em média 1,528 cm maior (p<0,05). Maiores prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade (p<0,001) e risco cardiovascular (p=0,038) foram constatadas no grupo PAT. Testes de possível efeito do PAT sobre indicadores de saúde (pressão arterial e indicadores metabólicos) e de estilo de vida (hábito de fumar, consumo de álcool e prática de atividade física) não foram significantes. Com relação à alimentação dos trabalhadores, foram significantes as diferenças no consumo alimentar de gordura saturada (almoço e consumo diário), sódio (almoço, demais refeições e consumo diário) e proteínas (Demais refeições e consumo diário), sendo o consumo desses nutrientes menor no grupo PAT. O estudo demonstrou um possível impacto positivo do PAT sobre o estado nutricional (IMC e CAbd) entre trabalhadores beneficiados. Não foram observados possíveis efeitos do Programa sobre os indicadores de estilo de vida pesquisados. Trabalhadores beneficiados apresentaram menor consumo de sódio, gordura saturada e proteína. Reconhece-se a relevância do PAT para essa parcela da sociedade e entende-se que, se ele tem alcance e impacto sobre a sua clientela, é possível que o desenvolvimento de ações de educação para a segurança alimentar e nutricional também possam exercer influência positiva.

     

5
  • TICIANO MACIEL DAMORE
  • ECONOMIA CRIATIVA E ESTRATÉGIA COMO PRÁTICA SOCIAL: UMA ABORDAGEM TEÓRICO-EMPÍRICO-CONCEITUAL A PARTIR DE AMBIENTES CRIATIVOS DE GRUPOS MUSICAIS

  • Advisor : MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • RICARDO SERGIO GOMES VIEIRA
  • WALID ABBAS EL AOUAR
  • Data: Nov 19, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • O presente estudo busca identificar de que forma ambientes criativos de grupos musicais se configuram na perspectiva da Estratégia como Prática como concepção teórico-empírico-conceitual. Desenvolve no arcabouço teórico discussões sobre o construto da Economia Criativa, a Indústria Criativa, o ambiente criativo, o paradigma organizacional da Economia Criativa, a música como um ambiente criativo e de negócio, concepção e dinâmica da Estratégia como Prática e as conjecturas acerca do contextualismo e de outras correntes epistemológicas. Configura-se como uma pesquisa exploratório-descritiva, utilizando o método qualitativo e se caracterizando como um estudo de casos múltiplos. Ao todo, quatro bandas musicais de estilos, mercados e áreas de atuação distintas, com mais de dez anos de atuação, foram pesquisadas. Tanto para a coleta quanto para a análise dos dados, foi utilizado o método da Grounded Theory e da observação simples, e a análise foi auxiliada pelo software ATLAS.ti. A pesquisa mostra que os grupos estudados percebem a atuação especializada nas mídias sociais virtuais como diferencial estratégico. Demonstra também que as bandas fomentam a individuação e diferenciação no seu relacionamento com o indivíduo. Por fim, atesta que essas organizações envolvem as equipes e valorizam a concepção dinâmica de suas rotinas para tomar decisões estratégicas, dando atenção a um viés social da estratégia. A categoria central Estratégia como Prática Criativa que emergiu dos dados é explicada através dos três resultados supracitados e revela que organizações inseridas na Economia Criativa realizam de forma simultânea e dinâmica o fazer criativo e estratégico nos âmbitos artístico e gerencial. A teoria gerada torna-se validada pelos princípios grau de coerência, funcionalidade, relevância, flexibilidade, densidade e integração, bem como se insere na corrente do contextualismo, a qual aponta o conhecimento como relativo ao contexto em que está inserido e no qual é discutido.

6
  • LILIA ASUCA SUMIYA
  • A hora da alfabetização: Atores, ideias e instituições na construção do PAIC-CE

  • Advisor : MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • ELOISA MAIA VIDAL
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • REGINA SILVIA VIOTTO MONTEIRO PACHECO
  • SANDRA CRISTINA GOMES
  • Data: Dec 17, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Esta Tese tem como intuito compreender como uma determinada condição social adquire relevância a ponto de ser considerado um problema que merece uma ação governamental e como determinadas propostas de solução ganham evidência em detrimento de outras. Mais especificamente, pretende-se analisar o campo das políticas públicas de educação e verificar se os modelos analíticos adotados possuem força explicativa para se compreender como o tema do analfabetismo escolar entrou na agenda do governo do Estado do Ceará e como o Programa de Alfabetização na Idade Certa (PAIC) foi se configurando ao longo do tempo. Do ponto de vista empírico das políticas públicas de educação no Brasil, trata-se de um caso relevante ao se verificar que, historicamente, as políticas de alfabetização concentraram-se nos jovens e adultos, revelando a ausência de ações específicas para as crianças em estágio de alfabetização.

    Para compreendermos as razões que levaram o tema ao topo da agenda governamental cearense, esta Tese tem como base principal de sustentação a literatura sobre a análise de políticas públicas, com ênfase nos processos de formação de agenda e elaboração de alternativas. Recorre-se a uma abordagem híbrida a partir da combinação das ferramentas analíticas do Modelo de Múltiplos Fluxos de Kingdon (1995), do Modelo de Coalizão Advocatória de Sabatier e Jenkins Smith (1993) e da abordagem do neoinstitucionalismo histórico.

    A pesquisa é de natureza qualitativa e adotou como estratégia o método de estudo de caso único. Foi realizada uma triangulação de dados a partir de documentos institucionais relativos ao PAIC, notas taquigráficas de eventos organizados pela Assembleia Legislativa do Ceará, matérias da mídia, estudos acadêmicos e entrevistas com atores chave de diferentes instituições.

    Esta Tese conclui que, dada a complexidade do caso em estudo, a combinação conjunta das três abordagens analíticas mostrou-se adequada e necessária para a compreensão dos múltiplos fatores que explicam a entrada do tema na agenda decisória do governo estadual cearense e o desenho do PAIC. Destacam-se a importância das ideias e do empreendedor de políticas públicas, a relevância da etapa de reconhecimento do problema para a formação de uma ampla base de coalizão, o processo de construção das alternativas de ação e a trajetória histórica das políticas de educação no Ceará. Este estudo contribui, portanto, para uma melhor compreensão das etapas que compõem a formação de agenda nas políticas públicas, em particular no campo da educação.


7
  • FABIO RESENDE DE ARAUJO
  • CAPACIDADES ESTATAIS PARA IMPLEMENTAÇÃO DE POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS EM AMBIENTES FEDERATIVOS: O CASO DO PROGRAMA BOLSA FAMÍLIA

  • Advisor : MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • RICHARD MEDEIROS DE ARAÚJO
  • ÍTALO FITTIPALDI
  • Data: Dec 21, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Esta tese objetivou compreender em que medida as capacidades estatais dos governos estaduais explicam a eficácia da implementação do PBF, no Nordeste, adotando a Teoria da implementação como principal lente teórica e de modo mais especifico o conceito de capacidades estatais. Metodologicamente é um estudo de avaliação de políticas públicas, sendo categorizada com um estudo de  avaliação de processo ou de implementação. Dada a especificidade do objeto classifica-se a investigação como estudo multicaso contemplando os Estados de Sergipe, Rio Grande do Norte e Bahia. Além da utilização de dados secundários, o estudo utilizou-se de entrevistas semiestruturadas com os  membros das Comissões Intersetoriais responsáveis pelas ações do PBF e do Cadastro Único no âmbito estadual, compostas por representantes das áreas do Governo Estadual de Assistência Social, Educação e Saúde. Os principais resultados relacionados às capacidades técnicas -administrativas e políticas  encontrados foram: infraestrutura com fragilidade em recursos humanos, tecnológico e financeiros;  coordenação intragovernamental com limites entre o PBF e o SUAS, e as ações da condicionalidade da saúde e Atenção Básica do SUS;  coordenação intergovernamental realizada em parte a distância por limitações de deslocamento e incipiente descentralização regional das ações;  monitoramento baseado nos municípios de menor  desempenho e a partir dos parâmetros postos pelo governo federal. Quanto as  capacidades políticas; sistema político representativo é pouco acessado pelas instâncias de gerência do programa; participação social pouco significativa e baixa articulação com conselhos de temáticas afins ao PBF;  auditoria de controle por órgãos externos eventual. A tese concluiu que em função das capacidades encontradas as debilidades de execução não são exclusivas das ações do programa, mas sim da própria capacidade institucional dos sistemas onde ele opera que são o SUAS, o SUS e o Sistema Educacional. Dito de outro modo limitações das próprias capacidades estatais dos governos estaduais e dos governos municipais de cada território, tais como insuficiência quantitativa e de qualificação de recursos humanos, de recursos financeiros e institucionais, a falta de instância promotoras de descentralização (intergovenamental e intragovernamental) além da fragilidade ou ausência de uma rede de serviços sociais locais são também fatores explicativos  do  desempenho de gestão do Programa  e, as capacidades estatais dos arranjos formados por estados e municípios no PBF,  apenas, de modo parcial  dão conta da complexidade de articulações que envolvem a implementação do programa no que se refere às ações intergovernamentais e intragovernamentais. 

2014
Dissertations
1
  • FERNANDA JULYANNA SILVA DOS SANTOS
  • ELEIÇÃO NAS ESCOLAS: UMA ANÁLISE DO IMPACTO DO DIRETOR ELEITO SOBRE O DESEMPENHO EDUCACIONAL NO ESTADO DA BAHIA

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • RODRIGO LEANDRO DE MOURA
  • Data: Jan 7, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • No Brasil, a escolha dos diretores escolares é formulada de maneira descentralizada por estados e municípios, com processos que podem variar ao longo do tempo para uma mesma localidade. No estado da Bahia, os diretores das escolas estaduais eram indicados politicamente até 2008, quando a escolha passou a ser por eleições. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar os efeitos de tal mudança no rendimento escolar dos alunos. Para tanto, são usados os métodos de dados em painel e de diferença em diferenças que compara as escolas estaduais (grupo de tratamento) às escolas municipais (grupo de controle) que não foram afetadas pela mudança na política e, portanto, continuaram selecionando os diretores por indicação. São utilizadas as bases de dados da Prova Brasil de 2007, 2009 e de 2011, a primeira anterior e as outras duas posteriores à política de seleção adotada pelas escolas estaduais. Os resultados mostram que, tanto para a proficiência em Língua portuguesa quanto em Matemática, o desempenho médio dos alunos das escolas em que os diretores são selecionados e posteriormente eleitos é um pouco menor do que o desempenho médio de alunos que frequentam escolas em que os diretores são apenas indicados. Este resultado pode estar relacionado, segundo a literatura, a efeitos perversos da política de escolha do gestor por voto, tais como o clientelismo, o corporativismo e a politização do ambiente escolar.

     

2
  • RENAN FELINTO DE FARIAS AIRES
  • MODELO DE DECISÃO MULTICRITÉRIO PARA SELEÇÕES INTERCICLO DAS UNIVERSIDADES NOVAS: ESTUDO NA UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

     

     

     


     

     

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • HELIO ROBERTO HEKIS
  • LUCIANO FERREIRA
  • MARLI DE FATIMA FERRAZ DA SILVA TACCONI
  • Data: Jan 14, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  •  

     

    As discussões em que se desenvolvem as propostas de reforma universitária no Brasil compreendem, dentre outros aspectos, a concepção da universidade intitulada de “Universidade Nova”, cuja origem estrutural advém do projeto de lei da reforma da educação superior e dos fundamentos da unificação da educação superior europeia (processo de Bolonha). Em seu cerne, o processo de Bolonha impôs uma série de transformações, dentre as quais, a promoção da mobilidade, como estímulo à cooperação interinstitucional no intuito de permitir uma melhor e maior qualificação dos alunos. Apesar disso, o que se percebe é que este ponto é um dos principais aspectos deficientes apresentados pelas instituições brasileiras que adotaram esse modelo de ensino superior. Um exemplo disto é o Bacharelado em Ciências e Tecnologia - BC&T da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte - UFRN, em que existem problemas tanto de ordem interna, representada pelo problema de reaproveitamento de disciplinas, como de ordem externa, para os casos de transferências interinstitucionais. Por conta disto, e sabendo-se que este é um típico problema em que estão envolvidos múltiplos critérios, o objetivo deste estudo é propor um modelo multicritério para a seleção interciclo da EC&T da UFRN, que contemple a questão da mobilidade. Para tanto, este estudo, de caráter exploratório e delineado como estudo de caso, utilizou, como ferramentas de coleta de dados, as pesquisas bibliográfica e documental, além de entrevistas semiestruturadas. Para a elaboração do modelo, foram utilizadas as cinco fases mais comumente presentes nas modelagens dos problemas de pesquisa operacional em uma amostra de 91 discentes do BC&T. Como resultados, obteve-se um modelo que contempla a questão da mobilidade interna e externa da escola e que, além disso, também se mostrou mais robusto e justo do que o modelo atual do BC&T e também do que é utilizado nas demais graduações da UFRN, levando em consideração as expectativas de resultados dos decisores.

     

     

3
  • JOÃO PAULO COSTA DE MEDEIROS
  • Precificação da Energia Eólica Offshore no Brasil

  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • FELIPE MENDONCA PIMENTA
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • Data: Jan 21, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • A fonte de energia eólica offshore é limpa, renovável e apresenta melhor desempenho do que a fonte onshore em quesitos como maior estabilidade e incidência de ventos, menor impacto visual e sonoro, dentre outros. Em contrapartida, ainda é cerca de duas vezes mais cara que a fonte onshore. Muito em parte isso se dá pelos elevados custos de instalação e manutenção no mar. Para entender melhor como esses custos direcionam o preço da fonte offshore esse trabalho calcula o Nivelized Cost of Energy – LCOE, que representa o retorno mínimo para cobrir os custos de desenvolvimento, produção e manutenção de um projeto eólico. O LCOE foi calculado para todos os parques eólicos onshore brasileiros listados no Bloomberg New Energy Finance®, contabilizando 71 parques. Como o Brasil ainda possui parques eólicos offshore, os valores do LCOE para estes foram calculados dobrando-se os custos dos parques onshore e realizando simulações para estimar a produção de energia no mar. A análise de sensibilidade para os parâmetros que compõem o LCOE indicam que maiores fatores de capacidade obtidos no mar em detrimento da fonte onshore tem o potencial de reduzir significativamente o preço da energia.

4
  • JOYCE MARIELLA MEDEIROS CAVALCANTI
  • TANGIBILIDADE, CLASSE DE ATIVOS E ESTRUTURA DE CAPITAL DAS EMPRESAS LISTADAS NA BM&FBOVESPA.

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • MARCIO ANDRÉ VERAS MACHADO
  • Data: Jan 21, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar a influência das classes de ativos e da desagregação da tangibilidade como fatores determinantes da estrutura de capital das empresas listadas na BM&FBOVESPA no período de 2008 a 2012. Foram compostas duas classes de ativos circulantes que, agrupadas por liquidez, são analisadas pelas instituições financeiras para concessão de crédito: recursos correntes (Disponibilidades e Aplicações Financeiras) e operações com duplicatas (Estoques e Clientes a Receber). A desagregação dos ativos tangíveis foi feita com base em seus principais componentes fornecidos como garantias para empréstimos, a exemplo de Máquinas & Equipamentos e Terrenos & Edificações. Para extensão das análises, três métricas para alavancagem (contábil, financeira e de mercado) foram empregadas e a amostra foi dividida em nível setorial. Em razão de possíveis relações endógenas entre alavancagem e os indicadores corporativos assim como vieses de variáveis omitidas, o modelo de dados em painel dinâmico estimado por GMM sistêmico de dois estágios foi utilizado. Os resultados encontrados sugerem que os recursos correntes são determinantes da estrutura de capital possivelmente por serem caracterizados como proxies para solvência financeira, sendo sua relação positiva com o endividamento. A tangibilidade de ativos possui relação inversamente proporcional com a alavancagem. Ao desagregá-la em seus principais componentes, a influência negativa e significativa das Máquinas & Equipamentos foi mais acentuada no setor de Bens Industriais. Esse resultado demonstra que, em média, os ativos mais específicos da atividade operacional de uma empresa concorrem para menor uso de recursos de terceiros. Como resultados complementares, verificou-se que a alavancagem possui persistência, o que coaduna com a teoria do static trade-off. Especificamente para alavancagem financeira, observou-se que a persistência é significativa quando controlada para as variáveis de classes de ativos circulantes defasadas. A variável proxy para oportunidades de crescimento, medida pelo Market-to-Book, tem o sinal de seu coeficiente controverso. O tamanho da empresa tem relação positiva com o endividamento, a favor da teoria do static trade-off. A lucratividade é a variável mais consistente em todas as estimações realizadas, apresentando relação fortemente negativa e significativa com a alavancagem, conforme prediz a teoria do pecking order.

5
  • FELIPE LUIZ NEVES BEZERRA DE MELO
  • A Corrupção Burocrática Inibe o Empreendedorismo? Uma Análise Empírica dos Estados Brasileiros

     

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GIÁCOMO BALBINOTTO NETO
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • Data: Jan 23, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • O presente estudo tem por objetivo verificar a relação entre empreendedorismo e incidência da corrupção burocrática nos estados brasileiros e Distrito Federal. A principal hipótese do estudo é que a abertura de empresas nos estados brasileiros é afetada negativamente pela incidência da corrupção. O referencial teórico é dividido em Empreendedorismo e Corrupção burocrática, com ênfase na perspectiva materialista (objetivista) do empreendedorismo e nos efeitos da corrupção burocrática sobre a atividade empreendedora. Através do método de regressão com dados em painel, foram estimados os modelos com dados agrupados e com efeitos fixos e aleatórios. Para mensurar a corrupção, utilizou-se o Índice Geral da Corrupção para os estados brasileiros (Boll, 2010), e para representar o empreendedorismo, a abertura de empresas per capita por estado. Os testes (de Chow, Hausman e Breusch-Pagan) apontam que o modelo de efeitos aleatórios é o mais apropriado, e seus resultados indicam um impacto positivo da corrupção burocrática sobre a atividade empreendedora, contrariando a hipótese esperada e encontrada em trabalhos anteriores, para o Brasil, e corroborando a proposição de Dreher and Gassebner (2011) de que, em países com alta regulamentação, a corrupção burocrática pode ser um “lubrificante” na abertura de empresas.



6
  • TAMARA PATRICIA FILGUEIRA DE MELO
  • Fatores críticos de sucesso para sistemas de informação de apoio ao gerenciamento de projetos: o caso SEBRAE/RN

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • BRIVALDO ANDRE MARINHO DA SILVA
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • Data: Feb 13, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • O atual contexto econômico está impulsionando o trabalho das empresas com foco na gestão de projetos, que necessitam ser gerenciados e monitorados periodicamente. Historicamente metas de prazo, custo e qualidade são termômetro para medições de sucesso ou fracasso das empresas. Os projetos para uma melhor gestão necessitam de sistemas que deem o suporte necessário desde a estruturação até o orçamento de cada projeto, assim como seu monitoramento durante toda a execução. O resultado dos componentes acima citados refletem os resultados globais da instituição. Em decorrência disso o presente trabalho objetivou Investigar os fatores críticos de sucesso para os sistemas de informações que apóiam a gestão de projetos na visão dos gestores de projetos do Sebrae/RN, buscou através dos gestores de projetos apresentar estes fatores críticos de sucesso para a partir deles tomar decisões buscando a melhoria do desempenho da organização estudada, eliminando os efeitos dos fatores críticos de sucesso encontrados. Os resultados apontaram  fatores críticos de sucesso que impedem o melhor desempenho dos sistemas de informações desde a estruturação até a execução e monitoramento dos projetos. Apontaram pontos críticos como ausência de controle,  no sentido de avaliações periódicas do desempenho dos usuários, desencadeando assim ausência de capacitações, apoio da alta gerencia em relação aos sistemas de informação, estrutura organizacional em relação a integração entre os sistemas e acesso facilitado visto a atuação dos colaboradores no interior do estado, ausência de motivação das partes interessadas, os stakeholders, etc. Estes fatores relacionados a questões de perfil dos respondentes e às perguntas abertas revelaram algumas peculiaridades para melhoria do desempenho destes sistemas de informações e, consequentemente da gestão dos projetos e resultados globais da instituição.

     

     

     

7
  • RAMIRO JORGE ALDATZ
  • TRIBUTOS INDIRETOS NA CADEIA PRODUTIVA DO CAMARÃO

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • ERIVAN FERREIRA BORGES
  • LUIZ ANTÔNIO ABRANTES
  • Data: Apr 16, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • O Rio Grande do Norte apresenta um relevante potencial na cadeia produtiva da criação de camarões em viveiros. Na etapa de larvicultura responde por mais da metade da produção nacional de pós-larvas. Por sua vez, na etapa de engorda esse Estado é o segundo maior produtor de camarão do país. Na etapa de beneficiamento, as plantas instaladas no Estado possuem quase 40% da capacidade de beneficiamento de camarão do Nordeste. Ocorre que o Brasil apresenta a carga tributária mais alta entre os principais países produtores de camarão. Diante da influência que os tributos exercem na concorrência entre as empresas, o presente trabalho se propõe a analisar o impacto dos tributos indiretos nas etapas supracitadas da cadeia produtiva do camarão de viveiro no Rio Grande do Norte. Para tanto, serão utilizados os dados do Censo da Carcinicultura de 2011 e será aplicado o Herfindahl-Hirschman Index para identificar em quais formas de mercado opera cada etapa da referida cadeia. De modo a contribuir na caracterização da cadeia serão realizadas entrevistas com diretores de fazendas de engorda e plantas de beneficiamento. Será analisada a elasticidade-preço da pós-larva, do camarão in natura e do camarão beneficiado para verificar a possibilidade que as etapas supracitadas possuem de repassar o ônus da criação de um novo tributo de abrangência estadual para o seguinte elo da cadeia. A análise dos dados mostrou que o setor de larvicultura funciona como um duopólio e que, diante da criação de um novo tributo ad valorem de abrangência estadual incidente sobre toda a cadeia, a maior parte do ônus do mesmo seria transferido para o setor de engorda. Já este setor funciona em uma estrutura de mercado mais semelhante à concorrência perfeita, o que diminui sua possibilidade de transferir esse ônus para o setor de beneficiamento. Esta situação provocaria uma redução na quantidade produzida. O setor de beneficiamento também funcionaria como um oligopólio com concentração pouco inferior ao de larvicultura, mas, por se defrontar com um oligopsônio, acabaria por arcar com a maior parte do ônus, ocasionando uma queda na quantidade de camarão beneficiado. Conclui-se que a criação de um novo tributo impactaria negativamente, no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, a cadeia como um todo, mas principalmente as etapas de engorda e beneficiamento.

8
  • LANA VIVIANE LINHARES DA COSTA SILVA
  • Teoria de Carteiras e a Alocação de Parques Eólicos Offshore.

  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • FELIPE MENDONCA PIMENTA
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • Data: Jun 27, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Resumo: 

    O consumo de energia no planeta desfruta usualmente de combustíveis fósseis. Eles são responsáveis por diversos efeitos negativos sobre o meio-ambiente. As energias renováveis propõem mudanças solucionadoras para esse cenário, sem abdicar questões relacionadas à capacidade de fornecimento de energia. A energia eólica offshore desponta como uma alternativa promissora, por ser uma modalidade que consegue superar dificuldades presentes em outras fontes, especialmente na energia eólica onshore. Mesmo que a velocidade e estabilidade dos ventos sejam maiores sobre oceanos, a intermitência dos ventos pode provocar variações à produção de energia eólica offshore. Para diminuir isso, foi proposta uma combinação da produção de parques eólicos que estejam distribuídos geograficamente. Quanto maior a distância entre eles, menor a correlação entre a velocidade dos ventos, aumentando a probabilidade de que produzam conjuntamente um sistema de energia mais estável (ARCHER; JACOBSON, 2007; KAHN, 1979). Dessa forma, o objetivo desta pesquisa foi analisar a alocação ótima de parques eólicos offshore na costa leste dos EUA, através da Moderna Teoria de Carteiras. A Moderna Teoria de Carteiras foi empregada para que as carteiras de energia eólica offshore contemplassem a particularidade da intermitência dos ventos em cada parque eólico. Com isso, torna-se viável usar eficientemente a capacidade de produção dos parques eólicos offshore, bem como alcançar patamares mínimos de variabilidade no retorno agregado de energia (DRAKE; HUBACECK, 2007). A pesquisa foi desenvolvida com 25934 observações secundárias de energia eólica offshore, produzidas por 11 parques eólicos offshore hipotéticos, no período entre 01 de janeiro de 1998 até 31 de dezembro de 2002. Por meio do software Matlab®, foram calculadas seis carteiras de mínima variância, cada qual para um período de tempo distinto. Diante da desigualdade da variabilidade dos ventos no tempo, estabeleceu-se quatro estratégias de rebalanceamento para mensurar o desempenho das carteiras, o que possibilitou identificar a mais benéfica à estabilidade da produção de energia eólica offshore. Os resultados apontaram que a produção de energia eólica dos anos de 1998, 1999, 2000 e 2001 deve ser ponderada pelos pesos das carteiras calculadas nos mesmos períodos, respectivamente. Os dados de energia de 2002 devem utilizar os pesos oriundos da carteira calculada no período de tempo anterior. Por fim, a produção de energia eólica do período entre 1998-2002 deve ser igualmente ponderada por 1/11. Conclui-se assim que as carteiras encontradas conseguiram demonstrar níveis de variabilidade reduzidos quando comparados aos da produção individual simulada dos parques eólicos offshore.

9
  • JULIANA PEREZ RUGGIRO JACOBINI
  • Análise da gestão da cadeia de suprimentos de um supermercado varejista através da utilização do modelo SCOR.

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • MANUEL ANÍBAL SILVA PORTUGAL VASCONCELOS FERREIRA
  • Data: Aug 19, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Na última década a complexidade do ambiente no qual as organizações estão inseridas aumentou dramaticamente, tendo de um lado os consumidores cada vez mais exigentes no que se refere à qualidade e valor agregado do produto e do outro as empresas com a necessidade de reduzir seus custos operacionais a fim de obter maior lucratividade, sem que para isso haja uma retração no seu crescimento ou na sua fatia de mercado que lhe compete. Nesse contexto surge a necessidade da estruturação eficaz das ações referentes ao planejamento estratégico organizacional alinhado com os processos de trabalho operacionais a fim de que os objetivos empresariais sejam alcançados, garantindo a competitividade da organização. Assim, este trabalho tem o intuito de analisar como é realizada a gestão da cadeia de suprimentos em um supermercado varejista à luz das diretrizes da Supply Chain Management através da utilização do modelo SCOR. Para efetivação desse estudo foi necessária uma pesquisa, classificada quanto aos seus objetivos, exploratória e descritiva, quanto ao seu procedimento, documental, de campo e estudo de caso. Destarte, o tratamento dos dados será de mérito qualitativo, utilizando a análise categórica temática de Bardin (1977). Destarte, para a obtenção de dados foram realizadas entrevistas juntos aos gestores operacionais e estratégicos de uma empresa que recebeu o nome de Supermercado Ômega. Diante da análise das informações obtidas percebe-se que há um esforço da organização em aprimorar sua gestão da cadeia de suprimentos. No entanto, verificou-se a ausência de um alinhamento entre as diversas áreas que a compõe. Quanto aos seus processos de trabalho, ressalta-se que o foco da empresa ainda está muito direcionado à venda e não à rentabilidade, embora esteja passando por uma transformação em sua cultura organizacional. Contudo, registra-se a existência de muitos projetos de aprimoramento em desenvolvimento. Assim, pode-se perceber que há certa congruência entre os pressupostos do Modelo SCOR e os aplicados dentro da cadeia de suprimentos do Supermercado Ômega, embora ainda seja necessário um esforço maior para um melhor alinhamento com o modelo estudado.  

10
  • MONIKELY DE OLIVEIRA SILVA
  • PROGRAMA NACIONAL DE INCENTIVO À LEITURA – PROLER: avaliação da implementação pelo Comitê Potiguar

  • Advisor : JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • DINAH DOS SANTOS TINOCO
  • MARLY AMARILHA
  • RICHARD MEDEIROS DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: Sep 9, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • O Programa Nacional de Incentivo à Leitura (PROLER) é uma iniciativa nacional de promoção e incentivo à leitura em todo o país, ligado a Fundação Biblioteca Nacional (FBN) do Ministério da Cultura (MinC). Esta pesquisa tem por objetivo avaliar o processo de implementação do PROLER no estado do Rio Grande do Norte, a partir das ações do seu Comitê local. O referencial fundamenta-se nas questões relativas à contextualização das políticas no campo do incentivo ao livro e à leitura, aos processos de implementação e avaliação de políticas públicas. A pesquisa entende-se como qualitativa de caráter descritivo-exploratório, compreendendo a um estudo de caso único. Faz uso da entrevista semiestruturada como instrumento de coleta de dados. Realizou-se um total de três encontros, na Coordenadoria de Desenvolvimento Escolar (CODESE), instalada na Secretaria Estadual de Educação e Cultura (SEEC/RN), a título de obtenção dos dados necessários à pesquisa, contou-se com a presença de oito membros do Comitê. Para a análise e discussão dos dados, obtidos de pesquisas e documentos sobre o PROLER, foram utilizadas as técnicas de análise bibliográfica e documental. Quanto ao conteúdo das entrevistas, a técnica utilizada foi a da análise da conversação. É importante fazer inferência à pouca disseminação dessa técnica na área de Administração Pública. Quanto aos resultados, observou-se a existência de quatro entraves à implementação do programa no estado que merecem destaque: a) a descontinuidade político-administrativa; b) os recursos restritos e as poucas parcerias; c) a gestão das bibliotecas escolares e ausência do cargo de bibliotecário no estado e; d) a ausência de um processo e/ou ferramenta de avaliação dos resultados e/ou dos impactos causados pelas ações desenvolvidas pelo Comitê Potiguar. Percebeu-se que esses quatro limitantes acabam tornando a implementação do PROLER no Rio Grande do Norte um processo, que apesar de cumprir com as determinações nacionais, de formar professores e de acompanhar as bibliotecas escolares e suas necessidades, falha ao não desenvolver avaliações que possam inferir sobre os impactos do programa, tornando praticamente impossível o processo de retroalimentação da política. Outra observação desta pesquisa se vê no fato do Comitê não conseguir recursos suficientes ao suprimento de suas ações, bem como, de não serem capazes de articular novas parcerias, assim, contribuindo de forma negativa ao alcance do programa e, por consequência, à efetividade de suas ações. Tem-se ainda que ressaltar a questão do Comitê nada fazer em relação a má administração das bibliotecas que estão aos seus cuidados, ou seja, não fazem uso do poder de coerção que lhe é garantido pela Política Nacional de Leitura e pelas leis federais que tratam da biblioteca escolar, sendo portanto ineficazes no que se refere ao cumprimento das diretrizes do programa. O presente estudo encontrou-se limitado por restringir-se ao uso de uma única metodologia, por não ter conseguido acesso aos beneficiados pelo programa, ouvindo apenas o Comitê implementador e, por não ter tido acesso aos dados do acompanhamento que é realizado.

     

     

     

11
  • JOSE CAMELO SILVEIRA NETO
  • O ESTRATEGISTA EM PERSPECTIVA: UM ESTUDO SOBRE O PROCESSO DE FORMULAÇÃO ESTRATÉGICA NO RAMO VAREJISTA DE CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL DE NATAL E REGIÃO METROPOLITANA. 

  • Advisor : AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • MANUEL ANÍBAL SILVA PORTUGAL VASCONCELOS FERREIRA
  • Data: Sep 18, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Os estudos sobre estratégia têm se difundido há muitos anos e, mais recentemente, o  seu  processo  de  formulação  na  perspectiva  individual  também  tem  ganhado atenção  no  meio  acadêmico.  Corroborando  com  esta  tendência,  o  objetivo  deste estudo é discutir o processo de formulação estratégica a partir de uma perspectiva individual  com  base  nas  três  dimensões  do  processo  estratégico  (mudança, pensamento  e  formação)  propostas  por  De  Wit  e  Meyer  (2004).  Para  isso,  este estudo exploratório-descritivo, utilizou-se das técnicas de análise fatorial, correlação não  paramétrica  e  regressão  linear  para  analisar  dados  levantados  junto  a  93 decisores  do  ramo  varejista  de  construção  civil  de  Natal  e  região  metropolitana. Como  resultados,  tem-se  que  os  fatores  formadores  das  dimensões  investigadas foram  identificados  em  sua  maioria,  confirmando  desta  forma,  a  existência  de paradoxos  no  processo  estratégico,  e  que  há  uma  relação  entre  o  pensamento lógico e a formação deliberada com o nível hierárquico dos decisores.

12
  • ALINNE PRISCILLA DANTAS SILVA
  •  ANALYSIS OF PROJECT PERFORMANCE INDICATORS FROM SUCCESS CRITERIA: THE CASE SEBRAE / RN

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • MANUEL ANÍBAL SILVA PORTUGAL VASCONCELOS FERREIRA
  • Data: Sep 19, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Today, organizations that operate with public funds have the challenge of communicating results that go beyond achieving goals, costs and deadlines. Notes the importance for organizations to have a system for evaluating projects with indicators that reflect their success or failure and thus may contribute to the operational strategy of the organization. The study comprises a theoretical and empirical analysis about the projects performance indicators and success criteria, directing the search to the Serviço de Apoio às Micro e Pequenas Empresas do Rio Grande do Norte - SEBRAE / RN, in order to analyse its projects performance indicators based on the evaluation of the success criteria. As theoretical framework, it was used the multiple dimensions of successful projects proposed by Shenhar and Dvir (2007), and as the analysis of performance indicators was based on the methodology proposed by Barclay; Osei-Bryson (2010). To achieve the objectives of this study, a survey of exploratory and descriptive nature was carried out through a case study, with mixed approach, using quantitative and qualitative methods. The study approached six (6) projects of the organization and applied information collection with the target audience of the projects, their managers and partners, team management and project monitoring and executive board of the organization. The qualitative research was addressed to the results analyzes, evaluation of existing criteria for success in the organization, its system of project evaluation and project indicators. After analyzing the research, it is noted the high concordance of answered as the five (5) dimensions of success criteria proposed by Shenhar and Dvir (2007).

    It is stated that the organization has a formal process for measuring and evaluating their projects, according to outcome indicators of cost, time, organizational image, satisfaction, applicability, sales, productivity, market competitiveness and thus there is a gap between theory of success criteria Shenhar and Dvir (2007) and the existing practice in the organization. After study of bibliographic references and data analysis, it is observed that the performance indicators of the organization are aligned the definition of Barclay and Osei-Bryson (2010). It is suggested to SEBRAE / RN, which in its evaluation of projects, the success criteria for projects contemplated in Shenhar and Dvir theory (2007) are analyzed and they are transformed into a tool for measuring the success or failure of projects.

13
  • ANA CLÁUDIA CARVALHO DE MIRANDA
  • ANÁLISE DO USO DO PORTAL DE PERIÓDICOS DA CAPES NA PERSPECTIVA DE MESTRES E DOUTORES FORMADOS PELO PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM ADMINISTRAÇÃO DA UFRN
  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • ANTONIO SERGIO ARAUJO FERNANDES
  • ANDREA VASCONCELOS CARVALHO
  • MARLI DE FATIMA FERRAZ DA SILVA TACCONI
  • Data: Sep 26, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • O Portal de Periódicos da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) tem como missão prover a Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia (ICT) para usuários do meio acadêmico e é considerado um instrumento relevante para a política de dinamização da pós-graduação para o desenvolvimento da Ciência e Tecnologia (C&T) do país. Apesar da sua importância, existem poucos estudos focados na análise da eficácia dessa política. Esta pesquisa visa preencher essa lacuna, pois busca analisar o uso do Portal de Periódicos da CAPES na realização de pesquisas por mestres e doutores formados pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração (PPGA) da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). A operacionalização deste objetivo se deu através dos seguintes objetivos específicos: a) caracterizar o perfil dos egressos do PPGA da UFRN quanto a motivação para o uso do Portal de Periódicos da CAPES; b) identificar os aspectos positivos e as dificuldades percebidas pelos egressos no processo de busca da informação no Portal de Periódicos da CAPES; c) identificar o grau de satisfação dos egressos no processo de busca da informação no Portal de Periódicos da CAPES; d) verificar o uso das informações obtidas pelos egressos ao acessarem o Portal para desenvolvimento de suas atividades acadêmicas. A pesquisa é do tipo descritiva, empregando uma estratégia metodológica mista, com predomínio da abordagem quantitativa. A coleta de dados foi feita através de um questionário online (websurvey). Para a análise quantitativa dos dados, foi empregado o método estatístico. Para a análise qualitativa, foi adotado o modelo teórico-metodológico Sense Making de Brenda Dervin e a análise de conteúdo das questões abertas. A amostra investigada foi composta por 90 egressos do PPGA da UFRN que defenderam suas dissertações/teses no período entre 2010-2013, representando 88% dessa população. Quanto ao perfil dos egressos, a análise evidenciou que inexiste diferença quantitativa significativa no tocante ao sexo. Porém, percebeu-se a predominância dos egressos do sexo masculino com idades entre 26 e 30 anos, enquanto que no sexo feminino, a maioria concentrou-se entre 31 e 35 anos. A maioria dos egressos tem formação em nível de mestrado e em sua maioria obtiveram bolsas para cursar sua pós-graduação. Atestou-se também que a imensa maioria dos respondentes disseram ter utilizado o Portal durante sua pós-graduação, sendo que os principais motivos apontados para seu não uso foram: a preferência por acessar outras bases e a falta de conhecimento do Portal. Observou-se que o material informacional mais utilizado no Portal foram as dissertações/teses. Os dados também indicaram que a maior dificuldade para suprir as necessidades de informação, através do uso do Portal, foi o acesso ao texto completo. Destaca-se, também, que todos os que disseram ter utilizado o Portal, também afirmaram ter buscado outras fontes eletrônicas para suprirem suas necessidades de informação. No que se refere ao uso das fontes de informação pesquisadas fora do Portal, foram identificadas fontes tais como: monografias, dissertações, teses. Também ficou em evidência que a fonte de informação eletrônica mais utilizada foi a Scielo. Os resultados revelaram, portanto, que, em relação ao acesso e uso do Portal de Periódicos da CAPES, o Portal tem sido utilizado de forma regular durante a pós-graduação, mas os egressos também acessam outras fontes de informação eletrônicas para suprirem suas necessidades de informação. O estudo também comprovou a importante missão desempenhada pelo Portal para produção da comunicação científica brasileira, embora os usuários tenham reportado a necessidade de melhora de alguns aspectos, para que seu uso seja mais intenso, tais como: realização de treinamentos periódicos para divulgar, incentivar e ensinar a utilizar o Portal de modo mais eficaz; investimento na ampliação do acervo destinado à área de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas e implementação de processos contínuos de avaliação da satisfação dos usuários em relação aos serviços prestados.


14
  • BRUNO RABELO DE MEDEIROS
  • CLIMA ORGANIZACIONAL E CAPACIDADES DINÂMICAS: COMPREENDENDO AS SUAS RELAÇÕES EM UMA DISTRIBUIDORA DE COMBUSTÍVEIS NORDESTINA.
  • Advisor : MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANTONIO SERGIO ARAUJO FERNANDES
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • Data: Sep 26, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Este estudo tem como objetivo analisar, a partir de um estudo de caso, se há relação entre o clima organizacional e as capacidades dinâmicas presentes em uma distribuidora. A empresa escolhida para a elaboração deste trabalho pertence ao segmento de combustíveis nacional que, por lidar com commodities, atua constantemente no sentido de buscar diferencial competitivo junto ao mercado. Para tanto, realizou-se uma pesquisa (survey) sobre clima organizacional inspirada em Bispo (2006) e foi elaborado um modelo de questionário inédito, baseado em Teece (2007) para a análise de capacidades dinâmicas. Através da opinião dos funcionários pesquisados, foi possível identificar as principais características presentes no ambiente de trabalho da empresa, fatores internos e externos de influência, bem como o grau de intensidade com que os processos geradores de capacidades dinâmicas são realizados. A correlação entre os construtos se deu a partir de uma modelagem de equações estruturais e permitiu concluir que, sim, há uma relação significativa entre ambos, pois, apesar do clima organizacional não ser gerador de capacidades dinâmicas, possui elementos que contribuem para a sua formação.

     
15
  • LEONARDO GEVEZIER BRAGA
  • COMPETIÇÃO ESPACIAL NO MERCADO DE REVENDA DA GASOLINA: UMA ANÁLISE NAS PRINCIPAIS CIDADES DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE.

  • Advisor : LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • RAQUEL MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • SILVINHA PINTO VASCONCELOS
  • Data: Oct 24, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar a relação entre preço médio com a concentração nos mercados (municípios) do estado do Rio Grande do Norte, faz-se uso de uma ferramenta pouco aplicada para o mercado brasileiro que é o modelo econométrico espacial. Para tanto, foi utilizada uma base que contém dados de todos os postos das principais cidades do estado do Rio Grande do Norte e inclui 144 observações referentes a postos. Modelos teóricos predizem a relação entre o número de competidores num mercado e o preço médio; estes modelos teóricos, compreendem: os de competição monopolística de Perloff e Salop (1985), e os de search-theoretic, de Carlson e McAfee (1983) e de Varian (1980). Os resultados empíricos mostraram que uma maior densidade dentro de um espaço geográfico está associada a um preço médio mais baixo, convergindo assim, com o modelo de competição monopolística e com o search-theoretic de Carlson e McAfee (1983). Os parâmetros estimados pouco variaram com inclusão/exclusão de variáveis controles, mostrando a robustez dos mesmos.

16
  • YURI DE LIMA PADILHA
  • CAPITAL SOCIAL E DESENVOLVIMENTO DE TERRITÓRIOS: estudo multicasos nos territórios da cidadania do Rio Grande do Norte

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • THIAGO FERREIRA DIAS
  • EMANOEL MÁRCIO NUNES
  • Data: Nov 18, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Este trabalho tem por objetivo sistematizar elementos de desenvolvimento territorial a partir de atributos de capital social presentes nos Territórios da Cidadania do Rio Grande do Norte. Diferentemente de outras investigações no tema, não se pretende medir o estoque de capital social, mas, sim, revelar o fenômeno da organização social e suas implicações, considerando os territórios já são constituídos ao redor de estruturas de fomento ao capital social. A estratégia utilizada foi o estudo de caso, que permite compreensão a partir de investigação que atribui características holísticas e significativas a eventos dentro do contexto da vida real. Para esta pesquisa, foram escolhidos representantes das instituições públicas e sociais envolvidos nos colegiados territoriais, especificamente, aqueles do núcleo diretivo, selecionados a partir do critério de envolvimento mais efetivo na estrutura, no funcionamento e nas reuniões. Os três territórios apresentam realidades similares, são produtos de uma política pública que os constitui a partir de critérios comuns e apresentam interdependência entre as categorias de análise do capital social. A presença ou ausência de qualquer tipo de relação – ligação, ponte ou conexão – influencia no desempenho da política territorial, afetando a organização social e fomentando processos de acesso à informação. Nos casos em pauta, em que pese a similaridade das condições gerais de estrutura e funcionamento, o Sertão do Apodi apresenta qualidades superiores aos demais. A presença do projeto Dom Helder Câmara que articula, em paralelo ao Território da Cidadania, os mesmos atores da política pública com capacidade de mobilização social e de efetividade de ações, é capaz de fomentar processos de desenvolvimento diferenciados no Sertão do Apodi. Este pode ser fator explicativo, tangenciando o construto capital social, para que o território apresente condições de vida e melhores níveis de desenvolvimento que os outros dois aqui abordados.

17
  • LEANDRO TRIGUEIRO FERNANDES
  • ESTRUTURA E DESEMPENHO ORGANIZACIONAL: uma análise na Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

  • Advisor : MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CARLOS ALBERTO FREIRE MEDEIROS
  • JOAO EMANUEL EVANGELISTA DE OLIVEIRA
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • NELSON SANTOS MACHADO
  • Data: Nov 24, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Nesta pesquisa, foram analisados os componentes de estrutura organizacional da UFRN e em que medida eles afetam no seu desempenho organizacional. O estudo, classificado como exploratório e descritivo, foi conduzido em duas fases, a primeira tratou-se de um teste piloto para refinar o instrumento da pesquisa e identificar os componentes latentes da estrutura organizacional, e na segunda, buscou-se caracterizar os componentes identificados na fase anterior e, a partir daí estabelecer as relações com o desempenho organizacional. Na primeira fase, a pesquisa foi conduzida em 20 unidades organizacionais da UFRN com participação de 84 servidores entre técnicos-administrativos e docentes, após considerados os missing values e os outliers. Enquanto que a segunda fase ocorreu em duas etapas: uma realizada com 279 casos válidos, constituídos por técnicos-administrativos e docentes de 37 unidades da UFRN, e outra com 112 gestores da instituição nas 49 unidades identificadas nesta pesquisa. O instrumento adotado na primeira fase foi composto de 36 indicadores de estrutura organizacional, sendo 6 extraídos e adaptadas do instrumento elaborado por Medeiros (2003) e 30 foram elaborados com base na revisão da literatura, tendo como base em Mintzberg (2012), Hall (1984), Vasconcellos e Hemsley (1997) e Seiffert e Costa (2007), e 7 indicadores de desempenho adaptados com base em Fleury e Mills (2006), Vieira e Vieira (2003) e Kaplan e Norton (1997) do instrumento de autoavaliação em uso pela universidade, nesta fase os dados foram analisados através das técnicas de análise fatorial e análise de confiabilidade por meio do Alpha de Cronbach, visando extrair os fatores que representam os componentes da estrutura organizacional. Na etapa 1 da segunda fase, foi utilizado o instrumento, refinado e reduzido na fase anterior, com 24 variáveis de estrutura organizacional e 6 de desempenho, e na etapa 2, foi adotado um roteiro de entrevista com perguntas semiestruturadas, organizados em nove elementos de estrutura organizacional, visando levantar subsídios para compreender a relação da estrutura com o desempenho da UFRN. As técnicas utilizadas na segunda fase, como um todo, foram a análise fatorial e a análise de confiabilidade para caracterizar os componentes extraídos na fase anterior e validar as variáveis de desempenho; e análises de correlação, de regressão e de conteúdo para estabelecer e compreender as relações entre a estrutura e o desempenho. Os resultados apontaram, nas duas fases, seis componentes latentes de estrutura organizacional no contexto em estudo – treinamento e internalização, comunicação, hierarquização, descentralização, formalização e departamentalização – com elevados índices de alpha de Cronbach, podendo assim, serem caracterizados como os componentes da estrutura da UFRN. Seis indicadores de desempenho foram validados nessa pesquisa, mostrando-se como eficientes e de fiabilidade elevada. E, por fim, constatou-se que os componentes formalização, comunicação, descentralização e treinamento e internalização afetam positivamente o desempenho da UFRN, enquanto que a departamentalização afeta negativamente e a hierarquização não apresentou uma relação significativa. Os resultados alcançadas neste trabalho são importantes para subsidiar em estudos futuros a elaboração de um modelo de estrutura que represente as especificidades da instituição universitária.

     

18
  • JOSE AGUIAR DO NASCIMENTO
  • ALINHAMENTO ESTRATÉGICO DA TI:O Caso da UFRN

  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • BRIVALDO ANDRE MARINHO DA SILVA
  • Data: Nov 25, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Considera-se que Alinhamento Estratégico é o primeiro passo dentro do processo de Governança de TI para qualquer organização. Partindo-se do reconhecimento de que a governança corporativa enxerga as organizações no seu todo, a Governança de TI se insere como um sub-conjunto responsável pela implementação das estratégias da organização no provimento do ferramental necessário ao atingimento dos objetivos definidos no Plano de Desenvolvimento Institucional. Para isto o COBIT especifica que tal Governança deverá estar assentada nos seguintes princípios: Alinhamento Estratégico, Entrega de Valor, Gestão de Riscos, Gestão de Recursos, Mensuração de Desempenho. O presente trabalho foca sua análise no Alinhamento Estratégico, considerado pelos autores como o fundamento para o desenvolvimento de todo o arcabouço da Governança de TI. Ao aprofundar o conhecimento técnico no desenvolvimento de sistemas gerenciais, a UFRN deu um passo decisivo no sentido da capacitação técnica necessária à “Entrega de Valor”, porém ao analisar os processos definidos primariamente para o “Alinhamento Estratégico” encontrou-se lacunas que limitaram a visão estratégica da TI na implementação dos objetivos organizacionais. No estudo qualitativo utilizando-se pesquisa documental com análise de conteúdo e entrevistas com os gestores estratégicos e táticos, mapeou-se a visão dos mesmos sobre a atuação da SINFO – Superintendência de Informática. A pesquisa documental foi feita em documentos públicos presentes na própria página institucional e em documentos do TCU – Tribunal de Contas da União – que mapeia os perfis de Governança de TI no serviço público federal como um todo. Para equalização dos resultados das pesquisas documentais, questionários/entrevistas, e índices iGovTI, lançou-se mão de ferramentas quantitativas para normalização destes resultados, tendo-se o cuidado de utilizar os mesmos elementos de escala presentes nas análises do TCU. Daí, semelhantemente ao que provê o estudo do TCU através do índice IGovTI, o presente trabalho propõe um índice específico para a área de estudo – AE (Alinhamento Estratégico), calculado a partir das variáveis representantes dos domínios do COBIT 4.1 e tendo como componentes as variáveis representativas dos processos primários do Alinhamento Estratégico. Como resultado encontrou-se um índice intermediário entre os valores encontrados em dois levantamentos adjacentes feitos pelo TCU nos anos de 2010 e 2012, o que espelha a posição e a visão dos gestores relativamente à governança de TI: ainda vinculada à visão de Processamento de Dados, onde um departamento executa suas tarefas de acordo com a demanda dos vários departamentos ou setores, muito embora exista uma comissão que discute as questões relativas à aquisição de infraestrutura e desenvolvimento de sistemas. Uma visão mais Operacional que Estratégica/Gerencial. Com uma baixa aderência às ferramentas consagradas pelo mercado, vários processos não estão contemplados ao conjunto definido no framework COBIT; isto se deve, principalmente à inexistência de um plano estratégico formal para a TI; daí, a parcial congruência entre os objetivos da organização e os objetivos da TI.

19
  • ADRIANNE PAULA VIEIRA DE ANDRADE
  • Antecedentes do comportamento de engajamento dos consumidores com o boca-a-boca eletrônico (eWOM) negativo em um ecossistema móvel

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • AFRANIO GALDINO DE ARAUJO
  • LUIZ AUGUSTO MACHADO MENDES FILHO
  • MARLUSA GOSLING
  • Data: Nov 28, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • A utilização de dispositivos móveis, dentre os quais se destacam os smartphones tabletstem crescido no mundo todo de forma exponencial. Até o final de 2014, espera-se que 1,75 bilhões de pessoas possuam smartphones (EMARKETER, 2014). Como consequência, um novo modelo de negócio se desenvolve no ambiente das lojas de aplicativos móveis, impulsionado pelo avanço da utilização da internet e das redes sociais. No contexto da mobilidade, a prática do boca-a-boca eletrônico (eWOM) acontece através da avaliação ("reviews") dos aplicativos, da troca e propagação de informações. Alguns estudos de marketing eletrônico têm abordado o eWOM, mas há poucos trabalhos focando o engajamento dos consumidores no fornecimento de comentários negativos. O objetivo deste trabalho é compreender os motivos que levam os consumidores a fornecer comentários negativos em um ambiente de mercado de mobilidade.Estudos anteriores constataram que o eWOM negativo tem uma maior influência sobre os potenciais consumidores que o positivo (PARK e LEE, 2009; YANG e MAI, 2010). A Teoria do Comportamento Planejado juntamente com os motivadores identificados na literatura, tais quais altruísmo, emoções, desabafos de sentimentos negativos, vingança, busca por providências, reputação e reciprocidade, foram adotados como arcabouço teórico para compreensão do engajamento dos consumidores no ambiente das lojas de aplicativos móveis. A pesquisa, do tipo descritiva, utilizou uma abordagem qualitativa e adotou o interacionismo simbólico como postura teórica, de modo a entender os significados atribuídos pelos indivíduos as suas experiências. Foram coletados dados verbais, através de entrevistas episódicas semiestruturadas realizadas e gravadas no ambiente online com consumidores que praticam o eWOM negativo. Para a análise dos dados, foi utilizada a análise de conteúdo categorial com o auxílio do software QSR NVivo. Na interpretação, foram feitas análises comparativas com uso de mapas de árvore, matriz estrutural e matriz de codificação. Como resultado, as razões mais evidentes para o uso de aplicativos foram a satisfação de necessidades, facilidade nas atividades, recomendação de amigos, mobilidade e uso atrelado a serviços. Quatro motivadores foram evidenciados pelos consumidores para a propagação de “reviews” negativos nas lojas de aplicativos móveis, são eles: o Altruísmo, ressaltando o desejo de alertar outros consumidores; a Busca por Providências, com ênfase na busca por melhorias dos aplicativos; Emoções negativas, destacando a frustração e raiva e a Reciprocidade, realçando o aspecto do companheirismo e o desejo de se sentir ajudado. Os consumidores mostraram que se engajam neste ecossistema móvel independente das pressões sociais e de influência de amigos. Os fatores ambientais, tais como o canal de avaliação e a Internet, são vistos como facilitadores, enquanto que a falta de interação e alguns incentivos utilizados pelos desenvolvedores, como a emissão de alertas, podem prejudicar o comportamento de engajamento com eWOM. Os resultados da pesquisa contribuem para explorar o campo de estudos sobre o eWOM negativo no contexto nacional, e também avança o conhecimento sobre os motivos para a propagação de comentários negativos e hábitos dos consumidores nas lojas de aplicativos móveis. Com base nas informações da pesquisa, os desenvolvedores e empresas poderão desenvolver estratégias de aperfeiçoamento de interação com os consumidores de aplicativos móveis.

20
  • LARISSA MAYARA DA SILVA DAMASCENO
  • Fatores que influenciam a predisposição dos usuários em aderir a uma política desegurança da informação: Um estudo com alunos ingressantes dos cursos do Centro de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • ERNANI MARQUES DOS SANTOS
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • Data: Dec 8, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • A informação constitui um dos mais valiosos ativos estratégicos para a organização. Porém, o ambiente organizacional em que ela está inserida é bastante complexo e heterogêneo, fazendo surgir questões pertinentes à Governança da tecnologia de informação (TI) e à Segurança da Informação. Estudos acadêmicos e pesquisas de mercado apontam que a origem da maior parte dos acidentes com os ativos de informação está no comportamento pessoas da própria organização ao invés de ataques externos. Tendo como base a promoção da cultura de segurança entre os usuários e a garantia da proteção da informação em suas propriedades de confidencialidade, integridade e disponibilidade, as organizações devem estabelecer sua Política de Segurança da Informação (PSI). Essa política consiste em formalizar as diretrizes em relação à segurança dos recursos de informações corporativas, a fim de evitar que as vulnerabilidades dos ativos sejam exploradas por ameaças e possam trazer consequências negativas para os negócios. Mas, para a PSI ser eficaz, é necessário que o usuário tenha prontidão para aceitar e seguir os procedimentos e normas de segurança. À luz desse contexto, o presente estudo tem como objetivo investigar quais são os motivadores extrínsecos e intrínsecos que afetam a predisposição do usuário em estar em conformidade com as políticas de segurança da organização. O referencial teórico aborda temáticas referentes à Governança de TI, Segurança da Informação, Teoria da Dissuasão, Motivação e Comportamento Pró-social. Foi criado um modelo teórico a partir dos estudos de Herath e Rao (2009) e D’Arcy, Hovav e Galletta (2009) que se baseiam na Teoria Geral da Dissuasão e propõem os seguintes fatores influenciadores no cumprimento das Política: Severidade da Punição, Certeza de Detecção, Comportamento dos Pares, Crenças Normativas, Eficácia Percebida e Comprometimento Moral. A pesquisa utilizou uma abordagem quantitativa, de caráter descritivo. Os dados foram coletados através da aplicação de questionários com 18 variáveis com uma escala Likert de cinco pontos que representavam os fatores influenciadores propostos pela teoria. A amostra foi composta por 391 alunos ingressantes dos cursos do Centro de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Para a análise dos dados, foram adotadas as técnicas de Análise Fatorial Exploratória, Análise de cluster hierárquico e não hierárquico, Regressão Logística e Regressão Linear Múltipla. Como principais resultados, destaca-se que o fator severidade da punição é o que mais contribui para o modelo teórico e também influi na divisão da amostra entre usuários mais predispostos e menos predispostos. Como implicação prática, o modelo de pesquisa aplicado permite que as organizações possam prever os usuários menos predispostos e, com eles, realizar ações de conscientização e treinamento direcionadas e redigir Políticas de Segurança mais eficazes. 

     
Thesis
1
  • JOSUÉ VITOR DE MEDEIROS JÚNIOR
  • CONSTRUÇÃO DAS CAPACIDADES ORGANIZACIONAIS DE TECNOLOGIA DA INFORMAÇÃO NO CONTEXTO DOS SISTEMAS INSTITUCIONAIS INTEGRADOS DE GESTÃO DA UFRN.
  • Advisor : MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • EDMILSON ALVES DE MORAES
  • NICOLAU REINHARD
  • Data: Feb 18, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • A capacidade de TI é uma habilidade organizacional para realizar atividades dessa função de maneira mais efetiva e um importante mecanismo na criação de valor. Seu processo de construção (estágios de criação e desenvolvimento) ocorre através de iniciativas de gestão para melhorias no desempenho de suas atividades, usando recursos humanos e ativos de TI complementares responsáveis pela evolução das suas rotinas organizacionais. Esta pesquisa trata das capacidades de TI relacionadas aos sistemas SIG (sistemas institucionais integrados de gestão), criados e implantados na UFRN (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte), para realização e controle das atividades administrativas, acadêmicas e dos recursos humanos. Desde 2009, através de acordos de cooperação com instituições federais de ensino e da administração direta, a UFRN tem apoiado a implantação destes sistemas, atualmente envolvendo mais de 30 instituições. O presente trabalho objetiva compreender como as capacidades de TI, relevantes na concepção, implantação e disseminação dos SIG da UFRN, foram construídas ao longo do tempo. Trata-se de um estudo de caso único de natureza qualitativa e longitudinal, realizado através da captura, codificação e análise de dados secundários e provenientes de entrevistas semi-estruturadas realizadas principalmente com membros da Superintendência de Informática, unidade organizacional responsável pelos sistemas SIG na UFRN. Como resultados, foram identificadas as capacidades técnica, de relacionamento interno e de cooperação externa como relevantes na trajetória bem sucedida dos sistemas SIG, e que evoluíram de maneiras distintas. A capacidade técnica, iniciada em 2004, percorreu os estágios de criação e desenvolvimento até que atingiu o estágio de estabilidade em 2013, em decorrência de limites tecnológicos. Quanto à capacidade de relacionamento interno, iniciada em 2006, esta percorreu os estágios de criação e desenvolvimento, tendo seu escopo de atividades estendido em 2009, estando em desenvolvimento desde então. Diferente do padrão de ciclo de vida observado na literatura, a capacidade de cooperação externa foi iniciada por uma intensidade de iniciativas e evoluções nas rotinas em 2009, que foram decrescendo até cessarem, em 2013, no intuito de estabilizar a estrutura tecnológica já criada para as instituições cooperadas. Identificou-se ainda o início das cooperações, em 2009, como um importante evento de seleção, responsável por alterar ou criar trajetórias de evolução nas três capacidades. As iniciativas de melhorias mais frequentes foram as de natureza organizacional e o planejamento interno foi a atividade mais transformada nas rotinas das três capacidades. Importantes recursos e ativos complementares foram identificados como importantes para a realização das iniciativas, como os recursos humanos de conhecimento técnico, para as capacidades técnica e de cooperação externa; e o conhecimento negocial, para todas elas, além dos ativos de TI complementares: as aplicações iproject, de controle dos processos de desenvolvimento, e o repositório de documentos wiki. Todos estes recursos e ativos complementares evoluíram junto às capacidades, mostrando-se de valor estratégico para a SINFO/UFRN.

2
  • LUCIA DE FATIMA LUCIO GOMES DA COSTA
  • DESEMPENHO INTERNACIONAL DAS EMPRESAS EXPORTADORAS: UM MODELO ESTRUTURAL BASEADO EM CAPACIDADES ORGANIZACIONAIS E AMBIENTE

  • Advisor : MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • JORGE MANOEL TEIXEIRA CARNEIRO
  • LUCIANO MENEZES BEZERRA SAMPAIO
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • WALTER FERNANDO ARAÚJO DE MORAES
  • Data: Apr 16, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • A internacionalização como fenômeno organizacional fundamentalmente estratégico teve como contribuições teóricas algumas escolas que, ao longo das décadas de 60, 70
    e 80, desenvolveram abordagens comportamentais e econômicas com o intuito de
    explicar a internacionalização. A abordagem comportamental trata da percepção do fenômeno como processo gradual sob a perspectiva do comportamento dos executivos
    (JOHANSON e VAHLNE, 1977; HALLÉN e WIEDERSHEIM-PAUL, 1979 CZINKOTA, 1985). Esse fenômeno em permanente evolução teórica e gerencial
    oportunizou a construção desta investigação, cujo objetivo é analisar o impacto
    decorrente das capacidades organizacionais e do ambiente externo sobre o desempenho internacional das empresas exportadoras. Para tanto, foram utilizadas
    como aporte teórico duas linhas de análise para a compreensão do desempenho internacional: Gestão Estratégica - Organização Industrial e Visão Baseada em
    Recursos e Negócios Internacionais - Correntes Econômica e Comportamental. Foi
    realizada uma pesquisa survey explanatória de corte transversal com abordagem quantitativa, incluindo 150 empresas exportadoras com atuação no Nordeste do
    Brasil. Foi formulado um modelo conceitual, com oito constructos e oito hipóteses de pesquisa, representativo dos efeitos de fatores externos sobre o desempenho
    internacional. Os dados foram tratados aplicando a Análise Fatorial Exploratória e a
    Modelagem de Equações Estruturais com aplicação por meio de softwares estatísticos. O modelo de equações estruturais foi reespecificado e estimado utilizando o método de Máxima Verossimilhança até alcançar adequados valores dos índices de
    ajustamento. Como principal contribuição teórica, identificou-se os recursos
    organizacionais e físicos que denotam a importância do desenvolvimento de
    habilidades gerenciais, da capacidade de aprendizagem e da capacidade de estabelecer alianças estratégicas no exterior. Isso porque o conhecimento, tanto do ponto de vista
    operacional como na sua aplicação estratégica, oferece à organização condições de posicionamento no mercado que podem oportunizar vantagens competitivas
    sustentáveis e que impactam o desempenho internacional das empresas.

3
  • GERALDO BEZERRA CAMPOS JUNIOR
  • RECURSOS INTANGÍVEIS DE UM DESTINO TURÍSTICO: UM ESTUDO DE DESEMPENHO DA CIDADE DE NATAL TENDO COMO BASE A TEORIA DAS CAPACIDADES DINÂMICAS.

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • BENNY KRAMER COSTA
  • LISSA VALERIA FERNANDES FERREIRA
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • RENATO SAMUEL BARBOSA DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: Jun 9, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • O objetivo desta tese foi analisar os recursos intangíveis de um destino turístico. Foi feito um estudo de desempenho da cidade de Natal tendo como base a teoria das capacidades dinâmicas. Inicialmente, foi desenvolvido um instrumento de pesquisa para oportunizar a construção de um modelo de medida com vistas à captação de variáveis latentes para os recursos intangíveis existentes no setor do turismo em Natal-RN. Em seguida, foi realizada uma análise dos recursos intangíveis que são evidenciados pelos turistas acerca da cidade. Finalmente, foi feita a investigação de um modelo de estrutura que estabeleceu as relações entre as variáveis latentes dos recursos intangíveis e a percepção de desempenho do turismo na cidade de Natal. Procedeu-se uma revisão de literatura para construção de um modelo inicial acerca dos ativos intangíveis dentro da teoria das capacidades e foram relacionados dez recursos, quais sejam: recursos humanos prestadores de serviços; recursos humanos como gestores; cultura local; conservação do meio ambiente; know-how empresarial; inovação empresarial; tecnologia; marca; preço; e promoção. Estes dez recursos, em conjunto, seriam responsáveis pelo desempenho do destino turístico. Após ser realizada uma análise de equações estruturais, apenas quatro recursos manifestaram relações com o desempenho: marca; cultura; conservação do meio ambiente; e preço. Após a análise dos dados, verificou-se que a variável desempenho positivo da cidade na ótica do turista se manifestou fortemente e foi influenciada de forma extremamente forte pela cultura local, marca e conservação do meio ambiente em conjunto. O preço foi influenciado pelo desempenho positivo mostrando que o turista sente que o preço pago foi satisfatório diante dos atributos do destino Provavelmente, isso seja um ponto positivo muito forte para o destino turístico de Natal, pois, em termos de recursos intangíveis e de juntos formarem capacidades, eles são inimitáveis, raros e são capazes de se ajustarem às mudanças organizacionais e ambientais, para reconfigurar os ativos e as estruturas de um destino, corroborando, assim, com a teoria das capacidades dinâmicas. Esses recursos da cidade de Natal, como destino turístico, são únicos e provavelmente têm um peso muito maior para o desempenho da cidade do que problemas existentes na localidade. Logo, esses recursos devem ser estimulados a continuar crescendo e se modificando de acordo com as exigências atuais e futuras de consumo.

4
  • FERNANDO PORFIRIO SOARES DE OLIVEIRA
  • A ESTRUTURA BUROCRÁTICA DE PODER NO STRICTO SENSU EM ADMINISTRAÇÃO NO BRASIL: O caso do Mestrado Profissional em Administração Pública em Rede Nacional – PROFIAP

  • Advisor : MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • ANTONIO SERGIO ARAUJO FERNANDES
  • ISABELLA FRANCISCA GOUVEIA DE VASCONCELOS
  • LUIS ROQUE KLERING
  • Data: Aug 11, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • O estudo aborda as estruturas organizacionais burocráticas, a fim de compreender a forma da adesão às tecnologias virtuais no processo administrativo-educacional para o stricto sensu. Para tanto, o autor navega na formação das organizações no Brasil, visando demostrar a cultura organizacional burocrática e a consequente forma de domínio daqueles que detêm o poder. Nessa construção epistemológica, o autor explora o ambiente burocrático da cultura e poder organizacional. Para tal análise, observa-se o fenômeno da tecnologia no ambiente administrativo da EAD, o qual pode explicar a forma da adesão às estruturas e instrumentos tecnológicos para o stricto sensu, que, em tese, dilui o axioma organizacional tradicional herdado. Portanto, foi utilizado, enquanto objeto de estudo, o caso do Mestrado Profissional em Administração Pública em Rede Nacional – PROFIAP, analisando o conteúdo documental e da legislação relacionada à institucionalização e o posicionamento de professores/coordenadores e diretor da CAPES/MEC. Concluiu-se, sob tais axiomas, que as estruturas burocráticas podem admitir, sim, a EAD no ambiente do stricto sensu. Isso desde que a adesão não conote “diluir” as formas tradicionais de poder e domínio burocrático institucional herdado, assim como a suposta hegemonia da estrutura de governança da administração na educação adotada presencialmente pelo stricto sensu no Brasil.

5
  • SILVIA PIRES BASTOS COSTA
  • NOVAS FORMAS DE GOVERNANÇA PÚBLICA: Um estudo do Arranjo Articulado para Implementação da Política Pública Nacional de Aprendizagem Profissional (PPNAP).

  • Advisor : MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • JOMARIA MATA DE LIMA ALLOUFA
  • RICHARD MEDEIROS DE ARAÚJO
  • ÍTALO FITTIPALDI
  • Data: Oct 30, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  •  

    A configuração que assume a governança do arranjo institucional constituído nas cidades de Fortaleza e Natal e sua influência na implementação da Política Pública Nacional de Aprendizagem (PPNAP) que promove a formação e a inserção no mercado de trabalho de adolescentes e jovens de 14 a 24 anos e pessoas com deficiência é o objetivo desta tese. A abordagem da governança interativa, proposta por Kooiman (2003,2008) constituiu o principal esteio da construção epistemológica do processo investigativo, suportado também pelas contribuições de Draibe (2001) acerca das fases da implementação das políticas públicas. Em termos metodológicos, a abordagem utilizada foi qualitativa, sendo realizada pesquisa bibliográfica descritiva e documental, com aplicação de entrevistas semiestruturadas junto a 44 sujeitos. Os dados foram tratados com base em Bardin (2011), tendo sido pré-estabelecidas duas categorias de análise: governança e implementação. Os resultados apontaram, dentre outros aspectos, para uma maior diversidade e dinâmica do arranjo em Fortaleza, destacando-se o número muito superior de adesões de Entidades sem Fins Lucrativos (ESFLs) à política, interações mais frequentes entre stakeholders de diferentes níveis organizacionais de governança, melhor alinhamento entre as imagens norteadoras da governança e espaços criados para estimular as interações entre os atores e maior participação do governo local. Nas duas capitais estudadas, por outro lado, o estudo indicou que a insuficiência das capacidades institucionais compromete o estímulo às interações e o exercício da metagovernança. A tese concluiu que a forma e intensidade das interações entre os atores envolvidos com a implementação da política de aprendizagem e o compartilhamento de imagens resulta em uma maior compreensão e divulgação da política e na criação de um ambiente favorável à cooperação e ao diálogo necessários ao trabalho coletivo e favorece a modelagem de uma estrutura de governança capaz de lidar com demandas e características distintas das organizações e de seus participantes de modo a acomodar os interesses divergentes, dar espaço à criação de inovações e a convergência de ações para o alcance dos objetivos da política de aprendizagem. Assim, os resultados da política de aprendizagem nos municípios de Natal e Fortaleza, em termos dos índices de inserção dos jovens aprendizes, podem ser compreendidos a partir das diferenças encontradas na estrutura de governança do arranjo institucional utilizado para sua implementação.

     
     
6
  • MARCOS FERNANDO MACHADO DE MEDEIROS
  • COMPUTAÇÃO EM NUVEM: CAMINHOS PARA A FORMAÇÃO DE UMA AGENDA GOVERNAMENTAL.
  • Advisor : MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MANOEL VERAS DE SOUSA NETO
  • MIGUEL EDUARDO MORENO ANEZ
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • BRIVALDO ANDRE MARINHO DA SILVA
  • RICHARD MEDEIROS DE ARAÚJO
  • Data: Nov 27, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • A computação em nuvem tem sido considerada como um novo paradigma das organizações, sendo apontada como uma solução para os problemas de infraestrutura, transformando os investimentos de capital em despesas operacionais. A computação em nuvem tem sua estrutura baseada em cinco características essenciais, três modelos de serviço e quatro modelos de implantação propostos pelo NIST. No que se refere a este trabalho, analisa-se a utilização da computação em nuvem no ambiente governamental, posicionando a computação em nuvem dentro da fase de definição de agenda. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho é compreender como a computação em nuvem contextualiza-se na agenda governamental e de decisão em TI, à luz do modelo dos múltiplos fluxos, considerando o status atual das políticas públicas de TI, a dinâmica da formação de agenda para a área, a interface entre as diversas instituições, além de identificar as iniciativas vigentes acerca do uso da computação em nuvem no governo. Utilizou-se, como arcabouço teórico para nortear o processo investigativo sobre a formação de agenda, o modelo dos múltiplos fluxos de Kingdon, observando o comportamento do governo em face da definição de problemas, elaboração de propostas ou soluções e as discussões políticas em torno do tema, além de observar a existência de uma janela de oportunidade para a computação em nuvem. Para tanto, realizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa, que por meio de entrevistas a um grupo de elaboradores de políticas públicas e a outro grupo composto por gestores de TI. No tocante aos principais resultados, destaca-se o excesso de regulamentação para a área, normalmente espalhadas em diversos órgãos do governo federal, o que dificulta a atuação dos gestores. Identificou-se uma falta de conhecimento acerca das normas, programas de governo, regulamentações e diretrizes. Destaca-se também a burocratização do processo de aquisição de bens se serviços de TI, limitando, em muitos casos, o avanço tecnológico. Em relação à influência dos atores, não foi possível identificar a presença de um empreendedor político, bem como percebeu-se uma ausência de força política. O fluxo político foi influenciado apenas pelas mudanças dentro do governo. A fragmentação foi um fator de peso para o enfraquecimento do tema no processo de formação de agenda. A segurança da informação foi questionada por parte dos respondentes que a apontou como principal limitação aliada à falta de capacitação dos servidores públicos. Em termos de benefícios, a economia de recursos aparece em destaque, seguida pela melhoria da eficiência. De fato a discussão sobre a computação em nuvem precisa avançar dentro da esfera pública, considerando que a experiência internacional já está bem mais avançada, enquadrando a computação em nuvem como um elemento responsável pela melhoria dos processos, serviços prestados e economia dos recursos públicos.

7
  • MELQUIADES PEREIRA DE LIMA JUNIOR
  • Desempenho de analistas sell-side no mercado de ações brasileiro

  • Advisor : VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • ERIVAN FERREIRA BORGES
  • PATRICIA MARIA BORTOLON
  • WAGNER MOURA LAMOUNIER
  • Data: Dec 12, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • O objetivo desta pesquisa foi analisar o comportamento de analistas Sell-Side e propor uma classificação de analistas, considerando o desempenho das previsões de preços e reco- mendações (vender-manter-comprar) no mercado de ações brasileiro. Para isso, o primeiro passo foi analisar o consenso dos analistas para entender a importância dessa medida co- letiva no mercado; o segundo foi analisar os analistas individualmente para compreender como melhoram suas análises no tempo. Terceiro foi compreender como são as principais metodologias de classificação utilizadas em mercados mundiais. Por último, propor uma forma de classificação que possa refletir os aspectos anteriores discutidos. Para investigar as hipóteses propostas no estudo foram utilizados modelos lineares em painel, para cap- tar elementos no tempo. Os dados das previsões de preços e recomendações de analistas individualmente e em consenso, no período de 2005 a 2013 foram obtidos da plataforma Bloomberg. Os principais resultados foram: (i) desempenho superior das previsões e recomendações do consenso, em comparação com as análises individuais; (ii) a associação do número de analistas emitindo recomendações com a melhoria da acurácia possibilita supor que esse quantitativo pode estar associado ao aumento da força do consenso e, consequentemente, a acurácia; (iii) o efeito de ancoragem dos analistas nas revisões do consenso faz com que suas previsões sejam viesadas, sobreavaliando os ativos; (iv) os analistas necessitam ter maior cautela em momentos de turbulência econômica, obser- vando também mercados externos como o norte-americano. Pois, essas variações podem provocar alterações nos vieses entre otimismo e pessimismo; (v) efeitos provenientes de mudanças no viés, como o aumento do pessimismo, podem provocar o aumento excessivo do número de recomendações de compra. Nesse caso, os analistas podem devem ter mais cautela na realização das análises, principalmente na coerência entre a recomendação e o preço previsto; (vi) a experiência do analista com o setor econômico do ativo e com o ativo contribui para a melhoria das previsões, porém, a experiência geral mostrou indícios contrários; (vii) o otimismo associado a essa experiência geral, com o passar do tempo, mostra um comportamento semelhante a um excesso de confiança, podendo provocar re- dução da acurácia; (viii) o efeito conflitante da experiência geral entre a acurácia e o retorno observado mostra indícios de que, com o passar do tempo, o analista apresenta efeitos semelhantes ao de apego sobre o ativo, o que acarretaria em uma análise conflitu- osa entre recomendações e previsões; (ix) apesar do foco em menos setores contribuir para a qualidade da acurácia, o mesmo não ocorre com o foco em ativos. Então, é possível que os analistas possam ter ganhos de escala quando cobrem mais ativos dentro do mesmo setor; e por último, (x) foi possível elaborar uma proposta de classificação de analistas que pondere tanto retornos como a consistência dessas previsões, chamado de Coeficiente de Análise. Esse ranking resultou melhores resultados, considerando o retorno/desvio Padrão.  

2013
Dissertations
1
  • MARCOS ADLLER DE ALMEIDA NASCIMENTO
  • EDUCAÇÃO COMPLEMENTAR E DESENVOLVIMENTO HUMANO: ALCANCES E LIMITES DA ESTRATÉGIA SOCIOEDUCATIVA DO PROJETO “OASIS” DE INTERVIVÊNCIA UNIVERSITÁRIA
  • Advisor : MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA ARLETE DUARTE DE ARAÚJO
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • MARCIA CRISTINA ALVES
  • MARLI DE FATIMA FERRAZ DA SILVA TACCONI
  • Data: Feb 21, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • A presente pesquisa teve por objetivo central mensurar a dimensão dos impactos no desenvolvimento humano dos jovens em decorrência de sua inserção na estratégia socioeducativa do Projeto OASIS. O projeto de intervivência universitária OASIS visa complementar atividades do ensino regular, incluindo jovens em ações socioeducativas que contemplam temas como cidadania, participação social, empreendedorismo social e exerce o papel de indutor de mudanças comportamentais junto aos seus participantes. Esta dissertação se dá no sentido de compreender em que nível essas transformações acontecem e de fornecer uma estimativa geral do impacto do projeto sobre os jovens que por ele passam. Em nosso estudo, trabalhamos com necessidades humanas de duas naturezas: as necessidades existenciais e as necessidades axiológicas. As necessidades existenciais são tomadas – nesta dissertação – como dimensões, são, pois, nelas que necessidades axiológicas estão enquadradas.  A nossa amostra foi composta por 153 observações de um universo estimado de 190 jovens participantes do projeto. As análises foram produzidas a partir dos resultados alcançados via Análise Fatorial Exploratória e via modelagem em Equações Estruturais. Observamos que o Projeto OASIS provocou mudanças significativas no que se refere à necessidade axiológica de entendimento, e em contrapartida, as necessidades de criação e identidade pouco sofreram alteração na avaliação dos alunos do projeto. Concluímos que a estratégia socioeducativa da intervivência universitária OASIS atende às expectativas de cumprimento de seu papel de complementaridade enquanto projeto de educacional, quando a identificamos, através da análise dos resultados desta dissertação, como instrumento indutor do desenvolvimento humano a partir de mudanças atitudinais e comportamentais provocados junto aos jovens que a integram. 


2
  • FERNANDO ANTONIO DE MELO PEREIRA LHAMAS
  • A SATISFAÇÃO E A INTENÇÃO DE CONTINUIDADE DE USO EM SERVIÇOS DE E-LEARNING: VALIDAÇÃO EMPÍRICA DE UM MODELO APLICADO NO SERVIÇO PÚBLICO

  • Advisor : ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • CESAR ALEXANDRE DE SOUZA
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • Data: Mar 22, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  •  

    Este estudo busca investigar os construtos da Escala de Prontidão Tecnológica (TRI) e da Teoria da Desconfirmação da Expectativa (EDT) como determinantes da satisfação e da intenção de continuidade de uso em serviços de e-learning. É proposto um modelo teórico que busque mensurar o fenômeno adequado às necessidades das organizações públicas que oferecem cursos de capacitação à distância com uso de plataformas virtuais para seus funcionários. A pesquisa foi desenvolvida a partir de uma abordagem analítica quantitativa, por meio de survey online em uma amostra de 343 funcionários de 2 organizações públicas do RN que tiveram experiência em e-learning. A estratégia de análise de dados utilizou técnicas de análise multivariada, incluindo a análise de equações estruturais (AEE), operacionalizada pelo software AMOS©. Os resultados apontaram que qualidade, desconfirmação da qualidade, valor e desconfirmação do valor impactam positivamente na satisfação, assim como a desconfirmação da usabilidade, a inovatividade e o otimismo. Da mesma forma, a satisfação mostrou ser determinante para a intenção de continuidade de uso. Em adição, a prontidão tecnológica e o desempenho apresentam forte relação entre si. Com base no modelo estrutural encontrado pelo estudo, as organizações públicas podem implementar serviços de e-learning para os funcionários se concentrando na melhoria de aprendizagem e no aprimoramento de habilidades praticadas no ambiente organizacional

     

3
  • ISRAEL JOSÉ DOS SANTOS FELIPE
  • ANÁLISE DE VOLATILIDADE, INTEGRAÇÃO DE PREÇOS E PREVISIBILIDADE PARA O MARCADO BRASILEIRO DE CAMARÃO

  • Advisor : ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDERSON LUIZ REZENDE MOL
  • BERNARDO BORBA DE ANDRADE
  • MARCIO ANDRÉ VERAS MACHADO
  • VINICIO DE SOUZA E ALMEIDA
  • Data: Mar 26, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  •  

    O presente trabalho tem como proposta geral investigar a dinâmica da estrutura de volatilidade nos preços do camarão no mercado brasileiro de pescados. Para tanto, foi feita a descrição dos aspectos iniciais da série de preços do camarão. A partir dessas informações, foram realizados testes estatísticos e selecionou-se modelos univariados para funcionarem como previsores de preços. Em seguida, averiguou-se a existência de relacionamento de equilíbrio de longo prazo entre o camarão importado brasileiro e o americano e por fim, verificou-se a existência ou não da relação de causalidade entre esses ativos, tendo em vista que os dois países apresentaram, ao longo dos anos, relações comerciais. Apresenta-se como uma pesquisa exploratória de natureza aplicada com abordagem quantitativa. O banco de dados foi coletado através de contato direto com a Companhia de Entrepostos e Armazéns Gerais de São Paulo (CEAGESP) e no site oficial de importação americano, National Marine Fisheries Service - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NMFS- NOAA). Os resultados apontaram que a grande variabilidade nos preços do ativo se relaciona diretamente com os ganhos e perdas dos agentes de mercado. A série de preços apresenta um forte efeito sazonal e semestral. A média de preço do camarão dos últimos 12 anos foi de R$ 11,58 e, provavelmente, fatores externos à produção e a comercialização (antidumping americano, enchentes e patologias) afetaram fortemente os preços. Dentre o conjunto de modelos testados para a previsão de preços do camarão, foram selecionados quatro, os quais, através do procedimento de previsão de um passo à frente de  de horizonte 12, revelaram-se estatisticamente mais robustos. Constatou-se que há fracos indícios de equilíbrio de longo prazo entre as séries de preços do camarão brasileiro e o americano, onde de forma equivalente, não se encontra relação de causalidade entre elas. Concluiu-se que a dinâmica de preços da commodity camarão é influenciada fortemente por fatores produtivos externos e que esses fenômenos causam efeitos sazonais nos preços. Não há relações de estabilidade de longo prazo entre os preços do camarão brasileiro e o americano, mas sabe-se que o Brasil importa insumos produtivos dos EUA, o que de alguma forma demonstra certa dependência produtiva. Para os agentes de mercado, o risco de interferências de preços externos cointegrados ao brasileiro praticamente inexiste. Através de modelagem estatística é possível minimizar o risco e a incerteza que estão incorporados no mercado de pescados, deste modo, as estratégias de venda e comercialização para o camarão brasileiro podem ser consolidadas e difundidas.

     

4
  • MÁRIO JORGE FRANÇA MONTENEGRO FILHO
  • ANÁLISE DA AVALIAÇÃO DE PROJETOS SOCIAIS: ESTUDO DE CASO NA PETROBRAS.

     


  • Advisor : HIRONOBU SANO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDSON SADÃO IISUKA
  • HIRONOBU SANO
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • Data: May 31, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • Diante do agravamento dos problemas sociais e da escassez de recursos, o aprimoramento dos métodos de avaliação e controle da sua aplicação, exigindo-se mais eficiência, eficácia, efetividade e participação na sua gestão, tem sido crescente. Daí resulta a importância de se estudar e desenvolver tais metodologias. O objetivo geral da presente Dissertação é compreender quais as dificuldades para se incorporar a visão de executores e beneficiários no processo avaliativo. Para tanto, realizou-se uma pesquisa caracterizada como qualitativa, utilizando como estratégia de campo o estudo de caso de dois projetos sociais denominados Programa de Criança Petrobras, situados na região metropolitana de Natal, e a análise de conteúdo como técnica analítica dos dados. As conclusões deste trabalho poderão auxiliar no aperfeiçoamento do processo de avaliação dos projetos financiados pela Petrobras, contribuindo assim com o cumprimento do seu papel social, além da possibilidade de estimular uma maior participação de outros atores da sociedade, tais como os beneficiários desses projetos, no processo de avaliação.

     

5
  • DENISE CRISTINA MOMO
  • ECONOMIA SOLIDÁRIA E RELAÇÕES DE GÊNERO NA AGRICULTURA FAMILIAR: O CASO DO GRUPO PRODUTIVO "MULHERES DECIDIDAS A VENCER"

  • Advisor : WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • WASHINGTON JOSE DE SOUSA
  • ANATALIA SARAIVA MARTINS RAMOS
  • GENAUTO CARVALHO DE FRANÇA FILHO
  • Data: Jul 18, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • A experiência da mulher na esfera privada no âmbito do trabalho altera relações intrafamiliares, permitindo-lhes maior liberdade, autonomia e independência. As desigualdades, socialmente construídas, de interioriza