Banca de DEFESA: MARIA SUELHIA ELICA DE LIMA SILVA

Uma banca de DEFESA de MESTRADO foi cadastrada pelo programa.
STUDENT : MARIA SUELHIA ELICA DE LIMA SILVA
DATE: 27/01/2022
TIME: 14:00
LOCAL: Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde e Sociedade
TITLE:

KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE OF BASIC CARE PROFESSIONALS ABOUT SUICIDE


KEY WORDS:

Primary care. Mental Health. Suicide. Prevention.


PAGES: 104
BIG AREA: Ciências da Saúde
AREA: Enfermagem
SUBÁREA: Enfermagem de Saúde Pública
SUMMARY:

Suicide is a public health problem that affects families, communities and society as a whole. For the World Health Organization (WHO), suicide prevention should be considered a public health priority. In this context, Primary Care (AB), as it is the gateway to the Unified Health System (SUS), requires that its professionals are qualified to assist service users and identify protective and suicide prevention factors, guaranteeing them assistance. and appropriate follow-up. This study aimed to analyze the practices of primary care health professionals on the phenomenon of suicide in the city of Parnamirim/RN. This is an exploratory, descriptive study with a qualitative approach carried out with 15 nurses from the Family Health Strategy (ESF) teams. To this end, data collection was carried out through virtual interviews through the video call application, google meet, after consent and signing of the free and informed consent form (ICF). Ethical aspects were considered, according to Resolution No. 466/2012-CNS. Data were analyzed in light of Minayo's thematic content analysis method. The following thematic categories were listed: practices of Primary Care health professionals on the phenomenon of suicide, with the subcategories: care for people with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in Primary Care and interference with mental health care in Primary Health Care. Category 2: actions of suicide prevention developed in Primary Care. Category 3: suicide and preventive practices, knowing the limits and potentialities, with the Subcategories: potentialities and limits identified for the development of suicide prevention practices in the territory and challenges for suicide prevention in the current pandemic context. It was evidenced that mental health care in primary care still happens in an incipient way and is focused on the biomedical model, with professionals showing little approximation with this area of activity. As for the care of people with suicidal behavior, difficulties were reported regarding the approach and management of these users. Suicide prevention actions only take place during the Yellow September programming and that the limiting factors to carry them out are the lack of management support, need for continuing education, lack of matrix support and fragility of the Psychosocial Care Network. Despite the difficulties encountered, the participants also pointed out potentialities that can contribute to preventive activities, namely: the presence of AB and FHS teams with humanized professionals committed to developing their work within the territory with greater approximation to individuals and establishment of links, as well as an intersectoral partnership with CRAS. As a product, a practical guide was constructed that could help to investigate and prevent the occurrence of the phenomenon of suicide, preventing the occurrence of self-inflicted death. It is considered that studying the practices of professionals on the phenomenon of suicide in Primary Care, the gateway to health demands, including those related to mental health, makes it possible to identify the limits and potential that exist in the service, which can contribute to professionals rethink their practice and seek early identification and interventions to prevent suicidal behavior.


BANKING MEMBERS:
Presidente - 2566534 - JACILEIDE GUIMARAES
Interna - 106.578.944-00 - GRÁCIA MARIA DE MIRANDA GONDIM - ENSP
Externo à Instituição - CLAUDIA MARA DE MELO TAVARES - UFF
Notícia cadastrada em: 12/01/2022 09:25
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