Dissertation/Thèse

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2018
Thèses
1
  • THAISSA HAMANA DE MACEDO DANTAS
  •  Assessment of Functioning in women with urinary incontinence
  • Leader : DIEGO DE SOUSA DANTAS
  • Data: 2 mars 2018
  • Afficher le Résumé
  • Objective: Understanding the content of quality of life questionnaires assists to choose the most appropriate instrument for evaluating women with urinary incontinence. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) can be used as a standardized method of comparing these instruments, providing an unified language for the obtained information. Thus, this study aimed to link the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ-SF); King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ); Incontinence Quality of Life Questionnaire (IQoL) and Bristol Female Urinary Tract Symptoms Questionnaire (BFLUTS) questionnaires with the ICF. Methods: Linking the questionnaires content and the ICF was performed using the method described by Cieza and colleagues. Results: The questionnaires included 48 ICF categories, 49% were from activities and participation component (d) and 36.8% from body functions (b). Conclusion: The scales are linked with the ICF at different levels. ICIQ-SF was the most limited instrument. BFLUTS and IQoL presented greater agreement with the ICF, but the concepts in their items are mostly linked to body function, denoting a biomedical vision. The KHQ demonstrated greater affinity with the ICF, and most concepts were related to the activities and participation categories, approaching more effectively the biopsychosocial model on which the Classification is based.

2
  • FELIPE HEYLAN NOGUEIRA DE SOUZA
  • Effects of the Double Task on Marking Variables in the Elderly

  • Leader : ENIO WALKER AZEVEDO CACHO
  • Data: 24 avr. 2018
  • Afficher le Résumé
  • Objective: To investigate the deterioration of gait in different conditions associated with cognitive planning in healthy elderly. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 17 elderly women aged 60-75 years (66.00 ± 4.67). Individuals were clinically described by means of the following instruments: Dynamic Gait Index, Berg Balance Scale, Mine Mental State Examination and Leganes Cognitive Test. The experimental protocol consisted of performing the three cognitive tasks of the Stroop test - Word (Pal), Color (Co) and Word-Color (Pal-Co) - in four gait conditions: treadmill running, disturbances (MS), ground running with straight disturbances (MSPR), and ground running at eight (MS8). Each task was performed three times, with duration of 20 seconds and intervals of three minutes. The ICM was evaluated by muscle contraction index (ICCm), number of steps (NP), cadence (Ca) and velocity (VL). The ICCm was collected by means of surface electrodes and an 8-channel electromyograph, along with pressure sensors on the treadmill for ME, and sensors fixed in walking soles that synchronized gait cycles (support and oscillation). The normality of the data was analyzed and the one-way ANOVA and Pearson's correlation using SPSS 2.0 software were used. Results: The cognitive tasks of the Stroop test presented a deterioration in the final score of the test, presenting a significant effect of the reduction of number of Words and number of Colors (p <0.05) in all conditions when compared to ME (Pal 33 , 78 ± 6.31, Co 23.19 ± 5.78) on MS (Pal 26.76 ± 6.59, Co 16.84 ± 5.55), MS 8 (Pal 25.72 ± 6.53; 15,17 ± 5,76) and MSPR (Pal 22,94 ± 7,22, Co 16,11 ± 6,00), whereas for Color Word there was a significant effect on the reduction in the number of items (p <0, 05) only when compared to ME (13.58 ± 3.16) with MSPR (9.88 ± 3.50) and MS8 (9.84 ± 3.50). When comparing the cost of the Stroop task in the steps and cadence of the different gait conditions, a significant change in gait variability was observed from the usual to the slower (p <0.05), however only MS x MSPR and MSPR x MS8 did not show these differences (p> 0.05), whereas the cadence was not significant in ME x Normal, MS x MSPR, MS8 x MS and MSPR (p> 0.05) situations. The correlation analysis revealed a significant and positive relationship between steps and cadence with the Stroop task, only in the MS8 situation with number of colors (r = 0.549, p = 0.022, r = 0.561, p = 0.019). Conclusion: The findings suggest that the cognitive task during gait variability was altered, suffering a negative impact as the load was increased, and that patterns of gait variability produced different measures in the steps and cadence being larger viewed only between the activities.

2017
Thèses
1
  • EDSON MENESES DA SILVA FILHO
  • Neuromodulation treats Chikungunya arthralgia

  • Leader : ENIO WALKER AZEVEDO CACHO
  • Data: 12 déc. 2017
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  • The Chikungunya (CHIK) virus is epidemic in Brazil, with 170,000 cases in the first half of 2016. More than 60% of patients present relapsing and remitting chronic arthralgia with debilitating pain lasting years. There are no specific therapeutic agents to treat and rehabilitee infected persons with CHIK. Persistent pain can lead to incapacitation, requiring long-term pharmacological treatment. Advances in non-pharmacological treatments are necessary to promote pain relief without side effects and to restore functionality. Here, we demonstrate that the transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) across the primary motor cortex significantly reduces pain in the chronic phase of CHIK. Our findings suggest tDCS could be an effective, inexpensive and deployable therapy to areas lacking resources with a great number of patients with chronic CHIK persistent pain. 

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