Dissertations/Thesis

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2022
Dissertations
1
  • CARLOS ALBERTO DE LIMA NETO
  • VENTUROSA CAMPINA: URBAN PROPOSALS AND RENOVATIONS IN CAMPINA GRANDE-PB. 1970-1976.

  • Advisor : RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMIRIA BEZERRA BRASIL
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • MARCUS VINICIUS DANTAS DE QUEIROZ
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • Data: Feb 23, 2022
    Ata de defesa assinada:


  • Show Abstract
  • This work discusses urban and architectural projects, especially proposals for the central area, which were part of the Integrated Local Development Plan of Campina Grande – “PDLI”, developed during the 1970s in the context of the institutionalization of urban planning in Brazil through the Federal Housing and Urban Planning Service – “SERFHAU”. Adopting procedures of literature review and documentary analysis, the work is structured in four parts. In the first, it shows a historical perspective of the urban planning experiences from the 20th century in the city of Campina Grande until the time of the PDLI. In the second, it discusses the ideas that guided urban planning in Brazil in the context of its institutionalization since the 1960s. In the third part, analyses the conception of the Plan through the Campina Grande Development Company – “COMDECA”.  In the fourth part, it highlights the implications of urban and architectural proposals contained in the Plan, focusing on the relation between projects in the central area and the urban configuration of the territories where they were inserted.

2
  • EMILLY TAVARES LIMA
  • ARCHITECTURE OF EXPERIMENTATION: the case of the pavilion

  • Advisor : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • RICARDO ALEXANDRE PAIVA
  • Data: Mar 3, 2022
    Ata de defesa assinada:


  • Show Abstract
  • Pavilions are structures usually developed for events and their free configuration of contexts and guidelines allows the application of new ideas, and can serve as a prototype for more complex constructions. Despite being a well-known subject, there is a superficial and generalist approach on it, requiring further studies in order to understand possible influences and contributions in the field of architecture. For this, two types of event were adopted for analysis: Expo and Specialised Expo and the annual summer program of Serpentine Galleries, where at least one pavilion per edition will be analyzed. For this, it was established as an objective, the verification of common elements in the composition of the pavilions. Thus, to meet the proposal of this study, it was decided to define the following specific objectives: (1) detect the main characteristics present in the selected pavilions with regard to: shape (amorphic, curved and inflexible), visibility (transparent, matte and opaque), structural system (conventional, cable, shell, truss and others), external coating (masonry | concrete, metal, glass, polymer, wood and others), scale (small, medium, large and extra-large) and colors (monochromatic and polychromatic); (2) identify more recurrent patterns and classifications in the listed categories in order to synthesize the architectural production of this niche. To make this possible, bibliographic and documentary research was made through reliable sources. After collecting all the necessary elements, the information was compiled into a database, which allowed to identify and analyze through tables and graphs the predominant characteristics in each group or category. As result, the dissertation was structured in four chapters.

3
  • SÍLVIO PEREIRA BEZERRA DE MELO JUNIOR
  • Distrust and fear in the city. Relations between insecurity signs and spatial structure of Recife. 

  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CIRCE MARIA GAMA MONTEIRO
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • LUCY DONEGAN
  • VINICIUS NETTO
  • Data: Mar 16, 2022
    Ata de defesa assinada:


  • Show Abstract
  • This work aims to understand nexuses relating built form and insecurity signs in public spaces. The investigation is contextualized within the occupation history of the studied case, the neighbourhoods of Cabanga and Boa Viagem, Recife, Brazil, from the early 20th century to the major roadworks of 2016. The research evaluates how changes in the spatial structure of the city taken by Via Mangue seems to lead transformations of characteristics of the built environment in respect to insecurity signs. Besides the literature review, the methodological procedures applied to the research were Space Syntax Analysis and data collection regarding insecurity signs attached to buildings (cctv cameras, electrified fences, among others). The theoretical framework revealed a dichotomy between permeability and defensibility of space as a strategy to promote security, so as the role of the spatial configuration in these kinds of studies. The results suggest that changes in the city’s spatial structure coincide with the increasing use of insecurity signs aimed at setting private and public spaces apart, either through architecture itself or with elements attached to it. The real estate also shows signs of benefiting from the increase in accessibility. Although it is not a homogeneous tendency, the increase of potential movement in some parts of the city is followed by a mistrust of the public space, and, in a general view, the deviation from the principles recommended as favourable to urban animation and security.

4
  • BIANCA FERREIRA COSTA DE ARAÚJO
  • SPACES OF TRANSITION AND URBANITY: investigation of strategies to improve urban life

    ESPAÇO DE TRANSIÇÃO E URBANIDADE: investigação de estratégias para melhor qualidade na vida urbana

  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • RODRIGO COSTA DO NASCIMENTO
  • VERONICA MARIA FERNANDES DE LIMA
  • Data: Mar 24, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The present work aims to contribute to the existing discussions regarding the public-private interfaces, especially the transition spaces, and to relate them to urbanity. It considers the importance of thinking about transition spaces as a place that connects the public with the private space, allowing greater interaction, safety and comfort for the passerby, places that should be thought of based on the right to come and go and/or to remain, with total physical permeability (without barriers), for anyone who needs or wishes to pass through or be there. It aims to investigate the formal aspects of transition spaces and their elements that potentially contribute to urbanity and, based on these concepts, analyze the buildings located in the Tirol neighborhood, in Natal/RN, in order to deepen the discussion of production of open and built spaces. Throughout the text, we will articulate issues related to the building and its relationship with the city, the interrelationship between open and built spaces, the gradations between public and private, transition space and urbanity, bringing to the discussion authors such as Hertzberger (1999 ), Geh (2013), Alex (2008), Alexander (1977), Gomes (2002), Solà Morales (1992), Gausa (2001), and thus presenting possibilities for understanding the theme. The choice of segments is based on this observation of the maps of normalized Integration and Choice segments and they were divided into five sections, namely: section 01 (Av. Nevaldo Rocha), section 02 (Rua Apodi), section 03 (Av. Mal. Deodoro da Fonseca), section 04 (Av. Prudente de Morais) and section 05 (Av. Sen. Salgado Filho). The analysis of the excerpts was carried out based on readings of maps generated by the Q-GIS program and on-site visits and records and/or assistance from the Google Street View program. The results obtained show us that the analyzed sections do not have many examples of buildings that have this strong connection with the public space, often having permeability disruption through walls and railings or parking spaces for vehicles. The few examples have neat elements that encourage the permanence and co-presence of passersby, influencing the lack of urbanity in the place. The expectation of this work rests on the potential of classification of transition spaces, on the dialogue of choices and the application of design strategies, favoring a discourse on architectural production in contemporary cities.

5
  • ISABELA DANTAS DE SANTA CRUZ
  • THE TEACHING OF INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE DESIGN ACCORDING TO THE PERCEPTION OF STUDENTS, TEACHERS AND RECENT GRADUATES: 
    A CASE STUDY IN TWO SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE IN NATAL/RN.
  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • LUCIANA DE MEDEIROS
  • ADRIANA CARLA DE AZEVEDO BORBA
  • Data: May 4, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The present work is inserted in the context of the professional education of architects and urban planners in the field of Interior Architecture Project. This area has vast possibilities for professional activity, especially for recent graduates. However, the teaching of Interior Architecture does not seem to occupy a relevant space in Architecture and Urbanism courses in Brazil. Therefore, this work aims to understand how the teaching of Interior Architecture Design Project is developed in two undergraduate courses in the city of Natal (UFRN and UNIFACEX), based mainly on the analysis of disciplines and the perceptions of the agents involved. The object of study is the relationship between the teaching of interior architecture design in undergraduate courses of Architecture and Urbanism at UFRN and UNIFACEX and the perception of students, teachers and recent graduates of these institutions. A bibliographic review on the subject was performed, generating exploratory and descriptive research that addressed relevant aspects and concepts about interior architecture design and design teaching. Empirical research was carried out in the two schools selected for study through data in-field data collection. Directors and lecturers were contacted, followed by scheduled observations in project workshops and the application of questionnaires to students and recent graduates. In addition to that, interviews with Interior Architecture lecturers were also conducted. The relevance of training in this field and the need for more studies and debates about the role of interior architecture within the architecture schools of Natal/RN was verified, especially when a counterpoint is established between the increasing market demand and institutional offers in this area.

6
  • HANNA JÉSSICA CRISPIM DE ALMEIDA DAMASCENO BEZERRA
  • CREATIVE PROCESSES AND DESIGN REFERENCES IN THE PROFESSIONAL MASTER'S FINAL WORK IN ARCHITECTURE,
    DESIGN AND ENVIRONMENT AT UFRN
  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • MARCELLA SAVIOLI DELIBERADOR
  • Data: May 12, 2022
    Ata de defesa assinada:


  • Show Abstract
  • This research addresses the relationship between the creative processes and the references used in projects developed by urbanist architects in the context of professional postgraduate studies, with a case study in the Professional Master's Degree in Architecture, Design and Environment (MPAPMA) at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). According to the literature, the design process in general comes from a poorly structured problem, whose solution is not unique, and basically occurs in three phases: analysis, synthesis and evaluation. In addition, based on the assumption that ideas do not come out of nowhere, it is considered that reference studies have an important role in feeding the creative process, as well as previous knowledge, arising from the intellectual baggage acquired by the designer. The central question-problem of the research is: How do current and past design references influence the design of projects developed in the Trabalho de Conclusão (TCs) of MPAPMA/UFRN. Thus, we seek to understand how the creative and design processes expressed in MPAPMA/UFRN students' TCs are developed and how they relate to their design references. For this, the methodological procedures were divided into three main steps. Initially, a literature review was carried out in order to deepen the main concepts, methods and strategies that guide the theme of creative processes and references used in architectural projects. Then, a survey and documentary analysis of the projects and technical reports completed at MPAPMA/UFRN were carried out from the class that graduated in 2012 until 2019, with part of them selected for more detailed analysis by the inclusion criteria of the research. Finally, we sought to categorize, evaluate and validate the degree of impact of design references in the selected works, based on categories of analysis mainly derived from Philippe Boudon's Architecture. In addition, we considered the point of view of the master authors on the development of their TCs, based on the themes addressed. With the results obtained, we found the importance of studies of new design references for architectural design and its direct influence on the construction of a new design baggage, with the technical, functional and representation scales being the most decisive. We also observed that previous design references contribute positively, insofar as, through MPAPMA/UFRN, these references could be analyzed from new approaches.

7
  • DMETRYUS TARGINO MARQUES DE SOUZA
  • The Death and Life of a small historic center: The “revitalization” process of the Cidade Alta neighborhood, Natal/RN

  • Advisor : AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • LIVIA IZABEL BEZERRA DE MIRANDA
  • Data: Jun 23, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • Throughout Brazil, a series of initiatives arising from the public-private partnership aims central areas as a target for intervention. In Natal, the Beco da Lama in Cidade Alta, a neighborhood part of the historic center, has been gaining prominence as it becomes one of the city's main leisure sites, as well as a target of “revitalization” actions. Different groups, collectives, private associations and public authorities have been transforming the public and private spaces through ephemeral (parties, festivals, events, concerts, etc.) and permanent (projects and renovations) interventions. Ever since, representations that explore the idea of “death” and “life” to describe the status of “abandonment” of the neighborhood are intensified. Through the alliance between local entrepreneurs and the state power, the pre-existing artistic and cultural manifestations undergo severe restrictions that compromise their maintenance. The narratives that present the center as a “dead” space reveal strategies related to a tendency towards a touristification process of historic centers through an identity urbanism. On the other hand, there are still movements and collectives that act in the sense of carrying out exchanges based on the relationship between subjects and space, promoting identity through everyday practices. The urban space as a locus of dispute between the different - where conflicts appear in the form of the struggle for space - reminds us of Lefebvre's idea of the Right to the City. Understanding space as a category in the process of (re)production, a question arises: Are the recent appropriations of public spaces in Beco da Lama characterized as an exercise of the Right to the City or a trend towards a cultural turn? The main objective of this research was to understand the limits and possibilities of the appropriation of public spaces in Beco da Lama and surroundings, considering the conflict of interests between the different acting agents starting from the study on the relationship between the appropriation of public spaces and the Right to the City. In order to identify the purposes that guide the actions of the different acting groups, the open interview was used. Since the neighborhood is a commercial and historical center, it contains a multiplicity of historically consolidated agents, as well as being the scene of insurgencies and new forms of appropriation of public space in the city, any interventions can result in imbroglios since it's a delicate area. Market culturalism allied to an identity urbanism, guided by a planning that acts in the sense of gauging a "differential" for the city, promotes the consumption of the place through the production of a place of consumption. Through “deviation”, the appropriations that preceded the revitalization projects were able to reintroduce the meaning of public space as a locus of encounter and differences, a privileged place of everyday life and of the possible, of exchanges that are also guided by use value.

8
  • FERNANDA GOMES DE MACEDO
  • Ways of Lina Bo Bardi: a written trajectory

     

  • Advisor : JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANA CAROLINA DE SOUZA BIERRENBACH
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • Data: Jun 30, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • This research work analyzes the written documentation produced by the architect Lina Bo Bardi in order to establish a dialog between her articles published in the Salvador Daily Newspaper and her work ahead of the Museum of Modern Art of Bahia. Lina Bo Bardi was an Italian architect who emigrated to Brazil in 1946, a country she chose to live and work professionally. She is the author of a series of significant works for cultural institutions, such as MASP, the Museum of Modern Art of Bahia, SESC Pompéia, among others. Lina was an architect who has always worked through various artistic languages, which this work aims to approach by highlighting the written language as a way of doing architecture, often the only one possible, and through which Lina Bo Bardi consolidated an idea of her own architecture, an ideal. This research focuses on the period between 1958 and 1964, when Lina worked in Bahia and intensified her studies on Industrial Design and Popular Culture. This work is conducted as follows: throughout a bibliographical review, it aims at tracing Lina's trajectory, highlighting the role of writing in different phases of her life; examine her contributions to the Salvador Daily Newspaper when Lina directed the Sunday page called Chronicles of Art, History, Behavior, and Life Culture, in search of the theoretical bases that guided her work; establish a dialogue between Lina’ s theoretical and practical bases by exploring the moment of cultural effervescence Salvador experienced between the 1950s and 1960s and Lina's production during this period, when she directed the Museum of Modern Art of Bahia..

Thesis
1
  • CAMILA CAVALCANTI RESENDE
  • The integration of structural design in the teaching and learning process of architectural design

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GERMANA COSTA ROCHA
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • RAFAELA SANTANA BALBI
  • Data: Feb 23, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The insertion of structural design in the studio is one of the topics in the discussion of the Architecture and Urbanism education, because of the direct influence in its form and function. Historically, the architect’s distancing of the field of technology and construction added to a teaching focused on individual work and the final product, and far from the process, brought repercussions in the practice of this type of instruction until today. This separation of the other areas resulted in a departmentalization inside the course, and, consequently, expanded the content integration difficulty inside the studio. Furthermore, the engineering development culminated in a Structure education based on calculation and distant of practical and reflexive learning, proper of Project teaching, result in the student’s disinterest and obstacles to be overcome thinking about those modules in the under-graduation course. Thereby, some authors argue that for a better integration of the structural thinking in the studio, it is necessary the implementation of active learning exercises, among them, one of the most cited is the physical model production, in order to create opportunities for students understanding the relationship between architectonic and resistant form, which can contribute to their design process. In this perspective, the thesis study object is in the integrations and didactic of structural design within the studio of architecture in Brazilian higher education institutions. Accordingly, the main objective of this thesis is to understand and evaluate how the structural design is taught in two Architecture Project modules in national courses. Having as hypothesis that exists some teaching strategies to improve and assist in this kind of integrated education. Thence, this is a research with a qualitative approach with observational procedures, with two modules analysis, and experimental procedures, with the workshops. Therefore, analytical scripts have been drawn up and they defined all the topics to be observed in each step: course plan analysis, direct observation, interviews with professors and students and student’s projects analysis. In total, were two cases analyzed, one at UFRN and the other at UNICAMP, which configured the first phase of the research.  In both, we found sometimes certain impartiality of the student about the structural issues, and they required an intense encouragement to solve structure elements. On the other hand, we verified some positive aspects: both project professor’s concern and effort about the technological and structural subjects, besides the collaboration of a Structure visitant professor in the UNICAMP study. In the second phase of the investigation, we tested a method of learning by the fabrication of structural models in two workshops on the Week of Architecture of the institutions analyzed, and which follow the sequence of thinking-making-breaking. As results, similar to that already mentioned by other authors, a certain students' reluctance to participate in this kind of exercise, what was gradually changing after the beginning of the practical activity, we realized more interest and enthusiasm until the moment of the model’s load testing. In summary, it was perceived in the two research phases the need to improve the teaching of structural design in a way to change the student’s reticent posture about this subject and to amplify their insertion in the design process. From this point of view, the partnership and the collaboration between professors features an important solution, the same way as hands-on activities indicated a path to the approximation with the materiality inherent in architecture and enabled visualizing small samples of the structural possibilities, what can be positive in project studio context.

2
  • NILBERTO GOMES DE SOUSA
  • HYPERACTIVE NEW YORK:

    congestion, land uses and built forms in Manhattan

  • Advisor : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • FLÁVIO ANTONIO MIRANDA DE SOUSA
  • JOÃO CARLOS FERREIRA DE SEIXAS
  • JOÃO CARLOS VASSALO SANTOS CABRAL
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • Data: Apr 27, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The big urban centers characterize as having a rising complexity, constant changes, and being since from the beginning the place of endless arguments. In these cities, the exceeding concentration of built areas, ways of life, heteroclite usages and applicability in a reduced area shows the set of singularities that “ Koolhaas “ entitles as “The culture of congestion”. They try hard to explain the complex conteporanean city , Make Its projects come true and heal Its illnesses. Starting from this scenery, we can raise some questions: From the situational congestion of the big urban centers of the advanced capitalism, what are the morphological and functional characteristics that make urban hyperactivity easier? And as in the situations of congestion of advanced big urban centers, the morphological attributes and the flows configure in a way which  we can conceptualize them urban hyperactive areas ? Our reality is that the high built density and the mixture of land usage and the buildings are the main morphological attributes that creates urban hyperactivity. The study in this case understands, therefore, the conteporenean city as New York. Admitting that congestion (Koolhaas, 2008) is one of the necessary consequences for urban hyperactivity, we propose to understand the areas in situation of congestion in New York, we intend to measure Its built density, to explore the relationship between the situation of congestion with urban hyperactivity, to sketch the concept of urban hyperactivity. For this, we measured physical density of the congestion through four levels: The level of the building, the level of the urban form, the level of occupation and the level of the space. At the same time we notice the relationship between congestion with urban vitality, nets and flows, according to studies that use big data and operate an urban datascope, so, a Huge study of the city through data, with the goal to auscultate the urbits beatings and catch Its dynamics. We also observe relevant attributes for congestion/vitality, as the usage of soil, treads, the age of the buildings and the number of residential units, and last, we explore studies that investigate the flows in New York. By recognizing on congestion the reflexes of forces that push hyperdensity and the energetic search for guided vitality by Jacobs (2000), we wander if they can lead hyperactive urban areas to saturation. As going close to a possible solution, we use the urban partnership of Água Branca in São Paulo as scenery to practice a tool of parameterization of urban fractions focused in the constructive density. According to that, the results indicate that situation of congestion lead to hyperactive urban areas and building levels to urban forms are more relevant morphological attributes in Its constitution. The research also allows us to describe the morphology of congestion, relate them to existing flows, so, examine Its effects in the constitution of hyperactive urban areas and formulate the concept of urban hyperactivity.

3
  • RAISSA DE ALBUQUERQUE GAMELEIRA
  • Experiences of historic house museums in Portugal and Brazil: Lives, Places and Memories

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CARLOS AUGUSTO MATTEI FAGGIN
  • ANDREIA SOFIA OLIVEIRA GARCIA
  • ANTONIO MIGUEL NEVES SILVA SANTOS LEITE
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • HUGO JOSÉ ABRANCHES TEIXEIRA LOPES FARIAS
  • MARIA JOÃO DE MENDONÇA E COSTA PEREIRA NETO
  • Data: Jul 20, 2022


  • Show Abstract
  • The research is focused on the theory and practice of design regarding historic house
    museums. It is based upon architectural studies on both museums and housing, tied to
    concepts regarding poetics of space, morphology, perception, as well as the relationship
    between practical life and imaginative memory. As a museum, the studied typology
    needs to imprint, within the exhibition environment, practices that lead it to be an
    institution of preservation and learning. In this sense, the main challenge perceived in
    house-museums is to transform a residential building, with its objects and memories,
    into a museological institution responsible for preserving, educating, communicating,
    and other intrinsic actions. The
    research question emerges from the gap perceived in
    historic house museums research: how do architecture and museography influence the
    perception of a historic house museum as imaginative memory? In this research, the
    relationships between form, image, exhibition spaces and housing spaces, as well as the
    public interaction with such aspects, cause reflective considerations about housing
    architecture and museography design. Thus, space can be considered a form of
    language, essential to the understanding of the intimate life there portrayed. The initial
    hypothesis is then to identify the architectural elements that, alongside museography,
    enable the communication of a given imaginative memory for a house-museum. The
    research has been developed with
    mixed methodological procedures, with tools and
    instruments of analysis and interpretation that allowed a broad understanding of the
    phenomena, their sense and meaning, through a process of interactive and
    simultaneous steps. To this extent, we have selected four historic house museums as
    case studies (Fundação Amália Rodrigues Casa-Museu, Fundação Medeiros e Almeida
    Casa-Museu, Fundação Ema Klabin Casa Museu e Casa Guilherme de Almeida),
    researched within a framework that encompasses: Context (life and place), Space and
    form (visual and morphological analysis), Use and Perception (interviews with
    working staff and visitors). The data gathered were cross analysed, allowing the
    development of parameters confronted with the revised state of the art. The conclusions
    rediscuss the problem initially stated, suggesting ways to rethink housing poetics and
    imaginative memory within the process that changes a house into a historic house
    museum.

4
  • ERIBERTO CARLOS MENDES DA SILVA
  • THE PERSPECTIVE OF PEOPLE WITH REDUCED MOBILITY IN ABANDONING PUBLIC MEETING BUILDINGS UNDER FIRE SAFETY

  • Advisor : EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ADY CANARIO DE SOUZA ESTEVAO
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • ROSARIA ONO
  • Data: Jul 26, 2022
    Ata de defesa assinada:


  • Show Abstract
  • The pursuit to ensure the rights of people with disabilities in social inclusion is gaining increasing global attention and physical access to buildings emerges as one of its primary forms. However, the subject of buildings’ "egressibility", understood as the conditions for evacuation in emergencies does not develop with the same intensity. In the projects of the public meeting places, reserved areas for people in wheelchairs, seats for individuals with disabilities and persons with reduced mobility are required, as well as the presence of exit routes that meet these groups’ needs. In this context, this work searched for answers in the perception of people with disabilities and reduced mobility regarding their safety during the emergency evacuation of an auditorium, a public meeting place. The hypothesis is that the group safety during an auditorium evacuation depends on the spatial configuration of the exit routes, and the evacuation plan, but mainly on the behavior of those involved. The research, classified as qualitative and exploratory, used semi-structured questionnaires, field visit, observation method, and group interviews. An auditorium that met the fire safety regulations and accessibility requirements was used. Participants were selected based on exclusion criteria based on physical, age and health characteristics, as well as availability. At the auditorium, simulated evacuation events were promoted to collect field data. The results show that the hypothesis was confronted by the observation of interdependency between available spatial conditions and the efficiency of the applied procedures toward the complexity of human behavior. The research provides data that may subsidize improvement proposals for projects and the development of adjustment modules for more accurate simulation software.

2021
Dissertations
1
  • KLEYNE RONDELLY DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • FROM COTTON TO MINING: THE TRAJECTORY OF “MODERNIZING ARCHITECTURES” IN CURRAIS NOVOS CITY

  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MARIA BERTHILDE DE BARROS LIMA E MOURA FILHA
  • Data: Mar 25, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • In the first half of the twentieth century, the city of Currais Novos / RN, in Seridó region, was the scene of two distinct economic cycles: cotton and mining. Due to the cotton exploitation the city began a modernization process that was intensified two decades later with the discovery of Scheelita mines in the county, beginning the mining cycle and the unbridled pursuit of progress in that city. This work is inserted in this context in order to understand the relationship between these economic cycles and the architecture developed in Currais Novos from the 1920s to the 1950s. As an object of study we seek to detect the impact of these cycles on the production and transformation of local architecture in the first half of the twentieth century and answer to two research questions: did the economic cycles of cotton and mining have had an impact on the corresponding architectural production in Currais Novos? If so, how? Is it possible to notice any distinction in architectural terms in the architecture produced in both cycles in that city? These questions are intertwined with the specific objectives that seek to verify how these two economic periods made possible the development of a corresponding architecture and to apprehend a possible transformation of this architecture due to the change in the local economy. The scarcity of studies about the countryside modern architecture in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, amidst a process of current transformation of this still existing part of the architecture, justifies the development of this work.

2
  • HAZIEL PEREIRA LÔBO
  • ANALYSIS OF CONTEMPORARY  PROJECTS OF MIXED BUILDINGS IN TECHNICAL JOURNALS IN BRAZIL AND EVERYDAY’S SPATIALIZATION

  • Advisor : HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • AMELIA DE FARIAS PANET BARROS
  • Data: Apr 22, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • This present research investigates the relation between Strategies of Architectural Form and the Daily life, while contemporary trend. The everyday’s spatialization in the architectural work is discussed by Deborah Berke (1997) and Herman Hertzberger (2015), as the construction of the spaces that refer to the urban life in the architectural design and their respective architectural elements that aim social cultural function in the mixed build (commercial and service use) facilitating human experience and its apprehension in formal aspects in the project. The aim of this work is to analyze mixed-use architectural projects (commerce and services) produced in contemporary times (between the years 2000 and 2019), in Brazil, which reflect aspects of daily life. Initially, it is discussed some ways that contemporary architecture have been following in the last twenty years, from the influences of digital media, the environmental condition and the human scale as the protagonist of the space that enables the architecture of the everyday. In a second stage, methods of analysis of graphic design are approached, which is debated by reference authors in this field of study, and the approximation that their analytical categories can have with the daily life research aiming to build a methodological matrix that assists in the analysis of the final results of the work. This matrix was produced from the relationship between strategies of the architectural form of the mixed building - theoretical concept of everyday life - methods of formal design analysis. Finally, in the last stage, an analysis of eight mixed buildings in technical journals (specialized architectural magazines) in Brazil, between the years 2000 - 2019, characterizing them and reflecting on formal aspects of the works that can refer to everyday architecture. The results made it possible to understand that concrete is the structural system most used in projects, projects that may or may not be considered landmarks in the landscape were also identified, as well as the identification of the influences of the landscaping and differences of level that facilitate the human perception and its apprehension. The results found and analyzed proved to be consistent with the research proposal and it is hoped that further studies can solve new questions raised during this research.

3
  • JÉSSICA BITTENCOURT BEZERRA
  • APPROPRIATION ON THE MOVE: FROM THE HOUSING MUTIRÃO TO THE DAILY SETTLEMENT OF MARIA DA PAZ

  • Advisor : AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • MARIA CÂNDIDA TEIXEIRA DE CERQUEIRA
  • Data: Jun 2, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • This research has as general objective to investigate the Habitat of the Maria da Paz Settlement, which was conceived and built collectively, in order to understand the possibilities of appropriation by its residents, based on the daily life experienced by them. This Settlement, located in the municipality of João Câmara-RN, was built between 2003 and 2004 through an assisted task force, based on the partnership between GERAH / UFRN, the MST (management and settlers) and INCRA (superintendence and technicians). After almost two decades of its conception and collective construction, the following question arose: how was the habitat of the Maria da Paz Settlement appropriated by its residents? Therefore, its object of study is the relationship between the experience of a housing joint effort in a rural settlement coordinated by the MST and its current appropriation. As the main methodological procedure, the progressive-regressive method stands out, directed to the production of space, based, above all, on the work of Henri Lefebvre. The understanding of this appropriation starts from the current reality towards the past, adopting the collective experience as its historical landmark, not with the objective of explaining it, but to understand the ongoing processes that can lead to becoming. Appropriation is understood as a poetic dimension of its residents, because at the same time that it determines the uses of spaces and produces limitations, it also opens up new possibilities. Along this path, it is expected to understand how collective aspects continue to be sustained or appropriate in the design of the space, in the discourse and actions of its residents.

4
  • DÉBORA YOUCHOUBEL PEREIRA DE ARAÚJO LUNA
  • Architecture of Violence: a study of transformations in the fronts of lots in the Neópolis Housing Complex in Natal/RN
  • Advisor : VERONICA MARIA FERNANDES DE LIMA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANDIARA VALENTINA DE FREITAS E LOPES
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • VERONICA MARIA FERNANDES DE LIMA
  • Data: Jun 29, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • This study demonstrates an urban process that, although in a different way, has always existed in cities, nevertheless, currently it has been presented in an expressive way in places that suffer from the problems of urban violence. According to data on violence, Natal/RN is part of the group of cities in which crime and violence increase, allied to urban growth and the lack of effective public policies in the field of security. In this process, fear and the feeling of insecurity have materialized in current architecture, being named, among other concepts, as the Architecture of Violence, a new functional and formal pattern that has “redesigned” the city's architectural form. The objective of this work is to demonstrate how residential architecture, based on the analysis of the facade of residential lots in the neighborhood of Neópolis, was constituted over time, in an architectural typology of violence. The choice of the studied neighborhood was made due to the growth of crime rates linked, specifically, to the category Violent Crimes against Patrimony - CVPAT, over ten years. For each front of the lot, a form was filled out about the architectural changes and the safety measures used (security system, wall typology and visual permeability), which allowed to quantify and qualify such data from a diachronic study between the year 2011 and 2020. It is observed that Natal is also being modified within the perspective of the architecture of violence and, consequently, the residential architecture, which prioritizes self-protection in relation to the dangers of violent crimes on the streets to the detriment of the concept of housing and its relationship with the city thus produces a functional and formal pattern that grows not only in Natal, but in most Brazilian cities that suffer from growing urban insecurity. The immediate consequence of this is a population that has become isolated and that, increasingly, produces and reinforces a "common" fear in which architecture turns exclusively behind walls full of defensive strategies, but which, in practice, make a self-confinement and imprisonment of the residents.

5
  • MARIANA NOBRE DA COSTA MARINHO
  • Environmental docility in a long-term care institution for elderly in Natal: an approach from the perspective of caregivers

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MARIE MONIQUE BRUÈRE PAIVA
  • Data: Sep 29, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • In view of the population aging situation and the reduction of the elderly's functional capacity over time, there is a growing demand for long-term care for this age group, in the home environment and in specialized institutions. Thus, by incorporating demands related to the day, the environment (social and physical) can act as a prosthetic aid, compensating the decline in age-related skills, ensuring good performance for individuals and providing them with comfort and quality of life. From this perspective, the environmental docility hypothesis points out that the less competent the individual is, the greater the impact of the environment on their behavior, a condition that increases the demands on the environment in terms of its congruence and harmonization with individual requirements. In this context, this study aimed to analyze aspects of environmental docility in the living areas of a long-term care institution for the elderly located in Natal/RN, based on the relationship between these spaces and the needs of institutionalized elderly. To carry out the case study, the following were used: (i) description and technical survey of spaces; (ii) behavioral observation; (iii) semi-structured interview with caregivers – professionals who accompany and help the elderly in their daily lives. The main results were: (a) caregiver´s competence to assess environmental docility in physical and social terms; (b) importance of socio-environmental support to know the needs of the elderly; (c) good adaptive behavior of residents, although the demands of the pandemic have increased difficulties in this field, especially in social terms.

6
  • LUÍSA AMANDA DE MACÊDO LIMA
  • CONNECTING VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE TO THE PRESENT TIME: the incorporation of traditional building cultures and intelligences.

  • Advisor : RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • THIAGO LOPES FERREIRA
  • Data: Nov 25, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • This dissertation research has as main objective to investigate how traditions in the act of building, present in vernacular architecture, are expressed in architectural works of the contemporary period, associating formal construction technologies with native ones, generating a certain hybridism between the traditional and the modern. However, such works are just vestiges of what would be a conventional conception of vernacular architecture, even following a constructive logic from distant origins. This mixture of opposing constructive elements can occur, at times, in a harmonious way, which contradicts theories about the tendency of vernacular architecture to disappear when in contact with contemporary technologies. These hybrid architectures can also express techniques and methods that bring a regionalist sense by incorporating traditional constructive aspects. In this context, the investigation of the process of adapting vernacular knowledge or knowledge to the present takes place in a schematic, analytical and descriptive way. After all, what traces of these ancient traditions in the act of building can we find? For this, two correlated thematic axes were proposed: Constructive Cultures and Constructive Intelligences, referring to the constructive habits of indigenous groups and their vernacular knowledge passed down from generation to generation. And then, a bibliographical study of the authors who deal with this theme and a survey of architects from different continents who act (or acted) in the 20th and 21st centuries was developed, the works demonstrating the preservation or adaptation of constructive intelligences of vernacular origin. Finally, this research shows that the harmony between these opposing elements can represent a link between aspects of vernacular architecture and formal architecture present in contemporaneity, through the passage of traditional knowledge and the emergence of new knowledge and approaches about the theme. Thus, this research intends to contribute academically and socially in future research on the subject, revealing and emphasizing the importance of understanding the adaptation of traditions in the act of building to contemporary production contexts, its social, cultural and symbolic architectural aspects.

7
  • DIEGO FREIRE MARTINS
  • Between freedoms and restrictions: Experiences in urban mobility in children on the home-school-home routes in Quixadá, Ceará
  • Advisor : VERONICA MARIA FERNANDES DE LIMA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GISELLE ARTEIRO NIELSEN AZEVEDO
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • VERONICA MARIA FERNANDES DE LIMA
  • Data: Nov 29, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • Children have a social role that is increasingly dependent on the adult, invisible in the decision-making
    processes of public life, considered the citizen of the future and not of today, and confined in private
    environments under the argument of safety and well-being. Their movements are dizzyingly more
    motorized, rarely independent (without direct adult supervision) and experienced through glass on
    “private islands”, in which the public space is just a passage. These relationships have directly impacted
    their social, emotional, mental and spatial development. There are several studies and initiatives that
    play a leading role in the child-city relationship and its displacements, however, there is a gap in research
    outside the large urban centers in the Global South. Thus, the objective of this research was to

    understand the child-city interactions in the light of urban mobility experiences in the home-school-
    home routes in Quixadá/CE and their (dis)stimulations to active and independent transport. We

    structured the methodological path in (1) literature review on active/independent mobility and urban
    experiences as citizen possibilities (BARBOSA, 2016; SARMENTO, 2018; TONUCCI, 2005) through

    environmental perception and affective relationships in the attachment to place as basis for an ethical-
    political action-transformation in the city (GIULIANI, 2003; ITTELSON, 1978; LYNCH, 1982; TUAN, 2013).

    Then, we developed an exploratory study with the (2) characterization of socio-physical aspects of the
    paths through mapping, field observations and photographic records. Subsequently, (3) we applied
    questionnaires with parents/guardians and conducted structured interviews and affective maps with
    children aged 8 to 11 years in three public schools. The results showed that 73% of the participating
    children traveled with active modes and 50% of the total had some experience of autonomous mobility.
    Part of the adults proved resistant to active mobility and, even more, to independent travel due to long
    distances, urban violence, fear of strangers, traffic and environmental comfort. The characteristics that
    enhanced active and independent transport were urban permeability (network configurations, blocks);
    diversity of land uses; urban legibility for the residents; presence of a neighborhood network; and
    attribution of positive qualifications. Environmental knowledge was more solid and critical with a
    functional, relational and symbolic links with the paths in children who adopted active mobility, while in
    children with motorized mobility the link was only functional and less critical. Thus, we conclude that
    the environments (social, built, family, transport and subjectivities) of Quixadá had more aspects that
    favored the adoption of active/independent transport. This reality has provided opportunities for the
    child's experience and development of bonds with the public space, building greater citizenship
    potential. More than ever, if we aspire for more democratic and plural cities in difficult times like the
    one we are facing, we need to amplify the city's educational potential, in addition to being necessary,
    hope in childhood is also a possibility for resistance.

8
  • LAYS VIEIRA DO NASCIMENTO
  • STUDY OF THE TRANSFORMATIONS OF THE RELATIONSHIPS OF USES AND (DIS)APPROPRIATIONS BETWEEN THE POPULATION OF CAMPINA GRANDE AND THE PARQUE EVALDO CRUZ, BASED ON ORAL HISTORY
  • Advisor : VERONICA MARIA FERNANDES DE LIMA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VERONICA MARIA FERNANDES DE LIMA
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • CÉSAR HENRIQUES MATOS E SILVA
  • Data: Dec 9, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • This research emphasizes a theme whose reflections and analyzes are based on the relationship between man and space in central areas, having the urban park as a reference. It reflects a concern, of a growing problem in our cities, the gradual loss of public spaces for coexistence, meetings and leisure. The Evaldo Cruz Park (PEC), the study universe for this research, is located in the Centro de Campina Grande - PB, was widely used and appropriated by the population until the mid-1990s, when the area began to decline. It is a well-located public space, located in a strongly integrated core of the city, has good physical and urban structure, with good potential for use, offering areas for permanence, bordered by urban equipment that attract a large number of people daily, however, it has low levels of use and appropriation by the population. Given this situation, in which the park loses its importance within the social context of the city, the question is: According to the perception of former users, how did the process of transformation of the relations of uses and appropriations between the population of Campinas and the PEC take place? The general objective of this work is to tell the history of Evaldo Cruz Park, focusing on the transformations in the relations of use and appropriation that have taken place over time, based on oral history. The specific objectives are: (1) To discuss recent issues about the socio-spatial transformations that involve public space in the contemporary city, having the urban park as a reference; (2) Present the Evaldo Cruz Park according to historical aspects and its physical characteristics; (3) Describe the transformations in the relations of uses and appropriations that took place in the Evaldo Cruz park over time, based on the memory and perception of its users; (4) Point out paths that can guide future revitalization projects in the area. For this case study, knowledge of the past was perceived from reports of the present, transmitted orally, through the narratives of different generations. As sources of evidence for the case study were used oral history, document analysis and observation in loco, and as a method of data analysis, content analysis of Bardin (1977). Based on the analyses, three categories were created: (1) Golden years and ancient uses of the Evaldo Cruz Park; (2) Decay of Parque Evaldo Cruz and its new uses and users; and (3) From the golden years to the future of Parque Evaldo Cruz. When discussing each category, the socio-spatial transformations that the PEC went through over the years were reported, from a space widely used by the population to a space with low levels of appropriation. From this, it was possible to understand why the park is in this situation of abandonment, going beyond the discourse that “the place is very dangerous”. There is a social, political and economic process behind the decay of the traditional central areas of cities, beyond just physical problems.

     

9
  • GLAYNES CARDOSO VIEIRA SOUTO
  • BIM MATURITY LEVEL IN ARCHITECTURE OFFICES IN PARAÍBA: Overview of implementation and analysis of implementation
  • Advisor : BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • REYMARD SAVIO SAMPAIO DE MELO
  • Data: Dec 13, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • The implementation of BIM (Building Information Modeling) has already been taking place in some countries since the first decade of the 21st century, in Brazil this change started a little later. Implementing this technology requires restructuring project companies and reorganizing project development processes. This paradigm shift proposed by BIM to change the way of designing is not yet widely disseminated in the professional world. As architectural firms are protagonists in the design process and considering that we are facing a technological advance and a transformation in the professional practice of the architect, the general objective of this research is to analyze the implementation and implementation of BIM technology in architectural offices in Paraíba . Considering the continental proportions of Brazil, it is necessary to know the regional data and thus be able to overcome the local barriers presented for the effective implementation of this technology. Regarding the methodological procedures, the research is classified as a survey research, in order to draw an overview of the implementation of BIM in Paraíba, complemented by a case study, to analyze the level of BIM maturity of offices and understand the impacts on professional practice in architecture. The implementation results were analyzed using the BIM Maturity Matrix, in the methodology developed by Succar (2009). The evaluation and analysis of the data was carried out based on the Content Analysis methodology, proposed by Bardin (2011). The results showed that there is a potential for growth in the use of BIM technology among architecture offices in Paraíba, 83% of them already use or intend to do so in the future, but to achieve the benefits proposed by this technology, these agents need to be willing to promote significant changes to the practices currently adopted. The maturity level found was between low and medium, and the main advantage associated with the use of BIM is the quality of the project. Furthermore, it was found that it is necessary to disseminate this technology among all agents in the AEC industry, as its effective implementation will only occur if there is joint action.

Thesis
1
  • VERNER MAX LIGER DE MELLO MONTEIRO
  • THE CONSTRUCTABILITY IN THE PARAMETRIC DESIGN PROCESS

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEXANDRA CLÁUDIA REBELO PAIO
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARIA GABRIELA CAFFARENA CELANI
  • PAULO PEREIRA ALMEIDA
  • PEDRO MIGUEL GOMES JANUÁRIO
  • Data: Sep 16, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • The recent introduction of parametric modeling tools to the design process has offered to architects the opportunity to experiment unprecedent geometrical shapes. But along with this freedom, comes the difficulty to get the building shape materialization, which is usually neglected in the early design stages. This difficulty of thinking the materialization since the beginning can led to decharacterizations of the initial design in subsequent phases, causing significant changes especially during the construction phase, or making the design unfeasible to construction. This context demands, in the design process, a high integration between structure, material, fabrication and construction. This complexity requires, according to the literature, a group working collaboratively, especially combining the expertise of architects and civil engineers. This scenario drove us to the following research question: “How constructibility affects the parametric design process?”. Our hypothesis is that the building constructability, when prioritized since the early design stages by collaborative teams, led to the systematization of the parametric design process, making construction aspects more integrated to the modeling and consequently facilitating the materialization of the building. The study object comprises the relations between constructibility and parametric design process. This research aims to analyze how constructibility aspects, considered by a collaborative team, affects the parametric design process. The research method is based on the constructive research, divided in problem comprehension (phase I), proposition of a solution (phase II) and validation (phase III). The phase I, of comprehension, is composed by the following stages: theoretical-conceptual and empirical basis and design experiments. The phase II, of proposition, will be destinated to the indication of methodological guidelines, while the phase III, will be the Validation of the methodological guidelines by experts in the field of Parametric Design. The main result confirmed the hypothesis in the analyzed cases, attesting that the prioritization of constructability leads to a more systematic and fluid parametric design process, through the incorporation of constructive aspects to the parametric model. We expect to contribute to the CAAD (Computer Aided Architectural Design) field with a discussion on how constructibility affects the parametric design process and with the proposition of methodological guidelines to a parametric design process focused on constructability.

2
  • TAMÁRIS DA COSTA BRASILEIRO MENESES
  • STRATEGIC NOISE MAP AS A TOOL FOR THE URBAN PLANNING: CASE STUDY IN THE AREA OF INFLUENCE OF THE TRANSAMAZON HIGHWAY (BR-230) IN METROPOLITAN REGION OF JOÃO PESSOA / PB
  • Advisor : VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • JOSE LUIS BENTO COELHO
  • JULIANA MAGNA DA SILVA COSTA MORAIS
  • RANNY LOUREIRO XAVIER NASCIMENTO MICHALSKI
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Sep 22, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • The absence of adequate urban planning in cities has contributed to the worsening of noise pollution, being it in second place in the ranking of pollutions that cause the greatest impact on the population. One of the most important tools for the assessment and management of environmental noise is the mapping of noise, since it serves as a support for decision making on planning and ordering the territory. In the context of urban expansion in Brazil, in 1972, the third largest highway in the country, the Tranzamazônica Highway BR-230, was inaugurated. As a result of this construction, there were transformations in urban areas, especially in the Metropolitan Region of João Pessoa, located in the State of Paraíba. This work had as general objective to elaborate urban planning criteria to minimize the impacts caused by the vehicular traffic noise, having as a case study the area of influence of the Tranzamazônica Highway BR-230 in the Metropolitan Region of João Pessoa, in Paraíba. The research used the method of quantitative and qualitative approach, through the prospecting of data (modeling, simulations and statistical analysis), followed by the reading and interpretation of the crossing of the information collected in the field with the results obtained in the computer simulations. After assessing the traffic noise present in the study area, interventions were made to mitigate the excess noise identified. The results of the insertion of solutions for noise attenuation demonstrated that the urban planning guidelines, individually, more effective were the replacement of common asphalt by porous asphalt and the installation of acoustic barriers on the margins of BR-230. It was observed that the speed reduction in 10km/h and 20km/h had little distinction, for that reason the speed of 70km/h was adopted as standard for all vehicles. Regarding the combination of two solutions, it is stated that the insertion of acoustic barriers in conjunction with the use of porous asphalt in the pavement exposed buildings and people to less intense noise. The most efficient scenario was the one that corresponded to the union of the three solutions. However, as well as in the combination of two solutions, a portion of the population continued to be exposed to noise above 55dB indicated by the NBR 10.151/2019 standard. In view of the noncompliance with the parameters established by the Brazilian standard, the adoption of treatment in buildings most exposed to noise and/or reassessment of the parameters contained in the current standard is indicated.

3
  • VALÉRIA DE FÁTIMA CHAVES ARAÚJO
  • Revitalization of historical centers and gentrification: a case study in Congonhas-MG

     
     
  • Advisor : RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • RICARDO ALEXANDRE PAIVA
  • ROMEU DUARTE JÚNIOR
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • Data: Nov 16, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • The specialized literature on the theme of Gentrification tends to relate this process to government interventions aiming to revitalize historical centers. The purpose of this research is to verify this relation based upon a specific case as it analyzes the influence of government Programs for the improvement of historical centers (PAC Cidades
    Históricas and MONUMENTA) such as implemented in the city of Congonhas, located in the Brazilian State of Minas Gerais. This city was selected for this study because of its well-defined historical center and because it was revitalized by the public administration. Its focus lies in the analysis of objective elements of physical, social and
    economic nature as potential promoters of the Gentrification process of Congonhas-MG’s historical center. It is particularly interested in examining if the government interventions for the requalification and subsequent reoccupation of this space effectively contributed to the said process, according to what is observed in similar interventions. The hypothesis raised to answer these questions is that the actions of public authorities in the revitalization of historic centers USUALLY entail Gentrification processes of such centers, unless some specific, local factors interfere and/or inhibit them. The general objective of the present research is therefore to verify the possible influence of the public administration interventions, through government programs, for the referred revitalization in the reproduction of Gentrification processes as observed in historical centers of other cities. We developed a hypothetical-deductive, descriptive and explanatory or experimental kind of research, in which we tried to identify and relate the independent and dependent research variables so as to answer the research question and other issues that arose during this work. Based upon a field survey in the historic center of Congonhas itself and upon related bibliography, the research revealed that the Gentrification process of revitalized historic centers do not always result from interventions subsidized by the public administration, unlike the specialized literature usually asserts. In the specific case of Congonhas, Gentrification occurred much more due to the mining and steel industries acting in and around the city than because of the revitalization historic center. With this thesis, we hope to have brought some comtribution to the theme, as well as some new research data sources for future researchers and institutions.

     
     
4
  • MARCELA DIMENSTEIN
  • Urban migration experiences: reflexions on Chinese and Venezuelan migrants in the city of João Pessoa / PB/ Brasil.

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • JOVANKA BARACUHY CAVALCANTI SCOCUGLIA
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • WILSON RIBEIRO DOS SANTOS JUNIOR
  • Data: Dec 10, 2021


  • Show Abstract
  • Present throughout human history, migratory movements are objects of interest in various disciplinary fields. The insertion of a population of international migrants in the city has direct and indirect impacts on commercial activities, on the sociocultural system, on patterns of occupation, on the production and image of the space. This argument, fully accepted in past decades, is currently under debate, as the current context of world integration and neoliberalism has transformed migratory patterns. The city-migrant relationship today shows that, in many cases, problems present in the daily lives of populations in countries (especially peripheral ones) are mixed with the experiences brought and lived by new inhabitants - such as the right to the city, spatial segregation, urban mobility and working conditions – reinforcing patterns of inequality, related to traditional indicators of urban studies (Housing, Mobility, Work, Leisure and Cultural Habits). In this context, the thesis had as its starting questions: How does the profile of the current migrant impact on otherness? What effects do these migrants have on the city, specifically, on the neighborhoods in which they settle? As a preliminary answer, the working hypothesis indicates that, although it is built from local peculiarities, the urban experience of the international migrant reflects the characteristics of the global and globalized migratory phenomenon, such as provisionality and translocality, which organize the modes of work, housing, displacements and leisure in space. The thesis analyzes the urban experience of two distinct ethnic groups and newcomers to João Pessoa, Paraíba, which stand out for their strong presence in two neighborhoods: Chinese migrants in the Center and Venezuelan refugees in Mangabeira, South Zone. their dynamics of occupation of the urban area and identify indicators of presence common to both groups, in order to clarify aspects that bring them closer and differentiate them. The methodological proposal, of a qualitative nature, used field observation, semi-structured interviews and, in the Venezuelan case, a workshop using the technique of the Teatro do Oprimido, by Augusto Boal. The study enables a broad understanding of: (i) impacts of the current migratory phenomenon in the city; (ii) adaptation of the migrant to the new reality; (iii) effects produced by the two groups (Chinese and Venezuelan) in different areas of the city of João Pessoa; (iv) particularities that characterize the urban experiences of these groups. In addition to encouraging the recognition and appreciation of the migrant population, it is expected to encourage further research in the field of Architecture and Urbanism.

2020
Dissertations
1
  • MARCELA LORENA FARKAT SCHEER
  • Invisible urbanity: spontaneous appropriations under junkspace

  • Advisor : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARIA CAMILA LOFFREDO DOTTAVIANO
  • Data: Feb 27, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • The present research seeks to understand spontaneous urbanities amidst the contemporary city: an invisible and mobile urbanity built in the interstices of the junkspace (Koolhaas, 2001), from the continuous appropriations of the street dwellers, who reveal, even in the extreme condition of precariousness, possible counterpoints to the logic of capitalist production of space. Street dwellers, living on the margins of society, establish a transitorial relationship between the boundaries of the formal city, re-signifying what is commonly treated as waste, as they make it a survival strategy. The relations between informal spontaneous appropriations in these spaces and the logic of capitalist production under the spectacularization of contemporary city will be investigated, as well as possible connections between their daily praxis and contemporary anarchist ideals, even though they do not have a theoretical elaboration established in his movement / experience of the city. Finally, focusing on the practice of street dwellers in Natal, it is
    sought to reveal spontaneous urbanities in these space residues arising from the junkspace to indicate alternative ways of appropriating urban space that are not just victims of an hegemonic order.

2
  • DIEGO BARRETO AZEVEDO
  • Changing urban ways: The fight for the bus routes in urban networks in Natal/RN (1950 and 1960 decades)

  • Advisor : ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JOSÉ MARÍA BEASCOECHEA GANGOITI
  • ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • GABRIEL LEOPOLDINO PAULO DE MEDEIROS
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • Data: May 15, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • Natal/RN have intensified and prioritized the use of cars, buses and trucks since the midtwentieth century. While the city had grown with rail networks (whether trains or trams) in the first half of the century, that conformed certain power relations over it, in the middle of the century, buses became the main mode of public transport for movement of people in the city. This research questions: How the organization of this city influenced the expansion of bus networks between 1950 and 1960 decades? Considering that the buses have expanded to already economically and politically consolidated spaces in other cities and that the city flows are the result of the social and economic order that composes it, it is hypothesized that the buses in Natal consolidated the concentration of flows in previously established centralities. Moreover, the implementation of a more flexible modal have allowed new social articulations for the transformation of urban networks. In the context of the development of technical networks, changes and conflicts for space and political articulations from the insertion of buses as public transport in Natal, the objective in this research is to understand the impact of the city's socio-spatial structure in the implementation and development of new transport systems. For this, were used newspaper and legislative documents to identify and analyze the articulations of urban actors and agents on the conformation of the circulation networks, to identify the political arguments and discourses that influenced these performances, the spatial aspect and the materialization of these conflicts in the technical network. As a result, understands that in this process business areas have prioritized for urban agents. As a consequence, the bus flows was concentrated in the commercial areas.

3
  • RAFAELLA FONTELES CASTRO PINTO
  • WIND, SAIL AND STEAM… PATHS OF LAND AND SEA: A study on the Landscape of Cultural Interest of Camocim/CE values.

  • Advisor : JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • PAULO JOSE LISBOA NOBRE
  • ROMEU DUARTE JÚNIOR
  • Data: Jun 26, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • This research examines the heritage values of the landscape of Camocim/CE, at the mouth of the Coreaú River, based on the framework of cultural landscape. In 2011, the National Institute of Historical and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN) interrupted the process of recognizing this landscape as a Brazilian cultural landscape, finding that the “bastard” boats, peculiar vessels present in Camocim, were not originally from this place. Facing such an argument, which is based on a single aspect of this landscape, one wonders whether it can be recognized according to an holistic notion of cultural landscape. The purpose of this research is to verify the existence of heritage attributes related to the landscape of Camocim, through the application of a valuation method adapted from the Andalusian Institute of Historical Heritage (IAPH) and based on the approach of the European Landscape Convention (ELC). This qualitative investigation adopts three descriptive methods: a literature review, documentary research and phenomenological reading of place. The chosen approach begins with characterizing regional landscapes in order to then select representative, singular or homogeneous local landscapes and inter-relate the exceptional and everyday dimensions of the heritage. Thus, this research recommends the creation of the Cultural Landscape of the Northwest Coast of Ceará (PC-LNC) and the Cultural Landscape of the Camocim-Sobral Railway Branch (PCRFC), related, respectively, to the fishing tradition of the Ceará dunes coast and to the society resulting from the occupation of the northwestern region by rail. Then, this research presents aspects that are unique to the Landscape of Cultural Interest of Camocim (PICC) since the landscape expresses in a unique way the values of those cultural landscapes, given the presence of large numbers of “bastard” boats and the significant port and railway heritage of that territory. Furthermore, its perceptivespatial and social configuration denotes cultural and identity aspects, such as the fishing activity in canoes in the cove of the Coreaú River and the affective relationship between residents and historical places of the city. The essay concludes that the PICC deserves to be recognized and preserved as a heritage asset, even in national scope. 

4
  • NATALYA CRISTINA DE LIMA SOUZA
  • CREATIVITY IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN: an exploratory study in Final Graduation Works at CAU-UFRN

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • DORIS CATHARINE CORNELIE KNATZ KOWALTOWSKI
  • Data: Jul 2, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • The contemporary understanding of creativity as a skill that can be learned, trained and refined through practice has contributed to a growing interest in the topic among researchers from diverse interdisciplinary fields, and for the dissemination of their discussion from varied contexts. In the field of Architecture and Urbanism (AU), although the literature on creativity also follows this trend, studies still explore little the students' perceptions of the creative process in architectural design. This is especially apparent among those who are making the Final Graduation Work (acronym, in Portuguese: TFG) - individual activity with specific regulation for the Brazilian Architecture and Urbanism Courses (acronym, in Portuguese: CAU), characterized by requiring: development of a theme consistent with the AU area; individual monitoring by advisor; passing through moments of partial and final evaluation. Therefore, the object of this research relates the creative process and the architectural design TFGs in the perception of final year students and their advisors, based on the following questions: how does creativity relate to the architectural design process during the elaboration of the TFG? How do TFG regulations influence creative activity and discussion of ideas? What aspects of the macro and microenvironment affect students' creativity? Understanding, based on the literature, that the social, physical, temporal and cultural aspects of the environment influence the creative process (in its various modalities), the main objective of the dissertation is to understand how creativity is inserted in the TFGs elaboration process of the architectural design, based on the perception of final year students and their graduation advisors of CAU-UFRN. Considering the complexity and flexibility of the purposive activity in the architectural project field, the research assumed an exploratory character, corresponding to a case study that adopted a mixed-methods approach, integrating instruments that captured the participants' point of view (questionnaire and interviews) and investigated notions of environmental perception (observation, photographic registers and mind map). Twenty students and fifteen teachers participated in the research. Results indicate their understanding of creativity, their opinions on the evaluations of the TFG and their perceptions of socio-physical aspects of the macro and micro creative environment. The findings point to a convergence between the participants' understanding and the current literature, which validates the methodological path adopted and provides the basis for further studies in the area.

5
  • JOSÉ EUGENIO SILVA DE MORAIS JÚNIOR
  • Acoustics in churches: Case study of sound quality in evangelical churches with different acoustic uses.

  • Advisor : BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEXANDRE VIRGINELLI MAIORINO
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • STELAMARIS ROLLA BERTOLI
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Aug 20, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • Some buildings have complex acoustic characteristics in their use, such as churches and other worship spaces. In this universe, we highlight the expressive growth of the Christian-evangelical religious modality, which is expressed in activities involving music, dance, theater and spoken word at similar levels of importance according to the type of service performed, transforming the religious space into a scenario with varying demands to meet the spiritual sensations demanded by the user. When it comes to Brazilian standardization, the ABNT NBR 12179 presents reference values for the “Protestant Church” Reverberation Time (RT) without differentiating specific aspects or activities, which is a problem since this recommendation doesn’t cover the complexity these spaces and justifies the need to analyze them based on other parameters, since the variety of acoustic uses in worship implies distinct requirements of acoustic conditioning treatment. Therefore, the general objective of the research is to evaluate the acoustic quality of evangelical churches with different acoustic uses, considering the sound perception of users, in order to answer the research question: “How do normative parameters of acoustic treatment reflect the comfort level of users in various types of evangelical worship?". The methodological procedures consist of the measurement of objective acoustic parameters in two evangelical churches of different categories, which will be compared with the users' perception obtained through specific questionnaires. Initial results show that experiential church, due to the occurrence of speech and music amplified by electroacoustic system at equivalent levels of importance, demands quality levels destined to low reverberant spaces like “conference rooms”, differentiating itself criteria commonly associated with traditional churches.

6
  • MANUELA CRISTINA RÊGO DE CARVALHO
  • Resistance movements in the city of Natal-RN: Strategies of daily (re) appropriation through temporary interventions.

  • Advisor : RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • AMIRIA BEZERRA BRASIL
  • NATACHA SILVA ARAÚJO RENA
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • Data: Aug 26, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • The growing technological advance, the process of globalization, the various communication networks, the fluidity and liquidity of the new relations, when combined with a constant growth of neoliberal policies, translate into cities the yearnings of capital and big investments, generating new conditions of using their spaces and distancing people from the public spaces. The public life are enclosed in private spaces and gives rise to the appearance of temporary movements in the city that seek to infer and generate new forms of use and appropriation of the public space. It is through these actions that they often make use of underutilized areas, that they reconquer the democratic and social rights in the urban and thus, they appear as a reluctance to this model of city where through these practices it is possible to print a true sense and identity to places. Such interventions are considered ephemeral because they do not always leave traces in space; are usually moved by groups and occur through spontaneous actions, the use of squares, flower beds, sidewalks and even in free or built private spaces (abandoned buildings), transforming them over a period of time and performing cultural, artistic and political activities, which arouse people's interest and move their environments. Thus, the main objective of the research was to understand these strategies in public spaces - temporary interventions - and their relationship with the democratization of access to the city, based on (1) a theoretical reflection based on the socio-spatial context of contemporary cities and its relation with the emergence of these temporary interventions in the public space; (2) classification of spaces that are the object of appropriation activities through temporary interventions in the city of Natal; of one (3) relation made from the types of temporary interventions with the spatial configurations of the spaces occupied by them; and finally, (4) a discussion elaborated through the actions of the social agents involved in temporary interventions. Several authors performed a theoretical reflection that carried out contextualizing the theme of modernity in contemporary cities as well as what would be treated here as resistance; as were carried out the characterization of the current practices of appropriation through temporary interventions and their interference in the city. With this, the applied methodology made use of an initial mapping and cataloging of these interventions, in an initial recognition; and after was realized an analysis through more in-depth case studies which were based on semi-structured interviews and social cartography carried out together with the actors involved. This dissertation was intended to reflect the importance of these temporary actions in the current context of contemporary cities, in the creation of new places, in the awakening of new forms of appropriation and use of public space. The temporary interventions mapped and analyzed in the city of Natal are therefore seen here as actions of resistance and struggle and have a fundamental place in the process of democratization of the right to access to the city.

7
  • LENILSON MIRANDA JONAS JÚNIOR
  • Teaching environments for artistic design: A study at UFRN

  • Advisor : HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • ETHEL PINHEIRO SANTANA
  • Data: Nov 10, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • The Architecture, Visual Arts and Design courses use drawing as an important means of communication. In particular, artistic design is the main creative tool, being presented as one of the first curricular components that underlie the courses. This importance given not only to the theme as to the area of representation itself, led the author to reflect on the architectural needs that present themselves in the teaching environment of artistic design. Therefore, the master's thesis had as its object of study the relationship between environmental architectural aspects and teaching and drawing practice. With this, the reading of the theoretical framework started through two thematic axes, the person-environment relationship in the educational project and the assessment of the built environment and its methodological contribution in the school project. From then on, the objective of the research, which is to evaluate the artistic design classrooms of UFRN courses in the context of the built environment, in order to understand the person-environment relationship present during classes. In order to meet the objective, content analysis was adopted as the main analysis methodology, using as methodological procedures for data collection the instruments for assessing the built Environment (especially APO - architectural surveys, observation sheets, interviews and the Behavior Setting analysis). It is believed that this research has to contribute to the field of assessment of the built environment, but it will also bring reflection to new designers regarding the environmental needs that involve the teaching and learning of the practice of drawing. Based on case studies carried out in classrooms designed (in each course) for teaching artistic design, it was noticed not only the main architectural attributes, but the main similarities and differences between the architecture and the pedagogical practice of the courses, the results are presented from three categories of content which are: human-spatial relationships, functional and ergonomic relationships and the construction and environmental comfort aspects. Concluding the work with a reflection on the relationship with the context and the capacity for future adaptation that the environments need to have in order to continue fulfilling the function they received.

8
  • MARIANA DE QUEIROZ SILVA
  • DESIGNING FOR SENSATIONS, BUILDING ATMOSPHERES: body immersion in the
    museum experience

  • Advisor : NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FERNANDO DINIZ MOREIRA
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Nov 20, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • Based on the primacy of psychological analysis of the lived experience, an architecture that explores phenomenological principles was adopted by architects in a moment of transformation, when professionals were driven to create spaces that favor a more personal and sensitive human experience according to the particularities of individuals; to places that rescue the history/memory of the space and the people through the valorization of the genius loci and that understands the body as the means for the multisensory apprehension of the space. In this context, the properties of the materials, architectural geometric shapes, and the way in which immaterial factors such as lighting, temperature, noise, and even odors are manipulated should be able to create a more intimate bond and evoke feelings and emotions in its users. Taking as the object of study an architectural shape and the spatial perception in the Jewish Museum of Berlin, designed by Daniel Libeskind, and the Museum of Ocean and Surf, designed by architects Steven Holl and Solange Fabião, this research aims to understand the phenomenological experience in museums from the analysis of the combination of natural phenomena (light and shadow, water, wind, temperature) and the architectural geometric shapes used in the
    projects. Specific objectives are (1) to interpret the presence of phenomenology in architecture; (2) identify the presence of cultural, environmental, and sensory aspects in the creation of architectural atmospheres of the case studies; and, mainly, (3) identify the correlation between geometric shapes and the emotions and feelings that users have within the building. For this, the thesis is divided into three stages: (i) the theoretical approach through the literature review relevant to the theme; (ii) analysis of the buildings based on the elements covered in chapters 02 and 03, as well as an appreciation of the architects' discourse; (iii) the experience of the space, when the author visited the buildings mentioned in order to identify how the construction contributed to the sensations felt. The results showed that in the chosen cases, the sensations are the result of both spatial aspects and the expography itself and the interactive resources current in the spaces.

9
  • LÍVIA NOBRE DE OLIVEIRA
  • Arcaicó Way to Love: proposal of good practices for the historic houses of Caicó

  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANNA RACHEL BARACHO EDUARDO JULIANELLI
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • Data: Nov 25, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • Caicó is a city in the interior of Rio Grande do Norte that arouses affection from the majority of the people who were born or have lived there. However, it has been observed over the last decades an increase in the degradation of its houses from previous times (modernists and premodernists) that are concrete traces of the creation and the development of the city and the region of Seridó, in which it is inserted. Far from what is understood as “historical cities” in the Brazilian context, the architectural heritage of Caicó best fits what we chose to call non-monumental. The work problematizes the difficulty of understanding that this type of construction is a cultural heritage, which is largely due to the problem of valuing monumentality in Brazilian heritage history. However, considering that this lack of understanding is also the result of a lack of information. The research is based on the assumption that the more we understand about heritage, the more its value is perceived and protected. In this sense, the work aims, at the end, to build a booklet that points out good practices for the historical buildings of Caicó, studying the modifications undergone in this collection and how the theories of heritage interventions can be adapted to this scale.

10
  • KARINA HATSUE SHIIKI DA SILVA
  • Colonization and urban formation: Church, State and and agricultural colonization projects in Pium and Punaú/RN 

  • Advisor : RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • PAULO ROBERTO PALHANO SILVA
  • Data: Dec 7, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • This study investigates the colonization projects implemented by the Catholic Church and the Government in the urban formation of Pium and Punaú, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. These colonies were founded in the second half of the 1950s in a context where the Government and the Archdiocese of Natal, aiming to act in the rural space in order to mitigate the social movements struggle for land access in the counstryside, impede the entry and reduce the influence of the Ligas Camponesas and to develop and expand commercial agriculture, requested the coming of 23 japanese families to teach new agricultural techniques to the 81 Brazilian families selected to compose the two colonies. This research is based mostly on information collected from interviews with former members of the colonies and administrators, since at present there are no more official records or documents in the archives of the agencies responsible for the projects. In addition to the interviews, guided visits were also made to the sites that allowed us to make the cartographic reconstruction of the initial nuclei of the former colonies. With this it was possible to develop an analysis about the level of influence of the projects on the urban formation and in the current reality of the localities as well as a comparative analysis between them. The results showed that not only were the planning, implementation and administration processes of the two colonies different due to the specific actions of the Catholic Church and the State, but also that the urban development of the two sites over time followed inverse paths, since, as Punaú was administered by the Church, it received the most appropriate assistance and grew, but stagnated once it was no longer a colony. Pium, abandoned by the INIC before reaching it’s independence, declined and had its land use modified by the growth of the metropolitan region and tourist activities on the south coast, attacting large residential condominiums, commerce and public services. A development, therefore, unrelated to the former colony. Two similar cases, implemented only three years apart, but which reached quite different results regarding the production of the urban space, indicate the administrative difference and the connection of the two territories with the totality.

11
  • IRAN LUIZ SEABRA SOUZA
  • THE USE OF THE BIM PLATFORM IN COLLABORATIVE PROJECT PROCESS

  • Advisor : HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • REGINA COELI RUSCHEL
  • Data: Dec 11, 2020


  • Show Abstract

  • The collaborative design process aided by BIM (Building Information Modeling), in general, presents an interaction between designers favored by the system, being increasingly popularized in Brazil. According to Kowaltowski et al. (2013), BIM brings the idea of an integrated design practice, from the first design phases, opening the possibility for the various designers involved in the process to collaboratively participate in all stages, making the projects compatible in a single model - model federated. Most studies on BIM cover content about its use, but not in a collaborative way. Thus, it is possible to perceive the need to advance on the theme, especially with regard to the practice in the collaborative process with the use of BIM, between architects and engineers, and the respective resources and skills that influence it. However, there are cultural barriers, especially in the reality of the Northeast of the country, and the demand for understanding these processes, considering the resources available or in the process of assimilation by most professionals. Thus, the general objective of the research is to identify resources of BIM tools and competencies that contribute to the realization of collaborative projects between architects and engineers. The specific objectives are: (i) Understanding BIM and its concepts and definitions, highlighting the methods of design with the aid of the platform; (ii) Explore the concepts of collaborative processes, presenting the categories of project integration; (iii) Elaborate a project exercise model that can reveal collaboration with the help of BIM tools; (iv) Apply the model in a practical activity format; and (v) Analyze a collaborative process between architects and engineers for the year. The methodological procedures, techniques and instruments adopted include the elaboration of a planned process, in order to obtain some control, characterized as an extension activity, where architects and engineers work collaboratively with the use of the platform, where the necessary data were collected. Then, content analysis was performed, according to Bardin (2011), of the audios and video recordings of the discussions of the designers of each group. To this end, the research universe comprises undergraduate students in Architecture and Urbanism and Civil Engineering, from universities in the state of Rio Grande do Norte and recently graduated in the same courses. The results showed that the most used resources were: a. Prescribe, for presenting the importance of each discipline in the project; b Predict, since the knowledge and experiences acquired previously, are differentials in the process; ç. Validate, as it is a joint project, which requires constant approvals; d. Visualize, for supporting the decisions taken; and finally; and. Transforma, the main differential in the collaborative process through BIM, for contributing to the speed and transparent exchange between files. Finally, there is a need for training and advances in the knowledge of technology, not only in practice - handling of tools - but also in theory, in view of the greater use of the platform's potential.

12
  • LOUISE DA MATA OLIVEIRA PRADO
  • Contemporary Timber Architecture: technological expression and socio-technical conjunctures.

  • Advisor : EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AKEMI INO
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • MARIA LUIZA MACEDO XAVIER DE FREITAS
  • Data: Dec 18, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • Timber, one of the oldest and most traditional building materials in the history of architecture, has lost a lot of space in the industrial culture developed in modernist architecture and in consumer culture that has expanded along with postmodern architecture. It is believed, in general, that the new role of this material as a construction system was associated with the urgency of renewable practices in response to the intensive depletion of Earth’s natural resources, especially at the end of the twentieth century. From the perception of different contemporary movements and theories at the service of architecture, it is noted that the interest in the use of timber has also been revived in current trajectories such as ecological architecture, low-tech, eco-tech, high-tech, “more for less” architecture, critical regionalism, architecture “more for less ”, biophilia and phenomenology. Taking as its basis the period between the 90's and nowadays, this work has as its general objective to study the timber architectural works in the light of contemporary production in different realities, systematizing them by their narratives according to the Theories of Architecture. From a qualitative approach, the methods and techniques adopted consist of a bibliographic research, whose analysis was carried out in a descriptive and reflective way from the contemporary urgencies that lead the evolution of timber architecture in the current production, contemplating ethical, technological issues, interferences in local technical cultures, social activism and atmospheres caused by multisensory perception in the built space.

Thesis
1
  • GÉRSICA VASCONCELOS GOES
  • Urban courses: heritage education based on walking in the city center of Fortaleza-CE

  • Advisor : JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BERENICE ABREU DE CASTRO NEVES
  • CLOVIS RAMIRO JUCÁ NETO
  • EMANUEL RAMOS CAVALCANTI
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Apr 17, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • The paper analyzes the importance of heritage education based on the practice of walking. The study discusses how walking in historical áreas of Fortaleza´s centre provides the recognition of roughness of the historical tissue. The research followed some courses organized by professors and professionals linked to History, Tourism, Architecture and Urbanism. The hypothesis of the present study is that, despite the physical conditions and the neglect of the patrimonial property of Fortaleza, it is possible to practice patrimonial education activities that contribute to the legibility of the cultural heritage. The theoretical-methodological framework is the theme of linking urban form and city apprehension discussed by authors such as Gordon Cullen (2006), José Lamas (2011), Kevin Lynch (2006) and Camillo Sitte (1992). Another aspect discussed in the thesis is walking as an instrument for the recognition of the city, authors such as Paola Jacques (2012a) and Francesco Careri (2013b) clarify these issues. The discussions about cultural tourism and the proposition of meaningful itineraries for the participants were based on the writings of Flavia Costa (2014), Herminia Vargas and Ricardo Paiva (2016). The study is based on bibliographic, documentary and field research to understand the heritage perception of the central area of the city. As for the results, it was observed that the accompanying tours had an essentially informative character, corroborating little to the creation of narratives with the place. Finally, the research ela borates a route proposal that aims at the possibility of building links between participants with the city's history, providing a panorama of apprehension of the “resistant” historical fabric in the City Center.

2
  • MONIQUE LESSA VIEIRA OLIMPIO
  • TEACHING FOR HERITAGE PRESERVATION: DIALOGUES BETWEEN THEORY AND PROJECT EXERCISE

  • Advisor : NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANA PAULA FARAH
  • CLAUDIO VARAGNOLI
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: May 8, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis aims to establish a grid of essential knowledges to prepare Architecture and Urbanism students in Brazil for project practice in areas and buildings with heritage, historical and cultural interest. We believe it is necessary to constantly discuss the profiles and patterns that make sure the professional – architect and urbanist – is qualified to face the current social, cultural e and economic challenges. Among these challenges, this thesis highlights the preservation of preexistent heritage value. In relation to Brazil, it is important to emphasize that some of the recent reflections about this specific kind of architectural project point out to a professional behavior that is frequently arbitrary and devoid of methodological rigour. This debate is, to a large extent, related to the lack of qualification of professionals that work in this area (especially architects and urbanists). Thus, it is also connected to the formation of these professionals. For these reasons, this research´s study object corresponds to an analysis of the teaching of heritage preservation (within the scope of Architecture and Urbanism graduation courses), and to the creation of a theoretical-methodological framework to the formation of the future professionals (within the scope of graduation) that will eventually develop projects of architectural intervention on buildings and areas with heritage value. The starting point is the premise that Architecture and Urbanism´s teaching will only enable a professional formation that reveals abilities and competencies for the preservation of built heritage if there´s a clear relationship between theory and projectual practice. Thus, to achieve our goals, two research strategies have been defined: 1) Bibliographical research on themes related to preservation and architectural intervention on buildings and areas of recognized heritage value, highlighting some of the main theoretical-operative models, which are the result of years of reflection 2) Empirical research (case studies) to critically investigate and analyse the process of teaching-learning of heritage preservation in the courses of Architecture and Urbanism of Brazil´s Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) and Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), and in Italy´s Università degli Studi “Gabriele d’Annunzio” di Chieti-Pescara (Ud´A). The hypothesis is that the study of these institutions – in which theoretical contents are studied, as well as those related to project practice for heritage preservation – will allow, together with the theoretical-methodological framework, the creation of the grid of essential knowledges to prepare Architecture and Urbanism students for professional practice in this specific field. The research´s first results indicate that, despite the relevance of contents currently studied at these universities, some theoretical-methodological adaptations are required to provide a more adequate formative path considering the theme´s inherent complexity. Thus, we hope that this research may contribute to the deepening of the studies about projects of intervention on buildings of recognized heritage value, and specially to the reflection about a cohesive academic formation, able to prepare the future professionals to work in this area.

3
  • CLARA OVÍDIO DE MEDEIROS RODRIGUES
  • THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DESINERS AND CONSULTANTS IN THE BUILDING DESIGN PROCESS THAT AIMING AT LOW ENVIROLMENTAL IMPACT AND ATTENDANCE ENERGY EFFICIENCY GOALS IN THE BRAZILIAN CONTEXT

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • CLÁUDIA NAVES DAVID AMORIM
  • PAULO AFONSO RHEINGANTZ
  • Data: May 20, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis is dedicated to the design process of buildings that aim to meet environmental performance goals, permeating the fields of architecture design and building technology with an emphasis on environmental performance. The mandatory compliance with these goals has become popular in countries that adopted environmental impact reduction strategies, influencing design processes in various ways, especially requiring interaction between architects and consultants. However, there are some mismatches in the relationship between these professionals. The consultant needs to give information to the designer during the initial phases of the project, when the impact on performance is higher, although that professional can only evaluate the project with detailed data, usually obtained at the end of the design process. However, it is not clear how the flows of this information fit to the process and how designers make decisions, in face of requirements that are imposed to them. Therefore, the research question is “In attending energy efficiency goals during design process which aim low environmental impact, what kind of conduction of the design process would facilitate the relationship between designers and consultants, without disregarding the other variables that affect design decisions?” The hypothesis is conducting the design process that aims environmental performance goals would be facilitated if, from its initial stages: (I) there was an intense collaboration between designers and consultants and (II) decision-making was based on the adoption of a systemic view of the entire process. The objective of this thesis is to identify and analyze how the joint work of the designer and the consultant can facilitate architectural design processes that aim to meeting environmental performance goals, as defined in the scope of this study. The methodological procedures make use of four approaches, the first focuses on the characterization of the forms of interaction and the dialogue between the consultant and the designer in the design processes aimed at meeting environmental performance goals in Brazil, from the consultant's point of view. The second is related to the first case study, whose consultancy started in the schematic design phase and it is close to a controlled case, with intensive use of building performance simulation tools. The third is a case study on a neighborhood scale that has already been completed, with the consultancy starting in the programming phase and it is about designed into the wild. And the fourth is dedicated to a case study of an intermediate scale, again already completed, where the consultancy started only in the preliminary design phase, and is also related to the design into the wild. For the first approach, two questionnaires were analyzed and, for the last three, content analyses was used to support a descriptive/exploratory analysis and other based on theoretical propositions. Thus, it was possible to characterize the project, identify the decision making with an impact on meeting EE goals, the main problems and potentialities, as well as the relevance of the tested proposals, namely: the consideration of EE issues from the first phases of the design process, the existence of collaboration between team members during the design process and the existence of characteristics related to the system, interaction and organization of the systemic view. The collection of information about the processes occurred mainly through the analysis of documents and interviews with architects, team consultants and entrepreneurs. The results show that the consultants who answered the questionnaires indicate that most of the projects are developed in multidisciplinary teams, with more occurrences of traditional processes or with division of tasks. However, they also identify the integration of projects and the beginning of consultancies in the first phases of the project as factors that enhance interaction. It was also possible to perceive that the formats of the processes in the first two case studies promoted interaction, with the charrete, applied in the second study, a facilitator of the development of collaboration and the systemic vision, which helped in meeting the performance goals since the first phases of the design process. The main contribution of this thesis was to identify and demonstrate that collaboration can facilitate the design process to meet environmental goals, depending on the complexity of the problem and the proficiency of the designer on the goals to be met.

4
  • ANA CAROLINA GUILHERME COELHO
  • THE RIGHT FOR DWELLING: social renting housing in Brazil

  • Advisor : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MARIA FLORESIA PESSOA DE SOUZA E SILVA
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • SIMONE FERREIRA GATTI
  • Data: Sep 29, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • The thesis proposes to analyze the viability of social renting housing as a possibility of housing provision in Brazil. Considering that housing shortage is still a reality in the country, new housing policies are envisioned that do not include permanent acquisition,but rent as state-managed alternatives to provide the appropriate housing population, which the cases of public policies for social renting. From the analysis of the meaning of the house and its derivations, the legal perspective on the dichotomy between right to housing and right to property and the legal implications of rent in the Brazilian scenario and the reading of some national and international experiences, as well as the Brazilian legal system that supports the possibility of applying this type of housing provision, this thesis contemplates the possibility of social renting as a form of housing provision. In order to carry out this research, of an eminently qualitative nature, it had as its research corner the documentary analysis of Brazilian housing legislation and policies, as well as the analysis of some international experiences of social rental policies from bibliography, consultation of electronic websites and official sources. The work is characterized by a conceptual reading on the right to housing and new forms of housing provision, contemplating the feasibility of implementing social rental policy as a means of access to housing, but with the legal guarantees that ensure the resident the effective contemplation of housing. your right.

5
  • JULIANA PORTELA VILAR DE CARVALHO
  • The inhibition of use of natural lighting at low latitude office type environments.

  • Advisor : ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ROSANGELA TENÓRIO
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • EDUARDO GRALA DA CUNHA
  • SOLANGE MARIA LEDER
  • Data: Oct 26, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • Low latitude office rooms often feature closed curtains, activated by the users as an adaptive behavior to the detriment of daylight and outdoor connection. Such loss of fenestration basic functions may compromise the indoor environment quality and the mental and physical health, and increase the artificial lighting electric energy consumption. In Natal-RN (Brazil), curtains are recurrently closed in the office room with air conditioning, despite the external shading device properly designed and the users' autonomy and preference. This thesis focuses on reseraching the reasons why users of these building close their curtains, based on user preferences and daylight performance in four newly designed buildings. The first part of the survey assessed users' preferences regarding the use of natural light, activation of shading and electric light systems, and identification of the main causes for shading system closure through questionnaires and auditing, The second part of the research investigated the nature of the causes of glare through a questionnaire, auditing, and illuminance and luminance measurements with HDR images. DGP and DGI indices were calculated using HDR images and Photosphere applications (WARD, 2019b), plug-ing Glare Analysis (WIENOLD, 2018) and WxFalsecolor (BLEICHER, 2015). The research resulted in the identification of the drivers of ther user's actions to close the systems and three recurring profiles, as well as the causes of the obfuscation. The inhibition of fenestration function and the benefits of daylight is a consequence of the nature of visual discomfort, which may be aggravated by the user's profile. Visual glare discomfort occurs due to the brigthness of the sky combined with a high sky visible fraction and improper layout, causing nuisance during the whole day that leads to the users to maintain the curtains closed, with little variation. Visual discomfort due to direct solar radiation has a temporal variation (hourly or yearly), influencing the user's interactioon dynamics with the internal shading system.

6
  • MARCELLA VIANA PORTELA DE OLIVEIRA CUNHA
  • PUBLIC HOUSING TO ELDERLY PEOPLE: The case of “Cidade Madura” in Paraíba.

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMIRIA BEZERRA BRASIL
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • NIRCE SAFFER MEDVEDOVSKI
  • SIVA ALVES BIANCHI
  • Data: Nov 12, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • In response to the aging process of its population and as a strategy to meet the demand for homes meant for this age group, Paraiba's Government is implementing, in several cities, closed public horizontal housing developments, exclusive for the elderly: the ‘Cidade Madura Condominiums’ (CCM). Intended for people above 60 years and maximum salary range of three minimum wages, the CCMs are usually installed in the outskirts of medium or large cities. In this context, this thesis had as starting questions: Is this housing model fit for its target audience? Which impacts architectural/urban proposal represents in the life of the elderly residents? How its users/ residents see the program and the condominium in which they live? Provisionally answering these questions, the hypothesis of this paper supposes that, despite the guarantee of housing to low–income seniors, the public horizontal housing developments (such as CCM) have problems that can reflect in difficulties in the deployment of daily activities of the residents, causing them inconveniences that need to be circumvented. In light of that, the general objective of the study was to analyze the impacts that the typology adopted by the CCM / Paraíba has on the elderly residents in order to propose guidelines for future projects. To this end, the empirical activity had as spatial cut out the CCM of the cities of João Pessoa and Campina Grande, in Paraíba. Methodologically, in addition to bibliographic study and document analysis, the thesis resorted to empirical activity through case studies using a multi-method approach –confrontation of the researcher´s technical analysis (obtained by spatial syntax and survey) with the user´s point of view (through questionnaires and focus group). The research has shown that, although there are features of the CCMs considered positives by its users (especially the low cost regarding its social rent), there are also several problems associated with them (in particular: their location, their distance from the known part of the city and from the users' family, insecurity to stay in the CCMs, the dissociation between the architecture and the residents' needs, as well as the dimensioning of the units). In light of the evidence, it's recommended that the model isn't copied as observed, pointing out guidelines that would improve housing solutions for the elderly from different parameters.

7
  • DIMITRI COSTA CASTOR
  • URBAN DESIGN AS DESIGN PROCESS: Comprehension, practice and specificities

  • Advisor : HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GEOVANY JESSÉ ALEXANDRE DA SILVA
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MIRIAM DE FARIAS PANET
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Nov 19, 2020


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis works, as investigation object, the urban design process, performed by architecture and urbanism graduation course students of Universidade Federal da Paraíba, during project workshops, offered for this purpose. Adopt as research question: Which are the urban design specificities, as design process; how designers understand and practice the urban design; still, how they seen their own desgin experience; considering the adopted context? Assumes as hypothesis, that urban design process has specificities; that, in adopted cutout, designs, are predominantly, generated taking previous experiences, than methodological strategies that aim tools for design process, looking for solution and final products, instead design problem and process; so, a less reflexive practice, without knowing clearly the concept, topics and contexts inherent to urban design, and with most technocratic approach than methodological. The goal is to identify which are the urban design specificities through confrontation, in one side, theoretical-methodological approach of rational problem solving and reflection in action, and in other side, design process analysis developed in project workshops with training designers, specifically the architecture and urbanism graduation course of Universidade Federal da Paraíba, aiming to understand the urban design practice, using comparison of urban and architectural designs; and secondly, how this designers approaches their own project process, and how they understand and experience urban design. The research is structured by three Investigation Axis, to know: Axis 1 – Positioning of designers about their own project process; Axis 2 – Understanding and practice of urban design; Axis 3 – Comparison between practices of urban and architectural design. The method gets backing in the rational problem solution by Simon (2019), with counterpoint in reflection in action by Schön (1983), both as argued by Dorst & Dijkhuis (1995); in association with design workshop and focal group as data collect strategies. The thesis is based in theoretical-analitical discussions about urban design, design process in general, mapping methods, and design workshop as design practice facilitator. As outcomes, some specificities of urban design, as design process, are presented, from the comparison of architectural design practice. This has a more analytical, strategic, methodological, constructive and immaterial character; meanwhile the second one, has a more analytical, solution aimed, practical and material. In adopted outcut, is possible to identify reflexive practices of design, knowing of concept and aspects of urban design practice, also as, the designers approaches their own design process critically.

2019
Dissertations
1
  • UGO DANTAS DE SANTANA
  • EACH PIECE IN ITS PLACE: RECURENCES AND PARTICULARITIES IN THE SPATIAL CONFIGURATION OF MODERN HOUSES IN FORTALEZA – 1960 TO 1976

  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • LUIZ MANUEL DO EIRADO AMORIM
  • NELCI TINEM
  • Data: Feb 22, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • This research aims to identify how principles of the Modern Movement affected the spatial configuration of single-family houses designed between 1960 and 1976, in Fortaleza, revealing expectations of change concerning certain domestic codes. Space Syntax theory (Hillier and Hanson, 2005 [1984]) was applied to a sample of 36 modernist houses with built areas between 159m2 and 643m2. These buildings – designed by five architects – exemplify a time period architects started being commissioned to design residences. They are located in urban expansion areas that were attracting middle and upper-classes investments. The period also coincides with the arrival of professionals graduated in other cities to start their practices in Fortaleza, where they helped to create the first course in Architecture and Urban Planning in the state. Four of the architects that designed the houses used as case studies in this dissertation were born in Fortaleza, one of whom graduated in the first class of the local school. Although the houses have varied sizes, have been built in a 16-year period and have been designed by architects with different backgrounds, they show similarities in their spatial configuration, indicating that social codes have been crystallized in the built form. The houses present recurring spatial characteristics found in the Brazilian domestic architecture – especially in its north-eastern guises – that amalgamate traditional and current spatial relations whereas pointing out to a continuous transformation process. Design trends that may be related to authorial decisions as well as local characteristics, not present in samples explored by other researchers elsewhere, were also unveiled. However, more emphatic than the clear delimitation and separation of sectors, affiliated to the logic of functionalist architecture, is the separation of spaces occupied by dwellers of different social status, reflecting within the domestic realm, the deeply unequal character of the Brazilian society.

2
  • LORENA PETROVICH PEREIRA DE CARVALHO
  • Branding Architecture: Contemporary professionals and practices

  • Advisor : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BEATRIZ HELENA NOGUEIRA DIÓGENES
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • Data: Apr 12, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • From the second half of the twentieth century, architecture and urbanism watched to scenery changes that reverberated into professional practice. The modernist thought received severe critics, awakening the rethinking on issues like the rationalism and the excessive functionalism, as well as the distancing from the arts. In addition, the global economic reconfiguration has stimulated the transposition of corporate strategic planning into the urban sphere. A new way of city management, which gave a new centrality to the urban and architectural icons. Both conjunctures are admitted in this research as influences on the consolidation of the contemporary branding architecture – and its public recognition –, characterized by aspects of exclusivity that permeate all the stages of its production. Although the bibliographies on the theme are in constant renewal, updating concepts, pointing out the name of the architects and their works that promote the urban spectacle, as well as analyzing the urban developments that followed their construction, there is still a lack in the study of those responsible for the production in question, specifically to the aspects of education and the characteristics that define the practice developed by them, about which, we ask: what common elements stand out in the formation processes and in the performance strategies of those responsible for the spectacularization of contemporary architecture that allow us to understand the conduct they adopt in the face of the changes observed in projects thinking and in the market? The main objective of this study is to verify common elements in the education experiences and performance of brand architects that contribute to the assimilation of the role they undertake in the face of the most recent changes in the discipline of architecture and urbanism. For this, the methodological procedures performed were mainly bibliographical and documentary research, from which the names of the 37 architecture offices that support the analyzes, as well as the information about them, were extracted; in sequence, the elaboration of a database allowed comparing all trajectories, showing their similarities and differences.

3
  • NICHOLAS SARAIVA MARTINO
  • Urban and Suburban Legacies: Assessing morphological indicators of urban vitality in two LEED-ND certified Olympic Villages.

  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • LUCAS FIGUEIREDO DE MEDEIROS
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • Data: Apr 26, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The Olympic Villages built for the Olympic games in Rio de Janeiro (Ilha Pura Condominium, IPC, 2016) and Vancouver (Southeast False Creek, SFC, 2010) were both granted LEED-ND certification  for  sustainable neighbourhood developments based on evaluation criteria devised to foster walkable, livable and sustainable communities. Considering that the attainment of these qualities is partially dependent on morphological and functional properties that facilitate movement, visibility and encounters among people in public spaces – ingredients deemed to favour urban vitality and liveliness – the purpose of this research was to verify how the design of these LEED-ND certified Olympic villages facilitates or hinders the vitality of public spaces, by assessing the incidence of urban vitality indicators across multiple spatial scales. Firstly, the relation between the configuration of the street network and the presence of daily destinations (banks, pharmacies, schools, etc.) were analyzed in Rio de Janeiro and Vancouver in an attempt to to understand how these Olympic Villages are inserted in the urban whole in terms of the use of walking as a mean of transport. Indicators of accessibility, density and diversity, related to the concept of walkability, were aggregated within a radius of 800m of each street segment within the neighborhoods and their immediate surroundings. Secondly, maps of land use and spatial integration were graphically juxtaposed, in an attempt to respond if the design of each development integrates or segregates different uses. Finally, maps of the constitutivity of façades (access to buildings), furniture, and vegetation were compared to potential pedestrian movement patterns, expressed through georeferenced models based on measures of spatial visibility and moveability. Patterns that indicate a high potential of pedestrian movement in SFC arise from its relationship with the urban whole, diversity of land uses and integration among buildings, public transport, transportation corridors and waterfront. Meanwhile, the IPC is segregated both from the city of Rio de Janeiro and from its immediate surroundings, resulting in an unequal distribution of green and leisure spaces, highly integrated to those living inside the condominium and little integrated to the surrounding communities. The different intentions underlying each neighborhood plan are "printed" in their urban form in both cases. While SFC was built on public lands to connect the city to the waterfront and rehabilitate an abandoned industrial area, IPC was built on private land as a green and leisure "island" that barely contributes to the urban vitality of its surroundings, composed of poor infrastructure and informal communities. The results raise questions about the need to apply expensive accreditation processes (such as LEED-ND) to evaluate broad and subjective concepts such as "sustainability" or "smart growth".

4
  • RUI ALEXANDRE RAMOS DUARTE DO ROSÁRIO
  • ANALYSIS OF THE APPLICABILITY OF THE SCRUM MANAGEMENT METHOD IN THE ARCHITECTURE DESIGN PROCESS

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MÁRCIO MINTO FABRICIO
  • Data: Apr 29, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • This master’s research aims to understand how a fast project management method (Scrum) can be applied in architectural design process. Based on an applied research, the work seeks to identify project management principles and elements that could be used in the development of a tool to be used by architects in their design process, with the ultimate goal of reducing errors in the project and construction phases. This study stems from the need to better understand the design process as a whole, not only the graphic presentation and final products, but also the documentation of the process in order to decompose and register every step. Thus, the research aims to contribute to an improvement of the coordination of the design process and results in a professional context, which implies a betterment of the built environment. Besides the literature review, the methodology was structured through an exploratory research among architects acting professionally in northeast Brazil. From the results obtained in this initial research, a few companies were selected as case studies for the direct application of Scrum in their design process. Results show that the main issues faced by architects during the design process are related to scope definition, scheduling and project management skills.

5
  • RENATA DE OLIVEIRA ARAUJO
  • STUDY MODEL AS DESIGN IN ARCHITECTURE

  • Advisor : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • RICARDO ALEXANDRE PAIVA
  • Data: Apr 29, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The creative idea, which generates an architectural parti, contains the basic principle of design, in the stage of immaterial formulation, in the mind of the designer. It is from the encounter between the mind and the means of representation that the project becomes visible to the world. Among the forms of representation are the study models. Some of the materials and tools used to make such models are: cardboard, paper and recycled. The objective of this study is to analyze the study model as a tool for designing and supporting creativity. The present work has the character of qualitative and experimental research and will be developed from the bibliographic research, two creative workshops with models, in 2018, at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) and at the Federal University of Ceará (UFC). The workshops lasted approximately 4 hours, with theoretical expositions and practical activities; with the participation of undergraduate students in architecture, postgraduate students, architects and professors. The models produced were classified in Spatial Organization Diagrams and Architectural Prototypes. In the former, space appears in the fold of paper during the process of volume generation and is perceived and transformed into “real space”, not yet as a possible building, but can accommodate an imaginary program. Architectural prototypes are Spatial Organization Diagrams that acquired architectural matter, such as parameters of materiality, program and context, etc. The models produced served as tools to support the project exploration. Architectural Prototypes can continue to be developed for subsequent phases of creative exploration.

6
  • NAYANA HELENA BARBOSA DE CASTRO
  • THERMAL AND DAYLIGHT BUILDING PERFORMANCE EVALUATION AND ITS EFFECTS ON USERS SATISFACTION: THE CASE OF AN OFFICE BUILDING WITH BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN STRATEGIES

  • Advisor : SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • RENATA DE VECCHI
  • Data: Jul 26, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • Architectural features of buildings, such as the indoor environmental quality, interfere in health, well-being and productivity of their users. In addition, these characteristics also interfere in energy consumption of buildings, and the use of active systems, such as air conditioning, heater and lighting are some of the main responsible for this consumption. One aspect that contributes to this high consumption is the architecture design not integrated to the local climate. This negative impact could be reduced with the use of bioclimatic design strategies to promote users’ thermal and lighting comfort. The contributions of these strategies can be evaluated during the design stage (by computational simulations) and in the use phase of buildings. Evaluating these contributions during the use phase allows identifying the positive and negative aspects of the architectural solutions applied and learning from the correct answers and avoid repetition of errors. Therefore, the objective of this research is to investigate the impacts of bioclimatic design strategies on the thermo-luminous performance and on the satisfaction level of users of an office building during its use phase. As a case study, a building in operation located in a low latitude coastal area with a hot humid weather, was selected. The bioclimatic design strategies of this building were simulated and evaluated during the design stage. The proceedings to achieve the objective defined was a post-occupancy evaluation realized by: direct observations; collection of quantitative data, through environmental measurements in loco; and collection of qualitative data, through satisfaction survey with users. The data collected were compared with reference parameters defined on the literature review and those used in the design stage. As a result, it was verified that the bioclimatic design strategies used provided a high thermal performance to the building, from the technical and from the users’ point of view. However, the same did not occur with the daylight performance, which was compromised by changes in the proposed solutions during the construction and use phase. Among the conclusions, it is emphasized that the intended and simulated performance in the design stage can be impacted by the way the architectural solutions are constructed and used.

7
  • DAYANY BARRETO VASCONCELOS
  • Evaluation of environmental comfort conditions in public schools: case study in Arapiraca-AL

  • Advisor : BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • RICARDO VICTOR RODRIGUES BARBOSA
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Aug 15, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • Educational buildings must be capable to offer safe, accessible and creative places to the users, especially comfortable spaces. Students spend great part of their days in this environment, in many cases having full time classes which, per se, takes to mental fatigue throughout the day. Thereby, verify features related to the promotion of well-being within the classrooms is crucial to the adequacy of the learning-teaching's relations. Facing this conjecture, this research aimed to explore the main environmental variables and the main physical components in three public schools located at the municipality of Arapiraca/AL/Brazil. The collected data happened in two different periods, one related to the summertime and the other to the winter, and in order to obtain broader and representative results a range of methods of Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) were applied as: data of thermal, acoustic and lighting comfort, questionnaire with the users, walkthrough and the matrix of discoveries and recommendations. Having in mind that these educational buildings were built in the 60’s, with similar features of construction, the research aims to establish correlations within the results, where is observed that: schools with no bioclimatc strategies have a higher thermal discomfort, whilst the acoustical and lighting evaluations present different values from the required norms in the three schools. About the users’ subjective evaluation is verified the correlation between the collected environmental data and the questionnaires only over the thermal and acoustic relations, while the lighting aspect is positively assessed by the users. About the functional safety, is observed problems related to the lacks of resources and negligence, with potentially dangerous places to the students. Finally, the walkthrough observations, arranged in the matrix of discoveries, were analyzed with the objective of proposing solutions to be adopted by the schools, so that the studies parameters could be adjusted to the normalized values and, thus, guarantee the necessary comfort for their students users.

8
  • DOROTHEU XIMENES DE FARIAS
  • Roof thermal performance analysis to passive cooling of dwellings in warm humid climate

  • Advisor : ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • SAULO GÜTHS
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • Data: Aug 28, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • This work presents an analysis of passive cooling potential of dwellings through the roof, in a low latitude warm and humid climate. Despite high solar radiation on the horizontal plane in this climate, conventional roofs of red ceramic tiling and plaster ceiling or concrete slabs have low thermal performance, which can be improved by passive cooling techniques. Therefore, the work aims to determine roof strategies that provide thermal comfort. A reference model of a row house in the climate of Fortaleza-CE was used in dynamic computer simulations with the EnergyPlus algorithm through the Grasshopper/Ladybug platform. It was analyzed flat roof strategies, of green or cool roof, and five diferent strategies of tiled roofs: change of tiles with external surface characteristics of high solar reflectivity and thermal emittance; thermal insulation; ventilated attic; ventilation through the roof with air outlets on tilings and ceiling; and high ceiling height. Based on the criteria of thermal comfort or discomfort occurrence of adaptative models (ASHRAE, 2017; DE DEAR; BRAGER, 2002), the green or cool insulated flat roof or the combination of at least two of the tiled roof strategies, with the exception of high ceiling height, reduce the annual period in heat to zero and requiring air movement on people in few hours by the capacity of lowering indoor temperatures.

     

9
  • CLEYTON SANTOS DE MEDEIROS
  • Thermal comfort evaluation of educational buildings in potiguar semiarid: Applied study in high school buildings in the municipality of Caicó.

  • Advisor : VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • MIRIAM DE FARIAS PANET
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Aug 30, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • Thermal comfort is considered as a human requirement in the architecture field, once it is part in a set of necessary aspects that provides well-being to the users inside buildings. In educational buildings the concerning with the thermal comfort is even more emphasized, because the users participate in long term activities that requires mental effort for learning. Facing this conjecture, the empirical observation about educational buildings in Brazil’s northeastern semiarid region arises the attention of research about the inner spaces that may deliver thermal discomfort to the users, once the semiarid climate presents: low rainfall indexes, high insolation levels, elevated maximum temperatures annually and low relative humidity of the air. Such hostile climatic features demand special care on the architectural production in order to create spaces of protection to the inhabitants. Thus, the goal in this research is to evaluate the conditions in thermal comfort and thermal performance in high school’s educational spaces inside a semiarid representative region: the municipality of Caicó, Rio Grande do Norte state. The evaluation of thermal comfort was developed in two public schools in the city: CEJA and EECCAM, and it was based in previous studies as the theoretical and methodological support, having the dynamic approach from the adaptive comfort as the guide to assess the classrooms and process the collected data. The methodological procedures comprise environmental and human data, focusing the correlation between the thermal behavior of the classrooms and the comfort sensations form the users. Within the main results: the CEJA’s school presents better performance in the correlation between the comfort zone and the thermal sensations votes. While the EECCAM’s school presents larger time of operative temperatures in situations of thermal discomfort and differentiations between the comfort zone and the users’ votes, and this can feature a lower thermal performance of the built environment. The percentages of hours in comfort can ratify these considerations. The large collection of environmental and subjective data enabled the formulation of “thermal comfort indicatives”. The defined comfort range from the correlation between environmental data and the user’s votes shows a strong concordance in numerical values from Standard 55 (ASHRAE,2017).

Thesis
1
  • DANIEL PAULO DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • Emergency signaling: a search for a performance-based approach

  • Advisor : EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • ALMIR MARIANO DE SOUSA JUNIOR
  • ROSARIA ONO
  • TIAGO ANCELMO DE CARVALHO PIRES DE OLIVEIRA
  • Data: Apr 9, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The emergency signalling project has a key role in the process of exiting a building. In this work, this topic is approached with interest in the performance-based design, within the normative and design context. Complex buildings are becoming more and more frequent and these buildings can become a real problem when viewed from the point of view of orientation and movement in emergency situations. The evaluation and identification of possible improvements in the emergency signalling design, looking at the possibility of insertion of performance parameters, is the objective of this thesis. For that, has been made a review and analysis of international and national regulations and comparing the different approaches of these regulatory instruments. It was used computer simulation, considered as the empirical evaluation of the impact of the use of emergency signalling in the building through abandonment simulations made with the help of the buildingEXODUS software (version 6.3) and the Space Syntax as a design tool to evaluate and assist in the development of emergency signalling projects. Were performed and discussed seven case studies in four separate buildings. The results of the analysis of norms and regulations showed relevant issues not yet contemplated in the Brazilian standards, such as the area of signal visualization in the signalling project and criteria analysis of the project scenario. The results of the studies show the possibility and validity of the use of the Space Syntax as a design tool and can also serve as a parameter to evaluate the efficiency of the emergency signalling system. It is considered, as a conclusion, that the Brazilian standard can be added information and methods that positively aid the design process and allow designers to evaluate the efficiency of their propositions, but now it’s not possible to adopt a methodology of performance-based design for the signalling project.

2
  • RODRIGO COSTA DO NASCIMENTO
  • The space of the value. The value of space! 2014 World Cup, space configuration and real state valuation in Natal and São Gonçalo do Amarante (RN/Brazil)

  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • JEFERSON CRISTIANO TAVARES
  • VALÉRIO AUGUSTO SOARES DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: May 27, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • Great Urban Projects (GUPs) require the transformation of city space, a capitalist strategy to guarantee the circulation fronts and accumulation of capital - through creative destruction - especially in cities hosting mega-events (HARVEY, 1996 AND 2005 AND LEFEBVRE 2001).The sport megaevents works have benefited the real estate sector (CUENYA, NOVAIS, VAINER 2013, NOBRE, 2017) that aims to profit from business opportunities - expressed in real estate or land subdivisions - stimulated by the spatial changes and the implantation of impact structures, in consolidated centralities or expansion areas. As a system of objects and actions (SANTOS, 1996), space becomes the stage and product of economic interests that reconfigure cities, assuming properties that become the object of monetization (CARLOS, 2018). As part of this system, mega-events projects are capable of influencing valorization because they monetize the space guaranteed or reached by accessibility potential (VILLAÇA, 2001, HILLIER, 1996, HILLIER and HANSON 1984, HILLIER 1996 and PENN 2001) wich, acting as a mechanism of contacts, represents added land value (LEFEBVRE, 1991). In the urban area and the Metropolitan Region of Natal / Brazil, the implementation of impact works, at the 2014 World Cup, seems to confirm the gradual real estate valuation since at least 2007 (SILVA, 2014) in areas of intense centrality and potential of expansion, with high and increasing accessibilities, respectively (MEDEIROS and TRIGUEIRO, 2007; CARMO JÚNIOR, 2014; DANTAS, VIEIRA-DE-ARAÚJO and NASCIMENTO, 2014; SANTOS JÚNIOR et al, 2015 and NOBRE, 2017). This thesis aims to understand the influence of the spatial configuration and accessibility of real estate valuation in areas affected by the works of the 2014 World Cup in the urban area and RMNatal. It presents the premise that works of GUPs of mega-events, as magnets, respond to the real estate valuation, acting in the recomposition of values, when in areas of configuration and accessibility consolidated. On the other hand, they impact on the spatial configuration, when in expansion areas, from the formation of new installments to receive real estate products that are gradually appreciated. Considering the projective landmarks of the Arena das Dunas and the Aluízio Alves International Airport, the spatial cut-offs of the Lagoa Nova (Natal / RN) neighborhood and the São Gonçalo do Amarante / RN municipal expansion were adopted. Considering projective landmarks Arena das Dunas and Aluízio Alves International Airport, were adopted spatial cutouts of the Lagoa Nova neighborhood (Natal / RN) and the municipal expansion of São Gonçalo do Amarante / RN. The analysis is based on desk research of notarial deeds of sale of real estate, categorized between apartments, houses and land (Lagoa Nova) and lots (São Gonçalo do Amarante) observing the useful assessment values for pickup ITBI (Tax Transmission of Real Estate) between the years of 2012 and 2016. The analysis is based on the documentary research of property purchase and sale documents, categorized between apartments, houses and land (Lagoa Nova) and lots (São Gonçalo do Amarante), observing the valuation values useful for the collection of (ITBI sobre Imposto de Transmissão de Bens Imóveis) between the years of 2012 and 2016. Considering the space as an independent and dependent variable, refers to Social Logic of Space and Space Syntax Analysis (HILLIER and HANSON, 1984), searching relations between topological accessibility generated by the spatial configuration, urban works of great impact (attractors) and real estate valuation, applying quantitative measures of integration and choice in linear and segmental representations (HILLIER, YANG and TURNER, 2012). Integration refers to the centrality of a set of more accessible lines (HILLIER, 1996 and 1993) and choice to how chosen a line fragment is, between an origin and a destination (TURNER, 2001, 2008). Both variables help to interpret if there are situations in which the valuation is better related to the more accessible routes (integration) throughout the system, and / or if they are linked to the most interstitial with high potential of crossing, but not too far from the roads where the impact works are located. Partial results confirm the valuation tendencies, especially among the apartments between one and three dormitories in Lagoa Nova, related to the centrality of any other point of the road ("to" movement) structure (integration), as well as ("Between" movement) of the main access routes (choice) through the road network, very close to Arena, a strong magneto to spatial valorization.

3
  • GABRIELA DE ANDRADE LIRA MOTA ASSUNCAO
  • The space of the value. The value of space! 2014 World Cup, space configuration and real state valuation in Natal and São Gonçalo do Amarante (RN/Brazil)

  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FERNANDO DINIZ MOREIRA
  • FRANCISCO SALES TRAJANO FILHO
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • JULIANA CARDOSO NERY
  • Data: Jun 17, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • From the mid-nineteenth to the beginning of the twentieth century, the early urban plans of modernization were implemented, leading to the paradigmatic remodeling of Paris and later reaching Brazilian cities. In the process of transforming the image of capitals, the demolitions occupied a strategic paper, erasing selected parts of the formation cores through the opening of monumental avenues. The perception of transformation and time compression marked the collective imaginary, bringing up a great interest for the city, expressed in speeches of intellectuals, in speeches of technicians, in literature, in photographs and illustrations of the time. With the methodological theory of urban cultural history, it is proposed to make a reading of modernity from its wreckage, of what was swept away by the storm of progress, or more specifically, from some of the demolitions between old houses, blocks of urban mesh and symbols devastated by modernization cycles. Against the belief in the new, there are a number of speeches linked to the old stones of the past that have few studied by the existing narratives. We used the methodological strategy to recount the processes, from the voices that accompanied the transformations of Recife and Salvador, cities with an expressive urban heritage from its early three centuries. There, already in the 1920s, we observe debates in defense of tradition and of the remnants from colonial cores, forming contexts favorable to the creation of local institutions to protect some old buildings. It contributes to the understanding of the historical process of recognizing the value of exemplars, mainly from the colonial period, as representative of the national identity, which served as reference to the construction of the federal preservation policy (officially founded in Brazil in 1937).

4
  • ALINE DANTAS DE ARAUJO DAMORE
  • SOCIAL HOUSING PROJECT: the approach of the subject in Brazilian Architecture and Urbanism courses

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • SIMONE BARBOSA VILLA
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • JOSÉ JORGE BOUERI FILHO
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • Data: Jul 1, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • Social Housing is a broad and multidisciplinary theme that has its own specificities. It has been present in Brazilian reality since 1930s. Given its value to the country scenery, it is natural to find the topic in Architecture and Urbanism courses. With that knowledge, came the questions: How is Brazilian Architecture and Urbanism courses addressing Social Housing teaching? What factors were relevant for that ways of approach? How do professors involved with social housing project field perceive this teaching? In this field, the hypothesis adopted was that, in the Brazilian Architecture and Urbanism courses, the introduction of the social housing issue is in most cases related to individual initiatives of the teachers. In other words, it is not derived from the curricular organization. Other hypothesis was that project approach given in graduation still privileges large housing estates. Starting from this stand, this research main goal was to characterize the current panorama of Social House design teaching in Brazilian Architecture and Urbanism courses. Specific goals were: (1) to understand the relationship between professors who teach social housing project and  the theme: their professional trajectories, profiles, points of view and opinions; (2) to verify main teaching strategies undertaken to answer to the subject specificities; (3) to identify ways of the theme approach in Brazilian Architecture and Urbanism Courses. The theory research is bases on a conceptual framework that involves debates about housing, habitability and social housing. The empirical survey used multi-method strategy, and data collection was performed through five independent studies: (1st) a documentary researching based on an online survey of the material available at the courses’ webpages, to comprehend how Brazilians courses approaches the Social Housing subject (study A); (2nd) In order to understand the professors’ perception about the teaching of social housing in Brazilian undergraduate courses, it was undertaken a collection of articles about the theme (study B), application of online questionnaires (study C) and conduction of interviews (study D); to contact institutions that stand out in the area, there were field visits and phone calls. The results were grouped into four general themes (institutional bias, teaching approaches and strategies, teachers and good practices) and,
    partially counteracting the hypothesis stated, shows that: (1) although not always explicit at pedagogical projects or curriculum framework, Social Housing subject is present in most researched courses, either inside disciplines or at research projects and extension programs; (2) oftentimes the option to work on the Social Housing topic is a professor’s personal initiative, even if its summary does not predefine Social Housing as its main subject; (3) large housing estates are not the main focus. And there is also an undergraduate course whose curricular proposal has social housing as foundation. It was verified that having gone through more technical, economical and pragmatic discussions in the 20th century, currently the academic debate on the field focus mainly on: urban and environmental impact of housing enterprises; Social Housing modes of design considering future users issues and necessities; intervention at urban preexisting areas (such as shantytowns or similar places); architectonical and building programs and types; technological advancements incorporation to building process. It is noticed also that the way this issue is treated reflect on the integration of Architecture and Urbanism disciplines and even involving other courses ones, as well as the participation/collaboration from outsiders such as market professionals, government agents and mainly members from the community. That gives the students the opportunity to interact with the social and urban reality. 

5
  • JESONIAS DA SILVA OLIVEIRA
  • urban legislature AND THE difficulties of modernist architecture preservation on the neighborhoods of Petrópolis and Tirol in Natal/RN - an analysis of the master plans from 1984 to 2007.

  • Advisor : JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FILIPA ALEXANDRA GOMES DA SILVA OLIVEIRA ANTUNES
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MARIA BERTHILDE DE BARROS LIMA E MOURA FILHA
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • Data: Jul 25, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The research investigates the modernist edifications’ mischaracterization, composing the space’s urban scenario within the Petropolis and Tirol neighborhood, Natal/RN East zone, a place where lies the major concentration of modernist project lines from the 1950`s and 60`s. The aforementioned space corresponds to the reminiscences of the plan “Cidade Nova” [New City], developed between the years 1901 and 1904, which was responsible for the implementation of tracing of large avenues, in regular reticulate, a standard that remains as the “Plano Geral de Sistematização da Cidade de Natal” [General Systematic Masterplan of Natal], from 1929, defining the urbanistic party that has been in upkeep until nowadays upon the neighborhoods of Tirol and Petropolis. Since 1940´s and 1950´s, there has been an intensified implementation of modernist edifications, characterized by presenting a new relation with the lot, translated by the adoption of lateral recesses, besides the frontals and a new stylistic language that displays a considerable set of elements that identify themselves with the modernist architecture. The successive plans induced the area’s growth, but did not alter the special configuration, marked by the pathway tracing and edifications with modernist characteristics, that have been under a progressive dismount, mostly because the displacement of the active center of the original city nucleus and the ascending valorization of the space, nurturing  the intensification and innovation of uses and also contributes to the mischaracterization of the patrimonial architecture produced in the mid-20th century. The influence of the urbanistic legislation has been investigated on the original stylistic mischaracterization of the area’s modernist edifications, acknowledging that the urbanistic instruments associated to the plans such as the change in the density ratio, possibility of terrain reassembly and dismemberment, pathways hierarchy, onerous grant, among others, allowed isolated modifications on edifications that contribute to the alteration of the building conjoint characterized as modernist. Considering even the voracious phenomenon of old building’s dilapidation, which upon the universe of study correspond to the modernists, it is admitted the possibility of developing future perspectives of preservation of this specific kind of cultural heritage. The study aims at The objective of this work is to structure possibilities for actions related to the recognition and preservation of the set of modernist buildings remaining in the districts considered, including the influence of urban planning legislation, especially the 1984, 1994 and 2007 Master Plans on the transformation of these buildings. It seeks to analyze the processes that contribute to the transformation of these spaces, recognizing the return of residential use in verticalized condominiums and the diversification of the usage transition, either by commercial purpose or provision of services. The theoretical reference includes a bibliographic review of theoretic-methodological contributions that quote the modernist architecture as heritage to be preserved and analyze the conceptual aspects, quantitative and qualitative of the tools presented on the urbanistic legislature. Following up, a sector has been defined, embracing both neighborhoods in study to investigate the interventions suffered by the local edifications under the effect of these instruments and parameters there contained, in a way to recognize the most relevant aspects that has contributed to the modernist architecture dismount on the considered neighborhoods. Understanding this influence, looking forward to the possibility of development of new safekeeping actions to be introduced on the regulatory instruments.

6
  • GIORDANA CHAVES CALADO TIMENI
  • MORE THAN THE DARK: Experience of the blind people as a basis for the sensitive understanding of the urban area

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANGELINA DIAS LEAO COSTA
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • KATIA CRISTINA LOPES DE PAULA
  • ZILSA MARIA PINTO SANTIAGO
  • Data: Jul 26, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • This research have been developed from an initial question: How can the understanding of the urban space by blind people contribute to the planning of a more accessible city? As a preliminary answer to this question was defined the hypothesis that the recognition of the sensitive perception of city by the blind people have enabled the understanding of less obvious elements for the other users, which have allowed the conscious use of this information by professionals who intervene in space, favoring the urban design. Based on a paradigm of spatial analysis grounded by human being and the people-environment relationship, the research analyzed the perception of blind people during their movement through the city, according to the social and physical aspects of visual impairment, orientation/blind body mobility and the concepts of urban ambience, environmental experience, affordance and wayfinding. In this context, the general aim of empirical study was to understand the main elements that have composed the perception of the urban space by blind people and that can subsidize favorable ideas to urban design. In order to provoke the discussion about multisensorial strategies used in the understanding of the urban space, evoking senses such as smell, hearing, touch and taste, the empirical research methodology was developed in two moments: (i) and mobility; (ii) planned experiment with participation of blind people willing to contribute to the research and who presented conditions for autonomous mobility by the city. This last stage occurred in an urban sector adjacent to the Institute of Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind of Rio Grande do Norte, in the district of Alecrim, Natal-RN, and was included individualized interviews, commented course and the use of technological resources, and story. It has been emphasizing the perception, cognition and memory of blind people, so results have shown that our senses are the basis of knowledge and understanding of space, a finding that has reinforceed the importance of stimuli in environmental planning. The information collected subsidized the preparation of an initial version of sensory maps of the chosen urban area. It is concluded that, confirming the hypothesis, the analysis of movement of the blind body in space has allowed the definition of multisensorial subsidies for the architecture and urbanism project, not only providing more spatial inclusion to these individuals, but also may represent higher environmental quality for all people. 

7
  • MARIA CÂNDIDA TEIXEIRA DE CERQUEIRA
  • Rebuilding the Habitat Design for Agrarian Reform: Legacy and Possibilities for the State

  • Advisor : AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • IRENE ALVES DE PAIVA
  • AKEMI INO
  • KARLA EMMANUELA RIBEIRO HORA
  • Data: Aug 21, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • What is the legacy of the National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform (INCRA) regarding the production of the habitat design for agrarian reform? In pursuit of this answer follows this thesis. Its objective is to analyze the process of producing the habitat design of agrarian reform settlements carried out by the State in order to contribute to its performance in the country. It is hypothesized that "the exclusive production of INCRA regarding the design of the agrarian reform habitat in our country responded more quantitatively than qualitatively, since the habitats implemented do not meet the needs and expectations of the settlers." Thus, in the context of transformations that have modified the way of habitat and habitation of society, especially in the countryside - this is understood as a space not opposed to the city, but complementary - habitat of agrarian reform: place where the individual lives and develops their daily lives (BORGES, 2002). Concerning its design, in relation to the responsibility for the actions of planning, design and demarcation in the physical space; and implementation of the basic infrastructure, the State's actions take place through INCRA. Created in 1970, it has since contributed to the design of our territory. From 1970 to 1985 through the colonization policy, it implemented integrated colonization projects (PIC), using Rural Urbanism for the design of habitats. Already in the last 30 years, it is delimited to the design of the habitat of agrarian reform. This policy, however, did not become a priority for the various post-Constituent governments of 1988, despite the struggle of social movements for its effectiveness. With the most diverse limitations inherent to habitat issues - normative; financial and human resources; among others - INCRA continues to design, occupy and transform our territory. This thesis, therefore, is the relationship between the design of the agrarian reform habitat and the state's performance. In order to reach the proposed objectives, it is based on the regressive-progressive dialectical method, created by Marx and developed by Lefebvre, being also other postulates of this methodological reference, as well as those of Borges (2002). The empirical field corresponds to the 286 rural settlements created by the national policy of agrarian reform located in the territory of the RN in the temporal cut studied: 1985 to 2013. In this interval the following governments succeeded: Sarney (1985-1989); Collor (1990-1992); Itamar (1992-1995); FHC (1995-2002); Lula (2003-2010); Dilma (2011-2013). The materiality of the empirical field is limited to the habitats of 1 settlement of each of the 6 periods. Thus, based on the current situation of inhabiting the countryside in Brazil, it is reflected on the present and the past in habitat production: habitat and habitat in agrarian reform and habitat design for agrarian reform. In the sequence, it is approached about the practice of the State and the design of the habitat of agrarian reform and, later, the study of its production in the RN is carried out. Despite the differences between the largest and the smallest amount created - in FHC were 202 settlements, while in Itamar only 2 - the legacy of INCRA / RN is composed by a pattern of agrarian reform habitat. In the Settlement Scale there are 1 concentrated habitats, located at the end of the settlement, accessed by vicinal. In the Habitat Scale, the Orthogonal / Tray typology prevails for physical configuration. As for the process of effectiveness, it results from the correlation of forces between the actuating agents: INCRA technicians; settlers and social movements (unionized or not). Absences are also identified. Finally, possibilities are pointed out in order to optimize the State's policies and management for the design of agrarian reform habitat.

8
  • MARINA GOLDFARB DE OLIVEIRA
  • From a prison school to a playground school: the Escola Nova movement and the modernisation of school architecture in Brazil (1930s)

  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • FRANCISCO SALES TRAJANO FILHO
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • LUIZ MANUEL DO EIRADO AMORIM
  • MARCIO COTRIM CUNHA
  • Data: Nov 22, 2019


  • Show Abstract
  • The 1930s ware distinguished by the yearnings for implementing Brazil's modernization. In this context, within the scope of pedagogy, the Escola Nova movement sought to modernize education, and its ideas resulted in reforms of public education in various states of the country. To implement the aimed teaching pedagogy, new models of school buildings were designed, under the recommendation of being built according to the principles of modern architecture, at a time when this architecture was not yet consolidated in Brazil. Our case studies are the school buildings that resulted from educational reforms to apply the ideas of the Escola Nova in Rio de Janeiro (1934-1937), São Paulo (1936-1939) and Paraíba (1936-1939). Thus, we intend to verify if these school buildings present signs of meeting social expectations about the modernization of school architecture for the implementation of Escola Nova. To do so, we confront the architectural content of the discourses about these schools, found in official documents and newspapers of the time (1930-1945), with the analysis of the selected school buildings, carried out in two architectural areas: the spatial configuration, by the syntactic analysis of the space, and physiognomy, by comparing photographs of the time of the school buildings with what was recommended. The results indicate that the projects meet in several aspects the discourses in defence of a new architecture to encompass the methods of Escola Nova. The analysis of the spatial configuration shows that there was an attenuation of the conservative pattern of the traditional school building by presenting an integrated and accessible exterior; easily accessible spaces to the community(such as the auditorium gym); by facilitating interaction and diminishing the hierarchy between teachers and students. The physiognomy of the schools, linked to the discourses of rationality and economics, makes no reference to styles of the past: it presents geometrized shapes, standardized elements such as the iron and glass windows, and reinforced concrete marquees. But schools did not always achieve the simplicity advocated in the discourse, suggesting that presenting a modern image was also an important feature within the Escola Nova design plans.

2018
Dissertations
1
  • LUCIANA DA ROCHA ALVES
  • ACOUSTIC QUALITY IN CLASSROOMS: Analysis in the federal higher education institutions of Natal/RN

  • Advisor : BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • MARIA LÚCIA GONDIM DA ROSA OITICICA
  • Data: Jan 15, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • Schools are places of learning in which communication is essential for the fulfillment of their function, but most Brazilian schools do not have adequate acoustic conditions. When the spoken message is not clearly heard by the students, the understanding of the speech is affected and, consequently, the learning process is impaired. Good acoustic conditions in classrooms make the learning process easier and less stressful for teachers and students. The resources invested in improvement, in order to promote acoustic comfort, are still seen only as expenses and not as investment in education. The research question raised is: do the classrooms of federal higher education institutions in Natal/RN have adequate architectural acoustics? The main objective of this study is to evaluate the acoustic quality of theoretical classrooms in federal institutions of higher education in Natal, where one or more classroom models are replicated throughout the institution, aiming to propose guidelines for such classrooms with regard to acoustic conditioning. Acoustic parameters were found for this type of research, such as Reverberation Time (T20), Initial Decision Time (EDT) and Speech Transmission Index (ITS), as well as other important controls for speech intelligibility analysis. The methodological procedures consist of the bibliographic research on the subject, as well as the application of field research, in order to ascertain a true acoustic quality of the classrooms studied and to make possible solutions proposals. Acoustic measurements were performed in the classrooms of the Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Norte and the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, where low acoustic quality was found in all classroom standards. From this, we proposed to improve the acoustic quality of the rooms, finding that 50% of area of absorbent material in the lining significantly improves the acoustic conditioning of the room for speech, with better results with 100% of the area of liner material in absorbent and more homogeneous distribution of parameters throughout the room when absorbent material is added to 25% of the posterior wall area. In addition, we found better results in the classroom with a width greater than the depth, among the analyzed rooms.

2
  • VINÍCIUS BEZERRA DE MORAES GALINDO
  • FROM GENERIC CITY TO JUNKSPACE

    Rem Koolhaas’s thought about the contemporary city

  • Advisor : JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • ANA CAROLINA DE SOUZA BIERRENBACH
  • Data: Feb 26, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The aim of this work is to do an analysis of the contemporary city, based on Rem Koolhaas’s thought and focusing the relation between city and building, by questioning that thought, making particular use of concepts and considerations pointed by David Harvey and Henri Lefebvre as a support. Two other particularities are pointed out on the present research: the existing dialectics between capitalism and city development; and the relation between theory and practice of architecture on the context at hand. It is a theoretical-conceptual analysis that makes use of the dialectical approach method, precisely due to the dialectical nature: of the study object; of the way Koolhaas sees this object, in which the contradictory is a fundamental (and dialectal) aspect; of the relation between city and capitalism; and of Harvey and Lefebvre’s conceptualizations utilized. In that way, this research is divided into two parts, the first of which being dedicated to understand Koolhaas’s thought about the contemporary city as a whole, extracting a basis from it, on which the discussion is promoted at the second part of this study. Thereby, the contradictory is approached as a fundamental aspect in Koolhaas’s thought formation and, therefore, as a reading key to the present analysis; in order to analyze the construction of his understanding about the contemporary city. As a result, it is pointed out the culture of congestion and the consumption activity as the fundamental aspects to the discussion realized at the second part, by presenting them questions and making use of Harvey and Lefebvre’s support. Thus, the relation between Koolhaas’s understanding of the culture of congestion and Lefebvre’s vision on the formation of urban and urban society is approached, in order to question the role of architecture in this context and which consequences it brings out, to cities and to society. This question embraces Lefebvre’s everyday life too, with it’s dialectical production of the space, together with society. Finally, making use of Harvey’s considerations about the dialectic between capitalism and the urban process, the contemporary city is discussed related to the consumption activity, also pointing the impact of the changes on the space-time dynamics in the post-modern condition presented by Harvey; and Lefebvre’s everyday life yet again, represented by the bureaucratic society of controlled consumption. Throughout all this analysis, it is identified a transformation of the city and the society (represented on Koolhaas’s thought by the transition from the generic city to the junkspace), from which it is questioned the role of architecture and its consequences.

3
  • PRISCILA FERREIRA DE MACEDO
  • “Apertamento”: a research about dimensioning and functionality of the vertical minimum housing produced by the real estate market in the city of Natal (RN) 

  • Advisor : RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • LOURIVAL LOPES COSTA FILHO
  • Data: Mar 14, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • This research aims to characterize the production of apartments produced by the real estate market from the viewpoint of dimensioning and functionality of the housing spaces, from analysis of the architectural program, dimensioning and spaces distribution, which also considers the users’ ergonomic needs and housing functions. In this sense, our study object consists of the analysis of housing plans’ from the five main builders’ companies of the city of Natal (RN) with areas between 45sqm and 60sqm and between 2005 and 2015, a period of high housing production in the city. For that, our analysis method proposes an adaptation of Alexander Klein’s methodological research, which criteria are: a) preliminary examination; b) reduction of projects to the same scale; c) organization of circulation and movement areas’; d) concentration of empty areas; e) relation between the plan’s elements. The results reveal in that the standard of living offered by the real estate market has similar areas and topological patterns, although some geometries and furniture layout may vary. In this sense, our contribution is to expand the discussion about housing quality in it relation with the built environment especially in the sense of dimensional e functional quality.

4
  • ANA THEREZA FARIA DE MEDEIROS
  • DESIGNING IN SILENCE: STRATEGIES FOR PARTICIPATION OF DEAF PEOPLE IN RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE PROJECT

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CÉSAR IMAI
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • Data: Mar 26, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • In Brazil, the theme of social and environmental inclusion of people with disabilities has been discussed in several areas. In architecture, such debate has been linked to the concept of Universal Design (understood as the basis for ensuring accessibility to the physical environment and the search for adequate solutions to human diversity) and strategies that promote greater participation of users in the design process. In this sense, it is important to emphasize the need for the professional to master techniques for the development and presentation of proposals that are easily understood by the clients, regardless of their limitations. In this question, this research investigates a way to facilitate communication between the designer and the deaf user (whose major limitations are precisely in the field of interpersonal communication), in order to enable: (i) the first one to understand the relation of deaf people with built environment; (ii) the second understands the design proposal and actively participates in the process of its design. Theoretically the work is based on some concepts of Communication and DeafSpace.  Empirically, simulations were performed of some residential environments with a three-dimensional physical model manipulated by deaf people, accompanied by interviews and observations. The experience occurred in the city of Mossoró/RN between October and November of 2017 and had the participation of 12 deaf people of both gender. The results point to the effectiveness of the methodology, which facilitated the communication between the parties and allowed the understanding of some concepts of architecture, accessibility and Deaf Space, all hardly identified through methodologies used in the area, as interviews and questionnaires. We highlight the importance of using prototypes in the development of future research related to environments for deaf people.

5
  • FRANCISCO BERNARDO SALES DE AGUIAR
  • Economic impacts and energy performance of architectural alternatives in a standard public nursery project in Natal/RN

  • Advisor : SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • ROBERTO LAMBERTS
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • Data: Mar 27, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • It is estimated that the energy saving potential in new buildings can reach 50% (PROCEL, 2015). Several studies carried out for the Natal-RN climate reinforce this trend and have demonstrated a vast potential for reducing energy consumption in buildings, in addition to identifying the significant influence of architectural features (LIMA, 2007a; SIMAS, 2009; RODRIGUES, 2014). However, a choice of architectural solutions based only on the potential of reducing energy consumption is very restricted. The support in economic criteria and the adherence to existing regulations, such as RTQ-C, make the decision-making process more comprehensive and appropriate. This dissertation analyzes the implementation of architectural alternatives in a public building project in the Natal/RN climate, based on the comparison of its economic impacts and energy performance. By means of computational simulations, the implementation of 8 (eight) recurrent alternatives in two partially conditioned buildings of the type B PROINFÂNCIA / FNDE program project was analyzed. The impacts on the reduction of the consumption of cooling energy, on the level of energy efficiency of the envelope by the RTQ-C and the economic feasibility were verified. Almost all alternatives showed efficiency in minimizing the consumption of cooling energy, with a reduction potential of up to approximately 26%. However, only four of them are able to raise the label level to "A". As for viability, only four were feasible, which occurred much more due to the substitution of materials for cheaper ones than for the financial benefit of reducing energy consumption. The results show that the alternatives with better energy performance may not represent the best solutions of a project. In both buildings, the solution that most positively impacted the energy efficiency in relation to consumption and labeling (alternative "b": Clear colonial ceramic tile with precast slab lining) proved economically unfeasible. The alternative "c" (clear colonial ceramic tile with plaster lining) was the only alternative that, in addition to being feasible, also reduced the consumption of both buildings and reached level "A" label, which also contributed to highlight the effectiveness of the use of light colors on the roof.

6
  • VIVIANE DINIZ HAZBOUN
  • Daylight performance in rooms with East facing windows considering occupant influence

  • Advisor : ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • SOLANGE MARIA LEDER
  • Data: May 9, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • This work evaluates the daylight potential in office rooms with fenestration systems oriented to East considering occupant behavior. Despite the benefits and great availability of solar irradiance in low-latitude zones, it is common to underuse daylight due to the relationship between fenestration systems and occupant behavior. The glare and VDT contrast leads occupants to close the blinds, generating insufficient daylight, obstructed outside view and increasing energy consumption. The shaded systems are determined by shading masks with parametrical variation of window size and visible sky factor (VSF), and  are simulated for performance analysis on Rhinoceros/Grasshopper/DIVA platform. The occupant behavior is identified through field research with application of questionnaires, and it is categorized as active, passive and intermediate. The daylight performance considering occupant behavior is evalueted through spreadsheets and the results are translated into simplified design recommendations. There is a potential use of daylight and less influence of occupant behavior for the cases with large windows and mobile external devices. It is recommended to increase the window size and reduce the VSF to fixed shading devices, associated with active users to increase daylight depth. Systems with no shading devices, small windows and high VSF should be avoided.

7
  • MARIANA BARBOSA CARLOS DE ALMEIDA
  • An analysis of the implantation and functionality of the FNDE standard projects: the Proinfância kindergartens type’s B experience in Natal / RN

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GISELLE ARTEIRO NIELSEN AZEVEDO
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • Data: May 15, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The education of children aged 0 to 5 years in day care and preschool has been increasingly valued in recent decades, as related the need of parents working outside as to reasons for the development of the child. By the way, the universalization of primary education has become an essential point for an effective learning in primary and secondary education, reducing repetition and increasing success in basic education. The Proinfância Program was created in this context, searching to expand the offer of basic education, besides offering support for the acquisition of equTherefore, the research seeks to understand the implementation of day care's standard projects provided from FNDE and the adjustments for this building in the city's contextipment and furniture. The FNDE provides, through this program, several standard projects for the construction of schools financed by the Union, a practice very common in Brazil. The point is that standard designs demands flexibility to allow adjustments to the site's unique conditions and produce a better architecture quality than nowadays, however, in this case, there is no space for changes. Therefore, the research seeks to understand the implementation of day care's standard projects provided from FNDE and the adjustments for this building in the city's context. The first step was the literature review, then, the technical analysis of the "type B" project, then the case studies in two institutions, including technical visits, interviews with school staff and with Municipality Education Secretary’s (SME) architects. The results of the school analysis shows that the standard design needs several revisions in order to improve your performance, mainly in many room areas, the appreciation of outsides areas, general environmental comfort, etc. In addition, the spaces needs more flexibility for layout and usability changes.

8
  • MARIA HELOÍSA ALVES DE OLIVEIRA
  • Half century of architecture:  a panorama of Natal’s modernist prodution from 1930 to 1980.

  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • NELCI TINEM
  • SONIA MARIA DE BARROS MARQUES
  • Data: Jun 13, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • Natal, capital city of the state of Rio Grande do Norte has witnessed the spreading of the modern architecture language since the 1930s. However, from the 1980 decade, there has been a fierce phenomenon of dilapidation of older buildings, especially modernist ones, mostly located within economically valuable areas, which have been intensely subject to high-rise constructions. This process has motivated the assemblage of iconographical records – textual and imagetic information concerning modernist and pre-modernist buildings – about local architecture, collected from course work carried out by undergraduate students since the 1980s, which have been housed in the archives of the research group on Morphology and Use of Space (MUsA - Morfologia e Usos da Arquitetura – UFRN). This dissertation is part of such effort. In view of the opportunity to bring together those iconographic fragments in order to compose a panorama of the architecture produced in Natal between the years 1930s and 1980s, a repository of data concerning the recorded buildings, some of which scattered from different sources, was constructed and organised in file cards (137 academic work pieces originated 222 cards), which enabled the morphological analysis of each case, and its classification.  This was accomplished in the light of valuation criteria tables based on a formal canon derived from the views expressed by authors who approach the subject of modern architecture, focusing on the Northeast region. The criteria include three categories: (1) the building-plot-block-surroundings relationship; (2) built shell; (3) structure/construction aspects; (4) spatial aspects; (5) environmental/climatic adaptations and (6) other elements. A panorama of modern architecture in Natal was, therefore, outlined and classified into four morphological groups: the first (1930-1950) comprises the proto-modern production that displays the first signs of architectural renovation in Natal; the second (1950-1960) reflects the dissemination period of the modern formal lexicon in Natal, when the plastic possibilities of reinforced concrete were being highly explored; the third (1860-1970) witnesses the diffusion of exposed natural materials and façades in which structure and sealing elements are distinguished. The fourth, and last group, contains the architectural production that prevailed in the 1970s and 1980s, stressing affinities with brutalist manifestations, and the adoption of formal elements borrowed from Brazilian colonial style.

9
  • FLÁVIA MONALIZA NUNES SECUNDO LOPES
  • Favela to Estate - the way it was, the way it is: spatial properties and use of space in a community reallocation in Natal/RN, Brazil.

  • Advisor : RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • CIRCE MARIA GAMA MONTEIRO
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • Data: Jun 15, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • This study addresses relations between form and use of architecture with the aim of investigating whether morphological changes regarding open spaces shared by a housing community might have exerted over the way people use those spaces. It aims to shed light on whether and how the reallocation of a self-built organic settlement – Favela do Maruim – to a regularly schemed, state-funded housing estate – Conjunto São Pedro – led to alterations in the way people used common open spaces in their previous environs. Guided by the Space Syntax theory (HILLIER; HANSON, 1984), the investigation approach stems from the assumption, that architectural form is structured by masses (buildings) and voids (permeability) that offer possibilities and restrictions concerning moving, being and seeing, and, therefore, define potential fields of co-presence and movement by individuals in space. The hypothesis underlying the case study was that because the morphological nature of the housing estate diverges from that of the Favela settlement, spatial relations are altered from the micro to the macro scale, thus prompting changes in patterns of co-presence, use of communal areas and interaction among diverse individuals in space – inhabitants, visitors and strangers (insiders and outsiders). In the Housing Estate the self-defensive logic of nearness among residents that existed in the Favela was subverted and replaced by another more similar to that which prevails in the city as a whole, with a higher potential of encounter fields. The less enclosed arrangement appears to threat the resettled population, bringing about the discourse of fear, which enforces reclusion inside an area severed from the public space by walls and barriers. In the search to test the hypothesis, comparative studies of potential and real instances of encounter were carried out by means of spatial representation and analysis and of in loco observations regarding actual use in the Favela and the Housing Estate. Space syntax analysis was applied to quantify the insertion of each settlement in the city grid, in topological and metric distances, to gauge accessibilities “by foot” and “to the eye”. In order to understand the relation between the built mass and the structure of open spaces, local uses and relations between public and private spaces were analysed. To understand the real uses of space, the data gathering process included the observation of pedestrian movement and physical traces of space; and enquiries about the ways people use common areas, by means of semi-structured interviews. The results show that the Favela configuration, disorderly and less integrated with the city urban grid, outlined an enclave that decreased the potential encounter field between insiders and outsiders. Internally, a stronger hierarchy and cohesion concerning diverse accessibility catchment levels (local, vicinal, to the feet or the eyes) privileged the use of certain open spaces by the inhabitants. Those points that showed strong public/private connections, worked as extensions to the houses and as confluence points for encounter, pedestrian flows and activities. In the Housing Estate, on the other hand, a homogeneous, less hierarchical internal structure, with low cohesion concerning accessibility levels, less openings connecting closed/open spaces and higher integration to the city grid, stimulate the interface between insiders and outsiders, whereas restraining the potential encounter field amongst inhabitants. On an effort to overcome the limitations of the architectural spatial form, inhabitants persist on being in the Housing Estate common areas, an occupation apparently consubstantiated by the presence of construction fences that approximates the Estate’s spatial structure to the Favela’s enclave logic, setting it apart from the city continuous space and consolidating barriers, which at any rate, are becoming the norm, concerning residential premises in Brazilian cities.

10
  • FLÁVIA COSTA DE ASSIS
  • The city meets the river: Characteristics of the occupation and conflicts of land use in the Pitimbu River Basin, in the Metropolitan Region of Natal.

  • Advisor : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • Cristina Pereira de Araújo
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • Data: Jul 27, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • Rivers are important structural elements of the urban fabric, but they also suffer greatly in this process. Urbanization poses serious threats to its own springs, creating a conflictive relationship where, while the city essentially needs water to survive, it pollutes, channels and waterproofs its rivers and floodplains, deforests riparian zones and destroys possibilities of reinfiltration of the water in the soil. The process of recharge of the water sources can not keep up with the continuous increase in the demand for water in the cities, causing systematic lowering in the reservoirs and, consequently, scarcity. The Metropolitan Region of Natal, on the other hand, presents an ambiguous relationship with its rivers, placing them as important sources of supply and development while, on the other hand, it leaves them to suffer with an occupation process incompatible with the support of urban infrastructure existing and with the environmental characteristics of the territory, receiving waste from industrial and agricultural activities and numerous clandestine sewage connections throughout their courses. The Pitimbu River shows itself to the city of Natal already in the middle of century XX, when its growth in the south direction reaches then this new natural barrier. What happens, then, when the city meets this Rio? With rural characteristics and slow growth, the advance of urbanization in the region took hold from the 1970s. The Pitimbu River cuts along its course parcels of territory of the municipalities of Natal, Parnamirim and Macaíba, members of the Metropolitan Region of Natal (NMR); and its microbasin, which is part of the Pirangi River basin, is an important recharge area for one of the main sources of drinking water for NMR - however, the phenomenon of urban occupation jeopardizes the development of Rio's environmental functions, with deforestation, erosion, pollution and silting evident at various points along its course, as well as the pressure of the real estate market and informal occupation in the area. At this point, we must ask: how do the characteristics of occupation and urban development interfere with the capacity of recharge of its sources? Is it possible to reconcile the process of urban development with the preservation of water bodies and springs, or rivers with their banks and forests? Considering, on the one hand, the hydrographic basin as a basic unit of territorial planning (given its capacity for integration between the natural, socioeconomic and cultural aspects of the territory); and on the other hand the set of public policies and urban planning instruments currently in existence, this study aims to analyze the urban development process from the perspective of the water cycle, from the observation of the relationship between the configuration of the occupation of the territory and the biophysical characteristics of the environment. Thus, it is sought to contemplate the urban site as a whole, including the natural aspects and its articulation with human action, and for this reason the integrated analysis of the territory is possible thanks to the spatial analysis of the phenomenon analyzed and the integration of the data by thematic mapping. The aim of this study is to provide subsidies for the territorial planning of the region, serving as the basis and orientation for the formulation of public policies appropriate to the capacity to support the environment and the installed or planned infrastructure conditions; bearing in mind an occupation based on urban-environmental criteria that seek to reconcile the growth and development needs of the cities with the preservation of their water supplies and the maintenance of the ecological balance.

11
  • ANA LUÍZA SILVA FREIRE
  • Junkspace: word, image and experience in the contemporary city

  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ADRIANA MATTOS DE CAÚLA E SILVA
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • Data: Jul 30, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The essay Junkspace (2001), by Rem Koolhaas, brings to the mind of those who read it a generic contemporary landscape filled with subliminal and ideological messages and diluted in a chaotic amalgam which is apparently ordered through the ubiquity of globalization.The essay, circular in its structure, seeks to describe through allegorical operations of rhetoric, the spaces that, in their forms, express the process of contemporary modernization - therefore, Junkspace is adopted in this investigation not only as a concept, but as a theoretical piece that emulates a specific language related to the spatial production of the 21st century. It is on the basis of these findings that it becomes possible to use Junkspace as a reading and understanding lens, through which one can glimpse the logics of the present time inscribed in the spatial forms of our cities. There is, therefore, the object of study of this thesis: Junkspace as concept and language and the understanding of the urban phenomenon, its questions and logics, currently. As a consequence, the aforementioned essay is used as the primary source of this research, setting up a theoretical and methodological nature for this work: on the one hand, we try to investigate the possibilities of questioning, in the light of an urban cultural debate, the contemporary city through the reading keys found in Junkspace and on the other hand, to anchor, from the discussion engendered by the essay and its relationship with the selected theoretical frameworks, a vision that identifies and problematizes the existing Junkspace. Therefore, the general objective of this work is to understand Junkspace under the prism of a theoretical and practical discussion about contemporary cities in order to contribute to the academic debate on the theme of spatial dynamics, related to the end of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first. To achieve this goal, a critic was built in a way that clarifies conflicts and parallels in the contemporary urban phenomenon from Junkspace, based on authors such as Walter Benjamin, Fredric Jameson, Hal Foster, Susan Buck-Morss, Gilles Lipovetsky and Vladimir Safatle, among others. In addition, Junkspace's method of reading the urban environment was carried through the elaboration of workshops and with an exercise of perception about the factual dimension of contemporary cities. In the end, this paper intends to contribute to the theoretical field of architecture and urbanism, as well as offer other ways of discussing and apprehending the current urban question.

12
  • HELIANA LIMA DE CARVALHO
  • MODERN ARCHITECTURE FROM UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE’S CENTRAL CAMPUS

  • Advisor : NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • JULIANA CARDOSO NERY
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Jul 30, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The creation of Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) belongs to a process that set up higher education units in many Brazilian states in the beginning of the 20th Century. During its early functioning years, the university’s activities took place in buildings that had hosted former independent colleges, distributed in many addresses along the city’s central neighborhoods. Only after 1968, with the Reforma Universitária (University Reformation), a paradigm shift started, structuring courses in a university campus. Concentrating activities and buildings inside a university campus represented a modernity ideal, opposing the traditional university model, fragmented and complying with principles of efficiency and rationality of university organization. These interventions were based on the Manual produced in 1970 by American consultant Rudolph Atcon, which proposes guidelines such as functional zoning and street hierarchy, which alongside rationalization, flexibility, expansion and integration principles coincide with the ideal of a modern city preconized by the Athens Charter. Employing these principles resulted in a broad university campus, distant from the city’s urban network and with a street structure that privileged automobiles. This idea was materialized trough the proposition of flexible, modulated buildings with standardized constructive components, with a notably brutalist aesthetic composition. As a large educational institution, its functional dynamics constantly goes through changes and modernizations, both by pedagogical and infrastructure perspectives. Therefore, throughout the years, there is a permanent free space demand for extending departments, building new structures, and renewing premises with new equipment. The community’s (students, docents, technical employees and city’s residents) lack of recognition on the cultural value of UFRN’s Central Campus modernist ensemble makes preserving these buildings even more difficult. Therefore, this study starts a process of knowledgement and recognition to this modern ensemble lesser known nationwide, identifying modern architecture attributes in its most significant exemplars.

13
  • MAURICIO PEREIRA MARTINS
  • Architectural form and movement that animates the streets of Praia da Pipa: exploring nexus concerning space configuration, street-building interfaces and urban animation in a coastal village in Northeast Brazil.

  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • LUCY DONEGAN
  • Data: Jul 30, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • This dissertation addresses relations between architectural form and urban animation, founded on a case study of Praia da Pipa, RN, Brazil, a costal settlement well-established as a national and international visitor destination. It was seen that the spatial arrangement of public roads affects differently the potential for movement and encounter in the various localities that comprise the municipality of Tibau do Sul, of which the district of Pipa is one. It was also seen that some sections of Baía dos Golfinhos avenue, a narrow street situated in Pipa but away from the beach and with no view to the sea, attracts pedestrian movement in a greater proportion than any other point on the road grid of Tibau do Sul. It is here proposed that over and above the privileged natural attributes of Pipa and its surroundings, the overall access structure explains that inflow. Accessibility parameters regarding movement potential and human activity on the streets, as explored here, are based on the theory of The Social Logic of Space (HILLIER, HANSON, 1984), which relates the spatial structure to social, economic and environmental phenomena. It has been examined the extent to which the spatial structure encourages street animation and how it relates to the permeability of private premises alongside the public realm. Results indicate that in the notoriously animated and popular meeting spots of Baía dos Golfinhos Avenue, the busiest areas are the ones topologically privileged, sided by non-residential buildings which open onto the street, whereas tracts that are highly accessible but offer poor building-street interfaces, show little or no animation. It is thus suggested that the informal occupation pattern prevalent in most settlements of the Tibau do Sul’s municipality – a segmented road grid coupled to a dense land parcelling filled with buildings directly permeable to the roads – favours pedestrian movement, whereas bulky plot occupation – usually impervious to the roadways – or the grounds left empty as land stock, inhibit pedestrian activity. This kind of occupation, mostly found in expansion areas, tends to a vehicle-dependent movement mode, which is poorer in animation, whose nuances may be explained by the combination of diverse levels of road accessibility and of public-private interface patterns. The construction of a road ring – also investigated – has had little impact on the access structure, while apparently contributing to extend the area of vehicle-dependent circulation. As a conclusion it is proposed that the architectural form of voids, the space, carries animation to where the architectural form of solids, the building interface, welcomes it.

14
  • JOSÉ VALDIVAN MARTINS JÚNIOR
  • COLLABORATIVE PROCESSES AND INTEGRATION OF PROJECTS WITH BIM PLATFORM AID: An analysis in the professional environment of Natal / RN

  • Advisor : HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • JOSYANNE PINTO GIESTA
  • Data: Jul 31, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • Among the digital technologies used in the architecture design process, BIM stands out. According to Kowaltowski et al. (2013), BIM brings the idea of an integrated project practice from the early stages of design. The various designers involved in the project participate in a collaborative way from the beginning of design, making the projects compatible in a single model. In spite of studies on the use of BIM in Brazil, it is necessary to advance in research on the subject, such as studies that reflect the current dynamics of the collaborative process and the integration of disciplines with the aid of BIM technologies between architecture and engineering. In this perspective, the overall objective of this work is to characterize collaborative processes aimed at the integration of projects, resulting from the implementation of BIM technologies in Natal/RN architecture offices, while the specific objectives are: to conceptually understand BIM technology, collaborative processes and integration of architectural and complementary projects; to raise and understand collaborative processes aimed at integrating projects using BIM technology between architecture and engineering offices, taking into consideration the international, national and Natal/RN contexts; identify categories of collaborative processes that aim to integrate projects, considering the cases analyzed; and explore the professional environment of use of BIM in Natal and in the state of Rio Grande do Norte (RN). Considering the objectives listed, the research is exploratory. As methodological procedures, the study of multiples of collaborative design processes between architecture and engineering offices, based on semi-structured interviews, was carried out, and content analysis was carried out, according to Bardin (2011). Parallel to the study of multicasos, an online consultation was done through an electronic form with the architects of the RN in order to understand the use of BIM in the design process. The results show that, in relation to the analyzed cases, Natal-RN presents two scenarios of collaboration: in the first, the complementary projects are modeled from links with the architecture proposal, and then the interference is verified, which does not are performed automatically with specific revision tool, but in the modeling software itself based on visual observation. In this scenario there is greater possibility of data inconsistency and redundancy. In the second scenario, the collaborative process, although presenting similarities to the previous one, regarding the modeling process and the professionals involved, the use of specific coordination and revision tools during the integration of the disciplines contributes to the reduction of data inconsistencies. Considering the online consultation the results indicate that approximately two-thirds of RN architects still use CAD applications in the design process. However, most intend to use BIM tools, which is a growing trend in the use of BIM in Natal-RN. Thus, from the results, it is concluded that there is a need for advances in the professional environment of Natal-RN regarding the use of BIM, both in the use of the technological resources that enhance the collaborative processes of the offices, and in the project practices aimed at collaboration with the help of BIM.

15
  • MARIANA FERNANDES DE MOURA MEDEIROS
  • Influence of the correlated color temperature of the light on the performance and sensations of students in low latitude

  • Advisor : ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • GEORGE SANTOS MARINHO
  • RICARDO CARVALHO CABUS
  • Data: Jul 31, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • This research assesses the influence of correlated color temperature (CCT) of artificial light and the integration with daylighting on academic students’ performance and sensations, in warm climate in low latitude (5,84 S, 35,20 W). The issue was motivated by the fact artificial light interferes in person's circadian cycle, which regulates sleep, alert, appetite, and other conditions. Such biologic clock is related to the daylight CCT hourly changes, from yellow at sunrise and sunset, to white direct sunlight and light-blue overcast daylight. The artificial light does not to match the sun’s own color shifts throughout the day and consequently disturbs the cognitive performance, attention, visual comfort and wellbeing sense. This research questions similar effect in low latitude, with abundant daylight availability, acknowledging the fact the literature regards, majority, light conditions in medium and high latitudes. The research procedures consist in assessing performance and sensations of volunteers, academic students, through test and questionnaire, during three periods: morning, afternoon and evening. Toulouse-Piéron's Test assessed attention and perception, measuring the speed and accuracy of a simple task. A following questionnaire was applied in order to quantify the self-declared sensations of lighting comfort, attention, relaxing and environment comfort, varying from null to five scale. Three different CCT fluorescent lamps available in the market were tested in a classroom, yellowish white (3000K, warm), bright white (4000K, neutral), blueish white (6500K, cold), integrated and non integrated with daylighting during morning and afternoon. The registers were statistically analyzed using the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and ordinal logistic regression, identifying morning as the only period influenced by CCT variations. The comparison among the three periods resulted in a tendency of blueish white light (6500K, cold), mainly when integrated to daylight, improving performance and comfort, attention and relaxing. 

Thesis
1
  • RICARDO FERREIRA DE ARAÚJO
  • POETICS AND ECONOMICS IN ARCHITECTURE: from modern Brazilian architectural production to contemporaneity.

  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • NELCI TINEM
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • ANA PAULA KOURY
  • GERMANA COSTA ROCHA
  • MARCIO COTRIM CUNHA
  • Data: Jan 30, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The experience in Sérgio Ferro, Rodrigo Lefèvre and Flávio Império, from the Arquitetura Nova Group, based on the Brazilian political, cultural and artistic context of the years 1960-1970. They contributed to renewal within the modern Brazilian architectural production by the "poetic and economics in architecture”. The proposal considered the technical knowledge of the academic formation. Artigas exerts influence on the group, as well as other São Paulo architects and their constructive approaches, the political position and the experience of the worker. The objective was to propose economic solutions, low cost, the use of alternative constructive technologies, unconventional, without superfluous elements. Architecture was the result of the systematic application of economic decisions. Their experiments were pre-molding, initially employed in projects of rich residences. However, it was an innovative proposition aimed at popular housing. The poetics of the economy took a few years to appear. We find its meaning when we observe the writings and reflections of the group in the professional performance, the critique of the construction site and the political strategies for a constructive approach focused on the minimum useful, minimum constructive and minimum didactic. This work will investigate the origin of these three economic factors. Show poetics and economy, an architectural expression linked to the Brazilian modernity identified in contemporary architects of the group; and present the perspectives for a poetic and economic architecture in the contemporary world.

2
  • DÉBORA NOGUEIRA PINTO FLORÊNCIO
  • Evaluation of the sound mapping of the vehicular traffic in the city of Natal

  • Advisor : VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • LUIZ ALESSANDRO PINHEIRO DA CAMARA DE QUEIROZ
  • ELCIONE MARIA LOBATO DE MORAES
  • MARIA LYGIA ALVES DE NIEMEYER
  • Data: Feb 19, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • Sound pollution is already considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be the second largest cause of pollution in the world. In a general context, urban development was accompanied by the accelerated growth of cities and the increase in the circulation of motor vehicles, causing higher levels of noise pollution. Urban environments present complex acoustic scenarios and their studies need to consider the participation of various sound sources and their impact on the population of the city. When evaluating possible solutions, the computational models become facilitators, since they make possible quick calculations, analyzes and reports. With this feature, it is possible to know the sound pressure levels at any point in a modeled area by means of direct reading on the noise map. The research problem consisted of: in what way is the traffic noise spatialized in the road system in the municipality of Natal? For this, it is hypothesized that in the municipality of Natal / RN, the arterial and collector routes are found at sound pressure levels above those recommended by the legislation. Therefore, this research has as general objective to evaluate the quality of the sound environment and its relation with the road network in the city of Natal / RN. The methodological procedures consisted of the collection of traffic data (light and heavy vehicle flow), paving maps, gauge, densely green areas and road works. After the data collection, acoustic maps processed through the SoundPLAN® Software were elaborated and analyzed. These maps were calibrated based on quantitative acoustic measurement data in loco. When analyzing the results, it was verified that the vehicular flow follows a pattern of growth based on variables such as width and length of the track. The increase in the vehicular flow generates an increase in the sound pressure levels, and consequently almost the entire municipality is above the values recommended for comfort by the current legislation

3
  • RAFAELA SANTANA BALBI
  • The Poetics of Project: the tectonic expression of architectural projects in the final undergraduate works in Brazilian Schools of Architecture and Urbanism.
  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GERMANA COSTA ROCHA
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARCOS OSMAR FAVERO
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • Data: Apr 17, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • In this thesis, the question is if the architectural projects developed in final undergraduate works express the concern with the place, regarding the relation building-site and the choice of materials and constructive systems. In other words, what is the tectonic expression of the final undergraduate works in the framptonian sense. The thesis  subject of study is the insertion of the tectonics in the architecture projects developed in the final undergraduate works of Architecture and Urbanism schools of Brazil in the last five years. These universities were selected by their tradition in academic research and critical reflection in the area of architectural design, the recognition in teaching quality, the existence of a Post- Graduation in architecture project and the tradition in research and teaching in the area of technology. The purpose of the study is to understand how the architectural projects developed in the final undergraduate works of Architecture and Urbanism schools of  Brazil are expressed tectonically, considering the topographical and cultural dimensions of the place, especially, the importance of the constructive materiality of the architecture and the tectonic expression while Construction. The hypothesis is: a significant part of the students of the Architecture and Urbanism courses does not clearly demonstrated , in the architectural projects developed in their Graduation Final Work ,the consideration for the particularities of the site / place where the build will be placed to define the architectonic party and in the incial development of ideas. They also does not consider the cultural context before choosing materials and the constructive systems that it will be adopted. It happens , mainly because of the design culture more grounded in form and function, relegating the tectonic dimensions to a secondary plane. The research used, as a methodological procedure, the analytical and interpretative research by direct observation and analysis of the Final Work of Graduation, in the area of Architectural Design, of architecture and urbanism schools considered as reference in this field in Brazil. The work used technical procedures for multiple case studies, the approach being essentially of a qualitative nature. It has been realized that there is a disparity in the format of development of the Graduation Final Works from the schools and that this is due to the specific norms on the Final Works in which the guidelines are established for the development of the Works. In addition, it is believed that comparing what was perceived in the Graduation Final Works with the bibliography worked helped to perceive the pertinence of the analysis in these projects from the perspective of framptonian tectonics, taking into account a group of characteristics related to the implantation site that, according to the author, are essential, to the design exercise. The results obtained also allowed the confirmation of the research hypothesis.

4
  • CÍNTIA CAMILA LIBERALINO VIEGAS
  • Looking for a Historical Ambience: the perception of the historicity of the Historic Site of Natal RN

  • Advisor : RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • CARMEN MARGARIDA OLIVEIRA ALVEAL
  • ANDRÉA QUEIROZ DA SILVA FONSECA REGO
  • MARIA BERTHILDE DE BARROS LIMA E MOURA FILHA
  • Data: May 22, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The initial urban nucleus of the City of Natal, classified as Urban Historic Site by IPHAN (National Institute of Historical and Artistic Heritage), changed little its spatial configuration during most of its history, but started to undergo more significant changes since the end of the 19th century, extending into the first half of the following century, in the context of the urban modernization process that occurred in many Brazilian cities. These modifications, however, were not able to alter the strong historicist atmosphere which is both present and inherent in this nucleus, unlike subsequent modifications, still ongoing, that seem to be increasingly interfering in the perception of the historicity of the place. Having this issue as a starting point, this thesis raises the question of how the spatial changes in the Historical Site of Natal (SHN) that took place from the second half of the 20th century onwards have affected the historicity that is still part of the local ambience, as perceived by the city residents. The hypothesis put forward is that the ambience of the Historical Site of Natal is distancing itself from its historical quality, as its physical, social, economic and cultural features have been altered more intensively over the last decades. The thesis object matter is, therefore, the urban form transformations and the SHN historicity perception; its general objective is to understand the SHN historicity from the standpoint of those who live or have already lived and know the place. The research follows two theoretical and methodological paths – urban morphology and environmental perception – both of them within a historical approach. It also considers the following procedures: bibliographical and photographic analysis and the analysis of documents; morphological and architectural styles analysis (with the support of an inventory); online questionnaires containing photographs and sensitive walking itineraries taken in the SHN and noted down by the researcher in a field diary.  The results confirm the many transformations of the SHN urban form and their perception by those who took part in the survey, who regret and display dissatisfaction with the local government, seen as responsible for the problem. As a consequence of such transformations, the research participants opinions indicate that the local historicity has been threatened, even if they still feel involved in a historical ambience produced by minimal details visible on the buildings facades and on the monuments found in the public space which in some cases confuse and transmit the local cultural heritage improperly. The negative feelings are always presented in contrast with the positive ones and the materiality of the urban form is perceived better than the immaterial aspects. Such elements show the need for investment towards an effective Integrated Conservation policy for the cultural heritage of Natal.

5
  • ANDREA DE ALBUQUERQUE VIANNA
  • TOURISM, PROPAGANDA AND HERITAGE IN BRAZIL: an encounter in the light of fragments of Oswaldo Aranha's political correspondence during the Vargas Era (1930-1945).

  • Advisor : FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • DENIO SANTOS AZEVEDO
  • FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • JOVANKA BARACUHY CAVALCANTI SCOCUGLIA
  • LUDIMILLA CARVALHO SERAFIM DE OLIVEIRA
  • Data: Jul 25, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • This work, developed from a bibliographical and documentary research, adopting as a methodology Discourse Analysis, investigates the relation between Tourism, Propaganda and Heritage and the Federal Government, during the government of Getúlio Vargas (1930 to 1945) in Brazil, with the purpose of identifying the use of these three areas as tools of political and ideological support for the group in power by the time. Based on selected letters from Oswaldo Aranha's political correspondence archive, available at the Access database of the Center for Research and Documentation of Contemporary History of Brazil (Centro para Pesquisa e Documentação de História Contemporânea do Brasil - CPDOC), School of Social Sciences of the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (Escola de Ciências Sociais da Fundação Getúlio Vargas - FGV), an overview of interlacing of the triad Tourism-Propaganda-Patrimony with the political purposes of Getúlio Vargas in that period. The development of tourism was observed from the evolution of the means of transport, whose expansion is connected to the arrival of foreign airlines in Brazil, especially the German and North American. The advertising resources used to publicize Brazil abroad were the aid for publishing books (English and Spanish) and magazines (English) distributed only internationally, participation in international events, organization of art exhibitions, opening of information agencies, tourism and advertising agencies, Brazilian commercial agencies abroad. Also in this item, the Department of Press and Propaganda – (Departamento de Imprensa e Propaganda - DIP) in the control of internal advertising, events and tourism, stands out. In the field of Heritage, there was a perceive of a national identity that could be adopted as the essence of Brazilian and, furthermore, could unite them, but its use to meet the public and several objectives: internally, should meet to the hegemonic groups - the elites - and to the working population; externally it should arouse the interest of businessmen, investors, politicians and the US population itself, presenting Brazil as a country whose history goes beyond indigenous tribes, blacks, favelas and mocambos. In this topic, the classification of Ouro Preto as a national monument, the creation of SPHAN and its purpose of defense of the national urban-architectural patrimony are examined. The bibliography reflects the intentions of build a positive image of Brazil, and its governor, aiming to gain international confidence, from its rulers until the population in general, as a way to obtain financial resources and political support to guarantee the country's economic growth and security.

6
  • CAMILA FURUKAVA
  • GREEN UNDER GRAY: tensions and transformations in EPZ 9 under the road project of Moema Tinoco da Cunha Lima Avenue, Natal / RN 

  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • LUCIANA ANDRADE DOS PASSOS
  • SILVANA FERRACCIU MAMERI
  • Data: Jul 26, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis approached the theme of the socioenvironmental attributes of environmental protection zones which affect and are affected by road projects inserted in metropolitan dynamics. The motivation for this work came from observing recurring occupations in environmental protection zones (EPZs) by road projects, which implied in the suppression of relevant socioenvironmental attributes. More precisely, it was identified in the 2000s that the EPZ 9, located in the northern zone of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, when receiving fractions of the road project for the Moema Tinoco da Cunha Lima avenue, with metropolitan incidencies, generated many socioenvironmental conflicts with potential to compromise the objectives of its protection. In the face of this problem, it was questioned: how were the socioenvironmental attributes considered in instruments of urban planning and in road projects which had some kind of incidence over environmental protection zones? It was assumed that, even though advances were observed in the protection of EPZs in the scope of territorial planning, the socioenvironmental attributes of these zones were not taken in consideration regarding their urbanistic dimension, with their specific aspects at road project level, nor their respective effects in the process of sociospatial transformations impulsed by the reffered project being taken into consideration. This resulted in the compromising of the protection objectives of those EPZs and the success of implementing urban mobility projects. Considering what was exposed, the object of study of this thesis was delimited by the socioenvironmental attributes of the EPZ 9 related to the strokes of the road project, legal framework and urban dynamic. The objective was to comprehend the approach towards the socioenvironmental attributes of the EPZ 9 in the road project of the Moema Tinoco avenue, starting from the urbanistic dimension of the road project, urban and environmental legislation and the transformations in soil occupation and use in the EPZ 9. In the theoretic-methodological field, the main references are the studies of Raquel Tardin (2008), as to support the analysis of the socioenvironmental attributes, and Jan Gehl (2013) as a basis for the analysis of the road project in its human dimension. Both analyze the space from the relation between man and nature. This thesis is structured in three chapters and a conclusion. The first chapter shows the theoretic-methodological  references which lay foundation for its analysis. The second shows the characterization of the socioenvironmental attributes and the process of the social recognition of the EPZ 9. The third chapter approaches the road project over the EPZ 9, discuting notoriously the effects and tendecies in the transformation of the use and occupation of the soil in the EPZ 9, influenced by the road project. Lastly, the conclusion shows that, even in the face of the advances in the protection of EPZs in the scope of territorial planning, the socioenvironmental attributes are still not being recognized enough in the conception of road projects, weakening both environmental protection and the functioning of road projects. 

7
  • ANA GOMES NEGRÃO
  • Pineapple leaf fiber composite pineapple and vegetable resin for use in architecture

  • Advisor : EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • EDVALDO AMARO SANTOS CORREIA
  • LUCINEIDE BALBINO DA SILVA
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARCOS SILVA DE AQUINO
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Jul 27, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • Nowadays is possible to observe the return of research, even in national or international context, that seeks alternative materials instead conventional ones, in industrial uses, with emphasis in biomass residue, as fibers and vegetal resin, looking to minimize the problems caused to natural environment and to substitute harmful products to human been. This research aims to produce composite materials with pineapple leaf fiber, designed in this work as PALF, and bi-component polyurethane derived from Castor Oil, destined to architectonical components and furniture production. Brazil is one of the biggest world producers and exporter of pineapple, and the states of Paraíba and Rio Grande do Norte are the largest producers in the country. So, to develop this work, the research was organized in three steps: Step I – Analysis of theoretical and documental contend related to study theme, and systematization and analysis of collected material; Step II – Experimental procedure: composite modelling and essay; Step III – Use viability analysis of composites to architectonical components manufacture. To produce these composites was tested four fiber concentrations variations, 0%, 15%, 30% and 40%. After modelling process, that was done by compression at room temperature, the physical essays was accomplished – humidity content, water absorption, and thickness grow; mechanical essays – flexion, tension, and impact – and thermal analysis – TGA/DTA. As results, must be said that the values increases when considered the PALF concentrations in composites, so, composites with bigger quantity of fibers shows better mechanical resistance, however, higher humidity content, water absorption and thickness grow. The results of mechanical essays are above of the minimal standards defined by technical specifications used, and very similar of the correlates researches; the physical essays comply with these standards mentioned. The composites varies from 610 kg/m3 to 800 kg/m3, showing to be possible to classify as composites panels, as standard ANSI A208.1/2006. The panels made with concentrations of 30% and 40% of PALF was the most appropriate for use in architecture. The parametrical modelling shows itself important to emphasize the possibility of the use of composite panels from PALF and Castor Oil to manufacture architectonical components and furniture, confirming the coherence of the comparative analysis between physical and mechanical results, the actual standards in national and international scenery for composites panels. Must be highlighted the extend of related researches with the develop of new technologies and alternative materials, aiming architectural and engineering applications.

8
  • HUDA ANDRADE SILVA DE LIMA
  • INCORPORATING THE FUNCTIONAL METROPOLE: the private residential real estate production in Natal and the surrounding cities, from 2011 to 2016.

  • Advisor : ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • LUIZ ALESSANDRO PINHEIRO DA CAMARA DE QUEIROZ
  • MARIA BEATRIZ CRUZ RUFINO
  • NORMA LACERDA GONÇALVES
  • Data: Aug 8, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The places away from the intense dynamic real estate of Metropolitan Region of Natal (RMN)/ Brazil – as the municipalities of Parnamirim, São Gonçalo do Amarante, Macaíba and Extremoz – reveal transformations of the rural (or semi rural) land in urban from the spreading from the spreading of the supply of new plots, houses and apartments; consolidating standards of expansion of the periphery and of the increase in the stock of residential real estate in occupations with no qualification of urban equipment, urban infrastructure networks and services compatible with user demand. In regions with intense verticalization process by the center city of Natal and their localities bordering the municipalities referred to above – in parts of overflow between them – intensifying the population density and overloading the infrastructure/ urban services system. In the last 15 years, the resulting design of the action of real estate agents - builders, investors, users and public authorities – strengthens and repercussions on the occupation of urban land for new residential real estate enterprise of RMN and generates the debate on the issue: how do the recent actions of real estate agents lead and concretize the locational decisions of the incorporators involved in the arrangement of the mass production process of domiciles from Functional Metropolis (MF) of Natal – composed of the municipalities of Natal, Parnamirim, São Gonçalo do Amarante, Extremoz e Macaíba – between the years 2011 and 2016? Therefore, the general objective is to understand the current participation of the real estate business dynamics in the socio-spatial configuration of Metropolitan Area of Natal, capital of Rio Grande do Norte. To achieve this purpose, part of the analysis of empirical data collected in Incorporation Register – registered between years from 2011 to 2016, of the cities mentioned – , such as those related to the characterization of the enterprises; of the incorporator; of the legal structure of real estate incorporation; and, of financial agents. From the theoretical-methodological contributions, it is evident that the quantification of supply of residential enterprises structure the MF by accented rhythms in Parnamirim and São Gonçalo do Amarante and the tendency of urban expansion with territorial discontinuity toward Macaíba. The general panorama is of pattern repetitions of land prices and of offer and of billing of incorporators according to the localization of the enterprises in the territory. The research supports the argument that the closer it gets to the real estate-tourist axis of MF – seafront and South and East Zones of the city of Natal – the incorporators invest large financial resources e and reach high profit rates.

     

9
  • MIRIAM DE FARIAS PANET
  • A COMFORTABLE FUTURE: predictive modeling of the thermal sensation of elderly people in the semiarid region of Paraíba.

  • Advisor : VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • JULIANA MARIA GAZZOLA
  • ANTÔNIO SOUTO COUTINHO
  • LEONARDO MARQUES MONTEIRO
  • Data: Nov 23, 2018


  • Show Abstract
  • The thermal sensation of elderly people in their home environment has not been explored much in Brazil. Most studies focus on the thermal comfort of young people. However, the number of elderly people is growing in many countries, and in Brazil this population is estimated to more than triple by 2050 in relation to 2010, which will mean 29.75% of the entire Brazilian population. The ageing of the human body entails a number of physiological changes that impair the body's thermal regulation mechanisms and exert a negative influence over the individual's thermal sensation. In hot climates regions, extreme heat may have an impact on the health of this population, who are exposed to aggravating risks of hyperthermia and dehydration. Our objective is to build a predictive model to determine the index of thermal comfort for the elderly in a hot climate zone, taking into account their perception of weather variations in the city of Campina Grande city, situated in Paraíba State, Brazil. For that purpose, an experimental study was carried out between April and December 2016 with 340 not bedridden, healthy people aged over 60 inside their homes, in the subject city located in the semi-arid region of the State of Paraíba.  The analytical study was based on inferential statistical analyses, and the responses of the sample units (elderly people) to thermal sensation categories (hot, comfortable and cold) were transformed in Probit estimations to elaborate thermal sensation graphs and determine thermal comfort parameters. Then, by applying the statistical technique of multivariate analysis (canonical correlation analysis) the thermal comfort index for elderly people (TCIEP) was determined. The results confirmed the hypothesis that elderly people are more sensitive to cold and more tolerant to heat in hot climate regions.  Finally, it was concluded that the TCIEP represents, with a 95% confidence level, the thermal sensation behavior of elderly people in the city of Campina Grande.

2017
Dissertations
1
  • TAMÁRIS DA COSTA BRASILEIRO MENESES
  • Sound mapping: Study of urban noise in Castelo Branco neighborhood in João Pessoa/ PB.

  • Advisor : BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • ELCIONE MARIA LOBATO DE MORAES
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Jan 25, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The sound sources propagated in the urban space, in particular the noise generated by automotive vehicles, have raised the levels of noise pollution in big cities. For the evaluation and control of the environmental noise, sound maps have appeared, which allows to represent, through the isophonic curves, the sound pressure levels active in the urban space. In this context, the present study aims to evaluate the noise impact caused by traffic noise in the Castelo Branco neighborhood, in João Pessoa / PB, through computational simulations in SoundPLAN® software. Three different sound situations were analyzed: current scenario in the vacation period, current scenario in the class period and hypothetical scenario of prediction for the year 2026. Three different sound situations were analyzed: current scenario in the vacation period, current scenario in the class period and hypothetical scenario of prediction for the year 2026. As a result, it was observed that the neighborhood is fragmented into two acoustic areas: the first one, with smoother noise levels, is represented by the UFPB campus; The second one, with more intense sound levels, it is the area of predominantly residential use. The resulting sound levels in the three scenarios during the day and night periods are above the values recommended by the legislation. There was little sound difference between the current holiday and classroom settings. The urban morphology of the neighborhood, especially the dense vegetation and the accentuated topographic differences, plays an important role of sound attenuation. The urban noise critical points, in Castelo Branco, reaching 83dB (A), are found on the edges of the BR 230 highway, in the rotations and in the arterial ways.

2
  • BARBARA GONDIM LAMBERT MOREIRA
  • Beautiful Panoramas, Imaginary Nuances: the nineteenth-century city of the northern provinces in the work of Charles Landseer and William Burchell (1825-1830)

  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • PAULO JOSE LISBOA NOBRE
  • JOSE TAVARES CORREIA DE LIRA
  • Data: Jan 30, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The representation of the Brazilian landscape of the early nineteenth century set up as an important issue for the construction of imagery identity of the empire; inserted in this iconographic corpus, there is the production of European travelers who, under the most distinctive insignia, reported to pen and ink, watercolors and inks, changes in the colony just heave the seat condition of the Portuguese Empire. This pictorial production helped in the construction of what is as Brazilian urban landscape of the nineteenth century, permeated the studies and has been consolidated and legitimized by historiography during the first half of the twentieth century. This thesis aims to analyze the iconographic representations of the urban landscape of the provinces of Pernambuco, Bahia and the Grand Para held in the first quarter of the nineteenth century by two English travelers: William John Burchell and Charles Landseer. It is intended to observe the perspectives that open from reading the handlings of these images offer the glimpse of a different approach for interpreting the complex picture of the urban landscape of Brazilian towns and cities in the first half of the nineteenth century. Members of the Diplomatic English Mission, headed by Sir Charles Stuart, whose goal was the negotiation of the recognition by Portugal of the recent Brazilian Empire, were designed to depict and document the path on Brazilian soil of the entourage. The analysis was based on the literature review, focusing on questioning the iconographic material produced by Burchell and Landseer as a historiographical source on the subject and analysis of iconography selected through formal and interpretative reading. The iconographic material reveals historical transformations experienced by the society to which it belongs; however, there is more in this speech: works of art are not mirror, give us aspects of reality from stratagems: either shifting or blurring elements, now resizing aspects of the real. documentary character of investees from its production, the work of two travelers on urban landscapes of the provinces proved to be permeated by figurative schemes whose job adds layers of meaning still little explored.

3
  • RAFAEL OLIVEIRA FERNANDES
  • DESEN.P.A.C.A. – Development of architectural programming of environmental comfort: an academic experience using board game.

  • Advisor : BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MARCELLA SAVIOLI DELIBERADOR
  • Data: Mar 13, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The development of new products and technologies and the emergence of new environmental, economic and social demands, buildings and buildings systems are even more complexes and the designers even more interested in understanding the conception of it. This control is more effective at the initial phase of the process of project design, where the changes have less costs of time, resulting in better solutions. Then, an clear understanding of activities, problems, need and project requirements involved at this phase is required by the designer, avoiding confusion, mistakes and misunderstandings. In order to help this control, there are methods such as “architecture programing”, that provides to designers a systematic overview above the real problems involved in the conception of designed spaces, concern that should be introduced to professionals during their professional formation. Among all the complexity involved in project design, the present work focuses on factors of environmental comfort from external areas of buildings. The gamification techniques were used as an efficient training approach, by integrating games concepts to transform the activities more fun and engaged. In this perspective, this work aims to develop a game as a teaching tool for architecture based on architectural programming. The game was designed as a board game, with the main objective to training the students about project guidelines definition of environmental comfort by the crossed analysis of thermal, lighting and acoustic comfort. The game enabled to introduce a different dynamic at the classroom, engaging the students in teamwork and providing them an overview of the real problems of environmental comfort to be solved during the design of building projects. 

4
  • LAURA BARROS GARCIA HERNANDES
  • THE GAP BETWEEN DESIGNED AND BUILT:

    AN ANALYSIS ON CHANGES OF THE ARCHITECTURAL PLANS OF UFRN'S CENTRAL CAMPUS, DURING EXECUTION PROCESS (2008 - 2016)

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MÔNICA SANTOS SALGADO
  • Data: Apr 28, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The architectural design and its guidelines are not always faithfully executed. Through observations based on practical field of the profession, it was noted that there are often changes in executive architectural designs during the stage of construction. Often, such changes cause many obstacles, such as: change of complementary projects for compliance with the new architecture, interrupting execution until the final resolution of the design, material waste, extra work of hand labor, execution contractual amendments, among others. Thus, we formulate the issue: Why are executive architectural designs often modified during execution stages, especially in the public sector, and what factors are responsible for these changes? As a possible answer to this question, a hypothesis has been formulated that technical order, financial and temporal factors, generally related to the management of the design process, explain the reasons why executive architectural designs are modified during construction. The central campus of UFRN, located in Natal, was chosen as spatial area cutout by the amount and diversity of new buildings, REUNI’s resources (Restructuring and Expansion of Federal Universities) have intensified the expansion of the physical infrastructure of the university since 2008. The time frame (2008-2016) was defined according to the types of worksites found in this period, elaborated and modified architectural designs in construction, excluding projects later modified (remodeling). During the analysis, developed based on the literature concerning the matter, on data provided in interviews with professionals involved in the development of architectural design and construction of buildings and also by comparing the executive architectural design with the as built project, it was possible to identify the main factors causing changes in architectural designs, occurred during construction, allowing confirmation of the research hypothesis.

5
  • CAMILA BEZERRA NOBRE DE MEDEIROS
  • Between the rural and the urban: Gramorezinho’s AEIS socioenvironmental relations and implications for its regulation

  • Advisor : RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • DORALICE SÁTYRO MAIA
  • Data: Jul 19, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • One of the many impacts of the global urbanization process is the urban fabric the spreading above rural areas, not only on its territorial dimension, but also through values and habits related to the urban way of life. However, rurality islands have survived inside or along cities and the recent debates about the role of Urban and Periurban Agriculture (UPA) has reinforced the permanence of spaces devoted to this activity inside or next to cities, aiming the promotion of social and spatial justice, the protection of the natural environment or the improvement of quality of life inside cities. This research studies an area called Gramorezinho, which has rural characteristics inside the urban limits of Natal. Gramorezinho was defined as an Especial Area of Social Interest (AEIS) by Natal’s masterplan of 2007, although this area was not delimeted nor regulated. This research is driven by the following question: which are the socioeconomical and physical-environmental specificities of Gramorezinho that base its effectuation as an AEIS of Food Safety according to Natal’s Masterplan? Its main objective is to comprehend the Food Security Areas inside Natal’s Masterplan, through the analysis of Gramorezinho’s context, aiming to establish guidelines to its regulation.  

6
  • JANYFFER CAVALCANTE DE MORAIS
  • Beautiful Panoramas, Imaginary Nuances: the nineteenth-century city of the northern provinces in the work of Charles Landseer and William Burchell (1825-1830)

  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • CRISTINA DE CAMPOS
  • Data: Jul 27, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • During the passage from the nineteenth to the twentieth century, changes in society evidently had repercussions on the landscape, with overpopulation and insalubrity. In this context, there is a need to rethink urban structures, which leads to the emergence of several professionals concerned with the production of new techniques in the social and cultural context to overcome the challenges of the expansion of urban areas. One of these professionals, the engineer Francisco Saturnino de Brito (1864-1929) stood out for his performance in Plans of Sanitation, Improvement and Expansion for several Brazilian cities, contributing to significant changes in national urban thinking, regarding the propagation of good hygienic practices accessible to the community and facing problems such as the need for sanitation, the aggravation of urban problems and the urgency of expanding cities. Among the plans elaborated by Saturnino de Brito's Office, the General Work Plan for Natal, RN (1935-1939) stands out in bringing the design of parks surrounding sanitary equipment, such as reservoirs and lift stations. The association between sanitation structures and public parks, however, is something that has been around for some time, as can be seen in Olmsted projects in the United States, such as Central Park and Emerald Necklace. Interest in this type of association has been salvaged in recent projects. Given the contemporary resumption of the association between sanitary equipment and urban parks, it seems fundamental to understand the genesis of this type of relationship. The objective of this dissertation is to understand the role of the association between sanitary equipments and parks in the urban planning projects of the Saturnino de Brito Office of the early twentieth century for some Brazilian cities, focusing on Natal. For this study we propose the analysis of concrete cases, choosing the work of the Saturnino de Brito Office for some cities in the Northeast of Brazil: Natal (RN), Recife (PE) and João Pessoa (PB).

7
  • MARCELA DE MELO GERMANO DA SILVA JANKOVIC
  • SUSTAINABILITY MULTICRITERIA ANALYSIS APPLIED TO THE DESIGN PROCESS OF A LOW IMPACT HOUSE IN HOT AND HUMID CLIMATE 

  • Advisor : SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • SERGIO FERNANDO TAVARES
  • Data: Jul 28, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The low environmental impact dwelling represents in terms of the concept the minimum use of the naturally non-renewable resources, such as both fossil materials and oils, low production and waste of garbage, maximum environmental quality, and improved thermic performances, acoustic and luminous. The objective is to reduce the use of energy and resource through its more rational use emphasizing the concept of the buildings of the lower environmental impact a better energy efficiency, through public policies, use of new technologies as well as investing in the researches. In the conception of the projects with emphasizes on the low environmental impact, the process of the project is essential for the orientation and integration of the technical, environmental, social and economic aspects. The selection of the strategies used in a project, construction materials, solutions for the efficient use of water and energy must be approached as a problem of the multi-criteria decision. In this context, two main thematic of the research development appear, the relation between low environmental impact buildings and the Integrated Project Process through the multicriteria analysis of the sustainability. The approached theme will give a great contribution to the analysis of the low environmental impact dwellings in hot and humid climate focusing on the city of Natal, the integrated project process and its potential of application having the lowest possible environmental impact as a goal. The aim of this study is to analyze the conception process and performance architectural solutions employees in the project process of a low environmental impact dwelling of a low scale in hot and humid climate. The methodological procedures of the bibliographic research and the study of the case were adopted, from a multicriteria approach of the sustainability as well as a systematic of integration with the project phases. Posteriorly, multicriteria we applied on the study of the case. The analysis of the application of the multicriteria contributed to the elaboration of the project recommendations and the viability and potentials of the process as well as the applied strategies.

Thesis
1
  • FREDERICO AUGUSTO LUNA TAVARES
  • A DEVIATION TRAJECTORY. THE PROFESSIONAL JOURNEY OF ARIALDO PINHO BETWEEN NATAL AND FORTALEZA

  • Advisor : ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • FERNANDO ATIQUE
  • MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO
  • WANI FERNANDES PEREIRA
  • Data: Jan 30, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • A significant part of the architectural production of the 1950s and 1960s has being destroyed in Natal, reaching not only the building collection, but also bringing with it reminiscences of that time, including the authors of these projects, which were often not even mentioned or recognized in academic studies. Among those professionals with different formations and provenances, came up, in the restless search for the register of the still existing, Arialdo Pinho. Born in Rio de Janeiro, with the mastery of work technique and significant cultural contribution, on the edge of formal education, he arrives in Natal in 1951 and becomes an important reference of the residential modernist school. In 1958, already in Fortaleza-CE, continues the conquered potential in the light of his intellectual functions and to the narrow social relations. By supporting the gaps related to these circumstances, one wonders: how can the personal, intellectual and professional course of Arialdo Pinho materialized in the ventures of the two cities can be apprehended in the historiographical construction of edified cultural goods? It is believed, thus, that the moment was favorable for the execution of his projects in these capitals, which experienced the insufficiency of professionals with higher education, and whose clients composed by the elite, now demanded a differentiated architecture. In this perceptive outline, it is configured as starting point the trajectories and the professional vicissitudes and the knowledge and record of the architecture practice. It is intended, then, to understand the distinction of the paths traced by the professional Arialdo Pinho in his work between Natal and Fortaleza, contributing to the construction of a tool that condenses the information and at the same time stimulate and publicize new reflections about the architectural history of the city. To embrace these nuances, the theoretical contributions were based on the contributions concerning memory, patrimony and audiovisual. The static collections experienced by the use of the devices in the field experience resulted in the encounter with Arialdo Pinho and in the unfolding of his trajectory. The empirical experience manifested the documentary "Arialdo Pinho: A nonviable trajectory" as a material product, in free argumentative creation, of the thesis. Of these forgotten private paths, often neglected by specialized literature, it was evidenced a little understood and explored portrait of the incursions of the practice of the architecture and, therefore, of the history of the cities.

2
  • MONICA MARIA FERNANDES DE LIMA
  • FOLDING AND REFOLD: an exploratory study of paper folding in the aid of the visualization and the conception of the architectural form.

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • GLAUCE LILIAN ALVES DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • AMELIA DE FARIAS PANET BARROS
  • RAFAEL ANTONIO CUNHA PERRONE
  • Data: May 29, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • In contemporary university education, learning must be experienced as the result of a process of continuous construction, in which learning occurs through dynamic search processes, and is acquired in an integrated way. The present thesis is based on the fact that a significant part of the students enters Architecture and Urbanism courses in general and, especially in UFRN, with difficulties of formal and spatial perception, a fact that has made impaired learning of the architectural project. Thus, to optimize the teaching / learning relationship, we argue that such a subject should be debated in an integrated way to other curricular components, especially associating geometry teaching with that of design, and using methods / techniques consistent with contemporary advances in the area. In order to find ways that could facilitate the development of visualization and the formal conception of the students, the object of study of this thesis was the use of paper folding techniques as a tool to aid the development of these skills in the first year of the architecture course and urbanism. Question: How do applied geometries, more specifically the folding techniques, influence the visualization and the formal conception? And how to use it to provide a better integration of the contents of the area of representation and language and architecture project in the first year of the course? It is hypothesized that, 1) the folding techniques are instruments capable of collaborating with the apprehension of the knowledge of geometry and promote the development of skills related to the visualization and conception of the form; 2) the application of exercises based on these techniques to students of the first year of the course, will be fundamental for the development of these skills. The general objective was to understand the insertion of new geometry instruments applied to formal design activities at the beginning of the course, pointing out elements for the integration of content between the Representation and Language and Architecture Design areas. To support this objective, three specific objectives were established: 1. To verify the effectiveness of the use of folding techniques in the development of formal visualization; 2. To verify the effectiveness of the use of folding techniques in the development of the formal design of architectural objects; 3. Establish recommendations for the improvement of teaching in this field that may subsidize the creation or reformulation of relevant curricular components. Besides the bibliographic research, the method to reach the proposed objectives involved the accomplishment of didactic experiences with undergraduate students in AU. Paper Folding techniques were used in these workshops; Surface Development; Origami and tessellation, fold creating repeating patterns that can be used in formal design. It was verified the potential of the fold as a tool of conception, since it allowed: the exploration of the concept of continuity and complexity; Favoring the creation process; The vitalization of geometry, and the optimization of the teaching / learning relationship. The results of the empirical study indicated the potentiality of the use of the paper model; They pointed out the workshops as experiences capable of favoring the conception processes. Besides these factors, it was possible to perceive the presence of mimicry and geometry in the initial moments of the design of the form, through an integration exercise, defined by the methodology. These results supported the recommendations for the teaching of architectural design focused on the initial periods.

3
  • BRUNA RAMALHO SARMENTO
  • The environmental quality of open spaces on the campuses: A study at UFPB and UFRN from the perspective of Post-Occupancy Assessment

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • PAULO JOSE LISBOA NOBRE
  • ANGELINA DIAS LEAO COSTA
  • GLAUCO DE PAULA COCOZZA
  • Data: Jun 20, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The campuses of Brazilian Federal Institutions of Higher Education (IFES) thrive from the decade of 1960/70, developed slowly during the second half of the XX century and, in the last decade, have undergone intense changes in the physical structure, which may affect their environmental quality (QA) and, consequently, the quality of life (QV) of the population. Considering this issue, the thesis took as the subject of study the relationship between users and open space system (SEL) in the Northeast region of Brazil, working specifically with two institutions: the Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB) and the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). An initial look at the IFES produced the starting question that led to this research: Does SEL of the central campuses of these IFES offer QA and, consequently, QV to its users? Responding to this question, the hypotheses worked were: a) After more than 50 years of building the campuses, a growing occupation with which the SEL of the IFES presents few and dispersed ELs; b) The QA of SEL of the IFES campuses surveyed does not offer features that contribute to users' QV; c) The QA of SEL of the IFES does not answer to the yearnings of the users, offering ELs that are not attractive to the community. In order to undertake this discussion, the general objective of the study was to understand the SEL of two Federal Universities in the Brazilian Northeast (UFPB and UFRN), to establish guidelines to contribute to your QA. By subsidizing research, were established space clippings: the Campus I UFPB and the Campus Center UFRN, with respect to which five specific objectives were delimited: with regard to five specific objectives were defined: a) Verify how was the space occupation of the campuses under study and their remaining ELs; b) Characterize the existing SEL, the current use and potentialities; c) Analyze environmental dimensions for the maintenance of SEL QA; d) Identify the users' understanding of the SELs of the IFES researched, in order to assess the suitability of these spaces for their needs/aspirations; e) Draw system-ranking guidelines. In this context, the research methodologically corresponded to a multiple case study, using as a research strategy the Post-occupation evaluation carried out through a multi-method approach, which, in addition to the generation of a vast diagnosis, promoted a reflection on SEL in a university environment. The results obtained showed that, in the two investigated institutions, the number of ELs is considerable, however, their QA is questionable, so that some of them are not perceived and, consequently, used by the community. The SEL ordering guidelines on university campuses, with a view to promoting SEL QA and QV of users, prioritize Environmental, Security, Mobility and Support Services dimensions.

4
  • RENATO DE MEDEIROS
  • Between the design and the architectural work: the constructive question in the teaching-learning process in two institutions of education of architecture.

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • MARIA LUIZA MACEDO XAVIER DE FREITAS
  • NAIA ALBAN SUAREZ
  • Data: Jun 26, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis aims at the conception of the architectural design in the teaching and its integration with the technological-constructive content, considering the importance of understanding the materialization of the architectural artifact from the initial phases of the design. The empirical observations that gave rise to the research were confirmed by the scientific literature that points to a situation of distancing between the disciplines of architectural design, its processes and products, and the content of the disciplines of construction technology. The main objective is to understand the insertion of the knowledge coming from the disciplines of construction technology in the teaching of architectural design to promote a better integration of contents and generate greater reflection in the design process. At the primary collection level, case studies were carried out with structured observation in design teaching workshops of two education institutions, one in Brazil, the other in Portugal, as well as two didactic experiences. In the classroom, the studies demonstrated the importance of didactic planning and clarity of the definition of goals to be achieved. The didactic experiences, in turn, even with their differences in format, demonstrated with the proposed direction, that it was possible to achieve the objective of making the participating students reflect on the constructive issues in the design process, which demonstrated the importance of the stimulus of the instructor. At the same time, the results also expressed that the student, due to his own autonomy, cannot be seen as mere receiver, configuring himself as an active agent of the teaching-learning process. The work is finished with indications for the teaching of architecture and design, in order to collaborate with the discussions on a teaching capable of generating critical reflection and better integration between the project and the tectonic issues in the project and contribute to minimize the problem detected.

5
  • GABRIEL LEOPOLDINO PAULO DE MEDEIROS
  • The interconnected city: Urban legislation, transport and road systems and land ownership in Natal (1892-1930)

  • Advisor : ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • DORALICE SÁTYRO MAIA
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • HELDER DO NASCIMENTO VIANA
  • PEDRO ALBERTO NOVO LÓPEZ
  • Data: Jul 18, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • During the first decades of the twentieth century, in Natal, several technical networks were consolidated, among them, public transportation, like the trolley lines. The city also expanded its routes - and thus its urban land supply – because of the foundation of new neighborhoods and later intervention plans, opening new streets and redefining urban boundaries. This modernization process revealed different articulators of the urban production, which intervened on the definition of urban planning legislation during the Old Republic (1889-1930). These individuals, or groups of individuals, acted through the development of urban areas, as holders of the useful domain of large fractions of land in the capital of the state. In this context, the question arises: in which way is the structuring of the roads network and urban transport related to the process of concentration of land tenure in Natal in this period? We start from the hypothesis that these structures contributed to the materialization of land concentration patterns, through the action of several social agents - mostly, from the political and commercial-mercantile spheres - regularized by urban planning legislation. That is, these patterns were intrinsically related to the dynamic configuration of the road network and urban transport. The main objective of this analysis is to understand the role played by road technical networks in the constitution of the emerging urban land structure. The aim is to contribute not only to a historical perspective, but also to the understanding of the contemporary city, mapping the forms of urban structure favored by the historical process and its continuities. It was also sought to deepen the study of the gears and strategies used by the various agents. We used as primary sources of information the Letters of Empowerment of the Municipality of Natal (1903-1930), Acts, Decrees and Messages of the Government of the Province and of the State, Reports and Resolutions of the Municipality of Natal and the Almanak Laemmert, moreover the cartography from that time. The results of the research allowed the construction of a periodization that evidences definitions in the road as determinants of the first disposition of land tenure patterns. Subsequently, these standards attract investment in transport infrastructure and paving. Consequently, this attraction establishes differentiated valuations in the different urban fractions, which, in turn, capture new investments. In this way, this relationship is dialectical, cyclical and goes over time defining hierarchical values of access to land in the intra-urban context. The process of defining urban legislation, intermunicipal limits and the emphiteusis, allowed political agents, linked to mercantile-commercial capital, to increase their investments in the acquisition of a useful domain of large parcels of land in the municipality of Natal. The concentration of these patterns of large areas (over 1 hectare) along the study cut (1892-1930) showed that at the beginning of the 1930s, about 22% of the area of Natal's territorial heritage (3,000 hectares) had been granted in emphiteusis.

6
  • NELIZA MARIA E SILVA ROMCY
  • Parametric design and design education: Proposition of methodological guidelines, considering curricular strategies and the design studio.

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • DANIEL RIBEIRO CARDOSO
  • FERNANDO JOSE DE MEDEIROS COSTA
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARIA GABRIELA CAFFARENA CELANI
  • Data: Sep 18, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The generating potential of digital tools and advances in manufacturing are introducing new opportunities in design process. However, considering the national scenario, the reflection of these tools and processes is still not widely identified in design teaching / learning, in architecture and product design courses. In this context, the present research selected parametric modeling as the discussed digital tool, due to gaps in knowledge and because it is one of the technological foundations of other systems, such as Building Information Modeling. The research problem is: “How to introduce in design education the use of digital processes and tools that consider objects based on their parameters?” The use of parametric models is characterized by programming the dependencies between components through variables (parameters), focusing on the construction rules and relationships. Unlike a static three-dimensional model, a parametric model is a dynamic system of relationships between objects. Although parametric modeling is related to the use of digital media, design and representation of objects based on their parameters emphasizes the understanding of the interaction between parts and their emerging potential, which characterizes the parametric design. Based on premises that indicate that the research question is related to "systems thinking", "reflective practice in teaching" and "problem-based learning", the following hypothesis was established: considering that parametric design demands from designers both general skills from any design process as well as skills specific to the parametric approach, its introduction into teaching extrapolates the scope of a single discipline. Thus, it must be thought from a systemic point of view and include both curriculum frameworks and the studio model in an integrated approach. The study object comprises possible relations between parametric design and design education. The overall objective of the research is to understand the specificities of parametric design, supported by systems thinking, and propose new methodological guidelines for the application of its tools and processes in design education, in architecture and product design courses, considering disciplines and curriculum frameworks. Specific objectives include: 1. analyze the specificities of parametric design, considering systems thinking; 2. analyze the specificities of design education, in architecture and product design courses; 3. characterize the current scenario of parametric modeling in national education, with an emphasis on design disciplines, in order to identify best practices and key challenges; 4. propose and implement methodological guidelines in design teaching / learning in architecture and product design undergraduate from pedagogical experiments, in order to use parametric tools and processes within design activity. The research outline was based on the characteristic steps of constructive research, summarized in the following stages: 1. understanding of the problem; 2. proposition (development and implementation of the proposal); 3. Validation (discussion and reflection). Understanding included literature (theoretical study), and empirical survey / site visit with data collection, to characterize the national scenario and the local scenario. The local scenario (Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte – UFRN – and Federal University of Ceará – UFC) hosted the proposition and validation steps. Proposition consisted in developing methodological guidelines for the use of tools and parametric processes in design education. It included the study of an initial proposal and its application to possible adjustments through pedagogical experiments of short and long term (extension course of 20h and two elective courses, held in UFC). Finally, validation was the partial revision of the proposal and the application of a new pedagogical experiment (extension course of 40 hours, held at UFRN), in addition to its presentation, during focus groups, to teachers /researchers who participated in the courses and the disciplines (UFRN and UFC). At the end of the research, the proposal was revised again, when including both curriculum frameworks and an integrated studio model proved to be necessary, a coherent result with the initially proposed hypothesis. As such, it can be affirmed that parametric design must be introduced throughout the curriculum frameworks, in a gradative and diluted approach, contributing along with the different Expertise Areas, in their respective specifications. In this context, an approximation between design and execution is sought, along with a procedural view of the project, where the design studio is applied as an environment for experimentation, collaboration and investigation of problems and solutions.

7
  • ANNA CRISTINA ANDRADE FERREIRA
  • HOUSE WITHOUT PERSONS TO PERSONS WITHOUT HOUSE: REHABILITATION OF HISTORICAL AREAS THROUGH THE HABITATION USE IN BRAZILIAN REALITY

  • Advisor : NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FLÁVIA BRITO DO NASCIMENTO
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MARIA BERTHILDE DE BARROS LIMA E MOURA FILHA
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • Data: Dec 8, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The act of dwelling is related to the consciousness of belonging that the individual develops in relation to the place where he lives; where time is the main factor in this process. Groups that occupy an area for a long time, tend to face it as their own, applying their culture, way of life and construction. When we refer to rehabilitation projects in historical areas, especially those that are degraded, we can visualize a set of uses that can be inserted, maintained and restored in these spaces, and among all the more controversial is the use of housing. This research was focused on the understanding of whether and how the integration between national housing promotion programs and those of urban rehabilitation of historical areas occurs, and if in fact, it is possible to verify in Brazil the existence of an effective urban policy for historical areas considering all the problems involved, or just the execution of punctual actions that, in addition to not promoting the recovery of old degraded centers, still hamper the process, for contributing to real estate speculation in these areas. The built stock of the old centers might help in the reduction of the housing deficit, but it is necessary that the projects are based in fact on the continued sustainability of these areas, and that the main preoccupation moves of the economical exploration for the recuperation socioeconomic of the ancient areas. The thematic clipping of this research were the national programs aimed at reducing the housing deficit, from the BNH to the present with the Minha Casa Minha Vida Program, and the rehabilitation programs of historical areas carried out at the national level from the 1970s when as historical urban areas are considered broadly, with all their problems. One of the objectives of this thesis was to understand the directions defined for the actions of recovery of historical areas, based on the focus of housing use, and for which population they converge, having as an analysis the case of the historical center of João Pessoa, where it was sought to understand rehabilitation programs, given the diversity of problems that an underutilized urban area can present, such as building degradation, use avoidance, obsolete infrastructure and lower income communities, and if compared to other cities, there were the perception of mistakes made and the change of posture, since the understanding of this process can help in the proposition of new possibilities of action.

8
  • IVANIZE CLAUDIA DOS SANTOS E SILVA
  • Urban Environmental Index (IAU): a contribution to the planning and thermal comfort study in open spaces.

  • Advisor : VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • ADRIAO DUARTE DORIA NETO
  • ANTÓNIO MANUEL SARAIVA LOPES
  • LÉA CRISTINA LUCAS DE SOUZA
  • Data: Dec 11, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The main issues associated with the research proposal is the city density impact on urban climate. Some of these problems have been minimized with the use of several urban scale strategies addressed for the specialized literature, as well as can be approached through prospective methods from previous local climatic data and microscale models. The microclimate study and urban thermal comfort requires understanding how these concepts relate with the city form. This research contributes to the discussion about urban thermal comfort with emphasis on the open spaces user, aiming to elaborate a numerical index in order to define the best relationship between environmental variables, urban morphology and urban thermal comfort in the city of João Pessoa/PB, located in hot and humid climate and low latitude. The values of the environmental variables were acquired through previous surveys with measurements in loco in open urban spaces. Morphological study was carried out by means of relevant urban indicators from a Geographic Information System (GIS) model. Data were treated through spatial distribution and multivariate analysis. Thermal comfort analysis in open spaces was performed by Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) with the ENVI-met© program. Artificial intelligence (RNA) was used to estimate the PET index values and the microclimatic variables at the urban level. Finally, a numerical index was elaborated through multivariate analysis, in particular principal component analysis (PCA). Index was applied in several points at João Pessoa/PB city, as well as in future scenarios constructed from the data acquisition by the microclimatic variables prediction. Results demonstrate which the urban points didn’t allow comfort sensation during the studied period. Index shows a distance of an adequate relationship between morphological and environmental variables allowing thermal discomfort to user when it is applied in this areas. The application this research helps the decision of choicing the best relationship between urban prescriptions and thermal comfort of outdoor users.

9
  • HELIO TAKASHI MACIEL DE FARIAS
  • COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION ACTIVITIES FOR URBAN PLANNING EDUCATION

  • Advisor : ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • GIOVANA PAIVA DE OLIVEIRA
  • IANA ALEXANDRA ALVES RUFINO
  • MAURÍCIO COUTO POLIDORI
  • Data: Dec 18, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • Urban planning in the 21st century needs to manage spaces built on a network of interlinked and interdependent social, economic, cultural, technological and ecologic complex systems, which depend on scarce and unevenly distributed natural and human resources. Within the contemporary context of technologic change and strengthening global relations, we are challenged by the perception of a rift between the ubiquitous adoption of new technologies in urban planning practices and these technologies’ absence within urban planning education activities. This thesis takes on the process of professional training for urban planning – and specifically, the training of architect-urban planners, as produced by the Brazilian higher education curricula – and its relationship with Information Technology (IT) tools. We sought to understand the mechanisms of advanced computer technology insertion into pedagogical practices in architecture and urban planning, so as to guide the construction of an instructional design instrument, aimed at the integration of technologic, pedagogical and content knowledge in urban planning education activities. This study consists of reflections on the literature regarding higher education pedagogy, especially concerning teaching practices for architecture and urban planning; of a mapping effort directed at advanced computational technologies employed in urban planning practice and research; of the construction of the aforementioned instructional design instrument for the integration of technologic, pedagogical and content knowledge in urban planning; and in the design, implementation and assessment of two technologic integration experiments built on this instructional design instrument. The experiments consisted of the procedural and parametric modeling of an actual urban space, and the urban simulation of land use changes within a hypothetical situation. These models were implemented in the form of transversal interventions within integrated design studios pertaining to the sixth and seventh semesters of the architecture and urban planning program in Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal/Brazil. These were based on situated learning methods as well as elements of experiential learning and constructionism, The activities were assessed through mixed qualitative and quantitative methods, through written queries directed at the experiments’ participants. We observed the viability of working in a higher education context with advanced technological tools that represent innovations in the domain of urban planning, without needing to procure exceptional resources of effect deep changes in the existing curriculum framework. The student’s experimental product and the data collected from queries demonstrate that the IT tools provided good engagement levels among learners, offered production aids in task execution, and through this, brought about the construction of new perspectives and knowledge, and the emergence of new design and planning paradigms. Our applied situated and experiential learning methods achieved greater success as they approached the student’s actual context and their real planning and design targets. We envision the possibility for adoption of these activities into the Architecture and Urbanism teaching practices, for the extension of the experiments into applying other technologies, and for the revision and further development of the instructional design instrument, as well as its publication in the form of an openly accessible online database.

10
  • JULIANA CARVALHO CLEMENTE
  • Urban Ruins in the Historic Center of João Pessoa- PB: The norms under judgment. 

  • Advisor : NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MARIA BERTHILDE DE BARROS LIMA E MOURA FILHA
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • ROMEU DUARTE JÚNIOR
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • Data: Dec 18, 2017


  • Show Abstract
  • The object of this thesis is the relationship between the norms inherent in the perimeters of protection of central areas and the permanence and the increase of urban ruins in these areas. The condition of urban ruin is related to the concept of Borde (2007) of "architectural empty”  with regard to the location, is situated in the historic central area provided with infrastructure, registered by the organs of heritage. In relation to its emptiness condition, have passed through a emptying process, and be currently without use, without function, but occupying a urban lot. And, with regard to their characteristics, configure idle spaces, in a state of precarious conservation or in aspect of ruin. It results the approach that permeates urban emptiness and ruin. The "normative" here is aligned with the concept of "norm" used by Sant'Anna (2004) and includes Laws, Decrees, Plans and other instruments. It is used here in a chronological approach on the normative of protection in the Historic Center of João Pessoa that permeates the various demarcations of protection since the first Master Plans and Codes of Urbanism, until the state and federal regulations of protection and register of the Historic Center of João Pessoa, since the year of 1971 until the year 2015. objective of this study is to understand how the norms of patrimony and urbanism may have contributed to the permanence and increase of urban ruins in the central area of João Pessoa. This discussion has as background the historical clash between the property rights and the instrument of listing.

     

     

2016
Dissertations
1
  • MARIA DE FÁTIMA TORRES JÁCOME
  • INTEGRAÇÃO E INTERDISCIPLINARIDADE NO PROCESSO ENSINO/APRENDIZAGEM DE PROJETO: O CURSO DE ARQUITETURA E URBANISMO DA UNIVERSIDADE POTIGUAR DE MOSSORÓ/RN 

  • Advisor : NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMELIA DE FARIAS PANET BARROS
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Jan 29, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • A formação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo com sua característica generalista envolve, em sua natureza, conhecimentos de diversas áreas (tecnologia, teoria, história, representação, projetação), sendo o espaço da concepção projetual o local onde a síntese destes conhecimentos se reflete de forma mais clara. Acreditamos que o trabalho integrado nos currículos de arquitetura pode proporcionar uma visão global do projeto, contribuindo assim para uma melhor formação do arquiteto. O presente trabalho se propõe a refletir sobre o papel da integração e a interdisciplinaridade no ensino de projeto de arquitetura. Este tema vem sendo trabalhado de forma recorrente por críticos na área de ensino de projeto e nos eventos da área como os seminários do Projetar, sendo destacada por vários autores a busca da integração como uma postura pedagógica essencial ao ensino de projeto. O trabalho pretende contribuir para uma reflexão e conscientização dos envolvidos na importância da integração nos processos de projetos do curso de arquitetura. Para isto analisamos as potencialidades e limites deste processo no Curso de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (CAU) da Universidade Potiguar (UnP) de Mossoró, que possui a integração e interdisciplinaridade  registrada desde o Projeto Pedagógico do Curso. Esta análise será realizada através da observação do desenvolvimento do “trabalho interdisciplinar” da quinta série durante o semestre de 2014.1. A pesquisa diz respeito a um estudo exploratório de natureza qualitativa que pretende investigar temas específicos sobre o ensino/aprendizagem de projeto de arquitetura e sobre a integração nos cursos de arquitetura, seguindo de uma observação não participativa nas aulas de projeto de arquitetura na quinta série do CAU/UnP/Mossoró e análise dos produtos finais, que seriam os trabalhos da última unidade do semestre, chamados de “trabalhos Interdisciplinares”. Foram também aplicados, via e-mail, e analisados, questionários com os professores que participaram do processo. A reflexão corrobora diversas outras já realizadas no sentido de identificar as dificuldades inerentes à aplicação destes princípios de forma satisfatória. Ressalta-se, contudo, que a interdisciplinaridade, de fato, vai muito além da integração e é ainda mais difícil de ser alcançada. Além de um projeto pedagógico que incorpore estes princípios, como é o caso do Curso de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da UNP-Mossoró, faz-se necessário a adesão completa por parte do corpo docente e discente desta filosofia de ensino.

2
  • CAMILA MARIA NOGUEIRA DE SANTANA
  • O CENTRO DE FORTALEZA COMO LUGAR DE MORADIA

  • Advisor : JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • CLOVIS RAMIRO JUCÁ NETO
  • Data: Feb 15, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar como os modos de morar influenciam os usos e as apropriações funcionais e simbólicas do espaço urbano do Centro de Fortaleza, a partir da perspectiva dos habitantes e de suas relações com o lugar de moradia. O centro da cidade de Fortaleza é marcado por cenários de desenvolvimento e de degradação do seu espaço urbano. A  intensificação da ocupação comercial e de serviços promoveu ao longo dos anos, paradoxalmente, a valorização do preço da terra e a desvalorização do uso residencial. Assim, as ocupações residenciais se consolidaram de modo descontínuo, concentrando-se principalmente nos limites externos ao núcleo histórico do bairro. A pesquisa se estrutura a partir da delimitação de uma área do bairro e da seleção de edificações residenciais multifamiliares, construídas a partir da década de 1950, próximas ao núcleo central. A análise das configurações espaciais das edificações residenciais selecionadas, de suas relações com o entorno urbano e dos usos do solo, revela diferentes aspectos relacionados à vitalidade urbana, produzindo impactos sobre os modos de morar constituídos a partir do cotidiano dos habitantes. O estudo dos modos de morar envolve a compreensão de que o habitar está para além dos limites residenciais privados e da ocupação funcional. A base conceitual desta pesquisa é desenvolvida a partir da perspectiva de que o habitar representa um aspecto fundamental da condição humana, permitindo ao homem se relacionar com o espaço de modo essencial (HIEDEGGER,  2012). Nesta perspectiva do habitar, o espaço reúne o mental e o cultural, o social e o histórico, sendo marcado por lógicas simultâneas do concebido, do percebido e do vivido (LEFEBVRE, 2006). O desenvolvimento deste estudo, a partir do ponto de vista dos moradores do bairro, se insere na perspectiva do espaço vivido, que se relaciona ao conceito de lugar, entendido como um fenômeno qualitativo, que confere essência e identidade ao espaço. O lugar de moradia, marcado por coexistências, é um dos elementos estruturadores dos usos do solo urbano, e potencial para a reabilitação de áreas centrais de grandes metrópoles. Deste modo, o estudo parte da hipótese de que o processo de reabilitação urbana do Centro está vinculado à requalificação do habitar, que possibilita ao habitante sensibilizar os limites do abrigo e vivenciar o espaço urbano. A requalificação do habitar se contrapõe ao espaço residencial fundamentado na funcionalidade, na hierarquia, na autossuficiência, na padronização e na reprodução do solo urbano, materializado nos adensados empreendimentos residenciais contemporâneos, que se colocam de modo alheio à cidade. As etapas da pesquisa envolveram análises sobre a configuração espacial dos edifícios residenciais selecionados e de seus entornos, o mapeamento dos usos do solo e a aplicação de entrevistas com moradores. Os dados coletados permitiram verificar que os edifícios estão localizados em áreas marcadas pela heterogeneidade de usos, com elevado número de habitantes e de usuários. No entanto, estes aspectos não são suficientes para promover a vitalidade dos espaços públicos do bairro, uma vez que o movimento de pessoas nas ruas é regulado pelos horários de funcionamento do comércio, uso predominante na área. Os discursos dos moradores, coletados em entrevistas, indicam que as condições de conservação dos espaços públicos e a questão da insegurança influenciam suas relações cotidianas com o lugar de moradia, afetando aspectos fundamentais para requalificação do habitar na área central de Fortaleza.


3
  • ALICE RUCK DRUMMOND DIAS
  • ANÁLISE DO IMPACTO DO SOMBREAMENTO VEGETAL NO CONFORTO
    TERMO-LUMINOSO DE EDIFICAÇÕES NO CLIMA QUENTE E ÚMIDO
  • Advisor : ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • CLÁUDIO EMANUEL PIETROBON
  • Data: Feb 25, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Este trabalho visa analisar o potencial do sombreamento vegetal no edifício para promover conforto térmico, luminoso e eficiência energética, a partir de simulações computacionais nos softwares DesignBuilder e Daysim. Foram simuladas diferentes combinações de fator de céu visível (FCV), transparência da copa vegetal e percentual de abertura da fachada (PAF) para edificação residencial térrea em Nata/RN, a fim de quantificar os impactos e propor recomendações projetuais. Os modelos foram analisados por meio do método de conforto adaptativo indicado pela ASHRAE Standard 55 (ASHRAE, 2010), classificação do nível de eficiência energética do Regulamento Técnico da Qualidade para o Nível de Eficiência Energética de Edificações Residenciais (RTQ-R), resultados de Daylight autonomy (DA) e uniformidade da luz natural para as exigências lumínicas de 100-300-500 lux. Os resultados demonstram grande potencial para integração da vegetação na edificação, principalmente para os fatores de céu médio e grande, e falta de coerência do RTQ-R para classificar as edificações da Zona bioclimática 08 pelo método de simulação.

4
  • GIOVANI HUDSON SILVA PACHECO
  • DETERMINAÇÃO DE RECOMENDAÇÕES BIOCLIMÁTICAS PARA HABITAÇÃO DE INTERESSE SOCIAL DE QUATRO CLIMAS DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE.
  • Advisor : ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • FERNANDO SIMON WESTPHAL
  • Data: Mar 11, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Recomendações projetuais baseadas no clima são fontes importantes de diretrizes para os arquitetos. Uma das formas de obtenção dessas recomendações é por meio de normas, como a NBR 15220 (ABNT, 2005), que agrupa as cidades em zonas homogêneas quanto as estratégias sugeridas. O zoneamento bioclimático brasileiro divide o território do Rio Grande do Norte em duas zonas, a ZB 7 e ZB 8, que possuem algumas recomendações distintas, como aberturas grandes e vedações leves para a região litorânea contra aberturas pequenas e vedações pesadas para a região semiárida. Entretanto, outras configurações climáticas estão presentes no RN e não possuem clara recomendação. Este é o caso das regiões serranas e das regiões intermediárias entre o litoral e a região semiárida. Em virtude disso, este estudo visa encontrar recomendações bioclimáticas para habitações de interesse social nessas quatro condições climáticas. Para tanto, utilizou-se ferramenta computacional para realização de simulações das condições térmicas de três tipos de habitações populares – alongada, ramificada e compacta – e das seguintes estratégias: presença ou ausência de ventilação natural e sombreamento, massa térmica leve ou pesada, e Fator de Calor Solar alto ou baixo. Essas simulações foram realizadas para quatro condições climáticas do estado. Foram analisados os desempenhos de cada caso para identificar as estratégias e tipos de habitação recomendados para cada clima. De maneira geral, nos climas deNatal, Mossoró e Caicó viu-se que habitações com FCS baixo e com presença de ventilação natural possuem os melhores desempenhos. No clima de Areia, a ausência de ventilação aliada ao baixo FCS é que produziu os melhores desempenhos. O sombreamento melhora o desempenho nas cidades de clima quente, mas aumenta as horas com desconforto ao frio em Areia. A massa térmica varia de acordo com as demais estratégias, tendo casos em que habitações com massa térmica alta possuem melhores desempenhos que outros casos com massa térmica baixa. Por fim, viu-se que as estratégias para Natal, Caicó e Mossoró são bem semelhantes, com a recomendação de ventilação natural, FCS baixo nas vedações e sombreamento. Para Areia, a recomendação é não ventilar, ter FCS baixo e massa térmica alta.

5
  • ADILSON OLIVEIRA DE MENEZES
  • THE SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT WORK IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD  OF NOSSA SENHORA DA APRESENTAÇÃO / NATAL-RN, SEEN BY THE TECHNICIANS OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF NATAL/RN

  • Advisor : FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • LINCOLN MORAES DE SOUZA
  • LUDIMILLA CARVALHO SERAFIM DE OLIVEIRA
  • Data: Apr 29, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The present study intends to reveal the modalities and results of the social work developed by different technicians belonging to the bodies responsible for the Integrated Urbanization, Regularization and Integration of Precarious Settlement Program, held in the neighborhood of Nossa Senhora da Apresentação in Natal, of Riacho, based on the testimonies of technicians who idealized and carried out this work between 2009 and 2015. In a preliminary survey carried out with the residents of Rua do Riacho (Neighborhood of Nossa Senhora da Apresentação - Norte do Natal administrative region), through visits and observations in field, it was detected that one of the main obstacles to the mentioned Program and to the Social Housing Plan foreseen for the selected project was the lack of efficiency, effectiveness and effectiveness of the Social Work that should have accompanied the realization of the project, from its conception until its implantation and evaluation O. Social Work (TS), in the understanding adopted in the framework of the present study, is defined as a set of actions aimed at community organization and development, with a view to promoting the improvement of the population's living conditions, the urbanization of precarious settlements in accordance with the social interest, constituting one of the axes of educational actions planned by the Ministry of Cities and executed by the City of Natal. It seeks to promote and generate effective participation of the target public and aiming at the social inclusion of families at risk, unemployment and underemployment, lack of access to housing, education, health and social services, seeking to reverse situations of precariousness in relationships through inter-sectoral programs. Thus, TS acts as a set of educational actions, seeking to meet the demands of the low-income population living in segregated and excluded areas, such as Rua do Riacho in the neighborhood of Nossa Senhora da Apresentação, in Natal / RN, (1) ensuring the social participation of the inhabitants of the community, through the implementation of mechanisms for involving the residents with the implementation of integrated executive projects, ensuring a transparent and democratic intervention, and (2) enabling them to discuss their needs, demands and desires Urban improvements proposed, within the existing social and economic technical possibilities, meet their expectations and priorities. Considering the characteristics of TS, it was decided to listen to the technicians involved in the Project so that they can make their evaluation of the TS performed, from conception to the realization of the Project. Seven interviews with technicians involved in the Project were carried out between May and September 2015. The recorded interviews were transcribed and their content was studied to extract the main categories of analysis. Outlining thus a research project of qualitative type, of descriptive and explanatory nature, that aims to favor the evaluation under the watchful eye of those who carried out the TS in said project.

6
  • CAMILA CAVALCANTI RESENDE
  • A concepção estrutural no processo de aprendizagem do projeto de arquitetura: uma análise a partir de duas experiências de ensino de projeto (UFRN e UFPE).

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • MARTA VIEIRA BOGÉA
  • Data: May 6, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Esta pesquisa investiga o ensino/aprendizagem da concepção estrutural dentro
    da didática do projeto de arquitetura. Considera primeiramente que a definição do tipo
    de estrutura, forma, locais de sustentação entre outras caraterísticas construtivas do
    projeto arquitetônico deve partir do profissional que cria a arquitetura. Esses aspectos
    precisam ser observados desde a fase de estudo preliminar uma vez que o sistema
    estrutural interfere intensamente na configuração espacial da obra. Do ponto de vista
    da formação profissional, o distanciamento entre ensino de sistemas estruturais e
    ensino do projeto traz como consequência a dificuldade de inserção da estrutura na
    concepção arquitetônica e, ainda, a falta de preparo dos arquitetos para lidarem com
    a concepção estrutural na sua vida profissional. A busca pela melhoria da didática do
    ateliê de arquitetura já é um tema recorrente no meio acadêmico, no entanto, ainda é
    escassa a literatura sobre a concepção estrutural como um elemento atuante no
    processo de projeto. Nesse sentido, esta dissertação tem como objetivo identificar
    como se dá a concepção estrutural no processo de aprendizagem de projeto
    arquitetônico, com base na análise de duas disciplinas dos cursos de Arquitetura e
    Urbanismo da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) e na
    Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE). Visa também sugerir melhorias para
    as propostas metodológicas de ensino nas disciplinas avaliadas, a fim de contribuir
    para o aprimoramento do ensino de arquitetura tendo em vista o desenvolvimento de
    habilidades e domínio da estrutura na formação dos arquitetos. Para tanto, foram
    feitos levantamentos e análise da bibliografia inerente aos temas da relação entre
    estrutura e arquitetura e ao ensino/aprendizado do projeto associado ao
    ensino/aprendizado da estrutura desde as fases iniciais do projeto. Para os casos
    estudados, foram feitos um breve histórico e o aprofundamento das estruturas
    curriculares atuais. A análise das disciplinas de cada universidade foi elaborada com
    base em dados coletados nos questionários aplicados, na observação em sala de aula
    e na análise de projetos arquitetônicos dos discentes. Por fim, espera-se que os
    resultados coletados, a discussão e sugestões delineadas no final do trabalho
    contribuam para a melhoria do ensino nesse campo.

7
  • MARIANA LIMA OLIVEIRA MONTENEGRO
  • ANÁLISE DE DESEMPENHO DAS SAÍDAS DE EMERGÊNCIA POR MEIO DE SIMULAÇÕES COMPUTACIONAIS -
    O caso de projetos de edifícios universitários.

  • Advisor : EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • ROSARIA ONO
  • Data: May 24, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Os parâmetros de segurança contra incêndio no Brasil são guiados por uma normalização prescritiva na qual os arquitetos baseiam seus projetos, visando o cumprimento da mesma para posterior aprovação dos órgãos fiscalizadores. Esses profissionais, muitas vezes, deixam de considerar as particularidades de cada edificação e de verificar se os requisitos normativos são, de fato, eficazes para prevenir e proteger o edifício e seus usuários contra uma situação de incêndio. A legislação necessita estar em constante revisão e atualização. Em vista à essa afirmação, o objetivo principal deste trabalho é identificar e analisar possíveis lacunas nas prescrições normativas sobre evacuação de incêndio por meio de edificações universitárias, visando contribuir para projetos mais eficazes. A questão problema a ser respondida ao final da pesquisa é se existem divergências e confluências de soluções entre as normas prescritivas sobre evacuação de emergência utilizadas no Rio Grande do Norte, quando comparadas aos resultados obtidos por meio de simulações computacionais. Para tanto, realizou-se, inicialmente, uma coleta de informações a partir de pesquisas bibliográficas e documentais a respeito do tema, do qual conceitos e informações pertinentes foram explicitados. Posteriormente, com base em critérios estabelecidos, foram realizadas simulações computacionais para avaliar o desempenho das saídas de emergência nas edificações adaptadas às prescrições. Essas simulações foram executadas por meio de dois softwares: o PATHFINDER® (2014), relacionado ao tempo de escape e à movimentação das pessoas durante a fuga; e o DEPTHMAP® (2004), de acordo com a Teoria da Sintaxe Espacial (SE), que diz respeito ao estudo da configuração espacial e da sua relação com o movimento dos usuários e o posicionamento das saídas de emergência nas edificações. Com os resultados das análises, ao final do desenvolvimento do trabalho, foi possível constatar a presença das divergências e confluências citadas na questão de pesquisa; discutir o proposto pelas prescrições normativas vigentes, dar indicações de melhoria às mesmas, assim como destacar seus pontos eficazes; e constatar a utilidade dos programas computacionais escolhidos. Espera-se que o trabalho realizado contribua com pesquisas futuras que tratem dos temas abordados ou que visem aprofundar o estudo aqui iniciado.

8
  • BÁRBARA LAÍS FELIPE DE OLIVEIRA
  • EDIFICAÇÕES DE BAIXO IMPACTO AMBIENTAL EM MADEIRA PARA O CLIMA QUENTE ÚMIDO

  • Advisor : EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • AKEMI INO
  • Data: Jun 1, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Nessa dissertação é avaliado o emprego da madeira como uma alternativa para a redução do impacto de habitações em clima quente e úmido. O objetivo é elaborar e aplicar um método de avaliação multicritério para analisar as vantagens e desvantagens de sistemas construtivos de madeira, no sentido de subsidiar futuras decisões arquitetônicas. Foram selecionados quatro estudos de caso, sendo três estudos de edifícios construídos e uma edificação em processo de construção. Os casos foram escolhidos considerando o recorte da pesquisa, a disponibilidade dos projetistas para comentar suas obras, por meio de entrevistas, e a possibilidade de recuperar ou acompanhar informações dos projetos desde a fase de programação arquitetônica. Para analisar os estudos de caso, foram selecionados critérios de avaliação baseados na revisão bibliográfica. Essas características possibilitaram identificar os obstáculos no uso de sistemas construtivos em madeira, avaliar as decisões projetuais no desenvolvimento das construções e embasar as alternativas mais viáveis, tanto técnica quanto economicamente. Os resultados confirmam a viabilidade de edificações em madeira no clima quente úmido e diretrizes são identificadas com base nos aspectos que mais podem comprometer essa viabilidade, como preço da estrutura, qualidade da madeira (certificada, madeira plantada ou madeira nativa), condições de transporte (documentações necessárias, valores e tempo), o impacto ambiental e da relação de custo/benefício.

9
  • MARIANA AZEVÊDO DE LIMA LEITE
  • The NBR 9050 and the Universal Design: A study about toilet

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • ANGELINA DIAS LEÃO COSTA
  • Data: Jun 23, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • In light of permanent or temporary multiple mobility restrictions experienced by the population, it is understood that the Universal Design must be practiced under any circumstances. However, in Brazilian context is perceived that it is little incorporated to professional practice, what is even more worrying when verified the existence of standards in that field for more than twelve years. Faced with this paradox, we question: how requirements of NBR 9050 regarding to public toilets account the needs of different possible users in this environment and, therefore, meet the Universal Design? From this inquiry, the general purpose of the master dissertation is to understand how NBR relates to Universal Design principles referring to the solutions adopted in public toilets. The choice ofpublic toilet was due to its importance in basic needs satisfaction and maintenance of dignity of the human person, which can only be achieved if there are guarantees of autonomy, privacy and usability. The master dissertation uses the bibliographic study and the field research that, from multimethods, covers the technical/professional point of view and the users’ point of view. On technical study was applied an Universal Design evaluation matrix, developed by the author based on specialized bibliography. The perceptive study resorted to accompanied tasks and focus group interview, which had as participants ten people with different profiles (wheelchair user, total blindness, low vision, ostomy, crutches user, elderly, in obesity condition, short stature, pregnant and without any kind of mobility restriction). The analysis of obtained results allowed to answer the question of research and demonstrates that, even at toilets fully suited to technical standards, some users’ needs are not met, showing the distance between these environments in relation to the Universal Design. Given the importance of NBR 9050 as the single technical tool on theme in Brazil, is expected to reinforce the importance of a critical evaluation about parametersimposed by it and its efficiency in inclusive environments production.


10
  • MÁRCIO PEREIRA BARRETO
  • PROGRAM MY HOUSE, MY LIFE IN SMALL MUNICIPALITIES : EFFECTS IN MICROREGION OF BAIXA VERDE/RN

  • Advisor : FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • LUDIMILLA CARVALHO SERAFIM DE OLIVEIRA
  • Data: Jul 15, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • It is intended to bring out the effects of the Programa Minha casa, Minha Vida in small cities with less than 50,000 inhabitants in the micro-region of  Baixa Verde, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. The launch of the Program, established by the federal government in 2009, was surrounded by expectations and with many challenges in view, with the purpose of reducing the housing deficit in the country, especially for families with income of up to 3 minimum wages. Based on field research added to the bibliographical and documentary study of information sources dealing with inherent issues both to the housing policy and for the effects of this at the municipal level / micro-regional and upon cartographic construction and application of research forms, sought to answer the main effects that the implementation of PMCMV has brought to the towns of micro-region of Baixa Verde/ RN. It was aimed to evaluate the impacts of the Programa Minha casa, Minha Vida specifically in the refer micro region, analyzing the social, economic and political effects of the program in the local spaces, identifying who are the beneficiaries of micro-regional level by checking the degree of satisfaction and Evaluation of the residents in relation to Housing Projects of this micro-region program, checking if the construction of these houses has promoted the socio-spatial segregation this population. The concept of territory, city, social interest habitation, urban politic and the dialog between different authors are used as methodological analysis capabilities. As results, it was noted the access of the population share of lower purchasing power to local housing policy and the integration of housing and urbanity projects. However the segregation is also present, although in distinguished scales of seizure, not having correlation between the urban and housing policy form of mitigation of this phenomenon. This research brings a certain advancement regarding the contributions to the analysis relating to social housing, opening the possibility of new investigations relating to housing policy, small towns and how is the territorial effects of government actions in this space.

11
  • EUDES RAONY SILVA
  • João Pessoa’s old town: form, use and built heritage

  • Advisor : JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MARIA BERTHILDE DE BARROS LIMA E MOURA FILHA
  • Data: Aug 1, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The city of João Pessoa (Paraíba, Brazil) underwent urban transformations over the centuries that brought with them a number of consequences for its initial core, which is the study universe of this research. Its gradual loss of economic relevance to other parts of the city was accompanied by the emergence of some urban problems, usually seen in many downtown areas in large Brazilian cities such as degradation and mischaracterization of the built heritage, empty or underutilized buildings, residential emptying, feeling of insecurity, among others. This paper presents an analysis of this reality in Old Town João Pessoa, within the historic perimeter set by IPHAEP (Historical and Artistic Heritage Institute of the State of Paraíba). This thesis aimed the investigation of possible correlations among these three variables: observation of the city urban morphology, usage survey and conservation of the built heritage in the studied perimeter, thereby diagnosing the incompatibilities that generate the existing conditions - besides suggesting possible solutions. The morphological study was based on the descriptive theory known as Space Syntax, which seeks to observe analogies between urban form and its existing social relations, assuming the proposition that both can be mutually influenced.

12
  • REBECA GRILO DE SOUSA
  • Rubble and traces: the debates on the demolitions of urban reforms in Brazilian cities (Rio De Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Recife in the early twentieth century)

  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • HELDER DO NASCIMENTO VIANA
  • RENATA CAMPELLO CABRAL
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • Data: Aug 26, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Urban modernization processes are often related to partial or total destruction events of the constructed urbe estate. Through the representations in dispute regarding demolition events undertaken in the urban fabric appears the substrate to identify the sensibilities that flourish in these cases. The urban improvements of Brazilian cities executed in the beginning of the 20th century compose a horizon already examined within the Urban Cultural History. However, the research here engendered proposes a new perspective and approach, towards the demolition events of the colonial collection, attempting to complement the information board and reflections about the representations born from these cases with new shades. Thus, it focus not only to contribute to the Urban Cultural History of Brazilian cities, but to learn underlying processes such as the formation of currently consolidated sensibilities (or in consolidation processes) regarding the preservation of the constructed collection. The objective of this study is to discuss the different representations in dispute about the events regarding renovation and destruction of the constructed collection of the Brazilian cities in the beginning of the 20th century, period in which principles about modernity and modernism were broadcast in contrast to the sensibility development process towards the constructed collection from cities and their preservation. To achieve that, the cases from Recife, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo are highlighted in order to comprehend specificities of these processes as well as sensibility changes related to constructions from existing cities. The methodology is based on two main approaches: the investigation of evidences in the light of the Evidential Paradigm from Carlo Ginzburg and the focus on the technical apprehension of this material using the textual analysis technique from Antonio Candido. This approach involved literature review about "renovation and destruction events" in the cities studied and documentary research conducted using physical and digital collections, analyzing documents regarding these events, such as: laws, administrative messages, decrees, regulatory ordinances, plans, projects, photographs, paintings, magazines and travel guides. The results, although only partial, disclose that certain demolition events had their debates silenced while others involved mobilizations that transposed municipal and state boundaries, indicating that the sensitivity towards urban elements with colonial features grew according to the notion that the last remnants were likely to falter.

13
  • SARAH DE ANDRADE E ANDRADE
  • “Inhabitant’s word” and the possibilities of habitat appropriation in social tenancy programs: the social tenancy program of the São Paulo City Hall”

  • Advisor : AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • ROSALIA DE FATIMA E SILVA
  • ROBERTO LUÍS DE MELO MONTE-MÓR
  • Data: Sep 23, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • This research verses about the possibilities of habitat appropriation conceded by Social Tenancy Program (PLS), implemented in the sphere of the São Paulo City Hall, by its inhabitants. Oriented by the theories and methods of the french sociologist and philosopher Henri Lefebvre (1958; 1970; 1974; 2002; 2001; 2008; 2013) and by the application of the discourse analysis method developed by researches of the French Urban Sociology Institute (ISU), the current research investigates the relationship between the “inhabitant’s word” (RAYMOND, 2001; HAUMONT, 2001, RAYMOND et. al, 2001) and the appropriation of social tenancy in São Paulo. The method here employed and reviewed makes use of open and non-structured interviews – complemented by field observation and photographic registers – for the setting of the space perceived by those contemplated by the Program, understanding that this tool brings to the fore the main agent of this research: the inhabitant. Thus, the spatial limits of our empirical field embraces four of the six buildings contemplated by the program between 2002 and 2015, being the Vila dos Idosos, Residencial Olarias, Senador Feijó Building and the Palacete dos Artistas. The use of a qualitative and, specifically, the application of the method “inhabitant’s word, made possible the formulation of several conclusions that go beyond the initial hypothesis that said that the reaffirming of the private propriety value by brazilian habitational policies would bring frailty to the possibilities of social tenancy of habitat appropriation. This matter presents itself as one of the difficulties for the appropriation of habitat by rent and, from qualitative and quantitative points of view, they are also present in the inhabitants’ discourse, the resulting conflicts from the cancelling of the socio-educative accompaniment of the ones contemplated by the Program and its abandon by the successive terms in the City Hall between 2005 and 2013. On the other hand, in the buildings that there are families and individuals that are engaged in social movements for livelihood, they act as a bridge that links the inhabitants and the public management of the buildings, and is also noticed the possibilities of conflict solving and appropriation of habitat. Throughout this research we also verse about the appropriation of habitats by the elderly population in social tenancy, who share not the dream to own a house.

14
  • JESSICA MORAIS DE MOURA
  • MINHA CASA, MINHA VIDA PROGRAM AND MASTER PLAN: HOUSING AND URBAN POLICY IN THE METROPOLITAN REGION OF NATAL

  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • LIVIA IZABEL BEZERRA DE MIRANDA
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • Data: Oct 26, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The dissertation discusses about the recent production of social housing in Brazil and its dialogue with the Urban Policy instruments articulating issues related to Housing Policies and Urban and considering the context of developed searches about the Minha Casa, Minha Vida Program (PMCMV),. The research develops from the evaluation studies about the PMCMV that evidence in predominant way the gap between the implementation of housing enterprises and definitions of Urban Policy. From this problematic, it is investigated how the housing enterprises localization from Minha Casa Minha Vida is referenced in the Master Plans. Therefore, the study subject is defined by the location of housing units PMCMV related to the macro-zoning guidelines defined by the six municipalities of the Metropolitan Region of Natal, which are Ceará Mirim, Extremoz, Macaíba, Natal, Parnamirim and São Gonçalo do Amarante. From the perspective of the Right to the City, it stands out among the methodological procedures, the analysis of the municipal Master Plans and regulations of PMCMV. Housing location data and macro-zoning characteristics are systematized in georeferenced maps through ArcGIS software. In conclusion, it identifies specificity in housing enterprises in the implementation of PMCMV in zones that present different characteristics, such as urban expansion, environmental protection, industries, commercial and tourist zones. It also notes the implementation of enterprises in the municipalities limit area, highlighting issues about the metropolitan territory management.

15
  • EMANUELLE ALBUQUERQUE DE OLIVEIRA SOUZA
  • From carioca education to potiguar practice: Moacyr Gomes' architectural design strategies for residential architecture in the 1970's.

  • Advisor : RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MARCIO COTRIM CUNHA
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • Data: Oct 26, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • This research deals with the architectural production of the potiguar architect Moacyr Gomes da Costa (born 1927), an important personage in the consolidation process of Modern Architecture in the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, as it aims to identify his design characteristics as well as analyze his work in the Brazilian regional and national context, through the investigation of house designs, which represent a fragment of his production. The study comprehends a group of ten houses – built, never built or demolished - designed for the cities of Natal and João Pessoa, from 1955 to 1977, even if the research’s main focus are the houses of the 1970’s. We adapted, to the purposes of the present study, a number of methods which have been organized by Amaral (2004), who has based her study on the reinterpretation of the Vitruvian Triad (firmitas, vesnustas, utilitas) in order to define the elements of her analysis. We added the aspects related to the place to our method, as suggested by Mahfuz (2003), leading to the following aspects which are considered in our study: place, function, construction and form-space. Primary data used in this research include graphical material (drawings, photographs, sketches) collected in public and/or private archives; the author’s interviews with the architect or his views and opinions available in periodicals and other academic studies; and finally, testimonies of some of his clients, which helped clarify some points about the design decisions taken in the projects. The research findings indicate a set of design strategies and solutions that the author adopts regularly (as well as his partners) in the conception of his projects. The analyses of such projects show that his solutions are mainly related to sociocultural aspects (conventions, the families’ way-of-life and habits) in the context to which the architect designs. They also result, at the same time, from several references and previous experiences, as well as from his cultural background and from that of his work partners.

16
  • MISS LENE PEREIRA DA SILVA
  • OCCUPATIONS AT RISK: An urban environmental study of Mae Luiza's risk areas. Natal, RN.

  • Advisor : RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • LUIZ ANTONIO CESTARO
  • LIVIA IZABEL BEZERRA DE MIRANDA
  • Data: Oct 27, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The city of Natal / RN is facing issues, that in some cases result in material damages and death of people due to landslides and other risky processes due to the occupation of areas that are inappropriate from an environmental point of view.  Following national norms that instruct the use of tools applied in the management of risk area, the city developed in 2008 its first Municipal Plan for Risk Reduction (MPRR), which structure is in accordance to the proposed methodology by the Ministry of Cities to address those issues. This plan, however, limited its field of action to the mapping of different processes and risk degrees that exists in the seventy-four informal settlements identified by the urban management entities at the moment of its elaboration, which appears in the document / proposal for Social Housing Policy (SHP), created in 2005.  The plan contains four of those settlements in the neighborhood of AEIS from Mãe Luiza, that reports constantly occurrences of risk processes. From this perspective, this thesis is based on the assumption, that despite the existence of the MPRR (2008), the city of Natal has not developed the necessary actions for an urbanistic and environmental control that focuses on the minimization of risk processes and existing risks in the neighborhood and adjacent areas. The general goal of this essay is to understand different situations of socioenvironmental risks in the neighborhood of Mãe Luiza and the level of realization of the institutional actions of prevention and control, outlined in the MPRR (2008). After a broad bibliographic review about the subject of risk and settlements, field visits have been realized, data collection to characterize the areas where risk processes have been identified, institutional register of the realized actions by the city of Natal after implementation of the MPRR, analyzes of the mapping of the risk in the neighborhood of Mãe Luiza.  As result, the essay concludes the occurrence of some gaps, which discussion results in the indication of adaptations and updates of the mapping of the MPRR and the law that guides the control of the Use and Occupation of soil of the AEIS from Mãe Luiza (Law 4.663/95). The deeper study of four risk areas considered by the MPRR, in special in the aspects related whit their urban and environmental characteristics, allowed the identification of possible new situations and risk processes in the interior or surrounding and other parts of the neighborhood, that are not covered by the plan and evaluates the planed actions and risk management regarding the whole neighborhood. 

17
  • DANIEL NICOLAU DE VASCONCELOS PINHEIRO
  • RECLAIMING URBAN LAND VALUES IN NATAL: A STUDY ABOUT LAND VALUATION BEFORE AND AFTER INVESTMENTS FOR THE 2014 WORLD CUP

  • Advisor : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FERNANDA FURTADO DE OLIVEIRA E SILVA
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • Data: Dec 6, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Public investments in the city create urban features that add value to certain areas but not to others. This is a plus value collectively generated in the long run, in the production of urban space, not by specific individuals. Thus, it is only fair that individuals who benefit from this process have to pay back and contribute towards investments to develop less favoured, and poorer areas. This dissertation sought to identify the most valued areas in Natal, Brazil, using three data sets related to taxation on land transactions, property and use (IPTU, ITIV and OODC). The amount of taxes collected is seen in confrontation with structural developments and investments in new public equipments and services in the city. The idea is to evaluate if the taxation system has served as a means of income redistribution.

Thesis
1
  • JULIEN VINCENT INEICHEN
  • O Workshop de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (W-AU) como dispositivo pedagógico para formação em concepção colaborativa.

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • ALAIN BAUDRIT
  • GUILHERME CARLOS LASSANCE DOS SANTOS ABREU
  • STÉPHANE HANROT
  • FILIPE LEBRE FIGUEIREDO
  • Data: Feb 18, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • A complexidade dos desafios que as sociedades contemporâneas enfrentam requer a concepção de soluções baseadas na mobilização das habilidades de múltiplos atores. Esta inteligência coletiva emerge da capacidade desses atores conduzirem projetos nos quais suas ações são altamente interdependentes. No entanto, o sistema tradicional de ensino, que está baseado em uma lógica disciplinar de avaliação individual, encontra dificuldades para formar estudantes a este tipo de práticas de concepção colaborativa.

    Na paisagem da educação de nível superior, o ensino da Arquitetura distingue-se da abordagem disciplinar universitária por utilizar o dispositivo do Atelier, que visa a aprendizagem de competências através de uma abordagem integrativa dos conhecimentos num processo de projeto. Este processo de aprendizagem por meio do projeto é também realizado em um ambiente particular, caracterizado por padrões espaciais, temporais, físicos e sociais singulares. Embora o sistema de avaliação seja feito da mesma forma que o modelo universitário tradicional, que é estruturado em função de um trabalho individual, este dispositivo pedagógico se difere em primeiro lugar, pela postura de autor que o aluno deve demonstrar, e em segundo lugar, pela dinâmica coletiva de aprendizagem que é implementado neste ambiente particular de formação. 

    A partir dessas constatações, defendemos a tese de que o Atelier de Arquitetura é um dispositivo pedagógico capaz de formar à concepção colaborativa, desde que alguns dos seus parâmetros sejam reconfigurados. Nesta perspectiva, nós identificamos o atelier intensivo de curta duração como uma evolução contemporânea do dispositivo do Atelier que, graças a uma concentração de alguns dos seus parâmetros (espaciais, temporais, físicos e sociais), tornou-se um lugar de experimentação concreta da prática e da aprendizagem da concepção colaborativa. Nessa pesquisa, nós usamos o acrônimo "W-AU" (Workshop de Arquitetura e Urbanismo) para falar do atelier intensivo de curta duração, a fim de distingui-lo de sua versão longa.


    Para defender esta tese, em primeiro lugar, nós definimos o atelier tradicional através de uma perspectiva histórica, além de analisarmos sua estrutura e seu funcionamento para então identificar como este dispositivo dialoga com a noção de concepção colaborativa. Em seguida, nós realizamos uma tipologia do W-AU, em função de suas diferentes práticas contemporâneas, para situar três estudos de caso a partir dos quais, nós descrevemos diferentes implementações da concepção colaborativa. Esta análise nos permite trazer à luz o papel-chave dos diferentes atores, da configuração da governança e da configuração dos parâmetros do ambiente, visando promover o processo de concepção colaborativa.


    Esta pesquisa consiste, portanto em identificar as potencialidades e limitações oferecidos pelo WAU para a formação à concepção colaborativa nos estudos de Arquitetura. Dada a diversidade das variáveis que estão em jogo na implementação deste ambiente colaborativo, a ambição desta contribuição não é propor um procedimento-padrão para a realização deste gênero de dispositivo, mas sim identificar e divulgar algumas ferramentas e estratégias suscetíveis de serem mobilizadas pelos atores da concepção colaborativa, visando facilitar e otimizar a sua abordagem.

2
  • LUCY DONEGAN
  • Qual é a sua praia? Arquitetura e Sociedade em praias de Natal-RN. 
  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • FREDERICO ROSA BORGES DE HOLANDA
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • LUCAS FIGUEIREDO DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: Mar 4, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Esta tese discute nexos entre arquitetura e sociedade em espaços públicos; especificamente em três praias urbanas de Natal-RN. Malgrado serem importantes espaços públicos de socialização e lazer em cidades brasileiras, as razões de escolha de grupos por certas praias são distintas – situação antagônica à mítica de serem arenas universalmente acessíveis, “democráticas”. Nossos estudos de caso em Natal, apesar de terem traços em comum – paisagens atraentes, com transporte público, estruturas de lazer e intensamente utilizadas – são descritas de modos contrastantes: a Redinha como remota e popular, a Praia do Meio como “decadente,” e Ponta Negra da classe média e turista. Entende-se que espaços públicos são bens essenciais de sociedades urbanas, e que a forma do espaço pode ajudar a unir ou apartar pessoas, favorecendo níveis distintos de vitalidade urbana, entendida aqui como cenários onde pessoas diversas convivem de maneira pacífica, e estabelecem vínculos com a área. Atributos arquitetônicos são investigados – de per si e em perspectiva comparada entre as praias – que foram referenciados na literatura como facilitadores da vitalidade urbana. A arquitetura é entendida como configuração espacial (o vazio) e conjunto construído (o cheio). Em cada praia, a estrutura do espaço, enquanto um sistema de limites e permeabilidades, é composta por diferentes rotas entre, ou para, lugares – mais locais ou mais abrangentes – que ora confluem, ora se dissociam, juntando ou separando fluxos. Isto gera padrões de movimento que caracterizam distintos conjuntos construídos e práticas sociais em cada praia, os quais influenciam também em costumes e visões. Deste modo, a forma na Redinha e na Praia do Meio acentua clivagens, ao passo que em Ponta Negra, minimiza separações, já que sua malha urbana se conecta melhor ao entorno. No geral, achados reforçam uma conhecida polaridade, entre menos e mais favorecidos economicamente; assim, limitadas vitalidades urbanas são expressas por arquiteturas que mais das vezes separam, cada qual na sua praia.
3
  • LEONARDO JORGE BRASIL DE FREITAS CUNHA
  • O DESEMPENHO DA COMPARTIMENTAÇÃO HORIZONTAL SELETIVA NA PROMOÇÃO DA SEGURANÇA CONTRA INCÊNDIO EM EDIFICAÇÕES: Simulação computacional como instrumento de avaliação em edificações universitárias.

  • Advisor : EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • GEORGE CAJATY BARBOSA BRAGA
  • GEORGE SANTOS MARINHO
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • VALDIR PIGNATTA E SILVA
  • Data: Apr 12, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • No trabalho apresentam-se os resultados da pesquisa que aborda o desempenho da compartimentação horizontal seletiva na promoção da Segurança Contra Incêndio em Edificações – SCIE. A compartimentação horizontal é uma medida de proteção passiva de total controle por parte do arquiteto, passível de ser definida logo nas primeiras fases do processo projetual. Contudo, nota-se uma contínua reconfiguração dos ambientes em edificações acadêmicas, objetivando ajustá-los à demanda surgente por espaço. Assim, um determinado ambiente concebido inicialmente como uma ampla sala de aula pode se transformar em duas ou mais salas menores, por exemplo. Independentemente do momento em que ocorre a subdivisão, seja na fase de projeto ou durante a ocupação da edificação, as normas só consideram o ambiente compartimentado quando são empregados os elementos classificados como corta-fogo. Entretanto, considerando que os minutos iniciais de um incêndio são os mais importantes na proteção a vida, trabalhou-se a hipótese de que uma forma de particionamento ignorado pelas prescrições normativas é capaz de favorecer a evacuação e o resgate dos ocupantes ao promover exaustão da fumaça no ambiente incendiado. A partir de um modelo representativo de um ambiente acadêmico construído, utilizou-se a simulação computacional para testar o desempenho de um tipo de compartimentação horizontal seletiva com diferentes combinações de aberturas para exaustão da fumaça. Nos resultados obtidos demonstrou-se que a compartimentação horizontal seletiva é capaz de promover benefícios para os ocupantes durante a evacuação, tanto por promover maior altura da camada livre de fumaça, quanto por retardar o instante em que a temperatura limite para a sobrevivência humana é atingida.

4
  • SIMONE DA SILVA COSTA
  • PROVISÃO HABITACIONAL E A (DES) CONSTRUÇÃO DO DIREITO A CIDADE: UM OLHAR SOBRE A AÇÃO CIVIL PÚBLICA COMO INSTRUMENTO DE ANALISE DO PMCMV.

  • Advisor : FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • JOVANKA BARACUHY CAVALCANTI SCOCUGLIA
  • LUDIMILLA CARVALHO SERAFIM DE OLIVEIRA
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • Data: Apr 28, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • Com a constatação das distorções do Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida (PMCMV) presente na edificação dos empreendimentos em diversas cidades brasileiras, este trabalho de investigação procura responder as seguintes questões: as políticas federais de habitação implementadas no Brasil, após a década de 1940, se moveram em direção à efetivação do direito à cidade ou apenas atuaram no sentido de promover um empoderamento do setor privado? O PMCMV, atual modelo de provisão habitacional, segue os princípios e diretrizes que conduzem a concretização desse direito? Como a Ação Civil Pública (Lei 7.347/1985) pode contribuir para a construção de políticas habitacionais mais justas e democráticas, já que se constitui num instrumento de defesa dos interesses coletivos de uma sociedade? A fim de responder tais questões, faz-se uma revisão de literatura acerca do conceito de direito à moradia e à cidade, bem como dos modelos adotados pelas políticas habitacionais implementadas pelo governo federal a partir de 1940. Apresenta-se e crítica-se a estrutura adotada pelo PMCMV para a construção de moradias populares e, para tanto, utiliza a Ação Civil Pública como um instrumento de avaliação do PMCMV e de defesa do direito à cidade num momento de intensa provisão habitacional apoiada pelo sistema financeiro. Foi selecionada e analisada, dentre outras, a ACP nº 0012584-70.2011.403.6119, que tramita na 1ª Vara Federal de Guarulhos (SP). A referida ACP foi proposta pelo MPF em desfavor da União Federal e da Caixa Econômica Federal enfatizando mudanças nos critérios de seleção dos candidatos do referido programa, tendo em vista a comercialização de vagas e a cobrança indevida de taxas de inscrição das organizações não governamentais responsáveis pela sua execução. Neste sentido, a ACP surge como um relevante instrumento de defesa do direito à cidade aos beneficiários do PMCMV. As considerações finais têm por objetivo assinalar elementos de caráter pedagógico, educativo, preventivo, relacional e de esclarecimento sobre a relevância da construção de uma política habitacional que conduza a verdadeira justiça urbana, ainda que por meio da sua judicialização, ou seja, da intervenção direta do Poder Judiciário nos atos do Poder Executivo.

5
  • GIULIANO ORSI MARQUES DE CARVALHO
  • DESIGN PROJECT INITIATION: A study with professors and students in three schools in Brazil and one in Portugal

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CLAUDIA DA CONCEIÇÃO GARCIA
  • FLAVIO DE LEMOS CARSALADE
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARIA MADALENA AGUIAR DA CUNHA MATOS
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Aug 30, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis researches elements which can subsidize the teaching of design in the first semesters of Architecture and Urbanism (AU) course taking students’ previous knowledge into account and it is understood as starting potential point to education process at this field front to the importance of encouraging background extension from beginner students (BS). Based upon this premise, from questions linked to general teaching and to teaching of AU in particular, there are the following questions: How students’ previous knowledge, acquired throughout their own experiences (meanly spatial), are managed from initial subjects course? What are the most appropriate focuses to do these readings? Can the design teaching take advantage of the information embodying them into the teaching process? According to the extension of these questions, we assume that the exploratory way of this study, taking as work hypothesis that: (i) it is possible to investigate the existing singularities into groups of BS in AU, and they can be seen, meanly, by their perception from their places of living and their drafts/ texts done during this thesis; (ii) the design introductory subjects content nowadays do not behold (or behold just a little) such singularities; (iii) the contact to all this information can favor an adequate approach among students and professors. This way, our main goal is to subsidy the creation of guidelines of introductory subjects to design teaching of architecture at AU courses. As specifics goals: (i) to comprehend how the studying of BS previous knowledge insert themselves into the guidelines of introductory design subjects at Brazilian AU courses; (ii) to comprehend the professors point of view regarding to introductory design subjects; and (iii) to investigate BS previous knowledge from AU courses throughout the comprehension of their origin, living places, repertory and architectural preferences. In this context, this thesis methodologically supports itself into bibliographical review in the field of AU teaching, pedagogy and supplementary subjects such as environmental psychology, philosophy, sociology and history. Two autonomous studying were empirically done. The first one investigated 54 Brazilian AU public courses in order to identify relations among introductory design subjects, the qualification and profile of the professors and their opinion about BS background and the way to consider students’ knowledge into subjects of design initiation. The second one assumed the format of a multiple case study and it was done with BS from four different AU courses, in which the understanding about their living places and some products (drafts and texts) were taken in four different architecture schools: University of Lisbon (UL), Tocantins Federal University (UFT), Rio Grande do Norte Federal University (UFRN) and Juiz de Fora Federal University (UFJF). The data collected show partially the hypotheses and give initial subsidies to the construction of pedagogical guidelines towards to promote a dialogue relation between the repertoire brought by beginner students and the  knowledgment students need to master at the beginning of AU course.

6
  • SILVANA FERRACCIU MAMERI
  • URBAN PROJECT ON SETTLEMENTS OF INFORMAL SOURCE: Form, environment and tools of access to urbanized land in everyday life of Mãe Luiza, Natal/RN

  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ENEIDA MARIA SOUZA MENDONÇA
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • MARISE COSTA DE SOUZA DUARTE
  • MAURO NORMANDO MACÊDO DE BARROS FILHO
  • Data: Sep 1, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis explores the theme of urban project in settlements of informal source, questioning the absence of references in the project actions related to processes built in the residents everyday life and the settlements expansive management, especially those in environmentally fragile areas. This observations together with the formation and growth of Mãe Luiza neighborhood in Natal/RN, encourages the reflection on urban design solutions and both historical and political processes, gestated in the inhabitants daily life, as well as their space appropriation over time. In this field of study, some of the natural environment particularities are expressed, stories of struggle to conquer the land and for a decent urbanization, as well as management strategies for fighting social inequalities and real estate pressures on their territory, that not always are revealed as conditions of urban intervention. In this sense there is a question: how to develop intervention projects in informal source settlements in environmentally sensitive areas, articulating the guarantees of the permanence rights and the environment specificities, with the residents everyday lives? Relating the empirical issues checked in Mãe Luiza neighborhood to theoretical formulations about the significance of the everyday life study, according to Henri Lefebvre, is admitted as a hypothesis that the spatial configuration of informal source settlements contains potential elements for the formulation of projects in urban and building scales. Therefore, the studied object is defined by the spatial configuration of informal source settlements, here particularized by elements of urban form of Mãe Luiza neighborhood in its relationship with the environment and access tools to urbanized land in processes built in everydayness. From this perspective, it’s sought a reflection on urban design, as theory and practice of the architect and urban planner in informal source settlements, aiming the formulation of principles that articulate the specific characteristics of the urban form, the environment and urban land access mechanisms, in line with the local daily practices.

7
  • ISAIAS DA SILVA RIBEIRO
  • MUSEUM-PARK ARCHITECTURE: The exhibition pavilions of Inhotim Institute

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMELIA DE FARIAS PANET BARROS
  • DAVID MORENO SPERLING
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARIA DA CONCEIÇÃO ALVES DE GUIMARAENS
  • Data: Sep 12, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The thesis presented here proposes the study of the relationship between architecture and art, taking as a case study the exhibition pavilions of the Inhotim Institute, located in Brumadinho, Minas Gerais. The research seeks to answer the question: To what extent the formal characteristics of the visual arts works led the design process for projects of permanent pavilions of the Inhotim Institute? From the presented problem, other issues have been prepared for the development of the research: The exhibition spaces of the Instituto Inhotim have characteristics that differentiate them of museum architecture projects designed to other institutions? What aspects are specific to them? How is the relationship between architecture and the visual arts at the Inhotim Instituto today? The study aims, based on an analysis of exhibition pavilions institution, links the morphological and functional characteristics of the buildings to the works of permanent contemporary art and the dialogue between architect and artist during the design process. Therefore, it´s made the analysis of the architectural design of the permanent pavilions to the view of the architects and artists involved in the design process. This study intends to make a contribution on the Brazilian contemporary architecture production, thereby opening up new ways for researches interested in museums architecture design field and exhibition spaces, with the focus on the relationship between art and architecture. The study's conclusions show that the panorama of spaces designed for art in Brazil, we can say that the Inhotim is presented as a single case. Inhotim is shaped from a expography in which part of the collection is exhibited "outdoors" (sculptures, for example) on the green areas of the park and other works (such as installations and paintings) are housed in designed buildings by partnerships between architects and artists. In this perspective, contemporary art, which brings together a range of artistic processes, finds in Inhotim, an open field for implementation of various proposals in this creative universe. In the case of design project of the pavilions for permanent exhibition, other aspects are valued, in addition to the morphological characteristics of works of art, for example, the themes and materials used by artists in their works. Finally, we can say that in Inhotim, and more directly referring to the museum architectural complex in constitution, specific architecture that has been produced to house works of contemporary art, it´s unprecedented in the museum-park art knowledge. The partnership between architect and artist leads to the production of a single architecture project that aims to protect and display the collection in special installations worsk.

8
  • GLENDA DANTAS FERREIRA
  • HOUSING PRODUCTION, AGENTS AND TERRITORY: A REVIEW FOR THE BRAZILIAN HOUSING PROGRAM MINHA CASA MINHA VIDA IN THE METROPOLITAN REGION OF NATAL IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE/BRAZIL (2009 - 2014)

  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ADAUTO LÚCIO CARDOSO
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • LUCIA ZANIN SHIMBO
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: Nov 28, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • This thesis deals with current issues related to contemporary Brazilian housing policies focusing the housing Program called Minha Casa, Minha Vida. It was seen that social housing production has been guided by real estate agents and set on a capitalist logic that is throughly supported by the State. These views are enphasized in a metropolitan scale which enables socio-spatial reproduction of families in the metropolization process. In practical terms, this reproduction occurs based on a socio-spatial organization model of the territory that in turn, is set on expressive social inquality related to the the commodification of land and housing. Thus, a standoff emerges between the scale of the phenomenon – - problematic Housing in terms of qualitative and quantitative déficit in the scale of operations of these municipalities; which are responsible for implementing housing programs. Thus, considering these issues, this work aims to enquire: How does the Minha Casa, Minha Vida program structure social interest housing production in the Metropolitan Region of Natal in Rio Grande do Norte in Brazil?. It is admited that this program is established and set on certain development condtions that foment new housing practises on behalf of real estate agents. These practises are mediated by the state and relate to real estate products and operation scales; considering their spatial performance Thus, the research investigates the Minha Casa, Minha Vida Program aiming to identify its current structure regarding social interest production, its mains characteristics in the Metropolitan Region of Natal. The work also deals with State and real estate agents; participants in the program´s implementation process. This is done considering the time period of 2009 to 2014. The study universe is delimited by the functional metropolis of Natal; formed by the cities of Natal, Parnamirim, São Gonçalo do Amarante, Macaíba and Extremoz. As for methodological procedures, a qualitative research with semi-structured interview was realized with municipal managers, representatives of the Caixa Econômica Federal Bank as well as civil construction companies. There was also a documental analysis that considered the program´s legislation and secondary data on housing production. The research identified a movement towards peripheral internalization of social housing production on behalf of real estate agents that have considered this metropolitan space as a reference. On the other hand, it was possible to perceive that housing public policies are organized based on local actions. The research results point to the occurrence of a real estate structuring process in the Functional Metropolis of Natal that in turn, are directed to the families of social interest by the Minha Casa, Minha Vida Program.


9
  • MARCIA SILVA DE OLIVEIRA
  • Meeting the Everyday Life, New Discoveries of Neighborhood and Neighborhood Life.

     

  • Advisor : AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • RITA DE CASSIA DA CONCEICAO GOMES
  • LUCIANA DE OLIVEIRA CHIANCA
  • ROBERTO LUÍS DE MELO MONTE-MÓR
  • Data: Dec 12, 2016


  • Show Abstract
  • The present thesis considers the social-spatial dynamics that historically constructed the neighborhood of Nova Descoberta in Natal, Brazil, from the second half of the twentieth century. To make it possible, the thesis addresses the relation between the neighborhood construction and the neighborhood´s life, and supports itself in the theoretical-methodologic basement created by the French philosopher and sociologist, Henri Lefebvre, that proposes a vison of an urban social life that uncover into the neighborhood as a privileged fragment of a social life core, only understood in its city relationship. The thesis starts from the following question: How to include the differential space, thought by Henri Lefebvre, into the analysis of the Neighborhood and Neighborhood´s life from the study of the Nova Descoberta reality? And it raises as hypothesis, the claim that the existence and the reality of Nova Descoberta District is determined and only explained by the simultaneous and contradictory movement of its conceived, perceived and lived space. The thesis constructs an analysis of Nova Descoberta as a Differential Space, produced by the convergence and simultaneity of different logical and dimensions that uncover into its space production and bases itself in the study of the quoted writer about the Neighborhood, the Everyday Life and the Urban Social Life, as well as his regressive-progressive dialectical method that proposes spatial-temporal analysis of the confrontation between the modern life, the past and the possible, affirming itself as a qualitative research, based in interviews, in loco observations, images capturing, public agencies consulting and in old empirical scope registers. Walking through research tracks that helped us to understand the formation of the district in the city, we show the process of consolidation of the initial cores of occupation of Nova Descoberta and Morro Branco, and we face the construction of an institutionalized perceived and lived neighborhood from the networks of living that support the individual and collective memory, the notion of belonging and the residents’ consolidated identity of the living space in the city. In this context, the new discoveries realized confirmed our hypothesis that Nova Descoberta as an official part of the city can only be understood in its totality, as a concrete spatiality, as institutionalized unity and as the core of social life.  In other words, as a product of simultaneous and contradictory dynamics of production of its conceived, realized and lived space that allowed the perception of the neighborhood as a Differential space. This finding, allowed us to affirm that the current institutionalized district of Nova Descoberta presents two different social-spatial references: Nova Descoberta and Morro Branco, that points to a coexistence, sometimes conflicting, between the official and the everyday neighborhood, where one does not negate the other, but adds itself to each other as part of the same reality. Finally, the paper highlights the possibility of Inhabiting the neighborhood as redemption and reaffirmation of urban social life, contributing to further studies on the relations between Neighborhood and Town, Daily Life and Urban Social Life into the city currently.

2015
Dissertations
1
  • SANDERSON CARVALHO SOUZA DE MEDEIROS
  • Integração de Projeto de Arquitetura e Estruturas no ensino através de BIM: uma abordagem dos cursos de arquitetura e urbanismo da UFRN e da UFPB.

  • Advisor : MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • CARLOS ALEJANDRO NOME SILVA
  • FERNANDO JOSE DE MEDEIROS COSTA
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • Data: Jan 26, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • A integração entre os projetos de arquitetura e de estrutura de edifícios constitui-se, na formação acadêmica, um dos principais desafios para o ensino do projeto de arquitetura. Estudos recentes apontam para a relevância da utilização de ferramentas computacionais em ambientes acadêmicos como importante estratégia para a referida integração. Embora nos últimos anos experiências pedagógicas utilizando BIM (Building Information Modeling) venham sendo incorporadas pelas escolas de Arquitetura, constata-se a necessidade de aprofundar procedimentos didático-pedagógicos que promovam a integração do ensino do projeto de arquitetura e de estruturas. O presente trabalho analisa diferentes experiências desenvolvidas no âmbito da UFRN e da UFPB, buscando identificar ferramentas, processos e produtos utilizados, apontando limitações e potencialidades em disciplinas ministradas nas referidas instituições. A pesquisa parte de uma revisão bibliográfica sobre o ensino de BIM e aspectos relacionados à integração dos projetos de arquitetura e estruturas. Utiliza-se de técnicas de coleta de observação direta em ateliê, da aplicação de questionários com alunos, entrevistas com professores, analisados por um método misto, qualitativo e quantitativo. Na UFRN, o âmbito do Ateliê Integrado como disciplina obrigatória no currículo, favorece a integração das disciplinas aqui estudadas, pois possibilita professores de diferentes disciplinas como consultores. Normalmente, a dificuldade é de sincronia entre os mesmos. Com relação ao uso de BIM forma usuários iniciais, modeladores BIM, capazes de extrair quantitativos automaticamente e acelerar a produção, ganhando em qualidade nos produtos, entretanto aprender a ferramenta e projetar paralelamente causa algumas dificuldades. Na UFPB, a falta de disciplinas obrigatórias sobre BIM, gera falta de conhecimento e segurança na utilização da ferramenta e dos processos, pela maioria dos alunos. Desta forma percebe-se a necessidade de um esforço maior da escola para a adoção e formação de competências BIM. Verifica-se a necessidade de maior conceituação BIM em ambas, para que se favoreçam os processos BIM e consequente melhor utilização das ferramentas, evitando a desvalorização e desuso da tecnologia, limitando-a a uma ferramenta. Considera-se a inclusão de disciplinas específicas com competências BIM mais avançadas, a partir de parcerias com cursos de engenharia e a promoção de integrações transdisciplinares que favoreçam o intercambio de culturas diferentes desde a academia.   

2
  • VANY PATRICK CORTEZ MORENO
  • ESTRATÉGIAS PARA OBTENÇÃO DE ADEQUADA ILUMINAÇÃO NATURAL EM ESCOLAS: UMA ANÁLISE DE SISTEMAS DE ABERTURAS PARA NATAL/RN.

  • Advisor : MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • LEONARDO SALAZAR BITTENCOURT
  • Data: Jan 28, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  •  finalidade desta dissertação é de analisar diferentes sistemas de aberturas para luz natural em escolas na cidade de Natal/RN. Embora haja muita luz natural disponível localmente, são escassas e difusas as recomendações arquitetônicas que relacionam o comportamento de céu, as dimensões de aberturas, o sombreamento, a fração de céu visível, as iluminâncias requeridas, o ofuscamento, o período de ocupação e profundidade de área iluminada. Para a pesquisa são selecionados diferentes sistemas de aberturas visando explorar o potencial do uso de luz natural de cada um: o método encontra-se dividido em três fases. A primeira fase é de modelagem e consiste na construção do modelo tridimensional de uma sala de aula no programa Sketchup 2014, cujas caraterísticas seguem recomendações presentes na literatura especializada para obtenção de uma boa qualidade de conforto ambiental em ambientes escolares. A segunda fase é a simulação computacional dinâmica do desempenho luminoso, por meio do software Daysim. Os dados de entrada são o arquivo climático do ano 2009 da cidade de Natal/RN, a volumetria da sala de aula no formato 3ds com a atribuição das propriedades óticas de cada superfície, o arquivo do mapeamento de sensores e o arquivo de ocupação do usuário. Os resultados produzidos na simulação são tratados em planilha eletrônica elaboradas por Carvalho (2014) visando determinar a ocorrência da Iluminância Natural Útil(UDI) na faixa de 300 a 3000lux e construir gráficos de curvas de iluminância e isolinhas de UDI para identificar a uniformidade da distribuição de luz, o atendimento ao nível mínimo de iluminância e a ocorrência de ofuscamento. No que se refere às grandes aberturas recomenda-se reduzir a visão da abobada celeste e evitar grandes quantidades de fração de céu por causar ofuscamento e falta de uniformidade na distribuição da luz pelo ambiente. Para pequenas aberturas recomenda-se aumentar a visão da abobada celeste permitindo maior entrada da luz difusa no ambiente e evitar obstruções que diminuem a quantidade de luz. Para casos em que haja uma fração de céu pequena devido às características do entorno, recomenda-se aberturas maiores e em casos em que há uma fração de céu visível alta, ou espaços com pouca densidade recomenda-se aberturas menores. Os resultados demonstram a potencialidade da cidade de Natal/RN para fazer uso adequado da iluminação difusa sem ocorrência de ofuscamento e ganho térmico em ambientes escolares.

3
  • LAIZE FERNANDES DE ASEVEDO
  • REPRESENTAÇÕES ARQUITETÔNICAS NA CONCEPÇÃO PROJETUAL: um estudo com arquitetos e urbanistas do Rio Grande do Norte

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • WILSON FLORIO
  • Data: Jan 30, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • O arquiteto materializa suas ideias em formato de representações arquitetônicas que assumem funções distintas no decorrer da produção projetual atuando como instrumento de expressão das ideias de criação, como meio de comunicação entre o projetista e a clientela, ou como descrição do projeto para sua execução (DURAND, 2003). Neste trabalho, discute-se a relação entre as representações arquitetônicas e o processo de concepção projetual em contexto profissional, tendo como foco a função que a representação assume como auxílio à concepção. O objetivo geral consiste em compreender o papel das representações arquitetônicas no processo de concepção do projeto a partir da identificação dos modos de apropriação de seus tipos e recursos. A investigação foi realizada através do estudo de cunho teórico-conceitual acerca das temáticas abordadas, e da pesquisa empírica de caráter qualitativo, aplicada a profissionais do estado do Rio Grande do Norte, e desenvolvida em duas etapas sendo, a primeira por meio de preenchimento de formulário eletrônico, e a segunda, a partir de estudos de casos com execução de exercícios projetuais. Os resultados da pesquisa indireta demonstraram que a grande maioria dos arquitetos e urbanistas acredita que a maneira como utiliza os tipos e recursos de representação pode interferir no modo de concepção do projeto arquitetônico. E, após a realização dos estudos de casos, foi visto que, motivada por diferentes condições de projeto, a maioria dos projetistas utilizou das representações de maneira distinta, o que se refletiu em processos de concepção diferentes.

4
  • BEATRIZ COROA DO COUTO
  • Título: O Plano de Preservação do Conjunto Urbanístico de Brasília – uma análise da preservação na produção do espaço urbano

  • Advisor : NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FLAVIANA BARRETO LIRA
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Feb 10, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Resumo:

    Projetada por Lucio Costa em 1957 e inaugurada em 1960, Brasília recebeu o título de Patrimônio Cultural do Distrital Federal 27 anos depois, em 1987. No mesmo ano foi reconhecida como Patrimônio Cultural da Humanidade pela Organização das Nações Unidas para a Educação, Ciência e Cultura (UNESCO). O título de Patrimônio Nacional foi concedido três anos mais tarde, em 1990, pelo Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional (IPHAN), observando os mesmos princípios do tombamento distrital que destacam as ‘escalas urbanas’ – monumental, residencial, gregária e bucólica. Quanto ao reconhecimento internacional, os critérios que configuram o Valor Universal de Excepcionalidade (VUE), referem-se ao fato de Brasília “representar uma obra artística única, uma obra prima do gênio criador”; e “ser um exemplar marcante de um tipo de construção ou conjunto arquitetônico que ilustre um estágio significativo da história”. Apesar disso, a cidade apresenta a aparente contradição que evidencia, de um lado, o reconhecimento dos valores essenciais de sua concepção urbanística como patrimônio cultural em três instâncias diferentes e, de outro, intervenções urbanas das mais variadas formas que nem sempre respeitam os princípios dessa concepção. O resultado da última Missão de Monitoramento, de 2012, trouxe como principais questões a necessidade prioritária da definição clara das características e delimitações das escalas urbanas; a definição de arcabouço jurídico conciliando legislações nacionais e distritais de uso e ocupação do solo; a criação de autoridade executiva intersetorial com autonomia decisória e recursos suficientes para independência de aprovação de outras autoridades governamentais; e promoção de programas de educação patrimonial. Como recomendações finais o relatório propõe ainda “cancelar o processo de aprovação atual do PPCUB para estabelecimento de um processo formal de consulta através de uma comissão constituída pelo GDF e IPHAN, possibilitando a participação ativa da Universidade de Brasília (UnB), da Associação de Arquitetos, ICOMOS e organizações pertencentes à comunidade”; assim como a apresentação de uma “estratégia completa para as obras de desenvolvimento de infraestrutura previstas para a COPA do Mundo de 2014, para avaliação de impactos em termos de capacidade de transporte, desenvolvimento derivado de áreas comerciais, reformas de hotéis e outros serviços turísticos” (GDF, 2010). Assim, a presente pesquisa busca identificar e refletir sobre condicionantes e direcionamentos das práticas de preservação do patrimônio cultural representado por Brasília que evidenciem os principais aspectos da estrutura institucional e da interação entre agentes envolvidos na formulação das propostas consolidadas no PPCUB, considerando os objetivos de preservação do patrimônio cultural.

     

5
  • ERIBERTO CARLOS MENDES DA SILVA
  •  

    Título: O projeto arquitetônico e a antecipação do projeto de segurança contra incêndio: interferência mútua, interação necessária.

  • Advisor : EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • MARIA DAS VITORIAS VIEIRA ALMEIDA DE SA
  • ROSARIA ONO
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • Data: Feb 27, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • RESUMO

    A grande demanda de projetos de Instituição Federal de Ensino Superior (IFES), desencadeada pelo momento político favorável, impulsiona o mercado de obras públicas e traz consigo o estigma de buscar o menor custo e atender a Lei federal 8.666/93 (Licitações). Neste contexto, esta pesquisa faz uma análise do cumprimento dos requisitos normativos de Segurança Contra Incêndio – SCI nos projetos arquitetônicos de IFES, tomando-os como ponto de avaliação da qualidade dos projetos. Para tanto, foram utilizados, projetos de IFES, especificamente da UFERSA-Universidade Federal Rural do Semiárido e UFRN – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, selecionados pela relação uso x público atendido e ainda, pela replicação da construção destes edifícios. A pesquisa se desenvolveu através da identificação da legislação de SCI aplicável aos projetos em questão, com a determinação dos requisitos exigidos e que são de autonomia do arquiteto ou que interferem nas decisões do projeto arquitetônico. Tabulados os requisitos, através do levantamento dos dados e de medidas coletados nas plantas, foi feita comparação e verificação do cumprimento destes. Os resultados desta avaliação revelam que a maioria dos requisitos não foi atendida e que os projetos arquitetônicos das IFES, tomados como objeto desta pesquisa, certamente sofrerão restrições na sua fase de regularização junto ao Corpo de Bombeiros. Conclui-se que há necessidade de aprimoramento no desenvolvimento dos projetos das IFES para atendimento das exigências mínimas de SCI e melhoria na qualidade. Ainda, os resultados direcionam para o entendimento de que o nível de conhecimento sobre SCI recebido e assimilado pelos arquitetos é insuficiente para adequada elaboração de projetos arquitetônicos de qualidade nesta área.

     

     

     

6
  • CARLA DA SILVA BASTOS
  • TÍTULO:

    Avaliação pós-Ocupação e Design de Interiores: uma experiência didática

     

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • GLIELSON NEPOMUCENO MONTENEGRO
  • Data: Mar 16, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • RESUMO:

    Nas últimas décadas a área de Arquitetura e o Urbanismo (AU) têm demonstrado um interesse particular nas relações estabelecidas entre pessoas e ambientes, incorporando a Avaliação Pós-Ocupação (APO) ao processo de projeto como estratégia investigativa dos aspectos físicos e funcionais do ambiente construído, bem como para estudo da percepção e comportamento dos usuários. Embora no âmbito da AU estas experiências apresentem resultados positivos, a formação acadêmica em Design de Interiores ainda contempla tal temática de forma superficial. Neste contexto, esta dissertação discute a utilização de métodos e técnicas de APO como abordagem complementar ao exercício projetual no campo de design de interiores, e em contexto acadêmico. A abordagem metodológica adotada dividiu-se em duas etapas: 1) construção de um painel de experts sobre o ensino de APO nos cursos de graduação e pós-graduação em AU; 2) com base nos resultados da etapa anterior, foi planejada uma experiência didática para uso da APO no projeto de interiores de uma biblioteca, que envolveu a realização de Walkthrough, Avaliação Técnico-Funcional, Mapa Comportamental, Poema dos Desejos, Questionários com usuários, Matriz de Descobertas e Quadro de Recomendações, culminando com a elaboração de um projeto de intervenção para o local. Os resultados da APO mostram que: (i) ela despertou nos alunos um interesse diferenciado pela relação entre as necessidades dos usuários e as soluções projetuais; (ii) a maioria dos métodos/técnicas teve boa aceitação, embora se verificasse dificuldade de apropriação de alguns. As propostas projetuais desenvolvidas ao final do semestre, analisadas durante as assessorias, de forma comparativamente com a Matriz de Descobertas e Quadro de Recomendações e pelo professor responsável, mostram que o conhecimento da APO influenciou diretamente os novos projetos no que se refere à solução formal e funcional adotada, e representou ainda um enriquecimento no discurso oral do alunado.

7
  • GÉRSICA VASCONCELOS GOES
  • UM PERCURSO SOBRE O PATRIMÔNIO E A MORFOLOGIA URBANA DO CENTRO DE FORTALEZA-CE

  • Advisor : JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • CLOVIS RAMIRO JUCÁ NETO
  • Data: Apr 10, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • A incursão sobre a área histórica do centro de Fortaleza apresenta reminiscências de um acervo patrimonial passível de reconhecimento como patrimônio edificado da cidade, tanto em aspectos arquitetônicos quanto urbanísticos. O bairro tem em seu tecido urbano uma síntese das diversas fases da arquitetura brasileira materializada em seu traçado e nos bens edificados. Essa composição abrange principalmente a produção eclética, perpassando pelo momento do art déco, incluindo o período da produção moderna. O presente trabalho visa identificar no acervo patrimonial existente, as temporalidades e espacialidades que possibilitam remontar a história da forma urbana do bairro. Utilizando-se do aporte teórico-metodológico da morfologia e história urbana de autores como Aldo Rossi (2001), Kevin Lynch (1997), José Lamas (2010) e Philippe Panerai (2006), foi permitido, em um percurso predefinido, tecer parte da memória urbana fortalezense. O estudo histórico-morfológico percorre através de uma análise sequenciada desenvolvida a partir de subconjuntos articulados formados pela rede de praças do bairro: Praça José de Alencar, Praça Capistrano de Abreu (Lagoinha), Praça Clóvis Beviláquia, Praça do Carmo, Praça Murilo Borges (BNB), Praça Coração de Jesus, Parque das Crianças, Praça do Riacho Pajeú, Praça dos Voluntários (Polícia), Praça do Ferreira, Praça Waldemar Falcão (Correios). Praça General Tibúrcio (Leões), Praça Figueira de Melo, Bosque Dom Delgado (Pajeú), Praça Cristo Redentor, Praça Caio Prado (Sé), Praça dos Mártires (Passeio Público), e Praça Castro Carreira (Estação). Setorizou-se o bairro com base nesse sistema de praças, pois se percebe que há nesses espaços públicos um trajeto que contempla uma parcela da história urbana fortalezense. Além de que em seu entorno há uma maior concentração de bens patrimoniais em relação aos demais setores do bairro, em que a descaracterização é uma imperativa do conjunto urbano. Visando apreender essa rede de espaços públicos contidas na área estudada foram propostos dois percursos baseados nos limites da cidade de 1875 propostos por Adolfo Herbster (Planta da cidade da Fortaleza). O trajeto se inicia pelas conhecidas boulevards (avenidas do Imperador, Duque de Caxias e Dom Manuel) e pela orla marítima. O estudo é pautado na análise bibliográfica, documental e empírica do tema, sendo composto por uma sobreposição de mapas, acervo fotográfico e desenhos que ratificam esse acervo patrimonial tanto arquitetônico quanto urbanístico na contemporaneidade. Dentre os resultados obtidos, observou-se que diante de um quadro atual da perda do locus da noção de aglomerado histórico-cultural, as praças expressam os redutos da ambiência patrimonial que por ventura resistem na história e morfologia urbana da capital cearense.

8
  • ARIANE MAGDA BORGES
  • VERNACU[LARES]: A CASA DE FAZENDA SERIDOENSE DO SÉCULO XIX COMO EXEMPLO DE ADAPTAÇÃO AO CLIMA SEMIÁRIDO

  • Advisor : JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • SABRINA STUDART FONTENELE COSTA
  • Data: Apr 30, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • As habitações rurais das fazendas de criar da microrregião do Seridó potiguar, construídas no século XIX, tornam-se referência pelo seu caráter vernacular, isto é, estas edificações, além de terem reconhecida relevância para a identidade da região, são adaptadas às condicionantes do lugar nos mais diversos aspectos (econômicos, culturais, construtivos, físicos, etc.), e consistem em espaços de proteção em relação às características hostis do clima semiárido. Levando em consideração a premissa supracitada, surge o seguinte questionamento: Que características das casas de fazendas de criar do século XIX do Seridó potiguar são preponderantes para que sejam espaços de proteção em relação ao clima semiárido? No intuito de responder à indagação, a presente pesquisa tem por objetivo identificar quais as particularidades das casas de fazenda do Seridó que contribuem para adaptabilidade destas edificações ao clima semiárido, como ambientes de proteção; e contribuir para ações de valorização do patrimônio arquitetônico em questão. Para tanto, foram adotados procedimentos divididos em duas etapas. Primeiro foram identificadas as características recorrentes nas edificações estudadas por meio de um estudo tipológico realizado a partir dos inventários existentes (DINIZ, 2008; FEIJÓ, 2002; IPHAN, 2012). Para a definição do tipo trabalhou-se com o conceito que mescla a tipologia analítica de Durand que identifica as semelhanças e diferenças para classificar edificações, tendo o caráter de levantamento histórico e de documentação arquitetônica, com a definição proposta por Argan (1963) de que a tipologia não é definida a priori, mas na dedução a partir de uma série de casos ilustrativos que tenham analogia formal e funcional entre si. Em seguida, trabalhou-se com uma amostra de cinco tipos diferentes entre si, definidos pela possibilidade de acesso ao interior das casas, proximidade a outros exemplares, bom estado de conservação e preservação. As fazendas contempladas foram: Pitombeiras, Agenus e Garrotes, no município de Acari; e no município de Caicó, Palma e Penedo. A segunda etapa consistiu no levantamento arquitetônico, registro fotográfico, modelagem tridimensional digital (visando a ampliação da documentação e registro existente); e no monitoramento térmico ao longo de aproximadamente um dia representativo em cinco casas de fazenda, relacionando o desempenho térmico das casas com suas características individuais. As variáveis escolhidas para análise do monitoramento se baseiam no modelo de conforto térmico adaptativo (SPAGNOLO e DE DEAR, 2003 apud NEGREIROS, 2010). As características das casas foram analisadas conforme o atendimento às estratégias de condicionamento térmico passivo recomendadas pela Norma NBR 15220 (ABNT, 2005), para a zona bioclimática 7 onde se inserem os municípios de Caicó e Acari. A análise das temperaturas operativas das casas revelou que durante mais de 90% das horas do dia os ambientes encontram-se dentro da faixa de conforto. Tendo sido o desempenho térmico melhor nas casas de fazenda que tiveram maior grau de atendimento às estratégias bioclimáticas recomendadas. Nos ambientes (normalmente a cozinha e cômodos de pés-direitos baixos, expostos à radiação Oeste) que ainda apresentaram horas de desconforto, o conforto térmico pode ser alcançado com movimentação de ar de aproximadamente 1,0 m/s.

9
  • MONIQUE LESSA VIEIRA OLIMPIO
  • O REGISTRO DE PROCEDIMENTOS METODOLÓGICOS EM PROJETOS DE INTERVENÇÃO ARQUITETÔNICA NO PATRIMÔNIO EDIFICADO: O CASO DE NATAL/RN.

  • Advisor : NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • RODRIGO ESPINHA BAETA
  • Data: Jun 12, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • No que diz respeito às formas de intervir sobre o patrimônio edificado, observou-se, em meio a um processo de conscientização preservacionista, proliferarem inúmeras posturas projetuais frente à pré-existência de valor patrimonial. Mas, estes projetos de intervenção em edificações de reconhecido valor patrimonial possuem alguma especificidade? É possível identificar em que eles diferem (e se diferem) de um projeto arquitetônico que não está relacionado as questões preservacionistas? Diante deste universo, constatou-se a necessidade de um reflexão sobre os procedimentos metodológicos utilizados em um projeto de arquitetura, especificamente aqueles voltados para preservação patrimonial. Diante de inúmeras contribuições teóricas sobre a temática de métodos de projetação arquitetônica, observou-se uma escassez de estudos voltados, especificamente, para projetos de intervenção arquitetônica. Esta discussão, se reveste de uma importância ainda maior pois, em âmbito nacional, algumas das recentes reflexões sobre este tipo de projeto arquitetônico apontam para uma atuação, muitas vezes, caracterizada pelo arbítrio e completa ausência de rigor metodológico (KÜHL, 2006). Logo, o caminho desta pesquisa, trabalhou de forma conexa elementos teórico-metodológicos da prática preservacionista e a temática sobre métodos de projetação arquitetônica (LAWSON, 2011; BOUDON et al, 2000; MAHFUZ, 1995). Visando responder as questões apresentadas, o recorte desta pesquisa consiste nos projetos de intervenção do Terminal Marítimo de Passageiros de Natal, do Antigo Palácio do Governo (EDTAM) e do Antigo Hotel Central, que estão situados na área reconhecida como centro histórico da cidade de Natal. As análises destes, objetivam identificar os procedimentos metodológicos registrados no produto final (representação gráfica do projeto arquitetônica e demais documentos) entregue ao IPHAN/RN, órgão responsável pela análise e aprovação destes projetos arquitetônicos, observando se tais procedimentos refletem, de alguma maneira, no resultado final obtido e, se compreendem as complexificações das questões preservacionistas, aquilo que difere o projeto de intervenção do projeto do novo. As análises dos projetos, corroboraram a hipótese da existência de especificidades para o projeto de intervenção. A principal, diz respeito a própria natureza do projeto, inerente à relação dialética entre a necessidade da preservação (dos valores patrimoniais identificados) e da modernização (adaptação à vida contemporânea) dos bens patrimoniais. Esta relação, denominada nesta dissertação de “restrição radical” deve, ou deveria, balizar as ações projetuais e análises técnicas do órgão preservacionista. Entretanto, observou-se que esta restrição ficou mais clara nos pareceres dos legisladores do que nas decisões dos projetistas. Os legisladores estabelecem a apresentação de documentos voltados para uma identificação e contextualização prévia do imóvel objeto de intervenção (Portaria Nº 420 de 22 de dezembro de 2010) que oferecem (ou deveriam) subsídios para as decisões projetuais. Contudo, foi possível concluir, pelas análises destes documentos, uma desconexão entre estes e as decisões projetuais apresentadas. Fato que, pode ser justificado pela total ausência de diálogo sobre os preceitos teórico-metodológicos da prática preservacionista que, ao nosso ver, é parte preponderante dos procedimentos metodológicos realizados durante o processo de projetação arquitetônica, e deveriam balizar as discussões projetuais entre projetistas e legisladores.

10
  • LEILA ARAUJO GUILHERMINO FERNANDES
  • Atmosferas arquitetônicas: projeto e percepção na obra de Peter Zumthor

  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARIA DE BETÂNIA UCHOA CAVALCANTI BRENDLE
  • Data: Jun 25, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Esta dissertação dedica-se à discussão sobre as atmosferas arquitetônicas, usando-se como referência para a análise as obras e os relatos do arquiteto suíço Peter Zumthor. O termo "atmosfera arquitetônica" é definido no estudo como a condição complexa e genérica percebida pelo usuário no momento da experienciação de um dado lugar. A composição de uma atmosfera se dá pela sobreposição de todas as características físicas que compõem um espaço, e sua percepção, condicionada a aspectos individuais do usuário, se concretiza por todos os receptores do corpo humano, por meio de um processo multissensorial, e influencia qualitativamente a experienciação dos espaços construídos pela arquitetura. O estudo compreende três capítulos. No primeiro deles, apresenta-se uma reflexão sobre o tema atmosferas arquitetônicas, passando pela formação do conceito e sua definição como também por uma compilação de princípios projetuais que levam à composição de atmosferas arquitetônicas em obras de profissionais diversos. No segundo capítulo, realiza-se um estudo sobre os procedimentos adotados por Peter Zumthor em seu processo projetual, focado na composição de atmosferas. No terceiro, por fim, são analisados os projetos da Capela do Irmão Claus (Wachendorf, Alemanha) e do Museu Kolumba (Colônia, Alemanha), ambos de autoria desse arquiteto, procurando-se entender o complexo jogo de elementos que constituem a atmosfera de cada um desses lugares. A metodologia aplicada para todo o estudo consiste em análise bibliográfica e documental, usando-se como fontes livros, plantas e material coletado na internet. Além disso, para as análises das obras, contou-se também com a experiência da visitação aos edifícios pela própria autora desta dissertação. Como conclusão, o estudo permite perceber como a arquitetura, expressa por meio de seus objetos edificados, pode estar dotada de todo um arcabouço conceitual e teórico que a valoriza e enriquece a experiência de sua visitação, quando concebida com fins de emocionar o usuário. Trata-se de uma abordagem que utiliza os mesmos elementos de qualquer construção, mas que se diferencia pelos vínculos que demanda com o homem e com o meio em que se implanta. Face aos novos rumos reconhecidos para a arquitetura contemporânea, a contribuição deste estudo está na oportunidade de se compreender essa forma peculiar de relação entre usuário e objeto arquitetônico, identificada por uma visão fenomenológica da arquitetura, bem como de atualizar a bibliografia sobre a temática, ainda escassa nas universidades brasileiras.

11
  • SILVIA FERNANDES CAVALCANTI CAMPOS
  • Assessment of environmental quality in high standard condominiums in the great Natal
  • Advisor : SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • SOLANGE MARIA LEDER
  • Data: Sep 3, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Recent research related to sustainable development, show that the expansion
    of the buildings in the cities needs to be better analyzed, because its impact on
    the environment and to people's lives is worrying and must be made a priority
    for the proposed changes. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the existing
    facilities in the urban areas, linking them solutions less causing such impacts.
    For this, it was verified the existence of condominiums with marketing
    proposals, highlighting the large green area and an infrastructure that provides
    an excellent quality of life for residents. Thus, a survey was made of the latest
    apartments built in Natal and their areas of expansion, and presenting this type
    of advertising, classifying them this way upscale condominiums. A selection of
    assessed condominiums had as criteria, construction time, the projects
    completed from 2009, being the latest to new sustainable technologies. And the
    choice of a condominium to make a counterpoint, being the first condominium
    built in the city. At the end of seven condominiums were selected for evaluation,
    each being located in different neighborhoods regions, enabling, in this way,
    enabling the search. The evaluation of the environmental quality of
    condominiums is based on attributes developed by Valaski (2008), which
    assesses the existing buildings, as well as the community in general
    appearance. The results of the overall evaluation showed that two of the seven
    projects were classified positively in relation to environmental quality, including
    the first condominium deployed in the city. The other, showed that there is a
    need for further study to precede the design of a horizontal condominium.
    Regarding the specific assessment of the buildings could not find many homes
    carriers sustainable solutions, such as solar water heating, and a few other,
    bearers of alternative energy by photovoltaic panels. The storage and use of
    rain water proved to be a growing item in new buildings, while the reuse of
    wastewater, along with toppings gardens and vegetation in facades were not
    very applied.

12
  • LUIZA MARIA MEDEIROS DE LIMA
  • O OLHAR DAS INSTITUIÇÕES DE PREVIDÊNCIA SOBRE A CASA E A CIDADE: PROMOÇÃO, FINANCIAMENTO E AVALIAÇÃO DE IMÓVEIS

  • Advisor : ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • MARLICE NAZARETH SOARES AZEVEDO
  • WANI FERNANDES PEREIRA
  • Data: Oct 16, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Os investimentos em moradia realizados pelas Caixas e Institutos de Aposentadoria e Pensões em Natal, entre as décadas de 1930 e 1960, viabilizou a liberação de crédito para construção e compra de casas, que contribuíram para dinamizar o mercado imobiliário natalense, em processo de consolidação à época. Inseridas numa primeira proposta de política pública com abrangência nacional delineada para habitação social no país, essas ações demandaram a criação de uma série de estruturas descentralizadas, sobretudo nas capitais, vinculadas aos Escritórios Centrais no Rio de Janeiro. Nas agências locais, uma rede de profissionais desenvolviam atividades variadas, que iam desde a concepção e construção de empreendimentos até o estudo rotineiro de propostas de financiamento de unidades isoladas. Esse contexto traz à lume a avaliação de imóveis, operada na escala local, como elemento essencial à efetivação da política, permitindo a produção e a troca de dados sobre o valor de mercado das propriedades, fundada sobre a observação e interpretação dos espaços de residência de diferentes grupos sociais, da cidade e de seus bairros. Dessa forma, objetiva-se contribuir para o entendimento da operacionalização dessas ações imobiliárias na legitimação de ponderações sobre o espaço urbano e as residências disponibilizadas aos trabalhadores na capital potiguar. As fontes primárias principais foram as fichas de avaliação imobiliárias dos processos prediais das CAP/IAP, arquivados no INSS-RN e sistematizados em parte no Banco de Dados Empreendimentos do HCURB. Tendo como fontes auxiliares jornais da época, entrevistas e registro fotográfico in loco, foi possível refletir sobre a construção de imagens fragmentadas da cidade, em função dos interesses de investimentos particulares, dos associados, e com a produção direta das instituições – enquanto autarquias corporativas de seguro social. Isso converge para um entendimento do papel dos engenheiros avaliadores no âmbito dessas instituições. As técnicas e os profissionais de avaliação vinculados a ela podem ser vistos, nesse sentido, como parte de um sistema técnico-operacional que se estrutura sobre uma matriz de valores preconcebidos acerca dos significados da “casa”. A busca por essa “essência científica” da avaliação, mais a eficiência para a manipulação de sistemas de crédito e investimento, mostram como estes órgãos, tanto marcam como representam, até certo ponto, as faces contraditórias de um grande esforço coletivo de construção de um “Brasil moderno-industrial” e do “novo homem trabalhador brasileiro”.

Thesis
1
  • EUNADIA SILVA CAVALCANTE
  •  REPERCUSSÃO DA INTEGRAÇÃO DE CONTEÚDOS DAS DISCIPLINAS NOS

    TRABALHOS FINAIS DE GRADUAÇÃO DO CAU-UFRN (2003 a 2010).
  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • DORIS CATHARINE CORNELIE KNATZ KOWALTOWSKI
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARIA DE JESUS DE BRITTO LEITE
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Feb 2, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • As mudanças ocorridas no ensino de arquitetura nas universidades brasileiras, a partir dos anos 90, com a revalorização do projeto de arquitetura como objeto de pesquisa e conhecimentos científicos e, mais especificamente, a adoção pelo Curso de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (CAU) da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) do princípio da integração de conteúdos das disciplinas, despertaram o interesse pela investigação das questões relacionadas ao processo projetual e ao ensino de projeto neste contexto. Passados 20 anos da sua implantação e reconhecida como sendo o grande avanço em termos pedagógicos no processo de ensino/aprendizagem, a integração no âmbito do CAU/UFRN apresenta-se como o foco central desta investigação, que buscará identificar as mudanças ocorridas no ensino de projeto e o seu rebatimento nos projetos de arquitetura desenvolvidos pelos alunos em final de curso. De modo geral, entende-se que a necessidade de integrar conhecimentos de diversas áreas é própria da atividade profissional do arquiteto que busca, através de um exercício de síntese, apontar soluções para as questões envolvidas em um projeto. Partindo da hipótese de que a integração de conteúdos das disciplinas favorece o ensino/aprendizado de projeto de arquitetura, o que pode ser evidenciado nos Trabalhos Finais de Graduação, torna-se necessário compreender, à luz das teorias da educação, como os princípios de organização curricular, tais como interdisciplinaridade, pluridisciplinaridade, transdisciplinaridade e transversalidade, estão relacionados com o termo integração, este sim, mais compreendido e disseminado entre os professores dos cursos de arquitetura. O objeto deste estudo é, portanto, a relação entre a integração de conteúdos disciplinares e os projetos de arquitetura desenvolvidos pelos alunos no CAU-UFRN, no âmbito dos Trabalhos Finais de Graduação (TFGs), concluídos no período de vigência do Projeto Projeto Pedagógico A5 - a partir de 2003. A pesquisa tem por objetivo principal investigar em que medida a integração de conteúdos disciplinares repercute no desenvolvimento dos Trabalhos Finais de Graduação da UFRN, a partir da análise dos desenhos e textos dos projetos dos discentes e dos depoimentos dos professores orientadores e alunos concluintes. A análise dos dados coletados a partir do conteúdo textual e gráfico da amostra dos TFGs do CAU/UFRN sugere que os conteúdos das diversas áreas do conhecimento são assimilados pelos alunos e utilizados como recursos para a concepção e desenvolvimento de projetos de arquitetura. Ou seja, há no produto final dos alunos o registro da integração de conteúdos, seja no discurso ou no desenho, reafirmando a importância da convergência de diversos saberes no projeto arquitetônico. No entanto, a integração de conteúdos do ponto de vista da sua articulação e operacionalização, que envolve professores e alunos de um mesmo período, tem como condição sine qua non para o sucesso deste princípio pedagógico, a disposição destes para o trabalho em equipe, para a prática dialógica, que cria zonas de interseção, não só entre as disciplinas, mas também entre os saberes de cada um dos participantes.

2
  • TRICIA CAROLINE DA SILVA SANTANA
  • Uma reflexão sobre a vitalidade urbanas das praças de Natal/RN

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • PAULO JOSE LISBOA NOBRE
  • SYLVIA CAVALCANTE
  • THYANA FARIAS GALVAO DE BARROS
  • Data: Mar 23, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  •  

     

    RESUMO:

    Esta pesquisa teve como pergunta de partida: os elementos morfológicos que a literatura indica influenciarem a vitalidade das praças são percebidos pelos seus usuários? A hipótese defendida foi que os usuários priorizariam os elementos diretamente envolvidos na presença no local e na apropriação do espaço, especialmente, mobiliário e equipamentos existentes, sombreamento e segurança. Para investigar essa questão, o foco da pesquisa empírica foram as praças públicas localizadas na cidade de Natal-RN, sendo o principal objetivo identificar elementos que contribuem para sua vitalidade, por meio da relação entre morfologia e percepção ambiental. A metodologia adotada foi o Estudo de Caso realizado por meio de multimétodos, utilizando os seguintes procedimentos: análise morfológica realizada com base nas indicações da literatura e em três níveis distintos (raio de influência, 500m; entorno imediato; ambiente em si); observação sistematizada (mapeamento comportamental centrado-no-lugar); e entrevista semi-estruturada com os usuários. Os resultados evidenciaram que espaços mais integrados na malha urbana tem maior potencial de uso, entretanto sua utilização efetiva depende da percepção dos indivíduos, de modo que sua vitalidade decorre principalmente de itens identificados pelos usuários como fundamentais para sua permanência no ambiente, pois afetam diretamente seu bem-estar e a imagem do lugar. Assim, verificou-se que alguns elementos são mais facilmente perceptíveis que outros, como o mobiliário e os equipamentos urbanos, que se revelaram essenciais, de modo que sua presença, qualidade e localização aparentam interferir nas possibilidades de uso. Além disso, o sombreamento e a segurança (vários níveis) mostraram-se itens a garantir, uma vez que os usuários apresentam desejo de vivenciar mais frequentemente os espaços públicos, e estão atentos para as ações de preservação ou de abandono que incidem sobre esses locais, revelando-se como potencialmente envolvidos no resgate desses espaços. No geral, a hipótese se sustentou apenas parcialmente, pois, em muitas situações, a vitalidade aparenta não estar relacionada apenas aos elementos trabalhados, de modo que outros aspectos (econômicos, sociais e ambientais) deveriam ser investigados.

     

3
  • DANIEL FERNANDES DE MACEDO
  •  Título: LUCIO COSTA E O LUGAR: IMAGEM, TEXTO E PAPEL

  • Advisor : SONIA MARIA DE BARROS MARQUES
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FERNANDO LUIZ CAMARGOS LARA
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • NELCI TINEM
  • SONIA MARIA DE BARROS MARQUES
  • TELMA DE BARROS CORREIA
  • Data: Apr 8, 2015


  • Show Abstract

  • Resumo:

    A importância de Lucio Costa (1902-1998) na produção e difusão, em terras brasileiras, do discurso modernista sobre a adaptabilidade da arquitetura ao meio vai além da sua obra construída. Neste sentido, esta tese propõe delinear a abordagem do arquiteto sobre o lugar a partir dos seus registros. Para tanto, procura identificar em que momentos o tema é mais evidente, os aspectos que foram privilegiados e as correlações com outras abordagens no mesmo período, sobretudo na América Latina. Parte de uma concepção de lugar que envolve duas escalas distintas (NORBERG-SCHULZ, 1980; TUAN, 1983; MONTANER, 2001): a grande escala do mundo exterior, com seus elementos constituintes, e a pequena escala da edificação, com seus aspectos materiais e espaços interiores (ROGERS, 1965; ROSSI, 1966; NORBERG-SCHULZ, 1980; GREGOTTI, 1985; ANDO, 1991; FRAMPTON, 1997). Paralelamente, são consideradas as duas naturezas do lugar, que fornecem informações objetivas, que podem ser graficamente representadas, e outras subjetivas, que teriam no texto a melhor forma de registro (NORBERG-SCHULZ, 1980; DURAND, 2003; CASTELLO, 2005). Esta visão sobre o lugar, os dados que ele fornece e suas formas de expressão, fundamentam a análise do tema com base nos desenhos e na produção textual do arquiteto. Os documentos cotejados revelam uma atenção especial sobre o tema nas quatro primeiras décadas de sua atuação, em especial nos anos trinta; também apresentam ênfases e abordagens variadas sobre os atributos que constituem o lugar, embora haja uma preferência pelos aspectos construtivos do edifício; e ainda mostram os pontos ou momentos de aproximação e afastamento do discurso latino-americano no mesmo período.

4
  • LUCIA HELENA COSTA DE GÓIS
  • DA CASA GRANDE AO CONDOMÍNIO FECHADO: O QUE MUDOU NAS FORMAS E MODOS DE MORAR DA FAMÍLIA INTERGERACIONAL NO NORDESTE E SUDESTE DO BRASIL?

  • Advisor : FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • EDMILSON LOPES JUNIOR
  • MARIA DE LOURDES SOARES
  • ROSA ESTER ROSSINI
  • Data: Apr 17, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • O estudo tem como foco de atenção as formas e modos de morar da família intergeracional, aquela constituída por pessoas de diferentes gerações, que co-habitam e tem o idoso/idosa como referência. Quanto às formas de morar, deste tipo de família, é interessante notar que as pesquisas, produções, tradicionalmente realizadas por arquitetos e designers de interiores, não a conceituam nem a definem porque não incluíram essa configuração familiar nos seus estudos e não se preocuparam em atrelar esse tipo de família com alguma forma de morar. Encontra-se, portanto, até o presente momento, um vácuo teórico conceitual, propositivo e interventivo que não corresponde à realidade empírica. Face às constatações, a investigação passou pelo desafio teórico de desconstruir o modelo único de habitação contemporânea, hoje destinada a todos os formatos de famílias sem considerar o que está se gestando: o da família intergeracional de idoso e com idoso. O estudo constitui, portanto, um meio privilegiado para se ter um olhar diferenciado sobre diferentes modelos de espaços domésticos a partir dos novos formatos de famílias, suas necessidades básicas e especiais bem como as identidades das moradias das camadas sociais média-alta e alta indicando um diferencial em relação às condições de moradia e estilo de vida das camadas médias e pobres. Para descrever as formas e modos de morar do arranjo familiar intergeracional foi selecionado o método interdisciplinar, que melhor articula não só o método de procedimento, como o método de abordagem indutivo-reflexivo mediante pesquisa de natureza qualitativa. Para tal, selecionou-se como espaço geográfico aquele em que se concentravam pessoas de grande proximidade socioantropológica e os que faziam parte do círculo de amizades e parentes da pesquisadora, entre estes, os residentes nos bairros de Capim Macio, Candelária, Tirol e Petrópolis, localizados nas zonas sul e leste, respectivamente, da cidade de Natal. Os moradores foram entrevistados e os ambientes fotografados. Constatou-se que, enquanto o espaço intergeracional não se firma enquanto tal, rearranjos extremamente criativos se dão no espaço doméstico em função dos hábitos, necessidades, relações entre gênero e gerações. Conclui-se que a família intergeracional continua na invisibilidade apesar de se firmar como novo arranjo domiciliar; que os estudos sobre cotidiano e moradia devem ser retomados na perspectiva histórica e epistemológica integrando substancialmente a dimensão pessoa-ambiente; que foram validadas as categorias analíticas de gênero e geração, bem como as formas de co-habitação permanente, temporária e em conexão que contribuem para uma releitura das formas e modos de morar na contemporaneidade.

5
  • LUANA HONORIO CRUZ
  • Título: Os caminhos do açúcar no Rio Grande do Norte: o papel dos engenhos na formação território potiguar (século XVII ao início do século XX)

     

     

     

     

     

  • Advisor : RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • ADRIANO BITTENCOURT ANDRADE
  • MARIA ANGÉLICA DA SILVA
  • MARIA BERTHILDE DE BARROS LIMA E MOURA FILHA
  • Data: Apr 28, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  •  

     

    RESUMO

    O açúcar foi um dos primeiros produtos econômicos do Brasil e a sua produção, através dos antigos engenhos, foi responsável pela ocupação de boa parte da costa do que atualmente definimos como Nordeste, região onde, ainda hoje, o cultivo da cana e a produção de açúcar possuem relevância econômica. No Rio Grande do Norte não foi diferente. Aqui, o cultivo de cana-de-açúcar se manteve de forma praticamente ininterrupta do início da colonização até os dias de hoje. Mas, poucos são os estudos que tratam dos antigos engenhos potiguares. Este trabalho tem por objetivo estudar os antigos engenhos de açúcar do Rio Grande do Norte e sua relação com o processo histórico de formação e estruturação do seu litoral oriental, marcado historicamente pelo cultivo da cana-de-açúcar, destacando três escalas de análise desse território: a regional, a urbana e a arquitetônica. Na escala regional analisamos as características ambientais do litoral oriental potiguar que condicionaram a implantação da cultura canavieira e como esta contribuiu para a formação das principais vias de comunicação. Na escala urbana estudamos a formação e o desenvolvimento dos principais municípios do litoral oriental associados à produção e comercialização do açúcar. Na escala arquitetônica analisamos as características dos principais remanescentes dos antigos engenhos do litoral oriental. Analisando essas três escalas do território, pudemos perceber que se formou ao longo do tempo uma rede de produção, transporte e comercialização do açúcar em que os fluxos dessa mercadoria (e também de mão de obra, de capitais, etc.), circulavam entre centros de produção (engenhos) e centros de distribuição e comercialização (portos e praças comerciais dos núcleos urbanos) por intermédio de articulações (rios, caminhos, estradas e ferrovias), dinamizando a região. Esses fluxos do açúcar contribuíram para o fortalecimento de núcleos urbanos e para a implantação de vias de comunicação e, em última instância, para o próprio processo de estruturação do litoral oriental potiguar.

     

     

     

     

6
  • TAMMS MARIA DA CONCEICAO MORAIS CAMPOS
  • Urbanização Imobiliária Residencial: Uma leitura da configuração espacial da Região Metropolitana de Natal/Brasil.

  • Advisor : ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • JUPIRA GOMES DE MENDONÇA
  • MARIA ANGELA DE ALMEIDA SOUZA
  • MARIA DO LIVRAMENTO MIRANDA CLEMENTINO
  • Data: Jun 29, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Nas últimas décadas a Região Metropolitana de Natal (RMN), assim como em grande parte do Brasil, viveu um aumento do contingente populacional nas cidades e um crescente processo de urbanização com padrão descontínuo de expansão da mancha urbana. A tendência ao maior crescimento demográfico nas áreas periurbanas em expansão ocasionou novas formas da produção do espaço. A ávida procura por solo apto a implantação de moradias pelo mercado imobiliário, está consolidando processos anteriores e gerando novas variantes na ocupação dos tecidos metropolitanos. Este fato nos leva a questionar: como a urbanização promovida pela dinâmica imobiliária residencial, no período de 2009-2014, se materializa na (re) configuração da RMN? Quais as formas e fenômenos territoriais se evidenciam neste processo de ocupação do solo metropolitano? De que maneira a intensidade da produção habitacional via Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida (PMCMV) se insere no redesenho da atual estrutura física da RMN? Buscar entender a lógica ocupacional e o processo de espraiamento da expansão urbana por meio da produção recente de moradias no espaço urbano, contribuindo para a discussão de um modelo explicativo de configuração territorial da RMN é o objetivo geral desta tese. O território metropolitano foi analisado em duas escalas: a intraurbana, constituída pelos municípios de Natal, Parnamirim e São Gonçalo do Amarante, enquadrados nesta pesquisa como Área Metropolitana Funcional; a interurbana, levando em consideração todos os municípios da RMN. Ambas as escalas foram analisadas buscando os momentos e condições gerais que ao longo da história do processo de metropolização da RMN constituídas por intervenções por parte do Estado e do mercado imobiliário, que delinearam a fragmentação dos tecidos urbanos e as desigualdades socioespaciais por meio do processo que aqui está sendo denominado por “Urbanização Imobiliária Residencial”. 

7
  • SARA RAQUEL FERNANDES QUEIROZ DE MEDEIROS
  • Produção do espaço residencial em Natal: Renda, Segregação e Gentrificação nos conjuntos habitacionais

  • Advisor : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MARIA CAMILA LOFFREDO DOTTAVIANO
  • REGINA DULCE BARBOSA LINS
  • RUTH MARIA DA COSTA ATAIDE
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • Data: Jul 30, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Esta tese objetiva analisar a produção pública de espaço residencial na cidade de Natal via política habitacional do BNH, e seu posterior aparelhamento promovido por investimentos públicos e privados. Identificam-se os produtos do BNH – os conjuntos habitacionais – e sua distribuição territorial, levando em conta a disposição e disponibilidade de equipamentos de uso coletivo, a acessibilidade e o poder aquisitivo dos moradores, a fim de compreender os processos sociais e espaciais de segregação e gentrificação. Parte-se do pressuposto de que a produção dos conjuntos gerou uma acentuada segregação entre as regiões, os bairros e os conjuntos. Entende-se, por outro lado, que ao longo do tempo essas áreas passaram a ter uma maior concentração de investimentos e infraestruturas, tornando-as enobrecidas e valorizadas, constituindo-se, desta forma, um processo de gentrificação. A investigação teve como marco inicial o ano de 1964, ano de fundação do BNH, tendo em vista que são os produtos da intervenção do BNH os objetos de análise desta pesquisa. O recorte prevê uma caracterização histórica das políticas públicas urbanas em Natal, de forma a entender a cidade do presente e refletir sobre as práticas já vivenciadas. Para elucidação da problemática, a primeira delimitação considerada foi o aporte teórico, à luz da economia política da urbanização, em geral, e da teoria da renda da terra e produção pública da cidade, em particular. Ao longo da pesquisa, foram analisados documentos institucionais, como projetos, diagnósticos, planos e relatórios de atividades, que contemplam a política habitacional e o desenvolvimento urbano no Brasil e, particularmente, em Natal. O estudo empírico abrange quatro grandes conjuntos habitacionais de Natal produzidos pelo BNH: Cidade da Esperança (1967), Soledade (1978), Ponta Negra (1978) e Cidade Satélite (1982), tendo sido realizada uma contextualização histórica de sua proposta original de inserção urbana e dos primeiros anos de sua ocupação, através do resgate dos partidos urbanísticos, das escrituras públicas e do pronunciamento dos órgãos promotores. O delineamento da configuração contemporânea destes conjuntos foi orientada pelo trabalho de campo realizado em 2013/2014, que constou de 1019 entrevistas, realizadas através de questionários, mapeamento do uso do solo e registro fotográfico. Verifica-se que, de forma geral, depois de uma fase de abandono, os conjuntos passaram a concentrar serviços e infraestruturas urbanas cujos traçados de desenvolvimento e planejamento desencadearam valorizações diferenciadas para cada eixo da cidade. Os conjuntos saíram de um estágio de segregação e periferização, com carência de infraestruturas e serviços, e passaram a receber uma nova população, iniciando-se um processo de gentrificação.

8
  • ROBERTA BACELLAR ORAZEM
  • ARQUITETURA, CIDADE E TERRITÓRIO NO BRASIL COLONIAL: A CONTRIBUIÇÃO DOS CARMELITAS CALÇADOS DA BAHIA E PERNAMBUCO (1580-1800).

  • Advisor : RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CARMEN MARGARIDA OLIVEIRA ALVEAL
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • IVAN CAVALCANTI FILHO
  • JOSEMARY OMENA PASSOS FERRARE
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • Data: Aug 5, 2015


  • Show Abstract
  • Este estudo investiga a atuação dos religiosos denominados carmelitas calçados, da Ordem do Carmo no Brasil, no período entre 1580 e 1800, na capitania da Bahia de Todos os Santos (Recôncavo, cidade de Salvador e Sergipe) e na capitania de Pernambuco (Alagoas, Pernambuco e Itamaracá). A pesquisa não inclui os calçados ditos 'reformados' dos conventos de Goiana, Recife e Paraíba. A Ordem do Carmo é uma ordem religiosa da Igreja Católica, criada no século XII e que, no século XVI, dividiu-se em carmelitas calçados e descalços. Os calçados chegaram ao Brasil em 1580, provenientes de Portugal, instalaram conventos nos principais núcleos urbanos e possuíram bens como escravos, fazendas e outras construções. Como toda ordem religiosa, os carmelitas calçados tinham o seu modus operandi. Este trabalho enfatiza a sua forma de atuar na cidade, tanto individualmente, quanto no conjunto de fundações religiosas carmelitas (em rede). Essa atuação terminou por afetar, ainda que, indiretamente, a construção de determinados aspectos da arquitetura, da cidade e do território no Brasil colonial. O objetivo principal do estudo é demonstrar o impacto da atuação dos carmelitas calçados da Bahia e de Pernambuco no território do Brasil colonial,  este sendo analisado segundo   três escalas: , 1) a da região ou interurbana; 2) a da cidade ou intra-urbana; 3) a do edifício ou da arquitetura. . A pesquisa se vale do método comparativo de análise, especialmente para a escala da arquitetura. O trabalho demonstra que os carmelitas calçados da Bahia e Pernambuco, mesmo não atuando diretamente como arquitetos ou urbanistas, contribuíram para a formação do território do Nordeste do Brasil no período colonial, atuando em uma rede religiosa conventual hierarquizada e bem articulada, econômica e socialmente. Além disso, influenciaram a formação e o crescimento de diversos núcleos urbanos coloniais da Bahia até Pernambuco, principalmente, no entorno imediato de suas edificações religiosas. Finalmente, é evidente a contribuição desses religiosos para a arquitetura colonial, como pode ser visto pelas características arquitetônicas das igrejas e conventos analisados, dos quais grande parte resiste até os dias atuais.

2014
Dissertations
1
  • MARCELO LUÍS DE AMORIM SOUZA
  • UMA CIDADE EM TRANSFORMAÇÃO: A INFLUÊNCIA DA ATIVIDADE DO CREDIÁRIO NAS MUDANÇAS DA PAISAGEM URBANA DE TENENTE ANANIAS-RN


  • Advisor : RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ADEMIR ARAÚJO DA COSTA
  • EUSTÓGIO WANDERLEY CORREIA DANTAS
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • Data: Feb 18, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • RESUMO

     

     

    Os estudos sobre a paisagem urbana e sobre as modificações do espaço urbano são importantes, pois revelam a dinâmica econômica e o modo de vida nas cidades. A pesquisa sobre as pequenas cidades, em particular, pode revelar aspectos particulares e ampliar, assim, a compreensão dessa temática. O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar as mudanças na paisagem urbana e no modo de vida dos habitantes na cidade de Tenente Ananias-RN, que vêm ocorrendo da década de 1990 aos dias atuais (2013) - em função, principalmente, da atividade comercial do crediário. O estudo é, portanto, uma reflexão sobre o impacto da economia do crediário na transformação da paisagem urbana e do modo de vida de uma pequena cidade do interior potiguar. Para isso, foi necessário estudar a paisagem e o modo de vida da cidade de Tenente Ananias em dois momentos: a) antes de chegada do crediário, período que se estende da formação inicial da cidade, em 1944, até o início da década de 1990; b) durante a vigência do crediário, que se estende do início da década de 1990, quando ele se inicia, até o momento atual (2013).  Na elaboração da pesquisa foram utilizadas fontes primárias (entrevistas, levantamento in loco) e secundárias (livros, artigos, relatórios, dados censitários). Como resultado desse estudo, percebe-se  que a atividade crediarista tem um papel fundamental na explicação das mudanças verificadas Tenente Ananias-RN, principalmente na paisagem urbana e no modo de vida das pessoas. Com essa pesquisa buscamos contribuir com os estudos do processo histórico-social-econômico da produção da paisagem de do espaço urbano de uma pequena cidade do Rio Grande do Norte.

     

     

2
  • MARIA CAROLINE FARKAT DIOGENES
  • TÍTULO: REASSENTAMENTO DE FAMÍLIAS EM PROJETOS DE HABITAÇÃO SOCIAL:  avaliação de procedimentos e de resultados no projeto Planalto II, Natal /RN


  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • LIVIA IZABEL BEZERRA DE MIRANDA
  • Data: Feb 25, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • RESUMO

    Este estudo tem como tema o deslocamento de famílias em projetos de habitação de interesse social. As experiências verificadas na trajetória de implementação de programas e projetos habitacionais em Natal evidenciam lacunas quanto a adoção dos princípios do Direito à Moradia, notadamente no que diz respeito à permanência das famílias na mesma área ou no seu entorno. A partir dessa questão, busca-se na  presente pesquisa avaliar o deslocamento de famílias ocorrido no  Projeto Planalto/DETRAN, relacionando os aspectos de inserção urbana, inclusão social e satisfação do morador. As referencias teórico conceituais se colocam:  (i) no âmbito da avaliação de Programas e Projetos, com referências aos trabalhos de Sônia Draibe e Figueiredos (ii) no âmbito dos aspectos de inserção urbana e inclusão social. Nesse sentido destaca-se a vertente do Direito À Cidade a partir de autores como H. Lefebvre e de pesquisadores que focalizam a realidade das cidades brasileiras como  Adauto Lúcio Cardoso, produções do Ministério das Cidades e Lefebvre, Nelson Saule Júnior, Carlos Rodrigues Brandão por Paulo Freire (1988) respectivamente. A abordagem do tema do deslocamento de famílias em programas habitacionais considerou-se ainda os estudos de Rosana Denaldi, Nabil Bonduk, Ermínia Maricato e Lícia Valladares. Como conclusão evidencia-se os procedimentos verificados no deslocamento de famílias nos projetos habitacionais em estudo, caracterizando a ação dos agentes que participaram desse processo e as modalidades adotadas nos deslocamentos, tendo com referencia os princípios do Direito à Moradia.


3
  • IZABELA JULLIANE BARBOSA DE SOUZA
  • Paisagem, um patrimônio esquecido: subsídios para a construção de uma metodologia de valoração e proteção do cenário natural litorâneo.

  • Advisor : ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANA RITA DE SÁ CARNEIRO RIBEIRO
  • ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • PAULO JOSE LISBOA NOBRE
  • ZULEIDE MARIA CARVALHO LIMA
  • Data: Mar 7, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • O chamado “turismo residencial” veio intensificar a anterior ocupação das zonas litorâneas, marcada pelas tradicionais casas de veraneio, e trouxe consequências expressivas para sua configuração espacial e, sobretudo, para o seu valor cênico paisagístico. Embora exista a intenção de regular a atuação de grupos empreendedores através de alguns instrumentos legais no controle do uso e ocupação do solo, e assim conter alguns efeitos negativos, as ações do poder público ainda se mostram ineficientes na tentativa de acompanhar as implicações na paisagem advindas do acelerado crescimento dos setores imobiliário e turístico. Apoiados no discurso do desenvolvimento econômico e da geração de renda, gestores públicos findam por privilegiar espaços de atração de turistas em detrimento da preservação de atributos físicos importantes do cenário natural que contribuem de forma significativa para a qualidade de vida da população. O resultado pode ser percebido no uso dos elementos naturais como um dos principais componentes na valorização do solo, e na atração imediata de investidores e empreendedores. Dessa forma, objetiva-se com este trabalho contribuir para o debate sobre a preservação da paisagem – temática ainda pouco aprofundada em face de sua relevância no contexto atual – através da indicação de subsídios para a criação de uma metodologia de avaliação e proteção das zonas litorâneas que possa vir a auxiliar o poder público na criação de novos instrumentos, e melhor prepará-lo no controle da ocupação dessas áreas. Para isso, seguiu-se dois caminhos de análise: o método indireto e o método direto. O primeiro se alicerça na avaliação de atributos paisagísticos, no qual se toma como base os trabalhos de Raquel Tardin (2008) e Eduardo Cuesta, Encarnación Algarra e Isabel Pastor (2001). Já o segundo, fundamentado na pesquisa de Letícia e Carlos Hardt (2010) e em conceitos da fenomenologia – expressos por Antonio Christofoletti (1985) e Yi-Fu Tuan (1983) – considera a perspectiva da população acerca da qualidade do cenário natural por ela percebido. Desenvolvida por meio de materiais cartográficos, acervos fotográficos e tabelas quantitativas, esta dissertação utilizou como estudo de caso as praias de Barra de Tabatinga e Camurupim, situadas no município de Nísia Floresta/RN. Apesar de já serem avistados espaços de avançado estágio de degradação paisagística nestas localidades, ainda podem ser encontradas áreas de inegável valor cênico que reforçam a urgência na adoção de medidas preservacionistas. A ausência de leis focadas na gestão e proteção das singularidades da paisagem, associada à ineficiência do poder público em fiscalizar a ocupação do solo nas zonas costeiras, favorecem a ação desmedida do imobiliário-turístico, e, por isso, tornam o Estado o maior responsável pelos impactos ambientais e paisagísticos nessas áreas – seja pela sua omissão, seja pela sua conivência. Destarte, a legislação permeia todo esse processo e se configura como o meio mais eficaz na garantia do direito à paisagem às presentes e futuras gerações. Por fim, são apontadas considerações importantes para a construção de uma metodologia, especialmente no que tange às possibilidades de aperfeiçoamentos e adaptações de sua aplicabilidade em cada caso em estudo.

4
  • ALESSANDRA ROSA DA SILVA
  • Título: A cidade-jardim de Ebenezer Howard: um estudo de sua influência para a circulação de ideias e modelos no urbanismo do século XX.


  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • LUCIANA ANDRADE DOS PASSOS
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • PAULO JOSE LISBOA NOBRE
  • Data: Mar 28, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • RESUMO: Este trabalho trata do modelo de cidade-jardim - concebido pelo socialista britânico Ebenezer Howard, publicado em seu livro “Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Social Reform”, de 1898, em que desenvolve princípios para a cidade-campo; e os tipos e modelos urbanos que foram propostos com alguma influência desse ideário. O ideário de Howard vem sendo bastante discutido e criticado pelos estudiosos e teóricos da Arquitetura e Urbanismo, no entanto, pouco se discute sobre seus desdobramentos. Então, propõe-se a seguinte pergunta: como o ideário de cidade-jardim circula e se materializa e chega ao desenho urbano ao longo do século XX? O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar a influência da ideia original de cidade-jardim de Howard e dos vários modelos relacionados nas propostas do desenho urbano desenvolvidas ao longo do século XX. Pretende-se identificar os elementos morfológicos presentes no ideário de cidade-jardim e as várias propostas de variáveis de cidade-jardim, e discutir as relações com as propostas mais recentes. Para tanto são realizadas pesquisas bibliográficas sobre a proposta de Howard, destacando-se os aspectos mais característicos de uma cidade-jardim, apresentados pelo próprio Howard, em Tomorrow, além de outras leituras de autores como Peter Hall, Lewis Mumford e Jane Jacobs. Para a discussão sobre as influencias e concretizações do ideário durante o século XX, são apresentados estudos indiretos de planos que sucederam a proposta de Howard, e alguns mais recentes. Estes estudos foram viabilizados através de consultas a acervos virtuais de trabalhos acadêmicos e científicos, além de publicações como artigos jornalísticos e crônicas disponíveis em meio virtual. Como respaldo metodológico sobre os elementos do desenho urbano, adotou-se a definição dos elementos morfológicos do espaço urbano de José Lamas. A caracterização da cidade-jardim, no capítulo 1, parte das críticas e reflexões já apresentadas ao ideário, que dialoga com o discurso de Howard e as interpretações que dele foram feitas. Em seguida, no capítulo 2, apresentam-se os estudos indiretos de algumas concretizações de cidades-jardins. O capítulo 3 trata dos movimentos urbanísticos que circularam durante o século XX, e como podem ter referenciado a ideia de cidade-jardim.

5
  • DANIELLE CAROLINE DE SA XAVIER
  • Acessibilidade em área comercial: Um estudo do bairro do Alecrim, Natal/RN

     

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANGELINA DIAS LEAO COSTA
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: Mar 28, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  •  

    RESUMO:

    Planejar o espaço urbano pensando na inclusão social de pessoas com deficiência significa considerar a acessibilidade como fator essencial para uma mobilidade urbana completa e segura. Esse ideal reflete-se no espaço comercial que, para ser convidativo e livre de barreiras (sejam elas físicas, tecnológicas ou atitudinais), precisa promover o direito de livre acesso a todos os cidadãos. Partindo deste entendimento, esse estudo tem como objetivo geral analisar as condições de acessibilidade da região denominada “Coração do Alecrim”, área de tradicional comércio popular em Natal. A pesquisa recorreu à abordagem multimétodos e aconteceu em três momentos: (i) avaliação técnica da área por meio da aplicação de check-list, elaborado com base na legislação específica e validado por painel de experts; (ii) elaboração de mapas com uso de Sistema de Informação Geográfica (S.I.G.), tendo como base o resultado da análise realizada na primeira etapa; (iii) aplicação de questionários e realização de entrevistas informais com usuários (visitantes, proprietários e comerciários), para coletar dados sobre sua percepção sobre o lugar, complementando a análise técnica efetuada. Resumindo as informações coletadas, foram elaboradas matrizes de descobertas, como uma junção de todas as etapas de análise. Na conclusão são apresentados pontos críticos de acessibilidade (detectados pela pesquisadora ou apontados pelos usuários) e indicadas algumas diretrizes para a intervenção no local, de modo a colaborar para futuros processos de planejamento urbano do bairro do Alecrim.

6
  • KARITANA MARIA DE SOUZA SANTOS
  • PROJETO DE MOBILIDADE URBANA: ESTUDO SOBRE PROCESSO DE INTEGRAÇÃO COM HABITAÇÃO DE INTERESSE SOCIAL NAS OBRAS DO PAC DA COPA 2014 EM NATAL

  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CLARISSA FIGUEIREDO SAMPAIO FREITAS
  • FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: Mar 31, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Os investimentos em políticas públicas de mobilidade urbana financiados pelo PAC da Copa 2014 desencadearam discussões e questionamentos por parte da sociedade civil em todo Brasil na expectativa de resultados positivos para a infraestrutura urbana e na temeridade quanto às possíveis violações de direitos humanos e, especialmente, do direito à moradia em função das remoções/desapropriações noticiadas. Natal se insere nesse contexto através do projeto de mobilidade urbana interligando a Zona Norte da cidade ao Estádio Arena das Dunas, financiado pelo PAC da Copa 2014, denominado Corredor Estrutural Oeste – Lote 1, que passa pela Zona Oeste cortando uma Área de Interesse de Interesse Social e propondo aproximadamente 400 desapropriações. Nesse sentido, a presente pesquisa questiona como se apresentam os mecanismos e estratégias de integração entre o projeto de mobilidade do Corredor Estrutural Oeste e a habitação de interesse social localizada na área desse projeto. Parte da hipótese de que os projetos financiados pelo PAC da Copa 2014 / Mobilidade Urbana para Natal (Lote 01) apresentam diversas lacunas quanto à integração com a política de habitação de interesse social no planejamento das obras de mobilidade urbana, apesar da Política Nacional de Desenvolvimento Urbano preconizar tal integração. O estudo visa compreender os mecanismos e estratégias de integração entre as políticas públicas de mobilidade urbana e de habitação de interesse social, previstos na Política Nacional de Desenvolvimento Urbano, na elaboração do referido projeto de mobilidade urbana.

7
  • GABRIELA DE ANDRADE LIRA MOTA ASSUNCAO
  • Percepção Ambiental do patrimônio cultural: Estudo de caso na Cidade Alta e Ribeira em Natal-RN.

  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FERNANDO ATIQUE
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Apr 28, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Os estudos contemporâneos evidenciam que a ampliação do conceito de patrimônio tem sido acompanhada da afirmação de importância da participação social no processo de reconhecer valores patrimoniais e de gestão dos bens culturais. Utilizamos o contexto brasileiro para evidenciar os desafios que a democratização deste processo enfrenta. Esta problemática é abordada com base no caso da Cidade Alta e Ribeira, bairros que remontam à formação de Natal-RN e possuem bens culturais reconhecidos pelos níveis de governo. O trabalho constrói elementos para responder a questão de pesquisa: o que o patrimônio cultural da área de estudo representa e significa para os seus usuários? A primeira parte do método de pesquisa analisa as representações e significados sobre os bairros com base em estudos historiográficos, registros memorialísticos da cidade e no processo de gestão patrimonial. A segunda parte do método é baseada na pesquisa de campo estruturada em estudos sobre percepção ambiental (das áreas da Psicologia Ambiental, Arquitetura e Urbanismo) e realizada com os usuários de diferentes vínculos com o ambiente estudado (moradores, trabalhadores e visitantes). Os dados de campo foram obtidos a partir do uso do multimétodo que incluiu a observação direta, o questionário e o mapa mental (que replica Kevin Lynch). A análise dos resultados comprova a hipótese da pesquisa, evidenciando aspectos da relação entre os usuários e o patrimônio cultural que são relevantes para o fortalecimento da memória coletiva, da identidade local, contribuindo com a gestão patrimonial. Dentre os resultados, a imagem sócio-ambiental obtida evidencia um “eixo cultural” ligando os dois barros estudados e confirma influência dos elementos representados nos registros memorialísticos da cidade e na gestão da área. Foram identificados aspectos para fortalecer a relação dos usuários com os bens culturais, tais como a presença de lugares com vínculos afetivos para certos grupos, assim como a necessidade de combater as imagens negativas (de degradação e insegurança) associadas à área e também de ampliar a participação da população, inclusive dos moradores, nas políticas e atividades culturais. Afinal, o reconhecimento de valor e envolvimento da sociedade com os bens culturais tem o potencial de colaborar para que o desenvolvimento da cidade seja integrado à conservação do seu patrimônio. 

8
  • JULIANA VIEGAS DE LIMA VALVERDE
  • A influência do conforto luminoso na satisfação dos profissionais que atuam no ginásio do Centro de Reabilitação Infantil, Natal-RN.

  • Advisor : SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CLÁUDIA NAVES DAVID AMORIM
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • Data: May 30, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Este trabalho aborda a qualidade lumínica em espaços terapêuticos destinados à reabilitação infantil. Partindo da premissa de que o espaço é atuante e interfere nas relações interpessoais,  corrobora com a humanização em saúde ao destacar os efeitos fisiológicos e emocionais da luz natural como facilitadores do processo de reabilitação, ao incorporar locais para inspirar, estimular e auxiliar a recuperação.

    No Brasil as normas para projetos hospitalares não contemplam o conforto luminoso. Em projetos hospitalares, os sistemas de abertura são definidos apenas para seguirem as exigências do código de obras, que não consideram a paisagem, mas apenas a ventilação e insolação; e os níveis de iluminação são tratados a partir de recomendações para iluminação artificial. A Política Nacional de Humanização da Assistência à Saúde apresenta o conforto ambiental como uma das prioridades. Todavia, não apresenta diretrizes para alcançá-la.

    Neste contexto, o objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar a qualidade lumínica nos espaços terapêuticos de ginásios de reabilitação a partir da satisfação dos profissionais a fim de identificar as preferências humanas diante das variáveis: aspectos técnico-construtivos, relação com o exterior, relação visual interna e elementos de qualidade. Para isso, adotou-se como estratégia de pesquisa a Avaliação Pós-Ocupação (Técnico Funcional) por meio de uma abordagem multimétodos, que contemplou um estudo de caso no ginásio de reabilitação do Centro de Reabilitação Infantil, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, e um estudo de referência no Centro de Reabilitação SARAH, Unidade Fortaleza, Ceará.

    Os resultados apontam que a definição dos sistemas de aberturas deve considerar fatores externos e internos do edifício, como a paisagem  natural disponível no entorno imediato e as atividades realizadas.  A APO constatou a preferência dos profissionais pela privacidade visual em detrimentos aos demais aspectos analisados. Portanto, a definição de atributos ambientais desejáveis deve considerar aspectos técnicos, funcionais, sociais e culturais. Assim, espera-se que este estudo possa contribuir para a discussão sobre conforto visual e gerar insumos para futuros projetos ou reformas em Centros de Reabilitação Infantil, que não devem ser projetados como hospitais.

9
  • ELAINE DE ALBUQUERQUE MEDEIROS
  • A (re) leitura de um documento: o processo de tombamento do centro histórico de Natal (RN).

  • Advisor : NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MÁRCIA GENÉSIA DE SANT''ANNA REIS
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Oct 27, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Durante mais de sete décadas de institucionalização do instrumento jurídico do tombamento podemos perceber as diversas formas de aplicação do instrumento do tombamento, de acordo com as abordagens que eram atribuídas aos “espaços-patrimonializados” e a dinâmica dos pensamentos elaborados dentro desta temática. Para que o instrumento do tombamento possa efetivamente ser aplicado, há um longo processo que é levado a cabo. Este processo se inicia com a elaboração de estudos que tem como objetivo subsidiar e justificar a motivação do tombamento, bem como as propostas de delimitação da poligonal de entorno e de tombamento, sendo o processo finalizado com a negação do pedido ou com a publicação do tombamento definitivo no Diário Oficial da União. É a partir da relação entre a identificação dos valores patrimoniais existentes nesses centros históricos e a definição de suas poligonais, que a gestão da área poderá ser realizada, ancorada também em normas de intervenções de gestão estabelecidas para o perímetro tombado.  A partir desse contexto, esta dissertação de mestrado tem como objetivo discutir a abordagem utilizada para a identificação e seleção de um centro histórico como passível de tombamento e o reflexo dessa identificação na poligonal de tombamento que se estabelece, utilizando-se para isso do estudo de caso do processo de tombamento do centro histórico de Natal. Partindo-se do pressuposto de que há incoerências e distorções em relação ao discurso definido no documento escrito e a espacialização do mesmo, motivada por uma espacialização que privilegia as edificações em detrimento do espaço urbano. A partir da metodologia da história urbana, ancoramo-nos nos preceitos utilizados por Rossi e Lamas para a leitura desse espaço, juntamente com o que Sant´Anna define como “cidade-documento”, para realizar uma nova leitura desse “espaço-patrimonializado”, verificando se a poligonal proposta reflete o que se define como motivação para o tombamento durante o processo de reconhecimento. Concluímos portanto, que é essencial que as poligonais de tombamento e entorno estejam alinhadas com o discurso apresentado nas instruções de tombamento, para que o processo de gestão e definição de normas e critérios de intervenções na área sejam estabelecidos. Destacamos que a gestão de um sítio e a proteção dos valores identificados torna-se muito difícil com a inexistência da legislação especifica que balize as decisões a serem tomadas.

10
  • CLARA OVÍDIO DE MEDEIROS RODRIGUES
  • INTEGRAÇÃO DA SIMULAÇÃO TERMOENERGÉTICA COM O PROCESSO DE PROJETO:
    A análise de 6 casos

  • Advisor : ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • LUCIANO DUTRA
  • RAONI VENANCIO DOS SANTOS LIMA
  • Data: Nov 28, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Esse estudo verifica a aplicação da integração de ferramentas de simulação nas
    primeiras fases de projeto com o intuito de operacionalizar o processo de integração, identificar
    as contribuições das análises termoenergéticas em cada fase do processo projetual e identificar
    os parâmetros que possuem maior impacto no desempenho do edifício para situações
    recorrentes no LabCon/UFRN. A integração de ferramentas de simulação termoenergéticas no
    processo de projeto pode contribuir na obtenção de edifícios energeticamente eficientes desde
    as primeiras fases. Recursos desse tipo podem ser utilizados como uma maneira de predizer o
    desempenho termoenergético de uma edificação, apontar o desempenho de diversas
    alternativas de projeto, auxiliar a escolha do projetista e facilitar o atendimento das metas de
    desempenho. Foram selecionados 6 estudos de caso com edifícios em fase de projeto ou projeto
    de retrofit, nos quais a autora realiza simulações termoenergéticas. Esses casos foram utilizados
    não apenas para respaldar as escolhas projetuais desde o início do projeto, mas para
    operacionalizar as análises de projeto nessas fases preliminares. Em seguida, foram realizadas
    análises da integração da simulação com o processo de projeto, a fim de verificar sua
    contribuição. Os resultados deram subsídios para as escolhas dos projetistas e auxiliaram na
    quantificação das metas de desempenho que o projeto deveria atingir. Sobre a integração,
    verificou-se que a simulação contribuiu, principalmente, nas fases de estudo preliminar e
    detalhamento do projeto; enquanto a fase de pré-projeto pode ser atendida com o uso das
    estratégias bioclimáticas. Foi possível verificar que, em geral, intervir em duas variáveis de
    projeto é suficiente para melhorar o desempenho da edificação. Essas variáveis mudam de
    acordo com o projeto, mas sempre convergem para as estratégias bioclimáticas do local. Assim,
    a análise do desempenho termoenergético da edificação desde as primeiras etapas de projeto
    mostrou-se viável, exceto quando o tempo de projetação é exíguo. A integração apresentou-se
    viável na projetação, já que quanto mais inicial a fase projetual, mais fácil de compatibilizar as
    alternativas de melhoria. Além disso, quando se trabalha com o arquiteto, a simulação pode ser
    utilizada no sentido de provar e convencer; com o projetista de retrofit, no sentido de quantificar
    a economia e comprovar o retorno financeiro; e para o projetista simulador, para confirmar o
    resultado esperado e compor relatório.

     

11
  • JULIANA PORTELA VILAR DE CARVALHO
  • Título

    SIMULAÇÃO DE DESEMPENHO LUMINOSO PARA SALAS DE AULA EM NATAL-RN

  • Advisor : ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • ROBERTA VIEIRA GONÇALVES DE SOUZA
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • Data: Dec 2, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Resumo

    A cidade do Natal-RN tem muita disponibilidade de luz natural, entretanto seu uso não é sistematicamente explorado na arquitetura escolar. Neste contexto, esta pesquisa se propõe a determinar procedimentos para a análise de desempenho luminoso para projetos de escolas em Natal-RN. O método de análise é dividido em modelagem, simulação e análise dos resultados. A flutuação do comportamento anual da luz determinou a adoção da simulação dinâmica como procedimento de coleta de dados. A modelagem foi executada no programa SketchUp (GOOGLE, 2006), a simulação foi realizada no programa Daysim (REINHART, 2010a) e a tabulação dos dados foi feita por meio de planilhas eletrônicas no Excel (GATES, 2010). Os modelos analisados são salas de aula de dimensões 7,20m x 7,20m, com janelas com Percentual de Abertura de Fachada (PAF) de 20%, 40% e 50%, e com dispositivos de sombreamento como marquise, marquise inclinada, marquise com proteção lateral, marquise com vista frontal, marquise dupla, marquise dupla com três brises horizontais, marquise simples com três brises horizontais, além do uso da prateleira de luz em metade dos modelos com PAF de 40% e 50%. Os dados foram tratados em planilhas eletrônicas, sendo determinadas duas faixas de UDI: entre 300lux e 2000lux e entre 300lux e 3000lux. A simulação foi realizada com o arquivo climático do ano de 2009 para a cidade de Natal-RN. Os resultados foram apresentados em saídas gráficas como: curvas de iluminância, isolinhas de UDI entre 300lux e 2000lux e tabelas com o índice de ocorrências de ofuscamento para UDI entre 300lux e 3000lux. Foi determinada a zona passiva para os modelos que tiveram um bom desempenho luminoso, possibilitando o cálculo da relação entre altura de verga de janela e profundidade de alcance da luz natural para os diferentes tamanhos de aberturas. A razão entre profundidade de vão iluminado e tamanho de abertura variou entre 1,54 a 2,66 para o PAF de 20% e 40% respectivamente. Observou-se uma redução ou eliminação do ofuscamento na zona passiva, através do uso da prateleira de luz, ou de proteção para a bandeira de luz.

     

     

Thesis
1
  • ROBSON XAVIER DA COSTA
  •  PERCEPÇÃO AMBIENTAL EM MUSEUS PAISAGENS DE ARTE CONTEMPORÂNEA: a legibilidade dos Museus Inhotim/Brasil e Serralves/Portugal avaliada pelo público/visitante

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • LIVIA MARQUES CARVALHO
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • PEDRO JORGE MONTEIRO BANDEIRA
  • SONIA MARIA DE BARROS MARQUES
  • Data: Mar 14, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • RESUMO

     

    Esta Tese analisa a legibilidade ambiental de Museus Paisagem de Arte Contemporânea (MPAC), tendo como base o Instituto de Arte Contemporânea do Inhotim, Minas Gerais, Brasil e o Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Fundação de Serralves, Porto, Portugal. O estudo tem como foco a interrelação do público/visitante com a paisagem, a arquitetura e a arte contemporânea nestes museus, de modo a compreender a percepção visual e a apreensão de tal ambiente pelos seus usuários. Para tanto foram confrontadas a documentação (visual e escrita) e a fala das pessoas. A principal hipótese defendida é que o público/visitante de MPAC valoriza a interrelação entre o ambiente natural (parque/jardim) e o ambiente construído (as obras de arte contemporâneas e as galerias), atribuindo igual valor a ambos. Em complementação a esta, uma segunda hipótese indica que durante a visita aos MPACs, os visitantes definem seus trajetos de maneira espontânea, porém fortemente influenciados pelos indicadores visuais existentes (mapas, sinalética e elementos marcantes da paisagem), os quais facilitam a legibilidade do espaço, para o que também contribuem os serviços oferecidos e as experiências vivenciadas em instituições semelhantes. A base analítica da pesquisa recorreu aos conceitos de Legibilidade (LYNCH, 2009), Cotinnum Experiencial (TUAN, 1985), Espaço Limite (CRUZ PINTO, 2007) e Habitus (BORDIEU, 1992). Metodologicamente foi utilizada a pesquisa qualitativa (DEMO, 2000) por meio de estudo de caso (STAKE, 1999; YIN, 2005) e observação participante (WHYTE, 2005). Nos dois museus foram realizadas entrevistas com pesquisadores e curadores, observação de comportamentos e aplicação de questionários junto aos funcionários, estagiários, monitores e com o público/visitante dos dois museus. Embora referende parcialmente a hipótese inicial, a investigação mostrou que o público/visitante aparenta valorizar mais os ambientes naturais, que vivencia em maior intensidade e, além dos fatores indicados na segunda hipótese, sua percepção e a definição de trajetos sofre significativa influência das relações emocionais estabelecidas com o espaço. De maneira geral o público/visitante se adapta com facilidade às diferentes demandas expositivas da arte contemporânea nos dois museus e o espaço construído (parque/jardim e museu) interfere na sua leitura do trajeto durante a visita, condição percebida pelo público/visitante como fator que favorece a fruição das obras em montagens diversas (relação com a Arte), embora muitas vezes torne-se um fator que dificulta a boa legibilidade do prédio e seu espaço construído (Arquitetura). PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Arquitetura. Arte Contemporânea. Museu-paisagem de Arte Contemporânea. Percepção Ambiental. Legibilidade.  Público/visitante.

     

2
  • JOAO BATISTA CARMO JUNIOR
  • FORMA DO PRIVILÉGIO: RENDA, ACESSIBILIDADE E DENSIDADE EM NATAL-RN.

  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • LUCAS FIGUEIREDO DE MEDEIROS
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • RÔMULO JOSÉ DA COSTA RIBEIRO
  • Data: Mar 24, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Este trabalho tem como objetivo compreender a expressão morfológica da ocupação do solo pelas camadas de alta renda apoiado nos padrões de distribuição da população segundo faixas de renda e densidade demográfica, assim como, da acessibilidade topológica (HILLIER e HANSON, 1984) resultante da estrutura da malha urbana de Natal – capital do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte e universo de estudo da presente pesquisa –, buscando a partir da relação entre esses padrões, identificar um princípio organizador do funcionamento de seu espaço intra-urbano. Para tanto, são utilizados dados censitários e sintáticos no mapeamento e análises espaciais dos padrões da renda, acessibilidade topológica e densidade demográfica em Sistemas de Informação Geográfica – SIG. Ao princípio organizador deu-se o nome de A Forma do Privilégio: uma determinada forma que concentra ou tende a concentrar riqueza, acessibilidade topológica e baixa densidade demográfica. Com o objetivo de testar seu alcance, além de Natal-RN, aplicou-se esse princípio em outras capitais nordestinas: Fortaleza-CE, Teresina-PI, Aracaju-SE, Recife-PE e João Pessoa-PB. Os resultados apontam que suas estruturas urbanas não são indiferentes ao princípio da Forma do Privilégio, no entanto, Natal é o exemplo emblemático da Forma do Privilégio, fato que demonstra o caráter perverso de seus processos espaciais, que ao criarem historicamente uma área privilegiada na cidade, marcada pela apropriação da acessibilidade topológica pelas camadas de alta renda, ao mesmo tempo e pelo mesmo processo, excluem a maior parte da população, exatamente aquela que mais necessita dos frutos e benefícios oriundos da forma urbana.

3
  • PABLO GLEYDSON DE SOUSA
  • CULTURA DA REPRESENTAÇÃO DE ARQUITETURA: CONCURSOS DE PROJETO, BRASIL 2008-2011.

  • Advisor : SONIA MARIA DE BARROS MARQUES
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CARLOS ALEJANDRO NOME SILVA
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • REJANE DE MORAES RÊGO
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • SONIA MARIA DE BARROS MARQUES
  • Data: Mar 24, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Esta tese aprofunda questões tratadas em nossa dissertação do mestrado (2009) e em textos posteriores sobre representação de projetos de arquitetura apresentados em concursos. Tem como objetivo central identificar a cultura de representação de projeto em concursos de arquitetura. Existiriam modos de argumentar comuns entre os arquitetos bem sucedidos? Quais? Em que medida as diversas argumentações são coerentes ou qual a coerência discursiva? Que interlocutores são privilegiados na argumentação, os que solicitam ou os que avaliam as propostas? Para responder a estas questões, partimos de uma correlação sugerida por TOSTRUP (1999) entre peças gráficas – plantas, cortes, fachadas, perspectiva, detalhes ou textos – e aspectos enfatizados na argumentação dum projeto (lugar, zoneamento, conforto ambiental, eficiência energética, etc.). A esta, acrescentamos funções que DURAND (2003) indica pertinente às representação: conceber, comunicar, seduzir, executar. Outros autores

    como COLLINS (1971), COLLYER (2004), MOON (2005), BANDEIRA (2007), OXMAN (2008), por caminhos diferentes, nos ofereceram subsídios para relacionar tipos de representações de projeto com funções ou estratégias específicas de convencimento. Deste modo, foram analisadas as solicitações de edital, atas de júri e as pranchas – representações gráficas e textuais - dos vencedores de 08 concursos brasileiros, ocorridos entre 2008 e 2011.

    O que nos permitiu constatar uma cultura de representação predominantemente baseada em perspectiva e plantas baixas, ainda que articuladas em argumentações diferentes. Esta pode enfatizar desde aspectos objetivos como exequibilidade até o apelo a mera sedução visual. No que se refere à interlocução, mesmo quando os editais se assemelhavam, a argumentação dos vencedores foi diferente, sugerindo um possível privilégio do júri como interlocutor.

4
  • ADRIANA CARLA DE AZEVEDO BORBA
  • Título : Da Promessa à Realidade: A Cidade Potiguar do século XIX, a partir do olhar da elite

  • Advisor : RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CLOVIS RAMIRO JUCÁ NETO
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • FATIMA MARTINS LOPES
  • JULIANA TEIXEIRA SOUZA
  • MARIA BERTHILDE DE BARROS LIMA E MOURA FILHA
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • Data: Apr 7, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  •  

    RESUMO

    Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo apreender qual era a percepção que a elite político-administrativa, em especial os Presidentes da província do Rio Grande do Norte, tinha sobre a cidade potiguar ao longo do século XIX. Entrelaçando aspectos político-administrativos, socioeconômicos, e físico-espaciais, o estudo desta percepção envolve dois momentos distintos, que se articulam: um momento de apreensão da cidade, como a elite percebe, descreve e critica a cidade; e um segundo momento, de intervenção na cidade, concomitante ou posterior ao primeiro, no qual a elite expõe sua visão e projetos para a cidade e para o território. Nesse processo, mais do que descrever a cidade potiguar em si, a pesquisa tentou desvendar como ela era a partir de um determinado olhar ou discurso, oficial e elitista, que podia não corresponder necessariamente e integralmente ao que ela era de fato. Sempre por intermédio do discurso, procurou-se ainda entender como a elite político-administrativa percebia a cidade potiguar à luz do que ela mesma pensava sobre outras realidades urbanas, mormente dos países mais avançados; como, numa visão integrada, essa cidade se caracterizava em termos político-administrativos, socioeconômicos e físico-espaciais e como ela se consolidou ao longo do período estudado. De natureza qualitativa e histórica, a investigação se fundamentou metodologicamente em pesquisas bibliográfica e documental. Por trabalhar essencialmente com descrições, comparações e interpretações, foi necessário fazer uso de instrumentais como a análise do discurso, para apreender, tanto quanto possível, o que estava realmente por trás das palavras dessa elite.  As fontes primárias são essencialmente os documentos oficiais produzidos pelos Presidentes de Província, assim como outras fontes produzidas por técnicos de alto escalão, e outros membros da classe política, todos compondo a chamada elite político-administrativa do RN. As fontes secundárias foram livros, publicações, teses e dissertações pertinentes ao tema, entre outros. A pesquisa permitiu identificar uma determinada percepção sobre a cidade potiguar no século XIX, certamente limitada porque baseada num discurso específico - o de membros da elite político-administrativa –, mas que, mesmo assim, possibilitou entender essa cidade e sua evolução ao longo do período estudado, entre outras observações dignas de nota.

5
  • GLIELSON NEPOMUCENO MONTENEGRO
  • Uma Cidade para Pessoas: Funcionalidade, Racionalidade e Emotividade nas relações Mobiliário Urbano, Espaço Público e Cidadãos

  • Advisor : MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • SHIRLEY GOMES QUEIROZ
  • VERONICA MARIA FERNANDES DE LIMA
  • Data: Jun 6, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Este trabalho de investigação científica tem por finalidade demonstrar a importância e a influência do mobiliário urbano para com a organização, legibilidade e qualificação dos espaços públicos nas áreas centrais da cidade. Procuramos avaliar de que maneira os aspectos da funcionalidade, racionalidade e da emotividade presentes no desenho dos elementos do mobiliário urbano afetam as percepções dos cidadãos pedestres em relação à apropriação dos espaços públicos e nos seus usos, tornando-os em sóciofugais ou sóciopetais, de acordo com as características físicas desses artefatos e da qualidade da infraestrutura urbana disponibilizada naqueles locais investigados. A área central da cidade de Natal, RN localizada no bairro Cidade Alta, composta pelas principais vias de acesso, foi tomada como referência para um estudo de caso, donde seus espaços públicos foram observados, analisados e avaliados, com o intuito de corroborar a hipótese levantada para a consecução deste estudo. A partir dos conceitos de Funcionalidade, Racionalidade e Emotividade, buscamos compreender a relação usuário-contexto-ambiente construído, observando os aspectos concernentes ao Design de Produtos (Mobiliário Urbano) nos Espaços Públicos (Calçadas) do Centro Urbano Principal de metrópoles brasileiras (Natal/RN como universo de estudo), confrontando, algumas vezes, com soluções adotadas em outras cidades do mundo, verificando as circunstâncias donde se originam tais relações, os diversos contextos e atores envolvidos que se apresentam como palcos de ação (DEL RIO, 1990)[1]para que essas relações urbanas aconteçam. O trabalho buscou identificar e selecionar fontes de pesquisa diversas que pudessem contribuir para o embasamento científico adequado a temática tratada, englobando desde referências bibliográficas básicas, teses e dissertações até grupos de pesquisa, periódicos e artigos sobre o assunto.



    [1] Palcos de ação: contexto em que se dá o comportamento, e “ambientes comportamentais”, condições físico-espaciais do comportamento. Del Rio, Vicente. Introdução ao desenho urbano. São Paulo, 1990. P. 105.

6
  • JOSE JEFFERSON DE SOUSA
  • Título: VENTILAÇÃO NATURAL E CONFORTO TÉRMICO INTERNO EM CLIMA QUENTE E ÚMIDO: Proposta de contraverga ventilada para o sistema construtivo em alvenaria estrutural.

  • Advisor : MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • GIANNA MELO BARBIRATO
  • HOMERO JORGE MATOS DE CARVALHO
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • Data: Dec 8, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Resumo:

    Com a universalização da arquitetura a partir da década de 60 do século XX,  algumas tecnologias construtivas foram rapidamente difundidas e apropriadas, embora que, para determinadas situações não fossem adequadas. No Brasil, a produção de habitações incorporou algumas dessas tecnologias sem a devida avaliação da sua viabilidade. As esquadrias com caixilhos em alumínio e fechamento em vidro foram uma dessas inovações. Tal solução para fechamento do vão das aberturas das janelas, principalmente as que sã utilizadas em empreendimentos destinados a habitações de interesse social, apresentam uma tipologia que permitem uma abertura equivalente a 50% do vão, restringindo, portanto, a passagem da ventilação, e, quando fechadas, além de impedirem a passagem da ventilação, permitem a passagem da radiação solar através do vidro, contribuindo para a elevação da temperatura no interior dos ambientes. Esses empreendimentos, em sua grande maioria, são construídos em alvenaria estrutural e a inserção de dispositivos para  auxiliar na promoção de ventilação, através de aberturas nos painéis das paredes, requer minucioso estudo, pois, novas aberturas tendem a favorecer o surgimento de tensões que podem provocar fissuras na alvenaria. A  contraverga é um dos elementos construtivos que responde as solicitações  dessas tensões. Localizada na parte inferior das esquadrias para responder aos esforços de tração, neste trabalho, demonstra-se que é possível reduzir  a seção vertical do elemento construtivo contraverga, sem haver perda de resistência, transformando-a em uma peça vazada, assumindo a função de um peitoril ventilado. Através de metodologias, tanto de cálculo estrutural para redimensionamento da contraverga, como também através de ensaios de registro de velocidade de vento, através de medições in loco e simulações computacionais, comprova-se a sua viabilidade como elemento de promoção de ventilação natural para o interior do ambiente construído, mesmo com a janela fechada, permitindo trocas de calor com o ambiente externo e atendendo aos princípios da coordenação modular que regem o sistema construtivo em alvenaria estrutural.

7
  • LUCIANO CESAR BEZERRA BARBOSA
  • ÍCONES URBANOS NA CIDADE DE NATAL

    Arquitetura e desenvolvimento urbano na cidade do sol e mar

  • Advisor : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FERNANDO MANUEL ROCHA DA CRUZ
  • FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MARIA CAMILA LOFFREDO DOTTAVIANO
  • REGINA DULCE BARBOSA LINS
  • Data: Dec 12, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Natal tem passado por importantes transformações nos últimos 150 anos, desde as ações de embelezamento da cidade, ainda no século XIX, até os dias de hoje, quando essas transformações passam a ter como objetivo inserir a cidade na competição interurbana pela atração de visitantes e dos fluxos de capital e consumo. Considera-se que as primeiras iniciativas com vistas ao incremento do turismo em Natal ocorreram ainda nos anos 1960; entretanto, percebe-se que, apenas a partir da década de 1980, houve um expressivo aumento das atividades turísticas em Natal e Região Metropolitana, notadamente no litoral oriental do estado do Rio Grande do Norte, levando a uma expansão do mercado de trabalho, ao aumento significativo dos investimentos estrangeiros, a mudanças territoriais de grande impacto e à produção de edificações voltadas principalmente para o ramo hoteleiro e de segunda residência para os turistas europeus. Desde então, os incentivos à atividade turística no estado têm se mantido e até aumentado, com base no turismo voltado às belezas naturais, gastronomia local e eventos, o que transformou a atividade turística numa das principais fontes de divisas para o município de Natal. No início do século XXI, já está estabelecida na cidade a construção de condomínios verticais, monumentos (inclusive aqueles de grife), como o Parque da Cidade, projetado por Oscar Niemeyer, shopping centers e, para receber a Copa do Mundo, a Arena das Dunas, entre outros, voltados para o consumidor local e para o consumidor estrangeiro, notadamente o europeu. Entende-se que essas diversas novas edificações, monumentos e também as renovações e restaurações, implantados na cidade de Natal, buscaram a construção de uma nova identidade para a cidade, dentro do processo de desenvolvimento capitalista e de espetacularização urbana. Considera-se que os monumentos e as edificações icônicos são atributos apresentados pelas cidades com vistas à venda das localidades como mercadorias, estabelecendo uma nova questão urbana, um novo protagonismo das cidades, que buscam maior autonomia em relação ao Estado-nação. Nesta pesquisa, analisa-se o objeto arquitetônico, ou seja, as edificações e os monumentos construídos ou restaurados em Natal e sua relevância para o city marketing promovido pela cidade. Verificou-se que, de fato, essas edificações e monumentos estão inseridos na produção arquitetônica contemporânea como base para o incremento da competitividade de Natal, e revelam um modo de produção capitalista, amparado nos recursos públicos, que opera na produção do espaço urbano com vistas a repetição do modelo hegemônico da cidade competitiva.

     

8
  • EUGENIO MARIANO FONSECA DE MEDEIROS
  • Requiescat in Park: O Central Park de Nova Iorque Sob a Ótica do Cinema Norte-americano

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • ANA RITA DE SÁ CARNEIRO RIBEIRO
  • ENEIDA MARIA SOUZA MENDONÇA
  • VILMA VITOR CRUZ
  • Data: Dec 15, 2014


  • Show Abstract
  • Tomando como ponto de partida a Teoria do Ambiente Restaurador (TAR), criada por Frederick Law Olmsted em meados do século XIX, segundo a qual, os parques urbanos podem contribuir significativamente para a solução dos problemas advindos do crowding, particularmente o estresse urbano, analisamos como a TAR chegou ao século XXI, tendo como foco de análise o Central Park de Nova Iorque (CP). Considerando que o CP e o cinema foram criados mais ou menos à mesma época, questionamos: (1) se as propostas do projeto de Olmsted para o CP, atendem às demandas do século XXI e, caso tenham apresentado modificações, quais foram e como se deram; e (2) se, como ferramenta contemporânea, o cinema apresenta/representa essas modificações ou permanências. Respondendo a estas questões, defendemos duas hipóteses: (H1) embora mesmo na época de sua execução já tenha havido ajustes e modificações, o projeto do CP manteve-se fiel às premissas da teoria, propiciando os efeitos restauradores previstos pela TAR; (H2) o cinema é uma ferramenta adequada à documentação e verificação da TAR no CP, tanto devido ao contexto cultural comum que os gerou, quanto pela relação existente entre eles. O principal objetivo da tese foi, portanto, compreender semelhanças e diferenças entre os ideais do século XIX que geraram o CP e o modo como o cinema do século XXI representa sua atual utilização. Metodologicamente, a tese recorreu à análise bibliográfica e documental para subsidiar os capítulos iniciais e ao cinema como instrumento analítico destinado à investigação da TAR. Os resultados referendam a H2, pois o cinema mostrou-se uma ferramenta adequada a esta pesquisa, porém, não confirmou-se plenamente a H1, uma vez que, embora o projeto do CP mantenha-se relativamente intacto e fiel à TAR (propiciando os efeitos restauradores), vários dos comportamentos que caracterizam a contemporaneidade não foram previstos anteriormente, o que se evidencia com relação à prática esportiva, à maciça presença feminina e, sobretudo, à criminalidade.

2013
Dissertations
1
  • ALINE DANTAS DE ARAUJO DAMORE
  • *LAYOUT*, CONFORTO E SATISFAÇÃO DOS USUÁRIOS EM ESCRITÓRIOS: UMA AVALIAÇÃO PÓS-OCUPAÇÃO NO EDIFÍCIO DA SEDE ADMINISTRATIVA DO INPE-CRN

  • Advisor : MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • SOLANGE MARIA LEDER
  • Data: Feb 25, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • Essa pesquisa teve como objetivo central identificar a relação entre o * layout* interno dos espaços de trabalho em escritórios e as estratégias de conforto ambiental. As estratégias pesquisadas foram voltadas ao conforto térmico, lumínico e visual – neste caso, o conforto visual foi relacionado às questões de integração visual interna e entre o interior e o exterior do edifício. Trata-se de um estudo de caso realizado na sede administrativa do Centro Regional Nordeste do Instituto de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE-CRN), localizada em Natal/RN. O método utilizado na pesquisa foi a Avaliação Pós-Ocupação, que combinou o levantamento de dados sobre o edifício (*layout * dos espaços de trabalho, estratégias bioclimáticas adotadas nos projetos, uso dessas estratégias) com algumas técnicas voltadas para aquisição de informações qualitativas relacionadas aos usuários. O *layout* dos ambientes de trabalho é fundamental para a satisfação e produtividade dos trabalhadores. Questões como concentração, comunicação, privacidade, identidade pessoal, densidade e eficiência espacial, barreiras (de acesso, visuais e, até, de ventilação e iluminação), dentre outras, estão associadas ao *layout*. O conforto ambiental é um dos elementos indispensáveis para a manutenção da qualidade de vida dos usuários. Além disso, é um fator importante na percepção do usuário em relação ao espaço em que está inserido. Tanto as questões relacionadas ao *layout* quanto ao conforto ambiental devem ser levantadas e analisadas na fase de estabelecimento do programa de necessidades. Dessa forma, será possível obter respostas adequadas a estas questões nas fases de projeto subseqüentes. Verificou-se que mudanças no programa ocorridas ao longo do tempo, especialmente relativas às pessoas (quantidade e características), resultaram em mudanças no *layout*, gerando ambientes com densidade elevada e inflexíveis, o que dificulta a adequação do mobiliário às necessidades dos ocupantes, inclusive de conforto. No entanto, a presença das estratégias de conforto proporciona qualidade ambiental aos espaços, garantindo que, mesmo em situações não consideradas ideais, os usuários percebem o ambiente de forma positiva. Verificou-se que a relação entre * layout* e conforto ambiental se dá das seguintes formas: na alteração da percepção do conforto, dependendo dos arranjos no *layout*; nas adequações de *layout*, em decorrência de necessidades de conforto; e na elevação da satisfação dos usuários e da qualidade ambiental, devido à presença de estratégias de conforto, mesmo em situações de inadequação do *layout*.

2
  • RENATO SAVALLI
  • *Análise da energia e do dióxido de carbono embutidos nos materiais de

    construção utilizados em três sistemas construtivos, na fase

    pré-operacional do ciclo de vida da edificação.*

  • Advisor : EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • EDNA MOURA PINTO
  • ROSIMEIRE CAVALCANTE DOS SANTOS
  • SOLANGE MARIA LEDER
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • Data: Feb 26, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  •  

    *RESUMO*

     

    A presente dissertação mostra o desenvolvimento de uma análise da energia e

    do gás carbônico embutidos nos materiais de construção. Trata-se da

    aplicação de uma metodologia de análise do ciclo de vida energético,

    reduzida em seu escopo à fase pré-operacional da edificação e adaptada às

    condições técnicas e materiais disponíveis no âmbito do recorte geográfico

    escolhido como sítio da obra. É, portanto, uma ferramenta de apoio ao

    projetista, no tocante à seleção de materiais, visando minorar o impacto

    ambiental da construção decorrente dessas escolhas, pela avaliação desses

    dois parâmetros importantes de sustentabilidade na construção civil. Partindo

    de uma ampla revisão bibliográfica que investiga aspectos sobre a

    sustentabilidade como tema geral e a sustentabilidade na construção civil,

    como tema específico, apresenta o estado da arte sobre os sistemas de

    avaliação de sustentabilidade e o tratamento dado aos materiais nestes

    sistemas. A mesma revisão compila os dados mais recentes sobre as variáveis

    estudadas, em materiais produzidos no Brasil. A metodologia é aplicada em

    um modelo de edificação residencial unifamiliar ao qual foram atribuídas

    as características de três alternativas de sistema construtivo distintos.

    Os valores calculados de energia embutida inicial foram da ordem de 8,49

    GJ/m2 na alternativa 1, com sistema construtivo baseado na alvenaria de

    tijolos cerâmicos; 6,59 GJ/m2 na alternativa 2, com sistema construtivo

    baseado na alvenaria de blocos de concreto; e 6,08 GJ/m2 na alternativa 3,

    com sistema construtivo baseado na alvenaria de tijolos de solo cimento. Os

    valores calculados para o parâmetro CO2 embutido foram de 1,02 tCO2/m2 na

    alternativa 1; 0,84 tCO2/m2 na alternativa 2; e 0,72 tCO2/m2 na alternativa

    3. Os resultados obtidos foram comparados a estudos análogos, onde foi

    observada uma significativa diferença de valores, atribuída ao fator

    transporte dos materiais, devido à localização geográfica do sítio da obra,

    bastante distante dos centros produtores dos materiais de construção.

3
  • ANDREA DE ALBUQUERQUE VIANNA
  • O PAPEL DO TURISMO NOS CONFLITOS URBANOS DA CIDADE DO NATAL/RN

    A HISTÓRIA QUE NINGUÉM QUER CONTAR

  • Advisor : AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • ELIMAR PINHEIRO DO NASCIMENTO
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MAURO LEMUEL DE OLIVEIRA ALEXANDRE
  • Data: Feb 26, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • O    presente     estudo    tem  por   objetivo     identificar   a   relação   entre    a  implantação       e o

    desenvolvimento do turismo em Natal, entre os anos de 2006 e 2010, e os conflitos urbanos

    que se estabeleceram  nesta época, identificando  os que são gerados pela  atividade turística,

    observando-se  seus  impactos   no   cotidiano   dos  residentes.   Adotou-se  o  método  regressivo-

    progressivo do filósofo francês Henri Lefebvre, partindo-se da análise do presente em direção

    ao   passado,   encontrado   nos   dados  do  Relatório   Conflitos   Urbanos   em   Natal           1976/1986

    (ANDRADE  et   al,  1986), tendo   como  principal  fonte   de   investigação   o   material  divulgado

    pela    imprensa.  Considerando        que  este  é   um    dos   canais   de  reação   da   cidade   e  de   seus

    moradores   aos   incômodos   gerados   pelas   políticas   urbanas,   econômicas   e   sociais,   e,   ainda,

    considerando   que   os   veículos   de   comunicação   são   os   meios   pelos   quais   se   apresentam   os

    problemas da cidade enquanto ainda são conflitos, e   não eclodiram  em  movimentos sociais

    organizados, buscou-se a imprensa como fonte primeira de levantamento de dados, por conter

    o   material   necessário   para   análise,   quase   em   seu   nascedouro.  Os   dados   obtidos   através   da

    mídia impressa  considerando-se o recorte temporal e o veículo de comunicação escolhido -

    indicam que o turismo não é o gerador de conflitos urbanos em Natal. A partir deste ponto, o

    estudo busca compreender, entre outras questões, qual o papel do turismo no surgimento dos

    conflitos urbanos da cidade do Natal.

4
  • JOSE ANTONIO GOMES DE ALBUQUERQUE CESAR
  • MODIFICAÇÕES NO AMBIENTE SÓCIO-FÍSICO ENTRE 2005 E 2011: a percepção dos moradores de Itapuama, Cabo de Santo Agostinho / Pernambuco

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • CECÍLIA PATRÍCIA ALVES COSTA
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • Data: Mar 11, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • Em qualquer escala que sejam investigadas, as aglomerações humanas apresentam características sociais, ambientais, econômicas e políticas que traduzem a vivência das pessoas que nelas coexistem e/ou coexistiram. Tais características, ao mesmo tempo, constituem e são constituídas (por) atributos ecológicos que evidenciam o sistema integrado existente no local. Nesse sentido, a maior (ou menor) sustentabilidade de cada sistema pode ser entendida como um indicador dos tipos de relações pessoa-ambiente presentes naquele lugar, as quais, por sua vez, refletem modificações biofísicas que ali acontecem, alterando não apenas o ambiente, mas o modo como os ocupantes percebem, processam informações e atuam sobre ele. Com base nesse entendimento geral, esta dissertação apresenta uma pesquisa realizada em Itapuama, Cabo de Santo Agostinho-Pernambuco, cujo objetivo principal foi avaliar a percepção ambiental de seus moradores sobre o local e com relação às transformações ocasionadas pelo processo de instalação de um empreendimento com caráter habitacional e hoteleiro na praia do Paiva (área vizinha). Para tanto foi adotada uma abordagem multimetodológica, sendo utilizadas como instrumentos de pesquisa: entrevistas com foco na percepção do passado, presente e futuro de Itapuama pelo participante; mapa mental (incorporado à entrevista para registro gráfico dessa percepção); fotografias pertencentes ao acervo dos moradores e elaboradas pelo pesquisador. De modo geral, os moradores de Itapuama reconhecem as modificações da paisagem (natural e construída) que têm ocorrido no local, e mencionam melhorias e prejuízos promovidos. Questiona-se, no entanto, o modelo de desenvolvimento adotado naquela área, que ainda mostra-se distante da sustentabilidade, em especial se considerarmos as dimensões ambientais, sociais e econômicas deste ideal.

5
  • FABRICIO AMORIM MIRANDA DE OLIVEIRA
  • A ORGANIZAÇÃO DO PROCESSO DE PROJETO DE ARQUITETURA NO MEIO PROFISSIONAL: UMA ANÁLISE DA PRODUÇÃO EM ESCRITÓRIOS

     

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • MÁRCIO MINTO FABRICIO
  • Data: Mar 25, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  •  

    O presente trabalho analisa, através de estudos de caso, a organização do processo de

    produção dos projetos de arquitetura em escritórios de arquitetura na cidade de Natal, mais

    especificamente no que diz respeito aos projetos de edifícios. As especificidades do processo

    de projeto em arquitetura, ou seja, da produção do projeto no meio profissional natalense, são

    estudadas à luz das teorias do projeto e do processo produtivo. A pesquisa, em suas diferentes

    fases, foi realizada entre março de 2010 e setembro de 2012 e teve como principal objetivo

    identificar, conhecer e analisar comparativamente, através do mapeamento do processo de

    projeto, a organização da produção dos projetos de edificações de dois escritórios em Natal,

    verificando, assim, como seus agentes se relacionam durante o processo. O trabalho baseou-se

    em pesquisa documental e exploratória, adotando, para tanto, ferramentas de coleta de dados

    como formulários, questionários e entrevistas. Com o objetivo específico de mapear o

    processo de projeto, adotou-se uma técnica que permite a obtenção das informações

    diretamente dos agentes colaboradores envolvidos no processo produtivo. A técnica consistiu

    no registro de informações, através do preenchimento diário, durante ou ao final do

    expediente de trabalho, de uma agenda virtual individual, na qual todos os agentes

    colaboradores descreveram as tarefas realizadas. Os dados coletados permitiram a

    identificação da estrutura organizacional dos escritórios, de seus níveis hierárquicos, das

    responsabilidades dos agentes, bem como das tarefas realizadas por eles durante os dois

    meses de monitoramento em cada escritório. As conclusões da pesquisa foram baseadas nas

    análises dos dados coletados nos dois escritórios e em estudos comparativos entre os

    resultados destas análises. Como resultado final, foi levantado um diagnóstico avaliativo do

    nível de organização destes e elaboradas, nesta perspectiva, propostas de soluções que visam à

    melhoria da organização do processo e das relações entre os agentes sob as óticas analisadas.

6
  • YASMINIE MIDLEJ SILVA FARIAS CERQUEIRA
  • ESPAÇO PÚBLICO E SOCIABILIDADE URBANA: apropriações e significados dos espaços públicos na cidade contemporânea

  • Advisor : GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • RODRIGO JOSÉ FIRMINO
  • Data: Jun 29, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • Estudar espaço público é estudar a cidade e suas dinâmicas através de um ponto de representação. As mudanças observadas nesses espaços e nas relações estabelecidas nele, ou com ele, estão vinculadas a mudanças ocorridas na cidade em sua totalidade, na forma urbana de viver. Estudar espaço público aliado à sociabilidade urbana permite um enfoque ainda maior na relação – entre as pessoas nesses espaços e com esses espaços – e nas consequências que a fragilização dessa relação pode impor às pessoas e às cidades. O presente trabalho concentra–se justamente nessa relação entre espaço público e sociabilidade urbana. Através de uma discussão conceitual/teórica, visa, especificamente, compreender como se estabelece e qual o tipo de relação entre o espaço público e a sociabilidade urbana (apropriação/percepção do lugar, tendências de afastamento), partindo de uma análise isolada de cada um desses temas na cidade contemporânea. O espaço público brasileiro tem características peculiares, decorrentes do seu processo histórico de construção, que não podem ser desconsideradas. A sociabilidade urbana influencia e é influenciada ao longo de todo esse processo de significação e ressignificação do espaço público. A discussão conceitual acerca de cada variável isoladamente provê o lastro necessário para a discussão e análise da relação entre elas e o rebatimento dessa relação na cidade, abordada aqui através do processo de significação do lugar. No cenário contemporâneo é inegável a existência de uma tendência de afastamento desses espaços, analisada aqui sob a perspectiva de dois processos que atuam como enfraquecedores da relação que são a mercantilização desses espaços e a influência da criminalidade e da sensação de insegurança na apropriação dos mesmos. A busca aqui não é por um caminho para reestabelecer a relação tal qual já existiu, mas sim por um entendimento da dinâmica tal qual se estabelece hoje e por possibilidades existentes para manutenção e valorização da relação entre as pessoas e a cidade por acreditar na sua importância para a vida urbana.

7
  • DÉBORA NOGUEIRA PINTO FLORÊNCIO
  • "Mapeamento Acústico como ferramenta para Predição de Ruído Urbano na área de influência do estádio Arena das Dunas, Natal/ RN".

  • Advisor : VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • BIANCA CARLA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MARIA LYGIA ALVES DE NIEMEYER
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Jul 25, 2013


  • Show Abstract

  • Resumo:

    A Poluição Sonora provoca degradação na qualidade do meio ambiente e se apresenta como um dos mais frequentes problemas ambientais nas grandes cidades. Os ambientes urbanos possuem cenários acústicos complexos e seus estudos precisam considerar a contribuição de fontes sonoras diversas. Nesse sentido, os modelos computacionais, por meio do mapeamento e predição do cenário acústico, se tornam importantes, uma vez que possibilitam a realização de cálculos, de análises e de relatórios que permitem a interpretação de resultados satisfatórios. O bairro de estudo é o bairro de Lagoa Nova, área central da cidade do Natal, o qual passará por grandes mudanças no espaço urbano devido às obras de mobilidade urbana previstas para o entorno do estádio “Arena das Dunas” – em decorrência da Copa de 2014 – e as consequentes mudanças da forma urbana e no tráfego. Dessa forma, este trabalho objetiva avaliar o impacto sonoro provocado pelas alterações viárias e morfológicas no entorno deste estádio no bairro de Lagoa Nova em Natal, a partir de medições in loco e do mapeamento com a utilização do modelo computacional SoundPLAN no ano 2012 e a evolução do cenário acústico para 2017. Para tal análise, realizou-se, primeiramente, a construção do mapeamento acústico atual com base no diagnóstico acústico do bairro, mapeamento físico, contagem classificada dos veículos e medição do nível de pressão sonora; e para se construir a predição de ruído, observou-se, para a área de estudo, as modificações previstas para o tráfego, forma urbana e obras de mobilidade. Conclui-se que os níveis de pressão sonora do ano 2012 e para 2017 extrapolam, em parte, a legislação vigente. Para a predição do ruído foram verificadas várias modificações no cenário acústico, no qual as obras de mobilidade urbana previstas melhorarão o fluxo do tráfego, consequentemente, reduzirão o nível de pressão sonora onde estão previstas as intervenções.


8
  • CECILIA MARILAINE REGO DE MEDEIROS
  • Mutirão x Organicidade: Reflexões sobre os processos de construção coletiva dos habitats dos assentamentos rurais coordenados pelo MST no RN. 

  • Advisor : AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • IRENE ALVES DE PAIVA
  • JOÃO MARCOS DE ALMEIDA LOPES
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: Sep 26, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • Esta dissertação trata da relação entre os processos de construção coletiva dos habitats dos assentamentos rurais coordenados pelo MST e a sua organicidade, tendo como referências quatro experiências assessoradas pelo GERAH/UFRN no RN, durante o período de 2003 a 2012. Visa contribuir para a compreensão da importância desses mutirões para a organicidade nos assentamentos, com a efetiva participação das suas bases na condução das lutas e conquistas. A partir daí, avaliam-se as possibilidades da utilização deste tipo de procedimento por um movimento cujos objetivos não estão limitados à conquista de moradias dignas, senão que extrapolam com demandas ligadas à questão histórica da Reforma Agrária. Ao mesmo tempo em que os assentamentos coordenados pelo MST mudam seu sistema de organização de Núcleos de Base para Associações, o Movimento no RN tem seus quadros de militância e direção desestruturados, dificultando o acompanhamento desses processos coletivos. Buscando abarcar esse cenário, o referencial teórico-metodológico baseia-se na pesquisa participante e nos fundamentos da sociologia da cotidianidade de Henri Lefebvre e a sua perspectiva dialética. Com estratégia de reflexão fundamentada no método regressivo-progressivo, analisam-se dois assentamentos organizados originalmente em Núcleos de Base e atualmente em associações, cujas habitações estão sendo construídas com recursos do INCRA e da CEF desde 2008. As demais experiências analisadas foram em dois outros assentamentos, que tiveram suas habitações construídas entre 2004 e 2005 apenas com recursos do INCRA. Nesse contexto, a pesquisa investiga se o processo de construção coletiva dos habitats dos assentamentos rurais coordenados pelo MST contribui com a organicidade do grupo beneficiário e de que forma isso ocorre.

9
  • FABRICIO LIRA BARBOSA
  • Espaço de todos ou de ninguém: análise morfológica de transformações espaciais dos Conjuntos Residenciais Parque Serrambi em Natal/ RN

  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • LUIZ MANUEL DO EIRADO AMORIM
  • VALÉRIO AUGUSTO SOARES DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: Nov 20, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • Resumo:

    Este trabalho analisa os efeitos da forma sobre o surgimento de novos padrões de uso e ocupação dos espaços públicos em conjuntos habitacionais projetados nas décadas de 1980 e 1990 no município de Natal (Brasil). Partimos da premissa de que a forma atua em processos sociais (HILLIER; HANSON, 1984) verificando em que medida as configurações espaciais originais dos Conjuntos Residenciais Parque Serrambi já potencializavam o surgimento de novos padrões espaciais após as intervenções dos moradores. Os conjuntos Serrambi foram construídos na zona sul de Natal a partir de um modelo de urbanização que seguiu princípios modernistas e objetivava suprir a crescente demanda por habitação popular. Estavam entre os últimos conjuntos financiados pelo extinto Banco Nacional de Habitação e, sob orientação do Instituto de Orientação às Cooperativas Habitacionais (INOCOOP), materializavam um modo de espacialização que rompia com as experiências habitacionais v
    erticais do período. Os resultados foram obtidos através da análise configuracional que se fundamentou no aparato conceitual e metodológico da Sintaxe Espacial, no qual espaço e sociedade estão inter-relacionados. A análise se baseou na representação e quantificação de propriedades espaciais e na identificação e sistematização de padrões sociais relacionadas às transformações ora descritas. Identificou-se que as configurações espaciais originais, associadas às sutis alterações nos padrões sociais dos conjuntos, analisadas independente de quaisquer outras variáveis não morfológicas, já potencializavam os padrões de ocupação verificados em cada um dos Serrambi estudados.

10
  • JOSENITA ARAÚJO DA COSTA DANTAS
  • PARÂMETROS URBANÍSTICOS NA REGULAÇÃO  DO USO E OCUPAÇÃO DO SOLO: Estudo da densidade e do coeficiente de aproveitamento nos Planos Diretores de Natal de 1994 e 2007. 

  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FERNANDO JOSE DE MEDEIROS COSTA
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: Dec 13, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • A Constituição Federal de 1988 e o Estatuto da Cidade estabelecem o Plano Diretor como instrumento básico da política de ordenamento territorial, tendo como princípio fundamental o cumprimento da função social da propriedade e do direito à cidade. Na perspectiva de adequação às diretrizes e objetivos da política urbana estabelecidos em 1988, o município de Natal elaborou os Planos Diretores de 1994 e 2007, definindo instrumentos e parâmetros de regulação do uso e ocupação do solo possíveis de assegurar o cumprimento da função social da propriedade urbana e de gerar subsídios ao planejamento e à gestão da cidade. Apesar de Natal ter sido um dos municípios brasileiros pioneiros na adoção desses princ pios, antecipando e incorporando os instrumentos que em 2001 viriam a ser definidos no Estatuto da Cidade, identifica-se que alguns desses instrumentos e parâmetros direcionados à regulação do uso e ocupação do solo não tiveram sua aplicação plena, a exemplo do mecanismo de acompanhamento e controle dado pelo Estoque de Área Edificável e da Densidade, que foi substituída pelo Coeficiente de Aproveitamento no Plano Diretor de 2007. Questionando esse procedimento, busca-se na presente pesquisa investigar de que maneira essa substituição do parâmetro densidade pelo coeficiente de aproveitamento influenciou na capacidade da gestão pública de regular os processos de uso e ocupação do solo, de forma a adequar a sua intensificação ao suporte da infraestrutura instalada. Foram tomadas como referência teórico-conceitual as contribuições sobre a prática de planejamento urbano no Brasil, nos marcos do ideário da reforma urbana, com destaque para as reflexõe s de Flávio Villaça, Orlando Alves Santos Junior e Daniel Todtmann Montandon, Luiz César de Q. Ribeiro, Raquel Rolnik, Ermínia Maricato, Laura Machado de Bueno e Renato Cymbalista, José Roberto Bassul e Carlos F. Lago Burnett, e, com relação aos parâmetros de controle urbanístico, o estudo identifica as diferentes abordagens sobre a densidade urbana e o coeficiente de aproveitamento com base nas reflexões de Claudio Acioly Jr., Forbes Davidson, Juan Luis Mascaró, Ricardo Ojima, Marcelo de Souza, José Rámon Navarro Vera e Armando Ortuño Padilla, Nestor Goulart Reis, Marta Dora Grostein e Susana Ricardo Alves. Como conclusão, discute-se a hipótese formulada, inicialmente, de que a mudança de parâmetros verificada colocou limites para o município realizar uma gestão adequada do solo urbano e, portanto, de fazer cumprir a função social da propriedade, considerando a necessidade de adequação entre a intensificação do uso e ocupação do solo e a infraestrutura instalada.

Thesis
1
  • FERNANDO JOSE DE MEDEIROS COSTA
  • DO MODELO FÍSICO À PROTOTIPAGEM DIGITAL: O tridimensional na educação do Arquiteto e Urbanista

  • Advisor : MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ARIVALDO LEÃO DE AMORIM
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • MARIA GABRIELA CAFFARENA CELANI
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: Mar 2, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • Na prática do ensino de Arquitetura e Urbanismo no Brasil, verifica-se a existência de laboratórios e oficinas de maquetes, reconhecidas pela legislação educacional como parte da infraestrutura necessária para o funcionamento de um curso. Embora a evolução da tecnologia da informação no âmbito internacional disponibilize novas possibilidades para a produção digital de maquetes e modelos de Arquitetura com pesquisas produzidas desde o início da década de 1990, no Brasil essas tecnologias só começaram a ser apropriadas pelo ensino de Arquitetura e Urbanismo a partir de 2007 com a experiência pioneira do LAPAC/FEC/UNICAMP. Trata-se, portanto de uma experiência recente e que evidencia a desafios. Por exemplo: (i) são raros os casos de implantação de laboratórios de prototipagem digital em cursos de Arquitetura e Urbanismo no País; (ii) por ser um campo em desenvolvimento com poucas referências de aplicações na graduação, há dificuldades na definição de procedimentos metodológicos que sejam adequados aos projetos pedagógicos já implantados e consolidados; (iii) as novas formas digitais de produção de modelos tridimensionais contêm especificidades que dificultam a compatibilização com as estruturas de laboratórios e oficinas de maquetes já existentes. Considerando o exposto, na presente tese se discute o modelo tridimensional como instrumento auxiliar no desenvolvimento da capacidade do estudante de perceber, compreender e representar o espaço tridimensional. Analisa-se a relação entre diferentes formas de modelos tridimensionais e o ensino de projeto de Arquitetura e Urbanismo com interesse no processo projetual. Partindo da conceituação do modelo em Arquitetura e Urbanismo, busca-se identificar os tipos de modelos tridimensionais utilizados no processo de elaboração do projeto, tanto nas formas tradicionais de construção manual de maquetes e modelos quanto nos meios digitais. Procura-se conhecer como as novas tecnologias para a produção digital de modelos por meio da prototipagem digital estão sendo introduzidas nos cursos de graduação de Arquitetura e Urbanismo no Brasil, assim como a produção acadêmica recente na área. Considerando o paradigma do ensino prático reflexivo concebido por Schön (2000), o experimento realizado na pesquisa tem como ambiente de estudo o ateliê integrado de projeto do Curso de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. No experimento a Modelagem física, a Modelagem Geométrica e a Prototipagem Digital são inseridas em momentos do processo do projeto com o objetivo de se observar a adequação do modelo às fases do projeto. Como resultado propõe-se um procedimento metodológico no qual o Modelo Tridimensional constitui elemento integrador de conteúdos desenvolvidos em um período curricular, tendo como referência o ensino de Projeto Arquitetônico e Urbanístico no quinto período do Curso de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da UFRN.

2
  • GLAUCE LILIAN ALVES DE ALBUQUERQUE
  • O PROJETO DE ARQUITETURA DE ESPAÇOS TEMPORÁRIOS COM O USO DE SISTEMA CONSTRUTIVO REMONTÁVEL: um estudo exploratório

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CARLOS EGÍDIO ALONSO
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • ISABEL AMALIA MEDERO ROCHA
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • Data: Mar 18, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • O objeto de investigação desse estudo é a arquitetura portável ou remontável, que, diferente da arquitetura convencional (feita para ser permanente), corresponde à projetação de espaços com fins temporários. O foco do estudo é o projeto arquitetônico de espaços que sejam produzidos a partir de sistemas construtivos que possam ser levados a vários sítios (processo de montagem / desmontagem / remontagem), de modo a identificar os tipos de espaços gerados e os processos utilizados em sua concepção/projetação. Busca-se investigar relações entre o projeto inicial concebido a partir de um sistema construtivo remontável (SCR) e sua aplicação na projetação arquitetônica por profissionais e estudantes, a fim de contribuir com elementos que auxiliem a compreender as especificidades desse tipo de atividade projetual. Para tanto foi desenvolvida uma pesquisa exploratória com base em multimétodos, que abrangeu: análise documental, visitas técnicas, entrevistas, questionários, exercício acadêmico e documentação por imagens. Embora o estudo realizado não seja conclusivo, os resultados obtidos indicam haver diferenças entre o ponto de vista dos projetistas do SCR e seus usuários (projetistas atuantes e em formação), pois os últimos demonstram ter alguma dificuldade para acessar os recursos disponibilizados pelo primeiro grupo, em especial os estudantes. Também se evidencia que o uso de SCRs parece alterar a valorização/hierarquização dos condicionantes projetuais, uma vez que, diferentemente do que acontece em projetos arquitetônicos tradicionais, os projetistas que os usam aparentam maior preocupação com as questões construtivas, sobretudo os elementos estruturais (apoios e cobertura), em detrimento de funcionalidade, estética e mesmo características físicas do local.

3
  • JOSYANNE PINTO GIESTA
  • OUTORGA ONEROSA DO DIREITO DE CONSTRUIR E DINÂMICA DO MERCADO IMOBILIÁRIO FORMAL: Planejamento e descaminhos na expansão urbana de Parnamirim – RN (2008-2010)


  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • ALJACYRA MARIA CORREIA DE MELLO PETIT
  • LUCIANA ANDRADE DOS PASSOS
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: Sep 30, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • RESUMO

    O instrumento Outorga Onerosa do Direito de Construir (OODC), instituído pelo Estatuto da Cidade em 2001, tem como objetivo principal a recuperação das mais-valias urbanas, buscando a justa distribuição dos benefícios da urbanização. A possibilidade de utilização do instrumento OODC é vinculada aos coeficientes de aproveitamento máximo (CAM), definidos para determinadas zonas de acordo com as condições de infraestrutura existentes, considerando-se ainda a dinâmica do mercado imobiliário formal, eixos de expansão e adensamento. Sendo um instrumento que estabelece os valores a serem pagos para um maior aproveitamento do solo, ele mantém uma estrita relação com a dinâmica do mercado imobiliário formal, incentivando ou desestimulando o adensamento em áreas específicas. Este estudo investigaa relação entre os critérios de formula ção do instrumento Outorga Onerosa do Direito de Construir e a dinâmica do mercado imobiliário formal. Toma como universo empírico o município de Parnamirim (RN) integrante da Região Metropolitana de Natal (RN), focalizando a aplicação da OODC no período 2008-2010.  Busca ampliar o entendimento sobre a base necessária para a formulação do instrumento, sobre seu funcionamento e sua relação com a dinâmica do mercado imobiliário formal. Visa caracterizar o mercado imobiliário formal, apresentando a produção do espaço urbano de Parnamirim, em termos de intensidade e tipologia dos empreendimentos, além de identificar os empreendimentos imobiliários licenciados através da aplicação do instrumento no município.Como conclusão discute os critérios de formulação da OODC, sua relação com a dinâmica do mercado imobiliário formal e suas possibilidades de indução dos processos de uso e ocupação do solo no cont exto do planejamento urbano.

      
4
  • AMELIA DE FARIAS PANET BARROS
  • Permanências e perspectivas no ensino de projeto de arquitetura no Brasil: uma análise a partir da produção científica dos Seminários UFRGS (1985) e Projetar (2003-2011)

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FERNANDO LUIZ CAMARGOS LARA
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • NATALIA MIRANDA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • PAULO AFONSO RHEINGANTZ
  • Data: Oct 31, 2013


  • Show Abstract
  • O objeto de estudo desta tese é o ensino de projeto de arquitetura no contexto acadêmico brasileiro. O trabalho procura analisar esse objeto nos aspectos relativos ao ‘ensinar a fazer’ e ao ‘aprender a fazer’, por meio de uma perspectiva epistemológica e cognitiva, a partir da produção científica dos Seminários UFRGS (1985) e Projetar (2003-2011) sob o olhar de três estados constitutivos: conservação, permanência e transformação. A metodologia de investigação é qualitativa e seus pressupostos são investigados por meio do método hipotético-dedutivo em busca de um conhecimento aproximativo. Dentro do universo pesquisado, as hipóteses conduzem: primeiro, à investigação e caracterização de estruturas que se conservam; segundo, à investigação e levantamento de valores e conceitos que permanecem adequados por sua capacidade de adaptação às mudanças e paradigmas; e, terceiro, por procurarem destacar práticas pedagógicas que indicam novos caminhos na maneira de agir e de se pensar o ensino de projeto de arquitetura. A pesquisa demonstrou que, embora em menores proporções, ainda se conservam ações e posturas pedagógicas que: valorizam os ideais funcionalistas e racionalistas da arquitetura; adotam posturas deterministas, caminhos prescritivos ou intuitivos no ensino da concepção arquitetural; não apresentam clareza metodológica na abordagem da problemática arquitetônica; os contextos urbanos são pouco explorados na experimentação; utilizam um sistema de concepção baseado em princípios estéticos canônicos e universais, sem problematizar as causas da transformação da arquitetura contemporânea e qual o seu papel numa sociedade complexa e diversificada. Com relação às novas perspectivas encontradas, a análise da produção científica demonstrou que a prática pedagógica do ensino de projeto de arquitetura no Brasil passa por transformações críticas valiosas. Essa constatação foi percebida, por meio, também, de reflexões e de práticas pedagógicas que valorizam a integração de conteúdos; que possuem um discurso crítico e conciliador com relação à necessidade de renovação de práticas, paradigmas, meios e conteúdos; que estão abertas às posturas cooperativas e às estratégias para a constituição de um corpo teórico-prático para o ensino do projeto que não se limite ao campo da arquitetura; que reconhecem a importância das novas tecnologias computacionais na concepção projetual e no ensino do projeto, assim como, as tecnologias e estratégias que atualizam as soluções projetuais no uso adequado dos recursos ambientais; que consideram o espaço acadêmico como um lugar propício para as experiências projetuais e pedagógicas; que manifestam um esforço em considerar a participação do usuário, assim como em realizar um processo de apreensão de contextos complexos como objeto de estudo, adotando uma postura de valorização do processo projetual. O trabalho conclui que a educação do arquiteto deve estar atenta aos aspectos relativos à inclusão da realidade sociocultural como referência para o ‘fazer arquitetural’ em detrimento da primazia dada à racionalidade técnica, uma vez que essa realidade permite a mediação, entre ‘o ser e o mundo’, como uma estratégia que supera qualquer antecipação programática e viabiliza a transformação e a construção do próprio ‘ser’ e do ‘mundo’. Assim, se o ‘aprender fazendo’ é necessário para a formação do arquiteto, que esse fazer seja refletido e retroalimente a prática. 

2012
Dissertations
1
  • JULIANA DE SA ARAUJO
  • UMA JANELA TROPICAL: Análise do desempenho luminoso de ambientes com aberturas sombreadas para o clima de Natal/RN
  • Advisor : ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • SOLANGE VIRGINIA GALARCA GOULART
  • RICARDO CARVALHO CABUS
  • SOLANGE MARIA LEDER
  • Data: Feb 27, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • A pesquisa propõe procedimentos de análise do desempenho de iluminação 
    natural em salas de escritório com aberturas sombreadas, para 
    características de céu de Natal/RN, visando a determinação de 
    recomendações. Os estudos partem da premissa que aberturas em 
    edificações localizadas em clima quente e úmido devem ser sombreadas. As 
    análises se baseiam no comportamento luminoso do ambiente entre 08h00 e 
    16h00, com características de pé direito de 2,8 m, largura de 6,0 m e 
    com profundidades de 4,0 m, 6,0 m e 8,0 m, com uma abertura única. São 
    considerados três níveis de iluminâncias (300, 500 e 1000 lux), quatro 
    orientações (Norte, Leste, Sul e Oeste), três frações de aberturas (20%, 
    40% e 60% de Paf), e duas condições de céus (claro e parcial). As 
    características de céu se baseiam em tratamento estatístico dos 
    registros da estação climatológica e de iluminação natural do INPE-CRN, 
    em Natal/RN. São gerados 72 modelos e simulados de forma dinâmica no 
    programa Troplux 3.12. Os resultados das simulações foram analisados por 
    meio de um parâmetro de quantificação do aproveitamento de luz natural 
    no ambiente construído denominado percentual útil de luz natural (PULN), 
    que corresponde à fração de tempo que há luz suficiente para atender uma 
    determinada iluminância de projeto. A caracterização da profundidade da 
    zona passiva de iluminação natural se baseia no PULN para atendimento 
    das iluminâncias de projeto, inclusive com tolerância de 30%. As 
    análises de desempenho comprovam o grande potencial de iluminação de 
    ambientes para aberturas sombreadas, ainda que os registros horários da 
    estação solarimétrica de iluminação natural do INPE-CRN apresentassem 
    falhas operacionais que limitam a caracterização do tipo de céu de 
    iluminância. As variáveis mais influentes no desempenho luminoso são o 
    tamanho da abertura e o nível de iluminância de projeto, enquanto que a 
    orientação da abertura pouco influenciou.
2
  • JULIANA MONTENEGRO MATOS
  • Análise da envoltória à luz do Regulamento Técnico da Qualidade para o Nível de Eficiência Energética de Edificações Residenciais (RTQ-R) em tipologias verticais no município de Natal/RN.

  • Advisor : MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • LEONARDO SALAZAR BITTENCOURT
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • Data: Mar 12, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • MATOS, Juliana Montenegro. Análise da envoltória à luz do Regulamento Técnico da Qualidade para o Nível de Eficiência Energética de Edificações Residenciais (RTQ-R) em tipologias verticais no município de Natal/RN. 2011. 240 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Arquitetura e Urbanismo). Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, 2012.

    Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo central o estudo de estratégias projetuais voltadas para a melhoria do desempenho da envoltória em edifícios residenciais verticais no clima quente e úmido de Natal/RN. Tendo em vista que quase metade da energia utilizada nas edificações é desperdiçada devido à má orientação ou à inadequação de seu envelope ao clima e que, diante da diversidade do clima brasileiro, a falta de domínio sobre as especificidades climáticas e construtivas regionais tem sido responsável pela continuidade deste cenário em nossas cidades, conclui-se que a redução dos impactos ambientais causados pelas construções no Brasil está diretamente relacionada ao desenvolvimento de métodos de avaliação e classificação de edificações, enquanto ferramentas de incentivo ao aumento do nível de desempenho destes. As principais ações neste sentido surgiram como resultado de um processo iniciado com a crise energética de 2001, quando foi promulgada da Lei nº. 10.295, que dispõe sobre a Política Nacional de Conservação e Uso Racional de Energia e resultou, dentre outros desdobramentos, no lançamento do Regulamento Técnico da Qualidade para o Nível de Eficiência Energética de Edificações Residenciais (RTQ-R) em novembro de 2010. O método utilizado na pesquisa compreendeu a análise da eficiência energética da envoltória de seis modelos de análise formulados com base nas características tipológicas e construtivas de 22 edifícios residenciais verticais levantados na cidade de Natal. Utilizando como ferramenta o método prescritivo do RTQ-R, foi composto um diagnóstico do setor residencial vertical local. Em seguida foram realizadas alterações nos parâmetros: forma do pavimento tipo; distribuição dos ambientes na habitação; orientação da edificação; área e sombreamento das aberturas; transmitância térmica; e absortância solar dos materiais opacos da fachada a fim de avaliar a influência destes no desempenho da envoltória. Os resultados indicam estratégias para a obtenção de níveis altos na classificação da envoltória, em função das características inerentes a cada tipologia identificada.

3
  • LIA TAVARES MONTEIRO
  • ARQUITETURA DA (IN)SEGURANÇA
    Estudando relações entre configuração espacial, artifícios de segurança
    e violência urbana no bairro Manaíra, João Pessoa, Paraíba

  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • CIRCE MARIA GAMA MONTEIRO
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • LUCAS FIGUEIREDO DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: Mar 23, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • RESUMO:

    João Pessoa, apesar de ser considerada uma capital tranquila, no litoral do nordeste brasileiro, assim como acontece nas grandes metrópoles, o medo, a violência e a segregação acompanham o crescimento dessa cidade. A nova situação vem evidenciando as desigualdades sociais, com a criação de espaços restritos, que segregam e provocam o enclausuramento dos habitantes, acarretando a morte dos espaços públicos, restando-nos a herança de espaços sem vida e, portanto, perigosos que se pode definir como “desurbanos”. O estudo apresentado investiga aspectos físicos ambientais e sua relação com dois tipos de crime: roubo a pessoas e furto a imóveis, registrados em 2008 e 2009 pela Secretaria de Segurança Pública da Paraíba, no Manaíra, bairro de classe média alta de João Pessoa, também considerado um dos mais violentos da cidade. Buscou-se compreender nexos entre essas ocorrências e aspectos morfo-sociais do ambiente construído, sendo examinadas propriedades espaciais, tais como acessibilidade da malha urbana, a presença de medidas de controle e segurança dos edifícios e seus usos.  Propriedades espaciais foram, também, validadas mediante a observação de fluxos de pedestres em pontos estratégicos da área objeto de estudo. Concluiu-se que, enquanto a presença de fluxos mais intensos contribui para atrair potenciais “meliantes”, medidas físicas de controle e segurança pouco oferecem em termos de proteção.

4
  • CAROLINA COSTA
  • The postmodern in Northeastern architecture (1985-2000)
  • Advisor : NELCI TINEM
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • NELCI TINEM
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • SONIA MARIA DE BARROS MARQUES
  • FERNANDO DINIZ MOREIRA
  • Data: Mar 26, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • The postmodern in Northeastern architecture (1985-2000)
5
  • HUDA ANDRADE SILVA DE LIMA
  • TÍTULO: DO ACESSO CLÁSSICO À COMERCIALIZAÇÃO: ESPECIFICIDADES DO MERCADO IMOBILIÁRIO
    INFORMAL NA  ÁREA ESPECIAL DE INTERESSE SOCIAL DE MÃE LUIZA, NATAL/ RN.

    DO ACESSO CLÁSSICO À COMERCIALIZAÇÃO: ESPECIFICIDADES DO MERCADO IMOBILIÁRIO INFORMAL NA ÁREA ESPECIAL DE INTERESSE SOCIAL DE MÃE LUIZA, NATAL/ RN.

  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • NORMA LACERDA GONÇALVES
  • Data: Apr 10, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • O presente trabalho apresenta estudos referentes à habitação social e seus efeitos
    sobre a reconfiguração espacial de Natal/RN, visando identificar as especificidades
    da informalidade do solo urbano. Busca compreender como o mercado imobiliário
    informal opera a provisão habitacional para a população situada em assentamentos
    populares informais, por meio do mercado de compra e venda e locação de imóveis
    residências irregulares/ ilegais. Esse entendimento se dará através do bairro de Mãe
    Luiza, Área Especial de Interesse Social (AEIS), situada entre bairros com população
    de elevado poder aquisitivo e inserido no eixo turístico de orla marítima da cidade.
    A caracterização do mercado imobiliário informal em Mãe Luiza, a partir dos
    compradores, vendedores 
     e locatários, contribuirá para compreender como essas transações informais operam a
    provisão habitacional em AEIS e para a elaboração de políticas públicas e
    implantação de programas habitacionais e de regularização fundiária para a
    população de baixa renda, adequadas à dinâmica e realidade da moradia das áreas
    informais. 

    O presente trabalho apresenta estudos referentes à habitação social e seus efeitossobre a reconfiguração espacial de Natal/RN, visando identificar as especificidadesda informalidade do solo urbano. Busca compreender como o mercado imobiliárioinformal opera a provisão habitacional para a população situada em assentamentospopulares informais, por meio do mercado de compra e venda e locação de imóveisresidências irregulares/ ilegais. Esse entendimento se dará através do bairro de MãeLuiza, Área Especial de Interesse Social (AEIS), situada entre bairros com populaçãode elevado poder aquisitivo e inserido no eixo turístico de orla marítima da cidade.A caracterização do mercado imobiliário informal em Mãe Luiza, a partir doscompradores, vendedores  e locatários, contribuirá para compreender como essas transações informais operam aprovisão habitacional em AEIS e para a elaboração de políticas públicas eimplantação de programas habitacionais e de regularização fundiária para apopulação de baixa renda, adequadas à dinâmica e realidade da moradia das áreasinformais. 

6
  • PASCAL MACHADO
  • Interesses da Habitação Social: políticas e processos no Rio Grande do Norte

  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • IRENE ALVES DE PAIVA
  • LUÍS DE LA MORA
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: May 29, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  •  
    A partir de 2003 o governo brasileiro iniciou uma nova fase da política habitacional, intensificando as construções da Habitação de Interesse Social no Brasil. Tal incremento teve repercussões na cidade e no campo, e foi marcado no Rio Grande do Norte, pela produção em grande escala de conjuntos habitacionais em programas de Governo. Para viabilizar estas transformações, instrumentos políticos, financeiros e de gestão foram articulados conjuntamente, usando a repetição de uma tipologia edilícia
    como padrão, acompanhada da reprodução de padrões morfológicos nas construções de habitação de interesse social. Contudo, os princípios da Política Nacional de Habitação sinalizaram a diversificação tipológica como um elemento da qualidade dos projetos. Compreender os entraves que se impõem à realização desse princípio constitui questão central da presente pesquisa. Para investigar esse problema na produção habitacional no Rio Grande do Norte, introduzimos uma estudo urbanístico e sócio-econômico do
    problema da Habitação de Interesse Social no Brasil, relacionando aspectos técnicos com questões históricas, profissionais e culturais. A pesquisa busca identificar como as políticas de gestão e financiamento oficiais (administradas majoritariamente pela Caixa Econômica Federal- CEF), influenciam o processo projetual, desencadeando as repetições tipo/morfológicas já mencionadas. Baseados na observação direta de duas experiências diferenciadas na habitação de interesse social rural no Rio Grande do Norte o estudo aponta limites e possibilidades das ações desenvolvidas por atores sociais diante dos agentes e políticas oficiais para a Habitação de Interesse Social no Brasil, apontando soluções alternativas à padronização que caracteriza o resultado dos projetos financiado e geridos pela CEF.

7
  • ANA PAULA CAMPOS GURGEL
  • Entre serras e sertões
    A(s) (trans)formação(ões) de centralidade
    (s) da Região Metropolitana do Cariri/CE

  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • FREDERICO ROSA BORGES DE HOLANDA
  • JOSE CLEWTON DO NASCIMENTO
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: Jun 25, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • RESUMO

    Este estudo examina a configuração espacial
    definidora da estrutura viária do
    conjunto formado pelas cidades Crato –
    Juazeiro – Barbalha (Crajubar - cerne da
    Região Metropolitana do Cariri/CE), visando
    estabelecer nexos (ou relações) entre
    níveis distintos de acessibilidade e a
    formação/transformação e especialização de
    centralidades em escala local e regional.
    Utilizou-se para tanto o aparato teórico e
    operacional da Teoria da Lógica Social do
    Espaço, a partir do qual foram exploradas
    possibilidades de modelagem (com linhas
    axiais, linhas de continuidade e segmentos)
    e realizadas observações empíricas sobre
    fluxos e usos, ancorando e articulando o
    conjunto de dados em um Sistema de
    Informações Geográficas - SIG. Os achados
    sugerem
    que em distintas escalas de análise,
    paralelamente à permanência de centros e
    formação de subcentros intraurbanos, há
    indícios da formação de uma nova
    centralidade no Bairro Triângulo, em
    Juazeiro do Norte, onde coincidem altos
    valores de acessibilidade topológica e a
    emergência de equipamentos que respondem a
    uma demanda regional.

8
  • AMANDA KELLEN SILVA DE MEDEIROS
  • EXCLUSÃO SOCIAL E PROJETOS HABITACIONAIS. Um estudo sobre
    conjuntos
    habitacionais, segregação e exclusão social em Natal/RN

  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • ELIANA COSTA GUERRA
  • LINDA MARIA DE PONTES GONDIM
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: Oct 16, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • No processo de crescimento urbano do município de Natal é dado que o período de atuação do BNH (1964-1986) foi marcado pela intensa expansão da malha urbana e configuração de periferias, através da construção de conjuntos habitacionais. Implantados em áreas segregadas da cidade formal existente, a população que se instalou nesses conjuntos também foi excluída dos seus direitos, considerando que a moradia se define não só pela unidade habitacional, mas também pelo acesso à infraestrutura urbana, equipamentos, serviços, entre outros. A partir dessa realidade e da constatação sobre os processos de exclusão e segregação socioespacial na cidade, buscou-se demonstrar, de maneira quantitativa, níveis de exclusão social em Natal, baseando-se na metodologia desenvolvida por Sposati (2000) e adaptada por Genovez (2002), que relaciona a base de dados do IBGE, destacando variáveis como renda, escolaridade e qualidade domiciliar. A pesquisa revelou padrões espaciais promovidos pelos conjuntos habitacionais, cujas áreas desenvolveram-se ilhas com indicadores mais altos que seu entorno, revelando hierarquias internas nas periferias da cidade.

9
  • MARYÁ DE SOUSA ALDRIGUE
  • Aparências da Forma e Forma do Espaço: análise da configuração espacial de residências unifamiliares dos anos 1970 em João Pessoa - PB

  • Advisor : NELCI TINEM
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • LUIZ MANUEL DO EIRADO AMORIM
  • MARCIO COTRIM CUNHA
  • NELCI TINEM
  • Data: Dec 20, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • Aparências da forma e forma do espaço: análise da configuração espacial de residências unifamiliares dos anos 1970 em João Pessoa – PB. 2012. 260 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Arquitetura e Urbanismo) – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, 2012.

    Assumindo que espaço e invólucro construído são duas dimensões distintas da arquitetura - ainda que indissociáveis e interdependentes -, este estudo enfoca, à luz da Teoria da Lógica Social do Espaço (HILLIER; HANSON, 1984), as propriedades intrínsecas através das quais o espaço doméstico foi estruturado em uma amostra de habitações unifamiliares construídas em João Pessoa (PB) nos anos 1970 - quando o vocabulário moderno ainda predominava no Brasil, embora compartilhando espaço na cena urbana com outras tendências arquitetônicas -, a fim de investigar regularidades ou divergências subjacentes à sua concepção. Essas residências foram originalmente classificadas (ARAÚJO, 2010a) em cinco categorias definidas por seus atributos formais e técnicos: (1) legado moderno brasileiro, (2) arquitetura paulista, (3) experiências de racionalização e pré-fabricação, (4) experiências de adequação ao clima e (5) residências “híbridas” (que utilizam elementos que evocam um passado “colonioso”). Neste estudo se quer verificar, através da análise de dezenove exemplares representativos dessa produção, se essa taxonomia corresponde a categorias definidas pela configuração espacial. Esta pesquisa, portanto, propõe uma abordagem para a classificação de arquitetura doméstica baseada em suas propriedades topológicas. Levantamos a hipótese que a organização espacial das residências evidencia uma modernidade independente do aspecto das superfícies arquitetônicas (invólucro construído). As casas foram analisadas considerando sua organização espacial, representada e quantificada através da aplicação dos instrumentos e medidas definidos por suas propriedades espaciais. Os resultados apontaram que não existem evidências de relação de reciprocidade entre o invólucro construído e suas respectivas estruturas espaciais.

10
  • CAMILA FURUKAVA
  •  PLANO SETORIAL: A CONSTRUÇÃO DE ESTRATÉGIAS PARA IMPLEMENTAÇÃO DO PLANO DIRETOR DE NATAL

  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • MARISE COSTA DE SOUZA DUARTE
  • Data: Dec 21, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • O Plano Setorial inserido como instrumento urbanístico no Plano Diretor de Natal

    (LC82/07), vem sendo aprofundado desde 2007 e, é norteado para a distribuição

    equitativa dos benefícios da urbanização, visando à efetivação do direito à cidade e

    da função socioambiental da propriedade no contexto do planejamento urbano. Assim, o

    Plano Setorial foi inserido na perspectiva de promover um campo propício para

    aplicação articulada dos instrumentos definidos no Plano Diretor e destes como

    intervenções urbanísticas, por meio do aprofundamento do macrozoneamento - saindo da

    dimensão da cidade e adentrando a dimensão de uma fração reduzida do urbano -

    facilitando a gestão democrática, nos termos do Estatuto da Cidade. Contudo, a

    ausência de regulamentação e principalmente a fragilidade conceitual e operacional

    do instrumento, que o aproxima de outras experiências e instrumentos existentes,

    limitaram sobremaneira a sua aplicação e avaliação. Considerando o caráter inovador do instrumento e a

    intensa participação social que se constitui pela sua inserção no planejamento

    local, em 2007, indagamos sobre quais elementos conceituais e operacionais poderiam

    dar maior efetividade à construção do Plano Setorial?  Orientada por essa questão,

    a presente dissertação busca compreender a natureza e os procedimentos operacionais

    do Plano Setorial, visando formular apontamentos sobre os aspectos conceituais e

    operacionais de aplicação de um Plano Setorial. Delimita-se o bairro de Ponta Negra

    como universo empírico uma vez que foi o primeiro setor de aplicação definido no

    Plano Diretor. Do ponto de vista teórico conceitual a pesquisa toma como referência

    autores que apresentam reflexão e aprofundamentos sobre a matriz da Reforma Urbana,

    cujos princípios embasam a trajetória de revisão do planejamento urbano no Brasil a

    partir dos anos   de 1980, com destaque para Raquel Rolnik, Nelson Saule Júnior e Orlando Alves dos

    Santos Júnior. Para acompanhamento local, foram observados os autores, Alexsandro Ferreira Cardoso

    Silva, Rosa Maria Pinheiro Oliveira e Marise Costa da Souza Duarte, para compreender a dinâmica do

    crescimento de Natal, legal e urbanisticamente.

     

Thesis
1
  • RONALD LIMA DE GOIS
  • A CIDADE E O IDOSO

  • Advisor : FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • ARISTIDES INÁCIO FERREIRA MARQUES
  • FÁBIO OLIVEIRA BITENCOURT FILHO
  • Data: Feb 6, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • A Tese de Doutoramento diz respeito ao estudo da cidade em função dos impactos que serão causados na sua estrutura em decorrência do processo de envelhecimento da sociedade humana, principalmente no Brasil. Os enfoques mais importantes são aqueles relacionados com os problemas de acessibilidade, habitação, lazer, saúde e trabalho, questões que mais afetam as pessoas com mais de 60 anos de idade. Além da análise dos problemas inerentes ao tema serão feitas propostas de intervenção urbana para que as cidades se tornem mais adequadas ao convívio das pessoas idosas.

2
  • GERMANA COSTA ROCHA
  • O Caráter Tectônico do Moderno Brasileiro:
    Bernardes e Campello na Paraíba
    (1970-1980)

  • Advisor : NELCI TINEM
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • NELCI TINEM
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • MARCIO COTRIM CUNHA
  • MARIA DE JESUS DE BRITTO LEITE
  • SONIA MARIA DE BARROS MARQUES
  • Data: Feb 27, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • Este trabalho tem como objetivo averiguar como a dimensão tectônica se
    expressa na arquitetura moderna brasileira entre a virada para década 1970
    e início dos anos 1980, através da análise de obras referenciais dos
    arquitetos Sérgio Bernardes e Glauco Campello produzidas na Paraíba, a
    fim de trazer reflexões sobre a importância da poética construtiva na
    estrutura formal da arquitetura. Busca-se, igualmente, identificar as
    diversidades tectônicas que caracterizam a persistência do moderno
    nacional nesse período, contribuindo para o debate sobre as especificidades
    e singularidades da arquitetura moderna produzida no Brasil. A pesquisa,
    utilizando as estratégias do estudo de caso, parte da revisão sobre o uso da
    “tectônica” por Kenneth Frampton, e demais estudiosos do termo, para
    fundamentar o conceito e definir os parâmetros analíticos da tectônica. Em
    seguida, parte-se para a inserção das obras no ambiente cultural e sóciopolítico
    brasileiro, no marco temporal proposto, para, na seqüencia, analisar
    as obras de cada arquiteto. O estudo confirma que a força expressiva da
    arquitetura moderna heróica brasileira, sedimenta uma cultura tectônica, ao
    enfatizar as interações entre o estético e o técnico, que repercute nas
    gerações seguintes.

3
  • MARIA AGUEDA PONTES CAMINHA MUNIZ
  • INTERVENÇÕES URBANAS EM ESPAÇOS DE DESVALIA. TRANSFORMAR PARA VALORIZAR.

  • Advisor : MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FRANCOISE DOMINIQUE VALERY
  • MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
  • MARIA CAMILA LOFFREDO DOTTAVIANO
  • SORAIA MARIA DO SOCORRO CARLOS VIDAL
  • TOMÁS DE ALBUQUERQUE LAPA
  • Data: Feb 28, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • As transformações mundiais ocorridas no século 20 redefiniram os rumos da
    cidade neste novo século. A consolidação da urbanização, a revolução tecnológica que
    impulsionou a globalização, a reestruturação econômica e a informacionalização
    modificaram conceitos de tempo e espaço, aproximando os povos, e provocaram
    transformações políticas – enfim, tornaram as cidades contemporâneas protagonistas
    dos acontecimentos mundiais. Em consequência desses processos, também surgiram
    espaços de desvalia, e no mundo inteiro as cidades começaram a apostar na estratégia
    de intervir nessas áreas-problema através de intervenções destinadas a promover
    transformações intencionais para obter valorização multidimensional – urbanística,
    econômica, ambiental, cultural e social. Em síntese, tais intervenções urbanas visam
    a tornar a cidade contemporânea competitiva, sustentável, criativa, produtiva e
    justa. Também no Brasil, nos maiores centros urbanos surgiram inúmeros espaços de
    desvalia em frentes hídricas, em zonas centrais, em áreas industriais/urbanizadas
    desativadas e em áreas subutilizadas ou de uso indevido, carentes de infraestrutura
    e de serviços públicos, onde é imprescindível e urgente a realização de intervenção
    urbana. Esta pesquisa propõe como tese que as intervenções urbanas, quando
    implantadas a partir de um modelo político-institucional adequado, transformam e
    valorizam os espaços de desvalia em suas múltiplas dimensões, proporcionando melhor
    qualidade de vida aos residentes, buscando dar cumprimento à função social da
    cidade. Pretende-se ver esta tese comprovada na análise de casos internacionais e
    nacionais ao apresentar reflexões críticas e diretrizes como contribuição para a
    melhoria dos processos de implementação das intervenções urbanas, especialmente nos
    espaços de desvalia das cidades brasileiras.

4
  • PAULO JOSE LISBOA NOBRE
  • Combater as Secas e Defender as Florestas: a natureza nos desafios da ciência e da técnica para modernizar o Brasil (1889 a 1934)

  • Advisor : ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ANGELA LUCIA DE ARAUJO FERREIRA
  • ENEIDA MARIA SOUZA MENDONÇA
  • JOSE LACERDA ALVES FELIPE
  • MARCOS LOBATO MARTINS
  • RUBENILSON BRASAO TEIXEIRA
  • Data: Apr 13, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • Nas primeiras décadas do século XX a recém instituída Republica brasileira enfrentou o desafio de modernizar o país. A engenharia nacional teve papel fundamental nesse processo ao discutir, projetar e construir o desenvolvimento. Nesse contexto se destacam duas grandes questões fundamentais: Combater as Secas e Defender as Florestas. Adota-se como premissa que esses foram os principais desafios impostos pela natureza ao desenvolvimento brasileiro e busca-se compreender a relação entre essas duas questões e a regulamentação do uso dos recursos naturais brasileiros, ocorrida em 1934. Considera-se que o progresso do país estava associado o esgotamento das reservas florestais e às alterações climáticas resultantes do desmatamento em curso. Delimita-se o objetivo geral na busca por entender a acepção e a concepção do mundo natural por esse conjunto de argumentos e de profissionais diante do embate entre modernizar o país e conservar os recursos naturais ocorrido no início do século XX, visando contribuir com a construção da história ambiental brasileira e trazer elementos históricos ao debate sobre o meio ambiente no país. Mais especificamente pretende-se compreender: as relações entre o combate às secas e a defesa das florestas, assim como entre os profissionais que se dedicaram a esses ideais; os avanços possibilitados pelas discussões empreendidas na busca de equacionar o desenvolvimento e a preservação ambiental; e a construção das relações entre a sociedade e a natureza, considerando as discussões e ações que antecederam a implementação da legislação ambiental no Brasil. Dessa forma, espera-se levantar subsídios que permitam discutir, a partir de fontes de dados ainda pouco exploradas e valorizadas, os aspectos ambientais da dimensão técnica das secas e, de forma mais ampla, da formação da cultura técnica moderna no Brasil, no âmbito dos trabalhos desenvolvidos pelo HCUrb e no intercâmbio com outras instituições. Para tanto, toma-se como ponto de partida os artigos publicados sobre o tema no período de 1989 a 1934 em dois periódicos técnicos – a Revista Brazil Ferro-Carril e a Revista do Club de Engenharia. Utilizando fontes de dados pouco exploradas e valorizadas, debruça-se sobre as análises e propostas formuladas por esses profissionais, que ao serem divulgadas fomentaram as discussões sobre as questões ambientais em curso no Brasil, no sentido de preservar os recursos naturais. A investigação tem como aporte metodológico as direções teóricas, os objetivos epistemológicos e teóricos, as escalas de análise, as fontes e o esquema organizativo da História Ambiental.

5
  • RAONI VENANCIO DOS SANTOS LIMA
  • Modos projetuais de simulação: Uso de ferramentas de simulação térmica no
    processo projetual de arquitetura.

  • Advisor : ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • CLÁUDIA NAVES DAVID AMORIM
  • LEONARDO SALAZAR BITTENCOURT
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • Data: Jun 8, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • Esta tese tem o objetivo de descrever e exemplificar uma proposta conceitual de uso de ferramentas de simulação térmica durante o processo de projeto arquitetônico. A despeito do impacto de elementos arquitetônicos no desempenho de edificações, decisões influentes são freqüentemente baseadas apenas em informações qualitativas. Apesar desse tipo de suporte ser adequado para boa parte das decisões, o projetista irá, eventualmente, ter dúvidas sobre algumas decisões durante o projeto. Essas situações irão necessitar de informações adicionais para serem adequadamente abordadas. O conceito de modos projetuais de simulação é centrado na formulação e resolução de dilemas de projeto, que são dúvidas de projeto que não podem ser satisfatoriamente compreendidas ou resolvidas sem o uso de informações quantitativas. O conceito busca combinar o poder de análise de ferramentas computacionais com a capacidade de síntese do projetista. Três tipos de ferramentas são considerados: análise solar, térmica/energética e CFD. Dilemas de projeto são formulados e enquadrados de acordo com o processo de reflexão do arquiteto sobre aspectos de desempenho. Ao longo da tese, o problema é investigado em três diferentes esferas: profissional, técnica e teórica. Essa abordagem de diferentes partes do problema buscou i) caracterizar diferentes categorias profissionais no que se refere à prática projetual e ao uso de ferramentas, ii) investigar trabalhos sobre o uso de ferramentas e iii) traçar analogias entre o conceito proposto e alguns conceitos e definições desenvolvidos em pesquisas sobre teoria de projeto. O conceito proposto foi aplicado em oito dilemas de projeto extraídos de três estudos de caso na Holanda. Os três projetos investigados são projetos de residências, realizados por escritórios de arquitetura holandeses. As informações e critérios mais relevantes de cada projeto foram obtidos através de entrevistas e conversas com os arquitetos envolvidos. A aplicação prática, embora bem sucedida no contexto da pesquisa, permitiu a identificação de limitações de aplicabilidade do conceito, tanto no que diz respeito à necessidade dos arquitetos de ter certo nível de domínio técnico quanto ao atual estágio de evolução das ferramentas.

6
  • HEITOR DE ANDRADE SILVA
  • PROJETO EM ÁREAS
    CONSOLIDADAS DE PATRIMÔNIO CULTURAL: propostas para a construção de uma
    metodologia de ensino

  • Advisor : MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • FLAVIO DE LEMOS CARSALADE
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • MAISA FERNANDES DUTRA VELOSO
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • PAULO AFONSO RHEINGANTZ
  • Data: Oct 8, 2012


  • Show Abstract
  • A questão do patrimônio cultural edilício continua ocupando lugar de destaque no meio técnico e cinteífico. O conceito tem se ampliado e hoje considera diferentes procedimentos projetuais de intervenção. A importância do tema revela-se com a inclusão da disciplina técnicas retrospectivas, bem como dos conteúdos ligados à matéria – conservação, restauro, reestruturação e reconstrução de edifícios e conjuntos urbanos – nas estruturas curriculares dos cursos de arquitetura e urbanismo no Brasil pelo MEC desde a década de 1990, posteriormente incorporados às Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais. Partimos da discussão teórica e conceitual de área consolidada de patrimônio cultural (ACPC), assim como das principais teorias pedagógicas de ensino e aprendizagem articuladas ao projeto. Nesse contexto, os objetivos gerais desta tese consistem em sistematizar e analisar os principais procedimentos metodológicos do ensino do projeto aplicados ao patrimônio cultural e adotados nas escolas de arquitetura e urbanismo nacionais, com um contraponto estrangeiro, visando enunciar propostas que contribuam para a construção de métodos de ensino voltados para atividades práticas de ateliê nesse campo. A pesquisa foi sistematizada em dois âmbitos de abordagem. No primeiro, com base em dados secundários, foram identificados nove cursos de arquitetura e urbanismo, entre instituições públicas de ensino superior – sendo oito brasileiras e uma
    francesa –considerados representativos no que se refere às práticas de ensino de projeto e patrimônio cultural, bem como foram reconhecidas, inicialmente, trinta disciplinas dedicadas à matéria, reduzidas, posteriormente, a cinco entre aquelas com carga horária prática de projeto. No segundo, com base em dados primários, foram analisadas as metodologias e estratégias de ensino de projeto, fundamentado em ementas e demais itens dos respectivos planos de ensino, assim como em observações, entrevistas e questionários levantados em três ateliês. No que tange aos resultados foi constatado que todas as escolas contemplam conteúdos da matéria, porém poucos são os casos que privilegiam a relação do projeto aplicado ao patrimônio cultural. Ademais foi verificado que as questões de projeto, sendo consideradas complexas, privilegiam levantamentos e análises
    consistentes do sítio. O ateliê, que integra fundamentos das teorias da preservação, história da arquitetura e urbanismo e técnicas (retrospectivas e contemporâneas), é destacado como um formato coerente com os propósitos da integração de conhecimentos teóricos e práticos do projeto aplicado à matéria. Com base nas constatações realizadas foi possível apontar quatro etapas do processo de ensino de projeto aplicado ao patrimônio cultural, sendo elas: 1ª) as fundamentações gerais, envolvendo o embasamento teórico – sobre preservação, história e técnicas retrospectivas, por exemplo –, a apropriação de leis e normas e a sensibilização do aluno para a questão do patrimônio
    cultural; 2ª) o contato com a realidade, que envolve a apropriação do problema através dos atores, escalas, leitura do sítio e análise do objeto de estudo; 3ª) o desenvolvimento da proposta, que inclui programas (funções existentes e propostas), definição do partido (tipo de intervenção), concepção (hipóteses e discussões) e definição de proposta; e 4ª) a finalização do projeto, que consiste no desenvolvimento da proposta, como a sua representação gráfica e apresentação final. Concluimos  que o projeto em ACPC demanda uma atenção especial e deve ser contemplado nos currículos, considerando os princípios gerais necessários à formação do aluno. Ou seja, o binômio projeto/patrimônio implica contemplar na graduação os necessários conteúdos e questões, conhecimentos, variáveis e possibilidades vigentes do projeto aplicado ao patrimônio cultural, de modo que esses conhecimentos sejam incorporados no próprio exercício projetual e não apareçam como meros conteúdos teóricos desarticulados da prática. Naturalmente, estas conclusões não esgotam a reflexão sobre a questão. Esperamos que as constatações feitas contribuam para a definição de métodologias de ensino, que possam ser averiguadas e testadas com a prática em sala de aula, bem como colaborem com novas pesquisas, visandoexplorar novas teorias pedagógicas do
    ensino-aprendizagem de projeto em ACPC. 

2011
Dissertations
1
  • CARLA VARELA DE ALBUQUERQUE ARAUJO
  • ANÁLISE DE COMPONENTES ARQUITETÔNICOS PARA POTENCIALIZAÇÃO DA VENTILAÇÃO NATURAL COM ÊNFASE EM CAPTADORES DE VENTO

  • Advisor : ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • MARCELO BEZERRA DE MELO TINOCO
  • LEONARDO SALAZAR BITTENCOURT
  • Data: Mar 1, 2011


  • Show Abstract
  • A envoltória da edificação consiste no principal meio de interação entre ambiente e exterior, com influência direta no desempenho térmico e energético do edifício. Através da intervenção na envoltória, com a proposição de elementos arquitetônicos específicos, é possível promover o uso de estratégias passivas de condicionamento, a exemplo da ventilação natural. A ventilação cruzada é recomendada pela NBR 15220-3 como principal estratégia bioclimática para o clima quente e úmido de Natal/RN, oferecendo dentre outros benefícios, o conforto térmico dos ocupantes. As ferramentas de análise da ventilação natural, por sua vez, abrangem diversas técnicas, desde métodos de cálculos simplificados a simulações computacionais de fluidos, cujas limitações são discutidas em diversos trabalhos, porém sem detalhamento dos problemas encontrados. Neste sentido, o presente trabalho tem objetivo de avaliar o potencial dos captadores de vento, elementos de envoltória aplicados para incremento da ventilação natural na edificação, através de simulação simplificada em CFD. Além disto, busca quantificar as limitações encontradas durante as análises. Para tanto, o procedimento adotado para avaliar a aplicação e eficiência dos elementos foi a simulação computacional em CFD, sigla em inglês para Computer Fluid Dynamics, no software DesignBuilder CFD. Foi definido um caso base, onde se acrescentaram captadores de vento com diversas configurações, para compará-los entre si e avaliar as diferenças no fluxo e velocidades do ar encontradas. Inicialmente deu-se prosseguimento a testes de sensibilidade para familiarização com o software e observar padrões de simulação, com mapeamento das configurações utilizadas e tempo de simulação de cada caso simulado. Os resultados mostram as limitações encontradas durante o processo de simulação, assim como um panorama da eficiência e do potencial dos captadores de vento, com o incremento da ventilação com a utilização dos captadores, diferenças nos padrões de fluxo de ar e aumento considerável das velocidades do ar no interior do ambiente, além de alterações encontradas em função das diferentes geometrias do elemento. Considera-se que o software utilizado pode auxiliar projetistas durante análises preliminares em fases iniciais do projeto.

2
  • EMMANUELLE MARIA VASCONCELOS MATOS
  • A influência da EMISSÃO DE CALOR dos pavimentos urbanos nOS ÍNDICES DE CONFORTO TÉRMICO – Estudo de caso em Natal / RN

  • Advisor : VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • ADEILDO CABRAL DA SILVA
  • RAIMUNDO NONATO CALAZANS DUARTE
  • Data: Mar 28, 2011


  • Show Abstract
  • As cidades são sistemas abertos a fluxos de energia e a contínuas mudanças, fazendo com que seus problemas ambientais sejam uma prioridade para diferentes áreas científicas. Visando contribuir com este pensamento, o objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a relação existente entre o fluxo de irradiação global incidente em superfícies encontradas no meio urbano: asfalto, grama esmeralda, terreno natural e paralelepípedo granítico) e a sua emissividade. Para isso foram feitos estudos de campo sistemáticos, sendo escolhido para análise o intervalo compreendido entre os dias 12 de julho de 2010 e 20 de julho de 2010. Foram utilizados dados radiométricos da estação agrometeorológica do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - INPE/ Laboratório de Variáveis Ambientais e Tropicais – LAVAT, (para quantificar a irradiação global) e da Estação Meteorológica móvel DAVIS onde foi adaptado um medidor de irradiação solar (Solar Power Meter- MES100). Ao realizar o balanço energético enfatizando as principais variáveis estudadas; Absortância e Emissividade, foi percebida discreta interação entre essas variáveis para cada superfície, diferente do que foi suposto na fase inicial deste estudo. Este fato pode ser justificado pela interação com outros fatores ambientais como direção e velocidade do ar. Portanto é fundamental para os estudos ambientais compreender a interação da irradiação solar com os demais componentes capazes de interferir no microclima urbano, sejam eles fatores climáticos, físicos, ou humanos, pois a partir do conhecimento das relações existentes entre esses fatores é possível fazer um monitoramentomais preciso das condições ambientais e descobrir possíveis modificações que possam vir a acontecer.

3
  • ISAIAS DA SILVA RIBEIRO
  • Integração das Artes em Natal (RN): os murais modernos de Newton Navarro e Dorian Gray

  • Advisor : NELCI TINEM
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • NELCI TINEM
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • MARIA BERTHILDE DE BARROS LIMA E MOURA FILHA
  • Data: Apr 11, 2011


  • Show Abstract
  • O trabalho investiga a relação entre arte e arquitetura  modernas na cidade de Natal/RN,  no período compreendido entre os anos 1950 e 1970, através da análise de murais dos artistas potiguares Newton Navarro e Dorian Gray Caldas criados  e iinstalados às obras públicas de arquitetura O tema é compreendido através da sua conceituação e caracterização vinculada  à idéia de integração das artes e do entendimento do mural moderno no Brasil. O estudo apresenta um registro de obras artísticas formando um panorama da união entre arte e arquiteura  modernas na cidade.

4
  • ROBERTA XAVIER DA COSTA
  • CASAS MODERNAS NA ORLA MARÍTIMA DE JOÃO PESSOA. 1960 A 1974

  • Advisor : SONIA MARIA DE BARROS MARQUES
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • SONIA MARIA DE BARROS MARQUES
  • NELCI TINEM
  • LUIZ MANUEL DO EIRADO AMORIM
  • Data: Apr 30, 2011


  • Show Abstract
  • Este trabalho estuda casas unifamiliares, situadas nos bairros da Orla
    Marítima de João Pessoa, Cabo Branco Tambaú e Manaíra, construídas entre
    os anos 1960 e 1974, na condição de participantes da Arquitetura Moderna
    Brasileira. Partimos da idéia já bastante difundida de que esta
    inspirou-se em vertentes estrangeiras, sobretudo européias, mas também
    norte-americanas que foram aqui reformuladas, adaptadas, inovando muitas
    vezes repertório e ideários recebidos (STINCO, 2010). Para caracterizar
    a modernidade das casas da orla pessoense, fizemos uma revisão
    bibliográfica cotejando discurso e imagem das casas modernistas segundo
    a bibliografia internacional e nacional. Pudemos assim cotejá-la com o
    material obtido, após um trabalho de campo de natureza exploratório com base na documentação encontrada noacervo do Arquivo Central da Prefeitura Municipal de João Pessoa, onde
    levantamos 61 exemplares. Re-examinados, à luz da bibliografia
    especializada sobre a residência moderna no Brasil, eles nos levaram à
    escolha de 10 projetos a serem redesenhados e descritos de maneira mais
    detalhada. Seguimos, ao longo da análise, um roteiro que interpretou
    livremente a tríade vitruviana da seguinte maneira: aspectos
    construtivos, aspectos de uso (conforto, configuração e articulação
    espacial) e aspectos estéticos. Por outro lado, apoiamo-nos em Marques
    (2006) que aplica o conceito de modernidade contraditória tanto nas
    relações internas, como principalmente na relação  entre a rua e a casa,
    aos objetos arquitetônicos. Assim estudamos as casas unifamiliares,
    situadas nos bairros da Orla Marítima de João Pessoa, Cabo Branco Tambaú
    e Manaíra, construídas entre os anos 1960 e 1974. A documentação e
    descrição resultante permitiu-nos aflorar algumas questões acerca da
    natureza  do processo de difusão pessoense: seus referentes canônicos,
    transcrições e hibridações, adoções vernáculas  eventuais inovações, sem
    contudo aprofundá-las; o que poderá constituir objeto de nosso próximo
    trabalho.

5
  • LUCY DONEGAN
  • Barracas de Praia, Praia de Barracas: Configuração, Tipo e Usos na Praia do Futuro, Fortaleza – CE

  • Advisor : GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • GLEICE VIRGINIA MEDEIROS DE AZAMBUJA ELALI
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • GEORGE ALEXANDRE FERREIRA DANTAS
  • SYLVIA CAVALCANTE
  • VALÉRIO AUGUSTO SOARES DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: May 6, 2011


  • Show Abstract
  • O objetivo dessa dissertação é analisar a importância das barracas da Praia do Futuro para os usuários e para a cidade de Fortaleza no Ceará por meio da compreensão de relações entre categorias morfológicas – no contexto urbano e edilício – dos estabelecimentos e seus padrões de uso. O local é uma das principais áreas de recreação e lazer da cidade, formado por seis quilômetros de orla, que corresponde a uma área especializada ao longo da costa. Neste espaço existem barracas de praia com perfis variados: enquanto algumas mais simples persistem, grandes complexos vão se desenvolvendo, chegando a construir parques aquáticos em faixa de praia. O estudo entende relações entre: i) configuração do espaço (em termos geométricos e, principalmente topológicos) analisado com base na Lógica Social do Espaço; ii) tipologia edilícia (análise de porte, tratamento paisagístico e programa das barracas); e iii) uso e percepção ambiental da praia por seus frequentadores. Verifica-se haver relações consistentes entre o tipo da barraca e a sua localização na malha urbana, dos quais foram identificados grupos com diferentes padrões: segregadas (norte, central e sul) e integradas (norte: mais integradas, e sul: menos integradas). Tais relações também repercutem, em variados padrões de uso e percepção ambiental. Apesar da sua força econômica as barracas se encontram em frágil situação jurídica por ocuparem a faixa de praia, de modo que o estudo realizado pode vir a assessorar a tomada de decisões para o futuro da área. Para o desenvolvimento sustentável da área por parte dos responsáveis e gestores é necessário avaliar a importância cultural das barracas da Praia do Futuro, entendendo sua ocupação e usos.

6
  • LIA COSTA MAMEDE
  • ACESSIBILIDADE EM ASSENTAMENTOS INFORMAIS:
    um estudo dos percursos urbanos no Conjunto Santa Terezinha,
    em Fortaleza-Ce

  • Advisor : MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • AMADJA HENRIQUE BORGES
  • ANGELINA DIAS LEAO COSTA
  • MARIA DULCE PICANÇO BENTES SOBRINHA
  • Data: May 9, 2011


  • Show Abstract
  • A presente pesquisa aborda o tema da acessibilidade em assentamentos
    informais, buscando identificar desafios e limites definidos por
    configurações urbanas informais à aplicação de parâmetros de
    acessibilidade. Toma como universo empírico o Conjunto Santa
    Terezinha, situado em  Fortaleza-Ce. Inicialmente o estudo apresenta
    uma reflexão sobre a questão habitacional no Brasil e a produção do
    espaço informal na perspectiva do Direito à Cidade. Nesse sentido, são
    referências  principais os trabalhos de Suzana Pasternak (2008), Nabil
    Bonduki (1998) e Ermínia Maricato (1996-97), entre outros. Segue com o
    debate acerca dos conceitos e classificações desse tipo de
    assentamento, fazendo uma análise do conteúdo da legislação e
    normativa referente à acessibilidade e propõe a discussão da rota
    acessível como estratégia para o direito à cidade. Em outra etapa, foi
    aplicada a metodologia do ‘passeio acompanhado’ criado por Dischinger
    (2000) num trecho previamente escolhido, no qual a pesquisadora
    acompanha a pessoa com deficiência durante o percurso urbano e o
    registra através de fotos e vídeo. Os comentários e percepções são
    comparados à análise espacial da morfologia urbana, feita a partir da
    metodologia de Del Rio (1990) e Panerai (2006), e aos parâmetros da
    NBR 9050. O conhecimento da área é enriquecido pela metodologia de
    análise da produção do espaço feita através da metodologia de Henri
    Lefebvre em seu livro ‘A produção do espaço’ (1974) nas categorias:
    espaço concebido, percebido, e vivido. Outra referência fundamental
    desse autor é o livro ‘ O Direito à Cidade’ (991), que possibilitou o
    aprofundamento das reflexões sobre a função social da cidade.
    Concluindo, o estudo constata que para garantir um mínimo de condições
    de acesso em áreas informais é necessário conhecer as especificidades
    de sua morfologia, de suas relações e práticas urbanas na perspectiva
    da visitabilidade-vivenciabilidade, entendidos como conceitos
    complementares.

7
  • RODRIGO COSTA DO NASCIMENTO
  • Natal! Qual é a sua cara? Análise do perfil edilício da avenida Eng. Roberto Freire (Natal/RN) à luz da acessibilidade

  • Advisor : EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • ALEXSANDRO FERREIRA CARDOSO DA SILVA
  • EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
  • FERNANDO DINIZ MOREIRA
  • LUCAS FIGUEIREDO DE MEDEIROS
  • Data: Oct 27, 2011


  • Show Abstract
  • Este estudo aborda o perfil edilício da avenida Engenheiro Roberto Freire, como expressão material da confluência de fatores dentre os quais se destacam o alto grau de acessibilidade como conseqüência da reestruturação espacial urbana, e a ampliação do mercado imobiliário em face da presença crescente de consumidores que têm chegado a Natal nas últimas décadas. O intenso processo de remodelação urbana por que vem passando Natal desde, pelo menos, a década de 1980 tem engendrado a formação de longos eixos viários que expressam exemplarmente essa dinâmica e algumas das forças subjacentes a ela.  A avenida tem sido um dos exemplos icônicos de eixos viários nos quais a arquitetura torna-se, primordialmente, suporte de comunicação capaz de ser percebida por passantes em rápido movimento, aspecto que a faz aproximar-se do conceito venturiano de strip (Venturi et al, 2003). Os tipos edilícios que ali abrigam usos diversificados não só respondem à dinâmica em curso, mas também contribuem para intensificá-la e realimentá-la, na medida em que atraem pessoas e geram mais movimento. Some-se a isso a atuação do setor imobiliário que se beneficia com a ampliação de localizações dotadas de alta acessibilidade, e com incentivos públicos e privados ao turismo, visando inserir a cidade no mundo globalizado. Embora se tenha tido a intenção de reconstituir parte da história do adensamento da avenida em perspectiva diacrônica, a contribuição central desse estudo é entender relações entre acessibilidade topológica e a natureza tipológica do acervo edilício. Mediante a leitura de um quadro morfológico sincrônico resultante da análise da configuração espacial que contém a avenida (cf. Hillier e Hanson, 1984), e do inventário e classificação do acervo edilício que lá está, este estudo objetiva compreender como a arquitetura responde à acessibilidade vis-à-vis o desenvolvimento do mercado imobiliário, impulsionado por um processo de cosmopolitismo que tem ocorrido pela contínua chegada de visitantes e moradores temporários ou permanentes, nacionais e estrangeiros.

     

8
  • PATRICIA RAFAELLA SALGADO ABREU JARDIM
  • Desempenho térmico de coberturas: um estudo comparativo entre as telhas de material reciclado, de fibra e betume, fibrocimento e cerâmica.

  • Advisor : VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • COMMITTEE MEMBERS :
  • VIRGINIA MARIA DANTAS DE ARAUJO
  • ALDOMAR PEDRINI
  • GEORGE SANTOS MARINHO
  • GIANNA MELO BARBIRATO
  • Data: Nov 1, 2011


  • Show Abstract
  • RESUMO