Uma banca de DEFESA de DOUTORADO foi cadastrada pelo programa.
DATA : 21/08/2019
HORA: 14:30
LOCAL: Auditório do CT/UFRN

Rebuilding the Habitat Design for Agrarian Reform: Legacy and Possibilities for the State


Habitat design - Agrarian Reform - Agrarian reform habitat

GRANDE ÁREA: Ciências Sociais Aplicadas
ÁREA: Arquitetura e Urbanismo

What is the legacy of the National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform (INCRA) regarding the production of the habitat design for agrarian reform? In pursuit of this answer follows this thesis. Its objective is to analyze the process of producing the habitat design of agrarian reform settlements carried out by the State in order to contribute to its performance in the country. It is hypothesized that "the exclusive production of INCRA regarding the design of the agrarian reform habitat in our country responded more quantitatively than qualitatively, since the habitats implemented do not meet the needs and expectations of the settlers." Thus, in the context of transformations that have modified the way of habitat and habitation of society, especially in the countryside - this is understood as a space not opposed to the city, but complementary - habitat of agrarian reform: place where the individual lives and develops their daily lives (BORGES, 2002). Concerning its design, in relation to the responsibility for the actions of planning, design and demarcation in the physical space; and implementation of the basic infrastructure, the State's actions take place through INCRA. Created in 1970, it has since contributed to the design of our territory. From 1970 to 1985 through the colonization policy, it implemented integrated colonization projects (PIC), using Rural Urbanism for the design of habitats. Already in the last 30 years, it is delimited to the design of the habitat of agrarian reform. This policy, however, did not become a priority for the various post-Constituent governments of 1988, despite the struggle of social movements for its effectiveness. With the most diverse limitations inherent to habitat issues - normative; financial and human resources; among others - INCRA continues to design, occupy and transform our territory. This thesis, therefore, is the relationship between the design of the agrarian reform habitat and the state's performance. In order to reach the proposed objectives, it is based on the regressive-progressive dialectical method, created by Marx and developed by Lefebvre, being also other postulates of this methodological reference, as well as those of Borges (2002). The empirical field corresponds to the 286 rural settlements created by the national policy of agrarian reform located in the territory of the RN in the temporal cut studied: 1985 to 2013. In this interval the following governments succeeded: Sarney (1985-1989); Collor (1990-1992); Itamar (1992-1995); FHC (1995-2002); Lula (2003-2010); Dilma (2011-2013). The materiality of the empirical field is limited to the habitats of 1 settlement of each of the 6 periods. Thus, based on the current situation of inhabiting the countryside in Brazil, it is reflected on the present and the past in habitat production: habitat and habitat in agrarian reform and habitat design for agrarian reform. In the sequence, it is approached about the practice of the State and the design of the habitat of agrarian reform and, later, the study of its production in the RN is carried out. Despite the differences between the largest and the smallest amount created - in FHC were 202 settlements, while in Itamar only 2 - the legacy of INCRA / RN is composed by a pattern of agrarian reform habitat. In the Settlement Scale there are 1 concentrated habitats, located at the end of the settlement, accessed by vicinal. In the Habitat Scale, the Orthogonal / Tray typology prevails for physical configuration. As for the process of effectiveness, it results from the correlation of forces between the actuating agents: INCRA technicians; settlers and social movements (unionized or not). Absences are also identified. Finally, possibilities are pointed out in order to optimize the State's policies and management for the design of agrarian reform habitat.

Presidente - 347575 - AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
Externa ao Programa - 1164161 - IRENE ALVES DE PAIVA
Externa à Instituição - AKEMI INO - USP
Notícia cadastrada em: 08/08/2019 16:28
SIGAA | Superintendência de Tecnologia da Informação - (84) 3342 2210 | Copyright © 2006-2023 - UFRN -