Dissertation/Thèse

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2019
Thèses
1
  • RAYNARA MARITSA CAVALCANTE PESSOA
  • EVALUATION OF IMMEDIATE INTERFERENCE AFTER INTERVENTION WITH DOUBLE TASK IN ELDERLY

  • Leader : NUBIA MARIA FREIRE VIEIRA LIMA
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • CLAUDIA SANTOS OLIVEIRA
  • ENIO WALKER AZEVEDO CACHO
  • KELLY SOARES FARIAS
  • NUBIA MARIA FREIRE VIEIRA LIMA
  • SAIONARA MARIA AIRES DA CAMARA
  • Data: 16 janv. 2019


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  • Introduction: With aging, there is a decline in the adaptive responses necessary to perform daily activities, thus increasing susceptibility to diseases and functional limitations. The cognitive motor interference is the accomplishment of a motor task and a cognitive accomplished simultaneously, the elderly present greater difficulty to carry out these activities. Training can promote walking, balance and cognition, however, there are no types of tasks and duration established for this training. Objective: To investigate the immediate interference of an intervention proposal with different cognitive-motor and motor-motor tasks on the balance of the elderly. Methods: Eight questionnaires / tests were used, besides the evaluation in the force platform, the subjects were divided in two groups, one group was submitted to a single intervention proposal with Double Task and the other with Simple Tasks, after the intervention were reevaluated. Results: We evaluated 30 elderly people who were randomly distributed among the groups. Regarding the sociodemographic data, motor evaluation and cognitive performance, individuals from both groups presented in a homogeneous way, the self report of difficulty to double task presented similar results. Compared to the simple test, there was an increase in the duration of the F8W motor and cognitive TUG and cognitive TUG tests. After the intervention, the Dupla Task group maintained its performance in the tests and presented improvement in the cognitive performance of the activities of semantic fluency, calculation and figures during posturography, whereas the Simple Task group required more time for the simple and motor TUG and presented oscillation in the postural control in the condition of open eyes, semantic fluency and figures, without increase in the number of hits. Conclusions: The secondary tasks caused an increase in the time to perform the functional tests, except for the motor TUG. After the intervention, the performance in the tests of the Double Task group was superior to the Simple Task group, the number of hits was similar. In the posturographic evaluation, there was an improvement in cognitive performance for the Dupla Task group, whereas the Simple Task group presented a greater oscillation for some activities, without improvement in their cognitive performance. There was no difference between the groups on the self report of the frequency of difficulty to perform double task.

2
  • ELIDA RAYANNE VIANA PINHEIRO GALVAO
  • TRANSCULTURAL ADAPTATION AND VALIDATION FOR THE USE IN BRAZIL OF THE MEASURE OF PARTICIPATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (PEM-CY)

  • Leader : EGMAR LONGO HULL
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • EGMAR LONGO HULL
  • KLAYTON GALANTE SOUSA
  • ANA CAROLINA DE CAMPOS
  • Data: 31 janv. 2019


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  • Introduction: Participation is defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as the individual's involvement in everyday situations, being determined by intrinsic factors and the environment. Objectives: To carry out the cross-cultural adaptation of the Measure of Participation and the Environment - Children and Youth (PEM-CY) to Brazilian Portuguese; and to analyze their psychometric properties in a sample of children and youth with and without disabilities, aged 5-17 years. Methods: This is a methodological study developed in two stages. The first one comprised the process of cross-cultural adaptation, which was divided and executed in five stages, following the methodology widely used and recommended by Beaton and Collaborators. The stages were divided into: (I) Initial adaptation to Brazilian Portuguese; (II) Synthesis of the versions; (III) Back-translation; (IV) Committee of experts; (V) Parent understanding and back-translation for final approval. The second stage was characterized by the application of the questionnaire to 101 parents and/or caregivers of children and youth with and without disabilities from 3 Brazilian states, in order to attest their psychometric properties, as well as to identify supposed differences in participation and characteristics of the environment at home, at school and in the community between the two groups. Results: Linguistic and grammatical modifications were made to facilitate fluency, interpretation and comprehension in reading the instrument, as well as to make the expressions more equivalent to the language in the first stage of the study, giving rise to the definitive version of PEM-CY Brasil, which was approved by the authors of the original version and is commercially available on CanChild's official website. In the second stage, of the 101 children and youth recruited, 62 had a disability and 39 presented a typical development; 45.5% were female and 54.5% were male, with a mean age of 9.36 years (+/- 3.47). The internal consistency of the instrument varied from good to excellent when considering all the participation items and the environment, respectively, at home (α = 0.873 and α = 0.760), at school (α = 0.877 and α = 0.948) and in the community (α = 0.889 and α = 0.855). There were significant differences between groups in terms of the number of activities performed in the three scenarios, indicating that children with disabilities participated in fewer activities at home (p = 0.000), at school (p = 0.001) and in the community (p = 0.000 ). Children with disabilities were less involved than their non-disabled peers in school setting activities (p = 0.034). In relation to the environment, the disabled group perceived higher barriers at home (p = 0.001) and fewer aids in the home (p = 0.000), school (p = 0.002) and community (p = 0.011) settings than the non-disabled group. Conclusion: After the transcultural adaptation process, the Brazilian version of PEM-CY can be considered a valid and reliable instrument to measure participation in activities at home, at school and in the community, as well as the characteristics of the environment. At the same time, the instrument made it possible to identify differences between children and youth with and without disabilities in relation to participation and the environment.

3
  • YAGO TAVARES PINHEIRO
  • EFFECT OF KINESIO TAPING ON PAIN, EDEMA, MUSCLE STRENGTH, PHYSICAL FUNCTION AND GLOBAL PERCEPTION OF CHANGE IN ELDERLY WOMAN WITH KNEE OSTEOARTRITE: RANDOMIZED, CONTROLLED, BLIND TRIAL

  • Leader : CAIO ALANO DE ALMEIDA LINS
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • CAIO ALANO DE ALMEIDA LINS
  • JAMILSON SIMOES BRASILEIRO
  • FRANCISCO LOCKS NETO
  • Data: 31 mai 2019


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  • INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common diseases in the elderly population and the knee is one of the most affected joints, representing a potential cause of disability and reduced quality of life. In this perspective, kinesio taping (KT) appears as a cheap and practical therapeutic alternative for the treatment of these individuals. However, the current evidence on this technique is limited and conflicting, which means that its effects on the symptomatology of the disease are still uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of KT application on pain, muscle strength, edema, physical function and overall perception of change in elderly women with knee OA (KOA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized, blinded trial, 45 elderly women were allocated to three groups: G1 (placebo group), who received the application of KT without tension on the rectus femoris and knee; G2 (control group), submitted to a class on KOA; and G3 (intervention group) in which two KT techniques were applied simultaneously with 30% and 10% tension, respectively, on the rectus femoris and the knee. The pain was evaluated by Visual Analogue Scale (EVA), quadriceps muscle strength by handheld dynamometry, physical function by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire and the 6-minute Walk Test (6MWT). Furthermore, edema was measured by knee perimetry and the overall perception of change by the Patient Global Impression of Change. All volunteers were evaluated before, immediately after and 72 hours after the intervention. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Levene tests were applied to evaluate the normality and homogeneity of the data, respectively. Intra and intergroup comparisons were evaluated using analysis of variance ANOVA of mixed model. In the presence of a significant F, the Benferroni pot-hoc test was used to identify where the difference occurred. For all statistical analyzes a significance level of 5% (p <0.05) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were adopted. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS® software (Statistical Package Social Science) version 20.0. RESULTS: The intragroup analysis showed an improvement in pain in favor of the placebo group and intervention, in addition to the increase of quadriceps strength in the placebo group. Physical function improved in all groups assessed. On the other hand, no improvement was observed in relation to edema in any of the groups. In the intergroup analysis, no significant differences were observed for any of the variables analyzed in either group. Finally, volunteers in the intervention and placebo groups reported experiencing some beneficial change with treatment. CONCLUSION: KT is not able to improve pain, quadriceps muscle strength, edema and physical function of elderly women with KOA.

4
  • ANA GABRIELA DE FIGUEIREDO ARAUJO
  • APPLICATION OF A THREE-DIMENSIONAL KINEMATIC MODEL FOR PREDICTION OF CURRENT VOLUME IN NEWBORNS: A PILOT STUDY

  • Leader : SILVANA ALVES PEREIRA
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • CRISTIANE APARECIDA MORAN
  • DIEGO DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • SILVANA ALVES PEREIRA
  • Data: 3 juin 2019


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  • Background: Chest movement quantification and noninvasive monitoring have been useful in evaluation of newborn (NB) lung function. Different methods have already been tested, however, there is little progress regarding the agreement of these new tools in neonatal practice. Aim: To evaluate the agreement between the tidal volume (TV) estimated by the three-dimensional analysis of the thoracoabdominal movement in the Matlab® software and the TV predicted by the body weight of term newborns (NBs). Methods: This is a cross-sectional, quantitative and analytical study with NBs filmed for 2 minutes in a dorsal position and maximal exposure of the thoracoabdominal region. TV (in ml) was estimated from the three-dimensional analysis of thoracoabdominal movement in the Matlab® software and compared to the predicted TV per kilogram of weight for each NB (5 ml/kg), on a Bland-Altman plot. Results: Thirteen NBs (gestational age: 39.1 ± 0.8 weeks), with a mean weight and length of 3175.4 ± 493.8g and 49 ± 2.8cm, respectively, were included in the study. TV estimated by the kinematic analysis was 16.3 ± 4.2 ml and 15.9 ± 2.5 ml according to the calculation for the predicted value for weight. The difference between the means of the studied values was 0.4 ml (bias), with p = 0.624 and confidence interval of -5.2 to 6.0 ml. Conclusions: The methods for TV measuring are interchangeable in this sample of NBs, suggesting that the threedimensional analysis of thoracoabdominal motion in Matlab® software can estimate the TV of terms NBs, in a simple, fast and noninvasive way. Thus, the evaluation by Matlab® is promising and should be tested with methods that are gold standard for TV evaluation.

5
  • MARIA CECÍLIA DE ARAÚJO SILVESTRE
  • CONSTRAINT INDUCED THERAPY IN GROUP FORMAT FOR RECOVERY OF MOTOR FUNCTION OF UPPER LIMB: COMPARING TWO PROTOCOLS

  • Leader : ROBERTA DE OLIVEIRA CACHO
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • ALYNE KALYANE CÂMARA DE OLIVEIRA
  • ENIO WALKER AZEVEDO CACHO
  • ROBERTA DE OLIVEIRA CACHO
  • Data: 26 juin 2019


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  • Objective: To compare the administration of constraint-induced therapy (CIT) with the original protocol of 6 hours and modified protocol of 3 hours in the neurofunctional recovery of post-stroke patients in group format. Methods: Eleven patients from the Physiotherapy School Clinic of the UFRN / FACISA were selected, all of whom were diagnosed with stroke to participate in a group CIT program. Of these 11 patients, 8 participated in the first phase consisting of the application of the CIT protocol 3h daily for 10 treatment days, 5 months later 5 patients from the 8 patients who participated in the first phase and 3 new patients participated in an CIT program in group for 6h daily for 10 treatment days. In both protocols all major CIT principles (shaping, task practice and behavioral package) were used. In both phases the group of patients was supervised by a multidisciplinary team. The motor and functional recovery of the patients were evaluated through the Wolf Motor Function Test, the Motor Activity Log and the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure by an independent evaluator in six moments: immediately before the 3h program, immediately after the 3h program, 3 months after the program of 3, immediately before the program of 6h, immediately after the program 6h and 3 months after the program of 6h. Results: The CIT in group format demonstrated a motivating reinforcement for the study participants. Participants achieved statistically and clinically significant improvements in motor and functional recovery and were maintained over a 3-month follow-up period in both protocols, however the results were better in the 3-hour protocol. Conclusion: CIT in its group format produces favorable results and the application of a protocol with shorter duration (3 hours) presents more significant results, being more feasible its application.

6
  • ELIDA RAQUEL FREITAS NERI BULHOES
  • Functioning in postpartum period: identification of categories of International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health from perspectives of brazilian physiotherapists

  • Leader : DIEGO DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • DIEGO DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • NADJA VANESSA DE ALMEIDA FERRAIZ
  • VANESSA PATRICIA SOARES DE SOUSA
  • Data: 27 juin 2019


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  • Background: The puerperium comprises a unique and variable period in the life of all women who become mothers, starting after delivery until the organism returns to pre-gravid conditions. In addition, psychological and social changes are also present at this time. However, there is still a gap in the literature regarding the use of a specific and comprehensive instrument that addresses the full complexity of health and health-related states for postpartum women. Both the content and structure of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (CIF) allow us to broaden the understanding and optimize the planning of physiotherapeutic interventions designed to maintain the functionality of these patients. Objective: to identify categories of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (CIF) to evaluate the functionality of puerperae from the perception of Brazilian physiotherapists and to carry out content validation. Methods: a study developed from the Delphi methodology in three electronic rounds, including Brazilian physiotherapists with expertise in women's health. The process involved the capture of biopsychosocial aspects in the physiotherapeutic treatment of puerperae, identification of categories of the CIF and validation of content. Two independent researchers analyzed the categories, with concordance assessed by the Kappa coefficient. The Content Validity Index was calculated by category and in total, with cut-off point set at 0.80. Descriptive statistics served to characterize the sample. Results: The panel consisted of 45 participants, with a median age of 33 years, predominantly women (93.7%), doctoral (42.2%) and over 10 years of experience (40%). We identified 1,261 significant contents, associated to 258 categories of the CIF and Personal Factors. Initially, 74 categories obtained a sufficiently high consensus for judgment in the second round of Delphi, which were reduced to 66 specific categories validated by 89% of experts at the end of the third round, 11 of body functions, 14 for body structures, 14 activity and participation, 18 environmental factors and 9 personal factors. Conclusion: a total of 66 categories were identified based on the perception of physiotherapists regarding the functionality of puerperal women. These findings are unprecedented worldwide and may strengthen the implementation of the biopsychosocial health care model of this population.

7
  • ANA LÚCIA DE LIMA
  • Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

  • Leader : RODRIGO PEGADO DE ABREU FREITAS
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • ANDRÉ RUSSOWSKY BRUNONI
  • HINDIAEL AERAF BELCHIOR
  • RODRIGO PEGADO DE ABREU FREITAS
  • Data: 27 juin 2019


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  • Introduction: Anxiety is a disorder that has been affecting a great number of individuals and Brazil being the country with the highest prevalence in Americas with 9.3%. Among the anxiety disorders, there is the generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), characterized mainly by tremors, muscular hypotonia, hyperventilation, sweating, palpitations, apprehension, restlessness, distractibility, loss of concentration and insomnia. GAD cause impairment in the functional, social, affective and cognitive life of the individual, thus, there is a need for an effective treatment that can minimize these effects. One of the techniques that has been used with positive results for treatments of some psychiatric disorders is Transcranial Continuous Current Stimulation (tDCS), which is a noninvasive neuromodulation technique that, through an electric microcurrent of 0, 5 to 2 mA cause stimulation or inhibition of neuronal activity. This stimulation causes specific changes in the behavior and motor activity of individuals by modulating specific brain areas. Despite many studies of tDCS in mood disorders, such as depression, and some studies in anxiety disorders such as panic, tDCS studies with GAD are still incipient. Thus, there is a need to evaluate the effects that tDCS can have on people affected by GAD. Objectives: To analyze the effects of anodic tDCS over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (CPFDL) in people affected by GAD, presenting possible improvements in the symptoms of the disease. The study was designed as a randomized double-blind clinical trial, with a sample of 30 participants aged 20 to 40 years who had a clinical diagnosis of GAD according to the criteria of the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-V). Participants were divided into two groups, sham and experimental group, and the allocation was performed in a randomized, double-blind fashion. Results: No differences were found for anxiety, depression and affectivity. However, a significant improvement was found in the active group for physical symptoms of stress. Although intragroup analyzes showed decreases in anxiety, stress, negative affectivity, and depression scores, no intergroup comparison showed significant difference. Improvement in physical aspects of stress in GAD can improve life satisfaction, cognitive function, and psychological well-being. Conclusion: It is suggested that five sessions of anodic tDCS on CPFDL did not improve anxiety and mood symptoms in patients with GAD. However, the protocol showed improvement in physical symptoms of stress.

8
  • ADRIANO LOURENÇO
  • SLEEP QUALITY, FUNCTIONING AND ITS CLINICAL ASSOCIATIONS IN BREAST CANCER SURVIVORS

  • Leader : DIEGO DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • DIEGO DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • ILLIA NADINNE DANTAS FLORENTINO LIMA
  • NADJA VANESSA DE ALMEIDA FERRAIZ
  • Data: 27 juin 2019


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  • Background: Breast cancer (CM) is one of the main health problems among women, which can have an impact on morbidity and mortality. Currently breast cancer has great chances of cure, due to the early diagnosis and the less aggressive and more effective treatments, which still provoke deleterious effects. These include impairments in sleep quality and functionality, which contribute negatively to the health of women surviving CM. There was a lack of similar studies related to the subject. Objective: To identify sleep quality, functioning and its clinical associations in women survivors of breast cancer and out of clinical treatment. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study of 32 women who survived CM at least one year after the clinical treatment between January and September 2018. Data collection instruments consisted of general and clinical information of the disease and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) questionnaires; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Fatigue (FACT-F); Disabilities of the arm and Shoulder (DASH); International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ, short version), plus the six-minute walk test (6MWT). Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 20.0. The Shapiro-Wilk test was applied for the normality of the data and the Cronbach's alpha test (α), Spearman's and Pearson's correlation, the Student's t test and the Mann Whitney U test were used. The clinical effect was analyzed by Cohen's d and to verify the association of the data the bivariate linear regression test was used. We adopted p <0.05 for all tests. Results: Among the main outcomes, it is worth noting that there is a prevalence of women who survived breast cancer with sleep problems (71.9%) and functional limitations (90.6%) even after the end of the clinical treatment and throughout the survival free from disease. Poor sleep is correlated with subjective sleep quality (rs = 0.769), sleep disturbances (rs = 0.624), sleep latency (rs = 0.625), sleep duration (rs = 0.581), and sleep disturbances during the day (rs = 0.654), and functional limitation with cognition (rs = 0.758), mobility (rs = 0.709), domestic activity / labor (rs = 0.718) and participation (r = 0.701). We observed a significant difference in sleep quality with worse scores for the FACT-F, DASH and WHODAS 2.0 scales, as well as the functional limitation with the worst scores for the DASH, FACT-F and PSQI scales (p <0.05). It was also observed that poor sleep was a predictor of worse scores for FACT-F, DASH and WHODAS 2.0 (p <0.05). Conclusions: The findings demonstrate that poor sleep is a predictor of worse scores for fatigue, quality of life, functional performance of the upper limbs and functionality, and that higher levels of deficiency affect lower scores for functional performance of the upper limbs, fatigue, quality of life and quality of sleep, demonstrating the negative impacts of sleep precarisation and the functionality of these women, denoting the relevance and urgency of inclusion of aspects related to sleep and functionality and their clinical associations in the clinical evaluations and therapeutic behaviors directed at women surviving cancer of breast.

     

9
  • ANA ISABELE ANDRADE NEVES
  • The capacity of pelvic floor muscle contraction influence in the urinary incontinence severity and the quality of life of the women?

  • Leader : GRASIELA NASCIMENTO CORREIA
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • ADRIANA GOMES MAGALHAES
  • ANA SILVIA MOCCELLIN
  • GRASIELA NASCIMENTO CORREIA
  • Data: 28 juin 2019


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  • Introduction: Urinary incontinence (UI) is an involuntary loss of urine that affects up to 60% of the world's female population. Women with UI may have weakness of the pelvic floor muscles (MAP), however, no studies evaluating the influence of MAP strength on UI severity and quality of life (QoL) on urinary incontinence were found. Objective: To compare severity of UI and QV among women with normal MAP strength and weakness. Methodology: An observational study was carried out with 37 women, divided into two groups according to the contraction capacity of the MAPs evaluated by the Modified Oxford Scale (EMO). Women with MAP contractions between 0 and 2 degrees in the EMO formed the Weak MAP Group (GMAPF, n = 20); and between 3 and 5 degrees the Normal MAP Group (GMAPN, n = 17). Personal data collection, assessment of UI severity with Incontinence Severity Index Questionnaire (ISI-Q) and QOL with the King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ) were performed. In the physical evaluation, the 1 hour pad test, Function Evaluation and Manometry of the MAP were performed. In the statistical analysis, the Mann-Whitney and Chi-square tests were used, considering p≤0.05. Results: The GMAPN group had a poor QOL related to the sleep and disposition domain (p=0.048). There was no difference between groups in the other KHQ domains and in the severity of UI (p = 0.257). Conclusion: MAP weakness did not present worse severity of UI or QoL, except in the sleep and disposition domain.

     

     

10
  • ISABEL OLIVEIRA MONTEIRO
  • EVALUATION OF THE CONVERGENT VADILITY AND REPRODUCIBILITY OF THE INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF FUNCTIONING, DISABILITY AND HEALTH (ICF) CORE SET FOR PHYSICAL HEALTH OF COMMUNITY-DWELLING OLDER ADULTS

     

  • Leader : SAIONARA MARIA AIRES DA CAMARA
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • DIEGO DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • JOAO AFONSO RUARO
  • SAIONARA MARIA AIRES DA CAMARA
  • Data: 29 août 2019


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  • Introduction: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is presented as a classification strategy that may be useful for the identification of multidimensional aspects related to the physical health of the elderly. Due to the extension of the ICF, the Core Sets are presented as strategies that facilitate its application. A Core Set of the ICF was proposed to classify the physical health of the elderly, but it is necessary to know its validity in relation to measures recognized for this purpose, as well as its reproducibility. Objective: To evaluate the convergent validity of the core set for the physical health of the elderly in relation to validated measures for the evaluation of this domain, as well as its reproducibility. Methods: This is a validity study, composed of a population of elderly residents in the city of Santa Cruz, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. A total of 101 elderly individuals over 60 years old, of both sexes, without cognitive alterations were included. We evaluated palmar grip strength, physical performance in the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and physical activity level by International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) long version. The Core Set of the ICF was also applied, which is composed of 30 categories (14 body functions, 4 body structures, 9 activity and participation, and 3 environmental factors), from which the each component. To evaluate the reproducibility, the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was used between two measurements performed in a range of 5-8 days. The association between the core set results and the other research instruments was evaluated using the Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney and Spearman correlation tests. In all the steps were considered 5% alpha and 95% CI. Results: It was observed that elderly individuals with higher levels of physical activity in IPAQ had lower impairment index in the components body functions (p = 0.012) and in the performance (p = 0.002) and capacity (p = 0.005) constructs of the component activity and participation. For SPPB, it was observed that better results are related to lower impairment index in the body functions (p <0.001), body structures (p = 0.006), activity and participation (p <0.001), and lower use of aid devices and medications (p <0.001). A higher palmar grip strength was related to a lower impairment index in the body functions (p = 0.001), body structures (p = 0.004) and activity and participation (p <0.001), and the categories that treated of medication use (p = 0.002) and of aid devices (p = 0.004). The ICC analysis indicated good reproducibility for most components evaluated, with a minimum of 0.59 for the category of access to health services and a maximum of 0.95 for the category of medication use. Conclusion: The results show that the core set is valid in relation to the manual grip strength, lower limbs performance and physical activity level, and reproducible, indicating that the data obtained through this tool can be used with confidence by clinicians and researchers.

11
  • JULIANA SIMONELLY FELIX DOS SANTOS
  • PROTOCOL MODELS AND EXERCISE PERIODIZATION OF EARLY MOBILIZATION STRATEGIES IN THE INTENSIVE CARE UNIT: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

  • Leader : ILLIA NADINNE DANTAS FLORENTINO LIMA
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • DIEGO DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • ILLIA NADINNE DANTAS FLORENTINO LIMA
  • LUCIEN PERONI GUALDI
  • Data: 10 oct. 2019


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  • The mortality reduction in intensive care unit (ICU) has been accompanied by comorbidities for at least five years after hospital discharge. Early mobilization is the main intervention to prevent hospitalization-related declines. The prescription of physical exercise for this population is still poorly explored regarding dose response and exercise periodization. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the scientific literature to describe protocol models and periodization strategies of early mobilization prescription in ICUs in critical patients. Methods: The Preferred Reporting Itens for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations were followed. Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) was used for the search strategy: with combined concepts and boolean operators adapted to the databases: Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science and Scopus. After searching, 6,392 resumes were found and after screening, 121 complete articles were read and 13 were included in the systematic review. No study has shown inferior quality according to the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale. It was analyzed 1,380 individuals who participated of the included papers in this review. The mobilization protocols found presented a duration of 10 to 30 minutes, 2x / day for 7x / week, with weekly accumulated volume equal to or greater than 200 minutes/week, consisting of mobility and progressive exercises based on sedation level and patient tolerance. The lack of data on protocols damage the periodization strategy use, however, based on the most commonly used progress statistics, the periodization of early mobilization resembles the wavy strategy. The studies still present an incipient presentation regarding the use of these systematized strategies in Intensive Care Units, despite the large number of available studies, an exercise prescription, dose response and periodization of ICU exercise.

12
  • JOÃO ANTONIO DA SILVA FILHO
  • YOUNG CHILDREN'S PARTICIPATION AND ENVIRONMENT MEASURE (YC-PEM): TRANSLATION, ADAPTATION AND VALIDATION FOR USE IN BRAZIL. 

  • Leader : EGMAR LONGO HULL
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • ANA PAULA MARTINS CAZEIRO
  • ANA RAQUEL RODRIGUES LINDQUIST
  • EGMAR LONGO HULL
  • Data: 29 oct. 2019


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  • Introduction: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), published in 2001 by the World Health Organization (WHO), describes participation as the involvement of the individual in a real life situation. Being involved and participative in activities at home, at school and in the community is an important part of childhood and wellbeing indicator, as it improves health and quality of life, and is linked to social development outcomes and is an important rehabilitation goal. The Young Children's Participation and Environment Measure (YC-PEM) is a tool that assesses the frequency, involvement and impact of the environment on the participation of children between zero and five years of age, with and without disabilities, in home, daycare / pre-school environments. -school and community. Because it is a tool developed according to the ICF model, which has been extensively used in different contexts, the availability of translation and cross-cultural adaptation of this tool will be very useful to support future Brazilian validation. Objective: To translate and culturally adapt YC-PEM for use in Brazil. Method: The process was authorized by the authors of the original instrument. This is a methodological and multicenter study composed of 6 steps: (1) Translation from English - North American to Portuguese - Brazil; (2) Synthesis of translations; (3) Expert Committee Review; (4) Cognitive interview with parents / guardians; (5) back translation; (6) Consolidation of the final version. Results: Some terms, after the initial translation, had to be adapted to bring them closer to the cultural reality of the country. In step 2, all discrepancies found were carefully analyzed and the terms considered most common in Brazil were chosen. In steps 3 and 4, the item descriptions were replaced by better comprehension items and the examples were included in the questions, as well as a supplementary instruction material for self-application of the tool. In step 5 the final version was back-translated and sent to CanChild for evaluation and final approval (step 6). Conclusion: YC-PEM was translated into Brazilian Portuguese and cross-culturally adapted for this country and the final product, YC-PEM Brazil (Measurement of Participation and Environment - Small Children), was considered satisfactory. YC-PEM Brazil is expected to be able to help parents, guardians, and rehabilitation professionals identify the participation levels and environment characteristics of children aged zero to five, thus enabling the planning and implementation of rehabilitation interventions focused on these factors of great relevance to Brazilian children.

2018
Thèses
1
  • THAISSA HAMANA DE MACEDO DANTAS SOARES
  •  Assessment of Functioning in women with urinary incontinence
  • Leader : DIEGO DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • CLARISSA LOUREIRO CAMPÊLO BEZERRA
  • DIEGO DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • GRASIELA NASCIMENTO CORREIA
  • Data: 2 mars 2018


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  • Objective: Understanding the content of quality of life questionnaires assists to choose the most appropriate instrument for evaluating women with urinary incontinence. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) can be used as a standardized method of comparing these instruments, providing an unified language for the obtained information. Thus, this study aimed to link the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ-SF); King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ); Incontinence Quality of Life Questionnaire (IQoL) and Bristol Female Urinary Tract Symptoms Questionnaire (BFLUTS) questionnaires with the ICF. Methods: Linking the questionnaires content and the ICF was performed using the method described by Cieza and colleagues. Results: The questionnaires included 48 ICF categories, 49% were from activities and participation component (d) and 36.8% from body functions (b). Conclusion: The scales are linked with the ICF at different levels. ICIQ-SF was the most limited instrument. BFLUTS and IQoL presented greater agreement with the ICF, but the concepts in their items are mostly linked to body function, denoting a biomedical vision. The KHQ demonstrated greater affinity with the ICF, and most concepts were related to the activities and participation categories, approaching more effectively the biopsychosocial model on which the Classification is based.

2
  • FELIPE HEYLAN NOGUEIRA DE SOUZA
  • Effects of the Double Task on Marking Variables in the Elderly

  • Leader : ENIO WALKER AZEVEDO CACHO
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • ENIO WALKER AZEVEDO CACHO
  • NUBIA MARIA FREIRE VIEIRA LIMA
  • LEONARDO PETRUS DA SILVA PAZ
  • Data: 24 avr. 2018


  • Afficher le Résumé
  • Objective: To investigate the deterioration of gait in different conditions associated with cognitive planning in healthy elderly. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 17 elderly women aged 60-75 years (66.00 ± 4.67). Individuals were clinically described by means of the following instruments: Dynamic Gait Index, Berg Balance Scale, Mine Mental State Examination and Leganes Cognitive Test. The experimental protocol consisted of performing the three cognitive tasks of the Stroop test - Word (Pal), Color (Co) and Word-Color (Pal-Co) - in four gait conditions: treadmill running, disturbances (MS), ground running with straight disturbances (MSPR), and ground running at eight (MS8). Each task was performed three times, with duration of 20 seconds and intervals of three minutes. The ICM was evaluated by muscle contraction index (ICCm), number of steps (NP), cadence (Ca) and velocity (VL). The ICCm was collected by means of surface electrodes and an 8-channel electromyograph, along with pressure sensors on the treadmill for ME, and sensors fixed in walking soles that synchronized gait cycles (support and oscillation). The normality of the data was analyzed and the one-way ANOVA and Pearson's correlation using SPSS 2.0 software were used. Results: The cognitive tasks of the Stroop test presented a deterioration in the final score of the test, presenting a significant effect of the reduction of number of Words and number of Colors (p <0.05) in all conditions when compared to ME (Pal 33 , 78 ± 6.31, Co 23.19 ± 5.78) on MS (Pal 26.76 ± 6.59, Co 16.84 ± 5.55), MS 8 (Pal 25.72 ± 6.53; 15,17 ± 5,76) and MSPR (Pal 22,94 ± 7,22, Co 16,11 ± 6,00), whereas for Color Word there was a significant effect on the reduction in the number of items (p <0, 05) only when compared to ME (13.58 ± 3.16) with MSPR (9.88 ± 3.50) and MS8 (9.84 ± 3.50). When comparing the cost of the Stroop task in the steps and cadence of the different gait conditions, a significant change in gait variability was observed from the usual to the slower (p <0.05), however only MS x MSPR and MSPR x MS8 did not show these differences (p> 0.05), whereas the cadence was not significant in ME x Normal, MS x MSPR, MS8 x MS and MSPR (p> 0.05) situations. The correlation analysis revealed a significant and positive relationship between steps and cadence with the Stroop task, only in the MS8 situation with number of colors (r = 0.549, p = 0.022, r = 0.561, p = 0.019). Conclusion: The findings suggest that the cognitive task during gait variability was altered, suffering a negative impact as the load was increased, and that patterns of gait variability produced different measures in the steps and cadence being larger viewed only between the activities.

3
  • CAMILA VASCONCELOS DE ARRUDA OLIVEIRA
  • PREVALENCE AND FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE CHRONIC SPINAL PROBLEM IN WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE

  • Leader : GRASIELA NASCIMENTO CORREIA
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • DIEGO DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • GRASIELA NASCIMENTO CORREIA
  • LAIANE SANTOS EUFRASIO
  • Data: 15 juin 2018


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  • The Chronic Spinal Problem (CSP) is an important public health problem. In Brazil, data from the National Health Survey (NHS) estimated 27.0 million people (18.5%) who reported CSP, affecting more women than men. This study aims to identify, among women of reproductive age, the factors associated with CSP. It is a cross-sectional study carried out with data from the NHS, where the dependent variable was the prevalence of CSP, and associated factors included socio-demographic items, life habits, reproductive history, nutritional status, diagnosis of depression and health perception. A total of 22,621 women aged 18-49 years were evaluated, 14.8% of whom reported having CSP. The risk factors to CSP, were: increase in age; living with spouse/partner; multiparity; be a smoker; overweight or obese, have Waist Circumference (WC) above 80cm and Circumference/Height (C/H) index above 0.5; negative self-perception of health; and depression. The protection factor to CSP found was the schooling. The observed associations conclude that age, living with spouse/partner, smoking, multiparity, overweight and obesity, increased risk for cardiovascular diseases, diagnosis of depression and self-perceived negative health are associated with the development of CSP in women of reproductive age.

4
  • GABRIELE NATANE DE MEDEIROS CIRNE
  • EFFECT OF PHYSICAL TRAINING ASSOCIATED WITH MENTAL PRACTICE: A randomized single-blinded study

  • Leader : ROBERTA DE OLIVEIRA CACHO
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • ROBERTA DE OLIVEIRA CACHO
  • ENIO WALKER AZEVEDO CACHO
  • KELLY SOARES FARIAS
  • ADRIANA CARLA COSTA RIBEIRO CLEMENTINO
  • Data: 29 juin 2018


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  • Introduction: Mental Practice (MP) allows the individual to perform tasks repeatedly without fatigue or any risk to safety. Studies show the efficacy of MP in stroke patients by improving motor skills and performance learning. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a PM program associated to physical task (PT), assessing the moment of insertion of the practice during therapy, and estimating motor and imaging functions. METHODS: This is a single-blind randomized controlled trial that evaluated the efficacy of mental practice conducted in patients diagnosed with chronic stroke. Patients were randomly assigned to the groups G1 (video + MP + PT), G2 (video + PT + MP) and G3 (video + PT). The modified Ashworth scale was the physical performance protocol of Fugl- Meyer, Functional Independence Measure (FIM), Theory of Mind Inventory (ToM), Surface Electromyography (EMGs), and the Action Research Arm test (ARAT) and Box and Block test (BBT). Results: Only 35 met the eligibility criteria, 21 accepted to participate in the study and were enrolled for the study, but only 10 completed the study. Thus, a variance test was performed between the groups, showing no statistical significance. Comparing the moments of the same group, there was a statistically significant result in G1 in Fugl Meyer's variables: hand and total upper limb, motor FIM, upper limb affected in ARAT and in BBT. Conclusion: The Mental Practice associated with physical training is an effective protocol. Our results still indicate a possible indication that mental practice has to be performed before physical training.

5
  • WILDJA DE LIMA GOMES
  • CLINICAL, FUNCTIONAL AND POSTUROGRAPHIC EVALUATION UNDER DIFFERENTS CONDITIONS OF DUAL TASK IN ELDERLY

  • Leader : NUBIA MARIA FREIRE VIEIRA LIMA
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • ANA RAQUEL RODRIGUES LINDQUIST
  • LARISSA COUTINHO DE LUCENA
  • NUBIA MARIA FREIRE VIEIRA LIMA
  • Data: 19 juil. 2018


  • Afficher le Résumé
  • Introduction: The aging process triggers intense physiological changes that can lead to impairment of physical and cognitive capacities in the elderly and that tend to decrease mobility and restrict daily activities. Memory is one of the first functions to regress in aging, with difficulties in activities involving evocation and visuospatial recognition in dual task (DT) conditions. The interaction between aging and pathological processes can profoundly impact cognitive and physical function, as seen in mild cognitive impairment (MCI), dementia and idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), which affect the elderly. Objectives: To describe and analyze the interference of the cognitive task on static postural control through a dual cognitive-motor task evaluation protocol; describe and verify the association between performance of dual task, mobility and clinical-functional aspects in healthy elderly, elderly with MCI and elderly with PD, comparing them; to verify the perception and preferences related to the dual task in healthy elderly, elderly with CCL and elderly with PD, comparing them. Methods: The study presents a cross-sectional and analytical design, with a non-probabilistic sample and for convenience. The participants were submitted to clinical-functional evaluation through 13 measurement instruments and evaluation of static postural control through computerized posturography with evaluation protocol composed of 16 conditions, 14 conditions of dual motor-cognitive task. Results: A total of 35 elderly patients were included in three groups: healthy elderly (n=15), mild cognitive impairment (n=9) and Parkinson's disease group (n=11). For the mobility tests, there was a temporal increase during the execution of dual motor and cognitive tasks for the three groups compared to the simple tests. Motor DT in lane 8 resulted in longer execution times for all three groups. In all the posturography evaluation conditions the elderly with MCI showed less correctness in relation to the other groups, especially for citation of months with use of pop music. Conclusions: The 8-lane mobility test with or without double task is useful as an evaluation method for elderly patients with or without neurological dysfunction with a strong correlation of the test at 8 with sit-ups and Time Up and Go tests. of evaluation protocol with the use of dual motor-cognitive task allowed the verification of the interference of the cognitive task on the postural control, especially the tasks of verbal fluency. The protocol was easy to apply and understood by the elderly, simple and feasible. Most individuals considered DT to be easy to perform and that the addition of music did not hinder orthostatism.

6
  • KARIME ANDRADE MESCOUTO
  • EFFECTS OF TRANSCRANIAL DIRECT CURRENT STIMULATION ON PHYSICAL AND BEHAVIORAL VARIABLES IN WOMEN WITH FIBROMYALGIA - A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL

  • Leader : RODRIGO PEGADO DE ABREU FREITAS
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • RODRIGO PEGADO DE ABREU FREITAS
  • CAIO ALANO DE ALMEIDA LINS
  • FUAD AHMAD HAZIME
  • Data: 25 juil. 2018


  • Afficher le Résumé
  • Background: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome characterized by chronic
    widespread pain, fatigue, cognitive behavioral impairments, mood disorders
    and sleep problems. Although the etiology of FM is unknown, it has been
    recognized as a centralized pain state where the patient’s Central Nervous
    System (CNS) is hyperactive, phenomenon known by Central Sensitization.
    Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive, safe and
    cost-effective brain stimulation technique that modulates cortical excitability
    and has been showing positive effects in FM patients. However, there is no
    consensus on which method and exactly location of stimulation is most
    effective and presents with more significant benefits in this patients
    population. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether a 5
    consecutive day treatment with tDCS stimulation results in better pain levels
    when compared to sham, or placebo, and if there are any differential effect
    between active tDCS and sham tDCS on pressure pain threshold, pressure
    pain tolerance, mood disorders such as anxiety, depression and affectivity
    and the disease functional impact in women with FM. Methods: This
    randomized controlled trial had forty-five participants with FM, which were
    randomized in one of three groups: active tDCS in the primary motor cortex
    (M1; n=15) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC; n=15) and sham
    stimulation (SHAM; n=15). All the data were collected 7 days prior to the
    begging of the intervention (baseline), on the 5 th day of treatment, with 7 and
    21 days of follow-up. The pressure pain threshold and tolerance were also
    revaluated at the 1 st day of treatment to analyze the immediate effect of tDCS.
    A constant current of 2 mA intensity was administered during 5 consecutive
    days for 20min. Results: The results showed there was no statistical
    significant improvement in pain in any of the groups (p &gt; 0,05). However,
    there was a reduction of 15,1% of the disease functional impact in M1 (p =
    0,003) and 8,7% in DLPFC (p = 0,022) resulting in improved function of this
    patient population. In addition, the results showed an improvement in anxiety
    levels in DLPFC group (p &lt; 0,05) with effects maintenance of up to follow-up
    periods. There was no statistical difference on the other variables.
    Conclusion: The results of this study suggests that tDCS treatment of 5
    consecutive days in cortical areas M1 and DLPFC of 2mA intensity for 20min
    have significant results in function and anxiety in patients with FM with
    sustained effects after treatment ended.

7
  • LEANDRO GONÇALVES CEZARINO
  • Study of Sports Injuries in a Formation Center of First Division Brazilian Soccer Athletes: A Prospective Epidemiological Approach with Focus on Muscle Injuries

  • Leader : RODRIGO SCATTONE DA SILVA
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • NATALIA FRANCO NETO BITTENCOURT
  • RODRIGO SCATTONE DA SILVA
  • SAIONARA MARIA AIRES DA CAMARA
  • Data: 27 juil. 2018


  • Afficher le Résumé
  •  

    Introduction: in spite of the popularity of soccer at the youth level, data on the incidence of injuries in Brazil is limited. Muscle injuries are the most frequent in soccer, accounting for about 30% of all injuries. Although scientific knowledge on muscle injuries has increased in the last decade, the prevalence of these injuries has not decreased. Few studies on this field were dedicated to young soccer players, which highlights the need for further research. Objectives: to describe the incidence of injuries sustained by male elite youth soccer players over the 2017 season; to investigate the interaction between age, previous injury, match and training exposure and strength imbalances in the occurrence of muscle injuries in this population. Methods: demographic and anthropometric data, history of injuries, match and training exposure, and strength variables were recorded and analyzed. Injury incidence was calculated as the number of injuries occurred, divided by the number of hours of exposure on match play and training sessions, times 1,000. Players who sustained a non-contact muscle injury composed the injured group (IG) and players who suffered no non-contact injuries composed the uninjured group (UG). The relative risk was calculated and independent t-tests, the chi-square test and a multivariate logistic regression model were also conducted in the statistical analysis, considering P<.05. Results: one hundred and eighty seven injuries were documented in 122 players (65.2%). The overall incidence of injuries was 1.86 per 1,000 hours of exposure, with a rate six times higher in matches compared to training (P < .0001). Forty-five muscular injuries occurred in 34 players: 16 (36%) hamstring; 12 (27%) quadriceps; 14 (31%) adductor; and 3 (6%) calf injuries. The IG had a greater exposure to training [Mean Difference (MD) = 25.70 hours, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 1.12, 50.27, P = .041] and a greater overall exposure (match plus training) (MD = 32.97 hours, 95% CI = 6.22, 59.73, P = .016) than the UG. Regarding the time of arrival at the club, the IG presented a significantly smaller time of arrival in comparison to the UG (MD = - 6.57 months, 95% CI = 11.99, -1.18, P = .017). The muscle strength tests revealed that the IG had greater eccentric quadriceps strength (MD = 3.29 N / kg.100, 95% CI = 1.41, 5.17, P = .001), compared to the UG. The IG also had a lower hamstring:quadriceps strength (H:Q) ratio than the UG (MD = -5.24, CI95% = -8.84, -1.65; P = .005). Previous lower limb injury significantly increased the chance of sustaining a muscle injury (OR: 3.027, 95% CI = 1.133, 8.086). Conclusion: the risk of injury was higher during match play than during training and older players (U-20 years old) were the most likely to sustain injuries. Muscle injuries were the most prevalent and athletes with a previous history of lower limb injury, lower values of H:Q ratio and smaller time of arrival at the club, presented a higher risk of suffering muscle injuries. The interaction of both modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors seems to better explain the occurrence of injuries and this type of analysis should be continuously performed in the attempt to prevent injuries in adolescents.

8
  • SABRINA GABRIELLE GOMES FERNANDES
  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-RATED HEALTH AND PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE IN COMMUNITY-DWELLING MIDDLE-AGED AND OLDER WOMEN IN NORTHEAST BRAZIL.

  • Leader : SAIONARA MARIA AIRES DA CAMARA
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • ALVARO CAMPOS CAVALCANTI MACIEL
  • MAYLE ANDRADE MOREIRA
  • SAIONARA MARIA AIRES DA CAMARA
  • Data: 31 juil. 2018


  • Afficher le Résumé
  • Introduction: Self-rated Health (SRH) is one of the most used outcome measures in social epidemiology, public health research and clinical practice, and has been associated with morbidity and mortality in different populations. Physical performance measures are largely determined by physiological functions that typically decrease with age. Some evidence shows that SRH is associated with objective measures of physical performance; however, studies investigating association in low- and middle-income settings are rare, especially for middle-aged populations. Objective: To verify the relationship between SRH and physical performance measures, through tests that assess upper and lower limb strength in middle-aged and elderly women in a low-income setting of Brazil. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 571 middle-aged women (40-59 years old) and elderly women (60-80 years old) living in the municipalities of Parnamirim and Santa Cruz, Rio Grande do Norte. Participants who reported their health status as "excellent," "very good," or "good" were allocated to the "SRH good" group, and those who reported their health as "fair" or "poor" composed the group "SRH poor". The physical performance evaluation consisted of 4 tests: handgrip strength, one-legged balance with eyes open and closed, and chair stand test. The relationship between SRH and physical performance for middle-aged and older women was assessed by multiple linear regression adjusted for covariates (age, education, family income, BMI, physical activity, comorbidities, menopausal status, and reproductive history). Results: Middle-aged women who reported good SRH had better physical performance, such as stronger handgrip strength (β = 1,927, p <0.001), greater balance time with eyes closed (β = 1.339, p = 0.041) and were faster in the chair stand test (β = -0.770, p = 0.003) when compared to those who reported their health as "poor." For the group of elderly women there is no association between physical performance measures and SRH. Conclusion: This study showed that SRH is significantly associated with objective measures of physical performance in a sample of low-income middle-aged women and is therefore a useful tool for assessing the physical health of this population.

9
  • GABRIELY AZEVEDO GONCALO SILVA
  • PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF INCREMENTAL SHUTTLE WALK TEST IN COPD SUBJECTS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW.
  • Leader : ILLIA NADINNE DANTAS FLORENTINO LIMA
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • ANA TEREZA DO NASCIMENTO SALES FIGUEIREDO FERNANDES
  • DIEGO DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • ILLIA NADINNE DANTAS FLORENTINO LIMA
  • Data: 31 juil. 2018


  • Afficher le Résumé
  • Background: Incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) and  endurance shuttle walk test (ESWT) are very commonly used as an alternative to evaluate functional capacity in clinical practice for individuals with COPD. However, the physiological responses provided during and after these tests are still poorly understood. Aim: to proceed a systematic review to evaluate the physiological responses during and after ISWT and ESWT in subjects with COPD. Methods: The search databases used were Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science and Scopus. 4,071 abstracts were identified, 16 articles were included. The quality of the studies was evaluated by EPHPP. Results: 15 studies presented poor methodological quality according to EPHPP. 893 subjects with mild to severe COPD were evaluated. The studies that evaluated pre and post, heart rate and saturation of oxygen in two ISWTs, found significant differences in relation to baseline values, but not between them. The same behavior happened with blood pressure, dyspnoea and respiratory rate. The VO2peak compared between ISWT and ESWT presented similar values, with no statistical difference. In only one study, fatigue, dyspnea and minute ventilation also showed no significant variations. Only one article evaluated distance in the ESWT (384 ± 193 m) and ISWT (338 ± 102 m). The highest distance was observed in the study that the participants presented mild to moderate stage of COPD. Conclusion: most studies prioritized the ISWT. The knowledge of the physiological responses during the tests is limited, because not all the studies evaluate the variables pre, during and after tests to produce better comparison.

     

10
  • GALENO JAHNSSEN BEZERRA DE MENEZES FERREIRA
  •  Transcranial direct current stimulation improves quality of life and functionality in diabetic polyneuropathy: a pilot double bind randomized controlled trial.

  • Leader : RODRIGO PEGADO DE ABREU FREITAS
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • LUCIEN PERONI GUALDI
  • MAÍRA CAROLINA LIXANDRÃO
  • RODRIGO PEGADO DE ABREU FREITAS
  • Data: 31 juil. 2018


  • Afficher le Résumé
  • Objective: Diabetic polyneuropathy is highly prevalent among diabetic adults and elder promoting poorer physical functioning and quality of life (QOL). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of anodal tDCS of the M1 on QOL, physical fitness and pain in patients with diabetic polyneuropathy.

    Subjects and methods: It was conducted a pilot, parallel, sham, randomized, double-blind trial with twenty patients with diabetic polyneuropathy. Five consecutive sessions of C3/Fp2 tDCS montage were done. Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) was used to assess the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes measures were physical fitness level according to lower and upper body strength, flexibility and submaximal level of functional capacity. All outcomes were measured in 3 different times (baseline, 1 week and 2 week).

    Results: Generalized estimating equations showed significant main effects of time x group on SF-36 score (x2 = 48.79; p < 0.001) with significant difference between baseline to 1 week (p = 0.001) and 2 week (p = 0.001). SF-36 score showed significant difference between group only on 2 week (p = 0.05). Mental health, physical health, emotional, general health, physical function and functional capacity showed significant interaction time x group with increase in Active-tDCS group. Bodily pain differ between groups in 2 week (p = 0.001). TUG and 6MWT have shown significant improvement only in Active-tDCS group (p = 0.0075; p = 0.0001 respectively, according to ANOVA).

    Conclusions: Five sessions of anodal M1 tDCS improve QOL and functionality in patients with diabetic polyneuropathy.

11
  • GALENO JAHNSSEN BEZERRA DE MENEZES FERREIRA
  •  Transcranial direct current stimulation improves quality of life and functionality in diabetic polyneuropathy: a pilot double bind randomized controlled trial.

  • Leader : RODRIGO PEGADO DE ABREU FREITAS
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • LUCIEN PERONI GUALDI
  • MAÍRA CAROLINA LIXANDRÃO
  • RODRIGO PEGADO DE ABREU FREITAS
  • Data: 31 juil. 2018


  • Afficher le Résumé
  • Objective: Diabetic polyneuropathy is highly prevalent among diabetic adults and elder promoting poorer physical functioning and quality of life (QOL). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of anodal tDCS of the M1 on QOL, physical fitness and pain in patients with diabetic polyneuropathy.

    Subjects and methods: It was conducted a pilot, parallel, sham, randomized, double-blind trial with twenty patients with diabetic polyneuropathy. Five consecutive sessions of C3/Fp2 tDCS montage were done. Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) was used to assess the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes measures were physical fitness level according to lower and upper body strength, flexibility and submaximal level of functional capacity. All outcomes were measured in 3 different times (baseline, 1 week and 2 week).

    Results: Generalized estimating equations showed significant main effects of time x group on SF-36 score (x2 = 48.79; p < 0.001) with significant difference between baseline to 1 week (p = 0.001) and 2 week (p = 0.001). SF-36 score showed significant difference between group only on 2 week (p = 0.05). Mental health, physical health, emotional, general health, physical function and functional capacity showed significant interaction time x group with increase in Active-tDCS group. Bodily pain differ between groups in 2 week (p = 0.001). TUG and 6MWT have shown significant improvement only in Active-tDCS group (p = 0.0075; p = 0.0001 respectively, according to ANOVA).

    Conclusions: Five sessions of anodal M1 tDCS improve QOL and functionality in patients with diabetic polyneuropathy.

12
  • DANIELLE CRISTINA GOMES
  • Linking content of quality of life questionnaires for children with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with the International Classification of Functionality, Disability and Health

  • Leader : SILVANA ALVES PEREIRA
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • EGMAR LONGO HULL
  • LUCIANA CASTANEDA RIBEIRO
  • SILVANA ALVES PEREIRA
  • Data: 3 août 2018


  • Afficher le Résumé
  • Purpose: To identify the principal health-related quality of life (HRQoL) questionnaires specific for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in children, translated and validated for Brazilian children; and to examine how the reflected content in these tools are represented in the categories that compose the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Methods: This is a methodological study developed in two stages. The first stage comprehended a literature review for identification and selection of the questionnaires and the second consisted of linking the contents to ICF. For such purpose was followed the widely used Cieza and colleagues methodology, with the identification of meaningful concepts of questionnaires items and linking to correspondent categories on ICF, by two independent reviewers. Results: The following tools were identified and analyzed: Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire (CFQparents6-13 and CFQ6-11), Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life (PAQLQ), the self and proxy versions of DISABKIDS ® - Cystic Fibrosis Module, and of Pediatric Quality of Life Asthma Module (PedsQL-Asthma). Data were presented into absolute and relative frequencies. Kappa Coefficient was used to analyze inter-reviewers concordance. The study product was presented in two scientific papers. Conclusion: The analysis of the contents of quality of life questionnaires revealed that all of them are linked to the ICF at different levels. The majority of tools has a focus on body function, assigning a smaller or no frequency of these contents to the other components of human functioning, leading to a disadvantage in relation to a biopsychosocial assessment, as proposed by the ICF.

2017
Thèses
1
  • EDSON MENESES DA SILVA FILHO
  • Neuromodulation treats Chikungunya arthralgia

  • Leader : ENIO WALKER AZEVEDO CACHO
  • MEMBRES DE LA BANQUE :
  • EDGARD MORYA
  • ENIO WALKER AZEVEDO CACHO
  • HINDIAEL AERAF BELCHIOR
  • Data: 12 déc. 2017


  • Afficher le Résumé
  • The Chikungunya (CHIK) virus is epidemic in Brazil, with 170,000 cases in the first half of 2016. More than 60% of patients present relapsing and remitting chronic arthralgia with debilitating pain lasting years. There are no specific therapeutic agents to treat and rehabilitee infected persons with CHIK. Persistent pain can lead to incapacitation, requiring long-term pharmacological treatment. Advances in non-pharmacological treatments are necessary to promote pain relief without side effects and to restore functionality. Here, we demonstrate that the transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) across the primary motor cortex significantly reduces pain in the chronic phase of CHIK. Our findings suggest tDCS could be an effective, inexpensive and deployable therapy to areas lacking resources with a great number of patients with chronic CHIK persistent pain. 

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