Banca de DEFESA: NICHOLAS SARAIVA MARTINO

Uma banca de DEFESA de MESTRADO foi cadastrada pelo programa.
DISCENTE : NICHOLAS SARAIVA MARTINO
DATA : 26/04/2019
HORA: 10:00
LOCAL: Miniauditório do PPGAU/UFRN
TÍTULO:

Urban and Suburban Legacies: Assessing morphological indicators of urban vitality in two LEED-ND certified Olympic Villages.


PALAVRAS-CHAVES:

sustainable neighbourhoods, urban morphology, urban vitality, urban liveliness.


PÁGINAS: 81
GRANDE ÁREA: Ciências Sociais Aplicadas
ÁREA: Arquitetura e Urbanismo
RESUMO:

The Olympic Villages built for the Olympic games in Rio de Janeiro (Ilha Pura Condominium, IPC, 2016) and Vancouver (Southeast False Creek, SFC, 2010) were both granted LEED-ND certification  for  sustainable neighbourhood developments based on evaluation criteria devised to foster walkable, livable and sustainable communities. Considering that the attainment of these qualities is partially dependent on morphological and functional properties that facilitate movement, visibility and encounters among people in public spaces – ingredients deemed to favour urban vitality and liveliness – the purpose of this research was to verify how the design of these LEED-ND certified Olympic villages facilitates or hinders the vitality of public spaces, by assessing the incidence of urban vitality indicators across multiple spatial scales. Firstly, the relation between the configuration of the street network and the presence of daily destinations (banks, pharmacies, schools, etc.) were analyzed in Rio de Janeiro and Vancouver in an attempt to to understand how these Olympic Villages are inserted in the urban whole in terms of the use of walking as a mean of transport. Indicators of accessibility, density and diversity, related to the concept of walkability, were aggregated within a radius of 800m of each street segment within the neighborhoods and their immediate surroundings. Secondly, maps of land use and spatial integration were graphically juxtaposed, in an attempt to respond if the design of each development integrates or segregates different uses. Finally, maps of the constitutivity of façades (access to buildings), furniture, and vegetation were compared to potential pedestrian movement patterns, expressed through georeferenced models based on measures of spatial visibility and moveability. Patterns that indicate a high potential of pedestrian movement in SFC arise from its relationship with the urban whole, diversity of land uses and integration among buildings, public transport, transportation corridors and waterfront. Meanwhile, the IPC is segregated both from the city of Rio de Janeiro and from its immediate surroundings, resulting in an unequal distribution of green and leisure spaces, highly integrated to those living inside the condominium and little integrated to the surrounding communities. The different intentions underlying each neighborhood plan are "printed" in their urban form in both cases. While SFC was built on public lands to connect the city to the waterfront and rehabilitate an abandoned industrial area, IPC was built on private land as a green and leisure "island" that barely contributes to the urban vitality of its surroundings, composed of poor infrastructure and informal communities. The results raise questions about the need to apply expensive accreditation processes (such as LEED-ND) to evaluate broad and subjective concepts such as "sustainability" or "smart growth".


MEMBROS DA BANCA:
Presidente - 350255 - EDJA BEZERRA FARIA TRIGUEIRO
Externo à Instituição - LUCAS FIGUEIREDO DE MEDEIROS - UFPB
Interno - 1149528 - MARCIO MORAES VALENCA
Notícia cadastrada em: 02/04/2019 15:21
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